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LT1568

Very Low Noise,
High Frequency Active RC,
Filter Building Block
DESCRIPTIO

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FEATURES







Up to 10MHz Center Frequency on a Single 3V
Supply
Easy to Use—A Single Resistor Value Sets Lowpass
Cutoff Frequency (200kHz ≤ ƒC ≤ 5MHz), Unequal
Resistor Values Extend Cutoff Frequency Up to
10MHz
Extremely Flexible—Different Resistor Values
Allow Lowpass Transfer Functions with or Without
Gain (Butterworth, Chebyshev or Custom)
SNR = 92dB (ƒC = 2MHz, 2VP-P)
THD = –84dB (ƒC = 2MHz, 1VP-P)
Internal Capacitors Trimmed to ±0.75%
Single 4-Pole Lowpass Filter or Matched Pair of
2-Pole Lowpass Filters
Can be Connected as a Bandpass Filter
Single-Ended or Differential Output
Operates from Single 3V (2.7V Min) to ±5V Supply
Rail-to-Rail Input and Output Voltages

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APPLICATIO S



Replaces Discrete RC Active Filters and LC Filter
Modules
Antialiasing/Reconstruction Filters
Dual or I-and-Q Channels (Two Matched 2nd Order
Filters in One Package)
Single-Ended to Differential Conversion
Video Signal Processing

The LT®1568 is an easy-to-use, active-RC filter building
block with rail-to-rail inputs and outputs. The internal capacitors of the IC and the GBW product of the internal low
noise op amps are trimmed such that consistent and repeatable filter responses can be achieved. With a single resistor value, the LT1568 provides a pair of matched 2-pole
Butterworth lowpass filters with unity gain suitable for I/Q
channels.
By using unequal-valued external resistors, the two 2-pole
sections can create different frequency responses or
gains. In addition, the two stages may be cascaded to
create a single 4-pole filter with a programmable response. Capable of cutoff frequencies up to 10MHz, the
LT1568 is ideal for antialiasing or channel filtering in high
speed data communications systems. The LT1568 can
also be used as a bandpass filter.
The LT1568 features very low noise, supporting signal-tonoise ratios of over 90dB. It also provides single-ended to
differential signal conversion for directly driving high
speed A/D converters. The LT1568 has a shutdown mode
that reduces supply current to approximately 0.5mA on a
5V supply.
The LT1568 is available in a narrow 16-lead SSOP
package.
, LTC and LT are registered trademarks of Linear Technology Corporation.

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TYPICAL APPLICATIO

Amplitude and Phase Matched Dual Butterworth 2.5MHz Lowpass
Filter with Differential Output. Single 3V Supply Operation

Amplitude Response
3
0

3V

–3

0.1µF
511Ω

VINA

2
3

VOUTA
VOUTA

4
511Ω

5
6

0.1µF 7
8

16
V+
LT1568
15
INVA
INVB
14
SA
SB
13
OUTA
OUTB
12
OUTA
OUTB
11
GNDA GNDB
10
NC
EN
9
V–
V–
V+

511Ω

–6

511Ω
VINB

GAIN (dB)

1
511Ω

VOUTB
511Ω

1568 TA01

VOUTB

–9
–12
–15
–18

THE PROPRIETARY ARCHITECTURE
ALLOWS FOR A SIMPLE RESISTOR
CALCULATION:
10MHz
R = 128Ω •
; ƒC = CUTOFF FREQUENCY
ƒ
C

–21
–24
–27
100k

1M
FREQUENCY (Hz)

10M
1568 TA02

1568f

1

....5 –2.......5 1.28k... 11...6V Input Voltage on INVA............ Indefinite Maximum Continuous Output Current (Note 3) DC ............ RL = 1k VS = 5V...12 0.......... GNDA and GNDB Pins ... V + to V – Input Current on INVA..3 0..6 –4.......................... RL = 400Ω VS = ±5V.. SYMBOL PARAMETER VS Total Supply Voltage IS Supply Current VS = 3V VS = 5V VS = ±5V ● ● ● Shutdown Supply Current VS = 3V..............5 –2........ GNDA and GNDB Pins (Note 2) ..............4V VS = 5V. 300°C ORDER PART NUMBER TOP VIEW V+ 1 16 V + INVA 2 15 INVB SA 3 14 SB OUTA 4 13 OUTB OUTA 5 12 OUTB GNDA 6 11 GNDB NC 7 10 EN V– 8 9 LT1568CGN LT1568IGN GN PART MARKING V– 1568 1568I GN PACKAGE 16-LEAD PLASTIC SSOP TJMAX = 150°C.75 0............07 0............. OUTB.4V ● ● ● Output Voltage Swing High (OUTA.28k... EN pin to logic “low. unless otherwise noted (see Block Diagram).... VEN = 2..........LT1568 W W W AXI U U ABSOLUTE RATI GS U U W PACKAGE/ORDER I FOR ATIO (Note 1) Total Supply Voltage (V + to V –) . ±100mA Specified Temperature Range (Note 9) LT1568C ................50 4.... 150°C Storage Temperature Range ...... 10 sec).” RL = 400Ω........ VEN = 4...........28k..........7 ±80 Maximum Output Current UNITS V V V V mA Op Amp Input Offset Voltage VS = 3V VS = 5V VS = ±5V ● ● ● –2.0 1.2 1...... OUTB..... – 65°C to 150°C Lead Temperature (Soldering.. OUTB Pins) VS = 3V.....4V VS = ±5V..... OUTB.... INVB... OUTA...20 V V V V 0. RFIL = 1........0 4.5 mA mA mA 2........... RFIL = 1..........2 1........65 4.... ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS The ● denotes the specifications which apply over the full operating temperature range..... OUTA and OUTB Pins ...... RFIL = 1.5 2....... RL = 1k ● ● ● ● Output Voltage Swing Low (OUTA...85 4...0 mV mV mV 1568f 2 ............7 2.... ±10mA Output Short-Circuit Duration on OUTA. RL = 1k VS = 5V.....15 0. connected to midsupply.60 MAX 11 V 24 26 28 35 36 38 mA mA mA 0.28k....28k....... RFIL = 1.. RFIL = 128Ω.......... RL = 400Ω VS = ±5V.... RFIL = 1...75 4.....0 1... otherwise specifications and typical values are at TA = 25°C.. VEN = 4.. RFIL = R11 = R21 = R31 = R12 = R22 = R32. – 40°C to 85°C LT1568I .5 0.....5 0.05 0..... θJA = 135°C/W Consult LTC Marketing for parts specified with wider operating temperature ranges.......... OUTA....40 –4...... OUTB Pins) VS = 3V...... RFIL = 128Ω..60 4.5 mV mV mV Inverter Output Offset Voltage VS = 3V VS = 5V VS = ±5V ● ● ● –2 –10 –12 2.....3 2. RL = 1k VS = 5V. RFIL = 1.. VS = single 5V..0 7.... – 40°C to 85°C Junction Temperature .5 4.80 4.. RL = 1k ● ● ● ● IOUT CONDITIONS MIN ● TYP 2...5 2.0 –0.... INVB.... RL = 1k VS = 5V..........28k......

SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS ADC DC Gain VOS(OUT) DC Offset Voltage (VOUTA – VGNDA) or (VOUTB – VGNDB) VS = 3V. EN pin to logic “low.28k VS = 5V.27 UNITS µA µA µA MHz 0. GNDA Tied to GNDB EN Input Logic Low Level VS = 3V.28k VS = ±5V. VS = ±5V.6 –4.6 30 V 40 kΩ Disable (Shutdown) Time EN Pin Steps from 0V to V+ 20 µs Enable (Start-Up) Time EN Pin Steps from V+ to 0V 100 µs FILTER ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Specifications are for the output (OUTA or OUTB) of a single 2nd order section (A or B) with respect to VGND = VGNDA = VGNDB. unless otherwise noted. VS = 5V.2 Transfer Function Characteristics for Each Section (A or B) to Single-Ended Output (OUTA or OUTB) fC Cutoff Frequency Range (Note 7) TC Cutoff Frequency Temperature Coefficient VS = 3V. RFIL = R11 = R21 = R31 = R12 = R22 = R32.5 ● V V + – 2.4 –0.2 2 2 2 –0. RFIL = 1.28k MIN TYP MAX UNITS ● –1. fC = 1MHz.2 dB dB dB 180 179 176 DEG DEG DEG 53 V/µs 1 to 1.” RL = 400Ω. 5V or ±5V VIH tEN 0. fC = 1MHz. Note 6) VS = 3V VS = ±5V Single Supply GND Reference Voltage VS = 5V. fC = 1MHz. The ● denotes the specifications which apply over the full operating temperature range.LT1568 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS The ● denotes the specifications which apply over the full operating temperature range. RFIL = 1. otherwise specifications and typical values are at TA = 25°C. OUTA. (see Block Diagram).5 0. RFIL = R11 = R21 = R31 = R12 = R22 = R32. VS = single 5V.01 0. unless otherwise noted (see Block Diagram).1 ● EN Input Pull-Up Resistor tDIS MAX 55 SR VIL TYP V+ V – 0. connected to midsupply. VS = single 5V.01 0.99 V/V ● ● ● –5 –10 –12 2.28k VS = 5V. VS = ±5V ● 10 ±1 MHz ppm/°C 1568f 3 .2 0. OUTB.28k ∆VOS(OUT) DC Offset Voltage Mismatch (VOUTA – VGNDA) – (VOUTB – VGNDB) VS = 3V. 5V or ±5V EN Input Logic High Level VS = 3V.01 –1 –0.4 to 2. SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN IB Op Amp Input Bias Current VS = 3V VS = 5V VS = ±5V ● ● ● Inverter Gain (Sections A and B.” RL = 400Ω. EN pin to logic “low. fC = 1MHz.7 V V 2. RFIL = 1. gain = –1. RFIL = 1.6 0. Note 5) Frequency = DC Frequency = 2MHz Frequency = 10MHz Inverter Bandwidth (Note 4) Slew Rate (OUTA. fC = 1MHz. OUTB) Pins VCM Common Mode Input Voltage Range (GNDA and GNDB Pins. RFIL = 1. otherwise specifications and typical values are at TA = 25°C. Note 5) Frequency = DC Frequency = 2MHz Frequency = 10MHz ● Inverter Phase Shift (Sections A and B.9 –3.0 15 10 4 mV mV mV ● ● –8 –10 ±4 ±4 8 10 mV mV ● 0.

