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PAKISTAN WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

Oct 2013

www.wapda.gov.pk

PREFACE
Energy and water are the prime movers of human life. Though deficient in oil and gas,
Pakistan has abundant water and other energy sources like hydel power, coal, wind and solar
power.
The country situated between the Arabian Sea and the Himalayas, Hindukush and
Karakoram Ranges has great political, economic and strategic importance. The total primary
energy use in Pakistan amounted to 60 million tons of oil equivalent (mtoe) in 2006-07. The
annual growth of primary energy supplies and their per capita availability during the last 10
years has increased by nearly 50%. The per capita availability now stands at 0.372 toe which is
very low compared to 8 toe for USA for example.
The World Bank estimates that worldwide electricity production in percentage for coal is
40, gas 19, nuclear 16, hydro 16 and oil 7. Pakistan meets its energy requirement around 41%
by indigenous gas, 19% by oil, and 37% by hydro electricity. Coal and nuclear contribution to
energy supply is limited to 0.16% and 2.84% respectively with a vast potential for growth.
The Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) is vigorously carrying out
feasibility studies and engineering designs for various hydropower projects with accumulative
generation capacity of more than 25000 MW. Most of these studies are at an advance stage of
completion. After the completion of these projects the installed capacity would rise to around
42000 MW by the end of the year 2020. Pakistan has been blessed with ample water resources
but could store only 13% of the annual flow of its rivers. The storage is fast depleting due to
sedimentation. In contrast US has developed 497% storage capacity of annual flow of River
Colorado; Egypt possesses 281% of River Nile and India 35% on Sutlej-Bias Basin. All these
statistics warrant construction of number of reservoirs to enhance availability of water which
stands at 1011 cubic meter per capita. Anything below 1000 cubic meter tantamount to a crisis
situation. The hydropower potential in Pakistan is over 100,000 MW with identified sites of
59000 MW. Currently, studies under way include Diamer Basha (4500 MW), Bunji (7100 MW)
and Kohala (1100 MW) amongst many others.
Pakistan with 185 billion tons of coal reserves, the fourth largest in the world, is under
utilizing this resource. In the overall energy mix, the share of coal power is only 7% as
compared to world average of 40%. Coal is the main source for producing cheaper electricity
and the Government has decided to enhance the share of coal in the overall energy mix of upto
18% in 2030. The Government is striving hard to minimize the gap between consumption and
generation of electricity at affordable rate.
The Government Power Policies of 1995 and 2002 have encouraged many private sector
foreign and local investment through the Independent Power Producers (IPPs).

Secretary WAPDA

CONTENTS
WATER AND POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT ............................................................................................................. 1
SUMMARY OF HYDROPOWER POTENTIAL ..................................................................................................................... 3
HYDEL STATIONS IN OPERATION ...................................................................................................................................... 4
HYDROPOWER PROJECTS UNDER CONSTRUCTION ............................................................................................... 4
HYDROPOWER PROJECTS WHICH CAN BE UNDERTAKEN FOR IMPLEMENTATION......................................... 5
HYDROPOWER PROJECTS FOR PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP (PPP) ............................................................. 6
EXISTING INSTALLED GENERATION CAPACITY............................................................................................................ 6
HYDROPOWER PROJECTS................................................................................................................................................... 7
NEELUM JHELUM HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT ............................................................................................................. 9
TRANSMISSION SCHEME FOR DISPERSAL OF POWER FROM NEELUM-JHELUM HYDROELECTRIC
PROJECT ...................................................................................................................................................................................12
DIAMER BASHA DAM PROJECT.........................................................................................................................................13
KURRAM TANGI DAM MULTIPURPOSE PROJECT ........................................................................................................27
TARBELA 4TH EXTENSION PROJECT ..............................................................................................................................28
KOHALA HYDROPOWER PROJECT ..................................................................................................................................30
MUNDA DAM MULTIPURPOSE PROJECT ........................................................................................................................31
BUNJI HYDROPOWER PROJECT .......................................................................................................................................32
KEYAL KHWAR HYDROPOWER PROJECT .....................................................................................................................33
GOLEN GOL HYDROPOWER PROJECT ...........................................................................................................................34
DASU HYDROPOWER PROJECT ........................................................................................................................................35
LOWER PALAS VALLEY HYDROPOWER PROJECT .....................................................................................................37
AKHORI DAM PROJECT ........................................................................................................................................................38
THAKOT HYDROPOWER PROJECT ...................................................................................................................................39
PATAN HYDROPOWER PROJECT .....................................................................................................................................40
PHANDAR HYDROPOWER PROJECT ...............................................................................................................................41
BASHO HYDROPOWER PROJECT .....................................................................................................................................42
LAWI HYDROPOWER PROJECT .........................................................................................................................................43
HARPO HYDROPOWER PROJECT .....................................................................................................................................43
YULBO HYDROPOWER PROJECT .....................................................................................................................................45
SHYOK (YUGO) HYDROPOWER PROJECT ......................................................................................................................46
TUNGUS HYDROPOWER PROJECT ..................................................................................................................................47
SKARDU DAM PROEJCT ......................................................................................................................................................48

DUDHNIAL HYDROPOWER PROJECT ..............................................................................................................................49


SUKI KINARI HYDROPOWER PROJECT ...........................................................................................................................50
KUNDAL SHAHI HYDROPOWER PROJECT .....................................................................................................................51
TRAPPI HYDROPOWER PROJECT .....................................................................................................................................52
RAJDHANI HYDROPOWER PROJECT ...............................................................................................................................53
MATILTAN HYDROPOWER PROJECT ...............................................................................................................................54
MAHL HYDROPOWER PROEJCT ........................................................................................................................................55
GULPUR HYDROPOWER PROJECT ..................................................................................................................................56
KOTLI HYDROPOWER PROJECT .......................................................................................................................................57
DOTARA DAM PROJECT WITH 200 MW MARGALA PUMPED STORAGE ..............................................................58
ULTRA MEGA POWER PROJECT/PARK ...........................................................................................................................60
UP-GRADATION AND REFURBISHMENT OF GENERATING UNITS OF MANGLA POWER STATION...............61
UP-GRADATION, REHABILITATION AND MODERNIZATION OF WARSAK HYDROELECTRIC POWER
STATION ....................................................................................................................................................................................63
SMALL / MEDIUM DAMS........................................................................................................................................................65
DARAWAT DAM PROJECT ...................................................................................................................................................66
NAI GAJ DAM PROJECT .......................................................................................................................................................67
GHABIR DAM PROJECT ........................................................................................................................................................68
NAULONG DAM PROJECT ...................................................................................................................................................69
HINGOL DAM PROJECT ........................................................................................................................................................70
WINDER DAM PROJECT .......................................................................................................................................................71
GARUK DAM PROJECT .........................................................................................................................................................72
PELAR DAM PROJECT ..........................................................................................................................................................73
BARA DAM PROJECT ............................................................................................................................................................74
TANK ZAM DAM PROJECT ...................................................................................................................................................75
DARABAN DAM PROJECT ...................................................................................................................................................76
PAPIN DAM PROJECT ...........................................................................................................................................................77
SUKLEJI DAM PROJECT .......................................................................................................................................................78
INSTALLATION OF PILOT TREATMENT PLANT ALONG RIGHT BANK OUTFALL DRAIN (RBOD) SYSTEM .79
CANAL LINING .........................................................................................................................................................................81
EXISTING INSTALLED GENERATION CAPACITY...........................................................................................................82
PEAK DEMAND PROJECTIONS* (WHOLE COUNTRY) .................................................................................................83

WATER AND POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT

Irrigated agriculture is the backbone of Pakistan's economy. The agriculture sector is the
major user of water and its consumption will continue to dominate the water requirements.
Direct rainfall contributes less than 15 percent of the water supplied to the crops. The
major user of water for irrigation is the Indus Basin Irrigation System. About 105 Million
Acres Feet (MAF) out of 155 MAF of surface water is being diverted annually for irrigation
while around 48 MAF is pumped from groundwater.
Pakistan has a total 196.72 MA area out of that 72.7 MA is cultivable. The cultivated area
(Irrigated & Barani) has come to 52.31 MA, whereas 47.62 MA is area under all sort of
irrigation sources. (27 MA is the area under canal irrigation).
With large cultivable land base of 72.7 Million Acres (MA) of which only 27 MA are canal
commanded, Pakistan still has the additional potential of bringing about 20.3 MA of virgin
land under irrigation.
With increased population, Pakistan is fast heading towards a situation of water shortage
Per capita surface water availability was 5260 cubic meters in 1951 when population was
34 million, which reduced to 1032 cubic meter in 2013 when the estimated population is
184 million. In the year 2014, Pakistan will have reached the stage of" acute water
shortage"
According to the 1960 Indus Water Treaty, signed between India and Pakistan with the
good offices of World / Bank, India was allowed exclusive rights to use waters of Ravi,
Sutlej and Beas rivers, whereas the waters of Western Rivers, Indus, Jhelum and Chenab
were assigned to Pakistan. Under the 1960 Treaty, the Indus Basin Replacement Works
comprising two major dams, 5 barrages and 8 link canals were constructed to alleviate the
problems. However, due to excessive sediment inflows in the river water, all the three
storages (Tarbela, Mangla, Chashma) are rapidly loosing their capacities. By the year
2025, these storages would loose 37% (5.96 MAF) of their capacity, which virtually means
loss of one mega storage project.
An annual average of over 35.2 MAF escapes below Kotri varying from 9 MAF to 92 MAF.
However this surplus water in the river system is available in about 70-100 days of
summer only. To save and utilize available water, construction of additional storage
facilities is essential for sustainable irrigated agriculture, which supports about 70% of the
population of Pakistan.
National demand of electricity has been and would keep on growing rapidly. Based on the
present generation capacity, the hydel:thermal mix in the country is 37:63, which is almost
the reverse of an ideal hydel - thermal mix, which should be 70:30 for overall economic
development of the Pakistan. Though induction of thermal generation initially helped in
overcoming load shedding, it resulted in substantial increase in power tariff. Therefore, a
sizeable injection of cheap hydropower through multipurpose storages is a viable option to
keep the cost of electricity within affordable limits.
To facilitate the process of economic development and to ensure greater social
stabilization in Pakistan, it is imperative that employment creation and poverty reduction
issues are addressed on priority. Additional water storages and power generation would
form the basis of this strategy during the next decade.
At present the rated electric power generating capacity in Pakistan is only 20822 MW with
the demand growing at 10% annually. The average per capita consumption is only 482
units. Power shortage in the industrial, agricultural and domestic sectors has been evident
for the past few years with the shortage assuming critical proportions last year.
The water shortage is even more acute. To feed a population of nearly 184 million people,
existing water storage capacity of 15 Million Acre Feet (MAF) needs to be tripled in the
years ahead so that the remaining 20.3 Million Acres of cultivable land can be brought
under plough. Water conservation and increased water productivity must also be
encouraged.
It is an economically unsustainable fact that the total water storages capacity in the
country is only 15 MAF representing 9.67% of the total annual flows of 155 MAF.
1

Countries in Asia, Africa and the Americas have a storage capacity many times greater.
To address this problem the Government of Pakistan (GoP) is developing feasibility and
detailed engineering studies for nearly 20 MAF of water storage and 25,000 MW of hydel
power. This is apart from thermal power being developed by the private sector,
Independent Power Producers (IPPs) and the Government.

Pakistan has a total area of 196.72 million acres (MA) out of that 72.7 Million Acres is cultivable
out of that 47.62 MA is irrigated. Pakistan still has the potential to bring about 17 MA of rain fed
land under irrigation. Pakistan had a storage capacity of 15 MAF in 1976 which has been reduced
to 12.10 MAF in 2010 due to excessive sediment inflows in the river water. The three storages
(Tarbela, Mangla, Chashma) are rapidly losing their capacities and by 2025, it is expected that we
may lose 37% (5.96 MAF) of their capacity which virtually means loss of one mega storage
project. To save and utilize available water and to ensure the water availability, construction of
additional storage facilities is essential for sustainable irrigated Agriculture. Accordingly, serious
efforts were made for the construction of large reservoirs during 2008-2013 when Diamer Basha
Dam (to store 8.1 MAF & to generate 4500 MW) was approved in 2009 whereas construction work
has commenced in 2010. On completion of Diamer Basha Dam, the water availability will be
restored to the level of 1976. Besides, Mangla Dam Raising project has been completed in 2010
which will store 2.88 MAF of water in addition to existing capacity of 5.37 MAF. In addition,
multipurpose Gomal Zam Dam in South Waziristan Agency to store 1 MAF of water and to
generate 17.4 MW of power has been completed in 2010. Satpara Dam in Skardu (Gilgit
Baltistan) to store 93000 Acre Feet & to generate 17.4 MW of power has been completed. Mirani
Dam in Turbat (Balochistan) (storage capacity of 3 lac Acre Feet) & Sabakzai Dam Zhob
(Balochistan) (storage capacity of 33000 Acre Feet) have been completed in 2009 respectively.
Mohmand (Munda) Dam (1.3 MAF) & Kurram Tangi Dam (1.2 MAF) will be constructed in near
future to mitigate flood & to generate cheap hydropower to irrigate the barren & undeveloped
areas, Mega canals were built during these years i.e. Greater Thal Canal (Punjab) completed and
handed over to Govt of Punjab in 2009 whereas work on Kachhi Canal (Balochistan) and
Rainee Canal (Sindh) is in progress.
The installed power generation capacity was 18000 MW in year 2007 which has been increased to
20822 MW in year 2013. However, the dependable capacity is 18,800 MW out of which 6,928 is
being produced through Hydropower, 3,580 by Government (GENCOs), 7571 by Independent
Private Power Producers (IPPs) and 665 MW through Nuclear and Wind 106 MW. Gap in demand
and supply which rose to 6,000 MW in summer depicts acute power crises. WAPDA is producing
this Hydropower @ Rs.1.35 per unit as compared to Rs.16.99 per unit of Thermal Power
being produced by IPPs through Furnace Oil. The demand of power is currently about 20,000
MW which will rise to 36,000 MW in the year 2015. WAPDA has added 554 MW i.e. Khan Khwar
72 MW, Rehabilitation of Tarbela (100 MW), Allai Khwar, (121 MW) and Jinnah HPP (96 MW)
Duber Khwar HPP (130 MW), Gomal Zam Dam (17.4 MW), Satpara Dam (17.36 MW) to the
system in 2010-13 whereas it will add 1136 MW, whereas Golen Gol (106 MW) and Neelum
Jhelum HPP (969 MW) will produce power in year 2015-16. In addition, WAPDA has initiated
activities to produce 19194 MW in next 5 years through Diamer Basha Dam (4500 MW), Kurran
Tangi Dam (84 MW), Tarbela 4th Extension (1410 MW), Munda Dam (740 MW), Dasu Dam
(4320 MW), Bunji Dam (7100 MW) and Kohala Dam (1100 MW) respectively.

To achieve the above objectives the GoP through WAPDA and the private sector plans to
concentrate on the following water and power projects in the next few years: (i)
Construction of large dams including Diamer-Basha Dam for Public/Private Partnership (ii)
Construction of Hydropower Projects (iii) Construction of Medium/Small Water Storage
Dams (iv) Construction of Canals (v) Construction of Transmission Lines for dispersal of
Power from Hydropower Project to Load Centres of National Grid. These projects would
create additional water storages, generate cheap indigenously developed electricity and
prevent flood damages. All these measures would also ensure food security, employment
generation and above all poverty alleviation.

SUMMARY OF HYDROPOWER POTENTIAL


(RIVERWISE)
Sr. No.

River/ Tributary

Power (MW)

Hydropower Projects above 50 MW

Indus River

39558

Tributaries of Indus in Gilgit-Baltistan

1698

Tributaries of Indus in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa

4028

Sub Total (1-3)

45284

Jhelum River

4341

Kunhar River

1455

Neelum River & its Tributaries

1769

Poonch River

462
Sub Total (4-7)

8027

Swat River & its Tributaries

2297

Chitral River & its Tributaries

2285

Sub Total (8-9)

4582

Total A

57893

B.

Hydropower Projects below 50 MW

On Tributaries

1591

On Canals

674
Total B

2265
TOTAL (A+B)

60,158

HYDEL STATIONS IN OPERATION


Sr.
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Power Station
Tarbela
Ghazi Barotha
Mangla
Warsak
Chashma
Rasul
Dargai
Nandipur
Chichoki
Shadiwal
Other Small Hydel
Khan Khwar
Allai Khwar
Jinnah
Gomal Zam
TOTAL

Installed
Capacity
(MW)
3,478
1,450
1,000
243
184
22
20
14
13.2
13.5
6
72
121
96
17.4
6,750.1

Energy
Generation
(GWh)
15,801
7,037
5,443
1,009
959
63
162
32
23
38
29
306
463
688
91
32,144

Commercial
Operation Date
1977-93
2003-04
1967-94
1960-81
2001
1952
1952
1963
1959
1961
1925,1975,1982
2011
2013
2013
2013

HYDROPOWER PROJECTS UNDER CONSTRUCTION


Sr #
1.
2.
3.
4.
5
6.
7.
8.
9.

10.
11.
12.

Name of Project
Mangla Dam Raising
Mirpur, AJK
Gomal Zam Dam,
South Waziristan Agency
Satpara Dam
Skardu
KHAN KHWAR
Besham, KPK
DUBER KHWAR
Kohistan, KPK
ALLAI KHWAR
Battagram, KPK
JINNAH HYDROPOWER,
Jinnah Barrage
NEELUM JHELUM
Neelum, AJK
Repair & Maintenance of Units
1,3 & 4 of Tarbela Power
House
REHABILITATION OF
JABBAN HYDROPOWER
Malakand KPK
Golen Gol Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa
Kurram Tangi Dam
FATA/KPK
Total

PC-I Cost Storage Hydropower


(Rs. Billion) (MAF)
(MW)
Addl 644
62.558
2.88
GWh

Progress/ Completion
Substantially completed

12.829

0.892

17.4

91.6%
Dec 2013

4.806

0.053

17.36

Completed

8.301

RoR

72

16.324

RoR

130

8.578

RoR

121

13.546

RoR

96

274.882

RoR

969

1.403

RoR

100

Completed
May 2012

3.753

RoR

22

85%
(Oct 2013)

7.035

RoR

106

Aug 2015

59

0.900

84

282.635

4.725

1734.76

Completed
Feb 2011
Substantially completed
Aug 2013
Completed
Mar 2013
Completed
(P/H Unit 6-9 in Oct 2013)
49%
Nov 2016

HYDROPOWER PROJECTS WHICH CAN BE UNDERTAKEN


FOR IMPLEMENTATION
S
Project / District
#
1. Tarbela 4TH Ext.
Swabi

2. Keyal Khwar
Kohistan

3. Diamer Basha
Diamer/Kohistan

4. Bunji Astore

5. Mohmand (Munda)
Mohmand Agency
6. Dasu Kohistan

7. Lower Spat Gah


Kohistan

8. Lower Palas Valley Kohistan

Total

Estimated Cost Storage Capacity


Status
(Rs. Billion)
(MAF)
(MW)
88.825
1410
Letter of Acceptance has been
(US$ 0.935 B)
issued to M/s Sinohydro on
17.08.2013.
Expected Project completion Dec
2017
22 B
RoR
122
Feasibility & Detailed Engineering
(Euro 180 M)
Design completed.
Evaluated bids sent to Kfw for award
of Contract.
Construction of WAPDA O&M Staff
Colony under progress.
Financing by KfW of Germany.
Expected completion by October
2017.
894.000
8.1
4500
Project infrastructure activates in
(US$ 13.683 B)
progress.
EOI for Permanent Access Bridge
d/s of Dam received, Evaluation is in
process.
EOI for Procurement of Construction
Supervision Consultant and Contract
Administration received, three JVs
were pre-qualified. RFP is in
progress.
646.000
RoR
7100
Feasibility
study
completed.
(US$ 6.8 B)
Detailed
Design
and
Tender
Documents are completed.
PC-I submitted for approval.
133.095
1.3
740
Feasibility
Completed.
Detailed
Engineering Design being prepared,
to be completed by June 2014.
Funded by AFD (France).
570.000
RoR
4320
Detailed engineering design has
been completed. Tendering and
contracting will be completed by
Feb. 2014.
MoEAD through MoWP has been
requested for seeking consent of
World Bank for funding.
41.123
RoR
496
MoU signed with M/s KOMIPO
POSCO Korea to implement the
project in Public Private Partnership
(PPP) mode.
Technical
due
diligence
and
preparation of JDA is in progress.
72.485
RoR
665
MoU signed with M/s K-Water Korea
to implement the project in Public
Private Partnership (PPP) mode.
Technical
due
diligence
and
preparation of JDA is in progress.
9.4
19353

HYDROPOWER PROJECTS
FOR PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP (PPP)

Lower Palas Valley Hydropower Project (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa)


Lower Spat Gah Hydropower Project (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa)
Lawi Hydropower Project (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa)
Mahl Hydropower Project (AJK)
Hingol Dam Project (Balochistan)

EXISTING INSTALLED GENERATION CAPACITY


WAPDA Hydro
6733
32%

IPPs
8294
40%

Wind
106
1%

Nuclear
665
3%

GENCOs
4829
23%

Hydro (IPPs)
195
1%

ELECTRICITY GENERATION BY FUEL

HYDROPOWER PROJECTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.

