Written by Dr.

In Ku Kim-Marshall
STEP
BY
STEP
Korean
through
15 Action Verbs
1

Table of Contents
AckncvieJgement 3
A|cut tlis |cck 6
lcv tc use tlis |cck 8
Unit 1
The Korean Alphabet, hangeul (^¯)
1 Kcrean ScunJs anJ langeui letters 10
2 lcv tc leaJ Kcrean ¨crJs 12
3 lcv tc Ccnstruct Kcrean ¨crJs 21
4 lcv tc ¨rite Kcrean ¨crJs 23
Unit 2
Korean Sentences with 15 Action Verbs
Introduction 34
Chapter 1 7O[gada]to go 38
Chapter 2 ¬=æO[gongbuhada]to study 42
Chapter 3 0AO[mas|da]to dr|nk 46
Chapter 4 POO[mannada]to meet 50
Chapter 5 ±æO[ma|hada]to speak 54
Review Exercises 01~05 58
Chapter 6 ºO[meokda]to eat 62
Chapter 7 sO[boda]to see 66
Chapter 8 DO[sada]to buy ¯0
Chapter 9 SO[oda]to come ¯4
Chapter 10 ºDæO[|nsahada]to greet ¯8
Review Exercises 06~10 82
4
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
Chapter 11 º0OO[|reonada]to get up 86
Chapter 12 9O[|kdda]to read 90
Chapter 13 TO[|tdda]to have 94
Chapter 14 ¹ÆæO[|eonhwahada]to ca|| 98
Chapter 15 ª0æO[|oahada]to ||ke 102
Review Exercises 11~15 106
Answer Key 110
Unit 3
Korean Culture
Introduction

11¯
1 MæU&[se|ongdaewang] :
K|ng Se|ong the Great and hangeu|, the Korean a|phabet 119
2 U=7[taegeugg|] : The Korean Nat|ona| F|ag 120
3 ¬P[dangun] : The Founder of Go|oseon,
the C|dest K|ngdom of Korea¨(2333 BC ~ 108 BC) 121
4 4m[chuseok] : Harvest Moon Fest|va| 122
5 N[do|]·N7[hwan-gap] : Korean Fam||y Ce|ebrat|ons 123
6 V[Yut] ¬0[nor|] : Trad|t|ona| Korean Game 125
7 Nl7[bu|gog|]·7x[k|mch|] : Korean Food 126
Appendix
A lrcnunciaticn luies CcntinueJ