28k VS = 5V. EN pin to logic “low.28k ● ● –8 –10 ±2 ±2 8 10 mV mV ● 0. VS = ±5V. fC = 1MHz. gain = –1. VS = 5V.85 –2. The ● denotes the specifications which apply over the full operating temperature range. (see Block Diagram) The ● denotes the specifications which apply over the full operating temperature range.0 ppm/°C 0.40 –3.28k.28k (Measured with Respect to DC Gain) VS = 3V. EN pin to logic “low. fC = 1MHz.30 dB dB Wideband Output Noise fC = 1MHz.40 –0.25 –0. VS = single 5V.5 dB dB dB dB dB 1568f 4 . BW = 2MHz fC = 10MHz. RFIL = 1.5 0. VS = ±5V ±1 ● Test Frequency = 300kHz (0.60 –13. SYMBOL THD PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS Filter Gain.65 –2. SYMBOL PARAMETER ADC DC Gain VOS(OUT) DC Offset Voltage (VOUTA – VGNDA) or (VOUTB – VGNDB) ∆VOS(OUT) DC Offset Voltage Mismatch (VOUTA – VGNDA) – (VOUTB – VGNDB) CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS ● 0.0 –3.1 • fC) Test Frequency = 7.50 –13. RFIL = 1.28k. RFIL = 1. RFIL = 128Ω (Measured with Respect to DC Gain) Test Frequency = 1MHz (0.0 –13.5 –14. fIN = fC fC = 10MHz. VS = single 5V.2 0.LT1568 FILTER ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Specifications are for the output (OUTA or OUTB) of a single 2nd order section (A or B) with respect to VGND = VGNDA = VGNDB.75 • fC) Test Frequency = 1MHz (1 • fC) Test Frequency = 2MHz (2 • fC) Test Frequency = 4MHz (4 • fC) ● ● ● ● –0.25 –0. gain = 1. (see Block Diagram). VS = 5V.3 • fC) Test Frequency = 750kHz (0.2 dB dB dB dB dB Filter Gain Mismatch (VOUTA – VOUTB) fC = 1MHz. unless otherwise noted. RFIL = R11 = R21 = R31 = R12 = R22 = R32. fC = 1MHz.02 ±0. RFIL = 1. fC = 1MHz.30 ±0. fIN = 2MHz. fC = 10MHz.25 –0.40 –12. fC = 1MHz.10 –1.05 –1. VS = ±5V.60 –12. RFIL = R11 = R21 = R31 = R12 = R22 = R32.7 0.2 –27.02 –1.80 –12. RFIL = 1. BW = 20MHz 18 34 Total Harmonic Distortion fC = 1MHz.2 10 MHz Transfer Function Characteristics for Each Section (A or B) to Single-Ended Output (OUTA or OUTB) fC Cutoff Frequency Range (Note 7) TC Cutoff Frequency Temperature Coefficient Filter Gain.20 –13. unless otherwise noted. otherwise specifications and typical values are at TA = 25°C.1 –1.2 –25.28k ● ● –9 –10 –2 –1 5 10 mV mV VS = 3V.25 0.5 –3.75 • fC) Test Frequency = 10MHz (1 • fC) Test Frequency = 20MHz (2 • fC) Test Frequency = 40MHz (4 • fC) ● ● ● ● –0. VS = 5V. RFIL = 128Ω.02 0.5 dB dB dB dB dB Filter Gain.10 –13.28k (Measured with Respect to DC Gain) Test Frequency = 300kHz (0. RFIL = 128Ω.99 1 1.” RL = 400Ω connected to midsupply. VIN = 1VP-P – 69 dB µVRMS µVRMS Specifications are for the OUTA or OUTB of a single 2nd order section (A or B) with respect to VGND = VGNDA = VGNDB.00 –3.0 –25. fIN = 200kHz.28k VS = 5V.0 0. VS = 5V.” RL = 400Ω connected to midsupply.75 • fC) Test Frequency = 1MHz (1 • fC) Test Frequency = 2MHz (2 • fC) Test Frequency = 4MHz (4 • fC) ● ● ● ● –0. RFIL = 1. fIN = fC ● ● –0. otherwise specifications and typical values are at TA = 25°C.50 –2.15 –1.3 • fC) Test Frequency = 750kHz (0. RFIL = 1.20 –3. VIN = 1VP-P – 84 dB fC = 10MHz.45 –3. fC = 1MHz.7 0.01 V/V VS = 3V.5MHz (0.05 –1. RFIL = 1.

fC = 1MHz.1 • fC) Test Frequency = 7.1 –24.1 dB dB dB dB dB 1568f 5 .5 0.5 –10.1 0. VS = single 5V.20 –1. VS = 5V.70 –12. RFIL = R11 = R21 = R31 = R12 = R22 = R32. fIN = 2MHz. RFIL = 1.4 0.7 0.28k.8 –2.28k VS = ±5V.1 • fC) Test Frequency = 7.90 –11. fIN = 200kHz.28k ● ● ● –8 –12 –15 2 –2 2 8 12 15 mV mV mV –2 ● UNITS V/V Transfer Function Characteristics for Each Section (A or B) to Differential Output (OUTA – OUTA or OUTB – OUTB) fC Cutoff Frequency Range (Note 7) TC Cutoff Frequency Temperature Coefficient VS = 3V.20 –1. RFL = 128Ω (Note 8) (Measured with Respect to DC Gain) Test Frequency = 1MHz (0. BW = 2MHz fC = 10MHz. fC = 1MHz.5 dB dB dB dB dB Filter Gain. SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX ADC DC Gain VOS(OUT) DC Offset Voltage (OUTA – OUTA) or (OUTB – OUTB) VS = 3V. fC = 1MHz. fC = 1MHz. VS = 5V.5MHz (0. VS = 5V. VS = ±5V ● 0. fC = 1MHz. otherwise specifications and typcial values are at TA = 25°C.28k VS = 5V. unless otherwise noted. fC = 10MHz. RFIL = R11 = R21 = R31 = R12 = R22 = R32.3 –1.LT1568 FILTER ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Specifications are for the OUTA or OUTB of a single 2nd order section (A or B) with respect to VGND = VGNDA = VGNDB. (see Block Diagram) The ● denotes the specifications which apply over the full operating temperature range.5 dB dB Wideband Output Noise fC = 1MHz. fC = 10MHz. RFIL = 1. SYMBOL THD PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS Filter Gain. unless otherwise noted.28k.2 10 ±1 ● MHz ppm/°C Filter Gain.28k VS = ±5V. fC = 1MHz.3 • fC) Test Frequency = 750kHz (0. RFIL = 1.75 • fC) Test Frequency = 1MHz (1 • fC) Test Frequency = 2MHz (2 • fC) Test Frequency = 4MHz (4 • fC) ● ● ● ● –0.5 ±0. RFIL = 128Ω (Measured with Respect to DC Gain) Test Frequency = 1MHz (0. fC = 1MHz.4 –0.28k (Note 8) (Measured with Respect to DC Gain) Test Frequency = 300kHz (0. fIN = fC ● ● –0.2 –3.30 –3.80 –2. RFIL = 1.75 • fC) Test Frequency = 10MHz (1 • fC) Test Frequency = 20MHz (2 • fC) Test Frequency = 40MHz (4 • fC) ● ● ● ● –0.28k VS = 5V.1 0.20 –13.05 –1.1 –0.0 –1. RFIL = 1. otherwise specifications and typical values are at TA = 25°C.10 –3.0 0.1 –25.5MHz (0.1 –12.10 –1. RFIL = 128Ω. RFIL = 1. VIN = 1VP-P – 75 dB Specifications are for the differential output (OUTA – OUTA or OUTB – OUTB) of a single 2nd order section (A or B). All voltages are with respect to VGND = VGNDA = VGNDB.” RLDIFF = 800Ω connected at midsupply. EN pin to logic “low.3 0. fIN = fC fC = 10MHz. VS = single 5V.2 –19. RFIL = 1.” RL = 400Ω connected to midsupply. RFIL = 1.75 • fC) Test Frequency = 10MHz (1 • fC) Test Frequency = 20MHz (2 • fC) Test Frequency = 40MHz (4 • fC) ● ● ● ● –0.40 –3. gain = 1. gain = –2.30 –13.30 –11.02 0. VS = 5V.30 –0. RFIL = 128Ω. VIN = 1VP-P – 84 dB fC = 10MHz. BW = 20MHz 22 60 µVRMS µVRMS Total Harmonic Distortion fC = 1MHz.50 –2.6 –12.28k ● ● ● –4 –12 –20 6 2 –5 16 15 10 mV mV mV ∆VOS(OUT) DC Offset Voltage Mismatch (OUTA – OUTA) – (OUTB – OUTB) VS = 3V. The ● denotes the specifications which apply over the full operating temperature range. RFIL = 1.60 –13. EN pin to logic “low.15 –0.25 –0.02 ±0.2 dB dB dB dB dB Filter Gain Mismatch (VOUTA – VOUTB) fC = 1MHz.2 0.