Neelum-Jhelum Hydroelectric Project


Transmission Scheme for Dispersal of Power from Neelum-Jhelum
Hydropower Project to Rawat & Gujranwala
Diamer Basha Dam Project
Transmission Scheme for Dispersal of Power from Diamer-Basha
Hydropower Project to Major Load Centres in the National Grid
Kurram Tangi Dam Multipurpose Project
Tarbela 4th Extension
Kohala Hydropower Project
Transmission Scheme for Dispersal of Power from Kohala Hydropower
Project to Gujranwala
Munda Dam Project
Transmission Scheme for Dispersal of Power from Mohmand (Munda) Dam
Project to Peshawar
Bunji Hydropower Project
Transmission Scheme for Dispersal of Power from Bunji Hydropower
Project to Major Load Centres in the National Grid
Keyal Khwar Hydropower Project
Golen Gol Hydropower Project
Dasu Hydropower Project
Transmission Scheme for Dispersal of Power from Dasu Hydropower
Project to Major Load Centres in the National Grid
Lower Spat Gah Hydropower Project
Lower Palas Valley Hydropower Project
Akhori Dam Project
Thakot Hydropower Project
Pattan Hydropower Project
Phandar Hydropower Project
Basho Hydropower Project
Lawi Hydropower Project
Harpo Hydropower Project
Yulbo Hydropower Project
Suki Kinari Hydropower Project
Shyok Dam Project
Trappi Hydropower Project
Matiltan Hydropower Project
Mahl Hydropower Project
Gulpur Hydropower Project
Kotli Hydropower Project
Ultra Mega Power Project/Park
Rehabilitation of Tarbela, Mangla & Warsak Hydel Power Stations

REGIONAL DAMS
36. Winder Dam Project
37. Darawat Dam Project
38. Ghabir Dam Project
39. Tank Zam Dam Project
40. Naulong Dam Project
41. Hingol Dam Project
42. Garuk Dam Project
43. Pelar Dam Project
44. Nai Gaj Dam Project
45. Bara Multipurpose Dam Project
46. Daraban Dam Project
47. Papin Dam Project
48. Sukleji Dam Project

NEELUM JHELUM HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT


.

NEELUM JHELUM HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT


Energy is the basic ingredient of development of a country. The fast-growing energy
requirements in Pakistan need to be met in order to achieve full economic and social
development. Currently, most of the energy demands are being met through thermal Power
Projects. Although thermal projects offer benefit of comparatively less time for completion,
however their dependence on fossil fuel which is mostly imported through foreign exchange and
their higher power generation cost is causing difficulty for general public and the industrial
products to compete in the world.
The Government of Pakistan is focusing on the development of indigenous domestic hydropower
resources. Pakistan has huge hydropower generation potential, which can be exploited on a
long-term basis for provision of power at much lower costs. The hydropower project, although
their initial cost high and is relatively difficult to develop, may be given preference because of
their low recurring expenses for provision of inexpensive energy. Neelum Jhelum Hydropower
Project is presently, the only mega hydropower project with 969 MW generation capacity, being
constructed on River Neelum in Azad Jammu & Kashmir. Govt. of Pakistan (GoP) approved the
financing arrangement of this project as 50:50 loans to equity basis i.e. 50% financed by Govt. of
Pakistan by levy Rs.0.10 per unit surcharge on electricity bills and 50% by Donors funding. The
major Donors are IDB, Kuwait Fund, Abu Dhabi Fund, Saudi Fund and OPEC. In addition China
Exim Bank will provide Buyers Credit of US$ 448 Million. Due to earthquake of 2005, massive
changes are made in design and structure of the project whereas the cost of project has now
been increased from Rs.84.50 billion (as per first PC-I) to Rs. 274.88 billion (as per revised
proposed PC-I). The expected date of completion of project is in November 2016.

THE PROJECT
Neelum Jhelum Hydroelectric Project is located in the vicinity of Muzaffarabad (AJ&K). It
envisages the diversion of Neelum river water through a tunnel out -falling into Jhelum river. The
tunnel intake is at Nauseri 41 Km North East of Muzaffarabad. The Powerhouse will be
constructed at Chatter Kalas, 22 Km South of Muzaffarabad. After passing through the turbines,
the water will be released into JhelumRiver about, 4 Km South of Chatter Kalas. Neelum Jhelum
Hydroelectric Project has installed capacity of 969 MW. The Project will produce 5.15 Billion units
of electricity annually.
The total length of head race tunnel is 28.5 Km. A 19.5 Km stretch of the tunnel from the Nauseri
be constructed as a twin tunnel system each with x-section ranging from 52 to 58 m2. The
remaining headrace tunnel down to the surge chamber will be a single tunnel having x-section
104 m2. The tunnel portion to be excavated with TBM will be shotcrete lined with a concrete
invert while the drill and blast portion of the tunnel will have full face concrete lining. The tunnel
crosses Jhelum River approximately 200 m below its bed. The tunnel is accessed by 8 Adits for
removal of excavated spoil.
The Surge Chamber consists of 341 m high riser shaft and 820 m long surge tunnel, Four steel
lined Penstock tunnels 154 m long and having 3.8 m internal diameter will also be constructed.
The underground power Station will have 4 units with a total capacity of 969 MW. The Power
Station will be connected with Gakhar Grid station through 500KV double circuit transmission
line.
Board of Directors NJHPC had approved the deployment of Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM)
for the project on 23.11.2010. WAPDA has arranged procurement of TBM from M/S
Herrenknecht Germany at a cost of US$ 92 Million. The deployment of TBM will certainly
help to put the project on scheduled track and recover most part of delayed period
envisaged for the commencement.

10

SALIENT FEATURES
Installed Capacity
Dam Type
Height / Length
Annual Energy
Average Head
Design Discharge
Tunneling

EIRR
Date of commencement

969 MW, Four Units @ 242 MW each


Composite Dam (Gravity + Rockfill)
60 / 160 Meters
5.15 Billion electricity Units
420 Meters
280 Cumecs
Twin; Varies from 52 m2 to 58 m2 (19.5 km)
Single; 104 m2 (12.5 Km)
(Including 3.5 km Tailrace Tunnel)
25.46%
30-01-2008

PROJECT BENEFITS

Reduction of dependence on thermal power


Saving in foreign exchange
Employment opportunity during construction and operation
Improved standard of living
Social-economic uplift of the area

PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION
A contract has been awarded to M/s CGGC-CMEC, consortium China, for implementation of the
project at a cost of Rs. 90.90 Billion. The project is expected to complete in November 2016.

PROJECT COST

Revised PC-1 Cost Rs.274.88 Billion.


Contract awarded Rs.90.90Billion
Due to increase in the cost of project from Rs.84.50 billion to Rs.274.88 billion, WAPDA is making
efforts for the balance financing of US$ 500 million of the project.
IDB, Saudi Fund, Kuwait Fund has been approached to enhance their financing

11

PROJECT FINANCING
Following financing plan was finalized.
US$ in Million
Year

Phasing of
Expenditure
Total

0
2008 -09 to
30-06-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16
2016-17
Total
IDC
Total cost

1
45,605
27,679
36,592
45,938
57,207
31,044
244,064
33,438

Source of Funding

Additional Financing

NJ
Mobilization Effective
Surplus/
Total
Surcharge adv. etc
F/ Loans
(Deficit)
2
3
4
5=(2+3+4) 6=(1-5)
23,007
6,496
6,690
6,891
7,097
7,311
57,491

5,388

5,388

9,767
5,973
5,345
10,072
9,975
2,752
43,884

38,162
12,469
12,035
16,963
17,072
10,063
106,764

GoP
Share

F/Loan
Share

* (7,443)
(3,721) (3,721)
(15,210)
(4,469) (10,742)
(24,557)
(8,008) (16,548)
(28,975)
(8,974) (20,001)
(40,135) (13,067) (27,067)
(20,981)
(6,847) (14,135)
(137,301) (45,087) (92,214)

277,502

Cost Less
Salvage
274,882
Value of TBM

* Deficit is payable

Additional financing is required to meet with the increase in cost, due to enhanced scope of work,
either from existing or new lenders.

TRANSMISSION SCHEME FOR DISPERSAL OF POWER


FROM NEELUM-JHELUM HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT
Neelum-Jhelum Hydroelectric Project has a generation capacity of 969 MW and it is expected to
be commissioned by year 2016.The location of Neelum-Jhelum Hydroelectric Project is on
Neelum River.The 500 kV Transmission Scheme for Dispersal of Power from Neelum-Jhelum
Hydroelectric Project to Gujranwala the major load centers in the National Grid is envisaged as
under:

500 kV Transmission Lines from Neelum-Jhelum Hydroelectric Project to 500 kV Ghakkar


Grid Station, Gujranwala

The estimated cost of the above Power Dispersal Scheme for Neelum-Jhelum
Hydroelectric Project is about US$ 251 million.

12

DIAMER BASHA DAM PROJECT


GENERAL
Government of Pakistan decided to construct 5 multi-purpose storages in the country during next 10 -12
years. Diamer Basha Dam Project will be undertaken in the first phase. President of Pakistan performed
the groundbreaking ceremony of the project. Detailed engineering design of the dam and allied structures
is completed and tender documents are ready. Project work is divided into five lots, which would be
implemented by contractors through international competitive bidding.

THE PROJECT
The project is located on Indus River, about 315 km upstream of Tarbela Dam, 180 km downstream of the
Gilgit-Baltistan capital Gilgit and 40 km downstream of Chilas (refer location map). The proposed dam
would have a maximum height of 272 m, and impound a reservoir of about 8.1million acre feet (MAF),
with live storage of more than 6.4 MAF. Mean annual discharge of Indus River at the site is 50 MAF. Thus
the dam will impound 15% of the annual river flow. The dam project would cover an area of 110 km 2 and
extend 100 km upstream of the dam site upto Raikot Bridge on Karakoram Highway (KKH).

The dam is located at the boundary of Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) and Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa (KPK) in such a
way that the right abutment and the right Power House is in GB while the left bank of the dam and the left
Power House is in Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa. WAPDA offices and Colony including that of the Consultants
shall be in the Thor Nallah Valley in GB while the Contractors Camp and fabrication yard and workshop
shall be in Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa

NEED OF THE PROJECT


Agriculture is the backbone of Pakistans economy. Pakistan today is among one of the Worlds fastest
growing population, now estimated as over 150 million. Due to lack of large river regulation capability
through sizeable storages, the country is already facing serious shortages in food grains. Given the
present trend, Pakistan could soon become one of the food deficit countries in the near future. Therefore,
there is a dire need to build storages for augmenting agriculture production.

13

Tarbela, Mangla and Chashma reservoirs have already lost about 5.3 MAF due to sedimentation. It is
estimated that by year 2016, this loss would increase to 6.6 MAF, almost equal to the original combined
capacity of Mangla and Chashma reservoirs. Due to complete stoppage of any sizable multi-purpose
storage development after commissioning of Tarbela Dam in 1976, sustainability of existing irrigated
agriculture of Pakistan is in serious jeopardy.
The present demand of electricity in country is above 17,000 MW, which is estimated to cross 30,000 MW
by the year 2017. A large-scale injection of power thus becomes inevitable. Hydropower will provide the
required electricity at affordable price. Contribution of 4500 MW power from Diamer Basha Dam will go a
long way in alleviating this situation.

MAIN FEATURES
Main Dam

Maximum Height
Type
Diversion System

272 m
Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC)
2 No. Diversion Tunnels (right side)
1 No. Diversion Channel (right side)
Upstream and Downstream Cofferdams

Main Spillway

No. of gates
Size of gate

14
11.5 x 16.24 m

Reservoir
Full Supply Level

Crest Elevation Level


Gross Storage
Live Storage
Min. operating level

1160 masl
1170 masl
8.1 MAF
6.4 MAF
1060 masl

(10.0 BCM)
(7.9 BCM)

Outlets In Dam Body

Low level
Flushing
Power House(s)

Total Installed Capacity


Location and Type
No. of Units
Average Generation

2
5
2
4500 MW
Underground, one each on right and left side
12 each of 375 MW
19208 Gwh/year
(Diamer Basha
= 18097 Gwh/year)
(Tarbela

= 1111 Gwh/year)

ESTIMATED COST
UPDATED COST

US$ 11.178 Billion (As per approved PC-I 2009)


US$ 13.684 Billion (Updated July 2012)

EIRR

15.3%
8.04%
1.43

FIRR
Benefit/Cost Ratio
(Discount Rate 12%)

PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION
Construction activities of main project shall undertaken through following five lots.
LOT 1.
LOT 2.
LOT 3.
LOT 4.
LOT 5.

Concrete Dam and Related Structures Including Diversion Tunnels and Permanent
Access Bridge.
Underground Works and Related Structures (Left and Right Banks).
Hydro-Mechanical Equipment and Hydraulic Steel Structural Structures
Power Plant Generation Equipment (Left and Right Bank).
Electrical High Voltage Equipment and Power Plant Electrical Equipment (Left and
Right Bank).

14

PROJECT BENEFITS
Availability of about 6.4 MAF annual surface water live storage worth US $0.63 billion
Harnessing of renewable source of clean and cheap energy through installed capacity of 4500 MW
generating revenue of US$ 2.216 billion per annum by producing 18,097 GWh/year.
Extending life of Tarbela reservoir by 35 years by blocking the sediments upstream.
Additional Annual Generation at Tarbela 1111 GWh worth US$ 136.09 million
Saving in foreign exchange of equivalent electricity generated on imported oil worth US$ 2.85
billion
Carbon Credit Benefits costing US$ 0.300 billion
Employment opportunities, particularly to the locals during the construction and subsequently in
agriculture, industry and the commercial sectors.
The project will pay back its cost in 8 years
ENVIRONMENT AND CULTURAL HERITAGE IMPACT ASSESSMENT:

Total Villages affected


32

Household/Families affected
4228

Persons affected
32350

Total Area to be affected


37419 acres

Agricultural land submerged


2660 acres

Existing Length of KKH submerged


100 km

Length of KKH relocated


140 km

Pre-historic rock carvings


33000

Infrastructure
Electricity Lines, Roads etc.

Total land to be acquired


37,419 Acres
(Private Land = 18,357 Acres)
(Govt. Land
= 19,062 Acres)

Three Composite Model Villages with all the amenities shall be built for resettlement of the affectees.

Selected important rock carvings shall be displayed in a museum in Chilas others shall be preserved
in situ.

Resettlement and Environment management plans have been prepared on the international norms.
SAFEGUARDS:
The formulation of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and development of Environmental
Management Plan (EMP) are strong adherence to donors safeguards policies for resettlement and
environment protection including following Pakistan Environmental, National and Customary Laws
Governing Natural Resource Management:

International Environmental Safeguard Policies;

Pakistan Environmental Protection Act (1997);

Pakistan Environmental Assessment Procedures (1997);

Guidelines for the Preparation and Review of Environmental Reports (1997);

Indian Irrigation Commission (1901-1903);


Anderson Committee (1935);
Draft Sindh-Punjab Agreement (1945);
Indus Waters Treaty (1960);
Water Apportionment Accord (1991);
Rawaj
Shariah

APPROVAL FROM COUNCIL OF COMMON INTEREST (CCI)


National consensus has been developed and the Council of Common Interests (CCI) has unanimously approved the
construction of Diamer Basha Dam project.

RESETTLEMENT ACTION PLAN:


Top priority has been accorded to resettle and rehabilitate the affected households by the project
intervention. A comprehensive Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) has been drawn up, covering all activities
with specific timelines. The plan ensures the relocation of affected families to model villages, safety of
their livelihoods through income generation schemes and improvement of socio-economic conditions.
SALIENT FEATURES:
To accomplish the Resettlement, Social and Environment related activities as well to adopt fully fledged
social responsibility; Pakistan WAPDA has augmented its institutional capability through establishment of
a fully-fledged Resettlement Team at WAPDA under exclusive charge of the General Manager (LA&R).
A Land Acquisition and Resettlement (LA&R) Wing was created in 2009 by WAPDA for the first time to
manage the Resettlement and Rehabilitation activities in all the hydropower projects in Pakistan
especially focusing Diamer Basha Dam Project. Experienced Specialists of the following disciplines were
hired to strengthen the institutional capacity of WAPDA:

15

Environment
Anthropology
Monitoring & Evaluation
Agronomy
Gender Development
Soil Science
Social Development
Irrigation
Community Development
Livestock
Tribal Area Development
ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN:
The objective of Environmental Management Plan is to conserve and restore
natural forests, improve biodiversity, limit damage to environment, safeguard
endangered species, enforce mitigation measure and limit degradation of natural
water springs. The following are the main features:
S#

Activities

Cost
(US$ in millions)
7.52

Ecological Conservation Plan to be executed by WWF (World Wide Fund


For Nature)
2 Environmental Management Cell
1.46
3 Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation
1097.44
1 Integrated Water Resource Management Plan
2. Climate and Air Management Plan
3. Health Protection & Safety Management Plan
4. Wildlife Management and Monitoring Plan
5.Fish Stock Management Plan & Reservoir Fishery Management Plan
6. Replanting of trees and Reforestation
4 Environmental Research,
0.66
Total
1107.24
STATUS OF ENVIRONMENT ACTIVITIES:
Review of EIA and EMP:
(i)
As per requirement of International Donors, the WAPDA appointed International Panel of Expert to
review the Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Management Plan (EIA&EMP).
Mr. Peter John Meynelll visited the Diamer Basha Dam Project site and reviewed the EIA and
EMP in December, 2011.
(ii) The Environment section of LA&R in light of recommendations provided by International Panel of
Expert (IPOE) reviewed the EIA and conducted other studies as recommended by IPOE for
Diamer Basha Dam project site.
Approval of EIA and EMP FROM ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCIES:
(i)
As per Pakistan Environmental IEE/EIA regulation 2001, the Document of EIA&EMP of Diamer
Basha Dam Project was submitted to Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency, Islamabad.
However, after the 18th amendment the Environmental concern is the Provincial subject.
(ii) Therefore, the case was taken with Government of Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) and EIA and EMP
submitted to Gilgit-Baltistan Environmental Protection Agency (GB-EPA). The GB-EPA arranged
as mentioned below:
1. Environmental Public Hearing on 6th November, 2012 at Project area i.e. Chilas Town,
District Diamer, Gilgit Baltistan
2. Environmental Public Hearing on 8th November, 2012 at Gilgit (Provincial Headquarter) of
Gilgit-Baltistan.
(iii) The EIA &EMP document has also been reviewed by the review committee of GB-EPA for Diamer
Basha Dam Project. The comments of committee were furnished to LA&R. The replies of
comments have been submitted to Secretary, Forest, Wildlife and Environment, Govt. of GB for
issuance of NOC on EIA& EMP of Diamer Basha Dam Project. Therefore the case of issuance of
NOC from GB-EPA almost has been finalized.
(iv) Simultaneously, the case for issuance of NOC from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Environmental
Protection Agency (KPK-EPA) was initiated. In this connection, a briefing was conducted by
Review Committee of KPK-EPA. The LA&R Wing and Advisor on Diamer Basha Dam Project
briefed the Review Committee of KPK-EPA.
(v) This public hearing of EIA & EMP of Diamer Basha Dam Project is to be held on 09th Oct-2013.
ENVIRONMENTAL COORDINATION COMMITTEE:
(vi) The LA&R-Wing WAPDA established and notified Environmental Coordination Committee (ECC)
for Diamer Basha Dam Project. The purpose of the Committee is to hand environmental concerns
of Diamer Basha Dam Project and develop a harmony on Environmental concerns and their
implementation.

