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Cornelia demers: WIT

Chapter 11, Solution 1

Given:

x 1.5t 4 30t 2 5t 10 dx v 6t 3 60t 5 dt dv a 18t 2 60 dt

4 s.

Evaluate expressions at t

x 1.5(4)4 v 6(4)3

30(4) 2

5(4) 10

66 m

x

66.0 m

**60(4) 5 149 m/s 60 228 m/s 2
**

a

v 149.0 m/s

a 18(4)2

228.0 m/s 2

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

Chapter 11, Solution 2

Given:

x 12t 3 18t 2 v a dx dt dv dt 36t 2

2t 5 36t 2

72t 36

Find the time for a

0. 72t 36 0 t 0.5 s

**Substitute into above expressions.
**

x 12(0.5)3 18(0.5)2

v 36(0.5) 2 7 m/s

2(0.5) 5 3

x

3.00 m

36(0.5) 2

v 7.00 m/s

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

Chapter 11, Solution 3

We have Then and When v or At t

3 s: 0: 5t 2

x v a 5 3 t 3 dx dt dv dt 5 2 t 2 5t 2 30t 8 5t 30

10t 5

5t 30 5(t 2 t

x3

a3

t 6)

0 2 s (Reject)

30(3) 8

or x3

t 3.00 s

3 s and t

5 3 (3) 3 5 2 (3) 2

59.5 ft

10(3) 5

or a3

25.0 ft/s 2

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

Chapter 11 Solution 4

**We have Then and At t
**

6 s:

x

v a

6t 2

dx dt dv dt

8 40 cos t

12t 40 sin t 12 40

2

cos t

or or v6 x6 248 in. 72.0 in./s

x6

v6

6(6) 2

8 40 cos 6

12(6) 40 sin 6

a6

12 40

2

cos 6

or a6

383 in./s 2

Chapter 11, Solution 5

We have Then and When a or or

2 s: 3 t

x 6t 4 2t 3 12t 2 3t 3

v a

dx dt dv dt

24t 3

6t 2

24t 3

72t 2 12t 24

0:

72t 2 12t

24 12(6t 2 (3t

t 2)

0 0

1 s (Reject) 2

t 0.667 s

2)(2t 1)

2 s and t 3

At t

x2/3

6

2 3 2 3

4

2

3

2 3 2 3

3

12

2

2 3

2

3 2 3

2 3

3

or

x2/3

0.259 m

v2/3

24

6

24

3

or v2/3

8.56 m/s

Chapter 11, Solution 6

x v a

**2t 3 15t 2 24t 4 dx 6t 2 30t 24 dt dv 12t 30 dt
**

0

(a)

v

0 when

6t 2

30t

24

6(t 1)(t

4)

0

t 1.000 s or t t 2.5 s

4.00 s

(b)

a

0 when

12t 30 0 x2.5

For t

2.5 s:

2(2.5)3 15(2.5)2

24(2.5) 4

x2.5 1.500 m

**To find total distance traveled, we note that
**

v 0 when t 1 s:

x1 x1 2(1)3 15(1) 2 15 m

4m

24(1) 4

For t

0,

x0

**Distance traveled From t
**

0 to t 1 s: 2.5 s:

x1 x2.5 x0 15 4 11 m

From t 1 s to t

x1 1.5 15 13.5 m

Total distance traveled 11 m 13.5 m

24.5 m

Chapter 11, Solution 7

We have Then and (a) When v or or (b) When x Factoring Now observe that

0:

t3 6t 2 36t x t3 6t 2 36t 40

v a

dx dt dv dt

3t 2 12t 36 6t 12

0:

3t 2 12t 36 3(t 2 (t t

40 0

4t 12) 2)(t 6)

0 0 6s

t 6.00 s

2 s (Reject) and t

(t 10)(t

2)(t

2)

0 or t 10 s

0 # t , 6 s: 6 s , t # 10 s:

v, 0 v. 0

and at t

t

0: 6 s:

x0 x6

40 ft (6)3 6(6) 2 36(6) 40

256 ft

t 10 s:

v10

a10

3(10)2 12(10) 36

6(10) 12

or v10

144.0 ft/s

or

a0

48.0 ft/s 2

Then

| x6 x10

x0 | | 256 ( 40)| 216 ft x6 0 ( 256) 256 ft

Total distance traveled (216 256) ft

472 ft

Chapter 11, Solution 8

**We have Then and (a) When v or
**

0:

x

t3

9t 2

24t 8

v a

dx dt dv dt

3t 2 18t 6 t 18

24

3 t 2 18t

24 3(t 2 (t

6t 8) 2)(t 4)

0 0

or t (b) When a At t

3 s: 0: 6t 18 0 or t x3 (3)3 9(3) 2 3s 24(3) 8

2.00 s and t

4.00 s

or

x3

10.00 in.

**First observe that 0 # t , 2 s:
**

2 s , t # 3 s:

v. 0 v, 0

Now

At t At t 0: 2 s:

x0 8 in.

x2

(2)3

9(2) 2

24(2) 8 12 in.

Then

x2 | x3

x0

12 ( 8)

20 in.

x2 | |10 12| 2 in.

Total distance traveled (20 2) in. 22.0 in.

Chapter 11, Solution 9

We have Then or Also

x

dv dt

a

8 m/s 2

dv

v

dx dt v

t

8 dt C C

8t C (m/s)

8t C

constant

At t or or

4 s, x

20 m:

dx

20 4

( 8t C ) dt Ct ]t4 C (t 4) 84 (m)

C 16 8t

x 20 [ 4t 2 x 4 m:

16

4t 2

When v 16 m/s, x

8t C

4

4t 2 4t 2

0

2s

C (t

4) 84 4) 80

**Combining Simplifying or and
**

t2 4t

0

4

t

(16 8t )(t

C v

32 m/s 8t 32 (m/s)

x

4t 2

0

32 t

44 (m) or t 4.00 s

(a) (b)

When v

0:

8t 32

**Velocity and distance at 11 s.
**

v11 (8)(11) 32 44 m 20 m v11 56.0 m/s

At t

t

0: 4 s:

x0 x4

t 11 s:

x11

4(11)2

32(11) 44

176 m

PROBLEM 11.9 (Continued)

Now observe that

0 # t , 4 s: 4 s , t # 11 s:

v. 0

v, 0

Then

x4 | x11

x0

20 ( 44)

64 m

x4 | | 176 20| 196 m

Total distance traveled (64 196) m

260 m

Chapter 11, Solution 10

We have Now

v

a

dv dt

kt 2

a

t

k

kt 2

constant

At t or or Also

6 s, v 18 m/s:

dv

18 6

kt 2 dt

216) 216)(m/s) 216)

v 18

1 3 k (t 3

v 18 dx dt

x

1 3 k (t 3

v 18

t

1 3 k (t 3

At t

0, x

24 m:

dx

24 0

18

1 3 k (t 3

216) dt

**or Now At t or Then
**

6 s, x 96 m:

x 24 18t

1 1 4 k t 3 4

216t

96 24 18(6)

1 m/s 4 9

1 1 4 k (6) 3 4

216(6)

k

x 24 18t

1 1 3 9

1 4 t 4

24

216t

or and or

x(t )

1 4 t 10t 108

v 18

1 1 3 (t 3 9

216)

v(t )

1 3 t 10 27

Chapter 11, Solution 11

We have Now

v

a

dv dt

kt

a

t

k

kt

constant

At t or or

0, v 16 in./s:

dv

16 0

kt dt

1 2 kt 2 1 2 kt (in./s) 2 1 k (1 s) 2 2

v 16

v 16

At t 1 s, v 15 in./s: or Also

15 in./s 16 in./s

k

dx dt

x

2 in./s3

v 16 t 2

t

and v 16 t 2

At t 1 s, x

20 in.:

dx

20 1

(16 t 2 ) dt

or

x 20

16t

1 3 t 3

t

1

or Then

At t 7 s:

x

1 3 t 16t 3

13 (in.) 3

v7

x7

16 (7) 2

1 3 13 (7) 16(7) 3 3

or v7

or

33.0 in./s x7 2.00 in.

When v

0:

16 t 2

0 or t

4s

PROBLEM 11.11 (Continued)

At t

t

0: 4 s:

x0 x4

13 3 1 3 13 (4) 16(4) 3 3 47 in.

**Now observe that
**

0 # t , 4 s: 4 s , t # 7 s:

v. 0 v, 0

Then

x4 | x7

13 42.67 in. 3 x4 | |2 47| 45 in. x0 47

Total distance traveled (42.67 45) in. 87.7 in.

Chapter 11, Solution 11.12

a dv dt kt 2 a kt 2

(1)

t

0, v

32 ft/s and t

4 s, v

32 ft/s

32 4

(a)

dv

32 0

kt 2 dt

k 3.00 ft/s 4

32 ( 32)

1 k (4)3 3

(b)

Substituting k

3 ft/s 4 into (1)

dv dt

v

a

t

3t 2

a

3t 2

t

0, v

32 ft/s:

dv

32 0

3t 2 dt v t 3 32

v ( 32) dx dt

x

1 3(t )3 3 v

t

t 3 32

t

4 s, x

0:

0

dx

4

(t

3

32) dt ; x

1 4 t 32t 4 4

t

x x

1 4 1 4 t 32t (4) 32(4) 4 4 1 4 t 32t 64 128 4

x

1 4 t 32t 64 4

Chapter 11, Solution 13

We have Now At t or At t 1 s, v 30 m/s: or Also

x

a

dv dt

v

A 6t 2

a

t

A constant

A 6t 2

0, v

0:

dv

0 0

( A 6t 2 )dt 2t 3 (m/s)

v 30

At

A(1) 2(1)3 and v 32t 2t 3

2t 3

A 32 m/s 2

dx dt v

t

32t

At t or (a)

0, x 8 m:

dx

8 0

(32t

2t 3 )dt

1 4 t (m) 2

x 8 16t 2

When v or

0:

32t

2t 3 t

2t (16 t 2 ) 0 and t

8 16(4) 2 8 16(5)2

0 4.00 s

1 4 (4) 2 1 4 (5) 2 136 m 95.5 m

(b)

At t

t

4 s: 5 s:

x4 x5

**Now observe that
**

0 , t , 4 s: 4 s , t # 5 s:

v. 0 v, 0

Then

x4 | x5

x0

136 8 128 m

x4 | |95.5 136| 40.5 m

Total distance traveled (128 40.5) m 168.5 m

Radial and Transverse Components

Cornelia demers: WIT

Chapter 11, Solution 133

an an

10 g 10(9.81 m/s 2 ) 98.1 m/s 2 v2 v2 an (8 m)(98.1 m/s 2 ) 784.8 m 2 /s 2

v 28.0 m/s

Chapter 11, Solution 134

(a)

First note Now

v

72 km/h

20 m/s

an

v2

or or (b) We have

d 2

(20 m/s) 2 3.2 m/s 2

d 250 m

an

v2

Then or or

v2

v

(0.6 9.81 m/s 2 )

23.016 m/s

1 180 m 2

v 82.9 km/h

Chapter 11, Solution 135

an

v2

an

v

2.4 ft/s 2

45 mi/h 66 ft/s

2.4 ft/s 2

(66 ft/s) 2

1815 ft

Chapter 11, Solution 136

We have Then or or

an

v2

(vmax )2 AB

(vmax ) AB

(3 32.2 ft/s 2 )(80 ft)

87.909 ft/s (vmax ) AB 59.9 mi/h

Chapter 11, Solution 137

(a)

At t

0, v A

0, which implies (a A ) n aA

0 ( a A )t

**or (b) We have uniformly accelerated motion
**

vA 0 ( a A )t t

aA

20 mm/s 2

At t Now

2 s:

vA

(a A )n

2 aA

(20 mm/s 2 )(2 s) = 40 mm/s

2 vA A

(40 mm/s) 2 90 mm

2 (a A )n

17.7778 mm/s2

Finally,

(a A )t2 (20) 2

(17.7778) 2 aA 26.8 mm/s 2

or

Chapter 11, Solution 138

When v

72 km/h

20 m/s and

400 m,

an v2 (20) 2 400 1.000 m/s 2

But

a at

2 an

at2

2 an

a2

(1.5) 2

(1.000) 2

1.11803 m/s 2

**Since the train is accelerating, reject the negative value. (a) Distance to reach the speed.
**

v0 0 0

2 v0 2 v1 2at

Let

x0

2 v1

2at ( x1

x0 )

2at x1

x1 178.9 m

x1

(20)2 (2)(1.11803)

(b)

**Corresponding tangential acceleration.
**

at 1.118 m/s 2

Chapter 11, Solution 139

**We have uniformly accelerated motion
**

2 v2 2 v1

2at s12 2at (95 ft)

**Substituting or Also At t Now
**

2 s:

(24 ft/s) 2 at

v

(14 ft/s) 2 2 ft/s 2

v1 at t

v 14 ft/s

an v2

(2 ft/s 2 )(2 s) 18 ft/s

At t

2 s:

an a2

a2

(18 ft/s) 2 210 ft at2

2 an

1.54286 ft/s 2

Finally At t or

2 s:

22 1.54286 2 a 2.53 ft/s 2

RMP - alternate accel form

Cornelia demers: WIT

Chapter 11, Solution 26

(a)

We have

v

v

0, v

dv dx

a

x

0.6v3/ 2

When x or or When v or (b) We have

9 m/s:

v

9

(3/2)

dv

0

0.6 dx 0.6 x

1 (3 v1/ 2 ) 0.3 1 (3 41/ 2 ) 0.3

x 3.33 m

v 2[v1/2 ]9

x

(1)

