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ADXL345 - No-OS Driver for Renesas
Microcontroller Platforms
Supported Devices

ADXL345

Evaluation Boards



PmodACL
EVAL-ADXL313-Z-M
EVAL-ADXL345Z
EVAL-ADXL345Z-DB

Reference Circuits

CN0133

Overview
The ADXL345 is a small, thin, low power, 3-axis accelerometer with high resolution (13-bit)
measurement at up to ±16 g. Digital output data is formatted as 16-bit twos complement and is
accessible through either a SPI (3- or 4-wire) or I2C digital interface.
The ADXL345 is well suited for mobile device applications. It measures the static acceleration of
gravity in tilt-sensing applications, as well as dynamic acceleration resulting from motion or shock. Its
high resolution (4 mg/LSB) enables measurement of inclination changes less than 1.0°.
Several special sensing functions are provided. Activity and inactivity sensing detect the presence or
lack of motion and if the acceleration on any axis exceeds a user-set level. Tap sensing detects single
and double taps. Free-fall sensing detects if the device is falling. These functions can be mapped to
one of two interrupt output pins. An integrated, patent pending 32-level first in, first out (FIFO) buffer
can be used to store data to minimize host processor intervention.
Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 1

Low power modes enable intelligent motion-based power management with threshold sensing and
active acceleration measurement at extremely low power dissipation.
The ADXL345 is supplied in a small, thin, 3 mm × 5 mm × 1 mm, 14-lead, plastic package.

Applications

ADXL345-EP Supports defense and aerospace applications (AQEC)

28 Sep 2012 13:48 · Dragos Bogdan
The goal of this project (Microcontroller No-OS) is to be able to provide reference projects for lower
end processors, which can't run Linux, or aren't running a specific operating system, to help those
customers using microcontrollers with ADI parts. Here you can find a generic driver which can be used
as a base for any microcontroller platform and also specific drivers for different microcontroller
platforms.

Driver Description
The driver contains two parts:

The driver for the ADXL345 part, which may be used, without modifications, with any microcontroller.
The Communication Driver, where the specific communication functions for the desired type of
processor and communication protocol have to be implemented. This driver implements the
communication with the device and hides the actual details of the communication protocol to the
ADI driver.

The Communication Driver has a standard interface, so the ADXL345 driver can be used exactly as it
is provided.
Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 2

If the SPI communication is chosen, there are three functions which are called by the ADXL345 driver:


SPI_Init() – initializes the communication peripheral.
SPI_Write() – writes data to the device.
SPI_Read() – reads data from the device.

SPI driver architecture
If the I2C communication is chosen, there are three functions which are called by the ADXL345 driver:


I2C_Init() – initializes the communication peripheral.
I2C_Write() – writes data to the device.
I2C_Read() – reads data from the device.

I2C driver architecture
The implementation of these three functions depends on the used microcontroller.
The following functions are implemented in this version of ADXL345 driver:
Function
char ADXL345_Init(char commProtocol)

Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 3

Description
Initializes the communication
peripheral and checks if the
ADXL345 part is present.

