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www.cpi-worldwide.com
Concrete Plant International
North America Edition

DECEMBER
2015

6

ICCX 1st ICCX Central Europe CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY Development and application of bacteriabased self-healing concrete CONCRETE PRODUCTS New concrete block machine operating
flawlessly at Beton de la Lomme, Belgium CONCRETE PIPES AND MANHOLES From Spinning to
Vibration – a change in production technology for concrete pipe production in Australia
PRECAST CONCRETE ELEMENTS Ceremonial opening of the first modern precast plant in
Makhachkala, Dagestan

05-rohre_122-141_us_Layout 1 04. subcommittees and task groups that have any impact on the concrete pipe industry. the manufacture of concrete pipe and box sections. In 1914. 1910.concrete-pipe. which prepared the Standard Specifications for plain concrete sewer pipe. Zeidler joined the American Society for Testing Materials in 1910 and worked relentlessly for the adoption of written concrete sewer pipe Standard Specifications. P. ACPA has the best ASTM Standard Specifications recognized worldwide. and a Master’s Degree in Civil & Environmental Engineering from the University of Texas at Arlington. Schlick were very active in the work of the Joint Concrete Culvert Pipe Committee of ASTM. ASTM Drain Tile Standard Specifications are based on the work by Marston and his assistants. ASTM adopted tentative Standard Specifications for Reinforced Concrete Sewer Pipe. The 1909 Bulletin No. originally prepared by ASTM’s Joint Concrete Culvert Pipe Committee. Marston was a member of ASTM C-4. 2000. There are some 65 core ASTM Standard Specifications that were developed to help the concrete pipe industry produce and test concrete pipe. The recommendation for Standard Specifications for the manufacture of plain concrete drain tile was adopted March 30. matt@concrete-pipe. ASTM C75 and the Standard Specifications. Matt is the fourth generation of his family to have worked in the concrete pipe industry. Both Marston and Professor W. and worked as a laborer in a concrete pipe plant in Texas during his college years. In the beginning The American Society for Testing and Materials formed in 1898 to address the frequent rail breaks affecting the fast-growing railroad industry. The name Anson Marston of Iowa State College and his assistants appears in the early records of the ICTMA. developed Standard Specifications for the steel used to fabricate rails. Reinforced Concrete Culvert Pipe .11. 2 of ICTMA contained the proposed Standard Specifications for plain concrete drain tile. USA American Concrete Pipe Association established to develop ASTM Standard Specifications The need to improve quality and production of concrete pipe was formally recognized in 1907 when a group of 150 concrete pipe producers from the USA and Canada formed the Interstate Cement Tile Manufacturers Association (ICTMA). ACPA staffs and representatives of member firms continue to serve in key positions on all ASTM committees. J. was read at the 1932 convention for the first time. He has been with ACPA since summer.cpi-worldwide.org/pdf/astm_specs. 1920s concrete pipe production facilities 122 CPI – Concrete Plant International – 6 | 2015 In most cases. Modern times With such a strong relationship with ASTM throughout its history.ASTM C76. Red Oak. The result was that the concrete pipe industry would have concrete pipe Standard Specifications processed much more easily. John L. Matt holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Business Administration from Baylor University. The draft of the Matt Childs. He is a registered professional engineer in the state of Texas. Frank Wilson of Wilson Concrete Company. Iowa produced the first reinforced concrete culvert pipe. ICTMA member. In 1931. Two years earlier. and their installation www.org Standard Specifications Specification for Unreinforced Concrete Sewer Pipe (ASTM C14 specification).15 09:43 Seite 122 CONCRETE PIPES AND MANHOLES American Concrete Pipe Association. This is the first indication of tentative Standard Specifications for any kind of concrete pipe in America. the ICTMA became the American Concrete Pipe Association (ACPA). The ACPA celebrated its Silver Jubilee in 1932 when ASTM Committee C-4 was divided into a group for clay pipe and one for concrete pipe. Irving. It was Schlick who often attended the early meetings of ICTMA.com . In addition. Organizers of the Association considered the development of a product with Standard Specifications and uniform quality to be of greatest importance. is President of the American Concrete Pipe Association. there are ASTM Standard Specifications for precast concrete boxes used for a wide range of applications related to concrete pipe (www.pdf). a Bachelor’s Degree in Civil Engineering. Texas 75063-2595.E.