4 m/s:

x

dv dt

v

a

t

0.6v3/ 2

When t or or

0, v

9 m/s:

v

9

(3/2)

dv

0

0.6dt 0.6t 0.3t

2[v

(1/2) v ]9

1 v 1 1

1 3 1 3

When v 1 m/s: or (c) We have

0.3t

t 2.22 s

1 v

1 3

2

0.3t

or

v

dx dt

3 1 0.9t

v

9 (1 0.9t )2

Now

9 (1 0.9t ) 2

PROBLEM 11.26 (Continued)

x

At t

0, x

0:

0

dx

9 dt 0 (1 0.9t ) 2

t

or

x

9

1 1 0.9 1 0.9t

1 1 0.9t

t

0

10 1

9t 1 0.9t

When x or

6 m:

6

9t 1 0.9t

t 1.667 s

**An alternative solution is to begin with Eq. (1).
**

x 1 (3 v1/ 2 ) 0.3 v (3 0.3 x) 2

Then Now

x

dx dt

At t

0, x

0:

0

dx (3 0.3x)2

t

dt

0

or Which leads to the same equation as above.

t

1 1 0.3 3 0.3x

x

0

x 9 0.9 x

Chapter 11, Solution 27

(a) We have At t

0, x

dx dt

v

x

7.5(1 0.04 x)0.3

0:

0

dx (1 0.04 x)0.3

t

7.5dt

0

or or or At t 1 h: or (b) We have

1 0.7

1 x [(1 0.04 x)0.7 ]0 0.04

7.5t

1 (1 0.04 x)0.7

x x 1 [1 (1 0.21t )1/0.7 ] 0.04 1 {1 [1 0.21(1)]1/0.7 } 0.04

0.21t

(1)

x

7.15 mi

a

v

dv dx

d [7.5(1 0.04 x)0.3 ] dx 7.52 (1 0.04 x)0.3 [(0.3)( 0.04)(1 0.04 x) 7.5(1 0.04 x)0.3 0.675(1 0.04 x)

0.4

2

0.7

]

At t or (c)

0, x

0:

a0

0.675 mi/h 2

5280 ft 1 mi

1h 3600 s

a0

t 1 [1 (1 0.04 x)0.7 ] 0.21

275 10 6 ft/s 2

From Eq. (1) When x

6 mi:

t

1 {1 [1 0.04(6)]0.7 } 0.21 0.83229 h

t 49.9 min

or

Chapter 11, Solution 28

(a) We have

a v dv dx 0.18v0 d 0.18v0 x dx x

2 0.0324v0

x3

When x or (b) We have

2 m:

a

0.0324(3.6) 2 (2)3

a 0.0525 m/s 2

dx dt

3

v

t3 t1

0.18v0 x 0.18v0 dt

From x 1 m to x 3 m:

1

xdx

or

1 2 x 2

(t3

3

0.18v0 (t3

1

1 2

t1 )

or or

t1 )

(9 1)

0.18(3.6) t3 t1 6.17 s

RMP - special cases

Cornelia demers: WIT

Chapter 11, Solution 33

(a)

**Acceleration of the car.
**

2 v1 2 v0 2 v1

2a ( x1

2 v0

x0 )

a

2( x1

x0 )

Data:

v0 v1 x0 x1 a

45 km/h 12.5 m/s 99 km/h 0 0.2 km 200 m a 1.500 m/s 2 27.5 m/s

(27.5) 2 (12.5) 2 (2)(200 0)

(b)

Time to reach 99 km/h.

v1 t1 t0 v0 a (t1 t0 ) v1 v0 a 27.5 12.5 1.500 10.00 s

t1 t0

10.00 s

Chapter 11, Solution 34

(a)

Initial velocity.

x

x0

v0 t

1 2 at 2

v0

x0 1 at t 2 220 1 ( 0.6)(10) 10 2

v0 at

x

v0

25.9 m/s

(b)

Final velocity.

v

v

25.0 ( 0.6)(10)

vf

19.00 m/s

(c)

**Distance traveled during first 1.5 s.
**

x x0 v0t 1 2 at 2 1 ( 0.6)(1.5)2 2

x 36.8 m

0 (25.0)(1.5)

Chapter 11, Solution 35

(a)

**Time required to reach B.
**

vA xB 30 mi/h xA v At 44 ft/s, x A 1 2 at 2 1 (11)t 2 2 0, xB 160 ft, a 11 ft/s 2

160 0 44t

5.5t 2 44t 160 0

t

(44) 2 (4)(5.5)( 160) (2)(5.5) 4 6.7150 44

Rejecting the negative root. (b) Speed at B.

t

2.7150 s

t

2.71 s

vB

vA

at

44 (11)(2.7150)

73.865 ft/s vB 50.4 mi/h

Chapter 11, Solution 36

(a)

We have At tland , Then

y

y1

v1t

1 2 at 2

y

0

0 89.6 ft v1 (16 s) 1 ( 32.2 ft/s 2 )(16 s) 2 2

**or (b) We have At Then or
**

v2

y

2 v1

v1

2.52 ft/s

2a ( y

v

y1 )

0

ymax ,

0 (252 ft/s) 2

2( 32.2 ft/s 2 )( ymax 89.6) ft

ymax 1076 ft

Chapter 11, Solution 37

Given:

0#

# 35 m, a

constant constant x 35 m, t 5.4 s

35 m ,

# 100 m, v 0, v 0 when

At t Find: (a) (b) (c) a v when x 100 m t when x 100 m

(a)

We have At t or

5.4 s:

x 35 m

a

0 0t

1 2 at 2

for

0 # x # 35 m

1 a (5.4 s) 2 2

2.4005 m/s 2 a 2.40 m/s 2

(b)

First note that v Now When x 35 m: or

vmax for 35 m # x # 100 m.

v2

2 vmax

0 2a ( x 0)

for

0 # x # 35 m

2(2.4005 m/s 2 )(35 m)

12.9628 m/s x1 v0 (t t1 ) vmax 12.96 m/s

vmax x 100 m

(c)

We have When x 100 m: or

for

35 m , x # 100 m

5.4) s t2 10.41 s

35 m (12.9628 m/s)(t2

Chapter 11, Solution 38

(a)

For and we have Then, at B

A C

B D

v2

2 v0

2a ( x

x0 )

2 vBC

0 2(4.8 m/s 2 )(3 0) m 28.8 m 2 /s 2 (vBC xC )

d

5.3666 m/s)

xd xC

**and at D or or (b) For and we have Then
**

A B A

C

2 vD

2 vBC

2aCD ( xD

(7.2 m/s) 2

(28.8 m 2 /s 2 ) 2(4.8 m/s 2 )d

d 2.40 m

B

D,

v

v0

at

5.3666 m/s

0 (4.8 m/s 2 )t AB

1.11804 s

or and or

C D

t AB

7.2 m/s 5.3666 m/s (4.8 m/s 2 )tCD

tCD 0.38196 s

**Now, for we have or or Finally, or
**

B C,

xC 3m t BC tD

xB

vBC t BC

(5.3666 m/s)t BC 0.55901 s t AB t BC tCD (1.11804 0.55901 0.38196) s tD 2.06 s

Graphical Methods

Cornelia demers: WIT

Chapter 11, Solution 62

(a)

Initial conditions:

t

0, v0

18 ft/s,

x0

0

**Change in v equals area under a t curve:
**

v0 18 ft/s 6 ft/s 30 ft/s 20 ft/s 20 ft/s

0 , t , 4 s: 4 s , t , 10 s: 10 s , t , 12 s: 12 s , t , 20 s:

v4 v10 v12 v20

v0 v4 v10 v12

(3 ft/s 2 )(4 s) (6 ft/s 2 )(6 s) ( 5 ft/s 2 )(2 s) ( 5 ft/s 2 )(8 s)

12 ft/s 36 ft/s 10 ft/s 40 ft/s

v4 v10 v12 v20

**Change in x equals area under v t curve:
**

x0 0 48 ft 51 ft

0 , t , 4 s: 4 s , t , 5 s:

x4 x5

x0 x4

1 ( 18 6)(4) 2 1 ( 6)(1) 2 3 ft

48 ft

x4 x5

PROBLEM 11.61 (Continued)

1 ( 30)(5) 2

5 s , t , 10 s: 12 s , t , 10 s: 16 s , t , 12 s: 20 s , t , 16 s:

x10 x12 x16 x20

x5 x10 x12 x16

75 ft 50 ft

x16

x10 x12

24 ft 74 ft 114 ft 74 ft

1 ( 30 20)(2) 2 1 ( 20)(4) 2 1 ( 20)(4) 2 40 ft 40 ft

x20

(b)

**From above curves, we read
**

For t 12 s: v12 20 ft/s, x12

0 to t 12 s

74 ft

**Distance traveled t From t From t
**

0 s to t

5 s : Distance traveled

51 ft (51 74) 125 ft

5 s to t 12 s : Distance traveled

Total distance traveled

176 ft

Chapter 11, Solution 62

(a)

Initial conditions:

t

0, v0

18 ft/s, x0

0

**Change in v equals area under a t curve:
**

v0 18 ft/s 6 ft/s 30 ft/s 20 ft/s 20 ft/s

2

0 , t , 4 s: 4 s , t , 10 s: 10 s , t , 12 s: 12 s , t , 20 s:

v4 v10 v12 v20

v0 v4 v10 v12

(3 ft/s )(4 s) (6 ft/s )(6 s) ( 5 ft/s )(2 s) ( 5 ft/s )(8 s)

2 2 2

12 ft/s 36 ft/s 10 ft/s 40 ft/s

v4 v10 v12 v20

**Change in x equals area under v t curve:
**

x0 0 48 ft 51 ft 24 ft 74 ft

0 , t , 4 s: 4 s , t , 5 s: 5 s , t , 10 s: 12 s , t , 10 s:

x4 x5 x10 x12

x0 x4 x5 x10

1 ( 2 1 ( 2 1 ( 2 1 ( 2

18 6)(4) 6)(1) 30)(5) 3 ft

48 ft

x4 x5 x10

75 ft 50 ft

30 20)(2)

x12

PROBLEM 11.62 (Continued)

1 ( 20)(4) 2 1 ( 20)(4) 2

16 s , t , 12 s: 20 s , t , 16 s:

x16 x20

x12 x16

40 ft 40 ft

x16 x20

114 ft 74 ft

**From v t and x t curves, we read (a) (b) At t 10 s: At t 16 s:
**

vmax xmax 30 ft/s 114 ft

Problem 11, Solution 63

(a)

at

**slope of v t curve at time t
**

0 to t 10 s: v constant a 0

From t

t 10 s to t

t 26 s to t

26 s: 41 s: 46 s: 46 s:

a

v

20 60 26 10

constant a

5 ft/s 2

0

t

41 s to t t

a

v

5 ( 20) 46 41

constant a

3 ft/s 2

0

x2

x1

**(area under v t curve from t1 to t2 )
**

x10 540 10(60) 60 ft

0. Using similar triangles

At t 10 s:

Next, find time at which v

tv

0

10

60

26 10 80

or

tv

0

22 s

At

t t t t t

22 s: 26 s: 41 s: 46 s: 50 s:

x22 x26 x41 x46 x50

1 (12)(60) 420 ft 2 1 420 (4)(20) 380 ft 2 380 15(20) 80 ft 60 20 5 17.5 ft 2 17.5 4(5) 2.5 ft 80 5

PROBLEM 11.63 (Continued)

(b)

From t

0 to t

22 s: Distance traveled

420 ( 540)

960 ft

t

22 s to t

50 s: Distance traveled

| 2.5 420| 422.5 ft

Total distance traveled

**(960 422.5) ft 1382.5 ft
**

1383 ft

(c)

**Using similar triangles Between 0 and 10 s: or Between 46 s and 50 s: or
**

(t x 0 )2 46 17.5 4 20

(t x 0 )2 49.5 s

(t x 0 )1 0 540

10 600

(t x 0 )1 9.00 s

Chapter 11, Solution 64

SOLUTION

(a)

at slope of v t curve at time t

0 to t 10 s: v constant a 0

From t

t 10 s to t t t 26 s to t 41 s to t t

26 s: 41 s: 46 s: 46 s:

a

v

20 60 26 10

constant a

5 ft/s 2

0

a

v

5 ( 20) 46 41

constant a

3 ft/s 2

0

x2

x1

**(area under v t curve from t1 to t2 )
**

x10 540 10(60) 60 ft

At t 10 s:

**Next, find time at which v
**

tv

0

0. Using similar triangles

10

60

26 10 80

or

tv

0

22 s

At

t t t t t

22 s: 26 s: 41 s: 46 s: 50 s:

x22 x26 x41 x46 x50

1 (12)(60) 420 ft 2 1 420 (4)(20) 380 ft 2 380 15(20) 80 ft 60 20 5 17.5 ft 2 17.5 4(5) 2.5 ft 80 5

PROBLEM 11.64 (Continued)

(b) (c)

**Reading from the x t curve Between 10 s and 22 s
**

100 ft 420 ft (area under v t curve from t , to 22 s) ft

100

(22 t1 )(v1 )

xmax

420 ft

**or or Using similar triangles
**

v1 22 t1 60 12

420

640

1 (22 t1 )(v1 ) 2

or

v1

5(22 t1 )

Then or We have Between 26 s and 41 s: Using similar triangles

(22 t1 )[5(22 t1 )] 640 t1 10.69 s and t1 33.3 s t1 10.69 s

10 s , t1 , 22 s

41 t2 20

15 300

t2 40 s

or

Chapter 11, Solution 65

**Assume second deceleration is constant. Also, note that
**

200 km/h 55.555 m/s, 50 km/h 13.888 m/s

(a)

