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Earth and

Space Science

Unit Activity

Unit 1: Looking at Earth’s Features
This Unit Activity will help you meet these educational goals:
 Science Inquiry—You will conduct online research, collect information, and communicate your
findings in written form.
 STEM—You will apply knowledge to analyze real-world situations and gain insight into careers
in science, technology, engineering, and math.
 21st Century Skills—You will employ online tools for research, apply creativity and problemsolving skills to communicate, and assess and validate information.

Introduction
Imagine that the Earth Science Adventure Agency has offered you the chance of a lifetime: to guide
educators on a trip to Iceland. Though a small island, Iceland is chock full of geological wonders. It’s a
great place for earth scientists to observe many of the phenomena they’ve studied.
One of the agency’s first requirements is that you create a travel itinerary. Your goal is to provide
earth science teachers with information about the landforms and geological processes they will see,
and to give them opportunities to take photographs that they can use in their classrooms.
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Directions and Analysis
Task 1: Travel Itinerary
Research Iceland’s geological features and identify 10 must-see places. The teachers who have
registered for the trip are eager to collect new material for their classes, and to share their discoveries
with their students. Your itinerary will help them plan interesting lessons. For each location, provide
the following:
Name, and general area in Iceland where located
1.latitude and longitude coordinates
2.geological information (landform, active processes, interesting facts)
3.image of location
Type your responses here:
a. Reykjavik
1. 64° 8' N, 21° 53' W
2. Reykjavik: Capital City which has existed officially since August 18, 1786

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b. Akureyri 1.3. Hofn: A cultural highlight of the town is the annual Humarhátíð held on the first weekend of July. It is Iceland's second largest urban area and an important fishing center. Hofn 1. 65° 41' N. Akureyri. 3. 64° 15' N. 15° 12' W 2. 3. c. 2 . 18° 6' W 2.

3 . with a surface area of 8. 3. 64°30′N 17°00′W 2. 65°40′48″N 17°32′24″W 2. E. Hekla: Hekla is one of Iceland's most active volcanoes. Goðafoss: One of the most spectacular waterfalls in Iceland.d. Vatnajökull Vatnajökull National Park 1. 63°59′N 19°42′W 2. over 20 eruptions have occurred in and around the volcano since 874. Goðafoss 1. Europeans called the volcano the "Gateway to Hell". Hekla 1. Vatnajökull Vatnajökull National Park: Vatnajökull is Europe's largest glacier. f. During the Middle Ages.100 km2 3.

Strokkur 1. as it is one of very few natural geysers to erupt frequently and reliably. 3. Strokkur: Strokkur and its surrounding areas regularly attracts tourists to view the geyser. Blue Lagoon: This spa is one of the most visited attractions in Iceland. 63°52′48″N 22°26′53″W 2. h. 64°18′47″N 20°18′2″W 2. 4 . g. Blue Lagoon 1. 3.3. The warm waters are rich in minerals like silica and sulfur and bathing in the Blue Lagoon is reputed to help some people suffering from skin diseases such aspsoriasis.

i. 3. decreed "a protected national shrine for all Icelanders. Gullfoss is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Iceland. j. 5 . 64°15′29″N 21°07′30″W 2. Gullfoss 1. Thingvellir Thingvellir National Park: It became a national park as a result of legislation passed in 1928 to protect the remains of the parliament site by creating the first national park in Iceland.Gullfoss: Gullfoss is a waterfall located in the canyon of Hvítá river in southwest Iceland. Thingvellir Thingvellir National Park Iceland 1. the perpetual property of the Icelandic nation under the preservation of parliament. 64°19′34″N 20°07′16″W 2. never to be sold or mortgaged. 3.