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Windows Linux - KDE

Debian Linux 8 Jessie


CC

CC -- 3.0
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/tw/
MsWindows
DOS

Unix-Like

Linux

Linux MsWindows
DOS
PCDIY
MsWindows

Unix-Like
DOS UnixLike MsWindows
Debian Linux 8 Jessie KDE

""

01.
02.

03. Linux

04.Linux
05. Debian Linux 8 Jessie

06.GRUB BIOS
(U)EFI
07.KDM (KDE Display Manager)
TDMLightDM

08.KDE

09."Synaptic""Apper"
10. root
11.

12."KDE"

13.

14.KInfoCenterKSysGuard
KonSoleGkDebconfWebcam(iSight)

15.KDE
16.

17.
18.
19.

20.FTP

21.2D
22.

23.CD/DVD/BD Debian Install CD USB

24.
25. VirtualBox

26.Java Runtime Environment(JRE)


27.

28.RAM disk/
29.

01.+
Doris Sinny
Even Alice
Zoey Steven Joe Victor
Yi-Fang VivienCECIIIIedu Michael
David
Linux

Doris

Sinny

EvenAliceZoey
Even
Alice Zoey

QQ 80

QQ
Steven
Steven

Joe IT


Victor

Yi-Fang

Vivien

CECI
IT

IIIedu IT

Michael MsWindows

David Intel PII/PIII CPU


PC

02.+

MsDOS/Windows

MsDOS/Windows

MsDOS/Windows

2005 MacOSX2011
Linux
MsDOS/Windows
MsDOS/Windows
MacOSXLinux

MsDOS/Windows
MacOSXLinux

MsDOS/Windows
MacOSXLinux

MsDOS/Windows


Linux
Linux

Linux
Linux
MsDOS/Windows
Linux

PDF

Linux

x86 CPU BIOS


Linux
KDE

Linux Debian
Jessie

Debian CPU

Debian

PDF
GNOME
google

PDF
2001
PDF


Debian 2011 Debian
2017

MsWindows
DOS

Unix-Like

Linux

Linux
MsWindows
DOS
PCDIY
MsWindows

Unix-Like
DOS Unix-Like
MsWindows Debian
Linux 8 Jessie KDE

""
/ 2016 04
Ian Ho ( Email: ianian1979@gmail.com )

20151231:
2359

Ubuntu - Ubuntu
KDE GNOME
http://www.ubuntu-tw.org/modules/newbb/viewtopic.php?topic_id=103412

-
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
MsWindows MsDOS
link
-
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/

http://mis.ndhu.edu.tw/docu/question.htm

03. Linux
Linus
Benedict Torvalds 1991
Linux

UNIX Linux
DOS
DOS

Linus GNU GPL


Linux

Linux
Linux (shell)

Linux

ISO


Linux

Linux

Linux
Linux Debian Linux 8 Jessie

Debian Linux

Linux Debian Linux

Linux

KDE Debian
Linux 8 Jessie

KDE/Qt


Debian Linux

Debian Linux
BUG
Debian
Debian Linux
BUG Debian
Linux

Debian (Debian Taiwan User Group)


Debian
https://www.facebook.com/groups/debian.tw/
Debian
https://plus.google.com/u/0/communities/106482636420342329539

http://moto.debian.tw


https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Linux
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Linux
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Linux
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/GNU
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Unix_shell
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Bash
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Debian
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Debian
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Debian_releases
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/KDE
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Linux_From_Scratch
Linux
http://www.linuxfoundation.org/
DistroWatch.com: Put the fun back into computing. Use Linux,
BSD.
http://distrowatch.com/table.php?distribution=debian
Debian --
https://www.debian.org/index.zh-tw.html
Debian -- Debian
https://www.debian.org/intro/about.zh-tw.html
FrontPage - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/FrontPage

KDE - Experience Freedom!


https://www.kde.org
- [] MozTW
https://forum.moztw.org/viewtopic.php?t=1344
Rockin' on without Microsoft - CNET News
http://news.cnet.com/2100-1082_3-5065859.html

http://www.yinwang.org/blog-cn/2012/05/18/user-friendliness
Linux,Windows Mac
http://www.yinwang.org/blog-cn/2013/03/07/linux-windows-mac

04.Linux

Debian Linux 8 Jessie

Linux

Linux

2001 Linux
Caldera OpenLinux Linpus Linux

Linux
MsWindows Me

2015

Linux
Linux

Linux
Debian Linux 8 Jessie

(U)EFI
DIY
MacBook Intel x86 32bit
CPU EFI Mac mini Server Intel x86 64bit
CPU EFI
x86(i586 i686 32bit CPU) x8664(AMD6464bit CPU)
MsWindows MsWindows

MsWindows

MsWindows
MsWindows

MsWindows

MsWindows

Linux
Debian Debian

Linux

Debian
2015
Linux Hardware Compatibility HOWTO
Linux 2007
LinuxQuestions.org HCL
Linux-drivers.org

LINUX ALLOCATED DEVICES

MsWindows

Linux 2015
Debian Linux 8 Jessie

"ATI radeon 7000"


"RV100QY"
Linux Debian Linux
8 Jessie

Linux
Linux
Linux

Linux


Linux
Hardware Compatibility HOWTO
Linux
ATI radeon
7000RV100QY Linux Linux

Linux

"Xorg"
"SANE""ALSA"
Linux
Linux
Linux
XorgSANEALSA

Linux Debian
Linux 8 Jessie

*PCI**IDS**Kconfig*

Linux

Debian Linux 8 Jessie + KDE


"hwdata"/usr/share/hwdata

/*PCI*.*IDS**PCI*.*IDS*
"pciutils"/usr/share/
misc/pci.ids
Linux CPU
PowerPCx86-64ARM Linux
Linux x86-64
Linux PowerPC
Debian Linux 8
Jessie Linux

Linux
Linux

a b

Debian Linux 8
Jessie

Debian ISO


/pool/main/h/hw-detect/ethdetect_X.XX_all/ data.tar/etc/
network/devnames-static

Linux

Linux
Linux
"linux-headers-X.X.X-X-(CPU )linux-image
-X.X.X-X-(CPU )

VirtualBox 5.0.x
BIOS
CPUx86/AMD64(32/64bit CPU) 32bit CPU
4GB
VirtualBox 5.0.x
debian-8.3.0-i386-DVD-1.iso
P5AD2-E Premium
BIOS
CPUIntel Pentium 4 EE HT 3.46 GHz(32bit)
4GB BIOS 3.2 GB

NVIDIA GeForce 9800 GTX+ PCI-E


debian-8.3.0-i386-DVD-1.iso
GA-7VT880-L
BIOS
CPUAthlonXP 3200+ 2.2 GHz(32bit)
4GB BIOS 3.5 GB
ATI Radeon 9800 XT AGPATI Radeon
HD 4670 AGPRadeon HD 4670
"firmware-amdgraphics"
debian-8.3.0-i386-DVD-1.iso
:GIGABYTE GA-965P-DQ6
BIOS
CPUIntel Core 2 Quad Q9650 3.00GHz (64bit)
8GB
ATI Radeon HD 5450 PCI-E ATI
Radeon X1950 XTX PCI-E
debian-8.3.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso
MacBook (2006)
EFI
CPUIntel Core Duo 2.0 GHz (32bit)
2GB
Intel Graphics Media Accelerator (GMA) 950
debian-8.2.0-i386-DVD-1.iso +
"rEFInd"debian-mac-8.3.0-i386-netinst.iso

Mac mini Server (Mid 2010)


EFI
CPUIntel Core 2 Duo 2.66 GHz (64bit)
16GB
NVIDIA GeForce 320M
:debian-8.3.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso

Debian

"firmware8.3.0-i386-netinst.iso"

Linux
X.Org

Linux
Linux X.Org
X.Org
MsWindows

X.Org
X.Org

Debian Linux 8 Jessie X.Org


/usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d/

/etc/X11/xorg.conf Debian
xorg.conf
GRUB "recovery mode"

root
Xorg -configure xorg.conf
"Nouveau"
xorg.conf

root
xorg.conf.new

xorg.conf/etc/X11/ xorg.conf

xorg.conf
log
xorg.conf

3D
3D
"Armagetron Advanced"
OK
Debian Linux 8 Jessie "xserver-xorg-video-nouveau"
NVIDIA
"xserver-xorg-video-radeon" AMD/ATI Radeon

"xserver-xorg-video-radeon"
"firmware-linux-nonfree" jessiebackports "firmware-amd-graphics"

"xserver-xorg-video-XXX"

xorg.conf
/etc/X11/xorg.conf

Jessie "xserverxorg-video-sis" SiSXGI

Jessie
NVIDIA
NVIDIA NVIDIA

Debian Linux 8 Jessie


"340.96" jessie-backports "352.79"

