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Department of Geography

Faculty of Natural Sciences

JAMIA MILLIA ISLAMIA


NEW DELHI 110 025
(A Central University by an Act of Parliament)

Ph.D Programme-Geography

Syllabus (w.e.f..2010-2011)

Course Structure of PhD Programme


(Semester-I)

Theory Papers

Credits

(Compulsory)
PAPER I:

GGD-201 Research Methodology

PAPER II:

Literature Review

(Any one of the following)


PAPER III:

GGD-202: Environmental studies

PAPER IV:

GGD-203

Population, Social and Gender Geography

PAPER V:

GGD-204

Urban geography and Environment

PAPER VI:

GGD-205

Agricultural Geography

PAPER VII:

GGD-206

Geography of Health and Well-Being

PAPER I: GGD-201
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Credit: 4

UNIT-1: INTRODUCTION
Epistemology: Science as the way of knowing; Reality: Objective and subjective; Basic
Concepts: Abstraction, observations and measurements; Rationality: Limits of human mind;
Natural and social laws; Objectivity and verifiability; Induction and deduction; Hypothesis,
models and theory.
UNIT-2: SCIENTIFIC METHOD
Socratic (Classical) method vs. conventional scientific method; Steps in conventional
scientific method; Evaluation of theory: Criteria and characteristics; Critical thinking.
UNIT-3: METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION
Sample design and sampling techniques; Instrumental measurements; Collection and
preservation of samples from natural environment; Schedules, questionnaires and interviews:
Purpose, types and essentials; Agent-base information, oral tradition, memoirs, diaries, news
paper and texts.
UNIT-4: METHODS OF DATA ANALYSIS
Empiricism and logical positivism: Statistical and mathematical induction and determinism
(cause and effect analysis); Models and analogies: Statistical and mathematical models,
simulation and analogies in physical and human geography.

Books recommended :
1.
2.

Andres, A.C. (1987) : The Analogy Theme in Geography; Journal of Geography


86 (55) : 194-197
Campbell, D.T. eds. And Overman, E.S.(1988): Methodology and Epistemology for
Social Science: Chicago: The University of Chicago Press

3.

Crano, W.D. and Brewer, M.B. (2002) :


Research; New York : Routledge

Principles and Methods of Social

4.

Czaja, R. and Blair, J. (1996) : Designing Surveys; Thousand Oaks : Pine Forge Press

5.

Denzin, N.K. and Lincoln, Y.S. eds. (1994) : Handsood of Qualitative Research;
Thousand Oaks : Sage

6.

Fowler, F.J. (1995) : Improving Survey Questions; Thousand Oaks : Sage

7.

Gomez, B and J Jones III J.P. eds. (2010) : Research Methods in Geography: A critical
Introduction; West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell

8.

Hay, I. ed. (2000) : Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography;


Oxford : Oxford University Press

9.

Hemper, C.G. ed. (1983): Methodology, Epistemology, and Philosophy of Science;


New York : Springer

10.

Limb, M. and Dwyer, C. eds. (2001) : Qualitative Methodologies for Geography;


London : Arnold.

11.

Livingstone, D.N., and Withers, C.W. (2005) : Geography and Revolution;


Chicago : The University of Chicago Press

12.

Montello, D.R., and Suttor, P.C. (2006): An Introduction to Scientific Research


Methods in Geography; New Delhi : Sage Publications India Pvt. Ltd.,

13.

Rahman, S., Symon, J, and Gabby D.M. Van Bendogem, J.P.eds. (2009): Logic
Epistemology and the University of Science; New York: Springer

14.

Scim, S. and ed. (2005) The Routledge Companion to Postmodernism; New York:
Routledge

15.

Valentine, G. and Chifford, N. eds. (2010) : Key Methods in Geography; New Delhi:
Sage Publications Pvt. Ltd.

