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Introduction

The purpose of this experiment is to carry out a kinetics experiment to determine the rate

constant value of a bleaching reaction of food dyes, using sodium hypochlorite and also whether

this process is a zero order, first order, or second order rate equations. We used the pseudo rate

law concept to determine k and m. We used two different food dyes in our experiments: Blue

and Green.

Literature reference: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/ed075p1142 The Reaction of a Food

Colorant with Sodium Hypochlorite

Experiments performed

Info: Bleach: 0.6%

We carried out 2 experiments for each food dye.

Blue#1

- We first measured the rate of reaction using the original concentration of bleach, which is

0.6%. We then lowered the concentration of bleach to 0.4% which is 1.5 times lower,

then we measured the rate of reaction

Volume of dye (mL)

Volume of water (mL)

Volume of bleach (mL)

2

0

1.5

2

0.5

1.0

Green

- Observations: Green food dye looks blue when in cuvette. Color changes from Blue

Light blue Faint green Clear solution

- We first measured the rate of reaction using the original concentration of bleach, which is

0.6%. We then lowered the concentration of bleach to 0.4% which is 1.5 times lower,

then we measured the rate of reaction

Volume of dye (mL)

2

2

0

0.5

1.5

1.0

[Blue#1] vs Time

graphs, I was able to

conclude that the

reaction is 1st order with

respect to [Blue#1],

because the plot of

ln[Blue#1] as a function

of time is a straight line

graph. Using the

equation, ln[Blue#1] =

-k1t + ln[Blue#1]0 I was

able to determine the k1

value, which is the

slope of the graph

(y=mx+c), which is

0.0203

[Blue#1]

1/[Blue#1] vs Time

k1=k*[OCI-]n

0.0203=k*0.0403M

k= 0.5037M-1sec-1

f(x) =

R = 0

ln [Blue#1] vs Time

12

10

8

ln[Blue#1]

6

4

2

0

0 f(x) = 50

R = 0

100

150

Time (s)

200

250

I have included an

adjustment factor of

-0.007 for the

baseline correction

so that my R2 value

is as close as

possible to 1.

f(x) =

R = 0

0

50

100

150

-20

-4

-6

-8

ln [Blue#2]

-10

-12

-14 f(x) = - 0.02x - 12.47

-16 R = 1

-18

Time (s)

200

250

the value of k' decreases by

a factor of 1.35 when the

concentration of OCLdecreases by a factor of 1.5,

and thus the reaction is firstorder with respect to OCl-.

This graph is a straight-line

graph thus we can conclude

that this reaction is first

order.

graphs, I was able to

conclude that the

reaction is 1st order with

respect to [Green#1],

because the plot of

ln[Green#1] as a

function of time is a

straight line graph.

Using the equation,

ln[Green#1] = -k1t +

ln[Green#1]0 I was able

to determine the k

value, which is the

slope of the graph

(y=mx+c), which is

0.0168

[Green#1] vs Time

1/[Green#1] vs Time

50000000

40000000

30000000

1/[Green#1] 20000000

10000000

0

100

200

300

400

350

400

Time (s)

ln [Green#1] vs Time

0

50

100

150

200

R = 1

Time (s)

250

300

The k value is

somewhat similar to the

k value of blue dye. The

difference in values

could be due to the

spectrophotometers were

functioning abnormally

during our experiment as

Slope =the

-kI absorbance

= 0.0188 levels

kept fluctuating and

were should

all over the place.

The k value

Thus,

ableof

to 1.35

achieve

decrease by a to

factor

a linear

graph with

when the

concentration

of

somewhatbysimilar

k

OCL- decreases

a factor

values

of 1.5, but

due show

to that our

experiment

still

experimental

error, was

the k

value issuccessful.

inaccurate.

However, This graph is a

straight-line graph thus we

can conclude that this

reaction is first order. The

absorption at 630nm is 1st

order and this is what

contributes to the green

color of the dye, and not the

440nm absorption as it is

mostly constant throughout

the whole experiment and

does not change with

respect to the green color of

the dye fading as time

progresses, therefore it is 0

order reaction.

Adjusted ln [Green#2]

f(x) =

R = 0

Time

(sec)

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

Recorded

absorbance @

440nm

0.033

0.023

0.02

0.028

0.025

0.026

0.025

0.025

0.025

0.026

0.025

0.027

0.028

0.025

0.025

0.023

0.027

0.026

0.024

0.027

0.025

0.025

0.027

0.027

0.025

250

260

270

280

290

300

310

320

330

340

350

0.023

0.025

0.025

0.024

0.028

0.05

0.026

0.025

0.027

0.028

0.028

Green food dye has 2 absorption wavelengths: @630nm and 440nm. This is because green color

is made up of blue and yellow colors, where blue color wavelength is 440nm and yellow color

wavelength is 630nm.

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