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v.

^^^

Ex Ubris
;

C. K.

OGDEN
..

THE LIBRARY
OF
THE UNIVERSITY
OF CALIFORNIA
LOS ANGELES

i^l^^.

^^ Jk^ ^ A

^.uJu,:

^Ying

,Wd ,Fan Wan'

Ts'ut,

Iu\

TONIC DICTIOxA^AllY

CHINESE LANGUAGE
IN

THE CANTON DIALECT.

^y

7feM

7f.//.am..

PRINTED AT THE OFFICE OP THE CHINESE REPOSITORY

PREFATE.

l/'/'iL

W^7
THj*-H&ictionary contains only a portion of

the characters in the

all

Chinese language, but they are those in general use, and such as
occur most frequently in books and ordinary writings. The total

number of characters

in

Kanghl's Dictionary

down

is set

at

about

44,400, of which nearly 15,000 are either duplicate or obsolete forms,

while of the remaining 30,000, fully two-thirds are names of places


or persons, or old, unusual

words seldom met with

in the course of

one's reading.

All these characters are included in the Dictiona-

ries of both Drs.

Morrison and Medhurst, but

in

those of De Guignes,

Gon^alves, and Gallery, a selection of the

common

been made, to the number of from 11,000

to

That

this last

number includes

characters has

13,000 in each wock.

that are really necessary

all

is

partly

proved by the usefulness of the work of Gon^alves, and especially


that of

De

Guignes, which has been in the hands of students for

more than two score

years, and

by Klaproth's Appendix to

it,

in

of study, he added only a few hundred characters

which,

after years

to the

main work.

It

is

evident, therefore, that

dictionaries like those of Morrison and Medhurst,

when we have
containing the

meanings and forms of all the characters, there is less need of


repeating the same in other works; as the unusual ones are so rarely

met

with, and the student will always have Kanghi's Dictionary

hand

if

no

other.

There

is,

at

indeed, always a chance of meeting

with an unusual character, as the name of a person or place, in


any book one

may

take up

and

for these the fullest dictionary is

the most satisfactory.

This work contains 7850 characters, including a few common


Its plan is stated on page xxxiii

abbreviations and duplicate forms.

it will be found to work


work itself has been performed, and
whether it is any advance on what has been already done, will be
With the books already published,
decided by those who use it.

of the Introduction, and

it is

How

the

well in practice.

hoped that

PREFACE.

VI

it

form

will

complete apparatus

a tolerably

though not

dialect,

all

that

is

Vocabulary of the Canton Dialect, 3 Parts.

The

Beginner's First Book in Chinese.

Chinese Chrestomathy

By R.

are

five, viz.

Morrison. 1897.

(Canton Vernacular). 1847.

By

Canton Dialect.

in the

Canton

for learning tJie

These works

wanted.

E. C. Bridginan.

1841.

Easy Lessons

W.

in

Chinese, specially adapted to the Canton Dialect.

By

S.

Williams, 1842.

Vocabulary with Colloquial Phrases of the Canton Dialect.

By

S.

W.

Bonney, 1854.

The

first

two

are out of print

the next two contain also

some

directions and exercises for learning the general language, the sounds

alone being in this dialect.

Chinese lexicographers have done much to elucidate

we may regard

language, and

Kanghi

called

Tsz' Tien

J^

the
(5E

their own
common dictionary of Kanghi,
-qp ^L, which has been in use

throughout the empire for nearly 150 years, as one of the best

The

dictionaries ever published by Asiatics.

list

of works of this

class given by Gallery proves the vast labor spent in this direction

by Chinese scholars through a long series of generations.


respect to satisfying the requirements

Chinese dictionary

be found

will

of a foreign

sufficient.

The

Yet, in

student,

uses

no

of a cha-

racter as a verb, a noun, a particle, or an adjective, are usually not

given at

make

all,

chiefly because

these distinctions

Chinese grammarians do not habitually

and the definitions are made by quoting

other words as synonyms, and not by explaining the usages of the

one under examination.

For instance, take the word

portant one in Chinese literature.

low (or tread

in);

whatever

men do

Kanghi says

it

^lui

nj^, an im-

means, "

in serving the

gods

To

happiness; to put in form, to obtain (or show) the form of an act.

surname."

None

of the metaphorical

fol-

to obtain

and derivative senses are

given, which, as will be seen by reference to the character, hav.T

now become

important and common.

be carefully collected

These generally have

yet to

from good authors, and their application

illustrated.

The

difficulties in

from three causes.

making

a complete Anglo-Chinese lexicon result

Firat, the vast extent of the literature, running

vn

PREFACE.

through many ages, naturally involve changes in the use of words

by so many authors of different degrees of

The same word

learning.

denote different shades of meaning, and


out these meanings.
for

as

Second,

it

is

it is

and

intellect, genius,

used

has been

by these authors to

a great labor to trace

not easy to find exact equivalents

Even

European languages.

Chinese words

in

^^, ^^, 1^,

f|ft, the differences are numerous, and require

in concrete things,

explanation before calling them a book, a pencil, a shoe, or a ship;

how much more

unlike must they be

when mental,

religious, or

poetical terms are to be explained by words from languages so dissimilar as English and Chinese.

The

Chinese, like other nations,

necessarily describe their mental and abstract thoughts by words

derived from sensible objects, and the scope and application of such

words are familiar

to

them, but not so to the foreigner, whose mind

What

has been trained differently.

adds to this difficulty

is

the

vague and erroneous ideas the Chinese have respecting many things,

which embarrasses one who


words of his own language.

tries to define

them by

required in a wearisome climate before a foreigner


fitted for

making

a dictionary,

one has yet

sat

down

more precise

is

even partially

has also proved a serious hindrance

to the preparation of a complete lexicon in the

No

the

Third, the years of study which are

to the

ments, and willing to spend his

Chinese language.

work unfettered by other engagelife in making a full dictionary of

this language.

This volume will assist in learning to speak the Canton dialect,


and as the meanings of the characters are the same, any one can
use it in translating. It is as suitable for learning the Court dialect
as Morrison's

those
it to

who

is for

learning the Canton or Ti^chiu dialects

are unable to procure the larger works,

enable them to read Chinese books.

It

may

and

find aid in

has been prepared

with care, by consulting previous works and a large collection of


phrases written out by competent natives, and the meanings synthetically made up from the examples in which they occur.
The
space did not permit a large portion of these phrases to be explained

as fully as

would have been desirable

Technical u^es of words

in law,

to understand their application.

medicine, astrology, poetry, and

su ch science as the Chinese possess, have not been very extensively

PREFACE.

till

collected

hitherto; this

work probably contains a few more thart


It is no
a little more definitely.
to know that li^ is the name of a fish, or

any other, and perhaps expressed


assistance to a foreigner

tying the

name of a bird, or ihang the name of a mountain, though


may convey to a Chinese as definite an idea as the words

these words

carp, eagle, or Alps, do to an Englishman.

only an approximation can yet be

made

Yet

to defining

in

most cases

hundreds of such

words.

With

these remarks this Dictionary

nese, and especially to those

who

is

offered to students in Chi-

work

are engaged in the excellent

of enlightening this people in true religion and science.


freewill offering to the cause of missions in China.

It is

The sheets were

necessarily struck off as fast as they were written, and a printingoffice

was carried on

them

with.

The

at the

same time

to obtain the funds to print

proof sheets were kindly looked over by Rev. John

B. French, to whose careful examination of the tones and sound;*

the work owes


aspirates,

much

of

its

accuracy.

few errors in the tones,

and sounds of the words have unavoidably crept

of which have already been noticed, but


necessary to

make

out a

full list

it

of errata.
s.

Canton, August

1st,

in,

l8oU.

'J^K-^ai^rss^-

some

has not been thought

w. w.

INTRODUCTION.

The Canton

I.

The

Chinese language spoken most accurately

in

Canton, and hence usually called the Canton Dialect,

is

dialect of the

the citv of

DrALECx.

understood throughout the districts in the western half of the pro-

Though

vince of Kwangtung, with only unimportant exceptions.


variations from the speech of the citizens of

Canton

each other, heard in these districts are numerous,


characteristics of the dialect in

preserved, and the people find


other.

The

itself

the

and from

the general

still

idiom and pronunciation, are

its

talking with each

little difficulty in

people from the district of Sinhwui ^Xc

'^ lying

south-

westerly from Canton, exhibit the most remarkable peculiarities


in pronunciation,

and

it

is

a puzzle to the scholars in the city

how they should have originated. The Canton dialect differs


much from that spoken at the extreme east of the province,
the~

department of Chauchau ^fl

am and

joining prefectures of Kiaying chau and

in

Hwuichau

from the

in

most parts of the adfu,

that their

inhabitants are not intelligible to citizens of the capital.


dialect, usually called the Tiechiu

so

local

This

sound of jgH wj

and the Canton, constitute the speech of probably six sevenths of


the nineteen millions reckoned as the population of the whole province;

still

this estimate is based

on no very

The

the difficulty of actual examination.

kd approaches very near

to the

reliable data,

known

patois

owing

to

as the kdk-

Canton, and people from Kwangsf

are easily understood in this city.

Both the Canton and Tiechiu

dialects differ so materially in idiom and pronunciation from

general language of China, called the

mandarin

dialect, that those

stand them

honn kim

speaking only the

and when they come

to

Canton as

latter

the
=" court or

do not under-

officers,

are always

obliged to employ interpreters to explain to them the depositions


made in their courts by the couimumi people.
B

INTRODUCTION.

The

variations between the court and

Canton

dialects,

the

in

pronunciation of the great body of characters, are so regular as to

enable one to guess with a tolerable degree of certainty, what their

sounds are

the other, the

in

more

The

case in some of the Fuhkien patois.


all

occur

finals are

Court

here given

Canton

iueh

iuen
vi
ini

ik
ieh
ioh or oh

who

at

into
into
into
into
into
into
into
into

&ng

ui ;
hi;
i/c,

a< or Ip;

or

{<

Canton.

as chiiu^ liAu
as sidng^ nidng
as kin, chin,
as liueh, ckuek,
as kwang, pang
as hiucn, kiuen,
as kwui
as kidi, hidi
as kik, pih, chih
as sich, lick
as kioh,hiok, Ioh

ong ;
tin

The most common

Conrt

au and iau into iu;


iiing
into 6ung
in and un into an and un;

The

in the initials, as is the

unusual changes nearly

characters having the fourth tone.

in

changes in the

iji

0^

into chiu, liu.


into s6ung, n6ung.
into kan, chun.
into lilt, chlit.
into kwong, pong.
into Attn, fctlin.
into f&i.
into kdi, hai.
into kik, pat, chip.
into sit. lip.
into kok, hok, tok.

frequency of the abrupt consonontal terminations k,p, and

Canton

in the

so because the variations are

and not so numerous

chiefly in the finals,

t,

immediately strike a northerner from KiSngsu,

dialect,

has been used to hear


,

all

terminations soft and flowing

but

the people from those provinces are said to learn this dialect sooner

than

from

those

Amoy

and Fuhchau, whose nasal sounds

greater changes in the initials, are

Unlike what exists

in the

more

difficult to

and

accord with

province of Fuhkien, here there

is

it.

not so

great a difference between the language as spoken and read, as to

require almost the acquisition of a double medium.

The
in

variations between the Tiechiu and

changes

which

are

in

unknown,

mw

or very

or/ are

the initials sk
Iw, or

both initials and

in the

most common

finals,

uncommon

Canton

dialects consist

each having some sounds


in the other.

For instance,

not found in the Ti^chii'i, or the

Canton

the oblique sound of u in turn

finals in the former,

and one of the rarest

initiaLs
is

6,

one of

in the latter

there are no nasal sounds in the Canton, and no words ending with

the finals iang,

These

idle,

differences are

both of which are

among

common

the nvost noticeable

in the Ti^chiw.

between the two

leading dialects of this province, but the variations as one goes from

Chauchau

fu

westward

village exhibiting

some

to

Canton

city, are

numberless, nearly every

peculiarities in the sounds of a few words.

INTRODUCTIOV.

XI

The standard of pronunciation for the Canton dialect is a small


duodecimo handbook, sometimes issued! separately, but more frequently combined with a letter-writer and forms of invitation, cards

funeral eulogies, &-c., so that one


called

^*

Kong-u

p1

Fan-wan

ch'ik-tuk,

-^

may

help to

ts'ut-iu

sell

hdp tsap VJl

is

mere

Vffl

It is

f^ )i^

Letters for Travelers and a Collection of

The

Important Characters divided by their Tones.

work

the other.

preface of the

bookseller's recommendation, and gives

no hints upon

the motives or principles which guided the compilers in arranging


the characters.

It is as follows

" Books giving the sounds of characters, and forms for


writers, are
largest of

among

common works

the most

them are so cumbrous and bulky

refer to, while the smaller kinds are too

in

letter-

bookstores; but the

as to be troublesome to

condensed

to be satisfactory

Consequently, neither of them are well suited for

for reference.

Wu

convenient use.

Hioh-pii of Yii-shSn, and

Wu-k'i have, however,

jointly

Wan

K'i-shih of

arranged a collection of words by

their tones, and an assortment of letters for the

use of traders in

which are both comprehensive and brief, giving the


The two works assist each other; and as
kernel of the matter.
they are not too large to carry about with one, they are also full and
easy of reference for as it would be ine.xpedient to require the purtheir travels,

chaser to get two bulky books at a high price, they are

bined into a single neat

'

bottom of the page; so that

if

one

is

in

ing of a character, he can readily look

sounds; and

if

volume

know

he does not

troublesome to gather

it

now com-

sleeve gem,' and arranged on the top and

doubt respecting the meanit

up among the classes of

the exact sound,

from the reading.

will help the other, like a carriage

it

will

not be

Thus one part of the


and a boat when one is

traveling by land and water, both having their appropriate uses and
position.

Those who

these remarks.

"

Summer

are learned will appreciate the propriety of

prefatory note.

of 178-2."

This pocket dictionary


sold for twenty-five cents;

pages, or on the average

is
it

usually

bound

in four thin volumes,

and

contains 7327 characters, and only 175

4'v to

each page, which plainly shows how

IVTRODCCTION.

XI

meagre are the


used

Amoy

at

definitions.

In comparison with the local vocabularies

and Fuhchau,

it

is

very imperfect, and proves the

ignorance of the compilers of what was wanted for a local dictionary, or leads

one to infer that they did not know how to prepare a

There

good one.

is

no table of

for he who uses it, strangely enough,


know already the sound of the character he is in
The unwritten sounds or colloquial words used by the

the proper sound of a character


is

and finals as in those vocacombining which one can get

initials

bularies, nor any list of syllables, by


;

supposed to

search

of.

people of Canton are nearly


defects in

it,

and renders

it

all

omitted, which

far less useful to

learning the dialect than those just spoken

why

so

Wan

little

notice

is

of.

is

one of the greatest

who

the foreigner

One

is

reason, probably,

taken of these colloquial words in the Fan

them in their writing, as


no one would degrade his composition by inserting them. This
rejection has had the result of keeping the greater part of them
unwritten, and the compilers of the Fan Wan, knowing no authorized characters by which to express them, nor having any tabular
system of initials and finals in which to insert them so that the
is

the disregard the Cantonese pay to

student could find them, have omitted them.

In fact, except in these

two ways, a Chinese actually has no possible means to express


a sound, and the latter mode is so clumsy and unsatisfactory that it
would probably be understood by few natives who use the book.

The
sounds

adoption of proper characters to denote these unwritten


is

a troublesome, matter for a native writer, and

it is

not sur-

However, they are occasionally


written, but not all on the same principles. Sometimes a well-known
character of the same tone is selected to express the sound and its
prising that he avoids their use.

evidently utter inaptitude in the connection to express any sense

depended upon

to intimate that

This expedient

is

in letters,

when

they do not know, or cannot

the character hau

known

>yell

tone.

0^

remember

mouth, or yan

y^

man,

the proper
is to prefix

at the side

of some

character of the same sound, but jiot always of the same

The words

do not

is

Another device to indicate colloquial words

characters.

is

used for a colloquial word.


frequently employed by partly educated persons
it

tsoP -j^ a cargo;

tsoi '^^ pshaw

and 7^

cM

'/o

|^

remiss, &c., are examples

ji^, furniture; ^mai

INTRODUCTION.

Xlll

Sometimes, again, a character which comes nearest in


tone is taken to represent the needed sound, and the knowledge of
the reader is expected to inform him that it is employed in a vulgar
of this

sort.

The words

sense.

a lady, are

atiw

^^

examples of

milk

Jan

^^

a bazaar

and mdi

-ffl^

Again, characters having

this practice.

nearly the same meaning as the colloquial word, but of an entirely


different sound, are adopted, so that even if the reader does not

the vulgar sound he will


the words Jiung

ijf-lt

tion.

Lastly, entirely

lat ffi to detach,

as to the sense.

used for <.nung, to scorch, to scowl

Jung; are instances of

in other parts of

China, as neither their sound or meaning

be known elsewhere.

Besides these, there are a few colloquial

words, a.s^iig, kwit,Jik, ap, &,c.,

for

which no characters can be

found, and which cannot therefore be written at

The

know

Thus,

this mode of adaptanew characters are made for some of them as


pang j^ a knock, which of course have no cur-

!J|

will

to roast,

a hole, used for

Jiung

rency

make no mistake

all.

best course to adopt respecting the colloquial

words found

been a matter of considerable perplexity in the


preparation of this Dictionary.
There being so many modes to
in this dialect, has

express them,
racter,

The

it

was concluded

which seemed

to follow

that plan

to be the best understood

student must not however place

for

among

each cha-

the people.

much dependence on many

of

the characters employed to denote these unwritten sounds, for they


are not uniformly represented, and other persons would perhaps

choose different characters.

The

are usually distinguished from the


that

no trouble

will, it is

colloquial

meanings of a word

more authorized

definitions,

hoped, be found on this score to those

so

who

use the dictionary in other parts of China, where the colloquial

is

entirely different.

The

characters are classed in the

Fan

Wan

under thirty-three

whose sounds are represented by standard and vi^ell known


characters, as given in the annexed Table, all of them in the four
upper tones, except the two last finals. The characters in the second

finals,

half have been selected from the body of the

book

to illustrate the

lower tones, and to aid the scholar in discriminating the two series.
There, are however actually fifty-three fi)ials in the dialect, if we
include the terminations in the fotjrth tone.

in

^2

'a_i'vcjO

1
3

si s

..

T;.

5;p.

i?

cr

II

j*>

^^

1 1

rg

IP

d?

CO

-s

^ ^

v-^

;t'

bO
ins

**

OS

1 1 ,.,i

vF

bO

"^

v'

ho

iiiiiiiij

m:

^-{^^^S!

i-s

"S*

i:

CO

:^'jgMSC<^Sa#^Sf^SSH^^

*}g^iS^^i^a*it-frqSiH5ai^

05

d.
.

!7i-!mJS.3a.^^^l+i*l^il^#SS,!!S
--(NM'tU5Ct^aD050-(??COTi<u5

"0

h
^a

-hi

?,

a.

-g

bfi

bO

j:^

:p

CO

1 -^
.a

"

-5

-V,

r-

bD ^

13

j<

j3

bp x3
o -^

:5

bo

ffl

I
a

.2

'^r^

.-

a K
;;^

,8

^S

-H
j!

w J-

bO v3

j4

ho
OQ

N
OQ
Tl<

09

i
e

bo

.-

CO
(N

.;=

bO

3-5

^
S

3
:S

bfl

-^

WM^m^ k3
^Sf^,^^^i^ll^^^g:^^3<tSRa
i^^sJ+H ^M ^mi*mm-^% m^-H
M

:gs

^%^M^u^{^mm^^^s<!^mm
6

-<*CO-^.'5t^QDCiO'-<?*CO'^OCO

4-^

a.

/v

a.

>5

,*^

,s

CI.

/C

j;

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v

--

bD

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CO

a
'1

c
s

]3

o
be
S

'bo

'bJD

bfl

3
^o

c
bo

]3

J^

e
o

/O

e
o

bt

J(3

3
E

"_3

o
be
c

c
i2

bn

e
bB

^,ai

-^

bt

5f<Q

^^#S'Me

>.

nr>

C5
(N

a.

Cl

C
(M

(W
CM

^
a

to
(?<

<?<

J^
Oi

Cf)

Ci

c^

c^<

cc

w
/c

3
03

i2

J4

CI
CC

s
>

"3
<<*

'o

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/o

Im
-5

1
s
ca

e
3
X

"3

3
3
to

^
03

(^

N4,

vrt

-id

u^

!^^
^^CV*^^^ftM?S:m-i^{Ei:g^ ^l-4n
X

o>

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->
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tr?

J~

5;

->

w
00

INTRODUCTION.

XVI

The

variations heard in the pronunciation of words under these

thirty-three finals, though rather perplexing,

number of words

portion to the whole

bear only a small pro-

The most

in the language.

usual discrepancies heard under each order are here given, but
impossible, and would be useless, to exhibit every

alteration

it is

from

what the Fan Wan represents as the proper sound. On the whole
that manual may be regarded as a fair exhibition of the general proOther modes of spelling the same sounds, adopted by
nunciation.
Dr. Morrison, Mr. Devan and Mr. Bonney, in their vocabularies of
this dialect,

and by others who haVe tried


under each number.

to write

them, are given

in parenthesis
1.

Sin,

commencing

with a vowel, as in

g,

in

Wai,

(Seen,

Words under

like buy, nigh.

it

J^,

a nasal or aspirate, as ngin, hin, ngit.


2.

Several of the words

like seen, seat, peat, mean.

sit,

5^,

are heard with

leet.)

this final occasionally

into the longer sound of a2 in the 14th order, especially


like ktoai
3.

and

(Lei,

sTiai.

Ki, \\keme,jlee.

m,fy.)

few words beginning with

frequently heard like the 20th

p*

pronounced

having no
4.

Chit,

this order

like

final,

as ki

pi

1^

k,

"JH.

and/", are

fi ^fe, ki

k6, pi,fi, or ke; but this is the exception.

initial, as

ZZ.1*JPP are often heard ngi.

sue, or the first part of the

beginning with

h,

hui, lui, nui, tsui, like the

run

in those

I,

n,

and

ts,

22d order,

word

(Tee,

Others

she, ki.)

Words

choose.

in

are often heard sliding into

as ^=^, "(2, -tT,

^^, fe

those under the other initials are less frequently mispronounced.

(Kuy,
5.

sue, nu, loy, u.)

Words in this order like au y^, p]^,


often seem to a beginner to lengthen the vowels

Sau, like now, cow, how.

having no

initial,

into du, like the 18th order, as also

andjp'aw, ^1j but a

little

do those

like

chau HJ' hau

practice will discriminate them.

f^

(T'soio,

show, hdio.)
6.

Tung,

tuk, like the Irishism

toong, took, that

it is

written tung,

tiik

it

sung, hung, tongue.


noticing.

wroong

for icrung,

and so nearly

doubtful whether this final ought not to be

must never be sounded like the English words


There are no variants in this final worth

(Soong, yak, tbk.)

INTROBUCTION.
7.

XV1<

Ying, yih, like singi ling, giiicki icing. So

change the

this order

been made of them

final into

eng and

many words under


has

ek, that a separate list

Table of Sounds, but the proportion is small; all the common words are noticed in the body of the
At Macao and thereabouts, a large proportion change
Dictionary.
in the general

the final into ting and ak of the loth order, as

BR

ifm

JSl,

mang, nang, pang, &c., by which the people from


Iliiingshan district are recognized at Canton. (Leng, pacng, te-ang,

into hang, kang,

saung.)
8.

Pan, pat, likeyM,

son, shun, tun,

won, never like man, fan,

Variants in the yap shiiig, passing into the long sound at

hat, cat.

of the 25th order, are occasionally heard, but a more frequent change
into pin, pit, or pen, pet,

is

which

is

Sinhwui and Kauyiu southwest of Canton.

districts of

peculiar to the people of the

(Pun, kdn,

fut, yet, chat.)


9.

Cheung, chiuk,

like

the combined sounds in say 'em

no English word with this diphthong.

is

The

(Chaong, cheong, lay-ung, yok, naung,

final are rare.

there

variations in this^
tsay-tik.)

Kong, kok, like long, song, wrong, hawk, baulk; never like
There is no difficulty in recognizing all words under
sock, lock.
this final, even when as is occasionally the case, they are heard like
(Pawng, kaiok, I6k, w6ng, hoak, tsoang.)
l()ng.
The compilers of the
11. Ku, Id, as coo, cuckoo, lo, hoe, fiow.
Fan Wan seem to have been unable to distinguish the characters
under this final into the two terminations of u and 6, and have
combined them apparently because in the court dialect most of
them ended in u. Those beginning with /, m, sh, and s slide from
10.

sv, shv, into Id, md, shd, so,

mv,

hi,

12.

This
for

but under other

initials there is

(Lo, low, ku,fod.)


Ckiu, like new, few, both vowels being plainly sounded.

no trouble

in distinguishing

final is

niu

them.

now and then heard

like iu, as

and also sliding into the 4th as

QS

^u for

hii for hiii.

iti ;

ySS n^u

(Kcw,

chin,

tfi-ur, tin.)

13.

under

(in, vt, like

this

changed
lit,

in

final

une, sute.)

the u in ruin, June, jute, dilute.

are unimportant, and those are

few words to

i,

The variations

where the vowel

as 'H^ nen for nun.

is

(Hcuet, shun,

INTRODUCTION.

XVin

Kdi,

14.

2(1 final,

like aye,

aisle,

never shortened into nigh,Jli/,V\\ie the

though that frequently

is

prolonged into

and the student should pay particular attention


he

confound them.

will constantly

Tang, tak,

15.

like tongue, sung,

heard like the 32d

them

final, as

of the work.
16. Sz'

like a hiss.

^ hang

^^ shdng for shang

changed into

shi,

si), szi),

schi,

hard to recognize them.

17.

this

for

hang, d|/

body

in the

(Pung, hang, tuk, mak, hek, shdng, ydk.)


tsz\ like no words in the English language, but much
The people of Canton itself pronounce these two words

very clearly, but in the villages around and south of

it is

or

to lengthen the vowel are

pak, &c.; many of these, variations are noticed

for

at first,

hung, muck, luck, never like

which from the constant tendency

final,

to

nie, ti, kdi, kye.)

There are many words placed under

hang, bang, jack, sack.

pdk

(Pai,

The Chinese
much accuracy,

this.

discriminate between the diphthongs ai and di with

Kam,

tsii, tsi,

(Szc, sz, sse,

kap, like hum, some,

rap, nor came, lame, nape, rape.

conic,

it,

so that in

ch'i,

they are

many

cases

ss', tse.)

sup, tup, never like ham,

few words properly referred to

vowel into kdm, kdp, like the 24th, and others


changed into short e, askem, nem. (Ynm, shup, lam shdp.)
Kdu, like how very much prolonged the difference between

this final lengthen the

also are
18.

There
a.
no variations in pronunciation worth noticing in this final.
(Pow, kaou, chaow.)
The oi in some of the words
19. 7*04, like boy, noise, loiter.

this,

and the 5th

final is

merely in the longer sound of the

are

referred to this final, inclines to ui of the 22d, as


nui, tui, for

loi,

noi,

tdi,

but a

under

Kim,

kip, like cream, seem, team,

this final

21.

Tsun,

sheep, reap.

are very uniform, and there

racter worth noticing as a variant.


tsut,

like

the u

in

lui,

(Toy, suy.)

them; most of the words are uniformly sounded.


20.

^ m\ ^

care will easily discriminate

little

( Kccm,

is

The

word.s

no particular cha-

leep.)

put, nuisance, the sound

lying

between the vowel sounds in fun and fool, in the 8th and 27th
orders; the 8th, 21st and 27th finals pan, tsun, kini, are kept very
distinct by the

Chinese, and must not be confounded.

easy to distinguish the u in this order

some have endeavored

to do, for if the

from the u

It is

not

in tung, tuk,

as

word isuw be slowly prolong-

INTROrXTTlOX.
ed into fsung,

will be seen the difference is in the quantity rather

it

(Tsun,

than in the quality of the vowel.

soot.)

22. Sui, a combination of u in the preceding order with

no

similar sound in English.

ing with

Words under

or n, easily run into this, and

s, /

as tsui, yui, tui,

aI.so

the 4th final

there

some of those placed

run into the 28th order.

The

is

commenc-

Chinese,

here,

who

are

not fettered or guided by any alphabetic sounds, often discriminate

homophonous words

these nearly
soy, shoo-e.)

23. Fo, like law, saw,

taic,

not

as in the 10th and 30th orders.

(Waw,

that are worth noticing.

Kdm,

24.

The

we

do.

(Suy, mooy,

lo,

no, two

This

final

the o as in long, sawn,

undergoes no changes,

hd, late, ho.)

hip, like calm, psalm, not like ham, jamb, rap, map.

characters under this final

changes

better than

-^

are comparatively few,

and the

(Lakm, kam, tarm, chaap,

in their^ronunciation very slight.

hap.)
25. Fan, fat, like Jahn, father, not like fan, fat, man, mat.
In the district of Shunteh, some characters in this order take a
singular change to tn, as

canc^, and so of others.


26.

Ka,

like

mflr,

r^ hen (like mane), *^ p^n, ga


(Wan, pann,fat.)

kin (like

pa, a syliabk that can hardly be mispronounced;

there are no variations in the characters found

under

it.

(Ka,faJif

taa.)

27.

Kun,

kut, like loon, coot, moot, noon, presents

the sounds of the few characters found under

it

no changes

in

worth noticing.

(Poon,foet.)
28.
in the

Fui is a well defined diphthong, like buoy, broader than sui


22d order, and having only one initial in common with that

the consonant has

(Tsoy,

luji,

much

influence on

the quantity of the vowel.

kooy, nui, oo-e.)

29. Ch^, like may, lay, they, yea;

it

has few aberrations, and

most of those are mispronunciations from the 3d order, under


(Yay,ya,se-ay.)
initials.
30.

Kon,

hot,

like

lawn, brawn, fought, sought

few

there are very

few characters under this final, and in the mouths of many persons
some of them, as on and ngon are heard like ong and ngong. (Iloan,
kon, 6n, kot )

XX

IJ^TRODUCTIOV..

Kdm,

31.

hop

torn,

kdp, Vike home, comb, hope, not like some, come, sup, or

there

is

rotunda observable

a peculiar ora

nunciation of the few words referred to this order.

h6m, hap,
crack.

is

hop, h6p.)

have been placed under

this that they should properly

a constant

tendency of the short vowels

33. 'Ng, 'M, are sounds heard in


sation, but such as are

better form of writing

No

of initials

list

three in

them than

is

there

;2

7 K'ing

^^

12

Nam

|1{

8 Kwai

13 Nga

M, 9 Kw'a
1^10 Lam

Fan

,1| 16

14 Pd

^
^
^S
^

15 P'o

diversities in the initials are so

finals, that

more

rapid converis

perhaps a

(Im, 'm, ing,

Wan

there are twenty-

All

Sam

17 Shing

18

Ta

H
H

22

W4

tJ" 23 Ying

19 T'oi

"^

20 Tsing

>^

much

21 Ts'ai

^
^

fewer than those in the

they are soon described, though for their nuniber they


trouble, perhaps, than the others.

words having no

initial

consonant, are very liable to have

or to have the vowel altered.


Hidngsh'm, Macao, and Sin-ngan, change many words
way, so thlat if one does not see the character, he will look

n^

or an A prefixed to them,

The people
it

in

hng and hm

it.

Ma

5 Hoi

in this

INITIALS.

given in the

il

4 Fung

a nasal

THE

3 Chut

1.

languages,

that here adopted.

H^ 6Kfn

2 Chi

for

which are here represented by the following characters.


one is a miite, and used when the final only is pronounced,

first

Au

give

it

lengthen into the broader

all,

having no consonant before

The

all

seldom written

LIST OF

to

(Hiik, lang, chak.)

ones.

The

the pro-

kup, kdm,

P'dng, pdk, sounded with a broad a, and not like ban/^, hang,
Many words under the 15th final are so uniformly sounded

32.

Mke

in

(Kum,

in

under h or ng.

The initials ch and ts are constantly confounded, and some


persons are absbJutely unable to detect the diff(prence, more frequent2, 20.

ly calling

the words u^der

ts

as ch,

than contrariwise.

All

cha-

racters with the sounds

and

tsz'

The people

4.

initial

10,

into h or

in

some words, and

The two

and

initials /

them, and even n


mo

Id -oj/ for

are frequently so interchanged

in,

it

or u.

much puzzled to distinguish,


lam pa for nam; man jm for
of such words

not very,

is

and while the few who speak thus cannot discriminate the

great,
inital

is

The number

&-c.

others

in

it

altered too: as

is
;

retain

than before

o,

the mouths of some people, that one

cA'f.

along the coast and south of Canton often alter the

changes sooner before a or

Idn

are liable to be heard chi and

ts'z'

with a stronger breathing than those properly read chi and

ch^i,

consonant before some vowels, they never interchange

thenij

before others.

The

16, 17.

initial

sk

is called s

of Hiingshdn, Sinning and


extent; skui ^jC, shu

being heard sui,

The

dialects.

those districts.
into

sii,

-gg^, shiik

sh

initial

West

is

in the districts

obtains to a very great

this

-^ ^^>&c. &c.,
Ti^chiu and Amoy.

^^, shdng shing

sang sing,

suk, and

sii,

along the coast

Siiing.'in,

as in the

complete shibboleth to the people

of Canton,

many

are found

who change

and a large part of the words beginning with

of.

sz'

are changed

into sh, just the opposite of the usage at Macao.

These

five classes

of changes are the most frequent,

and with,

may perhaps discourage the beginner whether he


speech which varies so much in its pronunciation..

those in the finals

be able to learn a

The
is

proportion the variants bear to the whole body of characters

not so great, however, as he might conclude, and when once as-

certained

it

will not

be

difficult to follow

SYSTEM OF ORTHOGRAPHY USED

The

them

who has them

individual will ever be found

IN

besides which,

no

all.

THIS DICTIONARY.

system of writing the sounds of the Chinese characters

adopted in this Dictionary

is

nearly

like

that proposed by Sir

Jones, and already used to some extent in China.


in the following table
1.

2.

a a%

father

W.

exhibited

as in quota, variable
\n

It is

fan, lam, tang, kat.


ldn,kdm,chdng, pat, kdp,hd.

as in men, dead, said

3.

4.

^ as in they, neigh,

say

;
;

che.ng, heng.

che, m^, sh^, ts^ung.

;;

iNTROnirxroN.

jiiil
I

"5.

-.

7^^inpin,fifu\<h;
i

7.

o as

u as
u as

9.

10.

law

in long, lord,

'6 as in so, hoe,

o.

yiitff,

ds ni machine, feel, ere

6.

crow

nd, kdm, hbp.

tsun, sut, tung, yuk.

in school, fool, rule

ku,fvn, put.

French jewnc,

ii

as in

12.

it

as in turn

I'unc.

sut,

hu,

ai as in while, high, fly, hushai


di as in aisU, aye;

14.

16.

au as
du as

15.

now, round, plough

iii

kai, sai.

fax, mai.

mau,

^M as in Capernaum, say 'em


iu as

19.

oi as in boy, toil;

heung, leuk.

pew, chew;

liu, siti.
oi, tsoi.

20.

Iff

nearly as in Lo7tis, peculiar;

21.

/'J

as in cooing,

22.

sz'

This

is

di be

chewing;

sui, lui.

mui,fui.

unknown in European
pronouncing the word dizzy, the two letters

an imperfect vowel sound,

languages

if in

changed

'm or hm,

sau.

17.

'\n

iit.

tit.

pronounced longer chdu, kdu.

in howl,

18.

2!3.

kim.

ko, sung, Icon, kok, hot.

in hull, pressing into rule;

11.

1'3,

hik.

hi, sin,

to

s,

this

spoken with

is

sound

a closed

will

be made.

month,

like a voluntary half

cough.
24. 'ng

is

sound,

a nasal

made by stopping

the nose

when

they

uniformly

it is

spoken.

The

consonants need no illustration,

pronounced as

in

English

ch, as in church
a.&

f,

as in hai'c

k,

as in kiiig

p,
;

kw, as in quality
I,

as iu lame

m,

as in

maim

n,

as in

nun

The
found

ng, as in sing

in Jife;

A,

above comprise

in the

as

Canton

all

are

as in pa/>

s,

as in sea, yes

sh,

as in shut, chaise

t,

as in title

ts,

as in ratsbane, ivits

w,

as in

y,

as in

wing
yard

the vowels, diphthongs

dialect.

;
;

and consonants,

In addition the Court Dialect con-

tains a few more, and as the pronunciation of each character in the

INTRODUCTION.

Fan

Wan

is

given in that dialect under

For the sounds given


aries

much

as

they are here added.

it,

characters in this dialect, the diction-

to the

ofDeGuignes, Morrison,

agree throughout
as

XXlll

Medhurst, nearly

Goftcalves, and

and though what

is

termed the kioan hwa

any of the local dialects, when

it is

differs

heard in different

still
This
there is a general resemblance.
more strictly that whicfe is knowrj among the Chinese as
the Nan hwa or Southern dialect, in contrad'istinction to the Peh
hied or Northern dialect^ the cities of Nanking and Peking respec-

parts of the country,

system

tively

is

being regarded as the standard's of autliority 6f the two.

The

additional finals and initials found in the Gourt Dialect alone are the

following:
ei,

nearly as in weigh, but vefy open, both vowels being heard.

both vowels plainly heard.

id, as in i/ard, piastre,

idh, like the last, but


idi, a

ending abruptly.

triphthong, each letter of Vvhich

idtig, like idh,

except

the' final

ng

is

heard.

bbth are pronounced broad.

idu, it, ieh, ien, ih, in, ioh, iuek, iucn, iuh, iun, and iung, are
to

be sounded distinctly, the

to be plairtly eriunciated

all

before the

other letters.
oh, is an abrupt ending, like knock,

ueh, uen, and uh, are

all

to

ing in h, are in the jih shing,

many

biit

to say that this tone does not

By combining
initials, there

all

it is

the fifty-three finals with

Roman

many

possible combinations, as

not occuring in the dialect.

show the paucity of

The

foi.

table of

frequtently

piige \iv,

all

shot,

sun, wiii, &-c.,

the sounds here given

though

among

The

list

it

in the table,

of finals in the

arranged according to the table from the Fan

and not alphabetically.

does not

the people, which

run into other sounds occurring

snd do not often exhibit new sounds.


is

Ion,

different vocables,

probably include all the variations heard

column

which could be

however only 707 different

syllables given in this Dictionary,

however most

the twenty-three

all

in the dialect

letters; there are

kwbm, tnng, hH,put, kwiung, fdm,


will

All words end-

generally so soft as to lead

occur in the court dialect.

would be 1229 sounds

represented by

though not so decided.

be sounded distinctly.

first

Wan

on

TABLE OF SOUNDS

xxiV

Au

Finals

Ch'ut

Chi

Fa

Kin

Hoi

K'ing

Kwai

IN

Kw'

Sin

in

ch'H

ch'in

Sit

it

chit

ch'it

Wai

ai

Ki

chai
chi

qha

Sail
'I*img

au

Tlult

chU
chau

Kong
Kek
at

Cheung

k'it

kicit

fai

hai
hi

k'ai

kw

n
fau

ch'nng
ch'uk

fttk

ching

ch'ing
ch'ik

ch'an

Kong
Kok
Kii

ch'ouk
ch'ong

ku

k'U

hau

kau
kung
kuk

k'au

huk
hing

fik

fan

fong|
fok

k'ung
k<;uk

king

k'ing

k wing

kik

k'ik

kwik

heng

kens

han'

kan

k'ek
k'an

kwan

hat

kat

k'at

kwat

heung

kf-iin|

hong
hok

k6uk
kong
kok

k'eung
k'euk
k'ong kwong kw'ong

k'ok

ho

kd
ko

Chid

chiu

ch'iu

hiu

kiO

k'iii

SOit

On

chOn

ch'iln'

hQn

fcUn

k'JIn

Stft

lit

chiit

hot

km

K^i
fahg

ai

chiii

hai

kai

ang

Tak

ak

chang
chak

ch'ak

Kam

am

cham

chfam

K-dp

K4u

ap
au

chap
chiu

Tsoi

Ol

K;m

im

Lip
Tfiun

'P

Ld

fii

ch'ai

fiii

'

Sill

Fo

kwan

tiap

kanv
kap

ch'au

hau

kau

k'ap
k'au

ch m
ch p

hoi

koi

k'oi

ch'im

him

kim

k'im

hip

kip

ho

ko

ham

kim

tiiip

han

kip
kin

kwin

hi"

ki""

kwa

chun

ch'un

chut
chui
cho

ch'ut
ch' ui

ch'o

fo

^m

chdin

ch'im

Kap

hp
an

chiip

ch'iip

F4n

chan

ch'iln

fan

Fa

dt

chit

ch'at

fat

K&

il

chk

cha

fd

Krtn

un

fiin

kiin

Kot

6t

fut

Fcii

liJ

k6t
kui

Ch6
Kon

ch'6

chfe

on

6m

Kop
^ng chang
chdk
i.k

ch-^ik

Hu

h6
\wn

ko.

fdk

kwo

hot

kot

liom

k6m

liop

kop

hak
hu

'

kw'i

k'e

koa

hmg iing

ch'ang

k'am

kwut

fui

Kot

Ng

kwii

k'ang

kak

KAm

Ngik

k'ii

,>

Tsut

Ng:ing

kw'an

kwok

hang
hak

Sz'

Kwn

kw'ai

k'l

hi
fung hung

fat
chat
chi'ung ch'eung

chcuk
ong chong
ok
chok

Chcfilk

k-.n

kit
kai
ki

ch'aii

chik

cheng
chek
chan

P^n

kin

h^t

ch'u

ung chung
uk, chuk

Ying
Yik

Pat

ch'i

hn
fit

kak
kii

ku^nng kw'ing

kwik

ling.
Ink

THE CANTON DIAI/EOT.


Ndm

M.i

Ngi

mm nm
mit
mai
mt

P&

P'o

Ta

Tsing

T'oi

pin

p'in

s'n

sh'n

t'n

t'iit

ng't

p,t

p^it

sit

sh't

tit

fit

ngai

pai

p'ai

Sal

stiai

tai

sM

t(

ngi

ci

p'i

sQ
sau

ts'ft

t'ai

tSai

ts'ai

nQ

mau nau ngau


mung nung

pau

tsa
tsau

ts'Q

.;..'..

tau

t'au

tung

t'urtg tsttng

uk

shaa
shung
shuk

tuk

t'uk

sing

shing

ling

t'ing, tsing

p'au
pungi p'cng, sung

puk

nuk
ming ning

flha

inuk

,ping

p'irig

\v>it
\

wau

tsuk

jai

yau
yung

ts'au
ts'

Ying

ts

tsit

\V6

Ta'ai

tain

H(t
nai

'

XXV

Shine

Siim

7>

ung

{yuk

ts'uk

wmg

ts'ing
I

nik

iiiik

iiiek

man

mat

pik

mengi neng

p'ik

>

nan

ngan

nat

ngat

mong nong
mok inok

m6

nd

mid

nil!

sink
ngong' pong p'ong song
sok
ngok pok
f""f ""

ngd

ngai

n;ii

tik

t'ik

sheng
shek
shan

teng

t'eng tseng
tsek
t'ek
t'an

tan

tsik

shcuk
shong
hok

ittlk

'torfg

tok

tsat

to

ts6

ts'o

sbid

fits

t'ia

tsid

ts'ici

sQtt'

gfriin

t(in

t'en

tsUn

ts'Qn

SDt

shot

tot

tMlt

s^t

gfa.ii

tai

t'Ai

shang

tang
tak

fan? tsang

tani

Vam

tsnt

nap

ngap
ngiu pdu

|nAm

tap

po

p'o

ts'or

tsim

ts'im

sip

ship

tip

t'ip

tfilp

ts'ip

sun

shun

tun

t^un

tsun

ts'un

sut

shut
shui
sho

tm
to-

so

tsut
tsui

ts'ui

to

tso

ts'o

ts'dm

sh^m

tarn

t'dm

ts;im

tap
tin

t'ip

ts.ip

ng6t

md

nd

nga

ngan

pan
<

pat
pa

p6n

roCn
nirtt

IpDt

m6i

ipiii

-,

-5.

tsoi

t*ira

Siip

nat

Sttn

shap
shdn

....

8^t

shiit

fcit

t'at

p'a

sd

sha

td

t'd

toi

t'ui

t^

.... itse

p'an
1

*.

yap

sim

mat

i*^

yam

ngnp

man

ts'am
ts*ap

ng^m

iP^P
d.Mi

ts'z'

tsam

foi

sui

ngo

wang

tsap

tim

'.".'.'.'.

nui

tsak

toi

''

no

A..
-'

ts'ang

ah'm

SDi

nut

me

ia,p

wong
wok

p'^u

ngoi

nip

mo

sham:
shapT

y.ung
ycuk

ts'flt'

tsz"

sam

yat

Wiii

sz'

ngam

yan

wat

sho

p'ang sang
sak

wan

tseuk^ ts'i'uk
t'ong tsong ts'ong
t'ok
tsok
ts'ok

sHi

tseung

tstrung

p'ifi

p'di

ts'at

pin

nam
noi
nfra

ts'ek

yik

lyeng

tsan

su
s6

mang nang
pang
ngak pak
mak inak

m&u ndu

ts'eng

p'6

pAi

wik

ts'ik

po

nOn
mil

shik

shat
tat
srungi sheungj tiung

n^ung

sik

P^fig p'eng seng


jpek
jsek
pan pan San
sat
p'at
ipat
I

Jfui

wdn
wdt

ts'dn

tsAn

ts'dt

ya

tsd

p'On
p'6t
p'ui

n(

she

ts'di

tsCii
I

ts'e

y.^

..U..

'pbm
P^P

'

mang
m^k

tbrii

ci

ngiingl pang' p'Ang,

sh.1ng

ngak

sbak

pak ip'ak

ts'dk
til

Wung
wdk y4k

INTRODUCTION.

XXVI

The
is

final hit, kil,

thought

it

Slc, in the

lit,

Wan

Fan

not found in the

one

line but

last

at all

unnecessary to add a whole order and another

the sake of one character,

hii S^|^

Table,

in this

the compilers appear to have

a boot, the only

one

final for

in the dialect

not vulgar or colloquial.


It will

make out

prove serviceable for the student to

characters to correspond to this table of sounds,

down with

across and

a table of

and read them

a native, so as to notice the effect

made on

a final by changing the initial, and the alterations produced on an


initial

under many

finals.

Reading over such

a table a

dozen times

with as many educated natives, will give as distinct an idea of the

changes which characters undergo

sounds

their

in

in the

speech of

different persons, as can be obtained.

There have been attempts

Roman

this dialect in

to follow

letters,

but in

up these changes

all

cases

it

is

in writing

better to adhere

Fan Wan, and remember

to the classified arrangement given in the

In the vocabularies and phrase-books

the exceptions as being such.

of Dr. Morrison, Mr. Devan and Mr. Bonney, no attention has been
paid to the classes of finals as given in the Fan

Wan,

or to the tones

or aspirates, and the errors in writing the words are numerous, eyen

according to their

The

own modes

of spelling.

system of writing Chinese sounds here followed, has been

adopted, with some slight variations, in writing other dialects of


the language

but

would be

it

modes of

the

if all

a great

advantage to allstudents in

spelling the dialects could be harmonized.

not supposed, by this remark, that this one

be proposed,
but

it

the

common

is

it

It is

the best which could

some features of it could be modified to advantage,


is more accurate for the student's use than to follow

for

certainly

English alphabet, with

all

its

strange anomalies.

The

various modes of writing each sound, as quoted after the remarks on


pp. xvi.

have

.xix,

tried

show how much

to write

Mr. Goddard,
table, but e,

u, in this

own
the

i, o,

table.

in his
6,

difficulty

them according

letter

He
as

felt

by those

who

Ti^chiu Vocabulary, uses<i, a and u as in this


u, are substituted by him for the ^, i, d, o, and

and

did not perceive that he was confusing his

pronunciation by representing the

same

has been

to the English alphabet.

in machine an<i in pin by

he was by blending th

c in thctj

and men.

At

I.VTRODUCTION.

Amoy, unaccented vowels have been


by accents over the

who may

those

which

letters,

XXVII

marked

used, and the tones


likely

is

still

more

to confuse

read the sounds in that dialect, as a single

try to

quotation will show.


86-

kdng

s6'

kdng.

i,

At Fuhchau,

the dialect

is

without the tones superadded


ilarity, as

an example

Cd-go

The

will

but at Ningpo there

to

when

all

the plan of

discard them

Amoy,

more dissim-

is

it

hyiang-en-go jing-siu-pin.

modes of writing Chinese sounds


none of them has the English al-

these

would not be very

difficult to

one standard, an object which appears

Romanizing them

taken into the account.

chai

show.

are really not very great, for in

them

written very nearly like the

yin-c'ih-l(B, lih-lec

t'in-s

differences between

phabet been followed, and

is

God

tiap-d-ku, chin-chia" si sid^-mih i-sii?

Perhaps

still

for the use of


it

reconcile

more desirable

unlearned natives

would, however, be best to

and adopt Lepsius' universal alphabet, with which

all,

he proposes to harmonize the mode of writing

all

languages.

2. The Tones.

The

shing

^L

or tones form one of the

most

difficult

and peculiar

features of the Chinese spoken language, but they can neither be


fully or easily

described satisfactorily, for the reason that no European

language has them.

Strictly

speaking, they

are neither

tones,

words are usually


applied in western languages; they probably more nearly resemble
The note 6^ on a violin, an organ, or
the sound of notes in music.
modulations,

accents, nor emphasis, as those

a bagpipe, strikes the ear very differently, like the voices of a child
man the note is alike on the gamut, and it chords on all those

or

instruments; but
the discord,

shing;

if

it

let

is

G sharp

be struck on one of them, and

not the note at

all.

So

in respect to

the right shing be not spoken, the right

word

is

we

feel

Chinese

not spoken,

INTRODICTION,

XXVIll

some other word.

is

it

For instance,

if a

person says kiV instead

of iku
orphan, he does not say the word for orphan at all
^J^ an
he says that for ^^ old, or
firm, or j^ to hire, or some other
word equally remote in meaning. It is as if on the violin the player

strikes

sharp, instead of

makes no chord with


it

G natural

though he makes

the organ or bagpipe sounding

a,

note he

natural

as

were, he speaks the wrong tone, and does not express his meaning.

may

It

not be indeed the case in Chinese, that the hearer will always

misunderstand the speaker even

if

the tones are pronounced wrong,

for there are additional clues to the

against

meaning, but the chances are

it.

Many explanations and illustrations

of the tones have been written,

but as no one can get a clear idea of them until he has begun to
learn

them from speaking with the people, it does not seem to be


to repeat what has been said in other works upon

worth while here

this subject; but simply to refer to those treatises,*

way

in

which they are marked

difficulty of

the same

in this Dictionary.

and denote the

What

adds to the

understanding the differences between the tones,

name

is

different dialects; in which, to complicate the matter

the tone of the same character

is

sometimes changed

a person can hardly be sure that what


descriptive of the

is

that

applied by the natives to really different tones in

same thing

is

still

further,

consequently,

applicable to one dialect, is

The Chinese

in another.

have written

about the tones to some extent, but their definitions, from the nature
of the subject, do not help foreigners much.

The

people learn the

pronunciation of words by the ear, and refer to a dictionary

when

doubt about the tone, just as we do to Webster or Richardson

it*

to

nret

'J'he

the right spelling, but not to learn what the tones are.

compilers of the Fan

Wan

have formally arranged the cha-

racters under each final by the four tones

and have also further

separated the upper and lower series, and the aspirated characters
*

Preface to Morrison's Dictionary, Vol.

I.

Medhurst's Dictionary of the

Fuhkien dialect, pp 1-lvii. and Dyer's Vocabulary of the Fuhkien dialect;


Easy Lessons in Chinese, pp 4'?55 the introduction to the Chinese Chrestomathy Chinese Repository, Vol. Ill, pp. 26-28; Vol. IV, p. 172; Vol. VI, p.
Gallery's Systema Phoneticum, pp. 6H-7"<i Williams'
Vol. VII, p. 57.
T)?'.)
English and Chinese Vocabulary, pp. xxvii-x.xxi. From these works the
;

itudnit will derive all the hints aboqt t\}e tones that description

can give him.

XXIX

INTROOrCTIOX.

into separate columns, though they have not so distinctly specified

them.

The

clearly

distinguished by the Cantonese, and every

eight tones as given in the Table on pages xiv, xv, are

Dictionary has been marked according to

something

like the

mark used by

sheung shtung sh^ung sMung


hii,
ping, sMungy
yap,
or upper

or upper

monotone

riiirig ton.

word

in this

tone by semicircles,

the Chinese, as here exhibited.

kd

kd

p'ing, sheung,

kd

hd

hii,

yap,

or upper
or upper
or lower or lower
or loxoer
or Unoer
falling to. abrupt ton. monotone rising ton. falling ion. abrupt tone

[]

[.]

its

[]

[.]

V]

[']

[J

'm^

'la'

m,

'p-

m.

cwan

Svan"^

wan^

wat)

swan

'wan

wan'

watj

is more attention paid to the (f'ing ishing or monotone,


upper and lower inflection, than any other, and while the

There
in its

retains its name.

first

The

tone

^sheung

good idea

more

easily get

-.shing is also called

will

the ascending or rising

the ku' (Shing the departing or falling tone

the entering or abrupt tone

or deflected

If the beginner gets a

and practice of the ip'ing tshing, therefore, he


the others.

^i

JX

three last are collectively called chak) tsking


tones, the

and the yapt

skiiig

these appellations are simply the literal

renderings of the native terms.

As the tones in Chinese are totally distinct from accent, in their


own or other languages, there are many objections to using the
common and generally understood marks (as '^"') on the tops of
the vowels to denote them, as has been done in romanizing

and

the

dictionaries of

some

De

others.

Guignes, Medhurst, and


By taking another sign, there is no mixing of radically

different

symbols over the same

dialects,

in

where one of the marks

syllable, as in kein,

affects the

other denotes the tone of the Chinese character.

marks
it is

in

all

koyk, m'e"d,

s6',

power of the vowels, and the


Since diacritical

European languages modify the power of the vowels,

desirable not to introduce any confusion in writing words, the

more

so as the tones in Chinese are so entirely different;

to adopt a

new

symbol.

it is

better

XXX
*

IXTROrUTTIOV.

The

Biirmesp, Siamese, and Shyan languages

a shay-pouk

()

and an anmyeet

stress of voice,

()

possess some-

all

The Burmese

thing resembling the Chinese tones.

have two marks,

to denote the different tones or

which changes the

The

signification of words.

Chinese denote a different tone in a few common bilingual characters


by marking them on that corner which is held to correspond to the
required tone, as

No

done.

^ ^. |^ 3^ ^,

though this

is

not always

books are ever printed with the tones marked

character, for the reason that every person

who can

read

is

to

each

deemed

to be acquainted with them.

The Chinese do not distinguish the upper or


mark

the tones, nor do they

mark

lower series when they

They

the aspirated characters.

have not even a well known definite term to denote the aspirate, the
phrase

pan

hi

being rather of foreign than native origin, and

pg ^^

one which every native scholar does not understand without some
It is represented usually by a Greek spiritus asper
explanation.
or an inverted

f],
to

comma

which some add an h

wisely, for there

is

['],

when

the former

danger of confounding

words a.sfan, though,

is

not be obtained,

but not

also, as ch'hang, t'ho, p'han, t'hik,


it

with such English

thick.

In order to learn the tones and aspirates, it is desirable for the


student to pay special attention for awhile to merely reading and

pronouncing the characters, irrespective of their meaning or form.


This should be done when commencing the study, for a vicious
and one is less
pronunciation of the tones is seldom corrected
;

be misunderstood if he pronounces a word a little wrong,


as heng for hing, chiuk for tsiuk, than if he giVes it the wrong tone.
For instance, a native will consider this sentence in the Canton

liable to

dialect

hears

:^ -^ 5 jj^

it

ding

P>/S

yet^ <.chdng

^'

dsong

less barbarously

pronounced

the tones correct,

sh'u\ with

all

if

he

should be spoken ning^ yati '^ch&ung ch'ong' ni' ichii, with


would perhaps be nonsense to him.
all the tones wrong, which
xiv, xv, should be thoroughly learned,
pages
on
given
The Table

than

if it

by reading
the

first

it

backwards and forwards,

three tones in both series

is

until the distinction

seen.

between

good practice

also is

Wan

under

to read over the tables of characters given in the

Fan

INTRODUCTION,
each

the

final in

first

part of

where

it,

each one are arranged by the tones.

XXXI

all

the initials found under

T'hus, under

the 27th

final,

coming before

these leading characters are thus arranged, the upper


the lower series.

*^

kun

~^

,Wi p'^^

^'fi

""

T^J p'" -M^) ^^'t

(Jw P ""

^^/"n ^^ P" l^j

/''*^<

^^

miit

jl

The

krin

1 mJin

kufi

^i/n

^^j

k'lit

practice of repeatedly reading these collections of characters

under each

with a teacher, closely following his voice and

final,

accent, will give the beginner as clear

between the eight tones

same

at the

<|p

as

Foreigners speak generally in a higher key thani

time.

and pronounce most words

natives,

the termination shows that

more words,

an idea of the difference

he can get, and the practice he needs

it is

in the

qaing (shing, even when

There

in the yapi (Shing.

too, in the q)'ing ishing than in

are far

any other two tones.

Another exercise which can be followed with advantage,


read sentences
final, like
,

to

the following:

Mn ngan^ 'fan

Fuk> uk> luL skuk,

,Pd <pd 'pa

'pa

RSS

rtft

is

screaming on the

hilltop.

''"''^'"'

*'

/ai

'ESC

'.pa

the eagle

^ R^
^ MMM
ii M ^ ^
1H
^ ^ JQ }Q '^ ^
^ 7^ ^ ^ J^
my
iiM- -i-S

'Ling 'ting, i/ingming^^ 7J|

.Tan

is

constructed of characters having the same

artificially

sp^

/Jli

"

thf ra'idT

*^^ ^^^"^ ^^^^P^ ^" *^^ ^^^^


shed.

'i^

J)^

papa rakes

t|

'^

the ground with a rake.

^Yau

tyccu tau^ 'tsau ik'ou 'sau shav}

ask the old

'K'au

iH

man

to

'tfau tau^

W't '?vf

buy

oil,

'kau 'tau,

^^^

^^^^^

^k'ii

pulse, or wine.

d'au tsau^ Hsau

Jl 7h ^^

^^" pecks of uncle's beans and ran

-H
ofl'.

-^

INTROBUCTION.

ixXli

Wing 'ting ,ping .ting it'ing H'ing t'ing'


a drunken

soldier leaned

on his

^^J ^"X if ^^M

staff to listen.

Exercises like these, accompanied with frequent reading of the

same time committing selected sentences to memory, may seem a waste of time and labor to the beginner, but
characters, at the

afterwards he will perceive the advantages.


the tones accurately

or to
a)id

is

The

matter of learning

one of simple imitation, as one learns a tune,

mimic the voice of another,

rather than to find out their nature

then train the voice according to certain rules.

The

importance paid them by natives appears to have been an

confusion which must ensue in speaking so many


homophonous words, unless there Was something to distinguish them
The Chinese spoken language is so meagre in vocables
to the ear.
effort to avoid the

that

it is

no surprise that those who speak

it

should endeavor to qua-

lify the tones, and vary the modulation of the syllables in every

they can,

and

if

way

by so doing they can add to the accuracy of their speech

facilitate conversation.

In this Dictionary, for instance, there

are eighty-one characters included under the syllables ki and

and a native

will so

pronounce each one that

in

most cases he

k'i

will

be understood without much difficulty, though the context, and the


dissyllabic phrases in which some of the characters are used, may
perhaps

much

assist as

as the right tone.

find difficulty at first in detecting

tion of the

But

a foreigner

would

any diffigrence in the pronuncia-

whole number eighty-one, if a native should read them


The chief hindrance in learning these tones lies in

off to him.

the want of practice in such delicate modulations

unnecessary

to

those

speaking any

than in any mystery as to their nature.


close attention at
will gradually

this

first

a practice quite

European language

rather

Practice in speaking, with

to the right sound, will soon give a habit that

become easy;

if

the student does not learn

way, no rules can help him.

them

in

XXXlU

INTROPUCTION.

Plan of this Dictionary.

3.

This Dictionary
ters in

called a

is

Tonic Dictionary, because the charac-

arranged under each syllable, according to their

are

it

tones, beginning with the ^shung ip'ing ^shing

monotone, then the ha} iping (shing

~K

followed by the '^shiung ^sheung

_J]^

^^
_^,

or upper and lower rising tone, the

lastly the ka} hu' "T

in this

same

order.

and hd^ yapi "T^

J^ 3i
or

and

^sMung

or upper

lower monotone,
ha}
hii^

hh^ung

~K

"K

and

^,

-^

or upper and lower retiring tone,

always

The

other two tones, the ^sh^ung yapt

will of course

be found under other

syllables.

In printing the volume, two main objects have been aimed

The

was

first

to

at.

compress the essential part of a dictionary of the

Chinese language into a small space, and make as portable a volume


as could be

done consistently with

its

which could

usefulness, one

be carried with one when traveling, or handily used

common
was

characters.

to give all the

The second

examples in

pirate of each

word being

their radicals

and not by

in

object grew out of the

Roman

learning
first

that

and

letters only, the tone

as-

This plan had already


been tried in De Guignes' Chinese Dictionary, but was not very useful
in that work in consequence of the characters being arranged under
carefully

marked.

for

who was not


knew not where to turn

syllables, so that the student,

already well acquainted with the characters,

them, even with the assistance of the tedious

list

of syllables

was the want of Chinese type which compelled the


editor to publish that work as he did.
The plan of Goncalves was
an improvement on that of De Guignes, for he inserted the characters to his examples with their translations, omitting the sounds.
at the end.

It

In the works of Morrison and Medhurst, both are given


small

work of Goddard, both are omitted,

as

in the

no examples were con-

templated by the plan of his work.

In the Pan Wan, the attempt has been made, by writing the sound
and tone of each word in every quotation, to enable the student,
with the help of the translation following
racters in

it,

it,

to refer to

by turning to them under their proper

all

the cha-

syllables.

If

the characters had been introduced without their sounds, there

INTRODUCTION.

XXXIV

would have been a saving of room, but not enough to make the book
Portability was deemed of so much importance,
its present size.
that advantages incompatible with

stance will show

how much

without adding a single sentence,

such type as

in

are

or

made

'^

if

Hlj

Wood

S,)

a tree

wooden

pretending; yat:>
a single tree

muki

it'iu

When

J^

the

'
'

fonts of Chinese

shu^

muh

type

^ ^^

ii/an, a

Wood

a tree

wooden

the

75th radical of characters pcr"^ taining to wood; one of the five


elements and eight sounds
stiff, unbending; honest, un-

pretending;

muki ts^ung^ or

muh hoh

|#

yaf^c^'i?/ sAii^w?<A:)

TK^^i^g^et^ee;

"~f^lij

carpenter
muki liu^ timber, lumber; muh
d'au, a block of wood, a billet,

stump

single in-

be more practicable to introduce them.

will

it

sacrificed.

the characters had been inserted

available.

75th radical of characters pertaining to wood; one of the five


elements and eight sounds
stiff, unbending; honest, un-

tau'

Were

as small as they have occasionally been cut, (as

^ ^ 3i

_jL.

now

is

it

the volume would have been increased

muki ts^ung^
muki

7k ]^ ^^
p3] -^ A ^

ij/mi,

'''"*'

car-

wooden
|

dipper; m?<^}cA<?M?i^,putchuck

penter

Uuki muki

ber,

chop wood; muki


ising, Jupiter muki ^k'^ung,
chough muki
cross-grained
to

g5

ichung, to "strike the wooden


bell," is to get the bribe without paying it over to the ruler;

muki ^ngau

an image, a
dunce; sz'^ <fong muki a square
block, a poor stick of a fellow;
muki imun, " wooden doors,"
i. e.

<.ynn,

a rich family.

muki

lumber

liii}

a block of

stump

"Th*

rnuki

jKi tim-

it'an

wood, a

muki hoh -k^

J?!;^

billet,

muh ,hvung
putchuck t^uh muh
;;^ to chop wood muh
Jupiter
ising, yV
muki
a

wooden dipper

^^
^

^k'iung,

ed

Tk.

"^

>l^ cross-grain-

muh

ckong^

<.chung,
\^
^^ to "strike the wooden

bell," is to get the bribe with-

out paying

it

over to the ruler;

muki -ngau ^yau,

1^

an image, a dunce

^.^\

f^

sz" c/'"^

on /f 7|^ a square
block, a poor stick of a fellow;

muki

muh

imun, yf^

doors,"

i.

e.

Pt " wooden

a rich family.

XXXV

INTRODUCTION.

Care has been taken


examples contained
referred

in the

If there be

to.

to

have

the characters quoted in the

all

book, so that when at a loss

any doubt as to which

number, the meaning of the sentence

may be added

will

is

can be

it

the right one out of

soon lead to

it

and

it

one reads

that the habit of supplying the characters as

over the quotations given in a definition, will tend to impress them

upon the memory, and make them

If unluckily, the tone

familiar.

has been placed wrong, or the syllable incorrectly printed, then the

meaning

will aid in selecting the right character

but

that the errors in the quotations are not numerous.

a character

Index

characters
to

do

not remembered,

is

There

at the end.

when

it is

is

can be found by referring to the

it

the margin for writing a few

room on

desired, and in

many

cases

In order to find a character in the Index,


its radical,

writing the rest of

common

use,

will not only


it

it

will

prove useful

The

it.

it

is

necessary

first

to

and then count the number of strokes made in


largest part of the radicals are characters

and the student

number thoroughly,
but

sound of

so.

ascertain

in

believed

it is

If the

will

so that he can

tell

do well

to learn the

their order

whole

and meaning.

It

be useful in looking up words in the Chinese lexicons^

will greatly assist

him

in

remembering

and

their composition

The best mode of impressing the forms of the {characters


memory is an important question but in most cases, the

meaning.

on the

union of the radical and primitive, as the two parts to be remembered, has the advantage of simplicity, and the sound and meaning can
be attached to these by the laws of association better than to a collection of strokes
radicals, a careful
will

made

apparently without plan. After learning the

examination of the primitives as given by Callery

show the principles on which the great mass of characters

in

the language are formed, and practice in reading and writing will
I

hen make them familiar.

Many

of the most

common

characters are the most difficult

to

findjn the index; they are generally placed under the simpler radi_
cals,

where they should be looked

^, JJ{

are

all

are under j\^-,

because

it

under

for first.

\, ^, g, ^,

For instance, |^,


are under

ZL

%^ ^,

all of which are referred to these radicals chiefly


was a prominent part of the character, and likely to catch

INTROBUCTION.

XXXVl

Such anomalous instances amount

the eye.
all

to about

two hundred,

of them primitives, while the remainder will give less trouble in

About one

ascertaining the proper radical.

on the right or

cals are placed

left

half (108)

of the primitive,

of the radi-

constituting one

Others, like .^, '^j


rj, i^, P^ and p^ embrace the primitive, and give no
About 40 of them are placed on the top of the primitive,

half of the character, and easily recognized.


I

"^^,

trouble.

a few of
in

which enter into combination with

it,

as in

^,

^^,

such a manner as to give some hesitation as to the radical

others,

as*^,

J^,^,

JiV*

^' H*'

'',4f,;^,

^p,

while

aremore

For many of the remainder, where the radical


combination, or the character is formed of two or three

either

apparent.

is

in

radicals,

^'

as;^;^,

or

finding them.

^'

practice will soon give the necessary facility in

Some

characters as

^, ^j, ^, ^,

|i^,

^, made

up of two primitives, are usually placed with reference to their


meaning, and not to the most prominent part where they would be
looked for

but their number

is

small.

and the groups placed under them

cals

F'asy Lessons, pp.

An
will

examination of the radi-

be found in Williams'

4-29, and in Medhurst's Chinese and English

Dictionary, pp. xvi-xxiv.


In counting the number of strokes in a character, the radical is
not reckoned. After becoming familiar with the radicals themselves,

and having a general acquaintance with the primitives, the number


of strokes can most quickly be ascertained by inspection.
For in-

miiti^ rice porridge, found under the


made up of ^, ^, -^ and ^) which

stance, the character

radi-

^,

seve-

cal

lik

rally

/^
'^f

is

number

3, 3, 6, and 15 strokes, or 27 in all


the character im^
bubbling water, placed under the radical shut t|J^, is composed
;

^) -^5 M' numbering 6, 7, 5, and 5 strokes, or 23 in


The number of characters formed of so many strokes as these

ft

all.

i^

very (ew, and in most cases a glance at the word

see

how many make

it.

is

sufficient to

DICTIONARY

A TONIC

OF THE

CANTON DIALECT

A.

(1)

a slave girl;

boy

little

td

rest for clothes' sticks

An

colloquial word.

terrogative particle

also

shield

in-

one

fork of a tree csdm cd tt' meeting of three ways, a trivium.

[Words in a or d. are often heard beginning with ng, as ngd, ngai, ngat.

cpy

kaP a

kok,

cd tcA'd, a fork,

YA

indicatingthat the affirmation


a mere final
is indisputable

The confused noise of children studying; dumb to keep


;

silent,

for

which the next is


map an enigma;

used;

'd

Using

itidn 'd ^j/an,

answering tone, having no


meaning; 'Adcdwell, very well;
td

Mjfli'

poor, necessitous

'^kdm wa} (a, he said so

^yi (d,

what

this is the

'Ar'ii

maL

''kdm tsi^ td, no,

way

to

do

it.

JS^
.

raven with a white streak


on its breast Ho (d, a raven
Yd"f or crow u'd <d, written roughcd piii' inai, opium.
ly
qrr A colloquial word.
An in*
^^ terjection used in answers,
denoting surprise or alarm
ffA

hard to
bear it patiently.
Also read ak,; aki ai-jthe sound
of giggling.

Read

dreadful.

ingd

children

wide
neal

r
Ya

to

urtgd

the neck

'd 'tsai, a

imd

iin, will

dumb

boy;
not speak,

pJC.*

colloquial word.

wrangling of
open the mouth
-Mn ^mai, cochi-

.'

the
all

meaning

i'm

'^hd

d' not at

good.

Also spoken

d' ten, used after^


higher number an answer, a
word of reply like Aye d"Ad,
yes, well ; sz" d' its in, forty
;

fork, 3 crotch

the part-

ing of two branches, fingers,


or tines
cd ifau or td -.wan,
;

TON, DRT.

final

/ particle, adding intensity to

the

;
;

unable to speak;
a cracked sound,
wheezing nape of

sulky
'd tuki dumb people
are revengeful isheng tap 'd,
the sound is indistinct.

as a bell
'd 'AflM

alas

Dumb,
dull, faded

cash.

Al.

p^*^
>

jiPj
J

Hiinchbacked

lo esteem

second, nexi
;

in the eyes

jnnior, in-

to,

an obscurity
dying a
fabulous sort of pheasant.
colloquial word. Feverish; sultry, hot; hurried breathing,
that intercepts

lightly, to reg;ird as inferior

ferior

Al.

a syllable prefixed to

proper names, for which the


second is often used it also
d'
impersonates ei>ithets
7nuP a younger sister, a lass

trees

a stricture in the breast

hP

iti

at'

breathing uP'
hot weather ishan 7s2' at'
difficulty of

d'wQ/)Mr. SoandSo;d';?i^
it} feverish
aP faP to feel
a silly fellow d' ^.ch'o, a raw
grieved a/'c/ta/Mndiorestible.
hand d' cpd, papa; d' H'ai, H^' Lean, cadaverous, meager,
;

boy, you lad palia? cti syn,


not inferior to others.
;

Brothers-in-law

fJO

\^

'*f

B|'

iX/an a? re-

^f^

latives by marriage, especial-,


jy brothers or parents; und!^
tih, <yan d' I am not related to

Strong, herculean, athletic.

colloquial word grief, sorrow \paPnP\xovLh\e, resulting


:

from

'

him

poor.

affliction or poverty.

d^' Cloudy and windy the sun


~" obscured and nearly hid by the
;

at all.

clouds.

Ai.

(2)

Ai.

(3)

A
^^
*^

pain

particle

of surprise

to beg, to ask

whew

or

cat cyd,

halloo oh, dear <.ai,


inati 'ni ^kdn isd^o\i\ why did
!

you do so

I in-

1 <.ai (.k'au ^ni,

Low
'td

Yii

diminutive, short

Hsai, a pigmy, a

man
^ni

'y>i

tsd*

xh6ung

little

'i

old

tang''

Hsai

get a low stool

for

'^ai

on to delude one
tsaP too low.
To hang, to strangle one's
aP
self; the warp of cloth
f
'sz' '^ktoai, ghost of a suicide
aP ''fceng, hung by the neck.
Eft'
A feather fan or screen, a
^^ flabellum; to screen, to inter*
cept to seclude from observation to keep close, to rean-ything
to destroy
press

you

to sit

'aj taki

'

strike

with

treat you.

*^^

To lean upon, to trust to;


*j9c
to push away, to carry on the
Yai
back to place alongside to
to force, to

elbows;

the

next, near

down,

crowd, as
to

passable

to recline

graft;

to lie

cdt itndi oii

piiP lean

it against here
help
here a little; ^yautaki^dipang^
has some dependance or resource; ^yau tap ishdn idi, he
has powerful friends cdt Vjo
;

down

tiki lie

a little

cdi

tak,

answer cdt ^nii'm


cdt v} to gad and stare, as a
to go from door to
virago
door to examine cdt H, to muhiP

it

will

tually rely
trust for

upon

help

NTards evening.

cdt

IdP to
^mdn^ lo-

cdt

A pass, a defile narrow,


'; cotifineH, straitened distresp'^'
narrowminded,
ed, urgent
mean; impeded, stopped up;
lyan kotii' dV way is all crowdhdpi dP narrow as
ed, a jam
a pass; a contracted mind.

B^'

word

colloquial

to call

to quarrel
after, to bawl
crowded, thronged dV Mdv,
;

^^ [)ath

poor

wrangle, to dispute
poi' Jian 'Mi'iff, h.illooed

embarrassed, distressed,
kio'a/P

ak^ hampered,

restrained.

4ij
T(> seize or hold with the
^'"' hand to gripe, to clutch the
^^
^
'grasp; to pull; ak/iiu'^kduxhi,
held him by the wrist a long
;

time.

to

obstruction, a stop; a
a pass; a dangerous

'/*^'defile,

An

RKj

ijS*

AM

AK.

AK.

dV
till

he split his throat di' nd'


thronged; brawling dP mat.
^y^, what are you scolding
about ? s/*/>} di' ''knn (clidnf^
install, ten to one it is a quarrel about money.
;

Ak.

(5)

^Jp
'' '
'

An unauthorized

character.
bracelet; a bangle; ktuk,
dk, a anklet
ikam dk-, a gold

wristlet

rs^iuig

gilded ring;

Ak.

(4)

To grasp, to hold within the

'^'hand

much

a little, as

palm can hold


grasp

firmly

nh

as the

ak^ teng^ to

'sAa?/,

to

shake hands aki :ch'i, to hold


in the hand ak^iu' necessary.
To moisten, to soak to en;

^^

the yoke of a caryoke, a restraint, a


'principle of conscience.

yoke

y^^ ,''^6
njrt

colloquial

word

also

'"^ pronounced ah and ngak^


To deceive, to delude, to take
in; 'kom y^ung^dk^iyan k^^ are
you going to cheat him so
I

I'rich with favors

Uh

or

of bracelets.

^pf

JB

dh a plated

ak^U'au, clasps

to fertilize

daub thick

to cover or

shin-

Am.

(6)

ak^ unuug, deeply


grateful for; (yan ak) imperial
ing, rich

favor

ak^

Mn,

make

to

very

red.

curtain, a screen

-'tent, a

Uh
Vn

'^

inarkee

a large

to protect, to

Knots

in a tree

small door

house impeded, crampto be ill-used, to be


Ngeh straitened ak:> ik'Wig, poor
ifigai aki in danier.
>in a

*MF

^^

shelter.

^)Jed;

To

feed with the hands to


the mouth ; a word ua^^^''"ed by Budhists.

'P^
t-'

h(ld in

-^

To cover

colloquial word.

with

the

hand;

conceal
undi ^sh^utig ^ngdn,
to cover both eyes
'/ chit'
hide it; '/ tik^ puP 'sliau,
give him a little sop, cover

from

to

'aj

his palm,

AM.

AN.

Ang.

ANG.

AP.

The harmonious

Am.

(7>

birds

singing of
lang lOng the caroling

'"^ of birds

met. the dissensions

of friends.

An unopened flower; 'dtn


tdm\ the lotus flower a poetHan
ical name.

Stoppage

*jlp

in the throat

speech from

silalion in

he-

rajre

^"^or impediment '^ang it:, .cubbing '-ang sa^junable totalk.


'4^ Disease, sickness. A colloqui;

An.

(8)

^^

al word
to stick up, to press
^"^into or on to inchase or emboss ''ang tah k&uk^ t'uiig'
'a?<o' cfa,
they hurt my foot
to emboss cshang sheki 'ang,
to have a stone bruise ; '^ang
isam, to disturb one, as bad
;

S'

Evening, sunset;

a serene,

clear, sky; tardy, behindiiand;

^^"peaceful, gentle;
of furs

tifiin

rich, full, said


'Ai

cshan dn^

shiung^ dn' forenoon ;fan^ an' kdu^ to take a


siesta fong^ dii' hoh a recess
to rise late

news

shiki dn^ to eat


school
lunch dn' chaii' noon tsd^
dn^ to get tiffin ; kdm' dn^ so

in

late

Bi^*

painful.

word, a corMore, still


ruption of kajig\
more try again ang' 'yai*
it'im, there are more ang' noi*

colloquial

ti^

rather longer time.

kind of small partridge,

^^

which breeds on the ground,


^" and is said to crow in the
morning.

Ang.

(10)

Used with the preceding.

t"]
}a

Ang.

(9)

<^

The nightingale, or a gay


species of thrush that nestles
Ying
on the willow and sings well
;

variegated plumes; iwong aong,


Mng (ko, a
the mango bird
parrot (.ang iko pv' a Roman
nose.

vase,

a jar, a gallipot,

an

earthen pitcher d'^ong 'kwo


Ying idng, a jar of sweetmeats ;
yat>
iyau (dng, an oil can
(ling ^yd, a thing; 'sAwi ^dng,
a water pitcher.
;

colloquial

word

a knot in a

stick of wood -jp'eki kaii^ ich'di

knot for me.


An earthen jar, with a narrow neck, to hold oil, &c.;
Ying
nung ong^ ^tsai, a tadpole.
(.ang, split this

Ap.

(11)

VW

Read

Ad/jj.

To

instil, ^x

*^ 'saturate, to soak; to iiiibiic,


^"^^ to pervade; to blend, to !i irmonize, to agree Ad^j (Sam^
^
of one mind.
;

;;

To

colloquial word.

cover,

over, to keep from the air

cover,

with

as

AT.

AT.

AP.

to

(13)

At.

poultice
slovenly, nea

poor, inferior
glected fl/)) todi^ spoiled by
mold api ap^ ts'ui^ crinkling,
as light pastry
ap:, chap> p'd'
a miserable, dirty shop
ap-.
;

colloquial

thrust

in,

to

tch'ong, to poultice

word. To
put into, as a
purse or drawer
at, loki put
it in
at,^k'uiu' he must want
it, make him take it.

At,

cui ishu
ap^ u^ to roast a potato or taro
in ashes met. to enjoy one's
;

(14)

self secretly.

Ap.

(12)

At.

