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Ethernet / FibreChannel Basic Turn-up

FST-2802 Mainframe Overview The software controlling the FST-2802 is Windows XP™ embedded. such as Ethernet frame generation and RFC2544 testing. etc) as well as support for many USB devices (printers.This document will provide an overview of how to turn-up an Ethernet or fibre channel circuit using the Acterna FST-2802. or 1000bT (copper). PCMCIA Card Door/Slot Printer Connector RJ-45 Connectors GBIC Port GBIC Port The top of the FST-2802 is where most of the test set’s connections are located. GBICs can be multimode (SX). control printing and file management. and manage the overall system settings such as remote IP address. These GBICs can be purchased from Acterna or through any GBIC provider. mice. single mode (LX). and application switching. etc). thumb drives. Ethernet cards. USB/Serial port. and the PCMCIA port. soft keyboard. . test restart. If you have a dual port FST-2802 you will see an extra 10/100bT port and GBIC test port. help. long haul (ZX). These keys allow for quick access to the printer. We will focus on the most common tests performed in the field. 2 The extended keypad (right side of graphic) is part of the mainframe (not soft keys) and will always be present no matter which screen is being viewed. and other items. The GBIC port takes standard full size GBICs. We are able to gain many of the benefits of Windows™ including support for PCMCIA devices (modems. These include the test ports. The front panel of the FST-2802 is shown below. The user is able to set up tests. NOTE: The LX and ZX both take single mode fiber – the LX is 1310nm and the ZX is 1550nm. battery management.

terminate (TERM). If the FST-2802 is a dual port. The traffic received by the test set is totally independent of what is transmitted. in this application mode. The LEDs are broken up into two sets. The bottom set of LEDs is for the GBIC port. The FST-2802 is simply receiving the traffic.The LEDs – located on the far right of the FST-2802 application module – offer the user a quick view of the status of the overall circuit under test. This is the most common application mode for the FST-2802. the test set will NOT flip any addressing – this is equivalent to a hard loop. Generally a green LED is a non-error (event) and a red LED is an error. TERM allows the user to terminate traffic directly into the test set and generate traffic at the same time. The applications described later in this document will all be performed under the TERM button. is not creating traffic. The benefit of THRU mode over MON mode is that traffic in both directions is visible simultaneously – MON mode only offers a uni-directional view. The top set is for the 10/100bT interface (native electrical). The test set will analyze traffic in this mode and will not have any transmit capabilities. FST-2802 Analysis Modes The FST-2802 supports three application modes – monitor (MON). and forwarding it on without any modifications. THRU mode is available only on dual port FST-2802. NOTE: If you use MON and connect RX to TX. The FST-2802. and through (THRU). 3 . one set for Port 1 and another for Port 2. MON mode can also connect the RX to the TX and place the test set into a hard loop. The unit must be in TERM mode to run the RFC2544 test. The outside set of the LEDs (left set for single port units) will be lit if any of the LEDs went into alarm and will stay lit until the user resets them. MON places a single port in monitor mode(receive only). the user will see two identical sets of LEDs. The circuit will be run through the unit in both directions using both ports. The inside set of LEDs (right set for single port units) are for the current status and will only be lit while the error or event is currently on. analyzing it. The traffic to be monitored will most likely be generated by the customer’s network.

5 (VLAN tagged traffic). It can be added at any time. This option supports SX. and copper GBICs over both multimode and single mode cables. If some of the interfaces above are not listed do not be alarmed – it is simply not an option that was purchased with the unit.FST-2802 Test Interfaces 1G Fibre Channel (option) The FST-2802 has both electrical and optical interfaces available. layer 2. 4 This application allows the user to generate 2GIG (Gb/s) of fibre channel traffic using the GBIC port(s).5 (VLAN tagged traffic). The test set is capable of generating an 8B/10B BER pattern and layer 2 (ID addressed) traffic. the following set of interfaces will be available: – 10/100 Ethernet – 1G Ethernet – 1G Fibre channel – 2G Fibre channel This application allows the user to generate 1GIG (Gb/s) of fibre channel traffic using the GBIC port(s). 2G Fibre Channel (option) 10/100 Ethernet (option) This application allows the user to test using the electrical 10/100bT interface on the test set. layer 2 (MAC addressed) traffic. Depending on the options purchased the test set is capable of generating an 8B/10B BER pattern. The interface is capable of supporting traffic rates up to full line rate (1 Gb/s) as well as flow control simulation – both implicit and explicit ports. layer 2. This option supports SX and LX GBICs over both multimode and single mode cables. and layer 3 (IP addressed) traffic. 1G Ethernet (option) This application allows the user to generate 1GIG (1 Gb/s) of Ethernet traffic using the GBIC port. ZX. layer 2 BERT pattern (framed BERT traffic). and layer 3 (IP addressed) traffic. The test set is capable of generating an 8B/10B BER pattern and layer 2 (ID addressed) traffic. The interface is capable of supporting traffic rates up to full line rate (1 Gb/s) as well as full auto-negotiation and flow control. Each of the applications listed above is an option for the FST-2802. . LX. This option supports SX and LX GBICs over both multimode and single mode cables. By pressing the TERM button. The interface is capable of supporting traffic rates up to full line rate (10Mb/s or 100Mb/s) as well as full auto-negotiation and flow control. The interface is capable of supporting traffic rates up to full line rate (2 Gb/s) as well as flow control simulation – both implicit and explicit ports. Depending on the options purchased the test set is capable of generating layer 2 (MAC addressed) traffic.