unsigned char inactAxes. Calibrates the accelerometer. unsigned char inactThresh. unsigned char ffInt) void ADXL345_SetOffset(unsigned char xOffset. unsigned char tapInt) void ADXL345_SetActivityDetection(unsigned char actOnOff. unsigned char inactAcDc. unsigned char tapAxes. Reads the raw output data of each axis and converts it to g.Function void ADXL345_SetRegisterValue(unsigned char registerAddress. short* y. unsigned char zOffset) void ADXL345_SetRangeResolution(unsigned char gRange. unsigned char fullRes) 28 Sep 2012 12:22 · Dragos Bogdan Description Writes data into a register.com/analogdevicesinc/no-OS/tree/master/Renesas/RL78G14/Pmo dACL RL78G14 Common Drivers: https://github. unsigned char inactInt) void ADXL345_SetFreeFallDetection(unsigned char ffOnOff. Enables/disables the activity detection. float* y. Enables/disables the tap detection. unsigned char actAxes. Enables/disables the inactivity detection. unsigned char ffTime. unsigned char yOffset. HW Platform(s): ● ● Renesas Demo Kit for RL78G13 (Renesas) Renesas Demo Kit for RX62N (Renesas) Downloads ● ● ● ● ● ADXL345 RL78G13 Driver ADXL345 RX62N Driver ADXL345 Driver: https://github. unsigned char inactTime. Reads the value of a register. short* z) void ADXL345_GetGxyz(float* x. unsigned char tapWindow. unsigned char tapDur. unsigned char tapLatent. unsigned char actInt) void ADXL345_SetInactivityDetection(unsigned char inactOnOff. unsigned char actThresh.com/analogdevicesinc/no-OS/tree/master/drivers/ADXL345 PmodACL Demo for RL78G14: https://github. Reads the raw output data of each axis. float* z) void ADXL345_SetTapDetection(unsigned char tapType. Enables/disables the free-fall detection. Selects the measurement range. unsigned char registerValue) unsigned char ADXL345_GetRegisterValue(unsigned char registerAddress) void ADXL345_SetPowerMode(unsigned char pwrMode) void ADXL345_GetXyz(short* x. unsigned char actAcDc. unsigned char tapThresh. Places the device into standby/measure mode.com/analogdevicesinc/no-OS/tree/master/Renesas/RL78G14/Com mon Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 4 . unsigned char ffThresh.

Renesas RL78G13 Quick Start Guide This section contains a description of the steps required to run the ADXL345 demonstration project on a Renesas RL78G13 platform. the SPI protocol has to be Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 5 . In this case. Required Hardware ● ● Renesas Demo Kit for RL78G13 (Renesas) PmodACL (optional. In this case. A PmodACL can be connected to the PMOD1 connector. because an ADXL345 part is installed on Renesas Demonstration Kit (RDK) for RL78G13) Required Software ● IAR Embedded Workbench for Renesas RL78 Kickstart Hardware Setup There are two options: ● ● The ADXL345 part installed on the Renesas Demonstration Kit (RDK) for RL78G13 can be used. the I2C protocol has to be chosen.

Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 6 . “Double Tap” and “Free-Fall” interrupts.chosen. the output data of each axis is read and displayed on the Renesas Demonstration Kit for RL78G13 board’s LCD. When one of them occurs. Were also activated “Single Tap”. Reference Project Overview In this example. on the LCD screen appears a corresponding message.

Select a location and a name for the project (ADIEvalBoard for example) and click Save. Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 7 . Select the RL78 tool chain. the Empty project template and click OK. Choose to create a new project (Project – Create New Project).Software Project Setup This section presents the steps for developing a software application that will run on the Renesas Demo Kit for RL78G13 for controlling and monitoring the operation of the ADI part. ● ● ● ● Run the IAR Embedded Workbench for Renesas RL78 integrated development environment.

Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 8 . From the Target tab of the General Options category select the RL78 – R5F100LE device.● ● Open the project’s options window (Project – Options).

Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 9 .● From the Setup tab of the Debugger category select the TK driver and click OK.

Open the Add Files… window (Project – Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 10 . ● The new source files have to be included into the project.● Extract the files from the lab .zip archive and copy them into the project’s folder.

select all the copied files and click open. The project is ready to be compiled and downloaded on the board. Press the F7 key to compile it. Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 11 . Press CTRL + D to download and debug the project. ● ● ● At this moment.Add Files…). Keep the default settings and press OK. all the files are included into the project. A window will appear asking to configure the emulator.

● To run the project press F5. Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 12 .

03 Sep 2012 12:02 · Dragos Bogdan Renesas RL78G14 Quick Start Guide This section contains a description of the steps required to run the ADXL345 demonstration project on a Renesas RL78G14 platform using the PmodACL. because an ADXL345 part is installed on Renesas Demonstration Kit (RDK) for RL78G14) Required Software ● ● IAR Embedded Workbench for Renesas RL78 Kickstart The ADXL345 demonstration project for the Renesas RL78G14 platform. Required Hardware ● ● Renesas Demo Kit for RL78G14 (Renesas) PmodACL (optional. Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 13 .