Now Then or

x

**area under v t curve for given time interval
**

(586 600) m

t1 (30 586) m

t1

55.555 13.888 m/s 2

0.4032 s t2 (13.888 m/s)

or

t2 (0 30) m

**40.0346 s 1 (t3 )(13.888 m/s) 2
**

4.3203 s (0.4032 40.0346 4.3203) s ttotal 44.8 s

or

t3 ttotal

or (b) We have

ainitial vinitial t1 [ 13.888 ( 55.555)] m/s 0.4032 s 103.3 m/s 2

or

ainitial 103.3 m/s 2

Chapter 11, Solution 66

First note that (80 mm/s) (20 s) , 4000 mm, so that the speed of the pallet must be increased. Since vpaint constant, it follows that vpaint vmax and then t1 # .5 s. From the v t curve, A1 A2 4000 mm and it is seen that (vmax )min occurs when

a1 vmax 80 is maximum. t1

Thus,

(vmax 80)mm/s t1(s) 60 mm/s

(vmax 80) 60

**or and Substituting for t1
**

(vmax 80) 80 vmax 60 2 t1 80 vmax 2

t1

(20 t1 ) (vmax )

4000

20

vmax 80 vmax 60

4000

**Simplifying Solving For
**

vmax vmax vmax 207 mm/s 207 mm/s,

2 vmax

2560vmax

vmax

486400 0

2353 mm/s

and t1 , 5 s t1 . 5 s

2353 mm/s,

(vmax )min

207 mm/s

Chapter 11, Solution 67

**The v t curve is first drawn as shown. Then
**

ta td vright aright 12 in./s 6 in./s 2 2s

vleft 30 in./s aleft 20 in./s 1.5 s

A1 60 in. 60 in. 7s 60 in. 60 in. 10.5 s

**Now or or and or or Now We have xii At
**

xi {[(t2 [(t1

2) s](12 in./s) t1 A2

7) 1.5] s}(30 in./s) t2

tcycle

t2

tcycle

10.5 s

(area under v t curve from ti to tii )

t t t t

2 s: 5 s: 7 s: 8.5 s:

x2

x5

x7

1 (2) (12) 12 in. 2 12 (5 2)(12)

48 in. 60 in.

x8.5

x9

x10.5

t

9 s:

1 (1.5)(30) 2 37.5 in. 37.5 (0.5)(30) 60

22.5 in. 0

t 10.5 s:

Chapter 11, Solution 68

Given: At t 0, v 40 mi/h x 0; when x 2.5 mi, v at t 7.5 min, x 3 mi; constant decelerations The v t curve is first drawn is shown. (a) We have or or (b) We have or or (c) We have

afinal a12 (4 20) mi/h (7.5 5) min

(7.5 5) min (t1 min)

A1

20 mi/h;

2.5 mi

40 20 1h mi/h 2 60 min

2.5 mi

t1 A2 0.5 mi 5 min

20 v2 1h mi/h 2 60 min

0.5 mi

v2 4 mi/h

5280 ft 1 min mi 60 s

1h 3600 s

afinal 0.1564 ft/s 2

or

Chapter 11, Solution 69

Given:

(vmax ) AC vA |a| vB

100 km/h, (vmax )CB 0; t AB B min, 20 s;

70 km/h;

constant; v

vmax as such as possible

The v t curve is first drawn as shown, where the magnitudes of the slopes (accelerations) of the three inclined lines are equal. Note: At

8 min 20 s 5 h 36

t1 , x 8 km

5 h, x 12 km 36

**Denoting the magnitude of the accelerations by a, we have
**

a a a 100 ta 30 tb 70 tc

**where a is in km/h2 and the times are in h. Now A1
**

8 km:

(t1 )(100)

1 (ta )(100) 2

1 (tb )(30) 8 2

PROBLEM 11.69 (Continued)

Substituting or Also A2

4 km:

100t1

1 100 (100) 2 a

1 30 (30) 8 2 a

t1 0.08 54.5 a

5 36 5 36

t1 (70) t1 (70)

1 (tc )(70) 2 1 70 (70) 2 a

t1 0.08 54.5 a

4 4

103 1260 103 1260

2

Substituting or Then

35 a 35 a

or or

a

51.259 km/h

1000 m km

1h 3600 s

2

a

3.96 m/s 2

Chapter 11, Solution 70

SOLUTION

Given: for at

v0 6 m/s; for 0 # t # t , a t ;

t1 # t # 1.4 s a t a 0 a

2 m/s 2 ; t1

12 m/s 2 ; at t

2 m/s 2 , v 1.8 m/s 2

**The a t and v t curves are first drawn as shown. (a) We have or or (b) We have or or
**

v1.4 v1.4 vt1 A2 vt1

1.8 m/s

v0

A1

12 2 m/s 2 2

t1 0.6 s

6 m/s (t1 s)

1.8 m/s (1.4 0.6)5 2 m/s 2

v1.4 0.20 m/s

**Now x1.4 A3 A4 , where A3 is most easily determined using integrating. Thus, for 0 # t # t1 : Now
**

a 2 ( 12) t 12 0.6 50 t 12 3

dv dt

a 50 t 12 3

PROBLEM 11.70 (Continued)

v

t

At t or

0, v

6 m/s:

dv

6 0

50 t 12 dt 3

25 2 t 12t 3 6 12t 25 2 t 3

v dx dt

6 v

xt1 0

We have Then

0.6

A3

dx

0 2

(6 12t 25 3 t 9

0.6

25 2 t )dt 3 2.04 m

6t 6t

0

Also Then or

A4

x1.4

(1.4 0.6)

1.8 0.2 2

0.8 m

(2.4 0.8) m x1.4 2.84 m

Chapter 11, Solution 74

Geometry of “bell-shaped” portion of v t curve

**The parabolic spandrels marked by * are of equal area. Thus, total area of shaded portion of v t diagram is:
**

= x=6m

v20

50 m/s

(a)

When t

20 s:

x20 (60 m/s) (20 s) (shaded area)

1200 m 6 m

x20

1194 m

(b)

From t

6 s to t 14 s:

t

x

8s

(60 m/s) (14 s 6 s) (shaded area) (60 m/s)(8 s) 6 m 480 m 6 m 474 m

x t 474 m 8s

vaverage

vaverage

59.25 m/s

Curvilinear Motion

Cornelia demers: WIT

Chapter 11, Solution 97

First note

v0

315 km/h 87.5 m/s

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y 0 (0)t 1 2 gt 2

At B: or Horizontal motion. (Uniform)

80 m

tB

1 (9.81 m/s 2 )t 2 2

4.03855 s

x

0 ( vx )0 t

At B: or

d

(87.5 m/s)(4.03855 s)

d 353 m

Chapter 11, Solution 98

(a)

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y 0 (0)t 1 2 gt 2 or t B 0.451 524 s

At B: Horizontal motion (Uniform)

1m

1 (9.81 m/s 2 )t 2 2

x

0 ( vx )0 t v0 (0.451524 s) 15.5031 m/s v0 15.50 m/s

At B: or (b) Vertical motion: At C: or Horizontal motion. At C: or

7m v0

3m

tC

1 (9.81 m/s 2 ) t 2 2

0.782062 s

(7 d ) m

(15.5031 m/s)(0.782062 s)

d 5.12 m

Chapter 11, Solution 99

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y 0 (0)t 1 2 gt 2

**Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
**

x 0 (vx )0 t v0 t

At B: or Then or At C: or Then or

y:

1 3 ft 3

tB

1 (32.2 ft/s 2 )t 2 2

0.455016 s (v0 ) B (0.455016 s) 15.38 ft/s

x:

7 ft (v0 ) B

y:

2 ft

tC

1 (32.2 ft/s 2 )t 2 2

0.352454 s

x:

1 12 ft 3

(v0 )C

(v0 )C (0.352454 s)

35.0 ft/s 15.38 ft/s # v0 # 35.0 ft/s

Chapter 11, Solution 100

(a)

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y 0 (0)t 1 2 gt 2

**Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
**

x 0 (vx )0 t v0 t

**When h 31 in., y or Then or When h or Then or
**

42 in., y

2

5 ft: 12

2

5 ft 12

1 (32.2 ft/s 2 )t 2 2

t31 0.387432 s

40 ft

(v0 )31 (0.387432 s) 70.4 mi/h

(v0 )31 103.244 ft/s

1.5 ft:

1.5 ft

1 (32.2 ft/s 2 ) t 2 2

t42 0.305234 s

40 ft (v0 ) 42

(v0 )42 (0.305234 s) 131.047 ft/s 89.4 mi/h 70.4 mi/h # v0 # 89.4 mi/h

(b)

**For the vertical motion
**

vy (0) gt |(v y ) B | (v x ) B gt v0

Now

tan

When h 31 in.:

tan

**(32.2 ft/s 2 )(0.387432 s) 103.244 ft/s 0.120833
**

31

or When h

42 in.:

tan (32.2 ft/s 2 )(0.305234 s) 131.047 ft/s 0.075000

6.89

or

42

4.29

Chapter 11, Solution 101

First note

(v x ) 0 (v y ) 0

(13.40 m/s) cos 20 (13.40 m/s) sin 20

12.5919 m/s 4.5831 m/s

(a)

**Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
**

x 0 ( vx )0 t (12.5919 m/s) t or tC 0.71475 s

At C

9m

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y y0 (v y ) 0 t 1 2 gt 2

At C:

yc

**2.1 m (4.5831 m/s)(0.71475 s) 1 (9.81 m/s 2 )(0.71475 s) 2 2 2.87 m
**

yC . 2.43 m (height of net)

ball clears net

(b)

At B, y Solving Then

0:

0

tB

2.1 m (4.5831 m/s)t

1 (9.81 m/s 2 )t 2 2

1.271175 s (the other root is negative)

d

(v x ) 0 t B 16.01 m

(12.5919 m/s)(1.271175 s) b (16.01 9.00) m 7.01 m from the net

The ball lands

Chapter 11, Solution 102

First note

(v x ) 0 (v y ) 0 (1.2 m/s) cos 40 (1.2 m/s) sin 40 0.91925 m/s 0.77135 m/s

**Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
**

x 0 ( vx )0 t

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y y0 (v y ) 0 t 1 2 gt 2

**Milk enters glass at B
**

x: 0.08 m (0.91925 m/s) t or t B hB 0.087028 s y : 0.140 m ( 0.77135 m/s)(0.087028 s) 1 (9.81 m/s 2 )(0.087028 s) 2 2

or Milk enters glass at C

hB

0.244 m

x : 0.146 m y : 0.140 m

(0.91925 m/s) t or tC hC

0.158825 s

( 0.77135 m/s)(0.158825 s) 1 (9.81 m/s 2 )(0.158825 s) 2 2

or

hC

0.386 m

0.244 m # h # 0.386 m

Chapter 11, Solution 103

First note and at B Now At B

(v x ) 0 (v y ) 0

xB

**(160 ft/s) cos 25 (160 ft/s)sin 25
**

d cos 5 yB d sin 5

**Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
**

x 0 ( vx )0 t

d cos 5

(160 cos 25 )t or t B

1 2 gt 2

**cos 5 d 160 cos 25
**

32.2 ft/s 2 )

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y 0 (v y )0 t (g 1 2 gtB 2

At B: Substituting for t B or or

d sin 5

(160 sin 25 )tB

d sin 5

cos 5 (160 sin 25 ) 160 cos 25

d

1 cos 5 g 2 160 cos 25

2

d2

d

2 (160 cos 25 )2 (tan 5 32.2 cos 5 726.06 ft

tan 25 )

d

242 yd

Chapter 11, Solution 104

First note

(v x ) 0 (v y ) 0

(2.5 ft/s) cos 15 (2.5 ft/s) sin 15

2.4148 ft/s 0.64705 ft/s

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y 0 (v y )0 t 1 2 gt 2

**At the top of the trough
**

8.8 ft ( 0.64705 ft/s) t

0.719491 s

1 (32.2 ft/s 2 ) t 2 2

or Horizontal motion. (Uniform)

t BC

(the other root is negative)

x

0 ( vx )0 t (2.4148 ft/s)(0.719491 s) 1.737 ft

In time t BC

xBC

**Thus, the trough must be placed so that
**

xB # 1.737 ft xC $ 1.737 ft

0 # d # 1.737 ft

Since the trough is 2 ft wide, it then follows that

Chapter 11, Solution 105

(v0 ) x (v0 ) y

v0 cos 20 0.9397 v0 v0 sin 20 0.3420 v0

Horizontal motion. At B: Vertical motion. At B:

x 30 ft

(v0 ) x t

(0.9397 v0 ) t t 31.925/v0

(0.9397 v0 ) t

(1)

y 18 ft

(v0 ) y t

1 2 gt 2 1 32.2t 2 2

2

v0 (0.3420) t

Using Eq. (1):

**31.925 18 (0.3420)(31.925) (16.1) v0 28.918 31.925 (16.1) v0
**

(16.1)(31.925) 2 28.918

23.82 ft/s

2

2 v0

567.44 ft 2 /s 2

v0 23.8 ft/s

v0

**Chapter 11, Solution 106
**

First note

(v x ) 0 (v y ) 0 v0 cos 30 v0 sin 30

**Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
**

x 0 ( vx )0 t

At B:

(16 d )

(v0 cos 30 ) t or tB

16 d v0 cos 30

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y 0 (v y )0 t 1 2 gt 2 (g 32.2 ft/s 2 )

At B:

3.2 (v0 sin 30 ) tB

1 2 gt B 2

Substituting for tB

**16 d 3.2 (v0 sin 30 ) v0 cos 30
**

2 v0

1 16 d g 2 v0 cos 30

2

or

2 g (16 d )2 1 3 (16 d ) 3.2 3

d ~ ft

(a)

d

9 in.:

2 v0

2(32.2) 16 3

1 3

9 12

2

16

9 12

3.2

v0 29.8 ft/s

or (b)

d 17 in.:

2 v0

2(32.2) 16 3

1 3

17 12

2

16

17 12

3.2

v0 29.6 ft/s

or

**Chapter 11, Solution 107
**

First note

(v x ) 0 (v y ) 0 v0 cos 3 v0 sin 3

**Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
**

x 0 ( vx )0 t

When x

6 m:

6 (v0 cos 3 )t or t6

6 v0 cos 3

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y 0 (v y )0 t

t6

1 2 gt 2

(g

9.81 m/s 2 )

**When the ball reaches the tire, t
**

y B ,C

(v0 sin 3 )

6 v0 cos 3

2

1 6 g 2 v0 cos 3

or

2 v0

**18(9.81) cos 3 (6 tan 3 yB , C )
**

2

or

2 v0

177.065 0.314447 yB ,C

At B, y or

0.53 m:

2 v0

**177.065 0.314447 ( 0.53)
**

14.48 m/s

(v0 ) B

At C, y or

1.25 m:

2 v0

177.06 s 0.314447 ( 1.25)

10.64 m/s 10.64 m/s # v0 # 14.48 m/s

(v0 )C

Chapter 11, Solution 109

First note

(v x ) 0 (v y ) 0 v0 cos 65 v0 sin 65

**Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
**

x 0 ( vx )0 t

At either B or C, x

5m

s

(v0 cos 65 )t B,C

5 (v0 cos 65 )

or

t B ,C

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y 0 (v y )0 t 1 2 gt 2 (g 9.81 m/s 2 )

At the tree limbs, t

t B ,C

y B ,C 5 (v0 sin 65 ) v0 cos 65

1 2 2

1 5 g 2 v0 cos 65

2

or

2 v0

(9.81)(25) yB , C )

cos 65 (5 tan 65 686.566 5 tan 65 yB , C

At Point B:

2 v0

686.566 5 tan 65 5 686.566 5 tan 65 5.9

or

(v0 ) B (v0 )C

10.95 m/s

At Point C:

2 v0

or

11.93 m/s

10.95 m/s # v0 # 11.93 m/s

Chapter 11, Solution 110

First note

(v x ) 0 (v y ) 0

v0 sin 15 v0 cos 15

**Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
**

vx (vx )0 v0 sin 15

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

vy (v y ) 0 gt gt y 0 (v y ) 0 t 1 2 gt 2 1 2 (v0 cos 15 ) t gt 2

v0 cos 15

**At Point B, v y , 0 Then
**

tan 12 (v x ) B |(v y ) B | v0 sin 15 gt B v0 cos 15

or

tB

v0 sin 15 g tan 12 0.22259 v0

cos 15

g

9.81 m/s 2

Noting that We have or

yB

0.2 m,

0.2 (v0 cos 15 )(0.22259 v0 )

1 (9.81)(0.22259 v0 ) 2 2

v0 2.67 m/s

**Chapter 11, Solution 112
**

First note and

v0 105 mi/h 154 ft/s

(v x ) 0 (v y ) 0

v0 cos v0 sin

(154 ft/s) cos (154 ft/s) sin

(a)

**Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
**

x 0 (vx )0 t (154 cos )t

At the front of the net, Then or

x 16 ft

16 (154 cos )t tenter 8 77 cos

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y 1 2 gt 2 1 2 (154 sin ) t gt 2 0 (v y ) 0 t

(g

32.2 ft/s 2 )

**At the front of the net,
**

yfront (154 sin ) tenter (154 sin ) 16 tan 1 2 gtenter 2 1 8 g 2 77 cos

2

8 77 cos

32 g 5929 cos 2

Now Then

1 cos 2

yfront

sec2

16 tan

1 tan 2

32 g (1 tan 2 ) 5929

or

tan 2

5929 tan 2g

5929 2g 5929 2g

1

2

5929 yfront 32 g 41 2

5929 32 g

0

1/ 2

yfront

Then

tan

5929 4 32.2

or or

tan

5929 4 32.2

2

1/ 2

5929 1 yfront 32 32.2

tan

46.0326 [(46.0326) 2

(1 5.7541 yfront )]1/ 2

PROBLEM 11.112 (Continued)

Now 0 # yfront # 4 ft so that the positive root will yield values of . 45 for all values of yfront. When the negative root is selected, increases as yfront is increased. Therefore, for max , set

yfront yC 4 ft

Then or (b) We had found

tan

max

**46.0326 [(46.0326) 2
**

14.6604

(1 5.7541 4)]1/ 2

max

14.66

tenter

8 77 cos 8 77 cos 14.6604

or

tenter

0.1074 s

**Chapter 11, Solution 113
**

First note

v0 72 km/h 20 m/s

and

(v x ) 0 (v y ) 0

v0 cos v0 sin

(20 m/s) cos (20 m/s) sin

(a)

**Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
**

x 0 (vx )0 t (20 cos ) t

At Point B:

14 (20 cos )t or t B

7 10 cos

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y 0 (v y )0 t 1 2 gt 2 1 2 gt B 2 (20 sin )t 1 2 gt 2 (g 9.81 m/s 2 )

At Point B: Substituting for t B

0.08 (20 sin )t B

0.08 (20 sin )

7 10 cos

1 7 g 2 10 cos

2

or Now

1 cos 2

8 1400 tan sec2

1 49 g 2 cos 2 1 tan 2

Then or Solving

240.345 tan 2

8 1400 tan 1400 tan 10.3786

24.5 g (1 tan 2 ) 248.345 0 and 79.949

**Rejecting the second root because it is not physically reasonable, we have
**

10.38

(b)

We have and At Point B:

vx

(vx )0

20 cos

vy (v y ) B

(v y ) 0 20 sin 20 sin

gt

20 sin gt B 7g 10 cos

gt

**PROBLEM 11.113 (Continued)
**

Noting that at Point B, v y , 0, we have

tan |(v y ) B | vx

7g 10 cos

20 sin sin 10.3786

20 cos

7 9.81 200 cos 10.3786

cos 10.3786

or

9.74

**Chapter 11, Solution 114
**

First note

(v x ) 0 (v y ) 0 v0 cos v0 sin

**Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
**

x 0 ( vx )0 t (v0 cos )t (v0 cos ) t

At Point B: or

1.8

tB

1.8 v0 cos

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y 1 2 gt 2 1 2 (v0 sin ) t gt 2 0 (v y ) 0 t

(v0 sin ) tB 1 2 gtB 2

(g

9.81 m/s 2 )

At Point B: Substituting for t B

1.4

1.8 1.4 (v0 sin ) v0 cos

1 1.8 g 2 v0 cos

2

or

2 v0

cos

2

1.62 g (1.8 tan

1.4)

1.62 g 0.9 sin 2 1.4 cos 2

2 Now minimize v0 with respect to . 2 dv0 d

We have or or or

1.62 g

(1.8 cos 2 (0.9 sin 2

**2.8 cos sin ) 1.4 cos 2 ) 2 1.4 sin 2
**

tan 2

0 0

18 14

1.8 cos 2

26.0625

and

206.06

**Rejecting the second value because it is not physically possible, we have
**

26.1

Finally, or

2 v0

**1.62 9.81 cos 26.0625 (1.8 tan 26.0625
**

2

1.4)

(v0 ) min 2.94 m/s

**Chapter 11, Solution 115
**

First note

(v x ) 0 (v y ) 0 v0 cos v0 sin (8 m/s) cos (8 m/s) sin

**Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
**

x 0 (vx )0 t (8 cos ) t

At Point B: or

x

d: d tB

(8 cos ) t d 8 cos

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y 0 (v y ) 0 t (8 sin ) t 1 2 gt 2 1 2 gt ( g 2 1 2 gt B 2

9.81 m/s 2 )

At Point B: Simplifying and substituting for t B

0 (8 sin ) t B

0 8 sin

1 d g 2 8 cos

or (a)

d

64 sin 2 g

(1)

When h 0, the water can follow any physically possible trajectory. It then follows from Eq. (1) that d is maximum when 2 90 or Then or

d 64 sin (2 45 ) 9.81

d max 6.52 m

45

(b)

Based on Eq. (1) and the results of Part a, it can be concluded that d increases in value as increases in value from 0 to 45° and then d decreases as is further increased. Thus, d max occurs for the value of closest to 45° and for which the water just passes over the first row of corn plants. At this row, xcom 1.5 m so that Also, with ycorn

h, we have

tcorn

1.5 8 cos

h

(8 sin ) tcorn

1 2 gtcorn 2

PROBLEM 11.115 (Continued)

**Substituting for tcorn and noting h 1.8 m,
**

1.5 1.8 (8 sin ) 8 cos 1 1.5 g 2 8 cos

2

or

1.8 1.5 tan

2.25 g 128 cos 2

Now Then or Solving

1 cos 2

sec2

1 tan 2

2.25(9.81) (1 tan 2 ) 128

1.8 1.5 tan

0.172441 tan 2

1.5 tan 58.229

1.972441 0 and 81.965

From the above discussion, it follows that d

d max when

58.2

Finally, using Eq. (1)

d 64 sin (2 58.229 ) 9.81

d max 5.84 m

or

**Chapter 11, Solution 116
**

First note

(v x ) 0 (v y ) 0 v0 cos v0 sin (11.5 m/s) cos (11.5 m/s) sin

By observation, d max occurs when

ymax 1.1 m.

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

vy (v y ) 0 gt y 1 2 gt 2 1 2 (11.5 sin ) t gt 2 0 (v y ) 0 t

0

(11.5 sin ) gt

**When Then or and Substituting for t B and noting yB
**

1.1 m

y (v y ) B tB

yB

ymax

at

B , (v y ) B

0 (11.5 sin ) gt 11.5 sin g (g 9.81 m/s 2 )

1 2 gt B 2

(11.5 sin ) t B

11.5 sin 1.1 (11.5 sin ) g 1 (11.5) 2 sin 2 2g

1 11.5 sin g 2 g

2

or

sin 2

2.2 9.81 11.52

23.8265

(a)

**Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
**

x 0 ( vx ) 0 t d max (11.5 cos ) t tB

At Point B: where Then or (b) From above

x

and t

tB

d max

11.5 sin 23.8265 9.81

0.47356 s

**(11.5)(cos 23.8265 )(0.47356) d max 4.98 m
**

23.8

**Chapter 11, Solution 127 First determine the velocity of the bag as it lands on the belt. Now
**

[(vB ) x ]0 [(vB ) y ]0 (vB )0 cos 30 (2.5 ft/s) cos 30 (vB )0 sin 30 (2.5 ft/s)sin 30

**Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
**

x 0 [(vB ) x ]0 t ( vB ) x [(vB ) x ]0

(2.5 cos 30 )t

2.5 cos 30

**Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
**

y y0 [(vB ) y ]0 t 1 2 gt 2 1 2 gt 2

( vB ) y

[(vB ) y ]0 2.5 sin 30

gt gt

1.5 (2.5 sin 30 ) t

**The equation of the line collinear with the top surface of the belt is
**

y x tan 20

**Thus, when the bag reaches the belt
**

1.5 (2.5 sin 30 ) t 1 2 gt 2 [(2.5 cos 30 ) t ]tan 20 sin 30 ) t 1.5 0

0.46198t 1.5 0

or or Solving

1 (32.2) t 2 2

2.5(cos 30 tan 20

16.1t 2

t

0.31992 s and t

0.29122 s (Reject)

**The velocity v B of the bag as it lands on the belt is then
**

vB (2.5 cos 30 )i [2.5 sin 30 (2.1651 ft/s)i (9.0514 ft/s) j 32.2(0.319 92)] j

Finally or

vB v B/A

vA

v B/A

(2.1651i 9.0514 j) 4(cos 20 i sin 20 j) (1.59367 ft/s)i (10.4195 ft/s) j

or

v B/ A

10.54 ft/s

81.3°

impulse and momentum

Cornelia demers: WIT

Chapter 13, Solution 119

mv1

k Wt

0 mv1 kW mv1 k mg v1 kg

t

(a)

For

k

0.75

t

25 m/s (0.75)(9.81 m/s 2 )

t

3.40 s

(b)

For

k

0.10

t

25 m/s (0.10)(9.81 m/s 2 )

t

25.5 s

Chapter 13, Solution 120

mv1

Ft

0 0

t 4 min 20 s

**(40,000 tons)(2000 lb/tons) (3.667 ft/s) (35,000 lb)t 32.2 ft/s 2
**

t 260.3 s

Chapter 13, Solution 121

(a)

0

Wv g A

k Wt

0 t

vA g k

30 ft/s (32.2 ft/s 2 )(0.30)

t

3.11 s

(b)

20

**Impulse-momentum in x direction
**

W vA g

k Wt cos 20

Wt sin 20

0

t

g(

vA cos 20 k

2

sin 20 ) sin 20 )

t 1.493 s

30 ft/s (32.2 ft/s )(0.30 cos 20

Chapter 13, Solution 122

mv 0

Fdt

Fdt

mv

t

(1)

Where

[(8 6t )i (4 t 2 ) j (4 t )k ] 4t 1 3 t j 3 4t 1 2 t k 2

0

(8t 3t 2 ) i

Substituting m

2 kg,

v0

150i 100 j 250k into (1):

(2 kg)(150i 100 j 250k ) (8t 3t 2 )i 3 2 t i 2

4t 1 3 t j 6

1 3 t j 3

4t

1 2 t k 2 1 2 t k 4

(2 kg) v

v

150 4t

100 2t

250 2t

(a)

**v is parallel to yz plane when vx
**

150 4t

0, that is, when

3 2 t 2

0 t 11.422 s

t 11.42 s

(b)

v

100 2(11.422)

1 (11.422)3 j 6 1 (11.422)2 k 4

v (125.5 m/s) j (194.5 m/s)k

250 2(11.422)

Chapter 13, Solution 124

v1 v2

90 km/h 30 km/h

25 m/s 8.33 m/s

N

mv1

s Nt

mg

mv2

m(25 m/s) (0.65) m(9.81 m/s 2 )t t

m(8.33 m/s) 25 8.33 (0.65)(9.81)

t 2.61 s

Chapter 13, Solution 125

tan

mv1 mv1 Wt # N v1 v2 60 mi/h 20 mi/h 88 ft/s

1

4 100

2

2.29

mv 2 mv2 W cos

sN

imp1

Ft N F

W

sW

mg cos

29.33 ft/s

( m )(88 ft/s) ( m )(32.2 ft/s 2 )(t )(sin 2.29 ) (0.60)( m )(32.2 ft/s 2 )(cos 2.29 )(t ) t 88.0 29.33 32.2[(0.60) cos 2.29 sin 2.29 ]

( m )(29.33 ft/s)

t 3.26 s

Chapter 13, Solution 131

v

90 km/h

25 m/s

(a)

The shortest time for the rig to come to a stop will be when the friction force on the wheels is maximum. The downward force exerted by the trailer on the cab is assumed to be zero. Since the trailer brakes fail, all of the braking force is supplied by the wheels of the cab, which is maximum when the wheels of the cab are at impending sliding.

