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You are on page 1of 64

Geometry (ISBN: 978-0-7660-2880-7), written by Rebecca Wingard-Nelson.

Math Busters Figuring Out Geometry reproducible worksheets are designed

to help teachers, parents, and tutors use the books from the Math Busters

series in the classroom and the home. The answers to the problems are

contained in the Answers section starting on page 59.

Teachers, librarians, tutors, and parents are granted permission and

encouraged to make photocopies of these worksheets.

These worksheets are reproducible for educational use only and are not for

resale. 2008 Enslow Publishers, Inc.

Visit www.enslow.com and search for the Math Busters series to download

worksheets for the following titles:

978-0-7660-2879-1

978-0-7660-2880-7

978-0-7660-2877-7

978-0-7660-2878-4

978-0-7660-2876-0

978-0-7660-2875-3

Enslow Publishers, Inc.

40 Industrial Road, Box 398

Berkeley Heights, NJ 07922-0398

Phone: 1-800-398-2504

email: customerservice@enslow.com

Web Page: http://www.enslow.com

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

a. Name four points.

A

m

B

A

g. Name all four lines.

n

D

B

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

3

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Use the correct symbols in your answers.

A

m

G

d. Name a horizontal line.

e. Name a vertical line.

f. What kind of line is line AC?

g. A straight set of points that extends forever in two directions is

called a __________.

i. A flat surface that continues in all directions is called a _______.

j. A(n) _________ line is not horizontal or vertical.

k. A(n) __________ line appears to go straight up and down.

l. A(n) __________ line appears to lie flat from left to right.

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

4

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Use the drawing to answer the following questions.

P

N

T

R

d. A line segment has ______ end points.

Use the figure below for items ei.

A

f. Name three rays.

i. Are TK and KT the same line?

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

5

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

a. Draw a ray PQ.

D

T

up this angle.

figure?

Z

K

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

6

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Line relationships

P

a. MN intersects PQ at ______.

b. SV is ____________ to MN.

called __________________.

are called _______________ .

S

KA and RN ?

M

N

A

MB and NR?

They are _________________ .

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only. Score:

7

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Line Relationships

a. What line intersects ZR?

b. BL is __________ to FP.

B

F

Z

L

_______________________ .

_______________________ .

I

S

U

____________________

F

T

are right angles, the two lines are

called ____________ .

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only. Score:

8

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Angles

a. Name this angle in three ways.

A

same angle?

5

K

R

S

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

9

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Angles

a. Angles that measure less than 90 are called _________ angles.

b. Angles that measure greater than 90, but less than 180 are

called _________ angles.

d. Angles that measure exactly 180 are called _________ angles.

e. Angles that measure greater than 180, but less than 360 are

called _________ angles.

f. Draw an acute angle.

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

10

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Angle Relationships

a. Two angles that share a vertex and a side are called _________.

b. If two angles are supplementary, their sum is __________.

c. If two angles are complementary, their sum is __________.

d. Angles that have the same measure are called __________.

1

2

4

8

5

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

11

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Angle Relationships

80

1

60

2

120

3 30

37, what is the measure of P?

C is 23, what is the measure of D?

what is the measure of B?

congruent, what is the measure of F?

congruent, what is the measure of X?

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

12

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

a. Name two linear pairs.

1

3

2

4

c. Linear pairs are always

Use the following to fill in the blanks for ej.

point of intersection

360

vertical angles

linear pairs

180

intersecting

f. Where lines cross is the ________________.

g. The four angles where two lines intersect have a sum of _____.

h. Lines that cross are __________.

i. The angle sum of a linear pair is _____.

j. __________ are the opposite angles where two lines intersect.

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

13

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

a. The measure of 2 is 73.

What is the measure of 1?

1

3

What is the measure of 3?

6

5

7

____ and ____

____

____

____

____

and

and

and

and

____

____

____

____

What is the measure of 2?

What is the measure of 2?

