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physics question introduction to physics

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You are on page 1of 11

Section A

[25 marks]

Answer all questions.

1. Which physical quantity has the correct S.I. unit?

A.

B.

C.

D.

Physical quantity

Temperature

Time

Mass

Length

S.I unit

Celcius

minutes

Newton

metre

A. Joule

B. Minute

C. Newton

D. Ampere

3. Energy = force x distance. The unit for force is kg ms-2 and the unit for distance is m, what is

the derived unit for energy?

A. kgms-2

B. kgm2 s-2

C. kgm2s2

D. kgm-1s-2

4. The capacity of a container is the maximum volume of liquid it can contain. The labels for

three containers are given below.

5 x 10-5 m3

5 dm3

500 cm3

Which of the following lists of capacities are arranged in ascending order?

A.

B.

C.

D.

500 cm3, 5 dm3, 5 x 10-5 m3

5 dm3, 500 cm3 , 5 x 10-5 m3

5 x 10-5 m3, 500 cm3, 5 dm3

A. 4.7 x 10-10 F

B. 4.7 x 10-7 F

C. 4.7 x 102 F

D. 4.7 x 1011 F

6. 500 micrograms is equivalent to

A.

B.

C.

D.

5 x 10-6 grams

5 x 10-5 grams

5 x 10-4 grams

5 x 10-3 grams

A. 2 x 102 cm3

B. 2 x 106 cm3

C. 2 x 107 cm3

D. 2 x 108 cm3

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8. Which statement is correct about a scalar quantity and a vector quantity?

A.

B.

C.

D.

A vector quantity has magnitude only

A scalar quantity has magnitude and direction

A vector quantity has magnitude and direction

A. Area

B. Length

C.

D.

Distance

Displacement

A. 35 ms-1

B. To the North

C. 35 ms-1 to the North

11. Which measurement is the longest?

A.

B.

C.

D.

2.68 x 103 m

2.68 x 10-1 mm

2.68 x 103 cm

2.68 x 10-4 m

12. Which of the following shows the prefixes in ascending order correctly?

A.

B.

C.

D.

micro, mili, giga, mega

mega, giga, micro, mili

micro, mili, mega, giga

A.

B.

C.

D.

10-12

10-9

10-6

109

A.

C.

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D.

B.

15. A, B, C and D show parts of four different balance scales. Which balance is the most sensitive?

16. The following are three readings P, Q and R obtained by three different measuring instruments.

P = 1.15 cm

Q = 1.89 mm

R = 4.20 cm

What measuring instrument was used to measure P, Q and R?

P

Q

A. Vernier caliper

Micrometer screw gauge

B. Micrometer screw gauge

Vernier caliper

C. Micrometer screw gauge

Metre rule

D. Vernier caliper

Metre rule

17. Diagram 1 shows a measuring instrument.

R

Metre rule

Metre rule

Vernier caliper

Metre rule

Diagram 1

The part labelled X is used for measuring the

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A.

B.

C.

D.

external diameter of a tube

depth of a hole

thickness of a cardboard

Diagram 2

What is the correct reading?

A. 6.96 cm

B. 6.97 cm

C.

D.

6.95 cm

6.98 cm

Diagram 3

What is the reading of the micrometer?

A. 4.28 mm

C. 4.78 mm

B. 4.32 mm

D. 4.82 mm

20. Diagram 4 shows a micrometer screw gauge.

Diagram 4

The name and function of the part labelled Z is

A.

Name

Anvil

Function

To increase the precision of the measurement

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B.

C.

D.

Ratchet

Thimble

Sleeve

To improve the accuracy of the reading

To reduce random errors in the measurement

21. Diagram 5 show a micrometer screw gauge used to measure the diameter of a glass rod.

Diagram 5

What is the diameter of the glass rod?

A. 12.25 mm

B. 12.23 mm

D.

C. 12.73 mm

12.75 mm

22. Green light travels at a speed of 300 000 000 ms-1. Express the value in standard form.

A.

B.

C.

D.

3.0 x 108 ms-1

3.0 x 109 ms-1

3.0 x 106 ms-1

Diagram 6

What is the reading of the micrometer screw gauge?

A. 6.20 mm

B. 6.30 mm

C.

D.

6.52 mm

6.53 mm

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24. In a rifle shooting competition, Dina was eliminated from the competition because her shots

were not accurate even though they were consistent. Which target board below shows the shots

made by Dina?

A.

B.

C.

D.

Exists in either positive value or negative value.

Increases when the range of the scale is larger.

Increases when the value of the reading is larger.

Section B

[40 marks]

Answer all questions.

26. Table 1 shows three quantities and their corresponding units.

Physical Quantity

Length, l

Temperature, T

Time, t

Mass, m

Volume, V

Velocity, v

Unit

metre

Unit Symbol

m

Table 1

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(a) (i)

[10 marks]

(ii)

__________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

27. Diagram 7.1 shows the instance an airplane lands on a runway. The moment the airplanes

wheels touch the runway; its speed is 160 km h-1.

runway

Diagram 7.1

(a)

[3 marks]

(b) The frequency at which a radio station broadcasts one of its programmes is 108 MHz.

Express this frequency in terms of Hz. State your answer in standard form.

[2 marks]

(c) Diagram 7.2 shows a rectangle.

12 cm

15 cm

Diagram 7.2

Determine the area of this rectangle in m2.

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[4 marks]

(d) Diagram 7.3 shows a box with dimensions 6 m x 4 m x 2 m.

Diagram 7.3

What is the volume of the box, in cm3?

[4 marks]

28. Diagram 8.1 and Diagram 8.2 show two instruments used by students in a laboratory.

Diagram 8.1

Diagram 8.2

_______________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

(b) What is the sensitivity of the instrument in Diagram 8.2?

_______________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

(c) Based on the instruments in Diagram 8.1 and Diagram 8.2,

(i)

___________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

8

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(ii)

(d)

___________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

The diameter of a cardboard was measured with a vernier caliper. The zero error

position and the reading while the pipe was being measured are shown in the diagram

below.

Diagram 8.3

Diagram 8.4

___________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

(ii)

(iii)

(e)

___________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

What is the diameter of a cardboard?

___________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

The thickness of 10 pieces of paper was measured with a micrometer screw gauge. The

readings are shown in Diagram 8.5 and Diagram 8.6.

Diagram 8.5

Diagram 8.6

___________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

(ii)

___________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

(iii)

___________________________________________________________________

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[1 mark]

(iv)

___________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

29. Four students each made a series of measurements of the length of book. Table 2 shows the

result they obtained.

Student

1

9.46 m

8.46 m

9.82 m

9.82 m

P

Q

R

S

2

3

9.20 m

8.98 m

8.51 m

8.42 m

10.09 m

9.87 m

9.78 m

9.85 m

4

8.77 m

8.45 m

8.93 m

9.79 m

Table 2

(a) What is meant by precise?

_______________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

(b) If the actual value length of the book is 9.81, which student obtained a set of results that

could be described as

(i)

___________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

Reason

___________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

(ii)

___________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

Reason

___________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

10

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END OF QUESTIONS

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