12 views

Uploaded by Marlon Boucaud

lab

lab

© All Rights Reserved

- Ac Circuits Handout and Tutorials
- Elvis II Orientation
- Theory of Static Winding Circuit Analysis
- Electrical Cable Fault Locating
- EMI-guide
- Three Phase System
- Baldor 20H Series Manual
- ATP-EMTP Investigation of Adaptive Distance
- Tek2465b Os288g Maint
- 12_6_casestudy_complx_impednce
- Expt 6
- EEL 3123 Lab Manual.pdf LAB
- Eb 25778783
- Klinke Project Final Report
- Dynamic Characterization of DC-DC Converters
- Measurement of zero sequenc of zero sequence impedance for three-winding transformers.pdf
- Ipe Etap Case 0007
- Sinusoids and Phasors
- Synthesis and Analisis of PZT Using Impedance Method of Reactance Estimation
- 2_3b Out-Of-Step Protection - Application

You are on page 1of 13

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering

B. Sc. in Electrical & Computer Engineering

ECNG 1006

Laboratory Exercise 3

Impedance and AA-C Series

eries Circuit

Analysis

ST. AUGUSTINE, TRINIDAD & TOBAGO, WEST INDIES

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering

Contents

1.

2.

3.

Pre-Lab .................................................................................................................................... 4

3.1.

4.

In-Lab ...................................................................................................................................... 6

4.1.

5.

Post-Lab................................................................................................................................. 11

5.1.

Assignment ................................................................................................................... 11

ST. AUGUSTINE, TRINIDAD & TOBAGO, WEST INDIES

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering

List of Figures

Figure 2 : To Analyze A-C Series Circuits..................................................................................... 8

Figure 3: Lissajous Pattern for Phase Measurement....................................................................... 9

ST. AUGUSTINE, TRINIDAD & TOBAGO, WEST INDIES

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering

ECNG1006

Laboratory Project and Design I

http://myelearning.sta.uwi.edu/

Semester II; 2008 / 2009

1. GENERAL INFORMATION

Lab # :

Name of the Lab:

Lab Weighting:

10%

Delivery mode:

Estimated total hours for

completion of pre, in and post

lab exercises

Lecture:

Yes

Lab:

Yes

10 hours

Year 1 Laboratory

Lab Dependencies

Theoretical content link:

Pre-Requisites ECNG 1012

Co- Requisites ECNG 1015

To undertake this lab, students should be able to:

Use basic laboratory equipment

Determine the phase relationship between waveforms

Understand the concepts of impedance, reactance and series

resonance

Draw voltage phasor diagrams

Recommended

prior knowledge

and skills:

Course Staff

Position/Role

Course Lecturer

Ronald.DeFour@sta.uwi.edu

Juliet Romeo-Joseph

Juliet.Romeo@sta.uwi.edu

Adelle Joseph

Course Coordinator

Adelle.Joseph@sta.uwi.edu

Jeevan Persad

Lab Demonstrator

Jeevan Persad@sta.uwi.edu

ST. AUGUSTINE, TRINIDAD & TOBAGO, WEST INDIES

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering

Upon successful completion of the lab assignment, students will be able to:

Cognitive

Level

1. Apply basic laboratory tools and a knowledge of the fundamental Application

principles of electrical and computer engineering to the behavior of energy

storage electronic components under ac as well as dc excitation

3. PRE-LAB

Due Date:

Submission

Procedure:

Estimated time to

completion:

Submit to Ms. Adelle Joseph in the Power Simulation Lab

2 hours

3.1.1.

Write the equations for the impedance of a resistor R, an inductor L and a capacitor C as

a function of frequency and determine the magnitude of these impedances.

3.1.2.

For a 1K resistor, a 0.5mH inductor and a 0.1uF capacitor, calculate the reactance of

these elements at frequencies of 10 Hz, 100 Hz, 1 kHz, 10 kHz and 100 kHz.

3.1.3.

In a series circuit all elements carry the same current, and the circuit voltage is the sum

of the individual vo1tage drops. Write equations for the voltage drops across the

elements in an a-c series circuit containing resistance, inductance and capacitance

(RLC).

3.1.4.

Using the same graph, plot the waveforms for the voltage across and the current through

an a-c series circuit consisting of a resistor, inductor and capacitor.

ST. AUGUSTINE, TRINIDAD & TOBAGO, WEST INDIES

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering

3.1.5.

Draw the voltage phasor diagram for as a-c series circuit consisting of a resistor,

inductor and capacitor and show how you would obtain the resultant circuit voltage.

3.1.6.

Show how you would connect the oscilloscope in Figure 2 to simultaneously display the

voltages across the 10 resistor and the capacitor C.