16

The Committee is headed by General Manager with the following composition:


Sr
Organization
#
1. General Manager, LA&R WAPDA
Convener/Head
2. Director, Gilgit-Baltistan, Environmental Protection Agency (GB-EPA),
Member
3. Director, Department of Wildlife, Gilgit-Baltistan
Member
4. Director, Department of Livestock, Gilgit-Baltistan
Member
5. Director, Department of Agriculture, Gilgit-Baltistan
Member
6. Director, Department of Fisheries, Gilgit-Baltistan
Member
7. Director, Department of Forest, Gilgit-Baltistan
Member
8. Representative of WWF-Pakistan, Gilgit-Baltistan
Member
9. Department of Environmental Sciences, Karakorum International
Member
University, Gilgit, Gilgit-Baltistan
COLLABORATION, COORDINATION:
The LA&R Wing started its activities of collaboration and coordination with stakeholders, consultants,
communities and line department to execute the environmental management plan and develop
synchronization on environmental issues.
Memorandum of Understandings with Pir Mehr Ali Shah-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi
(PMAS-AAUR) and Karakoram International University (KIU), Gilgit:
The LA&R Wing as part of capacity building and research activities developed a Memorandum of
Understanding (MoU) with Pir Mehr Ali Shah-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi (PMAS-AAUR). As
per MoU the WAPDA will support MS/M.phil and PhD researcher by providing some stipend. The
researcher would work in the field of Environment in the Diamer Basha Dam Project Area. In year
2012-13, WAPDA supported three (03) M.Phil researchers.
The WAPDA has also initiated similar type of MoU with Karakoram International University (KIU), to
support Gilgit, MS/M.phil and PhD researcher research activities in Diamer Basha Dam Project Area.
WAPDA will support for their capacity building and provide some stipend to the researcher and their
supervisors.
SAFEGUARD REVIEW ON LAND ACQUISITION & RESETTLEMENT
REQUIREMENT OF LAND
The land requirement for the Diamer Basha Dam Project is as under:
Private Land
18,357 acres
Government Land
19,062 acres
Total
37,419 acres
LAND COMPENSATION RATES
For the purpose of deciding the rates for land compensation for this project, a committee was formed in
which all the stakeholders were taken on broad. This committee included Federal Ministers, Govt. of Gilgit
Baltistan (Chief Secretary / Revenue Commissioner), District Collector of Diamer, Representatives of
Affecties of DBDP, Dam Action Committee, Religious leaders, Members of Legislative Assembly (G-B),
Civil Societies, Local Jirgas, Ministry of Water & Power and WAPDA. This Committee, after a series of
meetings, taking into consideration various categories of lands and locations, decided the land
compensation rates as under:
S#
Location
Commercial/
Uncultivated
Barren land per
Cultivated land per
land per kanal
kanal (Rs.)
kanal (Rs.)
(Rs.)
1. Chilas (Municipal Area)
11,00,000/4,00,000/1,50,000/2. Harpin Das (Model Villages
2,50,000/Land)
3. Thore
8,00,000/2,59,000/1,00,000/4. Hudur
8,00,000/2,07,000/1,00,000/5. Guner Das/Kino Das
1,00,000/6. Khinar
8,00,000/2,07,000/1,00,000/7. Thak
8,00,000/2,07,000/1,00,000/8. Gonar Farm and Guner Das
8,00,000/224,960/1,00,000/9. Gais to Shing Nullah
8,00,000/2,07,000/1,00,000/10. Khanbari
8,00,000/259,000/1,00,000/-

17

RELOCATION OF AFFECTEES
WAPDA have planned 03 Composite Model Villages for Resettlement of Affectees of DBDP at Thak Das,
Harpan Das and Kino Das.
To improve communication between communities on either side of River Indus, a bridge at Thakot had
been constructed at cost of Rs 647 Million ($7.6 Million).
SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
There is always a need to identify and measure such impacts in such a way so as to help and manage in
such a way that the positive externalities are maximized and the negative
externalities are minimized.
Before initiating any mega development project it is necessary to find out
the potential social impacts of the project and determine its effects on the
lives of the direct and indirect project affetees and to devise a plan to
mitigation these effects.
During the house hold survey for data verification by the LA&R team, need
was felt to find out that what the project affectees are thinking about the
change that will occur in their social institutions after the completion of this
mega project and to record their opinions accordingly. For this purpose,
the LA&R wing initiated a process of workshops in the project area.
Some specific objectives of the SIA workshop are as follow:
To determine the social Impacts of Diamer Basha Dam Project.
To find out social institutional impact during and after the completion of
Dam
To involve the affectees in future speculation of post project situation
To devise a mitigation plan based on comprehensive social impact assessment.
LIVELIHOOD RESTORATION & DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
After collecting a land acquisition and social statistical data a comprehensive Livelihood Restoration and
Development Plan has been prepared. The Plan developed after carrying out Stakeholder Analysis,
existing Socio-economic Analysis and Need Analysis of the affected communities at the villages. During
the Preparation of Plan the Project Affected People were thoroughly consulted and series of meetings
were conducted at village level.
The Livelihood Restoration and Development Plan will cover the Direct and Indirect Affectees of the
Diamer District (Gilgit Baltistan) and upper part of Kohistan District (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa).
To ensure the participation of the local population at a grass root level in every
sphere of livelihood development process, a proper social organization
mechanism has been developed. The process of social organization will be
carried out by the NGO to ensure the grass rooted community involvement from
planning to implementation level. The affected communities would be organized
by the formation of community based organizations at village level. The
Community Based Organizations (CBOs) will be liable to share 20% of the total
cost of scheme, so as to ensure the owner ship of the project by the community. This share may be in
shape of labor, land and material. The CBO will be guided to make consensus on the single infrastructure
scheme, according to the top priorities of the relevant CBO. The whole process will be facilitated by the
NGO and will be supervised by the LA&R (WAPDA).
A project Non-Government Organization (NGO) is being engaged for effective implementation of these
plans by mobilizing local communities. It will also be utilized for monitoring on various stages of
resettlement activities. The Various Schemes had been devised keeping in view the social sensitivity of
the tribal society. The objective is to engage communities restore the livelihood loses and developed to
extent that they feel better of the existing situation that to play active role in the national building in future
The activities are listed below:
S#
1
2
3
4
5
6

Activities
Project NGO
Agriculture and Livestock
Irrigation and Rural Sanitation
Community Infrastructure
Gender Action Plan
Non Formal Education
Total

18

Cost (US$)
(US$ in millions)
6.00
13.31
7.54
9.20
3.50
5.90
45.45

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY:


As a corporate social responsibility, WAPDA has Initiated a number of projects in the following fields:S#
Activities
Cost (US$)
(US$ in millions)
1 Education
21.19
2

Health

1.18

Social Safety Net


0.55
Total
22.92
i)
WAPDA organized medical camps in project area in which Specialist doctors team from
WAPDA hospital Lahore were participated and medication of womenfolk at their door steps.
S#
Patients
Numbers
1
Male
803
2
Female
659
3
Children
743
Total
2196
WAPDA has planned to construct 4 schools in different valleys, improve and
upgrade two High Schools, one Vocational Training Institute, improve hospitals and establish one
Trauma Centre at Chilas District. Due to remoteness of the area, The Activities of Livelihood Restoration
and Development Plan were pre-tested in Thore valley and 0.28 $ million were spent through Community
Based Organizations (CBOs), formed by the LA&R for sustainable development through participatory
approach and assistance were provided to the 120 household of Thore valley affectees.
ii)
In 2012 WAPDA organized Mobile Veterinary Camps at Project area (Thore Valley) where free
medical services were provided. The following animals were treated:
S#
Animals
Treated
1
Sheep & Goats
3515
2
Cattle
1432
3
Horses
48
Donkeys/ Mules
109
Total
5104
AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT:
Agriculture is the main source of income for the project affected people of Diamer Basha Dam Project.
Agriculture is the subsistence farming due to less land available for agriculture. Various agriculture
development schemes are incorporated in Resettlement Action Plan for sustainable livelihood of the
project affected people. These interventions include; Agriculture Services Centre, Tunnel/Green House
Farming, Value addition & market linkages, Apiculture/Honeybee rearing
schemes, Trainings and Seminars and courses in VTI on Fruit Processing &
Packaging.
Furthermore as a pilot testing project, Kitchen Gardening scheme has been
successfully carried out in Thore Valley, DBDP as a part of Corrective Action
Plan (CAP).
In this intervention 250 households were given trainings on modern agriculture
techniques and were provided good quality winter season vegetable seeds and
tool kits. This intervention resulted in increased production and in this way enhanced household incomes.
This scheme has also been replicated for summer season vegetables.
LA&R has also conducted soil & water analysis of Kino Das as proposed by DBDO for assessment of its
suitability to agriculture.
GRIEVANCE REDRESSES MECHANISM
A Grievance Redresses Mechanism was developed to address the complaints and grievances of the
Project Affectees arise during the Land acquisition process. For the purpose the Land Acquisition and
Resettlement wing has establish Compliant Cell at Chilas and Thore Das. The PRO office was
established to carry out social activities; two Specialists of LA&R were deputed to bridge up the
association between the affected communities and Land Acquisition staff and coordinate the authorities in
respect of communities grievances
ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN
The objective of Environmental Management Plan is to conserve and restore natural forests, improve
biodiversity, limit damage to environment, safe endangered species, enforce mitigation measure and limit

19

degradation of natural water springs. . An International Environment Specialist Mr. Peterjohn Meynell
(Member Panel of Experts) visited the site in December 2011 and gave his report to fill the gaps in EIA &
EMMP of DBDP. The Environment Specialist of LA&R has incorporated the required changes in EIA &
EMMP and conducted the two public hearings in Chilas & Gilgit in November 2012. The following are the
main features:
S#
Activities
Cost
(US$ in
millions)
1 Ecological Conservation Plan to be executed by
7.52
WWF (World Wide Fund For Nature)
2 Environmental Management Cell
1.46
3 Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation
0.44
1 Integrated Water Resource Management Plan
2. Climate and Air Management Plan
3. Health Protection & Safety Management Plan
4 Environmental Research,
0.66
Total
10.08
The Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF) had entered into a partnership with WAPDA for conservation
and restoration of the ecology of the project area. A mechanism is developed whereby the local
communities will be provided with appropriate incentives to help conserve forests, freshwater, pastures
and wildlife.
CULTURE AND HERITAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN
The project area is known for about 33,000 prehistoric rock carving along the
Indus Gorge. LA&R Wing has improved and devised a Culture and Heritage
Management Plan which includes:
Documentation and preservation of world famous rock carvings in close
collaboration with Dr. Hauptman and his team of experts from
Heidelberg Academy, Germany. WAPDA is acquiring British Colonial
Chilas Fort from Gilgit Baltistan Government. After renovation, the Fort
would be converted into a museum where some of the rock carvings would
be placed for posterity.
Within this museum, the German Embassy has also shown interest to
finance WAPDA in developing a special gallery for Mountaineering History.
This is in relation to Nanga Parbat (Killer Mountain) which was first scaled by
German Mountaineer. An audio Video Library, Archives, cultural center and
some shops for local handicraft would also be established in the fort.
WAPDA has already restored an old Colonial Dak Bungalow in Thore Valley.
WAPDA has signed a contract with Heidelberg Academy for the
improvement of Cultural Heritage Management Plan of DBDP
PROMOTION OF ECO TOURISM AND CULTURE
In October 2012, WADPA organized First Chairman WAPDA Polo
Tournament and School Sports Mela for District Diamer. Gilgit Baltistan has
a rich and diversified cultural heritage and among its several specialties, Polo
is the core cultural activity. Locally Polo is called the game of Kings. The
inhabitants of Gilgit Baltistan and Chitral are having cultural attachments
with Polo. Every year Shandoor cultural festival is celebrated where best Polo
teams from Gilgit Baltistan and Chitral participate. The event even attracts
national and international affectionate of Polo.
Keeping up with popular trends, WAPDA has decided to adopt a Polo Team of
Chilas and will help Gilgit Baltistan Government in organizing Babusar Polo Mela. The Babusar Mela
along with the Polo tournament planned at the highest polo ground in the world would be a major
attraction for both local as well as foreign tourists. It will generate economic activity and will also contribute
as an additional source of income to the local population. Recreational parks, pony trails, development of
lake and promotion of handicraft are other salient features of Culture and Heritage Plan.
WAPDA is already engaged in confidence building measures amongst the affectees of Diamer
Basha Dam and to look after their Cultural values. By arranging the Polo tournament, deep and strong
roots have been established in the project area as it was for the first time in the history of Gilgit Baltistan
Province that such kind of event was organized. Total four (4) teams participated in the Polo Tournament

20

and eight (8) High Schools participated from all the valleys of District Diamer for School Sports Mela at
Chilas.
CULTURAL HERITAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN
The contract between Wapda and Heidelberg Academy, Germany has been signed on 15.02.2013. Rock
carvings likely to be submerged (33000 approx) in the DBD reservoir shall be preserved, as far as
possible. A museum at Chilas Fort is also being established.
S#

1
2
3

Activities

Cost (US$)
(US$ in
millions)

Petroglyphs and its Preservation


(Dr. Hauptman & Heidelberg Academy )
Chilas Fort, Museums, Library, Culture
Center
Promotion of Echo-Cultural Tourism
Total

3.36
0.60
2.44
6.4

GENDER
The project area had particular social sensitivities due to tribal societies and adherence to age old
customs. Women had little control over resources; opportunities for personal income generation are low
and had negligible levels of literacy. The Gender Unit of LA&R Wing worked out a comprehensive Gender
Action Plan (GAP) with a total budget of Rs 639.6 Million .The salient
features of the plan include:
Capacity Building for Gender Mainstreaming
Women Skill centre
Livehoods restoration schemes
Community level supportive health services
Domestic income Development Schemes
Formal & Non-formal education schemes for women and girls
LAND ACQUISITION

Priority Land Acquisition has started.

Economic Coordination Committee (ECC) of the Cabinet, GoP on 29.06.2010 has approved the
revised Compensation Rates recommended by Ministerial committee constituted by Prime Minister.
Federal Cabinet in its meeting held on 14.07.2010 has endorsed decision of the ECC of the Cabinet;
resultantly Land Compensation Cost has increased from Rs.26.4 billion to Rs.41.8 billion.

One Window Compensation Cell has been established by Deputy Commissioner, Diamer.

Rs.6825 billion has been released to the Government of Gilgit-Baltistan for acquisition of land and
1945 Acres of land has been acquired.

Rs.262 million was released to D.C. Kohistan for acquisition of land and 162 Acres land has been
acquired of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa area.
GOPS APPROVALS
PC-I of Diamer Basha Dam Project for Rs. 894257 million with F.E.C Rs. 312943 million was
approved by ECNEC on August 20, 2009.
PC-I (Part-1) for land Acquisition and Resettlement (LA&R) was approved earlier by ECNEC on
November 06, 2008 for Rs. 60000 million with F.E.C Nil. Its cost is included in the Main PC-I. Revised
PC-I of Land Acquisition & Resettlement is being prepared by incorporating approval of Economic
Coordination Committee (ECC) dated 29.06.2010 for enhanced compensation package as
recommended by the Ministerial Committee constituted by the Prime Minister of Pakistan on
23.12.2009. Further additional requirements of ADBs Safeguard Policy Statement 2009 are being
included. The revised PC-I of Land Acquisition & Resettlement is at final stage.
Diamer Basha Dam Project was approved unanimously by Council of Common Interests (CCI) on
18.07.2010 for National Consensus.
STATUS OF ONGOING PROJECT ACTIVITIES
i.
Land Acquisition

Land Acquired (Uptodate)


GBA
1783 Acres
KPK
162 Acres

21

1945 Acres

ii.

iii.

iv.

v.

vi.

Payment Made
=
Rs 6825 million
GBA
Rs 6563 million
KPK
Rs 262 million

One Window Compensation Cell has been established by Deputy Commissioner, Diamer.

Acquisition of remaining private land is in process.


4,603 Acres government land has been transferred to DBDP by GBA.
Project Colony At Thor Valley
Project Colony in Thor Valley, Chilas, Distt. Diamer is being constructed through 16 packages. 12
contracts are under implementation. Award of remaining 4 contracts is in pipeline. Up-to-date
progress is 49%.
Construction of Composite Model Villages for Resettlement of Affectees
Three (3) Composite Model Villages at Thak Das, Harpan Das and Kino Das with all the amenities
shall be developed for resettlement of 4228 affected households / families. Each affected
households / families shall be given a residential plot of one kanal free of cost. The construction
work of Composite Model VillageII (Harpan Das) is planned through 6 contract packages. 2
contracts have been awarded, other contracts are in pipeline.
Construction of Bypass From Shatial To Thor Nullah To Existing KKH (35 Km) By NHA as
Wapdas Deposit Work.
During Construction of Main Dam the existing KKH will be used for construction activities while the
Bypass from Shatial to Thor Nullah will be utilized for uninterrupted traffic flow. Rs.500.00 million
has been transferred to NHA for Construction of Bypass from Shatial to Thor Nullah to Existing
KKH (35 Km) as WAPDAS Deposit Work. Contractor has started the work at site.
Construction Of Permanent Access Bridge Over Indus River Downstream Of Diamer Basha
Dam Project
Permanent Bridge shall be constructed for movement from Left Bank to Right Bank of River Indus.
Procurement of Consultancy Services for Design, Construction Supervision and Contract
Administration of Permanent Access Bridge is under process.
Consultants for Core Project
Procurement of Consultancy Services for Construction Design, Construction Supervision and
Contract Administration of Diamer Basha Dam Project is under process.

DIAMER BASHA DAM STAKEHOLDERS SEMINAR

22

PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION
Implementation of the dam appurtenant structures shall be through international competitive bidding comprising of
the following five lots:US$ Million

Sr.
No.
1.

2.
3.
4.
5.

Description of work

Local

Foreign

Total
Cost

Contract Lot-1
(Concrete Dam and Related Structures including Diversion Tunnels
and Permanent Access Bridge)
Contract Lot-2
(Underground Works and Related Structures (Left and Right Banks)
Contract Lot-3
(Hydro-Mechanical Equipment and Hydraulic Steel Structures)
Contract Lot-4
(Power Plant Generation Equipment (Left and Right Bank)
Contract Lot-5
(Electrical High Voltage Equipment and Power Plant Electrical
Equipment (Left and Right Bank).
Total

1,096

731

1,827

Const.
Period
(Yrs.)
9

512

173

685

6.4

42

380

422

103

927

1,030

109

954

1,063

1,862

3165

5,027

TENTATIVE SUMMARY OF UPDATED CAPITAL COST

23

Strategy

After approval of FODP/ADB Report on Water Sector Task Force by Federal Cabinet new strategy to be
adopted.
In case of non commitment of World Bank/ADB for financing Diamer Basha Dam Project an alternate financing
plan needs to be prepared.
GoP to provide funds for land acquisition.
80% of the cost of project will be met through loan/supplier credit/buyers credit.
20% of the cost of the project will be met through Govt. funding, domestic loan/local bonds (Sukuk) and PSDP.
Foreign financing will be made through Donor Agency/ADB//IDB/Middle East Donors/Buyer
Credits/Suppliers Credit
Special request will be made to Islamic Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, Kuwait Development
Fund, Saudi Development Fund, Qatar Development Fund, Abu Dhabi Fund for investing in Diamer Basha Dam
Project.
Special request may be made to USAID to support this project as signatory project in Pakistan.
Consortium will be made comprising of Chinese Turkish and other Civil Contractors.
Consortium will also be made for supplying Electro-Mechanical equipment as Suppliers Credit.

