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-Ç-C-¢√®Ωç 6 -úÕÂÆç-•®Ω’ 2009 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

Ashish: You are too lineant, my friend. You 1) Put somebody's


must put your foot down on the indis-
(Çé¬--¨¸ûÓ ´*a-†-*-éπ\™«x, Åûªúø’ ûª† ÅGμ- foot down on
cipline among the workers. If you give
v§ƒ-ߪ÷™‰oç ´÷®Ω’a-éÓúø’. Éûª-®Ω’© ÅGμ- something: í∫öÀdí¬
them an inch they take a yard.
v§ƒ-ߪ÷-©†’ °æöÀdç--éÓúø’.) (Öèπ◊\-§ƒ-ü¿çûÓ -Å-ù-*-
Ananth: So to make the long story short, you
(†’´¤y ´’K ’-N-îËa-®Ωéπç. °æE-¢√-∞¡x™ véπ´’- don't want any more Akash's consul-
¢Ë-ߪ’úøç).
a) The government
tation, do you?
P-éπ~ù ®√£œ«-û√uEo Åù-*-¢Ë-ߪ÷L †’´¤y.
†’¢Ìyéπ Åçí∫’∞¡ç Ææn©ç ÉÊÆh ¢√∞¡Ÿx í∫ïç should put its foot
down on belt
BÆæ’-èπ◊ç-ö«®Ω’.) (Éü¿çû√ áçü¿’èπ◊? èπ◊x°æhçí¬ îÁ§ƒp-©çõ‰,
shops =
Ananth: That does not always work. If you
Çé¬--¨¸ Ææçv°æ-Cç-°æ¤©’ ´’†-éÌ-ü¿lç-ö«´¤, ÅçûË- v°æ¶μº’ûªyç -
make them work against their will,
éπüΔ?) ¶„-™¸d -≥ƒ°æ¤-©-†’ -Å-ù-*-¢Ë-ߪ÷-L. NüΔu-®Ω’n-©èπ◊ èπÿú≈ Ææ’©-¶μºçí¬ Å®Ωn-´’-ßË’uô’x N´-
Ashish: That's it. Some times he puts his back
they will do a put up job and how will b) China has put its foot down on those who
Jç-îª-í∫-©úø’.
up. I can't beat it. b) Put the idea across to your father and see
that help the situation? were fighting for democracy = v°æñ«-≤ƒy´’uç
(äéÓ\-≤ƒJ Ø√éπûªúø’ éÓ°æç ûÁ°œp-Ææ’hç-ö«úø’. éÓÆæç §Ú®√-úø’-ûª’-†o-¢√-JE îÁjØ√ v°æ¶μº’ûªyç Åù-* what he says = Ç N≠æ-ߪ÷Eo îªéπ\í¬ Å®Ωn-
(ÅC ÅEo-¢Ë-∞¡™« °æE-îË-ߪ’ü¿’. ¢√∞¡x É≥ƒd-EéÀ ÅC ؈’ Æ棜«ç-îª-™‰†’.) ´’-ßË’uô’x O’Ø√-†oèπ◊ îÁ°œp Çߪ’-ØË-´’ç-ö«úÓ îª÷úø’.
´uA-Í®-éπçí¬/ •©-´ç-ûªçí¬ °æE-îË-®·ÊÆh, -¢Ë-ÆœçC.
¢√∞ÏxüÓ Â°ü¿l-°æE îËÆœ-†ô’d ´’†èπ◊ ÅGμ- Ananth: OK, then. Let's put off our decision 2) Do a put up job = ¢Á÷Ææç-îËÊÆ ÖüËl-¨¡çûÓ Â°j°j 5) Be set in one's ways = EPa-ûª-¢Á’i† ÅGμ-v§ƒ-ߪ÷-
v§ƒßª’ç éπL-T-≤ƒh®Ω’. üΔE-´©x °æJÆœn-A -àç until after dad arrives. We can settle it ¢Á’®Ω’-í∫’©’ Cü¿lúøç. ©’çúÕ ¢√öÀE ´÷®Ω’a-éÓ-éπ-§Ú-´úøç.
then. a) Dad is set in his ways. However much I
¢Á’®Ω’-í∫’-°æ-úø’-ûª’çC?) a) Contractors have joined hands with engi-
Ashish: Do put your mind to it, Ananth. Put (ÆæÍ®, Å®·ûË Ø√†o- -´îËa-´-®Ωèπ◊ ´’†ç neers to do a put up job about the road = argue, he doesn't change = ´÷Ø√-†oèπ◊ EPa-ûª-
your mind to how we can improve the E®Ωgߪ’ç ¢√®·üΔ ¢ËÆæ’-èπ◊çüΔç.) é¬çvö«-éπd®Ω’x Éç>-F-®ΩxûÓ èπ◊´’tÈéj \ ®Óúøfçû√ °j°j ¢Á’i† ÅGμ-v§ƒ-ߪ÷-©’-Ø√o®·. ØËØÁç-ûª-¢√-Cç-*Ø√ Çߪ’†
sales of the Company. Ashish: I go with you there.. (ÅC ØËØÌ-°æ¤p-èπ◊çö«.) ¢Á’®Ω’-í∫’-©’ î˨»®Ω’. ´÷®Ωúø’.
(üΔEo í∫’Jç* †’´¤y °æ‹Jhí¬ Ç™-*ç. Look at the following sentences from the b) Her shedding tears over the death of her b) Usually these above the age of 40 are set in
´’†ç éπç°-F Å´’t-é¬-©†’ ᙫ °çîª- dialogue above: mother-in-law is only a put up job = Ç¢Á’ their ways. (It's) difficult to change him.
´-îªa-ØË-üΔEO’üË üμΔuÆæ-°ô’d.) 1) You must put your foot down on ...... Åûªh- ´’®Ω-ù«-EéÀ Ç¢Á’ ü¿’”"ç-îª-úøç °j°jÍé. 6. To make a long story short = èπ◊x°æhçí¬
îÁ§ƒp-©çõ‰..

Put the idea acr oss to your father


a) To make a long story short, we are not going
to get the visas for some time = èπ◊x°æhçí¬
îÁ§ƒp-©çõ‰ (Éü¿çû√ áçü¿’èπ◊?) ´’†èπ◊ O≤ƒ©’
®√´-úøç-™‰-ü¿’.
b) Why don't you make a long story short? You
Ananth: I am trying my best. I want to take the 3) To put somebody's mind to something =
are eating away my time = Ç îÁÊ°p-üËçö
help of consultant Akash. He is a spe- äÍé-üΔEo í∫’Jç* Bv´çí¬ Ç™-*ç-îªúøç/ äéπ èπ◊x°æhçí¬ îÁ°æ¤p. Ø√ Ææ´’-ߪ÷Eo AØË-Ææ’h-Ø√o´¤.
-Ççí∫x-¶μ«-≠æ-ù 576
cialist in labour affairs. He is good at
7. Put some body's back up = *®√èπ◊
N≠æߪ’ç O’üË ´’†Ææ’ ÍéçvD-éπ-Jç-îªúøç.
putting across even difficult ideas. a) Come now. Put your mind to passing the
I am sure he can solve our problems.
°æ¤öÀdç-îªúøç/ éÓ°æç éπL-Tç-îªúøç. (Irritate)
exam. Don't waste time on TV = °æ-Kéπ~ ᙫ a) I don't like him. He puts his back up when-
2) They will do a put up
ever he speaks like that =
(Ñ N≠æ-ߪ’ç™ ؈’ Çé¬-¨¸-†’ Ææçv°æ-Cç-î√- §ƒÆæ-¢√y™ ÅØË N≠æ-ߪ÷Eo í∫’JçîË Ç™-*ç.
job.
©-†’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o†’. Åûªúø’ é¬Jtéπ N≠æ-ߪ÷™x Åûª-úøçõ‰ Ø√éÀ-≠dçæ -
-öÃ-O-ûÓ Æ洒ߪ’ç §ƒúø’îËÆæ’-éÓ-´ü¿’l. ™‰ü¿’. Åûª-úø™« ´÷ö«x-úÕ-†-°æ¤púø’ Ø√èπ◊ *®√-Íé-Ææ’hçC.
3) Do put your mind to it.
b) He doesn't put his mind to his children's
E°æ¤-ù’úø’. ÅA ÆæçéÀx-≠d-æ N≠æߪ÷©†’ èπÿú≈ b) Don't put your backup. I may do I do not
Å®Ωn´’ßË’u™« N´-Jç-îª-í∫-©úø’.) 4) He is good at putting future. He is only interested in his status in know what = Ø√éÓ\°æç ûÁ°œpç-îªèπ◊. ØËØËç îË≤ƒhØÓ
Ashish: That I don't think is a sound idea. We across even difficult society = ûª† °œ©x© ¶μºN-≠æu-ûª’h†’ Çߪ’† àç
have been consulting him on too
Ø√Íé -ûÁ-L-ߪ’-ü¿’.
ideas. °æöÀdç--éÓúø’/ üΔEo í∫’JçîË Ç™-*ç-îªúø’. 8. Put off = Postpone =
many things.
¢√®·üΔ¢Ëߪ’úøç.
5) The trouble with M.SURESAN áçûª-ÊÆ°æ‹ Ææ´÷-ïç™ ûª† ≤ƒn®·-O’üË Åûª-úÕéÀ v¨¡ü¿l¥. a) Wise people don't put off till tomorrow what
Akash is he is set in his ways and is not 4) Put across = à N≠æ-ߪ÷-ØÁj oØ√ Éûª-®Ω’-©èπ◊ Å®Ωn
(Ç Ç™- Ø√éπç-ûªí¬ †îªa-õ‰xü¿’. ÅûªúÕE
they can do today = ûÁL-¢Áj†¢√∞Îx-´®Ω÷ Ñ®ÓV
open to others' ideas.
´’†ç ´’K áèπ◊\´ N≠æ-ߪ÷™x Ææçv°æ-C- -´’-ßË’uô’x N´-Jç-îªúøç.
Ææ’hØ√oç.) îËߪ’-í∫-L-T† °æEE Í®°æ-öÀéÀ ¢√®·üΔ¢Ëߪ’®Ω’.
6) So, to make the long story short, you don't a) His reputation as a good teacher is well b) We want to put off the marriage of our
Ananth: What else do we do then?
want ....... deserved. He can put across even very daughter until she gets her degree =ûª†
(Å®·ûË ÉçÍéç îËüΔlç É°æ¤púø’?) 7) some times he puts his back up. complex ideas to the dullest students = Åûªúø’ úÕvU ´îËa-üΔé¬, ´÷ Å´÷t®· °Rx ¢√®·üΔ
Ashish: The trouble with Akash is he is set in
8) Then, let us put off our decision until tomor- íÌ°æp Ö§ƒ-üμΔu-ߪ·-úø’í¬ Ê°®Ω’ §ÒçüËç-ü¿’èπ◊ Å®Ω’|úË. ¢Ëߪ÷-©-†’-èπ◊ç-ô’Ø√oç.
his ways and is not open to others
ideas. row. ÅA-éπ-≠d-¢æ Á’i† N≠æ-ߪ÷-©†’ èπÿú≈ Åçûªí¬ ûÁL-N-™‰E