PAPER III: GGD-202


ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
Credit: 4

UNIT-1: INTRODUCTION
Earth as a complex system: Components and their interrelations; Environment as resource
field and sink; Environmental crisis: Causes and manifestations; Environmentalism and green
movements; Major global environmental issues.
UNIT-2: ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT
Conventional and ecological economics; Production and consumption spiral; Impacts on
ecosystems; Sustainable development: Is sustainability an impossibility theorem?
UNIT-3: ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENT
Perception, assessment and evaluation of environmental risks; Environmental impact
assessment (EIA) and uncertainty; EIA practices around the world; EIA procedure in India;
Adaptation to global environmental change.
UNIT-4: ENVIROMENTAL MANAGEMENT
Agenda 21; Globalisation and environment; Political economy of resource use and
environmental management; Environmental management strategies at sub-national level:
Integrated watershed and eco-region management; Management at local level: Municipal
water supply management; Conservation and restoration of forest cover and organic
farming at panchayat level.

Books recommended:
1.

Bailey, R.G. (2002) : Ecoregions : Design for Sustainability; New York: Springer Science
& Business.

2.

Bailey, R.G. and Ropes, L. (2007): Ecoregions : The Ecosystem in Geography of the
Oceans and Continents; New York : Springer

3.

Chiras, D.D. (2010): Environmental Science; London: Jones and Bartlett Publishers
International

4.

Common, M.S. and A Stage, S. (2005): Ecological Economics: An Introduction;


Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

5.

Daly, H. E. ad Farley, J. (2004) : Ecological Economics : Principles and Applications;


Washington, D.C.: Island Press

6.

Dupont R., Baxter, T.E. and Theodore, L. (1998): Environmental Management:


Problems and Solutions; Florida : CRC Press

7.

Edwards A.R.: (2005): The Sustainability Revolution : Portrait of a Paradigm Shift; Gabrio
Island (Canada) : New Society Publishers

8.

Enger, E.D. and Smith, B. (2009): Environmental Science : A study of Interrelationships;


New York: McGraw-Hill

9.

Heathcote, I.W, (2009): Integrated Watershed Management: Principles and Practice;


New Jersey : John Wilsey & Sons Inc.

10. Krishnamurthy, B. (2005): Environmental Management; New Delhi : Prentice Hall of


India Pvt. Ltd.
11. Kump, L.R., Kasting, J.M., and Crane, R.G. (2009): The Earth System; New Jersey:
Prentice Hall
12. McKinney, M.L., Schoch, R.M. and Yonavjak, L.(2007): Environmental Science: Systems
ad Solutions; London: Jones and Barclatt Publishers International
13. Naiman, R.J. ed, (1994): Watershed Management: Balancing Sustainability and
Environmental Change; New York: Springer
14. Randlie, T.O. (2007): Watershed Management: Issues and Approaches; London: IWA
Publishing
15. Russo, M.V. (2008): Environmental Management: Reading and Cases; Thousand Oaks:
Sage