MAC addressing. 1G Ethernet There are five types of traffic available for 1G Ethernet testing depending on the options purchased for the test set. or VLAN tagging. PINGing is a very good way to prove that traffic can traverse a network. It is used primarily for testing point-to-point Ethernet services that require proper Ethernet frame formatting (start of frame identifier and correct FCS at the end of the frame) but no MAC or VLAN addressing. NOTE: If you have a dual port FST-2802 you will need to select PORT 1 or PORT 2 for each of the above tests. Layer 3 IP Traffic allows the user to enter in an IP address and generate packets that will pass through a router. On the top right side of the test set you will see either icon that states either PORT 1 or PORT 2 is selected. The available three types of traffic for 10/100 Ethernet are: – Layer 2 Traffic – Layer 3 PING – Layer 3 IP Traffic Layer 2 Traffic Layer 2 traffic is used to turn-up those circuits requiring no addressing. This type of test will be used with most wave division multiplexed (WDM) Ethernet deployments and switched Ethernet deployments. The generated packets need an IP address to enter and egress the router. Layer 3 IP Traffic allows the user to enter in an IP address and generate packets that will pass through a router. The generated packets need an IP address to enter and egress the router. The main difference between layer 1 BERT and layer 2 Patterns is that layer 2 Patterns formats the traffic into a valid Ethernet frame. The elements in a WDM network and the media converters used to put Ethernet in dark fiber require no addressing or frame formatting to pass traffic. The ports are independent and may be started and stopped individually. PING is an application that allows the test device to generate a specific type of packet that the far end will recognize and respond with a similar packet.FST-2802 TERM Choices 10/100 Ethernet Layer 1 BERT Layer 1 BERT allows the user to place a BER pattern without any addressing on the network. We will group the two fibre channel options (1G and 2G) together as one application. MAC addressing. This type of traffic is used mostly on WDM based Ethernet or dark fiber based Ethernet. The available types of traffic for 1GIG Ethernet are: – Layer 1 BERT – Layer 2 Traffic – Layer 2 Patterns – Layer 3 PING – Layer 3 IP Traffic Layer 2 Patterns Layer 2 Patterns are very similar to layer 1 BERT. Layer 3 PING Layer 3 PING is most often used when checking connectivity to the internet or connectivity to existing customer equipment. 5 . PINGing is a very good way to prove that traffic can traverse a network. Layer 3 PING Layer 3 PING is most often used when checking connectivity to the internet or connectivity to existing customer equipment. Layer 3 IP Traffic Layer 3 IP Traffic is used when dealing with routed Ethernet services. Routed Ethernet services have a router in the circuit path. Make sure you set up the correct PORT that you wish to test from. Layer 2 Traffic Layer 2 traffic is used to turn-up those circuits requiring no addressing. The user can not enter any addressing for this type of traffic test. This type of test will be used with most WDM Ethernet deployments and switched Ethernet deployments. The information that follows describes the tests available to the user for turn-up applications. PING is an application that allows the test device to generate a specific type of packet that the far end will recognize and respond with a similar packet. There are three types of traffic available for 10/100bT testing depending on the options purchased for the test set. Layer 3 IP Traffic Layer 3 IP Traffic is used when dealing with routed Ethernet services. or VLAN tagging. Routed Ethernet services have a router in the circuit path.