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

14

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Plane Figures

Use figures a-f to answer the following questions.

a. Is figure e a polygon?

c

e. How many polygons are there?

g. What polygon has three sides?

h. What polygon has eight equal sides?

i. An octagon has ________ sides.

j. A decagon has _____ angles.

k. A pentagon has _____ sides and _____ angles.

l. The line segments that form a polygon are called __________.

m. Where line segments meet on a polygon is called a _________.

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

15

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Plane Figures

a. Draw an example of

b. Draw an example of

an open figure.

a closed figure.

c. Draw an example of

d. Draw an example of

is NOT a polygon.

is a polygon.

e. Draw an example of

f. Draw an example of a

a regular polygon.

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

16

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Triangles

a. Name the triangle.

b. K + L + M = ___________o

BC mean that the sides are _______.

the angles are __________.

f. A right triangle has one angle that measures ________.

g. An obtuse triangle has one angle that measures ________.

h. A triangle with three equal sides is called __________.

i. A triangle with two equal sides is called __________.

j. A triangle with no equal sides is called __________.

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

17

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Triangles

Find the missing angle measure for each triangle.

mC = _____

mA = _____

mB = _____

d.

e.

85

75

45

45

Classify each triangle by both its angle measures and side lengths.

f.

g.

h.

i.

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

18

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Quadrilaterals

a. Any polygon with four sides is called a __________________.

c. Which can be called rectangles? ____________________

d. Which is a rhombus? ____________

e. The most specific name for figure E is a _______________.

Use the following questions to classify figure F.

g. Is this figure a trapezoid? _________

F

i. Is this figure a rectangle? __________

j. Is this figure a square? ____________

a __________, and a __________.

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

19

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Quadrilaterals

a. A kite has two distinct pairs of _______ sides that are ________.

b. A parallelogram has two pairs of ___________ sides.

c. A rectangle has four _______ angles.

d. A square is a rectangle with four ________ sides.

e. Draw an example

f. Draw an example

of a kite.

of a trapezoid.

quadrilateral. Find the measurement of the missing angle.

Quadrilateral

ABCD

mA

mB

mC

mD

g.

78

87

99

_____

h.

95

88

_____

103

i.

100

_____

125

118

j.

_____

37

135

77

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

20

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Circles

E

A

C

e. DE is a _________.

f. In COA, point O is the ___________.

A

B

h. Name a minor arc. _____________

M

l. PN is a __________ of the circle.

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

21

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Circles

B

A

C

b. Name a central angle. ______

c. BE is a(n) ______________.

d. AD is a(n) _____________.

E

D

e. OA is a(n) ____________.

f. How many radii are drawn? ______

h. How many diameters are drawn?

i. Arc AB is a __________ arc.

j. Arc ADE is a __________ arc.

k. Arc ACD is a __________.

l. The vertex of every central angle is the ________ of the circle.

m. If the radius of a circle is 3.6 mm, the diameter is __________.

n. If the radius of a circle is 18 cm, the diameter is __________.

1

p. If the diameter of a circle is 11.6 m, the radius is __________.

q. If the diameter of a circle is 1 in, the radius is __________.

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

22

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Prisms

b. Which figures are polyhedrons? ________________________

c. Which figures are prisms? _____________________________

d. How many faces does this prism have? ___

e. How many bases does this prism have? ___

f. How many edges does this prism have? ___

g. How many vertices does this prism have? _____

h. What type of prism is this? _____________________________

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

23

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Prisms

D

A

B

b. How many faces are there on the

figure on the left?

d. How many vertices are there?

Base Shape

e.

Square

f.

Pentagon

g.

Nonagon

h.

Dodecagon

+2

x3

Vertices = base

sides x 2

Complete the chart with the number of faces, edges, and vertices.

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

24

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Pyramids

a. What type of pyramid is on the left?

C

D

B

A

d. Point E is the __________.

f. Name the base in the above pyramid.

g. A pyramid has ____________ base(s).

h. What shape is a lateral face on any pyramid?

i. How many faces are there on a pyramid whose base

has 16 sides?

base has 9 sides?

