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BEKP 2323 – Electrical Technology

CHAPTER 5: Transformer

A transformer has 600 primary turns connected to a 1.5kV supply.
Determine the number of secondary turns for a 240V output voltage
assuming no losses.


A transformer has a primary to secondary turns ratio of 1:15. Calculate the
primary voltage necessary to supply a 240V load. If the load current is 3A,
determine the primary current. Neglect any losses.


A 20 resistance is connected across the secondary winding of a singlephase power transformer whose secondary voltage is 150V. Calculate the
primary voltage and the turns ratio if the supply current is 5A, neglecting


A transformer takes a current of 1A when its primary is connected to a
300V, 50Hz supply, and the secondary being on open-circuit. If the power
absorbed is 120W, calculate:
a. Iron loss current
b. The power factor on no-load
c. The magnetizing current


A 60kVA, 1600V/100V, 50Hz, single-phase transformer has 50 secondary
windings. Calculate:
a. The primary and secondary current
b. The number of primary turns
c. The maximum value of the flux


A 3.3kV/110V, 50Hz, single-phase transformer is to have an approximate
e.m.f per turn of 22V and operate with a maximum flux of 1.25T.
a. The number of primary and secondary turns
b. The cross-sectional area of the core


A single-phase transformer has 2400 turns on the primary and 600 turns on
the secondary. Its no-load current is 4A at a power factor of 0.25A lagging.
Assuming the volt drop in the windings is negligible, calculate the primary
current and power factor when the secondary current is 80A at a power
factor of 0.8 lagging.


A transformer has 1200 primary turns and 200 secondary turns. The
primary and secondary resistances are 0.2 and 0.02 respectively and


12. Neglecting losses. find: a. 0.BEKP 2323 – Electrical Technology the corresponding leakage reactances are 1. unity power factor c.80. Determine the regulation of the transformer. Calculate its efficiency for a load of 60kW at 0. The output kVA at which the efficiency of the transformer is a maximum b. Determine the efficiency of a 15kVA transformer for the following conditions: a. The secondary winding provides a full load current of 30A at a power factor of 0. single-phase transformer has a iron loss of 600W and a full load copper loss of 1600W.05 respectively. 100V/500V.8 power factor. 50Hz. A single-phase transformer has a voltage ratio of 6:1 and the h. The power supplied to the load c.8 power factor Assume that iron losses are 200W and the full-load copper loss is 300W.2 and 0.5 volts when loaded. Calculate: a. 10. A 250 kVA transformer has a full-load copper loss of 3kW and the iron loss of 2kW. Calculate: a. A 6kVA. assuming the power factor of the load is 0.8 full-load. single-phase transformer has a secondary terminal voltage of 487. The phase angle of the impedance 9. unity power factor b. Half full-load. The maximum efficiency. 2 . 2000V/400V. The primary current 11.8 lagging. 13. 0.v winding is supply at 540V. reactance and impedance referred to the primary winding b. Full-load. The rating of the transformer b. The equivalent resistance. A 100kVA.