"NVIDIA"
NVIDIA
NVIDIA
"nvidia-smi""nvidialegacy-340xx-smi" "nvidia-kernel-amd64" "nvidiakernel-3.16.0-4-amd64" nvidia-kernel-amd64
nvidia-kernel-3.16.0-4-amd64 32bit x86
"-686-pae""nvidia-xconfig""nvidia-detect"

NVIDIA
340.96
"304.128" jessie-backports "304.131"

"nvidia-settings-legacy-304xx" "nvidialegacy-304xx-kernel-source""nvidiaxconfig"Jessie Backports


NVIDIA NVIDIA

Linux
NVIDIA nvidia-kernel
Linux Kernel

Jessie
NVIDIA
"xserver-xorg-video-nouveau"
Debian Linux 7 Wheezy
Debian Wheezy NVIDIA

--wheezy-backports
nvidia-legacy-173xx-driver (173.14.39-2)
NVIDIA metapackage (173xx legacy version)
nvidia-legacy-173xx-kernel-dkms (173.14.39-2)
NVIDIA binary kernel module DKMS source (173xx legacy
version)
nvidia-legacy-173xx-kernel-source (173.14.39-2)
NVIDIA binary kernel module source (173xx legacy version)
nvidia-legacy-96xx-driver (96.43.23-7)
NVIDIA metapackage (96xx legacy version)
nvidia-legacy-96xx-kernel-dkms (96.43.23-7)
NVIDIA binary kernel module DKMS source (96xx legacy
version)
nvidia-legacy-96xx-kernel-source (96.43.23-7)
NVIDIA binary kernel module source (96xx legacy version)
----wheezy(oldstable)

nvidia-glx-legacy (71.86.15-3)
NVIDIA binary Xorg driver (transitional, 71xx legacy)
nvidia-kernel-legacy-source (71.86.15-3)
NVIDIA binary kernel module source (transitional, 71xx
legacy)
--

root
nvidia-xconfignvidia-xconfig
xorg.conf
KDE \\\NVIDIA X

xorg.conf

AMD/ATI
AMD/ATI
AMD/ATI Debian Linux 8
Jessie "fglrx""15.9"

AMD/ATI Radeon HD 5450


"xserver-xorg-videoradeon" KDE
1080P LCD
1024x768

DPI
DPI
"firmware-linux-nonfree" jessie-backports
"firmware-amd-graphics"
firmware
Aptitude firmware
firmware
AMD/ATI "fglrx v15.9"
jessie-backports

fglrx-controlfglrx-sourceamd-openclicdxvba-va-driver

aticonfig --initial root


/etc/X11/xorg.conf

/etc/X11/xorg.conf
aticonfig --initial /etc/X11/xorg.conf
KDE \\\ATI
Catalyst Control Center aticonfig --initial
aticonfig --adapter=all --initial --force

fglrx 15.9
ATI Radeon
fglrx 15.9 Linux 4.2
Linux
4.2 fglrx 15.9

Jessie Backports Linux 4.2


linux-headers-4.2.0-0.bpo.1-(CPU ) linux-image-4.2.00.bpo.1-(CPU )

fglrx-controlfglrx-sourceamdopencl-icdfglrx-atieventsdglx-alternative-fglrx
xvba-va-driver
root
aticonfig --initial
Debian

Linux Linux
Aptitude
Linux
KDE "AMD Radeon
Control Center"
VirtualBox
(Guest OS) virtualbox-guest-x11

(Host OS) VirtualBox

Linux

(Host OS) VirtualBox 5.X EFI

PIIX3
I/O APIC
EFI
IDE PIIX4
Debian Jessie 8.3 i386(32bit) UEFI

VirtualBox

AMD/ATI Radeon 9800 XT AGP

AMD/ATI Radeon HD 4670 AGP

AMD/ATI Radeon HD 5450 PCI-E

AMD/ATI Radeon X1950 XTX PCI-E

NVIDIA GeForce 9800 GTX+ PCI-E

Intel Graphics Media Accelerator (GMA) 950

NVIDIA GeForce 320M

Debian Jessie VirtualBox

Debian Jessie
AMD/ATI Radeon
AMD/ATI Radeon
"xserver-xorg-video-radeon"

VMware/Gallium 0.4 on llvmpipe


Xorg/AMD/ATI Radeon
"firmware-amdgraphics" Xorg/AMD/ATI Radeon

NVIDIA GeForce 9800 GTX+ PCI-E

NVIDIA GeForce 320M

Intel Graphics Media Accelerator (GMA) 950

Debian Jessie "firmware-amd-graphics"


AMD/ATI Radeon HD 5450 PCI-E

AMD/ATI Radeon X1950 XTX PCI-E

AMD/ATI Radeon 9800 XT AGP

Debian Jessie "fglrx "


AMD/ATI Radeon HD 5450 PCI-E

AMD/ATI fglrx
fglrx

AMD Radeon Control Center


1

10

11

12

13

14

Debian Jessie "NVIDIA "


NVIDIA GeForce 9800 GTX+ PCI-E

NVIDIA GeForce 320M


340.96NVIDIA
340.96 "GeForce 320M"

KDM

"Nouveau"

NVIDIA
NVIDIA
1

NVIDIA X Server Settings


1

10

11

12

13

14

15


Debian 8 Jessie + KDE
ALSA Debian
ALSA
Synaptic
"alsa"
"alsa-firmware-loaders"
"alsa-tools-gui""alsamixergui"
KDE \
\\ KMix

Debian Jessie Synaptic

cups-pdffoomatic-dbopenprinting-ppds
"Generic CUPS-PDF
Printer" PDF "foomaticdb" Debian Jessie

/usr/share/foomatic/db/oldprinterids
/usr/share/foomatic/db/source/printer/.xml

Linux KDE
\\()

Linux
hwdata-0.233-14.1.el6.
zip MonitorsDB
5600


"xkb-data"/
usr/share/X11/xkb/rules/base.lst

USB
"usbutils"
/usr/share/misc/usb.ids/var/lib/usbutils/usb.ids
USB

"sane-utils"
KDE "Skanlite"
Debian Jessie

Synaptic

KDE

"firmware"


The Linux Kernel ArchivesLinux
https://www.kernel.org/
LINUX ALLOCATED DEVICES (2.6+ version)
https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/docs/lanana/devicelist/devices-2.6.txt
Device file
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Device_file
The PCI ID Repository
http://pciids.sourceforge.net/
The USB ID Repository / The home of the usb.ids file
http://www.linux-usb.org/usb-ids.html
LKDDb: Linux Kernel Driver DataBase
http://cateee.net/lkddb/
http://cateee.net/sources/lkddb/
*.list *.ids

Unofficial non-free images including firmware packages


http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cdincluding-firmware/
Hardware - Debian Wiki:
http://wiki.debian.org/Hardware

Firmware - Debian Wiki


https://wiki.debian.org/Firmware
DeviceDatabase/USB - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/DeviceDatabase/USB
HowToIdentifyADevice - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/HowToIdentifyADevice
Linux Hardware Compatibility HOWTO
http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/html_single/Hardware-HOWTO/
2007
LinuxQuestions.org HCL
http://www.linuxquestions.org/hcl/index.php
Linux-drivers.org Linux Hardware Compatibility Lists & Linux
Drivers
http://www.linux-drivers.org/
Category:Lists of microprocessors - Wikipedia, the free
encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Lists_of_microprocesso
rs

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Lists_of_microprocesso
rs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_AMD_chipsets
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_Nvidia_chipsets
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_ATI_chipsets
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VIA_chipsets

https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/AMD
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/AMD
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/ATI

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Video_cards
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Graphics_hardware_co
mpanies
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Nvidia_graphics_process
ing_units
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_AMD_graphics_processi
ng_units
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Intel_graphics_processin
g_units
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3Dlabs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3dfx_Interactive
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silicon_Integrated_Systems
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S3_Graphics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_GMA
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trident_Microsystems
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerVR
Xorg - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/Xorg
Documentation for the X Window System Version 11 Release
7.7 (X11R7.7)
http://www.x.org/releases/X11R7.7/doc/
X11R7.7 Manual Pages: Section 4: Drivers
http://www.x.org/releases/X11R7.7/doc/man/man4/
http://www.x.org/releases/X11R7.7/doc/xorg-

docs/ReleaseNotes.html
X.Org

xorg.conf
http://www.x.org/releases/X11R7.7/doc/man/man5/xorg.conf.
5.xhtml
Debian -- jessie xserver-xorg-video-radeon

https://packages.debian.org/jessie/xserver-xorg-video-radeon
Debian -- jessie firmware-linux-nonfree

https://packages.debian.org/jessie/firmware-linux-nonfree
Debian -- jessie-backports firmware-amd-graphics

https://packages.debian.org/jessie-backports/firmware-amdgraphics
AMD -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/AMD
Unofficial Wiki for the AMD Linux Driver
http://wiki.cchtml.com/index.php/Debian
ATIProprietary - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/ATIProprietary
AtiHowTo - Debian Wiki:
http://wiki.debian.org/AtiHowTo

