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Electrical Workshop

EE-113
Lecture No. 01
Prepared by: Engr. Shafaq Ejaz

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Class Introduction

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Subject Introduction

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Lecture Topics

Safety Precautions & Introduction to
Tools

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Lecture Contents
General Workshop Rules
Electrical Safety Principles
Introduction to Tools

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Lecture Contents General Workshop Rules Electrical Safety Principles Introduction to Tools EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 6 .

you must come prepared to the laboratory. Be aware of your classmates’ safety as well as your own at all times. EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 7 . To successfully complete the experiments in one lab period.General Workshop Rules Do not fool around in the lab: Take your lab work seriously and behave appropriately in the laboratory. You must read the experiment in advance and answer the pre-lab questions.

Lecture Contents General Workshop Rules Electrical Safety Principles Introduction to Tools EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 8 .

as they are very expensive. Return the components to the correct bins when you are finished with them. 9 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering .General Workshop Rules Please treat the instruments with care. place the stools under the lab bench. Before leaving the lab.

Never energize any circuit unless you are sure that no one is working on the circuit. Use good quality footwear/shoes in order to provide maximum resistance. keep these principles in mind: Understand the procedure completely before starting the work. Give electric supply to the wiring system only after thorough verification. EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 10 .Electrical Safety Principles When planning and performing work on electrical systems and equipment.

main switches. Use non-conductive tools whenever possible. Do not touch switch boards.Electrical Safety Principles Before replacing a blown fuse always remember to put the switch off. sockets or plug. Before putting the plug pins in socket put off the plug switch and disconnect the plug by pulling the plug pin and not by pulling cable. EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 11 . Do not use broken switches. holder points etc with wet hands.

Never drape electrical cords over heat sources. because these materials are brittle. lamp holders. EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 12 .Electrical Safety Principles Take utmost care while handling lamps. Know the location and how to operate shut-off switches and/or circuit breaker panels. often a pressure or squeezing develops causing insulation damage. Don’t over bend cables when pulling them through a bend in a raceway. switches etc. Use these devices to shut off equipment in the event of a fire or electrocution.

Lecture Contents General Workshop Rules Electrical Safety Principles Introduction to Tools EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 13 .

Introduction to Tools The electrical workshop is home to a set of tools that is significantly more precise and specific than most other types of workshops. 14 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering .

you will need to use hand tools to repair your home or to fix your bicycle. EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 15 .Hand Tools Hand tools are important equipments that help us to do our work effectively and quickly. Regardless of your position in life.

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Common Hand Tools 1)Screwdrivers: The screwdriver is a tool used to insert and tighten or to loosen and remove screws. EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 17 .

Common Hand Tools Screwdrivers Types: The shape of their head into different types identifies screwdrivers. 18 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering .

hand-held devices used to strip the insulation from electric wires.Common Hand Tools 2)Wire strippers: Wire strippers are small. EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 19 .

EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 20 .Common Hand Tools Wire strippers Types: Wire strippers are classified into two types: manual and automatic.

Cutting extra components leads EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 21 .Common Hand Tools 3)Side Cutters: The side cutters are used for cutting extra components leads.

Common Hand Tools 4)Wire Crimpers: Wire Crimpers are used to connect two wires or two conductors together. EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 22 .

Hammers vary in shape. 23 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering .Common Hand Tools 4) Hammer: A hammer is a tool that delivers a blow (a sudden impact) to an object. forge metal. and structure. and break apart objects. size. fit parts. depending on their purposes. The most common uses for hammers are to drive nails.

a rivet. The hammer should always match the size of the job and it’s better to use one that’s too big. 24 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering .Common Hand Tools Hammer Types: I. or peining. Like most hammers its head is hardened steel. Ball Pein or Engineer’s Hammer The most common hammer in an automotive workshop is the ball pein or engineer’s hammer. Its name comes from the ball pein or rounded face. It’s usually used for flattening. rather than too small. A punch or a chisel can be driven with the flat face.

A steel hammer might mark or damage it. especially if it’s made of a softer metal like aluminum. In such cases a soft-face hammer should normally be used for the job. but sometimes you need just to tap a component. 25 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering .Common Hand Tools Hammers Types: II. Soft-Face Hammer Hitting chisels with a steel hammer is fine. to position it. Some are very soft with rubber or plastic heads through to those using brass or copper.