Ft1 Ft1 [(mC

2 2

s N C t1 2

NC

mC g

(2000) g

(0.65)(2000) gt Ft [(mC mT )v ]1

mT )v ]2

0

(0.65)(2000 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 )(t1 2 ) 10, 000 kg(25 m/s)

t1

2

19.60 s

(b)

For the trailer:

[mT v]2

Qt1

2

[mT v ]1

From (a),

t1

2

19.60 s Q(19.60 s) (8000 kg)(25 m/s) Q 10.20 kN (compression)

0

Q 10, 204 N

Chapter 13, Solution 132

(a)

Blocks A and C

[(m A mC )v ]1 T (t1 2 ) (m A mC ) gt1 [(m A mC )v ]2

2

0 (12 g T )(0.8) 12v

(1)

Block B

[mB v]1 (T )t1 mB gt1 ( mB v ) 2

2

2

0 (T

4 g )(0.8)

4v

(2)

**Adding (1) and (2), (eliminating) (12 g 4 g )(0.8) (12 4)
**

v (8 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 )(0.8 s) 16 kg

v 3.92 m/s

(b)

Collar A

(m A v)1 0 0 ( FC mA g )

(3)

**From Eq. (2) with v 3.92 m/s 4v T 4g 0.8 (4 kg)(3.92 m/s) T (0.8 s) T 58.84 N Solving for FC in (3)
**

FC (4 kg)(3.92 m/s) (0.8 s)

(4 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 )

(4 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 ) 58.84 N

FC 39.2 N

Chapter 13, Solution 133

**Kinematics: Dependent motion Cable length:
**

L xA xA xB constant

dL dt

2v A

vB

0

**Here velocities are defined as positive if downward.
**

vB 2v A

(1)

Let T be the tension in the cable. Use the principle of impulse and momentum. Collar A, components Block B, components : :

2Tt Tt m A gt mB gt mAvA mB v B

(2) (3)

**Subtract twice Eq. (3) from Eq. (2) to eliminate Tt.
**

(2mB mA ) gt t 2mB vB mA v A 2mB vB mA v A (2mB mA ) g

20 kg mB 30 kg 2 mB m A 10 kg

Data:

mA vA

1.0 m/s, i.e., 1.0 m/s 2.0 m/s

From Eq. (1)

vB

t

[(2)(15)(2.0) (20)( 1.0)] (10)(9.81)

t

0.815 s

Chapter 13, Solution 136

0

Pdt

1 m Pdt

Fdt

Fdt

mv

At any time: (a) Block starts moving at t.

v

(1)

P

Fs

sW

(0.50)(125 lb)

62.5 lb t1 5.00 s

t1 Fs

8s ; 100 lb

t1 62.5 lb

8s 100 lb

(b)

**Maximum velocity: At t where Block moves at t
**

5 s.

tm P Fk

kW

0.4(125) 50 lb

**Shaded area is maximum net impulse when t Eq. (1):
**

tm1 v vm

Pdt

FR dt

vm vm

1 shaded m area 1

125 lb 32.2

1 1 (12.5 50)(3) m 2

1 (50)(4) 2

1 (193.75) m

vm 49.9 ft/s

[193.75] 49.91 ft/s

PROBLEM 13.136 (Continued)

(c)

**Block stops moving when Assume tm
**

16 s.

Pdt

Fdt

0; or

Qdt

Fdt

Pdt Fdt

1 (100)(16) 800 lb s 2 1 (62.5)(5) (50)(tm 5) 2

Pdt

Fdt

tm

800 [156.25 50(t m

16 s OK

5)] 0

tm tm

17.875 s 17.88 s

Chapter 13, Solution 140

mv1

(P W) t

mv 2

t

0.18 s

Vertical components

0 ( Pv W )(0.18) Pv W (12)(sin 50 ) g (12)(sin 50 ) W W (9.81)(0.18)

Pv 6.21W

Chapter 13, Solution 141

W t

mv1 (P W) t

185 lb 0.22 s

mv 2

Horizontal components

W (30)(cos 35 ) PH (0.22) 0 g (185 lb)(30 ft/s)(cos 35 ) PH 641.7 lb (32.2 ft/s 2 )(0.22 s)

PH

642 lb

Newton's 2nd Law - blocks

Cornelia demers: WIT

Chapter 12, Solution 5

(a) Assume uniformly decelerated motion. Then At t or Also At t

9 s: 9 s:

v 0

v0 v0

at a (9)

a

v0 9

2 v0

v2

2a( x 0) 2a(30)

2 v0 (30) 9 0

or v0 6.67 m/s

2 0 v0

2 0 v0

Substituting for a or and (b) We have

v0

6.6667 m/s

a

6.6667 9

0.74074 m/s 2

Fy

0: N W

F

0

kN k mg

or

N

W

mg

Sliding:

Fx ma :

F

k

ma a g 0.74074 m/s 2 9.81 m/s 2

or or

k mg

ma

or

k

0.0755

Chapter 12, Solution 9

**Kinematics: Uniformly accelerated motion. ( x0
**

x x0 v0 t 1 2 at , 2

0, v0

0)

or

a

2x t2

(2)(5) (10) 2

0.100 m/s 2

Fy N

Fx

0: N P sin 50

P sin 50

mg cos 20

0

mg cos 20

mg sin 20 N ma

ma : P cos 50

or

P cos 50

mg sin 20 P

( P sin 50

mg cos 20 )

ma

**ma mg (sin 20 cos 20 ) cos 50 sin 50
**

s

For motion impending, set a

0 and

0.4

P

**(20)(0) (20)(9.81)(sin 20 0.4 cos 20 ) cos 50 0.4 sin 50 419 N
**

k

For motion with a

0.100 m/s 2 , use P

0.3.

P 301 N

(20)(0.100) (20)(9.81)(sin 20 0.3 cos 20 ) cos 50 0.3 sin 50

Chapter 12, Solution 10

For any angle . Use x and y coordinates as shown.

ay Fy 0 ma y : N mg cos N

Fx ax max : mg sin g (sin

k kN

0 mg cos

ma x

cos )

At Point A.

k

30 , ax

m/s 2

g sin 30 ax g cos 30 9.81 sin 30 3 9.81 cos 30 0.22423

At Point B.

ax

15 ,

k

0.22423 a 0.414 m/s 2

15

9.81(sin 15° 0.22423 cos 15°)

0.414 m/s

Chapter 12, Solution 13

**Load: We assume that sliding of load relative to trailer is impending:
**

F Fm

sN

**Deceleration of load is same as deceleration of trailer, which is the maximum allowable deceleration a max .
**

Fy 0: N W

Fm Fx ma : Fm

0 N

sN

W

0.40 W

mamax

0.40 W

W amax g

amax a max

12.88 ft/s 2 12.88 ft/s 2

**Uniformly accelerated motion.
**

v2 a

2 v0

2ax with v 12.88 ft/s 2 2( 12.88) x

0

v0

45 mi/h

66 ft/s

amax

0 (66) 2

x 169.1 ft

Chapter 12, Solution 21

(a)

Kinematics of the belt. vo

0

**1. Acceleration phase with a1
**

v1 x1 vo xo a1t1 vo t1

2 m/s 2 2.6 m/s 1 (2)(1.3) 2 2 1.69 m

0 (2)(1.3) 1 2 a1t1 2 0 0

2. Deceleration phase: v2

2 v2 2 v1

0 since the belt stops.

2a2 ( x2

x1 ) 0 (2.6) 2 2(2.2 1.69) 6.63

a2

2 2 v2 v1 2( x2 x1 )

a2

6.63 m/s 2

t2

t1

v2 a2

v1

0 2.6 6.63

0.3923 s

(b)

**Motion of the package 1. Acceleration phase. Assume no slip. (a p )1
**

Fy Fx 0: N W ma : F f 0 or N m(a p )1 W

2 m/s 2

mg

**The required friction force is Ff. The available friction force is
**

Ff m (a p )1 ,

sN

sN

0.35W

0.35mg

m

sg

(0.35)(9.81) 3.43 m/s 2

**Since 2.0 m/s 2 , 3.43 m/s2, the package does not slip.
**

(v p )1 v1 2.6 m/s and (x p )1 1.69 m.

**2. Deceleration phase. Assume no slip. (a p ) 2
**

Fx ma : Ff Ff m

sN m s mg

11.52 m/s 2

m( a p ) 2 (a p )2

sg

sN

6.63 m/s 2

m

3.43 m/s 2 , 6.63 m/s 2

Since the available friction force package does slip.

is less than the required friction force Ff for no slip, the

PROBLEM 12.21 (Continued)

(a p ) 2 , 6.63 m/s 2 ,

Fx (a p )2 m( a p ) 2 :

kN

Ff

kN

kN

m( a p ) 2

m (0.25)(9.81) (v p )1

kg

2.4525 m/s 2 (v p ) 2 (a p ) 2 (t2 t1 ) 2.6 ( 2.4525)(0.3923) 1.638 m/s 2 ( x p )2 ( x p )1 (v p )1 (t2 t1 )2 1 (a p ) 2 (t2 2 t1 ) 2

1.69 (2.6)(0.3923) 2.521 m

1 ( 2.4525)(0.3923) 2 2

**Position of package relative to the belt
**

( x p )2 x2 2.521 2.2 0.321 x p/belt 0.321 m

Chapter 12, Solution 22

**Acceleration a1: Impending slip.
**

Fy mA a y :

F1

s N1

0.30 N1 m A a1 sin 65

N1 WA

N1 WA mA ( g

Fx m A ax : F1 F1 m A a1 cos 65

sN

mA a1 sin 65 a1 sin 65 )

or

m A a1 cos 65

0.30 m A ( g

a1 sin 65 )

a1

**0.30 g cos 65 0.30 sin 65 (1.990)(9.81) 19.53 m/s 2
**

a1 19.53 m/s 2

s N2

65

**Deceleration a 2 : Impending slip.
**

Fy ma y : N1

F2

0.30 N 2

WA

mA a2 sin 65

mA a2 sin 65

N1 WA Fx max : F2 F2

mA a2 cos 65

s N2

or

m A a2 cos 65

0.30 m A ( g

a2 cos 65 )

a2

**0.30 g cos 65 0.30 sin 65 (0.432)(9.81)
**

4.24 m/s 2 a 2

4.24 m/s 2

65

Chapter 12, Solution 23

Let a P be the acceleration of the plywood, aT be the acceleration of the truck, and a P / T be the acceleration of the plywood relative to the truck. (a) Find the value of aT so that the relative motion of the plywood with respect to the truck is impending.

aP aT and F1

s N1

0.40 N1

Fy N1

Fx F1 mP ( g sin 20

mP a y : N1 WP cos 20 mP ( g cos 20 aT sin 20 )

mP aT sin 20

max : F1 WP sin 20 mP ( g sin 20 aT cos 20 )

mP aT cos 20

aT cos 20 ) 0.40 mP ( g cos 20 aT sin 20 )

aT

(0.40 cos 20 sin 20 ) g cos 20 0.40sin 20 (0.03145)(9.81) 0.309 aT 0.309 m/s 2

(b)

xP / T

( xP / T ) o

( v P / T )t

1 aP / T t 2 2

0 0

1 aP / T t 2 2

aP / T

2 xP / T t

2

(2)(2) (0.9) 2

20

4.94 m/s 2

aP /T aP

4.94 m/s 2 aT aP /T

Fy

(aT

) (4.94 m/s 2

20 )

mP aT sin 20 mP ( g cos 20 aT sin 20 )

mP a y : N 2 WP cos 20 N2

Fx

max : F2 WP sin 20 F2

mP aT cos 20 mP ( g sin 20 0.30 N 2

mP a P / T aT cos 20 aP / T )

**For sliding with friction
**

mP ( g sin 20

F2

k N2

aT cos 20

aP / T ) aT

0.30mP ( g cos 20 (0.30 cos 20 cos 20

aT sin 20 )

sin 20 ) g aP / T 0.30sin 20

( 0.05767)(9.81) (0.9594)(4.94)

4.17

aT

4.17 m/s 2

Chapter 12, Solution 33

A:

(a)

Fx

m A a A : WA sin 30

N AB cos 40

mAa A

22 a A

**or Now we note: a B
**

aA

NAB

1 g 2 cos 40

a B/A , where a B/A is directed along the top surface of A.