PRESENT STATUS

Detailed Engineering Design of Diamer Basha Dam Project (DBDP) was completed in June-2008.
PC-I for Land Acquisition and Resettlement was approved by Executive Committee of National Economic
Council (ECNEC) on 6.11.2008 for Rs. 60 billion.
Main PC-I for DBDP was approved by ECNEC on 20.08.2009 for Rs.894.257 billion.
Resolution on Consensus of Diamer Basha Dam Project approved from Council of Common Interest (CCI) on
18.07.2010 headed by Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Bridge at Thakot on Indus River is completed by NHA for transportation of material and heavy machinery for
construction of Diamer Basha Dam Project.
Priority Land Acquisition has started.
Rs.6.563 billion have been released to the Government of Gilgit-Baltistan for acquisition of land and 1783 Acres
of land has been acquired.

24

Rs.262 million was released in to D.C. Kohistan for acquisition of land and 162 Acres land has been acquired of
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa area.
A vocational Training Institute has been setup.
Inauguration ceremony for commencement of works of Diamer asha Dam Project has been carried out by the
Prime Minister of Pakistan on 18.10.2011.

TENTATIVE TIMEFRAME FOR OVERALL IMPLEMENTATION

PROJECT LAYOUT

25

TRANSMISSION SCHEME FOR DISPERSAL OF POWER


FROM DIAMER BASHA DAM PROJECT
Diamer Basha Dam Hydro Power Project (HPP) has a generation capacity of 4500 MW. The 765
kV HVAC Transmission Scheme for Dispersal of Power from Diamer Basha HPP to the major
load centers in the National Grid is envisaged as under:

765 kV Transmission Lines from Basha HPP to a newly proposed 765 kV Substation at Gujar
Khan (3x407 km)

765 kV Transmission Lines from Gujar Khan to a newly proposed 765 kV Substation at
Lahore (2x260 km)

In & Out of 500 kV Rewat Gujranwala Transmission Line at Gujar Khan

A new 765 kV Substation at Gujar Khan

A new 765 kV Substation at Lahore

Estimated Cost of T/L & S/S is US$ 1800 Million


The contract for feasibility study for evacuation of power from Northern Areas has been awarded to JV
comprising of P.B. (UK), Teshmont (Canada) and Mirza Associate Pakistan on 26.06.2009.

26

KURRAM TANGI DAM MULTIPURPOSE PROJECT


Location
The proposed project site is located across
Kurram river in North Wazirstan Agency about
22 KM up-stream of Kurram Garhi Head works
and 32 KM North of Bannu City in Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa.

This project was conceived by WAPDA for a multipurpose dam in North Waziristan on Kurram River
about 22 km upstream of Kurram Garhi Head works and 32 KM North of Bannu City in KPK with storage
capacity of 1.20 MAF of water and power generation of 83.4 MW. It will irrigate 362,380 Acres of land
and will provide cheep hydropower to the area being a positive impact on the socio economic conditions
in North Waziristan Agency. USAID has shown willingness to fund this project. USAID appointed
Consultants M/s. MWH-NESPAK-ACE JV are preparing EIA & RAP by August 2013.
Salient Features
Dam Height
322 ft
Gross Storage
1.20 MAF-1.48 BCM
Live Storage
0.90 MAF-1.11 BCM
Power Houses (5 Nos)
83.4 MW (350 GWh)
Command Area
3,62,380 ACRES (including new area of 84,380 Acres)
Supplementing existing System of Civil &
277,500 Acres
Marwat Canals
Project Benefits
Irrigated Agriculture Development
Hydropower generation
Socio-economic uplift of the area.
Employment opportunities during the construction
and maintenance of the Project.
Development of Fisheries.
PC-I Cost
Rs. 59.561 Billion
(Equivalent to US$ 700 Million)
Consultants
M/s Pakistan Engineering Services (PES) JV appointed
as Consultants for the preparation of feasibility and
Detailed Engineering Design of the project.
Present Status
Feasibility study, detailed engineering design and tender documents completed in July 2007 with an
elevated height to enhance the storage capacity.
Government of KPK assured total support alongwith all out security arrangements with the desire to
take care of the entire stakeholder during construction of the project.
M/s Mott Macdonalds JV (MMP in association with PES, MML UK, Creative Engineering Consultants
& DMC) appointed as project review & supervision consultants at a consultancy cost of 484 Million.
Contract Agreement for supervision consultancy signed on November 17, 2011 in Governor House,
Peshawar.
The Revised PC-I amounting to Rs. 59.561 Billion submitted to Ministry of Water and Power for
arranging approval of ECNEC.
Letter of commencement issued to the Consultants on December 12, 2011. Tender / Bids for
Construction will be invited on availability of required funds.
210 acres lands have so far acquired and Rs. 17.0 million has been paid to DCO/DOR Bannu.
WAPDA is also interacting with USAID for possible financing of Component 1 (Kaitu Weir & Affiliated
Structures) of Kurram Tangi Dam Project, with the initial investment of US$ 93 million during 20132014.
USAID indicated to finance the Project, for which EIA & RAP by USAID Consultants is in progress.

27

TARBELA 4TH EXTENSION PROJECT


Location
Tarbela Dam
Existing Install Capacity 3478 MW
Tarbela 4th Extension Hydropower Project (T4HP) is an extension
project with a proposed installed generating capacity of 1410 MW,
comprising of three (03) units having 470 MW capacity each. It
would be constructed on existing tunnel 4 of Tarbela Dam, thus
reducing exposure to many social and environmental challenges
generally associated with large dams project. The project is a
significant and sustainable expansion in Pakistan's hydropower
generation and will play vital role in strengthening country's
economy. The project is considered a low hanging fruit and it is a "low-risk-high-award" operation
aimed at providing over 3.84 billion units annually of least cost low-carbon renewable energy.
The expected saving of Foreign Exchange of US $ 900 Million on import of one million tons of
furnace oil equivalent generation of electricity from thermal resources.
Salient Features
Project Cost

US $ 928.9 Million

Main Dam:
Height
Length
Existing Tunnel-4:
Purpose
Type
Diameter
Cross Section
Length

(Already Constructed)
470 feet (143 m)
9000 feet (2743 m)
Irrigation
Concrete/Steel Lined
45 ft to 36 ft (13.72 M to 10.87 M)
Circular
2997 ft (913.5 M)

Proposed Project:
Capacity
Generating Units
Annual Energy Generation
Design Discharge
EIRR
FIRR
Turbine:
Type
Rated Capacity
Rated Speed
Rated Head
Generators:
Type
Rated Capacity
Rating/Power Factor
Rated Voltage
Rated Current
Circuit Breaker
Transformer:
Type
Rating
Ratio

1410 MW
3 x 470 Mw
3840 GWh
1318.3 m3 /s
30.3% ~ 36.7%
17.42%
Vertical Shaft Francis
477 MW, 50 Hz
107.14 rpm
118.8 M
Vertical Shaft Semi-umbrella
522 MVA, 50 Hz
470 MW / 0.9
18 KV
16,745 Amp
SF6 Type
Bank of Single Phase Units
174 MVA, 50 Hz
18/500/3

28

Present Status

PC-I Stands Approved by ECNEC on 16.08.2012 for Eqv. PKR 83.6 Billion including Foreign
Exchange Component of Eqv. PKR 65.8 Billion.
Independent Panel of Experts of various disciplines (Technical, Environment & Social) engaged. First
meeting will be planned to held after mobilization of Civil Contractor at site.
PSIA Consultants Amendment-3 to Assignment A dated 21.05.2013 was further transmitted to World
Bank for NOL on 29.05.2013.
Civil Bidding Docs opened on 04.06.2013. Out of the seven (7) pre-qualified Firms / JVs. five (5)
bidders submitted the bids:
Letter of Acceptance issued to M/s Sinohydro China on 17 August 2013.
After confirmation of Performance Guarantee, the Contract Agreement signed with Civil Works
Contractor M/s Sinohydro China on 09.09.2013.
After issuance of NOL by World Bank on 22.05.2013 & 23.05.2013 for hiring services of POEs
(Structural & Hydraulic Experts) from M/s NESPAK for GBHP energy enhancement study and
engagement of Individual Consultants for Sediment Monitoring System and Automation / Up-gradation
of Existing Instrumentation System of TDP respectively.
Bidding documents for E&M Works have been issued to the following pre-qualified Firms / JVs on 23
July 2013:

(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
(v)

JV of Voith Hydro GmbH & Co KG and Voith Hydro Shanghai Ltd.


JV of Dongfang Electric Corporation (DEC) and Sinohydro Group Ltd.
Andritz Hydro GmbH.
JV of Harbin Electric Company Ltd (HECL) and China Gezhouba Group Company (CGGC)
OJSC Power Machines.

The target date for receipt of Bids is 23.10.2013.

Transmission Scheme For Dispersal of Power from Tarbela 4th Extension Hydropower
Project
No additional 500KV transmission line shall be constructed for power evacuation of Tarbela
4th Extension Hydropower Project. Existing lines are capable for power dispersal of the
generation from new Power House.

29

KOHALA HYDROPOWER PROJECT

NEELU

M RIV
ER

NAUSADDA
3086
2915

RAINKOT

MUZAFFARABAD
3182

R
VE
RI

J
U
L

RANJKOT
NULLAH

R
HA
UN

R
E
IV
R

AD

IN
BA
AR

769

N.

ND
JA

1725

THOTHA

1685

MAJHOI

ELU
JH

1100 MW
320 m
425 m3/sec
4800 GWh
4 (Francis)
RCC
57 m
17760 m
US$ 2155 Million
19.9%
1.83
6

RI
VE
R

SALIENT FEATURES
Installed Capacity
Gross Head
Design Discharge
Mean Annual Energy
No. & Type of Turbines
Type of Dam
Height of Dam
Head race Tunnel length
Total Base Cost
EIRR
Benefit Cost Ratio
Estimated construction period (years)

KOHALA HYDROPOWER PROJECT

RO

LOCATION
The project is located in Muzaffarabad District, Azad
Jammu & Kashmir. The dam site is proposed just
upstream of Domel on Jhelum River, 30 km and 174
km from Muzaffarabad and Islamabad respectively
and powerhouse is located 7 km upstream from
Kohala Bridge.

GARHI
DOPATTA

JH

EL
UM

RO
DHAL
AD
CHATTIAN

RIV
ER

DAM &
INTAKE

757

ZAMINABAD
POWERHOUSE

967

BARSALA

KOHALA BRIDGE

BACKGROUND/ PRESENT STATUS

Feasibility Study completed in December, 2008 by Joint Venture of National and International
Consultants.
Based on an MoU, Private Power and Infrastructure Board (PPIB) issued LOI to China International
Water and Electric Corporation (CWE) on 15.01.2009 for updating of feasibility completed by WAPDA
Consultants.
Detailed Engineering Design and Tender Documents completed in November 2009 by China
International Water and Electric Corporation (CWE).
The project is being developed in Private Sector through Private Power and Infrastructure Board
(PPIB).
WAPDA hired Consultants in October 2008 for registration of project with UNFCCC to acquire carbon
credit as decided under CDM Kyoto Protocol.
PPIB has appointed auditors and audit of Kohala HPP is under process.
After change of ownership of Kohala, M/s. Perenia, the CDM Consultants demanded that WAPDA
may approach PPIB in order to obtain written assurance from CWE China so that they may be bound
to abide by all the rights and obligations described in the original Consultancy Contract with WAPDA
without any loss to M/s. Perenia and / or its Constituent companies.
Third meeting regarding CDM issue was held on 23rd May 2012 in the office of PPIB Islamabad.
The following decision has been conveyed vide letter dated 12.06.2012.
Perenia / SMEC shall continue work on the acquisition of CDM
credits as per their agreement with WAPDA:
Final meeting with PPIB and Auditor appointed by PPIB was held on 30.01.2013 for settlement of
account.

Transmission Scheme for Dispersal of Power from Kohala Hydropower Project to


Gujranwala Estimated Cost of US$ 130 million.

30

MUNDA DAM PROJECT


AMBA

CHAKDARA

VER

RIVER

RI
SWAT

MALAKAND
UPPE

R
AT

SW

Co Le
m ft B
m a
an nk
d
Are

L
NA

CA

MUNDA DAM SITE

DOABA

AD

ER
ER
RIV
RIV
I
IAL

KH

SHABQADAR

ER

I RIV
ER

GU

MA

AL
AM

CHARSADDA
RIV

KA

ER

BU

RIV
E

BARA

PESHAWAR

RISALPUR
CANTONMENT

RIV

ER

RIV
ER

ER

AH

RIV

K
CA AB
NA U

UTMANZAI

EZA

NA
SH

SWAT CANAL

SHERPAO

AI

L RIV

WE

AZ

KABU

LO

AB

RI
CO GHT
MM BA
AN NK
D AR
EA

This project is proposed to be constructed on Swat River about


5 Km upstream of Munda Head Works in Mohmand Agency
(FATA), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

SWAT

HAR RIV
ER

CANAL

LOCATION

PINJKORA
RIVER

MUNDA DAM MULTIPURPOSE PROJECT

PABBI
TARU
JABBA

TO

NOWSHERA

IS

LA

MA
B

AD

SALIENT FEATURES
Type of Dam
Height of Dam
Gross Storage
Live Storage
Dead Storage
Flood Storage
Power Houses Installed Capacity
Command Area
Left Bank Culturable Command Area
Project Cost
EIRR
Construction Period

Concrete Faced Rock fill Dam


698.820 Ft.
1.290 MAF
0.676 MAF
0.314 MAF
0.081 MAF
740 MW (Annual Energy 2407 GWh)
16940 Acres
10057 Acres
Rs 140 Billion (US$ 1401 Million)
13.2%
7 Years

PRESENT STATUS

Feasibility completed in March 2000 under JICA grant.


M/s AMZO submitted the Feasibility Report to PPIB in July 2006. The dam height was reduced to 200
meter as compared to JICA study with a height of 213 m, resultantly reducing storage capacity from
1594 million Mm5 to 1240 Mm3 and reduced the flood mitigation potential of the project as well as
irrigation water for irrigation and power generation.
Govt. of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa & WAPDA advocated for Munda Dam as Multipurpose Project and
raising of dam to accommodate flood mitigation and irrigation.
Revised PC-II amounting to Rs.648.324 million approved by CDWP subject to availability of foreign
funding.
M/s SMEC NK NESPAK ACE JV has been appointed Consultants for detailed engineering
design and tender documents of project in 24 months. Consultants mobilized staff w.e.f 1st June,
2012. Inception Report completed. Project optimization and detailed engineering studies and survey
and investigation in progress.
Agence Francaise de Development (afd) indicated to provide 11 million Euro and 100 million Euro for
detailed engineering design and construction respectively.
Revised PC-II of the Project considered by CDWP in its meeting held on March 21, 2012 and
recommended for approval by ECNEC at a rationalized cost of Rs. 1,246.311 million including 87% of
the total cost as soft loan by Agence Francaise de Developpement (afd) and remaining 13% by
Government of Pakistan through PSDP allocations.

Transmission Scheme for Dispersal of Power from Munda Dam Project to Peshawar Estimated
Cost of US$ 22 million.

31

BUNJI HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION

74 - 40

74 - 35

35 - 50

ACHHU

BURI GERI

SASSI
HURBAN
SUMARI

RIV

ER

INDUS RIVER

SHUTA

PARRI

74 - 50

BUNJI HYDROPOWER PROJECT


PROJECT LAYOUT

IN
DU
S

SHAH BTOT

A
R
E

IV

Alam Bridge

GILGIT

O
R

IN

RIVER

The project is located on Indus River near Gilgit.


Power House and Dam sites are 560 km &
610 km, respectively from Islamabad.

74 - 45

HANUCHAL
GILGLE

ad

35 - 45

du Ro
Skar

Gilgit 50 km

SARKUND
HOS DAS

ala

PAHARI GHUND

INDUS RIVER

TULCH
KISNARDAR
JAWARI

Yellbow/Yulbo

JAGLOT

MIAR DAS

Ju
n

Tailrace

N
AL
LA
H

km
1.7

O
U
SK
EN

US$ 9.2 Billion

MRANGMAL

SKARDU 140 km
Pressure Tunnels (6.3 km each)

DAMOT

MANOT BARMAS

JATORIKOI
SHENGUS

Partab Bridge

NALLAH

Estimated Project Cost

SAI NALA

km
560

7100 MW
445 m
1900 m3/sec
24088 GWh
20 (Francis)
Gravity RCC
190 m
5 No (7.8 km long)

KHAND

ndi
R. Pi

Installed Capacity
Gross Height
Design Discharge
Mean Annual Energy
No. & Type of Turbine
Type of Dam
Height of Dam
Headrace Tunnels

JUCHI

GILGIT 83 km

BURCH

CHRUKO

SALIENT FEATURES

BARGIN

7.5 km

7 km

6 km

4 km

2 km

3 km

5 km

SCALE

KKH

0.00

BUNJI Bridge

BUNJI

1 km

35 - 40

BALACHI

BACK GROUND/CURRENT STATUS

WAPDA completed the Pre-Feasibility report in March 2005.

Consultancy Contract Agreement signed on 25.4.2007 for Feasibility study, Detailed


Engineering design and preparation of tender document with a joint Venter of M/s Mott
MacDonald Ltd, U.K (Lead Partner), M/s Sogreah Consultants SAS, France, M/s Nippon
Koei Co. Ltd., Japan, M/s MM Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd, Pakistan and M/s DMC, Pakistan

Feasibility report was submitted by the Consultants in March 2009.

For updation of Feasibility Study different field tests has been performed, including
Suspended sediment sampling, Drilling in dam and powerhouse areas (Total drilling
carried out by DID WAPDA, is 11614.00 m).

Model studies for four models: Sectional Model of Spillway, Comprehensive Model of Dam
Area, Low and Mid Level outlets and Tailrace outlet models have been constructed. All
tests proposed by Consultants and POE have been performed. Three models are retained
for a period of one year upto June, 2013.

The exploratory adit for power shaft (Package-IV) has been awarded to M/s. Hightech
Technology Engineering Company Islamabad. Contractor has been mobilized and work
for excavation has been concluded.

The Consultancy period has been ended on March 31, 2013. Bunji Consultant (JV) has
completed the design report and tender documents and is in the process of submission.

PC-I has been reviewed by the Ministry of Water & Power and forwarded to Planning
Commission for further approval.

Transmission Scheme for Dispersal of Power from Bunji Hydropower Project to


Major Load Centers in the National Grid Estimated Cost of US$ 1.6 billion.

32

KEYAL KHWAR HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
The project is located in the Khbyer Pakhtunkhwa Province
of Pakistan on Keyal Khwar in Kohistan District. The project
is accessible by road and is at a distance of 310 km from
Islamabad. Keyal Khwar is the right bank tributary of Indus
River.

SALIENT FEATURES
Installed Capacity (MW)
Type of Dam
Gross Head
Height of Dam
Design Discharge
Mean Annual Energy
No. & Type of Turbine
Estimated Project Cost
EIRR

128 MW
Concrete gravity
732 m
42.5 m
22 m3/sec
426 GWh
2, Pelton
Rs.29.7 billion (Euro 230.263 Million)
15.50%

BACKGROUND/ PRESENT STATUS

Construction of Power House Ventilation Tunnel and O & M Colony under progress.
Date of Tender opening for Contract Keyal Khwar Hydropower Project KKHPP-02 (Civil
Works) was fixed on 21-06-2013.Only one Bid from M/s Sinohydro-Hajvairy JV received.
Consultants have completed evaluation of Bid.
Wapda Authority, CCC & Consultants has considered only Bid received from SinohydroHajvairy JV substantially responsive at the corrected Bid Price Rs.15,654,891,767.
The evaluation report has been submitted to KfW (Project Sponsor) for obtaining their
concurrence.
Evaluation for Pre-Qualification applications is in process for Contract KKHPP-03 (E & M
Works).
PC-I approved by ECNEC on 07.01.2004 for Rs.7066.961 Million with FEC of Rs. 3032.080
Million.
Feasibility Report completed in October, 2007.
Project Loan Agreement Euro 97 Million between GOP and KfW of Germany signed on
November 11, 2008 for implementation of the Project.
Detail Engineering Design report has been completed in December 2011.
European Investment Bank (EIB) has shown interest to finance 100 Million Euro for CoFinancing along with KfW for Keyal Khwar Hydropower Project.
The Revised PC-I amounting to Rs.29703.991 Million (230.263 Million Euro) is submitted for
approval.