-äéπ -§ƒ®∏Ωèπ◊-úø’ Call, consider, appoint, promote and elect


A. Benefactors = v§Úû√q-£æ«-èπ◊©’ Q. Went down the memory lane
'as' A.
Q. éÀçC-¢√-öÀ™ à ¢√éπuç ÆæÈ®jçC? ûª®√yûª ®√ü¿’. To make a beeline for = O©-®·-†çûª ¢Ëí∫çí¬ §ƒûª ñ«c°æ-鬩’ ØÁ´’-®Ω’-¢Ë-Ææ’éÓ-´-úøç
Q. 'AIDS' Q. Review of meal scheme on the cards
I can run in high-heeled
¢√uCμ Ö†o Æ‘YéÀ ïEtç-*† P¨¡Ÿ-´¤èπ◊ èπÿú≈
'AIDS'
A†oí¬ äéπ-îÓ--öÀéÀ °æ®Ω’-í∫’©’ Bߪ’úøç.
shoe
Öçô’çC. Åô’-´çöÀ P¨¡Ÿ-´¤†’ à´’ç-ö«®Ω’? A. On the cards =
Q. Chennai became a cultural hub with musi-
ï®Ω-í∫-¶-ûÓçC ûÌçü¿-®Ω-™ØË
A. A child with congenital AIDS Q. The womenfolk went an a spending spree an
I can run with high-heeled cians and dancers.
Q. Where I am supposed to go now? festive occasion
shoe
ÅØË v°æ¨¡oèπ◊
A. hub = refer to the dictionary
A. I can run in a high heeled shoe - Correct
Å®Ωnç ûÁL-ߪ’-ñ‰-ߪ’-í∫-©®Ω’. A. Spending spree = ÅüË-°æ-Eí¬ úø•’s ê®Ω’a-°-ôd-úøç
A. Where am I supposed to go now? Q. He was surrounded by a bevy of beauties
I can run in high heeled shoes is better ( No Ææ®Ω-üΔí¬
(Where I am supposed...? A. A bevy of beauties =
person can run in one shoe ) Q. A galaxy of VIPs visited to school
é¬ü¿’) Åçü¿-¢Á’i† Å´÷t-®·©
Q. Due to psychological reasons some people
= É°æ¤púø’ ØËØÁ-éπ\-úÕéÀ ¢Á∞«x-L?/ É°æ¤púø’ †ØÁo-éπ\-úÕéÀ Ææ´‚£æ«ç. (Å´÷t-®·© í∫’Jç*, Ñ 'bevy' A. Galaxy = A large group of stars in formation
behave in an abnormal manner (Applied to film stars too)
¢Á∞¡x-´’ç-ö«´¤?/ ØËØÁ-éπ\-úÕéÀ ¢Á∞«x-©E? Åçö«®Ω’)
Q. éÀçC °æüΔ-©èπ◊ Å®√n©’ ûÁ©’-°æí∫-©®Ω’. Q. He acted in all genre of films
Owing to psychological reasons some peo- Q. The minar incident sparked off conflict
ple behave in an abnormal manner °æ°æ¤p©’, Å©éπ, í∫ç°æ, ¢ÁéÀ\-Jç-îªúøç, Ææç≤ƒ®Ωç, Å©- A. Genre =
A. Spark off = cause,
äéπ-ûÁí∫ (ÆæçUûªç, Ø√ôuç, ≤ƒ£œ«ûªuç
Ææç-ü¿©’, ´uGμ-î√®Ωç, û√ç•÷©ç, ´·ûÁkh-ü¿’´¤,
be the cause of =
°j ¢√é¬u™x àC éπÈ®èπ◊d? È®çöÀéà ûËú≈ àN’öÀ? ™«çöÀ ¢√öÀ-™xE ûÁí∫©’– ¨»Æ‘Yߪ’, ©Lûª, ñ«†-°æü¿
A. Cereals = üμΔØ√u©’/ °æ°æ¤p©’, Å©éπ = sulking, ÆæçUûªç – ÆæçU-ûªç-™E genres (pronunciation: 鬮Ω-ù-´’-´-úøç
A. Owing to psychological reasons... Correct. Q. They made a strong case to continue ship-
´÷´‚-©’í¬ sentence †’ 'Due to'ûÓ v§ƒ®Ωç-Gμç-îª- í∫ç°æ = basket, ¢ÁéÀ\-Jç-îª-úøç = grimacing/ ïv†–ï, measure ™E 'ï—™«) yard in Public Sector
èπÿ-úø-ü¿ç-ö«®Ω’. 'Due to' †’ á°æ¤púø÷ 'be' forms making faces, Ææç≤ƒ®Ωç = family, Å©-Ææç-ü¿©’ = Q. The festival show-cased Rajkapoor's perfor-
A. Make a strong case for something =
ûª®√yûË ¢√ú≈-©ç-ö«®Ω’. É°æ¤púø’ sentence †’, due cow pea beans, ´uGμ-î√®Ωç = prostitution; mance
äéπ
to ûÓ begin îËߪ’-ú≈Eo Åçûªí¬ ÇÍé ~-°œç-îª-†-éπ\-Í®xü¿’.
û√ç•÷©ç, ´·ûÁkh-ü¿’-´¤-©èπ◊ English ™ ÆæÈ®j† A. To showcase =
N≠æ-ߪ÷-EéÀ ´’ü¿l-ûª’í¬ ¢√ü¿-†©’ îª÷°æ-úøç.
Q. The University is vibrant with academic activity
v°æü¿-Jzç-îª-úøç, Çéπ-®Ω{-ùÃ-ߪ’çí¬
ÅC Ææ®Ωy ≤ƒüμΔ-®Ω-ù-¢Á’i-§Ú-®·çC. éÌçûª-´’çC gram- ´÷ô- ©’-™‰´¤.
Q. The classical director has decided to call it a
marians accept îËÆæ’h-Ø√o®Ω’. -äéπ -§ƒ®∏Ωèπ◊-úø’ day with film-making
A. Vibrant = îÁjûª-†uçûÓ ÜT-§Ú-´-úøç.
Q. Delhi is called as National capital territory Q. Ministers avoided confrontation
éÀçC- ¢√é¬u--™x-E éÀx-≠d-¢æ Á’i-† °æ-üΔ-© í∫’-Jç-* -N-´-J-ç-îªí∫-©®Ω’. A. Call it a day =
A. Confrontation
àüÁjØ√ °æE -´·-Tç-îË-ߪ’-úøç
Delhi is called National capital territory Q. Water scarcity stares villages in the face
Åçõ‰ØË ´·ë«-´·-" §Úö«x-úø’-
Q. He took exception to Vajpayee's remarks Face to face
Ñ È®çúø’ ¢√é¬u™x àC éπÈ®èπ◊d?call ûª®Ω’-¢√ûª as A. Stare in the face =
éÓ´úøç. ņ-´-Ææ®Ωç.
(Ææ´’-Ææu©’/ ¶«üμ¿©’) ûª°œpç-- He raised objection to Vajpayee's remarks Q. The movie in a run of the mill type
¢√úø-èπÿ-úøüΔ?
A. Delhi is called national capital territory-
éÓ-™‰E Nüμ¿çí¬ áü¿’-®Ω’-°æ-úøôç. A. Took exception to = raised objection = A. Run-of-the mill type = Å-Eo-öÀ-™«, éÌûªh-ü¿†-¢Ë’-O’
Q. Beckoned by the benefactors, A.P. artists are
correct. Ŷμºuç-ûª®Ωç ûÁ©°æ-úøç/ ÇÍé~-°œ-çîª-úøç ™‰èπ◊çú≈.
making beeline to chennai.

