The 21st Century Library as
A Center for Informal Learning

A Thesis Proposal Submitted to the
College of Architecture
University of Santo Tomas

In partial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of
Bachelor of Science in Architecture

4 AR 4

April 5, 2016

Public libraries should serve as a resource for scholars. This is a special role that only a public library can perform. to be tethered on a ten-foot chain. an aid for students. from their (Onadiran & Onadiran.” . The learner is getting accustomed more and more to non-formal modes of education.Introduction “If we value the pursuit of knowledge. The Library as an educational institution has a unique rote to play in self learning. Learning from the resources of a library together with competent assistance from a librarian may be the only way of learning for those people who for one reason or the other may not have access to formal education. Learning and education has evolved over the past century. The “modern day learner” is gravitating towards modules that are designed where the user is free to choose what to learn. The concept of formal education as the only key to survival seems to be changing. open universities candidates and others who cannot get access to formal education. The ability to learn is possessed by humans. more people are searching for new learning patterns on their own. skills. The demand for education within the walls of schools.1 . From conventional classrooms to e-learning. The experience and engagement of students today. animals. Universities and Colleges can no longer satisfy the insatiable appetite of millions of people who need education. the face-to-face teaching method is disappearing and the distance mode of education is becoming more and more popular. a centre of information. takes on a different level with the advent of digital technology and cloud computing.) The role of the library in self-education is indispensable. we must be free to follow wherever that search may lead us. education has moved and evolved with innovations and technology. machines. when to learn and where to learn. Consequently. a means for self-education. 1981) study it was discovered that it is only those within the formal . and a centre for amusement (Onadiran & Ondarian. will have to depend extensively on the use of library for self-education. Hence. A special awareness on the part of public libraries is very essential. The free mind is not a barking dog. Learning is the act of acquiring. how to learn. shifting the preference to self-learning methods. However. namely drop-outs. plants and to an extent. 1981. adults. to the successful implementation of educational programs for them. Even most of the print materials that come into the market are meant for selflearning. modifying and reinforcing. values or preferences. It is obvious that these groups of people.Adlai E. existing knowledge behaviours. Stevenson Jr.

The vitality of such important public spaces is jeopardized by a lack in use and an even greater lack in the diversity of its users. rather they are being cut off or closed down. Topping that list are problems such as the lack of facilities.2 – Statement of the Problem The Library is dead.) Many Filipino students have been sent to school by their parents for a degree not an education. but as a place where knowledge and equality is fostered. 1. Libraries are not just buildings meant to house books. In today’s digitally dominating world. the value of a formal education is recognized as the key to success and for millions. Long dead is the Metropolitan Theater and dying with it the National Museum. 1. This situation has to be rectified so as to extend services to those outside the system. Much as Filipinos value education. . our culture is degrading more so now than ever. the public library is often considered obsolete. In the Philippines. Libraries are a multi-dimensional institution that revolve around the users. The current trend of Philippine entertainment revolves around the standard shopping mall. and the pursuit thereof. the truth of the matter is that libraries are given the lowest priority. What we fail to understand and give importance to though is the true value of knowledge and healthy intellectual curiosity (Montes. The library is an ever-present infrastructure in the community that has ever changing character and use. Partly to blame is the implementation of the current educational system that values results above all else. lack of qualified professionals. the way out of poverty. 2015. and the National Library. their system that make use of public libraries. Within our society. We fail to recognize that as a result of this trend. This suggests that a library is more than a stack of shelves waiting to be dusted. affordable education. public resources and facilities are no longer being celebrated. According to Farinas (2016). and often with more convenience. With the problems the educational sector in a third world country like the Philippines is facing.1 – Background & Nature of the Project A library is a reflection of the cultural identity of the community. the physical manifestation of the pursuit of knowledge. we should also value the essence of libraries. The typical library today provides many resources that a large portion of the population can already acquire on their own.

To the millennials of the Philippines.4 – Significance of the Study .3.851 public libraries in all. enacted in 1994.4 To allow for adaptation of new technologies. there should be a total of 1. of types: 4 congressional.Republic Act 7743. It is necessary for the model to be updated to provide the palette for enriching and exciting experiences internally.3 To provide a physically and psychologically comfortable space that allows visitors to make personal connections.6 To provide alternative means of funding.2 To encourage social interaction between varying lifestyles. and 535 municipal. and inspiration 1. These would also help determine the project’s degree of importance and impact to the community in which it is proposed to be implemented. as opposed to traditional gov't funding and donations.3. while also creating strong external characteristics in order to become a prominent and attractive feature within the urban fabric. 136 cities and 1. Lowering operating costs through sustainable design methods 1.1 To Allow for the adaptation of new technologies. investigate the impact of the latest information resources on physical spatial needs 1.5 To design a recognizable and memorable building that will be an icon within the urban fabric and community 1. mandates the creation and operation of a public library and reading centers in every congressional district. the number of public libraries across the Philippines is far fewer. 97 city. 1. a relic of the 20 th Century.495 municipalities. According to a latest available data from the National Library of the Philippines. encouraging them to visit often 1. relaxation. 1. new program requirements. the library is unappealing. the country currently only has 688 public libraries nationwide. one for each of the country’s 220 congressional districts.3.3.3 – Project Goals & Objectives The goals and objectives will serve as a determining factor for the researcher to come up with the best design solution for the proposed Library + project. allow for quick turnover time between retail leases 1. On this basis. 52 provincial.3. and the fluctuation of collection materials. A failure to do so will result in a further lack of interest in the public library. city and municipality throughout the country. provide a space for collaboration. But in today’s reality.3.

