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ANSI C37.06.

1-2000

American National Standard
Guide for High-Voltage Circuit Breakers
Rated on Symmetrical Current Basis
Designated “Definite Purpose for
Fast Transient Recovery Voltage
Rise Times”

Approved 03/30/00

American National Standards Institute, Inc.

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
3 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5997, USA
Copyright © 2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America.
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ISBN 0-7381-3597-6

SH95094
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Copyright © 2003 IEEE. All rights reserved. .

purchasing.ANSI C37.1-2000 Page i American National Standard Approval of an American National Standard requires verification by ANSI that the requirements for due process. the Berne Convention or the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works. and other criteria for approval have been met by the standards developer. no person shall have the right or authority to issue an interpretation of an American National Standard in the name of the American National Standards Institute. The American National Standards Institute does not develop standards and will in no circumstances give an interpretation of any American National Standard. The use of American National Standards is completely voluntary. Purchasers of American National Standards may receive current information on all standards by calling or writing the American National Standards Institute.06. 17th Street. and that a concerted effort be made toward their resolution. Rosslyn. Substantial agreement means much more than a simple majority. without prior written permission of the publisher. CAUTION NOTICE: This American National Standard may be revised or withdrawn at any time. from manufacturing. Consensus is established when. or withdraw this standard. All rights including translation into other languages. Virginia 22209 © Copyright 2000 by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association. their existence does not in any respect preclude anyone. The procedures of the American National Standards Institute require that action be taken periodically to reaffirm. and the International and Pan American Copyright Conventions. consensus. but not necessarily unanimity. Printed in the United States of America . whether he has approved the standards or not. or procedures not conforming to the standards. Consensus requires that all views and objections be considered. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form. processes. or using products. marketing. in the judgment of the ANSI Board of Standards Review. revise. Published by National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 N. substantial agreement has been reached by directly and materially affected interests. in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise. Requests for interpretations should be addressed to the secretariat or sponsor whose name appears on the title page of this standard. reserved under the Universal Copyright Convention. Moreover.

.1-2000 Page ii Copyright © 2003 IEEE.ANSI C37. All rights reserved.06.

A few words of clarification are in order: • No fast T2 values or tests are proposed for fault currents greater than 30% of rated short-circuit current. but even these fast values do not meet the requirements of all fast TRV applications. Scott. McCabe. Only minor editorial revisions have been made to the guide.K. Tables 2 and 3.06. Committee approval of the guide does not necessarily imply that all committee members voted for its approval. Experience with the trial-use document since then has been favorable. HV Standards J. Circuit breakers designated as definite purpose for fast transient recovery voltage rise times applications would be subjected to special fast TRV parameters during both Test Duty 2 (30% of rated short-circuit current) and Test Duty 1 (7% of rated short-circuit current) trials. Executive Vice-Chairman. and after thorough analysis of TRV data gathered from all parts of the world. LV Standards D. The task force suggested that another class of definite purpose circuit breakers was needed for fast TRV applications. Table 1. to demonstrate the capability to interrupt circuits characterized by fast inherent TRVs. At the time of its approval. Secretary Copyright © 2003 IEEE. All rights reserved.1-2000 Page iii FOREWORD (This foreword is not part of American National Standard C37. . It is the purpose of this guide to communicate the suggested values to those in the industry who are interested and who would be in a position to offer comments and suggestions for further revisions. Byron. VA 22209 This guide was processed and approved for submittal to ANSI by Accredited Standards Committee on Power Switchgear C37. Swindler.ANSI C37.1-2000) Following reports of circuit breaker failures in applications where very fast TRVs were determined to be the cause. • A circuit breaker that would meet the requirements for definite purpose for fast TRV rise times applications may or may not also meet the requirements for definite purpose circuit breakers for capacitor switching. 17th Street Rosslyn.06-2000.” Comments and suggestions relative to the revision of this document should be sent to: Vice President. Executive Vice-Chairman. and the document is now approved for more general use as a guide.0.L. this guide was suggested by the IEEE Switchgear Committee’s Task Force on Transient Recovery Voltages. plus suitable revisions to the text of this “Foreword. These circuit breaker ratings have a rated voltage range factor (K) equal to 1. the C37 Committee had the following members: E. Calwise. Executive Vice-Chairman. IEC Activities M. Chairman A. Engineering Department National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 N. This guide was initially approved as a “trial-use” guide in 1997. Tables 2B and 3B contain values for circuit breaker ratings contained in ANSI C37.06-2000.06. Table 1B contains values for circuit breakers designed and tested to the circuit breaker ratings contained in ANSI C37. • The proposed fast T2 values were chosen to meet 90% of the known fast TRV circuits.