It’s like a small mallet. When a large chisel needs a really strong blow. 26 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering .Common Hand Tools Hammers Types: III. It’s the heaviest type of hammer that can be used one-handed. Lump Hammer. it’s time to use the lump hammer. with two square faces made of high carbon steel.

27 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering .Common Hand Tools Hammers Types: IV. It’s a special purpose tool. The most common mallet in the workshop has a head made of hard rubber. Hard Rubber Mallet Hammer. and is often used for moving things into place where it is important not to damage the item being moved.

Dead Blow Hammer. or it’s hollow with lead shot inside. Its head is either made of lead. A rebounding hammer can be dangerous or destructive. This is a dead blow hammer.Common Hand Tools Hammers Types: V. The lead absorbs the blow. It’s designed not to bounce back when it hits something. EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 28 .

struck with a mallet. stone. for carving or cutting a hard material such as wood. or mechanical power. The handle and blade of some types of chisel are made of metal or wood with a sharp edge in it. 29 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering . or metal by hand.Common Hand Tools 5)Chisel: A chisel is a tool with a characteristically shaped cutting edge of blade on its end.

and the end is tempered and hardened because it has to be harder than any of the metals you’re likely to want to cut with it.a flat chisel. The head of the chisel needs to be softer so it won’t chip when it’s hit with a hammer.Common Hand Tools Chisel Types: I. It’s made of high-quality steel. 30 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering . Flat Chisel: This is the most common kind of chisel .

It’s used for cleaning out or even making key-ways. The flying chips of metal should always be directed away from the user. This chisel narrows down along the stock. 31 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering .Common Hand Tools Chisel Types: II. It’s called ‘cross cut’ because the sharpened edge is across the blade width. Cross-Cut Chisel: This is a cross-cut chisel. so it’s good for getting in grooves.

sharpened blade and it’s designed to remove a gasket without damaging the sealing face of the component. It has a hardened. 32 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering . The scraper should be kept sharp to make it easy to remove all traces of the old gasket and sealing compound.Common Hand Tools Chisel Types: III. Gasket Scraper Chisel: The gasket scraper is not a true chisel.

It is used to cut through relatively hard material. This force may be applied by hand. 33 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering . most often wood. water. or chain with a toothed edge. wire. electricity or other power source.Common Hand Tools 6) Saws: A saw is a tool consisting of a hard blade. or powered by steam. The cut is made by placing the toothed edge against the material and moving it forcefully back and forth.

Hacksaws: Hacksaws are a common workshop tool.Common Hand Tools Saws Types: I. The frames come in a range of shapes and sizes. For any given frame there’s a range of available hacksaw blades to cope with different materials and situations. 34 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering .

You should cover long hair with a snood cap and of course. Flying Sparks are normal when using this saw. Wear protective clothing. with nothing hanging out or loose. and the power cord well away from the cutting wheel. EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 35 . This is a powerful tool and it demands every precaution. The guard on the saw should be properly in place. the range of these should be limited by placing a safety screen around the job. Abrasive Cut-Off Saw: Repetitive cutting through thick sections of material can be hard work.Common Hand Tools Saws Types : II. wear safety glasses or a full-face shield. These are rated in different sizes. That refers to the largest diameter cutting wheel that should be fitted to them. usually from about 250 millimeters to 500 millimeters or 9 3⁄4 inches to 19 1⁄2 inches. unless you have an abrasive cut-off saw. especially long hair.

Hole Saw : Cutting large holes in panel steel or thin sheet metal is done by a hole saw. The drill in the center locates the saw accurately and leads it into the surface.Common Hand Tools Saws Types: III. 36 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering .

37 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering .Common Hand Tools 7)Pliers: Pliers are designed to hold. Some pliers are available with factory applied. providing an attractive appearance and comfortable grip. Pliers vary in length from 4" to 20". turn and cut objects. plastic-coated handles. However. these pliers should not be relied on for electrical work.

Common Hand Tools Pliers Types: Pliers Fall into two broad categories: I: Solid-Joint Pliers II: Slip-Joint Pliers Either of which may have cutters. I. Solid-Joint Pliers: Slip-joint pliers are of two designs: multiple hole and tongue and groove. Solid-joint pliers have a joint fixed with a solid pin or rivet and are not adjustable. 38 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering .

