THE VERB “TO BE”

We use the verb “to be” in the following situations:
 When we talk about location: In California, from Brazil, at home, in the park, etc.
 When we talk about professions: She is a teacher. He is doctor. They are police officers.
 When we talk about the age: I am twenty years old. My wife is 39 years old.
 When talking about marital status: single, married, divorced, widow, widower.
 Before Adjectives: They are thirsty, we are very patient, he is tall, she is very beautiful. It is
very hot today.
A. Affirmative sentences:
I

am

He
She
It

is

You*
We
They

are

old.

* “You are” is used for both singular and plural.
B. Affirmative with contractions:
I'm
He's
She's
It's

old.

You're
We're
They're
C. Negative Sentences:
I

am

He
She
It

is

You*
We
They

are

not

old.

D. I am not He She It You* We They isn't old. Negative sentences with the contracted form of the verb. You're* We're They're E. aren't F. Questions: Am I he she it old? Is you* we they Are . Negative sentences with contractions: I 'm He's She's It's not old.

Statement: Question: Affirmative answer: Negative answer: I am a student. Statement: Question: Affirmative answer: Negative answer: It is a good movie. Statement: Question: Affirmative answer: Negative answer: She is a good student. They are hungry. No. the dogs are not in the park. it is a good movie. No. Examples: Statement: Question: Affirmative answer: Negative answer: He is a good teacher Is he a good teacher? Yes. My dog is small. Are we in the classroom? Yes. The sun is yellow. Statement: Question: Affirmative answer: Negative answer: The dogs are in the park. No. the dogs are in the park. he is not a good teacher. No. you (P) are not in the classroom. She is happy. Are the dogs in the park? Yes. I am in the classroom. Statement: Question: Affirmative answer: Negative answer: We are in the classroom.Examples: I am a pilot. he is a good teacher. The field is green. Am I student? Yes. My brother is ten years old. The moon is white. . it is not a good movie. No. she is a good student. My sister is single. Is she a good student? Yes. she is not a good student. Is it a good movie? Yes. you are not a student. The water is cold. you are a student. No. If you want to make a question just put the form of the verb “to be” at the beginning of a sentence. you (P) are in the classroom. It is cold.

? 9. ? 7. ? 8. ? 2. The dog is in the yard. The students are in the classroom. Your brother is a policeman. My mother is in the kitchen. My sister is at the supermarket? ? 6. ? 10. Get Smart! Quiz A Change the following sentences into questions. We are students. Follow the example: Statement: The students are in the classroom. ? 4. John is a firefighter . ? 3. My father is at home. ? 5. Question: Are the students in the classroom? 1. Peter is an engineer. Mary is a secretary.

The keys are in my pocket. ? 13. My son is in fifth grade. Sheila is a bookkeeper. ________________________________________________________________________? . It is cold outside.11. The books are on the desk. ? 15. ? 19. ? 17. ? 14. My car is in the garage. The television is in the living room. ? 20. ? 12. The White House is in Washington DC. ? 18. ? 16. The Children are in the park. France is in Europe.