.... York Copyright © 2003 IEEE. Garzon (Alt) J. Teufel T.................. W.... D......... Roseen Tennessee Valley Authority......L. Long G.... .......... J........ D. Smith D.......... Gilson U................ Dwyer R.G............... Byron (Alt) International Electrical Testing Association ... Stone E. Mills Technical Liaison.. A...................L.... H....................... of Agriculture.....06........1-2000 Page iv Organizations Represented Name of Representative Electric Light and Power Group .. Byron P........ Burse K........ Beard E......... Laubach C....... Monroe B.... Martuscello Y........ P...... T.....E. Sakats D.................. J. Koepfinger G........ G.... Puckett T.. Bowles U...................... Gray A............. Dept................................S.......................... of the Army-Office of the Chief of Engineers..... Musa E. Harwood Testing Laboratory Group ...........M. D........J...................... Montillet G.........W.............L................. Wood (Alt) National Electrical Manufacturers Association .E...... Royster R................S. Wagner The following members of NEMA Power Circuit Breaker Technical Committee and NEMA Power Switchgear Assemblies Technical Committee worked on this guide prior to its publication: C........ Nourse T.................. Jones W.. All rights reserved... Worland Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers..... Long T.. Notarian E..... Wiseman R..ANSI C37....... Galicia J......... of the Navy-Naval Construction Battalion Center ..S................... Dept............... Nelson U...... Dept........A........... Peterson National Electrical Contractors Association ... Tobin J............ Ball M............. Sakats S........................................ Garzon R..... Olsen G... Olsen G.................... Stone F... Slattery H.................

.....................................................................................................1 2 Purpose...............................................................5 kV and below...................................................1 4 Rated values........ All rights reserved..............................ANSI C37........................................... including circuit breakers applied in gas insulated substations...........................................................................................................1 3 References ............... .....4 Copyright © 2003 IEEE.............3 Table 3B—Transient recovery voltage ratings fast time-to-peak (T2 ) values for definite purpose circuit breakers 123 kV and above ..................iii 1 Scope...............................................................0 ...............................................................................................06...................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Table 2B—Transient recovery voltage ratings fast time-to-peak (T2 ) values for definite purpose circuit breakers 72....................................1 Tables Table 1B—Transient recovery voltage parameters fast time-to-peak (T2 ) values for definite purpose indoor circuit breakers with voltage range factor K=1..........................................................................................................1-2000 Page v CONTENTS Page Foreword..................................................................

All rights reserved. .1-2000 Page vi Copyright © 2003 IEEE.06.ANSI C37.

1-2000 Guide for High-Voltage Circuit Breakers Rated on a Symmetrical Current Basis Designated “Definite Purpose for Fast Transient Recovery Voltage Rise Times” 1 Scope This guide is issued as a supplement to C37." meeting the C37. The TRVs for currents more than or equal to 60% of rated short-circuit current remain the same as for general purpose circuit breakers.04-1999. Preferred ratings for outdoor circuit breakers 72. Application Guide for Transient Recovery Voltage for AC High-Voltage Circuit Breakers Rated on a Symmetrical Current Basis 4 Rated values Circuit breakers identified by the manufacturer to be definite purpose for fast transient recovery voltage rise times applications shall be capable of interrupting short-circuits with TRV parameters as specified in the following tables: Table 1B TRV parameters for indoor high-voltage circuit breakers designated as definite purpose for fast TRV time-to-peak Table 2B TRV parameters for outdoor high-voltage circuit breakers rated 72. and designated as definite purpose for fast TRV time-to-peak Table 3B TRV parameters for outdoor high-voltage circuit breakers 123 kV and above. Circuit breakers not identified by the manufacturer as "definite purpose for fast transient recovery voltage rise times" shall be understood to be "general purpose circuit breakers. 3 References ANSI/IEEE C37. or 3 as appropriate. Table 2.0.5 kV and below.09-1999. Rating Structure for AC High-Voltage Circuit Breakers Rated on a Symmetrical Current Basis ANSI C37. Preferred ratings for indoor circuit breakers with voltage range factor K=1.06 standard TRV requirements in table 1.Preferred Ratings and Related Required Capabilities ANSI/IEEE C37. .011-1994. 2. Preferred ratings for outdoor circuit breakers rated 123 kV and above. AC High-Voltage Circuit Breakers Rated on a Symmetrical Current Basis .Test Procedure for AC High-Voltage Circuit Breakers Rated on a Symmetrical Current Basis ANSI/IEEE C37.06. and designated as definite purpose for fast TRV time-to-peak Copyright © 2003 IEEE.06-2000.06 for high-voltage circuit breaker applications where the transient recovery voltages (TRV) rise to the crest value much more rapidly than those specified in ANSI C37.06: Table 1. and apply ONLY to currents in the ranges of 7 percent to 30 percent of Rated Short-Circuit Current. 2 Purpose The purpose of this guide is to provide suggested values of fast transient recovery voltage rise time ratings.AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD C37. or Table 3.5 kV and below. The proposed ratings were suggested by the IEEE Switchgear Committee. All rights reserved.