Spoken English -§ƒ-ûª -¢√u≤ƒ-©éÓÆæç -éÀxé˙ -îË-ߪ’ç-úÕ.. URL: http://www.eenadu.net/spoken/spoken.htm


-Ç-C-¢√®Ωç 13 -úÕÂÆç-•®Ω’ 2009 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

Chandan: Hi Charan, why are you so dull? I


(éπ*a-ûªçí¬. éπ∞«-¨»© ïô’dèπ◊ ûª†’ ´’Sx = üË´¤úÕE í∫’Jç*
expected to see an ecstatic Charan;
not so dull certainly.
Ø√ߪ’-éπûªyç ´£œ«-≤ƒh-úøØË Ç¨¡ûÓ Ö™«x-Ææçí¬ Ç™-*ÊÆh î√©’,
ÖØ√oúø’. é¬F Çô-í¬∞¡Ÿx ´÷vûªç Åûª-úøçõ‰ ņo-´’ߪ’u, û√uí∫-
(£æ…ß˝’ Ωù˝, àN’-ôçûª E®Ω’-û√q-£æ«çí¬ NÆœ-T-§Ú-ߪ÷®Ω’. Ø√ ´’ô’dèπ◊ Ø√èπ◊ ÅûªúÕ ®√-V-™«çöÀ ¶μºèπ◊h©’
ÖØ√o´¤? ÆæçûÓ-≥ƒ-A-Í®-éπçûÓ ÖçúË îª®Ωù˝ éÀçü¿ Çúø-éπ-§Ú-´úøç ÅØËC °ü¿l •®Ω’-´¤ džç-üΔ-A-Í®-éπçûÓ
éπE-°œ-≤ƒh-úø-†’-èπ◊Ø√o. Éçûª E®Ω’-û√q-£æ«çí¬ -Cç-*-†-ô’xçC.) §ÒçT-§Ú-ßË’-¢√®Ω’.
Charan: I felt miserable playing under him b) The spectators
´÷vûªç é¬ü¿’.)
Charan: Why, what is there for me to be so too. Not that I expected this cap- were ecstatic
ecstatic about? taincy. He is too bossy and does not as India handed a 2-0 defeat to Srilanka = b) He has every reason to be cheerful. His
(àç? Åçûª ÆæçûÓ-≠æçí¬ Öçú≈-Lqç-üË- know how to get the best of his 2-0 ûËú≈ûÓ ¶μ«®Ωû˝ X©ç-éπèπ◊ éπL-Tç-*† ãôN’ son has got the visa to the US = Åûªúø’
´·çC Ø√èπ◊?) team mates. vÊ°éπ~-èπ◊-©†’ ÅN’-û√-†ç-ü¿ç™ ´·çîÁ-AhçC. ÆæçûÓ-≠æçí¬ éπE-°œç-îª-ú≈-EéÀ Eï-¢Á’i† 鬮Ω-ù«-©’-
Chandan: Haven't you heard of it yet? You've (ÅûªúÕ éÀçü¿ Çúøôç Ø√èπÿ î√™« c) Gopikas danced ecstatically at the sight of
Ø√o®·. ÅûªúÕ èπ◊´÷-®Ω’-úÕéÀ Å¢Á’-Jé¬ O≤ƒ
been selected to lead the college É•sç-Cí¬ ÖçúËC. Åçõ‰ Ñ Èé°dØ˛ °æü¿N Lord Krishna = Xéπ%-≠æflgúø’ éπE-°œç-îª-í¬ØË íÓ°œ-éπ©’ ´*açC!
cricket team. Isn't that something to Ø√èπ◊ ®√¢√-©E é¬ü¿’. é¬F, Åûª-úÕC džç-üΔ-A-Í®-éπçûÓ Ø√ôuç î˨»®Ω’. 6) Relieved = àüÁjØ√ Ææ´’Ææu BJ-§ÚûË Â°ü¿l •®Ω’´¤
be excited about? °ûªhç-üΔK •’Cl¥. ïô’d-™E Çô-í¬∞¡x v°æïc†’ ecstasy = ÅN’-û√-†çü¿ç/ ûª†t-ߪ’ûªyç éπL-TçîË
Cç*-†-ôx-E-°œçîË ¶μ«´†. feel relieved ÅE èπÿú≈
(†’Nyçé¬ N†-™‰üΔ? ´’† 鬙‰ñ ¸ véÀÈéö¸ •ßª’-ôèπ◊ Bߪ’úøç îËûª-é¬ü¿’.) džçü¿ç. Åçö«ç.
Notes: 1) overhear = Éûª-®Ω’© ´÷ô©’ ´’† îÁN† a) Parents are relieved when their daugh-
2) excited = ÆæçûÓ-≥Ú-û√q-£æ…-©ûÓ Öçúøôç
ïô’dèπ◊ Ø√ߪ’-éπûªyç ´£œ«ç-îª-ú≈-EéÀ E†’o
áç°œ-éπ-îË-¨»®Ω’. ÅC ÆæçûÓ-≥Ú-û√q-£æ…©’ °æúøôç. 2) Treat = ÆæçûÓ≠æç ûÁL-Ê°ç-ü¿’èπ◊ ÉîËa öà ters' marriages are over = ûª´’ èπÿûª’∞¡x
a) The students were excited when the
éπL-TçîË N≠æߪ’ç é¬üΔ?) §ƒKd, Nçü¿’ etc. teacher announced the excursion = öÃ˝
°Rx∞¡Ÿx 鬴úøçûÓ ûªLx-ü¿ç-vúø’©’ °ü¿l •®Ω’´¤ CT-
Charan: Excited? I'm thrilled at it. Thank you, Éçü¿’™ ´’†ç Vocabulary items éÌEo îª÷üΔlç. §Ú-®·-†-ôx-†’-èπ◊ç-ö«®Ω’.
thank you very much for the news. b) I am/ feel relieved that my last exam is
áé˙q-éπ-®Ω{Ø˛ í∫’Jç* v°æéπ-öÀç-îª-í¬ØË NüΔu-®Ω’n-©ç-ü¿®Ω÷
Vocabulary Åçõ‰ ûÁ©’Ææ’ éπüΔ? äéπ ¶μ«≠æ-™ E
Who did you have the news from? over =
ÆæçûÓ-≥Ú-û√q-£æ…-©ûÓ §ÒçT§Úߪ÷®Ω’. Ø√ *´J °æKéπ~ Å®·-§Ú-´-úøçûÓ Ø√èπ◊
°ü¿l-•-®Ω’´¤ CT-§Ú-®·-†ô’x ¶μ«N-Ææ’h-Ø√o†’.

What an exciting game Sachin played!