1568f 6 . For cutoff frequencies below 200kHz. Due to input bias current. characterized and expected to meet specified performance from –40°C to 85°C but is not tested or QA sampled at these temperatures. gain = –2.28k. fIN = 2MHz.3 –0.” RLDIFF = 800Ω connected to midsupply. otherwise specifications and typical values are at TA = 25°C. the output DC offset through a single section can be as high as 25mV with resistors this large. fIN = fC fC = 10MHz. ● ● MIN TYP MAX UNITS –0. Note 2: The inputs of each op amp are protected by back-to-back diodes. All voltages are with respect to VGND = VGNDA = VGNDB. fIN = fC Wideband Output Noise fC = 1MHz. LTC1563-3. RFIL = 1.3 0.10 ±0. The LT1568 can be used with even larger resistors if the large offset voltages can be tolerated. and is defined as the frequency at which the phase shift from OUTA (OUTB) to OUTA (OUTB) drops from 180° to 135°. Note 3: A heat sink may be required to keep the junction temperature below the absolute maximum rating when the output is shorted indefinitely. If either differential input voltage exceeds 1. The limit is arrived at by setting the maximum resistor value limit at 6. The LT1568C is designed. BW = 20MHz 36 88 Total Harmonic Distortion fC = 1MHz. Note 4: The inverter bandwidth is measured with the SA or SB output floating. fIN = 200kHz. RFIL = 128Ω. Note 9: The LT1568C is guaranteed to meet specified performance from 0°C to 70°C. refer to the LTC1563-2.4k.4 ±0.LT1568 FILTER ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Specifications are for the differential output (OUTA – OUTA or OUTB – OUTB) of a single 2nd order section (A or B). The ● denotes the specifications which apply over the full operating temperature range. VIN = 1VP-P – 84 dB fC = 10MHz.4V.15 0. SYMBOL THD PARAMETER CONDITIONS Filter Gain Mismatch (VOUTA – VOUTA) – (VOUTB – VOUTB) fC = 1MHz. RFIL = R11 = R21 = R31 = R12 = R22 = R32. the input current should be limited to less than 10mA.28k. the differential DC gain through either a single section or cascaded sections is 6dB. Note 5: Measured with the SA or SB output connected in the filter application circuit as shown in the Block Diagram. The LT1568I is guaranteed to meet specified performance from –40°C to 85°C. Note 8: With equal-sized resistors. EN pin to logic “low. VS = single 5V. Note 6: The common mode input voltage range is measured by shorting the filter input to the common mode reference (GNDA or GNDB) and applying a DC input voltage to search for the common mode voltage range that creates a ±2mV (VS = 3V) or ±5mV (VS = ±5V) change in the (OUTA or OUTB) voltage (measured with respect to GNDA or GNDB).4 dB dB µVRMS µVRMS Note 7: The minimum cutoff frequency of the LT1568 is arbitrarily listed as 200kHz. RFIL = 1. BW = 2MHz fC = 10MHz. RFIL = 128Ω. VIN = 1VP-P – 69 dB Note 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings are those values beyond which the life of the device may be impaired. unless otherwise noted.