2 6. rms kV µ sec Col.0 25 31. 2 Rated Short-Circuit and Short-Time Current kA.1 32.0 1.5 8.5 40 50 40 20 8. 5 Definite Purpose TRV Parameters at 30% of Rated Short-Circuit Current Peak Time to Current Voltage Peak kA.5 20 17.8 7.4 18 32.4 10.0 1. 3 1 2 3 4 5 4.4 10.9 8.0 1.8 2. 10 Col.0 1.5 9.9 8.5 40 50 16 28 28 28 28 51 75 75 75 75 105 7. rms (1) Col.7 4.0 1. 6 Col.9 15.5 6 8 15 6 7 8 9 10 15 15 15 15 27 1.8 3.2 13 1. rms kV µ sec Col. 9 Col.8 32.Table 1B–Transient recovery voltage parameters fast time-to-peak (T2 ) values for definite purpose indoor circuit breakers with voltage range factor K=1.0 1.8 32.8 60 83 83 83 83 20 27 21.5 12 15 12 6 10.5 9.8 1.8 3.5 31.6 4 3.8 32.5 40 51 71 71 71 71 105 125 125 125 125 7.1 1.9 3. 4 Col.0 31.4 10.5 4.76 8.76 4.5 28 50 50 50 60 75 9. 8 Note (1) See Table 1 of C37.5 12 11 10 25 11 12 13 14 15 27 38 38 38 38 1.5 12 15 4.0 1.06 for circuit breaker ratings.6 31.0 1.2 2. Copyright © 2003 IEEE.76 4.5 12 58 80 80 80 80 11 14 12 11 10.2 2.0 Line No.7 7 6.8 31.0 1. 11 . Definite Purpose TRV Parameters at 7% of Rated Short-Circuit Current Peak Time to Current Voltage Peak kA.5 Rated Transient Recovery Voltage (1) Peak Time to Voltage E2 Peak T2 KV µ sec Col.8 1.6 31.6 58 7. Rated Maximum Voltage kV. 1 Rated Voltage Range Factor K (1) Col. All rights reserved.8 7. 7 Col.1 10.8 2.0 25 16 25 31.5 2.0 1.1 10.25 15 1.3 2.0 1.2 2.5 1.6 31.0 1.1 17.8 60 13.5 1. rms (1) Col.6 6.