130
B Basic Kcrean (rammar leviev

131
Vocabulary List

141
5
About this book
Starting tc iearn a nev ianguage can |e an intimiJating experience icr stuJents, especiaiiv
ii tlev are using a seii÷stuJv metlcJ 1lis |cck is a iun anJ easv vav tc leip stuJents
iearn tc reaJ anJ speak simpie Kcrean
Sampie sentences |uiit vitl 15 ccmmcniv useJ ver|s viii intrcJuce simpie vcca|uiarv
anJ |asic pcints ci Kcrean grammar 1lis vav, stuJents can make prcgress riglt ircm tle
start 1lev can tlen |uiiJ cn tle kncvieJge gaineJ lere |v ccntinuing vitl tle rest ci tlis
tlree-|cck series
1le claracteristic eiements ci tlis text|cck are
·|eginning ievei stuJv vitl tle mcst ccmmcn ver|s anJ ncuns
·intrcJucticn ci |asic Kcrean grammar ruies icr ver| usage
·repetiticn ci sentences cn eacl page, aiicving tle stuJent tc iearn vcca|uiarv anJ
grammar at tle same time
·intrcJucticn ci tle |asic sentence structure in tle present tense
·grammar nctes cn eacl page
·vcca|uiarv iists at tle enJ ci eacl page making it easv icr tle stuJent tc iearn
impcrtant vcrJs
·ver|s iciicveJ |v exercises tc reinicrce tle kncvieJge ci tle ver|’ s use
·pictures tlat ena|ie tle stuJent tc reiate vlat tlev’ re iearning tc a visuai image
6
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
·ccnversaticnai sentences vlicl leip tle stuJent iearn simpie ccnversaticnai ianguage
·Jiscussicn ci Kcrean cuiture anJ custcms
1le autlcr lcpes tlat tle iearner can Jeveicp kncvieJge anJ interest in Kcrean anJ tlat
le·sle viii ccntinue tc Jeepen lis·ler unJerstanJing ci tle Kcrean ianguage anJ cuiture
¯
How to use this book
·leaJ eacl sentence anJ its meaning
·lcck at eacl picture anJ asscciate tle meaning
·Ccmpiete tle varicus exercises anJ vcrJ searcles inciuJing tle crcss vcrJ puzzies in
tlis |cck
·StuJv tle grammar nctes vlicl can leip tle iearner unJerstanJ tle impcrtant grammar
pcints
8
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
The Korean Alphabet,
hangeul
Unit 1
10
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
Hnnc=LI I=II=j 9cLnH \nIL= Nnm= cI I=II=j F×nm¡I=
|g·k[ ·´ |giveck[ gcat
|n[ ·- |nieun[ ncse
|J·t[ · |Jigeut[ dcg
|r·i[ ·÷ |rieui[ reJ
|m[ ~¦ |mieum[ mccn
) ||·p[ ~÷ ||ieup[ big
· |s·sl[ ¹´ |sict[ scit
|·ng[ ^÷ |ieung[
· |j[ ·÷ |jieut[ Gecrge
|cl[ ·÷ |clieut[ cleese
|k[ /´ |kieut[ kite
|t[ \¦ |tieut[ ta|ie
|p[ ¨÷ |pieup[ paper
|l[ ³÷ |lieut[ hat
=:ilen:, yhen ~ yoru ::~r:: yi:h :hi: le::er ´` nv, ~: :he enu oI ~ yoru.
S!ng!e Consonant ` 14 !etters
Unit 1 :
1. Korean Sound and Hangeul Letters
a. Consonants : 19letters
The Korean Alphabet, hangeul (^¯)
When first introduced by King Sejong in 1446, hangeul had 28 letters of which
only 24 are in use today. The 10 basic vowels and 14 single consonants of
hangeul expand to 21 vowels and 19 consonants for a total of 40 letters in
combination. The following are the sound values and names of each letter.
b. Vowels : 21letters
11
Hnnc=LI I=II=j 9cLnH vnIL= Nnm= cI I=II=j
· |kk[ `·´ |ssanggiveck[
· |tt[ `· |ssangJigeut[
· |pp[ `~÷ |ssang|ieup[
|ss[ `¹´ |ssangsict[
|jj[ `·÷ |ssangjieut[
Doub!e Consonant ` 5 !etters
Hnnc=LI I=II=j 9cLnH \nIL= Nnm= cI I=II=j F×nm¡I=
` |a[ ¤ |a[ iatler
1 |va[ ~ |va[ yaclt
¹ |ec[ ^ |ec[ a|cut
¹ |vec[ ~ |vec[ young
|c[ P |c[ lome
|vc[ P |vc[ yo÷yo
|u[ ÷ |u[ mooJ
|vu[ ÷ |vu[ you
- |eu[ P |eu[ put
|i[ ^ |i[ |cc
S!ng!e Vowe! ` 1û !etters
·¯ ]aoi] babv ·- ]uvu] nilk
·Þ¹ ]èonèohi] nolhèr ·¯ ]ori] ouck
Ex.
=\oyel: h. :hen:elve: nu:: ~ly~.: he µreceeueu h. o`¹:ilen:), hec~u:e lore~n
yoru: ~ly~.: hevin yi:h ~ con:on~n:.
12
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
Hnnc=LI I=II=j 9cLnH vnIL= Nnm= cI I=II=j F×nm¡I=
¹ |ae[ ¹ |ae[ cat
¹ |vae[ ¹ |vae[ vam
· |e[ · |e[ |ct, pcn
|ve[ ~ |ve[ vcs
|va[ ? |va[ «ine
|vae[ ^ |vae[ ouack
· |ve[ ´ |ve[ «hcn
· |vec[ - |vec[ «onJer
~ |ve[ × |ve[ «hcn
- |vi[ º |vi[ «c
~ |eui[ ¯ |eui[ ÷
Doub!e Vowe! ` 11 !etters
2. How to Read Korean Words
In Korean, each letter has a unique sound associated only with that letter. The