7) Upset = ÇçüÓ-∞¡-†èπ◊ í∫’®Ω-´úøç/ éÓ°æç ®√´úøç/
éπ©-´-®Ω-°-ôdúøç.
a) He is upset at his son's low marks. = ¢√∞¡x-
¶«s-®·éÀ ´*a† ûªèπ◊\´ ´÷®Ω’\©’ Çߪ’-†èπ◊
b) Who will not be excited at an opportunity
ÇçüÓ-∞¡Ø√, éÓ°æç éπL-Tç-î√®·/ éπ©-´-®Ω-°-ö«d®·.
(ÆæçûÓ-≥Ú-û√q-£æ…™«? Ø√ ä∞¡Ÿx °æ¤©-éπ-Jç-*- of going to the US? = Å¢Á’-J-é¬èπ◊ ¢Á∞Ïx Å´-鬨¡ç b) I am sure that the news of his omission
from the team will upset him =
-Ççí∫x-¶μ«-≠æ-ù 577
§Ú-ûª’çõ‰. Ç ¢√®Ωh îÁ°œp-†ç-ü¿’èπ◊ î√™« °æôx á´®Ω’ ÆæçûÓ-≥Ú-û√q-£æ«çûÓ Öçúø®Ω’? ûª††’
ü∑Δuçé˙q, ´’Sx ´’Sx ü∑Δuçé˙q. á´J
c) What an exciting game Sachin played in
ïô’d †’ç* ûÌ©-Tç-î√-®ΩØË ¢√®Ωh Çߪ’†’o éπ©-´-®Ω-
ü¿í∫_®Ω†’ç* ´*açC Fé¬-¢√®Ωh?)
the last match!
°-öÀdçC.
Chandan: It is not yet official. I happened to
= véÀûªç ´÷uî˝™ Ææ*Ø˛ áçûª
´÷ô©’, ´’†èπ◊ ¢√öÀ™ 8) To be fed up with = to be disgusted =
overhear the physical director and
ÆæçûÓ-≥Ú-û√q-£æ…-©†’ éπL-Tç-îË-ô’xí¬ Çú≈úÓ!
ûÁL-Æœ† ´÷ô©’. Ñ≤ƒJ 3) Be thrilled = Be very excited and pleased =
NÆæ’-Íí-ߪ’úøç.
the principal talking about it. So, you
´’†ç ûÁ©’-Ææ’-éÓ-¶ßË’ a) Santan was fed up with the frequent
are going to lead the team. No treat °æ¤©-éÀç-îËçûª ÆæçûÓ≠æç Öû√q£æ«ç §Òçü¿úøç power failures and bought a generator =
for us?
´÷ô©’ ÆæçûÓ≠æç/ a) When you meet your favourite actor (who
džç-üΔ-EéÀ Ææç•ç-Cμç- ûª®Ωîª÷ Nü¿’uû˝ §Úûª÷ ÖçúøôçûÓ NÆæ’-ÈíAh
(Éçé¬ ÅC ÅCμ-é¬-Jéπç é¬ü¿’. ´’† °∂œ>-éπ™¸ are a fan of) you will be thrilled = O’ ï†-Í®-ô®˝ éÌØË-Ææ’-èπ◊-Ø√oúø’.
*†N:
b) Fed up with the noise and pollution of the
úÁjÈ®-éπd®˝, v°œEq-§ƒ™¸ üΔEo í∫’Jç* Look at the following
ÅGμ-´÷† †ô’úÕE éπ©’-Ææ’-èπ◊-†o-°æ¤púø’ O’èπ◊ ä∞¡Ÿx
city, he retired to the countryside =
´÷ö«x-úøôç Ø√ îÁN† °æúÕçC. 鬕öÀd, expressions from the M.SURESAN
°æ¤©-éÀç-îËçûª ÆæçûÓ≠æç éπ©’-í∫’-ûª’çC.
†’´¤y ïô’dèπ◊ ≤ƒ®Ωü∑¿uç ´£œ«ç-îª-¶-ûª’- conversation above: b) I was thrilled to receive the award from the †í∫-®√™xE íÌúø´, 鬩’-≥ƒu-©ûÓ NÆœ-T-§Ú®·
Ø√o´¤. ´÷Íéç §ƒKd ™‰üΔ?)
1) I expected to see an ecstatic charan president of India = ¶μ«®Ωûª ®√≠æZ-°æA ü¿í∫_®Ω ví¬´÷™x Æœn®Ω-°æ-ú≈f-ú≈-ߪ’†.
Charan: Certainly. I shall be delighted to give
2) Isn't that something to be excited about †’ç* Å¢√®Ω’f Åçü¿’-èπ◊-†oç-ü¿’èπ◊ Ø√èπ◊ áçûÓ 9) Miserable = ¶«í¬ É•sç-ü¿’™x éπ≥ƒd™ x Öçúøôç,
the treat to not only you but the
other members of the team as well. 3) I am thrilled at it
džç-ü¿çí¬ ÖçC. ü¿’®Ωs¥-®Ω-¢Á’i†.
All the while I had been thinking that 4) I shall be delighted to give... Thriller = ä∞¡Ÿx í∫í∫’-®Ìp-úÕîË ÆæEo-¢Ë-¨»-©ûÓ Öûª\ç®∏Ω a) Indians led miserable lives under British
Sreenath would keep the cap. I'm rule =
5) He has been very cheerful all these days éπL-TçîË ØË®√©’/ °∂æ’®√-©ûÓ îª÷Ê° éπü∑¿/ ÆœE´÷. vGöÀ≠ˇ §ƒ©-†™ ¶μ«®Ω-B-ߪ·©’ ü¿’®Ωs¥®Ω
sure he'll be upset at hearing the 4) Delighted = î√™« ÆæçûÓ-≠æçí¬ Öçúøôç. @Nûªç í∫úÕ-§ƒ®Ω’.
6) ... I feel relieved that I am not going to play
news. b) She felt very miserable when her husband
under him. a) I am delighted to meet you = N’´’tLo
(éπ*a-ûªçí¬. FÍé é¬èπ◊çú≈ ´’† ïô’d Éûª®Ω deserted her = ¶μº®Ωh ûª††’ ´C-™‰-Æœ-†-°æ¤púø’
Ææ¶μº’u-©èπ◊ èπÿú≈ ÆæçûÓ-≠æçí¬ §ƒKd É≤ƒh. °j´Fo ÆæçûÓ-≥ƒ-EéÀ Ææç•ç-Cμç-*† ´÷ô©’. éπ©’-Ææ’-èπ◊-†oç-ü¿’èπ◊ î√™« ÆæçûÓ-≠æçí¬ ÖçC. Ç¢Á’ î√™« ¶«üμ¿©’ °æúÕçC.
¢√öÀéÀ ´uA-Í®-鬩’ Ñ éÀçC ¢√é¬u™x îª÷úøçúÕ: b) He was delighted to be included in the
Éçûª-鬩´‚ ؈’ XØ√-ü∑˛èπ◊ Èé°dØ˛ °æü¿N ecstatic
7) I am sure he'll be upset team =
É≤ƒh-®Ω-†’-èπ◊Ø√o. Ñ ´÷ô Nçõ‰ Åûª-úÕéÀ ïô’d™ îËJa-†ç-ü¿’èπ◊ Åûªúø’ ÆæçûÓ-≠æ- excited Oô-Eoç-öÀéà upset, miserable
éÓ°æç ®√´îª’a.) 8) The players are fed up with him °æ-ú≈fúø’. thrilled äéπ ®Ωéπçí¬ ´uA-Í®éπç Å´¤-û√®·.
Chandan: Sure. He's been very cheerful all 9) I felt miserable playing under him 5) Cheerful = ´·êç™, †úø-´-úÕ™  éπE-°œçîË delighted
these days in the hope that he will 1) ecstatic = Åûªuçûª džç-ü¿çûÓ Öçúøôç. üΔüΔ°æ¤ ÆæçûÓ≠æç. relieved
lead the college team again. The ¢Á’i´’-®Ω°æ¤ éπL-TçîË Ç†ç-üΔ-A-Í®-éπçûÓ Öçúøôç. a) Something was wrong. Hari was not as džç-üÓ-û√q-£æ…™x Åûªuçûª džçü¿ç ûÁLÊ° °æü¿ç
players, however, are fed up with a) Great devotees like Annamayya and cheerful this morning as he usually is = †’ç* ûªí∫’_ûª÷ ®√´úøç É™«: Ecstatic - thrilled -
him. No member of the team likes Thyagaraja were ecstatic even as they àüÓ §Ò®Ω-§ƒô’ ïJ-TçC. £æ«J ´÷´‚-©’í¬ excited - delighted - relieved. (ÅEoç-öÀ-éπçõ‰
him. As for me I feel relieved that I thought about God áèπ◊\´ ecstatic - ÅEoçöx ûªèπ◊\´ relieved).
am not going to play under him.
éπE-°œç-îËçûª ÆæçûÓ-≠æçí¬ É¢√∞¡ éπE-°œç-îª-™‰ü¿’.
P.Srinivasa Rao, Hyderabad. Q. "The British High Commissioner
-äéπ °æ-vAéπ-™ A. He may be coming = Åûª-úø’ ´Ææ÷h ÖçúÌa °j È®çúø’ ûÁ©’í∫’ ¢√é¬u-©èπ◊ English Å®√n©’
Q. -O’®Ω’ -äéπ-îÓ-ô -É-™« -îÁ-§ƒp®Ω’. (embassy) in Dubai immediately welcomed (É°æ¤púø’) – ÆæçüË£æ«ç. éπÈ®-ÍédØ√? é¬éπ§ÚûË, English sentence éÀ ûÁ©’í∫’
''Since then I hadn't been hav- a resolution to the care but condemned the He must be coming = (ûª°æpéπ) ´Ææ÷hç-ú≈L. Å®√n©’, ûÁ©’í∫’ ¢√é¬u™x English Å®√n©’
ing any problem till this morn- death sentences" wel-
Q. I would have gone - future
ÅE ÖçC. Éçü¿’™ Ñ ´÷ô-†’ èπ◊ ûÁLߪ’ñ‰ßª’-í∫-©®Ω’.
ing"Ñ ¢√éπuç™ having ÅØËC comed Welcome Past A. Correct.
e.g. : Tomorrow's Chennai
ÅØË ´÷ô éπÈ®-ÍédØ√?
correct? tense welcame
èπÿú≈ ¢√úø-´î√a?
áçûª-´-®Ωèπ◊ éπLT Öçúøôç é¬üΔ? meeting has been cancelled, otherwise I Q. Why because ÅE î√™«-´’çC Åçô’ç-ö«®Ω’.
ÅØË Å®ΩnçûÓ having ¢√úø®Ω’ éπüΔ? A. Welcome èπ◊ Past tense, welcomed.
would have gone to Chennai tomorrow. Ñ ÅC éπÈ®-ÍédØ√?
A. éπL-T-Öç-úøôç ÅØË Å®ΩnçûÓ am having/ is having/ Welcame é¬ü¿’. Ç ´÷ô English ™ ™‰ü¿’. A. ÅC correct é¬ü¿’.
are having ¢√úøèπÿúøü¿’. Having ¢√úø-´îª ’a, (Welcome - welcomed - welcomed)
®Ωéπçí¬ èπÿú≈ îÁ°æp-´î√a? ™‰éπ-§ÚûË É™«çöÀ Ææçü¿-
®√s¥™x ᙫ îÁ§ƒpL? Q. îª÷úÌ-î √aúø’– Came to see
¢√ú≈L èπÿú≈ Å´-Ææ-®Ω-¢Á’i-†-°æ¤púø’. Q. Keep doing Only future
ÅØË ´÷ô†’ Íé îª÷úø-¶-ߪ÷úø’ – Went to see - éπÈ®-ÍédØ√?
A. I will have had to go tomorrow = future ™
Having a lot of property, he can afford a car Regular doing actions
A. Came to see = îª÷úø-ö«-EéÀ ´î√aúø’.
¢√úøû√®√? éà ¢√úÌî√a?
= A. Keep doing = continue to do = Ç °æE îËÆæ÷h
¶«í¬ ÇÆœh Öçúø-ôçûÓ (éπLT Öçúø-ôç-´©x) Åûª-úÕéÀ ¢Á∞«xLq ÖçúËC.
Q. Provided Sachin plays, India will wins = Ææ*Ø˛ îª÷úø-¶-ߪ÷úø’ = Was going to see/ was about
to see. Was going to see = îª÷ÊÆç-ü¿’èπ◊
é¬®Ω’ éÌØË ≤Úh´’ûª ÖçC. (´’Sx îÁ•’-ûª’Ø√oç, Öçúø’. É°æ¤púø’ îËÆæ’h†o °æEE é̆-≤ƒ-TÆæ÷h Öçúø-´’E
í∫’®Ω’hç-éÓçúÕ: Having, hearing, seeing, wish- ÇúÕ-ûËØË India Èí©’-Ææ’hçC.
ing, wanting- É™«ç-öÀN ¢√úø-´îª’a; ¢√úø-èπÿ-úø-EC,
Å®Ωnç.
If at all Sachin plays, India will not win = Ææ*Ø˛
¢Á∞¡Ÿh-Ø√oúø’ (í∫ûªç™) was about to see = îª÷úø-
Q. Åûªúø’ ´Ææ’h-Ø√oúø’– He may be coming/ He ¶-ߪ÷úø’ – Éçé¬Ææh™ îª÷ÊÆ-¢√úË– é¬F îª÷úø-™‰ü¿’.
am/ is/ are ©ûÓ Â°j† ûÁL-°œ† ... 'ing' forms.) must be coming. Ñ È®çúÕç-öÀ™  àC correct? ÇúÕØ√ India Èí©-´ü¿’.