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25

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Pyramids

b. How many lateral faces are there? ____

A

B

E

C

d. Point X is called the ________ .

f. Name each lateral face.

Complete the chart with the number of faces, edges, and vertices.

Base Shape

g.

Triangle

h.

Decagon

i.

Dodecagon

j.

20-sided

+1

x2

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

26

Vertices = base

sides + 1

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

P

b. The height of the cone is a line segment

that is __________ to the base.

measured at the __________ of the

circular base.

d. PJ is the __________.

e. Point P is the __________.

g. What shape is the lateral face of this

figure?

V

i. LV is the _________.

j. How many bases does a cone have? _____

k. How many bases does a cylinder have? _____

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

27

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

a. If you unroll the lateral face of a

cylinder, what shape do you have?

cylinder?

a cylinder?

__________ of the cone.

e. Is this a right circular cone? _____

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

28

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Spheres

a. How many bases are on a sphere? _____

b. How many lateral faces on a sphere? ___

c. What shape is a cross section

of a sphere? __________

__________ of the sphere.

f. What is the difference between a sphere and a circle?

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

29

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Spheres

Classify each of the following shapes.

a.

_____________

b.

_____________

c.

_____________

d.

_____________

e.

_____________

f.

_____________

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

30

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Line Symmetry

Draw all of the lines of symmetry on each figure.

a.

b.

c. The letters in the word MATH are all symmetrical. Are the

letters in your name symmetrical? (Use capital letters.)

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

31

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Line Symmetry

Draw all of the possible lines of symmetry for each figure.

b. Which figures have only one line of symmetry? __________

c. Which figures have exactly two lines of symmetry? __________

d. Which figures have three or more lines of symmetry? ________

e. Which figure has the most lines of symmetry? ____________

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

32

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Congruence

Corresponding sides:

B

Y

C

X

a. AB _______

b. BC _______

c. CA _______

Corresponding angles:

d. A _______

ABC XYZ

e. B _______

f. C _______

Corresponding sides:

g.

h.

i.

j.

PO _______

ON _______

NY _______

YP _______

Corresponding angles:

k. P _______

B

l. O _______

m. N _______

n. Y _______

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

33

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Congruence

I

G

J

a.

JI ________

b.

CY _______

c.

R ______

d.

D ______

e.

RJ ________

R

O

D

DEF LMN

9 cm

30

60

F

16 cm

g NM ________, so the measure of NM is ________.

h. N ________, so the measure of N is ________.

i. E ________, so the measure of E is ________.

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

34

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Similarity

20

B

140

14

40

40

28

140

20

140

40

14

40

28

D

W

40

140

40

_____ _____

_____ _____

_____ _____

length of AB

length of WX

length of CD

length of YZ

length of BC

length of XY

length of DA

length of ZW

have to be the same __________.

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

35

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Similarity

a. The corresponding angles of similar figures are __________.

b. The corresponding sides of similar figures are __________.

B

ABC DEF

15

E

10

36

20

D

C

d. The measure of B is _____ .

e. The measure of E is _____ .

f. length of AC =

length of DF

g. length of DE = _____

h. length of BC = _____

Enslow Publishers, Inc. Sheets are reproducible for educational use only.

36

F

8

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Slides (Translations)

a. Which pair of triangles shows a slide? Pair ______

1.

2.

3.

4.

6 units right and

6 units down.

4 units left and

5 units up.

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37

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Slides (Translations)

a. Translate the figure

5 units left.

left and 1 space up.

right and 3 spaces down.

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38

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Flips (Reflections)

a. Which pair of triangles shows a flip? Pair ______

1.

2.

3.

4.

across the given line of

reflection.

across the given line

of reflection.

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39

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Flips (Reflections)

a. Flip the figure using the

given line of reflection.

across the given line

of reflection.

given line of reflection.

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40

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Turns (Rotations)

a. Which pair of triangles shows a turn? Pair ______

1.

