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Permasalahan Amalan Pengajaran Dalam Kalangan Guru Pelatih Praktikum

Oleh,
Md Zuki Bin Hashim
IPG Kampus Sultan Abdul Halim, Sungai Petani, Kedah, Malaysia
ABSTRAK
Kajian ini adalah kajian kes ke atas sembilan orang guru pelatih
yang sedang menjalani latihan mengajar bagi mengenalpasti
permasalahan

amalan

pengajaran

yang

sering

dihadapi

dan

puncanya. Kajian ini diharapkan dapat membantu meningkatkan


keberkesanan latihan praktikum. Data kajian diperoleh daripada
pemerhatian ke atas amalan pengajaran dalam bilik darjah yang
direkodkan

sebagai

catatan

anekdot,

analisis

dokumen

dan

temubual dengan guru pelatih. Data dianalisis menggunakan


perisian NVIVO8.

Kajian ini mendapati enam permasalahan yang

sering

oleh

dihadapi

para

guru

pelatih

iaitu

kurang

mahir

menjalankan penilaian aras bagi setiap langkah pengajaran, kurang


mahir mengelola kepelbagaian teknik pengajaran & pembelajaran,
kurang

mahir

menerapkan

kemahiran

berfikir,

kurang

mahir

merumus perkaitan dalam set induksi, kurang mahir menggunakan


Bahan Bantu Mengajar secara berkesan dan kurang mahir mengawal
kelas semasa P&P. Penyelidik mencadangkan penyelidikan lanjutan
berasaskan kepada setiap permasalahan yang telah dizahirkan
dalam kajian ini.

Kata kunci: praktikum, amalan pengajaran, kawalan kelas, penilaian aras hasil
pembelajaran, tenik pengajaran

Abstract
This is a case study on nine trainees undergoing teaching practices
to identify problems frequently encountered and their causes. This
study is expected to help increase the effectiveness of teaching
practices among teacher trainees. Data were obtained from
observations of classroom teaching practices recorded as anecdotal
records, document analysis and interviews with trainees. Data were
analyzed using NVIVO8 software. The study found six problems that
are being faced by trainees. They are the less skilled to conduct an
evaluation for every step of teaching, less adept at managing
diversity in teaching and learning techniques, less adept at applying
thinking skills, unskilled to formulate relevance in induction set, less
adept at using teaching aids effectively, and less adept at
controlling classroom. The researcher suggest that further research
is based on any issues that have been disclosed in this study.

Keywords: practicum, teaching practices, classroom control, evaluating learning


autcomes, teaching techniques
This is a case study on nine trainees undergoing teaching practices for
identifying problems frequently encountered and their causes. Data were
obtained from observations of teaching practices in the classroom, document
analysis and interviews with teachers. Data were analyzed using NVIVO8
software. The study found six problems faced by the trainees . They are less
skilled to assess learning outcomes for each step of teaching, lack of skills to
manage diversity in teaching and learning techniques, less adept at applying
thinking skills, less adept at managing set induction, less proficient in the use of
teaching aids effectively and unskilled control classrooms. The researchers
suggest that further research is based on any issues that have been disclosed in
this study.