To stop,

to bring to a standunforeseen obstacle to


reach, to arrive to cut off, to
put a stop to 'c/io dt, to stop
one doing, to restrain dt, teki

^>

i,still

Bl^

duck, a mallard

duck;

''^' a wild

Idpi dp, dried

iTidn,

pui^

ducks

;^

To

stamp
YahJ

dp:,

Hsai, to hatch

sign,

to

affix a seal, to

to control, to

guard

To pawn

4:B|

^'

artificially.

on to rice at, yuki


hard to curb one's lusts.

to hold

ducks ^ch'du dp, p'in^ fried


duck cutlet dp, imiu, ducklings

'hin dp,

'serve, to

deposit

for a

time to redt,kwai*
;

keep back

money

'^hiung at, re-

cognized pawn-shops
a hair band-pin

compel, to force
to escort
to suppress a lockup or de-

'^kau ^'ng at, a five

pledge or shave

room

in

wdki (/a dp, to


mark, to write a device dp,
dp, ^k'ii
foi' to escort goods
dp- sung''
tsb^ make him do it
lyan, an escort
i'vi ikdm dp,
'i, I'll not keep you
not detain you dp, wan^ to rhyme

a
to

dpiishiin, custom-houseboats,

apt chan^ to go
Js'lm dp, ifong, a
lockup ds'im dp, to endorse
an edict, in red ink dp, -.pong
to look after, to escort
dp.
ititng, kept over winter
left
over the season, as teas.

guard-boats

into battle

dt, p'iu^ to

pawn

pawn-shop
piwn.

little

^L

ticket

per

discount pawnbroker

yamun
make one's
a

kaVdti

to arrest, to seize, to detain; to

tention

cent,

Sm dt,

tong^ dti

A lance, a spear to spear


-7^' uneven, rough, jolting*; usual,
^^
as rules or ceremonies at, dti
siamineriuj.
;

To

-ilif

pull

up

to eradicate

up

shoot in
order to hasten its growth.
Straw with the outer skin
t-ii
^.^' removed to weave into hassocks for worship.
To distniss care contented,
^7J
f^^'lighthearted happy looking;
Kiah
^

Yah

at, imiu, to pull

dti iin, pleased.

;;

AU.

AU.

To overthrow, as a wall

jlj;^

want

^pj-' supply a

to steady, to settle

to

to

down,
bend

to press

to subject, to suppress, to con-

quer

to oppress

to injure,

to repress,

alarm

as

to

in-

To

sing; to crow merrily;


it is like the
last.
^^^"(Jsed for the next, to vomit;
cflM dd, a headsman's sword.
Interchanged with the last.
To vomit the noise of retchNgau.
., ,,
to spit out
a chud s
ing
prattle; to sing, to make a glad
'^au hiit^ to spit blood
noise
'am ifdn cfi7it:dni, to disgorge

voU

^'^

in

which

timidate <) wdi^ to crush, to


dt^ pdk^
hurt by laying on
U'dn
sirtg^ to vex the people
dU to subdue, to put a stop to,
as a row dU ikinsr^ to quiet
one's fears at:, chii^ to steady
chan^ dt:, to repress '(: revolt);
;

remove

to

BH

dty

shaL

press solid.
To shut, to stop up

knowing

dU

root of the nose

sak,

the
tsuk>
d<) to knit the brows; ^yau
dti a lemur.

'frontal sinus

^^

saddle

fW
^

surname

four pecks;

puh

beat, to take a stick to.

jjB*
To soak, to macerate, to
''^ steep to soften by soaking;
'^S'^^aw' Idn} soaked and spoiled
to macerate to rags; aii' itntii,
;

^au, to

it

till

moldy;

;'t

will spoil if soaked

tk'am
long;

m' td- cKati' soaked till it


stinks At?/' mam^ glutted, loathing food U'ang shin^ aii' cchu

measure of

con-

yuki to

ceal.

fry

eels

in

pork

fat,

met. to add insult to injury.


bowl, a deep cup
^ngd
Read cou; bubbles on the water
call, a basin to hold water
frothy spume.
^^^^ich'd ccru, a tea-cup
an ^au,
pw/t'
^mi,
half
a tobacco-cup;
muki^au, a
a cup, as of wine
(16)
Au.
wooden bowl.
ptiki tan or ihdn can,
jfffe
gull

yWS

^au

To fight, to hit with a stick


"-^ to strike, to knock; lau^ 'au,
^S^Ujo wrangle, to fisticuff; 'au
ytiki to disgrace a man by
'm '^d, to
knocking him

soaked

humming;

'iKlfti

au"

threw up several times

^auid, children

Au.

(15)

tdni'

<'^'topuke; 'aw /o/i^' seasick.


to ob-

to stop up, as water.

MThe

Mu

to

'^^ 'struct; to suffocate; to prevent

superiors

evils;

tsok:, '^au, a disto pay back


'ki
position to vomit '^au

^^

'ESiTRJ

j^juj

^^*"Canton

Q^ gyii f^jmjj about


^shdidn, a white gull.

To sing songs

=fP^

IT
a
Ngau

chant

(,

in recitative

a ballad,' a ditty

^
Canton

'

'

songs

to sing songs.

;
'

iili

utu ii/am,

jiM

furrow, a hollow
an unin the ground
un;

'J^ evenness

"didations; rolling, as land.


A colloquial word. Poor, destitute
i.du ai' in want.
;

;;;

CUA.
To

"#

snap

CHA.

thing in two

h'^

drag
along; 'a chit', to break in
two 'a suP to snap in

to twist, to break

to

*'*--

^^^

of the hands
out about a luntter

to

fall

'du

'c/jwrt

'^^'oiig,

badinage

in irony,

to speak

'dw

tu,

to catch fish in aliftiug net.

A
tiky

^
^

'c^

Warp-

*rM
*"*'^

'd 'd?^
curved
a little crooked 'du Jiin,

i?k

colloquial word.

bent

ed,

to curve.

Obstinate, self-willed,per-

for its acid.

Pimples on the nose, wine


pimples on the skin;
Hsau :chd, wine blossoms.
blotches

shivers; 'om '^nhau'^keug, to


try the strength

sour red berry as large as a


cherry, called c5Ad icAd, used

To

upon

tread

on

foot

To

put the

to

tdpt to stamp.

ic/jd

put the hand upon, to


down, to take ;

^^ press

^'^^''

handle.

cc/td 'y^, to

unauthorized

character.
grasp, to grab, to clutch ;
^ to hold or take firmly; to work,
as a bellows to use; a hand-

~; To

-'

Yau

verse; to rush against madly;


dw'
du' ''keng, stiffnecked

ful

hV disputatious, opinionated

du^

his

wise.
colloquial

word

dregs,

'fo

-^chd

safely

it

water-sogd'uHg, to

so nicknamed

to grab

him by the

tail

tc/id

Idn^ to crush in the hand.

p^ A

cc/id

(chd

ccAd ik'uti it'au, to double up


the fist ichd c/iii' kai' Hsai,

"*^

river

it'dn,

cr/td

of a

hold

hist priest is

Name

^*L

fast

a gambling-table

Cha.

it

to

ickd yal:, tdi^

be a scullion -yau cc/td "-shau


have security 'wtd ccM ;/id,
nothing to hold on by a Bud-

^chun du' turn the

iu bas relief.

keep

ged pork

Indented meandering the


dip of the horizon, the una hole, a
dulations in hills
depression, a pit (sAdn du' a
valley nu' tsz'^ characters cut

(17)

hold

cc/id ''sliuit.chiiyuki

a turn,

bellows

taki ''wan,

corner.

Y4u

grab a big handful

to

'fdndu^ whimsical, contrari-

a corner

tchd,

all

way

(S{'UJig,

''chi, 1

so or not at

it

du' set in

ifuiig

work
''kail,

must have
cliapi

Mai

tim^

/d'

tc/td

colloquial particle imply-

lime; ''tang ^hd


wait a moment '^yam
ich'd ichd, only just to take a
cup of tea.
^W, To beat a drum or a bell
'IXL \yiih a stick.
short

ing

ichd

*'^ grounds, residuum; sediment, Chwa


settlings, refuse after express-

ing juice;
shell lac
refu-se

'<i2'
"^rnb

left.

the two next.

'kang

ichd,

idid, there's

Often used

no
for

'S'fe
'ifjr
^"^

rank condiment offish or


and siilted hnshed fine,
with red rice and oil 'r Ad tw,
a sort of Medusa or sea-blul>-

flesh

ber

Id^ 'did,

rank, dirty, foul.

;;

CHA.

CH'A.

A running ulcer a
"#"disease;
ishang 'chd
;

severe
a

<.soi,

(18)

Ch'a.

swelling on the cheek.


^fc*
To deceive, to cheat, to
^' impose upon erroneous, false;
to feign, to make believe; artcAd'
ful, cunning fraudulent
'^kwai chd' ^md, pretending to
ingo chd' to
act like a fool
extort money falsely; ckdn chd'
to delude chd' ^kd a, false
chd' ngai^ to humbug, suppositious; c/td'ya^t0 sham sleep;
chd' ching' hi' to feign to be

Mistaken

'

cess

wine press

"^

separate spirits

^^^

next.

4^'

An

"

'

to press

used

or

for the

tch'd ts'o' a

mistake

cck'd sdi'

weighed wrong.

^1

to press or extract juices

cji^

'

loki

iii

(Shiu, to roast

first,

suddenly, hastily

moment

inadvertently,

4sf

unexpectedly chd' ^yau chd'


imd, all at once there is some
and then we have none chd'

^^^

for a

iin,

abruptly, at once

kin'

happened to

chd'

between the hand

Hd ihong,
;
iynu, he even

from rice chaff.


A loud sound, a rude noise.
A colloquial particle implying
also a final
doubt, perhaps
sound, implying it is so I understand If, 'Aroffi y^ung^ chd'
so will do, eh

squeezes

oil

on a fork

's/td

with tridents.
fork out, to nip; to drive

To

out, to pitch

out,

tcA'd chii^

^^

Tea

^k'ii,

to strike

turn him out;

cc/t'd ch'ut:, hii'

harpoon

it.

the infusion of tea, a

^,'^tea: cpd jcA'd to make tea;

see.

An unauthorized character.
^^ To press down, to squeeze
ltd chit' ch'ut,

a fish grains; ich'A

tcA'd,

ccA'd, to fence

4^*

fork in a road a prong, a


crotch to cross or interlace
the fingers iwo (ch'd, a pitchfork; iTigan (.ch'd, a silver fork

fjfc'

Liautung.

did' dUi, a sugar-press shed.

cch'd Id^ 'hau, a


trivium;csdwcc/i'd :Ao, a river

chd'ich'ong, to violently extort


money iyau chd' an oil press;

At

ch'ing'

Streams or roads diverg-

Ch'(i in

/fc'

all

'^^,ing; isdm

*^^

a sugar press

(ch'd,

'^
oil-press

tah

ich'd

tdi^

good.

jfi^'

very wrong
tch'd tah ^un,
very different (cA'd ts'o' k^uk,
a blunder, a faux pas ccA'a tit)
i'm d'ung, differ very slightly
ccA'd pat^ do, nearly the same;

large locust, called ^md


AJc
-"' chd' or chd' hnang ; chd' ishin,
a small species of cicfida.

differing, unlike, unas-

sorted

mark, to exceed

error, fault, discrepancy, ex-

to err, to differ

to miss the

hin'

cc/t'd,

(fd, the

to

hand

Camellia

tea

ich'd

hah

ich'd,

black tea; lukt ich'd, green tea;


kuki ich'd, to draw tea
ich'd
;

(piii,

a tea-cup;

pot

ich'd

jc/i'd ai,

ishi,

a tea-

a tea-spoon

ich'd ishiln, a long tea saucer

'cA'dw

c/t'd,

ich'd, to

tea

to

fire

tea

tso^

cure tea; to set out

jcA'd

dam,

a tea store

ich'd iku, a tea-saloon

^to

xh'a

;;

CHA.

CHAI.

bring tea to the visitor

dai,

iS^uWg, a tea-caddy

ic/i'a

!'
;

(19)

i/ati

Chai.

is^ung ich'd ipt a box of tea


ich'd iki, a teapoy ich'd :sz' a

!|

ji

tea-taster; ich'dvuititea dust."

A euphonic final sound


chanting, to prolong

in

Ch'a

used

^^ A
'^

the;'

line.

to rub in

uh'd pdkt

pi^

DJC'

whiten his nose, i.e. toj


palm off, to dupe; xA'd tfn 'hau

iko, to

ji

min^ to disguise one's face;!


ic/id yinki to spread a plaster
ich'a'fan, to rub on cosmetics.
Drift-wood a smallrafl tojl
life
-'^ fell trees, to hew wood ishing
*"^^ icA'u, to raft timber.
ji
ii

;^ A
"-^

raft, a float

inquire

to

to

into;

'

appears

'

to patrol the streets

tskau,

find

it

h.is

\\

jcA'aj;

(Shii,

an

been receiv-|;
7d, idle pry-

chap
chap

to' a

all;

ichd xlid 7ci


ing into matters, tedious ques-l

ed

>

a governor-general;

1.

-xlCd kico"

can do so much

chaP d'oi,
.kdm chap
to restrain, to set limits chaP
'kan kdm' Jo, to limit one
chap ^to, to tame, to subdue;
tsz'^ chap self-restraint; chap
I

l!

ji

inspected them

sdi^

to limit, to hinder, to prevent


to invent, to make; a law, a
rule, a regulation
tsoP chap
;

having learned, I haveji


ascertained: -xlid clidU to'i
examine, to scrutinize 'ybrto<.cKd, to ask about jcA'ti Jcdi,
;

adjust, to cut, to forrri)

govern, to regulate, to rule

or 'sAa chaP to wear mourning for parents; 'i/au tsit, chap

that,

To

^. to

;i

examine,

it

-^P

tIu- cSJ/J" c/taP c/iaP the twinkiiuff


lustre of the stars.

put it 1
pin ck'ii^ Jd 'Ad, put in
down anywhere.
Brightness of stars cming

it

^ oint

ccAat (pin

shall

ichai

Ii

'^

to put by; ccAai

aside

it

where

c/iii^

An unauthorized character.
To smear, to rub in to an-i'

})t

down,

imdi, put

To place,

colloquial word.

to put

imperial

dispatch

pattern, laws ; kaup


a prohibition
c/iap ti^
;

the court: A/'VAa/^ a sexagenary chap/uki a close surveil-

tioning.

To

^^*

talk

pT- vaunt

^"

**

jj^'

Used

Ch'/t

for the last.

To

foam
;

sputter in anger; to talk

angrily
cA'ti^

lill'

to

to rail

grumble

Interchanged with the

^'P

girl, a beauti-

compound,

as

a pattern

chap

made

well

medicines;
cloak

fur

unmarried young lady.

ii^

To

bind up, sealed up, as


'
in winter pd<> cA'd' a sacrifice
* of thanksgiving to the earth
in winter for ripening crops.

|i,ib
**

ful

*-''

TON. DICT.

i|

tni

chap done
by his Majesty 'hd chaP fat,
well compounded fat, chap
^y, useless things
chaP iid'
to invent chaP a ishSung, to
cut out clothes; 'Ada chap
skillfully made.
;

Q^^

last.'

invent, to make; to cut


'out clothes; a fashion, a mode;
to

cliik^

at.

handsome

lance.

^, To

strange, foolish,

^, >and

P^

to

extravagantly, toi
deceive; ch'a' i^\

; ;;

CHAl.

CFIAI.

1<0

To

1^'

obstruct, to hinder from

entering

Chi

to take,

up
draw

to raise

out,

to pull, to

to

draw

lots

ch(V

cliaV to

chaV

to live at ease; cchdi ichong,

ckci'

convulsions;
chai' tin^ like lighming, as an
hipi
electrical nrichine acts
of children

as

a twitching,

tsuiijir^

ckai' .ts'im,

compel, to force;
in

respectful, reverential.

colloquial word.

impede, to embarrass.
Water impeded condensed, congealed to obstruct, to

^ts'z' 'k'ii lod^

piled up

ing,

digestible
strain
tion,

shih ckai-

chni^ chii}

impeded

stoppage;

in-

to

ckni^ full-

ai'

ness in the stomach; hindering; slow progress fuV chni^


;

chai^
looking
'^pdn
an old fogy; adhering to the
old way; 'cAo chai^ hindered,
chaV hV a stoplet, detained
page of secretions.

stupid

^'

re-

an obstruc-

he

sires.

To

!#'

bear a burden to owe


debt Aim' chdV to owe a
'"debt; chap 'chii, a creditor;
ckdp ^tsai, a debtor iwdn chdi'
to repay
7o chdP to collect
debts fong^ chap to let capitsifi H pirP chap Han, cut
tal
off his ears and make him a
stool of debt,
^fe- 1
A stockade, a palisade; an
;

'f7. a

<J?^

Chai.

(20)

'Ad

To

disagree-

indigestible,

Interchansed with the last.


respect; decorous; the
heart pure, to chasten the de-

stop

said

cchdi, just as

said.

['Ml

somebody has

(chdi,

to

Chi

final par-

chap 'chau,

denoting that it was said,


that it is so
mat, ii/an wd^
ticle

cfiaP to restrain

from animal

food ichdi tsiii^io fast at W\souls i/ji'^i tc/tai, to fast on


vegetables; do hon' ichdi, all
sorts of vegetables ichdi (kii,

to select

ihin

(chdi kdi' to fast

choose

to

Vencampment

a stockaded

:q-"J village a sheep-pen ts'dki


Chai chdp a robber's hold chap
'^chil, wife of a bandit chief
who guards the hold '<<i chdP
to frequent brothels Inhkoki
;

"j

To

respect, to reverence

/to abstain from; pure, revea retiring


J rential, serious ;

Ch

li

room,
get

a closet

a soul

'<d

(chdi,

out of tartarus

chdP

to

stockade defended by

chevaux-de-frise; iying chdP


barracks, a camp, a military

'td

(chdi hok, storks for the soul

station.

^
^'

A fabulous feline be^tst, callder; td}} sz'^ cchdi, offerings


ed 'hdi chdP embroid(?red on
Chai
placed before the purveyor of
censor's robes, indicative of
hungry spirits; ifidn ^cfidi, a
discrimination.
to ride to heaven

closet;

met. a pan-

csAii ichdi,

a library

an entire fast
7o ichdi, to beg vegetables;

(ts'ing ichdi,

Read

'cAi ; the l.j:W radical of


characters of feline beasts; a
worm, a hairless grub.

a;

CH'Al.

CH'Al.
it

(31)

not catch]

II

ccA'di r/d, kind-

firewood ;/>''
cleave wood ; ic/Cdi
imi'in, a cottage door
ip'du
ich'di, shavings: ich'di (San,
faggots of wood.
lings

Ch^ai.

-.ch'di ^fo,

ich'di, to

To

commission, to send on
*^^.a message to manage, to act
**a messenger, an envt)y
a legale, a commissioner ich'di
;

A class, a

sz" a bailiff; tcA'dt yiki a policeman, a lictor; ccA'ui 52'^ an


errand;

kaV ^rh'di,

a criminal's

guard; ^fufcfidi, an unpleasant duty

sent as
;king (ch'di, a
courier with dispatches.
legate

-4^

ck'iit. ch'di,

^p'dti

broad hair-pin

.mnles; pitk^

icli'di,

when

'"a hair-pin

met.

Ch'lii

will

"*

'^ch'iii 'tin

(kiod ip'i

the

suki a treader

''ni

thief; 'pi

^ch'di, let

(a thief)

'^

ch'di

-.shiiig

yuh

ts&ung^ trampled to death.

The

|S*

^^

.insect

a long

to rase, to destroy

you
on a melon skin trip
you up '^ch'di p'o' u/ino ip'i/n,
to remain victorious
'cA'dt
chiJ^ 'k'u, step on it
'ki iski
uignu "ch'di keuk. when la
your birthdiiy ? 'ch'di shaft to
tread on firmly
"^ch'di dang
tfd, to tread on lampwicks

to suspect, to

step

tJ,

heel

cSrttt

sing^

heel

on rope ladders

ch'di

-Jong

ich'di

a wolfish dispositi<m.

1^ Also read (tiin. To stamp, to


i^. trample, to tread on with the

doubt of tc/'d/ -Am, to suspect and dislike cc/j'dt ^ngdm


guessed right ccA'd j ynt. ^c/i'di
make a guess 'ni .thi' -.ch'di,

wolf;

il.-i'ing,

'

game;

i'ng

^^

person

first

plural of the

a lynx
^4- A ravenous beast
"//.or wolf; ich'di dong dong tdi'
"the wolf is in the way said of
oppressive rulers ;cA'd dong,

ikw'nn <.clCdi, a bevy


of women; Ming ^cli'di, a thorn
hair-pin, met. poverty fung*
(ch'di, an ornamental hair-pin
with a phoenix.
To guess; to doubt, to conjec*/'7, ture
to dislike 10 abhor
to
'''fear, to apprehend, lest
ch'di
ynt. kith ichung, lo bet a glass
of wine; c/i'di ktvnt, :p'di, to
guess on domi'joes (ck'di toki
an opinion or idea, to guess
ccA'di jwii, or xh'di '/
nnorra, to guess at the fingers
return

ich'di, we.

fe-

to divine by

husband

company persons
it makes the

of the same sort

sting of a bee, or other


a sort of scorpion with
tail.

Weary, sick dd ch'dV con^^.sumption, a wasting diseise


'"^^^" ch'dV to bring
trouble on

_^*

hd' just gue^s.

Firewood, faggots

brushwood fuel to stop up: yat,


pd icfidi, a faggot of fire;

Cli

..

wood;

ich'diit'nu,

sticks

one's

hdf burned

n^'

TV

^"

To

self.

gnaw,

to

bite; to eat

swallow, to bolt
"cA%fi' hilt, to suck blood
ch'dV ngiti to eat with a noise.
Also read shdi^.

"P'dly

to

,kon

dry \vok1

is

ic/i'di

ftnng' 'fo,

near the

if

fire, [will

CHAK

le

CHAK.

CH'AK.

when divining pnt, cKal'xxnexpected


d' ni ch'ak, to ex;

Chak.

(22)

plain, to reason
Mr*
Inclined, slanting, leaning,
il^^'obliqne; the name of the three
^^
deflected tones
ik'in^ chak.
f*i|j flipped over, upset; f,/irt^-tsAe/i^
the oblique tones chaki lau'

/IB||
.

>

pat,

'^ho

ch'ak,

incomprehensible.
Secret grief, distress

to

conimisserate, to synipithize ch'ak, ij/an ichi isain,


''^

P''y>

kind-hearled, humane.

erring.

vile,

The

-^>

west

Tseh
,

as the

sun declining to the


the afternoon to wane,

moon

yatt chak, day

Boards of a bed

,jf^ 'to collect

chaV;

"

strainer for

Obscure,

1^

hard

reprove, to reprimand,
to punish, to fine;
to sustain, to be responsible

'^'lo blame

bed mat

Read

luxuriant.

To

-^

VfvAis declining.

^p

Chak.

(24)

for, to have charge of; to lay a


weight on to squeeze smooth,

spirits.

of under-

^ll

bend;

to

lateral;

bow down,

perverted; mean,

pieces.

^
'

Narrow,
'ed

^'^

side.

minded
fined,

Ch'ak.

compress-

strait;

groveling, mean, narrow;

pik, chak, contract-

ed, illiberal
(23)

v'

to fine

demand

to ask, to

low; rebellioa.s, seditious; chak-.


skat) a Concubine
ond chajn

,,

fah

to

chak, don't turn it over ; chak:,


.pin, the side; chak, chak, ti^
a little one sided [fan chak,
the rear, the back side; a rehellious cabal; chak, n, apply
the ear yab. chak, afternoon
shi^ ''ago chak, stand at my

chak, chu*
^k'ii,
chnki
keep it down
chdky
'sz' crushed to death
icK^ung, to compel repayment chak, fati to punish ;
chak, man} to subject to the
question
chak, ishing, to
charge with chnk, yam^ shan^
chnng^ onerous duties devolve
on him chak, txoV to ballast
a ship; chak, Idn^ crushed in

chak,

press

to

'standing
the secret springs,
the hidden cause occult, profound.
Side, the side; on the side;

;''*|'to incline,

'^ts'in

cramped

chak, con-

-.isamich't'iing

chak: little-minded; ch'ik, ktori'


too narrow ; ko'' t.-iz'^
chak, its meanings are few
chak. lo' a lane.
Like the last ; a quiver a

it'au,

.'Fjij
*

To

soqqd, to fathom

^^'timate, to

Tn'eh

vartiish

measure

ch'ak,

to disseot

to es-

clear, as

toki to

preheijd, to conjecture
tsz'^

com
ch'ak,

cbafacters, as

^^

'"'bamboo

Tseh

ceiling of a roof: to

hasten out

to press

to tattoo

or brand, as a punishment.

CHAK.

CHAK.
A

boat

Tseh"

To pull up; to take out, to


'^-select, to raise, to promote

4^

chdk: mang^ a small


a pinnace, a

punt,

bo!?t.

junk's gig.

^^

to

marsh,

pool

a fen, a

'^'fertilize, to soften, to enrich


to anoint, to n):ike to shine

benefit, to favor

humid,

to

make

grow

fertile

re-

dolent of, as fragrance favor,


kindness; 's/u/McAdA? to brighten by handling ytni^ cknh.
fresh, moist; wdh chdk} glos'it
chdk) wet with rain
sy
,yan chdki to confer favors.

^ 'at

To
;

to

nines,

i e.

to

to

conform

^y^ung

c/t?/A-j which feeds


on bean leaves.
D^ Going back and forth em^^'barrassed, undecided
chdki

'called c/a/Z;;

^^'"^

throw down, to throw


throw awnv, to reject;
to waste, as one s tmie chnki
iui, to refuse, to give back
chdk} cAwH^' to hit chdki Jan
or chdk} shik. to throw dice
chdk} ^kau '^tsai, to throw

J^

Chih

settle

chdh. houses, residences idi^


chdki i^ chdk} eldest son and
second son's dwellings cyont
chdki a grave ancestral halls
or shrines
chdki chiu} to divine for a grave.
large green caterpillar,

to take associates.

to

fix,

to; an office, a station

'.kdu,

ftiti iiidn ^shd,

to

chdkj

to reject,

good reso-

To select, to pick ont, to


"choose, to prefer chdki ynti
*^*^
to choose a [lucky] day
^ni
koni' "-kdn chdki you are so
hard to suit ynin} ^ni 'kin
c/tdArj just as you like; chdh

as

crimes are nnmberless.


A dwelling, a mansion, a
*rl
^'residence a grave to dwell,
Tseh

in office

the hairs can not be counthis


ed by pulling them out

slip-

to wash, to moisten
to

lutions

to

show kind-

pery, smooth; to
ne:s to

employ

to extinguish,

to

13

^^'^ chuki irresolute.


To blame, to reprehend;
jfc
Pl^- >to disgrace officers, to nung^j ish by disgracing to scold,
Tseh to be angry at, to find fault
with
flaw, error
a change
of appearance chdki 'Man, to
~}

an

disc-race

gamble AP chdkt
;

officer.

to discard.

To

4jte

pluck, to cull

to pull,

'
to lav
hold of; to move
to pick;
r
.
Tseh
,

(25)

Ch'ak.

'

>

on,

pomt out;
take away [an

to start;

chdh yan'

to

to

officer's] seal

chdki

dai, pull a flower

''tii

down

toki

yat,

chdi} one picking chdh'kwo,


to pick fruit
chdki iteng, to
take away an officer's button.
;

5?0

Mast

Choh

surname.
are

This and the

also read tiki

the same meanings.

with

A bamboo slip, such as


books were once engraved on;
Tseh
a book, writings a stratagem,
a plan, a means, an expedient,
a scheme; a switch, a whip:
;

divining

to switch;
books, chapters,
ch'dk, without plan,

'A-dn ch'dk,

&c.;

into

slip:

CHAM.

cirAK.

14

schemeless

cKah

ich'au

to

hnd, to whip
Used for the next.
a horse.
thorn, a spike, a prickle

contrive

rh'dk-,

Cham.

(26)

prick,

''to

pierce

to

JIJl

with

'jfl

slip

an inventory,

a re-

'y Agister, a list n patent or com^^ ^mission of nobility a census


;

book

^!.U"}

^-

T-Nhorn.

to cljoose

to plan, to

probe

t'id

s/Zf/t nmtn
census of people
didki the register of families
Qoong c/idki imperial census.
Posts of a stockade a rail-

i'Jtr

a palisade

^hon clidk^ a

guard at gales; clidk^ ildn,


gateway of streets; uniin ch'dki
door posts.
^^'^ break up or open
to
;

unrip

"^^'split, to
^

pull

down,
to

dissect,

sh^'

ch'dki

to destroy, to

away

to take

take
to

pull

to

pieces

to

down; ch'dk^ .sfi/i' to scatter, by


breaking or taking to pieces
clidk> ifling, to open a letter
clidk:, d ish^iing, to unrip
clidk> sdP pulled to
clothes
;

Used for the last. A probe,


surgeon's needle to probe
Chin
pointed,
a caution, a check
urgent; to e.xhort, to rebuke,
to urge to reform (Cham (kw'ai
admonition, rebukes
tcham
imitig, cautionary maxims.
A stone to beat clothes on;
ink]
*
"|. > an anvil a block for lifting by
if^l athletes mnki (chain, a horse
Chin block (Chii ^pi (cham, a fillet
of pork (ckam '^pdn, a cutting
board, tised by butchers.
a

'yau mat)

clidk-,

ihi

To

pour from or into;

to

lade out, to lighten; to deli'Y"/


"" berate, to adjust a ladle, a
;

(cham H'o loh all well


settled d'ung ^niccham xham,
(cham ^ch'd,
let us talk it over
sai^ (cluim, to
to pour out tea
whisper (.cham chcuk) to conspoon

fdt^

shall we arrange the


matter? cKdk-, "-hau yiU unlucky days for consulting;
ch'dki ^hnu Jco y^uki plasters
for chapped feet.
it^
To rive, to crack to open,
^v. 'to burst opefi, as buds split,
^ riven, cracked; kdjh ch'dki
bursting of buds; '^hoin ch'dk,
rh'dk.
cracked, as a bowl
c/idki t\} (.shrng, a wheezing,
cracked voice.

sult about.

ij^

what way

pieces

house

quilo's sting.

mean, stingy ickam 'chi,


embroider Jion ''shuic/tam
thermometer higdn (cham,
needle (man (.chain, a mus-

to

^^'ing

cauterizing
to use nee-

'^^

make a plan or scheme J,'in


ch'dk, to enrol, to write a list
' '/lau cliak^ a register, a

c^jl^jdlesin acupuncture; leaves


Chinof tlie pine; icliiin (cfuini, to
ikii icliui
thread a needle
ichnin, a pin fcham pi' stiiki

4flll

needle; a
to prick

'

','?

^'""
'-LjjU

^^

Used

j^

isham -^, the mnlberry seed.


An ax or bill a
for

staff:

pillow; a stake

in a carriage

Cliin
lie

near to

a crossbar

to pillow on, to

contiguous, adja'sz' ^c he (Skiing

cent, lyingon

CHAM.

CHAM.

^cham tsih the dead lay pillowed on each other ''chain

the water

''chnm

doting on
irh'ain chung*
very sick
shapi ich'ani '^kau
tp'd, the odds are against him ;
irh'ain th^ung, aloes.
^^ Dark, cloudy for a long time
'\'^ yam yam ich'a/mch'am, dull.
'
Chin''
rainy-looking.
')M|
The roe or eeggs of fish tlie
name of a fish.
Chin

prin^ a bedfellow-, '^cham tsili

in

indn lon, carei disturb his pillow, harassed 'i ''cham, a support for the ear huk:, dcicang
d ''cham, pillowed on his arm
;

it'

an,

pillow

''chain

''cham

ich'ain din, lost in

the depths ick'ain on' to quash


a case .ch'am niki drowned,

<pin, in bed, in private

15

Icwnti the occiput

As

quietly.

a verb, also read chani\

An interrogative

*/^

''cham

tOrt

sleep

to

it/au,

iino

word what,
'cham yiung^ in what
^*"inanner
'chain tik, what ?
'cham fshaiig 't<i pan} how
would he look? 'chain 'koin
pnli-taiu'ait, how could I de-

'""^^

how

act*

L^

To slander,
credit:

to vilify

c/i'aw"' ?m,

to dis-

slanderous

cline assent

as of paint

U^'

To verify,
nostic; to

'J/on,

to

prove a progch'am" , a
hidden meaning;
to

fulfill

Tsin,
prophecy,

A coat,

word.

A colloquial

j^'

aspersions
ch'ain"
asperse one.

ck'ain" hi" tiresome, talkative;

thickness, an

ch'am" 'wai, to agree with the


envelop, a skin
ts'at^ -.sam
prophecy.
chani' varnished it three times:
moki yaty cham" ip'x, pull off
one covering.
(28)
ini.
B^- Anciently used for 1 now
j^r- the royal We, Ourself ; chain^
;

Cha

chiiir subtile,

recondite.

word.

colloquial

puff, as

'flHf

of stnuke
yat:i chain* ci'i, a
puff of smoke
t/at, cham* 'fo
fan, an e.xplosion of incense.
;

J^\

^^

sunder, to cut in two ;


to execute, to de-"

to cut off;

''"capitate

to root up ;
intercousre;
forgotten, vanished ;
;

to break

faded,

capital

off,

mourning

^ckdmiShiti,

Ch^am.

C-r>

as

for par-

ents; 'chdm't'un, to cut in two,


to bre.ik off, as a business;

'^chdm U'ati, to decollate


''chain, to
P"*^

"\it

sl/L

under water, to be

to quash, to suppress;

Chin deep,

dull, as colors

lost;

the middle; 'cAdw Ucng

muddy.
a lake

till

du

divide a criminal

tocut an iron nail

in

tsitt

decidkirn c/id/w, to superintend an execution chain


Jiiii, to cut open
'cham fdh
ed, sincere

shati 'shau ich'am chiti* gar-

rulous; '.chain -Jun, lost, ruined ; -.ch'ain mutt to lose lu

to subjugate

to prune.

a
;

CHAM.

16

CHAN.

^'

northern affluent of the


to
neiir Sh^nsl
^"sink ill to soak, to immerse,
to
to imbibe, as a sponqre
plunge in deep, limpid, still,
clear, calm, as a
as water
quiet moonlight.

1^

Yellow R.

Chan.

(3'0

To

^tt'

dip, as a pencil in ink,

sop a morsel in gravy used


by some for baptize. Vulgarly
pronounced 'yam; as^ydwi shi^
iyau, dip it in the soy.
To impede, to hinder to
sell, to profit; to gain unfairly,
to palm off poor goods; '^clw
chdm^ to deceive; to hinder.
At- A stage, a journey: yik.
^^ chnm^ a stage rlinm^ U'au, end
yn(, chdm^ Id^ a
^^*'"of a journey
stage, usually reckoned to be

^'," or

j^

>genuiiie, pure

t^

'

in fact, truly,

a likeindeed, no mistake
Chin ness; actual, not secondary
spiritual, subtle, pure,unmi.\;

^""^

True, sincere, unfeigned,

*4^

ed

man

Hs'z' in fact,
ichari, to

kai^

it is

it

draw

so;

a
(chan ko'

a sprite,

iyttn,

(.chait

phantom of

was

like

portraits

xkan

's<*

,tsoiig citing^

him

this thing proves

fon^

:ckan

xhan

don't
know whether it is so or not
ichaii '.sain, true-hearted; itkan,
thief;

"'/ cr/ti

'^d,

fuV

ichan

hi' low-spirited
eking' truly, indeed;

a league.

ic/iait

'^koiig, it is really so.

r^

Valuable, precious, excellent;


to
important, rare, noble
"prize; a delicacy; a rarity, !i
treasure ccAa/i ichii, pearls
,ci>an
ickan '/d, precious
chung^ to take care of, as the
to esteem cc/mn mi^
health

^^
Ch'am.

(29)

To

t^
i,''?^

stab

to sustain, to sup-

port, to lead

to supply a want,

make up; to divide with


ichii [fan,
cc/ta/t
deliciouff;
another to pull out srA'dw
pearl sago; ''chiung s/i^ung*
(t'im,
another
make
dai
fan^
ickan, a pearl in the hand
ic/tdm ifu, to
share for him
daughter.
uphold.
ffiC"
Often read .yan in Canton.
den]
4^' Fir, pine ch\hn^ muh
'^^ A potter, a maker of earthen
yat^ Itiki ch'dni' a block of
^." ware to mold, to model, to
"pine, a blockhead; clidm^ nitih^ Kien _
to mold anfigure in clay
ding ip'di, a pine tablet is
to be molded,
other's mind
worthless.
guided, transformed, or influjj6W'
To repent; to confess one's
to examine, to disenced
"to

;
'

'

'

errors

cA'dnt' fui' to repent.

Ch'an
Irregular, disorderly, as untroops
unequal, un-

t' drilled
^^^" even

i/d/u

ch'dm' u^ly

fused, disorderly, sulky.

con-

tinguish ; plain, intelligible;


(chan U'd mdn^ lui' to fashion
and direct all things, as God

does ^chan pit. -.yan '.ts'oi, to


discern nten's abiliiiec.
;

;;

CHAN.
To

4e'

a protector; a brigadier chan'


'shau cpin nktoiin, to guard the

to stir

to excite,

to

""stimulate: to repair, to restore, to put in order


to rescue, to save
to joggle
to

frontier; chart' of: to repress

disturbance tai^ chart' d'au,


an entrep6t or great tradingmart.
j^' A boy often or twelve years
fr chan' it'nrtg, boys who play

flap, as

wings

to terrify

CIFAN.

move

shake, to

up, to agkate

to

uphold, to stop to receive, to


contain chan' tting^ to shake,
^^"'^
to set about, up and doing;
at funerals.
chart' tsok:, diligent to encou-j ff]]^*
bag to tie on a horse's
rage ; tdi^ chart' ^kd ishing,
head, in which his fodder is
Chin
made his family famous; chart'
placed.
imdi yati it'iin, cuddled up in'
rank, a file of soldiers,
a heap, as a shivering child
battalion; an army; to
, S^a
chart' d, to shake the dress,
arrange, to place in ranks
|Ij|i
Interchanged with the last.
Chin a little while, passing, tran;

^^'

To quiver

Chin

sitory

toshiver the 51sf


diagram, belongs to thunder
to shake, as by thunder; to
quicken, as a foetus
to awe,
to impress; thundering, terrible, as a sound
dire, aw;

to intimidate

to alarm

quake

to raise;

chart'

ti'

t/ati

chart' '.fung

to supply ; chart'
give to the poor ; chan'
to feed the hungry.

t^ai' to
(ki,

^n,

Read

'^chan;

rich,

'^u,

a squall

yat-^

chan' iming, yatt chart' im


vning, now you know, and
then you do not know
pdi'
chart' defeated the troops.

largess, a bounty; to give,

relieve,

to

chan'

chart*

courageous
a shower yati

shai' the ranks

ed.

wooden

several

chctn'

sleepers (or supports)

mnki

iwai chart' to exhibit the majesty [of China]; chan' ,kens,


terrified
chan' iurtg^ di.siurb-

BK*

an earthchan' nd^ incensed


;

to drill

a battle

of marshaling
chart^
sh^ung^ in the fight; ijctti chilis'
chnn^ 'Jang, growing colder
'^shai hiii ii/an chaii^ to send a
Woman to get it; wtai iwan
chart' besotted in
silly; 'pdi
chan' to post troops
ki U'id

ful

mode

affluent,

wealthy.

To
to

Chin

press

keep

down

to repress,

in subjection

cify, to protect

to overrule

evil influences, as hills or pa-

godas do; to guard, to keep


quiet: a mart, a trading-place

chart' fuki to

sway, to be lord

paramount;

chan' 'king,

quell one's fears

TON. Dior.

Ch'an.

(31)

to pa-

to

chan' d'oi,

r|^

To

^"T,* angry
'
in.

Ch

to

get angry;
;

get

kitkii'

to rail

into

p-issionate,

^shang ^ch'an,*
a rage
<cA an
;

to scold.

Also read d'in

puft'and bluster.

to

bully,

to

;;

CH'AN.

18

To Stare

CH'AN.

at angrily, to glare

** at; (ch'an

nd^

angry

td^

itiio

To smile, with slight con^ ^^^^ pleased "^ch'an


^P^
Shin

'jjTO

To arrange,

to set in order,

a long time, an old


thing; many, all; a feudal
state near the present capital

rialize

of Hon4n tsoi^ icKan ts'uti


iUung, to lack food in Ch'in
to be in straits ip'd iclian,
to seat or rank in order icKan
cKiU to arrange in order
;

^sh^itng 'piu ich'an Us'ing, to


state one's thoughts to

M.; ich^an

ip'i

H.

I.

kom' kau} old

as a dried orange skin, faded.

medicinal herb, good for


cyon ich'an, a
'"plant like origanum.
Dust, small particles
ef''^ fluvia, atoms, molecules the
'" world worldly
vice and pleasures; confused times; icKan
iCau tai^ a cloud of dust ^sai

ri^

~;^ rheumatism

wash down the

dust,

to give a feast to friends

come

back

to

pd^

liati^

ich'an, to follow

another's example ich'an m,


dust; jcA'an'Arou, covered with
;

dust; (fuHffich'an, dusty from


travel
tmd yat, '<int ich'an,
clean; ich'an tsuki, ich'an shai\
or ihnng ich'an, the dusty
;

world

To

A9|

;fcUy ich'an, to dust.

much

oCeiiin

, ,

'crt

more, how
more; to grin wide;

stretch;

an

...

still

i.

tUi to

^^

say further.
;

^Wi^J disease

Qhin small

smile on receiving,
To divide fields to come
before the gods to announce
Ch'in.
the emperor's coming to die;
a motive Jcwai '^ch'an, dikes

sore lips ; t<iu^ ^ch'an


pustules;
<pdn

pox

'ch'an, erupitious.

between
jfe^

^^

To

fields,

bind with cords

to twist

to revolve

to turn

a revolu-

perverse, crabbed.
Single thin garments, black
1^ silk worn in summer; embroi^
Chin
dered garments
'cA'a cA
kwiki single grasscloth.
fA To examine, to look at to
'"tion

'/j^

^.

to verify

try,

'"to

*t^

dream

interpret a

maki

'ch^an

mung*
'cA'an

to feel the pulse.

The

boards of a carriage;

"^

the cross board to move ; a


'"
carriage; cramped, disturbed,
distressed the last of the 28
;

constellations,

Corvus

/3,

6,

y, in

r),

pegs of a lute <Au


^ch'an, crooked, winding.
Filaments from a coccoon;
'fca
Jl'^ a thread to tie black ishui
''^^^^'^
P^^^ P^"^ whose black
Shin
;

change ?
Bushy, black hair
a fine
Chin head of black hair.
Inner garments to help, to
hair will not

<^

friend

patronize; to beto give ; to give effect


to

assist;

Ts'in

to

show

cKtin'

ikan,

to,

off;

match

to

sash

ch'an^

Pustulesof any kind erup>tions, pimples; a cutaneous

*^C]

ndpi to

'ch'an

'm^

ccA' an,

to smile;

stii^

to spread out ; to say, to reply;


Ch'in.
to state, to express ; to memo-

'

'"beyond measure.

(pong
inner skirts
give custom to
eh'an^ cAti' -^'w, to fellowship

(Shdm,
ch'an'

to

ck'an' 'chi, a flyleaf in books


cA'rt/i'

ticoat.

t'ipi

plaits

on a

pet-

;;

CHAN.

chAn.

A coffi n

'

(kun

^P^

'^

^y

to col ect firewood


a

coffin

ihin

To regulate, to correct, to
dispose in order to grasp to
Chan.
compose, to record a rule, a
g.
^

ch'an'

ch'an' uki a sort of dead house

statute

follow, lo

come up

ician

go

'sAi, to

ch'an' ishi hau^


market
improve the time ch'an'

to
to

iki

take advantage of the opch'an' cfung ''shai


portunity
wi*

hoist sail

^li,

wind
it

ch'an'

when
iin^

there's a

as I wished

above. To excAdn' iman,


Chan,
to write essays pdi' chdn^ to
prepare a eulogistic paper.
JUUi
To stand to stand erect;
to stop a stoppage cAdn' 'At
chdn^ cpdn, to
^"sfoi, stand up

Same as the

f|g-

hort by precepts

Z^

file

Y^

Chan.

palisades

a hearse, a

warehouse

workshop

wooden bridge

pathway
warehouse, a
or

cAdn^ ifong, a
packhouse chdn^dso, siora^je
charges imiu chdn' a kennej
;

a lamp,

A wine-cup, made deeper


-^ than the preceding, of jade,

'i^

"or other valuable stone.

Muddy,

unsettled

liquor beginning

spirits;

to

clear

j|;-

tumbril for carrying the


a hearse
cAdn' Id*
a military carriage for sleeping

wounded

in.

drink
to feed
to provide for dresChanP^''^*'"^
sed food
ch'it:, chdn* to set
shing^ chdn^ a
out a dinner
banquet
ts'oi' chdn^ food
^yau mat-, -Mgdu cAan' what
delicacy did you have for a
eat, to

for cats.

^i"
Cha

cup, a goblet.

relish?

a storehouse, a

stable, a pen, a sheepcote

shallow cup for oil a wine


-- saucer; the classifier of lauips;
^itang 'chdn, a saucer for a
night lamp t/at} ''chdn dang,

To

loft

a covered, plank-

ed road cut out of the side of


a

*:^ A

covered

a scaffold
hills

^-

and salute aa

off in rank,

officer.

^^-

Chan

Torable lime.

(32)

ch'an' shai' avail of a fa-

count.

'<d

cAdw* shnti to narrate.


select to send.
to reckon, to

Read '.stin ; to
Read sun';

^^

ihii

to edit, to

cAdnUhe first HAnlin academ-

be-

ch'an'

revise books, to publish; isau

>hind, to waWc after to avail,


opJ to take ; to embrace an
at the time of;
Ch'in portunity
'>

maxim

received

a business, an act

children do; shedding or renewing the teeth.

To

or shed at a grave.
To shed the milk teeth, as

^,.

19

tiger cat

cAdn' imdi, a

GhAn^'S'' shedding

rent

^ to rend

seam

its hair.
;

to rip, to tear,

a hint, inkling

p'o'

^^'^^chdn' the affair is known, to


hint a matter 7d tak, ip'i (hoi
yuki cAd/i' beaten till the flesh
was laid bare chdn^ liU rip
;

the seams.

cuAn.

30r

To

ndi^
An luiauthrtrized word.
/ii^ profit, to make gain in trade

Chan

'

cnan'ds

'

shovel yat^fu^ ^cKdn ik'm, &


set of shovel and tongs 'cA'd
;

make money; <^to

in, to

CHANG.

CFIANG.

chdri' profitable;

ikan, to root out, to


'ch'dn cshdn,
extirpate
to

no

scarp

^md tak^ chdn^


chdn^ tak^ Jo, got
my outlay back ckdn^ wan'
nothing but a trouble.

Hs'd

profit;

Read

SffdM

goods

to sell

ich'ii

hills, to

dig in a level.

A colloquial word. A
a threshold

door

sill;

imun ^ch'dn,

'Ar'i

standing in the door-way.

at

a profit.

Chang.

(34)

(33)

Ch^an.

To

produce,

to

*^*^

an estate,
an occupation

bear, to increase

Chin.

grow

to

act of parturition

birth,

'cA'dw, a strengthening

pill; 'siu

child; '^ch'dn ipi one's property,

^kd ^ch'dn, family


Vo 'cA'dn, productions; (k'ing ckapdP'^ch'dn
the family lost everything.

real estate

possessions

"ing, crooked, as paths.

Interchanged
"*'^*-

'^^ \q^q\

with

J^

^"^"^/siV

clean.

^^ A bundle of sticks, a number

''^ of sticks
T-ggot.

up into

tied

a fag-

T^ The

tinkling sound of gems


they are struck or rung
Tsangtogether.

''^

when

^^ A

small cymbal, a small sized

off,

to

To remonstrate with to
^*
stop a wrong; kdii' change to
spade ^^*"=reprove one's sovereign to
fg*

the

J^lfjup; to reap; to trim iron;


Ch'an '^clidn t'ai' id, to plane a razor; Aom' (.kd ''ch'dn, may your
race all be cut off*; 'cAV/h
ih^ting, sandalwood shavings
burned for the dead.

ichangy to fly a singing kite.


Cold, shivering. Incorrectly
but commonly used for

*#)j"j

T!,,

''SL

^^

*^B

Tortuous paths among the '^T* gong the ringing sound of


mountains '^m '^clidn, wind- Tsangmetals.

J^

^1

hung to jingle
7d ichang, to

in the wind
thrum the guitar ^fong'tfung

'/>o

an abortion ifan 'ck'dn


to divide the patrimony;(s/ta^
'^cU'dn, an increase, to have a
'cA'drt,

kind of harpsichord with


copper strings
ifung

''^^^ichang, glasses

a patrimony
the productions of a country;
natives; a sort of flageolet; a
;

A
12

thin iron pjate

a plane;

''"iron

an
to cut and pare

looki

'ch'dn, a rice

Chang,

(35)

a shovel,

a spoke-shave,

shave

to level

reprehend.

g^.
*

To

wrangle,

precedence

Tsangijjjgjjjg

jQ

to strive for

contest, to
reprove, to reto

monstrate, in which senses

it

;;

CH'ANG.

CHANG.
is

used for the

loquial

word

last.

col-

Ch'ang.

(36)

just, only, near-

ichdng not' but


still,
howbeit, nevertheless;
(Chdng tdni' hV unforgiving,
choleric; ccAd/j^j/i jAd, toquarichang mat,
rel upon trifles
'y^, what are you quarreling
about ? (.chdng tik^ ^sh^ung
tong^ I came near being gulled;
ichdng tau' to fight, to fall to
blows (.chdng tsung^ to go
to law; ichdng (kiing, to emulate; ichdng tiiti to take by
force; ichdng chap-, obstinate
ichdng^yau hdn^ differs a little;
tchdng tiki chuki ^to ^k'u, all
but caught him xhdng du^ to
ichdng tak: do, very
dispute
different not enough; cchdng
kau" I'm tired of striving, I'll
contend no more.
tendon Achilles the
Hg. The
*
'^ heel the elbow yaU tchdng
'^^''"Std kwo' he elbowed him off;
'^cham (chdng, to lean on the
elbow t'dt:, tchdng ihdi, slipshod ihdi ichdjig, heel of the
shoe; 'shau cchdng, the elbow.
To rise above conspicuous,
JjS
" eminent, like a lofty moun^*"tain U'au koki ichdng-^ying a
noble appearance, dignified.
A colloquial word. To caulk;
to wedge in, to squeeze in, to
force in; Ha chdng^ to caulk
seams chdng^ ^f^gd, to get between the teeth chdng^ (Shd
ikai, tostuff a cock with sand
ngdng^ chdng^ determined, energetic, as in bearing pain.
ly,

21

little;

border on, to adjoin, to


ich'dng
ishiin, to pole a boat
ich'dng
td^ to pole across the ferry
to
intrigue for a friend with the
officer
tch'dng I'm dai, he
could not show off long
(ch'iing ich'dng, to curry favor
among friends; (ch'dng ^sh^ung

stretch or run up into

*^^

to file

^k'ii

pel

1)K^

'^^

him

cKdng^

ex-

iftgd kdu' to

praise one's self.


The coolie orange

ich'dng

which orCn ^"Saiige peel has been soaked


it'ong ich'dtig, orange sweetmeats; '.ch'dng kimi' cman sharp
Hsau,

spirits

in

as an orange

it'im ich'dng,

sweet oranges csAdn ich'dng,


a melodinus.
Groping, going blindly mad;

at

by a stretcher
ch'dng^
ch'uf} hu' kick him out

Read chang^

out, toopen.:

ch'dng^ du 'k'i chii*


akimbo ch'dng^ thoi
(ch'eung -.mun, fasten open the
window ch'dng' chu} to open

stab.

a colloquial

word Tostretch
to stand

to

ch'dng';

kick

to pierce,

'^^'''"gRead

stretch themuptodry.
branch stretching out
fulcrum a prop,

Aii'5/i<ii'

4^ A

ich'dng

Read

to

_'-

to

post, a fulcrum, a prop, a stay;

prop, to shore up

fasten open, as with a slretch-

<|^Jer; to pole; to push off;


make a show an inclined

>

Ts'angto

To

4^ ]
''X

Y]g,

-'^

ly,

carelessly

to

fall

down

^^'^"^ich'dng 'heai, a lares eaten


by a tiger, inet. one who entices to evil courses.

;;;;

;;;

22

CHAP.

(37)

Chap J

chAp.
diploma
a contract ; to
write out, as a list of prices
a reply from a higher officer
a

a remonstrance to the

To

take in the hand, to


Wf
^ 'pick up, to lay hold of, to
grasp to apprehend, to catch;
to maintain, to retain to stop
chap, ^yan,
up; a handfull
a father's old friend
ishau
chap:, to receive and keep [as
evidence]
chap^ tsz'^ to set
types; chap, ich'au, to draw
lots
chap> ichung, to keep a
due medium chap, au^ a pertinacious dispute
ku' chap-.

or; 'c/

p3^ put

dan,
ton

gate, a barrier, a

to shut a

guard-house
ikwdn chdpi to shut

gate; cAd^i^say;} a

at a gate
the gate; the Barrier at Macao;
'sA7/i chdpi
a waste-weir, a
mill-race or sluice with gates
chdpi ,fu a gatekeeper ikon
chdpi to guard the gate chdpi
;

'^shfiu,

chop, used in Canderived from this.

lock, a flood-gate

juice;
thickened
' 'liquor
slosh; the juices or
Chih,
^essence of a thing got by expressing; sleety rain, wet snow;

is

a barrier like
a turnstile or a stockade; a

obstinate, set iti his way kok,


chap, yaU ngaP each follows
his trade po^ chap, to arrest
chap, sz'^ to manage business

Gravy,

a contract for a purchase.

," barricade; dam;

i-l-

chap, loki

account; chdpt

to

A guarded

retinue
chap,
take by the hand.
To fetter a horse or cow;
i^L
>^'fetters, shackles; to bind, to
secure; a cord.

it

The word

officer's

chap,

write the prices

an

remonstrance
kdnt'
chap, a diploma bought by a
kiensang ; chap, kd^ its'in,
a

^tsz'

emper-

chap, stationery

itnun, a street

gate ^sh^ung
chdpi put in the bars.
Read sdp,; a spear a javeIrPt
^^'lin to engrave, to inlay, to inchase on metal to schtter, to
;

sprinkle.

tpan dong chap, betel juice


ts'oP chap, liquor left after
cooking vegetables; chap,i'm
tak, tam^ hap, not had a mouthful of gravy to suck
I've had

A colloquial word. One bladed shears working on a pivot


to slice or pare with shears

chdpi

cut

open

(pan
dong chdpi betel-nut shears;
chdpi ySukids'oi, to slice medicine chdpi suP slice it fine.

no benefit from it.


Also read hipi; harmonious.

ihoi,

it

4;Tt

Chap.

(38)

To
'^';^*

document,

k'ap,

"^-f^^packsaddles

Kih

prick, to puncture;

embroider

Read

to

a pa-

per; a particular sort of paper

paimiers

or

made of wood,

used by muleteers,
A colloquial word, A camp
chair 'md chdpi a camp-stool
chdpt chak, /a/t' to sleep on
;

the side,

CITAP.

(39)

CHAT.

Ch'ap.

23

Substance, essence, nature,


material of; plain, unaChih
dorned sincere, honest
to'
cross-examine, to confront
the

4i^
To insert, to pierce, to set
^j^' in, to stick into to tuck in,
Ch'ah
to thrust into or through
to

to establish, to substantiate;

opposite

to, to appear in presence of; firm, as a texture

transplant; to set in a socket;


to meddle, to interfere in an

a disposition, a habit

a target;

Ai' chaL the complexion


the
elements of; chat,sun^ to confront the accused and witnesses chaLp'oki plain,; chaU
/i' temperament, constitution,

iron pointed pole used to carry


sheaves, or pry up clods, for

which

^^

also used; cKd'p^

is

lyiung, to set out rice shoots ;


cKapi 'isui, to interrupt (in
talking) c/iop-, yi/ci man afi

talents

he can not
itsong,

fly

away

to implicate

ch'dp:,

one by

leaving something in his house;


ch'dp^

cpii't^ to stiok on labels


ck'api (shiu, a stuffing put into
roast pigs; a concubine's child;
;

clCap,

ishi

cKdp^

'^shnu

narrow purse
lohhvi? to meddle

in officiously
pat^ d'oi pdt->
ck'dp> eight bearers and eight
outriders; ck'dp) Hiynmying,

1^
^^

whipping a thief.
^^> ^""o^gly used
^fv*.

To take,

^^'^ and others.

A stallion; to mount; to
I
|1^' > ascend; to raise, to promote;
R^' J to fix, to determine cyam
1

j^

Chih cAa^ to think upon kindly,


a secret benevolence; tsiky
(yam chati to perform many

good deeds.
Only, merely; but, however,

CJ

when

way alone ckat^ tah no otherwise, only could.


;

for the last.

Also read 'cAi, in the same


senses
and only 'cAi, when
it is used as a final particle.

to receive; to raise;

Ts'ah.

hands bowto tuck up

to curtsey with the

ed to the ground

''pan chat} the disposi-

An ax, a hatchet an anvil


or iron block, used by smiths

to stick flags in the ears

tion.

A colloquial word. A

;tO

the skirts.

plug, a stopple
fasten a stopper

'-^^'a

(40)

a bottle cork

Chat.

cork

Xjt

^fv
*

To

ascend, to go up, as a
hill
flourishing, as an age
very, exceedingly name of a
city chati dung, very grand
ynki chaty an ancient name of
Ngauhwa hien in Kinsuh.
;

it

^ To
_^-mouth
'

moon
chati

'^tsatt

chat)

chat> shati -k'u,

tightly.

close,

of;

up the
hamper, the

to stop
to

chaW^shau
impeded, things

in opposition;

k^ufc,

not to one's liking


^k'ii,

cork,

to cork, to

stop

it

chati chi^

up tight; chati

ngoi^ difficulties.

; ;;

chAt.

34

CITAT;

brother's children

nephew

^75z' a
Cbih
neice ;

ngoi*

chati

hiii,

cut out to the

wife's

jnm chatt sons of


alumni of the same year kuri'
chati young relatives.
nephews

up in a roll yat, chati (fa, a


nosegay chati tak, (shang,

ckati

chatt

document, writings; untimedeath; a thin slip of wood;


fold of armor; a paddle vgdti'
chati an epistle ''kdn chati or

'^7*' a

ly

Retired into silence to bur'row


insects burrowing^ or
Chih
;

becoming torpid in holes


iking chati " excited insects,"
is the name of the fifth of the

24 terms; March 5th

W^

to 20th.

life.

A tablet for writing; a letter,

-LI

tshii chati a letter.

^1

Creaking

roll

of a wheel

sound
^^" punishment of the rack or
*a creaking,

To

bite, to snap at.


Read
sound of laughter, to laugh

grating,

wheel
is^ung uno chati to
harass or impede each other ;
^^'^ outright.
chati chati creaking, jingling.
Grass or plants starting out
Fetters, gyves, stocks of jMr
4.|R
^ wood or iron; to manacle; to ^'of the ground; fat, hearty,
^"*" vigorous, said of cattle 'ts'd
pierce; a thing to clog wheels
chati ik'i ifigd, the grass is
chati hati
chati kuk, fetters
sprouting.
a linchpin met. a censor of
^-^'Jii,

guide of affairs
wati wati chali chati cramped,
cribbed, the room is scanty;

manners,

a colloquial phrase.
To cut down grain to beat,
4fE
^rt'to knock with the fist.
;

Chih

1^

A leech

Ch'at.

(42)

To

examine, to judge, to
^^7* search out the truth
to ob;

^shui chati a blood-

-'^"sucker, of which there


^^'^ several kinds.

''

are

serve closely, to inquire into


all particulars; ich'd ch' at i to
kdm^ ch'dti beg
scrutinize
you to look at, said by suppliants
(king ch'dti in the
censorate ch'dti fji/j examine
and decide [respecting the
;

Chat.

(41)

4?r
'*

To pluck up to bind, to
/bind around, to bundle up a
bundle to make or cut out
paper images; chat-,yatichdt^
bind it into a bundle chat^
kiuki to bind the feet of girls
chdty ''kan, bind it tight; 'c/
citati paper houses, &c., to
burn to the dead also paper

petition.]

striuga

ckiit> inidi/cii^ tie it

pfil

Zj^ ^'pillar
''

Budhist monastery; a
a dagoba, a tope cover-

ing the ashes of priests


your convent.

'po

ch'dti

i^ An otter; -.shdn ch'dti a


^^' beaver, or fresh-water otter

;'

^ '"-hoi ch'dti

seal skin

a seal

ch'dti -ling,

collars or

ch'dti Hsai, a

tippets

tauka woman.

;;;

CHAU.

CHAU.
A

boat, a vessel, a crnfl of


to go in a boat
to
transport, to carry in a vessel

rfr
'

Chau.

(43)

25

any sort

'

the I37th radical ofcharacters

p?

relating to ships;

Universal, complete, entire


to supply, to provide, to as-

Cha

'sist

enough

plenty,

secret, fine, subtle

gether, fine

a curve, a

tlie

td^

let

Chau

I?,

To

people

year

(chau min
the whole

may

year be lucky
tiiV .chau, a
return of the year yaL ,chau,
a circuit, a year <.chau ishi Jo
hai'^kdm, he is ever the same.
BIS To bestow charity
(ch'au
;

l^
Chau

relieve the indigent.


.
as a society or government

tsai' to

'

ira
is

f^

in front

heavy load

<^^*"heavy.

tTo

conceal, to shade, to
hide something stretched for
Ctiat^a shade.
;

TON. UICT.

)t

encircled by streams,

the water, as an islet:

near

Macao
I.

off

,ts'ing cchau,

Ma^ao

ishd
ichnn, sands, a sand-b ink.
Hurried, bustling, to impose
;

upon,todeceive:ccAr/<cA('f/^
^^4oai wan' to delude with false
appearances.
'O-l.
'I'he fore-arm; the elbow, the
'^
wrist (o take by the wrist
a
"^"quarter of an animal
'shau
'chau, the elbow ; ^chau yah
'

arms and sides, mf^. near relatives; Us'in ichii '^chau, a shoul-

heavily laden cart, which

low

'.ipj

ichaii sut) beneficent.

*^'

pp
ill

Gfaen

revolve, to circulate; to inform


tpong^ s^ung'

poa I.-^ich'eu/ig (Chau, Bamboo


town; '^kau ,chaii, the Nme

excellent.
for the last.

a continent, a great

a place where men collect, a


village; ingdiiJtchait,WbHm-

friends

Often used

*;"' or

it is

divisions.
^iJjJ

ichau its'un, to bring a


thing about, to remove ill feeling, to explain 'Ad ichau icM,
well

to circulate, to treat

r J

of a car-

Duke Chai
mah numerous,

asleep :chnu
close together ic/iait pi' everything ready; <.chnu :wai, everywhere, all around .chau siwn

front

an island icht (.chau,


the magistrate over a chau
district
:chau U'ung, his deputy 'kau ,cfiau, the empire
the whole world
tu/{ kiuki
(Cfiau, a district without sub-

all

he's gone to see

in

which the driver

of dashboard.
district, less than a pre-

division

hu^ kin^ (Cknu <ku>is,

j^\
,;'' fecture

end, enall things

^cki,

know;

sjts; a sort

bend

to extend everywhere; honesty

trustworthy
to
tirely 'hd (chau
prepared cchau

Chau

frame

riage near

^,

close to-

p'in ichau,
^chau ti'z" on board

ship.

make

to

a circuit, to environ a famous dynasty, b. c. 1122-255

punt

der of pork,

^ besom; a broom; to
>sweep up dirt, for which the
is most proper
chap^
J first
Chau :^* '^chnu, term for a wife or
'ffi*]

ijSr

concubine.

; ;;

CH'AU.

CHAU.

36

^* A day,

daytime, daylighl;
^- chau' ye} pat:, hit, going inces^'^^"sautly, never resting; paki
chaii' broad daylight, openly
Ad'
sh^ttng^ chau' forenoon

Ch'au.

(44)

To take from, to takeout; to


take a dividend; to expand,
^"as spring does to lift; to levy,
to select,
to assess, as duty
to utter aloud
to draw out
to whip to receive one's pora tenth,
tion ; to raise water
a tithe; (ch'au 'shut, to take
the fee at gaming ich'au tkan,

4vl

chati' al'ternoon.

^.o'
]

in'

*''','

To

imprecate, to rail at,


curse; to pray or recite
spells; an incantation, an im-

l"^"

yL

Chau precation,

charm,

a spell

nim^ chati^ to rea prayer


cite prayers: '/d chaii' to
curse t/u cliau^ to prepare
and bless charms chau' cho'
;

spasms of the tendons

or chaii' nia} to curSe.


htfc'
The bill of birds to peck
the twittering
with the bill
;

^^

ich'au

out; cc/t'ou ck'ing^


^k'udai, bring him along H&
^Ar, lift it

'pi
ich'au (fling, to beg aid
tpin ich'au 'k'i't, drive him otf
;

of birds.

Also read

Loquacious,

cchu.

with a whip ich'au ^k'ii ^l^ung


^ha, whipped him twice; tcA'rtJi
ich'au
ishati, to levy duty on
ishnnpat, ha} no leisure at all
;

chittering, as birds

ichii

cm,

talkative.

To

*^-

contain, as the earth


'^ does; including all ages, from
Chau
Ml
ancient times till now,

Descendants,

posterity

generations.

extort, to exact

'ch'au ich'au, or

divide

it'au, to

ich'oii ihan, to

wintake a

tenth.

rasses.

crupper
Ckav} iwong,

trace

silk

the

The

framer of the seal chaChnu^ t'liP 'sz'; chau^


ripe

spirits

disease was incurable,


oppose; to abhor, to
to revenge to recrim'I'hate

"^"his

pure

To

c^JLij inate, to rail at

Chau collate

*^ strong spirits, thrice distilled


^^*"o* chau^ ikam, wine money
an
paid the heir apparent
;

with

to verify, to

pay

to

to re-

an
compense to requite
enemy, an opponent, a rival
;

old usage.

made of wicker

for straining spirits.


;

^
f^l

^^vnan, the seal character.

New,

strainer

to
curable
Convalescent
cure k' tit) tsnti pat} tch'au,

'0^
*

dynasty.
racter,

^f

i^^y or bamboo

infamous

^^*"king who ended the Shang

^4-'-

fee

up firmly

lift it

^ch'au ifan, to
leisure hour
take a commission, to reserve
a part ika i/atj ich'au, take a

Often confounded with the


A helmet, a morion
last.
^^^^kdp, chau} helmets and cui-

mokilo

nings;

^-

^-

tch^aii

icKau

"^*

shnti

a high

chau" Hsz the eldest son; hau*


Chau
shaV chau^
posterity
i/ui*

^_L-

ccA'rtM

a sort, a class,

species, a

CHAU;

CH'AU.
pair
is

which the second

ftir

the proper character

enmity

like,

next

u-h'an

dis-

ich'au, to repress hate

kan-

ich'au,

ich'ati,

to
tiki

dislike;

to

enemy

an

against; ich'au

to collate

to altercate

To

IRlljl

pledge a guest

<0^J

{{At

-W

iUung
shaw

ness, as

workmen
a vow

to

tap,

(f'?n cya/i,

ven's favor

from
iJj^

"',''*

:ch'ati

sky
an ever-

tree.

hard kind of wood resema pole for

single coverlet
a bed
curtain
an under-shirt
to
""cover, as with bed cloihes.
;

Read

-toi a sleeve

c^ A cultivated field
^

cultivate

who

to

till,

to class

formerly, in time past.

^^'^"sick at heart.

Grain growing close thick


together crowded,
ii/an an ich'ou matt
^*^dense
people closely crowded '^hung

Jffl
-^''^
*-""

set, close

ich'au ii/un (C/iung unai shat)

they should lose each


other in the crowd
ich'au
mali close, crowded, intimate.

lest

au

to

hemp

ich

around a flag-staff
Disappointed
deceived

} frustrated ich'au ch^ung' sad,

of a coat.
;

of

field

^"formerly, lime past


a class, sort

il-ffl

'}!

'^l^ bling rose wood;


poling boats.

'^^

as the

to canopy

^"around, to twine about; close,


ich'au wiau,
thick, crowded
to tie up; to be intimate with,
to consult upon.
Also read d'n; to wrap silk

being saved

to cover,

and

reeled

ich'an,

single curtain on a car-

silks

tun'

riage; a leather screen or par-

does
green

'^fong

pongee if/tin ich'an, fabric of


and cotton '^kun ich'au,
ich'un
coarse rough serge
ich'an, Sz'chuen pongee,
^tfl
Used for the last, when de-7/ noting silk to bind, to wrap

to requite hea-

in

ich'mi
;

silk

fire.

tition

J^

ich'au

ishii

ich'au, rust colored sen-

satins

iwdn, to pay, as

draw

to

pongee

finest

ich'aiiy

(Shang ich'aii, stiff pongee;


ming
shuki ich'au, soft silk

Ch'au :cAVi/i tsoki pledging as host


and guest ic/iaii ts6^ to return thanks, to present in reich'an tap^ to recomturu
pense, to respond; ich'au islinn
ic/i'mi iin^
to thank the gods
to make a thank offering
ic/iaii dd, present for careful-

lustring

to drink;

to invite a guest

vantine,

to
^"oul threads for weaving
arrange the details of a subject, to search for first causes;

to re-

a return

sym-

to assist, to

shni' ich'au, a perpetual fend.

~SI fcompense^to make

pathize ic/i'nu Hung, to join


one's clique or party.
pongee, senshaw, leSilk

ich'nn

concourse

po'

revenge a wron^

'Aa, to talk
tiiV

*"a comrade; a mate, fellows,


friends a class ich'gu lui^ a

used for the


resentment

Used for the preceding. A


company of four; a party;

l,''*^

i'lii^

s'jo/rt

ich'au

27

sik:,

P^
'^Y}

Ch'au

Embarrassed

ich'aii

-.ch'u,

undecided, undetermined, uuable to progress.

CHAU:

38

'^

chAu.

A white ox the lowing or


"7^^ snorting of a cow
to issue
""from, to proceed from.

Read

^^ To

-"^

compute, to

cfilculate

Ch'au

lot

a reed

tillot

i^h'au,

to

ich'au,

the hour

draw

lots

zfcang

^^

odor, stench; to stink;


scent to rot
to smell
disreputable a bad name; cKatt'
hV a bad breath a stink ; nk^

"ity,

watchman beating
;

tuki 'Ai ich'au

ishii,

itnan ch'au' hi' vile

icKau ch'dky a stratagem; to scheme; ic/i'au xndki


to settle a plan of action
ich'au'^ch'i, wands thrown into
a jar, a sort of game.
*D:t
The second of the 12 horary
signs the 4th watch, from I
'"to 3 A. M.; it is denoted by an
ox, and persons born in this
hour are likely to be dull.
Ugly, deformed, vile, ill look*ffilfe

language

(hang

ihang, a vile
ch'au' iming, a bad
stench
reputation
ch'au'
ich'ung,
bedbugs; vagabonds, foulniouthed fellows; U'uns! ch'au'
purseproud ch'au' h^uk) foul
footed, said of a woman iseng
ch'au' rank, noisome, as bad
ch'au' mi^ a bad taste.
fish
To smell, to perceive odors
rtji'
the plaintive
as a dog does
ing ; disagreeable; disgrace- ^'''"'"cry of birds.
Roasted or parched wheat
"ful, shameful, ashamed; to
iklii'
hate, to dislike
shamefaced;'
or rice; coarsely pounded rice
ashamed of; to compare; aii ^^ *"like grits; cA'' d^ung, dried
tickets;

^~

how many times have you


studied it? p'aV ich'au, to give

a time, a tally,
chapy ick'au or Us'im

go

colloquial word.
To
sprain the ankle ^ch'au Us'an
kduk^ sprained the foot.
To track by the scent
J^*
effluvia, savor, smell, putrid-

to devise, to plan, to arrange;

^^^"a

ch'au^; to walk, to

as if weary.

ch'au^

y^

K'au

or cured grain.

group, a sort kin^ ''cKau pat^\


Usons; chi'iL to shame one
is worse than keeping one's in-|
capacity private ming^ '^ch'au (45)
an unhappy lot; 'ch'au ;'/
^cKau, are you not asham-|
ed ? cK au vinu^ ill-looking,
;

jii

Chau.

To

deride,

to jeer

at

to

cross,

unbeseeming

ridicule

pat^ cchi

ingrate;

^clCau

lui^

vile set

ok:,

ip'i

'c/iau

/fltt^unworthy of him, disgrace-

wicked

ful,
ful

ing

bash'
'^ch'nu y^ung^ bad look-

affair.

^ch'au

/>'d' 'r.h'nu,

sz'^

a disgraceful

raillery

"a pasquinade;
laugh at ichdu

^c/iau, brazenfaced; l:in"-ck'au

ashamed for '^ch'au


hV vile disposition, an

pdki cchdu,

t.chdu

siu'

to

md^o jeer and

rail at.

1^
Ch

Interchanged with the last.


Chirping, bickering of birds
u
\chdu (chdu (Sheng, chirping
of birds.
Read ,td; verbose; .Id itd,
to gabble.
;

chAu.
Claws,
*n\
^' scratch,

CH'AU.

claw

to

nails;

talons,

to

up

to lake

an agent, a
'"with the fingers
radical
the 87th
minion
'cMu iTigd, claws and teeth
;

'chdu
with the claws
'cAtf shah to gripe firmly with
'cAdw '-wn, to
the claws
^mai pdn^ 'chdu, a
scratch
emissaries, assistants

Idn^ to tear

DA* To tread on*;


Z7^ head in running;

to

titillate

''

the bull's-eye;

hit

c/jflM*

'tsiung, to pull an oar chdu''


widi it' an, to pull ashore; chdu^
;

kwo'

'hoi,

river

to pull

ch'utt

liki

across the
chdu' row

harder
chdu' ch'ut>
ikdi,
throw it out in the street.
The two last of these characters are improperly used in
;

deficiency, to supply what

Mo

*-'"^"

"tear with the claws to cajole.


*-k^
To seek to make up the

y^

to

over.

comprador's market-man.
Interchanged with the last.
scratch,

jump

^'* To

to stretch ato

"""Read ch'iuk^; to leap far and


high to walk lamely.
^@'] To row; to shoot an arT^, row to throw away a long
^^ l^oar chdu' keuk-, to limp, as
XA*|ihe lame do; chdu' chung'

*lift

29

is

wanted to barter, to swop, to


exchange 'cAdw '^ni fuV hi'
he's looking for you to scold
you 'chdu U'au Id- to look for
;

Canton

for the first.

work
settle

'chdu

up

that

shd' ^mi, let us

account

am, to look for '^chdu un^


change money or for money '^chdu dsHn p'd' a moneyits'

to

changer's shop,
Also read ucd same as
;

h\f To take, to seize ; to search;


*'*^ to engross, to transcribe
to
;

*-'**

J,
jl^'J

*"lade out,

questrate,

basket to catch
"^ mud fish by covering them to
catch or cover over to shade
a shade, a cover, a protection
from wind or dust; dan^ chdu'
a lamp-globe; (kihi chdu' a
network pall; chdu'iii, to catch
fish (kai chdu' a hen basket;
^kiu chdu' a rain cover on a
sedan.
Aft' A skimmer made of bamboo
^'or^iiron wire nests in oaves
^^^^chdu' di, a wire ladle.
;

Blazing

ri^*

fire

to fry

to boil

iyaa chdu' boiled in


^^^"fat; chdu' 'td tsui' fried crisp.
in

fat;

spoon

out;

to

to escheat, to seto resume ; 'sAok

MS. copy

{cA'dtt

(ts'iiig ikd, all his

property is
taken chiu' 'pun ic/i'du U'ang,
copied exactly cch'du 'si, to
;

ich'du,

net, or

^^

to

confiscate,

>

to pole a boat; a pole.

S^'

Ch^au.

(46)

^chdu

copy

(ch'du

clearly

pah

copied

it is

ich'du sdj'

it

is

all

copied.

nest on a tree ; a den, a


retreat; a lurking place; to
"'^nestle, to make a nest ic/idu

J^

uti to

skulk

in, as a

brigand;
ich'du (WO, or tsiukt ich'du, a
nest; ts'dki icKdu, a den or resort of robbers; pdk^ ^niii ikioai
ich'du, the birds
roost.

have gone to

;;

CH*AU.

cut.

Name of a large lake in


the south of the province of (47)

r/l

Che.

^^ ^^"Ngdnhwui.
Also read dsiu. The last
usually used for this.
A nest in a cave. Erroneously

is

^g

1^^ reiid (Wu in the Fan Wan.


""a colloquial word. Crumpled,

(cA^

wrinkled, corrugated, rough


shriveled, as dried fruit 'Ad

'i/rt,

ich^

kom^ iclidu,
wrinkled as a granny's face
ich'au iTnang onang, creased,
rumpled.
4^ A turret on a chariot, from
l^f^ijlhe top of which to observe

brella

in

concealed
his eyes

ness

in a boiler

brown

fire tea

'cA'du ckd ifI, to roast coffee


^c/idii mdi- to cook and sell

cfung

''ch'da

lufi to roast

yuki

t.)

fried

hash

raise

row;

'^ck'du i/at> ''cli&ung^

hubbub;

'^clCdu

in the ears.

ches-

and

Interchano^ed

tdi^

a great

iyau H, a din
.

with ^|y to
^^ copy a document, a govern"nient paper, a receipt; paper
money ssAm ch'du' tonnage
dues, charges on ships; fo/ig'
ch'du' to burn paper money to
the gods; it^'in cICdu' bills and
money ; clidu\kioda, a custom
house skui' ch'du' duties on
goods, transit dues.

it

shik^ to dis-

throw dust

(cM dan,

to fend

in

off',

relative or demonstrative

'^^ pronoun

it,

this,

that,

he,

who, what
following verbs,
it forms a noun, asihang^ch^,
a walker, he who is walking;
after

nouns, indicates

as iii'ch^, the foolish

a class,

sz" 'ch6,
the dead imd its'ing 'ch6, people who are without affection
or as put in the abstract, as
siug^'ch^, nature ishing'-ch^,
truth;
placed between two
;

nouns or clauses,
in

apposition,

'^pun 'yd,

root

/2;Jj*

(Chi

chu'

vegetables; '^ch'du shuki to fry


thoroughly.
'^^ clamor, to wrangle
*lVb
'^^'"" '*^^"^ ^^ scold ; its'd
cu'
'^^^'ck\in,

can not be

it

hide from.

'-^
^

tnuts; Jsirt '^clian, to fry; 'sin


'^ch'dit

taki

us,

ward off; ccA^ yah d'au,


keep the sua off; ic/t^nnun, to

to fry

to roast to dry-

'cA'du ich'a, to

ccM, an um-

'

icM

guise, to dupe,

or batter; ikon 'c/tdii,

fat

i'm

to

roast

*^"to fry

wont cover

the troops.

^^

m-

to

to conceal the face

(Saii,

(as females)

a' ip'o ip'i,

To

shade

to

a parasol, a shade;
to secrete, to screen ;

ich^ k'oP to cloak, to cover

A^h

cover, to screen, to vail,

to conceal

tercept

'

'^ts'z'

To

Iffi:

pr^

the

virtue,

iynn

'^chS

puts

them

taky
that

'^ch^,

is

the

ngdu} ishdn

humane man

delights in
often a mere pause
arrest the attention
<.ho

hills

to

it

as

it is

iwui 'chi, what are you doino?


ichuiig ^yd 'chi. din ^hd ^chi
tdi- ^pin ^yd, the medium is
everywhere the chief point;
ilk. "-chi, formerly
wdki 'cA^,
perhaps.
;

CHE.

CH'fi.

\^

Ochre color a carnation or


brown
'c/t^
shekt
;

reddish
oclire

ni'

reddish gar-

a,

'cfi8

ments worn by

Not

ly ot,

Just
^ now; a short time, for the
nonce, shortly a form of the
subjunctive; YflH^'AacAe' stop
a little; <ftin dai chi' when I
colloquial particle.

kwo' chi^

'^a

me do

tso' inali ^ye chi^ let

that

The

sugar cane iti chi^


'^"i > boiled sugar-cane; Vil^ ch6^
'^^ J dark cane; potki che^ white
chuk^ chi' or 'long ch6^
Ciu'; cane
small cane; clit^ ikai, suc:kers
of the cane; ch^^ diii, sugaring sheds; cha/ clii^ to express
cane juice Hd tarn} che^ he
eats his cane backwards, he
has the best still con)ing.
Sometimes used for the
;

"I

*B' above;
^^'

are fed to silkworms.