AMD Catalyst - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AMD_Catalyst
AMD Radeon -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/AMD_Radeon
X.Org Wiki - RadeonFeature
http://wiki.x.org/wiki/RadeonFeature
X.Org Wiki - RadeonFeatureUMS
http://wiki.x.org/wiki/RadeonFeatureUMS
ATIRadeon:
http://dri.freedesktop.org/wiki/ATIRadeon/
AMD/ATI

ATI Catalyst Software Suite Version 8.9


http://www2.ati.com/relnotes/catalyst_89_release_notes.html
Catalyst Software Suite Version 9.3 Release Notes
http://www2.ati.com/relnotes/catalyst_93_release_notes.pdf
ATI Catalyst Software Suite Version 10.9 Release Notes
http://www2.ati.com/relnotes/catalyst_109_release_notes.pdf
AMD Catalyst Software Suite Version 12.6 Release Notes
http://support.amd.com/pt-br/kbarticles/Pages/AMDCatalystSoftwareSuiteVersion126Release
Notes.aspx

AMD Catalyst 13.1 Proprietary Linux Graphics Driver


Release Notes
http://support.amd.com/en-us/kbarticles/Pages/AMDCatalyst131ProprietaryLinuxGraphicsDriv
erReleaseNotes.aspx
AMD Catalyst 14.9 Linux Release Notes
http://support.amd.com/en-us/kbarticles/Pages/AMDCatalyst14-9LINReleaseNotes.aspx
AMD Radeon Software Crimson Edition Linux 15.12
Proprietary Graphics Driver Release Notes
http://support.amd.com/en-us/kbarticles/Pages/AMDRadeonSoftwareCrimsonEdition1512LINReleaseNotes.aspx
Drivers + Support > Download
Linux Download Center
http://support.amd.com/en-us/download/linux
Radeon - ThinkWiki
http://www.thinkwiki.org/wiki/Radeon
Nouveau: Accelerated Open Source driver for nVidia cards
nouveau/CodeNames
http://nouveau.freedesktop.org/wiki/CodeNames/
nouveau/FeatureMatrix
http://nouveau.freedesktop.org/wiki/FeatureMatrix/
NVIDIA Unix
http://www.nvidia.com.tw/object/unix-tw.html

NvidiaGraphicsDrivers - Debian Wiki


http://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers
NVIDIA -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/NVIDIA

http://www.alsa-project.org/main/index.php/Matrix:Main
http://alsa.opensrc.org/Sound_cards
http://alsa.opensrc.org/ALSA_modules
ALSA -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/ALSA
ALSA - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/ALSA
CategorySound - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/CategorySound
SoundCard - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/SoundCard
SystemPrinting - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/SystemPrinting
Linux
http://www.openprinting.org/drivers
http://www.openprinting.org/printers?action=searchall
http://www.linuxfoundation.org/collaborate/workgroups/openpr
inting/databasefoomatic

Linux
http://www.sane-project.org/sane-mfgs.html
home - h-node.org:
http://h-node.org/home/index/en
Debian GNU/Linux Installation Guide
Chapter 2. System Requirements
http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch02.html.en
3.4. Meeting Minimum Hardware Requirements
http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch03s04.html
hwdata.git - Hardware Database, including Monitors, pci.ids,
usb.ids, and video cards
https://git.fedorahosted.org/cgit/hwdata.git/refs/tags
Debian GNU/Linux
http://kmuto.jp/debian/hcl/
Chapter 2. What's new in Debian 8
https://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/amd64/releasenotes/ch-whats-new.en.html

05. Debian Linux 8 Jessie


debian-8.3.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso debian8.3.0-i386-DVD-1.iso

Intel CPU
MacOSXMsWindowsDebian Linux
rEFInd

MacOSX MsWindows(
NTFS)Linux(ext4)
MsWindows
MacOSX(HFS+)Linux(ext4)

Linux
MsWindows(NTFS)MacOSX(HFS+)

Linux

VirtualBox
Host OS
Guest OS

ADSLCable Modem DHCP

IP
Debian Linux (DebianInstaller)
DHCP IP

8.X

PPPoE PPPoE

BIOS

EFI

MacBook (2006Intel 32bit CPU) 13


debian8.3.0-i386-DVD-1.iso EFI
Debian ISO
MacOSX10.6.8
MsWindows

MacOSX (FAT32 )

MacOSX "rEFInd"
MacOSX
rEFInd root
rEFInd
MacOSX EFI
rEFInd

rEFInd "drivers_ia32"
refind.conf

--timeout 15
use_graphics_for osx,linux,grub,windows
showtools shell, gdisk, memtest, mok_tool, reboot, firmware, gptsync,
apple_recovery, windows_recovery, netboot, about, exit, shutdown
scanfor internal,external,optical,manual,netboot,hdbios,biosexternal,cd

--
USB
MacBook EFI
rEFInd rEFInd
iso9660
(Boot Fallback boot loader from 302KiB
FAT volume) Debian ISO USB

Debian Gnu/Linux UEFI Installer menu(Debian 8 x86 (32bit)


UEFI

rEFInd
EFI Debian Jessie EFI

shell"Aptitude"
"intel-microcode"

MacBook debianmac-8.3.0-i386-netinst.iso "netinst"

Debian

32 Intel CPU
BIOS

BIOS
KDM

x86(-64)PC 2005
USB
Plop Boot Manager
plpbt-5.0.15.zip
1MB plpbt.iso CD CDRW USB
plpbt.iso CD
Plop Boot Manager USB
USB
1.5MB plpbt.img 1.44MB

USB


Plop Boot Manager1

Plop Boot Manager2

Plop Boot Manager3

Plop Boot Manager4

Plop Boot Manager5

Plop Boot Manager6

Plop Boot Manager7

rEFInd1

rEFInd2

rEFInd3

rEFInd4

rEFInd1

rEFInd2

rEFInd3


PC BIOS

"Help"

HELP F2

HELP F3

HELP F4

HELP F5

HELP F6

HELP F7

HELP F8

HELP F9

HELP F10

"Advanced options"

"Graphical expert install"

Debian

PC (U)EFI
"Advanced options..."

"Graphical expert install"

Debian

Debian

select a language
Chinese(Traditional Chinese)-()

"PNG"
/var/log/installer/
1GB

locale
-zh_TW.UTF-8

locale

locale
"zh_TW.UTF-8"


PPPoE
"ppp-udeb"


"ppp-udeb"
PPPoE

PPPoE


HiNet ADSL
HiNet ADSL


HiNet ADSL
HiNet ADSL


PPPoE

PPPoE
PPPoE


PPPoE
"ppp-udeb"

IP

()

shadow root
DebianLinux
root
"KDM" root

root

NTP
NTP
NTP

NTP

NTP
time.stdtime.gov.tw


"Asia/Taipei"


BIOS "msdos"


//

//

MsWindows


Ext4


/ - root


user_xattr -


MsWindows


//

//


/media/data
Debian Jessie KDE
/media MsWindows
/data /media
KDE
"/data"
root


user_xattr -

MsWindows pagefile.sys


max


EFI "gpt"

200 MB


"EFI System Partition"


EFI


"EFI System Partition"


"/"


"DATA"

Dolphin
KDE \\\
\\sdxX\

1.0MB
KDE
"DATA"
root

Kernel
"linux-image-3.16.0-4-686-pae"
CPU Intel Pentium "linux-image-3.16.0-4586" Debian Installer

shell Aptitude
Linux

Kernel
"linux-image-3.16.0-4-amd64"

initrd

CD DVD

DVD

netinst CD


"http"

Debian

Debian

Debian

Debian
"ftp.tw.debian.org"

opensource.nchc.org.tw

HTTP Proxy

non-free

discover

VirtualBox "virtualbox-ose-guest-x11"

VirtualBox
Synaptic
"virtualbox-guest-x11"
"virtualbox-guest-x11"
Host OS VirtualBox


GNOME KDE
Server
Server

Debian

KDE

shell
Aptitude

GRUB
EFI LILO
shell Aptitude
Linux
GRUB

GRUB (MBR)

Force GRUB installation to the EFI removable media path?