Spoken English -§ƒ-ûª -¢√u≤ƒ-©éÓÆæç -éÀxé˙ -îË-ߪ’ç-úÕ.. URL: http://www.eenadu.net/spoken/spoken.htm


-Ç-C-¢√®Ωç 20 -úÕÂÆç-•®Ω’ 2009 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

S. Satyanarayana Murthy, They have seen him P. Srinivasa Rao,


Kakinada (verb - have seen Pithapuram
- have + past participle (pp) of seen)
Q.
O’®Ω’ Verb ÆæJí¬ Öçõ‰ØË sen- Q. Visual delight
She could have taken it sans histrionics.
tence éπÈ®-èπ◊dí¬ Öçô’çü¿E ®√¨»®Ω’.
ü¿ßª’îËÆœ DE í∫’Jç* N´-Jç-îª-í∫-©®Ω’. (verb - could have taken What does
Verb Åçõ‰ véÀߪ’ ÅE ûÁ©’Ææ’. Verb - could have + pp of take) 'sans' mean?
6 forms í∫’Jç* í∫ûªç™ ûÁL-§ƒ®Ω’. V Form of the verb: Doing Words A. Sans = without
äéÓ\-üΔ-Eéà ÖüΔ-£æ«-®Ω-ù-LÊÆh NüΔu-®Ω’n-©èπ◊, Ö§ƒ-üμΔu-ߪ·- I Regular II Regular Past Q. Govt. likely to
©èπÿ î√™« Ö°æ-ßÁ÷-í∫-éπ-®Ωçí¬ Öçô’çC. Doing Word Doing Word Doing Word import commodities that are in short supply. G.Rambabu, Nandyal
A. She sings well - Ñ sentence, 'she' E í∫’Jç* come comes came Can we use 'which' instead of 'that'? Where Q. We were on good terms Åçõ‰ Å®Ωnç àN’öÀ?
îÁ•’-ûª’çC. 鬕öÀd, 'she' subject. É°æ¤púø’, Ñ take takes took & when do we use 'that' in this sense? A. ´÷´’üμ¿u Ææç•ç-üμΔ©’ ¶«í∫’-Ø√o®·.
sentence ™ 'she' ûª®√yûª, 'sings' (= §ƒúø’- teach teaches taught A. we can. Q. He is a member on the committee
ûª’çC) ÅØË ´÷ô ™‰èπ◊çõ‰, sentence ™‰ü¿’. I Regular Doing Word (I RDW) '-s'/ '-es'
èπ◊ Q. The protest has since been called off. Here He is a member in the committee
鬕öÀd, 'sings', verb. Å™«Íí Sachin is playing II Regular Doing Word (II RDW)
éπL-°œûË what is the meaning of 'since'?
cricket, ÅØË sentence ™, Sachin, subject.
OöÀ-™ -à-C éπÈ®èπ◊d?
´Ææ’hçC. A. Since (in this sentence) = At a time after a A. He is a member of the committee.
Sachin (subject) ûª®√yûª 'is' BÊÆ-Æ œØ√, 'playing' particular time in the past
They meet me everyday = í∫ûªç™ äéπ Ææç°∂æ’- Q.
BÊÆ-ÆœØ√, sentence Öçúøü¿’. Åçü¿’-éπE 'is play- éÀçC °æüΔ-©èπ◊ Å®√n©’ ûÁ©’-°æ-í∫-©®Ω’.
ing' ¢Á·ûªhç verb Å´¤-ûª’çC éπüΔ. (verb - meet - I Regular Doing Word) ô†/ Æ洒ߪ’ç ûª®√yûª á°æ¤p-úÁjØ√.
1. abrode 2. bay 3. in lieu of
Q. What is difference between terror & fear?
4. by dint of 5. buck 6. as if

Did she make tea?