The

Cho

demonstrative

this, that

cA^'

'/i,

y6ung^ thus, so
such, this sort

(48)

z^

'shut

charioteer;

(fti, a

'md

tch'^,

pronoun,
here

ch6^

cM'

''a''^")

now.

ckt^ iski,

believing, half doubting; fu^


'^cfi^ kicai' rich and so honor-

ed

Wasteful,

extravagant

to

(CAV
h'e moiig^ extravagant ho|)es ;cAV
'cA'i, prodigal
ich'C uoa, gay,
alfluent

wasteful.

'ArrtM 'f A'^ '/iJi sz'^

slovenly

way of doing things


'cAV,

further

still

by and by, presently


or tsdm^

(fH^l^on
1

* fcij-

l6ar
;

away

to haul,

fong^

tku "-cKt

for a time.

''clik,

To tear open,

,l2 U^

'cAV md/t*

to pull apart;

to pull
to

drag;

up or
'cA'e

'sA^MK^, haul up; ^Idi 'ciCi,


pull and haul, to borrow
and lend ddi ddi 'cAV 'cA'^,
borrowing here and there on
the average,
lumping the

,''to
^
^^
^

whole; ''ch'idxni, to pull apart


'cAV vndi, to pull up, to close,
as a skylight; 'cA'i cAii* to
stop from going.
A colloquial word. To clear

Ch^e.

'^^ spread out

horse and carriage ; fo tch'^,


a locomotive.
A conjunctive particle and,
further, moreover, still also,
'''^and also; thus, so; still, yet;
a word of doubt, if, should;
diang ''die, on the point of
being 'cA'e s^iV ^c/i^ tr, half

'-^^

to turn

a fire-engine; ick't liikj a

ich'ong, a lathe;

whose leaves

a tree

partridge it also in^^''^'^^^ francolins and grouse


rhi
cli6\ki'i, the common partridge.

^^*'

over

roll

*"'

chari-

'Q

first.

^'

framed wheel

Cfister; ich'e

let

'ii^o hii^

Hanff

ckii.

(cAV im^, a teetotum


ich'i
ime kdrn^ ''chun^ fidgetty as a
teetotum; tcAV dun,^ wheel;
tcA'^
<fung icK^, a windmill

y&ung^ chi"

'^^/;*

do?
me whip you
will this

wheel, to

t.ch'4,

come back

often read

a carriage, a cart, any ve-

hide
a

felons.

31

go

to abscond
to
go away, to take
one's self off; VAV do, gn\
let us go; 'iigo 'cAV lok, I'm

out, to

send

off.

off";

off,

to

CHEUK.

32

CHfiUK.

A ladle or spoon a spoonful


''to bale or pour out to adopt,

VW

Cheuk.

(49)

^'^

to follow

der
^

Right, correct; according


>to to cover over, to put on,
;

r>

Choh

as clothes; to cause, to order,


to send

after verbs,

tive

particle placed

showing

make, permit

let,

chiuki unsuitable

iCaii, just right; 7td

sets

ch^uk, best for use faa^ \'m


ch^uk, I cannot sleep ; c/i6itk,
shati'ta, gave him a flogging
i^ iki chinks unong, he was
chiuk, skd'
still more vexed
cheap, good for the price
ch^uk>
ch^uk, yung^ useful
;

do

"J'cup;

all

satisfactorily

to dress
fire

ckduki

ishiu ch^uki

ch^uk,

right

right,

skati

adopt ; (Shntn
chiuki or chiuk, *i, to delibepoh ch^uk, a slight rerate
chiuk, diung ^t'o tong^
past
;

ch&uk, found it; cheuk, i'lti


cheuk, is it right or not Hini
tf tah ch^uk, how shall 1 get
to him ? itno ch&uh loki 1 dont
know what to do piiv ch^uk,
'?

lyan tso^ hidden, sub rosa,


underhand.
This character is often distinguished into chiuh. &/ chiuki.
A go-between to consult
hh
^ J' about a marriage; iinui chiuk-,
*^^^a match-maker.

it is all

settled

chc'uk)

right

feast

on

(kiung
birth

sh6ung^ chiuk, a sumptuous


feast ichung ch^uk, the sertsui^ chiuk, a
vants' course
wedding entertainment to a
son irniu ch&itk) a return feast
given by a bridegroom.
;

on

'm</i

or

d fuki
entirely

settled

$<// ch^uk> or

imitate

to

peck,

it is

to
a dinner, a feast
avail of, to choose the good
and act upon it to deliberate;

loki

pour out liquor, to fill a


met. wine,

a cup, a glass

^^"'Miquor

serve for this if not for that


ch&uki i' to suit one ckiuki
liki to exert one's self; ^ynu

cMuk,

To

3fi^

"-tau, it will

for a gill if not for a

the moxa ; ch^ukt


splendid, as flowers.

cMuk,

ch^uL

alarmed;

burn

to

i'ln

moxa

tshing

to singe, to cau-

with

luxuriant, as
flowers; chitik, (kioai, to singe
chiuk-, lan^
a terrapin's shell
to raise a blister ; ch6uki ngai*

is

s/iHfng^

burn

^*^"^clear, distinct

kwa'

cMuk,

garment

as

well,

To

l/l

s'/rt

cli^uk>

yaii chiuk, ^shui (chi do,


as a spoonful of water.

'**-''terize

like chiJ^ in colloquial; before

verbs,

tau^ chink, a cullen-

much

a transi-

and present action, and

-LA

ladle

beim

for

Read'/uit; handleof
^^^the Dipper handle of a ladle;
to lead, to draw.
"^'J'bridge.

Thepeoiiy; also the dahlia;


^'\hiuk-, yiuki peony roots, a

^'^'^'^medicine..

yJT^
/U>'Pjji

city in the feudal state of


,,^y 3

place in

Shantung

^^"'^province.
XXU To cut with a sword or knife;
'''

'to

^^

amputate

chiuL

to chop, to

hew;

cut open.

Of-

ihoi, to

ten read

tt^ukj.

CHfiUNG.

CH'fiUK.
to

hang out,

(ch^mtg,
strongly

Ch'euk.

(50)

as festoons

open

to
;

to

make much

a great show
crossgrained

of,

(kicdi <.ch^ung,

^chtung \yiung
to make known icheung Jioi
^rhu
'^hau, open your mouth
;

iho'an, excelling other men


ch'iuk: lapi to erect, upright
cKiuk:, i' meritorious, said of
oTicers at the quinqennial

icheung, to direct, tolord over;


yaty (Ch^ung unun dim, a door-

curtain.

-^ A
t:^

trial.

piece of music a chapa composition


a statement; rules, laws, re;

ter, a section

i^

gulations; clear, beautiful,

^'to

nifest

Extensive, distant; large;


show, to manifest; <.ming
^^'^^c'iiuk, ^u tsuP to make your

ments

enough.
used

spear
constables

stab or
to

a seal

IcoV

ichning ich'ing, regu;

seal.

husband's

father

tku

*^^

icheung, a husband's parents;


^^^^^Jiing iCh^ung, a husband's

stamp a document.

brother.

Luminous

*^

beautiful

ele-

gant; to manifest; variegated


ChAngpi^jijig^g or pelage; ch^ung

Cheung.

(51)

tchenng, laws of the land ad


ccheurig or yan' ichhing, a

jj^

by

lations, rule of conduct; iWorig

^^^ch"iuh

'</oi ichtiing,

sections and paragraphs ; slid'


icheung, many papers or state-

^
'^*

ma-

grove

Large, ample slow, leisurecli^uk, yeuk, delicate, as


Ch'oh^ girl; (/j'm clC6uk, broad,
cKeuk, ch'eiik, ^yau
liberal
an overplus, more than
ill,

To

ly

variegated hin' (cheung, magistrate's orders (Cheiing ki'i'

a kind
a stand
table
^*' of tree ch'^uky 'tsz' a table
^'^''''i ch'euL tables and chairs.

^
W'

a display

metonic cycle;

crime known.

X^

Jioi

^chiung IdV
boasting
ipd ichiung iwd laP to make

Firm, stable lofty and profound distant to establish;


emito surpass
^'^*"to expect
nent in, raised above others;
<.ch'iu
at, reached, as a time
clihik^ preeminent, superior
to common; cKtuki uh <yan
;

quick or

csan Jioi ich^ung, to

open a new shop

A
7^'

33

iining, clearly exhibited.

draw a bow to extend,


to stretch, to open'; to draw
Clirtnij
up, as a list ; to increase to
boast ; to state, to proclaim, to

To

S^

Alarm; apprehensive; t^A^j/H^

tjr^

a
acong, terrified, fearful
1
'^c
horrined
look.
The camphor ( Laurns cam-

Chang
J*-

publish

a classifier of things

spread out, as a table, chair,


bed, paper, &c.; ,cheung kwa'

TUN. uit^T

!xt"

p/iora); .ch^iing

phor wood

camphor Jieting
camphor odor.
;

7?iuh

^rMung^no,

cam-

gum

<.chiung, a

;;

;;

CUfiUNG.

34

CHfiUNG.

Name

tkang Uo'ch^ung, how old are


you ? [fo 'chtnng, mates in a

of a river; the preof Chiugchau in


^'^ji^eFuhkien near Amoy.
A kind of plaything made
Jv^ of jade lung^ ichtung, to

,V^
^^

feciure

ship
older

'^'.

in

fi'i

now

man

Shantung

good reigns.
The palm of the hand; the
sole

foot;

a
of animals
to grasp; to
;

rule, to control

jurisdiction

^cMung

part of

in

C^nffP^^ or
"webbed

a control, a
'r.heung,

'^shau

the palm Hd yaU ipa 'ch^ung,


a slap of the hand; '^ch^ung
^kun ikung iyan, to oversee
workmen hhpi 'chtnng, to
clasp the hands, as in prayer
'ch^ung nk) 'pi'^g ik'iin, to
command the forces '^ckdung
kdu' to teach [graduates]
;

exam-

'cheting, to

'

M.
*^

^ch^uiig,
i* { \fdn
easy as to turn the hand
;

pitch one's tent, to become a


teacher ; trnare cJU'ung^ a bedcurtain
watt' cheuiig^
un;

reasonable, incoherent; ip'ing


cheitng^ a movable screen of
silk
shau^ cheuiig^ a scroll
given to old people.
;

An

Chanff^

unauthorized character.
debt, a claini, an account,

a charge

up

^iigo

'ch^ung ^ni, I'nj somekwai^


what older than you

'^kau

to

sum

reckon, to

to calculate.

have been here once


c'm
chhing^ do not put it to
my account, it's none of my
business
ngan^ ch(^uug^ a
tough account, a refused bill
cheung^ muh accounts; ishatt
ckcung' to receive money on
account; ch(^ung\tdn, a bill.;

'^chdung, a paterfamilias

colloquial word.
A time, an
occasion; dai kioo'yatich^ung^
suii'

Old, senior, superior, greater;

for

from delayed hopes.


A curtain, a screen h tent;
'^^ a house; to calculate; to
'^"^spread a reason, a plan; an
account, for which the next
is used
pd^ ch^ung^ an awning chiuiig^ dim, a hanging
door-screen ch'it^ ch^ung^ to

AE'

over,
to
to excel, to increase;
^'^^"^grow, to extend, to advance
to prosper to elevate, to think
highly of; an elder, a superior;
^kd
'^pd 'ch^ung, a constable

vexed

^'^^^ch^ung^ motig^ sick at heart

as

untrust-

tsurC

cMung^ ch^ung^ longed

'^ch&ung kwai^ a bookkeeper, a

salesman

uiia '^ch6ung, old, older

Disappointment

iJS*
'*^

ine the hand, palmistry p'dk:,


'^ch^ung, to clap the hands

^ch^ung
worthy.

'-shau

or "ch^ung

or 'ck^ung'^ch^, an old

pati

hoii'

grow

to

tdi^
'tsz'

^"^an ancient city in Kii, also


in the modern Shantung.
^^ A kind of chevroiain or
'r^ gazelle, hornless, and of ele^"'^^gant shape
uigan ich^ung,
appears
the white gazelle

*^

'ch^ung

feudal state,

Tai-ng4n

ifong, the eldest son 'chiung


^Id,
(tsiin
a Budhist priest

^'''^"Sbear a son.

gjT

''chiung

Is

cchui ck(^ung^ to

dun

ch^ung''

ifoag, a eountjiig-room

hau^

CHfiUNG.
chhing^ waiting

ment

siin^

cirfiirNG.

is

ch^ung^ iyan ikung, a wife's


tni^ ch&img^ <fu, a tafather

for a settle-

chtufig^ to reckon

accounts; c/ieung^ ^pd, an account book ttiV rJi^vng^ to


balance accounts by offsetting
ds'iiig ck^ung^ or 'Aodn chning'
to pay off an account
him^
chiuiig^ to owe.
yjE' An inundation to overflow;
'*^ a sheet of water the south^"^ern sea ''shui ch^ung^ water
rising, overflowing.

35

man fong chhmg^ the

lented

abbot of a monastery.
A cane, a staff; a cudgel, a
tt' club; to lean on to hold to
''"^beat aged, an old man; to
mourn '^kwdi ch^ung^ a staff
for old folks tcA'i ch^ung^ to
bamboo ; ^mun ch^ung^ to
beat 80 strokes; ch^.ung^ lil
ih^ung, a village sexagenarian; sik, ch^ung- a crosier;
cMwig^ (ki (fit, mourners of
one year diang ch^ung^ bambooing, beating; chap>ch^ung*
;

'

A swelled belly a swelling dropsical ,'^shui ch^ung'


^'^^"Sdropsy of the belly, ascites
ch^ung' hnun, belly hiird or
'pdu ch^ung^ a bellypuffy
to carry a staff at a funeral.
to fight ;
ful, a feeling of fullness;
sharp weapon
ch^ung^ ^nv'in ikung it'ong,
to rely on, to lean on, to look
swelling with rage, incensed. ^^^"^up lo; Hd shing' ch^iuig' to
get the victory ts'ip^ cMting*
aM' Malaria pestilential vapors
in battle; '^ri cMiing* to fight,
pestiferous air
an chhing^
at war tak^ chevng^ to have
^"ounwholesome climate dam
HE.'

'^

chiung' noxious vapor

hV

'

To separate to divide to
shut up, to include; lo raise

to

ch^ung^ wai*

rping ch^itng^

"^

^y<!uT)g cli^ung^

look to for aid


imperial gunrd

tli^nng^ deleterious malaria.

R^-'

friend

arms

'i

ch^ting' to trust to.

embankment something
which prevents pTogress an

Sail

intervening distance
a barricade, a trench, a fence; a

(52)

protection, as a carpet; a dike,


^pcin chfung^ a
terminus
board partition cheung^ sak:,
a hindrance or stoppage
'^pd
cheung^ a defense or embankment to defend a barrier
cheung^ paV to close against

ingress.

'

Light of the sun

fine

words

elegant, flourishing, prosper-

^ous; increasing in wealth or


powerful
effulgent
peace
good; rich, affluent; to in;

crease; to illuminate a thing;


shing^ prosperous,

(Ch'^iing

Ten c/tVcor 141 English


inches; to measure; an el^^"dcr ch^ung^d^ungy to measure land; ch^^ung- (fu, my
f'*'

kusband

B
!,.

Ch*eung.

Vd

ch^mg^

or

well-off; kati icK^ung, happy,

successful

shiin^

(tin

(ch'^ung, he will prosper

'^ch^

who

obeys heaven; kwongich'^ng,


splendid, gay.

;;;

CH'EUNG.

CH*]UNG,

36

A herd of animals fleeing


(Cli^ung ikw'ong, ungovern""^able, unrestrained.

Loose flowing
garments
thrown on one without a

'(B

_7^

/&

To

go before,

to

lead,

to

*'*^^

seduce or induce; a leader


^"^an example, a guide; used
for the last and next; ic/i^iing
;

show the way

i!

^'^'^"gcincture.

^J^ Long
Ivanff far off;
Ch
"

to

<.clC^ung iun' to

woman

singing

head

a cour-

ich'^ung kv' a
whore cc/tVwn^ diu, a brothel;
ich'^uug ikd, a bagnio; ^yau
;

ich'^ung, public singers Uong


ich'^ung, to be a whore.
The flag (Acorus) ; ^ch'iung
;

*b^

t^Han blind, a shutter; a school


p^

a student
I

/Ji&j

window;

it'in

ich'^ung, a

_^ A sort of fruit, the carambola


y^_

(Averrhoa), also called the


it'd, or sheep's peach.
bowels; the intestines
met. the feelings, the
tripe

"^^^iy&iing

OHj

^)W

icK^ung imun, a ^

practiced
the 168lh

rectly there.

to,

ficent influences.

^1

straight;

sweet flag, hung on door


'lintels to drive away male-

The door of heaven a gate


idi^ung hopi
of Suchau
Ch'aiigj^jyr
of paradise, kept by
Kwanti or Mars.
A window, an aperture to
admit light a sash a venet-

used

direct,

ip'd,
Ch'incr,'

skilled,

*J^

;
'

tesan; (.clieung imun, public


^"'^"^vvomen aoo ^c/ieung, house
^cJt^wig yd,
of assignation

a strumpet

'

koki^i/au'shoicli^ng, in what
each excels; ich'^ung kwu^
j^'oM, too long; ich'^ung ishaiig
long life; a cofiin
icii&ung
ishi yung^ in constant use
ich'^ung "-kau, old, a long time;
ich'eung hi' longvvinded, as a
talker; icli iung ihung a handbillj yati and '^sho ich'^uvg,
changeful, not persevering;
ich'eung 'kau '^w kV an old
comrade ich'^ung ishang paU
Hd, a green old age
^cKiung
^im shaP kdi^ long continued,
as a family ich'^'ung 'iti/t, the
length of, the traits of character
ich'^ung ik'u, go di-

riot.

r
a

radical; ich'^ung ^un, durable

a leader

time or distance,

^'always, continual; superiors;

iclCiung
ich'iung
si, to speak first
sutAo lead on <.ch'iung U'mi,
td^

in

constantly, reaularly
o

The

iwdngid ich'^ung,
'xK^ung H'd,
siu' Jvn
clever,
learned
ich'eung, laughed till his side
ached chikach'^ung, honest,

''"^affections;

cunning

7id

^ch'dn,

wint}ow-sill

ishil

icKiung, or ^kai icICiung, a


schoolroom; t'ong\ch'^ung, to
pull the sash to

Jion .cfieung,

icK^ung at, a
window-bur d'ung ick'iung,
or (.cKiung ^yau, chums, fela poor student

low-students

(ch'^ung ha- at

gcjiuol, whiiti at his studies.

mgau

trustworthy;

<ich'6ung,

icK^ung, the colon


iditung, lesser intestines

tripe; tci^
^siu

ich'^ung tsong^ the intestines,


isatn uh'&ung^
the inwards
the disposition, feelings and
;

ich'^ung ikung Hsz' a crab.

;
;

CHEUNG,

CHt.

An

arena, an area, a lot, a


an altar, a sacrificial
Ch'anff
ground; a playhouse; the
society of, a company a clas-

4v^

field

plays

of aifairs a fit, a spell; '<d


icii&ung ^k'ii, give him a
sound drubbing; chin' ich'^ung
field of battle; uk) icK&ung, a
building lot ; thun ich'^ung,
the fashion of officials kdu'
ich'eung, a paradeground;ya/3
;

tai^

execution-ground
t'iu'
an altar
ch'utiishiffi ich'iujig, I'll have
nothing more to do with it; Jioi

ich'iung,

it'dn ich'^ung,

d'oLn ich'iung, to

ation

a trial

sing in
The inner qualities develop'"g penetrating, thorough,
joyous,
''"^spreading
to fill
contented, in good spirits remote, long; exhilirating; joy;
iili
ch'iung'
the
eleventh
month; fdi' ch'tuug' happy;
ch'iung' tdii to permeate
ch'iung' mau} flourishing,

1^'
"^

open a gam-

made by

Sacrificial spirits,

infusing millet and fragrant

ch'iung' odoriferous spirits


ch'iung' a man who pre-

'chii

pares the libations.

the examin-

in

iman

A]^'

bling-house; yopa ffo ich'^ung


to enter the lists for a degree
of kujin; ikun 'hd ich'dung,

made

37

ch'iung' hV to recite
cKtuvg' inuki tti, to
the Canton dialect,

singing

sified

;;

'.c/i^ung, resorts

(53)

of students trials for degrees;


it'au icK^ung, the first trial

Chi.

luki

ich'^ung,

gambling-table

go

the
ynt^ ich'eung

to

to

c5am, a good action ; tdi^


viung^ yat-> '.ch'6ung, a great

fcri

To

know,

*^^ apprehend

with

to

be acquainted
to inform
a

tell,

''ho

dream,

to

forfeit;

ang^j^j^g

-3

he wishes

iE'

A bow

i-T^
Ch angJnto

To

its

recompense, to

t^j^y

c^^j-

,f.fi'eung,

me to make

case

up.

it

to put a

bow

case.

'

^
Ch

ipoiig

friend

wisdom

to

'^tsz'

'.hong,

kico' piti

knowledge,

remember

theatrical

icAi

when

reform

"koi,

you know your wrong

iman

heard so
ishui -chi,
unexpected, who would have
thought it 1 ku' (.chi, an old

(chi,

friend

^chi di, I

^pang

ccAi '^j

To sing in recitative to
cry out, to give the word to
iing|ead, to conduct, as singing
to crow Js'ing ch'^ung' singing with a lute ,ch'^ung'',hdm,
to call out the titles, as at a
levee ; ch'^ung' cko, to sing
songs ; ch'iung' indm iU'z' to
sing southern ditties, cKeung'

n0

fellow, a

life.

Correctly read .sheung.

Ch

perceive, to

to
to

ate friend
tchi td^ I

known
stand

it

a little

prophet;

the thing

cchi koki to notice

sz'*

is

to under-

^chi ^hiu,

(chi

an intim-

csint.chi, a

know

to^ hni} '^kum, I

dm

know

'"yau,

know

a salt

it

is

^chi

so

commis-

sioner cchi [fu, a prefect (Chi


tfung, aware of; (chi tsnk, contented pati (.chi ^tai sat' I do
;

not

know

its

history.

CHt.

38

CHt.

cchung ichi yung^ daily outlays and expenses (chi k'ap>


to give out (c/ti ikting ingan,
to pay wages xhi di, irrele-

spider ; icJii xhu, a spider,


general name for all kinds
Chi r
oi aranea.
sign of the genitive; when
-^
*';'' placed between two
nouns or
|M[i]

'^.

vant, not to the point, a liar;

verbs, answers lo who, which,


that

them

a pronoun,

he, she,

cchi ishi,

often used in the ab-

noun, or as a

stract, after a

relative particle, in apposition;

to progress

to

go

cchi ichi ii/an, the

him

hears

to

^^

who
mmig

person

d'tn

(chi

(Chi

nop

'A:(c/ti,

'

p0

final, like

expressing certainty
or
was immaterial
'^hdm t>atp 'Ad xhi, then he
would be well off; ichi <.chi
loki

certainly so.

branch,

twig a slender
branch off;

^^ scatter, to

'

of a river a clasof slender things, as

a tributary

flowers,

pens, 66c.;

iChi kon^

trunk and branches;

is common
'cAw cchi 'ch6 (.chi
waP tav that which rules is

yaU

<fdy a flower, a pretty

de-

called supreme.

tachment of troops pok^

cchi,

girl

sort of boletus or branch-

from

licitous
ccAi iwd,

its

sesamum

durability;

H:^

an elegant house,
met. intimate

shnt-.

'

Brt
I

to

f^'

descerjdants
to attend to

<.chi

'Adj, to quarter.

Grease, suet, lard,

fat
hard
of trees
met. honors,
glory to grease fat animals

gums

rouge

ichi,

i.

^chi,

the

their

e.

ichi ^ko, greasy,

unc-

mutton

(chi ^fan, cosmetics.


a cup holding four
syphon a vessel for

goblet

*'{-^ gills;
*'

^man

of the people,

tallow

10 A

tuous; iy'ung

body

money

to

fat

bear up, to
stand firm diverging, parting;
the twelve horary characters;
to measure the 65th radical
ipciu ,chi,
responsible
for
ichi ikang, a watchman
yati.
;

The limbs sz" ccA, the four


limbs; ichi H'ai, the whole

(in tcAi,

a sept or tribe

ichi,

' prop,
a branch; posterity,

^^ s'*"^' * P''y

to succor

'

with good men,


-i:
To branch, to diverge
^^^^

'"-fj

chi

branches and

7/>j

csw

chi dan,

ccAi

Chinese
ebony cshdn ^rhi, wild sunchi wood, a hard timber.
leaves

asort of fragrant ppidendrum


uigan, your fine fnce cchi

as of the genii

ynti cchi ikivan,

to graft

as fe-

cc/ii

dan

<.chi
;

'^^ ed mushroom, regarded

vh

ichi,

concubine's

pencils,

'

iwdng

colloquial

sifier

'

P"^'^
V'u'

the ancients u'in ming^ cchi,


heaven orders it imdachi, impossible ihang a pat^ chV '^chi
^yau ichi, to go and not arrive

"i^

a tribe

branch,

haP
Ijfc

where are you going?

ants,

side

that an act

heaven's plain decree


iho if so, how then ?
iiiV ic/ii ^yau ^y, there is no
such thing its^ung .ho ^chi,
niitig^

ii'i

ichi

child.

ni-

t'eng''

expend, use for


pdV descend-

to

expenses

it,

serving rations
wine syphon.

'tsau

ichi, a

CHf.

4|^

tree used to

dye yellow, a
uoong

of Gardenia

'^['^species

"

CHl.
the imperial will
M.'s orders

II. I.

the becho nut, used in

(f/tJ,

ccheung

To stop;

-.to rest

to lodge, to dwell.

rests in, an object

to detain

interrupted, stopped

kdni' do, not so

few

i'm

'^chi

no chance

tak)

'c/iiw

an islet in a pond.
Happiness fuki '^chi, bless^iL
"
ed, happy, enduring felicity;
'cAi,

ikd^chi, good fortune.


ji|L

The

'^^ wall

toes

'ku'c/iiikd, to

Used

ihang

walk.

^
^

plied to

li

for the last

men and
it because
bathed togeUier.

Meaning, intention; excel-

F^ lent pleasant tasted, delicate


^^' a decretal, orders fniig^ '^chi,
;

to receive orders

Houd liquor;

'chi

'chi Isan,

v the import

unn

'cAi

'^chi

H,
;

^chi csai,

ring-finger -j'chi'tijn, to

how

show

kdp, a finger nail

'chi

henna (Lawinermisj; 'chi shah cer-

'cAi kdp, (/a, the

tain, sure.

^^
j!|^,

To embroider
braided

^^' lace

to put

embroidered,
on braid or

the 204th radical, relating to embroidery <.cham 'chi,


to sew, to do needle work.
'.E^l.
Paper; a document; yatt
<:^''^"'*3 '''^*) ^ sheet of paper;
;

'

iML
I^JcsAd

'chi,

wrapping paper;

coarse paper 'chi


a
paper match 'chi
itrivi,
it'ung (fa, artificial flowers
'cAt ip'di, cards 'chi pah. paper houses and clothes burn-

Chf ''so

<.Kdu '^chi,
Cochinchina, said to be ap-

Kit

women

a ft>undation of a

step high, to trip along


'cJd, to

<

the feet

''shau

take up one's

^" ^" island

l'>dg'"5

''cki

cannot obtain

of,

Uung

soiiia

to

.-n'hce.

islet

pointing
this way and that, befooling;
'chi shi? to point out ; 'shau
'chi (kung, the thumb
shiki
'chi, forefinger
oab iming 'chi
'^chi

An

expect

vioiig^ to

'^chi

'.to,

a dcpei,

double finger

icdki ^(^i^> gesticulation

^>L

mode

for the last

'chi, a

only so many ; '^chi


pal) chu^ will not stop, cannot
be stopped; 'chi no- to appease;
into Hai
'c/ti silk, to lodge at
^chi, nothing to slop at.
'IjL
A foundation, fundamental;
^ one's own country or origin
iki '^chl, a foundation, a base,

kom^

used

cc/t'^, the compass ;


shapi '-chi U'dn cpang, to snap
the fing^-rs in vexation
ond

to stop

'chiijidm

know when

a particular, a

to point out

to

j/att

an im-

" mand

to
from, to desist, to be still
remain, to wait; only, but,
however the 77th radical of
characters mostly relating to
'^chi s/iV only is
<.chi 'chi
rest
;

'^chi,

to cease

Hs'ing

tdi^ 'chi,

ichi

*l;li

which the mind

that

shing^ 'chi,

portant remark, a synopsis.


finger, a toe to point, to
to teach, to com*^, refer to

fevers.
iL.

commands

to request

dyeing, and as a medicine in

39

'chi,

ed

in sacrifices

cotton

paper

t^king iin^'chi,

^kai

sAs'Jrt,

scolloped

per used

dt

'chi,

',p'i

brown wrapping paper

'chi

pieces of pa-

funerals to buy the

;;;

;;;

CHl.

40
road

CHi.

ifdn ^ckl, sizfed paper


'cAi, gold dusted paper king^ sik-. tsz'^ ''chi,
yai^
respect written paper
;

jcam dsin

^lo-ng

'^chi

ishu,

one

iiti,

to

a kite

fly

letter
;

\fng^

'^cki

^td (Shiii ^cki,

ti:'

1^

^r!
'

To respect, to invocate
ly,

onbut merely, however, yet

respect, awe, reverence

'c/r;

only this 'chi ^t/au yat.


yiung^ only one sort
'cAi
king'' to venerate.
D|J
An ancient short cubit of 8
<s'tin,sarneas an English foot
small degree of; 'cAi ch'ek^ <chi
ti* a little way, a small interval.
hedge thorn, a spinous
'-tn
'/5'z'

'^

hok,

medicine,

The

hole in the

its

hub of

chi he

were the nave projects;


the end of the nave projecting from the hub; diverging,

plying doubt

doubt

^*
*^

if

The

he

is

-*^

a resolve; a

^'^'

chi'

h^uns^ desire, inclination;

chi ishing, ingenuous, guileless.

k*

^^' sense of right, firm purpose


history, annals
to record
or topographical
statistical
works tdi} chi' high thoughts;
cKuti tak: chV not abashed by
ridicule, conscious of power

while, presently.

r At'

chV 'Ad, the best


chV chiuk: everything proper
chVishing, wholly sincere; chV
'kan, urgent katt chi^ a little

here yet.

will, the inclination

come soon

will

to* to arrive

im-

doi mi' chV

good resolution,

even, till,
up to ; as to, respecting, in
order to; an adverb, much,
greatly most, very, the superlative degree; the solstice;
the 133d radical; chV kih ^t
the very extreme : tsz'^ '^ku
chi (kam, from of old till now;
into "sho pati chV he goes every
where, he is very wild; chi'
(kwdn ^kan iH of the highest
moment dungchV the winter
solstice cAi' di, with respect
to; chi'shitfy the least of; haky

seeds,

like the forks of a road.


colloquial particle,

J&j'

mi/i*

to, at,

'^ wheel,
^**'

black

summit or end

'chi

^^' a preposition,

used

mole, a hair-mole

this,

^' To come, to go to, to reach;

dulcis;

on

fixed

-*-* to arrive, the

a fruit like a pumelo,


^^' with a thick skin hurtful, like
thorns; 'cAi kik^ hedged up;
thorny 'cAi ki^ the Hovenia
for

is

or red spots on the body


^^' chV spots on the face.

tree

mind

'^ts'z'

/<i:i

to record

Ch( taph, a eulogy; (sdm ktook, chi*


annals of the Three States:
chl\shu, history, records chi*

j^*

a fly leaf.

>to write, to inscribe; used


md* rhi an epiJ for the last

to torture in prison; ch'dii' ^chi,

'gfP

To remember

f?j'],

Interchanged with the last


to cause to go to convey to; leading to, tending;

To go,

accompany
communicate,

to

to

visit

to

to intimate to;

to
to resign, to give over to
induce, bring on to jeopard,
;

to hazard; to regulate, to
control, to order; an aim,
object, or end a tendency to
;

used before
a verb, implies what is caused
investigate fully

;;;

done

to be

to put forth

that, in order to

1^'

the extreme

1;^
Chf

ch't

make him come


chV V to intimate to, to inform
chi[ sz" to throwin any way
up an office; chV ming^ de-

^shai^'k'uiloi,

To mend

Ch

'

tattered

Wisdom, understanding,

wise, considerate, discreel


able to manage clever, sharp,

brave

^,

ticular.

A carriage with a front


lower than the back, or turning down, from the lading.
^g' A goblet or cup holding

^5'

three ishing or gills; a cup


to fine one so many cups.

To

Vto place

-la. J

range

Chi

self;

Chi

to

to

to present to

a great liking for

stumble

one

^i'

down

Us'ing chi'

chV

'to,

ehi"'hi, to

to

pick

up.

present to make way for


one, given at an audience or
first interview, or when entering school to present gifts
;

chV

presents chi' k'uC to


visit with a present.
Birds of prey, accipitrine
;

t' birds, violent, ruthless, hawk,

" like
ffi'

Chi

pledge, a hostage; to
pledge, to guaranty to pawn
;

chV to give a pledge or


guaranty chv fu' a pawnbroon'

ker's

-.kau

chi' to

exchange

hostages.

TUN, DICT.

'/J*

to

remove
chV
ngoP it is none of my
to

refuse,

ishan sz'^
business; nint^ nim^ pat> chi'
unceasingly thinking of it
chi' (shan und <i' ashamed, no
place to hide myself.
^^* Hindered, embarrassed, pre^ft vented from acting or advan'

cing

to slink

away, as a dog

does.

Name

iA-

*P
'

to rule

heal
to

of a stream in the
to govern,

Shantung

east of

well,

to

manage

form

to try causes

rienced, talented

to

expe-

prosperity,

to oversee a funeral
'^che,

to oversee, to care for

good government

to seize by violence.

to

si,

to reject,

next

employ;

to

to ar-

for one's

go to
the edge to break down, as
trees from weight of snow
for the

purchase

to advance, to enter, to

used

to

determine, to judge, to decide 'cA'u chV to punish, treat


as a criminal
chi' pdn^ to
buy chV ika, to take a wife ;
lon chi' to arrange a place for,
as to spend the night fai' chV

arrive at, to reach

to extend

to establish,

to appoint

to dismiss; to put aside

seize with the hand, to

grasp

sid chi' indiscreet.

To make firm,

^^

Ch

ta-

knowledge; prudence;

chV careful, par-

sai'

^'

head-

shrewd chV shik> good judgment chV ^yiing, wise and

close,

delicate;

soft,

itsing chi' beautiful, fine, delicate

and

trip

chi' fell

handsome, elegant

to

long.

*7, lent
'

stumble
iin

down

clothes

fine, as cloth;

To
fall

^*

livered his orders.


*

9*

CHf.

CHl.

chi' tsong,
;

chi'

ha}

subjects, the governed;

cure ^t'ln ha} tdi^


empire well governed,
firm peace
;/6 fdty ''ho chi
there':) no way of managing

ti

chi^ to

cAi' the

CHUT.

4Q

Ch'ut.

(85;
Ill

Ch*uh

CHUT.

To go

out, to issue, to pro-

^^^ forth, to manifest, according to the tenor of the


followingor preceding word;
to

eject,

out
an
implying

to put

auxiliary

verb,

completion or action

cKuty

yapy to go in and out, back

and

forth

ch'ufy

*se

will write out

Joi,

jcA'd ch'uh

Joi, about to examine; ch'uty


chung* preeminent, to surpass; '/ji tpin ch'v? cKuty

where were you born

shai^

Jcungy to retire, to
ease nature ; cKuty kd' to
marry a husband; ch'tit ishan,
to hold office ; ch'ufy ipau
pd^ sdty to carry idols in procession ; cKuty t&i, surpriscliuty

ing
ch'uty p'tu* to issue a
warrant, to advertise ch'uly
hi*
to fume or steam, to

FA.

t.

t.

S'eh

joist to support

'" S''"<^er

a plate

sort of king.

post.

pS To sob, to talk incessant^'i ly; to taste, to drink; to


^>J kiss; Jau chiity to swill
]

Chueh down with a noise;

chiity

min^ ichii,
to kiss the cheeks.
To clip, to pare, to cut off,
5?^I
reject; to enChueh ^ ^^^^' ^
grave; chiity ting^ to cut
blocks and publish.
To gather, to take with the
Jhtjt
Chueh ^^"^ * pluck, to seize.
7<a, to sip

j|S

Q^^x
^g^

To connect,

chiity

to join

to stop;

a band of posture-makers.

To

stop

Chueh ed;

cimty

work, to

a carriage repairfkungi to stop

rest.

t.

(87)

avenge another's quarrel


ch'uty it'auf to take the lead

^ni tuki t^, shall I teach

to read

be adopted by

its'ui

divorce

to

lis'aU

ch'uty kai* to

^ni

to

ifigan,

*shp
'

pay

to

Ziii'

if

you please,
^Ngo kau*

shV yaty shV

you

<^, try,

you ?

will

ch'tity

tsam, as you like to do it


hon'i'm ch'ufy s^ung* to belie
his looks ; ^seung j'm ch'uty
can'not recall to mind; ch'uty

Jkl|

denoting

ch'uty ^cKau^ to be despised

an uncle

j?jW'.

particle,

are you willing,


is it
not so?

chi^uty

(86)

final

paty

ch'ufy

guess aright.

(88)

.^1
Hwi

blossom, a flower pleasure, vice variegated, ornamental, carved ; to exaggerate yaty do -fa, a flower yott
;

chaty ifa,

a bouquet

itnivg

tfdy ornamental flowers


<fd
xshang, the ground-nut ; [jd
;

Chiit.

Stupid, unskillful, unhandy,

Zd' 'shui,

unapt

cfd,

'ch'un chiity stupid,

lavendar water 'a/f^'


on metals
;

to enchase

a 'dull

tfd kdpy Hsz^ the sexagenary

thorn,' i. e. my wife
chuiy
pat I an unskillful penman

;
ifa
</a fai' to
squander in dissipation ; (fd

inexpert;

chiity iking,

chuli Hsx^

my

son.

a beggar

cycle

ilam,

a brothel

tfd

^Isz'

;;

43

FAI.
a

*rtii,

girl

</d *tdn,

an actor

who

t/attJd'

exaggerated talk; tfd

nickname

iTneng, a

iFd

iV'i

United States </a


ti^ the Flower Gardens near
Canton.
To change, to influence so
XJ/^
htcoki the

j/~

as to alter, to transform ; to
to convert
melt, to digest
to pass into metempsychosis
to
to create ; to transmute
barter ; to exchange ; to reform ; kdu* fa* to improve by
iihan, to
instruction ; fa*
burn a priest's corpse ts'd*
;

fast

iltin,

nature hb* ts'd* fa'


luck
iwong fd' the
influence of law fa' shang,
fate,

Hwui

produced by metamorphosis,
as insects; fa' yati peaceful
times; %cKdufd' to subscribe

Budhist mass

for a

did

not subscribe

digestible

shW

ifi^

Luminous, splendid, like


fai tkwong, lustrous,
Hwui
gorgeous, like many lamps
fire

fai

ircong, illuminated.

Same as the two preceding;


.B
"^ effulgent, glorious, as the sun.
'

1^

signal or

marking

flag

^^"'

aa
Hwui

adorned fai fai, to fly up


and show the plumage.
;

To

u^
Hwm
.

^7

'.r

rend open, to tear off*;


humble, unassu.^
.1
Jmmg; used for the precedmg.
to point out;
1

f.

failure, deficiency, defect,

or diminution

short breath:

mjure to want, a
few lo trouble one owing to,
in consequence of; faifii} to
be deficient fai *rti, thank
you fai hung' a deficiency
fai ji/an, to annoy, trouble
one
fai isam ichi tyan, an
ingrate
fai 'ngo jin 'k,
to pant

to

also, inj?d/i

fd' avaricious, niggardly.

Fai.

(89)

to

a signal, to motion to
quick, hasty
fai hd^ your
honor! (used by soldiers.)
To fly with noise ; a kind of
colored,
colored pheasant

'^^ make

j'm fd'

its'oi

sun to glisten tfai


spruced up, pleased fui
exceedingly glorious.

like the
iin,

unbroken.

entire,

Brilliant, refulgent, glorious,

good

tfai tsau^

read twan, in the phrase jtcan

fd*

hand;
spend
written. Also

**Ad, to sprinkle, to

fai

protecls

under
children, worshiped
the bed ; tfd po' chintz ; </a
street
ikai, an illuminated

Manchu

corps, to point with the

iWone, the god

a major in a

l/at,

personates women
t/a
lo paint the face for
7?ii>i*acting; ifd </a shai' kdi' a
thoughtless age; tfd (fa tkung
Hsz' a profligate rake ; ifd

who

To move,
agitated
sprinkle ;

Hwui

away

shake
to be
to
animate
to
to scatter, to throw
to

<fai

<.cKun, to

new-year's inscriptions
cfcd,

to write

,fai

</ai
iii

dirt

'cM

to

my

words; shik^ fai

money /> *mi/n tsakt


fai, the moon waxes & wanes.
to lose

write

fai <kam

spend money like


foki extravagant;

H'd, to

owing

1^

To

destroy, to overt how, to

u"^. break

to injure

fai pdi^

to

destroy and scatter. Also read


to*, and often used for ^tcai.

;;;;;

44

FAI.

FAT.

i^J^

cord of three strands

H wui ^^.''"S

queenly garments

Hi'

Ql"

kind of sash good, heautiful


a banner the stops on a
guitar; tFai maki ink from
Hwuichaii
fine
tfai tyam,
sounds c/ai hb^ a tlag.
To spend, to use; to exert;
to dissipate
expense, cost,

they are oonTlie lungs


nected with metal fai* ikm
;

the lungs.

f'

Luxuriant; small; read/a^


as fati fad foliage abundant.

dJt'

P
pj^*

^j

The bark of a dog; Itin^


fai^ 'kau, a dog which barks
at everybody.

trouble, outlay

waste, lavish-

ing squandering ^shai faV


to spend, to expend fa'C sz*^
troublesome,
interrupt
to
fai^ iSam, to remember one
;

faV

J^... cheerfulness
alacrity

jt/ii,

sitting at a feast

'

p'o'

lost

man

don, to throw aside, to degtroy, to

obsolete,

rupt

to repudiate,

lose;
;

null

to stop, to fail

spoiled, cor-

to depose

graded; ^ai*

rejected yfai^
fellow, good

faV

jmiC

sfib it

lialf

done fai'
;

useless, de-

thrown

/t'

aside,

mati a useless
fur

nothing

when

to reject

tsati disabled,

incurable.

To

Hwui

shun

to respect ; to
hide
name of a
person in the ancestral hull
kV fai' to avoid using sacred

muffle, to

i'
'

names pah fai' dead (tsiin


fai' your venerable name.
To bubble, as boiling water
;

or a spring ; s/tMt' fai* crJiung


ic/i'd, the wilier boils, pour it

on the

tea.

Also

ri^.ii(\

prompt

paly

ftf).

'/,

a heads-

trate's otlice;
iloi,

fdi*

tiky

come back quick

fdn
fdi*

^md, a courier ; fdi* ts'ui*


speedy,
-U^'
A clod, a lump ; a piece of,
Tz,. a fraction ; a classifier of
small things which are flattish and usually shapeless, as
boards, panes, slices, &c.;
doltish ; yah fdi* ynki a slice
of meat ; yaty fdi* ti^ a piece
of land ; hdw} fdi* the whole
space ; tdi^ fdi* the globe,
nature; yd? iin itnd ichi, stu-

fdi* ^I'eng, a fast-boat


fdi* hnd ilai, bring it quickly;
fai* cpdH,alictor in a magis-

to disinherit

quickl/di' V*t'

chai? fa'C heedless, witless.


house in ruins ; to aban-

hit
Fei

pleasure,

quick, hasty;

your outlay,' needless expense, politely said by


one who gets a present

fai^

fai* loki
^shong fai* indisposed, out of sorts; fai*
good^spuits;
tifj delighted,
fdi* 7s ? ' c h opst icks yd i' ya i*

happy

waste one's time


kwd' faV
" great outlay," politely said

when

Contented, glad

Ml'

long^ fai' wasteful

Fai.

(90)

pid.

Used

for

the pronoun

I.

Great, strange, monstrous,


J'", as an eruption, a meteor;
fdi* lui^ puppets, vulgarly
called 'kwai Hmi In*.
p^' To swallow, to drink willi
j^^ avidity; voracious; thetliroiit
stopped ; clamor of voices.
Name of a king.
Ify*

Fan.

45
Stupid, forgetful

ilg;

Fan.

(91)

-p^
Hiui

Vapur, exhalations, steam

smoke

rising

to otliend

ing; ^fan
ffjiu

tsiki

U'ui,

to

to sinuke, to

parch
to becloud
even,

tumigate, to

Hiun

Hwan

lieat, to

warm wind;

twilight

</u

yb

smoke hams

ijun

tfan, uneasy, fidget ty


ikon, to dry at the tire

ifan

To

Hwan

ifan
cheki t3 cauterize.
Loyal merit, meritorious ; to

'

spend strength lor one's king


ifdn tlo, merit obtained in
serving the state ; ifan ishan,

Hiun

to

i^

Leeks, onions, and strong


vegetables; animal
food fan u' meats or vegetables
pati fii fan, not to
eat meat
fan Kseng, savory
odors of food,

flavored
;

Twilight the light reflect,


ed after sunset exhilarated ;

ihdm ifan '^ytung, the


are tinged with the set-

islidn
hills

ting sun.

tribe of aborigines, called

vukii they dwelt near


bhensi.
^^ Fragrant plants, fragrance;
used in houses to expel de.
Hiuii
mons a savory smell.
/'">'

p/T

jf^

shut the door at even-

'"g 5 ^ P^'""^'' 5 /" ^V^", a


doorkeeper, an eunuch who
keeps the hareem; k'au' fan^
to visit the palace,

Rice steamed thoroughly


steam nee.

-fij^

a patriotic statesman.

Hiuii

confused

Unsettled, unstable,
like
^Fan itcong, king of
^ water
the Tai state, b. v. 300.

g9

ifuiig,

rt=collection.

Vapor or steam
fumes
from
cooked
vegetables
c|^j savory odors; fan iho, steam
Hiun from viands; odorous exhala-

<jW

Intoxicated, drunk ; smell,


ing of liquor tsui' tfan fun,
Hiun
gloriously drunk.
;

sun setting

I'he

Hwan dusk

dull;
to

do

obscure,
confused,
in disorder; to oblige

iWong fan, dusk

dark, dull;

oni'

fan

fan

liin*

con-

fan mui^ unintelligifan y6^ night fan fa,

fused
ble

motes in the eye.


Marriage
to take a wife
JjCt
nuptials itnai fun,
^y^'h
''f^'^
lllv- n
to complete a marriage
<bn
fan, to marry relatives fan
pui' to contract a marriage.
;

'1

Fan

o separate, to divide

halve

to

to distribute, to divide

amongst to give, to partake


with a candareen, a tenth in
decimal notation. Readyan'
a portion, a duty, a part isdm
faiC tchi yaf, one third. tP'ing
;

divide venly ; fan


separate ; fan piu to
divide, to leave
fan pun*
to dissolve partnership
fan

fan,

twilight

>

tions.

ifan

to

choi, to

ich'ing shd' to pay in proportion ; fan ikd, to divide the


estate ; fan pdi' to give

amongst
yaf,

fan

yati

fan thong fo\

each kind of
goods has Its own price fan
ikom it'ung mi^ same taste
as the car|M;ls of an orange;
<fan iiin, a deputy diBtrict
iis'in,

ma'fistrale.

;;

;
;

FAN.

^i

To
Fan

Pan

direct

To

burn, to light, to set on


fan Jiiung, to light
incense sticks ; fan fa* to

</an (fuf'to bid

to do, to order.

fire

A tree resembling the elm


with white wood ; a beam in
a house
ifan iu ^sh^, an

burn up; fan a, to burn


a bonze
fan ithu, burning
of the books by Tsin.
A grave, a tumb, a tumulus;
river banks, an embankment
;

agricultural feast.

A beam

Fan

or ridge-pole of a
confused, disordered,
hedipeo covercomplicated

roof:

great,

vast

rich

soil

read

ing.

A
Fan

fragrant

wood burned

for

perfume.

its

Tang dynast}-, whose name


is a synonym for happiness
;

cFan itf^img Uim 'fidtii,


Fany6ung's king nodding

Fan

hie chin (becaiuse he did

know

not
descendants).
vapor ;
shadowy

Fan

ifan iiran, aerial in.


fluences; 'iii tfan^ noxious
influences; 'Aoi t/a/i, pirates
;

'#

ifan

liiit}

hubbub

ifan ifan

by busine.ss;

ttosz^^ distracted

,fan tfd ^lau lun^ all in disorder ; fan ^wan^ confused.

Budding and blossoming


Fan

o|)ening
from
plants
fan fong, spreading
fragrance cfan fan, odoriferous. Numerous, harmonioas.

fragrance
;

A
Fan

*i*

frosty

fan

rain.

mist

(fan, a

ho'irfrost

snowy,

sleety,

ifan, a deserted grave

gb*
;
;

A river overflowing and


m-^king streamlets a river
;

bank

a river in Honin.
Fruitful, flourishing planis,

imd

fan shall

bearing

much

dividend, a
the
fan, to put in

fan fan,

profits; iTndi

Fan

growing
fan, hemp

flowers
;

portion,

share

Fan

fong

lacoki ifan^ demagogues, dis.


turljers of the peace.

variegated ribbon ; confused, perplexed ; raveled ; to


mix up; many things at
once; hurry, bustle, clamor

to Worship the graves

seed
seed.

signs, a will-o'.the-wisp, airy

omens

fan,

fragrant
together

all his

Fume,

iFan mo^ a tomb;

tsdm fan, the distinction of


heaven, earth, man.
An ornament on the bit of
a bridle.

A river in Sh^nsl, a branch


of the Yellow R. <Fan ii/^ung
iWong, a personage in the
as

fan*.

to divide

shares ; fan */*?' a share. A


vulgar character.
Rice broken to pieces ; a
flour of any grain; pigment,
to whitewash or
to adorn
color ; ^mai fan rice flour
suki ^mai fan, indian-meal
fan tz' or fan Usai, vermicelli
mi/i' fan, a cosmetic;
fan itstung, starch fan toi^
a tailor's chalk-bag
J^ung
fan, a .sort of jelly fan sui^
smashed to shivers ; fan
shikt tai' ip'ing, a specious
peace ; fan ijtdi a writing;

boardl;

fan

a wall

cu/i

pikt to whitewash
fan, white lead.

;;

; ;

FAN.

FAxN.
Anger,

Fan

resentment

^fan
^fan 'Jan
pati kiki
perturbed, cross
'fan han^ hatred, m:\lice.
mole or field rat called
nd^ Rngry, vexed

Fan

ruin

Fan

to

on,

yaty iin

times

li^

endeavor

Fan

carried in processions

Fan

'fan chi' to animate one's


self; 'fan
liki to put forth
energy 'fan ci, to lift up the

flag

To

'n%

To

fan^

are half asleep


collo'ngdnfan^ sleepy.
quial word, for which this
character is often made.
To instruct, to teach, to exhort to explain ; a doctrine,
;

Hiun

Fan

fdi'
fcj

fan*

filth,

fan'

liu^

muck

fan*

ti'

Mi

Fin

muck", excrement ; to manure fan' ihdng;


a privy ; fan' jTnun, the anus
loki

to

manure

fan'

prepared Cor sale


a public necessary.

fro

to return,

to revise

hii' ckwai, to go home


fdn ikwai come home soon.
All; eVerylxxly
common,

'' *^ ;.vuigar,
i

tradition.

Fan

\fdn

the manual fan'' td^ the snperintendent of education in

Ordure,

ex-

'fei

and

fly to

change

to

yiki to translate.

definition fan* kdu'

fdn

to instruct ;yb?t' lin^ to teach

each department

a case ;
tfdnfuki changeable; vacillating
fan \shdng, resuscitated
\fdn on' to rejudge a
base
tiii^
fdn ^shdng, to
to carry a case to the capital
to

precept

translate

to

plain
sleep, to rest

Fan

skirt.

twan, you

a dus-

move

to

ich*ung tfdn yati tiii' a pair


of streamers; fan ^in, forthwith.
A streamer ; its'ing fan, or
iWan fdn, a banner carried
Used for the
at funerals.
preceding.
To spreAd out to agitate,
or wave', as the wind does a

after, to excite,

to spread

napkin

or

ter

abroad or
to
reach to to brush away
lifi; prompt, impetuous, rapid
;

^ki

anger, violent feeling;


fad 'fan, excited, zealous after ; 'fan liki to put forth
one's
energies
'fan kify
wrought up by passion.

To

a tribe on

applied to all
t/'di, several

a foreigner.
A banner, or streamer with
sentences, hung in temples or

to

to rouse

a time,

of; to reck-

ifan lod'^ foreign talk;


tfnn iyan, foreigners 'Id fan

Fan

now

foreigners;

overthrow, to

fall

Impatient desire, zeal, ardor

change

to

the south,

on one's back ;
'fan sr'^ a word will

to

beast's footstep

a turn, a repetition

rat.

ruin an affair ; '/an Hd


tumble to the ground.

Fan

Fan.

(92)

a plough

Viii,

Prostrate

Fan

Jai

4T

lisual

^^^ vnosi part

ijdn

ikdii,

generally, for

fdn lyan, men


world

thie

^dn, every one

fx

tradrdinah', clever
'yau, people

ccAu

sfdn, extdi^

fdn

generally
have it 'hd fdn, to enter the
world
isz^ ifdn, to think of
marrying (-a; of a bonze).
^sho

'.

:;

;;

FAN.

48

A kind of southernwood or
Artemisia, whose decoction
is sprinkled on silkworm eggs
to hasten their hatching; j/ci
cAd, a plant grown like celery,
and pickled in winter.

sail of canvas; kwd' J'dn,


to hoist sail; sfdn pd' canvas.

grave ; ifan tkdn, at the


graves, a sepulchre.

F^ii

M
M
M

To

meat

roast

for sacrifices

ifdn cheki to roast meat.

Fan

A dust basket or large sieve;


to liide, to cover, to shade.

Fhii

Meat

roasted for sacTTIice;

Mineral salts proper for


painting or dyeing;
pdA,
Fin
tfdn^ alum ; dsing ifdn, copperas ifdn s/ieki alum shale ;
;

Hdm

the remnants of a sacrifice,


sent to princes.
Plants growing luxuriantly

Fan

flourishing; plenty;

F6n

many;

jfdn mau^, abun;


prosperous ; ^fdn *i/i,
numerous progeny.

A
1

fence; hedge; boundary

frontier

ward

to

off,

a covered car

Fan

tract

dant

wattle Or hurdle
j/a/i wiki
the frontiers ; ^fdn j^'oi, the

fdn
fdn

tli,

treasurer of a province
tun, a \Vall iritloSing

trude on
pertinent

troublesome,

grieVed, sorry

ifdn.
tdi' I

*/ii,

trouble

you

food.

to take this;

fan
'J'o

rttany,

Fan

confused, miiltitudinous
a
variety of affair^ ; a saddle; ifdn iUdn, wearisome
j'wi
ifdn iWdf pomp, show
voir ifinii unwilling to Be troubled, can not endure
^fd'ti
;

ex^:"n8ive.

go back fdn j/itu Ji^ung


gone to his village ^fdn
'^wong
hii^ ikwai, gone home
fan 'ki yati how many days
will you be gone ?
To float driven by thi
wind name of a river. Used
to

girth

csam, sorry for.


return, to come back

*/id,

faC

Regret fdn fiii' to regret


an act fdn ^chun min^ ip'i,
to change the countenance ;
;

Fan

annoyed.

numerous;

to

fdn

Ui shiki the stomach rejects

ifdn ilo, to trouble one lo do a


thing ; ifdn mun^ perfJlexed,
grieved; ifdn *iii; irilerrupted,

Much,

do

,fdn

im-

to trouble; to in-

trduble yo\i

min^

light

reflect

children; ^fdn liau to unsay,


to recant ; fdn tsit, to spell,
to combine sounds; fdn wai^

Troubled; annciyed; perplexed, heated

to

chilli

turn a cold
kwal, to backbite ; fdn ^chun, to turn over
fdn tau' clamor and play of

ifdn

tsoki

and fro, to refdn, discorfdn, to rebel

tsiung

siioulder

^fdn

iping't a screen; a statesman.

Fdn

Fill

To turn back, to return to


be contrary, to rebel to combine against; opposed to, but,
contrary again ; fdn fuk^
repetition, to

to pro-

^dn

kind of cricket or grasshopper, which goes by night.


;

tect; a cover for a chariot;

Fan

tfii

Fan

to settle

dant,

ifdn, blue vitriol;


alum ash.

ifdn,

Fan

for

the next character.

; ;;

FAN.

FAT.

flow down
extensive to

float, to

ITo
transport
over

float, su-

ifau fan' to

spill

perficial
fdn^ ji'/, vague
words ifdn' ichau, to sail in
;

a boat ;yan' sin, lightminded.

To
F4n

overflow, to fluctuate

in motion, agitated

to float

starred

ill-

things to be avoided

when commencing anything


fan' cMuhi to bring ill luck;
fdn' ishan, to exorcise, to expel or

induce evil

depart

'hi fan' to

spirits to

adore the

of the threshold.
a tumulus; a
bank, a levee
(p6 fan, a
Fan
dike or bank to stop water
a mole.
spirits

guarding ifungfdn^
a popular custom,
Name of a bonze the
7C country of Magadha, whence
F*n
Budha came the language
of the Budhists,
Pali or
Sanscrit /f/n* tyam, to chant
prayers fan- j i/i, Pali /a/i*
cKdti a monastery.
rule for

^'

fdn^ lam} wide, as a deluge.


Name of a river in Hondn.
Ill-luck, evil influences

Fan

an exemplar; ifongfdn'-

tern,

to

49

Cooked rice a meal ithiki


rin /^"' to eat tsd'- fdn^ to cook ;
Hsdfdn' breakfast; j)in^ fdn^
a common meal shiki fdn^
j'm d$'ang, have you eaten,
(i. e. how do you do? the ans.
is, -yau
<p'i/j,
(hank you.)
tchongfdn^ dish up the rice.

^^

hillock,

(93)

Fat.

negative ; not, it should


Fuh "^^ ^^' not permissible con-

^^

To
F^n

traffic, to

'hau,

ij/an

riidi^

deal in

trary, distorted

fan'

to deal

men 'kwdifdn' to get away


children to sell; /a/i' 'Isai or
fan' (fu, a chapman, a ped-

it

dler

;yM-yM'

to peddle about.

To

rush against to offend


to transgress
to invade
to
ian
violate, to resist, to o|)pose
a criminal ;/- Isui'- to transgress /in- yit/, to break the
;

^ffi

F?h

ij/an,

the

in

f'^^gfiif^ resembling.

brush,

to'"\vipe, to

push away,

to

dust

oppose

to

to

contradict ; perverse, disobedient ; a sort of


flail
fa(y idian, to brush
away dust //> shil-, to brush
away ^ying faU a fly whip
fat, iynn sing' to thwart an.
other's wishes.
;

have ofl^ended you.


Hcrb-3, grass

a surname.

a bee or

^
^'

wasp

for

the

A rule, a guide a custom,


a usage; a mold, a pattern;
;

imitate

To>-.

jw fdn' a pat.
uicx.
7
;

Brambles, or luxuriant herbagc, concealing the path


;
happiness, luck
to screen
to clear
away, to open;

Used

following.

to

fat, tsai' '*

fin^

Us'amfdn^ to encroach on, to


usurp ^yanfdn^ 4sun ingdn

Fan

to

expel,

a prisoner
ifs'avfdn^ to cage a criminal

P^*"*^*^^

he

Joi,

will not be done.


Like, as if; used

To
Fuh

laws

come

will not

in

faU

fat,

V.vd,

to clear

away

grass.

Raveled silk
a screen a
Fuh ^^'^^^ to drag a bier ; c/uip,

i*^

fat, to

accompany a

funeral.

FAT.

FAT.

50

A ribbon to hold a seal


used for the two preceding.

FuU

Clean, pure

to

to drive off; to

Fuh

disperse

wash away

a sacrifice or baptism
obtain good faU ich'u,
;

ward

jj^

'jj

diences
;

to

off.

covering for the knees


a short tunic worn in southern

knee. pad of leather ; a


cover or defense for the bosom a string on a seal.
head
hair
Disheveled

Fuh

making memo-

for

randa, and then used as ornaments ; they were held before the breast; chap, at, H
ich'iu, to take the tablet in
court
ching^ fat, to hold
the tablet.
A hole in the ground a
stable or sty dug out of the
earth
fail Hung, a hole, a
grotto
*s/ju fati a rat-hole

to

China.

former times

in

meant

Fuh

A tablet of ivory, bamboo,


gem, or wood, used at au-

*^

Kuh

>

ornaments;

Fuh

^kdu

like, nearly, ap-

rabbit has three

plied to things.

uh

Variegated,
black
and
azure mixed to embroider in
colors
elegant, flowery (as
a variegated garwriting)
ment ; fati 'mill, an embroidered coronet.
A single floss of silk the
;

holes

fat, buttocks.
Contrary, unreasonable

/^
Fi^'

^shi

to

aside, Budha; Fati kdu'


Budiiists Fati Hsd, Budha

^""^^

Fatifdfz

Budhism

citron

Fat^

temples

Hwuh

isdm fat^ a cunning

t'd*

smallest fraction in notation,


a millionth to forget, to dis-

;fati ^shaut

ifong, Budhist

fati ''hau ^sht <.samt


villainous hypocrite.
;

regard to make light of, to


extinguish ; negectful suddenly, abrupt, unexpectedly,
all at once
faU iin, suddenly fat, ^yau tyaa iloi,
just then a man came iheng

Fat.

(94)

jafi to

Uuki

make

to forget

faU

light of;
;

/a/> ishi, not

My
^"*'*

away

to bale out,

to

dip

Hau, a dust-board ;
fat, 'shui, to bale water faU
lapi sdfi to take up rubbish.

up

X^
*

rlh

send
germinate to cause
to go, to dispatch, throw out
to ferment to show forth, to
issue, to appear, to

^^^^^' ^^

manifest
its'oi,

to

the spring

make money

fdt,
fdt

^shi, to have customers


fdt
hak, or fati vidi- for sale
fdt, isajn, to give in charity ;
fdt, shai^ to take an oath ;
fdt, Uin, crazed, beside himself; */ii fdt, iwan ^mi ? are
you crazy ? fdt, 'At iZoj, to
rise (as dough), to succeed, to
get on fdt, fan tsik, to
dismiss home fdt, ttdn, to
issue advertisements ; fdt,
iCliiti, to get damp ; Hd fdtt
;

punctual fat, onhig faU


mill it appeared and disappeared suddenly.
Minute, abstruse; inexplicathat which dazzles or
ble
flutters the mind.
To take up refuse, to clean
;

Hwuh

To

fat,

FAT.
to send ^\vny fdli h? angry fdt> ifo, to become a kityan ; fd(> kdpy to become a
isiinsz'; fdU hd^ to make a
signal; fat, p'ui^ banished

one's merit ; fdti ult the side


doors of a gateway ; worthy
services, accumulated merit.

peccadillo, a crime; to
punish, to castigate, to flog ;
to fine a forfeit ; fdti chak,

fdti (fung, leprous ;fdf, ding,


to have descendants ;yd^> 'chl,
to wet paper.

j.

rly

rule,

a law, usage regulaa punishment


;

tions, precepts

51

FAU.

or legal infliction ; an art


industry ; sect fdt, td^
rule, regulation; iyir^g fdti
penal laws ifii fat, to lay a

skill,

to

ifdfi

of wine

Hsan, a for-

fdti fung, to
mulct an officer's salary ifdl,
iVgan, to fine, a forfeit.
Want, failure, defective
without ; to fail ; to spoil, to
Fah
injure; empty, poor, fatigued
feit

z.

fdti shiki in

guide ;/d/)
ch'dkt
iTtiun, the Budhists
fdti mode of concluding or

bamboo

ip' an fdti

spell ;/d/) tsaki a

want of food

beggared.

repairing

db fdti rules

^^

carving.
Hair of

the

^^'

herbs, trees,

moss ch'ukifdt>

met.

up the hair; ipH

to bind

it'au

disheveled hair
s^uk, fdti to shave the whole
kUt fdti marriage of
liead
'sdn fdti

virgins

fdti
food

mosses

sheki fdti

an

ts^oi^

fdti

Earthenware
Fau

head:

Fau

,%

female's

in general

vessel used to contain

wine

one on which time was noted


ajar; ^ngd fau, earthenware.
A rabbit net ; a wooden
screen before an official residence.
A hillock of earth.

Pei

algae used for

^mong,

Fau.

(95)

for

Pau

To take up in both hands,


as water or grain; a handful;
fau

yati

falsf hair
fi fdti to clip the
hair with a razor ; ilau it*au
pat, ilaufd!> married.

Wd. a handful of

^jfi"

f'^h

To

destroy,

to

to

strike,

^^ punish, to subdue,
^S''^
to desolate; to cut down
to
!

brag

meritorious deeds; a go-

between ; shati fdti IV hoi'


famous for prowess, invinci>
ble

fdti

tsui-

crime tsoki fdti


between.

to act as go-

y^

p^
Jl3^

A bamboo raft

a large ship

like a raft for size;

punish

to

door on the

an ark.

earth.

Fau

if
Fau

New silken garments


gant, lustrous.
To

float, to drift

flow, to exceed, to

past time
fleeting

floating

ifau

iin,

meri-

ele-

to over-

inundate
unsteady,

faufdn'

vulg. ^pd ipd pdn'

unmeaning words;

ifan its'oi, floating property ;


ifau iyau tsoi' shai'- engaged
in worldly affairs i ifau sheki
pumice 'kdm ifau, heedless,
flagitious
ifau it'd, a pagoda sfau (.shang, the living
ifau ifau, vain, much.
;

r^i' torious services, to set forth

light,

excessive

left

! ;;

53

FATJ.

Fl.
ski^ ft, I don't

Alfirge ant, called tp'f ifau


iyutt, an epheniera, pro;

Fau

ifau

it is

duced from muck.


Not so, ought not used
the end of sentences as

to

Fau

Hs'd

i's'in

^M
"^
'

K
lau

name

it is

common

the

is

eaten as greens.
hill of earth

A mound or

Iradical of elevations, hills,


&c.; great, large, high, abunJ

dant,

numerous

ifi

mati fuu-

plenty of things
cfungfauabundant, as a harvest.
^fl*
A landing where trade is
-'
carried on, a mnrt on the
Fau
seaside, an unwalled settle.
ment ;/au' H'au, a port; kuk>
Hsz'
fau^ a grain market
fau^ a sub salt d6p8t where no
duties arc levied; pan- fau^

it

is

true

tih^ng,

</i

superior

ifi ^yd,

not so.

ich'^

e.

uncommon,

fau H;

<fi,

i.

called

^kong shi^

tittle-tattle

leaf,

asperse,

know whether

iheng lyung i^ this is not so


easy
fi Hai, improper, immodest 7a ifi, is it not so

at

negative interrogation else,


whether, otherwise li/, 'fau,
it is not
7io fau, wdl or can
it do, or not
shi- fau, is it
so ? fau tsaki iWai ichi, if it
be bad, then frown it away.
The plantago or plantain

Fau

so or not

A
Fi

.m
Fi
Fi

t
Fl

wooden door with two

leaves

Red

met. a rustic house.

crimson

or

silk;

fi

carnation robes.
To lift up the skirt ; long,
trailing dresses ; ft a, to hold
up the dress.
A stinking bug which eats
clothes and grain ; a fabulous
animal ominous of pestilence.

ip'd,

'J'he

Wan

Fan

defines

it,

"famous."
Rain,
Fl

.snow driven
filling the

sleet, or

by the wind, and


air.

The two

team
fi fi, the

outside of a

of four horses

regular march of liorses.


To fly to flit; flying;
;

manager of

d6p8t;

a salt

km)' fau^ lo go from port to

Fl

lofty

quick

to

fi

to fly away
ft 'nitl, or
fi ik'am, birds fi ikam, to
put on gold leaf; fi iim Hsau
piki an expert thief; fi ^shii,
a bat; fi pd' to haste to tell
fi fang, to rise rapidly in
otlice
fi tf'iu 'pun z'^ in.
comparably clever tFi-j/tw,
Boreas, the god of wind.
Royal concubines
twong
hii"

port.

To

Fau

go swiftly

cover, to overshadow
to brood, as a hen ; to overspread kCvi fau^ li- tsoi' the
heaven covers and earth con;

tains; Jcai 'ndfau^ Hsai, the


hen covers her chickens.

Fi.

(96)

Fi

Not
11^

so,

not good

right,

opposite

not

false,

bad,

wrong; shameless, low;


slandtT, lo reproach

I'ty*

to
ichi

fl, wife of the heir apparent


ching' fi, the empress
<<'i/i
;

fl,

the

Chinese

Antpliitrite
;

t/i

V.vs'

best sort of luiclii.

of the
siii'

th<'

PING.

FIK.

Ff.

Fat, oily, fleshy, rich,fer-|


j/i tdi'
; ifi chong' robust
corpulent ; ifi 7d or a' sfU a
fat man
ifi yun^ fertile
ifi
tun* tun* obese, fat as a pig;
ifi -mi, plump, good looking.
sick, disCalf of the leg
eased ; to a void, to flee from to
conceal or cover, as animals
do each other when herding.
tile

<

To

Fi

vagabonds, heretics

ditti,

fi
fl
fi

fi itd, vagabonds
Hong, a band of villains ;
shiky variegated. Read </an,

lui* or

Fi

To

make

ture

a piece of wood tied to


at the grasp to streng-

then

it

to assist

brush

it

(as a fly) \fiki thoi,

otf

Fing.

To swing to shake in the


wind ct'iii it'iufing* to hang
and swing; fing* tik, *shui

on

fi Hsz' a
long nut resembling the hazel-nut, found in Shantung.
Elegant, adorned, graceful,
;

applied to actions

or writings; fi -mi, pleasing;


fi iin ishing ichiung, flnish-

sprinkle a

little

Jing' laU shake

it off".

tlai,

furni-

to lean

tuky fi, to help

polished,

off'

suitable to

Fik.
brush

(98)

kind of cabinet wood with

bow

(-97)

to

lines,

animal of the monkey


large and monstrous
fi^ the orang-outang or
chimpanzee.
A kingfisher, with beautiful
plumage the cock is called
/iS the hen tiuf ; /t* tiuH^
yuki chrysoprase.
tribe,

Embarrassed, unable
speak out one's ideas.

to
ppeak
fi p'ong' to slander.

An

ri

to distribute.

53

I fP

A square bamboo box ; regular march of horses, beautiful


not right, illegal ; ban-

FO.

backbite,

p/r against

Fi

;;

Fo.

(99)

m
Ko

water

hollow culm of
vacuum, empty a

root, the

grain

rule; practice (in medicine);

a class, series, order, rank,


gradation ; classifier of herbs

examination luk^
departments in official establishments
</b kdpt
a high literary degree
ihoi
fo, to open the kiiyan exliterary

tfo, six

ed composition.
A round bamboo basket.

Fi

rumination
ifo ishau, to receive taxes
tfo pdi' com.
pulsory service ; <fo muki an
index, series, rank ; </b ildm,
basket carried by candidates
into the hall ; ching^ <fo, the
alternate third years when
;

red

marshy plant

herbs, greens;
gal

tiful

pot-

sparing, fru-

uneasy fragrant, beausandals; fi


straw
;

poki poor, valueless


trifling, little of;

nn moment
Vi

nil,

grassy.

sa id

grieved

fi ji,
fi mali of
of presents

ifimg

fi

examinations occur noi* fo,


medical practice; </!> it'av,
bareheaded, head unarmed.
;

54

M
Ko

FOK.

FO.

The tadpole
pole

head or clod dasof beads, shot, pearls,


and round things 'ki ^to foy

</b '/au, the tad-

also called Jui ^kung

iii.

to

how many

ckuk,

burn, to
a con*fo
flagration ; fo tfd, a spark;
kau' [foy to
'fo iim, a flame
put out conflagration
shoU
Vat [fo
'fo, to catch fire
shikt watch how the fire is,

flame

Fire,

consume

little

sifier

Ko

them

of

Goods, merchandise, commodities ; to trade to bribe ;


/o' mati goods fo' its'oi, profxirty, capital ; dp* fo' to go
;

with cargo to a ship; fo\t*aUy


prime goods ,fo' Id- to bribe ;
fo* shiki quality of goods.
A plan, an example, a ta'<k,

see the blaze


fo tts'^ung,
fire-arms
Jsttn fo, to move
to a new house; ts^* fo, trou!

you

^md fo
no fire-seed,' poor
fo
fo sheki fan^ chalk
iShiin, a steamer; fo siki the
fire is out ; fo piii' an urgent
warrant ; *md
iming fo,
causeless anger
fo ^ketig,
ble

for a light

'chung,

an exercise;

K'o

examine

'pd, a torch

fo

dd, soot

fo hV

fiery, feverish
;

work

fo fa, burn-

ed up; ^mai ^shai fo hi' do n't


be so hasty
fo <fr td^ sz''
a sect among the Tauists.
A company of ten in the
army
<td
fo, household
furniture
fo it'au, a cook
;

a scullion ;
fo
i*
'cJUung, chief mate
fo
second mate ; *Ad ikd fo,
^Isai,

well, pleasing,

handsome

al-

so used in iron)', as detesta.


ble, badly done.
colleague, comrade, acmany,
complice, associate

numerous

company, party,

fo pun}

a pari,
ner; hoTpi fo, joint partner;
'ki fo, how many ? as men
fo kV (or kaV ) a fellow the

band, society

word Fokee applied to


Chinese by foreigners.

the

a daily task, or

yatt fo'

lesson.

Fok.

fo

fo

match
Hd fo,

^yan, a

fo

to strike a fire

Ho

to counsel,

to

dents fo' itnan, to criticise


compositions iii^ fo' to hold
lUi
a concourse for writing
fo' monthly trial forcomposilion
i.kung fo' a stint of

exhort
to
a poll tax iko fo'
iVgan, allowance given stu.

to deliberate

testy

literary pursuits;

to essay, to try

'

(100)

To stretch or expand n
j''^!

it

becomes

larije

thing

to en-

large the mind.

^
jT*;

till

Wide, spacious, extended


widen

to enlarge, to open, to
to pare.

0^

i^^l as

short, quick, stately step,

going up

if

stairs,

deemed

respectful to superiors

fokt
f6^ a quick, regular walk.
Hi To grasp with the talons or
claws foki 'Is'ii, to seize by
Kioh
force, to get anyhow.
The fluttering of a bird
when caught looking right
Kioii
and left to glance the eyes
about quickly; fok^ y^uky nctive said of an old man.
;

;;

FONG.

FOK.
To
Fob

fast

up to tip
baggage fok*

bind, to lie
to secure

fdty

'^ch'^,

about
ikam,
,

China

business.

Hupeh, the Atlas of

An

fok, liin^ ching' the


cholera or biHous colic fok,
;

Fing

quick, like flying clouds.


Leaves of pulse, used as
food greens in general ifoky
thiung, the Betonica officinalis
iiti,

impediment, an obstacle,
hindrance
to
injure
'.jiti isam
fong hoi^ be careful about receiving damage,
a

look out for yourself;

To

which is in the way, or is


dangerous iUid ifong, there is
nothing to fear, all clear.

one with the


hand to motion back with
the hand to fan hi' fok, to
recall

make a
to

of; fok>

fool

^shau,

shake the hand.

Fang

neighborhood

a lane, an alley

impede

a street

fong

rule,

regular

rect,

means
then,

an honorary grade in the


Hanlln acaderny.
A wood used by cartwrights,
and shipwrights; the white
Fang
board used by fishermen to

entice

'

round

ifong ching' upright,


liong *ho, proper,
suitable
'^yatt </ong,
there
are rules ; ifong jnn} convenient, all ready, to do good

wood

fish

fong muk, a

<.su

kind of logwood

tfongj square, the four


points, everywhere,
all
a-

correct

a neigh-

ifong, an
ishu ifong,

there-

to

bookstore
<.cKun ifong, the
palace of the heir-apparent,

cor-

upon, in that case, in consequence of; towards, to


like
to compare, to lay together to possess; a prescription; a thin board a written
list of vassals or retainers

tkdi ifong

^she,

ner, art,

shop

guard', to

borhood
ip'o-i
honorary portal

Square cornered, angular;


a place, a region, a side man-

a street,

a burgh, a

country-house,

Fong.

(101)

fong

ngoi^ an obstacle, something


\

used in colic.

Fang

now; ifong ts'itn' the heart


fong Uukt a stratagem thoi
ifong, to commence a new

Speed, celerity, agility a


surname a range of mountains in

Hoh

of doing

fong

fong

to do, just then

Hoh

way

now

just

to tie

Kioh

or

ifong, liberal, generous


in feeling
fong its'oi, then,

^kw'an fokt
round with a cord.
A large hoe or niattock, made
of wood, edged with iron.
'kait, tie it tiglit

means

tai-

Fang

;mu;i

or

sa pan-

fong, door-posts.

A sacrifice to the manes


within the gate of the ancestral hall; the area within the
gateway
Fragrant, odorous
beautiflowers
met. agree,
able, pleasant
virtuou.s, ex;

bestow chariiUung ifong, a good pre.

to, to oblige, to

ty

si:ription

residence,

ifong

leai'

location

a seat,
^fong

ful, like

cellent

plants

ifong

fong

'chi,

flagrant

itsung, frngrant

;; ;

; ;;

FONG.

56

memory

or

exnmplcs of an-

permit office at the hoppo's


iVgan sfong, a treasury 'ni
which brother
itsiin ifong,

cient worthies; ifong iTtiing, a


reputation for virtue
sni?i

how

'ki do,

tfong

old are

you ?

are you ? tsln^ ifi^gt '"/


wife
tp'in ifong, my con.

'^'^' gi'^ssy, fresh.

'/"^"ff

iying ifong, a camp ;


tung^ ifong, the nuptial act.
A bank, a levee, a dyke a
defense a screen ; to guard
Fang
against, to keep off, to defend,

Waste, wild, barren, desert-

Tjt
j/'~

ed, unproductive

^ jungle, heath

cubine

distant

empty, un-

cultivated, void, unripe, blast-

a famine, a dearth to
overshadow
to
magnify
ifong iind, bushy, overgrown

ed

unworthy

of belief; <fong
a year of scarcity cfong

protect.

isho, disused, neglected, obso-

ifong ikdu, wilderness,


wilds ifong syam, lustful.
Fluttered,
perturbed, ap' 'VS*
'/IV
prehensive, nervous ; ob^^""2
scure
to scare, to alarm
ifong ih^ung, dreading, ter;

Fang

hn ifong

ed, harassed

Hwang

Hwing

Canton
to

senng fong, much

alike.

Like, resembling, seen in-

'^1 distinctly
^^1 y^"S

seeming, dreamy

y^'>

somewhat

like

Fang fong iimng, timid, undecid-

part of the thorax above

^^^ '^^'^

at

red, or is said

is

ed

common

tail

turn so from fear.


To imitate like a model,
a copy fong y^ung' or fong
Fiii
^ shikt
follow
pattern;
the

fait disturbifong taki ^ngo,


you alarm me ifong itnong,
^^ hurried, uneasy.
Blood above the heart.
< ra.
rified

kind of bream, a foot

long,

the

to

provide against; ifong pi^ to


prepare for, to be ready, to be
on one's guard ; ^fong tki, to
provide against dearth ; ifong
kani' to stop ; ifong 'shau, to

ifong fai* to disregard, to


cease, old, desuetude
fong
it'ong, incoherent, incredible,

lete

prohibit;

to

repress,

to

jTitn,

roving,

fong ip^ung,

difficult to settle.

the vitals.

To spin, to twist

into thread,

/Jy/
to twine;
threads;
room, a chaml>er, a dwel- Fang
lines,
a departme<jit
office
iShd,
^"
tsiki to spin
^'"8
fong
fong
Fanff
one living HIi
to spin cotton yarn.
of an office
the same room sexual act
The first light of the morna calyx a quiver a bee's Fang ing clear, bright to begin,
the constellation Scornest
the commencement
fong
pio yali Jidn ifong, a room
U'ung- bright
fong Idung^
pan* the morning gun.
^fong vk> a dwelling 'sh^ung
To inquire, to search out,
ifong, female apartments in
an office j/nwrt ifong, anteto inform one's self; to ask
Fanrr
room luk, ifong, h\\ departadvice of; to consult, to dc.

