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Hop Product Applications

for the Craft Brewer


2014 Application Hop Products Presentation
Roy Johnson
John I. Haas, Inc.
December 10, 2013

Hop Products For Craft Brewers


Craft brewers have been responsible for a brewing renaissance
when it comes to the use of hops.
Bitter beers have been a mainstay for the craft industry. The dry
hopped IPA has created a tremendous focus on hop aroma and
flavor, and driven new hop variety (Flavor Hop) development.
To date, the hop product of choice for the craft brewer has been
the T90 pellet.
Although the T90 pellet is a
good product, there are other
hop products available to the
craft brewer that can provide
improved brewing performance
as well as alternatives for
bitterness and aroma.

An Overview of Hop Products


Baled (whole cone) hops
Pellets
Standard (T90) Pellets
Enriched (T45) pellets
Isopellets/stabilized

Extracts
CO2 Extracts
Isomerized Kettle Extracts
Potassium Isomerized Kettle
Extracts
Rho Kettle extracts
Aromahop OE

Advanced Products
Isomerized hop extract (Iso)
Reduced isomerized hop
extract (Rho)
Tetrahydro-iso--acids
(Tetra)
Hexahydro-iso--acids
(Hexa)

PHA Hop Flavors


Classic
Varietal
Topnote

Hop oils/emulsions
Hop Antifoams

Hop Product Categories


HOP PELLETS
Type 45

ISOMERISED HOP
PELLETS

WHOLE HOPS

(Lupulin Enriched)

(Isopellets)

HOP PELLETS
Type 90

KETTLE
PRODUCTS

HOP EXTRACT

ISOMERISED
KETTLE EXTRACT

OIL RICH
EXTRACT

AROMA EXTR
(Oil Enriched)

(IKE)

PURE HOP OIL


VARIETALS

POST
FERMENTATION
PRODUCTS

ISO
(iso-a-acids)

RHO

TETRA

(rho-iso-a-acids)

(tetrahydro-iso-a-acids)

HOP OIL
PURE HOP OIL
EMULSION
(Dry Hop Alternative)

CITRUSSY
SPICY

PHA
Varietals
HEXA-TETRA

HEXA

(50% hexahydro-iso-a-acids,
50% tetrahydro-iso-a-acids)

(95% hexahydro-iso-a-acids,
5% tetrahydro-iso-a-acids)

PHA
Topnote
(Dry Hop Alternative)

e.g. GOLDING, CASCADE, SAAZ

PHA
Classics

FLORAL
HERBAL
SYLVAN

CO2 Extracts
CO2 Extracts (extract) are produced from T90 type pellets
using pressurized carbon dioxide. Trace CO2 and hop
derived compounds is all that extracts contain.
Extract is composed of hop lupulin gland resin components
including alpha acids, beta acids and oils. The extraction
process maintains integrity of hop components
(unchanged from pellet resinous compounds).
The hop vegetative compounds (e.g. cellulose, proteins,
minerals) are not extracted with carbon dioxide.
Extracts are concentrated and very stable hop products.
The extract represents approximately 25% of the original
mass of the pellet. The alpha acids content in extract is
about 3-4 times the pellet concentration.
Extracts reduce the volume of hop material needed to
bitter beer. They can be added early or late in the boil.
Commonly available extracts are from the bitter hop
varieties. Extracts can be pre-isomerized for better
utilization.