NOTE: You must have a hard loop at the far end of the circuit or a hard loop on the GBIC to get any results. Make sure the link initiations settings match the setting on the element Ethernet port you are testing against: STEP 3 Select the SETUP button and select the TRAFFIC button. – RAMP allows the user to define a traffic profile that will start at 0% and gradually increase until errors are detected. 2G Fibre Channel – Application: Physical layer BER for network or GBIC stress test – Limitations: Will not work on networks requiring any basic frame formatting (start of frame or FCS).FST-2802 Commonly Used TERM Tests We will focus on the most common tests performed by the FST-2802– Layer 1 BERT testing. The error screen will show that all counts are at zero. You need a hard loop at the far end of the circuit for this test to work. or VLAN tags (layer 2. STEP 1 Place the test set into the Ethernet interface mode you wish to test to (see FST-2802 TERM choices). This will allow the user to choose the type of traffic to generate. STEP 1 Place the test set into an interface mode that supports BERT (see above) STEP 2 Select the SETUP button on the top right side of the screen and select the PATTERN button from that list. and layer 3 IP packet generation. RAMP and CONST (constant) will be the two most commonly used. 1G Fibre channel. From the main screen of the test pad place one of the results windows in SUMMARY and the other in ERROR (select by pressing down on the areas in the red boxes below). STEP 3 Depress the Laser button and the traffic button. – Limitations: Works on all types of networks requiring no addressing. – CONST (constant) allows the user to send traffic at a specific rate in either Mb/s or as a percent of the link maximum bandwidth. . MAC (layer 2) addressing. The buttons will be grey when off and yellow when turned on: STEP 4 Begin analyzing the results. and Layer 2 Ethernet and fibre channel frame generation. Choose one of the available patterns to test against and select OK. This is useful in determining the provisioned line rate of the circuit. Although there are three choices. STEP 2 Select the SETUP button in the top right side of the screen and select the LINK INIT button.5). 6 TRAFFIC GENERATON – Ethernet Frames – Interfaces: 10/100 Ethernet or 1G Ethernet – Application: Traffic generation emulates customer’s traffic and provides proof network can carry customer traffic without error at the bandwidth purchased by the customer. Does not work on networks requiring IP (see next section for circuits requiring IP addressing). BERT Testing – Interfaces: 1G Ethernet. A green summary screen will indicate that no errors are present. NOTE: Check the FST-2802 manual for details on each individual BER pattern and its benefits.

Set this if using P1. If no errors are detected. For example. The LOAD STEP is the amount the test set will increase each of the steps. STEP 6 The final step is the analysis of the traffic being generated. If the circuit requires VLAN tagging. Either type of frame will work with most elements. The will almost always be set to UNICAST. set up the LP profile.3 frame type. NOTE: MAKE SURE YOU UNDERSTAND THE ADDRESSING REQUIREMENTS OF THE CIRCUIT PRIOR TO SETTING UP THIS SCREEN. go back to the SETUP button and select the TX PROFILE button: The TX PROFILE screen offers the user the ability to set up the type of frames that will generated. Check with the element vendor to see if this setting is relevant. The TIME STEP is the time the test set will generate traffic at a specific bandwidth. P2. This will continue until an error (defined in the STOP LOAD INCREMENT section of the screen) is detected.3). P2. or P3). STEP 4 After setting up the TRAFFIC. – The TX PAYLOAD should be set to ACTERNA. Head to head tests can use P1. – VLAN TAG is required for those circuits requiring an VLAN tag. if the TIME STEP is set to 5 and the LOAD STEP is set to 1. including the addressing. change the VLAN TAG setting to TAGGED and set up the appropriate VLAN ID and USER PRIORITY. The LP profile is used when performing a loop test. all addressing will be reversed (if needed). gray means off. You will need an FST-2802 at the far end of the circuit to get results locally. This will put the far end FST-2802 into loop back and all traffic sent locally will be received at the far end. If you are testing 10/100bT Ethernet. When the traffic or laser button is yellow it is on. – DA TYPE is the type of frame that the test set will use. or P3. NOTE: If you are running a RAMP test or plan on looping the far end test set. The USER PRIORITY field may not be required even though the VLAN ID is required. The user will then see results: Set the left results column to SUMMARY and the right results column to L2 LINK STATS (red boxes above). however some element cards may require either the DIX or the 802. and the traffic will be sent back. This allows the test set to detect lost frames and determine round trip delay.RAMP requires the setting of the TIME STEP and the LOAD STEP. 7 . you will only need to enable the traffic generation. the test set will generate traffic at 1% and increment it in 5 seconds. the test set will auto detect the far end MAC address – FRAME is the type of the frame (DIX or 802. – The TX PROFILE section on the top left of the screen allows the user to set up three different profiles that the test set will remember (P1. – DEST ADDRESS is the layer 2 (MAC) address of the far end test set. STEP 5 If you are testing a Gigabit Ethernet circuit you will need to enable the laser and begin traffic generation. The destination address of the far end test set can be found under the MAC ID tab on the far end test set. – FRAME LENGTH is the length of the overall frame. Most elements will not pass Ethernet frames larger than 1518 (NON VLAN TAG) / 1522 (VLAN TAG) or smaller than 64 bytes. If using the LP profile. Smaller frames are more stressful than longer frames. The easiest way to begin testing is to turn off the traffic on both the local and far end test set(do NOT turn off the laser). or P3 AND the circuit requires an accurate Layer 2 address. On the local FST-2802 press the LOOP UP button (next to LASER ON – see above). the test set will then increase the traffic rate to 2%. P2.