S.

Wj

ments of an

office

ifong, ifdn

liberate

fong man^

to

lu-

;
;

;;

FONG.

tiiid

about
[fong
out and seize

eft alt

to

r|uire

examine

to

jrtt;,

The

vault or pit under a


tomb; a cave or jjrave
desert ; a solitude Jong
long- an uninhabited place.
Vacant,
empty,
waste

1^.'

[fang

w^'*""

into a mat-

f'^fg ik'au, to
inquire for carelully, to search,
ter otficially

'#

Two boats alongside of each

y'y^

other
a pilot or steersman
a galley of fifty men
wd^
[fong, a flower or other hand;

n^'

spacious, distant, extended,


^ released ancient, long duration fong* -y^, desert, a

J,'*

some

river boat

dm

wild ;yb/g' ifu,9. bachelor;

fong*

[fong ichttng

'^yarriy

To give,

'FftJ'

'/ti

the

Jong

To talk

^ iin, lies; Ifong maii^ untrue.

to extend,

go,

Fang

to loose

to lay

to

'

to

open out

ifii tfs'ai^

lady; <fu

husband and
a teacher, a

wife
Usz'
ifii
compellation of high scholars;
:

c/ jT/an,

an

dam

your

officer's wife,

rt
r-

a false gem.
*=

'shnu,

Wi*.

by indilgence fong^
presumptunu'',

wife

<v<Tri,

unsolicitous
invest

imjui-

money

chdP

fo/ig'

loose

to

live
'

willtul

let
;

g(^>\foi}g'

fo'tg'

tsoi^ ko*

fong*

long-

gone

ilidn,

cliW

|ut

Fu
*jp.^

'^'^^"''^'
;

To

'

audience or slat-,
with the legs bent under one, a
sit in

Turque
tf'i
^fu ^in, n
bending to the ground
;

woman
moreover,
cold water

it is

just that.

TON nicT.

in obeisance.

further;
to

come

^^
*" moisten; Jin fong*
iJL
Hwiing how much more; fong' 'kim,
still
more, as well Jon"*

hai-

la

it

there.

now

</m,

easy about
fong*

isliang, to let

or

(as the tJudhists do);^^';^'

spoil

to

sz"
it,

^^

nn.

a porter; </
<kwa.n, my husband
tfu 'chit,
my [dead] husband p'^ ifa,
a useless lout, an unprofessional man /d/'- ckiung- ifi'/,
a great and good man.
A stone resembling a gem

dent;yb/i^''

/5?'l

one who can

\fi/,

to in-

help,

a man, a scholar, a distinguished man a husband


a porter, a worknnn a chair,
sist

bearer an exalted

liberate,

ac*
eord ,fong^ isimg, to loasen
fong' tsnng' let him go, to
;

dulge, to relax, to dissipate;


to scatter

in

un.

fong*

to let

down

To

4-;

in sleep, incoherent

reject, to let off;

cotton

^i,

Flu

(102)

'/>

To

cotton,

^^^^y ^^^^^

pre-

sent given.

*j^

fong*

ts'z'*

ci,

sorted cotton.

recipient): ^fong

coiilerred

Raw

^rfg*

KvSng

bestow (said by

to

remote

^iin,

ya/i otium, a leisurely life-

conversing and
drinking in a boat.
if

57

Fl)

^jb

Fu
ijWi

kind of hatchet or small

rXK.

wheat Ihf^
hemp-seed or groiini
nut, after the od is expressed.
T'ra?)

or husk of

^ rcfi;sc of

;; ;

;; ;

FU.

58

To brood over, to hatch


accordant, mutual agreement
the
belief, trust, confidence
calyx of a bud ; </ a?m' to

Ftk

rely on, veritable

true

uhung

ifu,

The skin, the epidermis ;


the soft flesh ; minced meat ;
pork ; skin-dcep, superficial
beautiful, large ; to skin, to
flay to receive f(it-> \fuy the
;

To

'r*

'i^

IT

captivate, to capture,
a
take prisoner in wiir
prisoner ; spoil taken in battle
tfu its'au,a. captive ; c/ti ^/d, to
take captive.
to

Fu

to carry dirt

;
tfu (or ifau)
light charcoal.

The

raft

tfu,

lower bar of a railing

wash

to

in lye.

Rotten wood decayed, rotten, putrid dry bogs


cfti ^kd,
decayed, emaciated, cadave-

culms of reeds

tdri'

;
tfu ku>aU soft bones.
hoop, a circle to hoop ; 7d
^ni ''ui tfu wokt
tfu, to hoop

rous

the

met. near

to,

Ha

you can hoop a

plants.

ifu

fun*

to

cry out ; ich'^ung ifu


Him t'dn* groans and sighs;
fu ham'
<fu Uaj)-, breathing

bavi^l, to

clever)

(i.

c.

tfu chii^ tnhan hai^


tighten your clothes to
keep yourself warm.

tionalists
.

breathe, an expiration

boiler

tkam tfil, a
gold headband, worn by Raare very

A drumstick ; also read


<pdM, bushy, thick growth of

to call, to invoke

lining

pellicle

Kd

friendly, sincere.

H6

tki

raft ; a ridge pole in a


Toof; a drumstick; a barrow

To

muscle, flesh
tfu itnan, superficial writing
tfu U'ai, the body,
A stem or petiole ; a calyx

scalp

and honest.

htiin,

A tally made of two slips ;


a seal on two pieces ; to corYd
respond to, to testify, to verify,
to agree with, to evidence ; a

Ha

charm written

spell or

tfu hoU to scold,


to order about.

to cry after

for pre-

a cure^ &c.;
/d j/, a
tfu hopi agreeing
peach-leaf charm ; ifu luki a
venting

Same as the preceding ; al'hau


so to hoot, to menace
tfu, to bellow.

L To spread
'^?^ to give ; to issue an order, to
promulgate, to announce, to
show forth ; to state to a superior tfu tshi, to spread good
instructions ; tfu y^ki to apply
out,

a plaster ; yai> k*ap, paU </,


not enough fur daily use
tfu
yung^ sufficient.
wasting of
j*C
Diseased, a
7" Btrrjngth, atrophy.

charm

written

tsitt

ifii

warrant or commission given

to diffuse,

evil, for

to

an

officer

j/m sui^ favora-

ble, genial influences.


Tj^Jrl

plant, called devil's eye,

'^^ from the red and round seeds


it bears; a species of Hoya ?

JU
^^y

An

initial

therefore,

alas

Vi\

To

'^S

assist

ifu

particle

however

tts^

now
fu,

moreover.
lead a hand, te aid, to

'cA'^ s/m,

cho'-

to uphf>l<l, to protect
to assist

<fu ch'dpi

;;

!'

59

Fl).

one

support

to

arms

umler

his

j/u ch^ung^ leaning on


a staff; i/ii 'shau *pdn, a hKKird

sedan

in a

lean on

to

Fu

$/"

ch'an' to return with a coffin.

Apt

'^

species of cicada or dy.


called (fs'uig j/Vi, supposed to be able to recover its
stolen young, and cause cash
lisca,

rubbed with

to their owner.

^
'

-f^

A sheldrake or mallard ; a
wild duck with a crest ; a
small species near the Ydn^R.

tsz'

'^

called ctiin

is

the

j/ii,

crowned duck.
Large
beautiful,
good
numerous great, eminent to
;

Fa

iho

what

iTneng,

your name, Sir


sort

of

ba.sket,

square
\

Fa

/
>j

An

fii

to soothe, to tranquillize;

manage

to cherish, to bear;

cheer up

play a lute
a sword ; fu
ii'oi, or fu un' the governor
of a province; fO, ^y^ung, to
rear a child, to supply want*).

to strike; to permit

To
F6

fu

to

pat, to put the


;

lying, to lav the

the breast.
preceding.

ij

The

"

Fu

Used

hand on,
to quiet

hand on
the

for

hnlberils,

carried in prcfcessions.

inferior viscera

fu, the stom;.ch,

lal,

gal', bladder,

laiger and smaller intrstirwt,


and secreting passages: fm*

fu, the hings.

and

fuk^ to

'chuu i$ki

yii lim* to seixe

ij

ax, a hatchet; to cut, to

halchs^ts

fu

to

tt'i

unequal

prostrate

'/m ifau, an
hark, to fell
ax Vd 'fu j/'tw, to deceive in
buying for one
fu s^uki to
pare "If, to correct a theme;

fii

condescend to grant
done
fu 'yeungt
to look down and up, all ranks.
To keep down with the hand,
to fold the hands to stroke, to
to

Black'and white, diversified;


embroidered, elegant dress;!
'fit fat, dresses anciently used
in sacrifices, with black and
white lines or
embroidery!
fine comresembling a.xts
position.

'^Z

bow to condown on, to con-

sloop, to

descend

pat

ing ancestors, called 'fu ^heai.


Preserved or dried meat ;
flesh ; 'sau 'Ju, slices of dried
meat formerly sent to a tea-

dsun

officer's

this to be

outside and round within, used


to contain grain when worship-

'fu

prefect

ihangi

is

cher, teacher's wages.

Fu

high

sider, to look

fall

'-

the

Fu

tai'

To

I,

yii

tfoi

your house

honor,

[ffi,

his

yii
court
luki fu, the six elements.

myself; a term ofi


respect when addressing one
begin;

lisun
{

F(i

feet

eggs to return

its

boiler or caldr<Mi without

'fti Isang' a boiler and


vat ; an old measure about
equal to a kilderkin.
A store-house, a record office, a library, a treasury; the
Fa
officer over them
a house ; a
thesaurus ; a department or
prefecture; yu/u' a treasury:
y u ^traw, the mayor of Peking;
kttai' yii, or yu sh^ng' or

A marshy

retired plac^.

pl.nnt,

whicli be-

;|

jl

|!

K->i

comes sweet when


tcr,

unpleasant

fr^.zen

bit-

tioublc>ouir,

;;
;

60

FU
jminful, painstiihing

urgent,
pressing, afflicted, distressing
to dislike, distasteful, to mortify

'Ad '/w, very bitter

'/u,

how troublesome

[fu meng^
;
[fa chi' decided,
*y"
ishiin, to dis-

yU

sailing;

Vta iUiing
the taste but
physic, ungracious

bitter to

y^ulii

wholesome
advice

Hu

Idtt

and acrid

bitter

a hard lot
in oaruest
like

fu

Jio

[fu

'ch'o,

Idli

ts'oi*

\fu ts^utig*

fu*
fd' jj/^, a
compellation of low military
officers; ydtyju' t.sam iki, dists^ung' a colonel

position,

fd\t"in

tiger's

courageous

Bogue

'Fu

yji

whiskers,'

y kdm^ a graduate who


it

over people

the

itnun,

iying, ferocious

loids

der

warrant or

soldiers

when

seal, sent

were levied

pdki

'fu

aml)er.

mi

A wife, a married woman,


a female under sultjection
a
lady
female beautiful
-ft'i
iyau, a woman /v'w' i.xan fit,
to take a wife
fii -', wo;

men

hag
a woman's

'ch'au fi'u a

icM

J(d,

female propriety

'/m td^

place,

mcng-

fii,

an odicer's lady.
Rich,
to

affluent,

provide,

Fii

rich

wealth

nttble

(.yiing,

to

fu' yiki to levy troops fu'


ndpi to send up taxes.
A carriage-house; an ar1^*
h^ mory, an arsenal a storehouse
a treasury, a magazine ; a lexicon ; ciiganfu'
;

^t'ofd* a go-down
hong- treasury stores.
A covering for the leffp,
4^*
cHija// it'au fa'
_|T, >trowsers ;
^^ J breeches ; t'd' fii' overalls,
h'Sgings; ri'ji^ fif' drawers;
K'li

a treasury

/m' kwai' rich,


rich; />,'

/* V/m^

a rich old iVllow

,/u//

fit'
}

icKAiing
if'iufii'

the

to place in
give ; to receive
order; a metre of 4 and 6
feet in the lines ifH* shut' imposts ;/u* 'lim, to levy taxes;

abundant

enrich

graduate.

exact, to levy, to collect,


to require taxes of money or
pY'
military arms; tril)ute from
to express clearly
fiefs
to

A signet, made of veined


stone like a tiger's skin ; 'fu
^?/,

(kiijiiij

To

9*'

at, fierce.

-ilk

temperament
yul,
ung nsLhwnWy clever;
;

its'

procesision

'fu shi^ to glare

unfit* chapi sz'^ a complete


fit* ^pong, an un-

sJs

the

second

commissioner;

second

valiant soldier
'/m c/iing' a
cruel sway ; putt fu <s6, to
seize

to aid, to
;

To assist,

^'* to investigate an assistant, a


"
substitute, a lieutenant, a vice,
a deputy ; a classifier of suits
of clothes, or sets of things, as
beads, tools, plates, &c.; an
ancient head-dress ; fii' tsz'

extreme grief
^fu
a species of Eruca.

tiger

fu' lsuk>

rich enough.
i5jl'

A tiger, the king of beasts


brave, fierce; awful, violent
Vd y, a

uhe

hoki fiV

universally learned

fu Jiwd, egg-plant

young, lusty

fit'

E5
!,\

'I'o

vessel
ter

fit'

par)taloons; yal^

a pair of Irowsers.

bale out^witer
;

fit'

fii'

\sJiiii,

'tan,

to

a baling
bale wa.

a water Judlo

;;

Ft.
/*/'

0>*

A father ; a senior, an an.


a title
r!> cestor, an old man
applied to peasants and aged
j)eople ; to rule, to act as a
lather ]fu^ tts'an, a father ;ya*
Uo, a village or neighborhood
elder ; ts/tangfu^ own father;
/a* ^md ikiiii, the local or district
magistrate ; fii^ Jiing
tchi ptti* superiors generally
;

ikd fit}
parents

my

father

/* ^mb,

tsi fv} my late fafv} (Wong, my imperial

father.

Near

|J'*

To
earth

in*

shoals.

fall

down

to fall to the

overthrown

down.
'^ 8^ ^"'

Hd

fu*-

fallen

freshwater fish resembling the perch, said to go in


pairs or shoals, and be faithful
to each other ; /u' ihang, to

/W

hasten

tJl/J-

repair to,

fii^ Isiki to

go

to

come

to arrive at, to

to a feast

,pan

to go speedily ;/* ming*^


obey a call ',fv} ip'nng Joi,
gone to elysium fu^ kd'-lo
present a petition fii' yiukt
to engHge to meet.
~^|, *
To announce the death of
P|
a parent or relative by the
nearest mourner on the 7tU
day to go to fu- ^yam, a
letter announcing the death

fu*
to

To

sacrifice to ancestors in

the hall

Jl.j^

L'
;

fv} /ttH* putrid, rotten ; tau*fv}


bean curd ^fii^ -ji soured curd
fi^ iying, punishment of castration ;/' iii a foolish pedant.
The rack or cheeks of a
j|j^*
end of the jaw bones
f,'^' cart
to flank, to help, to second
fu^ /so' to succor ;yi2* paf> ministers; sz'* fiV four stars near
the North-pole a counsellor.

'*r'

go

to send one's

4\*^

r u

tsW

fii^

Corrupted, carious, rotten


crushed to powder castrated

peror.

*l'^

&/^^

V^^
'Jj^

quick to help fu^


^md, a son-in-law of the em-

fF/y

?)

tablets to a td-lsiu.

water.

tle

ther

nus

by baling

to take fish

Ji,

61

tomb

to inter in the

same

fu- shiki to sacrilire to


ancestors fu- tsong' to bury
;

together.

Near, about, approaching


'y* to loan on, to follow annexed,
attached Jo, tributary, dependent-; to join a supplement,
appendix, inclosure fi'i^ kV
to send with -jfu^ wo^ to follow
one in explaining; fu- ui- to
\t(t^

of a parent.

echo or assent to another's


words -^fu'- kan^ near, adjacent
fi^ (Inn, to inclose an account
fa^ t'okt to charge one with,
to request

fu^

Joi,

to

come

To

M'
.

carrv on

back,

tlie

to

duty
to rely
on, to depend on
to turn the
back on, to disreorard, to re-

bear

to take a

fuse

defeated, to

fail

owe

to

to slight, to be ungrateful

burden

Jcvfu- unmindful of

kindness, disappointpd
fu*(Sam, ungrateful ; ///* ////' to
involve an indorser fit'- t'of>,
;

or bring with one ifn^ yikt to


add to, to benefit
///' V.vz' a
;

stiuuiluting medicine (a Kliam-

to slight a request
injured,

grieved

responsibility.

fi'i-

fu*

v^tl,

ho', a

;
;;;

To
Fu

Ftf.

tl.

69

contribute to Imry one

to assist iin interment

To

by giv-

.'IS

Kwei

pity

afflicted,

sad

in-

firm, invalided.

ing articles.

To

annex, to arrange to
to lay on (as paint)
a
a tutor
superintend
;

receive
to

a function ; i'di*
isz'fit'
J'u^ a tutor of princes
a master, a common appellation for workmen ^ni ^kong
;

Hwui

isz' fii^

shau'
take bribes fid chuh >
to dictate to one's creature.
A kind of eel or water

to oil.

s,yuuy

To give,
over

fu}

send back to
to charge one with

iloi,

t'oki

to deliver, to

to

ftV-

fu

ikdu, to deliver to.

Hwui

in the Yanglsz'
ki^ng.
A small branch of the river

snake found

Han

Hondn

in

province, in

K'^ifung fu, at which there


was a ford. See Mencius.
To embroider or adorn in
colors
to paint, to draw, to
Hwui
sketch
ftu wnki to draw
pictures
fidtstung^ to take
portraits
fui it'd, to draw
plans or maps.
;

Fui.

(103)

Hwui

hand

fu^ ki* to send by one

fiii Id^ a bribe;

fiiiy to

you speak

tvz' fu^ kwad a


very well
very particular person fu^

hush-money, to bribe,
to make presents
fui simg*
bribe;

to bribe

kdm*

it'i'ii,

Riches, wealth, substance

'ti a

tali,

workman

Noise, grunting fiii


Ilwui a jaded, sick horse.

<]t

the head, chief


the highest or first of a class;
Kwei
monstrous; jfrn ifiii, the chief;
ifid 'shaUf the first kujin graduate ; d' ifui, the second
(fiii <sing, the north star, the
attendant of the god of Literature; jwan </"/, the sign over
the door of a kiijin graduate.
lime dust
Ashes, ashy
to plaster; fo fui, wood-asliHwiii
es; /*d/i' t/i//, coal-ash s/jpAj
ipan dong
fiii, stone lime
fui Hsun, emt/ii/, betel lime
bers I'lga fiii, tooth-powder
fui ifs'^ung, to plaster a wal'.
liberal; extensive
(Jreat
star

Kwei

branch of the R- Fan in


a rill in a field, or

IB Shiinsi
Kwei
pool

fur

irrigating

it;

two

streams joining.
Troubled, moved, an.xions,

Strings which fasten ho


a neck-string ; a sash.

collar,

dif^turbed

Kw'ai
'fin

fiii,

stupid, lethargic

vexed, harassed

fid, stupid.
To run in drops

</*<///

Kwei

to enlarge

fui fuki

gain possession

To
K w'i

to

re-

of.

to

sepa-

vvater flow-

ing in a raceway driving,


roaring surges; enraged, vehe;

ment 7w/' lim^ enraged (as


a mob)
fid sun* to scatter.
;

play with, to laugh at

fui '.till, to ridicule fui k'eki


fi'ti thai, (o
to gambol with
dally and yer witii.
;

Hwui

rate, to disperse

Lacklustre eyes, a dull visioi


eye3 weak from the
Hwui
wind.
;

;;

;;
;

;'1!

FUK.
Deal, born

FUK.

'ng fiiky the five blessings


(longevity, riches, wealth, virtuous, and a natural death)

deal'.

Hvviii

Outer gale of a market,


gate of a street leading to a;
wui
market.

Juki shW blessed, to bless the


good fukt 'fin, ancestors'
fortune ; fuki /t' a lucky
grave-spot fvkt ishan, lares
rustici, street gods mdn^ fuk>
your Honor (used by women)
fuki liV fleshy j'aU fuk% to
get fat idinfuki U'im shau*
;

1->

To

change

repent, to

63

to

vexed with one's self


to explain the diagrams ;/J/i'
regret,

remorse, contrition ;//*


to repent of sin ; fuV
to reform
ittidfui' stub-

fian^
tgtii^

'koly

'

may you

born

compunc-

tsam,

fui'

lived

tion.

the

month

night, the

the last day of


misty, dim fuP

close of light

fuV

hi*

Uau,

Fuh

!
j

To

II'
Hwui

teach, to reiterate instruction


to admonish,
to

Fuh

give line upon line


to induce, to lead to; inviting;
kdu" fill' to teach diligently,

piece of wood on the


of cattle to prevent
them goring.
An edible vegetable with
white roots, size of the finger,

found

A
Fuh
i

Fuh

The spokes

Fuh fuki

of a wheel

A wide

strip of cloth ; a
of paper or cloth; a selFuh
vedge or hem a border, a
frontier a classifier of maps,

mous serpent

ton fan* ishi it'a, or ricespoon head ;' a locust before


it flies ]fuk> '^wai, a huge ser-

That which embraces tlic


abdomen, bowels the
seat of the mind
the affecbelly,

dear

to

blessing, divine prosperity


good, provided with all things;

To and

meats; to.store up
nap, Juki arc you well

";a<:rific!Hl

with

twaifuky a posthumous child


'tan fuky a son-in-law.

fortime,
ble&s

in halls.

rich, thick

intimate,
;
the earth ; fukt tsam,
beloved, dear ,fuki fi, refusing to tell fuky t-di- ambitions
talented ; ^kufuky pot-bellied ;

felicity

leg-wrappers ipmftik>
a frontier ; a hem sz" fuk*
il'au, a set of fourscrolls hung

Happiness, good

adder, cobra, or veneserpent, called in Can-

mous

tions

ififfl
Fuh lucky,

a venoa malig-

nant heart.

and

Tnel.

Fuh

cloth

ss/^,
;

pent.

roll

pictures, rolls, flags, walls,

fuk>

'

ts'au' to collect (as at a

metropolis), running together.


'

Shintung.

in

bat

An

Fuk.

II

fuky tsing, let


your jour-

horns

(104)

Id^

star [light]

ney.

hV lugubrious
how unlucky

be blessed and long-

yat,

a lucky

Obscure, dark

Hwui

F uii

and

fro, to

repeat,

back

forth; unstable, unseat tied


,

to

subvert,

to

defeat

to

overthrow
throw down, to

to

FUN.

FUK.

64

upset, to prostrate

jmlge
tmnbled

(o

ik'itifrfuky defeateil,

scond

used as an

adverb, meaning humbly, in


my opinion itnai Juk, an

it'sinfuki ^shui, impossible

ambush

Juki in good
isdmjuki hot weather,
midsummer Juki mong^ I
hope ip'd Juki to go on th
hands and knees, humbly
isam Juki to respect 'or ac

yMA->pdA-i to understand clearly.


Fragrance, odors diflused

to submit, yield
to cause to
accord with
accussubmit, to convince
tomed to, acclimated, habituated to think to d<*ess to
fold garments, mourning apparel a carriage cloth a quiver an affair dfiiki clothes
ch^uky fuki to go in mournfive grades
ing; *V^ fuk,

knowledge another's

to,

called ipdujuki
^shau Juki
a handkerchief.
China.root (Smilax China)
called Juki iU'fg ; ^i'd Juhi
Fuh
-

Canton China-root
ilin^y
pdkij'uki the Sz'chuen root
Juki iling ikd, a jelly made
;

mourning
^yam fnki
of
complete submission; Viil'i
fuki to lay off" mourning \fuki
y^uki to take medicine ikuug
Juki ceremonial dress Juki
sz'* to attend, to serve ; s'm

talents.

square cloth^ wrapper,

Full

ishii

on, to serve

spirits;

around; </ fukt a pleasant


Fuh
fragrance a man's name.
To use (as a boat) to wait

m.

acknow-

to

down, ruined; din Juki reduced to poverty, reprobate ^md


;

Fuh

to brood

ledge, to confess

from

this root.

Juki

kn7i'

'skui

'

Fuh

*/'d,

intractable

fuki

acclimated

iitn

Kwan

unrobe
ample ijun
to

to revenge, to restore,
;

ju,

restored

Juki iC/iau,
venge a wrong.

To

'

Fuh

re-

ifun shit' to forgive tjiin ill,


sz'*
in easy circumstances
</*, not urgent
J'tin tsvng*
over-indulgent, heedless of.
Joyous, jocund, glad, fro.
licsome, gleeful, merry ; to

HwdU

rejoice

or fiill prostrate to
humble, to subject, to oppress
lie

likf,

hide,

ifiin 7, pleased, to

agreeable

gladden one

to

-to

conceal, to

ab-

in-

to

to

liberal,

/m/cj

tdi^

wide,

to forbear

Jut,

health

Jun

to report to, to an.

to recall the spirit of


swer
one who died from home
Juki lynm, an answer Juk,
sau^ reply a to a letter Juki
rtiing^ to report on a commis-

sion

dulgent; ijunjiyung, pleasant,


a jully countenance iJun jM,
an abundance, overplus; /u/i
hdn} to allow a longer time

to repay

Large, spacious, wide, ambroad; forgiving, easy,


benignant, clement, kind, irslow; to wider, to
dulgent
ple,

enlarge, to relax

Juki an official cap.


Again, reiterated, to do the
second time to return, to
reply

Fi'in.

(105)

delighted.

J'i'tn isam, to
<Juh loki hiyhly
;

;;

FUNG.

FIJN.

^1
ty^

wild boar

'katt tfun,

species of jackal

tfung, a gale, a tyfoon ; ifung


^mdng, the wind is violent

^houfun, a
sort of mask rat in Liautung;
ifun Hsz^p'i, a beaver skin.

Something

*MI

v^-

desired

cere, single-hearted

shun* tfung, a fair wind


*thim islidn ifung, a gust
ngdki tfung, a head wind;
iwdng tfung, a side wind ;
tfung tsheng, or tlau tfung, a

sin-

true, to

iove, to venerate, to respect


;
to knock at ; to

rumor
tfung tsuki usage
ifungfd* influence of example jwan tfung, character of

to treat well

reach

to repay

randum

enumerate a
of articles of differ-

of; to

classifier

ent sorts, classes, affairs


foj*

politely

treat

to

it'au tdi^

memo-

a people
tfung iiti di!>sipation tfung ilau, gaiety, pleasure sTnan fung, a literary
;

fun
fun

tfung '^shui, geomancy;


tfung (Siung, a bellows 'Atcat
tt*au tfung, an adverse wind ;
gman tfung chukt ^ying, a

haughty, difficult of
ndu^ fun, pompous

access
ifai ^Jun, to write an autograph fun shik-> a sort koki
fkn, every kind ikwai fun
to repay a loan ya<) fun w''
an affair fun ilau, to detain
as a guest.
An empty place hollow,
uninlike an empty vessel
" formed, ignorant; fun k'iu'
;

spirit

newsmonger, an idle talebearer; ikdm pdi* hd* tfung, I


willingly acknowledge your

'^
,^
Kwan
bA'
TT -^

;
'

wash.

To call

its'ing

lascivious Ico'vS.

The maple

...
^sai, to

tfung

superiority;

an empty hole.
To wash th3 hands, to
wash before sacrificing
fun
-^

'^&
.^^

66

also applied to

the sycamore; tfung islian,


Fung
the I ala-^e, the emperor.

The
Fuug

leprosy, scrofula,

and

insane, insensate fdti tfung, leprous ;


tfung fin' a lazaretto tfung

kindred diseases

to call

to,

out,

to

name
what name ?

call for, to bid


ffw/) iineng,

to

fun*

mad, crazed fung ^kau,


a mad dog it'au fung, headUin,

^shat

fun*
fun*

fciti

ache.

to call out to.

The domain granted


Fung

Fung.

(106)
laf

a servant

jyan,

princes

to

affluent

great,

to

heap up earth
;

enrich

to

passion nirgusts, gale, wind; haste, fleetness ; manners, deportment,


etiquette ; administration, policy ; fame, example, fashion

to invest nobles with rule, to


appoint to office, to confer irK^

instruction, reformation

classifier

Breath,

spirit,

stitutes,

influence

tion, temper
ample heat
;

disposi-

by exanimals /dt'

to affect
in

in-

vestiture
nobility

a letter

to give

title

of

to seal up, to close

an envelop of a
of letters 20
;

letter,

taels

ifwig kd* to ennoble an of.


floor's parents
tfung $""
tseuki to confer the title of
;

66

FUNG.
viscount

tfung ^so, to seal


fung pd\ to shut up a
shop (fung iShiin, to taboo a
\)OHt for government use yati
\fung svu* a letter; yafi ifung
iTigan, 20 taels of silver;
ifi'ng jp'i, an envelop for dispatches; tteng t fungi a rescript
inclosed in boards containing
a death. warrant; <fung JUung
tai^ iAan, the high provincial

up

The

point of a weapon, a
point
the vanguard
^bristling turbulent to rise up

^^

(fung ^shan,

on an

title

ic

confer

idol.

(as spears appear)

worthless.

pj^

rich, fertile, prolific

carriage.

To meet undesignedly ; to
Fung meet with to run against,
to occur
great, wide
jwdn
;

abundant,
;

talented;

two persons meeting

ifung }iau} Jgeneroiis


(fung Uang, large

^'
Fui

Wan

now Hu

hien in

m Shensi
in

Chung

4^

^
FW clothes

wang,
Si-ngAn fu

new
seam

where the fire-wells occur,


hence u!ed as a name for hell,

The peak of a mountain a


tfung Jiin,
^^^ camel's hump

horse

sew

to

isan, to

make

ifung

'hau,

jwidi,

to

running

sew

a sur-

Salary, emoluments

wages,

aU
fung luk^ an ofsalary fung isau, go.

stipend.
ficer's

p-riy,

rations,

ridgps and peaks.

fung

lowance

clothes

:i,

Fung
'un^ name.

J^

Bees, wasps, hornets; mati


(fufig, a honey bee ; <fung
^^ lau^ a Liee's.nest ; iWong <fung
Fung lau^ a hornet's nest, a villain
ifting iciiau, a bee-hive ; ^md
cfung, a horse-fly, a breeze
xfung tcham, a sting.

fung

meet one.
a seam,

together.

or Tophet, from the popular


belief.

to

stitch

ifung

**

ifung Ud, a district


chau in Sz'chuen,

^^

fung ch^uh
To sew, to
^^^'^

supplies (of corn).


The capital of

ifung

iyan pin^ shuty tsdm fan wa^


speak only a little to strangers

^[7

ifung, difficulty in seeing (as


a friend)
fung st/^ng, to go
out to meet; istung fung^

lighted;

<in,

ifung jwin, a plenteous year


ifung shing^ flourishing, prosperous (fung thuki ripe, fully
(as a feast)

are

fires

a beacon-fire.
rfc
Luxuriant
plump, goodeasy, melodious; a
JJT~^looking
round face ^s^ung moiig^ f'^^S
ti, I wish to see your pleasant
face fung Hs'oi, a graceful

fung

affluent, copious, exul)erant

grown

which

in

goblet

full

1|^

^1^

^kau tfuvg,

tsin \fung, the van.


fire-place erected on hill",
;

tard, chives <fung '^fi, cheap


greens; met. poor, trifling,

to attack

Vegetables resembling mus-

Fnng

officers

sharp

vernrnent allowances;
fung Jcwai if'in, to retire

an

cffi

on

its

salary

td/^
f'

in

fucg

^mai, soldiers' rations.

To

'

offer with both han(i> ;


hold in both hands
to
^ receive or take in the hands;

to

fung (or

^puiig) 'shut, to hold

FUNG.
water
*Hra

recite or

'I'o

*^

'^"'''*^^'

^fang

rehearse in a
recitative

to

ridicule, to satirize, to reprove

by irony

metaphor, allusion;
censure;

[fu'ig kdn' satire, to

pointed

is'z"

Ifung
[fung

tsungi

Ifung

irony

satirical

*s'*

HA.

to

ballads;

chant

(as

priests do).

To respectfully receive in
both hands, to receive from
"^ a superior, or offer to him ; to
praise, to reverence; fung^
ming^ to receive orders shi^
jfung* to cherish one's parents;

scrimp, prawn, crawfish


Mzl *^^^ ccA'un, crab's
eggs ; thd
^
'*w
1^J f^(^fiun chdfi a skinflmr ; ilung
ihd, the sea crawfish (Palinurus) ; iUgan ihd, sea shrimps;
iming ihd, large yellow prawns; thd kdm' 'ted n, (o throw
the arms about passionatel}'
ishang thd kdm? t'iu' lively,

^.'

playful.

S'

fung^

ishi'ig. to flatter

ho^ to

'* to wait
upon
fung^ hau^ to offer
congratulations.
A fabulous bird, the male
is called fung^, (he female
i>cong; the Chinese phoenix;
it seems to be derived from
the argus pheamnt
the e(n/ii^^

^
J^

'

^^

A
Ki6

})res9

poetically

is

called

'^
jP^

To

first

character

difficulty in breathing;

ihd sail* a hacking, a cough ;


a scar an obstruction in the
;

Remote,

distant, far

from

why ihd H Jidi tchi, it is


Hi4
known by everybody.
A blemish in a gem a
;

Hi4 crack, a flaw

a fault, a bad
habit distant, separated ; 'mi
yuki itnd jAd, a gem without
a flaw, perfect
Jid Is'z" a
mistake, carelessness.
;

fungK

he

belly.

;yMn^

'1

also read ihd, as ihd imd,


striped frog.
is

make a congratulatory

present

67

Ha.

(108)

and read.

tuki to hold

Tans

hands;

the

in

FUT.

Clouds tinged red


vapor,
Hid smokineas moki ihd md^ don't
move about so, be still ihd
p'ui' a noblewoman's robe.
~K
To descend, to come down;
'Ad ishun to go aboard
'Aa
j/i^
ilau, go down stairs
*Ad hi*
to restrain the temper
'hd
^kiu to get out of a sedan <Ad
idn} to lay an egg *Ad Cdp%
;

overthrow, to throw a

rider, to "spill

"him;

^fung

id* ichi *md, a vicious horse,


met. a stubborn buy.

007)

Flit.

Broad, wide, large

ample;

k'^H^'?**"';

liberal; diligent; to

to lodge

wid3n, to enlarge ; /jz/, tdi^


amjjle, capacious; iWdng ful^
broad across tim} futy acroi-s

*Ad paty to write

ikwan itiang 'Ad Ad' a sage


knows how to condescend

the length
ts'iio ful^
long
separated (as friends); kan'
fnti widely sundered; futy\
lok^ agreeable, spacious.

;;;

'(f

'hd 'shau, to begin to act.


Once, a time ; a while
Uang yah 'Ad, stop a little ^td
;

paly 'hdf strike


^/idy

it

several tinws;

once

'ki

ya/> 'Aa

;;

;
;;

HA.

6d

HAI.

itung hu' I will go with you


soon man} hau^ ^lid ^k'u *ch6
only came to visit him.
The throat ; to swallow ;

ihd pd* to insult, to reproach.


Below, down, bottom, inmean, vulgar next
ferior
I*
Hi4 isoi^ Hai ha} it is below ; Ad*
*^lai, the bottom, underneatli
ha} t'sz*' next time ; Ad' iiti
next moon ; Ad* itnan, common people ; Ad' Jau, the

Hi&

_-i

A poetical word used as an


exclamation of admiration or
interrogation, according as it
is in the middle or end of a
sentence ; a h
A small meadow mouse,
whose bite is considered poiHi
sonous.

Hi

To

'#

lower

Ad' iyan, official un-

Summer ; a mansion ; clear;


variegated ; name of a dynasty from B.C. 2205 to 1766 ;
Ad' itHn, summer weather;
Ad' kwai' summer months
Ad' po^ grasscloth ;
the Hid dynasty.

Hi

'kdm,

iMo,

Hai.
Why, how ?

To

a page to an
a waiting-maid.
wait for, to hopo ; a

narrow pathway
Hi

a footpath.

Jvai king*

Aai' lok^

it

is

all

^k'ii, it is

is it

sorts

just so;

not so? Aai'

is

tsau*

him

just
here,

ttd

Aai*

^yaut

you have

'kioo iin hai^

it

is

the case, you have all sorts ;


cAi' Aai' at the time, that is
better.

*^

not so

everything
all

H^

it

yes; j'm Aai' no; 'tim hai*


how will it be ? 'tsung hai*

Ad' ifnun, Amoy ; Mong^ ha}


the village of Wdnghi^ near

officer,

was

Aai'

hai^

Leisure, relaxation ; selfindulgence, unoccupied Jidn


Hid
mi^ hd} busy.
ha} at leisure
Laughter; cAd cAd, the
sound of immoderate laughter.

expres-

substantive verb; to
is ; to connect,
to
succeed to; ipin hai^ not at all
so Aai' i'm hai^ is it so ? cAdn

Hd^ ich'iUf

mansion, a side room

an

am,

be,

Macao.

Hi

well

The

derlings.

(109)

is

the fact, there


sion of surprise.

Hid

be in

isheng, a low sound, or voice


Ad' pi' the right side, the

mk

at, to

to covet, to long for, unscrupulous; Ad' ipd, the chin Ad'

lowest classes, lowlive, vicious itnd ha} loki no fixed


Ad'
business or residence
*OTd iwai, a humbug; Ad' tsoky

T^'

be

no more ; a final particle


denoting that there is no more
to be said or done ; *ni chung^
'hai ko* cKv^ do you still stay
there ? Vwi cAii' s'm 'hai, is it
there ? is he inl Vmi tpi/i cA't?
jZoi, where do you come from?
'kbm y6ung^ 'hai U^ that will
do, no more ; Vtdi loki that's

so,

'

To connect,

to tie ; to cona succession shai' hai*


a genealogy, a family record
(S^ung Aai' continuous.

tinue

Hi

'

To tie,
attached

to bind; to
to,

retain, to hold

fasten a boat

implicate.

continue

to think
;

of;

to

Aai' <rAau, to

Aai'

Hui,

to

;;

HAK.

hAi.

To
K'iai

Military weapons, as spear,


bow, &c.; shackles, fetters ;

Hai.

(HO)

wipe

rub, to

tseng^ wipe [shoes] clean


tjno, to

iTnai

a curious contrivance,
the nicer parts of a machine,
a craft or art ils'kung dd hi*

iki hdi^

ihdi

scour off (as rust);

cArtt

iung rnh'\i oui\\e

wall;

its'

Hiai

ihdi tJton

69

moki Jidi its^an ^ngo, don't


Jidi tsaU
rub against me
to rub (as with sandpaper).
To harmonize, to agree to
pair consenting, in concord
Hidi
of one mind ; to laugh Jidi
ixco ihdi,
^Id, an old couple
agreeing (as married people),
cordial; ihdi (yarn, a chord.
A shoe j/a/> tui' thai, a
pair of shoes ihdi /m'a last;
Hiai
^kung ihdi, a woman's shoe
t/'o ihdi, slippers; ihdi ikam,
fees paid house agents ; ihdi
pnti a shoe. horn tshing Hsai
*;ii

m
m
Hiki

and other

arms.
Remiss,

negligent,

inattentive

Hiai

hdi* guns, swords,

slow

slow,
;

Adi*

lazy,

tot*

hdi^ to} lazy.

Chives or onions, not permitted to be eaten by people

Hiai

who

fnst.

To

gnash' the teeth, angry;

plates in mail arranged

like

teeth.

(Tbete chuictcn are ofwo pronounced long


ylbUc.)

^Ib

a cobbler

'po ihdi

Heh cloudy,

ch&uk> thai, to

sham}

ihdi, he's

A
Hiai

cral)

soup

^hdi ikavg,

A*

To

K'eh

superior

crab

'hdi ik'im, crab's pin-

with

many

V/di,

'

obey

to

make one

haky ^fu, hurried, oppressed \faty haky ishing yam}


inadequate for the place; haky
itong, to sustain, fit for haky

oars
cch'i tkam
a gilded crab,' a rich
;

fabulous animal, called


'hdi chdi^, or lion-unicorn
Hiai
embroidered on the robes of
censors and judges ; haughty,
;

stern.

Accidentally, a pleasant
hap ^hdi hau^ an unexpected
meeting.
;

to subdue, to
;
overbearing ; haky

to
;

chai' to order,

villain.

fiiai

sustain, adequate to

conquer

cer's ;/di* ^hdi \Weng, a'boat

^mdn

ikam

distinguished ;
haky to-night.

'k'tt

very stingy.

not

put on shoes.
An exclamation of disappointment, Alas! Oh rough,
hispid, harsh laki kdm* ihdi,
sharp as a bramble, morose,
surly tts'd ihdi, coarse and

rough

like Ibe

Black, sooty; dark, obscure;


dull
wicked hakt
haky dm*
shiky black color
haky
dark, not well lighted
villainous
haky fo*
tsam,
opium ; haky pdki iiidn ifan,
good and bad are not easily

sandals

ihdi, cord

Hak.

(111)

*ki,

to

do what you ask others,

self-government.
Bright, splendid, luminous,
*
Heh like a fire or the sun angry ;
to scorch, to glisten ; clever,
elegant haky haky hot, glorious, effulgent
*hin haky a
^fct

good scholar, talented.

;
;;

:;

i^hang hdki to produce and


destroy (said of the five elements) hdki chai^ to lord it
over one; AdA> '/cdm, to reduce
a debt or wages by force hdky
poki hardfisted, oppressive,

Hak.

(112)

K'eh

HAM.

HAK.

70

A guest, a visitor, a frien-il


a dealer, customer, a stranger;
foreign; squatters, marauders;
to lodge; iyan hdky a visitor ;
tsai hdki traders tVom Shensi
and Sli^nsi MA;, ti^ a trading.place ; hdkt ifong, guestchamber ; hdky Jo' inferior
goods ; jc/t'd hdki teamen
hdkiSui' last year; hdki (ping,
foreign troops ; ifdn hdkt a
foreigner; /mA> ds'ai^ a wliore;
hdki ikd tyan, people from

insulting.

Kidyingc'iau; hdkyt'd"

toflat-

(113)

altogether
jointly,
All,
completely, totally ; always,
everyall round, reaching
where ; concord> associated ;
hasty ; a diagram pa/> jAtm,
disagreeing; iHdm *fung, the
style of the present emperor
mdn} kwoki j/tdm tning, all
countries at peace.
Saltish,
like
sea-water
salted, preserved in brine
Hien
ihdm shapi salacious; ^hdm
sour-krout; Jidm it'd,
is'oi'
salted peaches.
to be
Union, harmony
accordant, united ; sincere,
Hiin
cordial, hearty.
To contain, to infold, to
comprehend in, to envelop a
Han
letter, or what is contained in
an envelop liberal, capacious;
ipdu ihdm, to keep close, not
to utter ; ts/tii ihdm, a letter ;
(tsiln ihdm, your favor ; iham
cMung^ a teacher or sage's
desk ihdm ipung, patiently.
Submerged to leak; marHan shy to soak; to contain, capacious ; ihdm lUn, to soak
soft; ihdm ^y^ung, kindly, to

Hieu

ter a guest

cordial

^hd hdkt

its'ing,

reception

tt'ong

hdki a lady visitor.


An angry tone ; to threaten,
to
anger;
intimidate;
to
Hih
scared, frightened hdki ^ngo
yati Ciu* it scared me much ;
hdki
hi'iki
tkengt terrified;
hdki
tts'an, sick from fright
chd* to alarm by threats hdki
*hung hdki
shaV a humbug
to idly arouse one's fears.
;

tA

To

carve,

to

chisel,

to

griping,
g^'j^ sculpture; a cut;
close ; fifteen minutes, a little

while

hdki

tsz^^ to

cut chara-

cters; hdki '/Jd, tocut blocks;


/tdn* hdki a limit, a set time
hdki kwati ^ming ^mm.., graven
on the hones and inscribed in
the heart ; hdki hd- presently
hdki yafi a set d;iy ; ixhi hdk>
constant, usual; ^shid hdky a
;

little

Jkl-

^f*^

To

drive

keep one's temper;

time.

subdue, to overcome

to repress, loexorcise

hdki

shdli
oft'

tktnig

The Fan Wan

urgent;

ishan,

to

unlucky demons

'sAut

Jidm

a sewer.

Hien

plant, to set out

defines

it

but

saysr to

K^nghi

a wooden bowl.

HAM.
Bit

of

HAN.

a bridle; to hold

in

71

ground, sandy beach


hdm*
iyan Jidng, a brothel.
Small flour cakes, like
dumplings, with meat or fruit
;

mouth

the

Hdn

contain

to

to

control one's

self, to guide, to
order; affected by; moved,
indignant
rank
'Aa ihdrn
mult I 'lam, to keep silence
ihdm iinui, to hold a bit, to
be still
cAuM ihdm or chikt
;

^fV
^^yj^

inside

hdm^

'pdu

pastry

cakes jwa d'an hdm^ pork


dumplings cooked in sugar.

ihavi,

an

official

title

i.'idm

Han.

(114)

han^ to restrain one's indigna-

tion.

To hold

n*r>"j
*

ArL

>

jD^J

preceding

^or the

(as

mouth used

in the

an order)

Han

lui^

to receive

Hiin hold H gem in the bill, met. to


requite a kindness Jidm Cift
;

iCdn, to hold an iron shot in


the mouth (punishment ofliars
in hell) Jidm jjo" to requite
ihdm meng^ received your
;

m
K'an

To

1^1

call, to

to cry, to

Snarling of dogs

reaches

noise

Hien

or

to

into* to

descend
into; overwhelmed, ruined;
to involve another hdm^ hoi'
to inveigle one
hdm^ tsing*

sink

to put into

to

hdm^ Jiang, to fall into a


trap hdm^ niki to drown, to
irritate
dai hdm^ unstable
or

disobe-

very, much;
malt ^fii 'kdm Hian ^sam, how
harsh you are !/<//> Hian, very
angry ; do laky han, very
many ; 'han wdi^ very bad.

down

Han ofthe superlative;

hdm' ishevg tdi^ he'


useless regrets hdm' kau' to
call upon to save.

dient, perverse; quarrelsome,'


intractable ; revengeful ; si<m

fall

to

To

land,

angry cries
him; tdi^ isheng
;

the

new

open

plough, to cultivate; to injure;


energetic
Jioi 'han, to clear
land 'han ti- new land 'han
chung' to plough and sow.

ft'in,

V/an ik'av, to in;


'han k'af) ask to give
;
tyan, to ask a kindness.

a call

hdm' ^A;'call
ham} to cull aloud, to cry out
hdm^ hidi to cry 'td ham*
to gape ham* d'uvg fan* to
cry it out hdm' shah iHn

heaven

To
K'an

halloo after, to

bawl

tears

from water;
itchy
ihan

To request, to beg, to ask


as a favor; importunate, truly,

V/a/i

olive, met.

^ vociferate

^''^'

ihan,

tsik,

treaf

^^"

marks of

earnestly

orders (said of a friend's request) ihdm chit} ifong Hum

p^'

very
a trace, a flaw in glass.

V/d

sucking a sugared
pleased and silent.

ihan,

a mark,
an itching;

'shui ihan, a stain

j/idm iwdn, to

scar, a cicatrix

trace, or line left

Indignation,

Hah

resentment,

dislike; hatred, spite

to feel sorry

to regret,

vexed, sorry ;
hail- no' to hate; 'ho han\
detestable, odious ; sut> han*
;

gratified revenge;
taki

would that

han^ paf,
for

^md

han' unregrcttod
takt
iyan han' to get men's til wtll.
iijan

; ;;;

HANG.

hAn.

72

Courageous
depending
on one's-self martial; form-

Han.

(115)

Hien

Saving, niggardly, stingy


than kirn}
parsimonious, close; <.hdnlun^
(or nun^) stingy; than liki
saving of strength 7td cAdn,
closefisted Jidn tfan, saved
the expense, spared the trouble
Repose, leisure indolent
unoccupied, empty; takahdn,
Hien
at leisure
trnd ihdn, busy
ihdn if/au, sauntering about
ihdn
ihdn '^shau, an idler
ihdn sz''
wd^ small talk

Jt

Utt^

idable, brave

to be sparing of;

To

narrowly, to
furtively spots in the
Hien watch
eyes the whites of the eyes
;

showing in convulsions.

MR
Hien

room

ihdn vky an untenanta void [)lace,


ich'ati ihdn, to take

time for

an inclosure
for horses

The

a fold or stable
to close, to obs-

Hien

to regulate

(116)

to forbid

to

;
large ; accustomed,
practiced ; ihdn 'cho, to embarrass
ihdn tsdpi broken
Often used for
in, used to.
the preceding.
Liberal, pleased compos,

Ad/i* Id*

threshold of a door.

Hang.
To

contented

tranquil,

aroused, anxious for others.


loving leiAccustomed
;

shuki acHien sure; elegant ihdn


complished, skilled, in ihdn
;

h}gd, apt, polished.

Convulsions in children
epilepsy
Hien spasms from fright;

vulgarly Q\\\c{ifdly\ye.ung tit?


A kind of phcnsaiit ; pdk^

*''^ ^''^^'" pheasant.


Hleii '^"^"'

penetrate or pervade ;
Jiang Jcu, a
;

Hang

successful

Hang

to

Pfjij

move

al)out

Hien ed,

truct; to protect

by law,

impede, to moderate a limit,


impediment, boundar}', restriction
a few, a short
time a threshold ^md /idn*
illimitable; iho hdn^ what
limit, endless, numberless
^yau hdn^ a few, limited
hdn^ 'ki yaf, how many days
do you set ? kvx)^ hdn^ overpast the time
tfun hdn^ to
extend the time
hdn^ teng^
exactly so many
fixed measure.

out for idlers.


A bar or barrier, a fence

Hien

a
to

ifong ihdn, to look

private, trifling affairs; jJ/om


^shau /id' ihdn, a vagrant loves
;

limit, to fix or set

leisure

To

time, to assign, to adjust


;

edjhouse; ihdn

liberal.

observe

quiet street, an eligible street.

Frightened, an antipathy
;

a local

word applied

to

smells, lothsome.

To strike against as sounding glasses or metals, a


Kang
ringing or metallic sound ;
ihang its'iung, jingling of
bangles or tamborines.

m.
Kang
Kang

The

jingling

of

stones,

striking hard stones together.

The shank bone of an ox.


A man, Sung' .Hang, in the
time of Muncius.

;;

;;

flANG.
(This character

uficn

proDounoed Ukc the next

73

yllable.)

or thing to

Togo, to walk, to proceed;

;fc.

Hang

*^ ^^^' ^

ports

'^^'

'^ t^irect

the action of the

lowing verb

imfoU

ihang iUung, to measure


ihang ip'ing, a pair ofscales;
yu/fi
ihang,
an armillary

appeal, or
a step a road,

transfer a case
a way, a path
one of the
elements a manner motion
ihang Ib^ to walk in the wav
;

spiiere.

A fragrant plant like mallows; /d' ihang, sweet vet-

pd^ihang,

to travel

ihang

a traveler

Han
I

afoot

nal.grass.

Hui,

i-yun,

to

visit,

prescribed rites
tell

ihang

to;

attend

to

ahang

^ii,

to
to

baggage;
5 elements
promulgate

^li,

^'ng ihang, the

ihang kdu^

ihang

to

tdi^

ihang, the recently de-

ceased emperor or empress


ihang it'au, head-gear, masks,
&c., used by actors
ihang
Ji^nng, to go in procession
ihang its'ing, to worship at
the tombs in spring
ihang
sying, to punish
ihang ds'in
pd^ to ' walk a mile ;' ihang
ishiin, to weigh anchor, to follow tlie sea, to act as a sailor
ihang iVidi tih> step aside a
little
ihang %itn, to follow
dangerous pursuits ; ihang
iping, to direct troops ihang
conduct, manner of
iWai,
acting; ihang ling^ to send
an order
ihang ^hd 'che,
wait, or do a little presently
ihang ishii, to write a running hand, ihang ilui, to

.1

customed to; ihang (Sam,


constant; jAa/jg "yan, patient
ihang 'clidn, enduring pos.

sessions;

like the

iHang

tlie

thunder.
Ij-jp

An ornamented

clasp, a

which has a play of


" colors, worn on the person.
;j{fc.
A yoke or strap on the head

i.Lio- S*^^"

""'^

lldiiT

the

cattle

the space

eyebrows;

iU

undor

balance,

iho ishd shd*

ishdn, a

mountain

in

west of (^hihli.

'han^, to permit.

'Hang

'hang,

anger,

hat-

Hing red great displeasure, vexed


;

^Hang

sands of the Ganges

The attachment of the


muscles
to assent, willing,
Kang
acquiescing topermit; ^hang
i'/n ^hang, will you or nut?
i'm 'hang, I will not
^wan

(?)

The culm

or stalk of herbs
Hani and shrubs ; a twig ; hilt of a
sword.
Constant, regular, perpetual, according to rule ; to con.
Hani
tinue of the same mind, per.
severing ; ihang ish^ung, ac-

to

weigh with

balustrade to weigh ; transverse ; adjusted, compared

quarrelsome, pertinacious.
Fortunate, lucky blessed
happily
an emperor reach,
ing or tarrying in a place
;

Hmg

to hope, to wait or long for


lucky in getting, to r< joice ;
to love, pleased
hang^ tain
to succeed pleasantly
sht^
hang^ is well, will be pleased
a phrase used in a bill Jed
imuii -pat, hang^
domestic
aillic'tTon,
family trouble
;

;;;;;

;;;

HANG.

74

HAP.

IIAP.

pal, hang^ ichtmg

<.chi

hang^

Hap.

(118)

fortunate in the midst of disaster.

t^^

To

j|y^

To obtain

or avoid without

merit or right ; hang^ ^tnin,


escaped ;
thiu
fortunately
hang^ very fortunate.
A kind of pkim hang^ ipan,
ji|^
-J
almonds ; iVgan hang^ nuts
^ of theSalisburia adiantifolia;
hang^ iinui, a sort of apricot,
'r'

fitly

'SrL^
J!.

mind

to

in

purpose,
hapy il^ luckily

to the

exactly

Vj6, suitable, jtist

thing; hapy Hs'z^ very


alike hapy hap, chirping of birds hap, ^gdm, fits
well
hapy 'hau ^yau, had it
just in season.

much

An aquatic vegetable with


a reddish leaf; not found in

A colloquial

rt/v

'

Canton.
Actions,
conduct; 'pan
hang^ disposition, character
laki hang^ virtue, good works
hang^ tsham, able, expeto^
rienced, learned sun' hang^
honest
Hiin hang^ curt,

word, for which


character is sometimes
used, meaning to nod, sleepy
Jiapy ^ngdnfan' to nod.

this

Pip,

snappish.

Hang.

(117)

ditch,

trench,

hollow,

the furrows in a
roof; a pit to entrap wild
to throw into a pit
beasts
to excavate; Jiang ilcii,, a
;

sewer or drain; Jiang 'hdm,


a natural gully, a ravine
*2>d Jidng, a quarry in Sh^uking fu which furnishes good
inkstones 'shui Jiang jmwn,
a sluice jWiwi Jiang, a coal
;

pit.

The

purlines of a roof; a
to cross a rivulet
stocks for feet
a clotheshorse
Jiang kokj purlincs

Hang plank

and

rafters;

lincs.

To gulp, to swallow, to
drink; chuky Vmz ^md tdmhdp, not even congee water
to drink (poor); hdp, tdm^
iCh'd, take a mouthful of tea
clamor or buzz of a crowd.
Accustomed, familiar with
;

hole, cave, or pit, natural or


artificial

Hap.

(119)

Kang

the

fortunately,

the

ripe in June.

^*
^"^

met; hapy

^J^'

apply

0?' seasonably,
good time,

ukt. Jiang,

pur-

Hiah

irreverent,
to

caress

disrespectful
to

to

desecrate, to

to apto change
acquainted with
proach,
hdpi oV mutual attachment
hdpi tsdpi intimate with
Mpi M/i* to play with.
A cage for wild beasts or
prisoners; to encage ; a scabHiah
bard a press.
A chest or trunk a pross
for clothes; a coffer, a cisKHiah
et ; a box for a set of books
'shau shiky hdpi a dressing.
case
pdV hdpi a case for

contemn

sending cards, presents, &c.;


sz" *pd hdpi a writing-case
<.chu ^po hdpi a casket.

HAP.
Generous,

/Mr
KiJi*

public

spirited

right, bold,

or

sist

HAT.

noble-minded,
zealous for

HAU.

intrepid

redress

K'ih'
to as.

another's

wrongs; hdpi hdky or kim'


hdpi a friend in need, a supernatural advocate fidfi hV
noble-minded, intrepid.

Narrow,

lliiAx

narrow-minded,
mean chdk, hdpi narrow
hdpi isam ti^, doltish, stupid

Uh

strait passage, contract.

^^' "^'"''"^ ''^P2 "^' ^ narrow


pass. Used for the preceding,

null

an

Hills approaching,

HiJ^i'

forming
* go''f?^' through which a
stream forces its way
hdpi

Shauking

j^

K^/

gorge

fu in

a ^sheng Jcung.

nSh

dresser, a pannier.

To

^ft

bite

till

the

yapi yuki to
blood comes,

indignant at, irritated with.


To drink each other's blood
in spirits to bloody the lips
Shall
a form of an oath hdpi hii/y
to let blood

when swearing,

Hat.

(120)

/r

K-nt'

To

beg,

'"tr'^at, to

ask alms

to

request

fiafy ji,

to

a
j

'^gS^'" ; /"'^i f^(> humbly


hat, s/iiki to beg food ;
;

beg

ha!y

'^tsai,

to

pray

dren

skill

(of Arachne)

hafy

ich'i, to

7mM,

sneeze,

for

to
;

haft,

man.

To

judge, to examine into,

tence hafi shaft f" ascerta in


the facts ; Aa/j pdn^ to revise
a case ; Aa/, tsju^ to accuse
by memorial.

To investigate,

to ascertain
pare or carve;
'Adw hafi to search out fully ;
hafi %m} to verify.
The kernel or seed of
Jl^
Heh^^ri'its; the nucleus; the facts,
the real circumstances; truly
;
tsung" hafi to search out a
matter ; Aa/, /d, walnuts.

facts;

[ffl

Hau

to

Hau.

(121)

chil-

beg for
Ud hat>

morals

^kun

an oath of blood.

Blind of one eye ignoranf,


uneducated ; hati 'tsz' a blind

^^4he

to turn

to guide the

'ch'i fidpi

the creaking

to regulate, to

^j^^ to search out to keep in order to punish to prosecute


or to accuse one
to sen-

press

iVgd

linch-pin

control

nSh

or dig the nails


Ki^h '"*'^' ^ lacerate hdpi c/iuiy
huli to squeeze the blood out
jfc|,

^ carriages

of society

0^

Kw^ngtung.
;

(i.

to control.

near

basket for sundries

or repri-

A sorcerer, a wizard, a
necromancer. Usually called

i^

Viau, a pass in a river; Shiu'-

hdpi

summons

*m hati a feather

haii imarif

urgent) dispatch; tc/i'^ung


hati a passport.

^^*

hing'

official

haste

e.

J^Jr

mand

Usually

piece of board on which


orders used to be written ; a
to give orders
branchless tree

strait; a contract.

^^ Pfissage

to swallow.

pronoanced ydky.

governmental proclamation

^jr

To eaf,

n5*

75

The

cries of animals, esP<-'cially of cattle and feline

animals

jAo

dung

scolding wife.

<S2' Aai/,

;;

HAU.

76

Groaning, ns when angry

Hau

m
Hau

(cliotig 'hav,

a tone of displeasure.

^rnd '^hav vd^ ^k'ii, will not


speak to him, intractable
hau ngoi^ beyond the fron-

prince, or feudal baron

China

in ancient

a marquis

in modern days; pretty; but,


unless; a surname; (chii Jiau,
a petty prince ; Jiau i,yt, my
lord marquis.
Tiie throat
the trachea

vulgarly means
either the windpi|)e or gullet

Hau ihmi

ilunf!,

the oesophagus
vgdng^ Jmii, the vvind[)ipe
iUau Ham, x\d-xm's apple jwu
kapi hasty, in a hurry ; tfnng
Jiaii, the throat stopped up
tshang inso ihau. quinsey.
A uionkey vulgarly called
^icn

n large rstahlish-

nient, applied totlu' Factories;

ihau,

tiers ; ijd ^/lau, or 'hau 'Isui,


loquacious; jyM 7/(7W, persons,
a family ; yatt '^hau ich'd, a
swallow of tea ; Vjoi 'hav, an
estuary ; ds'ong '^hau, a hatch-

way.
After in lime, lafe; hchind;
jt'^ then, next posterity, descendants
hau^ Jni, afterwards,
then ; huu^ it'au, behind han^

^^*

<shong, young man ; hau^ shaV


future existence
hau^ huki

your pupil (used when speak-

Hau

Hau

^ind ilau

ihau, Hsz'

hV

calllute,

Pimples, pustules, resulting

from bad humors; ihau Usz'


a pustule.

K'au

The mouth, that by which


we eat ;' an entrance, a door,
'

a narrow passage, an opening;

pass or gate in the Great

Wall; speech, utterance; a


numeral of sword-", men,
hatches, fill of pipes, draught
of drinks, boxes ; to mouth,
to reiterate;
Vtd Vtau /co/o
good utterance, glib; koky

wrangle
^m'd 'linti
V/aw
*ch'i
untrustworthy
iVim, good enunciation ydld
ilcung ^kau, fake two pipes

'hmu

to

A queen

r^'

provisions, food dress-

sions.

ed for a journey or an expeiAoM dating, dry provi-

dition

Hau

ing of one's self) hati^ lii^,


another time
/jok* tstm^ the
next entrance in a hong; put'
hau^ behind one.

sports

A musical instrument,
ed Jiong Jxau ; a Hat
having 23 strings.
Dry

Hau

with monkeys.

J.*^ prince
liau

or

or

ruler,

'

empress;

111

tributary

,
>
sovereign beiiind iWong hau^
or kwoki hau^ the empress;
t'di^ hau^ empress 'dowager ;
^mo hau^ our mother (the
queen); hau^ H'd, god of the
land,
it is worsh ped behind
graves J' in hau^ the Chinese
Amphitrite.
ijg'*
To meet unexpectedly;
3~' ^hni hau^ to meet one by
J ac;

Hau

cident.

^.'
Hau

IS^

'J''lie

horse-hoof

king

or

Lim-

cr;ib; the XiphosurjE or

ulus longispina

Thick,

lar;;^e,

substantial;

Jr^' liberal, generous, kind

wi;ii,

intimate ; well
rich (loam) ; to es.
flavored
teem ; hau^ poki thick and
thin, the suitable relations of

very

faithful
;

;;

HAU.

IIAU.
thinfrs

liau^ top to treat well

Artu* luki a tine salary

Hau

wait

to inquire for, to

cers; 'AdM 'siu shi' to

Hang hau^ wait

ching' hau^

a disease, a

bad habit.

5":t

^^

ihau
door

'sAflM,

first

of the

*Adu kdu* to examine

carefully.

To

^-cfr

search into

the preceding
J.
Kau

'^hdu

Jidu puki s,u, to rap


block when chanting
to

iViun,

knock

at

used for
clCdU to

official merits.

tree

producing a kind of

g^y varnish;

the wood is hard.


a kind of Dryandra.
Skillful, ingenious,
dexclever, as an
(erous, handy
Qii.

'j^

Jidu iking nim} Fati to


and meditate
on Bwdha
<Ad Idn^ to beat

j^j.;^

artisan

genuity

talented, adroit

in-

genius; wily, craf-

to pieces, or to a j'^Hv.
4;k.

siulsdi

'i^

recite praN'crs

*yy

the

of

the

examination

*hdu on'

J
exammc; cLAas/n^, decision

A baton or club; to beat or


tap horizontally with a club
to rap

'hdn, a district

Hau.

(i2-;2)

my

^hciu,

of-

examine

lowest degree
tsin
departed father; iiri^

the

for

pointment

toexamine,

toquestion; to strike; 7jd7fjm*

finished, complete;

a triennial examination of

wait on, to visit ; to take care


of; man^ hau^ to inquire after
civilly, to send respects hau^
hii' 1 wait for you
hau^ 'pd
waiting for confirmation in
office ; haur sun'- wait for apfor

father

-^

faced.

To

or seat

kind feelings; han^


chung^ very generous ; win}
brazen,
ij)'i Uau} shameless,

ils'ing,

Tlieend'of the spine, the Os

\/y coxendicis the rump


'4^Aged a deceased

fuiu'

77

To

beat or torture to extort


ihdn khiky ^ngdn,
to beat the ancles ; Jja/z Ha,

a confession;

to torture.

ty, specious, deceitful

witty,

shrewd, ready pleasing; 'hdn miu- well done, fine


work 'hau y^ung^ a new or
ingenious pattern Is^av? ^hdu
nnexppcted and well-timed
^hdii 'sAaw, a skillful workman Hidu siu' pleasant, goodnatured
iktrdi '^hdv, smart
7id pin' good at excuses.
J^' Filial duty, obedience, resubtle,

Stony, arid land

<^7c
KiVm

To howl,

p'^
'

r**

as

beasts

angry

poor

soil.

to bellow, to roar,

when

or

afraid

grunt (as swine) a


loud call
to pant or gasp
Jidv c/m, shortness of breath
Jidu k'ati a hacking cough
chdu 'ch'un, the asthma.
iJig
'I'he scream or roar of a
ij-^ tiger; beside cue's self with
;

to

unaer.

to parents
mourning
parents /'/' sJtun^ dutiful
and obedient ; ihang hdu^ to
obey
chfuky hou^ to put on
mournine; for parents; hdn'
inam itjan, a filial son hdiC
fiiki white mourning; hdu^
rh'^ung^ the mtturning staff
(used by the chief mourner).

jj^ spect

for

HAU.

78

To

;^^"|

'mj,i [*^^Py

^)(

to

to

*^ verify

learn,

exertion;

to

like, similar

eftectual, efficacious;

example

Ilidu

nt.

imitate,

;;;

;; ;

an

efTects,

Adu' iyau, to

like the pattern.

To

"^^

pill

imitate

,<vf' to

to follow

toil,
;

a rule

exertion, effects;

hau^ iiki to exert one s self


hdu^ Jd, to moil for another
tkimg hdv} meritorious exertion. Used for the preceding.
Hilarity,
joy
cheerful,
ik'-^^
pleased with the company of

H^ others.
jc:h}

Hiuji

s<^

'1^

^^ sacrifice to a &god or superior


Hiang
.

cdlled

He.

colloquial exclamation, expressing disapproval ; cA<?.' s'm Vid


t^au^ do n't touch it

(124)

Heng. See Hing.


Heung.

fluvia or

aroma

reputable,

renowned, a fragrant' name;


JU'ung hi' fragrance; ih^ung
'

k^uht ih^ung,
spicery
incense sticks; tshii Ji^ung
literary reputation of a fami-

lin}

ly

ihC'ung

ichu,

fragrant

beads; Ji^ung Hd, a burner of


Jiaug
incense in a temple
to worship ; mun^
th^'ung,
drugs burned by
fh^'ung,
thieves to stupefy people;
;

mushrooms
Jieung sun*
ilicung 'kongt Hongkong.

offer

sacrifice

in

feast a guest

to

out

to spread

a feast ; a banquet or sacriishan ^fUiing, offering.s


''liiuvg. isz'''
to the gods ;

fice

To
Hianjr

Fragrant, odoriferous, aroincense efmatic, sweet


;

HL'in

'

flan offer^h^ungfvki to

to receive

ing ; a repast ;
be happy
Vi^ung yung^, to
enjoy the use of, a free use ;
icliiung 'lUtmg, to enjoy
long
h6ung sliau* happy iu
his age ; Vi^uvg ^wivg ^iin
ichi fuly to enjoy eternal
happiness.

or horsepen.
(123)

'

to enjoy

a college, anan inclosure

school,

'^^"t'y

imitate; hau} fdU to practice,


to follow
kdri^ im} jtin, an

do

A village, a country directed towards


five icfiavy or
12,500 houses, make a
ihiung ; rude, country-like,
rustic
Jiiung Uong, an association or society ihCung
^hd, the country Ji^ung Hd,
a village elder; ji^ung ishatij
village gentry it'ung Ji^ungj
fellow
villagers
JUting
tsuki rustic, rude manners
ih^ufig Hi, village neighbors
Jt^wigit'dm, a local brogue ;
ih&ung dsun, a village.
To offer up, to present or
;

Hi.ing

results; to offer; hoki hdu^ to

efficacious

Ili^:UNG.

offerings to ancestors.

a
Noise, clamor, fracas
sound, echo, a ringing din
Hiang,,
h^ung }6ung^ a din? yad
ishitig "-hcung, a single word,
once speaking, a sudden
sound kom* 'h^ung^so loud
moki ^heung, silence 7o ViOM
^Mung, he can talk enough,
wordy.
Used for the preceding
also to be at, in, at a place
Hidng
^ni ^h^ung ^rnd it'aii chii*
do you live at the landing ?
;

^heung

c/i'ti'

it

is

there.

;;

niUNG
A

'^IP

Lj^

'''"^

worm

Hi.

which

&'

notices

sounds, a silkworm ? yah


'heung, the buzz of flies in
swarms sound of musketoes.
;

'Pinl

.p"
'^'^^

Hi.

(126)

workmen,
Provisions for
and troops; taxes paid to
government in kind duties
to give or send
generally

tTo
when

food -.ping ^Iiiumg, soldier'^j


tngan,
'hiurtg
rations
'h^ung tfdn, a duty
duties
*' chop ;" iy^ung 'heiwg, maritime custom-house duties
;

to eat.

Jii liwg^

2^

4^K

^rj

'

An ornament worn on
girdle

Opposite;

to

lieungjt'yTjyff,

the

incline

odd
;

isam
itn Mnng' mind not on your
work; ^ni iSam i^-sfiapi-sz'"
Mung' your mind is quite
isam hung* iinb
unfixed
thig^ discomposed, unsteady;
heung' ^ni ^kong, to speak to
you
V h^vng' intention
hcung' its an, to come on
;

one, to iMjint towards.

to

to

moult
;

thi

Jii ^hon, strange,

unusual.
look with longing, to

thi ik'i,

hope earnestly, to remember

Used for the preceding.


Open, wide apart, not close,
careless,
thin
lew
'|1P 'loose
remiss ihi s/jo, widely, open ;
(as
thi 'hi ii^, thin, watery
JA.

thinking upon; an inan object of^ study ;


time past, former, heretofore ; a window or opening
points of compass ; heung'
yati on a former day ; yat^
hating' formerly, for a time

infre-

kindly.

to;

Ji^ung' Joi, heretofore

To

tention,

northerly

seldom,

stop

to

few

'shiu,

Used for the next.


A|' Towards, facing, opposite

paky,

rare,

(feathers) or shed (hair)

to,

h^'ung'

sport of;

to hope, to wish, desirous

weddings ^ying ^hC^ung,


the circumstancesof a thing.

|I..

make

to

loose, not close or near;

scatter,

^hCung
sugar figures carried

at

Few,

jy? quent

by women.

pressing forward to

to lie to, to deceive.

</ii jTnii//,

Ui^ung, three hours.


'

ridicule

,</

power; to

in

li(ung
meridian
W\ <'g^ noon, midday yal,
^''^"^
pun'
'h^uvg, half a day

*rA

to self-

thipd' '"^o,
<Ai jj/an, a cheat, a
to covet
rascal
thi fu^ to reproach ;
cAi iSam. to delude one's self;
t/*i ah to oppress wantonly ;

him

to fail in

tlnpiii' to cheat

Noon,

deceive; to insult, to abuse

^h<;nng shiki give

cheat, to impose upon,

to deceive

'AIdI

while; suddenly;

little

formerly.

i?^'

glue, paste).

iB$

'^
^^
lY^
Hi
;g^
'^P*

To

dry

dried

daybreak,

bright.

Simulated, pretending, like


to; obscure; to counterfeit

api>earing as if.
The fibres of hemp, used in

,Ai,

making linen;

fine

hempen

cloth.

^,
*'A'*

To

heat, to roast or toast

hot, burning,

light

and heat

together; abundant, pervading.


frci

H''Pr'y

'll?"

the gods;

the g(jds

l"t^liy

blessed

by

pray or implorrf
ikung Ito^ isan Jii,

to

80

Hf.
respectfully

on the new

rambles

sports,

sion

to

MHi

To
Hi

cnOv

Hi

in

weeping

name

for pigs in

Hundn

a call to hoijs
the grunting
of pigs
ifung ihi, a divine
animal which protects against
snakes.
Sour, acid taste, like vinegar
iki ikai, animalculae in
HI
vinegar
ihi Iseung' pickled
condiments.
Tipsy, about to fall, to reel
like a sqt ; <Ai tAz, reeling,
K'
staggering.
Light, splendor, brightness;

Hi

Hi

flourishing, glorious, prosper-

ing, extending; lasting, ample;

Jd

dry, drying,

Hyson

tea

ous
Jn
dynasty,
;

A name
Hi

/ji

iCiCiu,

of

founder

monarchy;
iiDonsr,

the

Hi unifonn

color

to like

'Ai

shiki a cheerful face

gratified

joy and

Vti

loki

'At u/j

ifun, glad ; 7ii


52'' a joyful event.

^hi

king* or 7

*/u ifu iyan 'yau ''hi, your


lady has joy (i. e. is pregnant).

'^

How!

what!

i.

e. it is

not,

^frla particle intimating a strong


negative; to return victorious;
to desire, to

advance

how

7ti '^djn,

dare I
Vti f/i, it is so ;
it is not otherwise
7u (fi i?/,
were there not, is it not
7ii
'yau ^Is'z' Hi, there is no such
rule ; 7iJ s/n' it can not be ;
^hi ^yau Joi, how can he come
'ip
To rise, to stand up ; aris.
^^ ing before other verbs, it
expresses the beginning of an
action, after them it denotes
the completion; to begin, to originate ; to build; the com;

.'

mencement
'hi (shan, to

start

to

animal of a
sheep, gouts,

as

a flourishing

Emperor Hi.

sacrificial

Same

Pleased, joyful that which


gives joy to feel glad, to give

ich'un ich'd,
jjoo, prosper-

Fuk^ ihK the


the
Chinese
also called iHi

feel joy, to delight in

fearful of, cautious.

delight

the reply

to snore timid
sob and cry.

of the

forcibly

j<iy to, to rt^oice

sob, to catch the breath

ihi i.hu, to

emitted

B^

of spirits.

To

sound

voice,

the next.

cry of one in pain or

Hi sorrow grumbling

The
breath
sigh.

laughing

The

spotless,

(shang, sacrificial
pure
<.hi
animals, victims generally.

Pretty, liandsoiue; pleasant

;
an excurramble, to play, to
enjoy one's self; Jii ^shd,
sporting, plays; chihV, games
of children ; iyau Jii, a pleasure excursion.
The sound of merriment,
voices of people laughing an
fii
interjection of grief or anger,
Alas ! ihi ihd, the noise of

Hi

or oxen were used

congratulate

to

[year's] Imppiness.

to take, to

make;

get up, to stand, to

on a journey 7 '^nhau,
a work, to put
hands to ; 7u ^md, to start, as
;

commence

a procession

when does

Uci ^shl 'hi ^kii'i,

the

groom

start

Joi expresses an action


going on, as ^hd 'hi Joi, he is
getting or rtoing better; 'hi
d'aUf the beginning, to com'hi

81

Hi.

mcncc,

first

A present of living cattle


wr- provisions, fruits, meats oft'ered in sacrifice a formal feast
shiki Ham hi' a small allow.
ance paid to siiitsai to feed

^^'

'Ais/o/,jnst

i/.'</./

7ii i' the idea


remenibe^red it
of; V/i hni chh' to swindle, to
;

'keep

tlie

take

yi), to
'

dice,' sc. to retain

money advanced

one

to

7/i

house animals;

'/ {i7io, to

lire;

the pigs

raise dust,' to upbraid loudly,

to scold

long

*hi <?;, to

to covet; icliau ^hi, to

volume

to take out (a

to look

come

tpnn

bust;

form,

fs^iing-

hi*

^hd hi' huti

din hi*

a diviner

""chi',

geomancer

weather
scolded

wan-

hi'

vex greatly

you are

in

hii

shapt hi' damp -yftii hi"


veracious hi' Is'iit, dead
kwo' hi' his luck is gone.
J^' 'I'o breathe strong, to sigh
luck

Id-

Hi

ld)k' hi' a

'Vuy.

groan or

Urt,

sii>h.

11

an

opposed
hi'

form or qualities;
an utensil of any

to

hninff,

kind tdi.^ hi' a man of talent;


*M hi' an impatient, little.
;

minded man; j'm ishing hi'


dung iftai, a inefficient man.

be

good

i-

'^che,

to

hi"

vessel, vase, or dish

oa> implement, utensil, instrul^'^Jment: ability; meritorious,


K'i useful body or substance, as

hau^ times,

skau^

S!i']

cchi/ii hi'

moui>^ ht'
hi'

H'd hi' climate, air;

hi' 'sz' ij/an, to

'ho

Vrt

hi'

hi'
the green-room
a shed for acting;
'ch'di hi' a rehearsal hi' d'oi,
the stage; hi' */>, play books,

the weather; chi*

hV energy, nerve
a

car-

portly, ro-

play;

Isd^ hi' to

to instruct in acting;

ifoiig,

fair

it'iu hi'
;

ynf\

ip'diig,

riage

hu' H'ni

conjpany of
to dally with

Hsz' a

hi'

actors;
hi'

7?^//"-

to the theatre

or fondle

in a play)

aspect

vehemence, courage to irrian apparition


a semimonthly term liV ds'an 'It'ii,
to irritate, to anger
mohi
<shang hi' don't get angry
Vt()
hi' shihi good looking,
tate

comedy;

fdfi to play

matured
hi' gone

a play, a theatrical

vital fluid, life,

influence, attraction

with

play

to

legerdemain
tricks; yatt ch'iify hi' one act
of a play hi' iff dug '^tsai, a
quick growth, grown large
soon (like a cliild born and
hi'

the

nervous mat.
ter, that which imparls s; bstance
the spirit, temper,
air, anima, feelings, of men
and things; the animal spirits;

feed

dsang

i'/ft

to divert one's self,

exhibition, a

breath, air, halo

tstu'd

fence,

^^^'"^P""^"

to sport

To

ibb'

up,

at) Isd- "In, finished, done;


r/wpj V(i lohy picked up.
^'1 Vapor, exhalation, fume,
^^, j-smell, steam ether, matter
the original, primordial suhJ
K'i stance from which all things

hi'

hi' if hit,

have you fed the birds?

for,

lift

:^'

^^

To

reject,

relinquish

cast

off",

to

throw

ofi',

to

to

abandon

refuse, to

dead

to

tin'

hi' to

chi' to cast aside


sell

real

estate;

hi' .ihai'

disdain
;

hi'

pYii'

hi'

ip, to
hi'

tn

didcaid, lo refuse consort wilh.

;
;

HfU.

82

To

>

rest, to

HIN.
;

to take

to lay

a thing

repose

stop
I^* breath, to

the limbs; tiim' tchong 'ching,

slovenly, untidy

down.

him'

n^*

loud laugh
hi' hi' iiti,
gr^ laughing, the sound of hearty

merriment.

f#
V?^

Respectful, yielding, retir.


ing, lowly, humble, unassumto think little of one's
ing

K'ien

to

oelf;

respect

way

to

revere, to manifest
chim y^ung'- to give
Jiim sun' humble,

yielding ; I'di' Jam '/iw, you


Jiim iWOy
too modest
are
placable, mild.
The crop of a bird, the first
\^^ stomach of ruminantia ; a
'*"
pouch in the mouth of monkeys
and other animals to hold in
the mouth. Used for the preceding. Also read hip^ a de;

[^

to dislike.

ficiency, little;
*JWV

^.

Jm,

ihin

to

the belly

to suffer

loss

surname.

To

both morally and physically


*him taki tsai* imminently
dangerous,
A dog with a long snout, a
'jf^
pointer used in hunting. ^Him
Ilien
*ioa/J,nameofa horde of Iluns
notorious in the days of ('onfucius, so called from their
savageness.