following are examples of how to read the consonants (c) and vowels (v) that form
each word.
. ¯ + ·
¬ ¯ ]oa]
]o] ]a]
¯ ¬ ]o]
+ ¬ ¯ ]oo]
= ¬ ]o]
1. ¯ + ·
]o] ]a]
+ ¬ ¨ ]oak]
¯
] k ]
¯ ]o]
+
= ]o] ¬ ¬ ]ool]
+
× ] l ]
=/: :he enu oI ~ yoru, ¯ i: µronounceu ~: 1¦¹, · i: µronounceu ~: 1:¹, yhen :he yoru i:
no: Iolloyeu h. ~no:her yoru.
13
I.
¯ + ·
]o] ]a]
+ ¬ ¨ ]oan]
1 ×
]n] ]½]
¯ ]o]
+
= ]o] ¬ ¯ ]ool]
+
= ×
]l] ]½]
=\hen :he uouhle con:on~n:: · ~nu ¯· ~re u:eu ~: Iin~l con:on~n:: ~nu ~re Iolloyeu
h. ¯, , , · or ¯, :he. ~re µronounceu ~: :invle Iin~l: 1µ¹, ~nu :he · i: no:
µronounceu.
Reading Practice : Read each word aloud.
a. Consonants : 19 letters
·· |gcgi[ meat ·× |gicla[ train
¯¯ |guJu[ slces ·¨ |gcclu[ reJpepper
·~ |na|i[ |utteriiv ¬· |nuna[ eiJer sister
:¯ |ncru[ Jeer ·¬ |namu[ tree
·· |dari[ ieg, |riJge ¨·· |dcraji[ |eiiiicver
¨¹· |dctcri[ accrn ¯' |du|u[ tciu
··P |raJic[ raJic ·¹¤ |recsia[ lussia
¯~ |ru|i[ ru|v ¹P8 |tcvcil[ SaturJav
|g[
|n[
|J[
|r[
- !I ~ yoru ::~r:: yi:h ¯,`.ou µronounce i: 1r¹, hu: iI ~ yoru enu: yi:h ¯,`.ou µronounce
i: 1l¹.
·· |mecri[ leaJ `· |mcgi[ mcsouitc
`' |mcja[ lat ¬ |mu[ raJisl
¤· |baJa[ sea ¤· |baji[ trcusers
l· |bcri[ |ariev ~¬ |binu[ scap
'' |saja[ iicn ´·¬ |scnamu[ pine tree
¬¨ |sujec[ spccn anJ .÷ |seuseung[ teacler
clcpsticks
¤¤· |a|ecji[ iatler ^·· |comecni[ mctler
P· |ori[ Juck ÷÷ |uvu[ miik
|m[
) ||[
· |s[
|[
- !ni:i~l o`i: :ilen:.
14
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
'÷ |javu[ ireeJcm '¯ |jaJu[ pium
¬' |jusa[ injecticn ·¯ |jigu[ gic|e
× |cha[ car, tea |chc[ canJie
÷ |cheung[ iiccr ·· |chima[ skirt
¨ |kc[ ncse ´¬· |sckuri[ |asket
/ |ki[ leiglt ¨"· |kcggiri[ eieplant
i'· |tajagi[ tvpevriter ¯¬ |tusu[ pitcler
¹" |tcggi[ ra||it iK |tajc[ cstricl
¨¨ |paJc[ vave ¬¨ |pcJc[ grape
¨' |pi|u[ skin ¨· |pari[ iiv
·· |hama[ lippc ·· |hecri[ vaist
³· |hvuji[ tissue ¨ |hcJc[ vainut
¯· |ggacli[ magpie ÷·~ |ggurecmi[ |unJie
1· |ggcma[ kiJ ¹ |ggum[ Jream
¤· |ddaJa[ tc pick ¤ |ddi[ |eit
!· |ddeuJa[ tc rise !·¹ |ddcJasi[ again
* |bbang[ |reaJ ¬f· |bbareuJa[ tc |e iast
¤F· ||abbeuJa[ tc |e |usv ·F· |gibbeuJa[ tc |e lappv
·÷·|ssauJa[ tc iiglt 2· |sscJa[ tc slcct
±· |sseuJa[ tc vrite ÷ |ssai[ rice
¯· |jjaJa[ tc |e saitv ´ |jjck[ piece, Jirecticn
¯· |jjiJa[ tc steam ¯¹ |jjigae[ stev
· |j[
|cl[
|k[
|t[
|p[
|l[
· |gg[
· |JJ[
· |||[
|ss[
|jj[
¯¬ |ga-su[ singer ·~ |na-|i[ |utteriiv
·· |Ja-ri[ ieg, |riJge ¤· |a-gi[ |a|v
~¯ |ya-gu[ |ase|aii ~'¬ |ya-ja-su[ paim tree
~÷ |ya-man[ savage ¹~ |Jae-ya[ vasl|cvi
7· |gco-ri[ street ·· |mco-ri[ leaJ
¤. ||co-seu[ |us ·· |lco-ri[ vaist
~' |yco-ja[ vcman ¤ ||yco[ rice piant
~÷ |yco-u[ icx ~÷ |yco-reum[ summer
b. Vowels : 21 letters
`|a[
1|va[
¹|ec[
¹|vec[
15
´ |so[ ccv P^ |o-i[ cucum|er
¬ |lo-su[ iake `' |mo-ja[ lat
+ |pyo[ ticket I |lyo[ iiiiai pietv
¯¬ |gyo-su[ prciesscr P· |yo-ri[ cccking
¯¯ |gu-Ju[ slces ¯' |Ju-|u[ tciu
'` ||u-mc[ parents ¬´ |ju-sc[ aJJress
÷. |nyu-seu[ nevs ÷· |yu-ri[ giass
÷' |yu-ja[ citrcn ³· |lyu-ji[ tissue
.¹ |gcu-ne[ sving ./ |scu-ki[ ski
¨· |kcu-Ja[ tc |e |ig tf· |lcu-reu-Ja[ tc iicv
^' |i-sa[ mcving ~¬ ||i-nu[ scap
·× |gi-cla[ train ·¯ |ji-gu[ gic|e
¹¨ ||ac-clu[ ca||age ¹ ||ac[ slip · pear
~÷ |sac-u[ slrimp ¹ |lac[ sun
'` |sc-mc[ triangie ¯¹ |ga-gc[ slcp
·.¹ |na-geu-nc[ vaga|cnJ, traveier ¬¨ |je-ju-Jc[ |eju lsianJ
~ |yc[ ves ¹¹ |si-gyc[ vatcl
'¹ |se-gyc[ vcriJ ׯ |cla-ryc[ crJer
¯' |g«a-ja[ ccckies .¯ |l«a-ga[ painter
?P |«a-vc[ ccme º |«ang[ king
·· |J«ac-ji[ pig ^ |«ac[ vlv, ciJ name ci |apan
^P |«ac-vc[ vlv ¯× |k«ac-cla[ ccmpiete reccverv
´¯ |«c-gvc[ Jipicmacv ´¯ |«c-ga[ mctlers iamiiv
¯' |l«c-sa[ ccmpanv ´= |«c-guk[ icreign ccuntrv
¨-P |clu-«co-vc[ cciJ ¯-P |Jec-«co-vc[ lct
~-P |mae-«co-vc[ spicv (-^ |«con-sung-i[ mcnkev
º |«i[ up · stcmacl ~ |J«i[ |elinJ, rear
( |g«i[ ear - |j«i[ rat
¯' |cui-sa[ Jcctcr ¯' |cui-ja[ clair
~¯ |ve-cui[ pciiteness ¯¯ |cui-lvae[ ccngress
|c[
|vc[
|u[
|vu[
- |eu[
|i[
¹ |ae[
(`÷i)
· |e[
(¹÷i)
|ve[
(¹÷i)
|va[
(÷`)
|vae[
(÷¹)
· |ve[
(÷i)
· |vec[
(÷¹)
- |vi[
(÷i)
~ |eui[
(-÷i)