2.

3.

4.

change the shape or size of a figure?

__________

__________

__________

e. In a rotation, the figure turns around a ________ or _________ .

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41

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Turns (Rotations)

a. Draw a figure with rotational symmetry.

90 (quarter turn), 180(half turn), and 270(three-quarter turn).

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42

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Perimeter

2 cm

1 cm

2 cm

1 cm

1.3 cm

3.3 cm

If one side is 4 feet long, what is

the perimeter?

4

5.9

6.4

33 ft

12 ft

7 in

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43

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Perimeter

a. Find the perimeter of the

30

parallelogram.

20

RECTANGLE

length

width

perimeter

b.

4 ft

2 ft

_____

c.

_____

3 in

16 in

d.

6.5 m

4.1 m

_____

SQUARE

side

perimeter

e.

6m

_____

f.

_____

12 mm

g.

3.2 cm

_____

Triangle

side 1

side 2

side 3

perimeter

h.

3 ft

4 ft

5 ft

_____

i.

_____

10 in

13 in

29 in

j.

5.7 miles

4.1 miles

4.9 miles

_____

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44

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

a. Find the area of the rectangle.

7 units

square units needed to cover a figure.

9 units

__________ by the __________.

a __________ by itself.

Find the missing measurements in each table.

RECTANGLE

length

width

area

d.

8 mm

5 mm

_____

e.

9 cm

6 cm

_____

f.

12 in

3 in

_____

g.

_____

8 in

40 in2

SQUARE

side length

area

h.

9 cm

_____

i.

14 in

_____

j.

_____

64 in2

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45

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Find the area of the composite figures using the information

you are given.

7

a

15

Area of total figure = (6 7) + (6 15)

Area of total figure =

using different sections (sections c and d).

8

6

12

5

10

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46

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Area: Parallelograms

a. To find the area of a parallelogram, multiply the __________ by

the __________.

Find the area of each parallelogram.

10

16

10

b. Area = __________

c. Area = __________

90

12

6

200

d. Area = __________

e. Area = __________

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47

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Area: Parallelograms

Find the area of each parallelogram.

6 in

0.8 mm

1.6 mm

15 in

a. Area = __________

b. Area = __________

PARALLELOGRAM

base

height

area

c.

17 m

20 m

_____

d.

3.5 cm

8 cm

_____

e.

1/2 in

3/4 in

_____

f.

62 ft

12 ft

_____

g.

3 in

_____

27 in2

h.

_____

4 in

16 in2

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48

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Area: Triangles

a. ABC was copied, turned, and pushed up against itself.

What new shape was formed?

B

c. To find the area of a triangle, multiply ___ ______ ______.

d. The height of a triangle is a __________ line segment from the

__________ to the __________ across from it.

Find the area of each triangle.

20

20

20

62

e. Area = __________

f. Area = __________

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49

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Area: Triangles

9.2

ft

7

11.

5f

t

10

a. Area = __________

b. Area = _______

TRIANGLE

base

height

area

c.

11 m

12 m

_____

d.

1.2 cm

8 cm

_____

e.

1/2 in

3/4 in

_____

f.

100 ft

12 ft

_____

g.

3 in

_____

9 in2

h.

_____

2 in

20 in2

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50

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Circle Measurements

a. Circumference is the __________ of a circle.

b. The decimal 3.14 and the fraction 22/7 are both used to

approximate the infinite decimal that is known as _____.

d. The formula for the area of a circle is A = ______.

e. The symbol _____ means approximately equal to.

f. Find the circumference of a circle

with a diameter of 42 feet. (Hint: Use 22/7 for

)

C __________

42 ft

with a diameter of 42 feet.

A __________

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51

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Circle Measurement

Find the circumference and area for each circle.

d = 21 m

a. C = d

22

C (21)

7

C

A=

r = 3.5 m

r2

22

1

A (10 )2

7

2

22

1

1

A (10 )(10 )

7

2

2

b.