BIOS EFI

debconf

debconf

debconf

shell

APT

shell

shell
shell
DOS script
/target /target
nano sources.list APT

~#chroot /target
#nano /etc/apt/sources.list

nano
nano

APT
Aptitude

"Aptitude"

Aptitude

Aptitude

shell

UTC


BIOS

SATA SSD SSD

SSD

SSD
SSD

"/""swap"
"/home""/media/data
MsWindows "

SYSTEMHOME
DATA

SSD

SSD

KDE Dolphin

/home
KDM
/home

KDE
/home/
/ KDM

VirtualBox Debian
Jessie BIOS
800X600EFI 1024X768

Mounting the EFI Boot Partition on Mac OS X


http://themacadmin.com/mounting-the-efi-boot-partition-onmac-os-x/
The rEFInd Boot Manager
http://www.rodsbooks.com/refind/
MacMiniIntel - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/MacMiniIntel
Index of /cdimage/release/current/i386/iso-cd
http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/release/current/i386/isocd/
CategoryMacintoshComputer - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/CategoryMacintoshComputer
P6 -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/P6
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P6_(microarchitecture)
-
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical_Address_Extension
-
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
-
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/

Linux ? | T -

http://www.techbang.com/posts/6153-fully-understand-linuxdistribution-before-irrigation-how-to-drive
DebianInstaller - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller
Debian --
https://www.debian.org/doc/
Debian -- Installation Guide
https://www.debian.org/releases/stable/installmanual
The Debian GNU/Linux FAQ
https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-faq/
Debian Reference
https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/
Debian -- Release Notes
https://www.debian.org/releases/stable/releasenotes
Debian -- Ports (Debian )
https://www.debian.org/ports/
Plop Boot Manager
https://www.plop.at/en/bootmanager/download.html

06.GRUB BIOS
(U)EFI
GRUB
GRUB
"recovery mode"

Linux
DOS
GRUB 1 BIOS

GRUB 2 BIOS

GRUB 1 BIOS

GRUB 2 BIOS

GRUB 3 BIOS

GRUB 4 BIOS

GRUB 5 EFI

GRUB 6 EFI


-
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
GNU GRUB -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/GNU_GRUB
GNU GRUB - GNU Project - Free Software Foundation (FSF):
http://www.gnu.org/software/grub/
GRUB 2 - Ubuntu Wiki:
http://wiki.ubuntu-tw.org/index.php?title=GRUB_2_
Unix -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Unix
nomodeset Linux
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1fUKbdzh6MPn34K3PYj
BuvlU-OHgYuxsuaj5MP9Ca40/edit#heading=h.8410n9uqeo
73
Kernel Command Line Parameters (aka Boot Options)
http://distro.ibiblio.org/fatdog/web/faqs/boot-options.html
-
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/

07. KDM (KDE Display


Manager)TDMLightDM
KDE "KDM
(KDE Display Manager)"
KDE

Debian
GDM GNOMELightDM LXDEMate
CinnamonKDM KDE Debian
Trinity Desktop
Environment TDM
KDM 1
ENTER

KDM 2

TDM 1

LightDM 1

LightDM 2

LightDM 3

KDM -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/KDM
DisplayManager - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/DisplayManager

08.KDE

KDE
Qt
KDERazor-qtTDEKDE
Eye Candy
3D KDE

KDE

KDE KDE

KDE \\\\\\

KDE \\\lines
KDE \\\\\\
>
KDE \\\ \\
Oxygen\\\\\
KDE \\\ \\
Oxygen\\\\\25
KDE \\\\\\
CPU
KDE \\\\ \\

\Noto Sans CJK Mono TC\\Regular\\14


\
/.kde/share/config/kdeglobals
"fixed="
KDE \\\\\\\
\\
KDE \\\\\
DPI\"96"DPI
KDE \\\\GTK\GTK \\
\Noto Sans CJK TC Light 14
KDE \\\\GTK\\GTK
\
KDE \\\\
time.stdtime.gov.tw
KDE \\\(zh_TW)\
\ \Noto Sans CJK TC Light 20\ AntiAliasing
KDE \\\\Lines
KDE \\\\Grub2
KDE \\\\ UID\0

KDE KDE

Qt

Qt
Qt

GNOME
GNOME

GTK
GTK
GTK

Qt GTK

Linux
GNOMEKDE
Linux
KDE GTK/GNOME
GTK/GNOME

GTK
Linux
GTK
GTK

GTK Qt

KDE
Qt
KDE
Qt

GTK
GTK KDE

Linux

Debian Linux 8 Jessie Jessie


KDE 4.14 KDE 4.14
Jessie Jessie
KDE 4.1X
Debian Linux 8 Jessie
Qt
Qt

KDE
Synaptic"task-kde-desktop"
"Debian desktop environment"
"KDE"
Debian


--smb4k
synaptic
apt-show-versions
apt-transport-https
apt-xapian-index
software-properties-gtk
debconf-kde-helper
xfonts-cyrillic
fonts-moe-standard-kai
fonts-moe-standard-song
gdebi-kde
gkdebconf
gtk2-engines-oxygen
gtk3-engines-oxygen
kde-config-gtk-style
kde-config-tablet
kgamma
kremotecontrol
krename
ntpdate
okular-extra-backends
partitionmanager
qapt-utils
--Synaptic"kde-full"
"Debian desktop environment"
"KDE"
shell aptitude
"kde-full" KDE

--task-chinese-t-kde-desktop
desktop-base
synaptic
apt-show-versions
apt-transport-https
apt-xapian-index
software-properties-gtk
software-properties-kde
debconf-kde-helper
xfonts-cyrillic
fonts-moe-standard-kai
fonts-moe-standard-song
gdebi-kde
gkdebconf
gtk2-engines-oxygen
gtk3-engines-oxygen
k3b-extrathemes
k3b-i18n
Kalternatives
kde-config-gtk-style
kde-config-tablet
krename
ntpdate
scim-chewing
okular-extra-backends
partitionmanager
qapt-utils
smb4k
SCIM

fcitx
fcitx-frontend-qt4
fcitx-chewing
kde-config-fcitx
fcitx-tools
fcitx-table-all
--"kde-full"
GTK
Qt
Qt
GTK
KDM root
KDE
Debian Jessie KDE
synaptic
KDE \\(Apper)
synaptic(Apper)
"synaptic"


KDE 1

KDE 2

Razor-qt
Razor-qt MsWindows95

586
1GB PC Razor-qt
Debian Jessie
Synaptic Aptitude

shell
~#chroot /target/etc/apt/sources.
list"Aptitude"

--razorqt
razorqt-lightdm-greeter
lightdm
synaptic
apt-xapian-index
apt-show-versions
apt-transport-https
software-properties-gtk
software-properties-kde
debconf-kde-helper
gdebi-kde
gkdebconf
gtk2-engines-oxygen
gtk3-engines-oxygen
xfonts-cyrillic
fonts-moe-standard-kai
fonts-moe-standard-song

fonts-noto-cjk
kdeartwork-theme-window
kde-style-oxygen
kde-window-manager
krusader
scim-qt-immodule
scim-chewing
oxygencursors
tea
--Debian
Razor-qt GTK
Debian Window Manager
Openbox Razor-qt Qt

synaptic Qt
oxygen
Razor-qt LXDE
LXQt GTK+Qt
MsWindows95


Razor-qt Window Manager
KWin

Razor-qt

Trinity Desktop Environment


Trinity Desktop Environment"TDE"
KDE
KDE

shell
~#chroot /target
#apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.quickbuild.pearsoncomputing.net --recv-keys F5CFC95C

/etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://mirror.ppa.trinitydesktop.org/trinity/trinity-r14.0.0/debian jessie main
deb http://mirror.ppa.trinitydesktop.org/trinity/trinity-builddeps-r14.0.0/debian jessie main

"Aptitude"

--tde-trinity
tde-i18n-zhtw-trinity
tde-guidance-trinity
tde-systemsettings-trinity
apt-xapian-index
apt-show-versions
apt-transport-https
software-properties-common
digikam-trinity-doc
dolphin-trinity
filelight-trinity
fonts-noto-cjk
fonts-moe-standard-kai
fonts-moe-standard-song
xfonts-cyrillic
gtk-qt-engine-trinity
kgtk-qt3-trinity

k3b-i18n-trinity
kcontrol-autostart-trinity
kdpkg-trinity
tdmtheme-trinity
tqt3-qtconfig
trinity-apt-archive
trinity-keyring
tdeio-ftps-trinity
tdeio-locate-trinity
tdeio-umountwrapper-trinity
smb4k-trinity
-- TDM
\TDETDM KDM root
"TDE \\\\
\Allow Root Login"

synaptic TDE/Qt3
TDE
Qt3 Debian Jessie
Qt4


TDE 1

TDE 2

TDE 3

TDE 4

TDE 5

Trinity 1

Trinity 2

Trinity 3

Trinity 4

TDE \\\TDE

/home/
/.tderc"fixed="

