A wish-list of an undergraduate trainee during in-plant training at Ceylon Electricity Board and Lanka

Electricity Company Note: Abbreviations and acronyms have their usual meanings.
1. Ownership and Corporate structure

Who are the owners of CEB and LECO ? Which law(s) passed by parliament (and when) allow
each of them draw their authority and function?
Who are the members of the Boards of Directors of CEB and LECO? What are the power of
Chairman and Board Members? Where does the General Manager stand in the line of authority?
Study the most recent Annual Reports of CEB and LECO.
Are these two institutions making profits or losses?
Study the management structure of CEB and LECO, including the legal basis in which CEB
operates as six different licensees within the same corporate framework.
What are the benefits of operating as separate licensees ?
How is the electricity industry regulated by PUCSL and its strengths and weaknesses ?
What regulatory targets (financial and qualitative) are operational on each licensee within CEB
and on LECO ? Are they meeting the targets?

2. Be familiar with the specific details of Sri Lanka Generating System

Obtain and be familiar with the locations and capacities, fuels used, of the full list of generating
plants, both CEB-owned and privately-owned.
Study the hydro system and the network of reservoirs, Mahaweli irrigation and power
coordination, constraints in operating hydropower plants for power generation alone.
Thermal generation system, fuels, costs, ownership (IPP and CEB)
Types of fuels used in thermal power plants: study the five types of fuels used, why they are
different, their relative costs and prices, delivery mechanisms to power plants
Visit to a hydropower plant, understand its key design features and operation
Visit an oil-fired power plant, study as above
Visit a coal-fired power plant, study as above
What are the plans to add new generating plants ? Where ? What fuel types ?
What is the methodology used to identify generating plants/plant types, and develop plans for the
future ? What are the principal criteria guiding the planning process?

3. Development of Renewable Energy (RE) other than major hydro

The Small Power Producer (SPP) programme- policy, history, prices/pricing policy, SPP
Agreement, achievements, pitfalls
Roles of other agencies in promoting and facilitating RE development
What are the RE resources ? Where are they located ?
What is the share of RE (SPP and major hydro) in terms of capacity and energy?
Small hydro plant: site visit
Wind energy plant: site visit
What are the plans to further develop these resources ? What are the barriers, both technical and

4. Sri Lanka Transmission System

HV and MV Transmission network + equipment
What are operational voltage levels, nominal voltage, voltage tolerances (in planning as well as in
real time operations), what are the difficult points in the transmission network to manage voltages,
what remedies are available.


LECO. and how much ? What happens when spinning reserve is inadequate ? What is under-frequency load shedding? Why is it required. and Planning     Study different types of lines (single circuit. tower types) Be familiar with the entire transmission network. special conductors used for specific lines and reasons. conductor names. SLSEA and PUCSL) The problem of network technical and commercial losses. What are the loss targets and achievements so far? What further potential is there to reduce losses ? What are the sales growth levels of each category of customers? What is meant by TOU tariffs ? Why is such a system there ? What is its structure ? What is Demand-side management ? Why is it required ? What measures have been implemented by CEB/LECO ? What more can be done? 8. study the protection system Specifically study the safety procedures in substation and line operation and maintenance Visit System Control Centre. websites of CEB.       Visit to a grid substation. How are expansion decision made ? What are the guiding principals ? How is the distribution network (both MV and LV) planned to meet future requirements ? What are the guiding principals ? What methodology and software is used for MV planning ? Is any software used for LV planning ? 7. LV lines. Distribution Lines and Equipment. problems. How is the transmission network planned to meet future requirements ? What are the guiding principals ? What methodology and software is used. conductor types. 6. what are its capabilities and limitations? How does a power system collapse in cascading failures ? Ask and learn the sequence of events that led to a cascading failure of the Sri Lanka power system. software used. double circuit. double circuit. CEB Data on Sales and Generation. higher voltages. understand how unit commitment and dispatch are decided on. conductor types. pole Vs tower lines. Study the planned MV distribution network (planning document) of a CEB Region or of LECO. CEB Statistical Digest. grid substations. substations. and Planning       Study different types of lines (single circuit. safety in construction. What is meant by merit order dispatch and out-of-merit operation? What is spinning reserve and how is spinning reserve maintained in the system. types of poles used) Be familiar with the MV distribution network of a CEB Region or of LECO. what methodology is used. safety in operations Planned transmission lines. Distribution Operations and Commercial Management        What procedures are there for maintenance ? What safety procedures are adopted? What is the customer mix of the country ? What are their relative consumption levels ? What is the per capita electricity consumption in Sri Lanka? What documents are available in the public domain describing the electricity sector operations (study Sri Lanka Energy Balance. Study the Transmission Plan. 5. identify various equipment used and their purpose. conductor names. Study/visit a line construction site. Improvements 2 . Transmission Lines and Equipment.

 Study and propose one specific project or an initiative that can achieve favourable improvements in one or several of the following at CEB or LECO: (i) cost of electricity generation. (v) system operations including demand management. (vi) power quality including voltage regulation. (ii) transmission and/or distribution costs. (iv) safety. 3 . both technical and commercial. (vii) losses. (iii) customer service. The costs and benefits must be quantified.