K'ien

prejudicial,

held

into,

connect, to implicate or compromise ihin Idvi' to track .a


boat Jiin it'au jp'o, a bawd
thin kiod' in suspense
<.hin
hi' gasping, dying.
Fault,erro'", mistake, crime,
peccadillo an excess ; to exK'ien
ceed ; a noxious disease
tsui^ Jiin, a transgression.
A horse which exceeds in
racing
a horse diseased in

an abyss difficult, hazardous, dangerous


<,ngai
in danger
insecure
^him, dangerous,

rather

To drag, to pull, as an ox
does
to lead or pull aloiii;
with a cord; to bring about
to induce, tn guide ; to connect with, to deduce
dragged

precipice,

are

Hin.

(127)

Hfm.

(126)

'ni ^yau tiki

indisposed.

you

i.on,

K'ien

extirpate, to pluck out;

to snatch

dard

to capture

a stan-

in fight.

To stretch and
K'ien

wenry

gape when

deficient in, insuffi.

owe

be wanting
in
him' chdi' or him' fu} a
debt
hbiC ^kim Him, imhim' '/o cshitig,
methodical
lacking in honesty, untrustcient

to

to

>vorth_v; him' <s/ia/j,

toslrclch

K'ien

Trowsers; to hold up the


when wading.

skirts,

The hood

of a car a high
a balcony or
bow window eaves a study
laughing,
or library room
satisfied;
Jnn
playing;
iTtgongt a bold deportment, to
carry the head high.
To lift up to pull out fo
lay hold of; (hin md* to \>St
Hicn
off the cap; thin ^p'i, to puil
the quilt over one.
A kind of fox skin fur, Ciillcd ckam ingan Jiin, used for

Hien

front

chariot

Hie II

throat collars, or jackets.

;;

His.
Lifiht, manifesf,

apparent

closely

formed

conspicuoiis,'clear, illustrious,

patent
to

make

display

effulgent

glorious,

officers

an

notorious
'/irt
tdti distinguished, famous 'Ain ji/i, or
'Jiin hai^ ^kdm, it is even so,
;

plain

7n

illustrious

7<dw,

llicn
i.

e.

^hin,

energy exerted.
To commission, to depute,
to send
to send, to let go
K'a-u
to present;
away, to exile
to reject, to expel, to chase
ich'di ^hin, to send on a busi;

send away

prohibition

hin'

high officer's; s/ii hin'


iShii, an imperial calendar.
'I'o offer or present to a god
or superior ; to give or present to another (in polite
language); to hand up to; an
intelligent

hin'

To consult on criminal
causes; to judge or decide a
Yen
case ; to adj-idge hin' yuk,
to sentence hin' 7fo, a legal
its'an hin' the audecision
tumnal assize ; ^yau sun' hin*
a good decision, a true judg.

'hin tsui^ to exile

high

official

father-in-law.

chuki to drive or

'Ai/i

an

it'oi,

sh^ung^ to offer up ; hin' lai*to send a present to; hin'


ip'un, red trays in which pre.
sents are sent to a bride's

official

offering

spiritual

ness

well in-

ikiin,

completer of probation,
a deceased father iling

hin'

hin' the

tdi^

known,

^/littiyeung general!}'

nbtmdant

bench, i. e. Your Excellency


(used in writing) hin' ham'

plain, to exhibit, to
to render illustrious

83

fflNG.

for crime.

To

reprimand, to blame, to
find fault with to rail at, to
K'ien
'hin chdky to
speak angrily
^hin nd^
scold, to criminate
to talk angrily to one.
Attached; ^hin kun' intimate, attached, as friends,

meat.

Ring.

(128)

K'ien

or brothers.

General name of bivalve


Hien

especially

but

shells,

Vf^

thin

and lacustrine ones


sometimes applied to some
hanging chrysalides iWong

shelled

a kind of Mytilu:^
eaten at Canton
Vn/i yuki
Vtirt,

ts/tii

shelled clams; ^hin hok^

clam-shell
bles

V/i

'

tsz''

words, dissylla.

to

raw clams

kdi'

Uk-ii

mand

example governmental
a
an officer above the 4;h
:

to
to

impose or piiblish
govern
to follow
;

{ni

no de-

for

it

'/c'ii,

here jsAi ihing,


ihing
toongsuccessful, prosperous
Isokt
thing, pleased with, complu*
cent thing j'/n thin^, would

ruler,

law>.

j'm ihing

fashionable

rule, precept, regulation,

rank

commence a work

ch'ii'

seasoned.

To rise, to elevate, to get


up; to flourish; flourishing,
prosperous; promoted
to be
in demand, fashionable ; to
move, to put in motion ,.hing
^hi, to arise; ihing dit nap,
are in all
ftiki hope you
respects well ; thing <.kuugt

|;

vou

like

it 1

;;;

84

HING.
An

t3

Hiun

HIP.
easy

elder brother; a senior,

a term of respect
^Hd thing, ortdi^ <fting, a term
of address, sir
thing lai'
brothers Jiing \-h^mig, my
elder brother; ngoi} thing, a
sister's htishund
it'ung qmii
thing tai^ uterine brothers ;
" superior

empty;
haust

my

tts'an thing,

cousins
cousins ger-

it'ong thing tai^

J^6f|

K^n

the

To cough

^;'

tulate
sole

of; to disesteem

little

dissipated.

esteem
;

levity,

Read Ae/i^^'

quick,

usual,

Hing

common

work; theng ikw'ong


harum-scarum, foolish theng

if.tu

(s'o^

theng
light. headed,
theng ti'iii

volatile,

roast

fo

hing' chd'

the

fire; it'au

^k'ii,

fire,

'pi

dry

it

at

hoky hing* head

untrust.

worthy, unstable; 'Ad theng


j- (inf", d<i
vou think it's so

Hip.

(120)

The

portable;

it'au,
hwalt
weak-'ninded

hot, feverish

to

burning hot.

light,

or

fine

V/o,

bustle

toast or dry at the

'I''o

uncoujmon

joyful

good spirits kikt


hing* 'ngo, to provoke me.

'^hdit,

it'au,

tkd hing*

theng

theng chnrig^ light and


fast
heavy smd V<o theng chnng^
niediocre,

'jX**^ lightly, to disregard, to think


*

path of rectitude; an
initial particle, happily hing'
to
ho^
congratulate
kaf,
hing' lucky and blessed ^yau
'hi hing* sz'- a happy event
hing' niu- joyful, lively.
Joyful, elated
pleased
hing*

light; to

tocongra.
to con-

to present to, to bless

happy

A light car;

to rejoice in

the sound

bell.

Good, excellent

c-^

for

hack

slightly, to

of a swinging

^*

Aw

Used

reins.
-

last.

^^^ to speak smilingly

(Thp f >ur next charnct** are usaally pronounc-'Mi heng,

the

relax

what men look

to suspend,

as these stones are; kiU


heng* to strike the heng. 'Vo

'

intelligent;

/te/<^'

entirely gone.

sort of dulcimer

^ ^'""^"^ ^^ respect used


towards grandees and others

towards; the presidents of


the six Boards are called luhi
thing ; tknng thing, a grandee
above the 3ii rank; thing <Ad,
our ministers; oi* thing, my
wife isin things my deceased wife,
Odors perceived a longdis^yt
!CS^ tance
thing thiuns, fumes
lling
r
11
incense, savory smells
of
a wide reputation.

to ex-

Ringing stones of prelinite


glass hung on frames a

noble, a lord, a high of-

^^'^^
iiiff

all

strict

"'^

man.

entirely,
sta!)le,

t.siin^

full I)rother;

thing, second

ready to promise, heedless.


An empty jar; exhausted,

tsho

theng pok; disrespect,

^shau theng kdukt fdi*


nimble, diligent; '^hati theng
ful

ribs,

sides of the

body

place under the

arm

Hi-t
;

\<i

Hieli

receive; to intimidate, to rf^primand, to take advantage o';


hipt kwaty the ribs; vulgo,/(/A>
dhdlft

kwalt piki

tiiniduto, to

hip to in-

overawe,

to deter.

'

HIP.

HlT.

HIU.

Agroement, concord, union,


mutual help unit.

(130)

to aid;

0^

*Y' Uiarniony
"j >jed, assistant, joint;
;

Hifh submissive
strength
ficers

it'oi,

a regiment;

men)

hip,

(of

jtco,

Ilieh*

bri-

to unite har-

pleased;

X^

Pleased,
^^''

cheer-

J^

Cowardly,

hit,

liam hip,

flut-

I^
'

Hieh

Harmony
'^'"'<^"

of sentiment,
of thought
a man's
;

name.

rest

s
Iliuu

a grub found

wood.

H lU.
To

vociferate, to

noise

market

mur

make a

clamor, hum, as of a

to

vilify,

mur-

to

Jiiu poki diminishing,

worse,
(hiti,

impoverished ; Jiiu
or ihiu ngd^ self-compla-

cent, pluming one's self.

hollow

.+1 empty,
Iliuu

root

unfilled

hollow,
famished,

hungry ^hiu fuki an empty


stomach, ignorant iUn (hiu,
a star in Aquarius.
A horned or barn owl, called ich'i ihiu
its voice is a
Hi^u
bad omen a fabulois animal.
A kind of owl, which eats
its mother; strong, wicked,
;

tTo

carry under the arm, to


hide in the bosom ; to help,
to support
to conceal ; to
;

cherish,

protect

to

.sume upon

to

undertake; to
extort

yat, hit,

scorpion

in rotten

harvest.

ifB

lam' put the load

hit,

(131)

blush

timid
hipi chan^
afraid of entering into battle.
Deficient, unfilled with food,
^S^
^'^^"^y s'Jpplies; bashful ; to
Kieii
covet; hip, sni' a year of
dearth; hip, cihau, a bad

fearful, timid,

tering,

Jlieh'

while

down

^^'^ak-hearted; hip, chi* bashful, to

tim*

incessant; hit, hdk, a guest;


to detain or lodge a friend.

hip, fdi' aread c'lim, to

hate, discontented, indignant.

Kidi*

hit,

contented, cheer-

Also

lacrity.

eating;

while; pat,tnt, uninterrupted,

satisfied

chu^
still,

prompt, ready.

Kiel/ ^^' gratified

Kieh*

hit,

^Aav, or hit, ^Isui, to be

to stop

mmd

up

rest fronn

tf>

tavern, a lodging-place ; hitt


^hd h^uh, stop walking a-

The

to a|)pease

'shmt,

chii^

work, to hold

Banner,

h{t,

moniously
/tip,
wari^
to
rhyme, harmonious cadence
or tone hip, lyam, melody.

1^

stop, to rest, to desist

keep silence to terminate,

'**

to discontinue

colonel of

/(ip> ^litig,

gadier-general

To

united

hijh chan^ staff* of-

hip>

Hit.

hrpi liki

85

depend

to pre-

assume,

to

squeeze,' to

hip, tso' to assist,


on ; hip, 'chat'

Iliuu

to

to

prevent, to hinder; hip, ^ch'i,


take under the arm, to
manage hip, han^ to cherish
to

revenfjeful feolinirs.

brave; to hangupa criuiiual's


head in terrorem; ihiu -yung^
unscrupulous, strong; ihiii
*sl<av, to expose a head
ivs'
;

ihjii,

M
Ki.'.u

to

smuggle

salt.

go round, to take a turn,


ward off"; to seek to as

'I'o

to

sunu-

end, iVonliers, limits:

80

HO.

HllJ
a palisade
a narrow rond
ihiii hang^ a fortunate coincidence, a lucky hit
to

examining;

obtain.

tsati a fatal disease.

To dread, to apprehend ; a
tone of complaint, querulous
a word denoting past timo,
as 'a'^ </, written
tsdi
ihiUf done.
A gentle horse ; to be skillful at a game of throwing
liidu
darts ; strong, courageous,
disinterested ; tAiw j&t kdu'
a sort of aid-de-canip among
the Bannermen.
Light, clear, in the mornday-time
luminous,
ing
Hi&u
perspicuous, ^jlainly stated
to unintelligent, apparent
derstand, to perceive, to
;

*^hin,

into,

Viiu

early

lakt

perceive

dawn

ifniug

Vm

proclamation
d'ung
fully acquainted with.

Viiu,

Ho

Hiu*

to

tho Hsz\

an astringent

small sheams
a
wine-vessel iUgan iho, or U'in
j/jo, the Milky Way; iho poki
WiO, an officer who regulates
to

plied

the boats at Canton (the word


is derived from this title); iho t'd' the Bend in the
Yellow river; Jto tkuiig Hsuiig
tuki the superintendent of the

hoppo

river

iho

ipiti,

a river

side.

Which, who, what

how;

or cock up, as a dog's tail, a


bow lying on its back, or the

according to the
wherefore
to
sense of the context
bear, to carry
iho sz"' what
business have you ? iho jj/rt/i,

stern of a junk.

who

colloquial word, to perk

Ho

iho

what does

petty, trou-

blesome, vexatious; minute,


*mI
Ho

small, trifling, little; unimportant, as an ailing; circinnstantial,

annoy;

it

to vex,

to

to molest subjects

by

tedious

.'

why

did n't you


pitt

so,
^ki

time

what's the reaiho pad Hsd Joi, why

iho kiV
soJi

Small plants

why is it
mean ? 'md

'^kdi,

jAo, suddenly, in a little

Ho.

(132)

dki

rail at

reprimand an-

nut used for tooth-aches.


The Yellow River by eminence a river, usually ap-

Yellow

This word is frequently


pronounced hiu\ but more
Kiau
correctly kiu\

traduce, to revile, to
grily

'liiii,

plain

(ho chdki

to

understand

to notify

blame, to scold to in; sound of laughter


to yawn, or expel the breath
iho him' to yawn tho iho, to
laugh loud.
Used for the preceding to
speak loud or sharply to; to
terrogate

Ho

tfin

plainly, a

clearly

I
ii'

^ho

comprehend

needlessly strict

see

tho
hiiln

'I'o

Ho

be

to

Hiiiu

to blame;
importune <Ao

ik'au, to

iU

come

Hs'z^

earlier

iho

what need

for

why so? iho fii ^kdm


^y^ung, why do you act sn ?
(implying error); iho jw, how ?
this,

iho Jxoi, wliy, pray

;;

;;

no.

HO.

d4
Ho

The

lotus or Neliimhiiini

also applied

K'o

Jji

ipdu, a purse
tho
; Jio
ifung, a south wind.
To be willing, to permit,

cetE

do proper,
convenient
can, may,
worthy, competent
could
used as an interrogative, and
by way of invitation, or to
soften an order forms verl)al
adjectives, or gerunds ending
free to do, able to
fit,

'ho

Me

xi'
;

'ho

'm

it

's/iai,

serviceable

you

cold

tasted
ly

'siu 'ho,

M
Hau
H4u

used in battle, called 'ho Inm}

S4n Kwoh

Ch'i.

tate, at festivals or

reward

make

on happy

presents, to

presents

also, met.

zkung ho^ respectbear


congratultions
ho"^
'hi,
ful
joy be with you ; ho- Hat,
congratulatory presents; ho-inuii i/i, prcstuits sent when
a child is u month old.
to

to cry loud, or

long

ihd Jid isheng, a bawling.

celling

a leader; ex-

mental

in

qualities;

hdpi a hero (in moral


courage); 'I'd ihd, a village
brave; Jid Hti chieftain ; thd
Used for
itcditng a bandit.
ihd

the next.
hair
Long-soft
down
atoms, motes anything very
minute, nothings; in decimals, a hundredth
in Canton, a dime, or tenth of a
;

Hau

congratulate, to felicito

fields.

large galley or transport

or tigers

high-spirited;

events

weed

roar and howl like bears

superior to others, eminent,


martial,
brave,
excellent

little

To

pull out the

can be done ^yav iho paly 'ho


what forbids, why not ?
Uneven, rough country
'hdm 'ho rugged paths, unsuccessful, one who is unlucky.

'

to

porcupine, with quills


pointed black; imperial (applied to H. M. herds and flocks)

in the

Jid

to pull out hair

it'au iinb,

To

matter ifi it'ung 'siu 'ho, of


great importance, not a little
thing; 'ho ihang, should or

celery

wormwood

hair; c^^ 'U'd to

you've
a

M,

different

ihd,

tnuki dust in the eyes.

'ho 'hau, delicate-

yau^ Joi, ah

it'ong

ifs'ivg

'ho

it

come again

names of

the

plants

'ho 'ho, just as, exact-

'ho,

To weed

can do;

can be allowed,
permissable; ^ni 'ho Hang, are
tsd^ taky

Herbs higher than others


steam from plants forms part
of

'ho cshii, forgiva-

possible,

impudent, disagreeailin, to compassion,

ate; 'ho

Ho.

(133)

'f,

car-

the head or back; holapy to wear a rain-hat


fu^
ho- to bear on the back.

in able, as

i)ear, to sustain, to

ry on

ble; 'ho

To

"Jli'-

some Malva-

to

87

dollar

mull

c/fli

Jtd, to write

j/id

5z'^ petty, trifling, affiurs;

not overpassed my duties, not transgressed ihd ill, a very little ;


ihd iind kwo' fdn^,

t?t'

ihd

paty

tso*

no

error,

imuiaculate
ihd itnd 'yon
''^
t7nw/>, concealed nothing
Jib, half a dollar.
;

88

Ik).

A
Hau

moal

city

fosse

ix/ieng

or

ditch,

^hd,

ccedwl

Same

as

preceding

the

the water in a fosse

Hau

t^M,Second Bar below Whatu'hiJtt,


the passage
;
walls of Canton,
where the ditch enters tlio Old
city ; dung jAd, to clear out a
moat.
An oyster ihd hol(y an
oyster shell
ihd it'o7tg, ail
oyster bed ; ihd shi^ dried
oysters
Jid shdn, a cluster
of oysters.
To cry out, to implore, to

groan

Used

to call.

'"

roar as a tiger

ranged

*hd, 'idi

'hd lOn ip'ai, well ar-

must come
a

little

lent

at

better

any
;

ratf

7/d j'm ^hd,

is it

^nl, like

'hd td^

imd
;

on

to

spring.

A luminous sky grand


heaven
t/'iH, summer
//d'
heaven
//d* d'in tkam hiity
the glorious heavens and golden palace (of Shtingti).

.M.-

^^

^.

Great, swelling waters, a


expanse, immense,

,(P watery
vast;

aflluent,

superabundant
ble

hd^

'pi

nothing so good as this


hd
exlrenudy distress[fit.
ed
Vto 'Is'ol shd' well, sue-

poly

'shenng to confer bounties


hd' ikitng, entertain workmen
at a house-building; hd' ititing,
official largesses to farmers irt

you;

reward workmen
with their drink-money
hd*

Vid inheng, be careful, lookout good music 'hd laky fiky


a very little better ; 'hd Hs'z'
;

hd' 'siin, spoiled,

j^,[^ troops

'Ar) lihy

good

vicious, bad

the deficiency or waste.


To confer refreshments

/fei|r*

you

7id kiki excel,

dor, to injure

'Ad ^ch'au^ very ugly;


^ni shi^ pity j/o/,

destroyed
hd' fai' wasted,
extravagant; (kd hd' to supply

lookout

u.e

squan.
to render void

to spoil, to dissipate, to

diminish, consume, or

destroy, through time or

done

To

'

cording to the thing or act;


exceeding, superlatively
V/o
ts^ung *M, good disposition 7td
taky tsai^ exceedingly good
(ironically), well

f^Psire

also

pleasure
'**

'

a cock's

Good, right, excellent well,


very
an intensitive adjecHau
tive implying good or bad, ac-

^^ ''^^

*^^'

for the

to cry
ihd huki to cry ami
wail : ihd ifu, to call after.

i?n

wish for
koky iyan 'sho
hd' each one has his likes
hd' 'kong siu' fond of joking
hd' 'LsaUf a wine-bibber
pdky
sing' (Sam hd' i^ the people
at heart like justice
ip'in hd'
to love with partiality.

aloud, to bawl,

to call

take

love, to

^^^^^

'

can not recover.

to

next.

To

To

Xig

Ha

crow

wd' well, thank

'hd siu' laughable

taky 'hd, he

Jid

Hau

sent

poa
j/td
under the

Hau

deceptive,

'kd,

'hd

you; a reply intimating as.

ditch.
sc.

'hd

baseless

city

tlie

m
li;ui

hd- hd^
hi'

?/,

an overplus,
enlarged, no.

how grand

magnanimous.

Extensive., as waters reaching to a distance; vast, boundless.

HO.
of heaven, luinithe clear sky ; rej.splendent, splendid,
bright,
white, lustrous;
glistering,
Pure, clear; hd- ^skau^ a hoary
head ; "* ho-, four graybeards
in the Han dynasty : hd- hd^
bright, glistening, like the

Hau

superlative

Hau

name

countersign

signal,

*koug, to explain the

of the

hd'-

hd^

a salute

fire

choi
Jioi

meaning

(hoi

itning

ihoi Joi,

come

the horn at examinations and


parades
Ad- she'
cells
in
the examination halls, labeled
with the characters of the
Millenary Classic; dsun hd'
;

is

An infant beginning to
children, a child, a
laugh
but applied generally
youth
to boys; '^siu ihoi '^Lsz\ a bo\',
a child ; Jioi
a servant boy
it'ung, a boy.
Tlie bones of the chin, the
ihoi hd' ^yau t<d, there
chin
Hai
is a beard under the chin.

nume of the dynasty jum


name of the reign hd-

what

^hoi

nearer to me.

sfons, a porter's lodge in a


public office 'Ai hd- to blow

tni,

classics

state the items

kicokt

ihoi

choi Id' to clear

borrow money

koki to

to dis-

road for the ghost


cfotig, to clear new land

to

little

the

p'du.'

amuse one,

to

sipate sorrow

it
hd^- Ung^
a mandate, word of command
-ni '^pd hd'- what is your shop
name ? tss'^ hd- a mark hdiseung, mark a bx fong' hd'

to label, or direct

ihoi tiky step aside


(.sam,

mark a box,

to

an idol choi
newyear's day; ihang

tJiin,

an order, or verbal

command, a summons:

to

ikicong, to vivify

to

ishan,

a " chop," label,


epithet or style; sign

of a shop

tch^ung,

i.hoi

thai ch'dky kaucheung' to liquidate old debts ;


ihoi
ihoi iShun, to go aboard

moon.
Mark, designation, deno-

'(-mination

must be
a strong

it
;

thoi

open a shop ;
weigh anchor

rising

impracticable

so,

(-nous, like

']

89

iin Jioi taki ikdu,

Tlifc light

HOI.

Hiai

your name ? pil,


style taken at

Alarmed,

startled, terrified;

agitated, afraid of; to disperse


ihoi p'd' to fear

ihoi ngok,

Also, to beat drums


to rouse the army.
Shin of the leg (tibia) the

amazed.

hd- the virile

naarriage.

-1^ bones

Hoi.

(134)

Hiai

of the body
members
pdky ihoi, the
of the body
skeleton luk, ihoi, the trunk,
bead, and four limbs ishi ihoi,
;

To open, to unfold, to spread


out

to institute, to begin

commence,

to

start

'am

to

a corpse.

lay

to

out, to explain, to separate

reveal, to disclose

to

'I'he

(hoi,

Ha

to break open, to split the dif-

ference

table

to

rivers

sea, the

receptacle of

a large river

marine

within the four seas,


kwo'
everywhere, the world

sz''

ihoi d'ol, to set the

^hoi,

the
Jioi Ad', to state the
;

o|)en

Tun. Uicr.

12

play
price

;li

'hoi, to

ion)

cross Hie river (aJ ('an-

c/i'it/.

'hoi,

to

vu\nge;

;;

90

HOK.

HOI.
^hoi

ikwdn, port of entrance

To

^hoi

'Hoi

Honam
'liSt

J^

to the healtii

another

the

it'oiig tsz^-

joss-house
'hoi ilting
iWongt Neptune, god of rain.
Joyful, peaceful
contented, gentle, pleased
'hoi taV

things

ikwan
ticer

minded ofchdki kind and

'hoi

benevolent

Hai

jrT^V

Victorious, triumphant

celebrate a victory

tfco.

paeans of victory; <sau' 'Aoi, to


celebrate a victory; 'hoi iSiiii, to
return in triumph from battle.

'aA
^r~

clear

'shong

jr,.

and elevated em-

for a residence ;
a cheerful location.
A cuirass, or coat of mail
armor generally; a priest's

inence,

fit

'hoi,

'MA

'hoi

'hiu

iil

fully

out, to

7w)i

'^
-7''^

Seasoned,
pickled

in

minced
brine

'hoi -i

also

meat
the

simmer;

-1,'dtii

lsin\ to sacrifice

with

pickle itself; to

minced

pickles.

j/ji/J,

skin, shells, or cover.


fruits or

eggs; shell

or scale of mollusks, reptiles ;


exuvia; of eggs, snakes, or

chrysalides; a hollow old tree


bark, crut, or what covers a
;

ladle;

tkwai

turtle shell

ladle

'shtii

a divining
J ong hok souphoki a dipper

hok-,

J^au hoki the skull ?7td- hokt ii


summer hat, without a fringe
siu' mill' hoky a mask.
;

chdky to have a
timel}' rain, great benefits an
archer's thumb-ring; to desire.

A^yf loosen

Koh

his

a phrase

common in edicts.
To open, to stretch
*R3

hoi-

n;r>J

ts'iti

"I

AX-'[ingof

move;

make you know

The

*jt.

'shau

of the Branches,

to boar

Hok.

(135)

to
or bill-hook
diligently, care-

sickle

jp~4 cut; to
fully

protects

it

kdpi armor
a helmet.
'hoi

answering

7joi,

robe, because

order

hoi- iSmi to blush.

to

'hoi

injiir*^

mofi to spoil
hoi- of no con-

as the next.

*^B

also, to

years of the cycle containing


this character
hoi- ii'j the
10th month fioi^ iShi, 9-11
o'clock p. M.

Same

delighted.

tmd

The twelfth

liberal

'Isz'

hoV-

sequence

East sea

pre-

ichu tsz'^ Dutch


Folly 'hoi ifin, seaside
'hoi
mi^ marine delicacies
'Aoi
isham, biche-de-msr 'hoi ^shi,
a sort of sea mirage //.'> jM
(Tung 'hoi, happiness like the
at a port

injure, to hurt, to

judice to offend, to damage


noxious, calamitous
fearful
of; a sense or fear of, a feeling; li- hoV- severe, stingy,
formidable; also advantageous
and hurtful; ils'du hoi^ ruinous

also the collector of customs

To learn, to receive in]


to
to practice,
]^^ >struction
science,
imitate;
learning,
J

^.

Hioh study, instruction; doctrines,


tenets, school of; a collci^c
:

and inquire
become a siuts.u

hok>^rnan^ to learn

yap, hok I to

hoki iCoi, literary chanc<dl<ir

sheung^ hoki to enter sciioo!


hok, -md, to learn tactics
hok, tshaug, a pupil, a sint-^ai
hok, sz'^
s/td* hoki arithmetic
;

HOM.

HOK.
statesmen, academi-

doctors,

cians

hok,

iin-

district college

name

'the

is

y^
'

1^

>

91

appearing a

silly,

ich'i Jidm, stupid.

To hold something in the


mouth, the mouth fall; to

sPg^J contain to cherish to suffer,


Han put up with, or tolerate to
a
restrain
thick utterance
turgid, obscure style to place
gems in a corpse's mouth
ihdm tyung, to bear with, to
be patient towards ^hdm siii*
to smile ipdu Jidm, to contain

many

applied to

if idiotic

Hd**

/joAj tsapi to

Simple,

^^

the

thttns,

learn and practice.


crane; an emblem of age

Hoh

;;
;;

of the waders

md- ^shui hok,

a gray stork, common at

Can-

ton ; fdki hoki a while egret,


comtrionlv eaten
ichii Ueng
;

crowned crane

hoki red
sitn'

hoki

an aged man

hoki ftil,

hoar-hairs

-ni choiig- hoki


cshan iw^, have you seen the
god of Cranes, [that you are
;

Jidm nd'- to restrain anger


Jidm ^kaii, to stomach an^iusuit
ihdm tsaii, to blush, be
ashamed
chdm ki' to bear
in mind.
in

so unlucky] ?
White, glistening
'of birds

plumes

pure and white.

Exhilirated, cheerful

merry

wine, lively, half-drunk


'l^n
jocund, riant, as nature Jtdm
tko,
drinking and singing
piin^ ihdm, tipsy, half-drunk.
A pit, a hole a dangerous
*-M^
j^^ place ; to dig a pit to cut up
to fall into a snare or danger;
hazardous
noise made in
straining or striking, a smack,
a rap one of the diagrams (it
belongs to water) ; yalt ^hdm
shu- a stunted tree ; ynU '^hbm
* iVau, a head of taro
'Aom
m, to dig a pit 'Adm ham' to
set a pit, to collude
kicaL
'kdm, to dig a hole.
To run against to throw
'^* down ; to strike, to knock
^"^^"^

Hum.

(136)

To

K'an

sustain or bear ; able


adequate to, capable of;
worthy of, tit, worthy for in
a moral or physical sense
covering over a hollow ; paf>
Jiom, incompetent, unworthy
Jidm yung^ useful, capable,
serviceable
didm shing^ able
Jiom yam'- able to
to succeed
sustain
thdm iii ?irt '.shang,
a geomancer
Jidm a, very
for,

proper, satisfactory, suitable.

rocky bankside

preci-

'^

pitous ledges irregular; ishdu


ihdm, a ledge, a cliff.
To receive, to contain to
;

'hdm

an

overcome
shrine,

sound

a niche or

receiving

for

tablets

images, either in the wall


or moval)le
ishan ^hdmy a
shrine; c7niin ikiin (horn, the!
niche in doorways; th^ung
ilioin, an incouso box.
or

an

run against
it ; ils'z' pati 'hdm ^ngn, porcelain does not batter earth-

its

-k'ii,

enware

i. e. I will
not contend with him
'Adwi iCau
imai Js'eung,.{ have? run inv
head against the wall I made
;

bitinder

'Adm Idn* tosraush

0*2

HON.

Ho.Vf.

'hum

by

to injure or

\1ii71,

wound

tar

^hdm

pestle

and mor-

tui' ''lidm,

tar for hulling rice

a lime mortar.
To contain in the mouth
-J^^
Han *'^'''^^^ ''l'^ jaws, the chops
to shake the head
hd- -hdm,
the chin
^hdm hd'- cc/ni, the
pearl under the dragon's chin.
To compare, to investigate
jlJ*
diligent
to judge or ascertain
T^Tl(
by going to the place: able;
hotn* im^ to go and investigate
tdpi hdiri' an officer going and
examining; hdm' 7/d, to replace a tenon /(d/' ich'^onij, to
put up a bedstead Itdrri' cfiing'
to straighten, to sit up aright.
:

,V

Him
tM^

clift'

j^^Yn

To

^kU'

pierce,

to

conquer, to

^^^k\\\, to subdue.
'J'o

view
to

spy, to glance at
to

hope

come down

^^jii

with eating;

hollow or ravine, a cave


hills; 'to enchase, to
to inlay;

hom- csemig,
hdm^
;

Hon.

^1
'

-^

,^

To

watch, to look after, to


^^ examine, to view
istung Jion, to look at each

)^^^' ^^
J

'

K'an other; dion


cattle

keeper

iiigati, \o

watch

Jion iJiiun (,yan, a door-

'//j

Jion chii^ -k'u, do

you watch it Jion ikdng


a night watchman.
;

to

^Id,

^tfe
A curb or fence round a
*,TT well ; one of the feudal states
ilan
^ ,,
,
^,
of the Chau dynasty.
^. Cold, wintry; shivering;
H4n poor, unsupplied, necessitous;
my, mine plain, simple ihon
Jdng, shivering cold; ihonisuli\
my diin ihon su' plain, unpretending, not showy
Jion
in
Tsing-ming
shiki a day
term, when cold provision.sare
eaten
ikon iSM/?, a beggarly
student.
(Hon ddn, a district in
-rtR
Y^V KwAngping fii in Chihii
;

expect
to view.

for, to

K'an
i/i$"

(!37)

projecting into the

water, forming a sort of breakwater, is called /<owi' iCau.


tWi'
crag, a cliff; the covert
under a projecting cliff.

satisiied

iVgan ts^ung^ a jeweler.

fits

to inlay, to set (jewelry)

which

not eaten enough.

innx

lid

."A among

'

Not

h^'-

ijui 'hdm,

a tree
a irip-hammer morfall to fell

cover, a
to cover

exactly
hdm^
iChung, a gallipot, a jar ; hbm}
a vegetable dish, a
it'au,
covered dish; 'ngdu sin' ?idm^
suits to a hair
"^kam hdm}
^Ui't, cover it.

against ;
'fid/n
i-parifr, (o make a notch in.
'rt.
Used for tlie preceding; to
j^'^ cut, to chop, to fell a mortar
ichuvf! ^idtn,

Oj on

running

'^^

move,

to shake.

Hdm-'pdng'-ldng-

the re(contracted to
lioinpaldiig) all, entirely, the
whole.

gun

p|p^ port of a

'^'^

h^'
J"^ mur

hate, to abhor

nl

to

mur-

to feel indignant at

'""resentful,

rogrctting

vexed.

abundant.

^x

To

\Y* snore.

snore

pi^

<hon,

to

93

IIOX.
Rare, few, scarce seldom
a kind of flag a rabbit net
V/on
'hoji hin\ rarely seen;
^yau tiki 'kico 'Isz' few of that
fruit
*hon iinan ^kdm k6^ sz'*
have rarely heard such a
I
;

to

conversation, as
Confucius was.
To cut, to carve, to pare

whether or no

perly or fairly
see through a

Han

hon' p'o'

scheme

to

hon'

Ardent, energetic

.p-

t^
v^

tion

fearless

disposi-

violent, hasty,

Jccung hon- overbear,


ing ; hon- kap, fierce, rash ;
Jiung hon^ irascible.
cruel

Dry weather, drought,


ny sky

land traveling

sun-

-hon, dry

weather

Joi, did

you come by land?

.see

bolt

him

To
off,

stop
4;^:.,,

'

to take to the road.

ii-

to

To

watch against.

to
Often used for the last
fend off; an obstacle, hindto guard or escort ; to
ranee
hon' kdk, to stop
environ
or defend ; an obstacle, im'shau hou- to defend
peded
with the hand ; hon- <kudn, to
keep a pass.
;

to

dry

drying, parching.

large branch of the Ydnga famous


R. in Hupeh
Han
dynasty in Ciiina Chinese
the Milky Way, called j//o hon^;
hon' 7s2' Jid, a gentleman,
a personable man Hoji' iyan,
tsz'

up; to ward

air

hon-

lift

shield, to defend.

by a thunderin a clear sky


7/i -hon,
killed

Dry, heated

grasp, to

to

-hon Ib^

-iii

ifui

-hon Jui, thunder without rain;


-ni H'ai 'hon ildi Ha, you will

Hrin

Can' shai' kdi' worldly-wise,


knowledge of the world.

Han

'king

hon'

(Shang its^ingf incited to by


viewing, to do or arrange pro-

hon'
prove the opportunity
ishit, to read silently, to peruse ; 'A6 ho7i' good-looking
hon' tak, ch'vtt look closely

in

<o engrave blocks for printto hew or fell


to erase
ing
'Ao/i
or cut out from blocks
^pdn to cut out blocks for
books ; 7to/i ting- *pda hai^
^kdtn, is it certainly so ? are
you sure ? 7on huki to prepare
and carve blocks pat, ^hon
icin iShii, an unmutilated book.
Pleaded, contented ; to be
happy, joyous credible.

Aom' siting'

physiognomy hon'
watch the chance, im.

,ki ui^

and

Plain, unceremonious,

to regard

to practice; hon'

kin' look at, see

thing.

grave,

to look at

examine

to practice

Kan

To see,

'

j'rr.2

ij

'

Sweat, perspiration; used


word khan ; ch'iit, hon^
to perspire
fat, hon- ytuki a
sudorific; -mo hon- ke' obtained without cost or trouble
for the

hon'

ifdn,

the

washerman's

the ('hinese
naturalized
hon'

rash

Hon^ tkwan, the

*/d

hon'^

military

Bannermen V<d
brave man, a clever

strategist:

man

toil,

^md

dung

Jo,

toilsome; hon-

hon'

I,

an old

hon' choii"' robust, fat.

nx,*

JPJ

(Shdm, an under-shirt, a shirt.


hd^ ho*
Sunset, evening
hon'- hon- abundant, light.
;

;;

HON.

94

HONG.

A kind or jackal found in


the Desert, but described ra.
ther as a fabulous beast. Read
^p't
ngon"; a village prison
nfton^ a figure like a unicorn
painted on prison doors tigon^

^Ti

I^T

deliver

soldering;

emergency.
Kw'ai:

Agate; gate of a village, or


a path; a small wall; to shut;
<l'ung hon^- of the same village.
A fabulous pheasant to
protracted,
white
jT/^ fly high
well-sustained; a plume, or
with
writto write
quill
ings a prop the stump of a
the
Hon- ilam iiii^
tree

eyes.

Lying

to

'^^

(Shii honImperial Academy


written with a pen hon^ mak,_
ih^ung, a literary reputation.
^gA.2
A waste, expanse, spacious
;

''"" '''*^'' ^^^^ P*^'*' "' ^^'


N. VV. of Kansuh hd'- hon';

vast, spreading.

1^

Ropose,

impose on,

thong pin*

to defraud.

basket with square sides


without a cover;
thong yi, baskets for sending
presents in.
Often
pro;

nounced kw'dng.

flat lute

with 25 strings,

K'uno- called thong ^hau.

n^"

Hollow, vacant, putTod, ema hollow bone a horse'^


'^"^ flank; a tune, or style of
singing
vain, pedantic
a
classifier of sheep
tchong
thong, assuming, pedantic
thong lui} tone or tune in
singing
t])ong Hsz' thong, a

'rP^

pty

Hong.

(138)

to deceive, to

Kwang*^ basket

talk;

^^i
Kw aiig cheat, to swindle

^mihi thong, tears filled his

pS*

^'

eye-socket
the can;/id thong sunken eyes
-ngdn thong Idi- proud lui}

thus

hoii^ '^liau, to solder.

jJT''

hT^
"^"

Urgent,

The

Greaves on the arms to


hon^ yhiky
solder up hurry

prompt, zealous
in haste, an
sy^wn^,
Kw^ng'^""^

j}^'

straighten.

Eh

yiiki a jail.
jfcni

^hong ifii,
Jiong ching* to

deflected

sustain

to

concord

peace,

deliglitful, excellent

Kang

joy,

felicity

to

blessed

quiet

northerner's tunes; tkd thong,


tunes sung by Chduchau fu

an

Jiong tchong,
Jiong ioiiig,
level, fine road
health and contentment; <.hnng
peace
general
Jiong
td'C

avenue, a road

men

Jjo/j^ Vsz' IdV- pretend-

ostentatious

ing,

thon^, tunes

i'

iinong

accompanied by

the fiddle
min^ thong, specious
thong
^koi kwd'
^ni

JcYuing, strong, robust.


Chaff of grain, bran; poor,

chafiy

des[ucable,

iloi,yoii

troiible-

"^ some, remiss


Jiongt
ip'i
'/d thong, rice
troublesome
;

chaff; maici ,hong, whnat bran;


<hong, sawdust.
resquare box, correct
wr
tS gular, square to rectify, to
ffink,

Kwiinj

Jijec.t

to right, to assist, to

must

alter

your tune

(or coiiduct).

Hang

Hongchau fii, the capital


of Chehkiiing, famous for its
silks.

scow

ferries
rf'.tz'

or square

boat for

to sail, to navigate

thong, to compassionate

sailors (a ij

Kwanym).

;;;

HONG.
W^
ti-

To

submit,

it

return

to

one's alleffiance

'

HOP.

au ihong, to lay

to

descend

to

down

surrendering.
A row, a line a series or
i?J order a ci;iss, a iiuil<3,
a sort
*
'-,
Jiang
;

;
'

company
100 men;

'

ot

25 men, and

hong- a
willow street,' i. e.
hong- a
^Idrtg
a bordel
thorough or passage way.
tH' The nape, that which rests
on the pillow
crreal
a surr
b
Hiang
name a sort, item, class,
^keng
thing, species, article
hong- the nai)e dung hong*public purposes ; liim* hong^
;

ret)el.

lious arms; ihong iping, troops

>/=:

95

oi

a house or ware-

u^

;
'

liouse of several tdpi or divi.

debts, losses

to support

parcel, sort,

&c.

a factory

sions,

on tsoi- ihong,
a business, prudent
ihong its'ing ikicong
expert in ^hong cfro tik, raise
little higher
Jiang a
it a

on, to rest
skilled

each

/roA> liong-

in

(m)

Hop.

To

baste

to

/iiki

clothes

Hoh

yati

tkdn ihong, a factory, a shop


ihong ^ki, which number of
the brothers are you ? Jiong
ihong 'ch^wig,
u- a guild
it'ung
head of the guild
ihong, or ihong Jca, of the
same craft ihong yung^ the
subscription to tlie guild;
Shjp-, csdm ihong, the Foreign
yap, ihong ^'ng,
Factorie>
to enlist as a soldier ; iliong
fo^ cargo goods, those of in:

to pair, to betroth
just
it

Hang

the

to* -7/,
;

unreasonable, un-

7d hdp,

it'ung, to

make

broil

dry, drought

(o dry,

hong*
(cKong, a heA built of brick so
as to be heated underneath ;
hong* ito ishi, to toast bread ;
hong* fo, a fire of embers
hong*
to dry before the fire
Us'in, to ground on a bar or
;

bank.

an agreemeiii with hop, .wm


<shang, to compare the nativities of two children prior
to belrolhing

agreeable,

^b'

hopi accordant,
hop,
shiki like
pattern, suitable ; s';rt

hop,

ferior quality.

hop, <mdi,

iS^nng

just

up
hop, -ngo ytnig^
what 1 wanted, 1 can use

to agree

roast, or

to close

To

to shtit,

collect, to

to toast

conaccordant to, agreeaharmonious, suitable


ble,
the whole, united
a pair
together, with
/idp, iVio, is
it best, ought I ? fidp, piii*

vene

to

jV-'

unite, to join

to close

Moll

hdj),

isam

what one

^shui,

likes

hdpi pun- partnership business ; hdp, -ngan fan* asleep.


A leaf of a iloor, a two leavall within doors, a
ed door
family to shut, to close the
whole, altogether why not ?
hopi (kd, the household hopi
iheung, the whole village
;

crooked alley a
/jGr street of dwelli.igs; -wing
hong^ a lockup for women of
(he palace; Inn* hong- a
wretched neighborhood -lau
lane, a

hop I it' dm ikwnn kaf,


your excellent family

hope
is

all

;;

HOT.

96

The

well.

HIT.

last is

often used

for this character.

o cover; to unite for one


purpose why not hdp, ikivai

Hoh

'1

Hoh

hdpi

Hoh
_nTt3

Hoh

we go home

shall

$Zo/',

ill

a.

Hoh

a covered

a card-case

box
box

pi-

Hoh

Hii.

(141)

Empty,

clatter of stones

in

Hu

ment

not how, wherefore ? to slop by an order, to


Hoh
intimidate, to hoot at.
Dry, thirsty to thirst ; desirous of, anxious, longing
K'oh
(in a good sense)
sJiau hoU
thirsty
holt '^senne, desirous
of; ttd^- iViiii, hoti ^chi, he

Jiii

ihii

quench

To
Hoh

call

at

out loud, to hoot, to


to

order them to stop;


hoti Id^- to clear the road as
lictors do
Ao/. yat, isheng,

chu-

'k'it.

hot, Jipi, to make


hoot
people separate ; hoft lingto egg on, to set on
hoi, /o,

to

to slroj)

a razor.

to

put up

false

rumor;

Jiii

A mount old mausolea, or


a burial waste; a deserted region, a wild a place for fairs
or markets a fair ; Tn--it'ong
Jiii, a noted fair near Napier's
Fort ; (hii ich'dung, the place
where fairs are held ; thii.
a
kom' cts'd, such a bustle
hubbub like a fair; thii Jiii,
;

Hu

reprimand
a
guttural, gurgling, choking,
holy
sound
an angry hoot
shout

isam hd-, hV

thuid'un, a
y^uji, weak.

(o

thirst.

adverbs;

ihutd- vainly spent [his days]

their

hoty

particles,

tsz"-

V/ei

frothy, nonsensical

with, unprejudiced, indifferent


t'di* ihii, the heavens
to

Aempty

constellation

Jiting Jiii,

ihilwd- unfounded, idle prate

stopped

the

Jiii ifati,

mentioned plums and

humble, pure;

contemplation, as
understood by the Budhists ;
space, the void of the firmaqiiarius

thirst

unsub-

abstract

Hot.
Why, why

vacant

stantial, unsatisfactory, void

vain, inane;

the Court dialect, A'oAj iCdu


K'oh
is the kotau ceremony.

(140)

Shintung
and used for

cloth brought from

cushions.

sweetmeats.

for

The

^mi.

twilled kind of felt or hair

called hot, p'in\

yat^

pdV Cip-, hopi


an hopi snutl-

Jmi

lictors, called chi-

hop, a partition

sts'wn

platter

box

by

as gallipots, caskets, pill-boxho' lidpi a

Loquacious; shai' Jiop, one


of the 64 diagrams. In the
Court dialect, to sip, to drink.
A box or vessel with a cover,
es

clothes
;

us go.

let

hii'

garments, poor, hemwoolen stutls


stockings a beggarly fellow.
The Tartar pheasant pugnacious and gregarious; a
symbol of courage hot, Jcun,
tlie plumes worn on helmets
Siiort

pen

diaiC always going to fairs,


you are always welcome
7d j.vAt ,Am. %k'it when is the

sc.

fair

held

HU.

HO;

To blow with the breath


to praise, to
a respiration
;

To

'^^

quit

g^

recommend.
;

at

It

reject

an

interjection, expressive

versally, revolving, past time,

finished action; 'hong JoiMfOng

grant, to allow, to let

been

permit or acquiesce in, to


accede to, to accord ; to listen
to betrotli or
to and promise
promise in marriage ; to enter
to

advance
cess, more than very

to flourish
;

many

'Aw

</o,

'hu'^hau,

energetic,

to

bold

talk
;

"hii,

hu\

7M V*u, pleased.

Hu.

(142)

Hiueh

of boots

<hil

U'll''

cap, sent as presents

pair

ihH, square-toed

kind

ly

ifong
boots;
^nga ihil kbm' ngdng^ as stiff
as earthen bootsf, unchange-

fau

rpscmblrd a Cantah'.s cap


being flat on the tf)p.

in

ihii,

mb^ boots and

abln, obstinate.

i)i(.T.

ichi sz'- patst things.

The crown worn in the


Sbang dynasty it somewhat

'lo.N.

Cin'^hd

Boots; yaf)

in

year

every part.
A tree bearing a black nut
like an acorn
soft, flexible

tp'in

last

hu' shai' dead

go, do n'l be here gazing

large

moderate

iyiirt,
;

Hai, go away,
^yau
mad hu' cKti' what places are
there to go to ? /ti/.' chiuU itnun,
gone abroad to visit kwo' hit'
ch'uti

a grnt

flying, boasting talk

hii"

display

yapi iftheng hu' to go into the


ciiy
hu' iyau Jto, to take an
airing on the river; cKvtt hu',

High

hu\hiv, gone

to

ip'in

hit'

^iii

where have you


hu' ^yam Joi, I've been

iloi,

/4o drink

nn ex-

dsau tpui "-hu 'Juiii-, to


arrange a marriage over one's
cups 'hu iin^ to vow ; 's/i/
paf, Viji ^k'u
Vtu, a very little
A
Jai, don't let him come.
surname.

liii

tautology

hii^
ch'ii'

a long time

the preceding verb;


hii' I can not sell

paU

implies

it
yapi hii' go in hit' Joi (gocome), together express uni-

vaunt, to talk big; false,


boasting great, big.

or

to repudiate

tion, in

to gloat on.

To

to

distinct;

action, ability, or comple-

as mdi'

open one's eyes

stare, to

become

lui

depart, to separate,

part from, lo

To

Hti

to

Htt

to proceed, to pass
through
on in a regular course; the
pait,
third of the four tones
to discard, to
gonp, former

of grief, distrust, or admira.


tion ; /<u, S'ld clCuU ik'i ! Ah,
very strange

To

hoard

to go, either in, out, from, or

baseless.

HU

to conceal, to

To

4-^'

ir^

An

leave, to depart from, to

dismiss, to expel.

timid, fearful
To sob
breathing or sobbing, making
a noise through the nose.
Remote wide, spacious
vague, wide of the mark, enduring; distorted, loose; to
Au fut* vague,
deprave

.ni-

97

.Hil di), a small trumpet, a


of bugl\ used at the

literal V exaiiiinatiuns.

HUK.

98

HUN.
A

Huk.

(143)

a quiver
poor; a hoof; the top
of the fool hvki ts'vk) trem.
bling from fear, deadly fear,
as animals when pursued.

Crooked, bent cun'ed, disscheming, tortuous,

torted
false

to oppress, to

force, or oblige

to

one to do,

necessitated songs, sonnets,


a carpenter's square ;

Hun.

ditties

(144)

twdn huk) devious, meander.


ing; huki chiky crooked and
straight, the right and wrong
' hnki tricky, underhand
;

chiung' huki to sing ditties


with a fife waty hukt to bend,
To cry aloud, the noise of
grief or pain
to groan, to
wail
huk) yapt crying and
sobbing ; it'ai hukt groaning
loudly
tk'am tak> huki unceasing crying ; huk) isong,
wailing for the dead
Cung'
hvk) heartfelt grief; huk) txotig
chiung^ the staff carried by a
son at a funeral.

Clamor, hum,
noise of
people talking ihiin oca, to
clamor, to vociferate
(.hiin
Hiaenndu' boisterous merriment

jji^l
'".S.
:

to deceive

Kuh

To stimulate, to excite to exertion,

toencourage,toanimate.

The

to.
Hiuh

Hiuh

sun, the dawn


huk) yati sunrising; huk) huk)
rising

joy at having succeeded.


To carry one's-self careful,
ly

attentive;

the emperor

Hwingti,

tChiin-huk)

who succeeded

B.C.

2513.

in

which

To

^g

sen.se

the

is

impose on; fallacious,

deceptive
to forget; did'
ihiin, to deceive, to lie to.
ni>
Genial warmth, heat of the
HM. gun in spring, a pleasant
'
Hiuen
iL

*j^^

jj

warmth.

n^

Bright, hot sun


the heat
r^ of the sun to dry. Same as
Hiuen
^

'

:
'

-^

the next.

AS

Hmen

To

dry at a

burn

\ ..^
(hun

fire

splendid

brilliant,

..

to

^u,

smoke fish
smoke meat.

T& The iris


t-^ ed iTHong

;
'

i.hun

clear,

hot

to

;
'

roast or

yuk,

to

or fleur-de.lis, call.

lyau Hs'd, because


causes one to forget his
and Inki Us'ung ifd,
sorrow
deer's onions;' a mother, because if a woman carries it
she will bear a son; thiin
it'ong, your mother.
it

Superior wine
ripe
(as
hard.hearted, severe;
grain)
K'uh
inhuman, tyrannical (applied
extremely, in a
to officers)
high degree; U'dm huki ava;

and cruel huki I'/ing,


an illegal punishment
huki
iti very warm.
An imaginary measure, in
Canton equal to ten tau, or
Hoh
pocks, or one shek, or a pecui
of 100 catties.
ricious

the second character


same as the next.

Hiuh

wrong

large goblet

thin,

K'iuh

;;

wooden bowl

or cup

made of

reeds
cpti/'
K'iuen
hun, cups and bowls.
j^ A coop or pen for animals;
shield

crooked wood
,j^
K'luen
.

circle, a ring,

a prison

for

an

cuixs;
,

'

'

inclo.sure

a stop or period in

grammar

to encircle, to sur-

;:;;

;;

HUNG.

HilN.
round to mark or punctimtp
Va ,hun, to draw a circle

in siJc/j papers; a last; Au/j'

iShing,

</tua

mark

to

y^uki a bond ti* hun^ a wr-it


ten tile placed in graves as
;

the

tunes of characters ; 'Ao ihiin


should be italicized ;
(ngan Jiun, a silver ring;
thiin fd' a snare, a fraud
tfiiin ch'uli
Jai, to cut out
rotten or bad parts, as from

proof of possession

*/io ^tim,

cloth

fruit,

ihun,

ch'titt

the cyphers of

publish

IS

'

or

'

trii)e in

water-course,

good

instruc-

Vmrt ^mau, rills between


plats of ground.

To
ij"j

,>

advise,

to

away empty

to stimulate,

to

ihung,

exhort,

admonish;

to

encourage, to praise
to acJ j
K'iuenqaiesce hiiu^ kiiiv' to remonstrate
with [a superior]
huii'^imn, to incite, to urge to
e.'cerli(r);<s^;^/tu/t'to advise
;

e ich
^fcj'

muen

other,
to

siki

tassel

^^"^'^P^''

to

JJ#
'

/"

yaU i^li^ung

gone, everything

Ignorant, rustic dissatisfied from inability or ill luck ;


;

sincere

1^
tjH

admunish

urge to peace.
an ornam<inted

all

is lost.

hiiii^

hole, a tunnel

'

like

abstraction as
the Budhists.

tion

per-

vice to requite favors.

diffused

to

A ditch or water-course be'mb


/^ tween fields a rili or runlet
K'men
a
a

able

opening in the ground.


tHung uky an empty house
Cdi^ Jiung, or Jiung ichung,
heaven, sky '/ kdin' 'Jiau
Jivngf so impudent
do n't
you put in your tongue
ihung H'd, an empty stomach;
thung '^shau, empty-handed ;
tHong <hung no coin by one,
moneyless
ihung j/id/J, unoccupied
ihung Hung, hoilow ihungti^ a vacant spot
ihung Jo iTnd yikt lost all my
trouble; thung (hung hii^ went

primitive times.

lo tlow, as

at

cre-

or

dog; radical of ferine


animals; Vjtia 7*i' my son;
Vm/i 'ma ichi pd' humble ser-

|/!^

unprejudiced,
ceive clearly ;
understood by
Read 'hung, a

'Ji.

void

an opening or

ment,

-^

leisure

vice; great, wide; the firmasky ; poor, broken

sue

shaped like an egg


it was
blown at the apex.
Ingenious, expert, cunning;
name of a country
nimble
,

Empty, vacant,

K'ung

to

An ancient wind instrument


of porcelain with six holes,

Hung.

'^
Hmen

tAii huii^

boot.last.

(145)

cessfui siutsdi.

TT

99

; simple.
Unfortunate, unlucky, unhappy, unpropitious, adverse;
lugubrious, mournuil
judg.
ments of heaven, calamity
malignant, cruel, bad, in
which sense it is used for the
next kat, ihung mi^ tchi, I
;

^"^

gems

or sen Is

adorned, variegated

^^j A bond, deed,


-^^ agreement the
;

quick.
contract, or
parties each
;

retamfd one h;\li


a section proof, evidence of
iorm-^rly

know

don't

lucky or not
news ihung
;

whether
;

Jmng
inin, a

it

is

stin^ b^fj

bad yeap.

HUXG.

100

M \Ievolent,
Hiuu':

man;
'shall,

i'cang,

vicious,

<

Uung

fierce

1)0^

ihung

truculent

Water

Hung

oki

hung /d

The

the heart

breast,

the

the feelings

pound
gar's

device

ftllt

liberal,

kdk>

.1^
Hunj

vast

thung, to

breast

the

(hung

the mind,

'^lain

the

breast,

Hiunj heart, the bosom

beg-

chai^

indi-

(hung its'ong '^kam


sau' lit<'rary, accomplished
thung^t'ong the breast; (hung

gestible;

tWiii the feelings;

dlung

Hung

j/6,

the Huns.
The bubbling <>f a spring,
the noise of rapid waters
Hiuiig
ihe sound of tumult ; ihung
'yung, the gurgling of a

At
Huns

in

hill

Pingliing

f(i,

K^nsuh, called tHung


of

source

the

Rod

in

Hung

gentle, ladylike

red

ihuvg

ifd^

fiery

ihuna shUd

ihung

iHgdn,

(long i'lung,

rosy,

ruddy

prosperous,

ris-

ing iCh'^ung Jiung, a general


people
notice from the
fhung ipdit a ship's clear,
nnce ; ihung cVid i!/an, the
E'lgh^'h (Jihiti hung, hoalod
;

ip'ung

at

Macao,

Iluag

quarrel, to litigate

denounce

to officers;

be.

con-

(o

to
in-

volve another by speaking;


domestic discards.

the Hibiscus

ri>sa-sinensis, or shoe-flower;

dried.

To
Hung

color, reddish

cause it splits Ihe aky


nected together.

t'ung^

King.

fire

Colored vapor, the rainbow,


all thought to be an
impure ofiluence of the sky
(t'in ihung, ihung ingai, or (Cin
hong' the rainbow ; called

halo

p'o'

River

Ihe

dry at the

s|>ring.

K'ung

postman

Jiung ngdn^ wild geese ; Jiung


a phrase
(hi, great felicity
placed opposite doors ihung
pin^ to send a letter by one.
A flash or flame of fire to

considerate

aV

profound, learned

letter-carrier,

Jiuvg <k'am

Uung^ liberal minded and


Interkind; a surname.
changed with the next.
A swan, or wild goose (sc.
a river or marsh bird); largo,
tdi*

character repre.
inclosing

first

rt'probate, a brig;ind.

sents the

rising
an inunda.
deluge a torrent overgreat, vast,
imflowing
mense ihung '^shui, the deJiung fuk,
luge of Yii
great happiness
(fun ihung
tion, a

Idn^ Usai,

dong

ihaiig

yati

or that of others.

plunder like a ban-

tkuiig, to
;

intractable

Jmng

the emperor's* birthday*

it'io,

Wicked,
dit

to redness

inhii-

malignant;
cry of fear
thung
a m.irdcrer; (hung

fearful,

cruel,

vicious,

college or

gymnasium,

in

A.D. 200, capable of a::cnm-

modating 30,000

studf-nts

tsun^ ihwig (kung, to entor u

candidatcfor degree of sin.


the ihung (kung are
tsAi
rooms for study adjoin ^ni;
the temple of Confucius
;

ihnng

cmiin

sau^

si'^

HUNG.
^i^
iJ*^*

HLT.

A cock bird ; masculine,


male of smwll animals ami

kd^ to petition against

as well as birds
courageous!, martial, brave,
heroic
ihung chon^^ burly
and strong ; Hau 'hi Jiung

faUely accuse
hung^ to
sheung^ hung^ to send in on
accusation ulijiung^ to petition the highest provincial

hold up, to maintain

insects,

A^am, screw your courage up.


bear, the hybernaling

'"^

rP^

an

ts^uki

the

^Isz*

^fd

surname;
peacock
Confucius

^Vjl^i

""hung

dung

Apprehensive, anxious, agalarmed, suspicious;


to suppose, to doubt, to imagine, to reckon upon
porha(>s, supposing, if it should
be
yiung ;/' fearful of,
supposing, suspicious lest
'hung A-ii^ to dread, frighten,
ed; ,'; '^hung, quiet.

"

or exhaust

make room

to

defalcation.

ishan 'leau '^hung, the nine


passages of the body ; '^hung
kHu^ a hole.

'5^

deficiency

for
^kuel hung' to return a
deficiency ; hung' thoi tikt
mike a little room for me;
hung' Jioi 'si, leave a space
in the writing hung' fat, a

'Hung

in.

hung' ifung, igno.


;
wearv, hurried by press

To empty

ii.'unor

deep;

by

reins

reined

01 business.

tfc'

orifice, a cave,
j{.,j^an opening; a pore; hollow;
thorough
excellent, great,

'^\

rant

J,

Hon^n.

hole,

is

Rude

f^'

the

bridle, or

which u horse

K'ung

^c*

Hiung'^"""^' ;' '^""<? s!/""' a bear


" ihung '^ch^ung a bear's
palm
a delicacy
Jiung Udm. gall
of bears
a medicine .Hung
H ishdn, a range of mountains in

nipi

officers directly.

hung^

.^

101

3^'

Quicksilver; tshiu iian lin*


^^ smelt quicksilver
from cinnabar.
Hung^ A halo uf^ ^yau hung^ there
is a halo round the moon.

Hunz ^""S^

itated,

Hut.

(146)

The
ing

cry of persons fight,

to quarrel, to

wrangle

hunu^ tau' to fight, battling.


The hum of a crowd
singing or voices mingling
to intimidate by a loud voice
to cozen, to cheat
to boguile, to tempt ; hung^ p'iu^
to deceive;
hung^ hoU to
browbeat.
To pull (as a bow), to check
or rein in
to impeach, to
jccu^e to intonu riders to
;

Hung

4^
,V.

At

radical of blood or
Blood
hiu, hi' the
bloody things
bodily slamma, the constitu.
;

'.

I,

tion

hiili

trade

'pun,

capital

in

ch'ut, hijh bleeding; 'pd

strengthen the .system;


blood settled in a
bruise /imAj hiit, coagulated
hiili to
it'

hm,

bio

)d

hiiti isfiii,

a letter writ-

ten in blood (at the last ex.


hiif, sing' careful
treinitvj
;

memory

of,

attention;

huty pale, white-liveied


ill,

hvl,

rhehead; ch'ut,
hm, to pay another's

hair of

pd!:,

shaft
;

defalcation.

HWE.

169

.^

i\

Kmeh

f.

Looking out a door, a lookout above a gate


imperial;
\ ^
if.^
detective, lo->t ; not enough
faults, deficiencies
to miss,

want,

ing in ; to dig ; hi'tf, imftn, his


Majesty's palace (ham liiiU
the golden gate of Olynipus; ti/j /iu/> the waning

1^

hutt s/iatt

lost,

smile in bitterness, to
moan, a forced laugh d iHg^
hum of boys reading.
Name of a river in HonAn
province, a branch of the
River Loh ; it runs through
Sung hien in Hondn fu.
A fierce dog extended,
continuous; flourishing; to exclaim in praise, good! fine! an
;

<6

miss-

ing ; ihd iTTid 'skill hilly not


the least thing missinsr.
For these two characters, see

pronunciation in

K'lit, their usual

Canton.

interjection

An
stop

exclamntion
thw^, ^ni

halloo,

hil^ i.pin,

hal-

to

add

to,

depend

dissatisfaction

surprise,

where are you going?

loo!

on.
Ripples on water, the curling lines made by water in
gentle motion.
The tone of indignation,

Hwe.

(147)

a surname.

To

moon

because that

disrespectful,

to err

He, she, it ,t ^tong, they,


them
a iUin, that year an
initial particle, meaning only,

for

shame, alas groans, dolor to


belck ;<i Jd do jj/a/i, a low, idle
!

(148)

f.

fellow.

To
m medicine

heal, to cure

4^
*";:

Clothes, specially those for


the body

radical of garments

graduates;

jnn*

common dress
lewdly

to dress

<i

ci,

d tim^ a slopa sleeping dress.

as you say ;
likp, similar
ci 'rti, as

cording to;
<i thi,

yf)H

please

i iin,

>i

'/i

xtU

pendanf on parents,
shnfi shiil,

believed.

de-

Ih'O

fili-il

<?

unJojbted, can be

?2'

iVung
kill

shaft

people.

A blue and white duck


which frequents the seashore
flocks,
and foretokens
in
storms by flyins inland.
A boy, a infant, a male

shihi ini-

chiuht dfuk:.

To rely on, to trust to ; to


agref, to coiiforiii to; as, ac-

J'

doctor

iyun, charla(ar)s

ifhing

shoo; shui^

j^j

^md

proj)er,

ci

,shang a

skillfid

siijisai

undress,

ti,

ci

ci,

medical,

Js'itig

a physician

doctor; ihavg
it, to practice medicinrjsAicf,
a fashionable doctor; ipdu ih
to assure a cure
ishan d, a
or

a cover, case, or wrapper


the husk of cocoanuts o ful\
or c7 i^li^iinff, clothes pnki d,
plel)''iHns;

Rh

cliild

infantile, feeble; a suf.

nouns much used in the


court dialect, and to denote
that words are nouns
'sin ji,
to

fi.\

ji,

my son

son
ren

Jio

j/',

tnP^sin
a toy

ii i/'/t'd,

jT,

ji

cutch.

mv

oldest

*6, child-

;
;;

103

f.

To

Forced laughter, imwillintj

3fl compliance;
'Rh

Read

loq-iacious.

twd, the prattle of chddren.

The whiskers

one of

iw'

still

as

the
ried

'Rli

fish

found

.t

To transplant

cj)d

in

That

ti,

fit,

right

j ist

'fun isnu*

ti

Hm li jzcai c/'Hi, (Pehburned the bar of his


door, [from poverty].
A kind of buliace ji (y^vng,
a kind of white willow, found
in Shantung.
1%^;

stant

rule

law which

or

men acknowledge, an
able principle

mon
hea

lakt to desire,

it

relations;

ji

borrow

accommo('atcone with

A tripod or vase used in


temples for libations ; a con-

or future tenses

to move
move near

harmonious, accordant title


of .5th rank ladies; ti takt
ought, it is proper patj in^ung
not his place
ti, unsuitable,
hbp} si, done right, well done ;
if am 'siuipin ^i, to covet little
douceurs yin^ jf, convenient,
to wish.

to

(mdi, to

li-pi)

serviceable

ti,

Hm

ought or should be often is


to be taken as a form of the
iniperative

move,

fish

proper,

harmonizing,

befitting,

to

ji (nan, to fora timely loan


ward a public dispatch.
The bar of a door, called

Tungting Lake.
which is naturally

reasonable,

Jioi,

ti

^t

'kan, to

young of

a delicious

rice

transpose, to shift, to remove, to change the place or

tWO

king-post or girder on the


'Rh top of a pillar, to support the
roof; a kind of chestnut; a
fungus or Pezi/a, called muki
li, or 'ears of wood.'

'Rh

migrate

or

be in Slian<i

to

away

funeral car or hearse.

The spawn

to

said

to

eminent, promising; to know.

the direction of; to transmit


convey (an infection); to

Rh

pi*

or Nine Mts., where


tf,
Emperor Shun was bu-

'Kau

{i,

used for the person spoken to,


thou an initial particle; {i tAd
now; ji VAV, moreover, furthermore ; it ikam (l hau^ now
and henceforth li 'x a final
phrasf, denoting that is all,
nothing more, no other, the
utmost.
Warm or hot water flow,
ing tears Jin (i, incessant
crying.

suspicious, fearful

avoid suspicious acts


/It kbnv' ito fi, you are so very
suspicious
jwid ft, plain, certain, undoubted.
Name of a range, called

contrariwise,

to

fox's doublings, feartui

ti,

iffij

and yet, even as a


disjunctive conjunction, but
yet,

ji,

suspect

to

llie

radicals as a copulative conjunction, means and, also, to-

gether

doubt,

guess, to fear; perverse; doubt,


ful of, to dislike, unsettled
ja

ilun,

^Md

constant, comthe five social


ji

tshdn, the Bo-

hills.

Self-sufficient, great assurance, arrogant shallow-minded to despise, to look down


on verbose to insult, to brag.
;

I'

all

invari-

104

f.

A gradtttion, rising

now applied to all foreigners


who do not speak Chinese; a

one nlwve

another, as a series of weights,


stairs,

stories,

barbarian,

to

6ic.;

hills,

advance, to reward the woradvanthy; to superimpose


tage ; ifan ji kokt mah put
each in its proper rank; ji
tsang^ to confer honors on
one's parents and self
A pitcher or goblet, with a
water-pot
handle and spout
shallow cc/ti
or waali-basin
jt, wine and water pitchers.
The chin, tlie sides of the
mouth; one of the diagrams;
ik'iii, an
to nourish, to feed

a foreigner
minate.

M
I'

I'

Mucus
nose

Loh-ma in Kiangsu, and


thence into the sea.
Usages of mankind a rule,
decorum,
rite, a ceremony

ers of nature

quette;

pow-

jt,

the

money

sent to mourners to as^clCitig tf, a


sist in the rites
traveling;
present to one
;

and friends

to cut grass

class, to sort; contented, pleas,

distant, remote, foreign

tribe of people in the west,

joyful, satisfied

fraternal joy

ji,

name

of Howqua's hong in

C inton.
To hand down,
posterity

fio

't'oi,

inicate to

to present to

tual deception

act

to bequeath,

comm

to leave to, to
I

mu-

to ridicule

to

as to be despised. Read
to defraud, or insult;

wearv

jr^'uM, to

jf

ds'iriHi

hand down;

its'inir,

ii

to

from

membrances

send
afar

re-

(lo

friends).

legacy,
present

ii

Didighted-harmony, the

wound, to kill,
great, ample to

to

pleas-'

(too,

si

,a$ induce,

ize, to level

distressing

Harmonious concord,

iwai ji,
^u'^g 5t, deportment
a dignified carriage.
Even, arranged
to equal;

ulcer or sore;

ed with each other, as brothers


ifi'ing tai*

ap.

a present of
ji chii' rules of etitin' ji or Ji^nng ^i,

dual principles

money

H6ung

my

(f^,

mind.

to the

principles or

to hurt, to injure

effect; the

si ;

i'

deportment
pearance, or
regidar, proper,
form
correct, wluit ought to he, just
to imitate to study how to

fiirure,

ji,

elder maternal
aunt's husband.

external

tdi^

d'

the

the older
tho younger
the
^siii
ii; maternal aunts
elder are called ji 'wd, 4 ona,
and ii ^ni^ung the younger,
wife's sisters;

A wound; an

of a river in Shantunff, flowing south into Lake

are called

fed.

Name

etiquette

name of a marsh

ji,

man, who must be

or running from the

twan

the
jya/i,

ji

miti to exter-

li

in Sli^nsi.

old

the sense

in

Greeks used ^a^Qagot

Same

as the preceding
or bring

to cause

ji

to
;

on one's

to

self,

tsung^ to leave a

make

parting

^ng- hau^ tyaii, lo

mislead after ages, to propagate error


lui^ '^z' <fim
to involve one's posterity.
;

<,i

;;

;;

t'

105

ear, the

organ of bear.

i.

Sweet cakes ; su^red, pleato feed


ikdm a

sant, sweet

sugan-

tidbit,

"^kan

/o

to regard afflictions as

bridge

the

Z^

-Ju ji,

To

bank near a

rely or lean on, to lean


;

to

ing ; radical of what relates to


to perthe ear and hearing
ceive ; a handle, an ear ; a
final particle, usually denoting
merely the end of the sense,
but sometimes as an intensitive ; H Jang, or H fat, the
ear H Ho ian* others will soon
hear it ; H tnvng, black ears,
:

sweeL

.is. bridge.

again.st, trusting in

An

'gr

depend

on, to engage one to do; ina fulcrnm, a


clined, leaning

thought to come from bad lack;


dry ears H watt an
thong

support

Idi^ cw

'i

depend on

'i

It

ait to

jmo <p'tn
impartial, not the least unfairness; T pang^ a trust, a

ear-pick

dependanee
'i
'ind 'ho toP
immediately (lit. waiting on
horseback) 'i fok^ to beg a fa.
vor of one, to engage one to do;

titn'

ik'am

si

tko, to

for

summer

three-legged iron frying-

pan or griddle a stand


bows a den or cave.
;

for

silken screen ufsed by the

ancient emperors in the au-

y^ yo<^ ; H H 'rtgo *.igo,


uncertain,
confused talk
;

*ndi

*f, it is

Near, next to, at hand approaching, both in time and


Rii
place : to reach, to come towards, to approach : mati
;

friendly, sociable;

jJ^

it

was

namented with ax-heads.


To.>. DicT.

14

or-

*'*'

H {i(,[tiaie]

nearly completed.
Figure, form ; like ; to compare
to consider, to guess or
conjecture ; to decide after
estimate
deliberation ;
to
:

dience-chamber

thus, so.

*3ff

are placed.

pull'

*<;?

to

and chairs fap


large state chair

an arm-chair;
thim 'shau
thuP'U a couch kied' itavg
a chair without arms.
^ides of a chariot ; the
place in a car where spears

your ears

also forms adverbs, as tsttt*


suddenly : H ^ngo j^fng tfom^
we are of the same mind H

%
%

Hstii,

You, thou yonr ; flourisha final particle, inter4^ ] changeable with the preced'Bh ing, denoting that the subject
is not of much consequence ;

<'

ear-rings
curt,

j^Mng;

kind of hard wood, fit for


cabinet work
a chair, a
coich ya/j tcheung % a cbair
jToi

cessively credulous.

tables

mitt

^Wr^.

'im H td' jting',


to cover the ears and steal a
bell, to delude ; *i Ho^un kuo'
matt * very - soft ears,' exoff

sing in uni-

dresses.

% obsequious

deaf;

jicdn,

son with a lute 'i cch'i maty -ye,


what do you depend on for it 1
An open, variegated kind
of silk, called 't Jo; it is a
kind of law or open silk, used

a gr^^
grandson's grandson ; shttw^
quick of hearing; H
ifung
ytii, hard of hearing Hjung,
'i

't

106

i.

I.

to intend, (o purpose
*i toki
to think upon, to calculate; H

nothing

xkwan,

ble

last

army

to

transport

Isui^ to

to

the

judge crimes.

deliberate, to consult,
to discuss ; doubt, hesitation
;

used for the preceding, to decide 'i sz'^ /ing.


a senate-chamber, a council,
hall; the Senate-house at Macao is so called
min^ H to
confer with one
ikung ^i, a
;

public discussion.

denoting a
plain statement, that the sense
expressed

ji

% fully,

enough [fau % certainly not.


At the beginning of a sen;

tence, stopped,

gone

hit'

pati tak)

obliged to do, inevitable;


iking 'kdm, I have made it so

from
By, with
which
for,
fiau^

The

t^ bium

that

as H
iyan <fs'un isain, he cherishes
humanity in his heart H chik^
cusative, from, to,

do

I'll

it.

rank,

iyan, pearl-barley.

seeds of the

nelum-

sV" pearl-barley
as the last.
i'

mi*

i'

icKiung, an agreeable taste,


delighted with i" sz'^ the feel,
;

ings, the intention

V undetermined
indecent,

ftrid

I'm 7<d

disreputable;

i'

'chit

*z"
un-

willing to refuse ^yau matt V


52" what does he say about it ?
;

twdi\c/mff^, unintentional; ^m
kvxi' taki i' greatly obliged for
it; tofr>i^ gratified, got his wish,
an exclamation of delight often
used in sport 5/jin^' i' exceed,
;

ed your wishes i^ pafi a rough


sketch or picture V i^ sz'' sz'*
;

imdesirable,

prefer not.

J^' A retired, obscure place to


v^ bury, to inter to sacrifice to
those who have been buried, to
;

^^^

*P

streams, or to the moon; to hide.


Mild, virtuous, excellent
admirable, admired
applied
to

women; the virtuous one,


Empress i' 'c/u, her

sc. tiiB

in,

huk> to bend the straight;


occasionally used like the

iioai

so,

sky
iWai

it

meaning of a word

to the end
the cause by which, us-

/s?'*

in order to, that

'A;u

The intention, will, purpose;


'^* thoughts, ideas
motive ; inclination, sentiment, opinion

H
H

taking
and
next, at,
according to; a reason or
cause; preceded byWto, means
therefore, wherein, that by
which, thereby succeeded by
iWai, means deeming, to conpreceded
aider, by it make
by Jio, means how could H is
often merely a sign of the acing,

proba-

^'

that,

same

this, hereafter.

HH

'mai, or

finished, just

off;

hence

'/,

.The purslane (Plantago); H

?>

done, already, past; sign of the


perfect ; to terminate ; to decline, to put away, to reject;
ns a final, excessive, no more ;
H iking 'kong, done speaking;

^yau ^chi

growing
flourishing veg tation.

^^

shi^

Luxuriant,

final particle,

is fully

through a tube
shi^ I must have

% not cease, no morci

j?7id

tirw'ai U'in, to look at the

'J'o

murmuring

Majesty's orders.

J^^
'fi

Cooked
mold
used

rice

a sour,

for it>,

spoiled

harsh
to choke.

by

taste

; ;

107

IM.

j^'

put to death, lo

T.) kill, to

'"? exterminate

to prostrate

Twi>

5']

"7",

^r

no

^*^

^^

to help, to

reiterate

second

to suspect

tat'

the second i' shapi twenty


isam, not doubleiriinded,
faithful, sincere ;i'/s'z" twice.
i'

last

^'

^-"*

country, different, diverse; admirable, unusual;


strange, rare, extraordinary,
bizarre
perverse, helerrxlox ;
;

to

or government appropriation,
i'
as i' '-Iseng, a public well
patriotic,
schoo'
/lO.Vj a free
in defense of principle or
public

%ping, patriot

spirited,

volunteers

surpassins,

perior,

virtuois, as

scholar;

i'

as

dress

made

up,

compounded

to
to

du:ite,

one who

in the

lives

college.

01

E isy, simple, plain, not hard

^J

to

do; negligent, remiss,

respectful

dis-

to extirpate weeds,

to dress a field
iyang i' ea^y
to do i* Cufy '^shnu, easy to rid
;

out of hand (as gjods) i^ jwiat


Vjom can be done quickly i'
ccai liki not hard lo do, he
will do it with help ; V u pia'
;

a faithful servant ; i^ hV right


principled, honorable i't?/tdn,
a public burying.ground
i^
t';hong, a public depository for
;

changeable in sentiment.

fm.

(140)

coffins.

Right, proper, used for the


m.. last ; friendly, acquainted
i
adopted
ichi Jan
<c/u p
friends adopted as brothers
{Tii i* of the
same age or
graduation UHki i^ relatives
of different surnames.
'zKV

T^c

self,

one's

serve assiduously
sprouts of
a stump; i^ ipi a resident gra-

i' maki a composition ink


meaning, signification i^ piil,i

as

To accustom

practice, to be skilled in

sz'^

i^'-liun,

i'

yatt an-

i'

to endure, to labor in.

^i'

excellent,

adopleH, putative, supplied in


place of, as i^ fu} an adopted
f>lher; i* '^kai, a false head-

news;

i^

an eminent
a faithful dog;

regard as dif-

other day
shai^ patt i^ will
not be forced to change ; tdi^
ifnng 'siu i^ very much alike.
^JjLabor, distress, toil; afflic''y tions, sufferings; to be weary,

su-

at, to

* strange

marvel

ferent or foreign; to oppose;

formable to what the heart


feels to be proper; common,
free, public, by contribution

rights,

other

forms are chiefly

righlGousnoss, eqjity, uprightness, high moral feeling, con-

species of wild jujube or

date-plum the seeds used for


an anodyne, under the name
of i^un Hsd iyan, are not from
a Zizyphus.
to' Separated, foreign, of an-

us3d in bills and accounts.


suitable
proper,
Right,

|dt1fl|'

iTndi-

The two

to divide in twain,

to bisect

throw down,
to overhang.
to

Yg'jJ

To

detain awhile to cover,


to conceal ; a surplus, an oxcess; to remiin over suddenly, hastily; to en^er into possession ; dm ^uiu .9z" ifong, he
suddenh' obtained the retrion ;
a place in Shantung.
;

;;;

lOS
J&;

IM.

To

saturate

soak, to

J^ overflow

l\r.

to detain,

tft iim, the turned-up


cornices of a hipped roof; jim
hd* under the eaves, in low

roof;

to

to stay

dm Jav, to tarry long


dm kun^ to permeate dm chai^

away

life
mok, ^k'i iim "-hau, don't
stand under the eaves.
Severe, stern, strict, rigid ;

dm

muti to spoil or
drown in water lim tnun^ nsphyxiated, half crazy, worried.
Clouds rising and spread^Ak.
*j^ ing
to soak, to make to
dilatory

Yen

vegetate, as the

OB^ To castrate,
'^1 }^"'^'*' ''*" eunuch

ram

dm

of the palace
The
ichu to cut a boar.
Yen second is a local character.
The name of a mountain
jj&
West, called dm Usz',
Yen '" ^^^
fabled to contain the cave
where the sun went at night.
mind exercised upon
dm <ts'imi unsteady, loquajffiilj

dm dm tts'im

less,
afcfc

lay in salt

down

[flesh]

^^ jtim

wau^

Yen sioner

the salt

dm

9vkt
or

fxi}

extremely close or secret


ifsjirtji/n, your respected father.
A breastwork for archers or
ppearmen to protect themto fend off.
;
Sour, sharp, as vinegar or
spirits highly rectified
loki

Yen

iim

put in some sharp


be very strict with

ts'd'

vinegar
him.

A large serpent in Yunnan,


as edible and scaleYen described
less, and with large teeth
a
;

tribe of southern savages.