Qt
A
B


KDE -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/KDE
KDE -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/KDE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_KDE_applications
Kdeutils -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Kdeutils
KDE Platform 4 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KDE_Platform_4
Applications for your KDE-Desktop - KDE-Apps.org
http://kde-apps.org/?xsection=home
KDE - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/KDE
KDE Announcements
https://www.kde.org/announcements/
KDE Ships Applications and Platform 4.14.3
https://www.kde.org/announcements/announce-4.14.3.php
KDE Ships KDE Applications 14.12.3
https://www.kde.org/announcements/announce-applications14.12.3.php

Binary Packages - KDE Community Wiki


https://community.kde.org/KDE_SC/Binary_Packages#KDE_
Applications_14.12.3
KDE UserBase Wiki
https://userbase.kde.org/Welcome_to_KDE_UserBase/zh-tw
KDE/Jessie - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/KDE/Jessie
Qt -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Qt
DebianDesktop/Artwork/Jessie - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/DebianDesktop/Artwork/Jessie
Razor-qt -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Razor-qt
Razor-qt
http://razor-qt.org
LXQt - The Lightweight Qt Desktop Environment
http://lxqt.org
LXDE -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/LXDE
K Desktop Environment 3 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K_Desktop_Environment_3#Trini
ty_Desktop_Environment

Trinity Desktop Environment


https://www.trinitydesktop.org/index.php
Debian Trinity Repository Installation Instructions - Trinity
Desktop Project Wiki
https://wiki.trinitydesktop.org/DebianInstall
DesktopEnvironment - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/DesktopEnvironment
GTK -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/GTK
-
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
Oxygen Project - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxygen_Project
Tango -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Tango
DebianArt - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/DebianArt
DebianArt/Themes - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/DebianArt/Themes
DebianArt/Themes/Lines - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/DebianArt/Themes/Lines
DebianDesktop/Artwork/Jessie - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/DebianDesktop/Artwork/Jessie

09."Synaptic""Apper"
GNOME Synaptic
KDE Apper
Debian Linux 8 Jessie

Linux
Debian

Linux

ln

Linux
MsWindows *.exe
Debian Linux

Debian *.deb
MsWindows *.msi Debian

testingstableoldstable
testingstable
oldstable

Debian testingstableoldstable

KDE Apper
KDE
Apper
KDE \\Apper()
KDE \ \
"kde-full""Apper"
"Apper""Apper"
Synaptic

Synaptic GTK
Synaptic
"Apper"


Apper 1

Apper 2

Apper 3

Apper 4

Apper 5

Apper 6

Synaptic
KDE \\Synaptic

Synaptic \\\

\
\

Synaptic \\(software & Updates)


/etc
/apt/sources.list/etc/apt/sources
.listAPT

(software & Updates)\Debian


(main) DFSG
(contrib) DFSG
(non-free)/etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie main contrib non-free

"deb-src"/etc
/apt/sources.list
deb-src http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie main contrib non-free

Debian

(software & Updates)\Other Software


CD/DVD-ROMbackports
CD/DVD-ROM
debian-8.0.0-i386DVD-1.iso
debian-update8.X.X-i386-DVD-1.iso
Update DVD iso
Synaptic \\

Synaptic \ \ \Other Software\Add


Volume/etc/apt/sources.list APT

deb cdrom:[Debian GNU/Linux 8.X.X _Jessie_ - Official i386 DVD Binary-1 201XXXXX-XX:XX]/ jessie main contrib

APT cdrom:[]
Debian
/.disk/info
(software & Updates)/APT
(software &
Updates)/Debian APT
APT
Synaptic \
""

"Hardinfo"
8.0.0
8.X.X

backports APT /etc/apt/sources


.list
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports main contrib non-free

Debian Linux

backports
APT

Stable
stable Synaptic
\\\
jessie-backports
backports.debian.org APT


APT
deb-multimedia www.deb-multimedia.org

deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie main non-free


deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie-backports main
"deb-multimedia-keyring"
""
Other Software1

Other Software2

(software & Updates)\


Security updates(jessie/updates)/etc/apt
/sources.list
deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free

(jessie-updates)/etc/apt
/sources.list
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main contrib non-free

Proposed updates(jessie-proposed-updates)
/etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates main contrib non-free

(software & Updates)\

keyring

Debian
APT W:GPG
error:http://XXX:
:NO_PUBKEY XXX

*.key *.pgp
root

/etc/apt/sources.list
# deb cdrom:[Debian GNU/Linux 8.2.0 _Jessie_ - Official i386 DVD Binary-1 2015090610:02]/ jessie contrib main
# deb cdrom:[Debian GNU/Linux 8.2.0 _Jessie_ - Official i386 DVD Binary-1 2015090610:02]/ jessie contrib main
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie main non-free contrib
# deb-src http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie main non-free contrib
deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free
# deb-src http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free
# jessie-updates, previously known as 'volatile'
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main contrib non-free
# deb-src http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main contrib non-free
# jessie-backports, previously on backports.debian.org
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates main non-free contrib
# deb-src http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports main contrib non-free
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie main non-free
# deb-src http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie main non-free
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie-backports main
# deb-src http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie-backports main
deb http://mozilla.debian.net/ jessie-backports firefox-release
# deb-src http://mozilla.debian.net/ jessie-backports firefox-release
deb https://deb.opera.com/opera-stable/ stable non-free
# deb-src https://deb.opera.com/opera-stable/ stable non-free
deb http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/apacheoo-deb/debian testing main

/etc/apt/sources.list
oldstablestabletestingunstableexperimental

sources.list stable
testing unstable
experimental testing
unstable experimental

testing
Debian
Synaptic

\\\GDebi

*.deb
*.deb

32/64
"gdebi-kde" deb

.deb "gdebi"
(gdebi-gtk)\\
\QApt Qt
GDebi
Synaptic Apper
GDebi (gdebi-kde/gdebi-gtk)QApt

apt
Debian

apt-get apt-******
AptitudeSynaptic
Apper GDebi
(gdebi-kde/gdebi-gtk)QApt
GDebi
1

QApt
1

debian-testing-i386-DVD-1.iso
testing /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ testing main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ testing-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ testing-proposed-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian testing-backports main contrib non-free
deb http://security.debian.org/ testing/updates main contrib non-free
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org testing main non-free
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org testing-backports main

(unstable)
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ sid main contrib non-free

(experimental)
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ experimental main contrib non-free

unstableexperimentalSynaptic
\\\\
\unstable experimental

GNOME"gnomecore""gnomecore"
APT

GNOME
unstable experimental
debian
debian-7.8.0-i386-DVD-1.iso
oldstable /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-proposed-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian wheezy-backports main contrib non-free
deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main contrib non-free
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org wheezy main non-free
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org wheezy-backports main

Synaptic

KDECalligra Suite
Calligra Suite
Calligra Suite

dummymetatransitional packages


Synaptic

KDE

Debian
(oldstalbe)(testing)

Synaptic

PowerPC
Debian Synaptic
Nvidia AMD/ATI
Debian
Debian Linux

APT
APT
APT

APT

log
stable

jessie-backports
Backports - Debian Wiki backports
maincontribnon-free backports
main
backports

Synaptic

-----E: dpkg was interrupted, you must manually run 'dpkg --configure -a' to correct the problem.
E: _cache->open() failed, please report.
------

Synaptic
root
dpkg --configure -a

Debian Linux
CPU PowerPC199X 200X
CPUDebian Linux
PowerPC
NVIDIAfglrx(AMD/
ATI) VirtualBox
Xorg
Qemu
PowerPC
Debian Linux Debian -Packages
Debian Linux /

bug

Debian bug

Debian

Debian

Debian : Debian :
http://people.debian.org.tw/~moto/debian/DebianLessPain/De
bian-Install-Guide-5.html

debian source.list
http://hyperrate.com/thread.php?tid=26706
Debian --
https://packages.debian.org/
https://www.debian.org/distrib/packages.zh-tw.html
Debian-package-cycle - Wikimedia Commons:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Debian-packagecycle.png?uselang=zh-tw

Debian -- Debian
http://www.debian.org/releases/index.zh-tw.html

http://ftp.debian.org/debian/dists/README
"Release"
Synaptic \\
\Other Software\\
http://ftp.debian.org/debian/dists/

