Name: _________________________________________ Lab Partner:______________________________ Per: ______

Chemistry Performance Expectation: Forces of Nature
Task: You have been given six chemicals to identify based on their physical properties. Using their molecular structures and basic
laboratory tests, determine the identity of each unknown.
Physical Descriptions:

Unknown 1: White solid
Unknown 2: Colorless liquid
Unknown 4: Colorless gas Unknown 5: Colorless liquid

Unknown 3: White powder

Prelab- Consider your knowledge of attractive forces and the possible identities for the knowns in this lab and determine what IMFs are
present in each.
Possible Molecule Identities

IMFs Present

A

B

C

D

E

Based on your analysis of the molecules and their forces, place the molecules on this scale from the weakest to strongest IMF.

PLANNING FOR THE INVESTIGATION: Write a procedure for each test you will perform to determine the identity of each unknown.
Describe the materials you will use and the data you will collect. You must perform at least two tests per substance (except C2H6).
Step by Step Procedure for EACH test you will conduct.

GRADED
CATEGORY

Exceeding
Proficiency
5 POINTS

Meeting Proficiency
4 POINTS

Materials Needed for This
Portion of the Procedure

What will the results of this test
indicate about IMFs?

Emerging
Proficiency

Lacking
Proficiency

No Evidence
of Proficiency

3.5 POINTS

3 POINTS

0 POINTS

SCORE

Procedure includes all necessary components
below:
- detailed and specific steps.
- Meets
Proficiency
Planning The
Investigation

- NO corrective
feedback from
the instructor.

- materials and tools needed.
- connections between test results & IMFs present.
- includes a minimum of 2 tests for each
substance (except C2H6).

- Even after
corrective
feedback,
lacks one
aspect of the
“Meeting
Proficiency”
category

- Even after
corrective
feedback,
lacks two
aspects of
“Meeting
Proficiency”
category.

Student does
not provide
procedure.

Minimal corrective feedback from the instructor
needed.

COLLECTING THE DATA: Create a neat and organized data table to summarize your test results for each substance. You may organize
your data on the back, if necessary.

GRADED
CATEGORY

Data
Collection

Exceeding Proficiency
2 POINTS

Meeting
Proficiency
1.5 POINTS

Data collected for all of
the substances and
written neatly and in an
organized fashion. (for
collaboration)

Data collected for
all substances.

Emerging Proficiency
1 POINTS

Data collected for 3-5
of the substances.

Lacking
Proficiency

No Evidence of
Proficiency

0.5 POINTS

0 POINTS

Data collected
for 1-2 of the
substances

SCORE

No data collected

Name: _________________________________________ Lab Partner:______________________________ Per: ______

Chemistry Performance Expectation: Forces of Nature
Analysis: Determine the letter for each unknown in the table below.
Unknown #1

Unknown #2

Unknown #3

Unknown #4

Unknown #5

Based on your analysis of the molecules and their forces, place the molecules on this scale from the weakest to strongest IMF.

GRADED
CATEGORY

Exceeding Proficiency

Meeting Proficiency

Emerging Proficiency

Lacking Proficiency

5 POINTS

4 POINTS

3.5 POINTS

3 POINTS

ID of the
Unknowns

Student properly
identified 5 unknowns.

Students properly
identified 4 unknowns.

Students properly
identified 3 unknowns.

Students properly
identified 2
unknowns.

Ranking of
IMFs

Student properly ranked
5 unknowns from
weakest to strongest
IMFs.

Student properly
ranked 4 unknowns
from weakest to
strongest IMFs.

Student properly ranked
3 unknowns from
weakest to strongest
IMFs.

Student properly
ranked 2 unknown
from weakest to
strongest IMFs

Claim, Evidence, Reasoning:
Claim: Write a sentence that
answers the question: Does C2H6
or C2H5OH have stronger IMFs?
Evidence: Cite specific data you

No Evidence of
Proficiency
0 POINTS

Students identified
less than 2
unknowns.

Student did not
achieve this task.

SCORE

collected that supports your claim.

Reasoning: Use scientific
language and principles to explain
why the evidence you cited
supports your claim.

Claim:
- Provides a clear answer to
BQ.
- Stated as a complete
sentence
- Scientifically accurate

1
----0.5
----0

Evidence:
- Appropriate for supporting the
claim
- Cite sufficient evidence from
data
- Scientifically accurate

3
---2
--1
---0

Reasoning:
- Logically links the evidence
to the claim
- Connects the evidence to
attractive forces between
molecules.

3
---2
---1
---0

Clarity:
- Writing is
clear, concise,
and
professional

1
---0

SCORE
____/8

Refining the Design:
1. Which unknown was the easiest to determine based on its molecular structure and physical properties. Why?

2. Describe the limitations and possible errors present within this investigation. Be more specific than “human error.”

3. Was there a time during your laboratory where you refined or adjusted your procedure to produce better results? If so,
describe the adjustment you made, why you made it, and how it improved your results. If you did not make any adjustments,
what further laboratory tests could you perform to provide more/better evidence.

GRADED
CATEGORY

Refining the
Design

Exceeding
Proficiency

Meeting
Proficiency

2 POINTS

1.5 POINTS

Students
sufficiently
addressed all
components of the
reflection and
participated in
class discussions.

Students
sufficiently
addressed all
components of the
reflection.

Emerging
Proficiency
1 POINTS

Students
sufficiently
addressed two of
the three
components.

Lacking Proficiency
0.5 POINTS

Students
sufficiently
addressed one of
the three
components.

No Evidence of
Proficiency
0 POINTS

No reflection is
provided.

SCORE