OUTB 20 –100 –115 50 0 25 TEMPERATURE (°C) 75 85 1k 10k 100k 1M FREQUENCY (Hz) 10M Distortion vs Frequency VS = ±5V. OUTB 40 OUTA. OUTB –90 –110 OUTA. fCUTOFF = 5MHz –40 RL = 400Ω –45 fIN = 2. OUTB –90 CROSSTALK (dB) ICC (mA) 35 Crosstalk vs Frequency fCUTOFF = 10MHz –95 –100 OUTA. fCUTOFF = 5MHz –45 1M FREQUENCY (Hz) 1M 10M FREQUENCY (Hz) 1568 G03 Distortion vs Frequency VS = ±5V.5MHz –40 –50 DISTORTION (dB) –55 –60 –65 2ND –75 –50 –60 2ND –70 3RD 3RD Power Supply Rejection vs Frequency POWER SUPPLY REJECTION (dB) –30 RL = 400Ω –45 fIN = 2.LT1568 U W TYPICAL PERFOR A CE CHARACTERISTICS Crosstalk vs Frequency fCUTOFF = 1MHz Supply Current vs Temperature 40 –50 –80 VIN = 2VP-P VS = 5V –85 –60 30 VS = 3V CROSSTALK (dB) VS = ±5V VS = 5V 25 VIN = 2VP-P VS = 5V OUTA. OUTB 30 20 10 –85 –90 –90 0 1 2 3 4 OUTA (VP-P) 5 6 1568 G07 0 1 2 OUTA (VP-P) 3 4 1568 G08 0 10k 100k 1M 10M FREQUENCY (Hz) 100M 1568 G09 1568f 7 .5MHz 9 10 11 1568 G06 Distortion vs Output Voltage Swing VS = 3V. fCUTOFF = 5MHz –80 –60 –85 –90 500k 1568 G04 –70 –55 –80 3RD –85 5M 100M Distortion vs Output Voltage Swing VS = ±5V.5MHz RL = 400Ω –50 VIN = 1VP-P –65 –50 2ND –75 –80 3RD DISTORTION (dB) DISTORTION (dB) DISTORTION (dB) –55 –70 –60 –65 –70 2ND –75 –80 –85 2ND –70 3RD –75 –90 1M 10M 1 0 2 3 4 5 6 7 OUTA (VP-P) 8 1568 G05 70 RL = 400Ω fIN = 2. fCUTOFF = 10MHz RL = 400Ω VIN = 2VP-P –90 200k 100k 1568 G02 1568 G01 –60 –110 10k –120 15 –40 –25 –80 60 50 OUTA. OUTB –105 –70 –80 OUTA. fCUTOFF = 5MHz –40 DISTORTION (dB) –65 FREQUENCY (Hz) Distortion vs Output Voltage Swing VS = 5V.

For these reasons. GNDB can be tied to GNDA to set the common mode voltage at half-supply.1µF capacitor to an adequate analog ground plane using the shortest possible wiring.LT1568 U U U PI FU CTIO S V+ (Pins 1. GNDA must be bypassed to V– (Pins 8. (For example. When the EN input goes high or is open circuited. If an input signal is applied to a complete filter circuit while the LT1568 is in shutdown. Each output is designed to drive a nominal net load of 400Ω and 30pF. INVB (Pins 2. 9) by a 0. In a singlesupply system. GNDA will continue to be biased at half-supply. 9): The V– negative supply voltage pins should be tied together and bypassed to GND by a 0. 15): Inverting Input. OUTB. This defaults the LT1568 to the shutdown state if the EN pin is left floating. It should be tied to the analog ground plane in a dual supply system.1µF capacitor. printed circuit connections to the INV pins must be kept as short as possible. In that case. Note that the INV pins are high impedance. GNDA (Pin 6): GNDA serves as the common mode reference voltage for section A. The OUTA. Each of the INV pins is an inverting input of an op amp. 1568f 8 . EN is connected to V+ through an internal pull-up resistor of approximately 40k.1% frequency error). NC (Pin 7): This pin is not connected internally and can be connected to ground. 14): Summing Pins. These pins are the rail-to-rail outputs of op amps.1)V to enable the part for normal operation. If it is tied to another reference voltage. SA.5mA (VS = 5V). INVA. EN (Pin 10): ENABLE. 9) by a 0.1µF capacitor.) GNDB (Pin 11): GNDB serves as the common mode reference voltage for section B. It should be tied to the analog ground plane in a dual supply system. an internal resistor divider can be used to establish a half-supply reference point. if V+ is 5V. and are susceptible to coupling of unintended signals. OUTB (Pins 5. OUTA and OUTB pins assume high impedance states. 16): The V+ positive supply voltage pins should be tied together and bypassed with a 0. In a single-supply system. In a single-supply system. tie these pins to the ground plane.1µF capacitor in a dual-supply system.9V or less. some signal will normally flow to the output through passive components around the inactive IC. SB (Pins 3. V– (Pins 8. the user must connect the EN pin to a voltage equal to or less than (V + – 2. OUTA. OUTA. the LT1568 enters a shutdown state which reduces the supply current to approximately 0. Each output is designed to drive a nominal load of 400Ω and 30pF. External parasitic capacitance on the INV nodes will also affect the frequency response of the filter sections. The three external resistors for each section should be located as close as possible to the SA or SB pin to minimize stray capacitance (one picofarad of stray capacitance may add up to 0. Stray capacitance on the SA or SB pins may cause “small” frequency errors of the frequency response near the cutoff frequency (or center frequency). 13): Lowpass Output. 12): These pins are the inverted versions of the OUTA and OUTB outputs respectively. GNDB should be bypassed to V– (Pins 8. These pins are a summing junction for input signals. OUTB (Pins 4. then to enable the part the EN pin voltage should be 2. Therefore.

