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1 THE PARTIES
2 2. Google is a Delaware corporation with its principal place of business in Mountain

3 View, California.

4 3. Google’s mission is to organize the world’s information and make it universally

5 accessible and useful. While Google offers dozens of products in service of that goal, its most

6 recognizable offering is an Internet search engine located at www.google.com (and more than a

7 hundred other country-specific Internet domains).

8 4. Anyone with access to the Internet can search Google’s index for free by

9 inputting a search query into a field provided on Google’s home page. Google’s search engine

10 then locates websites or other data on the Internet that it believes relate to the query, and presents

11 a list of such sites and information as “search results.”

12 5. Google’s proprietary technology analyzes tens of billions of pages on the Internet

13 when determining which pages should be displayed in response to a user query.

14 6. Google alleges on information and belief that BDR is a limited liability company

15 organized and existing under the laws of the State of Florida with its principal place of business

16 in Destin, Florida. Google further alleges on information and belief that BDR is a music record

17 label that claims to own, or be the exclusive licensee of, copyrights in the Works in Suit.

18 JURISDICTION AND VENUE


19 7. This Court has subject-matter jurisdiction over this action pursuant to 28 U.S.C.

20 §§ 1331 and 1338(a) because this action arises under the United States Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C.

21 § 101 et seq.

22 8. Venue is proper in this district pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1391(b) and/or 1400(a)

23 because, inter alia, a substantial part of the events giving rise to the claim occurred here, and, on

24 information and belief, BDR resides here for purposes of the venue statutes since it is subject to

25 personal jurisdiction in this district.

26 INTRADISCTRICT ASSIGNMENT
27 9. This action arises under the Copyright Act, and, therefore, according to Civil

28 Local Rule 3-2(c) and General Order No. 44, it may be assigned on a district-wide basis.

COMPLAINT BY GOOGLE INC. -2-


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1 FACTUAL BACKGROUND
2 10. By a complaint filed on or about December 7, 2009 in the United States District

3 Court for the Northern District of Florida, BDR accused Google, Microsoft Corporation

4 (“Microsoft”) and Rapidshare AG (“Rapidshare”) of infringing the Works in Suit. BDR filed an

5 Amended Complaint on December 11, 2009. A true and correct copy of the Amended

6 Complaint is attached hereto as Exhibit B.

7 11. The Amended Complaint brought claims for relief against Google for vicarious

8 infringement, contributory infringement and inducement infringement.

9 12. BDR subsequently alerted Google that it intended to voluntarily dismiss its action

10 without prejudice. When seeking Google’s consent to its motion to dismiss, BDR’s attorneys

11 represented to Google’s attorneys on March 17, 2010 that “[t]o be fully disclosing, we are

12 representing to you that we will re-file” the case.

13 13. On March 24, 2010 BRD filed a motion to voluntarily dismiss its case against

14 Google without prejudice.

15 14. On March 30, 2010, the district court granted BDR’s motion to dismiss its action

16 against Google without prejudice.

17 15. On April 15, 2010, Google’s attorney contacted BDR’s attorney and asked if

18 BDR still intended to re-file its case against Google. BDR’s attorney reiterated BDR’s belief

19 that it had valid copyright claims against Google, that BDR was considering its option on

20 whether it would seek relief against Google, but did not provide a definitive answer regarding

21 whether or when BDR intended to re-file. BDR refused to grant Google a release concerning the

22 infringement allegations contained in the Amended Complaint.

23 16. On April 23, having heard nothing further from BDR, Google apprised BDR’s

24 attorney that unless BDR agreed to release its claims against Google, Google was going to seek

25 declaratory relief concerning those claims. BDR did not respond.