!n lore~n, :he 2nu ~nu .ru con·on~n:· in ~ yoru ~re reIerreu :o ~· ¹
¨. ¹¨ nu:ì a¡va·: Ie 1 ov ? con:onanì: ~nu ~ll I~ll in:o eivh:
µronunci~:ion vrouµ·
Reading Practice: continued
c. Third position consonants : pronunciation groups
, · and · ave µvonounced a: ||, vLen ìLe vovd
¡: noì ¡o¡¡oved I· anoìLev vove¡.
= ]sok] ihsioè ´= ]hah¬ouk] Korèa
÷? ]bu¬èok] kilchèh = ]bak] oulsioè

) ¡: µvonounced a: |n|. JL¡: ¡eììev :ound doe: noì
cLanµe, vLaìevev ìLe µo:¡ì¡on.
¬ ]huh] èvè, show 7¯ ]nvèoh¬|i] lèllèr
º¯ ]ah¬oaè] íoo ¬7 ]su¬oèoh] lowèl
Ex.
Ex.
Ex.

, ·, ·, ×, ' and · ave µvonounced a: |ì|, vLen
ìLe vovd ¡: noì ¡o¡¡oved I· anoìLev vove¡.
= ]ool] sooh ¬¯= ]sul¬oa¬rak] snooh
' ]bil] conb ÷ ]ol] clolhiho
= ]hal] oavlinè =¹ ]i¬ooa] lo íoroèl
' ]bil] liohl ¯ ]oool] ílowèr
º ]nil] bollon ± ]ooèul] èho
º¹ ]il¬ooa] lo havè

18
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
¡: µvonounced a: |¡|, vLen ìLe vovd end: v¡ìL .¨
^nd ¡¡ a vovd end: v¡ìL ¨and ¡: ¡o¡¡oved I· anoìLev
,¨·ou µvonounce IoìL |¡|.
= ]oal] nooh ¯= ]oa¬èul] aulunh
?¬ ]èol¬oul] íacè =¯ ]ooal¬oi] slrawbèrrv
=¯ì ]oal¬la¬vo] (il) is oiííèrèhl
=¯ì ]nol¬la¬vo] (¦) oo hol khow

· ¡: µvonounced a: |n|. JL¡: ¡eììev :ound doe: noì
cLanµe, vLaìevev ìLe µo:¡ì¡on.
= ]bon] snriho ¦^ ]|èon¬sin] luhch
= ]ban] hiohl, chèslhul ¹= ]na¬èun] hèarl

+ and · ave µvonounced a: a :Lovì |µ|aì ìLe end o¡
a ¡¡na¡ :·¡¡aI¡e
º ]an] írohl ´ ]vèon] sioè
¬? ]su¬èon] class ^? ]|i¬oèon] occunalioh