33

GOLEN GOL HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
The project is located on Golen Gol Nullah, a tributary
of Mastuj River, 25 Km from Chitral Town in Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa. The project is about 550 km from
Islamabad.
On completion this project will produce 106 MW with
annual energy 436 million KWh. The construction period is
4 years. The contract for the main dam has been awarded to
M/s SAMBU-SARCO JV (Korean Firm) which has
commenced its activities. Pre-qualification of Transmission
Lines has also been completed. The Consultancy Agreement
for construction supervision has been awarded to M/s Fichtner JV. (Germany)

SALIENT FEATURES
Installed Capacity
Gross Head
Design Discharge
Mean Annual Energy
No. & type of Turbine
Estimated Project Cost
Implementation Period

108 MW
435 m
29 m3/sec
436 GWh
3, Pelton
Rs. 7035 Million (US$ 117 Million)
Rs. 28,117 million (under process)
4 years (Expected Aug 2015)

PRESENT STATUS

Feasibility Study completed by HEPO/GTZ in 1997 is updated in 2005.


Study for Detailed Design and preparation of Tender Documents completed by a joint venture of
PES, FICHTNER, Engineering Associates.
Construction of O&M Staff Colony at Koghuzi Chitral is substantially completed.
Lot 2- 32% completed, Lot 3.1 completed, Lot 3.2 retendering in process.
Lot-4 (T/Line): First tender annulled by the competent authority and retendering process is in
progress.
M/s Fichtner-PES-DMC-BAK JV has been appointed Consultants for construction supervision.
Cost of Works has been agreed by the following donors:

Saudi Development Fund for Civil Works


Kuwait Development Fund for E&M Works
OPEC for Transmission Lines

34

(US$ 40 Million)
(US$ 37 Million)
(US$ 30 Million)

DASU HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
Dasu hydropower project is a run of river scheme 7 km
upstream of Dasu village on Indus River, 74 km
downstream of Diamer Basha Dam and 345 km from
Islamabad.

SALIENT FEATURES

Capacity
Annual Energy
Gross Head
Design Discharge
Dam Height
Type of Dam
Total Base Cost
Estimated Construction period

4320 MW
21484 GWh
201 m
2600 m3/s
233 m above bed rock
RCC (Gravity)
US$ 4906 million
18 years (in four phases)

PRESENT STATUS

The Feasibility Study of Dasu Hydropower Project was completed on February 28, 2009 by a
Joint Venture of; National Engineering Services (Pakistan) Pvt. Limited (NESPAK) (Lead
Firm), Associated Consulting Engineers Pvt. Limited (ACE), MWH America USA and
Colenco Power Engineering Ltd (CPE), Switzerland in associated with Binnie and Partners
(Overseas) Ltd., U.K.

World Bank offered financing for Detailed Engineering Design & Tender Documents and
Project Construction if project would be developed in stages.

The Consultancy Contract Agreement for Preparation and Implementation of Dasu


Hydropower Project has been signed on September 19, 2011 between WAPDA and Dasu
Hydropower Consultants (DHC), a Joint Venture of M/s Nippon Koei Company Limited,
Japan (Lead Firm) and M/s Dolsar Engineering Limited, Turkey with local sub-Consultants
M/s DMC, M/s NDC & M/s PES.

DHC has completed Detailed Engineering Design Reports of Dasu Hydropower Project
including Environment and Social Studies Report and Pre-qualification & Bidding Documents
are now being prepared by DHC.

PC-I (Part-I) for Land Acquisition and Pre-Construction Activities has been submitted to
Ministry of Water & power for approval from Competent Forum.

PC-I (Part-II) for main project is under preparation.

35

LOWER SPAT GAH HYDROPOWER PROJECT


(PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP)
LOCATION
Spat Gah is the left bank tributary of Indus River with its
confluence 8 km downstream of Dasu town in Kohistan District,
Khyber Pakhtunkhawa. The project layout has been planned on
the right bank with powerhouse 7 km from Dasu and 345 km from
Islamabad.

SALIENT FEATURES
Installed Capacity
Gross Head
Design Discharge
Mean Annual Energy
No. & Type of Turbine
Type or Dam
Height of Dam
Headrace Tunnel
Pressure Shaft
Construction Period
Estimated Project Cost
EIRR
FIRR

496 MW
745 m
81
2007
m3/sec
3,
Pelton
GWh
CFRD
57 m
12.6 km
1100 m
5 Year
697 Million US$
18.4%
13.5%

PRESENT STATUS

The feasibility report has been prepared by a Joint Venture: ILF (Germany), Poyry (Austria) and ACE
(Pakistan) and report has been finalized in June 2010 under a German firm Kfw.
EOI documents for PPP mode implementation were issued to interested sponsors. The evaluation of
proposals completed. The recommendations made by Evaluation committee have been approved by
Authority on 20.03.2012.
Authority recommended M/s. Komipo-POSCO Engineering consortium of Korea for 496 MW Lower
Spat Gah HPP & letter of acceptance has been issued.
Prior to invite Private Sector for further negotiation to finalize the PPP modalities, the matter was
discussed with Govt. of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa regarding %age equity share from Public Sector. Govt.
of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa intends to contribute 25% of equity share and WAPDA would contribute 1%
of equity share.
A meeting among WAPDA, PPIB, Board of Investment, Planning Division, Finance Division,
Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Ministry of Water & Power was held on 29.08.2012 at
Islamabad and the following decisions were made:
a.
PPIB shall handle the Lower Spat Gah HPP onwards under the Provisions of Policy for Power
Generation-2002.
b.
Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as an equity Partner shall be involved in the decision
making regarding the projects.
MOU has been signed between Public and Private Sector Sponsors on 24.12.2012.
Technical due diligence by the Private Sponsor has been submitted and reviewed by WAPDA and
Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa. Comments of Public Sector Partner have been forwarded to Private Sponsor.
Zero draft of Joint Development Agreement (JDA) has been prepared and shared with Private Sector
Partners and Govt. of KPK, after incorporating comments from various organizations within WAPDA.

36

LOWER PALAS VALLEY HYDROPOWER PROJECT


(PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP)
LOCATION
Palas valley (Chor nullah) is the left bank tributary of Indus River with its confluence 12 km upstream
of Patan in Kohistan District, Khyber Pakhtunkhawa. The project layout has been planned on the left
bank with powerhouse, 2 km from Patan and 310 km from Islamabad.

SALIENT FEATURES
Installed Capacity
Gross Head
Design Discharge
Mean Annual Energy
No. & Type of Turbine
Type or Dam
Height of Dam
Headrace Tunnel
Pressure Shaft
Construction Period
Estimated Project Cost
EIRR
FIRR

665 MW
805 m
101 m3/sec
2590 GWh
3, Pelton
CFRD
55 m
18.5 km
1200 m
5 Year
US$ 763 Million
20.8%
15.6%

PRESENT STATUS

The feasibility report has been prepared by a Joint Venture: ILF (Germany), Poyry (Austria) and
ACE (Pakistan) and report has been finalized in June 2010 under a German firm Kfw.
The project is being developed in Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode.
EOI documents for PPP mode implementation were issued to interested sponsors. The evaluation
of proposals completed. The recommendations made by Evaluation committee have been
approved by Authority on 20.03.2012.
Authority recommended M/s. K-water and Daewoo Engineering consortium of Korea for 665 MW
Lower Palas Valley HPP and letter of acceptance has been issued.
Prior to invite Private Sector for further negotiation to finalize the PPP modalities, the matter was
discussed with Govt. of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa regarding %age equity share from Public Sector.
Govt. of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa intends to contribute 25% of equity share and WAPDA would
contribute 1% of equity share.
A meeting among WAPDA, PPIB, Board of Investment, Planning Division, Finance Division,
Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Ministry of Water & Power was held on 29.08.2012 at
Islamabad and the following decisions were made:
a. PPIB shall handle the Lower Spat Gah HPP onwards under the Provisions of Policy for
Power Generation-2002.
b. Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as an equity Partner shall be involved in the decision
making regarding the projects.
MOU has been signed between Public and Private Sector Sponsors on 24.12.2012.
Technical due diligence by the Private Sponsor has been submitted and reviewed by WAPDA and
Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa. Comments of Public Sector Partner have been forwarded to Private
Sponsor.
Zero draft of Joint Development Agreement (JDA) has been prepared and shared with Private
Sector Partners and Govt. of KPK, after incorporating comments from various organizations within
WAPDA.

37

AKHORI DAM PROJECT


LOCATION
Akhori Dam site is located near Akhori Village across
Nandna Kas, a small tributary of Haro River in Attock
District of Punjab, Akhori Reservoir is an off-channel
storage, which will draw water from Siran Pocket of
Tarbela Reservoir through conveyance channel.
OBJECTIVES
(i) Storage of water for:
Supplementing Indus Basin Irrigation
System and
Power Generation
SALIENT FEATURES
Main Dam
Dam Type
Earth & Rock fill
Height
400 feet
Gross Storage
7.6 MAF
Live Storage
6.00 MAF
Saddle Dam
Height
213 feet
Length
4.78 Miles
Conveyance Channel
Conveyance Channel Length
23 Miles (37 Km)
Conveyance Channel Capacity
60,000 Cusecs
Bed Width
249.3ft (76 m)
Depth
32.8ft (10 m)
Installed Capacity
Hydel Power Potential
600 MW (2155 GWh/Annum)
Environmental and Resettlement
No of Affectees
55800
No of Houses
9270
Land Submergence
65976 Acres
Estimated Cost
US$ 4.4 Billion
Construction Period
5 Years
PRESENT STATUS

Feasibility Study Report completed.


PC-II for Detailed Engineering Design and Tender Documents of the Project amounting to
Rs. 818.00 Million submitted for approval of ECNEC.
PC-I for land acquisition and resettlement of affectees under approval of ECNEC.
Pre-qualification of consultants for detailed engineering design completed.
RFP for inviting financial and technical proposals of Consultants for detailed engineering design in
progress.

38

THAKOT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
Thakot dam site is located in a narrow section
of Indus River, about 3 km downstream of
Besham. Distance from Islamabad is about
240 km.

SALIENT FEATURES
Installed Capacity

2800 MW

Gross Head

138 m

Design Discharge

2900 m3/sec

No. & Type of Turbines


Mean Annual Energy

8, Francis
14095 Gwh

Height of Dam

60 m

Tunnel Length

19.8 km

Estimated Project Cost

US$ 6 Billion

Study period

24 months

PRESENT STATUS

Identified by MONENCO in Inventory and Ranking Study in November 1984 for a capacity of
1043 MW with mean annual energy of 7820 GWh.

Hydro Planning Organization (HPO), WAPDA reviewed and updated capacity to 2800 MW.

The project is ranked third after Diamer Basha Dam and Dasu.

Govt. of Pakistan approved PC-II for Feasibility Study on June 18, 2012. PC-II cost for the
project is Rs.719.628 Million including Foreign Component of Rs.303.139 Million.

08 No. Firms have submitted EOI documents, Six (06) Firms were qualified.

Prequalified firms submitted RFP documents. Evaluation of Technical Proposal is in process


and will be completed shortly.

Study will be completed in 24 months.

39

PATAN HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
Patan dam site is located on the Indus River
about 4 km upstream of village Patan
downstream of Keyal Khwar. The power house
(underground) is situated on the left bank 8 km
upstream of Besham and 275 km from
Islamabad.

SALIENT FEATURES
Installed Capacity

2800 MW

Gross Head

150 m

Design Discharge

2600 m3/sec

No. & Type of Turbines

8, Francis

Mean Annual Energy

15230 Gwh

Height of Dam

104 m

Tunnel Length

18 km

Estimated Project Cost

US$ 6 Billion

Study period

24 month

PRESENT STATUS

Identified by MONENCO in Inventory and Ranking Study in November 1984 and reviewed
by Hydro Planning Organization, WAPDA.
Capacity reviewed and updated by HPO.
Cost of Feasibility study is Rs.731.233 Millions.
Local Cost Component
Rs.373.731 Millions
Foreign Cost Component
Rs.357.502 Millions
PC-II for Feasibility Study has been approved by CDWP on 17.09.2009.
GoP have issued administrative approval for execution of project studies on 27.10.2009.
Contract Agreement for preparation of Feasibility Study has been signed on 07.06.2013
between WAPDA and J.V of M/s Lahmeyer Intl. (Lead Firm), M/s NDC, Lahore and M/s PES
(pvt.) Ltd.
Consultants have mobilized on 12th August 2013 to undertake Feasibility Study.

40

PHANDAR HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
The project area is located between

PHANDAR 80 MW

Phandar Lake and Chhashi Gol, in Ghizar

GU PI S

lgi

t R.

tr

al

R.

Gi

ASTOR

CH I LAS

SK ARDU

DI R

AFG

N ARAN

B ESHAM

R.

r
Sw a t Ri ve

N ee

lu

located about 168 km north-west of Gilgit

C hi

ISTA

I N DU S RI VER

HAN

District of Gilgit-Baltistan. Phandar Lake is

GI LGI T

CH I TRAL

JAMMU & KASHMIR

M U Z AFFAR
AB AD
M ARDAN

TARB ELA
bul

Jh

R.

elu

R.

DU

Pu n c h

In d

J h elu m R.

I SLAM ABAD

R.

RAWALAK OT

IN

N OWSH ERA

R.

Ka

PESHAWAR

u s R.

town and 772 km north of Islamabad.

K OTLI

GU J AR K HAN

PAKISTAN WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

M AN GLA

HYDRO PLANNING ORGANIZATION


HYDRO PLANNING
NAME
PREPARED

ABID

DETAILED ENGINEERING AND

DATE

PREPARATION OF TENDER DOCUMENTS

DRAWN

APPROVED

CHECKED
WAPDA

ABID

PHANDAR HYDROPOWER PROJECT

PROJECT LOCATION

SUBSIT FOR
REPLACED
BY

SCALE

DRAWING NO.

PLATE - 1

SALIENT FEATURES
Installed Capacity

80 MW

Gross Head

237 m

Design Discharge

40 m3/sec

Mean Annual Energy

375 GWh

No. & Types of Turbine

4, Pelton

Updated Project Cost

US$ 120 Million

Study Period

18 months

Implementation Period

48 months

PRESENT STATUS

Feasibility was completed by HPO, WAPDA with GTZ of Germany under Technical
Assistance Program in 2003.

PC-II for Detailed Engineering Design and preparation of Tender Documents was
approved by CDWP on 30.04.2007 for Rs. 120.0 million.

Consultancy Contract Agreement by WAPDA and Phandar Hydro Consultants (PHC) has
been signed on 22.10.2010.

M/s FHC-Consulting Engineers was declared as top ranked Firm. The constitution of JV
was M/s FHC-Consulting Engineer (Lead Firm), M/s Scott Wilson (UK), M/s Techno
Consultants and M/s Electra Consultants

Consultants have submitted Final Detailed Engineering Design, Tender Documents and
PC-I.

Kfw has shown interest to provide funds for the implementation of the project. Their due
diligence is underway. Kfw will send an expert on transmission line and distribution system
during September 2013. It was suggested during the Pak-German Bilateral Meeting 2013
in EAD that the funds available for Trappi may be transferred to Phandar HPP.

PC-I for implementation is under preparation.

41

BASHO HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION

36

74

75

75

75

75

76

15'

45'

00'

15'

30'

45'

00'

r
cie

Bunji

INDUS R
IVE

Dombudas

a
up

Lu

ER

ma
ng

sh

Ha

kra

Lu

Sa
LU
O
SH

ng
ma

BA

GM
N A

Kachura L
u

o
arp
H

PROJECT AREA

IN
DU
S

Shigar

igra

ma
ng
Lu

Sh

RI

a
ngm
a
m
ng
Lu

Lu
Nar

VE

R
ro

o
Gh

SKARDU
Lungm
a

35

of north-west of Skardu town and 704 km

RIVER

a
gm

RIV

BASHO

30'

River is located about 40 km downstream

LDU

HR

35

Tisor

IG
SH

confluence of Basho Lungma with Indus

BR
A

Sta

45'

rN

35

gma
Hoh Lun

The

Lungm
a

Marko Lungm

Sat

pura

15'

Gho

Mehdi Abad

Bro
khar
Lu
i
ng
ma

north-east of Islamabad.

Koti

Lu
ng
m

River.

Busurlat Gah

Indus

Bu
la
Ga cha
h

tributary of

R I V E
R

left

Biafogyang
Glacier

B A SH A

Sassi

Panmah Glacier

la

aG
l.

Kero Gl.

og
a

kp

Ch

Dachun Gah

00'

1 km lower stretch of Basho Lungma, a

So

36

Phuparas
h Gah

The proposed scheme is identified along

a
thak

Men

SALIENT FEATURES
Installed Capacity
Gross Head
Design Discharge
Mean Annual Energy
No. & Type of Turbine
Type of Dam/ Weir
Height of Dam

40 MW
974 m
5.0 m3/sec
165 GWh
4 Pelton
Tirolean Weir
12 m

Estimated Project Cost


Implementation Period

US$ 92 Million
60 months

PRESENT STATUS

Feasibility report was completed by HEPO (WAPDA) with technical collaboration of GTZ of
Germany in year 2001.

AFD/KfW fact finding mission visited the project sites of BASHO/HARPO in July, 2009. The
mission agreed to finance Updation/Review of feasibility study of Basho & Harpo HPPs from
GRANT in the 1st Phase and after successful review/ updation of feasibility study financing
will be provided for Detailed Engineering Design, preparation of Tender Documents and
construction of projects from LOAN in the next Phase.

M/s AFD provided a GRANT of Euro 279,000 for updation of the feasibility study.

M/s. AFD (France) appointed M/s Sogreah in Association with M/s FHC to undertake Updation
of Feasibility study and complete the task within Six months. The Consultants mobilized on
01.06.2011.

Consultant has submitted Final Feasibility Report after incorporating the comments of WAPDA
& AFD on 04.05.2012

Donor Agencies Kfw and AFD decided to finance Harpo & Basho HPP in phased approach (i)
Construction of One Hydropower alongwith Transmission Line in Phase-I with capacity
building component and (ii) Construction of other Hydropower Project in Phase-II.

GB Govt. has opted for implementation of Harpo HPP alongwith transmission line in Phase-I,
Basho HPP will be considered in Phase-II.

EIA/IEE of Basho HPP has been submitted to EPA-GB for NOC.

42

HARPO HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
The proposed scheme is identified along 2.5 km lower
stretch of Harpo Nala (Lungma), a left tributary of Indus
River in Rondu Area, district Skardu. The project area is
located 75 km north-west of Skardu town and 670 km
north-east of Islamabad.

SALIENT FEATURES

Installed Capacity

34.5 MW

Gross Head

723 m

Design Discharge

5.8 m3/sec

Energy Generated

170 GWh

Penstock Length

3046 m

No. of Units

2 Pelton

Project Cost (including T. Line)

US$ 106 Mill

Implementation /Construction Period

48 Months

PRESENT STATUS

Feasibility report was completed by Hydro Planning Organization (WAPDA) with the technical
collaboration of GTZ of Germany in February 2002.

Financing Agreement among Kfw (Germany), EAD (GoP) & WAPDA was signed on 6 th
September, 2010 for Grant of 70,000 Euros.

Consultancy Contract Agreement for Updation/Review of Feasibility Study was signed between
WAPDA and Harpo Hydropower Consultants (JV) on 20.12.2010.

The consultant (JV) mobilized on March 01, 2011.

The Consultants (JV) have submitted the final updated Feasibility Report on 19th December,
2011.

GB Govt. has intimated their preference to implement Harpo HPP along with transmission
line.

AFD & Kfw has confirmed financing of Euros 50 million and 20 million respectively for the
project.

MOU for agreement between WAPDA & Gilgit Baltistan Govt. is under preparation.

EPA-GB has issued NOC on IEE/EIA of Harpo HPP in May 2013.