B:

Fy

**mB a y : NAB WB cos 20
**

NAB

mB a A sin 50

10 ( g cos 20 a A sin 50 )

**or Equating the two expressions for NAB
**

22 a A 1 g 2 cos 40

aA

Fx mB ax : WB sin 20

10( g cos 20

a A sin 50 )

6.4061 m/s 2

or

**(9.81)(1.1 cos 20 cos 40 ) 2.2 cos 40 sin 50
**

mB aB/ A mB a A cos 50

or

aB/A

g sin 20

a A cos 50 6.4061cos 50 ) m/s 2

(9.81sin 20 7.4730 m/s 2

PROBLEM 12.33 (Continued)

Finally We have or and

aB

2 aB

aA

a B/ A 7.47302 2(6.4061 7.4730) cos 50

6.40612

aB

7.4730 sin

5.9447 m/s 2

5.9447 sin 50

or

74.4

aB

5.94 m/s 2

75.6

(b)

**Note: We have uniformly accelerated motion, so that
**

v 0 at

Now At t or

0.5 s:

v B/A

vB

vA

a B t a At

a B/At

vB/A

7.4730 m/s 2 0.5 s

v B/A 3.74 m/s

20

cables - newton's 2nd law

Cornelia demers: WIT

Chapter 12, Solution 11

**From the diagram
**

xA 3 yB 3vB 3aB aA constant 0 0 3aB T T m A aB 3mA aB

Then and or (a) A:

Fx

vA aA

(1)

mA a A:

Using Eq. (1) B: A:

Fy mB aB : WB

3T

mB aB

Substituting for T

mB g 3(3m A aB ) mB a B

or B: Then and (b) We have or

aB

g m 1 9 A mB

9.81 m/s 2 30 kg 1 9 25 kg

0.83136 m/s 2

aA aB T 3 30 kg

2.49 m/s 2 0.831 m/s 2

0.83136 m/s 2

T 74.8 N

Chapter 12, Solution 12

**From the diagram
**

xA 3 yB 3vB 3aB aA constant 0 0 3aB aB 0. We have

Then and or

vA aA

(1)

**First determine if the blocks will move with a A A: B: A: Then
**

Fy

Fx

0: WB

0:

3T

0 or T

0

1 mB g 3

FA T

FA

1 25 kg 3

9.81 m/s 2

81.75 N

Fy

0: WA

(

s )A NA

NA

(

0 or

s ) A mA g

NA

mA g

B:

Also,

( FA )max

0.25 30 kg 9.81 m/s 2 73.575 N

FA . ( FA )max , which implies that the blocks will move.

(a)

A: Sliding:

Fy

FA Fx

0: WA

(

k )A NA

NA

0 or

NA

mA g

0.20 m A g mAa A

m A a A : FA T 0.20 mA g

Using Eq. (1) B: or

T

3mA aB

Fy

mB g 3(0.20 m A g 3m A aB )

mB aB : WB

mB a B

3T

mB aB

Chapter 12, Solution 18

**Referring to solution of Problem 11.51 we note that
**

aB 1 aA 2

(1)

where minus sign indicates that a A and a B have opposite sense. Block B.

F

ma : 25 2T

7.5aA

(2)

Block A.

F

ma : 2T

T T

10a A 10a A

(3)

(a)

**Substituting for T from (3) into (2):
**

25 2(10 a A ) 25 vA (v A )0 a At 7.5a A 27.5a A 0 0.909(1.2),

aA

vA

0.909 m/s 2

1.091 m/s

(b)

Substituting a

0.909 into Eq. (1):

aB

( vB ) 0 aB t 0 0.455(1.2) vB

0.455 m/s 2

0.545 m/s

vB

Chapter 12, Solution 19

Let y be positive downward for both blocks. Constraint of cable: y A

yB constant aA aB 0

or

aB

aA

For blocks A and B, Block A: Block B:

F

ma : WA T P WB T WA aA g WB aB g WA aA g aA

2 vA 2 (v A ) 0

or

WB aA g WB aA g

T

WA

WA aA g

P WB WA

Solving for aA,

WA WB P g WA WB 2a A [ y A

2a A [ y A

a At

(1)

0

( y A )0 ] with (v A )0

( y A )0 ]

0

vA

vA (v A )0

(2)

with (v A )0

t

vA aA

(3)

(a)

**Acceleration of block A. System (1): By formula (1), System (2): By formula (1), System (3): By formula (1),
**

WA 200 lb, WB 100 lb, P 0

(a A )1

WA

**200 100 (32.2) 200 100
**

200 lb, WB 0, P 50 lb

(a A )1 10.73 ft/s 2

(a A )2

WA

**200 100 (32.2) 200
**

2200 lb, WB 2100 lb, P 0

(a A ) 2

16.10 ft/s 2

( a A )3

2200 2100 (32.2) 2200 2100

(a A )3

0.749 ft/s 2

PROBLEM 12.19 (Continued)

(b)

v A at y A

( y A )0

10 ft. Use formula (2).

System (1): System (2): System (3): (c) Time at v A System (1): System (2): System (3):

(v A )1 (v A ) 2 (v A )3

20 ft/s. Use formula (3).

(2)(10.73)(10) (2)(16.10)(10) (2)(0.749)(10)

(v A )1 14.65 ft/s

vA

2

17.94 ft/s

3.87 ft/s

( v A )3

t1 t2 t3

20 10.73 20 16.10 20 0.749

t1 1.864 s t2 t3 1.242 s 26.7 s

Chapter 12, Solution 28

We first check that static equilibrium is not maintained:

( FA ) m ( FC )m

s (mA

mC ) g

0.24(5 10) g 3.6 g

Since WB Block A:

mB g 10g . 3.6g, equilibrium is not maintained.

Fy : N A

FA

mA g

k NA

0.2 m A g

F

mA a A : T

0.2m A g

mA a A

(1)

Block C:

Fy : N C

FC

mC g

k NC

0.2 mC g

Fx

mC aC : T

0.2mC g

mC aC

(2)

Block B:

mB g

Fy

2T

mB aB

mB a B

(3)

1 (a A 2 aC )

mA mB 5 kg mC 0.2T 0.1T g 10 kg 0.2 g 0.2 g

From kinematics: (a)

aB

(4)

Tension in cord. Given data:

Eq. (1): T Eq. (2): T

0.2(5) g

5a A

aA aC aB

(5) (6) (7)

0.2(10) g 10aC 2T 10aB

**Eq. (3): 10 g Substitute into (4):
**

g 0.2T 1.2 g 1 (0.2T 2 0.35T 0.2 g T 0.1T 24 g 7

0.2T

0.2 g ) 24 (9.81 m/s 2 ) 7

T 33.6 N

(b)

**Substitute for T into (5), (7), and (6):
**

aA aB aC 0.2 24 g 7 0.2 0.2 g 0.4857(9.81 m/s 2 )

aA aB aC

4.76 m/s 2 3.08 m/s 2 1.401 m/s 2

g

24 g 7

0.3143(9.81 m/s 2 ) 0.14286(9.81 m/s 2 )

0.1

24 g 7

0.2 g

Chapter 12, Solution 30

Note: As shown, the system is in equilibrium. From the diagram: Cord 1: Then and Cord 2: Then and A: (a)

Fy

( yD 2 yA 2v A 2a A 2 yB 2v B 2aB yC vC aC yB ) vB aB constant 0 0 constant 0 0

(1)

y A ) ( yD 2v D 2aD vA aA

(2)

WA aA g 20 aA g WB aB g 20 aB g

m A a A : WA

2T1 T2

or B:

20 2T1 T2 Fy mB aB : WB 2T1 T2

(3)

or

20 2T1 T2

aA 4a A aA aB

(4)

**Note: Eqs. (3) and (4) Then Eq. (1) Eq. (2)
**

Fy

aC aD

mC aC : WC

T1

WC aC g aC g 4a A g WD aD g

or C:

T1 14 1

14 1

(5)

Fy

mD aD : WD

2T2

( FD )ext

D:

PROBLEM 12.30 (Continued)

or

T2

a 1 16 1 D 2 g 20 8 aA g

24

**Substituting for T1 [Eq. (5)] and T2 [Eq. (6)] in Eq. (3)
**

20 2 14 1 4a A g

3 g 35

20 8

aA g

20 aA g

2.76 ft/s 2

or

aA

3 32.2 ft/s 2 35

aA

aB

aD

2.76 ft/s 2 11.04 ft/s 2

and (b)

aC

4(2.76 ft/s 2 )

or aC

Substituting into Eq. (5)

T1 14 1 4 2.76 32.2

or T1 18.80 lb

Chapter 12, Solution 31 Note: As shown, the system is in equilibrium. From the diagram: Cord 1: 2 y A 2 yB yC constant Then 2v A 2vB vC 0 and 2a A 2aB aC 0 Cord 2: ( yD y A ) ( yD yB ) constant Then 2v D v A v B 0 and 2aD a A aB 0

(1)

(2)

**We determine the accelerations of blocks A, C, and D, using the blocks as free bodies.
**

Fy m A a A : WA 2T1 T2 WA aA g 20 aA g ( FB )ext WB aB g 20 10 aB g

or A:

Fy

20 2T1 T2 mB aB : WB 2T1 T2

(3)

or B: Forming or

20 2T1 T2 (3) (4) 10

aB

(4)

20 ( a A aB ) g 1 aA g 2

Then or

Eq. (1):

2a A

2 aA

1 g 2

aC

aC

0

4a A g

Eq. (2): or

Fy mC aC : WC T1

2aD

aA

aA

1 g 2

aD

0

aA 1 g 4

WC aC g aC g 14 1 1 ( 4a A g g) 28 1 2 aA g

C: or

Fy mD aD : WD T1 14 1 2T2

(5)

WD aD g

D: or

PROBLEM 12.31 (Continued)

T2 a 1 16 1 D 2 g 8 1 1 aA g 1 g 4 8 3 4 aA g

(6)

**Substituting for T1 [Eq. (5)] and T2 [Eq. (6)] in Eq. (3)
**

20 2 28 1 2 aA g 8 3 4 aA g 20 aA g

6.90 ft/s 2

or Then

aA

3 g 14

3 (32.2 ft/s 2 ) 14

aC aD

4( 6.90 ft/s 2 ) 32.2 ft/s 2 6.90 ft/s 2

4.60 ft/s 2

1 (32.2 ft/s 2 ) 1.15 ft/s 2 4

**Note: We have uniformly accelerated motion, so that
**

v 0 at

vD vA

(a)

We have or or

v D/ A

v D/A

aD t

a A t [1.15 ( 6.90)] ft/s 2 3 s

v D/A

v C/D vC vD

24.2 ft/s

(b)

And or or

v C/D

aC t

aD t

( 4.60 1.15) ft/s 2 3 s

v C/D

17.25 ft/s

Chapter 12, Solution 32

(a)

First we note a B B: or or

Fy

Fx

aA

a B/A , where a B/A is directed along the inclined surface of A. mB a A cos 25 15( a A cos 25 a A cos 25 mB aB/ A aB/A ) aB/A

mB ax : P WB sin 25 225 15 g sin 25 15 g sin 25

B:

(1)

mB a y : N AB WB cos 25

N AB

mB a A sin 25

15( g cos 25 a A sin 25 )

or A: or

Fx N AB mA a A : P [25a A

P cos 25

N AB sin 25

mAa A

A:

225(1 cos 25 )]/ sin 25

**Equating the two expressions for N AB
**

15( g cos 25 a A sin 25 ) 25a A 225(1 cos 25 ) sin 25

or

aA

3(9.81) cos 25 sin 25 45(1 cos 25 ) 5 3sin 2 25 2.7979 m/s 2

aA

2.80 m/s 2

(b)

From Eq. (1)

aB/A 15 (9.81)sin 25 2.7979 cos 25

or

a B/A

8.32 m/s 2

25

Chapter 12, Solution 34

(a)

Panel:

F

Force exerted by counterweight

Fx

ma :

T

F

40 a g

(1)

**Counterweight A: Its acceleration has two components
**

aA

Fx Fg

aP

a A/P

a

25 a g

a

max : F

(2)

25 a g

mag : 25 T

(3)

Adding (1), (2), and (3):

T F F 25 T

a

40 25 25 a g 25 25 g (32.2) 90 90

25 25 g g 90 625 90

a 8.94 ft/s 2

**Substituting for a into (3):
**

25 T T 25

T

18.06 lb

PROBLEM 12.34 (Continued)

(b)

Panel:

Fy

ma :

T

40 a g

(1)

Counterweight A:

Fy ma : 25 T 25 a g

(2)

Adding (1) and (2):

T

25

T

a

40 25 a g 25 g 65

a 12.38 ft/s 2

**Substituting for a into (1):
**

T 40 25 g g 65 1000 65

T

15.38 lb

(c)

Since panel is accelerated to the left, there is no force exerted by panel on counterweight and vice versa. Panel:

Fx

ma :

T

40 a g

(1)

**Counterweight A: Same free body as in Part (b):
**

Fy ma : 25 T 25 a g

(2)

**Since Eqs. (1) and (2) are the same as in (b), we get the same answers:
**

a 12.38 ft/s 2 ;T 15.38 lb

wheels

Cornelia demers: WIT

Chapter 12, Solution 6

(a)

**For maximum acceleration
**

FF Fmax 0.496 W

s NF

0.8(0.62 W )

0.496 mg

Now or Then

Fx

ma: FF

ma

0.496 mg a

ma 0.496(9.81 m/s 2 ) 4.86576 m/s 2

**Since a is constant, we have
**

v2 0 2a( x 0) 2(4.86576 m/s 2 )(400 m)

62.391 m/s vmax 225 km/h

When or or (b)

x

2 400 m: vmax

vmax

**For maximum acceleration
**

FR Fmax 0.344 W

s NR

0.8(0.43 W )

0.344 mg

Now or Then

Fx

ma: FR

ma

0.344 mg a

ma 0.344(9.81 m/s 2 ) 3.37464 m/s 2

**Since a is constant, we have
**

v2 0 2a( x 0) 2(3.37464 m/s 2 )(400 m)

51.959 m/s vmax 187.1 km/h

When or or

x

2 400 m: vmax

vmax

Chapter 12, Solution 7

**First consider when the bus is on the level section of the highway.
**

alevel 3 ft/s 2 W alevel g

We have

Fx

ma: P

**Now consider when the bus is on the upgrade. We have
**

Fx ma: P W sin 7 W alevel W sin 7 g

a

W a g W a g

alevel g sin 7

Substituting for P or

(3 32.2 sin 7 ) ft/s 2 0.92419 ft/s 2

**For the uniformly decelerated motion
**

v2 (v0 )2 upgrade

50 mi/h

2a ( xupgrade

0)

Noting that 60 mi/h

88 ft/s, then when v

5 v0 , we have 6

5 88 ft/s 6

2

(88 ft/s) 2

2( 0.92419 ft/s 2 ) xupgrade

or or

xupgrade

1280.16 ft xupgrade 0.242 mi

Chapter 12, Solution 8

**Assume uniformly decelerated motion in all cases. For braking on the level surface,
**

v0 xf x0 v2 f a 60 mph 150 ft

2 v0

88 ft/s, v f x0 )

0

2a ( x f

2 v0

v2 f 2( x f

x0 )

0 (88) 2 (2)(150) 25.813 ft/s 2

Braking force.