Advanced Products
An Option for Differentiation of
Bittering & Foam

Advanced Products Advantages

Greater Efficiency and Flexibility

Fractionated Components

Tetra- and Hexa-hydro-iso-a-acids

Bitter Differentiation

Reduced isomerized extracts

Isohop
Redihop
Tetrahop Gold
Hexahop Gold
Hexahop 95

Foam Enhancement

Bitterness separate from aroma

Light Protection

Better utilization of alpha acids; bitterness addition possible


post fermentation

Different hop acids have different sensory effects

Aqueous flow-able products make for ease of addition

Preparation of Isomerized and Reduced iso--acids


from CO2 extract
O O

-acid

HO
HO

R
OK

alkaline
condition

O O

Heat

HO
O

heat,
purification

OK

Hydrogenation
catalyst Pd/C,
H2

HH
HO
O

NaBH4 , alkaline
condition

O O

HH
R

OK

H
H
tetrahydro-iso--acid

NaBH

iso--acid

HO
HO

O O

O O
R

H OK

HO
HO H OK

H
H
hexahydro-iso--acid

rho-iso--acid

Alpha acids Utilization

Baled Hops
Regular Pellets (Type 90)
Enriched Pellets (Type 45)
CO2 Extract
Iso-Pellets
Isomerized Kettle Extract (IKE)
Advanced Products post fermentation

15-30 %
25-40 %
25-40 %
30-40 %
45-55 %
45-55 %
70-90 %

% Utilization = (IAA in beer / dosed AA) x 100

Bitter Profiles and Intensities


Hop Acid

Bitter Description

Bitter Intensity

Iso-a-acids

Clean, Non-lingering

1.0

Rho-iso-a-acids

Clean, Smooth

0.7

Tetrahydro-iso-a-acids

Sharp Bitter, Lingering

Hexahydro-iso-a-acids

Less harsh than Tetra, more


similar to rho

1.0 to 1.7
1.0

Beer Foam Retention

Optimal Dosing for Advanced Bitter Products


Water for
HG beers

CO2

BBT
DT

Minimum 3-5 m

FT/LT
Pump

Pump
Sheet filter

Kieselguhr filter

ISO, RHO,
TETRA, HEXA

FT: Fermentation Tank


LT: Lagering Tank
BBT: Bright Beer Tank
HG: High Gravity

Stabilizing agents:
PVPP, Silica

Post Fermentation Dosing

Aroma Products
Providing flexibility in
aroma/flavor addition

Distilled Hop Oil Product


Distillation of hop essential oils from CO2 hop extract
Highly concentrated: 100% of specified variety of
specified blend
Predominantly terpene hydrocarbons => solubility is very poor
Should be dispersed in a suitable carrier for dosing: mixed with
ethanol or food-grade emulsifier
Can be added before or after fermentation
Dose rate 0.05 to 5 ml/hl, depending
on the point of dosage

May be used for light-stable beers


Filtration of final product recommended

Advanced Hop Aroma PHA


Available from Botanix (UK) is an advanced hop aroma product line,
PHA. PHA products are designed to provide an alterative to
traditional methods for adding hop aroma to beer, and for providing
aroma to light-protected beers.
PHA products are stable, consistent and reliable hop aroma, and are
available in both late-hopping and dry-hopping formulations.

PHA products are available from specific hop varieties. They are also
available as classic hop aroma formulations (spicy, citrus, floral, herbal,
sylvan) and as custom blends.
PHA Topnotes are designed to deliver variety specific dry-hopped
aroma to the beer.
PHA products are manufactured by a proprietary process, are watersoluble and light stable and can be dosed post fermentation.


PHA Aroma Products (cont)
PHA products are 100% derived from hops by a physical process
Highly concentrated, supplied in propylene glycol
Typical dosage rate 10 g/hl (range from 5 - 40 g/hl)
May be added to bright beer stream without inducing haze or
affecting foam stability
Very suitable for alcohol-free or low-alcohol beers and high-gravity
beers

PHA Classics: Aroma of Citrussy


Sensory evaluation of PHA Citrus (Aroma) addition of 15 g/hl :

PHA Classics: Taste of Citrussy


Sensory evaluation of PHA Citrus (Flavor) addition of 15 g/hl :

PHA Varietals: Aroma of Saaz


Sensory evaluation of PHA Varietal Saaz (Aroma) 10 g/hl :

PHA Varietals: Taste of Saaz


Sensory evaluation of PHA Varietal Saaz (Flavor) 10 g/hl :

PHA Varietals: Saaz Taste and Mouthfeel


Sensory evaluation of PHA Varietal Saaz 10 g/hl :

