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In the First Laboratory Experiment that we had on the date of October 15

2014, we have experimented about the Topic Resolution of Forces in Physics.

Physical Quantities can be expressed in two different forms which is scalar

quantity and Vector quantity. First is the Scalar quantity which is a measurement

that can give length of an object which is the distance that it can cover and with

direction on which the direction of the object goes When Measuring Scalar

Quantities, it involves the magnitude of mass, distance, time and so on and so

forth. The Next one is the Vector which gives more detailed information about a

quantity. Vectors are commonly used for measurements like force and such. An

example to differentiate Scalar from Vector is that when locating an object. For

scalar, an object is 10 meters away while for vector, the object is 10 meters, to the

right. As you can see, vectors feature a more informative type of information. In

the Experiment of Resolution of Forces, the topic of Force can be expressed in

newtons and in dynes which is a part of the Metric System. While in other parts of

the world where the English system of Measurements is used, pounds is used. In

the experiment of determining the vector of which the system of pulleys would

reach equilibrium by being in the center of the Force table which is displayed in

Figure no. 1.

Figure No. 1

the string could and might break due to the force exceeding the capacity of the string. then 5 grams.In the Figure. 45 grams of weights should be put in order to achieve the desired weight of 50 grams. The pulleys can operate on a maximum of 200 grams where when more than 200 grams of force is applied. the right side of the weights ranges from 50 grams to 100 grams with 100 grams being the thickest and the heaviest of the weights. . Figure No. On the other hand. 10 grams and lastly 20 grams. the mass is to 2 grams. the Force table is operated by putting weights in the ends of the force table with respect to Angles inscribed. Furthermore. In the Figure above. the most upper left in the set weighs 1 gram then as the slotted mass disc go down. 2 In Figure number 2 is the given set of Slotted Mass which are Circular disks that are in a fixed mass with respect to their volume. the pulleys have a weight of 5 grams so when trying to reach the weight of 50 grams.

or the scale functions well and due to the age and times the disc was used. With our Lab Instructor Giving us the initial data for the experiment. we the students are tasked to find the fourth Force which will exert force on a certain direction or angle which a certain weight . The First trial have the initial data of 50 grams of force with an angle of 20 degrees. the scale measures 49. The object placed on the plate is a disc from the Slotted mass set which is weighing at 50 grams. The Experiment consists of 2 trials with different measurements for each trial but both has objectives of finding the fourth Force to put the disk in the equilibrium state. the electronic balance which is used to measure accurately the mass of an object placed on the plate. the mass reduced .8 with a discrepancy of . Whereas the second trial consists of an .2 to the original mass written on the set.8 grams. But on the contrary. 3 In the Next picture which is Figure number 3. Many factors could be considered on determining whether the scale is malfunctioning and the disc weighs exactly 50 grams.2 grams giving the value of 49. This tiny difference is not that significant due to the level of experiment the lab participants are conducting. 50 grams of force with an angle of 70 degrees and lastly 75 grams of force with an angle of 45 degrees.Figure No.

Component and Polygon Methods. To better illustrate. 4. 1 represents a table of the Initial data. Experimental Method is the where without much analytical computation and manually adjusting the weights and the angle for the missing F4 .initial data of 75 grams of force with an angle of 0 degrees. Trial 1 F1 F2 F3 Force 50 g 50 g 75 g Trial 2 Angle 20° 70° 45° Force 75 g 20 g 40 g Angle 0° 30° 300° Table No. F Y component Θ X Component Figure No. the table No. 20 grams of force with an angle of 30 degrees and lastly 40 grams of force with an angle of 300 degrees. 1 3 Separate methods are required to compute for the F4 for trial 1 and trial 2. Next is the Component method which is by computing for the X components and the Y components shown in the figure No. 4 . The Methods are as Follows: Experimental.

Polygon method is used to draw the magnitude of the vector with their own angles. When using Polygon method. . And the last method required to determine the data in the experiment is none other than the Polygon method. . To find the Angles for the Polygon method. When drawing 2 vectors. one must remember to indicate the Scale in the Drawing to indicate the measurements and length used in drawing the Polygon. Polygon method often is used to verify whether the results from the Component method is acceptable or not. One of these laws or both could be used to find the missing variable as long as the variables that will be used is acceptable. the vector’s head should always join with the connecting vector’s tip to give accuracy to the measurement. When drawing the polygon. The changing form of the triangle would help the person to improve and gather more details with not just finding F4 but with also determining the direction of the said Vector. the Triangle shown in Figure no. When the 2 vectors are joined. one has to use either the Sine law or the Cosine law. 4 will change form depending on the direction of the X component and the Y component.With regard to using the component method. Attached herewith is the Paper used to draw the Polygon method. Polygon method can be used to draw 3 or more vectors to find a Resultant vector. they form a Parallelogram where the bigger diagonal of the Parallelogram would be determined as the Resultant vector. The Formulas are as follows: Cosine Law: Sine Law: R2 = F12 + F22 – 2F1F2Cos θ R/sin θ = F1/ sin θ1 = F2 /sin θ2 With the group’s effort to put the ring in equilibrium state by changing the pulley’s weights and changing the angle of which the ring is being pulled. one could use instead the Parallelogram method or using 2 vectors to find the resultant vector.

This time. The grams were not exactly 165 since the electronic scale displayed a different weight from what the disc was supposed to weight. The group have put found that 115 grams is needed to put the ring in equilibrium with an angle of 168 degrees. the group tried to put the force table on the floor and in the floor is where the group managed to find the mass and angle that will put the ring in equilibrium state. There were many trial and errors but the group have put the ring in the equilibrium state with the weight of 165 grams. But nevertheless. Conclusion: With the Theory that Fx = F Cos θ is used to find the components as . During Trial 1.Eventually the group got to put the ring in the center but it did not last long because the table that is not balanced so it was a factor that affected the ring’s ability to stay in the center. the total weight of the disks were 160 grams and the remaining 5 grams were contributed by the pulley’s mass hanger. the angle was chosen to be at 225° but the weight was not that easy to find since the table was not balanced. Next is in Trial 2 where the same experiment was done but with different Initial data from the first trial.

Thus the Use of the equation acts as the foundation for solving the problem not just in the experiment but also in other related problems. . Also in this Experiment is that there is no only one way to solve for a problem but there are many ways like for example is the usage of the Component. Thus we can say that the Theory was consistent with the experiment.long as it coincides with the Triangle. Furthermore. Experimental and the Polygon method. the steps that will follow for computing the rest of the Missing variables would be impossible or very complicated. As long as the Data is correctly computed then whether what method is used. computing for the components may be harder and more complicated. it was just external factors that affected the process and the outcome of the results. It’s proven that without the formula stated above. without the formula above. the Answers should correlate with each other even though they involve different means of achieving that answer.

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