DebianReleases - Debian Wiki


http://wiki.debian.org/DebianReleases
DebianExperimental - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/DebianExperimental
DebianUnstable - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/DebianUnstable
DebianTesting - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/DebianTesting
Debian testing security team
http://secure-testing-master.debian.net/
StableUpdates - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/StableUpdates
StableProposedUpdates - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/StableProposedUpdates
DebianStable - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/DebianStable
DebianReleases/PointReleases - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/DebianReleases/PointReleases
Debian --
http://www.debian.org/security/index.zh-tw.html
Backports - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/Backports

Debian Backports Instructions


http://backports.debian.org/Instructions/
Index of /debian-backports/dists
http://backports.debian.org/debian-backports/dists/
DebianOldStable - Debian Wiki:
http://wiki.debian.org/DebianOldStable
Glossary - Debian Wiki:
http://wiki.debian.org/Glossary
Chapter 2. Debian package management
http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debianreference/ch02.en.html
Debian -- The "proposed-updates" mechanism:
http://www.debian.org/releases/proposed-updates
Debian CDs/DVDs
http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/
ftp://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/
Debian CDs/DVDs archive CD
http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/archive/
Weekly build (testing CD)
http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/weekly-builds/
Debian
https://www.debian.org/mirror/list

Package management system - Wikipedia, the free


encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Package_management_system
deb -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Deb
-
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
-
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_Packaging_Tool
SourcesList - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/SourcesList
sources.list(5)
http://manpages.debian.net/cgi-bin/man.cgi?
query=sources.list
Aptitude - Ubuntu Wiki
http://wiki.ubuntu-tw.org/index.php?title=Aptitude
aptitude
http://manpages.debian.org/cgi-bin/man.cgi?query=aptitude
Aptitude
https://wiki.debian.org/Aptitude
screenshots.debian.net
https://screenshots.debian.net/upload

10. root
KDE4 "Dolphin""Konqueror
""Konqueror "
"Dolphin"
"Konqueror "

Dolphin
root KDE
Dolphin\\\"root"\"Simple
Root Actions Menu" "Simple Mount Iso Service Menu"
"kde-zeroconf""kio-ftps" Dolphin

Dolphin1

Dolphin2

Konqueror

Krusader
Double
Commander doublecmd-qt doublecmdhelp-en
Krusader

Double Commander

Debian Jessie + KDE


"KDM" root
root
root
/etc/kde4/kdm/kdmrc

AllowRootLogin=false
false true root
KDM
Debian Jessie + Trinity Desktop Environment
"TDM" root
root
root
/etc/trinity/tdm/tdmrc

AllowRootLogin=false
false true root
TDM
root
su root root

root

Linux -- Linux :
http://linux.vbird.org/linux_basic/0210filepermission.php
Konqueror -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Konqueror
Dolphin - KDE UserBase Wiki
https://userbase.kde.org/Dolphin/zh-tw
Dolphin (KDE ) -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Dolphin_(KDE )
Double Commander - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double_Commander
File manager - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/

https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/

11.
K \\"/"(KFind)

KFind1

KFind2

KFind3

KFind/zh-tw - KDE UserBase Wiki


https://userbase.kde.org/KFind/zh-tw

12."KDE"
KDE KDE

(kde-config-***)
1

"KDE" 1

"KDE" 2

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

72

73

74

75

76

77

78

79

80

81

82

83

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99
"kde-config-flash-player""flashplugin-nonfree"

100

101

102

103

104

105

106

107

108

109

110

111

112

113

114

115

116

117

118

Fcitx1

Fcitx2

Fcitx3

Fcitx4

Fcitx5

Fcitx6

Fcitx7

Fcitx8

Fcitx9

Fcitx10

Fcitx11

Fcitx12

Fcitx13

Fcitx14

Fcitx15

Fcitx16

Fcitx17

Fcitx18

Fcitx19

Fcitx20

Fcitx21

Fcitx22

Fcitx23

Fcitx24

Fcitx25

Fcitx26

Fcitx27

Fcitx28

Fcitx29

Fcitx30

Fcitx31

Fcitx32

Fcitx33

Fcitx34

Fcitx35

Fcitx36

Fcitx37

Fcitx38

Fcitx39

Fcitx40

Fcitx41

Fcitx42

Fcitx43

Fcitx44

Fcitx45

Fcitx46

Fcitx47

119

120

121

122

123

124

125

126

127

128

129

130

131

132

133

134

135

136

137

138

139

140

141

142

143

144

145

146

147

148

149

150

151

152

153

154

155

156

157

158

159

160

161

162

163

164

165

166

167

168

169

170

171

172

173

174

175

176

177

178

179

180

181

182

183

184

185

186

187

188

189

190

191

192

193

194

195

196

197

198

199

200

201

202

203 1
/Guest OS
/Host OS

204 2

205

206

207

208

209

210

211

212

213

214

215

216

217

218

219

220

221

222

223

224

225

226

227

228

229

230

231

232

233

234

235
"kde-config-touchpad"

236

237

238

239

240

241
Twin USB Joystick USB PlayStation2

242

243

244

245

246

247
Apple Remote(white)(A1156)
Infrared MacBook(Pro)"KDE-FULL"
Apple Remote(white)
/ VLC
KDE /MENU
KDE
"Apple Remote(white)"

Apple Remote(white) KDE

248

249

250

251

252

253

254

255

256
Xorg KDE
MacBookPro13"
Cinema Display(30-inch)

257

258

259

260

261

262

263

264

265

266

267

268

269

270

271

272

273

274

275

276

277

278

279

Debian Jessie + KDE


Debian Jessie

/usr/share/fonts/

Debian Jessie

/usr/local/share/fonts/
KDE KDE

/home//.fonts/KDE \
\\\\
KDE
KDE
280

281

282

283

284

285

286

287

288

289

290

13.
KDE

Desktop1

Desktop2

Desktop3

Desktop4

Desktop5

Desktop6

Desktop7

Desktop8

Desktop9

Desktop10

Desktop11

Desktop12

Desktop13

Desktop14

Desktop15

Desktop16

Desktop17

Desktop18

Desktop19

Desktop20

Desktop21

Desktop22

Desktop23

Desktop24

Desktop25

Desktop26

Desktop27

Desktop28

Desktop29

Desktop30

Desktop31

Desktop32

Desktop33

Desktop34

KDE

KDE"4.14
"
Desktop35

Desktop36

Desktop37

Desktop38

Desktop39

Desktop40

Desktop41

Desktop42

KDE (KDE Activity)~Chakra@


https://chakra-zh.blogspot.tw/2012/06/kde-activity.html
KDE (activity) - YouTube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vQM5oFhl0DM

14.KInfoCenter()KSysGuard()
KonSole()GkDebconfWebcam(iSight)
K \\\KInfoCenter

KInfoCenter
Debian KInfoCenter
"Hardinfo"

(MB/GB) KInfoCenter

KInfoCenter1

KInfoCenter2

KInfoCenter3

KInfoCenter4

KInfoCenter5

KInfoCenter6

KInfoCenter7

K \\\KSysGuard
Windows MacOSX

KSysGuard1

KSysGuard2

K \\\KonSole
KonSole
KonSole

K \\\GkDebconf

Debian Jessie KDE/Qt


"Debconf"
KDE/Qt

KDE/Qt
GNOME/GTK "GkDebconf"GkDebconf
"Options""gnome frontend"
KDE Syncaptic
"GkDebconf"
GkDebconf

"debconf":
"GNOME"
synaptic

GkDebconf1

GkDebconf2

GkDebconf3

GkDebconf4

"fontconfig-config":
Font tuning method for screen (system default):
(subpixel rendering)

GkDebconf5

GkDebconf6

"keyboard-configuration":

GkDebconf7

GkDebconf8

"locals":

GkDebconf9

GkDebconf10

Webcam(iSight)
Debian Jessie + KDE Webcam
(iSight) MacBook(Pro) MacOSX
Webcam(iSight) Debian Jessie +
KDE "isight-firmware-tools"
MacOSX Webcam(iSight)
"AppleUSBVideoSupport""isight-firmware-tools"
"AppleUSBVideoSupport"
"GkDebconf""isightfirmware-tools""AppleUSBVideoSupport"
"AppleUSBVideoSupport" MacBook
(Pro) MacOSX
"AppleUSBVideoSupport"

iSight1

iSight2

iSight3

iSight4

iSight5

Webcam1

Webcam2

Webcam3

15.KDE
K \\\KDE
\\
Debian
KDE
linux ext
root/admin
root/admin

KDE 1

KDE 2

-
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
List of file systems - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_file_systems
Comparison of file systems - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_file_systems

16.