Fb ma W a g 25.813 W 32.2 0.80166W

(a)

Going up a 5° incline.

F ma

Fb W sin 5 a

**W a g Fb W sin 5 g W (0.80166 sin 5 )(32.2) 28.62 ft/s 2 v2 f
**

2 v0

xf

x0

2a 0 (88) 2 (2)( 28.62)

xf

x0

135.3 ft

PROBLEM 12.8 (Continued)

(b) Going down a 3 percent incline.

tan Fb W sin a

xf

3 1.71835 100 W a g (0.80166 sin )(32.2) 24.848 ft/s 0 (88) 2 x0 (2)( 24.848)

xf

x0

155.8 ft

Chapter 12, Solution 14

(a)

Fx

ma:

( Fbr ) trac

( Fbr ) trl

Wtotal a g 32.2 ft/s 2 (3600 13, 700) lb (15, 000 17, 400) lb 17.1932 ft/s 2

or

a

**For uniformly decelerated motion
**

v2

2 v0

2a ( x

x0 ) v0

60 mi/h

88 ft/s

When v or

0:

0 (88 ft/s) 2

2( 17.1932 ft/s 2 )( x)

x 225 ft

(b) Then or

Fx

mtrl a :

( Fbr ) trl

Phitch

Phitch

Wtrl a g

13, 700 lb 17, 400 lb ( 17.1932 ft/s 2 ) 32.2 ft/s 2

Phitch 44.10 lb (tension)

work & energy - cables

Cornelia demers: WIT

Chapter 13, Solution 19

(a)

Kinematics:

xB vB

2 xA 2v A

**A and B. Assume B moves down.
**

v1 T1 T2 0 0 1 2 mAv A 2 1 2 mB vB 2

2 vB

v2 1 (2 kg) B 2 4 T2 U1

2

5 2 vB 4 mA g (cos 30 )( x A ) mB g (cos 30 ) xB 2m 1m (2)(9.81) 16.99 J 3 [ 1 2] 2

xB xA U1 U1

2

2

**Since work is positive, block B does move down.
**

T1 U1

2

T2 5 2 vB 4 13.59

vB 3.69 m/s

0 16.99

2 vB

60°

(b)

B alone.

v1 T1 v2 0 0 3.69 m/s, (from a )) (

T2 U1 U1 U1

2

1 1 2 mB v2 (2)(3.69)2 13.59 J 2 2 (mB g )(cos 30 )( xB ) (T )( xB ) (2 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 ) 33.98 2T 3 2 (T ) (2 m)

2

2

PROBLEM 13.19 (Continued)

T1 U1

2

T2

0 33.98 2T 2T

13.59 20.39

33.98 13.59

T

10.19 N

Chapter 13, Solution 20

Check at to see if blocks move. With motion impending at B downward, determine required friction force at A for equilibrium. Block B:

F NB F NB (2 g ) T (mB g )(sin 30 ) 1 2 g 0 0

(mB g )(cos 30 ) ( FB ) f

s NB

( FB ) f T T

(0.30)( g ) 3/2 (0.30) g

(2 g )

3 0.30 ( g )

Block A:

F NA F

( FA ) f

NA (2 g ) 2T

2T

(mA g )(sin 30 ) 1 2 g

0

(mA g )(cos 30 ) ( FA ) f

(2 g ) 3/2

0

Substituting T from

into

( FA ) f (2) 3 0.30 ( g ) 3g

Requirement for equilibrium ( FA ) f

3 0.60 g 1.132 g

s NA

Maximum friction that can be developed at A Since 0.3g , 1.132 g , blocks move.

0.3 g

PROBLEM 13.20 (Continued)

(a) A and B.

( FA ) f ( FA ) f

k NB k NA

(0.20) g (0.20) g

Kinematics:

xB vB

2 xA 2v A

v1 T1 T2 T2

0 0 1 2 mAv A 2 5 2 vB 4 1 2 mB vB 2 v2 1 (2 kg) B 2 4

2 vB

U1

2

mA g (cos 30 )( x A ) mB g (cos 30 ) xB ( FA ) f ( x A ) ( FB )f ( xB ) 2 m, x A [ (2 kg) 1m 3 (1 m) (2 kg) 3 (2 m) 2 2 2 (0.20)(1 m) (0.20)(2 m)][9.81 m/s ] [(1.732) (0.6)][9.81] 11.105 J T2

xB U1

2

T1

U1 U1

2 2

2 0 11.105 1.25vB 2 vB

8.88

vB 2.98 m/s

60

(b)

B alone.

v1 v2 T2 T2 NB U1 2 U1 U1 T1 U1

2

0 T1 0 2.98 m/s (from a( )) 1 1 2 mB vB (2)(2.98) 2 2 2 8.88 J mB g sin 30 9 N mB g (cos 30 )(2) (T )(2) ( FB ) f (2) (2 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 ) 2 3g T2 2T 0.6 g 2T 0.4 g 8.88 T 10.59 N 3 (2 m) 2T 2 (0.2)(9 N)(2 m)

2 2

0 2 3g

2T

(2 3 0.4)( g ) 8.88 21.179

Chapter 13, Solution 21

Kinematics:

mA 3 kg

vA

2vB

WA WA

mA g

(3 kg) (9.81 m/s2 )

29.43 N

(a)

**150–N force acts through entire 0.6 m motion of B.
**

U1

2

(150 N)(0.6 m) (29.43 N)(1.2 m) 54.68 J 0 T2 1 1 2 2 mA ( A ) v 2 mB ( B ) v 2 2 2 1 1 (3 kg) 2(vB ) 2 (8 kg)(vB ) 2 2 2 2 2

( vB ) 2 2.338 m/s

T1

10(vB ) 2 2

T1 U1

2

T2 :

0 54.68 10(vB ) 2 2

vB 2.34 m/s

(b)

**Initial and final velocities are zero.
**

T1 0 T2 0

**Remove 150-N force after B moves distance d. U1 2 (150 N) d
**

150d

T1 U1

2

(29.43 N)(1.2 m)

31.316 0

35.316 J

0 150 d

T2 :

d d

0.2354 m 235 mm

Chapter 13, Solution 22

Energy dissipated. (a)

v1 v2 T2 T2 0 T1 0 v A 3 m / s vB 1 2 (mA mB ) v2 2 16 2 kg (3 m/s) 2

72 J

U1 U1 U1

T1 U1

2 2 2

2

mA g (2) mB g (2) E p (6 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 (2 m) E p 117.72 E p

T2 72 117.72 72 1 2 mA v2 2 11 2 kg (3 m/s) 2 Ep 45.7 J

0 117.72 E p Ep

(b)

Block A:

T1 U1 U1

T1 U1

2 2

2

0 T2

49.5 J

2 (mA g TA )(2) [(11 kg)(9.81 m/s ) TA ][2 m] 215.82 2TA

T2

0 215.82 2TA

49.5

TA

83.2 N

Block B:

T1 U1

T1 U1

2

0 T2

1 2 mB v2 2

5 kg (3 m/s) 2 2

22.5 J

2 2

mB g (2) TB (2) 98.1 2TB

22.5

(5 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 )(2 m) 2TB

TB 60.3 N

T2

U1

0 98.1 2TB

Chapter 13, Solution 23

Kinematics:

xB vB 2 xA 2v A

(a)

Blocks A and B.

T1 T2 T2 0 1 1 2 2 mB vB mAv A 2 2 1 2 (20 lb/32.2 ft /s )(2 A ) v 2 2 1 2 (40 lb/32.2 ft/s v A 2 ) )( 2 60 (v A ) 2 32.2

(100)( x A ) (WA )( x A ) (WB )( xB ) (100 lb)(2 ft) (40 lb)(2 ft) (20 lb)(4 ft) 200 80 80

T2 107.33 0 200

T2

U1 U1 U1

T1 U1

2 2 2

200 lb ft

60 2 vA 32.2

2

2 vA

vA

10.36 ft/s

(b)

**Since the 20-lb weight at B is replaced by a 20-lb force, the kinetic energy at
**

T2 T1 The work done is the same as in Part (a).

U1 T1 U1

2 2

is

1 2 mA v A 2 0

200 lb ft T2

1 40 2 vA 2 g

0 200

2 vA

20 2 vA g 322

vA 17.94 ft/s

Chapter 13, Solution 25

Position

to Position

.

v1 0 T1 0

At

**before C is removed from the system
**

T2 T2 U1 U1 U1 T1 U1

2 2

1 2 (mA mB mC )v2 2 1 2 2 (12 kg)v2 6v2 2 (mA mC mB ) g (0.9 m) (4 3 5)( g )(0.9 m) (2 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 )(0.9 m) 17.658 J T2

2 2

2 0 17.658 6v2 2 v2

2.943

At Position Position

**, collar C is removed from the system. to Position .
**

T2 T2 T3 1 2 (mA mB )v2 2 13.244 J 1 (mA 2 mB )(v3 )2 9 kg (2.943) 2 9 2 v3 2

U2 U2 T2 U 2

3

(mA mB )( g )(0.7 m) ( 1 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 )(0.7 m) 6.867 J T3

2 4.5v3

3 3

**13.244 6.867
**

2 v3

1.417 v3

vA

vA

1.190 m/s

1.190 m/s

Chapter 13, Solution 28

(a)

At the initial Position , the force in the spring equals the weight of both blocks, i.e., 5g N, thus at a distance x, the force in the spring is

Fs Fs

5g 5g

kx 40 x

**Maximum velocity of the 2 kg block occurs while the spring is still in contact with the block.
**

T1 U1

T1 U1

2

0 T2

x

1 2 mv 2

1 (2 kg)(v 2 ) 2

v2

(5 g

0

40 x)dx 2 gx

20 x 2 v2

3gx 20 x 2

2

T2 0 3g

0 3gk

(1)

Maximum v when

dv dx

40 x

x (maxv )

3g m 40 0.7358 m

Substituting in (1)

x 2 (max v)

2 vmax

(3)(9.81)(0.7358) (20)(0.7358)2 21.65 10.83 10.82

vmax 3.29 m/s

PROBLEM 13.28 (Continued)

(b)

x0 x0 Fs T1

initial compression of the spring (2 g 3g ) 40 5 g 40 x 0 T3 0 g m 8

g /8

U1 U1 T1 U1

3

(5 g

0

40 x)dx 2 gh

3

5g 2 8 T3 10 g 64

3

h

20 g 2 2 gh 64 20 g 2 0 2 gh 64 (10)(9.81) 64

0

h 1.533 m

work & energy

Cornelia demers: WIT

Chapter 13, Solution 9

(a)

Up the plane, from A to C, vC

0.