· ¡: µvonounced a: |¬nµ|, vLen a vovd end: v¡ìL
·.¨
¨ ]oaho] rivèr ' ]baho] roon
¬ ]ooho] ball == ]vèoho¬ouk] Fholaho

Iecone: :¡¡enì |·|, vLen ¡ì ¡: aì ìLe end o¡ a
:·¡¡aI¡e and ¡: ¡o¡¡oved I· a vove¡.
· ¬ ((silèhl) =´ ]|o¬a] lhal's íihè
=EP ]|o¬èu¬nvèoh] ¦í (vou) likè

Ex.
Ex.
Ex.
Ex.
Ex.
Ex.
19
!uì vLen ¡: aì ìLe end o¡ a :·¡¡aI¡e ìLaì ¡: ¡o¡¡oved
I· ìLe con:onanì: , , ov ·, ìLe µvonunc¡aì¡on o¡ ìLe
con:onanì: cLanµe: ìo ìLe a:µ¡vaìed con:onanì: |·, ',
×| ve:µecì¡ve¡·.
·+¯ ¬ ]k] =¯ ]ho¬ko] nul aho
=¯ ]|o¬ko](il's) íihè aho
·+¯ ¬ ]l] =¹ ]ho¬la] lo nul
=¹ ]|o¬la] lo bè oooo
·+× ¬ ]ch] =¯ ]|o¬chi]
=¯ ]ho¬chi]
=H ]so¬oè] ihsioè ´=H ]hah¬ou¬oè] ih Korèa
÷?H ]bu¬èo¬kè] ih lhè kilchèh =H ]ba¬ooè] oulsioè
ºH ]ni¬lè] uhoèr, oh lhè bollon'´ ]bi¬chi] lhè liohl is
=H ]ha¬|è] ouriho lhè oav ÷ ]o¬si] lhè clolhès arè
¬?´ ]su¬èo¬bi] class ^?´ ]|i¬oèo¬bi] lhè |ob is
ºE÷ ]a¬nèu¬ro] lo lhè írohl ´H ]vèo¬nè] lo lhè sioè
¨len tle ccnscnant is at tle enJ ci a sviia|ie anJ is iciicveJ |v a vcvei, it is
prcncunceJ at tle |eginning ci tle next sviia|ie
Pronunciation Note : “Liaison”
Reading Practice:
×¹ |an-nvecng-la-se-vc[ (!) leiic, li
LseJ as a greeting in tle mcrning, in tle aiternccn, anJ in tle
evening
× |an-nvecng-li ga-se-vc[ (ccJ-|ve
Saving gccJ-|ve in a situaticn vlen cne stavs at a piace anJ tle
ctler Jeparts
× |an-nvecng-li gve-se-vc[ (ccJ-|ve
1lis plrase is useJ |v tle perscn vlc Jeparts ircm tle piace
Ex.
Ex.
21
3. How to Construct Korean Words
There are six ways to construct Korean words using Hangeul. These 6 ways can
be sub-divided into two parts, each consisting of 3 types of word constructions, as
described below in part A and B.
Construction of a Korean word must always begin with a single or
double consonant.
ParI Aí1¬3)
WIen ìIe ¡¡v:ì vove! ¡n a vovd ¡:·, ³, ·, -, ov !,¨
ìIe vovd ¡: con:ìvucìed I· Iav¡nµ ìIe !eììev: avvanµed
Iov¡:onìa!!·. ¹c¬con:onanì v ¬vove!)
JIe 1:ì con:onanì :ìand: :¡de I· :¡de v¡ìI a vove!. JIe ?nd
con:onanì ¡: vv¡ììen Ie!ov ìIe conI¡ned c+v. JIe ?nd con:onanì ¡:
ve¡evved ìo a: ìIe ìI¡vd po:¡ì¡on ¹¹¨ |Iaì¬cI¡n|). ¹¨ can Ie 1 ov
? con:onanì: Iuì nu:ì a!va·: Ie a con:onanì.
1. HorizonIal combinaIion oI a consonanI wiIh one oI Ihese 5 vowels
c+v ¯+· ¬ ¯
2. HorizonIal combinaIion oI 2 consonanIs and a vowel.
c+v ¯+· ¬ ¨
c ¬ (=¯) ¯
3. HorizonIal combinaIion oI 3 consonanIs and a vowel.
íc+v+2 consonanIs)
c+v ¯+· ¬ ¨
c c ¬ (=¯) 1 ×
Ex.
Ex.
Ex.
22
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
WIen ìIe ¡¡na! vove! ¡n ìIe vovd ¡:, ·, =, ¬, ¬ ov
·,¨ìIe vovd ¡: con:ìvucìed I· Iav¡nµ ìIe !eììev:
avvanµed vevì¡ca!!·.
4. VerIical combinaIion oI a consonanI wiIh one oI Ihese 5 vowels
í=, =, ¬, = or ¬).
c ¯
+ + ¬ ¯
v =
5. VerIical combinaIion oI 2 consonanIs and a vowel.
c ¯
+ +
v = ¬ ¬
+ +
c ¬ (=¯) ×
6. VerIical combinaIion oI 3 consonanIs and a vowel.
íc+v+2 consonanIs).
c ¯
+ +
v = ¬ ¯
+ +
c c¬ (=¯) = ×
ParI Bí4¬6)
Ex.
Ex.
Ex.
23
4. How to Write Korean Words
The easiest way to learn to write hangeul is to follow the prescribed stroke order
below using squared paper.
The fourteen consonants are shown below in Korean alphabetical order with
the direction and sequence of the strokes. The romanized letters are their
sound value.
a. Consonants : 19 letters