A

of 2 feet. Use

= 3.14.

chain that is staked into the ground. If he runs around in the

biggest circle he can one time, how far does he run?

e. Using the information from the last problem, how much room

does Barney have to play when he is on his chain?

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52

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

a. Find the surface area of the rectangular

prism. Remember, surface area is the total

area of all of the faces.

Surface

Surface

Surface

Surface

Area

Area

Area

Area

3

6

= 2(w h) + 2(l h) + 2(l w)

= 2(6 3) + 2(5 3) + 2(5 6)

=

12

11 in

in

9 in

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53

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Use nets to help find the surface area of the following figures.

The net has already been drawn for you.

r = 7 in

h = 12 in

side length of 6 units.

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54

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Volume Prisms

a. Volume is the amount of __________ something occupies.

b. Volume is measured in __________ units.

c. To find the volume of a rectangular prism,

multiply __________ __________ __________.

e. Find the volume of the rectangular prism.

3

5

6

of 22 inches and base with an area of 12 square inches?

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55

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

Volume: Prisms

Find the volume of each prism.

7 cm

6 in.

7 cm

8 in

7 cm

5 in

a. Volume = __________

b. Volume = __________

prisms that are 5 inches wide, 5 inches long and 4 inches high.

How much does each container hold?

What is the volume of space inside?

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56

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

a. The volume of a cylinder has the same formula as the volume

for any __________.

c. Find the volume of the cylinder.

of the circular base first.)

r = 5 cm

h = 10 cm

what is the volume of the tube? Use

= 3.14.

10 square inches and a height of 6 inches. How much coffee

can be put in his mug?

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57

Name __________________________________

Date ___________________

a. The volume of a circular cone is _____ the volume of a cylinder

with the same base area and height. (Hint: Its a fraction.)

and a height of 15 inches. Use

= 3.14.

to the nearest hundredth.

Solid

Radius

of base

Height

c.

cylinder

4 cm

8 cm

d.

cone

4 cm

8 cm

e.

cylinder

6 mm

12 mm

f.

cone

6 mm

12 mm

g.

cylinder

9 in

10 in

h.

cone

9 in

10 in

Area of

base

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58

Volume

Answers

Points, Lines and Planes

Page 3: a. points A, B, C, and D; b. line AB, line CD, and line m;

c. plane (any three points); d. line m; e. line AB or line p; f. line CD;

g. line AB, line CD, line n, and line p; h. points A, B, C, and D; i.

plane (any three points); j. line n

. . .

points); d. EG; e. m; f. oblique; g. line; h. point; i. plane; j. oblique; k.

vertical; l. horizontal

Rays and Line Segments

Page 5: a. Possible answers: ray PR, ray MN, ray NM, ray RP,

ray TR, ray TN, ray TM, ray TP; b. Possible answers: line segment

PT, line segment TR, line segment PR, line segment MN,

line segment MT, line segment TN; c. a line segment; d. two;

e. Possible answers: line segment AT, line segment KT,

line segment KS, line segment AK, line segment TS; f. Possible

answers: ray TK, ray SK, ray TS, and ray KS; g. No; h. Yes; i. Yes

Page 6: a-b. Check drawings; c. Possible answers: ray AD, ray TD,

ray AT, and ray DT; d. Possible answers: line segment RA, line

segment RE, line segment AE, line segment RL, line segment EL,

line segment AL; e. ray KR; f. ray PL and ray PT; g. 3

Line Relationships

Page 7: a. point R; b. perpendicular; c. parallel; d. skew;

e. perpendicular; f. parallel

Page 8: a. line BL; b. perpendicular; c. parallel; d. intersection;

e. perpendicular; f. line JU line ST; g. perpendicular

Angles

Page 9: a. B, ABC, 2 or CBA; b. point B; c. ray BA and

ray BC; d. Yes; e. 5; f. RTS or STR; g. 1 is obtuse.; h. 2 is

acute.; i. STU is straight.

