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English in Use Level 2: Global Pre-Intermediate Unit 5
Part 3: Work and Leisure (Pages 58 and 59)
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In the third part of this unit, the main focus is on leisure activities.
The learning objectives include verbs that are associated with
leisure; the use of suffixes to change the part of speech and the uses
of words with ‘I-N-G’ endings as gerunds, verbs and adjectives.
The verbs that are introduced include chat, collect, cook, do, go for,
play, read, watch, cut, cycle, make, run, smoke, stop, swim, take and
work. If you download the text file that accompanies this podcast,
you can click on the words to hear them spoken by a native speaker
of English. There is also a range of nouns which act as objects of
these verbs. Sometimes a verb and a noun are often associated
together as a pair, and this is what we call collocation. For example,
we catch a bus, ride a bicycle, watch TV or read a book.
Another feature of English is that a word can be adapted to form a
different part of speech. The verb ‘play’ can be adapted to become
an adjective by adding the suffix ‘-F-U-L’, to make the adjective
’playful’; the suffix –ER can be added to make the noun ‘player’.
It is also possible to add the suffix –ING to a verb. However, there are
three different ways in which an –ING word can be used. The first is
as a participle, or main verb in continuous tenses, like ‘I am working
in a shop’; ‘He is waiting for a bus’; ‘She is washing her hair’. In
these cases the –ING verb follows the verb ‘be’ to make a continuous
verb phrase.
The second use of –ING words is as a gerund, or what is sometimes
called a non-finite verb. In this case, it is more like a noun because it
is the name of an activity which appears in a sentence as a subject
or object. For example, ‘Swimming’ is my favourite sport; or ‘She
loves swimming’.
In the following example, the ING word is used as a non-finite verb:
‘Watching television can be educational’. This indicates both the
action, ’watching’, like a verb, and the name of the activity ’watching
television’, like a noun phrase. It is called a non-finite verb because it
doesn’t ever change with tense. For example, ‘I liked watching

end or give up something Swim (verb) to move in water by using your arms and legs to propel yourself Take (verb) to remove or steal something . ‘the TV programme was very interesting’. ‘I will always love watching television’ The third use of an –ING word is as an adjective. make some food) (verb) to move quickly on foot Smoke (verb/noun) to inhale cigarette smoke. ‘go for a job’ Play (verb) to participate in a game or sport Read (verb) the act of reading e.g.television when I was young’. ‘I love watching television in the evenings’. a circular pattern in statistics (noun) Make Run (verb) to prepare or construct (e. Such adjectives are used to describe the effects of an activity on someone. the person who prepares food (noun) Do (an auxiliary verb) Go for (a phrasal verb) collocations: ‘go for lunch’. the carbon based gas that results from burning something Stop (verb) to cease. I have always loved watching television’. ‘go for it’. read a book/magazine Watch (verb) to observe over a period of time e. If you want to practice these skills. an incision or the mark made by a knife (noun) Cycle (verb/noun): to ride a bicycle (verb). Keep practicing! Target Vocabulary and Glossary of Terms Leisure (noun/adjective) things to do in your free time Chat (verb/noun) to talk (informally) face-to-face or online Collect (verb) to pick up (collect rubbish). watch TV Cut (verb/noun) to slice with a knife (verb). download the text file and click on the links to online resources and exercises. or ‘the class was very boring’. ‘the movie was exciting’.g.g. For example. or to keep or accumulate (collect stamps) Cook (verb/noun) to prepare food by heating it (verb). http://www.myenglishpages.php -ING adjectives http://www.Work (verb) to exert energy/ to be employed Links to Other Resources Present continuous tense Gerunds http://www.engvid.php http://www.htm http://www.htm http://www.php

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