g
·
gg
)
n

J·t
24
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
+
JJ

r·i
·
m
+
|·p
=
||
·
s
25
·
ss
·

j
*
jj
×
cl
26
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
·
k
'
t
·
p

l

There are a total of twenty-one different vowel-syllables. In the table below, the
vowels are listed in Korean alphabetical order
b. Vowels : 21 letters
·
a
º
ae
³
va
º
vae
·
ec
28
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs

e
-
vec
A
ve
·
c
~
va
~
vae
29
~
ce
=
vc
¬
u
¬
vec
-
ve
30
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
¬
ui
¬
vu
·
eu

eui
!
i
31
1. Wr!te the fourteen consonants !n the .
-'-'-'-'-'-'-'-'-'-'-'-'-'
2. F!!! !n the boxes a!phabet!ca!!y.
-'--'--)-'- '-·--'--'-
3. Wr!te the ten vowe!s !n the .
`- '- '- '- '- '- '- '- '- '
4. P!ease f!!! !n the gaps !n a!phabet!ca! order.
` - ' - ' - ¹ - ' - ' - - ' -
5. Wr!te the words !n a!phabet!ca! order.
¨7 I´ ·- ´¯ ·¯´
·¹ ¯5 ¹' ¹÷ [5/
'¯ "¯ ¹¯ ¯¨
¯ ¯
³ ¯
¯ ¯
¯ ¯
¯ |
¯ !
¯ I
, ), , , ·, +, ·, ·, ·, ×, ·, ', ·,
Exercises
34
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
Unit 2 : Introduction
In Korean, verbs are conjugated in 4 different forms depending on whom is being
addressed. These forms are:
Polite formal,
Polite informal,
Plain and
Intimate Speech style
(See detail in Appendix, page 135)
Ynµ w||| |e8Iµ |µ bµ|t 2
Hov ìo con|uµaìe vevI: ¡n ìLe µve:enì ìen:e u:¡nµ ìLe µo¡¡ìe
¡n¡ovna¡ ¡ovn ¹\:ì+¬9º/9º/9º) ¹\:ì aIIvev¡aì¡on o¡
\evI Sìen)
JLe ¡n¡¡n¡ì¡ve ¡ovn o¡ evev· Kovean vevI con:¡:ì: o¡ ìLe
:ìen and ìLe ¬¹ end¡nµ.
WLen con|uµaì¡nµ ìLe vevI, ¬¹ ¡: dvoµµed and ìLe µo¡¡ìe ¡n¡ovna¡
¡ovn ¡: added ìo ìLe :ìen. ^¡¡ vevI: ¡a¡¡ ¡nìo one o¡ ìLvee µvouµ:,
vL¡cL deìevn¡ne: ìLe con|uµaì¡on
7¹ ¹ìo µo) ¬¬»¹ ¹ìo :ìud·)
¯ ¹ ¬÷¯ ¹
´ ´ ´ ´
slèn èhoiho slèn èhoiho
1.
Ex.
35
WLen ìLe \:ì end: v¡ìL ìLe vove¡ · ov ·, ìLen ìLe end¡nµ
cLanµe: ìL¡: va· \:ì+¬9º
7¹ ¹ìo µo) 7+¬9º 7º
´
slèn
º¹ ¹ìo cone) º+¬9º °º
´
slèn
WLen ìLe \:ì end: v¡ìL an· vove¡ exceµì · ov ·, ìLen ìLe
end¡nµ cLanµe: ìL¡: va· \:ì+¬9º
¹¹ ¹ìo eaì) ¹+¬9º ¹9º
´
slèn
°¹ ¹ìo veav) °+¬9º °9º
´
slèn
WLen ìLe \:ì end: v¡ìL »¹¨vevI end¡nµ, :ucL a: ¬¬»¹,
¬9»¹, ìLen ìLe end¡nµ cLanµe: ìL¡: va· »+¬9º vL¡cL ¡:
conìvacìed a: \:ì+¬¯º
¬¬»¹ ¹ìo :ìud·) ¬¬»+¬9º ¬¬¯º
´
slèn
°»¹ ¹ìo vovl) °»+¬9º °¯º
´
slèn
a.
b.
c.
Ex.
36
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
Note: When conjugating some verbs, certain vowel combinations occur, which
are then contracted. The following are examples of contraction rules:
Note: The verb in the Korean language never changes regardless of whether
the subject is singular or plural, personal pronoun third person (he, she,
it), or a proper noun (Georgetown University). Also, Korean never uses
capital letters or cursive.
lxampie
ccntracticn Ver| pciite inicrmai ccnjugaticn
(Vst÷-¤·^·~P)
¤÷¤ `|a[ ¯· (tc gc) '÷÷¤P ¬'P
P÷¤ |va[ P· (tc ccme) 9÷÷¤P ¬×P
÷÷^ ·|vec[ ¬· (tc give) ÷÷÷^P ¬mP
^÷^ ¹|ec[ '· (tc stanJ) ¬÷÷^P ¬¬P
^÷^ ¹|vec[ ·¹· (tc Jrink) ·¹÷÷^P ¬ ·¹P
¤÷~ ¹|ae[ 8·· (tc vcrk) 8m÷÷¤P ¬ 8¼P
Ex.
Hov ìo con:ìvucì a Kovean Senìence JLe Kovean :enìence
¡: :ìvucìuved ¡n SuI|ecì¬OI|ecì¬\evI ¹SO\) ovdev. JLe vevI
¡: a¡va·: aì ìLe end o¡ ìLe :enìence. In¡¡le ¡n !nµ¡¡:L, ìLe
Kovean :uI|ecì ¡: ¡o¡¡oved I· a :uI|ecì µavì¡c¡e ¹¬9/7) and
ìLe oI|ecì ¡: ¡o¡¡oved I· an oI|ecì µavì¡c¡e¹¬´/³).
:uI|ecì oI|ecì