27k INVA 2 16 15 C1A SA 3 – – R21 1.27k INB R22 1.LT1568 U U U PI FU CTIO S Dual Supply Power and Ground Connections ANALOG GROUND PLANE Single Supply Power and Ground Connections ANALOG GROUND PLANE V+ 1 16 V+ V+ 15 INVA INVB 14 SA SB LT1568 13 OUTA OUTB 12 OUTA OUTB 11 GNDA GNDB 10 NC EN 9 V– V– 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 V– V+ 1 2 0.27k INA V+ R31 1 1.1µF V GNDB 6 11 5k 7 – 8 V– 10 9 EN V– TYPICAL CAPACITOR VALUES: C1 = 105.1µF SINGLE POINT SYSTEM GROUND SINGLE POINT SYSTEM GROUND DIGITAL GROUND PLANE (IF ANY) DIGITAL GROUND PLANE (IF ANY) 1568 PF01 1568 PF02 U W BLOCK DIAGRA A D TEST CIRCUIT V+ CBP1 0.7pF ±0.1µF R11 1.1µF 3 4 5 6 7 0.27k 14 SB A1B 13 4 5 R32 INVB 1.1µF 0.27k C1B OUTB OUTB –1 –1 12 + B-SIDE DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUTS C2B C2A OUTA V+ OUTB OUTB + – V 5k GNDA NC V– 0.1µF 8 16 V+ V+ 15 INVA INVB 14 SA SB LT1568 13 OUTA OUTB 12 OUTA OUTB 11 GNDA GNDB 10 NC EN 9 V– V– 0.75% 1568BD 1568f 9 .3pF ±0.27k A1A + + + OUTA A-SIDE DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUTS – OUTA OUTA R12 1.75% C2 = 141.

3pF These filter functions assume ideal amplifiers. OPERATING WITH SINGLE OR DUAL SUPPLIES Figure 1 shows the recommended connection of an analog ground plane with the LT1568 biased from either symmetrical dual (±V) power supplies or a single supply. The use of a ground plane helps to minimize noise and stray components to preserve signal integrity and maintain frequency response accuracy. These diodes ensure that improper supply voltages.7pF C2 = 141. fO = R1 2π R2 • R3 • C1 • C2 and Q= 2π • C1 • C2 • R1 • R2 • R3 • fO C1 • R1 • (R2 + R3) + R2 • R3 – C2 • R1 • R2 [ ] The typical values of the internal capacitors are: C1= 105.1µF 14 SB LT1568 13 OUTA OUTB 12 OUTA OUTB 11 GNDA GNDB 10 NC EN 9 V– V– 0. When biasing from a dual supply. through either reverse polarity or power-up sequencing. the matching of the independent sections is better than what can be achieved with separate amplifier components. With two stages integrated on the same die. has the following lowpass transfer function: DCGAIN • (2πfO ) eOUT =– 2πf 2 eIN s2 + O s + (2πfO ) Q 2 where eOUT is either OUTA or OUTB. do not damage the LT1568. Dual and Single Supply and Ground Plane Connections 1568f 10 . Dual Supply Power and Ground Connections ANALOG GROUND PLANE V+ 1 2 BAT54S 3 4 5 6 7 V– 8 V+ INVA SA V+ INVB 16 15 SIMPLE FILTER IMPLEMENTATIONS The basic 2nd order filter block of the LT1568. with three external resistors connected as shown in the Block Diagram.1µF SINGLE POINT SYSTEM GROUND DIGITAL GROUND PLANE (IF ANY) SINGLE POINT SYSTEM GROUND 1568 F01a DIGITAL GROUND PLANE (IF ANY) 1568 F01b Figure 1.LT1568 U W U U APPLICATIO S I FOR ATIO The LT1568 has been designed to make the implementation of high frequency filtering functions very easy. Connection of the two GND pins is important to properly DC bias the internal amplifiers. Internal low noise amplifiers and capacitors are configured in a topology that requires only three external resistors to implement a 2nd order filter stage.1µF 7 8 V+ INVA SA V+ INVB 16 15 0.1µF 3 14 SB LT1568 13 OUTA OUTB 12 OUTA OUTB 11 GNDA GNDB 10 NC EN 9 V– V– 4 5 6 0. it is recommended that a Schottky diode clamp (BAT54S) be added as shown. DCGAIN = R2 1 . Single Supply Power and Ground Connections ANALOG GROUND PLANE V+ 1 2 0. The two 2nd order stages can be used independently or cascaded for simple 4th order filter functions.

fC. If the desired cutoff frequency is not shown in the table of values. To implement a filter.LT1568 U W U U APPLICATIO S I FOR ATIO The following filter examples are provided to make it easy to design a variety of filter stages. fC.2MHz. Example: Implement a 2nd order lowpass Chebyshev filter with an fC of 256kHz. Less Than 1MHz Start with the resistor values for fC = 1MHz and then scale them up by the ratio of (1MHz/fC). From Table 2 the closest values are for fC of 3MHz and are R11 = R21 = 316Ω and R31 = 274Ω. a table of external resistor values (standard 1% tolerance) is provided. For a Cutoff Frequency. Scaling for fC = 3.2MHz) ≈ 294Ω R31 = 274Ω • (3MHz/3. Between Values Given in a Design Table DESIGNING FOR ANY CUTOFF FREQUENCY Start with the resistor values for the cutoff frequency closest to the desired one and scale the values up or down accordingly. Scaling for fC = 256kHz: R11 = R21 = 976Ω • (1MHz/256kHz) ≈ 3. From Table 2 the values for fC of 1MHz are R11 = R21 = 976Ω and R31 825Ω. simply connect the resistor values shown in the table for the cutoff frequency desired.2MHz: R11 = R21 = 316Ω • (3MHz/3. For each filer. resistor values can be interpolated in the following manner: Example: Implement a 2nd order lowpass Chebyshev filter with an fC of 3. use interpolation as recommended in the next section. These resistor values have been adjusted to compensate for the finite gain bandwidth product of the LT1568 amplifiers. Both 2nd and 4th order filters are shown.24k For a Cutoff Frequency.83k R31 = 825Ω • (1MHz/256kHz) ≈ 3.2MHz) ≈ 255Ω 1568f 11 . To implement a lowpass filter with a cutoff frequency not included in the design table.