A PmodACL can be connected to the PMOD1 connector. Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 14 . the PmodACL Demo for RL78G14 and the RL78G14 Common Drivers. All three parts have to be downloaded. In this case. Hardware Setup There are two options: ● ● The ADXL345 part installed on the Renesas Demonstration Kit (RDK) for RL78G14 can be used. In this case. the SPI protocol has to be chosen with 'ADXL345_Init()' function. the I2C protocol has to be chosen with 'ADXL345_Init()' function.The ADXL345 demonstration project for the Renesas RL78G14 platform consists of three parts: the ADXL345 Driver.

Reference Project Overview The reference project: ● ● reads and displays the data for each axis on LCD. Software Project Tutorial This section presents the steps for developing a software application that will run on the Renesas Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 15 . “Double Tap” or “Free-Fall” were activated. it displays also on LCD if the interrupts “Single Tap”.

Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 16 .Demo Kit for RL78G14 for controlling and monitoring the operation of the ADI part. Choose to create a new project (Project – Create New Project). the Empty project template and click OK. Select the RL78 tool chain. Select a location and a name for the project (ADIEvalBoard for example) and click Save. ● ● ● ● Run the IAR Embedded Workbench for Renesas RL78 integrated development environment.

From the Target tab of the General Options category select the RL78 – R5F104PJ device.● ● Open the project’s options window (Project – Options). Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 17 .

Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 18 .● From the Setup tab of the Debugger category select the TK driver and click OK.

Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 19 .● Copy the downloaded files into the project's folder.

● The new source files have to be included into the project. Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 20 . select all the copied files and click open. Open the Add Files… window (Project – Add Files…).

The project is ready to be compiled and downloaded on the board.● ● ● At this moment. A window will appear asking to configure the emulator. Press CTRL + D to download and debug the project. all the files are included into the project. Press the F7 key to compile it. Keep the default settings and press OK. Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 21 .

● To run the project press F5. Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 22 .

09 May 2013 16:10 · Dragos Bogdan Renesas RX62N Quick Start Guide This section contains a description of the steps required to run the ADXL345 demonstration project on a Renesas RX62N platform. because an ADXL345 part is installed on Renesas Demonstration Kit (RDK) for RX62N) Required Software ● ● High-performance Embedded Workshop for RX62N family Renesas Peripheral Driver Library for RX62N family Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 23 . Required Hardware ● ● Renesas Demo Kit for RX62N (Renesas) PmodACL (optional.

the I2C protocol has to be chosen. In this case. A PmodACL can be connected to the Renesas Demonstration Kit (RDK) for RX62N (in this case.Hardware Setup There are two options: ● ● The ADXL345 part installed on the Renesas Demonstration Kit (RDK) for RX62N can be used. the SPI protocol has to be chosen): PmodACL PmodACL PmodACL PmodACL PmodACL PmodACL Pin Pin Pin Pin Pin Pin 1 2 3 4 5 6 (CS) (MOSI) (MISO) (CLK) (GND) (VCC) → → → → → → YRDKRX62N YRDKRX62N YRDKRX62N YRDKRX62N YRDKRX62N YRDKRX62N J8 J8 J8 J8 J8 J8 connector connector connector connector connector connector Pin Pin Pin Pin Pin Pin Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 24 15 19 22 20 4 3 .

Reference Project Overview In this example. Software Project Setup This section presents the steps for developing a software application that will run on the Renesas Demo Kit for RX62N for controlling and monitoring the operation of the ADI part. When one of them occurs. the output data of each axis is read and displayed on the Renesas Demonstration Kit for RX62N board’s LCD. on the LCD screen appears a corresponding message. Were also activated “Single Tap”. “Double Tap” and “Free-Fall” interrupts. Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 25 .