– RAMP allows the user to define a traffic profile that will start at 0% and gradually increase until errors are detected. This will allow the user to choose the type of traffic to generate. This will continue until an error (defined in the STOP LOAD INCREMENT section of the screen) is detected. It is critical that the line rate of the test set matches the line rate of the card the test set is connected to. Check with the element vendor to see if the card type or the card settings require flow control. If the circuit requires buffer credits. Although there are three choices. STEP 1 Place the test set into the Fibre Channel interface mode (1GIG or 2GIG) you wish to test to (see FST-2802 TERM choices). The TIME STEP is the time the test set will generate traffic at a specific bandwidth. STEP 2 Select the SETUP button in the top right side of the screen and select the FLOW CONTROL button Some circuits require flow control buffer credit transfers prior to the port being activated.TRAFFIC GENERATION Fibre Channel Frames – Interfaces: 1G Fibre Channel or 2G Fibre Channel – Application: Traffic generation emulates customer’s traffic and provides proof network can carry customer trafficwithout error atthe bandwidth purchased bythe customer. STEP 4 After setting up the TRAFFIC. if the TIME STEP is set to 5 and the LOAD STEP is set to 1. including the addressing. RAMP requires the setting of the TIME STEP and the LOAD STEP. the test set will generate traffic at 1% and increment it in 5 seconds. – Limitations: Works on all types of networks requiring no addressing or fibre channel ID (layer 2) addressing. enable the flow control and set the port type to IMPLICIT or EXPLICIT. 8 – CONST (constant) allows the user to send traffic at a specific rate in either Mb/s or as a percent of the link maximum bandwidth. For example. RAMP and CONST (constant) will be the two most commonly used. This is useful in determining the provisioned line rate of the circuit. NOTE: MAKE SURE YOU UNDERSTAND THE ADDRESSING REQUIREMENTS OF THE CIRCUIT PRIOR TO SETTING UP THIS SCREEN. the test set will then increase the traffic rate to 2%. . go back to the SETUP button and select the TX PROFILE button: The TX PROFILE screen offers the user the ability to set up the type of frames that will generated. The LOAD STEP is the amount the test set will increase each of the steps. STEP 3 Select the SETUP button and select the TRAFFIC button. If no errors are detected.

STEP 6 The final step is the analysis of the traffic being generated. STEP 5 You will need to enable the laser and begin traffic generation. – CONST (constant) allows the user to send traffic at a specific rate in either Mb/s or as a percent of the link maximum bandwidth. For Layer 3 RAMP tests make sure that here is no other traffic on the link (Spanning Tree. etc) are all parts of a fibre channel frame. 9 . NOTE: If you are running a RAMP test or plan on looping the far end test set. the RAMP and CONST (constant) will be the two most commonly used. When the traffic or laser button is yellow it is on. DESTINATION. – FRAME LENGTH is the length of the overall frame. The user will then see results: TRAFFIC GENERATION LAYER 3 IP Use this setup for routed IP Ethernet circuits. Make sure the link initiation settings match the setting on the element Ethernet port you are testing against: STEP 3 Select the SETUP button and select the TRAFFIC button. This will allow the user to choose the type of traffic to generate. STEP 2 Select the SETUP button in the top right side of the screen and select the LINK INIT button. and the traffic will be sent back. STEP 1 Place the FST-2802 into TERM – 10/100 Ethernet – Layer 3 IP or TERM – 1G Ethernet – Layer 3 IP. Head to head tests can use P1. You will need an FST-2802 at the far end of the circuit to get results locally. P2. This is useful in determining the provisioned line rate of the circuit. On the local FST-2802 press the LOOP UP button (next to LASER ON – see above). Cisco Discovery Protocol. This allows the test set to detect lost frames and determine round trip delay. The fibre channel circuit that may or may not need these portions of the fibre channel frame to be defined. – RAMP allows the user to define a traffic profile that will start at 0% and gradually increase until errors are detected. gray means off.– The TX PROFILE section on the top left of the screen allows the user to set up three different profiles that the test set will remember (P1. – The TX PAYLOAD should be set to ACTERNA. Set the left results column to SUMMARY and the right results column to L2 LINK STATS (red boxes above). set up the LP profile. Smaller frames are more stressful than longer frames. The LP profile is used when performing a loop test. Most elements will not pass fibre channel frames larger than 2140 or smaller than 28 bytes. etc). or P3. Make sure you understand what the element and fibre channel card require and set those portions of the frame that are appropriate. or P3). This will put the far end FST-2802 into loop back and all traffic sent locally will be received at the far end. Other traffic may affect the results of the RAMP test. The easiest way to begin testing is to turn off the traffic on both the local and far end test set (do NOT turn off the laser). – The ID settings (SEQUENCE. Although there are three choices. all addressing will be reversed (if needed). P2.