PC-I Proforma was submitted by WAPDA to MoW&P on 12-12-2012.

MoW&P has forwarded the PC-I to Planning Commission on 05-06-2013 for approval.

43

LAWI HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
The project area is located on the right bank of
Shishi River, a left tributary of Chitral River. The
project involves diversion of Shishi River into
Chitral River. The Project is about 350 km from
Islamabad.

SALIENT FEATURES
Installed Capacity

69 MW

Gross Head

405 m

Design Discharge

20 m3/sec

Mean Annual Energy

303 Mil. KWh

No. & Type of Turbine

3 (Pelton)

Project Base Cost

US$ 120 Million

EIRR

18.51%

Implementation Period

4 Years

PRESENT STATUS

Feasibility study of 69 MW Lawi Hydropower Project has been completed by Hydro


Planning Organization, WAPDA in 2008.

Government of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa has decided to construct Lawi Hydropower


Project through their own resources.

The soft and hard copy of feasibility Study and PC-I has been provided to
Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

44

YULBO HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
The dam site is to be located on Indus
River 6 km upstream of Silbo and Yulbo
villages and the powerhouse is some 9
km upstream of village Shengus in
Skardu District (Tehsil Dambudas).
LAYOUT
The dam axis is located some 1 Km
downstream of the Astak Nala 92 Km
downstream of Skardu Town. The river is
about 80 m wise at this site. The
headrace tunnels would be about 12 km
on the right bank of Indus river. The
powerhouse would be underground
approximately 7 km downstream of
Chutran village.
SALIENT FEATURES

Generation Capacity
Drainage Area
Average Flow
Dam Height
Head Water Level
Tail Water Level
Length of Power Tunnel
Gross Head
Net Head
Design Discharge
Annual Energy
Plant Factor

2800 MW
114,200 Km2
990 m3/s
140 m
1920 m
1796 m
12.1 km
238 m
211 m
1500 m3/s
11400 GWh
45.8%

PRESENT STATUS

The project is identified by MECO under CIDA grant during 1984 for a capacity of 710
MW.
Desk Study and field reconnaissance done.
The capacity has been upgraded 2800 MW by HPO, WAPDA.

45

SHYOK (YUGO) HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
The dam site is to be located on Shyok River near
Yugo village, 60 km from Skardu city. The powerhouse
site is located just downstream of Dam.

SALIENT FEATURES

Generation Capacity

520 MW

Average Flow

365 m3/s

Dam Height

165 m

Storage

10.7 MAF

Head Water Level

2590 m

Tail Water Level

2440 m

Length of Power Tunnel

1.0 km

Gross Head

150 m

Net Head

146 m

Design Discharge

500 m3/s

Mean Annual Energy

2080 GWh

Plant Factor

45.6%

PRESENT STATUS

The project is identified by MECO under CIDA grant during 1984.

The capacity has been studied by HPO, WAPDA.

46

TUNGUS HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
The dam site is to be located on Indus River 2 km upstream of Tangus village and 53 km
downstream of Skardu city. The underground powerhouse site is located near Skoyo village, 5
km downstream of Tormic nullah and 6 km upstream of Dambudas about 65 km downstream of
Skardu.

SALIENT FEATURES
Generation Capacity

2200 MW

Drainage Area

113,000 km2

Average Flow

962 m3/s

Dam Height

127 m

Head Water Level

2110 m

Tail Water Level

1920 m

Length of Power Tunnel

11.3 km

Gross Head

190 m

Net Head

170 m

Design Discharge

1500 m3/s

Mean Annual Energy

8800 GWh

Plant Factor

46.4%

PRESENT STATUS

The project was identified by MECO under CIDA grant during 1984 for a capacity of 685 MW.
The capacity has been upgraded to 2200 MW by HPO, WAPDA.

47

SKARDU DAM PROEJCT


LOCATION
Skardu Dam site is located on Indus river, 35 Km downstream of the Skardu city and 5 km
downstream of Ayub Bridge.

SALIENT FEATURES
River

Indus

Generation Capacity

1600 MW

Distance from mouth

2550 Km

Dam height

230 m

Head Water Level

2260 m

Tail Water Level

2134 m

Live Storage

7.50 MAF

Dead Storage

5.0 MAF

Average Flow

951 m3/s

Mean Annual Energy

9300 Gwh

PRESENT STATUS
The Project is identified for storage during inventory and ranking study of major hydropower
projects carried out by MECO under CIDA grant in 1984.

48

DUDHNIAL HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
The project is located on the right bank of
Neelum river, 103 km north east of Muzaffarabad
in AJK. Dam site is to be located 2 km upstream
of Dudhnial village and Powerhouse near
Dowarian village 63 km upstream of N.J. HPP
Dam site. The project area is accessible from
Muzaffarabad, through truckable road, 240 km
from Islamabad.

SALIENT FEATURES
Installed Capacity

960 MW

Net Head

368 m

Design Discharge

300 m3/sec

Mean Annual Energy

5425 GWh

No. & Type of Turbine

4 Francis

Height of Dam

210 m

Headrace tunnel length

9.3 KM

Reservoir length

38 KM

Tentative Live Storage

1.0 MAF

PRESENT STATUS

The project was initially conceived in early 80s. Hydro Planning Organization studied the
project to generate 960 MW in addition to live storage 1 MAF.

PC-II was forwarded to Planning Commission.

49

SUKI KINARI HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
The Suki Kinari hydropower project is
located in KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA
on Kunhar River with a dam 10 km
upstream of Kaghan, a 21.4 km long
headrace tunnel and an underground
power station near Paras village.

SALIENT FEATURES

Installed Capacity
Estimated Annual Energy
Plant Factor
Type
Net Head
Tunnel length
Construction Period
Estimated Cost
Proposed Interconnection

840 MW (4 210 MW, Pelton Wheel)


2958.1 GWh
40.2%
Run-of-River
823.5 meters
21.4 km
6 years
US $ 1138.93 million (2008 level)
500 kV line to Neelum Jhelum (85 km)

BACKGROUND
Letter of Interest (LOI) was issued by PPIB on 15-11-2005 under the 2002 Power Generation
Policy to a private power company, M/s SK Hydro (Pvt.) Ltd. for the development of the project.
The company hired Mott McDonald as consultant for conducting the feasibility study of the
project. A Panel of Experts monitored the feasibility study as per the requirements of the 2002
Policy.
The Feasibility Study was completed in March 2008 and has been subsequently approved by the
PPIB.
PRESENT STATUS

The tariff approved by NEPRA

The Generation License is under process in NEPRA

LOS issuance is in process in PPIB

50

KUNDAL SHAHI HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
The project is proposed on the right bank of Neelum valley with diversion weir just downstream of
Dudhnial village and powerhouse near Kundal Shahi, 75 km north of Muzaffarabad.

SALIENT FEATURES
Gross Head

280 m

Design Flow

300 m3/s

Installed Capacity

700 MW

Annual Energy

3750 GWh

Dam Type

RCC weir

Dam Height

32 m

Tunnel Length

16.0 km

Tunnel Size

10.5 m dia

Power House Type

Underground

No. of Units

Type of Units

Francis

STATUS

The Project has been identified by Hydro Planning Organization, WAPDA

51

TRAPPI HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
The project area is located on the Sirran River near
Trappi Village. The Project is 18 km from Mansehra
in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province and about 160 km
from Islamabad.

SALIENT FEATURES
Installed capacity
Mean Annual Energy
Maximum gross head
Dam height
Dam Crest
Reservoir Maximum
Operating Level
Tentative Live Storage
Pressure pipe/tunnel
Design discharge
Plant factor
Feasibility Study

32 MW
232 GWh
171 m
146 m
450 m
2600 ft
200,000 Acre-ft
1500 m
25 m 3/s
80.9%
18 months

PRESENT STATUS

Project identified by Hydro Planning Organization (HPO), WAPDA.


Kfw committed a grant of 950,000 Euro for Feasibility Study
Government of KPK issued NOC to WAPDA on March 16,2011 to conduct the Feasibility Study
Financial agreement signed by Kfw, WAPDA and GoP on July 15, 2011.
PC-II for preparation of Feasibility Study has been principally approved by CDWP on November 22,
2012.
Kfw indicated that the grant would be available, if KPK Govt. provides NOC for Kfw involvement in
project implementation.
KPK Govt. has clarified that NOC would be for Feasibility Study.
A writ petition has been filed by a private sponsor in Peshawar High Court Vs Govt. of KPK, WAPDA
and SHYDO for withdrawal of NOC issued to WAPDA. High Court has issued the order maintaining
the statuesque. WAPDA is defending the case in the court
TOR/EOI has been finalized and will be published in the newspaper on decision of writ petition and
approval of rationalized PC-II cost from Planning Commission.
Chief Planning officer stated that Private sponsor should submit feasibility study of 27MW to Energy
& Power Department.
Secretary Energy & Power department while concluding the meeting stated that department is
looking for viable solution wherein both Private Sponsor and Wapda may reconsider their
perspective positions to facilitate the project.
Court hearing was held on 7th August 2013 in which the petitioner M/s China Power Project Pvt Ltd
has agreed to submit feasibility study of 28 MW to Energy & Power Department of KPK.
In the latest court hearing dated 24.09.2013, M/s CHINA Power Project (Pvt.) informed the Court
regarding compromise with PHYDO(KPK) and promised to submit the compromise date on demand
of the court.
KfW of Germany has withdrawn the grant for conducting feasibility.

52

RAJDHANI HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
Rajdhani Hydropower Project is proposed on Poonch River, 20 km downstream of Kotli. The
project is about 175 km from Islamabad.

SALIENT FEATURES

Capacity

132 MW

Energy

694 GWh

Project Type

Run of River

Dam Height

201 m

Design Discharge

201 m3/s

Gross Head

79 m

Plant Factor

60%

PRESENT STATUS

The Project was identified by HEPO, WAPDA-GTZ during Comprehensive Planning of


Hydropower Resources in Jhelum River Basin, Punch Catchment, Medium Scheme in AJ&K

The Project is being developed in Private Sector through Private Power and Infrastructure
Board (PPIB)

53

MATILTAN HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
The Matiltan hydropower project is located on Ushu River (tributary of Swat River) with its project
structures at a distance between 8 km and 15 km from Kalam.
SALIENT FEATURES

Installed Capacity
Firm Capacity
Estimated Annual Energy
Plant Factor
Type
Gross Head
Tunnel length
Construction Period
Estimated Cost
Proposed Interconnection

84 MW (3 28 MW, Francis turbines)


19 MW
346 GWh
47%
Run-of-River
201 meters
6.5 km
4 years
US $ 133 million (2002 level)
132 kV line to Madyan Grid Station (110 km)

BACKGROUND
Feasibility Study of the project was carried out under the supervision of SHYDO by Sir William Halcrow &
Partners Ltd. UK in 1996. LOS for developing the project in the private sector was issued by the
Government of KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA on 17-07-1996 under the 1995 Hydel Policy. It was originally
valid upto 16.01.98 and was extended from time to time and as per last extension, it was valid until
December 31, 2002 and its validity has now expired. The original LOS was issued to M/s Sachal
Engineering who later entered into partnership with M/s Synergic Hydro Asia and proposed to develop the
project with their collaboration.
However, the project development could not be started mainly because the up-front tariff offered by GOP
in the 1995 Hydel Policy was withdrawn in 1997 and subsequent tariff negotiations failed to reach a
satisfactory conclusion.
CURRENT STATUS

The foreign partners ( M/s Synergic Energy) of the sponsors have withdrawn and it does not seem
likely that they would be able to implement the project because of lack of expertise/resources.
However, the sponsors have not withdrawn their right to develop the project.

WAPDA was offered to implement the project with the collaboration of the Govt. of Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa. However, the Govt. of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa will negotiate with the sponsors for an
amicable solution for implementation of the project.

54

MAHL HYDROPOWER PROEJCT


LOCATION
Mahl is a run of river hydropower project proposed on Jhelum River from 4 to 5 km upstream of
Mahl River confluence with the Jhelum River upto tail water level of Kohala Hydropower Project.
The access road to Dam and Powerhouse sites is available from Rawalpindi to Tain Dhel Kot
through Lehtrar Road or from Rawalpindi to Murree to Kohala to Project Area along Jhelum
River. The Project site is 100 km from Rawalpindi.

The salient features of Mahl Project by WAPDA-GTZ are:

Project Location

340 55 N, 730 34, E

Normal reservoir level

557 masl

Tail water level

504 masl

Rated discharge

550 m3/s

Gross head

53 m

Net head

52 m

Rated capacity

600 MW

Dam height

75 m

Diversion tunnel

2 No. 14.2 m dia and 950 m length

Bottom outlet

10 No. 13 m x 12 m

Design flood

33,200 m3/s

PRESENT STATUS

Mahl Hydropower Project would be implemented on Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode
by WAPDA after formal approval by Govt. of AJK.

Govt. of Punjab and the Private Sector would be invited to join the Project.

The Project would be developed under PPP mode through ICB process.

55

GULPUR HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
Gulpur Hydropower Project is proposed on Poonch River, 4 km downstream of Kotli.

SALIENT FEATURES

Gross Head
Design Flow
Installed Capacity
Annual Energy
Dam Type
Dam Height
Tunnel Length
Tunnel Size
Power House Type
No. of Units
Type of Units

57.5 m
194 m3/s
100 MW
465 GWh
RCC weir
32 m
3.12 km
7.75 m dia
Surface Reinforced Concrete
3
Francis

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
No adverse environmental impact
PRESENT STATUS

The Project was identified by HEPO, WAPDA-GTZ during Comprehensive Planning of


Hydropower Resources in Jhelum River Basin, Punch Catchment, Medium Scheme in
AJ&K

The Project is being developed in Private Sector through Private Power and Infrastructure
Board (PPIB)

56

KOTLI HYDROPOWER PROJECT


LOCATION
The project is located on Punch River near Kotli in AJK. The project area is accessible from
along Punch River Mangla Dam and from Muzaffarabad via Bagh.

FEATURES
Installed Capacity

100 MW

Gross Head

10 m

Design Discharge

135 m3/sec

Mean Annual Energy

465 million KWh

BENEFITS

Cheaper power to National Grid

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

No adverse environmental impact

Run of River project

57

DOTARA DAM PROJECT


WITH 200 MW MARGALA PUMPED STORAGE
Ministry of Water & Power decided for construction of a carry over dam project for which a
suitable site is available on Haro River upstream of Khanpur Dam and could be built with a
storage capacity upto 100,000 af as large as Khanpur Dam itself.
The proposed dam site located just downstream of the confluence of Karral Haro and Dhund
Haro, has a Draiange Area of 130 Sq. Mile. The dam at this site will be about 400 ft. high with a
capacity of about 100,000 A.Ft. Water released from Dotara will be diverted to Left Bank Canal
at Khanpur Dam to Sangjani where a complete water infrastructure already exists to pump 60
MG/Day (221 A.Ft./Day) to Islamabad & Rawalpindi.

Site for Dam:


Dam Height / Length:
Dam Type
Left Abutment:
Right Abutment:

Spillway:
Outlet/Intake Structure:
Water Availability:
Water Storage Capacity:

Across Haro River; 41 km above Khanpur Dam


Upto 400 ft / 1500 ft.
Earthen
Limestone
Gravels / Boulder & silt of more than 9 ft depth
over limestone beds
Site available on Right Bank
On Left Abutment
98,000 AF
100,000 AF

Chairman WAPDA envisioned the possibility of off-taking water from Khanpur / Dotara Dam
to Islamabad which could also be utilized for extinguishing forest fire usually taking place in
Margala Hills during hot and dry seasons.
During study of the Scheme a concept of Margala pumped storage with power generation
also established.
The concept of Margala pumped storage with 200 MW power and water supply to Islamabad
was presented by Azhar Masood Panni Consultant (Power Generation) to the Authority in
Decemebr 2010. The Chairman WAPDA appreciated the concept and directed to prepare
PC-II for approval of Planning Commission.

58

1.

2.

3.

4.

Gravity Tunnel From Dotara to Shahadara Capacity


Dia meter
Length
Shahadra Dam
Height
Length
Storage

=
=
=

5.5 m3/Sec
2.5 M
8.40 Km

=
=
=

80 M (263 Ft.)
565 M (1850 Ft.)
34Mm3 (27550 Acres Ft)

Pressure Tunnel From Shahdara Dam to Kot Hathial (Lower Reservoir)


Dia meter
=
5.5 M
Length
=
5.12 Km
Capacity
=
106 m3/sec (1634 Acres Ft)
Head
=
210 M
a)
Power Generation = 190 MW for 5 hours
(950000 units) (From 5 P.M to 9 P.M)
b)
Power needed at Lower Reservoir for
Re-Pumping
106m3/Sec of water to Shahdara Storage
= 216 MW (1081240 units)
Lower Reservoir
Capacity
=
4Mm3 (4920 Acres Ft)

FULL WATER SUPPLY, allocated to Islamabad + Rawalpindi i.e, 5.5 m3/sec, as mentioned in the
concept paper, cannot be met from Dotara Dam.
The present facility at Sangjani to supply 60 MG/day (3.16 m3/sec) to Islamabad & Rawalpindi thus
cannot be abandoned.
The project will generate daily about 950000 Units of energy, while consume 1081240 units to be
made available from thermal plants.
PC-II Proforma amounting to Rs. 193 Million has been prepared for submission to Standing Review
Committee for review.

59

ULTRA MEGA POWER PROJECT/PARK

Ultra Mega Power Project is aimed to generate Power through Private Entrepreneurs by
imported Coal, Synthetic Gas, LNG & other fuel sources. The desired infrastructure will be
developed by GoP through WAPDA where as the power plants will be installed by Private
Entrepreneur. The Power will be dispersed through National Transmission and Despatch
Company (NTDC).

GoP may undertake detailed consultation process with various stakeholders

Large scale capacity additions needed to address the countrys poverty alleviation agenda

Economies of scale and competitive bidding expected to benefit consumers through lower
tariffs

GoP may stipulate use of supercritical technology because it results in lower carbon
emissions

Coastal area of Pakistan near Karachi will be selected for the first UMPP to be awarded in
near future. The Power will be dispersed through National Transmission and Despatch
Company (NTDC).

Project will sell competitively-priced power and provide affordable energy to consumers

Growth in port and power transmission capacity will further create infrastructure and
employment opportunity for the country

GoP may make a comprehensive assessment of Pakistans future energy needs and
alternatives for energy supply. Access to electricity is essential for reduction in poverty and
improved health, education and economic development

60

UP-GRADATION AND REFURBISHMENT OF


GENERATING UNITS OF MANGLA POWER STATION
Location:
Mangla Dam / Power Station is located on River Jhelum at about 120 Km from Islamabad
Purpose:
Mangla Dam is a multipurpose Project, primarily designed for Irrigation. The other by products are Power
Generation, Fish Culture, Tourism and Navigation. With raising of Mangla Dam Project by 30 feet, it will
be in a position to generate 100 MW/644 GWh.
Construction:
Mangla Power House was completed in four stages. The initial phase comprising of four units of 100 MW
each was completed in 1967-69. The first extension of Unit No. 5&6 (2X100 MW) was completed in 1974
while second extension comprising Unit No 7&8 ( X100 MW) was completed in 1981. The project attained
its maximum capacity of 1000 MW with the final extension of Unit No 9&10 (X100 MW) in 1993-94.
Up-Gradation Refurbishment Scheme:
There are four age groups of Mangla machines Units 1~4 (40 years), Units 5~6 (35 years), Units 7~8 (28
years) & Units 9~10 (15 years). The first 6 Units with age of 30~40 years have outlived their useful lives
due to which more and time are required for maintenance of old equipment besides less operational
reliability. Some of the important aspects are:
Efficiency of Turbines has reduced from their designed values.
The Hydraulic/Mechanical Equipment have become unreliable due to aging.
Generators winding of existing Units 1~4 & 7~8 is of Class-B insulation whereas the latest Class-F
has higher tolerance of temperature.
Control & Protection Equipment of old units have become obsolete and their spare components are
not available for being out of production.
Dam life has enhanced after completion of the Dam Raising Project but the old generating units will
not have life compatibility with the Dam.
Feasibility Study
Mangla Refurbishment Project JV (MRP JV) submitted Final Feasibility Report in December, 2011 and
based on the results of extensive studies, the Consultants considered three major Scenarios including
Only Life Extension Option (1150 MW), Minimum Investment Up-rating Option 1310 MW
(Alternative 1A) and Maximum Investment Up-rating Option (1500 MW).
Mangla Refurbishment JV recommended Alternative-1A (1310 MW at 0.8 Power Factor) as it satisfies
all the objectives of Scope of Work and also proved to be more viable in the financial terms. It has been
further recommended that implementation of Alternative-1C (1474 MW at 0.9 P.F) should be preferred
which is a modification of Alternative-1A with higher current capacity of IPB and Generator Circuit
Breakers, however, the design of Generator will be rated Power Factor of 0.8 as per Alternative
1A. The Construction Cost under this option is expected to be US$ 397 Million. WAPDA approved to
adopt the most viable option for Mangla Up-gradation i.e 1A (1310 MW & 0.8 Power Factor)
combined with the higher current capacity features of Alternative 1-C of the Feasibility Study.
The Consultants were assigned an additional scope of preparation of Detail Design and Tender
Documents of the approved option.
Estimated Cost& Schedule
The Construction Cost under this option is estimated to be US$ 397 Million with the ten (10) years
completion time. Implementation of Project is expected to commence in 2013.
USAID has agreed to finance the Phase-I portion of the Project through a loan of US$ 72 Million which
will be utilized for the entire actual Contract cost along with the cost of associated Consultancy
Services and other components required for the completion of Units 5&6 as well as the other units in
subsequent phases.