The
Yen

whiskers

the hair on

the cheeks near the ears

dm

ikting, the lord

some whiskers,
Jian

'^^

tempt, to think meanly of; to


^'^" lothe, to de-spise
prejudiced,
suspicious, fastidious, jealous
of; iim \ihiu, to disdain as
little ; 'i j';n jim, don't weary
of; 'sm {im, petty dislikes,
querulous.
The eaves, or projectinc
.^^"1
j/h" Ipart of a roof, vulgarly calljUSj ed ukt it/am, and lyam 'Aim ;
YeTi the plate which supports the

dm

selves

to evaporate

/tdt' jim,

water

Yen

commis-

idng ch'ut,
tts'ii, the salt-jar has produced
worms! suid of bad sons.
To dislike, to hold in consalt

t^

c*z',

jfm

H'ui, smoked hams.


to salt
pdk, dm,
M"l Salt
*^^ i w hi'e salt jiwi /i/i, salt-yards

seize

ikd iim, my father Hd tsz' iim,


the teacher is strict ; jtm mnti

'lam, salted olives


to lay

dm pdki
dm its'ong,
in salt dm

to

dignified;

sternly

dsim, rest-

nervous, anxious,

To

strictly

dm

cious;

ma-

solemn, dignified, reverential inducing respect or


awe a night-watch or guard
epithet of a father ; iim iHd,
;

does.

to geld

reserved, cold, austere


jestic,

iim, curly

i.

Yen

to

bum

'rni

e.

Kwanti

whiskers.

Fire blazing, flame


ing, hot

of the hand-

burn-

luminous
jfm J^ung shai^ knV
glorious,

inconstant world, fickle


^im i/j very hot [sun]
^fo iim ^sh^ung, the fire blazes
up iim taV the emperor Shinthe

friends

nung.

To
Yen

.screen or shade, to

ceal from
close

to

view

to

con-

shut, to

soothe, to stroke witji

;
;;;;

the hand

to console

an enemy

prise

To

to sur-

'im (Wun, to

Yen

shut the door; 'im thai imun,


to open the door ; Hm shik> to
hide away quickly ; Hm min^
to cover the face 'im '/id cAii/i
you must improve, don't be so

Hm Hm

it

To

To

Jen

iTiidi,

anything with
to bury in the

Jen

To

dislike, to disapprove, to

reject

to lot he

distasteful

to

sicken

satiated,

Yen

a picture or composition)
Hm, to re-dye
tsapt
Hm, to learn vicious habits
/an Hm, to dye by brushing
Hm tin^ p'd' a dyer's shop 'jm
c?i imeng, to get a bad name.
To advance ^ gradually
weak, feeble
'/m ^Yau, a
Luxuriant, tender herbage
by turns, gradually, alternately ^yam Hm, going and coming, like day and night.

A gem of great lustre, frequently set on the apex of the

people's

hate

enough
im'

wi' Isuk, had


distaste

to cut in

Yen

Yen

up

bustle into quiet.

Troubled in sleep, disturbed


by dreams, starting in sleep
Yen
from the nightmare.
Black pimple.'? in the face
or on the body, hair moles.
Yen
A scab, the sloughing of

Yen

wound

spots or

on the face

tau'^

cine scab.
Read
some the cheeks.
;

ip>

hand-

two

to

sharpen

or off;

to rise

light, brilliant.

commonly imun

<shdn.

Carrying the

head high,
presence
vain-glorious
same, as formerly ifii hon^ 'fung <kam ^im
tin, he came back to see, and
the package of money was
untouched Hm sin yat, shikt

Yen of

commanmng
;

just the

pimples

Hm, the vac-

The crossbar which shuts a


gate inside, called Hm ji, and

away from

Sharp, pointed
'^!l

dsang

of;

tired

of,

hate, to

im'
Sin-i to dislike to be troubled.
Read 'im, to conceal to get
to

name

the

by ministers at
splendent part of
of H. M. Kiaking.

held

audiences

iak^ iyan im' to get

disciple of Confucius.

pdki ini' to be hated or avoided by all; j'm im' not lothesome


fas foofl)

tablets

at,

filled

ground.
'

Yen

cover

Hm

soft, flexible

tains.

dirt

dye
Him Hm, to
add to and finish up

Yen

copy the bad prac-

catch,

pollute, to

tfdn

to

to

(as

hide

cover over, to shade,


hide (as an occultation
Yen
does) iWan Hm yaU the clouds
screen the sun
to castrate
vases with small mouths and
large bellies a pass in moun-

shiki to

revise, to

shame.

for

to steep

to taint, to

to be infected

Hm

away

Hm ^lid 'cfiau,

as a truant;

dye, to tinge

dye

vitiate, to

'^yiuvg 'yeung,

afraid to be seen, hiding

in a

tices of others

stupid

109

iM.

iM.

:'

Yen

Eaten

same

color.

to repletion

lothing, distasteful

eaten to satiety

satiated

im' 'pdu,

cwd im' un-

satisfied, covetous.

no

;;;

In.

To

ff^']

In.

examine

verify, to

ing tobacco

of-

purposes of vprito witness before


B;Z, J fication :
Yen officers, to testify ; proven or
experience
tried by one's
proof, evidence, testimony
im' <shi, a coroner's inquest

^?j

leaf;

ificially for

examine goods

tin, to

xrr^ mung\ to fulthe duty]


a dream; '/jom im} (ming
;

an opium-smoking shop
tin

The
Yen

tm' itsong^ to identify

Beautiful,

liandsome,
;

bril-

bedizened voluptuous,
wanton, dissipated applied io
xcomen ; ikiii im^ gay, beautiiiant

ful, brilliant,

as flowers, colors,

a face sV""^ im- abundant


nnd gay ; i,7i' shlki tung^ iyan,
beauty excites m^n.
@\\} Flame, blaze; brilliant, draw'a ing the eyes of men
chid; t'o
Same
i/' the candle flames.
;

syllable are

many of the words under

pronounced ngin and

rouge

tin tclii,

tfd, the Mirahilis JU'

rotten fish.

as an inian interrogative,
Yen
meaning how, who, is, why,
according to the scope
tin

speckled bird

tial particle,

know ? tin
yung^ shdit why kill him? -An
tahy fiv' kwaP how can I get
tfhi,

how

should

rich ? also denotes the subjunctive, as tin ik'i Js*ung tc/ii,


should he follow him.

this

hin.

A Smnke, misty vapor; toIbacco or opium, because they


,^Krfjare smoked; <m tin, lampYen black iining dn, excellent tobacco; cin its'^ung, an opiumpipe
cwid du tin, cigars
'shui tin. tobacco prepared for
t^hang An, smok.
the ho'^ka
;

gorge, an

throat, a

important pass;

{,

in.

throat; a cosmetic; tin

the

as ^^itm.

In Macao,

j?/a

a place thickly

Handsome, beautiful; a
the smile of
gracious smile
Yen
beauty.
Corrupt, putrid, rotten, as
vegetables or food; tfn ch'aii^
Yen
stench of decaying flesh ; tin

(150)

maU

lapa.
tall,

^^ captivating; plump face


^

fhaii,

(771 <c/it

stolen goods.

i^hi

fcKau

settled.

notice

tin *t/an

'hi,

fill

smoke opium

the longing of victimized


opium-smokers ; tin 'mo chan^
'smoke has no rules,' said of
great brags thoi ttang tin 'kUn,

[fr>r

fdki to examine into fully


tying im} ^liv, the thing was
true, the proofs are complete
irn^ hon'' to be examined at tlie
fuyuen's office irn} iining dan
H^ung, 'look sharp after the
and taeU' a shop
catties

off

let

Jo' to

[fo, to

fireworks ; tin tfa long^ ^Isz* &


brothel-goer
tin ichan, light
dust or motes in the air; a
term applied to banditti ; f'dn^

trn^

tobacco-

tin ipi

tshiu tin

As
Yen

final

an

particle,

adverb of affirmation, denoting


that the sense is complete as
;

td^

pah

icICun

lin,

the truth

is

not taught; used in corres.


pondence with s, as $ tfin
form*
(in, as it is in heaven
jidv^rbs, as ching^ jtn, truly
;

'thiti

iin,

presently

an eu.

;
;

phonic particle, adding force


to the previous
word.
Word?, speech, talk a sen-

Hien

in

Yen

tence

an expression; the

to discourse, to speak,

to say, to address

an opinion

to

ihi^uvg

jj/i

'ti,

philosopher, a
next (o sages.

To go
Yen lengthen

ySuki sheki iin, exl;or(alion s?/i


cAt/n, censors
sldhi {iw, to retract, to break a pronoise.
;

Jea

simmer, to burn

to as-

used as the sign of an adverb,


tsuly jtn, suddenly
also adds
force to as mi^ pity jin, uncertain, probably not; a di.'junciive
particle, but, then, if so, not
so ; tsz'^ lin ji jin, spontaneously and yet truly
lin hnu^ afterwards; '^ktcOiin, truly, a kind
of chimpanze yihi ^m, thus,

dilatory,

guests

To
Jen

burn,

to boil, to

to

;?

cians;

^mi tcki

where

kap> inmiinent danger, at extremity; jin cs/t/ii, to catch fire.


To grind fine, to triturate,
to dissolve, or rub or powder;
Yen
jin mvti or rub to a powder

a narrow iron mortar in which drugs are ground


iShiin,

iia

kau' to investigate, to
search out thoroughly
usual.
ly implies by torturing.
iin

lieautiful, elegant,

Yen

witty,

pretty

accomplished, skilled

the opposite of ichi

u'd yan, to

to light;

ji/i

ipan, to invite

liii

tin k'api

'ya/yisi so.

fire,

simmer

protract, to

prolong; to

fur; to

out, to

compromise another, j
/thA bamboo mat spread out, a
table spread smooth or arrang.
Yen
ed met. a feast, an entertainment ; jiH Isiki a banquet, a
meal tkin^ iin, the hall where
the emperor meets academi.

manner

mea

paryes, certainly, so, truly

in like

of

sent, to reply to; a final


ticle,

claiiis

to invite, to call toinvolve


gether
to enter or advance ;
spread out, arranged; slow,
dilatory,
long; distant, to
spread far, or from one loan,
other ; iin iCh'i, slow ; tin un^

To

^s'oif

conversation ;
tfd sin, exaggeration jjwn jiw,
arsenic; sliatj $*" an error in
speaking, slip of the tongue ;
order

ji
iin, village worthy
good and talented, superior abilities
jin iyan, a
virtuous, bighminded man, a

to express

speak with a
high appearance
a word or
;

excellent, superior,
worthy
in morals or in intellect
a term of laudation, as iin
Js'ai, my faithful wife; to surpass ; to praise or call a worthy ; tin tai^ my good brother

ra-

dical of characters relating to

speech

moral,

wise,

Virtuous,

and emphasis

Hi

In.

In.

The

the

shrined

oratory

priests recite prayers.


throat, the esophagus

a straight or narrow passage


lin Juiu li^ <fong, an entrance
Read in\ to swalto a river.

'

Yen

low to tolerate, to suffer.


Limit or border of a patch of
a path to a grave
land
to
Yen
ascend
pat, iin, the eight
points of compass, all around.
;

The

string of a

bow

chord

the moon wfien she


Hien
quarters, on the 8tli and 23d

of an arc

days

shiung^

iiti,

the 8th or

;;

112

is.'

IN.
9th day of the moon
the 23d of the month

Ad'

a cord-

sin

Yen

ed pulse.

species of cicada, called


'in, and
many other
names; 'in jCing, a kind of

it'ong

bouse lizard, livid and harmSilken strings of musical


less.
instruments ^ngdn i^ ^in, to
A mole, called J,ai- 'shu, or
play the rebeck or 2.stringed
' plough
rat ;' also a fabulous,
iSdm jin, a 3-stringed
fiddle
Yen
ox-like animal, said to lie in
guitar tiin^ ^in, ' cord broken,'
the water.
tsuki
i. e. decease of a wife ;
To see, to regard projecttin, a second marriage.
The side of a ship or boat, Hien ing eyes ; 'in 'iin, pretty 'he
melody and beauty of birds
the gangway or bulwarks of
Hien
singing.
a vessel.
The Juliis or gally-worm, a
A dike or dam, to dike off"
sort of millipede found in dry
water ; to arrest or stop.
;

Hien

Hien

Yen

places.

To
Yen

inundate, to overflow
enlarge, to

amplify

iyaa 'in, to ramble ;


jsAd 'i. a sand-spit '^tn shing^
(kung, Confucius' sepulchre.
long,
stream flowing far
hills

Yen

or peak of a

mountain, likened

to

a boilet

or jar.

abundant, much, far

elegant, beautiful prolix, diffuse, turgid plains at the base

of

The summit

to spread out, to

To visit or condole with the


bereaved, or those disgraced
.",
trom rank to mourn with one
-over the loss of country.

'Pt
^f

Yen

Yen

extended, ample, widely ; to


moisten, to lead ; to practice,
to exercise, to perform, to
drill ; "-in hi' to perform theatrical plays ; 'in 'md, to train in
military exercises; 'in tsdpi to
practice ; Hn 'Ad 'shau shai^
try your

hand

at

it

The department
Yen

in

fij

to

lie

'^hi

peaceful,

disgrace

Read

to sleep,

to

kd' ihung,

to

fall along
throw for;

''hd,

feki

'in, to

kick a

to repose, to rest

leisurely

still,

'yam

in^ to feast

to

(by

officers); fn' (kii to live at ease.

now

the

name of a
province of

Chihlf, and

still

often applied

dti,

state,

ward your chest 'in siki


to lie down, take a nap

Hh

undecided, lost his wits.


A kind of silure or mudfish,
with a white head, which lies
Yen
near the bottom.
'kin,

A feast
Yen

for once.

to recline

throw prostrate
'^in

birdsnests

shuttlecock.

of Inchau

to desist

down,

^ swallow or m-rirtin a
shuttlecock; 'in 'tsz' a swallow; 'in ^mi ip'di, swallowtailed bucklers; '^in iwo, edible
;

>

Shantung.

To cease,
Yen

5i^1

and the metropolis.


Rest a feast; merriment
I used for the preceding; ikHng

to

^M
^,

ancient

it

^jw J Ham in' a feast given by the


Yeu emperor to the tsinsz' graduates

(j/ing ipt^nng in'

given to military
nates
Ink} fming
;

to literary kiijin

a feast

kiijin
in'

grad-

the one

graduates.

tP

fN.
/tH

'

TT^

Like, to compare ; to explore,


spv out a weathercock
jM iWan,
ihan in\ a spy

(151)

like the clouds.

Y^*carry

to

DH' Clear light, cloudless sunHie^ light the clear sun in winter
melting the snow.

/^

Provision for journeys


to
food to workmen in ihe
;

fields;

iR'

Lustre of gems; to manito


^jj^ Test, to appear, to display
divulge, to show apparent, to
be seen now, conspicuous, de
fa do, present; in^ingan, ready
money in-tkam, now in^ txoi^
in a place, existing, now here
irt' ishing, is already to be had,
;

*^'V'u, lay

down

security or stakes

fall influential, able to move


others in' cKxtt^ to appear, to

kwd'

in salt;

ip,

leaf of a
a thin plate or leaf of
gold or metal posterity, ages;
;

assem-

to collect, to

yati ipi ip'in ichau, a flat

punt ; iMing tc/iung ip^ dur.


ing the Ming dynasty
ingau
pdki ipi tripe, the manypius
of oxen ; Jioi ^chi sdn^ ipi to
;

have posterity.

A beam to support a bell;


j^^^that which one ought to do,
an office, an occupation, pur-

the

calling, profession, art,


or trade; patrimony or estate;
a claim for, or an amount of

'Lb ihdng nwki in'


kind of ink-stone

merit, from what one has


done: meritorious, deserving;

in^ tkang, or in' itHn, to get a

donp, finished, a sign of past


time ipi ngaP a craft, a business
ikd ipi family estate;
sz^' ipi occupation
tkiing ip^
eligible for reward
ip^ iking
hiP ^Viu, gone Jdng iking ipi
ip^ ^i ishing
ipi fearful, strong

suit,

come

out.

An

rQ'

ink-stone, used by

Y"^ Chinese
the best

living by the pencil.

Edible species of spinach,


Artemisia, and Chenopodium,
are termed in' ts'op, distinguished by various adjectives
in' ts'op usuallv denotes spinach 'M in' ts'oP pigweed.

E'

^pi ^im ip,

Leaves of plants

ble

in} bright, not dull, (as colors)

speedy reward or retribution


'^pd, I must have the
money in hand in^ cshan shiit^

down

imhig

iu^ in}

it

pickled in brine.

iSiln,

an age

fn' Jinng, to lay

in

y^^book;

on hand

animals

offer

To salt flesh

R^^

to

sacrifice.

is

113

kuki the nialter

is

already set-

BB^

small chissel

javelin
,j'-_5i

^^'

/^
r*'

a hand

V^irtuous

and

a sort of

staff.

learned, as

a magistrate or scholar
complished.

ac-

common saya blunt speech


a vulgar saying.

proverb, a

inc. tradition
^'--J*

in'

'ii,

Ton. Dict.

15

tled.

Name of a region in the


j^jj'stateof Wei, now included in
Linch^ng hien in Cb^ngteh
fu in the north of Hontin province; ip, /ca' a compliment,
ary epithet, applied to a man's
library, referring to lA Pi, the
learned prince of Nieh.

^?

lU

h\

(152)

IC.

ft.

The

Pt>
'^
'

A stoppage

MO choke,

way

in the throat
;

a hiccup or sobbing i/, ^hau,


Yeh throat stopped up; if, saki unable to swallow
tpi ^tsHng
'^dng Hi choked from grief.
^M To visit a superior or a
Yeh gentleman admitted to an
audience to signify to, to intimate
to state or declare,
to inform by petition a card
to see a superior
itt
ity
sh^\ a guest-chamber
pd^ i<,
to announce a visitor.
;

a threshold.
unquiet ;
i/j
uneasy, disturbed, movNieh "^"''
ing about.
;

Dangerous

6ft-

swallow

unal)le to

side door in an
a post in a gate-

little

j|^j''"trance

'

.^
Yau

hW

Beautiful, strange, bewitch,


ing ;
ominous, unaccounta.
Yiu
ble, supernatural, monstrous,
lusus natures; heretical, magi-

<^

silly, not conformable to


the classical usage or doctrine,

cal,

Hot;
feverish;
ardent,
warm-hearted;
to heat,
to
Jeh

warm

jim

feverish

rage

aV

crowd

iti jii

sitting in a

weather

^
Nieh

it^

still

d'in

hot

it,

^'ng

illegitimate child, the

'

son

of guilty' as the comj>osition


of the character shows
met.
the consequences or reward of
crime sorrow clear tstii^ iti
retribution of sin tsz*- tsoh ifj
evil of one's sins ifp cheung^
a retribution for undutiful acts
by having wicked sons one's
self; it, iti adorned, neat,
gfc
The stock of a tree shoots
p^^T^^from a stump ^mang iti suck;

tsang* hot as

Iso^

csam ^dn iti


feverish, nervous.
The son of a concubine;

'^'^

a word much used by officers


to stigmatize things and people a phantom, sprite or transformed being to blandish, to
flatter, to enchant
^iii kwdV
unnatural, ominous; ^iu iti
monsters, prodigy, ominous of

fat^ iU
boiling with
;

very hot (as weather),


ill ridu^ the bustle of a

close

hot

it^

wo du

a metamorphobooks ^iii
jtfi, seducing talk, cozening.
Small, tender the last pig
the ace face of a
in a litter
Yau
dice
name of a tune on the
guitar ; the radical of little
things ; Jiau tin, to turn up
a doublet and one ace with
;

sis

a law, rule

addressed as

if}

/oi.

ifi

he

the
(Sz'

is

three dice.
To adjust, to agree to to
seek, to importune ; to assem.
ble together, to call one ; to
;

Ydu

scrutinize, to

examine

into

Jcau, to seek for carefully.


The loins, the waist, the
lumbar region, the body betiu

ers.

target

ctsing,

(iM iskii, heretical

jl^^j'judge or ruler of a city


the provincial judge ;

J^

Pleasing, winning ; delicate,


flourishing vegetation ; docile,
gentle.

lu.

(153)

YAu

tween the

and

pelvis

middle of a thing or act

Ml kwati

ribs

the

^md

a poor stick, a witless

;;

fellow

H'ai

du kwaf, lookout

your backs

for

cry

kwat,

<iu

it'au than,

J'ting dti, childish ditties

porter's

Yau

The murmur of insects,


chirping of grasshoppers, (Sic,
in the grass.
A word used mostly by wo.
men to quiet one
du ! du

Remote
Yiu

To
Yau

stop,

to

want

invitation
vite

du

opium

rustic

called;?;/ ,kn
.sou;^

to

ditty
;

an

mjiiie

or

baflacl

VdU

fre-

vagrant,

in old kilns,

flag

fluttering,

things,

waving

solitary

hawk with a
;

also

va-

a va-

Sad, troubled, and without


to disburthen to; depraved tempted.

any one
;

Moved, agitated, disturbed;

Yau

to shake, to
dri

^Id,

tung^ to

wag

to

make

work a scull du
move, to disturb, either
to

mentally or physically
$/
du, a violent wind, to rise
rapidly in olfice or rank ; du
;

yuki unsteady, not tirm on its


base
du ichung, to ring a
Ixill
du it'au to shake the
head, to refuse ; du du, disturbed, troubled
du du ynk-,
not firm, unstable du du ''pdi
'^pdi, swagiieiipg, proud.
;

Earth heaped up
eminent
worth a famous soverfign
Yau
who reigned b.c. 2357.
in

invproinrptu

by nuiJor>

to

pd* du

a complimen'^ary term
du iClii, a lake in fairy land.

epistle,'

VaU

cfiu^

du chiK

Hd du,

riety of pheasant, akin to the


medallion pheasant, is called

mountaineers in Lien cliau and its


vicinity, supposed by the Can-

Mnjor

Yau riegated plumage

tonese to have ta.ls.


precious gem dii ^ktcong,
dU

sold

is

from the breeze.

The wind shaking

yan, a tribe of Miautsz'

Benetnasch in Ursa
du Jsin, your ' pearly

to take one's
without care.

(1

Yku as a

ofl';

beggarly.

vassalage or labor of a serf;


du Jeung, scutage money or

the star

off,

way

tsz'^ tak,

to live

escuage
All yiki labor given
by fiefs.
A kind of wild beast Ju

Yau

far

a long

quent a brothel

place,

ramble (Au du, a polite phrase


of a host, meaning my entertainment is a poor one.
Service of a villain, feudal

in
-iin,

furnace or kiln for bricks


^ngd du, a potteryYau
kiln
du ""kau, a shop where

invite to a

to

pd'

jiung du, mutual


du '^Is'eng, to in-

iijau

du

or pottery

A
interrupt

to

spread idle tales,

leisure, or ease

still

conceal ; to invite, to send for


to look for, to seek, to salute
to

distant

tu du

lokJhe

itm, to

defame.

to

kwali the haunch-bone, ishii


dUf the back of a book.
Grass,
herbage,
vigorous
growing vegetation.

du

*d'

your

back itches (for me to whip


you) (hi ^pdu, a fob du Udm,
to nurse or bring up ; dv tdV
a girdle pun^ ichung <tM, in
the middlf, half done
du

Yau

115

lU.

lU.

au

small

iKirsp cart.

carriage,

one*

;;

116

KA.

n5.

A tribe of pygmies in tho


Yau south of Cliina, three cubits
Read

high.

poeritical

winning,

Pleasant,

fascinating, graceful
to fennales
iiu,

'^

applied

perturb

to

witty,

agreeable; '^kwai

ghost

of a murdered man.
A short oar to row
iShiin, to row a boat.

yaU hoki Hu '^hi ^k'H, all lo.st at


once, a clean sweep; Hu '^shui,

^^

Mii

iiu,

J.tu

hy-

false,

Jijii,

c/im han^^ lucky.

Hu, the six domestic animals ;


a broil, to unsettle people's minds.
To bale or lade out water ;

'i lixn} to raise

jiu

to dip out water.

twigs, used

for fuel

iclio iiu,

light fuel for kindling

<.san iiu,

idiin HU, to cord about

Juu

satisfied, atfluent

as

leavings
;

abundant,
an overplus,

y^

Yau

tneng' Hu, shortlived

Hu

chit,

a premature death.
Obscure, still, profound

Yau good,

retired, reserved

gentle, quiet

applied

YAu

do you want it ? teng^


very necessary
ijt'in hV
can't do without it, wont be
;

refused

ment

*u' a-mm^

ts'itU

'kom

lsau^'^kdm.,]Vis{

To

|to*

iti*

as you like.

on;

illumine, to shine

ficent

iwbig

great distinc-

iii^

tion.
;

'n<

tiii^

to

fe-

Deep, sunken,

cavernous,
eyes; deep, profound, extensive,
ji/j,

'z'

glorious,
splendid
lustrous,
Y^ celebrated
Jtwong iu^ magni-

The

[gg'

effulgence

the sun

Yau

give or bring trouble (o,


to inco.nmodc, to embarrass
to chiigrin, to confuse
to dis;

or light of
the seven
'

moon and

are tho sun,

Ka.

(154)

'^

inconsolable.

To

iiV

is'at-,

five planets.

cackling of hen-phea-

'/

an abridge,
an important

iii'

sh^ung^ 'hd iu'


near death, al>out to die

letter

lights,'

lo*

want, to wish, to desire


urgent;
important or essential
the
parts of; an abstract; 'ni fri'

sants, calling for their mates.

Yciu reinote

'B
J^

To

iu'

males.

The

^iii

t'm iv?,

liberal,

of tongue,' wrangling ; (fung


iiu, abounding in, ample.
':a^"j
To die before puberty
Ishortlived, an 'mtimely death
^^1 to kill children calamity

circuit.

requisite, important;

exceeding, a
indulgent;
to acquit, to excuse, to forgive,
to give in, to forbear; <,iii ming^
to spare life ; j/m sinti ' liberal
the

superfluity

make a

to

y,

faggots for fuel.


Plenty to eat;

twire

to

i^fiwoimi] to be entangled in;


^gj to environ, to go around, to
make the lour of, to compu.-s;

Thorns, rushes, stubble, or


J^u

wind around,

'I'o

'1*^1

Ki-**

What

is

^'0"=^eliold,

within doors; a
liom-.', a
a family
;

dwelling; douieslic, doni<>!'.


title of a husband or
cated
term ;ip.
master of a family
;

order, to infest, to stir

banditti
to rear;

do a region

up, as

to breed,

to traii(piilliz<'

hd;

plied to

some

dignitaries

the

country, the government;


dwell, to live at

a sect,

to

pro-

;;

KA.

KA.

a region of
;
the hody^ as faP ikd, the lungs;
a suffix of nouns to denote persons, as tdi^ Jed, all of us, the

fessioi>, or class

whole,

Heung

ltd, both of us

tendants; tdi\kd iseung tsi^


met together ikd shot) a
husband and wife, household
hdpi tkd, the whole family

'/rurt {fed,

yoiir servants,

assistants

my

Jcdfv}

your

father

Js'an ikd, term by which the


parents of a married couple
call each other ; 'pii/i J{d, a
namesake, one of the same
clan name ; ch'uU Jtd, to become a bonze or nun ^kd
'ch^ung, our clan elder ; <fcd '/;d.

exposed, called in irony tnuki

(kd ho^ the superscription on


(kd ich'ong, a sort of chair
it
hired of the turnkeys to ease
up the cangue (kd chu^ ^k'n^

tkd it/in, domestics, official atall

Kia

put him in the cangue ; muki


tseung^ (tdm Jed, a "carpenter
wearing the cangue," a phrase
like Phalaris' bull.^'
Gems on the hairpin of a
headdress ; a sort of browband
or

now

Kia

kind of flageolet, made


of a reed ; also called pih lui)
or

Kia (kd

Kia

Jid

envelop a
rise

in

<fung,

letter

office

to double

^kd

Jtd

x'

(Kd
Canton

,fi, tlio

medullary
sedges,

lining

met.

of

related,

Ki4

(Kd tsdt:, the common name


of the cockroach.
Price of a thing ; a sur-

Jeiin, to

beyond

name given

to coffee.

to

in

expectation.

lightly
distant connexions
esteemed,
A buck, the male of deers.

virilis

rejoice

to

Corea and Chihli."


A bulrush or reed, sedgy
plants like Arundo, of which a
pipe can be made (kd (fit, the

some

little more in
(kd JUn, to
put on a cap,' at marriage,
answers to putting on the toga

to eulogize

(kd in

white

d'im, put

tik^

make happy,

Jed

Good,
commenti

or

Kicking, a.u. 1796-1821.


A boar " hogs are called

add to, to superadd or


upon
to confer on
advanced as officers are to
charge (as interest); Jd Jsang,
to increase

a sort of stole

(kd (Shd po* muslins.


excellent ; to praise,

praiseworthy; .kd iii, a


kind of barbel ; (kd Hai, fine
presents ; (Kd king^ the reign

Kid

To

to

VjOcfed,

place

kind of sleazy camlet;


(Shd,

surplice

kicoki sz'^ national affairs.

pat:, luti.

ikd^lai,

family rites, usages pertaining to marriage and burial ^kd


yung^ for ' family use,* superior
quality of goods
,kd ishan,
courtiers; ta'v^ y at^ Jd, cxce].
lent, " first chop," skillful Jd
(kd HsaU you little scamp ;
^yau (kd Hi, I am married ; ^hd

fillet.

this instant, just

a cangue or wooden
which criminals are

tsz^^ Jed,

(fling Heng;'d stand (tdmikd or


(kong (kd, to wear the cangue

at once, together;

all

myself; fv? ^kd, the rich

I,

Kid

flail

pillory in

117

in
Kill

name.

KA.

KA.

118
''

shrub, supposed to be the


as tea its infusion used

same
Kia

ka'

'

to be drank.

three-legged goblet with


an ear, made of stone, holding
the
it was used in
six pints

Shdng dynasty.
Kia

great

firm, stable

A:d'

felicity or prosperity

distant

marriage

Great

blessed, propitious

chuh

t' wild cerealia


;

fictitious,

'iS

JT^ feigned, hypocritical, unreal,


simulated a pretext, to pretend supposing, if, because
to borrow, to get an accommodation, to avail of; to sup;

ascend
aboard
of; a

great ; pah
ichan 'kd^ 1 don't know
whether it is so or not ; ichong
"kd '^kau, a skin dog, a man
w ith great pretensions ; '/cd
'shau lU cyan, to get the help
of another ^kd <xi, for instance,

an

alias; 'kd ts^^ to

borrow, to ask of; to use

embark, to go
embrace or avail

'/cd i>neng,

to

'shau supposing that,

'kd pdn^ disgranting that


guised like another ; cfd 'kd,
unreal, lying, not genuine

to

of an assistant prefect shing'


kd' his godship, his Majesty
dn' kd' death of a sovereign

'^kd

title of respect (as if


addressing one in a chariot),
Sir, Your Honor ; kd' sh^ung\
ctsun kd', or /oi kd' are all
terms of address pi/2 kd' title

ichi

if;

horse in the harness, to


a carriage a chariot
to
for the sovereign's use;
to
drive or manage a horse
sit in a carriage ; to mount, to
;

pose, to instance

hok) kd' to learn

m'
g- harness

illusive,

husbandry.

'Ad,

to bless, to implore blessings.

False,

to give a daughter in

'/!,

kd' Jtim, a dowry


;
wo^ to bring evil on one
ifdn it'au kd' a second marriage sung' kd' last visit to a
girl before her wedding.
To sow or plant grain met.
the spike of grain ;
farming

iin'

Kia

kd' isz' tdl^ pompous.


stand, a press, a

case, a dumb-waiter,

on

frame

which

rack, a
an open

things are

or as a substitute

placed, a scaflblding or framework classifier of screens, pic-

hypocritical,

tures,

for,

'M ngai^
;
spurious ;
''kd
'Isz' ikdn, take an instance
'kd kuky all humbug ; 'M d
(Chi, blustering, threatening.
/no'
Leave of absence, a furko' ka" to apply for a
lough
IP*
'''
furlough (fan kd^ to extend a
furlough fong' kd' to give a
;

ever

frame

and whatlay on a
lay up or heap to

pier-glasses,
is
;

framed
to

to

uphold, to support to fend ofi',


Vd. kd' to fight, to
to ward
come to blows; kd'kdk:, to ward
off with the arm ^kam cchitng

kd\ or

vacation.

To

marry a husband,

to send

her
fa bride
an
to cast imputations on another,
to

to imilicalc;

husband's house;

Ad

^fu, to

marry

uh

kd' a truss on four

posts supporting a roof; pat:,


kd' a pencil-stand ^ni tsd^ kd'
iUiing ,7nd, are you going to be
;

a ridge-pole
intoritMes in

said to one
or

huck

who
p a

;;

KA.
quarrel

KAf.

Wiui kd^H washstand

ka' a cross ; /td' Jtiu


Jc'u ku-o^ to help one over, to
shap,

/^

a dilemma.
price or value of

one

The

l^. thing

kati ikai, the projecting

ia' s<'in, the price


Aafn
ishi ka' the current price
ka" or ka' Js'in 'chung, dear,
;

high-priced ; ^shing kd' fame,


reputation
^md kd^ priceless,
inestimable no sale shati kd'
the lowest price toi' kd' price
to be settled afterwards.
;

The
Ki men

station,

or

peiss

5i

liberation in full assembly


to

where

calculate,

estimate,

to

to

to devise

to

reckon, to count, to compute ;


stratagem, scheme, plot
kaV

i'm (Chan, reckoned or counted


wrong, not guessed right j'm

was not included in

kai' kdu'

dling, obsequious, undecided.

it, I said nothing about that;


^yau maty kai' kdu' what plan
or contrivance have you ? kai*
imau, to plan or contrive ; siiri'

Kai.

The cock ; the gallinae ^kai


ukung, a cock ^kai 'nd, a hen
}(kai hong^ a pullet ishdn (kai,
Ki a pheasant
(kam ^kai, the
golden pheasant
ckai 'Isai,
a chicken ^kai iming, or Jcai
ifai, cockcrowing
ingan (kai,
a boatswain's whistle ; ^kai
^ngdn, corns iCin Jcai, a frog
'shui Jcai,
'fo Jcai, a turkey
water hens,'
a term for pro1

plan, to consider,

^'"6 posted
ka' lo^ a
Tsdh S"^*"^*
guardhouse sun' kd' a posthouse ^kdi kd' a street guard,
a police-station kd' Id' mid-

(155)

Chinese wo-

coiffure of

iSho "kai, to arrange the

koki "kai, the hair


trt
dressed in two horns as children's is.
Also read kai'.
^J.^ A complete number, a de-

hair

^K^

end of

a tie-beam holding up the plate.

in

tie-beam connecting two


supporting the roof;

pillars, or

tsz'^

assist

110

kai'

an injurious

to count

pedients

cto

plot

kai' sho'

kai' fertile in ex-

nial official

kai'

trien-

examination

means of

kai' the

tdi^

livelihood

^kd

;
;

c*am

reckon mentally kai^

kai' to

to' ^iin, to forecast, to

ahead
chance

calculate

kai' pdn^ s'm ch^ut, no


to get a loan, you can't

in

stitutes

sodomy

boats

tau'

Jcai,

^kai

cocktight-

ing ikai k'al) kdm' ^Is'd, early


as the cockcrow.
A hair-pin, broad and bent,
laid on the back of the head,
put on when married ; the
coiffure : met. puberty
tkai
ckai ^lai, braidat} a hair-pin
ing up the hair when about to
/>iin
be married
k'api '.kai,
;

Ki

murrmgeable.

effect

Jean,

M^'
Ki

it

can not
a very mis.

kai' j'm lim'

reckon them

all,

cellaneous

of things.

lot

Connected threads a line


of succession in kindred
to
continue, to enter on the duties
or pursuits of others ; to adopt
succeetling to, successively, tu
follow after ; kai' ^md, a step,
j

mother

ashing

adopted son

kai'

"tsai,

an

kai' (s'dpi hereditary nobility


kai' wai} li.
;

mial succcb^jor.

K'AI.

K'AI.

120

Usunlly read

^bA^

pertain

sequence

to

in con-

KaV

of.

ichau, a district of

1^
Ki

An

enigma

apothegm

or

army
the

hism cc/ti kai^ to know these


enigmas, to understand one's
'/ii
wishes, to take a cue
don't

clear

stales
letter

sail

clear mountain stream,


a pellucid pool among the
a valley with a rivulet
hills
I
the headwaters of a
Ki in it
river a creek, a ditch, or water-course met. what is hand-

tiki

postscript

in

^chau,

to

truth,

way

point

to

fv?

'^k'ai,

inclosure

or

set

to undeceive,

^n

in

a
a

open [the
'^Icai^
calmly a superscription on letters.
A passport or sign made of
carved wood an embroidered
streamer on a lance sent by
way of credence with messengers, or borne in state.

letter

envelope]

tin' ik'ai,

foot or bridle-path, a nar-

row

penetrate

pathway

to

through byways, to go where


no road is. Often read Jiai,

To examine
berate, to

into,

compare

to detain,

embarrass

to

prostrate, to
(k'ai

^k'ai

out the right

into

phrase

^k'ai '^hau, to speak,

to propagate

K'i

'^k'ai

'A'ai imunff, to teach the

to teach;

let,

K'f

summer king*
he who respectfull}'

opening

ignorant

K'ai.

called 'k'ai

is

as spring or

puff

^k'ai '^chi,

ed down, as doctrine
to fish in streams.

star

fuki a horse having a


white right forefoot to begin,

yourself.

(156)

sky after a rain

"k^ai

kai^

morning

tming, harbinger of brightness

'^kong

*mat

tell

make

Budhist books to rest, to


cease ; 'kong Fat:, kai^ to explain the apothegms of Budin

make

known (by revelation) ; to inform, to state to instruct ; to


kneel to divide, to separate, to
distinguish; to publish a book;
the van or left wing of an

Shun-

t'ien fu in Cliihli.

/nS^

To open, to explain, to
clear; to signify to, to
superior; to reveal, to

'S

A thistle, species of Cnicus

'

f|f
7

ha.i\ to tic

to follow

to,

to

to stop,

reach

to

iShun ^scuno ,k'ai, mutual


bickerings ; ik'ai icfid, to ex-

fan

amine

into or search out.

Name
Poh chau

of
in

Ng^nhwui

or escort.
the sides or ribs.

^'
"^^

Read

hing^^

covenant, bond, deed,


agreement, whatever is
drawn up between contracting
parties qnipos were anciently
to compare or produce
used
the parts of a check, to join
mournful, distressed adopted,
devoted to a god or (>crsou
lease,

mountain in
the department

of Yingchau in
surname.

camp

to

knock head

to

K'i

to

bow to the ground

,shati,

A lasting kind of silk; cover


a scolloped
of a lance-head
bannerol borne by aides-de-

deli-

to inquire

;;

KM.

KAI.

usod in scorching torfor


divination ;
frightened k'av' yenh a written agreement ^sliii k'ai' documents k'aP fii^one honored or
served somewhat as a godfather
k'aV Hsai, a child so
adopted k'ai' iai* a sodomite,
k'at'^hv}
a term of abuse
to ask the protection of [the
iyung shW or banian] tree
Icai' inhan, to devote one's self
to a god Ho k'aP two persons
whose children have inter-

spit

toise-sliolls

m
Kiai

The melody of birds harmony heard at a distance


;

the soughing of the wind


Jmi, birds singing.

(Kui

Ki.1i

to

them

murmuring of

ikdi,

streams

flowing
together;
cold; incessant rain.
Steps, especially the stone
ones at the door
the ascent
to a hall, a flight of stairs
a
grade, a degree, a rank gradation a source or cause of some
;

emulate ; (kdi
k'api a step, a grade in office;
iCin ikdi, the large stone steps

evil; to rise, to

old

compellation used
by near friends. K'oP Mrt, the
nation which ruled Northern
China from a. d. 1118 to 1235,
under the name of the Golden
dynasty.
!

^kdi

fellow

changed homage

121

at

doorways

fyait

ckam

ckdi,

enter the golden steps i.e.


the palace, is the privilege of
the three highest Hanlin graduates /oi ^kdi, your house
to

'

(Kdi (Chau, a prefecture in


Kansuii.

Kai.

(157)

Kiai

All alike, thing'^ of the same


sort, uniformly; all, altogether;

Beautiful, fine, nice, good


of its kind excellence, goodness
sham^ (kdi, exceeding
good (kdi ^yan, a pretty wo;

used after a recital of items


or nouns of multitude, as the
c/ci cc/,
sign of the plural
;

everybody knows it ckdi pal-,


Icapi none eq laled him, un;

eqiialed

Hb shii?

and young,
tsok, ikdi lin,
is

as

it

y^ung^

should be
all

Jc'ii fnoi^

old

are here ^iho


whatever he does

all

^kd

<.kdi

yah

are alike.

man

(kdi

'lid

manship

paf->

good pen-

kin' (kdi,

j'i

see

nothing remarkable in it, caro


nothing for it (kdi (yam, good
news, usually means by letter.
A street in a town, a thoroughfare market where people
Kiai
pass; Ksh^ung (kdi, to go ashore
(fd (kdi Hau hong^ street of
courtesans cKut^ (kdi, gone
abroad, gone out ynU /iu (kdi
hong' a single street; (kdi
(fong, a neighborhood, the
household's of three or four
streets, a ward
(kdi chdpi a
street gate (kdi sh^ung^ in the
street or market; ,ki\i Jai 'koug,
;

Used for the preceding to


accompany, to take along
;

Kiii

Kia

with one, as a parent takes his


child; all at once, together,
coalescing; persons unitini^

in one
gorous

son,'

efibrt

ckoi

^kdi jwam,

'

a phrase used

and votive

<.kdi,

witii

on cards

tablets.

TOK. DiCT.

vi-

my

street

nmvs

(Cli'd

trol the streets.

16

(kit,

to pa-

;
;

123

KAI.

To
Kiai

;;

split

KAI.

a horn in two

jin graduates kdi'fdn^ to deliver up a criminal kaV^hbing


ngttki to piiy in the fixed duty

to

open, to take off or apart


to
cut up, to sever at the joints
;

tered
to
to

to explain, to

a meaning, an explanation
to do away
to stop, to cease
;

with the effects of; a trace, a


footstep

'kdi (hui, to unloose

mean,

narrate,

make clear, to understand


comment a commentary,

(as a knot), to illustrate


^kdi, an explanation or

chvi'

com-

mentary ^ni ho' tsz'^ Him 'kdi,


what is the meaning of this
;

hdi', to

hdi-

to

t'

motions, as to the dumb


to talk by signs; to guess.
This last is a local phrase.
1^' A hall or suite of rooms in
^pj a prefect's office, called Jcung
A-diS where subordinate officers
stay a sort of hospice.
To assist, to attend upon
/Vk^
j^j^- an attendant, a domestic, a
;

valet,

sitors

'i-di, I

one who announces vinumeral of persons, as

understand it
explanation is wrong 'Mi lat,
untie it ^md ''kdi kau' no way
'kdi
of rescue, no salvation

yaU kdi'

muu^
row;

border of a country, frontiers;


conterminous, separated, to
border on ; armor for the body,
mail, a cuirass
carapace of

right

to dispel or alleviate sor-

'shau,

"-kdi

to

urinate;

'kdi iWai, to raise a seige, to


extricate from difficulties; 'kdi
iCh'ti ihung shat, to exorcise or

expel evil

spirits

trees

tribes
affair.

free (as a grasp), to

to retire
to

from

remove

office

ill-will

colloquial

^kdi han^

'^di

cheerful ballad.

word

,.sain,

to

hand, to bring for use


'ytdi 'pd ^td Hsai iUii ^ngo, bring
me a penknife '/i 's/iOM ^kdi
;

ing

what are you carry,


^kdi ich'd Mit bring tea.

^i/^

To

transmit, to forward to,

hand over to to exclude to


Ki^i
transfer an officer to another
to

post

kdi'

iiiii,

firal

uf th ku-

on

or represent
;

Jun

scaly and shelly

yati kdi' tchi sz'^

a small

serves, a waiting.

boy
great, good kwai' kdi'
your servant-boy ;/a7m kdi' my
;

valet.

In these senses, used

for the preceding.

pass

the

maU

One who

//ftv'

jrvl.

(at table), to take, to carry in

act,

kdi' lui^ the

remove (as
'kdi yam^
sin from the soul)

t'iif,

to

to let go, to

'kdi

a single animal,
small, trifling

tsiU kdi' well principled

thirst;

great, good, up-

beg pardon 'kdi its'in, pay


your fare 'kdi hoU to quench

firm

tortoises, crabs, <Sic.; icicles

'^di tsui^

one alone

a poor sol-

mo'- ifii, I,

dier; because

ilidi

to intend

make

don't
'kdi ts'o' the

character? s'm'/jiu

Read

to tiie emperor.

to dissipate, to disperse, scat-

Walking awry ^kdm kdi'


Ijifek'
3^. walking in an irregular man.
;

ner, not progressing.

rA' A kind

of gem tablet, 12

ts'iin'

long, held in both hands,


Kiai
n
fu
in the Presence.

when

JC'.y.

ffil*

j?.V*

to

division between fields,


mark separate ownership
;

boundary, border, fronterminus to draw a line

limit,

tier,

KAI.
from

of sopnration, to limit to sunshaV kaV the


der friends
world ; j'ct V/d shni' kdi^ a vicious age kdV sheki a boun;

cArdu kdi^ the bor-

strict

kdi^

weight
ustid

kdi' hdn^ a

time or place,

limit in

(fong,

cured of the habit fiili


kdi' rules for a regimen, warnings, injunctions; kdV it'iu, a
rule
hUri' kdi' a friendly admonition
kdi' 'tsau, to abstain from wine sha-pi kdi' the

re-

tirely

paper

/o, an iron wheel


by glass-

kdv"

to

lathes

in

4^'

scratch, a

matter

kdi' icKonff,

an itch

pustule, a pimple.

The

"U^'

mustard

Ten Commandments.

To enjoin, to urge upon


attention

.'^.

^.^ warnings,

kdV

bering, ' like fish-bones in one's


throat ;' Hs'd kdV a sliver or

fearful,

chary

one's
of.

orders, injunctions

by citing the penal-

ty, to exhort to desist, to pro.

Is'oP coarse

Rule of conduct, precepts,

aJs'

to deter

plant

kind of musfor greens


tard, cultivated
its'im kaV unimportant, small
kdP initti ground mustard kdV
taV trifling, not worth reniem.

Jy. Jdn

sore, a

little

grinders; c?Adrt kdV the confines of a grave; Adt' c/ti' limit,


edge of a lot.
J?', scabbiness ; kdV Idi' ^chi tsati
a trifling sore, an unimportant

of one's

kdi'

tsU:,

der, a boundiiry

flesh, fo be careful

most carefully
guard against
kdV '^chi, a
finger-ring
kdi' dn (fong, a
prescription for curing opiumsmokers kdi' H'iin ^yan. endiet

dary -stone

123

K'Al.

hi bit

warn or

'king kdi' to

persuade against
name of a
Sword kd' kdi' to give good
counsel kam' kdi' to forbid.
To reach to, to arrive at or
'^,>tend towards, in time or
a limit, terminus, set
/jij J place
Kiai time the summit, the extreme
point; unfortunately, unlucki;

^M

a piece of
a contemptible person.

grass,

splinter,

fJs?

^}

red spotted, scaly

fo ind

damp

in

lizard,

ly

places, called

kdp^ kdV used as an aphrodisiac medicine.


;

^'
V-

The

sole

ah

fish,

plaice,

commonly

flounder,
iSha jw,

Jsang

^pi $,

is

and

now

the

come

at the time,

kdi' hd' chi'

tsV.

midsummer term

it
;

4^'

gelded ox

strong, vigor-

^P- ous animals, such as are cas-

'pj iniiki sU.

trated being so.

A Iwundary

a rcto warn, to caution ; to


^^,- gion
guard against
to inform or
announce to to beware o(", to
nr^'

kdi' Jci,

iin kdi' the horizon, limits of


things.

or

called

punctual

or limit

K'ai.

(158)

refrain from, to observe a re-

gimen

lo

cure of the u?e of;


precepts^ inhibi-

injimctions,

J^

straight,

durable,

and

tA^- graceful tree, which grows on


Confucius' grave
a pattern,
example,, model, rule a square
;

tions

Jbii'

'^hatt,

to

al>stain

form. of characters, called 7.'d

KAK.

124
{S/*w,

KAK.

or pattern writing; Jiin

kdn^ kdki to draw lines;


kdk, a copyslip kdk)
mall to inquire into the nature
of things,
to philosophize ;
'pan kdki temperament ; kdk^
kuki carriage, presence, bearing ; kdk:t shik:> a muster or
copy iskan ichi kdh <.sz^ divino
tion

elegant writing Jc^ung


'k'di, fixed in one's principles,
straightforward.
^k'di,

Kak.

(159)

^
'

Keh

Tiie hides of animals, after


is taken olf radical of
hides and things made of them
the human skin ; to change
to put off, to renew, to molt
the hair

influences or inspiration.
The skeleton of a man or
J^ff
^'M"' beast
the bones sticking out,
lean ; H'ai ^k'ii kwat, kdk) look
;

to degrade one from office


musical instruments of skin
a
defensive armor leathern
wing during molting; kdk)
yiki to dismiss a man from a
yamun ; kilk, chiki or kdk^
Hena, to turn out of office
kdh ^fung, to mulct an of-

even

To

P^

membrane

^'V'

breast, the

woof

in

To strike,

to attack, to

kdh Idk) '^tai,

\m

iS-. to
^^'
'^

'

'

bottom, to

sift
;

traordinary

put apart
kdh
yaU it'id. '^sliui, a stream intervenes kah <.chd, strain off the
<.sdm
grounds
kdh kd^ a
stand with three shelves ; kdh
ye} (food) left over night ; kdh
pUi separated (as friends);
separate, to

or understand
excellent,

a shelf; to obstruct,

reach, arrive at
to examine to the

thorougiily

next to,
neighboring kdh Ji chu^ he
lives next door
kdk-. (.hoi, to

to, to
;

a bulkhead,
something which stops the

spreading of branches

the end

the arm-pit.

partition,

separated, sundered

fence, to box.

The

Keli to intercept, to separate off, to


interpose, to hinder; to strain ;

^'to come

irgj passage

fight witt) beasts; to fend


otTor stop a thing; Hori^ knk,
kdk^ tau'
to break a blow
kdk^ ik'dn /aw, to
fighting
;

4^

a bell frame;
kdk) shiki food disagreeing
with one, and vomiting it

jJH^,

box

the

mind kdk.mokithe

and stomach

seam.

to

bodies;

in

midrifT, separating the thorax

of his salary.
weave, or put the threads

'of the

Kei

bones, narrowly

to his

examine his character.


The diaphragm any thin

ficer

yati' tsz'^

ex-

influence, to

to

to attack to
affect, to cause
change, to correct to grow
old a line, a rule a mark by
;

kdh

which one writes

obstinate

day

is

beyond the usage

or stipulu-

if in

kdk) yati

a statute
a limit, a pattern
a frame or stand to raise up ;
years which have the
all
" branch " iyan in their cyclic
name; Aa/r^ .'i^oi^ extraordinary,
;

Itik)
J.oi.,

j'/n

an

old friend

come every

kdh

ils'ang

not strained clear

ip'un,

lUgdu

filterer

\i/^ung,

tseng^

it

kdh cchd

kdk)
to

ot''er

'

its'enii<r

scratch

[one's self] through a wall,' inil

eficctuu!, useless indignation.

;;

RAM.

RAM.
7T^

warn or forbid, to hinder or


stop the completion of; to regulate, to restrain ; forbidden,
to

Metal, one of the five ele-

^^

ments radical of metals and


\?^
^ifi
11,1
II
metallic things;
:

gold,

cellence, the metal

imperial ; to keep off'; a kind of


; kam\she'ng, his majesty's
palace ; kam^ kaP prohibitory

par ex-

tray

musical instruments of percussion firm,


strong, solid, hard yellow, gol;

den a coin, a piece of money


;

Hin dynasty,

thfe

ty of gold

goods
bear

tinsel

ornaments

like flowers,

^k'am
to take

^tv'

come.
Unable

Km

J^^

Read

a cat-

precious, true imiwong J(am, gold pdA-j


ikam, silver Jcam shik:, yellow
(kam ikwo arms <.ch'i Jtam, to
gild (kam ipi gold plates, used
as bullion (kam poki gold leaf
Jcam kwati a species of small
orange tsuk:, jcam, pure gold
<fi ikam, bits of gold leaf stuck
on cakes; ckam <ising, Venus;
iKam (fdy name of a goddess,
corresponds to Juno Liicina
perial

kam' fo' contraband


kam' tsuti a turnkey.

rules;

during

To prohibit, to guard against,

:*^'

Kam.

(160)

125

to

endure,

to

to

by force,to overspeak from lockto shut

^^ other disease

the mouth, silent

to

refrain

from speaking kam' ^hau


dysentery and loss of appetite.
4^^ To press down, to hold fast,
j^ to lay the hand on karn^ '*Aui
jf/i'e, to work a fire-engine ;
kam} li^ iyau '^shui, to swim
and keep hold of the ground,
i. e. having something to depend on ^ts'o iWi kam^ '-pin, roll
it round or press it flat, met.
;

used as oflferings
Jcam noki
a sure promise c/tap, Jcam, to
take up and re-inter the ashes
of the dead.
;

an easy

/S^
'J*

Now, at this time, presently


jM ikam, now Jcam yah to-day
chV ikam, till now ^kam ^mdn,
;

evening Jcam (Chiv, this


^kam shaP this age,
this world or life ikam hau^
this

morning

henceforth.

kind of variegated silk


^^^^
'" ornamental work
emKin
broidered, worked, or knit in

'>fe^

colors; elegant, figurative fine

writing; flowery, pictured; (i


^kam, the gentry, official persons ^kam fpKav, figured pongee ; shapi ''kam 'un tipi colored
;

chinaware
ail

'kam saW

elegant style.

iinan,

disposition.

K'am.

(161)

/^

coverlet or large quilt

shroud d ik^am, clothes and


shroud tor the dead.
Strings or tapes to fasten a
-M^"}
''1 ^lapel; the lapel or fold of a
^i<*^
K'ln

,.

,1

7^1 coat ; to fasten by strings; a


K'iu collar tai^ (k'am, a large lapel
tui' min^ ^k'am, a coat opening
;

down in front ; its'ing ^k'am,


siwi/dz graduates: ik'am Jiing
tai^ term for husbands of two
sisters ; Jiung Jcam fut-, easy,
forgiving
/aw chu\}
(^'a/n
things hanging on the lapel,
;

as charms and fobs; Jc


the bosom of a dress.

am jcdii,

:
;

i^

KAM.

K'AM.

126

to

Firm, durable, lasting


enduring,
endure

able

well

K'in

placed or settled
'j'o/?^ chii^
</t'aw tdktHd, tied up helpless,
in a " fix," unable to resent a

ionglegs; a species of Phalangium.


To cover over with an\'thing to pull over one '^k'am
over
^p'i, to draw the quilt
one '^k'am chv} ^k'ii, cover it
over (as a dish)
'A'am 'shait,
one who lives by his wife's

wrong

,h'o,ni

'shaU

lasting,

very durable
Jcam lak-> nau}
patient, good-tempered ik'am
;

(k'am
rk'am

Jcing, unalloyed, pure in heart.

Chinese

lute,

prostitution.

nscfimg ik'am, an or^an,


a piano
'*iu
miimg iicam, a music-box;
/at Jcam, a theorbo or round

K'in

wife's

inhing

guitar 'ku tjcam, or /an Jc'am,


to play the lute ; ik'am lyam

side, is called ^k'ant

'k'am 'md, a maternal uncle's


wife tdi' ^k'am, bride-women
who wait on the bride for three
days.

sfe'am,

seraphine, or

on

Sister-in-law

having seven

strings; to restrain one's self;


K'in
foreign instruments are called

itn chii^ testy, irritable


good taste ;
'^'m, in

A kind of .spider; Ji'am Jd,


the shepherd spider or father-

Kam.

(16:2)

Idn^ disconcerted, an unexpected obstacle ; iVam /ong,

excellency's

5'our

hall,

Cords
Kien

to

for

binding hampers

close or bind up, to seal,

to fill up crevices closely


ikdm ifungf to seal (a letter),
ikdm
to fasten up (a box)
;

phrase applied to officers 'dm


ffung ik'am, to play an organ.
yiati, to be silent, to stop the
salt marsh plant, perhaps
month of or entrance. Read
cattle are
a kind of Salsola
kdm\ the bindings of a coffin.
K'in
fond of the seeHs {teons! ik'am,
To look down upon or into,
a yellow root nkin to liquorice^ 'ML as a god or emperor does to
Flying and feathered crea- Kien visit subjects
to look at, to
tures, the class Aves ; pregnant
inspect;

K'in

animals ^k'am shan^ birds and


;

beasts

cfed

ik'am, the cock.

To seize as a hawk does, to


to
grasp, to clutch for prey
K'in
take alive, to capture (as a
;

prisoner) Jcam c.hth to seize


(Xhang Jcam to take alive
tchono ^k'arn tchong shuh to
phy at boo-peep.
;

Kin

require, to control by

superintend, to take

to

ing,

charge of; an inspector, overto imseer ; a jail, a prison


;

prison

a halo

jZd,

a pri-

Iso^

^ni M^ to compel you to do


tHm Jam, to superintend

behold, to

bv birds.

,kdm

Mnn

ckdm, in prison ; (kdm


kitrn^ or ishau tkdm, to take to
ckdm ^iigo IdP {nan,
prison
forced to do, can't help \t;,kdm
.son

kind of Prunus ^lamj:'am


a large species of btdiace the
fruit is red and much eaten
;

an

(kdm cKdU to
survey, as gods do
an overseer the

examination
Ink,

it

'

KAM.

KAX.

hoppo is so called Jidm Han,


an old prisoner, a gaIlow!?.|ird
a term of abuse ^tsau ikam
fdn^ an esca|>ed prisoner; (Aawi
;

to reflect

obliged

ill'

Read kam\

take

to

examine

to

'

into

and kiijin
an eunuch
lyam
(t'in kdni' an astronomer royal,
ir^
Embarrassed ^kdm kdV at
walking
'^'^ what to do
kien
awry.
siuts'di

I'ul-

for

man

its'in ikii, to

kdni'

kdm'

it'ai

out of revenge ; kdm^


heed previous examples.

proceedings; kdni' ishang, or


kdm' a purchased degree

between

examine

you. Sir, to
see
a phrase used in letters
kdm\shang tsovg' to implicate
ly;

tsoi^

fni'

shing^ kdni'

perspicacious, to

it.

another's

carefully, to revise

light

Majesty's revision, ttio


sacred glance ;' iming kdm^

his

chil*

127

K an.

(163)

'"^

\i\)

4fl

y*^

Roots of plants the origin,


beginning, rootj bottom, found;

ation

casket, box, or case, for

fundamental

of trees

holding things
tkdm ^choiig,
Klel^
A dressing-case
kal, Jidm^ a
letter with good news,
To diminish, to subtractyto
'^fJJt]
J^^\i?ikG away part ; to keep back,
to
^J(iJ to contract, to abbreviate
Kien lighten, to retrench 'kdm kd^
to cheapen, to lower the price j
^yan lak^ 'kdm, the price can
be lessened '^kdm paU '*^, to
write an abbreviated form, t
write short-hand ^tsHng 'kdm,

^md ikan

classifier

'pufl,

singu-

peculiar

lar,

baseless, with*

out foundation ^kan 'lai, cause


bottom
^kwai Jean, ta
revert to a fofuier state, to return to a first condition ; icUu
Jean to eradicate, to destroy
utterly ^kan muti first and last,
;

of, the

the whole ; ikan iyau, mede of


originating, circu distances of
its beginning, the rise of; t,kan

overworked

'kdm 'shdng, laconic,

come down

'kdm,

terms

[in price]

'Ardm

^shdng

less will do, there is

loki liki

in

your

tak-,

kwo'

no need

of so much.
k tub in which the moon
J^'"]
^^y > shines; a mirror, a speculum;
which
J ^^ example, that by
Kieii one may take warning, term
given to historical works a
precept, ot admonition ; to examine for purposes of approval,
to audit or revise i to survev

^m

-a

growth,
mothers.

plain,

divested of useless additions


iinung 'kdm, thank you for the

abatement

have

iyiuvgi n)ay he
vigorous,
healthy

'^chiaiig

(ki

poorly, tired ou,

OH
'^^

The
heel

ed

petition

heel

k^uk-,

ichdng

one's heels

Jtan, the

commonly

more

k^tiki

used by

follow up, to

to

call-

to follow at

pursue an inquiry according


to Jean ^pdui a lacquey, personal attendants i^kan kau' to
search into; Jtan ^yan tsd- do
it as he does
^kan wdi^ 'pan^
to injure by bad examples;
Jean its'am, hunt it um look for
;

ikan its'ui ^ngn, follow me ;


^yau ^yan Jean ^mi Joi, there
i:i bouicbody coining behind.

it

KAN.

128

.tft

Kin

KAN.

A kerchief or cloth bonnet,


anciently worn
a napkin,
a neckcloth, a handkerchief;
radical of things made of
cloth
'shall ckaiu a towel or
napkin ch'ati' Jean, a girdle,

Kin

missed (an injury), scarcely,

almost, a

napkin

hon^ ^kan, a handker-

her it '^kan Js^ung sz'^ pdn^ the


business is nearly arranged.
Exactly, nothing wanting,
nothing over ; hardly, just
;

can make

young noblemen

ed

it

will

ich' ^ung

Jean
a scarf; tdpi -pok-, ^kan, a cloth
to protect the shoulders
pok:,
;

shawl

'kan

'^kan

kau*

"-kan

Vtd,

'^kan tsd' taki

do, a

it

to'

little

scrimp,

just arrived

'/can

tsuh yati k'ap, just able to


meet expenses 'kan 'ho, noth;

Jiin Jean, a

enough

do; 'Aan

chief; j ikan, the literati


(knng Hsz' than, a cap worn by

short

little

just

'shai,

ing to spare.

ifau ikan, a

turban, a kerchief.

Tenacious clay, mud yellow loam; adhesive; to smear,


to lute
time in these senses,
the next is generally employ;

To

<Jf
Kin

chop, cut down an ax,


a hatchet a test or machine
for weighing ; a catty of 16
;

Kin

av.; 'ki

taels, or l^lb.

<,to

ed.

Jtan

turn a somerset

Jean 'tau, to
The
pecks.

common

in
thorized.

J.tvng
measure out by

To
Kin

second form is
though unau-

Kin

Diligent, careful, vigilant

to

up with
cover a corpse

to

inter

earth,

clay,

mud

over a drain.

A tree whose flowers blossom


and decay in a day perhaps a
;

Malvaceae
used
figuratively for himian glory,
transient happiness a handle.
To die of starvation by the
roadside, to cover a wayside
:

Kin

corpse.

dearth or Wasting of vecki 'kan, a want of


Kin
grain and vegetables.
A nuptial vase the bride
and groom pledge each other,
getables

solemn, reKin
spectful to venerate, to sedulously watch against, or consider, to heed; 'kan shan^ heedful of, circumspect, watchful
presents to
'Jica kii} to send
one ^kan ki" carefully remtni.
serious, attentive,
;

t'i

'A:an

species of

head

plaster or stop

with earth

liih ckan, stag's

also called

the violet, pansy.

clay, to lute

way

^nganjean j^A-'fri, right


before your eyes sp'i Jidi Jean
cobbler's ends min} ckan, rolled dough h/au ^kan ktrat:, can
be depended on,^ sagacious,
prudent hiit:, akan, veins.

plant,

argillaceous

use,,

in full health

sinews

ts'oi^

A sinew^ a tendon ; also a


nervOr for the Chinese do not
Kin
distinguish r sinewy, muscular,
strong ; 'ho Jean Tiki vigorous;

/av, or crow's

what is the weight 1 Jtan


Jcanio examine clearly;'/dcfro

^Uting,

Hail, to

Kin

after

exchanging them

they

are often made of half of a cocoa-nut, anciently were made

of half a gourd, or of metal;


hdpi 'kan, to exchange and
pledge the nuptial cup.

KAN.

KAX.
To

bind

a cord

prompt, on

'

the

'kan

strait,

swift water

careful guard

urgent

of,

'^shui

to, like

^^

familiar; {<*'an kan^

very watch-

near-sighted ;fu^ kan^ not far


off;
kan' yat^ or kan^ ithi,
these few days
Jsiung kan*

waiting

^kan,

intimate, near one


kan^ shi^
nearly so ; kan* thi* ^ngan,

met. a

indispensible,

jii'

^fang

con-

Near, proximate, both in


place and time
to touch, to
approach, to bring near, to
close upon, to urge ; according

Jtp*

diiigent,

rapid flow of water

'^kan, rapid,

ful

point of, in

pressing

liaste,

fined

compress

fcst, to

urgent, strict

129

for, in instant need of; ^kan


about to be
kap) be quick
'^han 'chi kdm*
kan* 'hoi, near
the sea ; kan* Joi, recently ;
do, only want just so much ;
kan* '/i, consonant to reason ;
shiiing^ 'kan tsi^ do it imId' kan* the way is short ; kan*
mediately ^kan ^kan 'ho, will
just do; '^shau '^kan, in need,
chii* 'A'u, get near to him.
hard up (Sheng 'kan, a husky*
K'an.
lioarse, voice
J.ai 'kan ch'iV 1(164)
almost here
yak, 'kan c/i'ii'
Celery or parsley
cress ;
they are now eating 'kon 'kan
'shui Jean ts'oi' waler-cresses ;
ydky eat as soon as you can
K'in
^hnn ik'an ts'oV celery ; '(s'oi
'^pong 'kan, tie it tight.
ik'an, to pluck the cress.* x, e.
A small dwelling, a lodge,
to become a aiuts'di ; ik'an in*
a hut, a cottage
few, in a
;

_;

'^

'

^jjj

degree (md ^an 'kan


nxTV^ you need have no anxiety
about mc 'kan chdki narrow,
cabined.
1^' To see or have an audience
with a superior or the emslight

a festal

Kin

e.

to

look to the north,

towards

His Majesty

the autumnal audience ; ich'iu


kan' to be introduced at Court.
ihp'

^^

'I'hecollar-ptrap of a harness;
firm, vigorous, strong

to hold

back, to restrain to ridicule, to


makt; odious avaricious, parsimonious, sparing of, to take.
;

Hard, firm

perverse,

K'iu

(iC5>

of characters denoting force.


is

much

a contraction for tngan,

u.sed as

j^lg^

silver,
ii'

To.N.

DiCT.

17

down, anxious regardinij one's


work or duties overlabored,
no rest.

ob-

jj'^ stinate a limit, to lKund ; the


third of the eight kwd'; nidical

This character

Diiigent in one's {>ost, laboindustrious; sedulous,


attentive to, kind to stir up, to
assist one in diligence
^Van
liki diligent, be industrious;
ik'an hoki to study hard ik'an
iWong, loyal, diligent in one's
office
ik'an <kd lapi ip^ to
try to exalt one's family Ji'an
kim* diligent and frugal.
Diligent ; cyan Jean, bowed
riou.<!,

^^

i.

to siuls'di

graduatrs.

peror

cup given

Kan.

A crevico, an interval, a
space between: between, in
the mid<t of, during, whilst
amongst, to aliou
to make
,

KAN.

130

room

KAN.

apart a clasof buildings, gardens,


rooms, &c.; yaf-, j/un ^kdn,
for, to set

sifter

within a year ^Cin

ti^ichi ^kdn,

in tiie world, on earth ; hd'


ikdn, the kitchen
ifong <kdn,
sdp^ ^shi Min,
in the room
;

a moment
tai^ ^ki (.kdn, which house is it ?
j)t'i cfcdn 'fiOT ytung- how does
the affair get on ? iyenvg ikdn,

just

now,

only

woman

^kdn ^fu, an adulter^kdn itsing, adultery.


A sort of rush, whose fibres,
^^'^'^ retting, are fit for makKien
ing cords, thatch, or mats
perhaps a kind of Phragmites.

^a

Hard, intractable

'""g
Kien^ydn

Wij

soil;

ed.

*^'

Inordinate, unregulated desire;

decorum,

violate

to

confuse propriety

cunning cabals,
corrupt,

plots

villainous,

intriguing, crafty,

principled,

adulterous ; ^kdn
;
chd" false, fraudulent, swindling ; ikdn ^shan., a traitorous
hori' Jcdn, a traitor, a
officer
traitorous

disaffected Chinese; (,kdn ts'dki

a villain you traitor ikdn'kdu,


^kdnHai
subtle, wily, slippery
iyan, a scamp, a rascal (kdn
Used
Hsai, a slippery fellow.
interchangeably with the next.
!

dSr

IT^
'^"

Illicit

incest

criminal
adultery,
rape,

intercourse,

connection
(for

the

word

'Ard/i,

lye, lixivium

soap.

^ coccoon ; the silky pupje


of other moths
ifs'dm 'ytdn,
the silkworm's coccoon
^kdn
icJiau, a sort of crape pongee ;
ich'ing Ji6ung 'kdn, a
kind
brought from Kidying chau.
Sometimes read 'A;i/i.
slip of bamboo used for'fiS
'"'^'"'y ^^'" flaking notes on
an
K^n
official writing
documents ;
to abridge, to condense, to
retrench
laconic,
terse in
'^|S

J?^

vicious

malicioue
un-

selfish,

clandestine

to

to disobey

plants in Shan-

'^'^'^ '/tMi,

dif-

ifL

soap fitting '^kdn,


scented soap 'tin 'Aran, coarse
barilla soap '^kdn ^ahd, a sediment of lye lap^ 'kdn, Castile

iku ikdn, an officer in


mourning for a mother akdn
isan, miserable, bitter, wretch-

to do

kind of barilla obtained

the origin
of; Jtdn iiidn, troubled, in unhappy circumstances, hard to
ficult, distressing

'AA"1

c^^^from marine

this life, in this world.

*^^

ess

itself

does not distinguish) to de.


ikdn <yam,
flower, to debauch
illicit connection of any kind
ik'^ang ikdn, a rape, to force a
;

style

to select, to distinguish,

to choose

from

to treat light-

negligent or rude to classifier of slips or sheets of paper, as ^tdn "^kdn, a single or


unfolded slip of paper also, a
ly,

single-fold

visiting-card

sin-

cere great, large 'Aran ch'dki


a letter, a dispatch 'Ard/i l^uk^
to abridge, to make a digest
of; a resume, a synopsis kdn
;

mdn}

to treat disrespectfully

also used as a polite phrase, "

think you will


itigd 'Adn,

deem me rude

an ivory

;"

tablet for

writing ; "^kdn kiiU a term


applied to offices, to show that
they are not very important.

;;

KANG.

KAN.
'"^

Often used

j?^ ing

the preced-

for

to select, to sort

duee or

abridji;e

to re.

stream

mountain

in

torrent

valley,

^shdn kda'

a streamlet.

a visiting,

,W'
ji'

181

card ; a classifier of slips of


Hai '^ktin, a marriage
paper
card ihting 'kdn, a comraon
;

Kang.

(166)

jts^iin 'Mn,
red visiting-card
5-fold visiting-card ; '^kdn

(The first two characters under this !lable are usually pronounced kditg, tne
second chiefly in its meaning of a watch.)

(.shii,

a letter

To

'Jdrt

^kdn

t'ipi

a card.

To

elect, to choose, to dis-

iij:]
'^tM fields

criminate
'kdnsiin^ to select
Kien
(persons for a duty or office)
'id/i chdki to choose from, to

,0t^J ing

specially

select

one of;

To

point out the right of a


to reprove, to remonstrate with, to testify against,
to plead with a superior
to
advise, to urge to reformation

new
l/^
Kan^

remonstrance
hwi" kdn* to
urge one to reform kdn^ ikun,
a censor to His Maj'-sty, a
historiographer
'fu kdn' un;

mencing

at 7 o'clock p.m., and


reaching to 5 o'clock a.m.; to
watch (kang ^koi, to alter, to
correct, to make proper; (kang
un^ to change for another
(kang (fu, a watchman (kang

a space between,

ternate

to

interrupt, to

sunder

to

al-

part

friends, to interfere, toslander;

vacant,
a spy far removed
unoccupied (as a road) to
bear with
kdn^ sink-, colors

box

kdn' kdk, to disjoin, to set apart ; Atd/j' ifong,


to divide off a room kdn^ pifi
'^hd
noi^
separated a lf)ng
time; ^sho kdn^ ^yan, h talebenrer kdn^ -.sho liky separate
them a little more kdn^ wdki
iUi Joi sTit, what if I do not
come ? fan kdn^ a spy.

watchman's lookout.

(kang

'kit,

the

bamboo

and drum of the watchman


loki (kang, to set the watch

alternating

Jav,

emenda-

reparation; a watch, of
which there are five, com-

palatable advice.

To make

substitution,'

;
'

tion,

^ to divide, to

picked clean,

t^'

plough-

to labor, to

J.

for

in any occupaikang (fu, or (,kang J^in


iyan, a ploughman, a farmer,
an agriculturist muk) Jcang, to
labor with the eyes for a liv.
ing, as a physiognomist shit-,
(kang, to teach for a living
hki ikang, to work hard at a
business
tkang 'Isai, hired
laborers on a farm Jioi ikang^
to begin ploughing.
rg'
To change, to alter, to re-

thing

cultivate

to

diligent

tion

s^'

a ploughing

Kang be

"-kdn

'kdn fo' to
iCh'd, to sort tea
garble goods '^kdn siting'' that
which is rejected 'Ad/i s/j,
finished picking; 'kdn tseng^

jP^

plough,
the period

'.

i^hau

(kang,

watch

to call
in tho
(kang lau^ t\ e striking
of tlie quarters by the watch
Id (kang, or (kang lin^ a head
;

watchman

Jion (kang, or

'/'a

keep

watch
Hd
(kang, to strike the hour; /'
kang, to relieve the watch
(kang,

to

^
A

kind of

'

Jitiing ikang ^mai

ing fixed, finished, unchangethe whole of anythng


*kang 'pu?i, it is already too
late, it can not be changed
'^kang hai^ '/:dm, the thing must
be so / '^kang '^kang, a ftifT
neck ishang ashing 'kang k6'
it was so born or made,
unimproveable, irremediable
iWati

a IKtle frn.

rice,

when cooked,

wrant

able

has very

it

called

viscidity.

litile

the

ten

change, to alter a
age, years; to
to bestow as a rerestore
ward; it'utig Jiang of the same
age ckaitg '/mrt, a card containiiig the record of the births
of two persona proposing to
;'

steins

to

"* wny, a path

''kang, selfwilled, obstinate.

many

what

To
.a

repeat a song, to encore

song Or music

to join to,

continue
ckdng ^ko, to repeat ti son{*.
A kind of pie, with yellow
plumage and black tail, call,
'ed ds'ong (kang ; perhaps a
species of thrush.
to

thick

soup or broth, a

make

savory porridge,

^"^anlmeat;
ladle

3^

sp'

,k'ing .Cottg, joups

'kang Hun paft

k'ap^

Fish-bones

'&r]

bones or an\'-

j2'^~lthing sticking in the throat;


stiff as a bone, decided, un.
^|]J
Kangyielding, blunt (applied to
officers)
'kang j'm kwo^ ''keng,
the bone won't go down, you
can't impose on me that way,
;

'"y^

limit
fill

Ratiff^"

the highest point

everywhere;

relics

of

antiquity.
O'he two next characMri art often pronounced tiMitf

Large ears reaching

'WiV

of flesh

on or small

well-rope

(Sham, deep water


can not be drawn up with a
short rope.
'ho

is

the
year 1 iCh'^ung ikang,
evening star also, old, aged
(fu Jtang kwai' to ask charity.

l^S

'Cjll

ikam jflin kwai'


your age this

^nl

(kang,

R6vent!l of

Tiie

'^^

KANG.

KANG.

139

to f.he

jaw-joint, thought to be indi" cative of nobility or long life


;

g*/,!^

iCh'd

constant,
firm,
ingenuous,
sincere
something sad im.
printed on the mind
restless,
unquiet,
melancholy ; ^ynu

ikang, a tea-.-poon js/ii ikaitg,\


or /f (kuTig, a spoon; tdi'
;

ikang,a. table-spoon

jM ^kang^

chowder; iWO

fish

well seasoned soup

Jiang, a
;

finm 'kang 'kang, disquieted,


full of regrets
'kang kdV
noble-minded, sincere, 'kang

met. har-

mony between

states.

spinous tree, like an elm,


to burn; thorny,
*"^to prick, as a thorn sickness
a reto ward ofT sickness

'iteS

^^

^^

ikwong, bright, to illumine.

good only

Used

'J^g

for the last; brightnea.^

jJl^^^offire:a

bright.

little

sutn6; to obstruct,
straight
tiole

strong

close;

a stem or pe-

whole
upright, highmind-

"-kang t'oi'on the

^kang rhiki
ed.

to

colloquial word,

mean-

Bff^

K^g'"'^"'^'

word
''f't'^'';

of

comparison,

again, further;

^kavg"hd, better; kang' sfn*


still more proper; kang' ,nau,
more angrv.

;;;

;;

KANG.

K'ANG.

one's necessikapi kai' of ready inven.


do it quick cUiuk-, kap^ anxious about, straitened ; tx'*
ties

-k^'

To

oppress, to extort from,


to hinder, to obstruct

vex

K'ane*^

take by force ;
he is very oppressive or arbitrary k'ang*
laki to levy black mail, to
extort money k'ang' '^shau, to
catch the hand when rubbing
something, or as a knot does
when planing a board ^mang
k'ang^
imperious,
willful;
or

tion

Ard'

an

kap-,

officer report-

wa} abusive

shut-,

ing the necessities of his position


s'm 'shai CdV k(ip-> don't
be in too much haste; kap-t
kap, quick, " chop-chop .'"
this
word in the Canton jargon, is
corrupted from this phrase
kap, ching^ a virulent disease;
kap, shdf} nonplussed, at his
wit's end.

^hd k'ang^

k'ang^ 'hau

to detain

^k'ii

133

kap, to relieve

K'ang.

(167)

KAP.

KAP.

language.

K'ap.

(170)

Kang.

(168)

a shady path,
across fields; wan^
Kin,
" kdng'' hii^
find a short cut to
go; tsiti kcing^ to rol) in a
retired path
kdng^ la* a short
['

by.path

j5 Mending

:}i

path, a side road.


colloquial word

thread, to

off

Ijh
^Hung K'ap, the name of
^^'the grandson of Confucius,
the author of the Chung Yung.
False, empty.

^^'mike an

reel

to

wind

to

breath
rough.

wade across the


(nim chiiki kdng' kwo'

^y
^^'

^sfiui kico' iho,


;

bring a

bamboo

to feel for

it.

to

suck

in, to

drink

k'ap, yat, 'hau hi' take a long

stir

the breath

in

inspiration, to inhale

to imi)ibe, to
;

about in water, and seek for


to stir up; to wade; k(h)g\
^kdn, to reel coccoons kdng^

stream

To draw

r\Tt

jAai A'op> k'apt very

A lofty hill, a blender peak


projecting out of the range of
other hills dangerous.
;

l-jt.

i^ to

To draw

water from a well

lead, to

draw out to drag


to draw up water
unremitting, hand

k'api'-shui,

(J

.^
dM'*'

k'ap-, k'ap,

Kap.

69;

Hasty,
pressing

irapaiient,

urgent,

iinxiou?', noliciloiis,

unquiet
to urgp, to
expedite
deprived of every
resource, at extremity, poor,
wretched
^ni mnki isam kap,
don't be in such a hurry
/i'
Icapi out of breath, breathing
fast
'kon knp^ tid^ be prompt,
kap. the matter in urgent tsai'
afflicted,

over hand

unceasing effort.
box or satchel to contain
one's books; JV k'ap, ils'ung
(Sz\ to take up one's books,
and follow a teacher.
Threads arranged in a regular
jKfA
^^' njanner an order, a series, a
Kill
gradation
a step in a stairway or ladder a degree or
grade of office, a grade of honorary mt rit classed, sorted

^
^>'

;
'

'.

lU

KAP.

