Eudicots

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Eudicots
Temporal range: Early Cretaceous - recent

Primula hortensis, a eudicot

Scientific classification
Kingdom:

Plantae

Clade:

Angiosperms

Clade:

Eudicots
Clades (APG III)

Basal eudicots:

Ranunculales

Sabiaceae

Proteales

Trochodendrales

Buxales

These plants have a distinct trait in their pollen grains of exhibiting three colpi or grooves paralleling the polar axis. Eudicotidae oreudicotyledons are amonophyletic clade of flowering plants that had been calledtricolpates or non-magnoliiddicots by previous authors. less specialized. as it contains the majority of plants that have been considered dicots and have characteristicsof the dicots. dicots. The term means "true dicotyledons". Doyle and paleobotanist Carol L. The botanical terms were introduced in 1991 by evolutionary botanistJames A. The term .13 orders Arabis pollen has three colpi.17 orders  Berberidopsidale s  Santalales  Caryophyllales  Asterids . Hotton to emphasize the later evolutionary divergence of tricolpate dicotsfrom earlier. [1] The close relationships among flowering plants with tricolpate pollen grains was initially seen in morphological studies of shared derived characters. Later molecular evidence confirmed the genetic basis for the evolutionary relationships among flowering plants with tricolpate pollen grains and dicotyledonous traits. Core eudicots:  Gunnerales  Dilleniaceae (un placed)  Saxifragales  Rosids . The eudicots.

buttercup. trees. most of the otherseed plants (that is the gymnosperms. of 2003. The name "eudicots" (plural) is used in the APG system. monocots being the other. and macadamia. but these terms have not been widely or consistently adopted. and ornamentals. with notable exceptions being magnolias and tulip trees which belong to magnoliids. the monocots and the paleodicots) produce monosulcate pollen. Some common and familiar eudicots include members of the sunflower family such as the commondandelion. and Ginkgo biloba. cabbage and other members of its family. [2] Numerous familiar plants are eudicots. which is not an angiosperm. The name "tricolpates" is preferred by some botanists to avoid confusion with the dicots. a name which refers to the grooved structure of the pollen. including many common food plants. which includes most of the (former) dicots.apple. andAPG II system. It is applied to a clade. Members of the group have tricolpate pollen. In contrast. as they do not refer to a monophyletic group. Most leafy trees of midlatitudes also belong to eudicots. These pollens have three or more pores set in furrows called colpi. with a single pore set in a differently oriented groove called the sulcus. of 1998. a nonmonophyletic group. a monophyletic group. . maple. the forget-me-not. The remaining angiosperms are sometimes referred to as basal angiosperms or paleodicots."eudicots" has subsequently been widely adopted in botanyto refer to one of the two largest clades of angiosperms(constituting over 70% of the angiosperm species). The other name for the eudicots is tricolpates. or forms derived from it. for classification of angiosperms.