´¯¯ ÷-¬ ¹¹ì (1hè babv orihks nilk)
´ ´
sub|ècl narliclè ob|ècl narliclè
2.
Ex.

For the rest of this course, verbs (in the vocabulary list) will be written
with the stem in a larger font than the ending:
7O 7 vevI :ìen + O end¡nµ
¹O ¹ vevI :ìen + O end¡nµ
¬¬»O ¬¬» vevI :ìen + O end¡nµ
Ex.
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs 38
7I tc gc
¨´(¨÷÷^´)÷present tense
0Ií9) (tc) vlere
Ií÷) l (tcpic marker)
=Tí9) (tc) sclcci · ¯.÷sclcci
Vocabulary
·÷ ^5· 'í.
I go to school.
7I (to go)
C
hapter.
01
39
¨´
¨´
¯¯^ ¨´¹
¯.^ ¨´
·¦
·¦
¯.^ ¨´
·f/÷ Topic marker. When aIIached Io a noun, iI shows Ihe subiecI
oI Ihe senIence, or conIrasI,¨ íSee p.132)
0I where¨
·9 in,¨aI,¨or Io.¨Used aIIer place or Iime nouns Io show
locaIion or direcIion.
Grammar Notes
¨len tle ncun enJs in a ccnscnant, ÷-¨
lx ´'-¯.^¨´ (´'÷Sujin)
As icr Sujin, sle is gcing tc sclcci
: ¨len tle ncun enJs in a vcvei, ÷¦¨
lx ·¦¯¯.^¨´ (¯¯.÷universitv)
As icr me, l am gcing tc tle universitv
lx ¯.^ ¨´ l gc tc sclcci
`÷^ ¨´ (`÷÷.ev Ycrk) l gc tc .ev Ycrk
$ubject of the sentence
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
1. F!!! !n the b!anks w!th ®¨or ÷¨.
·( ) ¯.^¨´
´ 8¬!( ) ¯.^¨´ (8¬!÷Ai|ert)
´'( ) ´^¨´ (´'÷Sujin · ´÷lcme)
¯··( ) ¨¯^¨´ (¯··÷mctler · ¨¯÷stcre)
-¨¹( ) ¯.^¨´ (-¨¹÷ve)
2. F!!! !n the b!anks w!th ¨
·¦¯.( ) ¨´
´ 8¬!¦`÷( ) ¨´ (`÷÷.ev Ycrk)
´'-'¬( ) ¨´ ('¬÷Secui)
-¨¹-·¬( ) ¨´ (·¬÷Kcrea)
3. Trans!ate !nto Korean.
l gc tc sclcci
´ Ai|ert gces tc .ev Ycrk
¨e gc tc licriJa
Sujin gces tc Secui
40
7
I
(
t
o