If the circuit requires VLAN tagging. set up the LP profile. The LOAD STEP is the amount the test set will increase each of the steps. This allows the test set to detect lost frames and determine round trip delay. – OBTAIN IP / USE IP BELOW – For circuits that will provide an IP address automatically use the OBTAIN AUTOMATICALLY (DHCP). the test set will then increase the traffic rate to 2%. the test set will generate traffic at 1% and increment it in 5 seconds. For example. change the VLAN TAG setting to TAGGED and set up the appropriate VLAN ID and USER PRIORITY. or P3. including the addressing. and DEFAULT GATEWAY. SUBNET MASK. NOTE: MAKE SURE YOU UNDERSTAND THE ADDRESSING REQUIREMENTS OF THE CIRCUIT PRIOR TO SETTING UP THIS SCREEN. – FRAME is the type of the frame (DIX or 802. Type of service (TOS) and differentiated services code point (DSCP) will need to be set if those values are provisioned in the element and card you are testing against. NOTE: If you are running a RAMP test or plan on looping the far end test set. P2. Head to head tests can use P1. if the TIME STEP is set to 5 and the LOAD STEP is set to 1. If the customer will have to provide a specific IP address for the service.RAMP requires the setting of the TIME STEP and the LOAD STEP. Either type of frame will work with most elements. If you are manually entering in an IP address you will need to manually enter in a DNS address 10 STEP 5 After setting up the IP CONFIG.3). Set this value to the far end FST-2802 source IP address (see IP CONFIG in step above). The USER PRIORITY field may not be required even though the VLAN ID is required. – The TX PAYLOAD should be set to ACTERNA. This will continue until an error (defined in the STOP LOAD INCREMENT section of the screen) is detected. If the circuit is providing an IP address (DHCP) it will most likely provide a DNS address. or P3). Check with the element vendor to see if this setting is relevant. If no errors are detected. – VLAN TAG is required for those circuits requiring an VLAN tag. – The DEST IP is REQUIRED to generate traffic on a routed IP network. go back to the SETUP button and select the IP CONFIG button: The IP CONFIG screen offers the user the ability to set up the IP address of the packets to be generated. STEP 4 After setting up the TRAFFIC. The TIME STEP is the time the test set will generate traffic at a specific bandwidth. P2. The LP profile is used when performing a loop test.3 frame type. NOTE: MAKE SURE YOU UNDERSTAND THE ADDRESSING REQUIREMENTS OF THE CIRCUIT PRIOR TO SETTING UP THIS SCREEN. – OBTAIN DNS / USE DNS BELOW – The circuit may require the use of a domain name server (DNS) in order to operate. – The TX PROFILE section on the top left of the screen allows the user to set up three different profiles that the test set will remember (P1. use the USE IP BELOW setting and enter in the IP ADDRESS. . – TOS / DSCP are priority values within the IP packet. however some element cards may require either the DIX or the 802. go back to the SETUP button and select the TX PROFILE button: The TX PROFILE screen offers the user the ability to set up the type of packets that will generated.