"fonts-moe-standard-song"MoeStandardSong.ttf
"fonts-moe-standard-kai"MoeStandardKai.ttf

eduSong_Unicode.ttf2012 12 28
edukai-3.ttf
2012 12 28 Debian Jessie
20120530 KDE

Unicode
( " " " ")for
OpenOffice.org LibreOffice Calc ODS
Unicode8.0

Debian Linux
Jessie KDE
Debian Linux 8 Jessie KDE
KDE ttf-wqyzenheittf-wqy-microhei"kde-full"
fonts-droid

99% 100%
Linux

"Noto Sans CJK TC"


Debian "fonts-noto-cjk"

Debian

99.999% 100%

(bug)

Windows

(bug)

OTF/TTF/FONT

"Traditional Chinese""Traditional"

"Traditional Chinese"

"Traditional Chinese"

(Simplified Chinese)

"Traditional Chinese"
"Traditional"

Debian Linux Jessie KDE


"SCIM"SCIM
Chewing
Synaptic "scim"
SCIM
SCIM
"scim-modules-table" SCIM Input
Method(SCIM )\

2014( CNS11643
Unicode )

SCIM Synaptic

FcitxgcinHIMEIBusOpenVanillaUim

(GTKQt)

KDE \\


gcin

gcin-qt4-immodulegcin-anthygcin-voice
Fcitx
KDE
\\\ Fcitx

(im-config)1

(im-config)2

(im-config)3

(im-config)4

SCIM1

SCIM2

SCIM3

SCIM4

SCIM5

SCIM6

gcin1

gcin2

gcin3

gcin4

gcin5

gcin6

Fcitx


Unicode ("""
")for OpenOffice.org
http://www.openfoundry.org/of/projects/2267
>>>>

http://depart.moe.edu.tw/ED2400/News.aspx?
n=8940E5C0456177C3&sms=893AAA1CBFE149DE

CNS11643 ()
http://data.gov.tw/node/5961

CNS11643
http://www.cns11643.gov.tw/
2014( CNS11643
Unicode )
http://www.openfoundry.org/of/projects/1603
>>>>

http://depart.moe.edu.tw/ED2400/cp.aspx?
n=BB47AA61331DDAC8&s=5900082022C17E11
Noto -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Noto

Noto Sans CJK


https://www.google.com/get/noto/help/cjk/
Source Han Sans
https://github.com/adobe-fonts/source-han-sans/releases
:?
http://wanderer.tw/post/94440304393/

/cht//gcin
http://hyperrate.com/dir.php?eid=67
Fcitx -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/FCITX
SCIM -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/SCIM
-
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
CJK Unified Ideographs
http://unicode.org/charts/PDF/U4E00.pdf

35MB

17.
Calligra Suite
Debian backports
Calligra Suite 2.8.5 Calligra
Suite KDE/Qt
Calligra Suite
Calligra Suite
calligra
calligra-l10n-zhtw
calligra-reports-map-element
calligra-reports-web-element
kexi-calligrasheets-driver
krita-gemini
okular-backend-odp
Calligra Suite

Calligra Suite
Droid Sans Fallback

Calligra Suite
Apache OpenOffice
"Unofficial
Apache OO Debian repository" 4.1.2
Apache OpenOffice LibreOffice


synaptic APT
deb http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/apacheoo-deb/debian testing main

/etc/apt/sources.list
sources.list
/etc/apt/sources
.list
root

apt-key adv --keyserver keys.gnupg.net --recv-keys 90127F5B

Synaptic \
"downloads.sourceforge.net"
Apache OpenOffice
openoffice-brand-zh-tw
openoffice-brand-base
openoffice-brand-calc
openoffice-brand-draw
openoffice-brand-impress
openoffice-brand-math
openoffice-brand-writer
openoffice-graphicfilter
openoffice-ooofonts
openoffice-ooolinguistic
openoffice-ogltrans
openoffice-pyuno
openoffice-xsltfilter
openoffice-debian-menus
Apache OpenOffice

Apache OpenOffice

Droid Sans Fallback

Apache OpenOffice
"Unofficial Apache OO Debian repository"
/opt/

KDE/Qt Apache
OpenOffice
KDE

"Open Clip Art Library ("openclipart-png" or


"openclipart-svg")" Apache OpenOffice \\\
"openclipartpng" or "openclipart-svg"

Apache OpenOffice

Writer
KWrite Kate
KDE
Kate
KWrite
"nano"
nano
PE2

nano
"nano"
KDE
UNICODE

Unicode8.0
Unicode80.ods

Calligra Suite1

Calligra Suite2

Apache OpenOffice

nano

KWrite

Kate

KDE

KDE - Office
https://www.kde.org/applications/office/
Calligra Suite | The integrated work applications suite
https://www.calligra.org
Calligra Suite -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Calligra_Suite
What's the maximum number of rows and cells for a
spreadsheet file?
https://wiki.openoffice.org/wiki/Documentation/FAQ/Calc/Misc
ellaneous/What's_the_maximum_number_of_rows_and_cells
_for_a_spreadsheet_file%3F

List of spreadsheet software


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_spreadsheet_software#Sp
ecifications
Unofficial Apache OO Debian repository
http://sourceforge.net/projects/apacheoo-deb/
http://sourceforge.net/projects/apacheoo-deb/files/debian/
Environment Variables - Apache OpenOffice Wiki
https://wiki.openoffice.org/wiki/Environment_Variables
(Republic Of China
Taiwan Traditional Chinese Punctuation Toolbar)
http://extensions.openoffice.org/en/node/5713
for OpenOffice.org

http://www.openfoundry.org/of/projects/2223
nano () -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Nano
Unicode ("""
") for OpenOffice.org
https://www.openfoundry.org/of/projects/2267

18.

192.168.0.0~192.168.0.255 Debian Jessie


KDE
smb4kkde-zeroconfkio-ftps
"Dolphin"

"Dolphin"

Dolphin1

Dolphin2

Dolphin3

Dolphin4

ASDL
KDE \\_ KPPP(Internet
)
DEMO

Zero-configuration networking - Wikipedia, the free


encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero-configuration_networking
KIO - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KIO

Mac - Apple
https://support.apple.com/zh-tw/HT204445
afpfs-ng download | SourceForge.net
https://sourceforge.net/projects/afpfs-ng/
Apple Filing Protocol - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Filing_Protocol
- KDE UserBase Wiki
https://userbase.kde.org/File_transfers/zh-tw

KDE \\\Dolphin\Using Dolphin\


Location Bar\Editable Mode\Using Kioslaves

19.
VNC Server:
Krfb

Krfb1

Krfb2

Krfb3

Krfb4

Krfb5

Krfb6

Krfb7

VNC Client (or Viewer) and RDP Client:


KRDC

KRDC1

KRDC2

KRDC3

KRDC4

KRDC5

KRDC6

KRDC7

KRDC8

KRDC9

KRDC10

KRDC11

OS X 10.10

OS X 10.10 1

OS X 10.10 2

VNC
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/VNC
VNCviewer - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/VNCviewer
VNC - Community Help Wiki
https://help.ubuntu.com/community/VNC/Servers
https://help.ubuntu.com/community/VNC/Clients
Krfb/zh-tw - KDE UserBase Wiki
https://userbase.kde.org/Krfb/zh-tw
KRDC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KRDC

20.FTP
Iceweasel:
Debian Jessie Iceweasel
Firefox
Debian Mozilla team:
FirefoxAPT

"pkgmozilla-archive-keyring"
Chromium
"chromium" Google
"chromium-l10n"
"chromium-inspector"
Opera:
Opera APT deb.opera.com
Synaptic \\\Other
Software\
deb http://deb.opera.com/opera-stable/ stable non-free
APT \
http://deb.opera.com/archive.key
root
Synaptic Opera

Vivaldi:
Vivaldi Opera
deb

SRWare Iron:
Chromium
deb
Adobe Flash Player - browser plugin:
"flashplugin-nonfree""flashplugin-nonfree-extrasound"

Adobe
KFTPgrabber:
K \\\KFTPgrabber(FTP
)KDE FTP

Firefox

Chromium

Opera

SRWare Iron

Konqueror

KFTPgrabber

Vivaldi


The Opera .deb Repository
Manual setup Opera APT repository setup instructions
http://deb.opera.com/manual.html
Debian Mozilla team APT archive:
http://mozilla.debian.net/
Chrome Release Channels - The Chromium Projects
https://www.chromium.org/getting-involved/dev-channel
Chromium -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Chromium
SRWare Iron - The Browser of the Future
https://www.srware.net/en/software_srware_iron_download.p
hp
SRWare Iron -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/SRWare_Iron
KDE - KFTPgrabber - FTP Client
https://www.kde.org/applications/internet/kftpgrabber/
Vivaldi () -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Vivaldi_()
Vivaldi
https://vivaldi.com/download/?lang=zh_TW
-
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/

21.2D

KSnapshot()
KSnapshot

KSnapshot1

KSnapshot2

KolourPaint ()

