# 1

ACTIVE PREDIKAT V1 V1+S are + Ving am + Ving is + Ving have + V3 has + V3 have + been +Ving has + been + Ving wil + V1 can + V1 must + V1 would + V1 V2 were+ Ving was + Ving had + V3 had + been + Ving wolud + have + V3

2

3 4 5

6 7 8 9 10 11

RUMUS DARI BU TATI PASSIVE SUBJEK PREDIKAT OBJEK You/They/We are + V3 I am + V3 He/She/It is + V3 You/They/We are +being I am + being He/She/It is + being I/You/They/We have + been + V3 He/She/It has + been + V3 I/You/They/We have+been+being+V3 He/She/It has+been+being+V3 will + be + V3 SUBJEK can + be + V3 must + be + V3 SUBJEK would + be + V3 you/They/We were + V3 I/He/She/It was + V3 You/They/We were + being + V3 I/You/They/We was + being + V3 SUBJEK had + been +V3 SUBJEK SUBJEK had+been+being+V3 would+have+been+V3

KETERANGAN every usually generally now already already for since if S + V1 if S + V2 Yesterday las…/….ago when+rms7 yesterday while+rms8 yesterday when+rms7 yesterday before+rms7yesterday since yesterday for yesterday if+rumus9 yesterday

THE RULES OF DIRECT Direct ( kalimat langsung ) A. Direct dari Statement ( + and - ) S + P + O,"S + P + O + Adj."

INDIRECT Indirect ( kalimat tidak langsung ) Indirect S + P +O + that + S + P + Adv change the tenses Indirect if S + P + O + Whether + S+ P + O S + P + O + QW + S + P ….. Indirect S + P + O + to + V1 S + P + O + not to + V1

B. Direct dari Question 1. yes/no Question S + P + O,"Aux +S + Main Verb…?" 2. QW + Q S + P + O,"QW + Aux + S + Main Verb..?" C. Direct dari command ( + dan - ) 1. S + P + O ,"V1….!" 2. S + P + O, "Don't + V1….!" Perubahan tenses dari Direct Indirect Direct Indirect 1. present tense past tense rumus 1 rumus 7 rumus 2 rumus 8 rumus 3 rumus 9 rumus 4 rumus 10 rumus 5 rumus 6 2. past tense past perpect rumus 6 rumus 11 rumus 7 rumus 9 rumus 8 rumus10

perubahan keterangan waktu & tempat Direct Indirect 1. now then / that time 2. yesterday the day before the previous day 3. next week the following…. next month the following…. next year the following…. 4 .here there 5. this that 6. these those