61

Present Status

PC-I is under process in the Ministry of water and Power for approval of Planning Commission of
Pakistan and ECNEC.
Final Bidding Documents for unit 5&6 has been completed.
Draft Bidding Documents of Package II (Power House Crane Refurbishment) and package IV (Turbine
Inlet Valves Refurbishment) are under revision of the project Authority.
Evaluation Report for Pre-qualification of bidders Package I, Units 5& 6 has been vetted by CCC
WAPDA and their comments are under review by MRP JV (the Consultants).

62

UP-GRADATION, REHABILITATION AND MODERNIZATION


OF WARSAK HYDROELECTRIC POWER STATION
Location:
River Kabul at about 30 Km in North-West of Peshawar.
Construction:
The Project was completed under Colombo Plan in two phases,
financed by Canadian Govt. The 1st phase consisted of construction of
Dam, Irrigation tunnels and installation of four power generating units,
each of 40 MW capacity with 132 KV transmission system and
completed in 1960. Two additional generating units each of 41.48 MW
capacity were added in 1980-81 in the 2nd phase thus raising the total
installed capacity to 242.96 MW (say 243 MW).
Rehabilitation: (Phase-I)
In the late Eighties, the Power generating capability of Warsak Power Station reduced to 150 MW due to
the following two major problems:

Structural deformation of the powerhouse.

Rapid erosion in the hydraulic equipment due to quantity and abrasive nature of the silt carried in
the Kabul River.
In order to resolve of the above problems, the Governments of Pakistan and Canada planned a
Rehabilitation Project to meet with the following objectives:
To restore full generating capacity of Warsak Power Station.
To prolong useful life of the Project by another 30 to 40 years by rectifying various problems of civil
structures and electrical & mechanical equipment.
Project Features:
Approved PC-I Cost :
Rs 1325 Million (1992)
Actual Cost Incurred :
Rs 1000 Million incl. C$ 27.0 Million.
Commencement Date :
31-12-1996
Completion Date
:
30-04-2006
Replacement/repair of Turbine components, Intake gate repair, Draft tube repair, Rehabilitation of butterfly
valves, Generator mechanical works, new trash racks & TRCM, Embedding of sill plates in concrete of
spillway gates, Repair of crane-rail, Filling of roof cracks in power house roof, Floor anchoring and
Generator floor cutting etc.
Rehabilitation/ Up-gradation Scheme (Phase-II):
WAPDA has planned to carryout Second Phase of Rehabilitation with the objective to ensure that the six
(6) generating units of Warsak Power Station, having spent life of 50 years (Units 1~4) and 30 years
(Units 5~6), are made capable to operate efficiently & reliably at the total installed capacity of 243 MW for
another 40~50. A Feasibility Study was arranged through the Consultants RSWI (Canada) DCE
(Pakistan) JV to assess the present operating conditions of existing Civil Structures & Plant Machinery
and to determine the most viable option, technical as well as economical, for Up-gradation /
Refurbishment of the existing Units and then prepare Detail Design & Tender Documents and PC-I for
implementation of the Project.
After conducting Inception studies, the Consultants delivered a presentation to WAPDA Authority on 6th
June, 2012 wherein they recommended the following essential works for rehabilitation of existing Power
House to regain its installed capacity i.e 243 MW which have reduced to 213 MW.
Replacement of Generator Windings of Units 1 to 4
Replacement of Power Transformers of Unit 1 to 4
Replacement of Excitation System and Mechanical Governors of Unit 1 to 4
Modernization of Station Protection System
Up-Gradation of Instrumentation
Installation of Trash Rack Cleaning Machine
Replacement of Operating Mechanism of Spillway Gates
Project Cost
The estimated cost of the Project is about US $ 180.6 Million (Excluding Escalation and Interest during
Construction Period).

63

Project Completion / Schedule


The refurbishment and up gradation work of Warsak Hydroelectric Power Station has been proposed to
be completed over an approximate five (05) years of schedule.
Financing
The Project Financing has to be arranged from the Donor Agencies.
Present Status

Feasibility Report: Completed in July, 2013.


Methodology for inspection of embedded parts: 100%
Rehabilitation Detailed Design Report: 80%
Environmental Assessment Report: 100%
Tender Documents: 80%
Draft PC-I is under review of Project authorities

NEW UNDERGROUND POWER STATION AT WARSAK


Location
Warsak Dam is located at River Kabul at about 30 Km in North-West of Peshawar.
Construction
The existing Project was completed under Colombo Plan in two phases, financed by Canadian Govt. The
1st phase consisted of construction of Dam, Irrigation tunnels and installation of four power generating
units, each of 40 MW capacity with 132 KV transmission system and completed in 1960. Two additional
generating units each of 41.48 MW capacity were added in 1980-81 in the 2nd phase thus raising the total
installed capacity to 242.96 MW (say 243 MW).
New Underground Power Station
After conducting Inception studies, the Consultants RSWI (Canada) DCE (Pakistan) JV delivered a
presentation to WAPDA Authority on 6th June, 2012 wherein they recommended construction of new
underground Power House adjacent to the existing one. The salient Features of the Project are as under:
Installed Capacity
300 MW
Type of Power House
Underground
Number of Units
Two (02) Kaplan Turbine
Rated Net Head
132.0 ft
Rated Design Flow
30,000 cfs
Avg. Annual Energy Generation
1326 GWh
Number of Power Tunnels (concrete)
Two (02)
Number of Penstocks (Steel lining)
Two (02)
Generator Capacity
181 MVA at 0.85 PF
Main Transformers
64 MVA (single phase)
Project Cost
The estimated Project Cost is US $ 402.0 Million (Excluding Escalation and Interest during Construction
Period).
Project Schedule
i) Completion of Feasibility Study, Tender Documents and PC-I, evaluation of Bids and award of
Contract will be achieved upto January, 2014.
ii) Supply, Installation, Testing and Commissioning of Power Station including Civil Works will be
completed till December, 2018.
Financing
The Project Financing will be arranged from the Donor Agencies.
Present Status
Feasibility study: completed in July, 2013.
Detailed design report: 40%
Draft Tender Documents are under review of Project authorities.
Draft PC-I is under review of Project authorities.

64

SMALL / MEDIUM DAMS

32 SMALL / MEDIUM DAMS IN PAKISTAN


PHASE I (2010-2014)
BALOCHISTAN
Naulong Dam
Winder Dam
Hingol Dam
Garuk Dam
Pelar Dam
SINDH
Nai Gaj Dam
Darawat Dam

KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA
Daraban Zam Dam
Tank Zam Dam
Bara Dam

PUNJAB
Ghabir Dam
Papin Dam

PHASE II (2011-2015)

BALOCHISTAN
Sukleji Dam
Basol Dam
Badinzai Dam

SINDH

Salari Dam
Nali Dam
Khenji Dam
Naing Dam
Sita Dam Project
Upper Makhi Dam

KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA
Chaudwan Zam Dam
Sheikh Haider Dam
Chashmai Akor Dam
Chowkas Dam
Totakan Dam
Kuhai Dam
PUNJAB
Kot Fateh Dam
Mujahid Dam
Lawa Dam
Mohra Shera Dam
Jamalwal Dam

65

DARAWAT DAM PROJECT


LOCATION
The Darawat Dam is located at about 70 kms
West of Hyderabad and 135 kms North East of
Karachi across Nai Baran River in Thatta /
Jamshoro districts of Sindh Province.

OBJECTIVES

Irrigated agriculture development of 25,000


acres of Cultivable Command Area.

Fisheries Development.

Flood Mitigation.

Socio-economic uplift, poverty reduction and


women emancipation.

SALIENT FEATURES

Type of Dam

Concrete Gravity

Height of Dam

151 FT

Length of Dam

1004 FT

Gross Storage

121,600 AF

Live Storage

89,200 AF

Cultivable Command Area

25,000 Acres

Construction Period

3 Years

Project Cost

Rs. 9.300 Billion

Physical Progress

91%

CURRENT STATUS

PC-I amounting to Rs. 3.175 Billion approved by ECNEC in its meeting held on Sept. 3, 2009.
Revised PC-I amounting to Rs. 9.300 Billion approved by ECNEC in its meeting held on
August 16, 2012.

Project awarded to M/s. Sinohydro-MAJ JV on EPC basis. (Bid Price = Rs. 7.555 Billion). The
Contractor mobilized to site w.e.f. June 30, 2010.

Construction of Dam completed. Construction of irrigation network in progress. Total physical


progress upto date is 91%.

For concessional loan Exim Bank of China completed evaluation of the Project and submitted
the case to Ministry of Finance & Commerce China for approval. Released of funds awaited.

Total funds released for the Project up to date are Rs. 2,625 million. Rs. 2,500 Million
allocated in PSDP 2013-14.

66

NAI GAJ DAM PROJECT


LOCATION
The Nai Gaj Dam is under construction on
Gaj River about 0.5 miles west of Gaj
Inspection Bunglaw in District Dadu of Sindh
Province.

OBJECTIVES
-

Storage of flood water for irrigated


agriculture development of 28,800 acres
of culturable command area.

Hydropower generation of 4.2 MW (under


PPP mode).

Socio-economic uplift, poverty reduction


and women emancipation.

SALIENT FEATURES

Dam Type

Earth Core Rock Fill Dam

Height of Dam

194 ft

Gross Storage Capacity

300,000 AF

Live Storage Capacity

160,000 AF

Culturable Command Area

28,800 Acres

Power Generation

4.2 MW (under PPP mode)

Revised Project Cost

Rs. 26.236 billion

Physical Progress

20%.

CURRENT STATUS

PC-I amounting to Rs. 16.924 Billion approved by ECNEC in its meeting held on Sep. 3,
2009. Revised PC-I amounting to Rs. 26.240 Billion approved by ECNEC in its meeting held
on Aug. 16, 2012.

The project awarded to M/s NEIE SMADB LILLEY RMS JV based on lowest bid invited
on International Competitive Bidding. Subsequently on the advice of EXIM Bank of China
M/s. NEIE was replaced with M/s. CHEC.

The Contractor mobilized to site in May, 2012 established field camp / mobilized equipments
for the Project. Construction Work at site is in progress.

M/s. Techno International JV appointed Project Supervision Consultants.

Total physical progress upto date is 20%.

Rs. 3,000 Million allocated in PSDP 2013-14.

67

GHABIR DAM PROJECT


LOCATION
The Ghabir Dam project is proposed across the
Ghabir River, a tributary of Soan River, located 9
km from village Danda Shah Bilawal and about 60
km from Talagang Mianwali Road.

OBJECTIVES

Irrigated agriculture development of 15,000


acres of culturable command area.

Socio-economic uplift, poverty reduction and


women emancipation.

SALIENT FEATURES

Type of Dam

Earth Core Rock fill Dam

Height of Dam

138 FT

Length of Dam

3,117 FT

Catchment Area

161 Sq. Miles

Mean Annual Flow

38,428 AF

Gross Storage Capacity

66,200 AF

Live storage Capacity

26,000 AF

Reservoir Area

1,544 Acres

Spillway Design Flood

47,675 Cusecs

Cultivable Command Area

15,000 Acres

Power Generation

150 KW (under PPP mode)

Revised Project Cost

Rs.11.679 Billion

CURRENT STATUS

PC-I amounting to Rs.2.111 billion approved by ECNEC on Sept. 03, 2009.

Revised PC-I amounting to Rs. 11.679 Billion submitted to Ministry of Water & Power for
arranging approval of ECNEC.

Bids on EPC basis invited on January 05, 2010.

Project could not be awarded due to insufficient funding.

Bids for Construction re-invited and received on July 25, 2013.

Five Firms / JVs submitted Technical & Financial Proposals.

Technical evaluation of Bids is in progress.

Procurement of Management Consultants for the Project is in process.

Rs. 1,000 Million allocated in PSDP 2013-14.

68

NAULONG DAM PROJECT


LOCATION
The proposed dam site is located on Mula river
at Sunt about 30 kms from Gandawa City in
tehsil and district Jhal Magsi (Balochistan).

OBJECTIVES

Irrigated agriculture development of 47,000


acres of culturable command area.

Hydropower generation of 4.4MW (under PPP mode)

Flood Mitigation.

Socio-economic uplift, poverty reduction


and women emancipation.

SALIENT FEATURES

Dam Type

Earth fill

Dam Height

186 ft

Gross Storage

242,452 AF

Live Storage

200,000 AF

Culturable Command Area

47,000 acres

Power Generation

4.4 MW (under PPP mode)

Annual Energy

26.6 GWh

Revised Project Cost

Rs. 18.028 Billion

CURRENT STATUS

Feasibility study and detailed engineering design of the Project completed in 2009.

PC-I amounting to Rs. 11.699 Billion approved by ECNEC in its meeting held on Sep. 3,
2009.

Revised PC-I amounting to Rs. 18.028 Billion approved by ECNEC in its meeting held on
Aug. 16, 2012.

Tenders for construction on BOQ basis received and opened on April 17, 2010. Contract
cannot be awarded due to insufficient funding for the Project.

Technical & Financial Proposals for appointment of Project Supervision Consultants received
from 05 Nos. short listed Firms / JVs on November 12, 2012 and are under finalization for
award of work.

Bids for Construction re-invited and received on July 23, 2013.

Four Firms / JVs submitted Technical & Financial Proposals.

Technical evaluation of Bids is in progress.

Rs. 2,500 Million allocated in PSDP 2013-14.

69

HINGOL DAM PROJECT


LOCATION
The dam site is located at a distance of 260 kms
north-west of Karachi and about 16 kms north of
bridge across Hingol River on Makran Coastal
Highway in district Lasbela (Balochistan).

OBJECTIVES

Irrigated agriculture development of 65,000


acres culturable command area.

Hydropower generation of 1 MW (PPP mode)

Socio-economic uplift, poverty reduction and


women emancipation.

SALIENT FEATURES

Dam Type

Central Core Zoned Dam

Height of Dam

171 ft

Length of Dam

2,170 ft

Gross Storage

1,405,000 AF

Culturable Command Area

65,000 acres

Installed capacity

1 MW (under PPP mode)

Revised Project Cost:

Rs. 26.463 Billion

CURRENT STATUS

Feasibility study completed by M/s NESPAK in 1992 - 93.

Detailed Engineering Design and Tender documents of Hingol Dam Project with Dam Site at
Aghor, 1 km u/s of Coastal Highway completed by WAPDA through Consultants in 2009.

Hindu Community raised objections due to submergence of their Holy Places. On the
directives of Minister of Water & Power, WAPDA identified new site for construction of Hingol
Dam across Hingol River at a distance of 18 Km from Coastal Highway.

Detailed engineering design for new site is under finalization with additional survey &
investigation works in progress. Study completion by December, 2013.

PC.I of the Project amounting to Rs. 26.5 Billion cleared by CDWP for approval of ECNEC.

Rs. 50 Million allocated in PSDP 2013-14.

70

WINDER DAM PROJECT


LOCATION
Winder dam site is located across Winder River
about 100 kms from Karachi in district Lasbela
(Balochistan).

OBJECTIVES

Irrigated agriculture development of 10,000


acres of culturable command area.

Socio-economic uplift, poverty reduction and


women emancipation.

SALIENT FEATURES

Type of the Dam

Earth Core Rock fill

Height of Dam

102 ft

Length of Dam

1,696 ft

Gross Storage

36,484 AF

Live Storage

36,167 AF

Culturable Command Area

10,000 Acres

Hydropower Generation

300 kW (under PPP mode)

Revised Project Cost

Rs. 8.324 Billion

CURRENT STATUS

Feasibility Study completed.

PC-I amounting to Rs. 1.696 Billion approved by ECNEC in its meeting held on Sep. 3, 2009.

Govt. of Balochistan has given formal concurrence of Govt. of Balochistan to implement


Winder Dam Project through WAPDA.

Revised PC-I amounting to Rs. 12.904 Billion submitted to MoW&P for arranging approval of
ECNEC.

Bids for construction on EPC basis invited on October 29, 2013.

Rs. 50 Million allocated in PSDP 2013-14.

71

GARUK DAM PROJECT


LOCATION
The dam site is located about 47 kms south east of
Kharan Town across Garuk River in District Kharan
(Balochistan).

OBJECTIVES
-

Storage of flood water for irrigated agriculture


development of 12,500 acres of culturable
command area.

Socio-economic uplift, poverty reduction and


women emancipation.

SALIENT FEATURES

Type of Dam

Earth Core Rock fill

Height of Dam

184 ft

Length of Dam

2,323 ft

Reservoir Capacity

50,695 AF

Culturable Command Area

12,500 acres

Power Generation

300 KW (under PPP mode)

Revised Project Cost

Rs. 6.850 Billion

CURRENT STATUS

PC-I amounting to Rs. 1.790 Million approved by ECNEC in its meeting held on September 3,
2009.

Feasibility study updated & Tender Documents prepared to invite tenders on EPC basis.

Tenders of Garuk Dam on EPC basis invited on Oct 03, Nov 19, 2009 Feb. 20, March 24,
October 20 and December 23, 2010. No bid received.

Bids will be invited on availability of required funds and better security situation in the Project
Area.

72

PELAR DAM PROJECT


LOCATION
The dam site is located about 160 kms from Awaran
Town in District Awaran (Balochistan).

OBJECTIVES
-

Storage of flood water for irrigated agriculture


development

of

25,650

acres

of

culturable

command area.
Socio-economic

uplift,

poverty reduction

and

women emancipation.

SALIENT FEATURES

Type of Dam

Concrete Gravity

Height of Dam

60 ft

Length of Dam

714 ft

Reservoir Capacity

99,175 AF

Culturable Command Area

25,650 acres

Power Generation

300 KW (under PPP mode)

Revised Project Cost

Rs.8.740 billion

CURRENT STATUS

PC-I amounting to Rs. 1.692 Billion approved by ECNEC in its meeting held on September 3,
2009.

Feasibility study updated & Tender Documents prepared to invite tenders on EPC basis.

Bids of Pelar Dam on EPC basis invited on Sep. 30, Nov 12, 2009, Feb. 20, March 17,
October 27 and December 29, 2010. No bid received.

Bids will be invited on availability of required funds and better security situation in the Project
Area.

Rs. 50 Million allocated in PSDP 2013-14.

73

BARA DAM PROJECT


LOCATION
The proposed dam is located across Bara
River at the confluence of Mastura River in
Khyber

Agency,

FATA,

Khyber

Pakhtunkhwa.

OBJECTIVES
- Storage of flood water for irrigated
agriculture development of 41,729 acres
of culturable command area.
-

Hydropower generation of 5.8 MW


(under PPP mode)

Socio-economic uplift, poverty reduction


and women emancipation.