2D
Krita (Digital Painting)

2D
Karbon()


Gwenview

KPhotoAlbum

digiKam
digikamdigikam-doc

\\

XnViewMP


KDE - Graphics
https://www.kde.org/applications/graphics/
KDE - KSnapshot - Screen Capture Program
https://www.kde.org/applications/graphics/ksnapshot/
KSnapshot -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/KSnapshot
KolourPaint -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/KolourPaint
News :: KolourPaint - the free, easy-to-use paint program for
KDE
http://www.kolourpaint.org
Krita -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Krita
Krita | Digital Painting. Creative Freedom.
https://krita.org
Karbon -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Karbon
- ,
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/

Comparison of graphics file formats - Wikipedia, the free


encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_graphics_file_for
mats
Gwenview - KDE UserBase Wiki
https://userbase.kde.org/Gwenview/zh-tw
Gwenview -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Gwenview
digiKam - Photo Management Program | Manage your
photographs as a professional with the power of Open Source
https://www.digikam.org
DigiKam -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/DigiKam
KPhotoAlbum
https://www.kphotoalbum.org
KPhotoAlbum - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KPhotoAlbum
XnView Software XnViewMP
http://www.xnview.com/en/xnviewmp/

22.
Amarok
"amarok""amarok"
"amarok-doc" Amarok
Amarok

Amarok Amarok

JuK
JuK
JuK

Audex (CDDA Ripping)


CD
SMPlayer
"smplayer-l10n"SMPlayer

MPlayer SMPlayerSMPlayer

KMPlayer
KMPlayer
MPlayer/Xine/ffmpeg/ffserver/VDR
KMPlayer
KMPlayer

Dragon Player
Dragon Player

Kaffeine
Kaffeine

VLC media player

root
/usr/bin/
vlc "geteuid""getppid"

CPU

aacskeys(Decrypt all required keys from an AACS protected HD- DVD/Blu-Ray)


libbluray-bdj(Blu-ray Disc Java support library (BD-J library))
libbluray-bin(Blu-ray disc playback support library (tools))
libbluray-doc(Blu-ray disc playback support library (documentation))
libdvdcss2(Simple foundation for reading DVDs - runtime libraries)
firmware-crystalhd (Crystal HD Video Decoder (firmware))

VLCKMPlayerSMPlayer
/
BDMV/STREAM/"STREAM"
VLCKMPlayer
"STREAM"

"vdpau""vaapi"

GPU CPU
VLC media playerKMPlayer
SMPlayer

VLC \\\/

"deb-multimedia.org repository"

Debian
APT Synaptic
"deb-multimedia-keyring"

Amarok

JuK

Audex

SMPlayer1

SMPlayer2

SMPlayer3

SMPlayer4

KMPlayer

Dragon Player

Kaffeine

VLC media player1

VLC media player2

VLC media player3

VLC media player4


KDE Multimedia
https://multimedia.kde.org/
Phonon (KDE) -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Phonon_(KDE)
Amarok/Manual/Various/FAQ - KDE UserBase Wiki
https://userbase.kde.org/Amarok/Manual/Various/FAQ#What
_media_types_does_Amarok_support.3F
Amarok | Rediscover Your Music!
https://amarok.kde.org
Amarok -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Amarok
KDE JuK Media Player
https://juk.kde.org
JuK -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/JuK
Audex/zh-tw - KDE UserBase Wiki
https://userbase.kde.org/Audex/zh-tw
SMPlayer -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/SMPlayer
SMPlayer - Free Media Player for Windows with Youtube
support - Official Site

http://smplayer.sourceforge.net
Dragon Player -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Dragon_Player
- KDE UserBase Wiki
https://userbase.kde.org/Dragon_Player/zh-tw
Kaffeine -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Kaffeine
KDE - Kaffeine - Media Player
https://www.kde.org/applications/multimedia/kaffeine/
KMPlayer -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/KMPlayer
VLC root @ ::
PIXNET:::
http://sean70653.pixnet.net/blog/post/30294668--vlc-root-
VDPAU -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/VDPAU
Video Acceleration API - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Video_Acceleration_API
ATI Avivo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/ATI_Avivo
X video extension - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X_video_extension

Crystal HD | Broadcom
https://www.broadcom.com/support/crystal-hd
Broadcom Crystal HD - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadcom_Crystal_HD
VideoLAN - libbluray
http://www.videolan.org/developers/libbluray.html
VideoLAN - libaacs
http://www.videolan.org/developers/libaacs.html
VideoLAN - developers libdvdcss
http://www.videolan.org/developers/libdvdcss.html
libdvdcss - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libdvdcss
VLC Blu-Ray
http://vlc-aacs.whoknowsmy.name/
http://vlc-bluray.whoknowsmy.name/
Deb Multimedia Packages::Home
http://www.deb-multimedia.org/

23.CD/DVD/BD Debian Install CD


USB
CD/DVD/BD
Debian Jessie KDE CD/DVD/BD "K3b"
K3b K3b\\
K3b

K3b1

K3b2

K3b3

Debian Install CD USB

Debian Jessie "KDE4/Qt"


"KDE4/Qt"
Debian Install CD ISO
/ USB

USB

USB
debian-8.3.0-i386-DVD-1.iso
Debian Jessie KDE
USB Linux /dev/sdb
root@D82VM:/media/data#cp debian-8.3.0-i386-DVD-1.iso /dev/sdb
root@D82VM:/media/data#sync

cp / 1.44MB
1.44MB
Linux /dev/sdb
root@D82VM:/media/data# cp plpbt.img /dev/sdb
root@D82VM:/media/data# sync

BurnCd - Debian Wiki


https://wiki.debian.org/BurnCd
4.3. Preparing Files for USB Memory Stick Booting
https://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/amd64/ch04s03.html.
en

24.
KDE \\\Ark
Ark Ark
Ark Chapter 1. Introduction
Ark

KDE \\\Xarchiver(Archive
Manager) Ark
Xarchiver Xarchiver
Xarchiver Chapter 1.
Introduction

Xarchiver

25. VirtualBox
CPU
8GB
QEMU

VirtualBox Host OS
APT
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian jessie contrib

Guest OS
VBoxGuestAdditions.iso Unix-like

"virtualbox-guest-XXX"
Host OS Host OS
VirtualBox 5.X EFI

PIIX3
I/O APIC
EFI
IDE PIIX4
Debian Jessie 8.3 i386(32bit)
UEFI

VirtualBox1

VirtualBox2

VirtualBox3

VirtualBox4

VirtualBox5

VirtualBox6

VirtualBox7

VirtualBox8

VirtualBox9

VirtualBox10


Linux_Downloads Oracle VM VirtualBox
https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads
https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Linux_Downloads
Index of /virtualbox/
http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/
VirtualBox -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/VirtualBox

26.Java Runtime Environment(JRE)

Java Debian Linux


deb Linux Debian Linux
Java Runtime Environment(JRE)

Java
Java Java
Runtime Environment(JRE)Debian Linux Jessie

"openjdk-7-jre" Java Runtime


Environment(JRE) OpenJDK
7 Java
OpenJDK Debian "gcj-jre"
Java Runtime Environment(JRE)
OpenJDK 7
Java

KDE KDE
unicode UTF-8 Java Runtime Environment
(JRE) unicode UTF-16
Java KDE

Java Java
Java Java Runtime Environment(JRE)
MacOSXMsWindows

Java Java Runtime Environment(JRE)


Java

Java - Debian Wiki:


https://wiki.debian.org/Java
Java
http://www.java.com/zh_TW/about/
JRE -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/JRE
Java -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Java
Java -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Java

27.
KDE \\_Okular

KDE \ \ \Adobe Reader 9


(PDF Viewer)Adobe Reader
2013
5 10 AdbeRdr9.5.5-1_i386linux_enu.deb
i386 AMD64

Okular

Adobe Reader

Okular - more than a reader - Document format handlers


status
https://okular.kde.org/formats.php
Adobe Reader
ftp://ftp.adobe.com/pub/adobe/reader/unix/

28.RAM disk/
Debian Jessie RAM disk/

"/dev/shm" Dolphin
"shm "
/dev/shm/(pulse-shm-XXXXXXXXXX)

"/dev/shm"
root "/dev/shm"

"/dev/shm"

/etc/default/tmpfs
tmpfs
http://manpages.debian.org/cgi-bin/man.cgi?query=tmpfs
RAM disk -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/RAM_disk
ramdisk | T -
http://www.techbang.com/tags/8852

29.

Debian Linux Jessie KDE


MsWindowsMacOSX

Linux

Linux
Linux

Linux
Linux

Debian Linux Jessie


3D

Debian Linux
Debian Linux Jessie KDE

Debian Linux