3.1.7.

State the conditions under which series resonance occurs for an RLC circuit. Using the

circuit of Figure 2, compute the frequency at which series resonance occurs and the

value of the circuit parameters at resonance.

4. IN-LAB

Allotted Completion 3 hours

Time:

1) One oscilloscope with a pair of required test leads.

Required lab

2) One function generator with a pair of leads not less than 30 cm

Equipment:

long.

3) One power supply with one pair of leads about 30 cm long.

4) One multimeter with leads

5) One solderless breadboard

6) One RLC meter

7) Resistors (1x10, 1x1k)

8) Capacitors (1x0.1F)

9) Inductors (1x0.5mH)

4.1.1.

a) Using the RLC meter, measure and record the value of the 1 k resistor R, the 10

resistor r, the 0.5mH inductor L and the 0.1F capacitor C. Also, measure and record the

parasitic resistance Rp of the inductor.

b) Construct the circuit shown in Figure 1 and put the 1 k resistor in the circuit location

indicated by the box labeled Device Under Test.

offset. Ensure that the attenuator selector switch is set to 1 and the output amplitude

control is turned to its zero output position.

d) Have your circuit checked by the TA. When you get the go ahead, turn on the function

generator and oscilloscope. Slowly increase the amplitude, produced by the function

generator until channel 1 displays a 4 Vpp waveform.

e) The 10 resistor is used to measure the current flowing through the device under test,

hence, the voltage across the device under test includes the small voltage drop across the

10 resistor. Draw up a table for the device under test and measure and record the

magnitude of the voltage across this device Vpp, displayed on channel 1 of the

osci11oscope. Measure and record the current through the device under test by taking the

channel 2 peak to peak voltage and dividing it by 10.

f) Ensure that both current and voltage waveforms are symmetrically centered on the

oscilloscope screen and measure and record the phase relationship between the

waveforms. Your measurement should indicate if the current leads or lags the voltage.

g) Increase the input frequency to 100 Hz and re-measure and record the current and

voltage. Continue to increase the input frequency to values of 1 kHz, 10 kHz and 100

kHz and for each frequency re-measure and record the current and voltage.

h) Remove the resistor from the circuit, and insert the capacitor in its place. Repeat steps (e)

and (g).

i) Remove the capacitor from the circuit, and insert the inductor in its place. Repeat steps

(e) and (g).

4.1.2.

a) Connect up the circuit shown in Figure 2. Set the Function Generator to produce a

sinusoidal waveform of 1 kHz (i.e. a period of 1 ms on the oscilloscope) with no DC

offset. Ensure that the attenuator selector switch is set to 1 and the output amplitude

control is turned to its zero output position.

b) Connect the channel 1 input of the oscilloscope across the 10 resistor observing the

polarity of the oscilloscope leads. The 10 resistor was added to the circuit to measure

the current flowing through the circuit, because, the voltage and current have the same

phase for a resistor.

c) Connect the channel 2 input of the oscilloscope across the capacitor C and the 10

resistor observing the polarity of the oscilloscope leads. The voltage across the 10

resistor is negligible in comparison to that across the capacitor and hence would not

significantly change the capacitor voltage reading.

d) Have your circuit checked by the TA. When you get the go ahead, turn on the

oscilloscope and the function generator and set the function generator output amplitude

control to 6 Vpp. Do not readjust the function generator amplitude control.

e) Measure and record the peak to peak voltage (Vcpp) across the capacitor shown on

channel 2 and the peak to peak voltage (Vrpp) across the 10 resistor shown on channel 1

of the oscilloscope. Measure and record the phase difference (ct) between the two

waveforms and state whether the current leads or lags the voltage. Place your readings in

a table.

f) Switch the SEC\DIV switch to X-Y mode. Set the VOLTS/DIV on the X and Y channels

so that the Lissajous pattern is as large as possible, but is completely visible on the CRT.

At frequencies other than resonance, the Lissajous pattern will be similar to that shown in

Figure 3.

g) Verify that the Lissajous pattern is centered on the oscilloscope CRT by switching the X

and Y input selector switches to GND and centering the spot on the screen.

h) Draw the Lissajous pattern produced and measure and record the two distances A and B

as shown in Figure 3. The dimension A is the distance between the two intersections of

the Lissajous pattern and the Y axis, while, B is the vertical distance between the top and

bottom of the pattern.

i) Interchange the capacitor C with the inductor L in the circuit and repeat steps (e) through

(h) to measure and record VLpp and Lt.

j) Interchange the inductor L with the resistor R in the circuit and repeat steps (e) through

(h) to measure and record VRpp and Rt.

k) Connect channel 2 of the oscilloscope directly across the function generator and, measure

and record the circuit peak to peak voltage Vpp. Also measure and record the phase on the

time axis t and using the Lissajous pattern with the oscil1oscope in the X-Y mode.