A. 1) Abroad (Abrode é¬ü¿’)= NüË-¨»-©™
2) ´‚úø’-¢Áj°æ¤™« ØË© Ö†o Ææ´·-vü¿-¶μ«í∫ç– the Bay
of Bengal
3) In lieu of = Åçü¿’èπ◊ •ü¿’©’
A. Terror = very great fear a) They paid him 2 days wages in lieu of
6 forms of the verb. English verb,
™ Ñ six
Q. This is a sentence from a newspaper: The the work he did on 2 Sundays =
forms
È®çúø’
-Ççí∫x-¶μ«-≠æ-ù 578
™ àüÓ äéπ ®Ω÷°æç™ Öçô’çC. ÅC ™‰éπ- Govt. on tuesday has suspended two IPS
§ÚûË sentence group of
Öçúøü¿’. Åçü¿’-´©x äéπ ÇC-¢√-®√©’ °æE-îË-Æœ-†ç-ü¿’-èπ◊-í¬†’ Åûª-úÕéÀ
officers. In this sentence definite time is
words ™,subject, Ñsix forms ™ àüÓ äéπ È®çvúÓ-V© ¢Ëûª-Ø√©’ áèπ◊\´ Éî√a®Ω’.
given. Why did they use present perfect b) He took cash in lieu of the prize he
®Ω÷°æç ÖçúÕ, Å®Ωnç °æ‹®Ωh-®·-ûËØË, Ç group of
She takes coffee in tense in the place of simple past tense? won =
words, sentence Å´¤-ûª’çC. Çsix forms ´’Sx ûª†èπ◊ ´*a† •£æ›-´’-AéÀ •-ü¿’©’
the mornings A. The use of the present perfect here is Åûª-úø’ †í∫ü¿’ BÆæ’-èπ◊-Ø√oúø’.
éÀçü¿ ÉÆæ’hØ√oç îª÷úøçúÕ:
(verb - takes II RDW) wrong. Past simple would be correct here.
I Be forms: am, is, are, 4) By dint of = Åçü¿’-´©x; He came up by dint
was, were
} I set I, We, you and they ûÓ Q. What is ex-show room cost. Does it vary of hard work = Åûª-úø’ éπ%≠œ ´©x/ ´‚©çí¬
I RDW from place to place?
II set: shall be, should be, will be, would ¢√úøû√ç, °jéÌ-î√aúø’.
He, She, It ûÓ II RDW A. Ex-showroom: Here, 'ex' = not including /not
be, can be, could be, may be, might 5) buck = 1) ´’í∫->çéπ.
M.SURESAN adding
be, must be, ought to be, have to be, ¢√úøû√ç. 2) úø•’s-©èπ◊ ¢√úË ´÷ô (°jÆæ©’/ °œéπ\©’
Ex-showroom price = Price which does not
has to be, had to be, need be I RDW †’ not ûÓ/ ņoô’x).
include the expenses the showroom (in a
-É-´-Fo 'Be' *´®Ω ´îËa 'be' forms question ™, do + I RDW Å´¤-ûª’çC. Get the buck first and we'll talk of it =
state/ city) may add to the price.
III set: have been, has been, had been, I RDW, not ûÓ/ question ™ does + I RDW
Q. What is the difference between the following
´·çü¿’ °jÆæ©’ °ævö«, ûª®√yûª ´÷ö«x-úø-üΔç.
shall have been, should have been, Å´¤-ûª’çC. ´’í∫-èπ◊ç-üË©’ èπÿú≈ buck.
words. Coward - Cowardice; Black -
may have been, might have been, A) They meet each other Blackish; Tragic - Tragical; Whole - 6) as if = Å®·-†ô’x, é¬--F é¬ü¿’.
can have been, could have been, X a) They do not meet each other Wholesome He talks as if he were/ was clever =
must have been, ought have been,
b) Do they meet each other? A. Coward = A person who is afraid of every-
would have been, should have been
ÅûªúËüÓ ûÁLNí∫©-¢√-úø-®·-†ô’x (é¬F é¬úø’)
B) She sings well thing. ´÷ö«x-úø-û√úø’.
-É-´-Fo 'been' *´®Ω ´îËaN.
X a) She does not sing well Cowardice = The quality/ nature of being Q. I will be going to Chennai in next week
°j´Fo 'be' forms. afraid.
b) does she sing well? I am going to Chennai in next week
He is my cousin (Is - verb)
Tragic = sorrowful/ causing sorrow or sad-
They were here yesterday (were - verb) made, took, danced, etc - past doing
É´Fo °j ¢√é¬u© ´’üμ¿u ûËú≈ àN’öÀ?
ness A. I will be going to Chennai next week (in next
She has been here for the past two days words. OöÀE not ûÓ í¬F, question ™ í¬F
Tragical - No such word. week
(has been - verb) did
¢√úÕûË, ´Ææ’hçC. é¬ü¿’) = ´îËa ¢√®Ωç ؈’ îÁØÁj o ¢Á∞«h†’.
Whole = total/ complete I am going to Chennai next week (in next
II Form of the verb (Be form + ...ing form) Past Doing Word (PDW) + not/ ? =
Wholesome = Healthy week
She is coming here. verb - is coming Did + I RDW
é¬ü¿’)
Blackish = slightly black. Å®·ûË I am going to Chennai next ņo-°æ¤púø’,
- is (be form) + coming (ing form) She made tea X a) She did not make tea
Q. The sentence mentioned below, I read it in
They will be coming. verb - will be coming b) Did she make tea?
¢Á∞¡xôç ÅØËC áèπ◊\´ éπ*aûªç.
the news paper.
- will be (be form) + coming (ing form) What did she make? Chief Minister indicated here on tuesday Prabhu, Madhurapudi
III Form of the verb: 'Be' form + past par- VI form of verbs. that the maiden expansion of his cabinet will Q. éÀçC ¢√é¬u-©èπ◊ ûÁ©’í∫’ Å®√n©’ ûÁ©’-°æ-í∫-©®Ω’.
ticiple - passive voice verbs. take place some time in November. Is it a
Shall His purported killing will put renewed pres-
It is done everyday. verb - is done correct sentence? In Indirect speech 'would
Should sure on the govt to clampdown on millitants
- is (be form) + done (past participle) take place' is to be used in the place of 'will
will holed up in the hills.
They were arrested. take place'. I would like to ascertain why this
would A. (His pur-
Åûª-úø’ î˨»-úøE îÁ°æp•-úø’-ûª’†o £æ«ûªu
Verb - were arrested expression was like that?
ported killing) (Holed up
can
éÌçúø™x üΔèπ◊\E Ö†o
- were (be form) + arrested (past par- A. You are correct. The correct sentence here
+ I RDW in the hills) (militants)
Bv´-¢√-ü¿’-©-†’ Åù-*-
ticiple of arrest) could would be
¢Ëߪ÷©E (clampdown) v°æ¶μº’ûªyç O’ü¿ ´’Sx
IV Form of the verb: may Chief Minister ... would take place ....
(renewed) (pressure)
äAh-úÕE °ç-ûª’çC.
have might K. Omkar, Visakhapatnam Militant - Millitant é¬ü¿’.
has must Q. Bar cum restaurant ™ cum usage í∫’Jç* Q. Her tonsured head, choped legs, vermilion
had
ought îÁ•’-û√®√? mark on forehead were indicators of this
shall have
need A. cum = and . being case of human sacrifice.
should have
You shall come in the evening. Bar ûÓ èπÿúÕ† °∂æ©-£æ…-®Ω-¨»© A. Åûª-úÕ í∫’çúø’ îËÆœ-†- ûª© (Tonsured head),
will have
+ past participle verb - shall come = Bar cum restaurant †JÍéÆœ† é¬∞¡Ÿx (Chopped legs), on the fore-
would have
Q. head (†’ü¿’-öÀ -O’ü¿) Vermillion marks (èπ◊çèπ◊-´’-
can have - shall + I RDW
N’ûª-¢√-CE ÉçTx-≠ˇ™ à´’ç-ö«®Ω’?
A. Moderate = í∫’®Ω’h©’), ÅC †®Ω•L N≠æߪ’ç (the case of
could have She can sing well.
N’ûª-¢√C;
may have Moderates = N’ûª-¢√-ü¿’©’. human sacrifice) í¬ Öçü¿E (being) ûÁ-L-ߪ’-
- verb - can sing Q.
might have '≤Òôd-•’-í∫_©’— ÉçTx-≠ˇ™ à´’ç-ö«®Ω’? ñ‰ÊÆ™« ÖØ√o®· (were indicators).
- can + I RDW A. Dimple cheeks
must have ≤Òôd •’í∫_©’ =

Spoken English -§ƒ-ûª -¢√u≤ƒ-©éÓÆæç -éÀxé˙ -îË-ߪ’ç-úÕ.. URL: http://www.eenadu.net/spoken/spoken.htm