972 5067216 F +1.ASTM C1417. Cemex) concrete pipe production facility and testing requirements are either governed by ASTM Standards or relatively equivalent American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Standards. then use ASTM C 1577. Designers can utilize ASTM Standards to specify desired performance but in the case of alternate materials. Modern concrete pipe plants continue to produce precast concrete products that are at the core of our critical buried infrastructure. the Standard Specifications are no longer maintained by AASHTO.ASTM C76. and Sewer Pipe and the ASTM Standard Specification for the manufacture of concrete pipe using the Direct Design method . ASTM International Standards have full consensus. so a more recent ASTM Standard was developed in accordance with the most current AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications. There are no similar standards for box sections within AASHTO. as well as test methods to confirm conformance of the installed product including joint materials and joint tightness.cpi-worldwide. ASTM International (formerly ASTM) has no role in requiring or enforcing compliance with its Standards. 왎 FURTHER INFORMATION American Concrete Pipe Association 8445 Freeport Parkway. deficiencies and significant variations with a commitment to Standards to achieve uniformity that meets the needs of the end user. There are test methods covered in ASTM for almost all of the components of RCP. Suite 350 Irving. Modern-day (Rinker Materials. ASTM Standard Specifications go a long way to ensure the performance and quality of concrete pipe. There are two main ASTM Standard specifications. Absorption Test. additional guidance may be required. That standard is the ASTM Standard for the Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) Code. Storm Drain. USA T +1. Concrete Pipe Division. Core Strength Test Method. Cylinder Strength Test." The use of a rubber gasket does not by itself ensure that different joint types are equal.11. Texas 75063-2595. However. ASTM Standard Specifications are ever-present to ensure that this continues from one generation to the next. The Standards.com . and its products resilient to modern man-made and natural catastrophes. and Culvert Pipe for Direct Design. Production runs are standardized. Storm Drains. for concrete pipe design: The ASTM Standard for concrete pipe designed using the Indirect Design method . in the AASHTO box sections standard specifications for culverts M259 and M273. may become mandatory when referenced by an external contract. Precast Reinforced Concrete Monolithic Box Sections for Culverts. however. Precast Reinforced Concrete Monolithic Box Sections for Culverts. “quality” is often brandished as if everyone hearing or reading the word were clear on the meaning." This may be interpreted as a measure of excellence free from defects. Storm Drain.org www. are of the highest quality possible. corporation. Subcommittees responsible for a Standard Specification must deal with and resolve every negative vote. Storm Drains.concrete-pipe. The word.15 09:43 Seite 124 CONCRETE PIPES AND MANHOLES dard defines quality as the "totality of characteristics of an entity that bear on its ability to satisfy stated and implied needs. ISO 8402:1994 stan- 124 CPI – Concrete Plant International – 6 | 2015 ASTM C-497 Standard Test Methods for Concrete Pipe.05-rohre_122-141_us_Layout 1 04. Other organizations can develop standards using less than full consensus procedures. The concrete pipe industry has taken additional steps to endure that products produced by its members. and Joint Shear Test. or Tile includes test methods used for the production and quality control of RCP.org www. Manhole Sections. It goes without saying that the equipment used to produce a single unit of pipe is inherently of a very high quality to be able to produce the concrete pipe consistently within tolerances that are easily managed. C-497 includes and discusses the following critical test procedures: Three-Edge Bearing Test Method. Standard Specification for Manufacture of Reinforced Concrete Sewer. However. The strength of ASTM International Standards is found in the way that the Standards are developed that goes back to the day that ASTM was established in 1898. there is a note that states: "If load–and-resistance factor design is required.972 5067682 info@concrete-pipe. and Sewers According to AASHTO LRFD. or government. This is what makes the concrete pipe industry strong. Standard Specification for Reinforced Concrete Culvert. These tests are carried out within the laboratories or on the floor of production facilities. however. These tests are completed to properly evaluate all the various properties required for the completion of a quality finished product. and Sewers. The ASTM Standard for box sections designed in accordance with the AASHTO Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges is the Standard Design Code: ASTM C 1433. Hydrostatic Test Method. Concrete pipe joints are governed in national Standards by detailed designs with tight tolerances and high test pressures. ASTM C 1577. ASTM International cannot. tested and inspected – most to ASTM Standard Specifications. Each unit of concrete pipe that is created by a concrete pipe plant is an engineered product.