4.1.3.

Series Resonance

a) Set the function generator to produce a 1 kHz sinusoidal signal of magnitude 6Vpp.

Connect the circuit as shown in Figure 2.

b) With the oscilloscope set to X-Y mode, obtain a display of the Lissajous pattern on the

CRT.

c) Gradually change the frequency control and switches on the function generator until the

Lissajous pattern is a single straight line and record the frequency at this point. The

straight line Lissajous pattern is obtained when the circuit is in resonance. Draw the

Lissajous pattern produced.

d) Measure and record the peak to peak voltage and phase angle for each component and for

the supply voltage using the oscilloscope. Also, measure and record the circuit current

and phase angle.

e) Repeat (d) above for a range of frequencies above and below the resonant frequency.

Record your results in a table.

10

5. POST-LAB

Due Date:

Submission

Procedure:

Deliverables:

Submit to Mr. Lawrence Hutchinson in the Year 1 Lab

Typewritten responses to the assignment questions ONLY, bound

in a folder.

5.1. Assignment

5.1.1.

5.1.2.

On one graph, plot both theoretical and measured impedance for the resistor, capacitor

and inductor and functions of frequency for the data obtained in section 4.1.1. Both axes

should be logarithmic, with the frequency on the horizontal axis and the impedance on

the vertical axis. To help identify the curves each, impedance should be drawn in a

different color.

5.1.3.

The parasitic resistance Rp of the inductor was measured in section 4.1.1 (a). At what

frequencies does this resistance create a significant difference between Z Lmeas and

5.1.4.

Can the theoretical inductor impedance, Z Ltheo , computed in section 4.1.1 be corrected

to eliminate the separation between the plots of Z Lmeas and Z Ltheo ? If your answer is

yes, implement your suggestions and draw and discuss the differences between the new

plots.

5.1.5.

Could the oscilloscope in Figure 1 be connected such that channel 1 measures the

voltage across the device under test and excludes the voltage drop across the 10

resistor while, channel 2 measures the voltage drop across the 10 resistor? Give

reasons for your answer.

5.1.6.

Draw up a table and record the data obtained in section 4.1.2. Compute the phase angle

Lis , obtained using the Lissajous patterns using the equation,

A

B

Lis = Sin 1

11

5.1.7.

In section 4.1.2, compare the phase angles t, obtained when the waveforms were

displayed as functions of time with Lis which were obtained using the Lissajous

patterns. Discuss any differences.

5.1.8.

Using Figure 2, calculate the peak to peak voltage across each component and its phase,

and the peak, to peak circuit current and phase using the measured values of the

components.

5.1.9.

Compare the measured peak to peak voltages and phase angles obtained in section 4.1.2,

with those calculated. Give reasons for any differences

5.1.10. Draw the phasor diagrams for the calculated and measured component values obtained

in section 4.1.2 on the same graph. Use different colours to differentiate the measured

phasors from the calculated ones. Discuss any differences between the measured and

calculated phasor diagrams. Does the supply voltage phasor close the phasor diagrams?

Discuss your findings.

5.1.11. Calculate the voltage across each component and phase angle, and the circuit current

and phase for the circuit of Figure 2 at the resonant frequency obtained in section

4.1.3(c). Use the measured va1ues of the circuit components.

5.1.12. Draw the phasor diagrams for the measured and calculated values obtained in sections

4.1.3 and 5.1.11 respectively on the same graph and explain any differences.

5.1.13. Explain how the phasor diagrams in section 5.1.12 differ from that of section 5.1.10.

5.1.14. The resonant frequency of the circuit in Figure 2 is determined from the equation

f res =

1

2 LC

Compute the resonant frequency using the above equation and compare the results with

the measured value obtained in section 4.1.3(c). Give reasons for any differences.

5.1.15. Using the results produced in section 4.1.3(e), determine the impedance of each

component at the various frequencies and plot these impedances as a function of

frequency on the same graph. Also, on the same graph, plot the magnitude of the circuit

current as a function of frequency and discuss the nature of the plots.