Page 10: a. acute; b. obtuse; c. right; d. straight; e. reflex; f-i. Check

drawings.

59

Angle Relationships

Page 11: a. adjacent; b. 180; c. 90; d. congruent; e. 2 and 4;

f. 1 and 3; g. 7 and 8; h. 5 and 6

Page 12: a. 2 and 3; b. 2 and 4; c. 143; d. 67; e. 65; f. 90;

g. 45

Angles of Intersecting Lines

Page 13: a. 1 and 2, 1 and 3, 2 and 4, or 3 and 4; b. 1

and 4, 2 and 3; c. supplementary; d. congruent; e. linear pairs;

f. point of intersection; g. 360; h. intersecting; i. 180; j. vertical

angles

Page 14: a. 107; b. 107; c. 73; d. 5 and 8, 6 and 7; e. 5

and 6, 6 and 8, 5 and 7, 7 and 8; f. 113; g. 67

Plane Figures

Page 15: a. No; b. c; c. a; d. f; e. 3; f. d; g. b; h. f; i. 8; j. 10; k. 5, 5;

l. sides; m. vertex

Page 16: a-f. Check drawings

Triangles

Page 17: a. KLM (or LMK, MKL, LKM, KML, or MLK); b. 180;

c. congruent; d. congruent; e. acute; f. 90; g. greater than 90;

h. equilateral; i. isosceles; j. scalene

Page 18: a. 63; b. 30; c. 64; d. 90; e. 20; f. equiangular and

equilateral; g. right and scalene; h. obtuse and scalene; i. right and

isosceles

Quadrilaterals

Page 19: a. quadrilateral; b. B; c. A, B, and D; d. C; e. trapezoid;

f. No; g. No; h. Yes; i. Yes; j. Yes; k. quadrilateral, parallelogram,

rectangle, and square

Page 20: a. adjacent, congruent; b. congruent; c. congruent; d.

congruent; e-f. Check drawings; g. 96; h. 74; i. 17; j. 111

60

Circles

Page 21: a. center; b. line segment BC; c. line segment OA, line

segment OB, or line segment OC; d. central; e. chord; f. vertex;

g. minor; h. arc AC, arc AB, or arc BC; i. minor; j. major; k. 10 m;

l. diameter; m. semicircle PMN

Page 22: a. O; b. COD or AOC; c. chord; d. diameter; e. radius;

f. 3; g. 3; h. 1; i. minor; j. major; k. semicircle; l. center; m. 7.2 mm;

n. 36 cm; o. 11 feet; p. 5.8 m; q. 1/2 in

Prisms

Page 23: a. A, C, D, E, F, and H; b. A, D, E, and H; c. A, D, and H;

d. 6; e. 2; f. 12; g. 8; h. rectangular prism

Page 24: a. D; b. 8; c. 18; d. 12; e. 6, 12, 8; f. 7, 15, 10;

g. 11, 27, 18; h. 14, 36, 24

Pyramids

Page 25: a. quadrilateral; b. lateral face; c. edge; d. apex; e. 5;

f. quadrilateral ABCD; g. one; h. triangular; i. 17; j. 10

Page 26: a. pentagon; b. 5; c. 10; d. apex; e. triangle; f. ABX,

BCX, CDX, DEX, EAX; g. 4, 6, 4; h. 11, 20, 11; i. 13, 24, 13;

j. 21, 40, 21

Cones and Cylinders

Page 27: a. one; b. perpendicular; c. center; d. height; e. apex;

f. cylinder; g. rectangle; h. circle or oval; i. height; j. one; k. two

Page 28: a. rectangle; b. circle or oval; c. zero; d. height; e. no;

f. Answers will vary.; g. Answers will vary.

Spheres

Page 29: a. zero; b. one; c. circle; d. center; e. no; f. A sphere is a

solid figure (three-dimensional) and a circle is a plane figure (twodimensional); g. Answers will vary.

Page 30: a. cube; b. sphere; c. pentagonal pyramid; d. triangular

prism; e. parallelogram; f. cone

61

Line Symmetry

Page 31: a.

b.