K'AP.
ofdecapitated hofids
'pan k'api a step in astairway
'pa k'ap) a grade or rank
Hang k'ap, a sort or class of
persons cifting yaU k'ap, to
be advanced in rank; yat^
Vap:, k'apj^sh^nns^, to gradually rise in office cA; shap, k'ap,

here

ikam iii Jio, how is it getting on now ? hnd lapi k'api


inapt, no tact '//id paU k'api
jui' pal<exceedingly quick
k'api no place for repentance.
k'api

promoted ten step?,' refers to


honorary grades of merit as
recorded in (he books of the
Board of Rites.

W almost

(tseung k'api

classifier

Kap.

(171)

'

The pUimula or scaly cover..-TTMng of a growing seed, the


a
budding forth of a plant
sprout or bud; the first of the
stems ;' met. the first,
ten
number one, the head, excelfrom the comlent, the best
mon use of tlie ' stems ' as
to begin, to
ordinal numbers
;

To

give to, to supply with,


S;?!'to provide what is necessary
to reahoundmg, to suthce
ceive or suffer from one, to be
the recipient of; a sign of the
p:\ssive ; cknng k'ap^ to offer
'shiung k'ap^ to
to, to supply
'Aa k'ap:> a ready
confer on
wit, prompt, a retort; yali k'ap^
daily necessaries ^ngo k'ap^
(t'd m(9 I was scolded by him.
B9 Leaf of a door a kind of
^^MancG with tassels placed in
chariots; a chariot so guarded ; standing erect settled.
t^
As a verb to effect, to reach
/^4o ; to stretch or extend to-

Zj\

Kih

wards, to arrive

at,

go

to

to influence at a distance

to,
;

to

get the start of; to excel, to


surpass armor for the body, a
military
cuirass, a corselet
applied to the hard defensive
covering of animals, as the
carapace of turtles, the elytra
;

of beetles, the large scaly plates

on some

fishes, the finger nail,

&c.; graduates of the degree


of tsinsz'; the first on a tripos
paper is called Hing kdp:,; kdp-,
iiU the first and second of the
ten stems,' are used hypo,
thetically fi)r persons, like " J.

commmunicate
to

implicate

pleted

in

to

connect,

com-

effected,

which senses

it

is

often a s'gn of the past tense.


As a conjunction and, with,
:

also

at

to

about, concern-

used with a negotive, to denote what is irapracor unavailing;


/*c>^
ticable,
^yd
k'npi just done, effected
cts'ang 'kong k'api we have already SjKjken [of that] k'ap^
ishif seasonable, in good lime
ing

much

Doe and R. Roe

;"

jingling scales
girdle of actors
headman of a

hung

ch'dk>

^hiung
to

kdp->

the

kdp:, '^ch^ung,

tithing

kdp^

a bud, a sprout

luki

kdp^
kdp, the gravid uterus
^ping, cavalry.
A garment lined, without
\b^
^P,' wadding; doubled or lined; a
neck-covering kdp^ iShdin, a
kdp^ nap, a skirt
linnd dress
;

with a lining.

KAT.

KAP.

f\

a
knee-pad of leather
apron

Kat.

(172)

13o

^.'','sort of leathern sash or

db

lor soldiers.

j^ To
T/Varm

take or press under the


to carry secretiv
to
succor; assistants; to take up
with pincers, to nip up; to
squeeze to press between two
doubled, lined to take to one's
bosom kdp^ kwan' an instrument to torture the ancles
Idp^imdi, or Idp^ chv} to press
between kdp:, '-pan, two boards
supporting
pressing or
for
^shu kdp^
the sides of tilings
boards used to press books;
lap,
leap:, ^chi, to press paper
kdp, tui'
'ka, press it tight
{z' fo' to smuggle with one's
baggage, or with other goods;

advantageous, prosperous; happy, good, as indicating success or good luck;


the first day of the month
kaf, yah a lucky day
kaU
its'^ung, blessed with prosperity
kaii^ Joi ndpt kat, I liope
you have been well lately ;
ptik, kat, to cast for a lucky
day kat, iyan, a good man;
kat, iSiug '/ciing ckiu' may a
lucky star shine on you (or,
it does shine)
wan^ kat, to
play a trick on.
Strong, roliust, firm ; un/fc
j^^^ wearied exact, upright.

kdpi

ch'uti Jai, nip

^?

|,

up

kdp,

Krh

with better; hai? ddn ha? kdp,


is it single or double ?
To take up, with as chop.

Read

Read

Aip, chopsticks.

didh

divining sticks

press

upon

rassed in

kat,

<^ku,

business

em bar.
want

for

of funds.

-f^

well.sweep, called kati


a kind of water-wheel
/>j^Jor bucket, worked by a pul^ih ley
kat, 'kang, a common
medicine, used in coughs;
ichii islid kat, the mandarin
orange (Citrus vobilis) ; the
second character is the proper
one, but the first is mostly
used to denote this fruit kat}
loose skinned
"tsai, a small
4s'^
kwai' kat, the
orange

^' hkd

which grew in the emperor


Yu's courtyard.

iiS
The jaws, the sides of the
utterance,
j/^'face; the cheeks
;

the

kdp-,

to tattoo;
to stick

kal,'^iz' to stab todeath.


Occupied, laboring with the
|r^^ hands and mouth
to grasp a
plant with the bands and nails
to pull it up
to per[)lex, to

cheeks kdp, icKA^ the jawbone wa' kdp, slow of speech


'/li s'm ngap, kdp, you never
opened your mouth, you said
nothnig about it.

pains;

^soi

word

4d!

colloquial

of bamboo.
Pods of leguminous plants
^[^
,/>' lesumes, including the seeds
an Acacia a petiole sheath
kdp, its'in, a kind
in grasses
of coin in the -Han dynasty,
resembling the seeds of the
elm ; name of a lucky plant

articulation

*^

flay the face

knife or sharp instrument into


one, to stab
kat, tak, iyan
so that it
t'ung^ to prick

twi,

sticks.

To

rfa|

with, as poor fruit

mixed

tsdpi

it

Felicitous, lucky, fortunate;

j^j'gainful,

''

186

KAU.

K'AT.
nutmeg orange; Jcam

j's'in

orange

katj gold nutineg

kah

kind of comfit made


of oranges orlemons tiu\mun
kaU an orange hung on the

lintel for

gook kick

tiu^

ditch,

Kau

out; to

ikat

xM^ kat,

'hav,

"^fe-

close, to stop, to desist,

'I'o

R V to

a speech
to clear
off an account; to exhaust
ended, terminalto prohibit
ed, carried to the end dstug
are settled
kali [accounts]
kat) ikam, till now.
PR A colloquial word to turn
vJ^up the end, to perk up
to
make one end higher than the
other kali ikd, to curl up (as
kati ,/rd iCau, to
a dog's tail)
look at on tiptoe kali 'hi it'av,
to set tip in bed
kati kuti ti^
k^uk-) to Wiilk on one foot or
irregularly, to limp; kali Jd,
begone, avaunt kati ikai, the
end of a tiebeaui (kui kat}
toki the cackling of a hen.
finish

reject

blot or strike

to

maik off for punishment;

to

inveigh, to entice

ed,

hooked

crook^kau kiit} to mark


off for execution
ikau jcA'ti,
to mark out from a list item*
wanted ikau long' business,
affairs; underhand, illegal do.
ings ; (kau (Chi 'fan, to fondle
women, lustful dalliance; ^kau

slow of speech,

shit:,

To

stammer; kaU

to

water-course in a field, a
a canal
(kau ik'ii^ n
sewer, a gutter or drain ; /in
ikav, a drain in fields.

Knu

imun

'"yam (kon, a miserably


inane, shriveled up fellow.
hA*
'J'o stutter, slow of speech

Kau.

(174)

'^pcng, a

seduce to evil, to
^kau ishang i^ to fish
for custom. Often interchanged with the next.
A crooked iron, a hook, a
barb, a fluke a sickle, a crook,
Kau
ed sword, like a bill-hook a
clisp, a hasp crooked, hooked ; to hook, to drag along;
^t/aut

to

entice

to

make hooked

stop;

to detain, to

to influence, to induce,

to

tempt to do

evil

^kau

H'iin

mark

the

in writing to indicate

a paragraph
$6 ^kau^ a fishhook
(kau ch'uti Jai, \inok it
up chiung^ (kau, a curtainhook Jim (kau, a reapinghook (kau (Cuue, to draw to
;

K'at.

(173)

To cough
k^ah sau^ to
tt*
^^'couijh (kon k'aU a dry, irritatKen
^
i
"i
k aU ft om, to
ing cough
throw up phlegm Jid k'nt, an
hacking cough.
asthmatic,
Rend s^o/', the laugh or smile
of an infant; to belch.
To cough, in which sense
^^'it is synonymous with the
;

gulled

(kau

Read

k'oi\ to hic-

to belch, to call out in

alarm, the voice of terror.

the

in

'<d

(teng,

steelyards'

w^

cup

(knu

id'

(SU,

'caught on the hook's barb,*

preceding.

party

one's

nail

Ka

we

price
'^cK^

hook

are

is

now

ch'ing^

chiki

tiie

straight as

square.

Embroidery on shoes, the


fanciful devices on the front
of shoes; thread used for such

work.

;
;

KAU.

KAU.:

,1(1

to call together, to
to rest, to sojourn,

to live in quiet

^pdn ikau, the


the
,kan

(kau,

tshi

or turtle

member.

the virile

cptiH (Av/w,

Pendulous
branches
to
twine to lav across
ikau ilau, to go wandering
;

A
f

'*'^'''

j^

'A

^^

draw

to

^^ *^^^ ^*^* ^ ticket

draw a

ikau, to

(nim

ticket in bidTliis

things.

for

racter

<

a ballot

lot,

Kia ding
'J|

often read ^kwui.


to collect together;

is

Nine

'^'i^y' ^^^ highest, from


nine being a square number
7ca "-kau or 'Aaw ^kwai, ar^ ithmetic
"^kau 'kan /idp^ shd'
a multiplication-table, reaching to 81 '^kau ^ari, tiie nine
grades, or the ninth grade;
knu iChUtng, the emi)eror's
palace ; 'kau ^'ng ^chi ,h,un, the
'

'A:m ^iin, antique,


of old 'i <ir,ai 'ktiu 'kau, for a
long use, intended to be per.
nianent
7td
'kau, a good
while 5i/i 'kau, some years ;
^md'ki'kau, not long since, not
very long, erelong ^clCiung
icfi'euiiu, 'kau "-kau, for ever
korn^ 'kau, so long
A high tree, stiaped like a
willow, with long sweetish
Kau
seeds; probably a leguminosae
curved braJtches ; 'kau "ki 'tsz"
a fruit, allied t6 the medlar,
used in ophthalmin.
A dog; little, contemptible,
Kau as 'kau (Can, a mean theft
^kau 'tsai, a puppy, you puppy 'kau 'kii, a male dog a
name often given to babies,
as d^ 'kau ; a second boy is
;

"**^''

called

i^

'kau,

'

the second dog,*

I"

and the former


'kau

emperor

regions,

i.

%ch'iiig

,^

come

'^kau ^c/iau, the


e.

Ciiina

dau,
'kau

'^kau

'kau,

the preceding.
To.N.

Did.

;"
for

'kau

tdi'

Jwn inun
porters

'kau,

^shdn

watchers of graves, rustic

grass-cutters

^liiAcau, a

mad

dog; 'kau^id, an adulteress.


A bamboo trap or weel for
catching fish or shrimps they
Kuu
are cylindrical and open at the
end
Jid 'kau -Ceng, a boat,
smaller than a fast- boat, used
by fishers, and for passengers.
A face grimed with dirt and
very old,
furrowed with age
Kau
senile ahau- kau, very aged
itDoug 'kau, extreme age.
;

!|

ij

||

16

tdi^

also applied to waiters,

"John
nickname

'knu, most likely, nine-

tv-nine to a hundred.
A black gem, not of much
value, perhaps black jasper.
Used as the complex form of

is

like

nine

'^kaii

nine sorts of professions


j'iii, the highest heaven

1%

ihti,

clia-

Kiii

'kau 'kau^fdn

about.

I%J

affair

away long

'J'^* twist, to

'^1

man's sluff'j
brown pigeon,

^j

back here often, don't stay

IW

Km

long time, enduring, lastto make or continue long


ic/i^utig '^kau ichi sz'^ a long
ing

pigeon; (kan chenng^ an old

ikii, to live with or u])on one


ikau ikau (Sheng, the noise of
wrangling, coarse angry hootings the word ' coic-coic" used
in the Canton jargon for quarreling, is derived from tiiis;
'mat (.kau hii^ don't go, then

genus

piijcon, a tiirtk', the

Culuniba
Kiu
assemble

lor

138

siderate, irregular, heedless, in

To carry the head high


one who acts energetically
and wisely '^kih'^kau, martial,

any manner

brave, gallant.

Grass, herbs

Kau

KAU.

KXV:.
to the right or

incon-

carelessly

but, if so
;
improperly, rude,
remiss, anyhow '^kau 'ch'i Hiv
sz'^ to do a thing heedless;

'^clid,

ly

'kau hbpi

united,

illicitly

jT^r

if,

nevertheless, only
'^kau

'-+i|.

devious

left, illicitly,

To marry

L^^

kinswoman or
fondness, affecto unite ; sexual
tion, love
union; (fan kau^ a second marriage kau^ hdpi carnal union.
1.^'
A winding path among hills;

Jv*^ a wife's sister

a
;

lewdness;

fornication,

'kau

'kdm, if it be not done


so ; tsoki 2'^ pah 'kau, to do
business properly ; 'kau 'clCt
sz^ a lewd act, vile.
Dust grinjed in, dirt, filth,
scurf; impure, sordid, disgrace-

tfi hai^

Kau

ful

ipfian '^kuu, dirty, sordid

W^
Kau a

defile

4^'

'i'o

^*

to

scheme,

kaW paU

'kdi, to

bring misfortune on one.

To shame one, to rail at, to


unprincireproach, to taunt

JA'

blushing '^kau md^ to abuse, to


rail at. Also pronounced '//a.
Scallions or chives, a salad
]
> onion; a plant which grows
a long time from one root

'I'he truss of a roof; to roof


over with beams; to construct
to unite, to join together
to
copulate ; finished, completed
to burst forth or take (as fire)
'kdi kau' to sow enmity, to set
at variance
kau' dsing, pro.
creative action or operation.

^clC^ung
"kau ts'oV scallions
ich'eung 'kau 'kau, entrails and
scallionti, sent to a mother by
her parents on the birth of a

buy, to procure for sale ;


hire one ; kau' *:in'
;
Kau
to start a man on the track of
one kau' Vdi, to purchase.

pled

ashamed,

]>eng^

'/caM

jry*

m
Kau

form an
indissoluble connection with
one ; kau' uiC to contract a
kau' wo^ to
dislike for one

dirt.

Kau

drag, to pull

to plot, to stir up, to implicate

kiU

scrape off the

ktvdti Vcaa, to

between mountains,

To

to barter

child,

synibolic of their wish

for its long

A
Kill

to

life.

threefold

wind up

cord

combine

into, to

to inform

3"to twist,

to

to exabring to light

ful

head a sedition

'kau dial:, to examine


s'd, to join
;

complete ; kau'
pened to see.

kin' hap-

Used with the preceding ;


*S; to bolt upon, an unexpected
meeting with happened to

;^'

kau'

'

to

happen, a

chanct^,

affair.
;

hands

'kau.cliung^

join the multitude.

perverse; to raise, to elevate;


'^kau '^kau, loose, easy, cheer^kau hbfh '/i
with thieves

see one suddenly to ochappen accidentally

cur, to
to

to collect, to bring

together, to

mine

To

to

*ft'

*"

sort of

brace

made

vanibrace or vantof leather, used by

archers, called

pr kau\

!^^

/h

To rxamine into, to inform


one's self of, to seiirch out, to
push to the utmost to devise,

knit' is

finally, at last

not'

tsol^

'^^i^'g

P^i

fault, defect, error;

crime,

^J

horses

is

past.

stable

are

stall

housetl

where

km'

usually

kun\
,^ A bamlwx) frame for drying
j^ clothes upon over a fire a
chanffe-lit : kau' Jung, a drycalled

what

to pro.

judgments, providential calamities to blame,


kaW ^yau iyiu
to reprehend
Jiwai, the blame charged to
'koi kau' to
the proper one
reform maa^ ^yau kau' to ask
about one's luck
kV Upong
not to criminate
pat:, kill'

save from evil;

jF^ wickedness

for

stop, to cause to cease

assist, to rescue, to liberate,

prevent from going


wrong salvation, rescue a
tasse! ;^Uau' sik:, 'fo, to put out
a fire ; kau' nan- to save from
distress
kau' kd' to save the
emperor kau' meng^ to save
life
kau' shai' to deliver the
world (from misery)
kau'
shai"^clni, the Savior; kau' ti^
to deliver and protect from impending evil Va kau' to run
to the rescue
kau' ipan, to
relieve the |>oor
kau' tsai' to
succor and assist.
Old, worn out, not new or
^&-]
^>'>^ recent; formerly, anciently,
IP J before venerable, venerated;
Ki(j passed away, defunct ; kau^
5/(i, anciently, in otden time
kau^ -kau, an old customer

To cauterize with raoxa, or


the dried powdered leaves of
kau^ ich'ong,
the Artemisia
yung^ '^fo
to cauterize a sore
kail' the actual cautery.

Iffifc'

To

hibit, to

kau" conscious of innocence.

thoroughly

kaii' still sick

s'm

kau'

will do, we'll

k-iu' oky

to succor, to

'

hV

to protect, to defend

jt A chronic disease, long ailing;

>gV'

now

^jV to

J^

enough, that

stop

^it-'

one place.
;

siin'

disheartened

"^pun,

kau' ^k'U odd, unusual,


singular
tpd paly inang kau'
it is my
sincere wish ; kau'
'^kong -Jid, superlatively good.

ill-will
ik'utig hoki kau' a poor
but unsuccessful scholar.
M*' Poor and diseased and draw.
/\ ing to one's end to dwell long

^^ dolorous,

kav'kfT\'

not prime cost

kau'

bad

in

kan^.'-pvn, got first outlay

an

examination
'Mu kan^ or
investigate
fsham kau' to
thoroughly
kan^ 'king '-tin
yeung^ hew was it finally ?
kau^ kau' to dislike, mutual

there enough

enouyh, an abundance;

fully

scheme

to

139

TvAF.

KAII.

^yau,

an old friend

hi'

kau' bygone, ancient


nim'
to remember
kau'
former
things
kau' jwin, last year ;
kau' iit-i last month kau' iya?!,
an old servant ^yitig kau- tsd'

'/Tid

ing frame.

Afe'
Enough, sufficient for use ;
j,^* in excess, adequate, filled up;

completely,

thoroughly
tVn
kau yuiig' insutfictent kau' itn

do the same work as befor^


kau'

mer

\\

an

ika. (fung, relics of ftiM


prosperity kau' h'l' %chi^

old

and dear

friend.

/J^-

K'AU

KAT.

140

A colloquial word; n lofif,


yat^ kau"
a lump, piRce, clod
ynl, Icau' mitki
sheki a stone
it'au, a bit of wood, a dolt

gain

Jcau

contrive

<,mau, to

for; to suggest a

pl:in

^k'au

request the loan

ts^' to

of.

A en p. a fancy cap, an ornamented cap ik'au ji-'aw, a


grave and complaisant man.

<mai yat: kaii^ all doubled


or bent over, as from cold or
pain ; Ud (fang kuu' a hiffh

c/m/i

Long, curved

gale,

ij^'

^'^ a
it

K'lu

corpse laid in a coffin


with the bodv in
ch'tily knu' to carry out a

coffin
;

corpse

pany

siing^

k(tn^ to

Read

ik'ij,

to

horn

like a

to

help,

to

defend.

till a hamper or
put earth into a

to

basket.

accom-

K'iu

Tiie cupule or cup of an


acorn; a raft; the haft of u
chisel.

kau^ to keep a body unburied


vmu^ kau^ to remove a corpse
;

home.

free

basket,

kau' (Cb'^, a
hearse; kau' ka' a bier; /ing
a funeral

to

large

ball,

with,

enough

made of wool

to pl;iy

or leather

a bhidder-ball
a globe, a
sphere '/d ik'ati, to play ball
p'au
t'ek^ ik'au, to kick a ball
;

(175)

K'ati.

To
K'ti

up the

lift

with the hand

mix with,
terate

to

when

dress,

stairs;

g^oing up.

to
to

feel for

dilute, to

weaken

or adul-

ik'au imai, to mix, with

mix thoroughly
tui' ck'a.1/, mlxGd equally (k'aii
(k'aii
(Shd, mixed with sand
iwan,

fk'au

sau^ ik'aii, to throw (he emhroidered ball (and choose a


husband); ?./i' ik'au, a capknob nmde of cord.
A sonorous jade" stone, a
.It precious stone, usually made
K'iCi
round ; a sphere, a globe, a

Jcau^ a celestial
a terrestrial
globe, interciinnged with the

ball

mingled confusedly.

luii^

or catch at thp end


of a bow, to fasten, the bpwa ring.
string to
To search for to seek, to
aim at ; to beg, to ask, to sapiiotcli

K'i6

plicate, to

wish

out

to class

^fd ^fi

urgently
tears;

Jio

with or

(Oi ik'aitt

to

implore

ik'au,

to

with

demand,

from, to importune
Jcaii tsah tak, cchU he asked
nnd obtained; ik'i Jtan, to
pray fo/ JCau ^tsoi, to seek
to force

garments

furs

after

Mng

^k'au,

^ching ik'au,
taxes piid in peltry; j?/ ik'aa,
;

a fox- skin dress.

Crooked, like a rhinocfros

make

to intreat

ik'aii,

fine fur dresses

ly desirous of, to invite, to call

like

IV

they are made up

F'ur

K'la

ardent,

for;

Inst.

ct'in

globe

horn, a long horn; a


K'ia

bow made

of horn, usually of the buffalo.


Urgent, pressing; testy; pa')
king' patyik'aii, neither conrera''^.
tentious nor hasty
easy with, fe^tina lente.
la;

tt-rcharif^ed with.tlie next.

K'AU.

K'AU,

*^

To collecJ,

to gather togcth-

I'rT er to iiair. to mate to seek an


alliance; a union, a marriage;
;

pressing, urgent
ho' Jcau, to
seek an alliance
Ho' ^K'au
c/tun' the Fortunate Union,
name of a popular story.

A dragon with horns ; to


wriggle in going an agitated,
quick, movement ; Jc'ati lim,
a long, curly beard.

jjjl

^^

Same

lit
*jl'

as the preceding, in

meaning

to

riage

to join

surname.

two together

suti Ji'au,

To
K'iu

Also,

bribe

revenged.
to suborn,

corrupt,
;

to

seek

hand manner
swerve from the
;

in

to pervert

or

con-

Jtav tse^
by means of bribes
;

stiau' Ji'au, to receive bribes.

single headed ax or pick

saV

K'ia

wife's

^'c'aii,

ther

^k'av
brother;

(ti'ai

younger bro-

a father-in law

d' 'k'aUf

a b.'-other-in-law.
A mortar, either a hole or
to pound in a
L^. made of stone
mortar ; radical of mortars
slieki ^k'au, a stone mortar.

Vi

The

'Jvi

^^

tallow tree (Slillingia

sebifera), called iU ^k'ati muki


in Macao, this tree is known

as he ikting shij.- ; cii ^k'au <yait,


vegetable tallow.
'i'o
ask ; to prostrate, to
PP'
the ground,
j^.j^y knock head on
when saluting a superior or in
worship ; met. humbly, res-

to agitate or discuss
a subject to strike, to knock
upon, to tap ; to raise the hand
to the head
k'au' ^'au, the
kotow iSdm kwai^ '^kau k'au'
three
kncelmgs and nine
knockings the highest act of
worship k^au' man} to humbly

pectfully

K'ifi

spear with a three-sided


vapor ascending high.
;

head

called

brother.",

a sort of stone-chisel.

a beauti

right

sideration, a request
to seek for

to

an under-

tdi^ -k'au, wife's elder

to

gem

'

Maternal uncles, called 'k'au


ft? and '/nd ^k'au ; a wife's

^.

hate
resentment, enmity ; an enemy proud
in which senses it is usually pronounced
ccWan.
Ji'au 'ngou, to pair ;
a

K'lu

'-^

sounding

precious stone.

ful

couple,

to

pair,

1^
-,^,

match, to unite in mar-

to

141

jiti,.r;

K'iii

remote and sterile wild,


the lair
fiir from habitations;
or form of a wild beast ^Vau
a howling wilderness;
^yi,
ik'au cshau, burrows of a sort
of hog f'or hyrax?) whicii are
found arranged in a regular

inquire

K'au^

protuberance
cheek bones thick.

of

The

nose stopped up and


running from the effects of a
culd

colloquial word, heard in

u c-old in the hertd.

to

cry,

wail

to

or

scream, as children do.

Ih^

4'

To

K'.Q

Macao

jnnnner.

The

humbly

k'ati' "^pan, to

petition.

j^^" to rap

strike, to

knock upon,

a horse
to
deduct, to discount, to cut off;
to

hook

a buckle

to

ill,
;

lead

to link

on

a clasp,

to buckle, k'au' shd'

KAU.

145

KAU.

reduce an account K'au^


deduct advance money
or a loan k'nu^ it'au discount
pat) chit-, pat:, k'ati^ no deduc-

""

/ to

j^i, to

tion allowed, the fixed price

k'au^

Jcung

wages

cent, discount,
ble

sum

95

is

i.
;

5 per

k'au^

e.

the availa-

/c'om' 'noj<, to

^r./tii^ to deduct
^mun, to knock at
a door ; k'au' tdi' a girdle and
clasp, to buckle.
^t' To stretch a bow to the full
enough,
archers or bowmen

button

from

k'aii'

k'au^

3^
Kau

a%

ladrones

an enemy

undance, plenty

an ab-

tyrannical,

cruel; k'au^ ts'aki robbers,

band

k'au^ a

cri-

of outlaws;
minal judge

tsz'
;

7ioiA:'aM' pirates,

dacoits Hs'd k'au' marauders,


freebooters.
The reed or slaie of a loom,
^?f
-7^5 made of bamboo.
;

'

K'au

^^'

The

nutmeg,

called

tau^

k'au' (fa, mace;


the yiiki k'au^ is the l)est sort

k'aii'

tau^

Mhe nutmeg

tail'

k'au' ihbm ^pd,

fills

the mouth,* said of mar-

'

^?^

Kau.
To

blend, to unite, to join


to deliver or
;

together, jointly

hand over

to, to

ciful, cruel

;'

Id^ ^kdu, to fight,

dp ikdii, to wrangle
a row
ikdu 'i, an arm-chair ^m ^kdu
;

tak:,

'c/mn,

'fti

to

your

'^shau, to deliver to

(kdu,

Miu

otfice

ckdu
;
one's hand
;

constituent

trading

come

can't

standard
ip'un, to deliver [an
or shop] over to one

up

^san

new acquaintance ikdu


;

give to and receive


from ; ikdu 'pi '//, give it
to him; ^kdu its'ing, sexual

tsip^

to

intercourse: cifdu'cAi, Cochin-

chnng^ give it for


; J(du
the public use; i^am ckdit, a cordial friendship; ckdu 'cKi, to
dovetail; Jcdu c^gd 'Adm, biting

china

each other

(like

maddened

two

crickets),

iping 'shui iS^ung


(kdu, a slight acquaintance.

Hay, fodder pasturage a


^kdu ''sun, an
kind of cress
Kiau
vegetable
water
esculent
(Kdu-iCong ck' the township
in Pwanyii hien, in which
;

Whampoa

is

situated.

of thickets and
the Chinese desmorasses
Kiau
cription corresponds nearly to
the iguanadon; Jidu Jung, a
dragon, like a boa.
Waste or forest land near
waste
or beyond the frontiers
Ki^u

The dragon
;

riageable girls.
(176)

in which senses
is now
generally used.
fSt' To rob, to plunder and mnrj^ji^der; to do mischief; banditti,
*"
thieves, robbers, highwaymen,
full,

cut

to

ifigan,
''/^

'/cow

trade, barter, dealtransmit


contiguous countermiing
intercourse in socienous
^kdu
ty, a friend, friendship
yiki trade ikdu khtk) to cross
the legs
(kait (kwdn, unmer-

communicate

with; to pay to, to exchange;


joined to olher verbs to denote
their action, as iki'tu kV to

common,

beyond a cit)'
the imperial worship of heaven
and earth at the solstices to
worship heaven and earth
fifty /i

KAU.
the place where this sacrifice
held
ikau ngoi^ remote

was

where

wilds,

Beautiful, pretty, winsome,

kldu

sort of shark,

mendacious, deceitful

mermaid,
which weeps
pearls; ^md Jtdu Jong, mango-fish ( Polynemus ) common
Jcdu

shagreen.

kdk-,

mad-

dened, wild; cruel; '/com wd^i


cunning, knavish; '/edw J'd, a
wily fellow ; ^kdu kwan' a
fraudulent villain ; 'Ardw (Sing,
one who leads others into
wickedness, a blackleg
'/tdu

Macao

little

rn the north

at

inter-

black poodle, found


doublings (of a
;
fox); artful, crafty, specious,

whose skin

shagreen ^kdu iyan,

^'J'""i*'li6S

Sumetimes
changed with tiie next.
flattering.

Kiau

has

civilization

not reached.
&,*;

H3

KAU.

Read Jiiu,
cock's crow.
{]^
verbose, to talk big, extrava.
(td Jcdu ,iheng, brag\\\k\x gant
ging, boastful talk.

K^

nVJ

KT

Glue, glutinous or adhesive


to glue
j'^l'iss, viscid gums
glued, or sticking together
;

kai' a tricky plan.

The brightness of the moon ;


splendor of the sun effulgent,
Kiau
bright
an immaculate, pure
;

white

obstinate, stupid, pertinacious,

bigoted

to deceive

compacted,

bound
pledge sound

or

iUgau

Jtdu,

ip'i

s ^kdii, isinglass;

mirv' ikdu,

wheaten glue mixed

with lime

for

joinery

anything boiled

till

viscid

To

indistinct

together; ^kdu
icli eung ishd, cholera morbus
'Adw '^kan tik, bind it a little

thick

make,

make
iWai,

;^

^-^

who enabled

you to do it ?
(Kdu "^kdu, a
nurses

(or

made)

lullaby, used

when hushing a

by

child

This character is
merely used for these aouuds.

to

sleep.

ii'au

to

po' a turban,

and

'kdn ifd, to spin cotton ; ^sdm


'Mm ishing, a three-stranded

cause, to induce, to
to enable ,kdu 'ni 'Ad,
you well ; <,shuiikdu ^ni

'Mm aP

hang one
such
as the Fuhkien men wear
tighter

'Mm

cord.

tTo

to twist

itndi,

^kdu koti a row of


''vf'^
spears, the glancing of arms
to transfer (as a debt), lo hand
over in charge to.

J-.

wrap

to

Something
distant

about,

*3g

bind
;

ikdti lin'

it is

and

white

kili

around to twist to strangle j


Kiau
unceremonious a sash '^kdu
Idm^ to twist ropes man^ '^kdu,
to execute by stranghng Veda

Jting ^kdu, an ancient college ikdu yapi tsal-,


very intimate.

and

'/:d

spotless.

adhesive

intimate,

by friendship
of fishes
cow's glue

To
Kiau

up

stir

up or about,

to

mix

to beguile to evil, to disorder, to confuse, to trouble


;

to

annoy,

to incotimiode

to

commotion 'Mm liin'


make a disturbance; '/d
'M ^ni, I have incommoded
excite

lo

you

said by a visitf>r
hdu
Hu, to embroil a commimitv,
to stir

mix

it

up sedition
well

'Ma

\',du <,wan^
sfii^

kdu

Hi

kAu

KAU:

evil

warnilv
yaf,
constnntly doing

to dispute

ffi,

^kau ye^
;

''kdu,

Kv

Stocks for the feet, in which


4.;?^'
,^.^ prisoners are nijjhtly secured ;
a lockup ; a pen for wild
to

examine, to com-

things

a souterrain

/i^

kdu'

an underground store-room

rupt, to hinder.

pare

receptacle or bin in (he


for storing grain; a

ground
cellar

"-kdu 'chiin ck'u' to inter-

beasts;

1^^

or

collate

to

kdu'

its'oiig,

stored up.

An unauthorized character.
!j^'
^ A side passage, in which boats
can enter at high water; the
mouth of creeks ishiiti kwo'
kau' the boat has entered the
creek forms part of the name
of many places in Shunteh
hien Tdi.'- iiwng kdu', Macao
Passage fort, near Canton,
;

to judge crimirevise books


nals ; to join battle, to fight
;

or kdu^

citing^

kciH^

ting^

to

correct a book for publication

kdu' to compare.
A pair of stones of a plano^.
convex shape, called kdri' (piii,
used in worship, to divine the
answer now made of bamboo

'pi

W.

^L' To instruct, to teach,


^P^ show how to coinmand,

split

Area

shells

are

also used; in throwing, if both

plane surfaces come up,

it is

called <ya/n Arau'; if lioth

are

convex, .ydung kdu'; if one of


each (the most favorable),

ing; mi^Hs'ing kdu' what

shiug^ kau'.

To compare

*^^

your surname

measure

to

to

order ; precept, principle, rule;


doctrines, tenets ; a religious
sect, a school, or those who hold
to the same opinions; '^laag
^ngo kdu' ^iti, let me show you ;
'/id kdu' iinun, an able teacher;
Ud kdu' to be severe in teach-

roots

to

? /ctiu'

'^k'in,

is

to

teach school kdu' 'td '^pd shati


to teach boxing
kdu' skau'
a superintendent of education
in a fit ; kdu' u^ the same in
a hien ; ^'ng kdu' the fivev irtues; (Sdm kdu' Confucianists,
;

|7?> strength to try the accuracv


kaii'
of; generally speaking
Uiing^ to discuss, to arg le
;

upon

kdti^chung^ to compare

weights the heavier kdu' she^


a trial of archery kdu' citing'
to test weights ^m 'shai kdu'
no need to test, trustworthy
;

the measure

or guage.

Af^'

^^

Ta'iists

Mohammedanism

to

on which a door
a hinge; a joint; a
turns
clamp, a hasp; to inlay me-

and

ts'iUi
;

A;m' 'c/mn, like

idhisls,

kdu' the seven social relations


cT"i/i '^chu kdu' Romanism;*
kdu' ^rnun, usually refers only

Pivots

s<*/t'M/i

kdu' to propagate a creed.

tals

_^bf

a pair
yal:, '/>d
shears or scissors; kdu'
kdu'

itengythe pinofahinge;r/i'a/j^^
s,Hgd kdu' lo boast of one's
ability

either

wav

'w/t

kau' immaterial,
is

jffi^-^

}!))'

Loaven,
residuum.

left

after

samshoo

jat:>

kau

yeast

is

it

the

distillin<if

'^Isin,

the same.

to

raise

kdu' barm eakes ;


idt k kdu' tsU^ feast of unleavened bread. Read '/tdw in the
doiigli

Fun

'/srt

VVaii.

KE.

K'AU.

K*UU.

(177)

KKLK.

K'E.

rely on,
for aid

The

Hin
j^l^jj'

to; k au inaU
do you deprnd on,
who supports you? Jd k'du'
tshang i^ trust wholly to trade
k'aii^ '^fo, to warm one's hands

contrary, opposed

fire

k'<'iu^

r;jly

on a stable friend;

kiiiki s/iiki profession,


character, rank ; kiuk^ ^ngdn,
the ankles; kink^ '^pdn, sole

ajjEiinst
;

k'au^

The

sign of the possessive

^ngo k^^

my

ishii,

book

'Id,

kevki inong H'd,


calf of the leg: kink, du^ the
knee-pit; "fd cliih jtew/c) barefont; kiuk} liki tdi^ influential,
of high character ; J.c'u kiuk,
to detain one; keuk^ isiki

possessive pronoun, mine,


yours, his; that; for, to use
;

Jam kcnh

coolie, porter

'^ a

for

of the foot

Ke.

(178)

Uj5j'

feet

he can be relied on.

tak) chix^

ii*

;-

(Slidn, to

a hillside said of a grave

stable, based
;

^cham, to

lean on a pillow; k'du^

but applied to the


; ^un

k^uki well established, trust worthy, possessed of means Vid/


k^uki to lead one into had hab.
its
kink:, chdpi stocks for-the

before the

foot

whole leg;

keuk} placable, spiritless 'Ad

whom

iShiti,

145

Keuk.

(180)

-^^ To lean against; (o


j^r to depend on another

K'EUK.

traces, footsteps; /o'At^mA-, poor

goods, Ifft after garbling tmki


'kwai kiukj 'write devil's feel,'
is to guess by lines
-p'd Fati
kitiki to clasp Budha's feet
when in distress; ^chong kizif:,
actors disguised as women
(Ch'i keuk, a hanger on, one
who sponges for a dinner.
^; Shoes or sandals made of
/IimI' twisted
hempen cord. The
Kiun
^
next IS sometimes used for this.
K^ Proud, valorous; kiiik, kitik,
j^y^j'caperingfi of a child ; the immoderate antics of a successful
fool
hempen sandals or shoes.
;

whose

k^^

mat:, ishui

is

this?

it often ends a
ki^ your's
sentence, or follows an adjective, the noun being implied,
as s'/w tak^ iclian ke^ not a true

'fti

[saying]

iu"

<,fi

he\

iu' slian'

do you like tat or lean


^kdm k6' is it so why indeed
A:<?'

ii^

k^^ cp'eng, the plain

cheaper fah jnan


ing musquitoes.
;

is

?
!

the

ki^ for kill-

K'e.

(179)

.'

The culm

of the lotus the


lotus itself brinjal or squash
KVa
f^tin Jii,
fan jtV, tomatoes
;

K'cuk.

(181)

mad

ap(>le,

donna

5^0

dvvale,

cpdu

j^'^,

or

bella-

K'i.i

name of

a Budha; Loknk'^
a mountain where the
goddess Kvv;iiiyiii dwells.

<,shdn,

!)i.

I'J

to curb desire., (o
deny, to decline
doing or accepting to retire,
;

Kioh to go backwards to look up


;
a particle used to strengthen

J
,

'^o stop

Jce s?dm,

171

word

B'odhist

To.\.

^_H refuse,

squash.

dbn

the bottle

to

an

assertion, certainly, really,

triilv

and

often

needs

uo

K^UNG.

146

K'EUNG.

translation; k'^uk^hai^ evident-

k'^iik,

forgot

ed by

it

k'^iuk, ^yd,

iSui,

is

phrase, but that,

preced-

disjunctive

nor, yet
yet
an
interrogative worr), as k'^uki
shi^ icai^ Jio, but why so, pray I
si ill,

therefore, although

then,

therefore

shiil-,

turn now to speak of, it is said ;


jwdw k'euh not easy to decline
it ; Hiu k'euk-, to disdain, to
complete and put away k^iuk^
;

Jiang, to walk backwards,

go away

U&uh

ginger wine, after a birth Jioi


ck^ung mi^ its'ang, have you
any children ? iWong Mung
'fan, curry powder Hsz" Mung
tender ginger J,6ung Mung,
galangal root 'pun ti^ Mung
s'm Zd<2 home ginger is insipid,
t. e. foreign things are best.
The white exuviae of the
called
larvae of silkworms,
Mung Jsam; it is used as
a medicine.
A bridle the reins of the
bridle
fong^ Mung, to give
;

yau^ Joi, come a ^a in,


A'
eh! behold, again! jmoH^/ ^mAtj
\y

.,.,

loose rein

to

in

J'ui k'iuk:, fo decline,

cs/mu

reins

Mung,
^md

^y^

pull
^rnd

Mung, an

to put off with excuses.

unbridled, wild
horse, a runagate, a demirep.
The surname of the emperor

Keung.

(182)

the

Shinnung; iK^ung t'di\kungy


a famous general, b.c. 1122.
A tribe of aborigines in an'j/.^
cient Tangut, shepherd no.
(^^
Kiang rigid, stiff, yet uncorrupted
mads, belonging to the Scy.
ik&ung cshi, a body in a trance;
thian race an initial particle,
a corpse ; chiki (k^ung Jt^ung,
ah! strong, forcible contrary,
stretched out stiff.
cross purposes elegant sometimes erroneously used for
A boundary, limits, borders
^^^^"^ ^ limit, to bound
the last.
KUnff *
Mung tdP a limit; J(4ung loiki dflf Coleopterous bugs found in
the frontiers;
md Mung, ^j^- ordure; k'U:, Mung, or Mung
boundless, illimitable ; (k^ung
Jong, the tumble-dung or
Ateuchus.
its dm, exuviae of silkworms
ch'ut, (k^ung, to emigrate.
J.]g[
The helve of a hoe, a hoe- (183)
K'eung.
handle; a lasting kind of wood
'^P^
^ tailed mdn^iHin mnh used for
PS
A black bug or weevil in
^ strong bow ; violent,
bars and parts of carriages
r^^^
is
(k^ung Jieung, vigorous, abun- s7M J headstrong, surly, firm overK'iang bearing, boisterous, by fore
dant.
regardless of right, obstinate!)
Ginger ifong Mung, pre-

Lying as

Kiang

if dead,

senseless;
I prostrate, stretched out; to
J push over, to throw down;

ygl
'^

^M

"I

'>

served ginger ; ,shang Mung,


" fresh ginger ;
Hs'eng 'yam

'^^^

Mung

'^Isau,

to invito to drink

able-bodied,
strong,

full

brawny,

sturdy,

grown

der (in arithmetic)

a remain;

all

years

Kf.
with the

'

gerous having stated periods,


the proper time ; an omen,
to exprognostic
to expect
a
amine
almost, several
qualifying word, nearly, about,

stem' ting in their


^eung chong'

name

cyclic

40 years old. vigorous, hale


(Chdng Ji^nng yeuki to wran-

gle, to quarrel

not far from

ing, probably, yet for all that

ik'^ung'^kang resolute, fearles?;

(ki

Ki

beg with violence.


compel, to force to invi-

To

you so

set in

Small

J^,

roots

K'lang

(ki, lost

^k'^ung, roots of trees.

shii-

swathing-^loth

(hi

(ki

which runs through


a string of cash a string of
a thousand casli
to string

an

pdki ^k'eung,

coin,

cash

silver.
I

Ki.

=4)

it

frank ;'Aia'
the right

at

lam- a trap, a pitfall (jihan


the fates; (kiitnau,
;

Ki

a dodge; (Kwan ,ki


Imperial council

artifice,

the

fliu'

money,

not

do

tsoki

cAi, ski lied

'^''^ ^'^^^

ii

moment, mind your chance;

cash

a battle; (ki inali sacret,

undivulged,

carry
inlants pickapack to carry
^ pickback; -k'^nng yd, a cloth
to

to strap infants in.

i^

chamber.

The
M.

park belonging to H.

in ancient times

sured

000

li

mea.

on each

side,

the court being in the centre


inside of a door a
a border
threshold; the Court the lands
of princes ^tpong iki, the iin.
;

:^ The
Ivt

I.

it

'^

destiny; (ki ui^ opportunity,


occasion; ctf (kirdn, intentions,
designs; the springs in'^machinery; (ki <fong, a weaver's
shop; yati ka' (ki, a loom shot,

are

branches of
a lily,' chuki^k'eun^r,
o
whangoes, bamboo canes
'

an operation or

roots, the

;
'

in

a luom (fin (ki, the natural


and fixed bent of a mind, fate,

jfe

moving

or

a catch, hidden contrivance


stratagems, secrets, schemes

^k'^ung Jiang, to
Read k'iung^
force to do.
reaction ; wat^k'^ung' renitency, resilience, springing back

why
your way ?

power

tive

can not obtain with strong

Jidm' k'^nug^ swi>^

subtle

a machine; machinery, a trap,

intreaties;

'/ji

expect,

influences in nature; the mo-

gorale, to strengthen; to try,


o" to attempt -k'^ung Jtau pat-,
takt

shii^ (ki,

kdn^ to gently remonstrate


with a superior.
Used for the last ; changes,
permutations
the origin, or

s|)ring of:

'feS

or

jU,

^ki

the point of, almost,

ik'iung ^mdi, a forcible purchase, to compel one to sell;

'^A

^^

somewhat;

rather,

hat, to

V;ft

(ki (ki <u, at

shUi Ji&ung, double-tongued,


specious ; Isz^ Jc'^ung, selfwilled, fixed in purpose Jc'iung

Jf'^ung 'shni,
acids ; ^ni molii idling ilceung,
don't brag of your abilities;

K^

147

Kf.

springs of miction, subtle.


hidden, mysterious
what is
witliin,
interior,
recondite ;
moderately, a little, few Jan;
'

perial

demesnes; ''kau(ki, nine


under the court.

principalities

148

Kf.

Kl.

The foundation of a wall, a


dike on the river banks, or beKi
tween fields; foundation, a rest,
a basis; a beginning, a com-

Poarls not perfectly round


of armillary sphere,
calleci iSiin dci, provided with a
;

a sort

m caWed yukuhaug,
by means of which observations on the stars were taken.
tube,which

Ki

Qi?)^

A^
j^j

tion depends fundamental n


farmpatrimony, possession

m
Ki

a nit

Read

louse.

j/c'i,

shat.^

place inside of
ing utensils
the second door of a hou~:<\
where visitors wait
^ki ii'
basis, material, character, lii
quality of a thing, that froju
;

which

same as

^^

chough solid flesh, robust.


slander, to speak against;

to ridicule, to

mock,

from the river

ip.

Jci

is

cch'ung tfaiig

broken

in

blame, to reprove, to remonofficious and contumelious speeches to examine intii, to test


macliinations iki siu' to laugh at
tsiu' to reprehfnd ichan JcHo
scold over another's shoulders.
Failure of the harvest iam-

dike Jioi M, to begin, to lay


the foundation of [a state].
An anniversary, the full revolution of a year, ;^.54 days Jci
Ki
(c/ii (Song, a year of mourning

puUchiuug^ Jit, distant relatives who wear mourning a

year

''"^' ^^''*'i scarcity

(WLj

to be

hunger;

hungry, famished, ne-

cessitous

starving
'/ cki(fong, to pretend hunger.
to act the beggar
skik-, a
;

rigo'

c.idaveroiis, starved
hoti
'z'

Wi

'.pang cki iWai, to burst in the

fy^

(kU the dike

lo

Ki

made

to satirizr,

strate with

Arr

is

To
Ki

it

honors or pos-sessions inherited or transmitted Uang Jix, to


mount the throne, toenler into
possession; (Saricki, land gained

a bloodsuckerFlesh or fum muscle under the


skin, and near the bones; Jci
,J'a

louse

1-f^

starting-point,

that on which a family or na-

Stones or rocks in a stream,


producing a ripple; eddies
caused by stones, a stiunblingbiock to impede to rub.
The cheeks, the flesh which
covers the jaws.
;

'fl^^

mencement, a

hungry and

look;

thirsty

(ki

starved to de.ith.
sprite,

of the

^^"''^'

'^^

ai elf,

which bewilders nu-n


c/ij, to meet a devil,

a' iki,
;

rliong' a'

to see a foreigner

HO called in

the last are

Canton from

shrill voices.

Jci

iiti

return of the

if

corn-fan ; a winnowinga sieve ; a refuse-basket


to t^pread out like a fan
the
long striae on the finger's ends;;
part of Srigittariiis, the 7th of
the 28 constellations
met.

fan

because this star forebodes rain a kind of wooJ,


used for quivers; p'o- Jn or
rain,

a deu)on

Kw^ngtung

same month.

their

pi'rp
r/ii,

Jn, a tine corn-faii

(lit '-lau,

and

a coarse sieve; im'

look shut pat

lines

l-lie

^slml
iinitn^

riiius

on his fingers (to fnid

his future luck); sfiiiV Jii

k'au

connect sieves and furs'

to

'

to

carry on the profession of one's


father,

One's self, I, myself; .self,


added to pronouns; selfish,
Ki
private, special the 49th radtlie si.xth of
to record
ical
the 'stems,' answering with
;

Blueund gray
Ki

color, variegat-

ed; shoe-strings; the highest de-

gree, very, the utmost; Jii

ma

-J>:an,

garments;

an

halter

a bridle

bridled

to hold in, to pull

one

economize

to

a girl's

woman's coiti'ure;

to bridle, to restrain,

the bit on
to detain

M Jan,

to stop,

bill.

A willow-shaped tree, called


the fruit is used in
Ki 'kau ^ki;
medicine ; name of a state.
'J'o sort silk threads ; to ar'IE range, to separate ; to record,
Ki
to narrate, to book, to ascerto rule, to
tain and write
govern
a history, annals,
;

chronicles, narrative; a score


of 12 years a year; a decimal
or the completion of numbers ;
a dike a skein of 40 threads ;
'At luki to record [an officer's
;

to

merit]; stn 'ki, a person's age ;


7t, the five divisions of

''//^

JL

time

.something over

(tst'

uprigiit, deflected.

hi,

not

hours, days, month.s,

'A-f (kong yuki a


servant who manages.
A kind of succory or sow
thistle,
often
cooked
and
K(
eaten, called 'An Is'oi' ; a sort
of white millet.

MmcIi or

one; odd num.


bers a surplus
v shop, 'yaii
,ki, twenty nnd odd
^yau
;

(i.e.

years, ages)

fected.
asln<;le

'*&

Ki

you and
j/i 'Ai, it

Ki

Odd,

privily applying to one's own use.


A bleak bare mountain, stJch
lliE as a hermit chooses
a high
;

to

Isin^ mb^ cki tslian, I was


detained by business iJnd "sho
(ki
unoccupied.
An inn, a hospice ; cAri-Zu, a
wayfarer, a lodger
hdk-, a
Kf
visitor, a sojourner.
A bench or stool folean on
a stand, a side table
the 16th
Ki
radical
-c/t'd (ki, a teapoy, a
light stand -Mnn <.ki, a studytable : (^i (ki, tranquil, unaf-

seize

'^ki,

other

(Sz' 7<:i, selfish

detain, to hinder
Wjo, or
TjooP M, a lockup, attached to
;

^/igo (Chi

know each

'ki, I

he him-

in continernetit, to arrest

a yamiin

tsz'^

isz'' 'ki,

pect, to mind one's own affairs;

The surname of Hwangti


Ki also of the emperors of the
Chan djnasty a queen term
for the imperial concubines
beautiful, noble women (like
Houri, Hebe), because of the
fame of the family of Ki.

-/ii

^iigo

benefited me, specially advantageous 'shau'ki, self res-

resembling fern.

tuftof hair, a

to earth

self;

plant

edible

myself; ^k'U

a 2rayi''h coiffure used hv girlf.


Ths stalks of pulse ; tendrils
of vines, pulse, &c,; (At 'Is'd, a
Ki
sort, of aquatic grass woven into

149

KI.

Kl.

Ki

many of,

rather, part

of; nearly, few an interrogation of quantity, how, many,


;

how much;
tn?
,sln,

'A:f <to,

how many

wh'ch of them ? 'ki


when ? ^uo 'ki, not much.

^ki,

Kt

150

Kf.

eilheroftime or things
ko^ a few, several

an epiphyte, a parasite;
mdi^ to send for sale kV
c^sfieng, to send a message;

isJiang,

'/ti

'sho ickdn^

very little different,


almost the same.
To drag one side, to pull out
by one foot whatever has falKi
len in pull out, to bring forth.

ki'

itnd ^ki,

To
IP;

remember,

to recollect

a note of; a written record, a

memorial,

history,

account

of; a style or name ; a mark,


a sign, a signal, something to

be remembered

used

after

names

abbreviated

the

kV

*ni

ki^

memory

sing^ a bad

wrongly
A;i'

po* a

'<d

yan^

kV

hd^ a

mark

to

stamp

^ni

^' A
^J

dog's or horse. hair.

>fc-*

1^

charge

in

liver

to transmit

east

to

to

visit

Joi,

tree

away an
branch of

it

dies]

kv

six toed.

Inter-

fear,

hold in

shun, to avoid
or be cautious

to

awe

ulcer [to a

sfc'f,

to

give

read

send a letter; ki'


to receive from kVc^Wong

cnrt,

ki'

capable of
ingenious at

of; distasteful, to dislike trouble to suspect, to hate what is


bad, to have a superstitious
dread or horror of (Chi \tV ki^
to know and avoid the dislikes
of others ki' yali or ki' i^han,
the dreaded day or hour of the
death of a friend, in which
one feels sad pa? ki' to keep
the anniversary of a death.
Poisonous, injurious, vene-

the

the hermit crab

To

B,^
'S*) to

send by,
;

artful,

ki^-ynng, practiced in military


Viau ki' to imitate sounds.

to de-

to interpret

iku,

ki'

hanger on

to

hand over,

ki^ Haling,

drill;

to

vice.

talent

changed with the next.


-fdf^ Skillful, ingenious at making
'yS or contriving; A: i^ w^ai^ handy
at making, the mechanic arts

to,

by singing and

Ability, cleverness,

ful

commit

h^^ A courtesan, a singing girl


j^ one who is sent out to earn a

seine for taking fish


a
kind of rug or carpet made of

it

ambitious,

u^

devising; ki' ''kau,


contriving, inventive, fraud-

to exhaust
ended, finished alKi
ready, when since; a sign of
past time, and is placed before
the verb ki' kin' seen it ki'
ki' liai^ 'kbm, it befin, since
ing so.
To lodge, to remain a while
to confide in, to
in a house
Ki

slight repast

ki'

kV

nim^ to call to mind.


A colloquial sound, used in
the phrase '/i) kV a comrade.

fortunate

desirous, coveting, longing.

memorandum book;
kV

Art'

to lose

^^

living

Jayif!

you must remember

chil^

you remember

ts'o'

of

'ni ki' tnh


hongs or shops
mo ? don't you remember ? ^m

^hd

send it down to Macao Hs'cng kV to give a thing


in charge to forward.
^A' Tiie broth or soup of boiled
'jr! meats or sacrifices
fertile,
rich to reach to.
l^n' To hope for, to desire good ;

kV loki

make

to record, to register, to

* mous
<\i>

'^T

to instruct, to institute

or establish.

K'L

K'l

K'l.

(185)

mong^

/i ik'i

151
full

moon

jWid

uncertain, no fixed
time ; Jl Jci, at the time.
Chess of 33 men, called
) ts^ung^ ik'i, invented by
taiig^ Jci,

A
K'i

steep rough path

the mountains

and precipices

files

among

dangerous de-

Wu

^k'i ik'ii,

wing,

a hazardous road across mounK'i

tains.

A
K'i

sfone

Rfad

bridge ; craggy.
a craggy shore

ik'i,

play chess

to their shape.

elevated, and the

down ; single to
^ngau, single and

obtain

ik'l

A
K'i

M
K'i

New

or

leach, called itigau

hid

Jci

sz'^

that affair.

dappled horse, marked like


looking
; a fine

A fabulous animal, the Chinese unicorn the male is calK'i


led ik'i, the female Jun.

kind of small goose, per-

crooked graver or burin


kilt:, a gouge used in carv-

J.I haps a
K'f

K'i

ik'i

ijheldrake.
;

ing.

set time, a fixed period, a

day agreed on times, seasous


K'i
to meet
to expect, to wait
for, to aim at
to engage to
do ^mun Jci, the time is up
yaU Jci, the set day shtiing^
J'l, in advance of the date

Fortunate, lucky, felicitous

rest

a verb, to draw attention, as


it'in (k'i wan^ jM, the heavens,
do they revolve ? Jci jU, as if,

is-

a chessboard
K'i
horse.

subject spoken of; ^k'i jti, the


; ck'i follows a noun before

ck'i or
a species of small
K'i
land crab, called ip'dng Jci.

personal pro-

noun, referring to the person,


K^i
place, or thing spoken of; he,
his, she, it, its, they
there
an indefinite pronoun, wherever, whoever, the, that, the
;

Honan iICid\ an
near Kumsing moon.

composed, tranquil ashing ik'i


may you be promoted to a

ik'i

of the Yellow

tributary

City at

Canton.

supposing

to

higher post.

c/Ti Jing ik'iu,

a bridge in the
relative

^k'i

river in

land

Land left after marking out


a square, odd parcels of land ;
K'i
ck'i iling, odds and ends, over-

ck't,

double, unequal and equal.

plus, surplus

chuk)

One horn

cliesf---board

ihdu Jci, to take a


man yaU kuki ik'i, a game
of chess; ik'i kuki a board set
out with a game for gambling.

other turned

chessmen

'^s*',

Inclined, not straight or up'Pi.


to take up with nipright
K'i
pers c4'i Ai^ vessels easily up-

owing

ip'un,

ik'i

winding and stony banks.

set,

1120; cwai ik'i,


a gan)e of 360 men, half black
and half white, invented by
Yiu, B.C. 2300; a foundation;
B. c.

>^
K'i

Extraordinary, rare, surprising, out of the

common way

monstrous, miraculous, unnatural


unexpected, strange,
new, wonderful
ck'i
kicdV
strange chut; ik'i, surprising
;

;;

152

K'f.

K'i.

the god who animates the earth li^ Jc'i, the

remarkably clever
unique, best of a sort ;
<A:'i iwdng, perverse, stupid.
A valuable stone precious
^ curiosity, a plaything, such
as are got for presents or rari.

much

ties.

the

<k'i its'oi,

ik'i taki

^&
'

K'

^t To

to

produces

things on

Hecate

Cybele met. Earth


interchanged with
Often confounded

or

or Terra

sit

K'' crosswise or astride to mount


cnvalry, horse ^k'i
a horse
;

who

divinity of the earth, he

horseback

ride

^ma, (usually pronounced ^k'e

^md) to ride horseback


,fi
liglit horse, used in the
T'iing dynasty.
A flag, a standard, a banner
with devices or markings on

last.

like

it,

with and used for 'chl jng^

To

for, to

seek

of a

bit

labiate plant, used

ulcers,

in

ask

bridle

called

&.C.,

^k'i

Hupeh.

Dgdi^; a district in

<k'i,

-tog

'^

it; 5^'/

hd^

Manchus

Bmnermen

K'i

Jc'i Jc'i,

or naturalized

Chi-

K'i

y^
^'^[f.

ho- a signal flag.

To
K'i

K'f

to beg, to intreat, to request


in the langtiage of courtesy
<fc'i "to, to pray, to bes(!ech the

gods

ik'i 'u,

to i)ray for rain

XX^
K'i

domains

'"iP^'ia^

,1710

boundless ^k'i \fu, a colonel


of the household troops. In-

terchanged

Repose

with

<^-t

^^.

to console, to quiet

to
j^^ to reverence, to venerate,
(0 invoke
hold in respect
;

an erect head j
elegant, graceful in

stature.

Read

tall

Vtan, to beg.

Ho, old people.

K'i

Ml
K'i

horse's foretop

and mane

the dorsal spines on a fish.

A bill with
road

two peaks a fork


;

bicuspidate

a
branch
Veuw^ s^'i wdofl^ or diverge
H^ung Jc'i^
double entendre
two courses of conduct Jc'i
Zd' two ways, two roads, devious, right and wrong.
in

to

ik'i,

^it

Jc'i Jc'i,

headland or cape

earnestly request.
border, limit, confines

(ts'in (k'i,

gently, re-

sexagenarian, an old man


should advise others; old,
who
K'i
aged, a superior or elder
strong, violent ; to adjust ; a
scar on a horse's back ik'am
Jci, the gentry and elders ; ik'i

pray, to invoke, to sup-

plicate the gods for happiness

A nave or hub of an axle,


which projects beyond the
Long,

A kind of pennon or marking flag, with bells or jingles


interchanged
attached to it
with the preceding.

numerous

exgreat ;

wheel.

flag staff"; Jc

large,

miss.

either

nese ik'i iTnan, persons connected with the Bannermen,


not getting pay pdU ik'i, the
eight Banners, under which
iWong
they are marshaled
ik'i, Danish flag; ^k'i Jcon, a

much

Full, abundant,

ceeding, very

Constipation, disease made


sluggishness of bowels;
K'i
also read 'li.

by

;; ;

K'l
"itfr

=^-

KIK.

medicinal plant, called


ik'i, used in aijthinu
a
kind of lungwort.
A colloquial word the cha.
racter is doubtful.
In the
linuse, at home, within doors
vk, 'k'i, liome, in the house
j'; /lai^ 'k'i, he is not in.
A fi>ot with six toes the
crawling of insects, or progress
of animals; sA^'fj^Jt/wo-, to crawl.
Read *A:*i, and used for the
next; to sit with the legs hanging down to stand on tiptoe
iieong

K'i

called paki

fu'

tail,

k'i^ lAa/n, just

now

^k'i

of

cki/ig i'i'

have just got to

k'api

pects

cii

pal:i

or

tsun' k'i' the rest

need not be detailed


ses used at the end of

stand, to stand erect


motig^ to lT)ok at eagerly,

it,

k'V tiV strenuously,


hmt^ to send resA.^'i'

seen it
daring

'Jo

man

0^

jind look at.

Ay

phra-

letters.

stand up ^^' To
^. to stop up holes or cracks in a
nap,
higher ^k'i
ti- to refuse
wall to lake, to collect ; to be
to stir ^k'i cshang H'ayn, to be
quiet, to rest
a breathingvery slow, lit. to mnke a hole
spel', a little.
under the feet -k'i lapi to
stand still ^k'i j'm 'ira//, not I&r.' To plough deep for sowing ;
stable, joggling; ihang ^k'i pat^
{pj? plants set out close, thick-set;
rice growing close.
tti/n, uncertain in his actions
^k'i 'hi cslian, get up ; ^k'l
f^cli'^ung shau^ cdm, to seek (186)
Kik.
to expect

and

plaster

color a wall,

'A;'i c^id,

employment, or service;

^k'f

kui^ tired from standing; ^k'i

Hb k iicotig tap a de facto


emperor, one who rules reiilly.
:^^ To desire, to expect, to hope
^f,

for, desirous, eager;

ICi\chati,

one of the divisions of Ciiina


in Yii'stime,

now cirresnond-

ingtoShansiand partof Cliihalso a department in Chihli

:j$fy

^Y

To impede and

AV

mong^ to hope for k'l^


haug^ to wish one good luck.
li

back

set

as rocks or a dike do
a rapid |>lace in
in a current
a stream, made by an obstruc^^''i'*^r,

tion;

to

excite

to gratitude

or anger, to rouse the feelings


to stir up, lo vex, to irritate

excitement, anger

^k'u,

to

ve.v,

to

kikj

iTtazi

annoy and

anger him 'kdm kik-) deeply


kik^ 'sz'
siffected by kindness
^nso, worry me lo death kiky
peng^ made sick by anxietj'
A/7o fan iUung jWon, to exas.
;

Violent, crafty, overbearing.

SI
r^.

on a steed's
to look to one for

The sun peeping out ; and,


W^- also, further, moreover ; together with ; to give ; the end,
the extremity ;*exact.ly, just

Tjj-

e.

i.

Shantung

in

to tag

promotion, to follow a
power.

k'i'

-mU

k'i*

153

horse of noble breed, great

speed, and good


feet

horse

To.\

point.'?;

a per.

a white carp

DuT.

20

ib

perate

loyal subjects kiki


king' teased to anger.
;

tb'

154

KIK.

j^ To

K'lK.

strike, (o beat, to tnp or

^^Miiiock on;

to

the best

To

jjEK.

kih
last

we/., done
can do no more, the
resort; kih miu} admirable,

the verge

ters

also, six calamities

happen

man

to

pati

halves; pak^ kiki the north pole,


north star t'di' kih_ (he pri;

mum mobile,orcause of things,

the ultimate immaterial prin-

ciple of Chinese philosophers

iWong A:fA^i indisputably correct,


a fixed principle, such as are
laid down by sages; kih (to,
very plenty, in abundance
kih. pat, tsoh unserviceable

Species of Rhamnus or Zizyphus, used for hedges thorny

bushes

generally,

thorns, brambles

some

affairs

lockup

j^ A
7?^,*'

kill

Kih
jj>^,

der

met. trouble-

me

very much.

kih a

also, tliorny.

kih you hin-

'ni 'c/io ^ngo cc/

thickets,

fts'ang

which
kih the
four cardinal points and their

put to death, to punish

knife on the side it is carried


in processions for good luck
kitii^ kih swords and spears
(ch'i kih to grasp the spear,
to take arms chap:, kih Jong,
imperial halberdiers in former
days.

I^Yl^'

kiki 'ho,

ss" kik>
first-rate
the four quarters; luki kih zenith, nadir, and the four quar-

A lance with three points, a


kind of halberd with a crescent

Ark

'wn, the furthest;

excellent,

g^^^ capitally, to leave to perish.

Kih

kih

to take

drawn bow;

full

his best,

drum; Jidu

kih to beat, to pound a thing


kih Hd, to fight.

go a

let

weary, exhausted

self; kUc'-ku, to

end

to reach to the

ii

rush upon or
against, to cliarge, to attack or
kill, as in battle ; to interfere
with to injury
as in eating
things disagreeing with each
other; to see, to examine one's
to

(187)

K'ik.

a coat, the part

collar of

which envelops the neck,


'

word

colloquial

These two characters


nounced k'ek.

to bind,

to take a loop, or tie up with a


chain or cord
keh chii- ^hu

j^ll

tie it fast,

as a boat

to fasten

by the neck,

kek:,'^keng,

add

r^ Haste, speed, in a hurry


irascible,
ready ;
-^'prompt,
'
kih ts'nh
hasty
to hasten

to

farce

very
to

sad,

miserable;

to

increase, to

a comedy or

trifle,

to play,

to

gambol, or sport in any way;


tsah k'eh to skip and play, to
enjoy or divert one's felf hi"
k'eh plays on the stage.

Unhappy,

F^|- troublesome

are usually pro-

urgently.

Ijr

^^'
'

of a roof;
hence the utmost point, apex,
place, verge, degree very, exTlic

rulge-pole

sign of the superlative ; the end, limit; to


exhaust, to carry to the ulniost,

ceedingly

^.

Wooden-soled clogs or

D^iens;
clogs

thung

^p'i

muhk'eh wooden

pat-

k'eh red-top
over-

shoes fd^ k'eh an open heeled


galoche.
;

;
;;

KiM.
(188)

jj^--

KiM,

Kirn.

\im
^^

A conjunction, moreover,
together with, and, and also,
with, in addition to equally,
same to attend to several
things; to join, to connect
several together connected ;
to push one's self through a

to collate
to

^i/(Ju, still

Mm

iindi,

(fej/n

Jtoi,

other

squeeze through a
kang^ Mm, or

Mm

also, there are

more

put in together with;


take one with an-

Mm (hoi shiky

contrast colors

Mm pins^ to

'^shni, to

Mm

when

it is

made complete;

Mm

ship, in addition to, assistance

or

to restrain;

it is

now

called

marshy

^kim,

mon

.kd,

name

the

of a kind of

com-

markets and tanks

in the

two-edged sword, a rapier


a sword ishukim'
a student's sword c/z imb kim'
a sharp sword
'mo kim' to
fence kvn' hok, a scabbard ;
kvri' shuU art of fencing shiti
kim' (Shun J.s'tung, tongue and
;

yaJi 'j?d kim^

(called 'pi mtik,

or paired-eye's

posed to have one

swords, sarcastic.

lips like

help of another like it, to be


able to fly; birds flying in pairs.

other.

^r'

of
which

A fabulous bird, with one


wing and eye, which needs the

swim

Mm ip'in, to collate

Mm

iii,

to

of Canton,
yfejj'

kiiii'.

sedge, called
Kien
cattle fatten on.

j^^

silure (Siluruf sinensis?)

plant, a kind

&# The sole tish,

repress

to

SSB Read (hdm, same as slf? a


Han species of Area, or bivalves
with furrowed shells.
Read

them

Kien

coerce,

a book for binding. Used interchangeably with the last.


Also read Him.

make him do

all; ^km iyan^chileung'


a trencher-man, one who eats
double of others.
A thick kind of lustring,
woven close so as to shed ra in

To

Mm

all,

or town-

iSz'

Mm ikun, an officer

ck:m yapi hu' force your way


chii^ Jlai t-sb^ he
through

can do

'^sau

the

1^^ gather and bind together; to


to choose
collect, to collate
'kimHim, to arrange in order
'^kim ch'vk-, to keep in order,

Mm,

nation-hall.

-IK

coalesce, to con-

compose a book
its'un

who searches literary candidates on entering the exami-

as in a dress

nect 7101" ago? Mm, to oversee


everywhere fo' (S&ung Mm,
to lump the goods
(.cfii
'kdm tching tso- tak:, it will do

to

examine

ship

to

a label or title
a model, a pat-

magistrate of a

crowd,

envelope

tern, a rule; to sort, to arrange,

crevice

^"

put on a hook

155

fish,)

in pairs, clas|)ed

sup-

and
to each

eve,

^'

Moderate, temperate, frugal,


jl^ economical, sparing; close fisted,

stingy

nomical
miserly

kim* o\erkvn} yung' eco-

(al'

frugal, mt;an

kim^ lun' nig<;anllv,


kim' pok^ to acl

meanly toone;

parsifuoiiious;

kim- iu^ taki Mi "^shj, we want


just enough for his needs.

156

KIX.

K:i.M.

(')

(130)

K'im.
Used

lint

for the next, as a verb,


pinch, to nip, to grasp:
hau., silent, afraid to

gagged
arm ik'im

siieiik,

the

to Carrv

under

durable
robust;
determined, persevering, con.

strengthen
geal

dren s necks; a kind of collar


put on prisoners to pinch or
grasp with [)incers, to gripe
in Hunan, used to meiin to
rail at or upbraid
t'if)
Ji'im,

rect

tongs

cers or chopsticks

'^shau Js'im

manncles; 'keng Jiim, a torque


neck, worn by children
'hd 'hau Jiim, a good
enunciation.
Often interchanged with the
Inst in its meaning of pincers;
a kind of door-lock; ckauik^rm
two stars in Scorpio, used in
astrology Jc'im kV a wooden
seal, used by officers below a

^
Kien

to lock

the
ppZv

public opinion
bit

hair

^mdik'im,

"^haii

idV to engage to do a
thing, to carry it through.

(1dm.

tnl
t/'

Kien

Equal, level
,.

hands

lifted

up

name

of a

tributary of the river

Wai

even

:
.

surname

district.

^shav,

ti from their black kerchiefs;


a name applied to Kweichau

Shensf, and a district in


,/^"that province is called Kienin

y;ing hien

water forming in

pools, stagnant water,

province.
a criminal'^ hair,

as a punishment
color.

sf/ ///^'tAirt,

of
equals, of
part

name given *TX


^^;7_" black heads,"
K'ien^
tofhe Chinese by Chi Hwang- \^J

K'ien

the shoulder

tH/,abib; (kin (I'iii pui'


fv} hard labor, moiling and
toiling for support sik:,(kin, to
withdraw the shoulder, to desist
iWan (kin, a kind of manyaty (kin
tilla worn by ladies

To remove

'^shni

used with

jt'm

of a bridle.

Black

competent to firm an
animal three years old
(kin

anarm;

K'ien"
dict free speech, to forbid or

gag

the sariie grade, co-equals;

jt'im ^u, to inter-

(kin 'pong, the fleshy

district magistrate.
;

sf'au or (kin jiok^

Tweezers
the last two

kdin^ ckin, eo fine


indeed
(kin iyJnf,
hardened, concrete, stiffened
(kvhsamngai^fi firm resolution;
ikin chap-> fixed in one's way.
The shoulder tl)e scapula
to take upon, to bear, to sus-

^.

cor-

tain,

for the

made

fire

gag one
up with pin-

(kin Au' solid, durable;

resolute

(jk^im '^hau, to

ik'im hdp) to take

confirm, to
to harden, to con-

elegant,

Jiim,

unwavering

to

conduct
(kin vndug^
unbending, hard; (Sam Jcin,

'fo

hale,

(kin s/iati firm, well

forcfps;

firm,

resolute,

establish,

Pincers, nippers, tweezfrs,


^forceps, tongs a ring on cliil-

iron

solid,

stout,

to

firmly.

K..

Hard,
sound
stant,

to seize

c/iij^

t5X
^jj^jj

Kin.

a purplish

jm:
'^.

'

pig three years old, a

fall

grown hog a hornless animal


;

like a deer.

KIN.

Kl\.

view, to see one chink:: kin'


see it clearly
kin' J, suspicious; ^yan kin' to introduce
to kin' iki 4 Hsd, sagacious, to

A castrated ox, a strong ox


a fabulous monster, half leoKieo
pard half man.

Lame,

weak in the
work

halt,

feehle, unable to

cult

disastrous,

legs;

diffi-

unhappy, un-

fortunate, afflicted

the 61st

Read

same sense

JH

to build

establisli

lucky

to erect;

(Chjin

'H'J,

indn,

'kin, unfitted for

To

difficult

inff^licMtous

cpai

by the senses

to perceive

If

to

147lh radical; an
opinion, a mental view
seevisit; the

I^

fcin' :sing,

in Sagittarius.

or

key of a

lock,

called 'so 'sd;

nave or hub kin^ pai' the two


parts of a Chinese lock.
;

in^,

Jcung, to act
^16, to build

kin'

f^' The bolt,


commonly

kin'lapi to

kin' Ud^ to build,

j^j~'

observing, feelinsr, impressed by


forms reflective
verbs and denotes the passive

meritoriously; kin'
or found a capital

work.

see, to look at, to notice

in^ in the

in'.

chrdi, fates against one, un^Ari/J

as

establish, to confirm as
laws or institutions to erect,
to place, to set up, to con-

stitute

Kien

see a chance.

t^' To

^^

diacram, which denotes illluck


to pull up; crboived
lofiy, proud
ming^ '^kin j-?//i
;

157

i,

^^'] Strong, fnduring, vigorous,


^jj-hale, healthy, robust; inde-

i^

voice and past time; d'eng\;


j fafisiable. unwearied: ^k'inng
Kien kin' able-bodied, in the prime
to hear ; kin^ kird' seen
kin^ iSau ^ch'u to feel ashamed,
of life; '/id kin' healthy; ^tsing
to be mortified
cAd
kin^ tsiing^
your
kin'^ feeling well
opinion ;'<*'/nff/i;i/t^ kdu' please
a legal process, to go to law ;
tell me, or let me know
moki
pah lik-i kin^ a rapid penman.
kin' siu' don't smile, don't
The second and common
laugh at it kin' hV rejected
form is unauthorized.
j/iO 'i kin' ttik^ by what will it
M^^ To divide, to partake, to sebe seen ? ^yd ]>at, kin' iak-, per- J.' parate; a classifier used to
haps it will be, it is uncertain ;
denote a particular article,
kin''k'u^yau pe/i^;^ seeing that
subject, or afliair, and therehe was ill kin' l^ profital)le,
fore applied very widely to
advantageous
'/lo
kin' 'lid
dress, food, incidents, goods,
'ch'au, can thus
know its
means
things, &c.; often
qualify kin' Js'nn j'/n Js'ang.
merely a or an, one kin' kin*
have you seen it yourself?
(to 'yaii, we have everything
[we nepd] yati kin^ mnt} kin}
kin' H'd 'pa", eaten enough ;
a single thing yat, kin' sz'- an
^nd mat, '^chu kin' I do not
aflfair ; dil tdi' sz" kin' things
know what to do, I have no
hanging from the girdle; cfati
plan kin' shik,ckd, extensive

kill'

kW

knowledge
polite

kin'

s-iung

Hai,

kin'

an

to

be

inter-

,hoi yat-> kin^ kin-

by

itself.

arrange each

:;

;;

KING.

KIN.

158
(191)

rh'du, or (king po' the

(king

K'in.

Peking gazettes
polis

enduring, stable, superior,


strong diUgent (k'in (kw'an,
;

a
T^

heaven and earth, father and


mother, prince and minister.

The firm step of a tiger


determined, pertinacious, sinK'ien
cere, ingenuous, inflexible ;

Tiie threads of a web, the


warp; meridians of longitude
King
.1
r
to pa.ss
the menses
veins

On^

through, before, by, or across


a sign of past time ; to weave

unimport-

or

clean, spotless,

manage,

to

p*^rson

est, guileless; ck'^in ko^ respect-

canonical
canons
standard book?, classics

fully to inform.

A dun

horse with a yellow-

up or carry on the

shoulder, to

lift

establish

tier, to

to fix a fron;

to stop up,

to close.

colloquial

word

to take

off a cover,

to

lift

to

off;

turn over a leaf; "^k'tn s'm 'Ai,


I can not take off the cover
^k'in '/>'i 'Ar'awj, to pull the
;

coverlet over one.

-^-

^"^

Great, lofty
tain

or

hill

top of a moun.
a
extensive
;

metropolis of
millions
ten
a kingdom
^shMufi (kins, lo go to the
capital or the
;

capital

regulaws,
books,
;

tsz*^

hang one's self (king


warp and woof; (king
;

ponder upon, to spe(king '^ki, a


(king
broker, a niidsman
ixhing, head clerk in a custom
house; (king lih or (king d'ing,
iying, to

culate, to trade

chief secretary in the yamun


of a commissioner or prefect
(king "^shau tsoh did it with
my own hand j'wi (king '^shmi,
not pass through my
it did
hands (king kwa' to pass by
:

'

its'ang (kiog kia^ kwo' I have


seen it ; iSiin (king, after this,

King.

(192)

to

the

is

'^wai,

raise

what

or orderly

right,

(king, to

back.

To

business passes
lar,

through whose hands

Jcin cshing
pure in person
exceedingly correct,
fastidious; ik'in csam, hon;

K'ien

interlace

regulate, to superintend

(Wan,

K'ien

trifling,

'

tiger killing his prey; a cleav-

kit-,

to

(king,

\yp^

forbear from;
wary, cautious,
respectful, guarded, uneasy,
watchful, anxious, die, according to the context chin'
fear

vout to venerate, to respect


to take by force, to kill a

an\;ik'tn

To

(king

(king, trembling.

attentive, correct, pious, de-

ing-block

nankoen.

(king 'kti^,
(king dd, a metro(king Jsing pd' blue

dried fruit

Heaven, the power or agency


a sovereign, a
of heaven
K4en
the first diagram
father

Pak: (king, Peking

thereupon
iyan, a

pat.-,

,]cing sz"^ (Chi

new hand,

inexperien-

(king 'shui, the menses


nim' (king, to read prayers,
incantations ; (king kwai? ex(king ^kiin.
cellent, superior

ced

;;;

KING.

KING.

under or within the jurisdic-

:j)o

tion of; shing^ (king, the Bible

ing

(king shipi kito^

have

merly done or carried

5gt

it

muddy

to

p'd^ to fear

dead from

flow

'^S

through or straight across, to


join by water a fountain.
To pity, to compassionate,
3i/^
* /. '
to feel for concerned for, reKmggretting
...
sparing, careful of,
;

(keng p'o^ Ham,

fright.

he neck, specially the front


the neck, the throat : also
>
i
^1
n
applied to the narrow part ot
'

things

etc

the temper, the dis-

position; Hing ''keng,

ill

match-

regardful; conceited, boastful,

ed, disliking each other

bragging

'-keng,

to

self-respect
dangerous,
hazardous; to esteem, to value;

self,

'//d

commiserate
Vjo (king, pitiable (king ikmd,
bragging jii (king }un, fish
scales growing apart or large

'fo

to

ihn,

patient,

iking

mild
"-keng
kap, quick, not tardy
moki
'shai '^keng, don't be obstinate

one's

control

to

in

'1

^^ of
King

don't

(keng,

ch^ut,

drown-

^k' u,

children
incantations ; (keng

by some

large tributary of the YeJ.

^ waters are

(keng

tnoki

remove timidity

on.

low River in Shensi, whose

'J.

long^ (keng, fear of

alnrm her

for-

159

"-keng,

irascible,

restive

tdi^ a neck-ribbon or
(Chd 'keng, to hold one's
peace no^ 'mni 'keng, weak,

'keng

cloth

s'm 'Ad 'keng kwaU a bad


disposition ; ^man 'keng (kitii,

mild

pah

(king sai/ Jiang, to disregard small affairs. Read (kan,

intimate friends

the haft of a pike, a staff or

neck

bush found in Hunan,


and lithe, formerly
^used for punishing criminals

^ti|

slender

'

there are several species

spi-

nous, prickly; furze, brambles


(king kik) thorny, difficult of

accomplishment

my
I

wife

cJti^

cts'ai,

su^ mi- shik:, (king,

have not before seen your


(King(Chau 'fu, a depart-

'jffij^"!

'*^^

^^]

hill

(king

Hupeh (king (Shan,


where gems are found

in

(t'iu,

a rod.

(This and the next character are usually


pronounced keng.)