TA UA

C

1 2 mv A , TC 2 ( W sin15

0 F )(10 m)

0

F

0: N W cos1 5

N

W cos1 5

F UA TA U A

C C 2 vA 2 vA

k

N

0.12W cos1 5 0.12cos15 )(10 m) 0.12cos15 )(10 m) 1W 2 v A W (sin15 2 g

W (sin15 TC

(2)(9.81)(sin15 73.5

0.12cos15 )(10 m)

vA

8.57 m/s

15

(b)

**Down the plane from C to A.
**

TC 0 TA 1 2 mv A U C A (W sin15 F )10 2 ( F reverses direction.) 0.12 cos15 )(10 m) 0.12 cos15 )(10 m) 1 2 mv A 2

TC

UC

A

TA

0 W (sin15

2 vA 2 vA

(2)(9.81)(sin15 28.039

vA

5.30 m/s

15°

Chapter 13, Solution 10

(a)

**Up the plane from A to B.
**

TA UA B

F

1 2 1W W mv A (8 m/s) 2 32 TB 0 2 2 g g ( W sin15 F ) d F 0.12 N kN

0 N W cos15 0 N W cos15

UA B TA U A B

W (sin15 TB 32 W g

0.12 cos15 )d Wd (0.3743) 0

Wd (0.3747)

d

32 (9.81)(0.3747)

d

8.70 m

(b)

**Down the plane from B to A (F reverses direction).
**

TA UB UB TB UB

A

1W 2 v A TB 0 d 2 g (W sin15 F ) d W (sin15 1.245W TA

8.72 m/s

0.12 cos15 )(8.70 m/s) 1W 2 vA 2 g

(2)(9.81)(1.245) 253.9 4.94 m/s

vA 4.94 m/s

15

A

A

0 1.245W

2 vA

vA

Chapter 13, Solution 11

TA TB TB UA

B

1 2 mv0 2 1 2 mvB 2 32m

1 m(8 ft/s)2 2

kN

(W sin15

)(20 ft)

0

F

0 N W cos15 N W cos15

UA UA TA U A 1 2 mv0 2

B B B

W (sin15 TB 32 m

0.40 cos15 )(20 ft) 2.551mg

(2.551)(W )

2.551 mg

2 v0 2 v0

(2)(32 (2.551)(32.2 ft/s 2 )) 228.29

v0 15.11 ft/s

15

Chapter 13, Solution 12

TA UA

B

1 2 mv0 TB 2 (W sin15

0 N

0

kN

)(20 ft)

0

F

cos15

N UA UA TA U A

B B B

W cos15 0.40 cos15 )(20 ft) 2.551mg

W (sin15 TB

2.551mg

(2.551)(W )

1 2 mv0 2

2 v0 2 v0

0

(2)(2.551)(32.2 ft/s 2 ) 164.28

v0 12.82 ft/s

15°

Chapter 13, Solution 13

On incline AB:

N AB FAB UA

B

mg cos 30

k N AB

0.25 mg cos 30 FAB d

k

mg d sin 30 mg d (sin 30

cos 30 )

On level surface BC:

N BC FBC UB

C

mg

k

xBC mg xBC

7m

mg

k

At A, At C,

TA TC

1 2 mv A 2 1 2 mvC 2

and v A and vC

1 m/s 2 m/s

**Assume that no energy is lost at the corner B. Work and energy.
**

1 2 mv A 2 mg d (sin 30

k

TA U A

B

UB

k mg

C

TC

cos 30 )

xBC

1 2 mv0 2

**Dividing by m and solving for d,
**

d

2 vC /2 g k xBC k 2 v A /2 g

(sin 30

2

cos 30 )

(2) /(2)(9.81) (0.25)(7) (1) 2/(2)(9.81) sin 30 0.25cos 30

d

6.71 m

Chapter 13, Solution 14

(a) On incline AB:

NAB FAB UA

B

mg cos 30

k N AB

0.25 mg cos 30 FAB d

k

mg d sin 30 mg d (sin 30

cos 30 )

On level surface BC:

N BC FBC UB

C

mg

k mg k

xBC mg xBC

7m

At A, At C,

TA TC

1 2 mv A 2 1 2 mvC 2

and v A and vC

1 m/s 2 m/s

**Assume that no energy is lost at the corner B. Work and energy.
**

TA U A

B

UB

C

TC

k

1 2 mv A 2

2 Solving for vC ,

mg d (sin 30

cos 30 )

k mg

xBC

1 2 mv0 2

2 vC

2 vA

2 gd (sin 30

2

k

cos 30 ) 2

kg

xBC

(1)

(2)(9.81)(7.5)(sin 30

0.25cos 30 ) (2)(0.25)(9.81)(7)

vC 2.90 m/s

8.3811 m 2/s 2

(b)

**Box on belt: Let xbelt be the distance moved by a package as it slides on the belt.
**

Fy Fx ma y

kN

N

mg

k mg

0 N

mg

At the end of sliding,

v

vbelt

2 m/s

**Principle of work and energy.
**

1 2 mvC 2

k mg xbelt

xbelt

**1 2 mvbelt 2 2 2 vC vbelt 2 kg 8.3811 (2) 2 (2)(0.25)(9.81)
**

xbelt 0.893 m

work & energy - springs

Cornelia demers: WIT

Chapter 13, Solution 26

(a)

**Find initial position x0 of the block at 1 .
**

k 12 lb/m 144 lb/ft At 1 , Fs x0 20 lb Fs k x0 20 lb (144 lb/ft)x0 20/144 0.1389 ft

T1

0, T2 T2

0

1 W 2 v2 2 g

2 0.1553 v2

1 2

10 lb 2 v2 32.2 ft/s 2

U1 U1 U1 U1

T1 U1

2

x0

Fs dx ( F f ) k ( x0 );

0

Fs

kx

144x (F f ) k (0.4)(10)

kN

2

144 x 2 2

( F f ) k ( x0 ) ( F f ) k

x0

4 lb

2 2

(72 lb/ft)(0.1389 ft) 2

(4 lb)( 0.1389 ft)

**1.389 0.5556 0.8335 lb ft
**

T2 0 0.8335 0.1553 2 v2

2 v2

2

5.367 2.32 ft/s

v2

**At original position, (b)
**

For any position

2

v

at a distance x to the right of the orignal position 2 .

2.32 ft/s

T1 U1 U1 T1 U1

0 T2

x

1 W 2 g

x k0 x

(2 ) v 2 ( F f ) k dx ( Ff )k ( x

2 0.1553v2

2'

x0

Fs dx

x0 x0 )

0.1389 ( Ff )k x2 ] 4 lb

2'

144 x 2 2 T2

x0

2'

0 (72 lb/ft)[(0.1389) 2 (4 lb)( x 0.1389)

2 0.1553v2'

PROBLEM 13.26 (Continued)

Max v, when Max v, when

dv2' 0 dx 144 x 4 0

x

2 0.1553vmax 2 0.1553vmax 2 vmax

0.027778 m

(72)[(0.1389) 2

(0.02778) 2 ] (4)(0.02778 0.1389)

**1.3336 0.4445 0.8891 5.725
**

vmax 2.39 ft/s

Chapter 13, Solution 28

(a)

At the initial Position , the force in the spring equals the weight of both blocks, i.e., 5g N, thus at a distance x, the force in the spring is

Fs Fs

5g 5g

kx 40 x

**Maximum velocity of the 2 kg block occurs while the spring is still in contact with the block.
**

T1 U1

T1 U1

2

0 T2

x

1 2 mv 2

1 (2 kg)(v 2 ) 2

v2

(5 g

0

40 x)dx 2 gx

20 x 2 v2

3gx 20 x 2

2

T2 0 3g

0 3gk

(1)

Maximum v when

dv dx

40 x

x (maxv )

3g m 40 0.7358 m

Substituting in (1)

x 2 (max v)

2 vmax

(3)(9.81)(0.7358) (20)(0.7358)2 21.65 10.83 10.82

vmax 3.29 m/s

PROBLEM 13.28 (Continued)

(b)

x0 x0 Fs T1

initial compression of the spring (2 g 3g ) 40 5 g 40 x 0 T3 0 g m 8

g /8

U1 U1 T1 U1

3

(5 g

0

40 x)dx 2 gh

3

5g 2 8 T3 10 g 64

3

h

20 g 2 2 gh 64 20 g 2 0 2 gh 64 (10)(9.81) 64

0

h 1.533 m

Chapter 13, Solution 29

(a) (b)

**See solution to (a) of Problem 13.28. Refer to figure in (b) of Problem 13.28.
**

T1 U1

3

vmax

3.29 m/s

0 T3

h

0 40 x)dx 2 gh

(5 g

0

Since the spring remains attached to the 2 kg block, the integration must be carried out throughout the total distance h.

T1 U1

3

T2 3g 20

0 5 gh 20h2 (3)(9.81) 20

2 gh

0

h

h 1.472 m

Chapter 13, Solution 32

(a)

65 mi/h

95.3 ft/s

Assume auto stops in 5 , d , 14 ft.

v1 T1 T1 v2 T2 U1

2

95.33 ft/s 1 2 1 2250 lb mv1 (95.3 ft/s)2 2 2 32.2 ft/s 2 317,530 lb ft 317.63 k ft 0 0 (18 k)(5 ft) (27 k)( d 90 27 135 d 27d 45 k ft 5)

T1 U1

2

T2 45

d 13.43 ft

317.53 27 d

**Assumption that d , 14 ft is ok. (b) Maximum deceleration occurs when F is largest. For d
**

(27, 000 lb)

13.43 ft, F

27 k. Thus, F

maD

2250 lb ( aD ) 32.2 ft/s 2

aD

386 ft/s 2

work & energy wheels

Cornelia demers: WIT

Chapter 13, Solution 15

k

0.35 FB FC v1 30 mi/h T1 U1

2

(0.35)(100 kips) 35 kips (0.35)(80 kips) 44 ft/s T2 28 kips v2 0 T2 0

(a)

Entire train:

1 (80 kips 100 kips 80 kips) (44 ft/s) 2 2 32.2 ft/s 2

(28 kips 35 kips) x

0

x 124.07 ft

x 124.1 ft

(b)

**Force in each coupling: Recall that x 124.07 ft. Car A: Assume FAB to be in tension.
**

T1 V1 1 80 kips (44) 2 2 32.2

2

T2 0 19.38 kips

FAB 19.38 kips (tension)

FAB (124.07 ft) FAB

Car C:

1 80 kips (44)2 2 32.2 ( FBC

T1 U1

2

T2

**28 kips)(124.07 ft) FBC
**

FBC

0 19.38 kips

FBC 8.62 kips (tension)

28 kips

8.62 kips

Chapter 13, Solution 16

(a)

Entire train:

FA v1

NA

(0.35)(80 kips) 44 ft/s

28 kips v2 0 T2 0

T1

v1

2

30 mi/h T2

1 (80 kips 100 kips 80 kips) 2 (44 ft/s) 2 2 32.2 ft/s x 279.1 ft

(28 kips) x

0

x 279 ft

(b)

**Force in each coupling: Car A: Assume FAB to be in tension.
**

T1 v1

2

T2

1 80 kips 2 (44 ft/s) 2 32.2 ft/s 2

28 kips FAB FAB 8.62 kips 19.38 kips T2

(28 kips FAB )(279.1 ft)

0

FAB

19.38 kips (compression)

Car C:

T1

v1

2

1 80 kips (44 ft/s) 2 2 2 32.2 ft/s

FBC (279.1 ft)

FBC

0

8.617 kips FBC 8.62 kips (compression)

Chapter 13, Solution 17

Initial speed: Final speed: Vertical drop: Braking distance: (a)

v1 108 km/h v2 72 km/h 30 m/s 20 m/s

h d

(0.02)(300) 300 m

6.00 m

**Braking force. Use cab and trailer as a free body.
**

m 1800 5400 W 7200 kg mg (7200)(9.81) 70.632 103 N

Work and energy:

T1 U1

2

T2

1 2 mv1 Wh Fb d 2 Fb

1 2 v2 2 1 1 2 mv1 Wh d 2 1 300

**1 2 mv2 2 (70.632 103 )(6.00) 1 (7200)(20) 2 2
**

Fb 7.41 kN

1 (7200)(30)2 2

7.4126 103 N

(b)

Coupling force Fc . Use the trailer alone as a free body.

Braking force:

Fb

(0.70)(7.4126 103 )

5.1888 103 N m 5400 kg W mg (5400)(9.81) 52.974 103 N

Work and energy:

T1 U1 1 2 mv1 Wh Fb d 2

2

T2 1 2 mv2 2

Fc d

**The plus sign before Fc means that we have assumed that the coupling is in tension.
**

Fc Fb 1 1 2 mv1 Wh d 2 1 2 mv1 2 (52.974 103 )(6.00)

Fc

5.1888 103

1 1 (5400)(30)2 300 2

1 (5400)(20)2 2

3.71 kN (compression)

3.7068 103 N

Chapter 13, Solution 18

Initial speed: Final speed: Vertical rise: Distance traveled: (a)

v1 v2 72 km/h 108 km/h 20 m/s 30 m/s

h d

(0.02)(300) 300 m

6.00 m

**Traction force. Use cab and trailer as a free body.
**

m 1800 5400 W 7200 kg mg (7200)(9.81) 70.632 103 N

Work and energy:

T1 U1

2

T2

1 2 mv1 Wh Ft d 2 Ft

**1 2 mv2 2 1 1 2 2 mv1 Wh mv1 d 2 1 1 (7200)(30)2 300 2
**

7.4126 103 N

(70.632 103 )(6.00)

1 (7200)(20)2 2

Ft 7.41 kN

(b)

Coupling force Fc . Use the trailer alone as a free body.

m 5400 kg W mg (5400)(9.81) 52.974 103 N

**Assume that the tangential force at the trailer wheels is zero. Work and energy:
**

T1 U1

2

T2

1 2 mv1 Wh 2

Fc d

1 2 mv2 2

**The plus sign before Fc means that we have assumed that the coupling is in tension.
**

Fc 1 1 2 mv2 Wh d 2 1 2 mv1 2 1 (5400)(20) 2 2

Fc 5.56 kN (tension)

1 1 (5400)(30)2 (52.974 103 )(6.00) 300 2

5.5595 103 N

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UsefulNot usefulAnswer solutions for some of Ch 11,12,13
RMP, CMP, Newtons 2nd, Work and Energy, Impuse and Momentum

Answer solutions for some of Ch 11,12,13

RMP, CMP, Newtons 2nd, Work and Energy, Impuse and Momentum

RMP, CMP, Newtons 2nd, Work and Energy, Impuse and Momentum

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