- Assured

irrigation supplies
existing irrigation schemes.

to

the

SALIENT FEATURES

Type

Earth core Rock fill

Height of Dam

302 Ft

Length of Dam

1477 Ft

Gross storage Capacity

85,363 AF

Reservoir Capacity

85363 AF

Command Area

41,729 Acres

Power

5.8 MW

Cost of the Project

Rs.14.208 Billion

CURRENT STATUS

Feasibility Study completed in 2008.

PC-I amounting to Rs. 14.208 Billion approved by ECNEC on September 3, 2009.

WAPDA appointed consultants for preparation of Project Planning Report and Tender
Documents based on Detailed Engineering Design to invite Tenders on measurement (BOQ)
basis.

Draft Project Planning Report prepared by the Consultants.

Detailed Engineering Design to be completed by December, 2013.

Rs. 50 Million allocated in PSDP 2013 14.

74

TANK ZAM DAM PROJECT


LOCATION
The proposed Tank Zam Dam is situated
RESERVOIR

across Tank Zam River near Hinis Tangi


TUNNEL-I
KHIRGI POWER HOUSE
TANK ZAM RIVER

TARI
RAGHZA

about 30 miles from D.I. Khan in Khyber

JANDOLA
KHIRGI

Pakhtunkhwa Province.

COMMAND AREA

TANK ZAM DAM

MAIN CANAL

(AREA= 70,000 ACRES)


DIS
TY

TUNNEL-II

NO
.

MANZAI POWER HOUSE

NNU
TO BU

MANZAI

.5

NO
DISTY

KILI GULAN
TOTOR

AY
ILW
RA

BAJAR KILI

CENTRAL WAZIRISTAN ROAD

NO
.

SHAHBAZ

DISTY NO. 7
BALOCH

RANWAL

TO

Irrigated agriculture development of


35,000 acres of culturable command
area.

Hydropower generation of 25.5 KW.

Socio-economic uplift, poverty reduction


and women emancipation.

Flood mitigation.

Recreation

N
HA
.K
D.I

DISTY
NO. 6

(EXISTING ROAD)

DIS
TY

.
NO

OBJECTIVES

TANK

MIN
OR

TY
DIS

CHAISAN
KACH

K
AC
TR

KAHU
CHINA

SALIENT FEATURES

Height of Dam

292 FT

Gross Storage

345,000 AF

Live Storage

289,000 AF

Cultivable Command Area

35,000 Acres

Hydropower Generation

25.5 MW

Cost of the Project

Rs. 59.426 Billion

CURRENT STATUS
Feasibility studies completed in 1988.

Govt. of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa requested WAPDA to take up the project for construction in
Phase-I of Small/Medium Dams.

WAPDA appointed consultants for preparation of Project Planning Report and Tender
Documents based on Detailed Engineering Design to invite Tenders.

Draft project planning report & tender documents prepared and under finalization.
Detailed Engineering Design to be completed by June, 2014.

75

DARABAN DAM PROJECT


LOCATION
The dam is located on Khora River near existing Zam
Burg Tower, 69 KM South West of D.I Khan.

OBJECTIVES
-

Storage of flood water for irrigated agriculture


development of 15,000 acres of culturable
command area.

- Socio-economic uplift, poverty reduction and


women emancipation.

SALIENT FEATURES

Type of Dam

Earth Core Rock fill

Height of Dam

154 FT

Length of Dam

1426 FT

Catchment Area

410 Sq. Miles

Mean Annual Flow

50,274 AF

Gross Storage

69,739 Acres

Cultivable Command Area

16,000 Acres

Power Generation

0.75 MW (under PPP mode)

Cost of the Project

Rs.5.828 Billion

CURRENT STATUS

PC-I amounting to Rs.2.751 Billion approved by ECNEC on Sept. 03, 2009.

Feasibility study updated & EPC Tender Documents prepared.

Tenders for construction on EPC basis invited / received on July 20, 2010. M/s DESCON
submitted bid, evaluated and post-qualified.

Construction of the Project deferred; keeping in view of non allocation of funds in PSDP for
the Project and inauspicious security situation in the Project area.

Rs. 50 Million allocated in PSDP 2013 14.

76

PAPIN DAM PROJECT


LOCATION
The dam is located on Wadala Kas at a distance of about
22 km on Rawat Dhudhial road in District Rawalpindi.

OBJECTIVES
-

Storage of flood water for irrigated agriculture


development of 18,000 acres of culturable command
area.

- Socio-economic uplift, poverty reduction and women emancipation.


SALIENT FEATURES

Type of Dam

Concrete Gravity

Height of Dam

105 FT

Length of Dam

460 FT

Catchment Area

417 Sq. Km

Mean Annual Flow

136,426 AF

Gross Storage Capacity

89,600 AF

Live Storage

48,600 AF

Reservoir Area

2,790 Acres

Design Flood

46,900 Cusecs

Cultivable Command Area

18,000 Acres

Installed Capacity

300 KW (under PPP mode)

Cost of the Project

Rs.8.609 Billion

CURRENT STATUS

PC-I amounting to Rs. 1.136 Billion approved by ECNEC in its meeting held on September 3,
2009.

Revised PC-1 amounting to Rs. 8.609 Billion submitted to Ministry of Water & Power for
arranging approval of ECNEC.

WAPDA appointed consultants for updating of the Engineering Study of the project.

Updation of Engineering Study Completed by the Consultants.

Tenders for construction will be invited on allocation / release of funds for the Project.

No funds allocated in PSDP 2013-14.

77

SUKLEJI DAM PROJECT


LOCATION
The proposed Dam is located across Sukleji river
about 7 Km west of Shoran, Tehsil Sunny of
Bolan District in Kachhi Plain of Balochistan
OBJECTIVES
-

Storage of flood water for irrigated agriculture


development of 12,000 acres of culturable
command area.

Socio-economic uplift,
women emancipation.

poverty reduction

and

SALIENT FEATURES

Dam Height

110 ft

Dame Length

1466 ft

Gross Storage Capacity

42,000 AF

Canal Capacity

70 Cusecs

Command Area

12000 Acres

Power Generation

100/150 KW

CURRENT STATUS

PC-II Proforma (Rs. 38.603 million) for Feasibility Study, Detailed Engineering Design &
Tender Documents was approved by DDWP on Oct. 10, 2005.

Inception report received from the Consultants in August 2006.

The Consultants concluded that the dam at site A is not technically feasible and
recommended to carryout the studies at site X.

PC-II for carrying out the studies at Site C is under preparation.

78

INSTALLATION OF PILOT TREATMENT PLANT ALONG


RIGHT BANK OUTFALL DRAIN (RBOD) SYSTEM
(PILOT PROJECT)
Location:
The Pilot Treatment Plant will be installed on left side at RD 93 of MNVD in Johi Tahsil of District Dadu.

Design Basis For Treatment Plant


Input:
Hydraulic inflow
Pollution load (TDS level)
Ambient temperature
Output required:
Water for Irrigation (TDS<=1000 mg/l)
Potable Water (TDS<=300 mg/l)
Salt Pellets of CaCO3 and MgCO3

40 Cusecs (+ 15%)
1500-8500 PPM
200 C to 520 C
40 Cusecs
2 Million Gallons per day (04 cusecs)
Equivalent to 50-60% of overall operating cost of the
plant.

Pilot Project Benefits


The Plant has been designed for capacity of 40 cusecs (+ 15%). The plant will treat the effluent of RBOD
for agricultural use of about 10,984 acres (4557 ha.) of lands located around villages in Johi Tehsil of
district Dadu. The plant will provide 28,958 AF treated effluent per year in addition to 02 million gallon per
day drinking water for supply to nearby villages. Valuable salts (CaCO3, MgCO3) will also be produced
during the treatment process which will be helpful in recovering 50-60% of overall O&M Cost of the Plant
and make it self sustainable.

Salient Features (Pilot Treatment Plant)

Type of Plant:

Capacity of Plant:
Area to be benefited:
Development of Irrigation Network:
Land Acquisition
Proposed Structures:
Project Benefits:

Project Cost:
i.
Plant Cost
ii.
Development and Land
Acquisition Cost
iii.
Admin & Conting: Cost
iv.
Escalation
Total
O & M Cost (Annual):
Project Benefits (Annual)
Economic Parameters:

Construction Period:
Project Life:

Two stages Fluidized Bed Pallet Extraction combined


with Reverse osmos Systems for Irrigation and potable
water is proposed, being cost effective.
40 cusecs
10,984 Acres
49,600 ft
200 Acres
14 Nos
The project will fetch the following benefits:
Bring 10, 984 acres of area under command.

Provide 28,958 A.F of water for agriculture

Supply of 02 mgd potable drinking water.

Benefits from sale of salts to be extracted.


Rs. 2629 Million
Rs. 405.68 Million

(US$ 30.93 million)


(US$ 4.772 million)

Rs. 261.19 Million (US$ 3.07 million)


Rs. 57.33 Million
(US$ 0.675 million)
Rs. 3353 million (US$ 39.447 million)
Rs. 237.748 Million (US $ 2.788 million)
Rs. 643.68 Million (US $ 7.572 million)
B/C Ratio =1.18:1
EIRR
= 15.06%
24 Months
30 Years

79

Present Status

The ECNEC in its meeting held on 26.05.2011 approved the PC-I of the Project at the rationalized
cost of Rs 3353 Million as recommended by CDWP.
M/s Enviro Consult (Pakistan) GHD (Australia) JV have been engaged as Consultants for the
Project and the Consultancy Services Agreement signed on 02.04.2013. The Consultants have
mobilized and submitted the evaluation report for the prequalification of the Contractors for approval
by the competent authority.
The preparation of the bidding documents for the EPC Contract is under progress and will be finalized
/ submitted for approval by Authority.
The Contract for installation of Pilot Treatment Plant is likely to be awarded in the 1 st Quarter of year
2013-14 after arranging the requisite funds.
Preparation of design/tender documents for Infrastructure Development Component has also been
taken up by the Project Consultants and the Contracts are likely to be awarded in the 1st Quarter of
year 2013-14 after arranging the requisite funds.
Construction of Residences and Office Block in WAPDA RBOD Colony Dadu is in progress under the
head Camp/Colony Officers of PC-I and are scheduled to be completed by December 2013.
Installation of 06 Nos. Desalination Plants sponsored by Sindh Government and 06 Nos. Desalination
Plants sponsored by WAPDA has been completed and handed over to Irrigation Department,
Government of Sindh on 16.08.2012 and 02.04.2013 respectively.
The process for acquisition of land required for the Project has been initiated.

Total Project Hydro Potential along RBOD (05 Nos. Treatment Plants)

Total additional water available after treatment


Additional area to be irrigated
Net annual benefits (Revenue)
Cost of one plant of 40 cfs (Pilot Project)
Cost of five plants of 40 cfs each

80

985,000 AF
350,000 Acres
Rs 3.218 Billion
Rs 3.353 Billion
Rs 16.765 Billion

CANAL LINING
Canals / Distributaries Lining 11% lined (5100 km out of 46,400 km length)

Proposed Lining of Canals (Sindh)

Rohri Canal
Dadu Canal
Rice Canal

335 km
212 km
132 km

16500 Cusec
13600 Cusec
5600 Cusec

Benefits

Saving of 3268 cusecs (7300 AF per day) can irrigate an additional area of 0.786 M Acres
Agriculture benefits of Rs15.370 billion per year from saving of canal water seepage
Reduction in water-logging
Increase in yields and increase in conveyance efficiency
Provision of extra jobs and contribution to enhancing per capita income.

COST / BENEFITS OF THE PROJECT


CANALS \
CCA (M Acres)

LENGTH DISCHARGE SAVINGS


MILES
CUSEC
CUSEC

ADDITIONAL
AREA ACRES

ADDITIONAL
Cost of Lining
BENEFITS
(Rs. In Billion)
Rs M/Year

ROHRI CANAL / 2.46

208.0

16,500

1736

520,800

9912

135

DADU CANAL / 0.48

131.5

13,600

755

226,499

5104

65

RICE CANAL / 0.47

82.0

5,600

777

39,072

354

52

421.5
648.5 km
* 9.1% of total discharge
TOTAL / 3.41

786,371
HEIS (1,258,193)
**Rs768 billion in 50 years life
35,700

3,268*

15,370**

252***

***Rs 388.6 M / km

STATUS

Honourable President of Pakistan directed WAPDA to initiate lining of Rohri Canal, Dadu Canal and
Rice canal on April 20, 2009. Consultants M/s ACE-BARQAAB-EASEPAK (JV) were engaged to
carryout detailed study. Consultants started works on July 1st 2009.

Consultants proposed lining under flowing water conditions. A team of M/s Huesker Germany, headed
by Mr. Christoph Hessing arrived in Pakistan on April 14, 2010 and visited Sukkur Barrage and three
canals on April 15-16, 2010. They confirmed that lining under flowing water is technically feasible
using Incomat material.

The Honourable President of Pakistan in a meeting held at Karachi on 18th May 2010 very kindly
agreed with the proposal under flowing water but observed that since the Project is very costly
therefore to test the results, a Pilot Project be taken in hand before proceeding to main Project. The
Honourable President principally agreed for 5 Km lining as Pilot Project on Rohri Canal.

PC-I of Pilot Project amounting to Rs. 3.252 Billion was prepared by WAPDA and sent to Ministry of
Water & Power for approval from ECNEC.

Honourable President of Pakistan in a meeting held on 20th April 2011, directed that Lining of canals
in flowing conditions with INCOMAT is a good idea but very expensive. Huge funds are required for its
implementation, which will be difficult to arrange under current financial conditions and be dropped.

81

IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE / FINANCING REQUIREMENTS (Rs. in million)


HYDROPOWER PROJECTS UNDER CONSTRUCTION, READY FOR IMPLEMENTATION, UNDER STUDY AND FUTURE PROJECTS

Completed

Status

1US $ = 90 Rs.

Sr. #

Project

Capacity (MW)

Allai Khwaar

121

Jinnah

96
17.4

Satpara Dam

17.36

Duber Khwar

130

Neelum Jhelum

969

Golen Gol

106

Under Construction

Gomal Zam Dam

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

2022-23

2023-24

2024-25

2025-26

2026-27

Project Cost (Rs.


Million)

Kurram Tangi

13,835 In operation

121
Mar-13
1147

15,051 In operation
Mar-13
1800
17
Jun-13
100
17
Jun-13
3859
130
Jun-13
26808

23123

20000

6195

1100

647
106

12,829 Security issues


4,480 Non payment of electricity dues by GB
16,324 Delay in completion of Transmission lines by NTDC
12652

Tarbela 4th Ext.

1410

10

Diamer Basha

4500

11

Keyal Khwar

122

12020
969
Nov-16

Work on transmission line by NTDC is delayed, Financial shortfall of US$

274,882 1,073 million in foreign component.EXIM Bank is releasing first trench


soon.

7,035 Shortfall of US$ 126 M in donors financing

400

29245

Feb-15
26131

7187

20300

22760

17824

9000

6449
1410

13815

132910

267168

148463

112499

70216

25787
83

83

642

6552

7285

7281

70

80777

89994

59,561 Security issues

6425

2184
122

85584

51271

83,520 Establishment of ESCROW account.


61469

92069

61955
4500

1,006,021 Financing issue


Prequalification of Civil contractor has been completed and E&M

17,762 contractor is under process

14

Ready for
Implementation

13

Dasu

4320

Bunji

7100

Harpo

34.5

Under PPP
Mode

Oct
12

Lower Palas Valley

665

Lower Spat gah

496

8000

16

8000

10000

14000

60000

56

899

1798

1798

18

Akhori

600

Pattan

2800

Thakot

2800

120000

8115

20288

20291

16230

Under Study

20

135000

234

7404

333

278

Basho

28

23

Dudhnial

24

Trappi

30

18510

18511

14809
496

15615

15615

23715

23715

15715

Yulbo

2800

Tungas

2200

27

Skardu

1600

28

Shyok

520

476

Future Projects

85000

920,000 Design Report, preparation of Tender Documents and PC-I being finalized.

126,090 Detailed Engg Design will be completed by May 2014

29700

59400

59400

59400

59400
600

89910

119880

119880

119880

89910

89910

297,000 PC-II approval awaited


59940

119880

119880

119880

89910

600,000 Contract Agreement for Feasibility Study has been signed on 07.06.2013

59940

600,000 RFP submitted by 6 firms is under evaluation.

Sep-2015
3848

5817

6717

Detailed Engineering Design & preparation of Tender Documents and PC-I

16,421 is in Process

80

756

2868

380

Donor Agencies Kfw and Afd have informed to consider funding the

4,060 subject Project in Phase-II

28
47813

59766

59766

35859

960
2678

2008
30

6,694
91125

121500

121500

121500

91125

56700

75600

75600

Feasibility Study

In Planning Stage.

148500

In Planning Stage.

742,500 Desk studies and field reconnaissance initiated.

1600
40500

Hydropower Added Each Year (MW)


Progressive Hydropower Added to the system (MW)

In Planning Stage.

378,000 Desk studies and field reconnaissance initiated.

2200
148500

54000

In Planning Stage.

270,000 Desk studies and field reconnaissance initiated.

520

72587
285.76
286

237454
0
286

491003
106
392

380795
83
475

358044
1084
1558

272262
2751
4309

275816
0
4309

Detailed Design & Tender Documents

538612
0
4309

545606
5240
9549

468894
0
9549

618988
0
9549

556220
600
10149

582882
12700
22849

477103
960
23809

400064
11440
35249

CDWP approved the PC-II with rationalized cost including KfW grant as
foreign component.
TOR/EOI has been finalized and will be published in the Newspaper on
decision of writ petition.

607,500 Desk studies and field reconnaissance initiated.

2800

111375

35,345.26

239,063 PC-II was forwarded to Planning Commission in July, 2011.

960
2008

Total

815,681 Studies and tender documents will be ready by February 2014

8000
740

35859

26

30839
4320

82,277 MOU for PPP mode signed on 24.12.2012 with M/s KOMIPO-POSCO
23715

245

56

25

85000

55144

2800

39

22

85000

28661

4,551 PC-I proforma has been submitted to MOW&P Islamabad on 12.12.2012

14809

Sep.2013

80

85000

50734

2800

45

Phandar

95891

90,177 MOU for PPP mode signed on 24.12.2012 with M/s M/s K-Water/DAEWOO

740

21

48875

16230

29700

19

140000

41491

665
6

Mohmand (Munda)

85000

81308

7100

100
17

40933

35

6
15

Remarks

2173

2012-13*

7,311,313.47
35,249.26

Impementation

Pre Construction Activities

* PSDP Allocations for the FY 2012-13

EXISTING INSTALLED GENERATION CAPACITY


Installed
Capacity
(MW)

Derated/
Dependable
Capacity (MW)

Hydro (WAPDA)

6733

6733

Hydro (IPPs)
GENCOs
IPPs
Nuclear
Wind

195
4829
8294
665
106

195
3580
7571
615
106

20822

18800

Type of Generation

Total

Availability (MW)
Summer
Min
Max
Max
Max
Max
Max
Min
Max

3260
6750
195
3250
5340
615
40
12730
16220

MAXIMUM ELECTRICITY SHORTAGES


SUMMER

6325 MW

WINTER

4770 MW

82

Winter
1382
4627
2960
5230
615
40
10257
13502

PEAK DEMAND PROJECTIONS* (WHOLE COUNTRY)


20092030
120000

Demand

113695

Supply

106565

100000
80566

80000

MW

76200
54359

60000

52909
36217

40000
20594

24474
33028

20000
19477

17008
0
2009

2010

2015

2020

2025

2030

Years
*Projected demand includes captive power also. Average growth rate is expected to be about 8%

DEMAND FORECAST
(2009 - 2030)
MW
Fiscal Years

2009

2010

2015

2016

2020

2025

2030

MW

17008

19477

33028

36560

52909

76200

106565

9%

15%

9%

11%

10%

8%

8%

20594

24474

36217

40555

54359

80566

113695

7%

9%

8%

8%

9%

8%

7%

-3586

-2876

324

1147

4066

4031

5087

Net Dependable
Capability

Growth Rate
MW

Peak Demand
Growth Rate
Surplus/ Deficits

83