2 6340Ω 0.1µF 7 R11 = R21 = R31 = R = 128Ω • fC = fCUTOFF 8 10MHz fC 16 1 V+ R32 R12 VIN2 R22 VOUTB VOUTB 1568 TA03 1568 TA04 –5V Table 1.1µF 1 R11 R31 VIN1 2 3 BAT54S R21 VOUTA VOUTA 4 5 6 7 8 0. Single Supply Operation 2. R12 = R11.1 1µs/DIV 1 FREQUENCY (MHz) 10 1568 TA08 20 1568 TA07 1568f 12 . Dual 2nd Order Butterworth.LT1568 U DUAL 2nd ORDER LOWPASS FILTER DESIG S Dual 2nd Order Lowpass Filter.1µF 16 15 INVA INVB LT1568 14 SA SB 13 OUTA OUTB 12 OUTA OUTB 11 GNDA GNDB 10 NC EN 9 – – V V R32 R12 R11 VIN2 R31 VIN1 V+ 2 15 INVA INVB LT1568 14 SA SB 13 OUTA OUTB 12 OUTA OUTB 11 GNDA GNDB 10 NC EN 9 – – V V 3 R22 R21 VOUTB VOUTB VOUTA VOUTA 4 5 6 0. Dual Supply Operation Dual 2nd Order Lowpass Filter. Resistor Values in Ohms. fCUTOFF = 1MHz Transient Response 2nd Order Butterworth. Gain = 1.5 2550Ω 1 1270Ω 2 634Ω 3 422Ω 4 324Ω 5 255Ω 6 210Ω 7 182Ω 8 162Ω 9 143Ω 10 127Ω Amplitude Response 2nd Order Butterworth.7V ≤ V + ≤ 10V 5V 0. R32 = R31 fCUTOFF (MHz) R11 = R21 = R31 0.1µF V+ V+ 0. R22 = R21. fCUTOFF = 1MHz 10 0 –10 GAIN (dB) –20 –30 –40 INPUT 500mV/DIV –50 –60 OUTPUT 200mV/DIV –70 –80 –90 0.

Resistor Values in Ohms. Gain = 1.25dB Passband Ripple. R21 = R22. fCUTOFF = 1MHz 10 0 –10 GAIN (dB) –20 –30 –40 INPUT 500mV/DIV OUTPUT 200mV/DIV –50 –60 –70 –80 –90 0.LT1568 U DUAL 2nd ORDER LOWPASS FILTER DESIG S Table 2. Gain = 1 fCUTOFF (MHz) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Amplitude Response 2nd Order Lowpass Bessel.25dB Passband Ripple. R21 866Ω 422Ω 280Ω 210Ω 165Ω 137Ω 115Ω R31 1180Ω 590Ω 383Ω 287Ω 232Ω 191Ω 162Ω Transient Response 2nd Order Lowpass Bessel. ±0. Dual 2nd Order Lowpass Bessel. ±0. ±0. fCUTOFF = 1MHz R31 825Ω 412Ω 274Ω 205Ω 165Ω 137Ω 118Ω Transient Response 2nd Order Lowpass Chebyshev.1 1 FREQUENCY (MHz) 10 1µs/DIV 20 1568 TA10 1568 TA09 Table 3. fCUTOFF = 1MHz R11. Resistor Values in Ohms. Dual 2nd Order Lowpass Chebyshev. R11 = R12. R21 976Ω 475Ω 316Ω 226Ω 178Ω 143Ω 121Ω Amplitude Response 2nd Order Lowpass Chebyshev.25dB Passband Ripple. R31 = R32 fCUTOFF (MHz) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 R11. fCUTOFF = 1MHz 10 0 –10 GAIN (dB) –20 –30 –40 INPUT 500mV/DIV OUTPUT 200mV/DIV –50 –60 –70 –80 –90 0.1 1 FREQUENCY (MHz) 10 20 1µs/DIV 1568 TA12 1568 TA11 1568f 13 .

R21 R31 R12. Dual Supply Operation 4th Order Lowpass Filter. R22 R32 1 1.6Ω 10 97.LT1568 U 4th ORDER LOWPASS FILTER DESIG S 4th Order Lowpass Filter.05k 1. fCUTOFF = 1MHz Transient Response 4th Order Lowpass Butterworth Lowpass.1µF 16 R32 15 R11 R12 R31 VIN INVA INVB LT1568 14 SA SB 13 OUTA OUTB 12 OUTA OUTB 11 GNDA GNDB 10 NC EN 9 – – V V V+ 2 15 INVA INVB LT1568 14 SA SB 13 OUTA OUTB 12 OUTA OUTB 11 GNDA GNDB 10 NC EN 9 – – V V 3 R21 R22 4 VOUT VOUT 16 1 5 6 0. fCUTOFF = 1MHz 12 0 –12 GAIN (dB) –24 –36 –48 INPUT 500mV/DIV –60 –72 OUTPUT 200mV/DIV –84 –96 –108 0. Gain = 1 fCUTOFF (MHz) R11.58k 1. Resistor Values in Ohms.1µF 7 8 V+ R32 R12 R22 VOUT VOUT 0.6Ω 158Ω 143Ω 88.1 1µs/DIV 1 FREQUENCY (MHz) 10 1568 TA14 20 1568 TA13 1568f 14 .1µF 1 R11 R31 VIN 2 3 R21 BAT54S 4 5 6 7 8 V+ V+ 0. Single Supply Operation V+ 5V 0.7Ω Amplitude Response 4th Order Lowpass Butterworth Lowpass.1µF 1568 TA05 1568 TA06 –5V Table 4. 4th Order Lowpass Butterworth.82k 887Ω 2 523Ω 787Ω 909Ω 432Ω 3 348Ω 523Ω 590Ω 294Ω 4 255Ω 383Ω 432Ω 215Ω 5 205Ω 309Ω 348Ω 174Ω 6 169Ω 255Ω 280Ω 143Ω 7 143Ω 221Ω 232Ω 124Ω 8 124Ω 196Ω 196Ω 107Ω 9 107Ω 174Ω 169Ω 97.