This will bring up the screen allowing the overall traffic setup: For RFC2544 testing: – TX PROFILE – Set this to LP – TX PAYLOAD – Set this to ACTERNA – DA TYPE – Set this to UNICAST – DA ADDRESS – This is grayed out – test set will detect it – FRAME – Check the element and card to see the frame type the card will accept. The user will then see results: Set the left results column to SUMMARY and the right results column to IP LINK STATS. turn the VLAN TAG setting to NONTAGGED – FRAME LENGTH – This setting is not used by RFC2544. and frame loss characteristics of a circuit in an automated test. NOTE: You MUST have a far end loop for the RFC2544 test to work. The RFC2544 test offers the benefit of identifying circuit throughput. all addressing will be reversed (if needed). STEP 6 You will need to enable the laser and begin traffic generation. 100bT. When the traffic or laser button is yellow it is on. latency. gray means off. by its nature. The easiest way to begin testing is to turn off the traffic on both the local and far end test set (do NOT turn off the laser). Make sure that AUTO NEGOTIATION and FLOW CONTROL are set to match the element and card you are testing against. This will put the far end FST-2802 into loop back and all traffic sent locally will be received at the far end. After the link is up. For GIGE circuits. The link will be available for 10/100bT (green LED on right side of test set) after the link initiation has been properly set. If no VLAN ID is required. – VLAN TAG – If the circuit requires a VLAN ID. and Gigabit Ethernet is the RFC2544 test. the user will have to set the link initiation and enable the LASER to make the link available. You will need an FST-2802 at the far end of the circuit to get results locally. This can provide incorrect or inconsistent test results. STEP 7 The final step is the analysis of the traffic being generated. The maximum / minimum packet sizes will depend on the type of Ethernet frame used. This field determines the number of routers the packet is allowed to go through before the packet is discarded. Smaller frames are more stressful than longer frames. set it here. 11 . For both 10/100bT and GIGE you will need to get the link up and running by setting the LINK INIT portion of the SETUP button.3 setting first. NOTE: It is HIGLY recommended that flow control be disabled in the element and card prior to performing an RFC2544 test. – The TTL field will usually be left at 64. Appendix A RFC2544 Test Settings Point to Point or Switched Ethernet Circuits A commonly accepted turn-up test for 10bT. On the local FST-2802 press the LOOP UP button (next to LASER ON – see above). go back to the SETUP button and select the TX PROFILE button. masks the actual throughput by buffering the Ethernet frames. and the traffic will be sent back. We recommend that another FST-2802 be placed at the far end. Frame sizes will be set later in this section. STEP 1 – Setup Test Set for Traffic Generation The first step to setting up the RFC2544 test is getting the link up and defining any frame addressing. Flow control. If in doubt try the 802.– PACKET LENGTH is the length of the overall frame. We have a table in the user manual that provides detailed information on this.

Many Ethernet circuits will be purchases at a rate that is less than the interface rate (e. You may select an existing test and chose MODIFY instead of NEW. STEP 4 – Naming Test Name the RFC2544 test. If this is the first time using the RFC2544 test. – Latency Test – This test will determine the round trip delay for the circuit. and frame loss measurements using a range of frame sizes. and 1518 byte frames. Latency. the following window will be shown: Select the NEW button to move forward. This name will appear in the test configuration screen for future reference. The user can select as little as one frame or as many as all of the frames listed. the RFC2544 button will be available: Select the RFC2544 test – the FST-2802 will load the test. This test will determine what the circuit is provisioned for. STEP 5 – Direction Screen This screen gives basic instructions on how to navigate through the RFC2544 set up. STEP 7 – Test Options This step allows the user to select the individual results that the RFC2544 test will calculate. If lost frames are detected the test will continue to reduce the speed of traffic until it identifies that rate which zero frames are lost. We do not recommend this test for circuit turn-up. . – Throughput Test – This test will determine the maximum rate of the circuit without errors. 512. The one way latency can be approximated by dividing this result by 2.g. 12 STEP 6 – Frame Sizes The RFC2544 test makes the throughput. 128. and Back to Back Frames tests. STEP 3 – RFC2544 Test Configuration The RFC2544 test configuration screen will come up. NOTE: There may be other test set ups that have been saved in the SELECT TEST CONFIGURATION window. There are 4 options – Throughput. – Back to Back Frames Test – This test will determine the number of frames the local Ethernet card can buffer. 600meg out of 1 GIG interface). back to back frames will not give relevant results. latency. – Frame Loss Rate Test – This test will determine the frame loss at the rate determined by the throughput test. This test is designed more for manufacturers than for circuit turn-up.STEP 2 – Loading Application On the top of the screen when terminating a 10/100 Ethernet – Layer 2 TRAFFIC or 1GIG Ethernet – Layer 2 TRAFFIC. Frame Loss. The test set will generate frames at full line rate and see how many get dropped. NOTE: It is recommended that the user minimally pick the 64. NOTE: If flow control is turned on.