26 17. Based on BDR’s lawsuit against Google, its dismissal of that lawsuit without

27 prejudice, and its subsequent refusal to disavow its legal claims, there is (1) a substantial

28 controversy, between parties having adverse legal interests, of sufficient immediacy and reality

COMPLAINT BY GOOGLE INC. -3-


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1 to warrant the issuance of a declaratory judgment, and (2) an actual or imminent injury caused by

2 BDR that can be redressed by judicial relief. Thus, there is an actual justiciable controversy
3 between the parties.

4 FIRST CLAIM FOR RELIEF


5 (Declaratory Judgment of No Contributory Infringement)

6 18. Google incorporates by reference paragraphs 1-17 as if fully set forth herein.

7 19. Google has not engaged in contributory infringement of any of the Works in Suit

8 by providing in its search index the links referenced in BDR’s Amended Complaint.

9 20. There is an actual and present controversy between Google and BDR concerning

10 Google’s alleged contributory infringement of the Works in Suit. Google seeks a judicial

11 determination and declaration of the rights and duties of the parties concerning BDR’s

12 allegations of contributory infringement against Google.

13 SECOND CLAIM FOR RELIEF


14 (Declaratory Judgment of No Vicarious Infringement)

15 21. Google incorporates by reference paragraphs 1-17 as if fully set forth herein.

16 22. Google has not engaged in vicarious infringement of any of the Works in Suit by

17 providing in its search index the links referenced in BDR’s Amended Complaint.

18 23. There is an actual and present controversy between Google and BDR concerning

19 Google’s alleged vicarious infringement of the Works in Suit. Google seeks a judicial

20 determination and declaration of the rights and duties of the parties concerning BDR’s

21 allegations of vicarious infringement against Google.

22 THIRD CLAIM FOR RELIEF


23 (Declaratory Judgment of No Inducement of Infringement)

24 24. Google incorporates by reference paragraphs 1-17 as if fully set forth herein.

25 25. Google has not engaged in inducement infringement of any of the Works in Suit

26 by providing in its search index the links referenced in BDR’s Amended Complaint.

27 26. There is an actual and present controversy between Google and BDR concerning

28 Google’s alleged inducement infringement of the Works in Suit. Google seeks a judicial

COMPLAINT BY GOOGLE INC. -4-


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1 determination and declaration of the rights and duties of the parties concerning BDR’s

2 allegations of inducement infringement against Google.


3

4 FOURTH CLAIM FOR RELIEF


5 (Applicability of the DMCA Safe Harbor)

6 27. Google incorporates by reference paragraphs 1-26 as if fully set forth herein.

7 28. Google is a service provider as defined by 17 U.S.C. § 512(k)(1)(B).

8 29. Google accommodates and does not interfere with any standard technical

9 measures as defined by 17 U.S.C. § 512(i)(1)(B).

10 30. BDR’s claims to seek to hold Google liable “for infringement of copyright by

11 reason of the provider referring or linking users to an online location containing infringing

12 material or infringing activity, by using information location tools, including a directory, index,

13 reference, pointer, or hypertext link” pursuant to 17 U.S.C. § 512(d).

14 31. Google responded expeditiously to BDR’s DMCA-compliant notifications of

15 claimed infringement by removing, or disabling access to, links leading to webpages allegedly

16 containing material infringing BDR’s copyrights.

17 32. BDR’s copyright claims against Google are barred to the extent that they seek any

18 monetary relief or equitable relief in excess of 17 U.S.C. § 512(j) because Google is protected by

19 the DMCA safe harbor of 17 U.S.C. § 512(d).

20 33. There is an actual and present controversy between Google and BDR concerning

21 Google’s entitlement to the protection of 17 U.S.C. § 512(d) with respect to BDR’s infringement

22 claims involving the Works in Suit. Google seeks a judicial determination and declaration of the

23 rights and duties of the parties concerning its entitlement DMCA safe harbor protection.

24 PRAYER FOR RELIEF


25 WHEREFORE, Google prays for a judgment against BDR that:

26 1. Declares that Google has not engaged in contributory infringement of the Works

27 in Suit;

28

COMPLAINT BY GOOGLE INC. -5-


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EXHIBIT A
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EXHIBIT B
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