PAPER IV: GGD-203


Population, Social and Gender Geography
Credit: 4
Unit I
Population Geography as a sub discipline of Geography and distinct from population studies
and demography; Sources of population data; Measures of population growth and world
patterns of population growth; Geographical factors of population growth; Population
dynamics and population theories.
Unit II
Social Geography as a sub discipline of Geography and its relationship with other social
sciences; Concept of social space, territorial space and social landscape; Socio-economic
and environment problems of developing and developed nations; S.C., S.T. and OBCs in
India : Issues and challenges; Regional variations in literacy, health and crimes in India.
Unit III
Growth and development of gender geography; Approaches : Behavioural, Radical,
Humanistic and Welfare; Status of women in developing and developed countries; Crimes
against women and bridging the gender gap; Women empowerment and role of women in
environmental management.
Unit IV
Population problems of India : Population Planning and Human Resource Management;
Population dynamics and its changing paradigms; Unifying elements in cultural diversity;
Centre state relationship and growth of regionalism; Women participation in economic
activities.
Books recommended:
1.
Boserup, E. 1989, Womens Role in Economic Development, Earthscan, London.
2.
Dankelman, I & Davidson, J.,1989. Women and Environment in the Third World,
Earthscan, London.
3.
Deblig, H.J.,1996, Human Geography-Culture, Society and Space (5th ed.), John
Wiley, New York.
4.
Johnston, R.J. et. Al (eds),1996. The Health of Women A Global Respective,
Westview press, Boulder.
5.
Momsen, J.H. & Townsend, J. (eds.), 1987. Geography of Gender in the Third World,
Albany, New York.
6.
& Hunt, Dubuque, Lowa.
7.
Sowell, T. 1994. Race and Culture A World View, Basic Books, New York.
8.
UNICEF, 1990. The Lesser Child the Girl in India, United Nations, Geneva.
9.
United Nations, 1991. The Worlds Women, 1970-1990, United Nations, New York.
10.
United Nations, 1995, World Resources 1994-1995, Chapter 3 : Women and
Sustainable Development, United Nations, New York.
11.
Abuzar, M., 1988. Socio-economic Aspects of Population Structure, Rawat Pub.,
Jaipur.
12.
Agarwal, S.N., 1972. Indias Population Problems, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi.
13.
Beajeu-Garneir, J., 1979, Geography of Population, Longman, New York.
14.
Bogue, D.J., 1969, Principles of Demography, John Wiley, New York.
15.
Chandna, R.C., 2000 Geography of Population : Concept, Determinants and
Patterns, Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi.
16.
Clarke, J.I., 1973, Population Geography, Pregamon Press, Oxford.

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30.

Coontz, S.H., 1957, Population Theories and the Economic Interpretation, Rouledge &
Kegan Paul.
Daugherty, H.G. Kenneth, C.W. Kammeyir, 1988. An Introduction to Population
(Second edition), The Gulford Press, London.
Jones, H.R., 1981. A Population Geography, Harper & Row, London.
Ahmad, A., 1999. Social Geography, Rawat Publications Jaipur.
Dube, S.C. 1991. Indian Societies, National Book Trust of India, New Delhi.
Dube, S.C. Tribal Heritage of India, Vikas Publishing Co., New Delhi.
Churye, G.S., 1963. The Scheduled Tribes, Popular Prakashan, Bombay.
Jones, E., & J. Eyles, 1977. An Introduction to Social Geography, Oxford University
Press, Oxford.
Jones, E., 1976. An Introduction to Social Geography, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Majumdar, D.N., 1958, Races and Culture of India, Asia Publishing House, Bombay.
Mukherjee, R., 1975, Social Indicators, McMillan, Delhi.
Pacione, M., 1987. Social Geography : Progress and Prospects, Croom Helm, London.
Smith, D., 1977. Geography : A Welfare Approach, Edward Arnold, London.
Gregory, D. and J. Larry (eds.) 1985. Social Relations and Spatial Structures, McMillan.

PAPER V: GGD-204
URBAN GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENT
Credit: 4
Unit- I Basic Concept and Approaches
Basic Concepts of Urban/Urbanization; Approaches to the study of Urban Geography; Urban
Environment: Concept, Components and Levels of Analysis; Approaches to the study of
Urban Environment.
Unit- II Emerging Issues and Research Trends
Trends and Patterns of Urbanization in India: Post Independence Period; Functional
Classification of Towns; Urban Problems and Environmental Degradation in India; Micro
Climate of Cities; Urban Pollution (Air, Water and Noise) and Health Impacts.
Unit- III Urban and Environmental Planning
Techniques of Town Planning: Delhi or Chandigarh; Urban Transport Planning; Basis of EIA ;
Concept of Urban Sustainability and Urban Environmental Conservation Strategies:
International and National Conventions.
Unit- IV Research Methodology
Models for Internal Structure, Hierarchy and Spacing of Cities; Urban Sprawl; Urban Poverty
and Slums ; Use of Remote Sensing Data for Urban Land uses and Change Detection; GPS
and GIS for Urban Mapping; Socio-economic and Environmental Surveys for Urban Themes.

Books Recommended:
1.

Carter, H., 1972. The Study of Urban Geography, Edward Arnold, London.