Page 32:

Infinite

a. F; b. B; c. C; d. A, D, and E; e. E

Congruence

Page 33: a. line segment XY; b. line segment YZ; c. line segment

ZX; d. X; e. Y; f. Z; g. line segment BE; h. line segment EA;

i. line segment AR; j. line segment RB; k. B; l. E; m. A; n. R

Page 34: a. line segment CO; b. line segment JR; c. Y; d. G;

e. line segment YC; f. line segment NL, 9 cm; g. line segment FE,

16 cm; h. F, 60; i. M, 30

Similarity

Page 35: a. AW BX CY DZ; b. BX; c. length of AB/length of WX =

14/28 = 1/2, length of BC/length of XY = 20/40 = 1/2, length of

CD/length of YZ = 14/28 = 1/2; length of DA/length of ZW =

20/40 = 1/2; d. Yes; e. shape, size

Page 36: a. congruent; b. proportional; c. 36; d. 54; e. 54; f.

20/8 = 5/2; g. 6; h. 25

62

Slides (Translations)

Page 37: a. 1; b.

Page 38: a.

c.

b.

c.

Flips (Reflections)

Page 39: a. 3; b.

Page 40: a.

c.

b.

c.

Turns (Rotations)

Page 41: a. 2; b. 1; c. translations (slides), reflections (flips), and

rotations (turns); d. 360; e. turn center or center of rotation

Page 42: a. Check student drawings. b.

63

Perimeter

Page 43: a. 10.6 cm; b. 20 feet; c. 16.3 units; d. 90 feet; e. 28 in

Page 44: a. 100 units; b. 12 ft; c. 5 in; d. 21.2 m; e. 24 m; f. 3 mm;

g. 12.8 cm; h. 12 ft; i. 6 in; j. 14.7 miles

Area: Rectangles and Squares

Page 45: a. 63 unit2; b. length, width; c. side; d. 40 mm2; e. 54 cm2;

f. 36 in2; g. 5 in; h. 81 cm2; i. 196 in2; j. 8 in

Page 46: a. 132 units2; b. 132 units2; c. 75 units2

Area: Parallelograms

Page 47: a. base, height; b. 112 units2; c. 100 units2;

d. 72 units2; e. 18,000 units2

Page 48: a. 1.28 mm2; b. 90 in2; c. 340 m2; d. 28 cm2; e. 3/8 in2;

f. 744 ft2; g. 9 in; h. 4 in

Area: Triangles

Page 49: a. a parallelogram; b. half; c. 1/2, base, height;

d. perpendicular, base, vertex; e. 200 units2; f. 620 units

Page 50: a. 35 units 2; b. 52.9 ft2; c. 66 m2; d. 4.8 cm2; e. 3/16 in2;

f. 600 ft2; g. 6 in; h. 20 in

Circle Measurements

Page 51: a. perimeter; b. pi, or

g. 1,386 ft2

12.56 ft2; d. 94.2 ft; e. 706.5 ft2

Nets and Surface Area

Page 53: a. 126 units2; b. 678 in2; c. 600 cm2

Page 54: a. 836 in2; b. 216 units2

64

Volume: Prisms

Page 55: a. space; b. cubic c. length, width, height; d. base area,

height; e. 90 unit3; f. 27 ft3; g. 264 in3

Page 56: a. 240 in3; b. 343 cm3; c. 100 in3; d. 4,320 ft3

Volume: Cylinders and Cones

Page 57: a. prism; b. base area, height; c. 785 cm3; d. 9.42 in3;

e. 60 in3

Page 58: a. 1/3; b. 141.3 in3; c. 50.24 cm2, 401.92 cm3; d. 50.24 cm2,

133.97 cm3; e. 113.04 mm2, 1,356.48 mm3 f. 113.04 mm2, 452.16 mm3;

g. 254.34 in2, 2,543.4 in3; h. 254.34 in2, 847.8 in3

65

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