-Ç-C-¢√®Ωç 27 -úÕÂÆç-•®Ω’ 2009 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

Vaisakh: Sehwag was streets ahead of the Vaisakh: Sure. They are very poor fielders. In 5) India takes the
rest of the batsmen in this series; that addition to dropping easy catches, biscuit for poor
is, except in the last match. He just they gave away fours and sixes eas- fielding.
made mince meat of the bowling. ily as well. 6) He certainly had
(Ñ -véÀÈé-ö¸ -´÷u-î˝ Æœ-KÆˇ-™ ÂÆ£æ…yí˚ N’í∫û√ (éπ*aûªçí¬, ¶μ«®Ωû˝ Çô-í¬∞¡Ÿx î√™« Ø√Æœ-®Ωéπç a way with hold-
-¶«u-ö¸q--¢Á’-Ø˛ éπçõ‰ áçûÓ íÌ°æpí¬ Çú≈úø’. °∂‘-©f®˝q. é¬u-î˝-©’ ´C-™‰-ߪ’-úø¢Ë’ é¬èπ◊çú≈, ing the ball...
Åçõ‰ §Ú®·† -´÷u-î˝ ™ ûª°æp. Å´-ûª-L-¢√∞¡x Ø√©’-í∫’©’, Ç®Ω’x Ææ’©-¶μºçí¬ ÉîËa-¨»®Ω’.) °j´Fo èπÿú≈ äéπ
-¶˜-Lçí˚-†’ *ûª-éπ-¶«-üΔúø’.) Sravan: Remember Jaunty Rhodes of South N≠æ-ߪ’ç™ ´’†ç
Sravan: Oh God! What a form he was in! Africa? Oh, what a fielder he was! He ¢Á’°æ¤p (appreciation) †’ b) Her beauty is really great but not certainly
When he is on the go, there's no certainly had a way with holding the ûÁLÊ° idioms. ¢√öÀE N´-®Ωçí¬ ûÁ©’-Ææ’-èπ◊çüΔç. out of this world = Ç¢Á’ Åçü¿ç íÌ°æpüË, é¬F
stopping him. He is easily among the ball however much low it flew. He 1) Be streets ahead of: Éûª-®Ω’© éπçõ‰ áçûÓ ™é¬-B-ûª-¢Á’içüËç é¬ü¿’ (Åçõ‰ Åçûª Åçü¿-¢Á’i-†-
top notch batsmen in the world. would never drop a catch. íÌ°æpí¬ ÖçúË ´’†’-≠æfl©’/ N≠æ-ߪ÷©’. ¢√∞¡Ÿx Éçé¬ î√™«-´’çC ÖØ√o-®ΩE)
(Ŷs áçûª -§∂ƒç-™ ÖØ√oúÓ Åûªúø’. (Fèπ◊ ü¿éÀ~-ù«-v°∂œé¬ ñ«çöà ®Óú˛q í∫’®Ω’h-Ø√oú≈? a) When it comes to technology Japan is 4) On a ball = äéπ °æE îËߪ÷-Lq† éÀô’èπ◊ ûÁLÆœ
streets ahead of India =
Çúøôç ¢Á·ü¿-©’°-úÕûË Åûª-úÕ-ØÁ-´®Ω÷ Ŷs áçûª-íÌ°æp °∂‘-©f®˝ Åûªúø’! áçûª ≤ƒçÍé-Aéπ v°æí∫A ÅC ¶«í¬ îËߪ’-í∫-©-í∫úøç.
a) When it comes to Maths, Chitra is on a
Ç°æ-™‰®Ω’. v°æ°æç-îªç-™ E Ö†oûª v¨ÏùÀ ûªèπ◊\´ áûª’h™ áí∫’-®Ω’-ûª’†o •çA-ØÁjØ√ °æô’d- N≠æ-ߪ÷-E-éÌÊÆh, ¶μ«®Ωû˝ éπçõ‰ ï§ƒØ˛ áçûÓ
-¶«u-ö¸q--¢Á’-Ø˛™ Åûª-úÌ-éπúø’.) éÓ-´-úøç™ Åûª-úÕéÀ v°æûËu-éπ-¢Á’i† ØË®Ω’pç-úËC. ´·çü¿ç-ï™ ÖçC. ball = í∫ùÀûªç N≠æ-ߪ’ç™, *vûª-éπFo¶«í¬ ûÁ©’Ææ’/
Vaisakh: The triple century that he missed the catch á°æ¤púø÷ °æúË-ߪ’-™‰-ü¿-ûªúø’.)
b) In the matter of Welfare Programmes í∫ùÀ-ûªç™ ÅEo N≠æ-ߪ÷©÷ ûÁ©’Ææ’.
other day by a few runs was really Vaisakh: Remember Jaunty Rhodes! Who can
England is streets ahead of India = b) Harbhajan is certainly on a ball in spin
out of this world. One should walk a ever forget him? He really knocked
v°æñ«
England bowling = spin bowling
hundred miles to shake hands with the spots off the other players in
ÆæçÍé~´’ °æü∑¿-鬙x ¶μ«®Ωû˝ éπçõ‰ áçûÓ ™ £æ«®Ωs¥-ï-Ø˛èπ◊ ÅEo
him for the splendid knock. cricket in the last three decades.
íÌ°æpí¬ ÖçC. ¢Á’-∞¡-èπ◊-´©÷ ¶«í¬ ûÁ©’Ææ’.
5) Take the biscuit for = Ê°®Ω’ §Òçü¿úøç, îÁúø’

India takes the biscuit for cor r uption


N≠æ-ߪ÷™x
a) India takes the biscuit for corruption =
ÅN-FA N≠æ-ߪ’ç™ ¶μ«®Ω-û˝üË Åví∫-≤ƒn†ç. ¶μ«®Ωû˝
íÌ°æp Ê°®Ω’ ûÁa-èπ◊çC.
b) Indians take the biscuit for lack of punctu-
(éÌEo -®Ω-Ø˛q-™  §ÚíÌ-ô’d-èπ◊†o -´‚-úø’ 2) Top notch = áçûÓ Ø√ùuûª,
ÂÆç-îª-K-©’ Eïçí¬ NÆætߪ’ç éπL-TçîË ality = Ææ´’-ߪ’-§ƒ-©† ™‰E N≠æ-ߪ’ç™ ¶μ«®Ω-
-Ççí∫x-¶μ«-≠æ-ù 579
ØÁj°æ¤-ùuç-í∫©. B-ߪ·©’ Ê°®Ω’ §Òçü¿’-û√®Ω’.
a) His performance in the movie
N≠æߪ’ç. áçûª ü¿÷®Ωç †úÕ-îÁjØ√ ¢ÁRx éπ®Ω
-î√-©†ç (Shake hand) îËÊÆ Nüμ¿çí¬ ÖçC 6) To have a way with- ÉC î√™« áèπ◊\´
was certainly top notch = Ç
ÅûªúÕ Çô.) (ñ«çöîÓú˛q í∫’®Ω’hç-úø-ô´÷! ÆœE-´÷™ ÅûªúÕ †ô† î√™« íÌ°æp ¢√úø’-éπ™ Ö†o idiom. Å®Ωnç = àüÁjØ√ îËߪ’-úøç-™E
Sravan: But don't forget; Dhoni was on a ball éÀô’èπ◊ ûÁLÆœ Öçúøôç/ äéπ N≠æ-ߪ’ç™ íÌ°æpí¬
too. Oh, the way he punished the Sri
á´®Ω’ ´’®Ω-*-§Ú-û√-®Ω-ûªúÕ-E? v¨ÏùÀ™ ÖçC. Öçúøôç.
Lankan bowling! Really marvellous!
í∫ûª ´‚úø’ ü¿¨»-¶«l™x °∂‘-Lfçí˚
M.SURESAN b) Our former President Dr. Abdul
a) She has a way with children, though she
But having said that, Team India
N≠æ-ߪ’ç™ Åûªúø’ Éûª-®Ω’-©†’ Kalam is among the top notch tech-
is childless =
takes the biscuit for their poor field- nologists of the world =
áçûÓ N’ç*-§Ú-ߪ÷úø’!) ´’† °æ‹®Ωy ®√≠æZ-°æA Ç¢Á’èπ◊ Gúøf©’ ™‰éπ-§Ú-®·Ø√,
ing. How many easy catches they Look at the following sentences from the ú≈éπd®˝ Å•’l™¸ éπ™«ç v°æ°æç-îªç-™ØË íÌ°æp ≤ƒçÍé-Aéπ Gúøf-©ûÓ á™« ¢Á’©-í¬™/ °œ©xLo ᙫ ÇúÕç-î√™
have dropped in the series! conversation above: E°æ¤-ù’™x äéπ®Ω’. ¶«í¬ ûÁ©’Ææ’.
1) Sehwag was streets ahead of the rest of the b) Let's take the problem to him. He has a
3) Out of this world = Ñ v°æ°æç-îªç™ ´’†ç
(Å®·ûË ´’®Ω-*-§Úèπ◊. üμÓF èπÿú≈ ¢Á’∞¡-èπ◊´
ûÁLÆœ Çú≈úø’. (Åûª-úÕéÀ -¶«u-öÀçí˚ áçûª batsmen. way with such problems and can help us=
îª÷úø-™‰-†çûª íÌ°æp-üÁj†/ ÅA-™éπ.
2) He is easily among the top notch batsmen in
¶«í¬ ûÁ©’≤Ú!) X©çéπ -¶˜-Lçí˚-†’ Åûªúø’ Ñ Ææ´’-Ææu†’ ÅûªúÕ ü¿í∫_-®Ωèπ◊ BÆæ’-Èé-∞¡üΔç. É™«çöÀ
a) Her dance performance the other day was
the World.
ÖAéÀ ´CL-°-ö«dúø’. Å®·ûË üËEéπüË Ææ´’-Ææu©’ ᙫ °æJ-≠æ \-Jç-î√™ Åûª-úÕéÀ ¶«í¬
îÁ§ƒpL. îÁûªh °∂‘-Lfçí˚ N≠æ-ߪ’ç™ ¶μ«®Ωû˝ certainly out of this world = ¢Á·†o Ç¢Á’
3) The triple century... was... out of this World.
ûÁ©’Ææ’. ´’†èπ◊ ≤ƒßª’-°æ-úø-í∫-©úø’.
ïô’d ¢Á·ü¿öÀ ≤ƒn†ç §Òçü¿’-ûª’çC. áEo Ø√ôu v°æü¿-®Ωz† Eïçí¬ ™é¬-B-ûª-¢Á’i-†üË/ Ñ
Ææ’©-¶μº-¢Á’i† é¬u-î˝-©’ ´C-L-¢Ë-¨»®Ó!) 4) Dhoni was on a ball too. v°æ°æç-îªç™ 鬆-®√-†çûª íÌ°æpC.