2.

Choley, R.J.O. and Haggett, P. 1966. Models in Geography, Methuen, London.

3.

Gibbs, J.P. 1961, Urban Research Methods, Princeton, New Jersey.

4.

Nangia, S., 1976. Delhi Metropolitan Region: A Study in Settlement Geography,


Rajesh Publications.

5.

Hall, P., 1992. Urban and Regional Planning, Routledge, London.

6.

Burgess, R., Marisa C., and Thed K., 1977. The Challenge of Sustainable Cities, Zed
Books, New Jersey.

7.

Canter, L.W., 1996. Environment Impact Assessment , Mc Graw Hill Inc. New York.

8.

Gilbert, and Joseph G., Cities, Poverty and Development-Urbanization in the 3rd
World, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

9.

Knox, P., 1994. Urban Social Geography-An Introduction, Longman, U.K.

10.

Goudie, A., 1993. The Human Impact on Natural Environment, Blackwell, USA.

PAPER VI-GGD-205
AGRICULTURAL GEOGRAPHY
Credit: 4

UNIT-I CONCEPTS AND TECHNIQUES


Approaches to Agricultural Geography; Agricultural regionalization; Agro-climatic regions;
New Agricultural technology; Models of agricultural location and their critical evaluation. ;
Land Capability Classification.
UNIT-II

AGRICULTURE AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Strategies in agricultural planning and development in India ; Agricultural policy and politics
of agriculture; Liberalization, privatization and globalization; WTO agreements; Role of IMF
and World Bank in agricultural policies; Rural employment; Rural finance and its instruments.
UNIT-III AGRICULTURE WITHIN THE FOOD SUPPLY SYSTEM
Food security and its components; Early warning system for food security; Monitoring factors
affecting food security: weather, prices, inputs, infrastructure, storage, transportation, public
distribution system, stocks, diseases, pests, droughts. Poverty and malnutrition and
governmental efforts to address poverty.
UNIT -IV RESEARCH METHODOLGY IN AGRICULTURE
Role of remote sensing, GIS and GPS in agricultural studies; Land Information System
Measurement of regional disparities in agriculture and its indicators; Quantification
Techniques: Indices of Growth Rates of Agriculture, Crop Combination Regions, Crop
Diversification Index, Agricultural Productivity; Crop monitoring using remote sensing data;
Forewarning system for pests and diseases; Drought monitoring.
BOOK Recommended:
1. George W. Norton, Jeffrey Alwang, William A. Masters (2006) The Economics of
Agricultural Development
2. John B. Penson Jr., Oral Capps Jr., C. Parr Rosson, Richard Woodward (2009)
Introduction to Agricultural Economics
3. Kym Anderson, Will Martin (Eds.) (2005) Agricultural Trade Reform and the Doha
Development Agenda
4. Clapp, J., (2009) Corporate Power in Global Agrifood Governance
5. Ashok Gulati, Tim Kelly (2000) Trade Liberalization and Indian Agriculture
6. Mahbub UL Haq (2003) Human Development in South Asia 2002: Agriculture and
Rural Development
7. Finney, D.J., An Introduction to Statistical Science in Agriculture : Axis
Books, 2010
8. Bajpai, S.,Survey on Indian Agriculture : Cyber Tech Pub, 2009,
9. Khanduri, V.P.(Eds.),Advances in Agricultural Research in India : Vol. XV-XVI,
2001, Jan-Dec. 2001, (Annual Journal) : International Book Distributors, 2001
10. Qazi, S.A. and Qazi, N. S., Population Geography : , A.P.H, 2010,

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11. Kothari, S.,Agricultural Landuse and Population : A Geographical