g
o
)
C
h
.
0
1
Exercises 01
41
4. Read the sentence. Wh!ch word !s the verb? Mark your
answer !n each !!ne.
_ · _ ´ ¨´ _ ¯. _ ^
_ ¨´ _ ´ ¯. _ ¦ _ ·
_ ¯. _ ´ · _ ^ _ ¨´
5. Read each sentence. Choose the sentence that !s wr!tten
correct!y. Mark your answer.
_ ¯.^¨´·¦
_ ´ ¨´·¦¯.^
_ ·¦¨´ ¯.^
_ ·¦¯.^ ¨´
ß. Answer the fo!!ow!ng quest!ons, us!ng the answers g!ven
!n parentheses.
¯¯^¨´¹ (¯.)
´ ´'-¯¯^¨´¹ (´÷lcme)
·¬¦¯¯^¨´¹ (`÷÷.ev Ycrk · ·¬÷irienJ)
8¬!¦¯¯^¨´¹ (·¬÷Kcrea)
¯··¦¯¯^¨´¹ (¨¯÷stcre)
·¦¯.^¨´
Ex.
7
I
(
t
o

g
o
)
C
h
.
0
1
Vocabulary
42
==õI tc stuJv
¬-«´ (¬-«÷÷¯´)÷present
tense
Ií÷) l (tcpic marker)
{=Bíë) Kcrean ianguage (c|ject particie)
®4MI (to study)
·÷ ^="÷ ¬÷¹í.
I study Korean.
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
C
hapter.
02
Grammar Notes
43
¬-«´
¬-«´
·¦ ¬-«´
·¦
·¦ ¬-«´
·¦ ·¬¹÷ ¬-«´
÷ë/¥ ObiecI parIicle. II comes aIIer a noun and shows Ihe obiecI¨
oI Ihe verb.
Personal Pronoun These Iorms are used when Ihe speaker Ialks Io a
subordinaIe or an equal.
×÷ë Plural marker
i ¨len a ncun enJs in a ccnscnant, ¬÷÷¨
lx ·¬¨·¬¹÷¬-«´ (·¬÷irienJ)
ii ¨len a ncun enJs in a vcvei, ¬÷¯¨
lx ·¬¨´¯¯¬-«´ (´¯lngiisl)
\v irienJ stuJies lngiisl
singuiar piurai
l · ve -¨(¹)
vcu · vcu ·¨(¹)
le
sle · tlev
¹
it ¨ ¨¹
lx ¯´(stuJent) ¬ ¯´' (stuJents) · ^¯(cliiJ) ¬ ^¯¦(cliiJren)
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
Exercises 02
44
®
4
M
I
(
t
o

s
t
u
d
y
)
C
h
.
0
2
1. F!!! !n the b!anks w!th M¨or M.¨
8¬!¦·¬¹( ) ¬-«´
´ ´'-´¯( ) ¬-«´ (´¯lngiisl)
·¦÷´¯( ) ¬-«´ (÷´¯(erman)
´·¦´¯´¯( ) ¬-«´ (´·Sumi · ´¯´¯Spanisl)
·¬¦¬¬¯( ) ¬-«´ (¬¬¯Clinese)
2. Trans!ate !nto Korean.
\v irienJ stuJies Kcrean (mv)
´ Sujin stuJies lngiisl (Sujin´')
¨e stuJv Spanisl (ve-¨¹)
\v irienJ stuJies Clinese (Clinese¬¬¯)
l stuJv |apanese (|apanese´[¯)
· ¨e stuJv (erman (ve-¨¹)
3. Read the sentences and choose the one that !s wr!tten
correct!y. Mark your answer.
_ ·¬¹÷´'¬-«´
_ ´ ¬-«´·¦´¯¯
_ -¨¹-¬-«´´¯
_ -¨¹´¯¯¬-«´
_ -¨¹-·¬¹÷¬-«´
45
®
4
M
I
(
t
o

s
t
u
d
y
)
C
h
.
0
2
4. Form a correct sentence from each group of words g!ven
be!ow.
÷´¯, ´', ¬-«¯
´ ¬-«¯, ·, ´¯´¯
8¬!, ·¬¹, ¬-«¯
´¯, -¨¹, ¬-«¯
5. The fo!!ow!ng sentences are scramb!ed. P!ease wr!te
them correct!y.
¬-«´¬¬¯¯·¦
´ ´¯¯´·¦¬-«´(´·Sumi)
8¬!¦¬-«´´¯´¯¯
¬-«´÷´¯¯´'-
Vocabulary
46
P/I tc Jrink
¹'´(¹'÷÷¯´)÷present tense
H mv (slcrteneJ icrm ci ·´÷mv)
¬^í0) vcunger si|iing (su|ject particie)
ãíë) vater (c|ject particie)
¬¬ exercise
=9 aiter
7= ncv
0AI (to dr!nk)
÷¹^ ¹÷ ¤¹í
My younger sibling drinks water.
STEP BY STEP KOREAN (1) through 15 Action Verbs
C
hapter.
03

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