In the “Option Setting” windows keep default settings and press Next. select the “RX” CPU family and “Renesas RX Standard” tool chain. In the “Setting the Vector” window keep default settings and press Next. The workspace is created. A window will appear asking to create or open project workspace. In the “Setting the Content of Files to be generated” window select “None” for the “Generate main() Function” option and press Next. In the “Setting the Stack Area” window check the “Use User Stack” option and press Next. From “Project Types” option select “Application”. “RX62N” CPU Type and press Next. Press OK. Choose “Create a new project workspace” option and press OK. select “RX600” CPU series. In the “Setting the Standard Library” window press “Disable all” and then Next. name the Workspace and the Project “ ADIEvalBoard”.● ● ● ● Run the High-performance Embedded Workshop integrated development environment. ❍ ❍ ❍ ❍ ❍ ❍ ❍ ❍ ● Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 26 . In the “Setting the Target System for Debugging” window choose “RX600 Segger J-Link” target and press Next. A few windows will appear asking to configure the project: In the “Select Target CPU” window. In the “Setting the Debugger Options” and “Changing the Files Name to be created” windows keep default settings. press Next and Finish.

Double click on the RPDL folder. select “C source file (*. The new source files have to be included in the project. A to open the “ Add files to project ‘ADIEvalBoard’” window. Choose the LQFP package. From the “Files of type” drop-down list.exe”).C)”. Unzip the RPDL files (double-click on the file “RPDL_RX62N.bat” to start the copy process. Select all of the files and press Add. P. Use the key sequence Alt. press any key to close the window. Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 27 . Navigate to where the RPDL files were unpacked and double-click on the “Copy_RPDL_RX62N. type the full path where the project was created and after the files were copied.● ● The RPDL (Renesas Peripheral Driver Library) has to integrated in the project.

c” and “vecttbl.c” which are included in the project. P. Use the key sequence Alt. B. Use the key sequence Alt.● ● To avoid conflicts with standard project files remove the files “intprg. select “Show entries for: Include file directories” and press Add. R to open the “RX Standard Toolchain” window. Select the C/C++ tab. R to open the “Remove Project Files” window. Select “Relative to: Project directory”. Next the new directory has to be included in the project. type “RPDL” as sub-directory and Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 28 . click on Remove and press OK. Select the files.

Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 29 . select “Show entries for: Library files” and press Add. Select “Relative to: Project directory”. ● The library file path has to be added in the project. Select the Link/Library tab.press OK. type “RPDL\RX62N_library” as file path and press OK.

c” file was removed the “PIntPrg” specified in option “start” has to be removed. Press “Edit”. From this window the address of each section can be also modified. select “PIntPRG” and press “Remove”.● Because the “intprg. Change “Category” to “Section”. Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 30 . After all the changes are made press OK two times.

Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 31 . Copy all the files from the archive into the project folder.● At this point the files extracted from the zip file located in the “Software Tools” section have to be added into the project.

Press F7. the project is ready to be built. From the “Files of type” drop-down list.● ● Now. the files have to be included in the project. Use the key sequence Alt. A to open the “Add files to project ‘ADIEvalBoard’” window. Navigate into ADI folder. P. Select all the copied files and press Add. select “Project Files”. The message after the Build Process is finished has to Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 32 . Now.

Rev 24 May 2013 13:47 | Page 33 www. you have to download the firmware into the microprocessor’s memory. All rights reserved. 03 Feb 2012 14:32 · Dragos Bogdan More information ● ● ask questions about the Microcontroller no-OS Drivers Example questions: Issues with __ffs() function in util.be “0 Errors. To run the program on the board. Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.c for ad9361 No-OS code by rasingh FMCOMMS5 channel 2 gain issue by tcmealey Problem about spectrum of custom data (bandwidth 5 MHz) transmited from FMCOMMS1 + ZC706 + no OS by Thang Problem About AD9361_Filter_Wizard by Amore TX Tuning Fail by digi_designer ❍ ❍ ❍ ❍ ❍ 01 Jun 2012 11:17 © Analog Devices. Inc.analog. 0 Warnings”.com .