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# SMG

SMG

## GOLDEN GUIDE FOR NFPA CODE

Hint: These guides help you to know how you can get the information from NFPA by simple
way but, you must study the code if you want to be a professional engineer.

NFPA 14
Standard for the Installation of Standpipe, Private Hydrant, and Hose
Systems
Pressure Limitation .
See: NFPA 14 CH5) 5-2 pressure limitation.
The maximum pressure at any point in the system at any time shall not exceed 350 psi (24.1
bar).

## Locations of Hose Connections.

See: NFPA 14 CH5) 5-3 Locations of Hose Connections.
Class I Systems:
* At each intermediate landing between floor levels in every required exit stairway
*On each side of the wall adjacent to the exit openings of horizontal exits.
*At the entrance to each exit passageway or exit corridor, and at exterior public entrances to
the mall.
*Travel distance =46 m (with throw ) general design at 35 m
Class II Systems:
At all portions of each floor level of the building
*Travel distance =36 m (with throw ) general design at 30 m
Class III Systems: combined of class I and class II.

## Minimum Sizes for Standpipes.

See: NFPA 14 CH5) 5-6 Minimum Sizes for Standpipes.
*Class I and Class III standpipes shall be at least 4 in. (102 mm) in size.
*Standpipes that are part of a combined system shall be at least 6 in. (152 mm) in size
Exception: In fully sprinkler buildings having a combined standpipe system that is hydraulically
calculated, the minimum standpipe size is 4 in. (102 mm).

## Minimum Pressure for System Design and Sizing of Pipe.

See: NFPA 14 CH5) 5-7 Minimum Pressure for System design
The minimum residual pressure of 100 psi (6.9 bar) at the outlet 21/2-in. (63.5-mm) hose
connection and 65 psi (4.5 bar) at the outlet of 11/2-in. (38.1-mm) hose station.
Exception: Where the authority having jurisdiction permits pressures lower than 100 psi (6.9 bar)
for 21/2-in. (63.5-mm) hose connections, based on suppression tactics, the pressure shall be
permitted to be reduced to not less than 65 psi (4.5 bar).

## 5-9 Minimum Flow Rates.

See: NFPA 14 CH5) 5-9 Minimum flow rates.
Class I and Class III systems:
* The minimum flow rate for the hydraulically most remote standpipe shall be 500 gpm (1893
L/min).
* The minimum flow rate for additional standpipes shall be 250 gpm (946 L/min) per
standpipe, with the total not to exceed 1250 gpm (4731 L/min).
Exception: The flow rate required for the standpipe demand of a combined system in a building
protected throughout by an automatic sprinkler system shall not be required to exceed 1000 gpm
(3785 L/min) unless required by the authority having jurisdiction.
Class II Systems
* For Class II systems, the minimum flow rate for the hydraulically most remote standpipe
shall be 100 gpm (379 L/min).