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# Electrical Machines.

MCT 2337

INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA
MID SEMESTER EXAMINATION
SEMESTER 2, 2014/2015 SESSION
KULLIYYAH OF ENGINEERING
Programme

: MECHATRONICS ENGINEERING

Level of Study: UG 2

Time

: 8.00 pm -10.00 pm

Date

: 1stApr

Section(s)

: 1& 2

2015
Duration

: 2.0 Hrs

Course Code : MCT 2337
Course Title

: Electrical Machines

This question paper consists of 4 (four) printed pages (including cover page) with 4
(four) questions.
INSTRUCTION(S) TO CANDIDATES

SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS

Kulliyyah of Engineering approved calculator allowed (non-programmable and nongraphical)

Do NOT open until you are asked to do so by the invigilator
*****
Any form of cheating or attempt to cheat is a serious offence which

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Electrical Machines.

MCT 2337

Q1 [25 marks]
a) In view the of Faraday’s law, what are the necessary conditions to develop voltage in a
turn of a coil of wire?(5 marks)
b) What is hysterises loss(3 marks)
c) Why are all cores exposed to AC flux variations broken up into many small strips, or
laminations?

(5 marks)

d) A two-legged magnetic core with an air gap is shown in Fig. 1 (a). The depth of the core
is 5cm, the length of the air gap in the core is 0.05 cm, and the number of turns on the coil is
1000. The magnetization curve of the core material is shown in Fig. 1 (b). Assume 5 %
increase in effective air-gap area to account for fringing.
i.
ii.

Draw and label magnetic circuit corresponding to the two-legged magnetic core.
(6 marks)
How much current is required to produce an air –gap flux density of 0.5 T?
(6 marks)

(a)(b)
Fig. 1

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Electrical Machines.

MCT 2337

Q2 [25 marks]
a) Explain the construction of D C Machine with proper diagram.(6 marks)
b) What are the speed control methods for a DC motor and explain flux control method for
speed control.(9 marks)
c) A 50-hp, 250-V, 1200 r/min dc shunt motor with compensating windings has an armature
resistance (including the brushes, compensating windings, and interpoles) of 0.06 Ω. Its
field circuit has a total resistance Radj+RFof 50 Ω, which produces a no-load speed of
1200 r/min. There are 1200 turns per pole on the shunt field winding
(see Fig. 2).
i)
Find the speed of this motor when its input current is 100 A.
(4 marks)
ii)
Find the speed of this motor when its input current is 200 A.(3 marks)
iii)
Find the speed of this motor when its input current is 300 A.(3 marks)

Fig. 2
Q3 [25 marks]
a) Explain the armature reaction and its effect on the operation of DC Machine. What are the
methods used for removing its disadvantages?(8 marks)
b) What is commutator? Explain the commutator action.(7 marks)
c) A separately excited dc generator is rated at 172 kW. 430 V. 400 A and 1800 r/min. It is
shown in Fig3.and its magnetization curve is shown in Fig4. This machine has the
following characteristics:
RA= 0.05 Ω RF = 20 Ω
Radj = 0 to 300 Ω VF= 430V NF = 1000 turns per pole
i)

If the variable resistor Rodj in this generator's field circuit is adjusted to 63 n and
the generator's prime mover is driving it at 1600 r/min, what is this generator 's

ii)

What would its voltage be if a 360-A load were connected to its terminals?
Assume that the generator has compensating windings.(3 marks)
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Electrical Machines.

iii)

MCT 2337

How much field current would be needed to restore the terminal voltage to its noload value? (Assume that the machine has compensating windings.) What is the
required value for the resistor Radj to accomplish this?
(3 marks)

Fig. 3

Fig 4
Q4 [25 marks]
a) Examine the simple electrical machine in Fig 5.
i.

In which direction the rotor will rotate? (2 marks)

ii.

Explain how you determined the direction of the rotation
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(2 marks)

Electrical Machines.

MCT 2337

Fig. 5

iii.

For the single-loop rotor shown in Fig. 6, prove that the induced voltage in the
rotor is given by

2
e ind = ϕ ω m , where
π

ω m is the speed of the rotation.

ϕ

is the flux in the machine and
(12 marks)

Fig. 6
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Electrical Machines.

MCT 2337

b) Figure 1- 16 shows a wire carrying a current in the presence ofa magnetic field. The
magnetic flux density is 0.25 T. directed into the page. If the wire is 1.0 m long and
carries 0.5 A of current in the direction from the top of the page to the bottom of the page.
What are the magnitude and direction of the force induced on the wire?
(5 marks)

Fig 5
END OF PAPER

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