latency. the test set will perform a detailed frame loss analysis for a specified period of time for each frame size. It is recommended that you do not run the back to back frames test on the circuit STEP 14 – Results At the completion of the RFC2544 test the user will be prompted to save the test results. NOTE: If you have turned the back to back frames test on in step 6. the RFC test will begin running. It is recommended that this time be set to 20 seconds. We recommend that this be set to 20 seconds.txt file and can be open using any word processing program. you will have to set up this test prior to the RFC test run.STEP 8 – Maximum Bandwidth This screen allows the user to pre set the maximum bandwidth for the throughput. STEP 12 – Frame Loss Granularity The frame loss granularity is the level of detail the frame loss test will use to identify the bandwidth with zero frame loss. the time of the overall test can be reduced. STEP 13 – Test Run Upon completion of this last step. leave this value at 100%. STEP 9 – Throughput Time The test set will run the throughput test for the each frame size defined in the frame sizes screen for a specific amount of time before declaring a valid maximum throughput rate. We recommend that the user use a more descriptive naming scheme relevant to the service (e. and frame loss test. NOTE: If the provisioned rate is not known. “ACME INC RACK1 – PORT13”) 13 . By setting this value close to and slightly above the provisioned rate. These results are saved in the form of a . We recommend that this be set to 1% so that the bandwidth of zero frame loss will be determined to the nearest percent. The files are initially stored on the Z: drive of the test set under the FST2802 directory. The test set will save the file using a time / date stamp as the file name. STEP 11 – Frame Loss Time As with throughput and latency tests. STEP 10 – Latency Time The test set will run the latency test the each frame size defined in the frame sizes screen for the amount of time defined by this set up parameter at the rate determined by the throughput test.g. We recommend that this time be set for 20 seconds.

latency. leave as is (all zeros). STEP 1 – Setup Test Set for Traffic Generation The first step to setting up the RFC2544 test is getting the link up and defining any frame addressing.3 setting first. Frame sizes will be set later in this section. set the appropriate TOS / DSCP value. For both 10/100bT and GIGE you will need to get the link up and running by setting the LINK INIT portion of the SETUP button. and frame loss characteristics of a circuit in an automated test. an FST-2802 MUST be the far end loop device. by its nature. If not required. The RFC2544 test offers the benefit of identifying circuit throughput. Make sure that AUTO NEGOTIATION and FLOW CONTROL are set to match the element and card you are testing against. turn the VLAN TAG setting to NONTAGGED – PACKET LENGTH – This setting is not used by RFC2544. set it here. – TOS / DSCP – If this is required by the element and card. MAKE SURE YOU UNDERSTAND THE ADDRESSING REQUIREMENTS OF THE CIRCUIT PRIOR TO SETTING UP THIS SCREEN. the RFC2544 button will be available: Select the RFC2544 test – the FST-2802 will load the test. If no VLAN ID is required. the following window will be shown: Select the NEW button to move forward. If this is the first time using the RFC2544 test. The link will be available for 10/100bT (green LED on right side of test set) after the link initiation has been properly set. the user will have to set the link initiation and enable the LASER to make the link available. For GIGE circuits. ∑TTL – Leave at 64 STEP 2 – Loading Application On the top of the screen when terminating a 10/100 Ethernet – Layer 2 TRAFFIC or 1GIG Ethernet – Layer 2 TRAFFIC. The final portion of the traffic generation set up for router Ethernet circuits is the TX Profile settings. If in doubt try the 802.Set this to LP – TX PAYLOAD: Set this to ACTERNA – DEST IP: Set this to the IP address of the far end FST-2802 – FRAME – Check the element and card to see the frame type the card will accept. For routed Ethernet circuits. For RFC2544 testing: – TX PROFILE . Select the SETUP button and choose the TX PROFILE button. NOTE: It is HIGLY recommended that flow control be disabled in the element and card prior to performing an RFC2544 test. This can provide incorrect or inconsistent test results. Flow control. You may select an existing test and chose MODIFY instead of NEW. masks the actual throughput by buffering the Ethernet frames. 100bT. and Gigabit Ethernet is the RFC2544 test.Appendix B RFC2544 Tests for Routed Ethernet Circuits A commonly accepted turn-up test for 10bT. The test set must have a valid IP address prior to generating any traffic. NOTE: You MUST have a far end loop for the RFC2544 test to work. 14 . – VLAN TAG – If the circuit requires a VLAN ID. NOTE: There may be other test set ups that have been saved in the SELECT TEST CONFIGURATION window. Select the SETUP button and choose the IP CONFIG button. STEP 3 – RFC2544 Test Configuration The RFC2544 test configuration screen will come up.