Slip-Joint Pliers: The slip or adjustable joint enables the tool to adjust to the size of the object being held.Common Hand Tools Pliers Types: II. 39 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering .

providing ease and comfort for the user. 40 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering .and short-nose types. Diagonal cutters have two cutting blades set diagonally to the joint and/or handles. end or diagonal types. bolts and rivets. clean cuts close to the surface on wires. Some cutting pliers are made with a spring in the handle to open them automatically after each cut. End cutters have cutting blades on the end and are used to make sharp.Common Hand Tools Plier Types: III. curved. Cutting Pliers: Cutting pliers can be side. Side cutters have a cutting blade on one side only and are available in long-.

but made with a slim nose to reach into tight places. Thin Jaw Slip-Joint Pliers: Like slip-joint. either multiple hole or tongue and groove. Straight and curved jaws are available. 41 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering . Most common is 10" water pump pliers.Common Hand Tools Plier Types: Other pliers commonly found in home improvement stores include: Regular Slip-Joint Pliers: General utility pliers with two jaw-opening adjustments. allowing for jaw openings up to 4-1/2". some have a shear-type wire cutter. Multiple slip-joint or box-joint pliers: General utility tool with up to eight adjustments.

cut and hold or bend wire. May have side cutters. Needle-Nose Pliers :Also called long nose pliers. since the nose is bent at about an 80-degree angle for reaching around objects.Common Hand Tools Pliers Types: Crimper stripper pliers: Multi-purpose electrician's pliers to crimp solder less connectors. They also have sheaving holes that cut common sizes of screws without deforming threads. A standard item for most electrical and electronics work. Thin-Nose Pliers :Also called bent-nose pliers. strip most common gauge wire. 42 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering . they have a pointed nose for reaching places with restricted clearance.

flat noses for work in restricted areas. diagonalcutting and flat-nose pliers in extra-small sizes. Used by jewelers. Wire strippers: Feature adjustable stops to cut insulation without damaging wire. Midget pliers: Include straight. round. End-cutting nippers: Feature powerful leverage for sharp. chain.Common Hand Tools Pliers Types: Duck bill pliers: have long. 43 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering . telephone workers and weavers. clean cuts close to the surface on wires. end-cutting. tapered. bolts and rivets.

44 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering . vise-type locking pliers can be locked on to a work piece. leaving both hands free. Fence pliers: Pull and cut staples in fencing. High-leverage lineman's pliers have rivet placed closer to the cutting edges to provide more leverage. Feature two wire cutters and heavy head for hammering. Have gripping jaws in addition to cutting edges.Common Hand Tools Pliers Types: Lineman's or electrician's pliers: Heavy duty. Locking pliers: Adjustable. side-cutting pliers designed for all regular wire-cutting needs.

6". which come in 4". The locking principle also applies to locking clamps. 18" and 24" sizes. others require two hands to disengage. a pipe wrench. In addition.Common Hand Tools Pliers Types: They are versatile tools that can be used as pliers. wire cutters. straight jaw. a ratchet or a clamp. long nose with wire cutter and bent nose with wire cutter. some from a full range. EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 45 . an adjustable wrench. many locking pliers provide a wire-cutting function. Some locking pliers use a mechanism that allows one-handed release. others from a restricted range of jaw settings. 11". Locking pliers are available in various sizes and shapes: curved jaw with wire cutter.

Common Hand Tools 8) Files : Files remove burrs. 46 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering . and sharp edges and perform other smoothing operations. The basic parts of a file are shown in Figure. nicks. They are useful when only a small amount of material must be removed.

I. II. like cast iron or steel. and Aluminium. Coarse File: A Coarse File with large cutting edges should be used on soft materials. such as plastic.Common Hand Tools File Types: A file is classified by its length. and cutting surface. Fine File: A fine file with small cutting edges is needed to produce a smoother surface and to cut harder materials. 47 EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering . shape. brass.

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follow the coming tips: Always use the appropriate personal protective devices and check that they are clean and in good repair before and after use.Common Hand Tools Hand Tools Safety: To prevent accidents that are caused by hand tools. EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 49 .

accidents or damaged tools to the instructor to insure safety of others.Common Hand Tools Hand Tools Safety: Always report injuries. EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 50 .

EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 51 .Common Hand Tools Hand Tools Safety: Always keep the tool pointed away from you.

Common Hand Tools Hand Tools Safety: Don't carry tools in your pockets. EE-113 Department of Electrical Power Engineering 52 .

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