LT1568 U 4th ORDER LOWPASS FILTER DESIG S Table 5.1 1 FREQUENCY (MHz) 10 20 1µs/DIV 1568 TA18 1568 TA17 1568f Information furnished by Linear Technology Corporation is believed to be accurate and reliable. R21 715Ω 357Ω 237Ω 174Ω 137Ω 115Ω R31 1. fCUTOFF = 1MHz R12. Gain = 1 fCUTOFF (MHz) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 R11. Gain = 1 fCUTOFF (MHz) 1 2 3 4 5 6 Amplitude Response 4th Order Lowpass Bessel.15k 562Ω 374Ω 280Ω 221Ω 187Ω R12. R22 1. R22 2.9Ω Transient Response 4th Order Lowpass Chebyshev. ±0.6Ω 76.25dB Passband Ripple.87k 931Ω 604Ω 453Ω 357Ω 287Ω 243Ω 205Ω 178Ω 154Ω R31 2. fCUTOFF = 1MHz 12 0 –12 GAIN (dB) –24 –36 –48 INPUT 500mV/DIV OUTPUT 200mV/DIV –60 –72 –84 –96 –108 0. ±0. 15 .8Ω 66. ±0. no responsibility is assumed for its use. fCUTOFF = 1MHz 12 0 –12 –24 GAIN (dB) –36 –48 INPUT 500mV/DIV –60 –72 OUTPUT 200mV/DIV –84 –96 –108 0.21k 1. Linear Technology Corporation makes no representation that the interconnection of its circuits as described herein will not infringe on existing patent rights.05k 681Ω 511Ω 402Ω 332Ω 287Ω 249Ω 221Ω 196Ω Amplitude Response 4th Order Lowpass Chebyshev.1 1µs/DIV 1 FREQUENCY (MHz) 10 1568 TA16 20 1568 TA13 Table 6.25dB Passband Ripple. However. Resistor Values in Ohms. 4th Order Lowpass Bessel.91k 432Ω 280Ω 205Ω 162Ω 130Ω R32 324Ω 365Ω 243Ω 187Ω 147Ω 124Ω Transient Response 4th Order Lowpass Bessel. fCUTOFF = 1MHz R11. R21 1. 4th Order Lowpass Chebyshev.5Ω 61.05k 1.25dB Passband Ripple. Resistor Values in Ohms.10k 698Ω 499Ω 383Ω 309Ω 255Ω 215Ω 182Ω 158Ω R32 634Ω 324Ω 205Ω 154Ω 121Ω 100Ω 86.

Operates with Single 3V Supply ® 1568f 16 Linear Technology Corporation LT/TP 0403 2K • PRINTED IN USA 1630 McCarthy Blvd.1µF 7 8 V + V + 16 LT1568 15 INVA INVB 14 SA SB 13 OUTA OUTB 12 OUTA OUTB 11 GNDA GNDB 10 NC EN 9 V– V– R12 93.406 – 1.150 – .009 (0.152mm) PER SIDE **DIMENSION DOES NOT INCLUDE INTERLEAD FLASH. No External Components LT1567 Very Low Noise Op Amp and Inverter 1.229 – .015 ± .38 ± 0.045 ±.1Ω VIN 2 3 R21 113Ω 4 5 6 0.004 – .. –3dB Passband = fCENTER/5.005 0° – 8° TYP .229) REF . DRAWING NOT TO SCALE *DIMENSION DOES NOT INCLUDE MOLD FLASH.178 – 0.817 – 6.4nV/√Hz Op Amp. 256Hz to 256kHz LTC1565-31 7th Order.203 – 0.801 – 4.008 – . MOLD FLASH SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.006" (0.102 – 0.254mm) PER SIDE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 .com  LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 2003 .068 (1.305) NOTE: 1.249) .012 (0.004 × 45° (0. Milpitas. DIMENSIONS ARE IN (MILLIMETERS) .010" (0.150 Inch) (Reference LTC DWG # 05-08-1641) .244 (5.4 6 5V PIN 13 OUTPUT 0 0.0165 ± . No External Components LTC1566-1 7th Order.LT1568 U TYPICAL APPLICATIO S Amplitude Response 4th Order Bandpass Filter fCENTER = 10MHz 4th Order Bandpass Filter fCENTER = 10MHz.189 – .351 – 1. Operates with 3V Supply LT6600-20 Fully Differential 20MHz Lowpass Filter 86µVRMS Noise 100kHz to 20MHz.249) .727) 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 .165 GN16 (SSOP) 0502 3.linear.0098 (0.0015 . Fully Differential 2.0250 (0.053 – .0250 TYP RECOMMENDED SOLDER PAD LAYOUT RELATED PARTS PART NUMBER DESCRIPTION COMMENTS LTC 1563 4th Order Filter Building Block Lowpass or Bandpass Filter Designs.196* (4.016 – .150 – .3MHz Lowpass Filter SO-8.0098 (0. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: INCHES INCHES 2.635) BSC . Differential Outputs LT6600-10 Fully Differential 10MHz Lowpass Filter 55µVRMS Noise 100kHz to 10MHz.254 MIN (3.157** .10) .978) .1µF 1 R11 93.1Ω CIN2 39pF 5% –6 –12 GAIN (dB) CIN1 39pF 5% R22 113Ω VOUT VOUT –18 –24 –30 –36 –42 –48 –54 10 FREQUENCY (MHz) 1 40 1568 TA19 1568 TA20 U PACKAGE DESCRIPTIO GN Package 16-Lead Plastic SSOP (Narrow . CA 95035-7417 (408) 432-1900 ● FAX: (408) 434-0507 ● www. Fully Differential 650kHz Lowpass Filter SO-8. MSOP Package. INTERLEAD FLASH SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.050 (0.007 – .988) .198) .270) .810 – 3.