leave this value at 100%. latency. This name will appear in the test configuration screen for future reference. NOTE: If the provisioned rate is not known. Latency. This test will determine what the circuit is provisioned for. NOTE: It is recommended that the user minimally pick the 40. STEP 6 – Packet Sizes The RFC2544 test makes the throughput. and Back to Back Frames tests. If lost frames are detected the test will continue to reduce the speed of traffic until it identifies that rate which zero frames are lost. 64. STEP 8 – Maximum Bandwidth This screen allows the user to pre set the maximum bandwidth for the throughput. 512. – Back to Back Frames Test – This test will determine the number of frames the local Ethernet card can buffer. STEP 7 – Test Options This step allows the user to select the individual results that the RFC2544 test will calculate.STEP 4 – Naming Test Name the RFC2544 test. The user can select as little as one frame or as many as all of the frames listed. – Throughput Test – This test will determine the maximum rate of the circuit without errors. and frame loss measurements using a range of frame sizes. 15 . STEP 9 – Throughput Time The test set will run the throughput test for the each frame size defined in the frame sizes screen for a specific amount of time before declaring a valid maximum throughput rate. Many Ethernet circuits will be purchases at a rate that is less than the interface rate (e. The one way latency can be approximated by dividing this result by 2. the time of the overall test can be reduced. and 1500 byte frames. Frame Loss. latency. There are 4 options – Throughput. and frame loss test. – Frame Loss Rate Test – This test will determine the frame loss at the rate determined by the throughput test. The test set will generate frames at full line rate and see how many get dropped. By setting this value close to and slightly above the provisioned rate. – Latency Test – This test will determine the round trip delay for the circuit. 600meg out of 1 GIG interface). STEP 5 – Direction Screen This screen gives basic instructions on how to navigate through the RFC2544 set up. This test is designed more for manufacturers than for circuit turn-up. We do not recommend this test for circuit turn-up. We recommend that this time be set for 20 seconds.g.

We recommend that this be set to 1% so that the bandwidth of zero frame loss will be determine to the nearest percent. STEP 11 – Frame Loss Time As with throughput and latency tests. the RFCtestwillbegin running. NOTE: If you have turned the back to back frames test on in step 6. It is recommended that this time be set to 20 seconds. We recommend that the user use a more descriptive naming scheme relevant to the service (e.txt file and can be open using any word processing program. It is recommended that you do not run the back to back frames test on the circuit STEP 14 – Results At the completion of the RFC2544 test the user will be prompted to save the test results. The test set will save the file using a time / date stamp as the file name. 16 STEP 13 – Test Run Upon completion ofthislaststep.STEP 10 – Latency Time The test set will run the latency test the each frame size defined in the frame sizes screen for the amount of time defined by this set up parameter at the rate determined by the throughput test. These results are saved in the form of a . We recommend that this be set to 20 seconds. STEP 12 – Frame Loss Granularity The frame loss granularity is the level of detail the frame loss test will use to identify the bandwidth with zero frame loss. you will have to set up this test prior to the RFC test run. “ACME INC RACK1 – PORT13”) .g. the test set will perform a detailed frame loss analysis for a specified period of time for each frame size. The files are initially stored on the Z: drive of the test set under the FST2802 directory.

there is no test set to loop. Make sure BOTH test sets have their traffic generation button off. If they are not lighted. test set will assume no link is present and there is nothing to loop – check cabling (see above) LOOP UP / LOOP DOWN Error – There must be an FST-2802 at far end. If errors are received a fiber issue could be present.Appendix C FST-2802 Test Set Troubleshooting SYNC and LINK ACTIVE LEDs Not Lit – Cabling Error – check to make sure you are connected to the correct port AND you are using the appropriate cable (crossover or straight) SYNC & ACTIVE LINK Not Lit or LEDs are Flashing On / Off – LINK INIT settings are not correct – Test set(s) does not have the same LINK INIT setting as the local Ethernet/Fibre Channel port under test LOOP UP / DOWN Not Available – Confirm that SYNC and LINK ACTIVE LEDs are lit. – You cannot loop a test set that is generating traffic. Confirm that the far end FST-2802 is looped – at Test Start – LLB button should be yellow.3 or DIX or both should work. ∑ SYNC and LINK Active – No Traffic Being Passes Between Test Sets – Check addressing requirements for Ethernet and Fibre Channel circuits – Check Flow Control settings for Fibre Channel – The frame type must be one that the element and card can pass for Ethernet circuits – confirm that 802. If you have a hard loop at the far end. 17 . Still Not Working! – One way to determine if the FST-2802 is broken or if there is a setup/circuit issue is to connect two FST-2802s together and run a mock test outside of the network (back to back). RAMP Traffic Generation Failure – RAMP requires far end loop. NOTE: A crossover cable must be used between the two test sets for SYNC and LINK ACTIVE to appear.

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