including circuit breakers applied in gas insulated substations Rated Transient Recovery Voltage (1) Peak Time to Voltage E2 Peak T2 kV.5 kV and below.4 84 106 106 106 159 18 28 23 21 35 16 17 72.0 3.0 1.Table 2B–Transient recovery voltage ratings fast time-to-peak (T2) values for definite purpose circuit breakers 72.2 57 84 84 84 84 18 25 24 22 20 11 12 13 14 15 38.0 1.06 for circuit breaker ratings.0 1.0 7.5 48.8 159 159 28 25 Definite Purpose TRV Parameters at 30% of Rated Short-Circuit Current Peak Time to Current Voltage Peak kA.5 29 29 29 29 48.0 12.5 15.0 6.8 38. peak µ sec Col 6 Col 7 Col 8 Note (1) See Table 2 of C37.0 38.0 40 20 31.0 25 16 20 25 31.4 1.2 2.0 1. Copyright © 2003 IEEE.9 1.0 9.8 1.0 1.0 81 103 103 103 154 11 15 13 12 19 2. rms (1) Col 1 Rated Voltage Range Factor (1) Col 2 Rated Short-Circuit and ShortTime Current kA.8 1.9 34 34 34 34 57 14 14 14 11 21 6 7 8 9 10 25.0 1.0 1.8 33 33 33 33 55 10 8 8 7 13 0.0 38.3 48. rms kV.5 4.5 12.5 40 20 71 91 91 91 136 63 80 80 80 106 12.8 6.5 40 136 136 106 106 9.8 6.2 2. Rated Maximum Voltage kV.5 12.0 1.5 15. rms kV.5 1.5 1.1 1.5 25.0 1.5 55 81 81 81 81 10 14 13 12 11 1.5 36 36 36 36 52 3.0 7.3 48.0 1.5 20 25 40 12.0 1.0 38.8 0.5 71 71 71 71 52 63 63 63 63 7.4 1. Definite Purpose TRV Parameters at 7% of Rated Short-Circuit Current Peak Current Voltage Time to Peak kA. rms (1) Col 3 1 2 3 4 5 15.5 12.4 2. peak µ sec Col 9 Col 10 Col 11 .5 72.8 2. All rights reserved.3 72.8 1.0 6.0 1.0 31.8 1.0 1.5 15.0 48.0 1.8 2. peak µ sec Col 4 Col 5 Line No.0 154 154 16 15 2.5 9.

0 1.3 23.0 53.0 63 40 63 40 63 431 637 637 968 968 520 775 775 1325 1325 19 12 19 12 19 487 720 720 1094 1094 30.1 2.1 49.4 16 17 18 19 20 245 362 362 550 550 1.0 1.0 20 40 63 20 40 216 216 216 255 255 275 260 260 330 310 6 12 19 6 12 245 245 245 288 288 28.5 4.2 2.7 56.7 4.7 36.5 21.5 22.6 47. rms (1) Col 1 Rated Voltage Range Factor (1) Col 2 Rated Short-Circuit and ShortTime Current kA.0 1.0 1.9 21 22 800 800 1.5 350 350 505 505 505 35. rms kV. Rated Maximum Voltage kV.3 31.4 505 745 745 1133 1133 43.2 29.0 31. peak µ sec Col 4 Col 5 Line No.0 1.2 2.4 2.1 63.0 6 7 8 9 10 145 145 170 170 170 1.6 3.8 299 299 350 350 350 34.0 1. All rights reserved. Copyright © 2003.6 1. rms (1) Col 3 1 2 3 4 5 123 123 123 145 145 1.2 11 12 13 14 15 170 170 245 245 245 1. .0 1. rms kV. peak µ sec Col 9 Col 10 Col 11 Note (1) See Table 3 of C37.0 63 80 16 31.06 for circuit breaker ratings.4 40.4 2.1 79.4 1647 1647 94.0 1.0 1.4 30.7 37.5 40 50 299 299 431 431 431 360 360 520 520 520 15 19 9.0 1.9 Definite Purpose TRV Parameters at 30% of Rated Short-Circuit Current Peak Time to Current Voltage Peak kA.Table 3B–Transient recovery voltage ratings fast time-to-peak (T2) values for definite purpose circuit breakers 123 kV and above Rated Transient Recovery Voltage (1) Peak Time to Voltage E2 Peak T2 kV.5 40 255 255 299 299 299 310 310 395 360 360 19 24 8 9.4 2.7 36.8 4.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 31.8 4.8 1.0 1.8 33.2 63.8 4.8 63.0 43.0 40 63 1408 1408 1530 1530 12 19 1591 1591 60.1 27.3 40.8 4.8 4. peak µ sec Col 6 Col 7 Col 8 Definite Purpose TRV Parameters at 7% of Rated Short-Circuit Current Peak Time to Current Voltage Peak kA.9 25.3 2.2 55.5 12 288 288 338 338 338 23.7 55.7 76.4 34.6 35.0 1.4 2.5 12 15 338 338 487 487 487 26.4 47.8 253 253 253 299 299 48.0 1.4 5.8 3.4 2.0 44.4 25.2 51.4 1.0 1.0 50 63 31.