PHA Topnotes: Aroma of Saaz


Sensory evaluation of PHA Topnotes Saaz (Aroma) 10 g/hl :

PHA Topnotes: Taste of Saaz


Sensory evaluation of PHA Topnotes Saaz (Taste) 10 g/hl :

Overview: Product Benefit Comparison


Hop
Pellets
and
Extract

Iso
Pellets &
IKE

Bitterness
Hop Aroma
Foam
Enhancement
Light
Protection
Bacterial
Stability
Improved
Utilization

Iso

Rho

Tetra

Hexa

Specialty
Oils

Hop Anti-foams
Increasing performance, naturally

Hop-based Anti-foam Products

Hop-Based Anti-foam Products can be used during fermentation to


prevent excessive foam formation. Applicable in conical fermenters
and also in top fermentation.
It is an emulsion of hop lipids and waxes in water. The emulsifying
agent is a plant based, natural product. Effectively suppresses foam
in the fermenter, with consequent improvements in utilization of
both the fermenter and of hop acids.
Pilot brew trials and commercial scale experience confirm that there
is no detectable effect on beer flavor through the use of this
product. The product should be dosed either directly to the
fermenter or to the wort stream during transfer to the fermenter.

Hop-based Anti-Foam Brewing Trials


Foam Reduction in Fermentation
14.0

7.3

6.3

Control

Silicone 5ml/hL

Lipohop C-Plus 10mg/hL

4.5

4.4

Lipohop C-Plus 30mg/hL

Lipohop C-Plus 50mg/hL

Brewing trials showed excellent foam control in the


fermentation vessel with a range of Lipohop doses.

Hop-based Anti-Foam Brewing Trials


Hop Iso--acids Utilization (mg/l)
27.5
26.0
22.5

23.5

19.5

Control

Silicone 5ml/hL

Lipohop C-Plus 10mg/hL

Lipohop C-Plus 30mg/hL

Lipohop C-Plus 50mg/hL

Hop Products Additions A Recap

Malt

Water

Mashtun

Hops

Lautertun

Kettle

Whirlpool
Malt Mill
Spent Grains
Yeast
Wort cooler
Fermentation Tank

Lagering Tank
Filter

Spent Yeast

BEER :-)

Conventional Products

Malt

Water

Mashtun

Conventional Hop Products,


Cones, Pellets and Extracts

Lautertun

Kettle

Whirlpool
Malt Mill

Conventional Hop Products (dry hop),


Cones, Pellets

Spent Grains

Yeast
Wort cooler
Fermentation Tank

Lagering Tank
Filter

Spent Yeast

BEER :-)

Advanced Product Additions

Malt

Water

Mashtun

Hops

Lautertun

Kettle

Whirlpool
Malt Mill
Iso, Rho, Tetra, Hexa

Yeast

Spent
Iso, RhoGrains
After Kieselgur,
Before Trapfilter

Fermentation Tank

Wort cooler

Lagering Tank
Filter

Spent Yeast

BEER :-)

Hop Oil Additions

Malt

Water

Mashtun

Hops

Lautertun

Kettle

Whirlpool
Malt Mill
Hop Oils, Hop Oil Emulsions

Spent Grains

Yeast
Wort cooler
Fermentation Tank

Lagering Tank
Filter

Spent Yeast

BEER :-)

PHA Additions

Malt

Water

Mashtun

Hops

Lautertun

Kettle

Whirlpool
Malt Mill
Spent Grains
Yeast

PHA Products

Wort cooler
Fermentation Tank

Lagering Tank
Filter

Spent Yeast

BEER :-)

Hop Anti-foams

Malt

Water

Mashtun

Lautertun

Kettle

Whirlpool
Malt Mill

Hop Anti-Foams

Spent Grains

Yeast
Wort cooler
Fermentation Tank

Lagering Tank
Filter

Spent Yeast

BEER :-)

Haas Innovations & Research Brewery

36

Thank You!