Analysis : Udaipur, 1999,
12. Ramachandrudu, G., and Rao, M. P, Census 2001 and Human Development in
India : Serials Pub, 2004.
13. Baylis Smith, T.P., 1987, The Ecology of Agriculture,
14. Berry,B.J.L.,1976, The Geography of Economic System, Printice Hall, N.Y.
15. Brown,L.R., 1990, The Changing World Food Prospects-The Nineties and Beyond,
World Watch Institute, Washington, D. C.
16. Dayson,T., 1996, Population and Food-Global Trends and Future Prospects,
Routledge, London.
17. Gregory,H.F., 1970, Geography of Agriculture, Printice Hall, Englewood Cliff,
N.Jersey.
18. Hussain,M., 1999,Agricultural Geography, Rawat Publications, Jaipur.
19. Jasbir,S. and Dhillon, S.S., 1988, Agricultural Geography, Tata McGraw Hill, N.
DelhiMannion,A.M.,1995, Agriculture and Environment Change, John Wiley,
London.
20. Shafi,M., 1983, Agricultural Productivity and Regional Imbalances in Uttar
Pradesh, Concept Publications Co. New Delhi.
21. Shafi,M., 2007, Agricultural Geography, Persons Publication, New Delhi

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PAPER VII-GGD-206
GEOGRAPHY OF HEALTH AND WELL BEING
Credit: 4
UNIT-I
CONCEPTS AND APPROACHES
Health and wellbeing: Concept, Indicators , Approaches; Burden of disease: Mortality and
Morbidity; Organization of Health Services.
UNIT-II
DISEASES AND HEALTH DISORDERS
General classification of Diseases; Ecology, Etiology and Epidemiology of Diseases:
Communicable ( TB, Malaria, HIV/AIDS) and Non Communicable ( Cancer, Diabetes and
other life style related health disorders) .
UNIT-III DRIVERS OF HEALTH DISORDERS
Poverty; Hunger; Food Insecurity; Population: Crowding, Congestion, Density ,Age and Sex
Structure; Literacy and educational levels; Social and Economic Security; Hygiene ; Basic
Facilities and Amenities; Health infrastructure.
UNIT-IV
MEASUREMENT
OF HEALTH AND HEALTH DISORDERS
Poverty and Hunger; Hunger Index, SNU and ICMR scale of nutrition , Morbidity, Mortality,
BMI, WBI, , HDI; Burden of Disease; Health GIS.

Suggested readings:
1. Cliff, A. & Haggett, P. (1989). Atlas of Disease Distribution, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.
2. Digby,A, & Stewart, L. (eds.) (1996). Gender, Health and Weelfare, Routledge, New
York.
3. Hazara, J.(ed) (1997). Health care planning in Developing Countries, University of
Calcutta, Kolkata.
4. Learmonth, A.T.A.(1978). Patterns of Disease and Hunger, A Study in Medical
Geography, Davisd and Charls, Victoria.
5. May, J.M. (1961). Studies in Disease Ecology, Hafner Pub., New York.
6. May, J.M. (1959). Ecology of Human Diseases, M.D. Pub., New York.
7. Narayan, K.V. (1997). Health and Development: Inter-sectoral linkages in India,
Rawat Pub., Jaipur.
8. Phillps, D.R.(1990). Health and Health Care in the Third World, Lingman,London.
9. Pyle, G. (1979). Applied Medical Geography,Winston Halsted Press, Silver Spring, USA.
10. Rais,A. and Learmonth, A.T.A., (1985 ). Geoghraphical Aspects of Health and Diseases
in India, Concept, New Delhi.
11. Shannon, G.M. et. Al, (1987). The Geography of AIDS, Guiford Press, New York.
12. Smith, D. (1997). Human Geography-A Welfarwe Approach, Arnold Heinemann,
London.
13. Izhar,N. (2004). Geography and Health; A study in Medical Geography, Saujanya
Books, Delhi.
14. Peter,A. and Hazen,H. (2011). An Introduction to the Geography of Health,
Routledge, New York.
15. Takehito,T. (ed.) (2003). Health Cities and Urban Policy Research, Routledge, New
York.
16. Wilbert, M.G. & Robin, A.K. (2001). Culture/ Place/ Health, Routledge, New York.
17. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_geography
18. http://www.esri.com/industries/health/geomedicine/index.html

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