C. Janardhana, Hindupur O’®Ω’ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ éπÈ®é˙dí¬ ´÷ö«x-úø-í∫-L-T-†-°æ¤púø’, É™«çöÀ Q. I heared somewhere that "All English lan-
Q. üÌçúø-é¬ßª’, -Çí¬-éπ-®Ω-é¬-ߪ’-– -O-öÀ-E ÉçTx-≠ˇ™ 
Q. Sir, please clarify the following guage can be put into 279 structures." If it so
Ωa ņ-´-Ææ®Ωç éπüΔ? ÅC infinitive Å®·-ûËØËç, à´’ç-ö«®Ω’?
doubts: please is there any book dealing that 275
past/ present participle Å®·-ûËØËç? O’®Ω’ A. üÌçúø-é¬ßª’ = Gherkin
'to + V1' can behave as a par- ´÷ö«x-úøôç éπÈ®é˙d Å®·-†-°æ¤púø’, O’®Ω’ ¢√úË °æüΔ© structures? Give me the details of the book.
ticiple? Like present participle Ê°®Ω’x ûÁL-ߪ’-†-éπ\-Í®xü¿’ éπüΔ? A. That's true. But how many can remember -Çé¬éπ®Ω-é¬ßª’ = Teasel gourd (´÷´‚©’ é¬éπ-®Ω-
and past participle? If it so Q. The same word sometimes behaves as a such a large number (275!) structures? é¬ßª’ = Bitter Gourd)
please give an example. preposition and adverb in a sentence. How Aren't there a good number of people who Q. ÂÆEq-õ„j-ï®˝ Åçõ‰ àN’öÀ? ÂÆpLxçí˚ ûÁ©’-°æ-í∫-©®Ω’.
A. Yes. To+V1 = e.g.: to go, to come, to see etc. can we differentiate? can speak correct English without knowing A. Sensitizer = äéπ N≠æ-ߪ÷Eo, ´·êuçí¬ äéπ îÁúø’/
There are two participles- the present partici- A. Whether a word is used as a/ an adverb or a these structures? If you can master all of
v°æ´÷-ü¿-éπ-®Ω-¢Á’i† N≠æ-ߪ÷Eo í∫’Jç* ¶«í¬ Å´-í¬-£æ«†
ple (the ...ing form - going, coming, seeing, preposition depends largely on the meaning. them you can write and speak correct
éπLpçîË v°ævéÀߪ’/ ≤ƒüμ¿†ç.
etc), and the past participle (what some peo- Take for example, 'about'. When about' English; true. But it is like saying, 'you can
means, approximately/ nearly/ almost, it is an The essay acts as a sensitiser to the dangers
ple call, V3) catch a bird by pulling salt on its tail'.
adverb. of smoking = Smoking ´©x v°æ´÷-üΔ-©†’
In some cases the infinitive and the present Q. Please, suggest me some 'CIEFL' books for
The book costs about Rs 100/- (about = Spoken English.
í∫’Jç* Å´-í¬-£æ«† éπLpçîË ≤ƒüμ¿-†çí¬ Ç ¢√uÆæç °æE-
participle give the same meaning:
nearly - a little less/ more than Rs 100/-). îË-Ææ’hçC.
i) To walk to the place is difficult = walking to A. There are a number of such books from
Here 'about' adds to the meaning of the verb, Q. 'Åûª-úÕéÀ Çí∫Æˇd ØÁ© @ûªç ®√™‰ü¿’— ÅØË ¢√é¬uEo ÉçTx-
the place is difficult. CIEFL, now EFLU. any book can help you.
'costs'. So it is an adverb. ≠ˇ™ Salary for the month of August wasn't
(To walk = walking = But when 'about' means, 'on the subject of'/ K. Omkar, Narsipatnam given ÅØÌî√a?
†úø-´úøç)
ii) To smoke/ smoking is bad for health 'In connection with' it is a
Q. They are all happy They
(í∫÷Ja/ í∫’Jç*) ÅØË áçü¿’-éπç-ö«®Ω’? A. He hasn't (has not) got his August salary/
(smoke preposition, because it is used before a
îËߪ’úøç) all are happy ÅE áçü¿’èπ◊ ņ-èπÿ-úøü¿’? salary for (the month of) August.
Å™«Íí– ÅEo-≤ƒ®Ω’x é¬ü¿’, éÌEo éÌEo verbs N≠æ- noun, a pronoun or a gerund to show place,
A. They are all happy = They all are happy (Salary for the month of August was not
ߪ’ç™ passive infinitive, to be done, to be time, direction, position etc.
They are all happy given =
The students are talking about the exam.
È®çúø÷ äéπõ‰. Å®·ûË Å†úøç
killed, etc ™, 'to be' omit îËÆ œ ¢√úøû√ç.
Çí∫Æˇd ØÁ© @ûªç É´y-•-úø-™‰ü¿’ – ´÷´‚©’
Here, 'about' is placed before the noun, the better, subject verb
¢ÁçôØË ®√´úøç ´’ç*C ûÁ©’-í∫’™,August ØÁ© @ûªç É´y-™‰ü¿’).
a) TRS wants the state to be divided = TRS 'exams' so it is a preposition. So the mean- 鬕öÀd. äéÌ\-éπ\-°æ¤púø’ 'Åçü¿®Ω÷— ÅüË N≠æ-ߪ÷-EéÀ
wants the state divided = TRS v§ƒ´·êuç É¢√yLq ´*a-†-°æ¤púø’, They all are Q. íÓçí∫÷®Ω†’ Ççí∫xç™ à´’ç-ö«®Ω’?
®√≠æZç ing of a word and the way it is used in a sen-
N¶μº->ç-îª-•-ú≈-©E éÓ®Ω’-èπ◊ç-öçC. É™«ç-öÀ-îÓôx, tence decide whether it is an adverb or a happy ÅØÌa. A. íÓçí∫÷®Ω = Sorrel leaves.
'divided' past participle Å´¤-ûª’çC, é¬E ÅC preposition. Q. Who is number 14?
infinitive ™ ¶μ«í∫¢Ë’. He went in - in - adverb.
A. I am (no 14) I am
He walked in the playground- in - preposi-
ÅE ÇÊ°-ߪ’úøç ÆæÈ®j†
b) No body wants her (to be) killed. response. I myself
tion. ûª°æ¤p.

Spoken English -§ƒ-ûª -¢√u≤ƒ-©éÓÆæç -éÀxé˙ -îË-ߪ’ç-úÕ.. URL: http://www.eenadu.net/spoken/spoken.htm

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