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Mark Wilson R.

Diwa
AR1

Basketball

• History:

In early December 1891, Dr. James Naismith, a Canadian-born physical


education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian
Association Training School (YMCA) (today,Springfield College) in Springfield,
Massachusetts, USA, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day
sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper
levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas
as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the
basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot (3.05 m) elevated track. In
contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, and
balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored; this proved
inefficient, however, so the bottom of the basket was removed, allowing the balls
to be poked out with a long dowel each time. The peach baskets were used until
1906 when they were finally replaced by metal hoops with backboards. A further
change was soon made, so the ball merely passed through

• Objectives:

The primary objective of the game is to score more points against the
enemy by shooting the ball into the hoop.
Volleyball

• History:

On February 9, 1895, in Holyoke, Massachusetts (USA), William G. Morgan,


a YMCA physical education director, created a new game called Mintonette as a
pastime to be played preferably indoors and by any number of players. The
game took some of its characteristics from tennis and handball. Another indoor
sport, basketball, was catching on in the area, having been invented just ten
miles (sixteen kilometers) away in the city of Springfield, Massachusetts, only
four years before. Mintonette was designed to be an indoor sport less rough than
basketball for older members of the YMCA, while still requiring a bit of athletic
effort.

The first rules, written down by William G Morgan, called for a net 6 ft 6 in
(1.98 m) high, a 25×50 ft (7.6×15.2 m) court, and any number of players. A
match was composed of nine innings with three serves for each team in each
inning, and no limit to the number of ball contacts for each team before sending
the ball to the opponents’ court.

• Objectives:

1. Enhance their leg and arm strength and flexibility as a result of regular
participation in daily volleyball drills and activities
2. Successfully demonstrate the fundamental skills of the forearm pass, overhead
pass, and serve.
3. Exhibit a conceptual understanding of the block and spike.
4. Exhibit an understanding of offensive and defensive tactics and concepts through
participation in class games.
5. Relate Newton’s Laws of Inertia and force; and the concept of trajectory to the
game of volleyball.
6. Demonstrate knowledge of rules, terminology and history of volleyball.