Series Circuit Analysis

12

- Ac Circuits Handout and TutorialsUploaded byyaseenVision
- Elvis II OrientationUploaded byVinod Kumar Sharma
- Theory of Static Winding Circuit AnalysisUploaded byHoang Thanh Van
- Electrical Cable Fault LocatingUploaded byaqazam
- EMI-guideUploaded byrksemac
- Three Phase SystemUploaded byDon Nikko PelAez Fernandez
- Baldor 20H Series ManualUploaded byLODELBARRIO RD
- ATP-EMTP Investigation of Adaptive DistanceUploaded bymarg1972
- Tek2465b Os288g MaintUploaded byPaul Astrachan
- 12_6_casestudy_complx_impednceUploaded byEbookcraze
- Expt 6Uploaded byapi-3774277
- EEL 3123 Lab Manual.pdf LABUploaded bykamal
- Eb 25778783Uploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Klinke Project Final ReportUploaded bynits4u222
- Dynamic Characterization of DC-DC ConvertersUploaded bysteviej85
- Measurement of zero sequenc of zero sequence impedance for three-winding transformers.pdfUploaded byBash Mat
- Ipe Etap Case 0007Uploaded bysbabdex
- Sinusoids and PhasorsUploaded byStephen Moore
- Synthesis and Analisis of PZT Using Impedance Method of Reactance EstimationUploaded byWilliam García
- 2_3b Out-Of-Step Protection - ApplicationUploaded byrian0201
- Test EN_2Uploaded byCatalina Dragomir
- PTI_data_format.txtUploaded byabhijit_wce
- ENG224 Lecture 01b - Review of 1 Phase AC CircuitsUploaded byace_mehdi
- EE-201 ID[AO305]Uploaded byShanmuga Raja
- Using an oscilloscopeUploaded bylonewolf228
- PpsUploaded byDemian Pereira
- Allen Jeng Levitt JRRD 2005Uploaded bywaleedyehia
- Review Biosensor 2Uploaded byNida Kurnia Adilah
- Nomeclatura de Formato CdfUploaded byMemoLopez
- Ferr2007Uploaded byInside123

- 2x Extruder MotorUploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- Adjustable Frequency DrivesUploaded bybuskin_river_ak
- ECNG3004 2 Instrumentation StandardsUploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- ECNG3004_1Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- Topic 1 - IntroductionUploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- Topic 3 - Source CodingUploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- Topic 2 - The Information SourceUploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- NoiseUploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- In-Course Project Definition 0809Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- Eb NotsblesUploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- CommsII Problem Set 3 With AddendumUploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- ECNG3016 Practical 5Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- ECNG3016 Practical 4Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- ECNG3016 Practical 3Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- ECNG3016 Practical 2Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- ECNG3016 Practical 1Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- ECNG3016_Lab_2Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- ECNG3016_Lab_1Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- L5-2Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- L5-1Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- L4-3Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- L4-2Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- L4-1Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- L3-1Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- l2-1Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud
- L1-1Uploaded byMarlon Boucaud

- Washington Square for PianoUploaded bylreyes013
- Sci Interactive NotebookUploaded bydillonemerson
- 05-28-16 editionUploaded bySan Mateo Daily Journal
- Induction Motors-scalar ControlUploaded byNarolex
- CommUploaded byJohnLerry
- Fundamental Analysis of ICICI BankUploaded byAnonymous TduRDX9JMh
- SAMSUNG KS1B-serviceUploaded byfernando_alexiso
- Nutrients Building Blocks of Life NotesUploaded bysmedification
- 785_List of References for Submission of New Request Inquiry FormUploaded byعبدالعزيز بدر
- 268114 Typhoid Fever (1)Uploaded byEricson Mendoza Rivas
- NRICH Integrating Rich TasksUploaded byamymelor
- Analysis of a Primary Suspension Spring Used In LocomotivesUploaded byInnovative Research Publications
- Snap-on Solus Pro Users ManualUploaded byCindy
- Come As You AreUploaded byLambertoDiPiero
- Zarate Luis Felipe Act3Uploaded byAryluHdez
- 231094903-JAA-Book-Sample.pdfUploaded byTim Smith
- module 6 3 ci mathUploaded byapi-199390118
- mlab.pdfUploaded byabduhalim
- Columbus Stainless Product CatalogueUploaded byRP
- Examen quimica bachilleratoUploaded bysanvibar
- Verka Report 2Uploaded byrupinder
- ProposalUploaded byFatihah Nawawi
- pone.0022577Uploaded bySiva Karthik
- Towards Automated Process and Workflow Management a Feasibility Study OnUploaded bySebhazz Rios R
- STOD-ECM-TPL-0806-QC-MST-0003 (B01) Work method statement for cathodic protection (2).docxUploaded bymeda li
- Allied Food Products Capital Budgeting and Cash Flow Estimation Case solutionUploaded byAsad Sheikh
- 002fGuidanceonwasteUploaded bySajad Khan
- Vinoya v NlrcUploaded bynia_artemis3414
- Easyguide Amilo d1845 EngUploaded byopardic
- The World to ComeUploaded bydamien2012