retail and commercial areas. natural ventilation. which serves as a hub of the vibrant neighborhood. Libraries are important buildings that help define the image of certain community. and create a model for the future library. 1.5 – Scope & Limitations The proposed project shall cover basic library spaces inclusive of offices of the officials working for the library. The need to adapt the library to the 21 st century in both the technological and socio-economical context. that would embody ideals of community. Most of big and successful places in the world share one similarity: a good library. to foster the intellectual development of its citizens. It will also include all spaces and provisions required for the efficient functioning of the library as a whole. This project aims to focus on the physical aspect of libraries and the science involving the architecture behind generating spaces suited for such use. specified photocopying and bookbinding stations. including minority groups. This scope shall also adhere certain concepts of sustainability that is generally found in library facilities such as but not limited to: Natural lighting. oral histories.Libraries build communities. it is then imperative for a community that aims to achieve a model community to have good civic infrastructures. The need for library and library spaces in the Philippine context. and monographs relevant to the community. The initial library spaces needed as dictated or required by the local agency covering all concern regarding library planning. Library archives also preserve historic artifacts. The outcome of this aspect may be dictated but not be restricted nor limited by the following:      Behavioral and psychological attributes of library spaces. digital history projects. revitalize public interest. The researcher will provide for other necessary spaces required for a library to be well equipped for users such as but not limited to: cafes. This current study would result in an ideal library. A thriving community needs a decent library more than it needs malls or event centers. passive and active cooling. update its system. . sky lights and sun roofs.  The classification of books and division of book sections and serials system used. Library management system in use. This project shall not be held questionable for the use of the following:  The management system adapted.

6.2 Internet . Like its neighbors. structured and administered according to a given set of laws and norms.6. . It is aimed at students as much as at the public at large and imposes no obligations whatever their nature. The OCLC database is used for cataloging. Does not correspond to an organized and systematic view of education. in after-school programs. and for interlibrary loan.The National Library of the Philippines (Filipino: Pambansang Aklatan ng Pilipinas or Aklatang Pambansa ng Pilipinas.4 National Library of the Philippines . libraries.5 OCLC (Online Computer Library Center) . abbreviated NLP) is the official national library of the Philippines. neighboring culturally significant buildings such as the Museum of Philippine Political History and the National Historical Commission.6.1.happens outside the classroom. informal education does not necessarily include the objectives and subjects usually encompassed by the traditional curricula.6 OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog) . The complex is located in Ermita on a portion of Rizal Park facing T. Kalaw Avenue. 1. presenting a rather rigid curriculum as regards objectives. museums.6. It corresponds to a systematic. organized education model. 1.6. 1.M.The global communication network that allows almost all computers worldwide to connect and exchange information.A bibliographic network based on an online database of approximately 28 million cataloging records from its 5500 members.6. for reference work.3 Formal education .1 Informal education . 1. It is the world's largest and most comprehensive database of bibliographic information. content and methodology.classroom-based education provided by trained instructors.A computerized catalog of books and other items in the library. It now serves more than 18.6 – Definition of Terms 1. 1. or at home. including those of Illinois Library since 1975. community-based organizations. it is under the jurisdiction of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA).000 libraries in 52 countries.

(1981). (2015) A culture of healthy intellectual curiosity. e-learning. (2008) Integration of values education into technology and livelihood education subject Montes. 13. W. Public library services in Nigeria.6. .1. D. (2005) Technology. 386 — 410.7 Republic Act 7743 – An act providing for the establishment of congressional. C. Onadiran. and distance education Corpuz. and municipal libraries and barangay reading centers throughout the Philippines appropriating the necessary funds thereof and for other purposes. Retrieved http://panaynewsphilippines. International Library Review. city. (2016) Why libraries are so important.4. Bates. (2004) Theory of Constraints for Education (TOCFE) tools in selected Technology and Livelihood Education components : an integration Fontes. T. G. from Gregorio. J. Retrieved from http://opinion. T. & Onadiran.