:^

l^

shy horse

to terrify, to

to scare, to

affright,

alarm

^perturbed, alarmed, scared;


astonished (keng tung^ much
e.xcited
.keng Jioi, afraid
;

To

(Skavg 'keng

growing on the

'pdn 'keng, intractable,

warn,

to

caution,

fo

enjoin, to threaten with a penalty ; to forbid, to arouse, to

King urge to reform to disturb, to


alarm the secure 'kins shai'
to arouse the age
'king kdi*
hd- te's'^ to strictly forbid a
repetition of; (Cham 'king,
;

rules for guidance.

face;

ment

lumps

lik'.

club.

'j^V

^^
^h

Bright clear, sunlight


brilillumined by the sun a
good site, a fine view, a prospect ; the appearance, figure,
aspect, or circumstances of a
place or thing ; a lion, a rarigreat, e.vtenty, a curiosity
sive
a resemblance, form,
imagining, fancy to look tip
to or regard with afiection,
;

liant,

;
:

KING.

160

KING.

longing for the style or


of dress
''king haiifi^
;

mnke

street

i^'dfig

shun-

'cAi, striving locidliere to

up

principles, to hcl

ciple

stances, situation,

prospects;

a liindscipe, iippnarance of
nature or of a country; 'pal
display rare things

'^k'og, to

mirror, a glass, a lock ng-

g'^'SS

to reflect, to illusrace

0-

br g'lt

a bad face, disreputable '-in moki tong' 'king,


don't think too much of it
;

ds^inn'king, neat aiid tasteful ;


(kdi'king, fine scenery, easy,
pleasant circumstances (^ts^ai

keng'

iUung

retiected in your

good sky

^mdn

kill'

at evening, fair pros-

'king ^shayig Js'ing,

to circumstances

ishi 'king,

signs of the times,

it

^riling

clearly

is

praise

in

pects, promising circumstan-

ces

iiin,

mind said
of astute officers.
'hin (mi keng^ a microscope ;
chiu' (Shan keng' a pier-glass.

'king, a

suspicious, to act according

perspicacious;

keng^ Jed

'king, looking snd, got

clear as a

<rning,

kotii'

mirror,

'hd

^ngdn

keng*
spectacles; ^U'in Hi kenj^ a
spy-glass; pdh <fd keng^ a
glass cut into segments miu^
keng^ a looking glass ; c/tiw'
hd^ keng' o\ look in the glass
ke.ng^ (.chong, a dressing-case ;

"clear,

''king, lias

situated

(As a noun, usually pronounced kmg.)


ir,^'

iyiu'ig isJieng fati ""king, the


eight lions of Cunton ; ^mb

the blues

circum-

ip'ung ihiisin 'king, fairy land,


supposed to be in the west.

ikirong

good

'king,

stances, pleasantly

to prin-

chV a prospect,
^kitig, circum-

'^king

a vistu

high

'king kdi' a boundary

Attentive, sedate, cautious,

ii.L^

^}^ serious;

respectfully ;^toslo\v

'"^respect to, to esteem, to honor to venerate, to worship, to


adore ; to watch one's self, to
;

'-^
_/ti

King

To

-exhaust,

examine

to

fully

the end,

finish

to

apply the mind to king\.':han,


reverence the gods 'hbfung'
king' a present to a parent or

the

^ close, a confine, termination,

the iitmost then, at last, finally 'king ^md ynt:, <,in, never
said a word: ^md 'king, unli;

friend

mited
after
j'm

jZrtJ

all ?
all

prt/j

all

'king, to the last,

doubtless; 'king ^in


(tn^t wont he couie at
'liia,

did not at

understand 'king
still you. went.
;

tsz^^

hu'

/^

limit,

border

boundary, frontier,
marchen, confines

^ abode, place where one lives


a district
a neighborhood

wine

present one a glass of

king' chung' to hold

esteem

iri

king' tdk 'chi, I


respectfully inform you.
sideway, a path, a byeISL'^
hiorh

HiH,

'iSi

'tsau, to

'king i'm

A;/"^' (S/""N self train-

king' sik^ tsz'^ 'clii, have


respect to written paper; king'

ing

'-*-

^5^

King

way, a short cut, a briiileamong


path, a goat. path

straight

hills;

rect

state, condition of life, status

prompt

kwai' 'kingy vour residence or

tsiti

throug'i,

diameter

the
to

kin^'

go, to

di-

quick,
pass by ;
;

an easv way,

;
'

KING

KING.

'^ to maintain one's own


merits (k'ing iVgan, to assay

modo king' lo^ a near


path ; J^e king' smart, underhand, tricky conduct ; the
king' ^'ing,
opposite
of
short

(k'ing (Sam iitifuki corhearty submission (king


iTiong (S^ung tsang^ gave him
all his purse (k'ing lun' broken
down, ruinous
(k'ing H, to
incline the ear
(k'ing (kd
silver

Interchanged with the pre-

5B5'

cedinor

go up
(.ting, widely unHke,

to

king

>

The

0?{J'

leg-hone

was

= hit his shins

k'au' king'

to teach

him

ty

^jJ Hard,

firm,

stiff;

robust, vigorous

strong,

Ai.'

game of

ik'ing ha}

(k'ing 'hbm, to break


his

^hi (Slian (kd, si>ent

money

contend, to force, to struggle

to discuss one's ability

(k'ing

^mdn, to
talk the livelong night (k'ing
noi^ tik, stay a little longer.

great, abun-

(k'ing che' a

by hitting against each other

well-matched enemies.

Violent, strong

to drink

pragmatic,
j?:'"^dant ; emulous,
bickering, testy, boisterous; to

rndu'

from her great beau-

last

Uung^

the city

(k'ing pdi^ defeated, de-

striking sugar-cane

unyielding,
overbearing,
indefatigable
(fitng iiw^^ a stiff breeze; king^
tiki

stroyed

king' kwali the shank.

^/'

estate

tiuk) (k'ing isheng,

the legs of

and animals

an

^ch'dn, to ruin

far apart,
j

J.'^ birds

to api>roach, to near,'

to pass by, to

dial,

straightforward,

2:

161

(k'ing

yat,

A carnation or red gem ;


precious coral ; small, pretty
K'iung
gems <,K'ing ichau 'fit., the
I

drive off; (hoi king^ to


(Chdvg king^
begin a fray
wrangling
cKtd:, ^yan J.'au
king^ excelling others, distinfor, to

island of

guished

jWio

king^ unambi-

Hainan

Jcing

iiu,

fairy land.

-^-"1

Alone, desolate, no relative

^^^ ^^ protector downcast, sor5*^ rowing; Jcing ^ngdn tnong^


Lpjto stare at fixedly; (k'ing
't^-* <k'ins md kd' without any
;

tious.

5^

(193)

K'ing.

one to open the heart


resource.

/g The head leaning one sid


'Jt^^ cd, aslant, inclined, falling
entirely, wholly
to overturn,
to subvert, to prostrate
to
waste, to squander to smelt,
ii .issay, to purify metals,
to

racter also

to

no

third cha-

means

Strong, violent

ilj
l^|>'

The
;

childless.

ik'ing tiki a

powerful enemy.

t^'st

to

talk,

to

debate, to

wrangle; Jcing'^tOy to pour out,


subverted, fallen, prostrated
,k' iiig Ho 'L'ii, silenced him, 1
convinced him; (k'ing 'l>uii\
:

Toy. Dier.

21

b^ A
l^'{'^

whale, the largest of sea


monsters, fabled to be a thou^ sand li long ik'ing (t'an, to
swindle, to take or swallow
;

all

jfrV ik'ing ^sh{'ung

(I'm,

whale to heaven
as Li Taipch did.

to ride a

162

KIT.

KiP.

To mark

m-^

"pots

K^*r

the face with black

ik'ing min'

the faces of criminals


also ts'iki

tst'*

Uuki ynt) ihung, to plunder


to make a clean
everything
sweep; shau^ kip, to be robbed;

brand

to

called

maki Jcingy

kip) shik] to seize

To elevate, to raise up high


with the hands Jcing Jcun,
to bow with the hands above
Jciiig it'in ^c/i'ii, a
the head
pillar of state, an ofiiccr who
can raise the state to heaven.
A colloquial word, to settle,

j^fe

^^

came to an end through


means of the robbery. A colloquial word, meaning astrinbitter, puckering
the
mouth; sleepy; iCh'd ^yung ti^

gent,

kip) the tea


kipi

till

^^ A
K'ing

ikon,

it

settle

y^

to

stand

tA'-

stringing

it

ik'ing, a lamp-stand,

(Shii

Mng

strong
sour and

shoe

a frame to set a bow

when

very

nah

^ngdn kip^ eyelids


heavy, dozmg.
To pinch to clasp under
the arm a clasp a wrapper,
;

k^uL the
pinches the foot ; kipi
kipi take the portfolio

a portfolio

dry.
stand for a lamp, or a wall,

light
in

let

tts'ing,

Jiing

is

kipi naki

astringent

as turbid fluids ; to freeze, to


coagulate, to curdle ; Hang
clear

for

all

ik'ittg

women

ravishing; ikdi ^yau kip^ thd^

to ink the face, to tattoo.

ihdi kipi

under your arm


kipi ds'an
'^chif to pinch the finger.
;

a wall-

'^shau

shade.

'li
j/y-

hundred ^mau, equivalent

to 1 5 j'^^^ sq. acres, the largest

of land measures ; an instant,


a moment, a glance; a basket;
in epitaphs, has the meaning
*of trembling, respectful; the

head inclined

hah

'^Ic'ing

(195)

*^ Limpid, pure, clear; un/^."tainted, above bribes, clean-

eo-J)

unde filed

4i/j
;

clean (as water),


kit, tsing-

clean,

'kifung- .kung,
to refuse bribes in the public
service ; kU^ ^shan ikwai, to
retire from office with unsulli-

acres

Kip.

Ming

pure, white

are there

neat,

or

how many

clean, trim, tidy ; to purify, to


cleanse, to correct kit-, ds'ing,

'k'ing ^mau,

pure-minded

handed,

a
a

very short time 'k'ing iUi


brief glance at, a cursory
reading mdn^ '^Icing, a wide
'k'ing
range, a vast expanse
^on, I've just heard 'ki do
;

Kit.

kity

ed fame.

The end of a thread ; a


marking-line; a rule of acKieh
tion; to measure, to reduce
to order, to bring within
bounds, as a river : kit, lok> to
^i^

>

To

plunder, to rob openly,

a kulpa or
hun.
ages; Hd ktp^

ito take violently

^J< Budhist

period of five

Kieh dred years;


robbery with

fighting;

kiy^

adjust

kit, tsing^

for the preceding.

pure.

Used

;;

KfT.
jH: A knot, a knob made of cord
a skein, a hank ; to work or
weave in knots, to knit to

used harsh,
murderous,
lift a atone
truculent
to
Kiti Kwai' the last monarch of
the Hid dynasty, b. c. 1818.
this the

v^l

tract, to bind parties

dry paste or dough

to set, as

as

induce, as ill-will;
an agreement, bond, compact,
engagement united, banded
together, engaged, tied, fixed
kit} hdpi contracted, completed, as a bargain; kit, ch^ung''
fruit;

to

/^

Eminent

k'Ut iTigan, to

account;

c's'an,

kit,

sW a skein of silk
12th month

kit,

iiti

the

kii^pdi'lo pledge

AY

man

(196)

To lift

K*^!!

be stiff

too

make known

an apron

hong' bor-

of graduates
k'it, {fung
to take off the seals from
a door, remove the fastenings
list

ip'i,

k'it,

shd'

an account due

k'it,

Hiin, to post one, to

censure.
To exhaust, to carry to the
^7^/ utmost to sink awav, wantK.ieh
,
ing; to carry on the shoulder ;

open, as a place ; disparted,


as friends.
Ad:
A hen-roost ; courageous,
^^S' excelling, gifted with great
of a

k'it,

mous statement k'it, ts6' to


borrow
k'it, ^hiii, to issue a

Suffering, laborious sepiirat. j'ed from friends; wide, parted


kU, fut,
to carve, to cut off

qualities,

to publish or

or skirt.

off,

little wafer
kit,
coagulated blood.

carry off something in


'Pjthe skirt of a dress, to lift up

or take

rowed capital
k'it, Mn, a
note of hand k'it, t'ip^ a placard, a pasquinade, an anony-

if

To

lift

upon, to bear, to undertake

^shitL hai- kit, it will

up, to

^^ ^ ^^^ ^^ cover ; to raise the


dress ; to borrow ; to take

responsible for

hat,

(Ngai^ Kiti) Wei

K'it.

is

called

Kieh, A. D. 956, in the days


of the After Chau dynasty.

knit nets ; kit, '^nau, to braid


a button ; kit, Hs'oi, to hang
festoons wat, kit, sullen kit,
jin, the last words
yati hav}
ikwai kit, to settle it up afterwards, to see how an affair
turns out finally; kit,'^ kwo sing'
ming^ to take one's life ; '^shui
there

vir-

of great parts.
Name of a famous sfafes-

{TTidi tik,

yat, kit, csz'

kit, on' to decide


a case kit, tsung^ to open a
case in court
'kwo kit, Hiu,
the fruit has set kit, hnong, to

friendship

an

^1^

con-

to

in talents
;

pay money on

tract a marriage

proud, self-willed,
opinionated shoots of grain ;
lying kiti a heroine, a person
tue, a hero

jpT^I^

or

is

to constiff,

next

villainous,

cruel,

to fasten, to bind

tie,

163

K'fT.

magnanimous

thousand, a hero

one

for

'i

exhausted power, like that of


the five elements, which are
then succeeded by others defeated k'it, lik, weakened, to
exhaust one's strength its'oi
k'it, impoverished
k'it, kitt, H
fu^ to exert one's utmost
;

strength to reach.

;;

164

K'fT.

KItT.

AK

Martial, urgent
eyertinjr
k'it, k'iU iWai
j^jj one's strength
i^ sedulous or diligent in observing or doing right. Interchanged with tlie last.
J^ A round stone pillar with

of halberd ; strong, hale k'Ui


k'it] the larvas of musketoes ;
preeminent, alone ; k'Ui "^ying
Jiu dang, solitary before a
lonely lamp k'it^ shiU tonguetied k'iti sin yah (Shan, quite

j^l^^

an inscription

an

alone.

iguille or

sharp projecting rock like the


Skillig rock near Ireland; there
is one on the coast of Chihli,
near the Great Wall
the
fluttering of birds.
To go and come, to depart

^h

adjust;

carry

itdi

used

judge, to demand of, to


with authority, to
iTieh
inform one's self; to prohibit,

to

k'iti

him above

lii't

.^\u\

ifan iCh'uu,

cli'ut:,

beyond)
and

(or

Read

the world.

To

h4:

enrtli, to

to put in orUr, to

k'it:,

raised

j^^' a brave, valiant look.

from the

raise

up, to dangle or susponn

to protect

4R

To

^^^i hold

k'ai\

^.

for

iiterif^gJite

to correct

and lay

restrictions;

reduce the rebellious

to

(197)

Kill.

to

Jj^ Beautiful, comely, graceful,


order
k'U:, waU intractable,
cacophonous, as sounds k'iU '^^ delicate, tender dear, lovely
^hau ikung, to take evidence
an affected, elegant, polished,
manner a stylish figure or
of prisoners ip'un k'Ui to exform to cry or whine for, petamine k'U: iChiiif to-morrow
morning,
ted, spoiled ckhi kwat' dainty,
ig A stiflfor straight neck to
delicate ikiu ^yeung, to bring
up tenderly, to spoil by over
upwards k'U, wdio difficult
^y
Ki^h
fondness, to wink at vice
to do
artful speech to de;

ceive

^T.
Kieh

To
''^*^'

to

(kiu lidki a son-in-law; applied

to rob, to plunder.

discover secrets, to pub^o reveal, to bring to light

charge with a

fault, to

ques-

tion in regard to an accusation,


to reprove
k'it, lyan Hun ch'ii'
;

to

remark on people's

nin'A;'i<5to

To

faults

personally reprove.

up and put the skirt


j^l'^^'in the girdle to hold something in it; to carry some-

i^S

^
^.^jj

lift

thing in the dress.


A man without

arm

his right
alone, solitary, abandon-

ed, orphan-like
short,

left,

a remnant,

or behind

a kind

also to distinguished

ikiii,

like a syren,

tive, a fairy

crying

chd^

(.kin,

guests ;
seducteasing,

for, as spoiled

children;

ikiu csheng, a kind,

winning

voice a querulous, higii keyed tone ; A\Kiu, a bcjiiiliful


woman in the days of NVnti,
B. c. 100; applied as nn on;

dearing name
,ioMv, voindaughter; (kiu (fs'ai, mv dcnr
xolluw
wife iWong (kiu, th^
beauty," i. e. wine (kii'i f'lii'
;

''

lady-like, genteel
fresh, beautiful.

Jdu

^mi,

;;;

KIU
A
Kidu

KIU.

stately horse, a wild, rep-

'4^

haughty,

j!/

proud,

horse;

tive

ungovernable, self-confident,
conceited
to glory in, to
disdain ; ckiu nsd^ proud, overbearing ^kiii ckw'd, presumptuous
^ch'^ iwan, pride
and waste, showy ; c/ci tsung^
kwdn' indulged till he is con-

Mu

lever

small species of pheasant,


with a long tail, and perhaps
Kiau
akin to the barred-tailed or

Reeves'

To
Kiau

it

whence

to pin kiii^ /in


kong' a spendthrift, lit. one
who carries ofi' land kiu' chii^

to

water; to dip;
;

to dip candles

irrigate,

false,

prevent the
horse's legs," to argue with
one against a plan, to hinder
a thing, to interfere with ; kiu*
chij} ^ngdn iyan, he is an eye-

to

perfidi-

Mu Idpi

to

water flowers ckiii poki false,


hardhearted.
Read Jtiu, an
eddy.
A high peak, where no water
remains ^un 'kiu, one of five
Kiau
lofty hills in Shantung, where
;

to

sore to me.

chuk,

ikiu ifd,

kevh

-md

name.

its

sprinkle,

to stick in, to obstruct

kill' icharri'

pheasant (Syrmaticonstantly clucks (A:i

ous, ungrateful

To

wind around ;
pay to to deliver
Kiau
up, to hand to an officer
leg
wrappers; '^kiu sin' to wind
thread '^iw iwdn, to pay back;
bind, to

to reel

to

paid up, settled ; 'kiu


hand in an essay ;
(.kiirii to surrender up
'^kiu

jM/j ^kiu,

to

'kiin,

genii dwell.

^kiti

The

ichong, to deliver up stolen


goods. Read cheuk, to tie a

wrilhings and squirmingg of a snake ; to stretch or


Kiau
wriggle one's self; a kind of

string to

an arrow when

it

is

shot.

ant.

Straight

Kiau

ceited.

iJciut

hand, to grasp
unyielding; to straighten false, feigning used colloquially to wipe, to rub '^kiu
^ngdn lui^ to wipe away tears
'>tm 'tsui, to wipe the mouth ;
'Arm ikon tseng^ wipe it clean.
Read kiu' to take a little ; to
pry open, to pry up with a
;

cus)\

To lift up the

firm,
;

165

bend

to

what

is

to straighten

White,

to

Ki^u

'kiu ^k'eung,

unwilling; 'kiu
ming^ to feign orders ; '/tiii
fjiin, oppressive,
seizing by
force 'fci(i '^yau Uv^ tsok:, to act
for one's interest, time serving. Often interchanged with
;

the next.

^yau

jti

gem, such as an
yaJi bright

'kiu

as the sun.

frau-

to usurp, to exercise

undue authority
to force

refulgent,

lustrous,

like a bright

opal

wrong; martial, strong,

to simulate, to deceive

dulent

to rectify, to correct

'^g

To

raise the feet

^y} ing of horses

to

caracol-

march

'kiu

ktuk^ to cross the legs.

the

'^
^.fJ

sedan

formerly denoted

a covered chaise
yat:, 'ting
^kiii, a sedan ; chuk:, ^kiu, bamboo sedan (cJiong 'Arm, tilt the
;

.sedan

'Ariu

kong' sedan

c/u ^kiu, a bride's chair

thills
;

(ming

;;;

1G6

K'lU.
^kia,

an open

officers

^t'oi

K'lU.

chair, used

^kiu

'Zd,

by

bearers

sedan

jpdU ^kiu, a sedan for

'pan, to pass the bridge and


raise the board, i. e. to make a

sedan-

Iso^ ^kiu, to ride in

catspaw of one
^'ng higdn
Jciu, a five arched bridge ;

eight bearers.

{rnun Jciu, a door-lintel Jciu


Han, the buttress of a bridge ;
ts'6uk)ik'iu, the crow's bridge ;
;

|g|

To call,

^ [upon
'1

0^

to

send

to cry out

for, to call
;

to

name

commiind, to tell
named,
.Kiau to do, to persuade
(fa Hsz^ kiu^
eJut>,ju, C'^^lled, termed
ikdi, the beggars cry in the
street; ^'m^siuug kiu^ not on
speaking terms kiu' Jioi
iinaif one who can run er.
rands; kiu^ p'o' ihau Jung, to
call till one is hoarse ; kiu^
mati iineng, what is your (or
I

to

cause

made

to

kW

High, stately,

kdm' j'm

(O/i,

look-

Su

growing different ways, met.


and son
Jciu ^nin,
aged
Jciu muk^ lui* stately
forest trees, an order of plants
in Chinese botany.

father

thus disturb me?


kiu^ ts'dki to cry thieves
kiu^
kav? meng^ to cry out for help

lofty

'"S upward, aspiring, like


the branches of a tree curved, crooked
proud, discontented ; Jciu Hsz' two trees

name ? yat:, kiu' tsati' td^


came as soon as called mat:,
ishui kii? ^iii tsd^ who told
you to do that 1 ^ni maU ^y^

why do you

its)

kiu' taki ^ngo

Chih.nii
a fairy
Jiang Jciu, a suspension bridge fau Jciu, a float,
ing bridge, a temporary bridge
for

story

An inn, a lodging-place a
temporary lodgment hieh
;

ipl.

wake him up

kiu' '^seng,

a'

you are

ik lu iku, to visit, to sojourn.

A colloquial

kiu'

hard to

^
(198;

K'iii.

word, avaricious;
tdi^ very greedy,

Jciu 'naut'dP

called.

Long

I^du

suit.
tail

feathers

a kind

"^^'^''ifi fl'iS? high, elevated;

to raise the head, to look


:
'

planks laid across

bridge
streams a thwart, or cross
beams supporting frames or
other parts, as in a well-sweep
a viaduct; the arch of the foot
a vacant part, where the ends
are supported a stately tree,

ts'ui^

whose branches grow upward

coiffure.

elevate, to excite

nent

to

up
immi-

lift

tail

Jciu, high, as trees ; in


danger, as a house of fulling ;

ik'iii

to

dangerous,
suspended; distant;
Jciu 'shau, to raise the head
the

like a cypress or poplar met.


a father, in the phrase Jciu

Tjfc

'^

Jciu, a kind of feather

A kind of grain, called Jciu


\maki perhaps a sort of bijck-

^'^^***'> ^he culm is reddish,


Hsz' you father
s^tt
and son yaUtd' Jciu, a bridge; K'lau 2 or 3 feet high, flowers
white, and leaves hastate
ktm' Jciii shut, wa' news,
'tsz'; ling^ Jc'in

street talk

kwo^ Jtiu ^cfiau

it is

reaped in October.

;;;

KO.

^'

KO.
apcr-

pore, orifice,

)>ole,

a cavitv, a hollow, an
interstice ^kau kiu the nine
passages of the body
kbm^
tfung k'iiP such open passages !' i. e. clever, astute

^ri, ture

(t'ung

al or thing, as in the phrases

chi'

ko' or

ko' this

(Tii

one

'nd ko' or ko' ko' (often pronounced 'ko ko', to distinguish

mi^ chung^ k'iu' you are


wide of the mark hbfi k'iu'
yat, k'iu' pal^
in good time

it from ko' ko' every) that one;


a pronoun, thi.s, this one, but
need not always be translated ; stands for the possessive case, as 'ngo ko' j-'aut
my head ; when following the
negative moki or ^mai, specifies
the following noun
as mok, ko' fiu' don't go, i.e.

k'iu''

iShii

he understands nothing, thoroughly stupid.

(fling,

Ko.

(199)

To

sing in a recitative, to
with music accomt5q] pany>"g ^ song, a ballad; ^ko
Ko .s/ietig, the sound of singing;
pT'^']

'^l*, chant
I

don't [do]
ko'

'kai

there

ty

(tio,

(ko

(Chili Jco,

elder brother; a designais

d'

(koiko, a polite term for a

stranger, or an elder ; tdi^ (ko,


^Id (ko, veelder brother

my

nerable sir ; a' (Ch'o (ko, a novice, a raw hand


i- a' (ko,
(Sam a' (ko, the emperor's
;

second and third sons

pi' (ko,

the nose,
fe^'l

The

j^, bamboo
I

first

stalk

of these is a
a classifier
;

^{^ j'applied to human beings, to


yPi^' inanimate things, particular'
ly of a roundish or compact
lorm, periods of time, coins,
I

til

at

ko'

mati iyan, whose is


mati ^y6 wa? ko' j'm hai^
says it is not so ? ^md

hai^

tiki

who

Honan.

tion of the emperor's sons


(ko

all

speciality than ko' ko', as ko^

former name for Weihwui fu


in

we have

it,

the lonely wife's dit-

name of a song;

^T An

stand
'yau, every

Uung^ sweet
music
^ch'^uvg

iliii.

sounds of
Jiau^

body has

*/na

don't

things ; sai'
ko' the little
thing, the darling, the pet
ko' tiki is
used with less

song-book

'pnii,

(Sheng

that going;
ch'u'

ko' ko' (to

^ko

^*

schemes, plats of land, &c.,


more widely than any other ^
denotes objects when spoken
of individually an individu-

ytuki sudorifics
sternutatory remedies ;

and

'

107

who

is not anr
another
'At
ko'
(Scting,
several boxes
I'ffi
(fan tak} ko' shd' the
kinds can not be sorted
^ni
ko' pin^ ^yau' ts'dk^ ^mb, are
there thieves in your place ?
lun' ko' iCau mdi^ sold by the

gry

(iiav,

j'7n

? tai'

i^

ko'

piece ko' pok, ko' one pitted


against one ; ko' yat^ ^shdng,
;

in

that

province yat> ko' Jd


erery single one has
;

hii^ sui'

gone

ko'

iik-,

(ngdrit, that's

'mui /fo*
kind of catch
note at the end of a song.
right, that will suit

each

tsaki ko' a

;;

;;

K6.

168
(200)

Kb.
usually with fruit mixed in

K6.
High,

lofty, elevated

loud
exalted ; excellent,
sublime, noble ; a high degree
of; a periphrasis for your in
;

KAu eminent,

direct address, as ^ko sing^ d'

what

your surname ? the


189th radical old, advanced
is

tkd tdi^

fruit

ikb,

'^kvjo

To

well-proportioned

tall,

cakes
iSung ikb, leavened dumplings;
jMmc^Oj dumplings of oldman's
rice tdn^ cAo, sponge cake.
Interchanged with the last
steamed cakes a bit,
Kau pastry ;
a tidbit (kbfan, rice tlour.

pdk>

inform,

^^^ announce

to

call

or

to

harangue
to
lofty ^kd Jau 'kun, an eatingc;^ drawl out, to whine high,
house ikb ikd, very high ^m Kdu eminent; a bank a marsh
;
ifan laki ^kd dai, can not nicely
xkb iTniin, a palace-gate ; "^kau
>.

much

not

differ-

Jid hing^ to see the

''Cai

show

J(d iicdi tak, a beggar

,*

alluding to

man

in the Sang
960; chi" /ti\/cd, aspiring,
ambitious; cid/cd' high-priced;

Kau

read

man^
;

J(d,

higdn

learned,

(kd,

Kau

esc

Kau

pole used to push

ich'dng

(kd, to pole

boats

yafr,

ickdng

push

Jioi,

it

Kau

off

Dry, rotten, as wood


a
kind of tree, its wood is like
chestnut others describe it as
like the tallow-tree
'^kd mvki
'' fai' all
desire
gone,
wearied out
iying iyung (fii
'^kbj attenuated, cadaverous ;
;

Fat, grease, ointment ; suet


glossy,
greasy,
rich food
unctuous; genial, fattening,

rich, fertilizing; (Chii ^ko, lard

tko yeuki a plaster


clarified fat

ikd <yau,

Jib iUting,

sump-

tuous fare, rich food


Ocb
tfong, the vitals, the part beyond the reach of medicine.
;

A lamb a kid J'oi ^kb <pi,


unycancd lambskin hdk-i ^kb
;

Kau

case or sack for a bow,


attached to a car ;
ikb kiii^ a quiver for bow and
arrows.
or armor,

chnk:,

with a pole.

('lit

a well-sweep

ikd

Kau

called kati ^kb.

Jed iVfiingy intelligent.

fp3

is

drum, said to be 12 ch'ekt


long, anciently used to incite
workmen in their work.

well-

supercilious

A kind of tree

1).

Jioki

marshy bank.

ikb, a

1^

of that
dynasty,

name

A.

Jib hing^ pleased, grati-

distinguish,
fied

to

ence

ikon 'id, dried

fish.

The culm of grain

straw

original, the first draft of a


Kau an
paper; asketcii, a proof; ^iro
'/s'd Vfd, a
'Afo, paddy straw
7d 'Aro, to make a
first copy
copy to take a proof of (a
;

term);

printer's

'/cd

<.kung,

black lambskin <,chan ichii


curly-haired lambskin.
ikb,

ip'i^

head

clerk,

who

revises

|)a.

Cakes, pasty, or dumplings


of flour or arrowroot, steamed,
Kau
with or without leaven, and

m
irr'

Kau

pers

'^kb, a theme.
gray and lustrous;
very while. Also read

(Ch'eutig

White
'k<) kt),
, ,,

ko

'

KO.

^1^-

Interchanged witli'j^ ^^i*!^

Kdu

wood

rotten

160

KOI.
(201)

Koi.

straw or thatch

for huts a draft or copy ; '/to


An agreement, an enlisting
kun^ the rough draft, the or- SJ?
'P.^ contract to connect, to preiginals of pa{>ers.
Kai
fit, proper,
pare, to arrange
Clear, pure, distinct ; white,
be, or is
;

what ought

just,

Kau

applied

hair

to

'kd

I'^han

and

bright apparel

cJiik:, Isuk-i

or convenient

barefeet.

Kau

owe; the

Plain, white and fine silk


itnornamented, simple, plain
'^kd
ci, plain garments
unadorned, of one color.

^ko

'I'he

Kau

clear, bright
'/td ch^titi

high, lofty

yati glorious

mentioned
it

cfroi (lii,

foolish

what
{'m

to

has

ikoi,

useless, improper,

unlucky,

ikoi ishvu

disappointed

'Aro

the, that, the

been
beg
should not have done

aforesaid,

pardon,

deserving

said,

si'i'

sun shining over trees

to

right, necessary, permissable,

(koi

Jong Him

how ought it to
cTji,
be? (koi tso? ch' u' it (or he)
ought to be there
Att' hcaV
ytiing^

as the

sun breaking from the clouds.

To gore to accuse, to inform against, to impeach, to


Kau
tell of; to announce to a superior, to inform any one, as in
courteous language
to ask,

ikoi ting^

to request

to order

ko'

Ad', pi^

ko' the

jun

and

plaintiff

defendant; ko' su' the accusation and reply; to inform of;


ko'

ifs'z^

to intimate one's de-

parture, to

by a

visitor

take
;

sue for a debt

leave

to

ko' isfiing,

to

much.
A bank a boundary,

said

kb^ cheung'

Kai

finish [a work] sh^ung^ ko' to


appeal ko* ka' to ask leave of
absence.
;

Sift'

^"

To

commands

to,

'o signify

ones wishes; a

pa-

tent; a decoration ; ko' ishan,


l.llers-patent, credentials kb'
rfiitie, to confe/ a title or rank

circuit,

guard or reinforce a
frontier; a hundred millions;
iA:im (A;oi, every where, the wide
world. Interchanged with the
limit

to

next.^

enjoin upon, to order, to

direct, to give

iUgan ytuki
money does
all wrong, done badly ; Jioi
'Afin, belongs to his rule, he
has the oversight of; 'pi/n ikoi,
it is incumbent on, belongs to
you to do, or to see to ikoi
kbm^ ito, there should be so

shi^
;

is

summer ^koi
ikon, how much
he owe ? ^koi ^m^,

usually) hot in

a proclamation, an edicl

should be (or

ill it

a graStep, bank, terrace


dation, a succession, an order
Kai
certain music '^kan (koi, the
;

.P^

'.

'nine ascents," heaven, the

on Ao' ,shii, a scroll from the


emperor, honors.

empyrean.
Roots Hs'b (kni,ihc
;

Kii

plant;

Is t, koi,

evil principles.

Ton. Did.

22

bad

roots of

roots, met.

;;

170

KOI:

K'OI.

To

'pA'

change, (b

j/^ change

'jtoi

another day

having come,

Joi,

yat^

-ling hdu'

will

call

pat^ fu' a set of tin dish-covers

to

"^koi

reform

cooking

to another

now

court; 7foi kd^ to


leave a husband or betrothed,
and marry another '^koi un-

irreclaimable;

i'ung^ 'koi i^'in

wrongly

K'ai

you must

t/t,

"-koi
your misdeeds
do better ''koi
ifung 'shvi, to improve one's
luck by incantations.

reform

lay

confounded

to exchange, to put

7coJ, flagitious,

rice

at that time,

k'oi' ^ngd, to

another
in place of; 'koi ^^hiung, unto grow worse
'mo
usual

wooden cover used

fdn^ k'oi' a

in

To

and used

^.

for hop,

sigh, to lament for


iak-,

(^02)

grain to
a summing, a

striker to level

even, to adjust

K'iii
;

yah

kind of coarse grass used

ofl";

canopy, a vault

to cover, to hide, to roof; to


Screen, to conceal, literally and

figuratively
to overtop

is

to
;

overshadow,

now then

heaven

Ic'oi^

with a board
Uov
cover
icAwn^, a covered tea-cup; Uoi'

now

it

is

said

all

Generous, noble minded, loving integrity ^k'ong k'oi' dis;

above meanness
moved by, commiseInterchanged with
;

To wash
K'^i

or scour cooking

utensils; to wet, to moisten;

on like a torrent inundating, swashing; name of a


to roll

river in Lidutung.

To

ask alms

K'ai

beg

k'o'i'

to give

to

demand,

hat, k'oi' lo

to

beg

ask for tnonej'


beg for footl.
gasping From rage

its'in^ to

k'oi' hai^ "^kdm,

the last.

k'oi'

about the same.

are

rating.

ich^ k'oi^

shade the face k'oi^ tak-,


kwo' to hide out of sight k'oP
to
Vid min^ to veil the face
hide one's real feelings k'oi'
kwo^ <J'au, pull it over the
head k'oP kwo^ ko' /au hit'
cover or shade it more that
7)nn^

the

hi'

they

also,

k'oP to shut up
'pi '^pdn k'oP chv}

it

k'oi^

on

erous-hearted

'/rdm k'oi'
;

Hm

or close

the roof;

k'oi^

tdi'

interested,

a conjunction,

since, for, for that,

shiung^

K'ii

yal,

magnanimous, gen-

resolute,

a cover, a cover-

ing, a roof; a

iiti

altogether,
;

generally speaking,
whole, the most of;

jtVA >for thatch

K'ai

k'oi'

gone

(id hii' all

K'oi.

k'oi'

desires are disappointed.

without exception

win

to regret

with unavailing sighs and laments, to sorrow that one'a

resume

:^'

was;
Often

it

tiles.

with

paU i^ang

t'dn'

<shi,

k'oi'

then

pin'' to alter, to

k'oi'\yan,

'koi ^ngd ^mun, to carry a case

because that k'oi' 'hiu^ seeing


that he understands set) k'oi^

exchanged

kico'

k'oi'

since you are here

do better;

amend, a* a ctxm-

to correct, to

position

way

alter; to ex-

to reform, to

k'oi' shiki to

Anger

IS' haw

K'iii

k'oi' furiouslv anijrv.

;;

KOK.
^203)

KOK.

Kok.

an angle a
protuberance or jutting out
a tuft of hair
a headland, a
cape a quarter or one fourth
(as of an hour or an orange)
a wine-jar wing of an army
one of the 28 constellations,
a and X, in Virgo kok, shing'
a corner, a point,

ff
^j|

171

Calling to and being disre-j


garded separate, apart a distributive adjective pronoun,
each, every; various; AroA-,
(yan, each man koky ^yan kok-,
fci/i^each one has his own opinion
Aio^j 'yau '^sho (Ch'^ung,
each man has his own gift

to drive (as cattle do), to beat

official
it

used to be carried in a horn;


Jit i

various kinds of goods.

kok,

borrow money

to

ktpo^ tak, kok, flush

door screen
a loft, an
^}] upper story or balcony, a lookout room a porch, a vestibule;
a corridor or gallery, St' room;
female apartments a council
chamber, a court-room met.
the officers assembled there,
the court; a cupboard or
Pi

an

yaf, kok, <,man (Shii,

dispatch, perhaps because

-yau yaU shuh each lias


a different tale kok, sJiik, fo'
koki

taken

(phrases

money
from gamof

bling); ^pi kok: ch'ong^ fo gore

(Wdn pat, kok,

chiin'

to idle

about, to loaf; kok,Iok>it'au, a

corner in a room
chai iTtini
it aside (as worthless)
kok, 'hau or kok, ^Isui,
;

safe

for eatables

courtier, a

wrangle
pdh kok, staraniseed (d kok, kaP tufts of
hair on children: dhi ^ngd.n
kok, to ogle, to glance chiki,
t.un\ and yui- koki are terms
for right, obtuse,
and acute,
to

^Id,

corrupted

is

term kok, ha' your


excellency, your honor. Sir:
noi^ kok, the Inner Council
this

angles

yap> kok, to be a cabinet-minister

'tsnng kok,

jv/'i,

hood
tiii ;sdm
kok,
cash into a triangle.

summer-

'shui kok, a

cabinet-minister

the word Colao

from

koh

yat, kok, put

house over the water


(kwai
the female apartments;

child-

to pitch

To seize

an animal and drag


along by the horns to stab
an animal.

kok,

txoi^

kok, shinng^ he

kok,

td^

the stars
Cassiopeia.

To

Koh kok,

and

ir

to

impede,

way.

in

A
;

Mm

or kok, chv} to defer,

difficulties in the

it

upstairs;

obstruct, to hinder

adjourn,

Koh

u,

is

to

to

put

Kioh

the

rafter, the strips


tiles

rest

on which
a

mallet

handle a tree in Kwangtung,


called Jd kok, Vsz', whose fruit
is the size of an egg.
;

A horn; 14Sth radical of


Rough land, hilly and rocky;
words relating to uses, appearbad, poor land, like barrens;
uKioh
ance, die, of horns
a rugged country.
to dispute, to try or test one's powGrand, e.xnlted
correct,
;

ers or strength with another;


upright to understand, toperKioJx
to butt, to gore horny, hard,;.
eeive ; intelligent ; to nt^tice,
;

; ;;;

K'OK.

172

K6\r.

awake, aroused
to
conscious ; to feel
briny to light, to manifest
^ngo iin koki p'ung' its' an '/i, 1
ran against you inadvertently;
koki 'ng^ aroused to a sense of;
fat^ kok, divulged, discovered,
transpired, brought to light;
kok, tak-.
kok) itvongf. Bud ha
t'ung^ it hurts, I feel the pain ;
to advert to

to

Dry, dried up, exhausted, run

Ji.
Hoh

inattentive;

kok,

kok} hai* 'Arom,


like that

Kok^

think

Jo, the

JLJ

was

stood

it

in

Read

way.

this

kdu' to awake.
Brazen horns used to sup^^l port the flagstaffs and spears
.-in a chariot ; a boot in a car
to wrangle.

^j

Hoh

rife

hard, firm, solid


in fact,

tainly,

cere, truthful

prominent

verily so

tiki

indeed; sinresolute

k'ok-,

in

fact,

surely.

the

lethargic.

Igj

J^\

same as

the precede

,,

toll

^5
j^j'of

temple

to respect, to regard,

Kom.

(205)

-fl-

Kan

Sweet,

grateful,

relishing,

affreeable to the taste;

'

pleas.;,.

ed, happy; voluntary, wilhng ;


pleasing, delightsome ; spe-

winning ; the 99th raof characters of taste ;


(kdm csam, pleased, contented,
resigned -kom mi^ luscious
(kdm Jcdm tik, rather svv<!ot
(kdm '^chi, pleasant food, such
as is given to aged parents;

cious,

A kind ofdrawbridge, where


toll

Diligent, attentive to, careful


as one who serves in a

of,

dical

tng.

K'loh

i^.

f^ Sincere, guileleas, good


i^f^ hearted, ingertuous, upright.
Much

in

j'm

so; k'ok, fsoki substantial

h'ok:, iin,

fi'i

ciii^ng

really, cer-

k'oki doubtful; k'oki sfiati hai^

even

Hohj

to revere.

very

rock

called

a surname.
A kind of animal, allied to
burrows, and
it
the fox
Hoh
sleeps much has a sharp nosa
and long piebald fur a badger? Vd k'ok) shui' sleepy,

K'oh

^^'

Tayuen

place in

3> Shansi,

K'ok,

(204)

hioro,

the surname of the reigning


family in Manchu <fan ^mai
jjaU kok:, stupid from grief;
^ngo kok:, tah ^kdm, I under-

ingai ingdtn tsiit> k'ok)


an abrupt precipice, a road
impassible from gulches and
ravines tdi^ k'ok, the ocean ;
ik'ai k'oki mountain streams.

ditch

Hs'z^
it

Iloh

sliaU

(kou k'ok, thirsty, parched by the sun, out of funds,


needy ; (su k'ok, ch'it, to supply
one in need, to give life [to a
fish] in a dry rut.
A valley, bed of a torrent, a
a fosse, a citydeep gully
out

iiathered
k'ok:, sliuP
^
a species ot Hovenia.
liftingrnet for fish, ms^de
is

fine Ijaiiihoo nptsyofk.

(kdm Jam,

timely rain;

Jmm

^fu, prosperity and adversity;


(kdm iin, a soft answer, kind

vyords

kdm

latj

>i,

very sweet;

KdM.
(kdm
c^om

it/am

delicious

ii/nm,

k^^

^k'ii

KOVf.

was

it

stolen.

The coolie-mandarin orange


called
Kan (Citrus margaritajj
fjch'd iChi ikdm ; ckdrn ip'U orange peel Jioi ckom cptti, to
gamble wilh guessing orange
seeds cfan ikdm /ung mi^ to

Kdn

173

A mudtish ; ^kdm iti or ^fd


'kdm, a dusky green silure, the
Pimelodus guUatus,

Canton

in

common
spring

the

in

months.

To move

Kan

cite

the feelings, to ex-

affected by, influenced,

physically or mentally

iyan, grateful, thankful

^kdm
'kdm

have the

same

after

taste

sores,

disease of children arising

from imperfect digestion or


Kan
bad treatment ^kdm tsik-, pot
bellied J(om ^ch'ong, venereal

An adverb ofquality, so, thus,


this

ulcers.

The Chinese

Canarium.

(kdin 'lam, the

real

walk up to and take to


dare, to have the hardihood,
:

presuming, bold,
saucy
to of;

just so,

I presume ?
are all polite
expressions ; Ham '^kdm, fearless, valorous; 'kdm tsokj '^kom
,wai, not afraid of doing.

alike

'kdm k^\' s'w


do so, that'll

not do ; 'kdm 'tdm


ing, brave.

all

'hd 'kdm, so! don't

fend good manners


at the
beginning of a sentence, it answers to how, can
j'm '^kdm
Lsd^ dare not do it ; j'm '^kdm
(long, presume not to take it,
can not venture 'Ai'Ardm, how

can

do,

To

to venture

'/cdm

olive

chiefly in shape.

rash, intrepid

an interjection

^yiung tsd*
very well ;
tsau^ 'kdm, stop, well
'kdm
^y^ung 'tsz^ such a style ! used
in depreciation
'kdm wd^ if
you say so, if it be so ; il'ung
dd hai' 'kdm ki' they are all
;

tak, this will

It

belongs to the Terebinthaceae,

and resembles the

manner

of surprise

called

olive,

thanks.

'^kdm '^kdm,

Kun

fd^ iyan ^sam, to transform the heart, converted


cfedu 'kdm, influence of the
dual powers, conception Vrdm
md' ifung Jion, aflTected by the
weather 'kdm fak:, csham, or
^kdm kiki deeply thankful

used for washing

'^shui : it is

Kan

sorry

'^kdm

Water in which rice has


been washed, called ^mai^kdm

tears,

'Is'd.

Kdn

to

^kdm kdk, to act upon beneficially; ^kdm tsi^ '/n, obliged for,
thank you much the word
cumshaw is corrupted from this
phrase (to 'kdm, many thanks

Kin

moved

t'dn'

dividing the orange, to divide


a delicacy with others
(kdm
kdiri' Idi' pi* a nose as big as
an orange, supercilious.
Liquorice, much used in Chinese pharmacy, called tkdm

4'

tsd^

so dar-

An
such
'tsd,

why

adverb of quantity so,


kdm^ 'n, so far
Itdm'
so early
kdm^ mat} ^y^,
;

what is the reason ?


stung^ mau^ kdm^ 'cKau, such
an ugly face kdni' (Shd 'tdm,
great courage; kdm^ 40, so
many.
so

KOiV.

174

6iX'

KON.

violet color, a

J'P which the good inau,

rnsp

rod,

is

said,

it

does not wear,

The

g^'

J^

prefecture of Kfinchau

in the southern part of Ki^ns81

Kan

hien is a district in
department.
The large river of Kiangsi
;

this

*M'

K^

which flows north into


Poy.ing lake.

(206)

Kon.

tlie

mast, a flag-staff; ^k'i ,kon


kap, the clamps or fid.s which
uphold a mast ; <pz/i (kon, a

walking

stick.

Culm

of the bamboo; slender


as a rod, pole,
Kan wooden things
cane, sh^, staff, &c., often
made of bamboo cK lng\kon,
beam of the dotchin ; tixi' (kon,
a fishing-rod ; yaU (kon chuk,
a bamboo ; tsvv' ikon^ shaft of
;

an arrow,; ch^ung' (hm chuk,


stick for a curtain valance.

An inferior gem, a kind of


what pro- Kin coral Jong (kon, name given
to ornaments made of branchtects, or fends off; a bank of
ing coral of the genus Lsis.
a stream to seek, to try and
A

shield,

a buckler; arms,

armor

defensive

obtain from, to procure


to
The liver; it belongs to wood,
provoke, to draw down on one;
and rules the system; inKan
timate the feelings a brown,
to oppose, to offend, to break
nmber color; '/)i long' (Sam
laws; offense, crime, guilt;
incumbent, appertaining to,
(kon, he is as my heart and
liver, as myself; (Chii (konshik-,
concerning, bringing results to
dark brown, color of pig's liver;
one ; trunk of some plants, a
(kon icKiung ts'iin' tiin^ liver
stem a frontier ; Jcon Ji\m^
and hovvels cut. into inches,
arms, war, tumult ^kan fan'
greatly afflicted.
to commit a fault (kon ching'
i^l Dry, exhausted ; to dry ;
lyan, a witness j'm ,s^utig (kon,
no matter, does not concern ^^~^clean, entirely; ,kon tsengme ^md mal-, (kon hai' no great tTtij lifTip^d, pure mni^ (kon tseng*
consequences ^ii higo^md (kon, Kan all sold (kon muli to defraud;
a defalcation, use of another's
rone of my business (kon Jin,
goods (kon fu^ an adopted
bad results, involved in ; (t'in
father of different surname
(kon, "celestial stems," or
(kon '^fo 'shau, a shoplifcer ;
shap^ Jcon, ' ten stems," are
shdV (kon, to dry ; ckon ts'd^
ten characters used in the
feverish, heated ; (koa '^shong,
cycle ; ^ngo ^md (kon ship:, I had
hong^ (kon, to dry
dry, airy
no hand in that, I'm not impliat a fire (kon hong^ ^hi Jai,
cated there; ikon '^-i tdP a great
(kon du' (Chiing mat-,
deluded by vain promises; (kon
affair
(knng,^' dry work," a sinecure;
yung' no use to contradict so.
(kon ^ndi, a dry nurse (kon n'd
Xr^
A valuable tree, good for
'^i spear handles; a club, a staff;
po" to gull one, to report false'^"
ly, or without inquiry.
poot in a railing <wai (kon, a
;

;;

KONG;

KON.
To pursue, to run after (o
^Ai-l
,jf-r n)urry, to do quick ; to expel
;

gj

to

with, to emulate;

strive

Kin busy, urged


a hurry

by, hastened,

haste

quick

The

tibia

the ribs

applied

bones of the bodv


-

to the

iiet>

nerally.

in

^kon fdV in a hurry,

^kan tsd^ do it
cl^ki to drive out,
to eject ^ngo ^kon ^sh^vng -/li,
I'll catch
up with you ^kon
^yausz'- hurried by business;
'An lo' to hasten one's pace
'^kon cKavi' to hurry home
Aon tb^ -mo lo^ driven into
a corner, no means of pelief
'kon shvn' 'shui, to avail of the
tide 'kon kwo' ii'au, needless-

MiJ

A'
Kan

175

'kon

Kong.

(207)

'A-o/i
;

1^
'X

The

ridge, the watershed of

summit theculminaf(kong put jung, a


wind tsha ikong, a sand

hills; a

ing point

side

^kong Hsai kdm' tai*


large as a hoinmock (speaking
of waves,, piles of dirt); ^koug
hillock

Heng

sfs'ung,

[like a]

hill-top

fir,

ly fast.

'Spr

'

Stubble, straw of rice ; 'kon


a straw broom
^kon ,yan,

.to'

an

unapproachable.

Hard,

Mil
'^^

solid,

unyielding, firm,

rigorous, inflexible; intrepid,

effigy

straw;
ichin,

e.

i.

'Aron it'au,

'kon,

cwx)

called

it is

enduring, valorous; an adverb


of time, just now, recently ;
ikong ^yung, valiant, courageous; (kong and ^yau are
opposites, odd even, hard soft,
positive negative, &c. ; ikong
sing^ obstinate, overbearing ;
ikong ikong hii' Hiu just gone ;
ikong clung' firm, upright, in-

paddy

'Kwongdung

Canton blanket

roots of grain, stub-

ble.

The trunk of a plant the


T** material of, the basis or original to bribe, to give money;
^A'

capable,
aflTairs

skillful

to

business,

do business,

tegrity

to

to

do business kon' ko' k'ut:,


^ngcin, to buy an appointment
kon' iying cshang, to pay for a

recently

enough.

situation with a trader

^yau
;
kwa'C kon' what is your
business ? ckung kon' public

kon' fu' ^cli'i 'i-, to


follow a father's occupation
affairs;

kon'iSiin tdi- sz'^ to bring about

a settlement of, to make peace:


kon' J'au lyan, to buy the post
uf u headman.

mat:,

,fong (kong, athletic;

(kam^kong shehcorun.
(kam (kong
dum, diamonds
(ts'oi,
emery
(Shd,
ikong
doors

indifferent to bribes; kon^ sz^'


to

sz"tav ikam (kong, four giants


which guard Budliist temple-

a well curb 'la


kon' to bribe ; -mo maU kotiHo'

attend

^B|

(kong (kong kau^ just


\

large rope to which a


strung a bond or insti^ fution of society, great principles; (kongHing a controling
argument
or guiding power
of a book (Sam (kong, "three
bonds," are the relative duties
of a kin;^. father and bus.

'.

The

net

is

;;

;;;;

KOXG;

KON(i.

176
band

Jconff

mnki a synopsis

of; ikong kdm' a survey of


(dynasties, or) princes, a history,

At
TT

An

on a hub a
shade in

iron-tire

sconce, a globular

Kiang

which to hang lamps; a lamp;


(kam j tkong, globular jars
for fish ornaments or fastenings on the ends of beams.

Iron assayed by fire, steel


/au hok-, ^ynn kong^
hard
^ hardheaded kong'' ^pin a steel
The colofn the large intesftc tine the anus tkong imiin,
whip, a sort of mace.
;
K^Inff
ffi
the rectum ; t'an^ tkong, the
A star il'in (kong, the seven
177^ stars in the constellation of
piles,
the Great Bear, the Dipper
'^tt Toconverse, to talk, to speak
much used in charms.
^^j^ ^ about, to narrate, to relate ;
" to explain, to unfold, to disto
ij- To carry between two
course, propound, or preach
burdens on a pole ; sr^^^
KA
to investigate
to plan ; to
veral lifting a thing pat^ lik^
confer to reason upon distkong, to draw and paint
course, talk, explanation
j'i
ikong '^kiii, to carry a sedan
ikong
Vid '^kong, don't speak about it,
tkong if'oi, to carry
better be still '^kong keuk> to
ip'di k6uk-, shiko boasting of
boast '^kong jJo,^to propose
one's honors, a braufgart.
peace 'kong'^kn, to tell stories,
A river par excellence, the
Si
kiang, also called
to talk on former things
to
Yangtsz'
'J:*^
preach the Gospel is so term^^^^^tdi^ tkong, the great river;
ed 'kong kau" to investigate,
Jcong iho, or ikong inhdn, the
to search into the truth of;
empire, the government, the
sukbm' ^kong kau' so fine
country koh <.kong fo" rmU
perior, beautiful, first rate ;
goods from every quarter
jfrjg'

^^

'

fessional

hah
men

cetacea

found in the Ying-

tkong

iU

iCau

tsz';

itinerant
;

kong

tkong,

to

pro-

ichii^

drown

one's self; kwo^ tkong thing


affliction
tap brothers in
vgoi' tkong lyan, people from
another province, northerners.

M^ An
K?^

earthenware

jar, usually

glazed: tkong higa, pottery


generally ; tkong nng' glazed
jars, used to contain water,
lin^ tkong, dyeing
ung^ tkong */ii too'
Ham, give you a jar for your

&c.;

oil,

jars

'pi

gall-bladder

spunk.

you

want moie

'kongtsdpi to hold disputations,


a colloquy 'kong 'kdi imati
;

ngai^ to lecture

on

literature

'kong shiiii wd^ conversation,


speech ; ^ngo j'm 'lii 'kong, I
know not how to speak it
j'm tsoP 'kong, no need of telling of it, I know all about
'kong tsam, honest, plain
tah 'kong, nothing
; itnd
more to be said ; 'kong mvi'
^Isz* of good credit, worthy of
trust 'kon tvdng 'kong tim^
'kong t.d' ^k'ii fuk,
to carp at
to convince one by reasoning;
'ku ^ni kong siu' I think you
it;

talk

are joking.

KONG.

KONG.
'^
jj^

Streams diverging, a" one


ascends a river a passage for
a frith, an
ships, a reacli
estuary ; a rivulet running into
the sea, a cove
'^kong 'hau,
n port, a mart, a spot where
traders meet
k^uk,
'kon^
ithiin, ships from India are so
;

A cross.piece on the legs of


a bed; a flag-stalT; a foot
bridge ; thills of a sedan the
yards on a ship; cross-pieces
in frames; '^td kong' highway

i^^
J.

Canton

'p/i '^kong

native junks

i^Aiifl,

tiresome bickering.

To

1^'

come

descend, to

down

(208)

or

fail

go down

(as rain), to

The neck

ji*

^'^"1?^

K'

Read
of a man.
overlwaring,

strong,

<T

domineering;

unbending

to

send down, to confer to


subject, to reduce to submissioti
to degrade
kong' fuk,
to

oppose, to resist ; to shelter,


to protect a star near Arcturus; isiung k'ong- are equally

K'ong.

kok^ '^kong

fo' the products of every port.

'..'

/oikong' altercation,

robl)ery;

called at

177

to bless

kong' k'ap,

to de-

grade, really or nominally


kong' loki to descend (as a
bird)
kong^ sItaP to come
into the world kong^ (kdt, to
go down the steps; itning ^shing

matched.
The neck or throat of a bird ;
,/y an iniportant
i^
K'ang
Spaas into a

'pJj'

IT

II

country; to swallow. Usually


read ifiong.

apparent gain or

dm'

hong''

rise,

but real loss

to be born

when

liong'
visit

me

magnaGenerous-minded,
nimous; 'A-'o;j.^/c'o? noble, liberal, unmoved by slander,
firm, grieved at wrongdoing.
To compare with, to match
k'ong' lai' a pair, a man and
wife, a match at a game or

'iA
Jv^

kong^ fan'

'wi 'ki jvAi ^kwoiig

will

you deign

to

come

ha^ kong^

to

Visit

koog^ to

/A-'
''"

'^

down,

to

'/d

erase, to

draw a Ime through

also

fire at

to

(S^ung

a custom

koriQ^ \xkan,

known

Canton

at

the

in

month of October,
i^- Waters overflowing, an
Jrr

t^vung

fighting

in

many

oppose,

t^' A Wide cojch or sofa, having


jK

low table in the middle, and


placed at the head of the
room a bedstead, or .sleepingplace, made of brick, su that
a

''"

in-

ning

to

inimical.

iindation
waters swellin"
^
over their banks, and run-

1-11

to hate,

picture of

can be warmed underneath


the stand in a wide
couch ^fo k'ong' a fire warmit

k'oiii:' (At,

directions.

A deep

i'JV

red,

like

the

petals

Ki .iir"'^^ Hibiscus rosa-sinensis.


'^

deep rose color.


;

kong\

To>.

bed.'

To

IJJ-'

^'**

A vapor on a hill. lop thtrainbow, vulgarly called /in


jlun^
^

ed

K'ang

1.

23

to resist, to rebel against

scrMt,

k'ong'

Dn

with the hand, to


oppiwe, to withstand,

raise

lift: to

to

shield

ikun,

lo

to

.
;

lo

rescue
;

op()osc

the

KOP.

178

government
verse

coming,
tfan

k'ong"

KOT.

k'onf>^ sing* per-

to resist, disobedient

k'ong^ Hai, disput-

sjt'eng

(210)

Kot.

to prevent

'k'ii,

ing about precedence

^Uung

Koh

cut, to gash

wound,

to

to injure

hack

to cut in

twain, to separate, to divide


to deduct to take off; to cede,
to make over to ; to turn, as
a debt to a creditor kot:, ihoi,
to cut open
kot:,
'tiin,
to

(S^ung kily k'ong^ the two contracted an enmity, two parties

matched against each

To
to

other.

sunder
ship

Kop.

('^09)

kot: oi' to

^0/3 (Tigan,

sever friendto look to

meel, to correspond,
like the edges of shears, or

another for pay


kot, ^wo, to
reap
kot^ 'sun, to wound ;
kot: Jio (pdu k6^ a cut-purse
kot: ip'dtiin- i^ to break off all
intercourse; kot: tfdn, to take
off,
to deduct;
kot:
^kung
iVgan, to deduct from wages

two

kot: tak: oi^ or 'Ad ts'it: kot:

A
Koh

measure, containing about


ten make almost a pint;

a gill

to join together, to

ther,

U'd^

come

toge-

to

lids

Vjo Hs'oi f kop^ tAi'

good it matches his lie


he lied, but it happened to

part with a beloved thing; koti


obliged to part with ; kot^

i. e.

be true

kdp-> kdii' Hsiii '/tat/,

scissar blades
to join, to

meet

make

pronounced

kdp:, <,mdi,

one.

hdp^

phrases, with the

in

Often

many

same mean-

ing.

Bivalve

Koh marked,
nax

shells,

thin

like a Tellina or

man kdp:, shells

or lines

'^sh^,

[it will] cut a


him, said of a stingy
man holding on to his money.
A creeping edible plant (the
Dolichos tuberosus), of whose
Koh
tibres a yellow coarse cloth is

slice off

made

and
Do-

'/ii,

is

coarse

there

summer

cloth; a plant

(Dolichos trilobus) producing


a long spindle-shaped root,
used for food, called 'fan kot:
the mealy taro; its stems aro
tough.

The

creepers; met. relatives,


^yau mat: ikiod kot:

any relationship
between you? mb (kdu kot:
nothing to do with him; kot:pd^

with ribs
a sort of

The Columbidae ; a dove, a


pigeon
pdki kdp^ a house
pigeon fong^ pdk^ kdp^ to let
off a pigeon to make a false
marriage
kdp^ a wild
\v^
pigeoB
ti^ kdp) a ground piueon.

posterity

Koh

'nin yah.

^k'ii

^shdn kdp:>
striped toad ; ^Cin kbp-, or kop:,
^ndy a frog
kbp:, kdi' a kind
of gecko, brought to Canton
as an aphrodisiac, and commonly thought to be a transformation of a swallow.
;

to

Koh

rushing clamor of cha-

riots to battle

hasty, precipi-

motion ^kdu kot:


glancing of armor, confused
tate, violent

melee.

;!

'

KU.
(911)

KU.

Ku.

179

(Xam (ku, are nuns, wizard",

and wives of
JffT

''^^

Fatherless; an orphan; dcstitiite,

alone, Bingiilar;

; (hi
^y^ung (kdn, too much
leniency nourishes treachery.
A variety of the mole-cricket,
called ilau (hi ; wai' (ku, a variety of the cicada.

a sense of kindness (iii fu^


^jii cyan,
unthankful for your
affection
(ku Jion, neglected
;

Chf

ror

empealone and

cka, I the

sfiaP (ku, left

buy or sell
unworthy, anything trashy to
abridge (k'u 'tsau, to buy wine;
Jing (ku, sold by retail
(kii
<rneng, to buy a name, to pur-

KQ

night

Ka

Ku

over

/o

an eating-house.

,chi sz'

aunt,

young
tp'o,

iU^ung, a paternal
a respectful term for
ladies; (ku -mo and (ku

father':! sisters;

and
kv

(y^,

,tu, village girls.

To

iyan, a litigious

Interchanged with the lasf;


a corner the cornice
;

of a house.

fishing-net,

large ne^

dragged between boats


to
fish
yah -hi (nau, a haul, all
taken together, lump them
yat:, (k(( kwafi a clean'^sweep,
;

take them

a bus(<?'u/i

all.

^nterxjhanged with the last


nets ^^r
nets dragged nlong
birds the net of the law /o
;

tolerate J

time, temporarily,just, merely;


,ku "^ch'i man' man' let it br,l
gently a' kii, a girl, a miss

(Ch'i

KQ angular,

KQ

lenient, lax, yielding; for the}

kirn' (hi, a sword-hilt

man.

grand.

band's brother-in-law;

(ku

hiiti

In-

(kit

a father's

pbm

(h'l

unjWd

A wine vase used in feasts,


holding two or three pints;
square, angular a law, a rule,
a

terchanged with the last.


A polite term for females;
a husband's mother is called
(ku or cyung (ku by his wife
tap (ku, 'siv. (tii, a husband's!
sisters

inno-

or kept

a liquor-shop

liquor

in

a sacri-

(kit,

shau^ lui' to compromise


the guiltless.

office.

made

(md

(ku

or trade

to dissect

(ku fu'
unmindful of;

grateful,

To buy

victim

cent, guiltless

liquor just

ficial

in, to contract, to

chase

fault, a crime ; guilt, sin,


transgression necessary to be,
must; to engross goods, to

monopolize

to trade

same

Ka

of a river in Ts'iuen-

fu in Fulikien

include other
habits and

to

size.

Name

also

birds of the

KQ chau

(ku, the partridge, but

Ku seems

diminished (ku ^wan, a neglected orbatc spirit (hU tuki


alone, no kindred ; (ku fv} 'sho
mong^ to frustrate one's hopes.

7i

(ku sik,

sik:,

self; ungrateful, not cherishing

cfni

indulgent, easy with, lax

no pro-

tector; tmequaled, solitary, a p.


plied by the emperor to him-

and poor;

Rationalists

ttii'^sd, sisters-in-law

KQ

;.

'kii ishiin,

fishing.srn;cks

involved in guilt
'hi, nets f()i_ fishing.
""kii,

fsui'

^mong

1i
'

ktX

180

KU.

c^E^j tivated for

Ku and

price of

w^^^Br vejjetahle, called

\dsz\ku, the Caladiiim,


H'd

its

<.ku,

tubers

.mo ,ku,:

are edible vnrie-

of mudhrooms, the former


brought from Tartary </i;
iliiU or iTignn 'shi ,kn, n puffball, the lycoperdon
Hsd c/tw,!
ties

is

or

Jung

rooms.

'/t,

small edible rDusli-

sort of

upland

ku

^ku

'Ad,

make a

guess.

ciil-;

male of quadrudomesticuted tc/iii 'ku, a boar 'ma


'kli, a stallion.
According to
Kanghi's dictionary, a cow.
To explain the words nf tli>;
Ku ancients by modern iiliHtr bull; the

peds, usually of those

K6

tions

rice,

'hi faii'

expmiiui

to

two

characters
often interchanged.

'I'hese

'-f-*

^.

are:

'kii (i/i,

A drum,

Ancient, that which has come


down through tea months ;
remote, from of old
antique,
old; antiquity; former, old,

-,

drums; earthen.^cats
measure of
about ten pecks drum-shaped;
to drum
to excite, to encour.
age, to arouse to urge a fire
to soothe
a watch of the
night to play on a lute "-ku
ngoki instrumental music yaty
;

'Atm.

'

fiV 'ku ngoki a band of music


Idn' tdi^ 'ku, a vile wretch
'kii
'kii

To
;

(kdng
watches

tsz'-

'td

can myself paddle

'Id

'kii,

and drum

to

'kfi,

strike

the

ip'd ishiin, fsz'^

am independent

or stand jti "-ku, a fish tamborine used by tiie Rationalists ;


Hui 'ku, to drum rapidly
'kd
;

price,

fuki pursy, corpulent

sheki 'ku, an earthenware seat

/oi 'yfcw, to raise the


'ku hai^ mat, what do
vou think it is? 'ku Ihmg^ to
suppose, to give an opinion
t.soi' pafy'^kii, very unexpected
chunfr^ you guessed
'/cii
'/li
'kii
kni' to reckon the
right
value

price

knobbed gong 'ku fs'di'


a groat hubbub ; ,poiig 'ku, a
tamborine
(fd 'ku, a side
drum i-'ku, the second watch;

price, to estimate, to vaUj

to guess, to reckon

'ch^ung, to clap the hands ;


chu' to melt metals it'ung

'ku, a

1120, and 550.

\^ ue

'/JL

ertli.

t>f

or flower-stands; a

insfrumoii;.s

made

kii taining to

practiced in, accustomed 'ku


ikam, ancient and molern; *A-<

^ku tiky old fashioned


kom^
'ku kiodi' so odd, strange; 'kon"
cheki 'ku 'Isai, to tell a strange
story, a funny incident; 'A;w
Hd ytung^ of an ancient shape;
'ku chap,set in his way, fixed
'^li iyan, or iSin 'kit, ancestors,
one's progenitors; the ancients ; ^ku tsik^ relics, sacred
or venerated spots ; 'kii iUian,
ancient writings, the classic
style: tsok^ 'ku <,yan^ to die;
tsz'^ 'ku H iloi, from of old
(Sdm 'kuf the three periods of
antiquity, i. tc. at b. c. 2850,

skin

>of music once

_gjjen; radical of characters per-

*<n^, antiques, curiosities

traditions.

the stars a,
Sj^

^,

/?,

Eyes without

Jio

ku,

in Aquila.

puj)ils, or

uiiich

can not see objects blind a


leader of an orchestra, a musi;

cian

/?

kit,

musicians in the

;;

KU.

KU.
palace

man

K^

mtcki iynn, a blind

in

a blind

ed

ViM miiki

asylum

'^kii

iiii-

H^ung 'ku

sheepskins
a story of Peh-lihi, B. c. 660.
'Bif

f^j
K&

a strand of a cord
a share in a concern ; a division a proportion, a fold, a
quota ; a chapter or head of a
discourse ; a spoke in a whrel
the leg

strong, stable

J'an ^ku '/sz' to


pay the portion due to writer.'?
in a

y^mun

yaU 'ku (Shang V

a share in a business tai^ '^ku


fan' the head partner; tfan ''ku
to divide the assets (Sam 'ku
(fthing, a threefold cord
'ku
chvi' si lull trembling with fear;
'ku ikwang, the limbs, met.
statesmen; pat, '^kii, eight
heads in an essay.
;

^
KQ

in

produced from

grain

'ku tuki poi-

oi*

parent's errors;

'ki, possess-

by

^chi 'tsz'

cfti

repairs a

malicious

elf-shot

goblin,

^ku wdki to impose

on, to cozen.

upper

rump

part of the thigh, the

shau^ 'ku^ poison,

sonous kon' 'ku


son who atones

ed

tdi^cfu, the lord of the five

the

'Am, flies

The haunches,

t/*i

worms

<.s^ung ifu,

a blind man leading another.


A ram, a particolored ram a
sheep, male or female
''/i^
^kri

Kwingsi

181

Ku

A salt pond in near or Shantung not lasting, not durable,


badly made to suck tempo;

rary, for the time.

cause, an occasion, pre-

text, that

duces a

which

affects or ina reason for


therefore, on that

result

because,
account,

on purpose
that
which was formerly, old, for;

gotten, neglected

to die,

to

decease
old, long in possession; death a matter or affair
yat^yatiiji. kiV daily the same
as before
kd^ ih&iing^ my
;

native village

ku' fdn^ presumptuous error ku' s?'^ an


old aff'air, an ancient story
;

A shopman,
in a

man
^shi,

one who trades

market, a resident trades;

to trade, to traffic; 'hi

market, a bazaar
merchant.

(Sliiung 'ku, a

Worms

in

abdomen,

the

Ku which are thought to caus'dropsy


a venemous worm,
;

used to poison people a slow


poison ; an inquiet ghost to
disturb, to disquiet to stir up ;
to delude suspicious ; to trouble one with doubts, to pervert from rectitude
the 18th
diagram 'ku chiung^ the dropsy ;yb/t^' 'A;u, to poison one,
saitl to he dune bv the women
;

'pdi

kii'

sz'^

to

parade old

things, as in a procession

tai*

death of parents, the great


death;' ^shan ku' or mati ku'
dead ku' ^yan an old (or deceased) friend
jAo ku' why ;
A'ti'

ku' Hs'z' therefore


po!fely

sffid

k(i'

able

kii'

; ku' i' purkau' old, long used;

causeless,

unseasona trifling

isi isui sai' ku'

matter.

To

turn the head and look,


to attend to, to
Kii
care for, to regard ; considerate to reflect upon, to con.
sider ; consonant to, corres.
to look after,

ponding

to assist

with one's

KU.

KU.

182

counsel or business, to patronize an initial word, hut, on


the contrary ku' chu^^k'u look
after him, to see to; ktV nim^
to remember, to consider po^
;

fully

inattentive

copper to

or

fuse iron

cracks, to stop up care-

Aam'

more

to bind

Ati'

keep out, to reprevent, as good men

carefully, to
press, to

kv? to disregard,

To

Kd mend

reaching

office.

havr to lay up, to reflect


A chronic, incurable disleprosy, gout,
on the consequences ^s^ung
Ka ease, such as
kit' correspondent, mutual ac&c.
tion ; kii' "pun to be careful of
one's capital
'rti kiV 'Art/?, do
(212)
Ku.
you look well after it tsx^^
kv? pat hd^ I have no leisure
To dwell, to stop at a place,
(or not enough) for myself;
and live there, to inhabit, to
Kit
s'/n kfi^ min^ ^pi, careless of
to seat one's self, to
reside
name,
one's
disreputable
remain stationary to fill an
iinung Jcwong kt? to favor one
to be acting,
office or station
with custom a shop phrase
and thus is often merely a par(tn .iJnii Am' not heeding kt?
ticipial form of the next verb,
iTTiun "han, to regard the reas (kii c-tong, In mourning ckii
putatlon oftheshop. Used for
(ku king' bein^
ut) lying in
the next.
respectful cS^nng (kit, widowTo hire, to rent, to engage
ed to consist in to hoard, to
\ for wages
to borrow ; Ai?
to engross goods
collect
krV i'thiin,
ikung, workmen
to
retired, not in public life
to hire a boat ; h? ynmr ikong,
desist ^ku ik'h goods kept to
to rent a house Aw' 'teng ^kni
cku chii' to
raise the price
engage a sedan.
Mi, living in
live at;
S'uit around, sluit up; well
retirement or otiuin ; Jdi ch'ii'
strengthened, fortified impera residence man- hau^ 'hi cku,
firm, constant,
vious, solid
to inquire about one's health
obstinate, pertinacious, fixed,
or circumstances; 'hi (kit, actdetermined chronic, as dising and quiescent, operating
ease to defend to render staand ceasing <Au csam dn'
ble assuredly, certainly, firmtong^ heart bent on dissipation
vulgar, rude, rustic '^chi'i
Iv
a new residence
csan
lasting, strongly made
icu'
a res/??

'

"j

Ka

Mn

Ku

M,

iCh'd

A6' chapi pati <fung, immovable and deaf to reason, perVf^rse

tainly

ktV
is

<,tn

so

clinc firmly
thf> rustic,

hni? 'kdm,

kiV

;
;

An?

his

lati'

to

i'

lodge

iTnd 'sho

de-

'chi,

no abiding

place;\Aw's2''' a retired scholar.

^yi iinnn,

The

willful, will

own wav.

a 'tea-shop,
hiU <ku, to visit, to
,kii<kun, to be in office;

ikiJL,

taurant

cer-

unpolished people

kiV Jang, or Am'

have

</s'z'

it

K.i

skirt of a robe, the

of a coat

(Ch'^ung

skirt, a train

(ki'h

tail

a long

proud, haughty.

KU

KU.

4E

Ka

^^^

iK

Hondn, used

tree found in

whip. handles, and


men's walking-staves.

moted man," a

old

ate

gems hanging

thy

the girdle, one on each


side; ik'ing (kii, precious ornamentis, bijoutry
ikii p^ui'
girdle trappings.

one

Ornamental

Kq

*^^'^''

vehicles
shing^
<fcu,

ikii,

a carriage

a rail-car

public office

skiing

^b

ment

'Ati

on' its'ai jmi,

'

table

even with the eyebrows," to


respect a husband
refers to
an old legend of MangKwang.

ride

A carpenter's square
Ku

man-

'Au shai'

pati ^chung

'

fal-

lift

nominated

in a carriage hd' (kii, to get


out of a car, to arrive at hoki

/&

'^kii,

a whore (also culled iinan


iTfgau, from the parts of this
character) 'A '^shau to raise
the hand
'Aii '^chi, deport-

yat,

Ju' ^'ng ikii (or (Ch'i) master


of five cart-loads of books
very learned hd^ (kii (i 'cA'i,

recommend

Jo, to

'Aii,

^lun

^kii,

tso* ^kii, to

set forth

/oi 'ku, not


worth bringing forward
'/d
kind

pertaining to

the jaw-bones

ikung

by the public

wheeled barrow, vehicle,


^^'l th 159th radical

of characters

gradu-

kiijin

sin, to

tsin' to

'/tti

'A-u tdi^

chion

^ku Jiiung

(or nominate) a village wor-

l^ from

"

133

having just arrived here.

law, usage

exact
form

a pattern

a rule,

strict,

what is constant, unian angle; to square,


usage,

to adjust

jointly, together with, the two;

custom

pat,

fully supplied, all

cius] did not overstep equity

All; altogether, at once; both

pared;

right,

pre-

complete, perfect in all its parts ; ^ku sht'


yat, ^y^ung"; all are the sam%;
ifcnpi^ all is ready ; ,k'h '^ho^
all

at

ckii ils^iiii

are good

^kii

^md, nothing

kit-, ''ku,

Ku

A
Ka

to

to vene-

Ku

one's esteem
to speak of, to allude to, to
extol, to praise ; to advance,
rate, to rise in

promote

number

to

the whole
confiscate ; an
all,

weight of three taels


'Aw iyan, or 'kit pak, u ' proaficient

rules of conduct

which

name of an petty ancient


in that province, now

superior

district

of Kii\

in Ichau fu.

round osier basket, hold-

stately, solitary, independ-

going alone, unso'A" Jeung JLeuvg,


careless way, wanting no help.
ent gait
ciable

to

[Confu-

ing about half a peck of rice ;


lour handfulls of grain, or a

opinion, to introduce

recommend

'kii,

'A,

sheaf.

to, to

state

chau

raise

public

ii^

A name for the taro in Shantung;

the

with the hands,


,T^\io carry between two, to ele^jvate; sometimes denotes the
Kq action of the next verb, as
'A-M ''yam, drinking
to raise in

ikw^ai

influence others.

all.

To

Ka

'A

A stop in reading, a comma ;


a period, a sentence; a phrase,
an expression, a term, a word ;
a line in a stanza ; a classifier
oi phrases, as yat. ku wa' a

;;

KU.

184

KV.
session of; to lean against or

yat} kit* ishi, a verse


tfan kii^ tau^ divide it into sentences; '/ci kii" shut:, iDd^ several
phrases ; Him U'un kii^ punctuate it s'm tuki lah H'iin ku'
you don't read it properly ;

plirnse

on

kii'

kit'

ku'

yat:,

understand

'liiuf I

(td

every word.

/rR'

saw

to reduce

saw
kii'

saw, to divide
kii' ^ch'i, teeth of a

to

ku' ^kengt cut his throat;


^c/ii ipy a leaf with serrat-

to the contract

ed edges

^kdm

jtd'cheapen

tik:,

saw

ildi kii' to

it

Prepared, arranged

A' together orderly

placed

to

own way ; ^yau iho rhing^


ki^ what proof is there?

kii'

present,

to furnish, to lay before

tools,

implements; 'A:a Aw' carefully


prepared kii^ itsai pV all is
ready <.chi {ining put:, kii^ 1
omit the name, as you know
it; ku' fung^ kwo' '/li, give
;

its

A furious wind, common


along the southern coasts of
Ku
China; a whirlwind, a cyclone,
kii' ^md, or cfvtig
a tyfoon
kij- Han, the prognostics of a
;

tyfoon.

them to you iying kO^ implements of torture hi' kit' the-

A
Ku

iLing

Spirit of

^'

'^chi,

in

kii'

whom

iShan
is

quickly

kuf h.urried, urged on


ittf

To

iking
frightened; )tM^^t/i*a slight

Ku

Poor, miserable; rjstic, rude,


uncer^nionious;
kii'
jP'o",
poor kii' shd' a defense for the
head when carrying burdens.
;

4ri|*

1^

To

lay the hand on ; to


defend, to bar off; to maintain
a place

to seize, to take pos-

__

proud,

E
Ku

kii'
;

<vga,

strong

ku- n^o' haughty.

squat, to

sit

on the

feet

to sit in a rude, uncivil style


iki kit' to sit like
tso'

'

KU

kap-,

glance at icWun ki^ chi yiki


a postman, a courier.

and easy way

strong, as
teeth, tusks

a post, an express

table

agitated, trembling, fluttered;

mit

drum

bell or

an ancient

sans-souci, haughty, carriage


a vain, self-confidertt gait;

the

God.

to forward, to send on, to trans-

ik'ii,

utensil of gold or silver.

free

Hastily, instantly, suddenly,


fleet, hurried, swift

5^

frarRefor a

read

To stand or sit carelessly

atrical apparatus

flun

sz*'

kii'

each thing to be done in

sz^^

a httle.

J,

ichl

proof,

ungram-

unintelligible

niatical,

tangible

testimony, evidence
relying,
according to, de[;ending on ;
conformably to, it appears
that; A;w';/d'to take possession
of a shop chirn' kii^ to occupy
by force, to eject ; pa' kv^ to
usurp ku^ shiit, from what he
says, &ic.] kii^ '^shau, to guard
carefully ku' yiuk-, according

j'm iShing ich^ung

have form or substance

to

substantial,

a tailor

to take the best seat

ku'

ip'iia

improperly.
The chief, the great one, first
of its sort, great, vast, very,
mighty, large ku} man' a myriad of myriads, innumerable ;
ka' ich'dt the great raft, is
k'i' to sit

supposed to refer to Noah's


ark
the thumb
kit' maki
(Chiung thoi ku' '^hau, to open
;

the

mouth wide.

K'^.

5c2 How,

what manner? often

hook

implying the opposite of what


to stop at, to reach to
is said
ignorant of a language; kij^ jii

limit

in

'te'z'

paU ck'ii ^wung Jtoi, no


upon your proceedmgs,
come as you please (k'u chapi

was

sti,

this?

it till

restraint

ku^ikunfi, a term for

emperor

the

'^r-

^^

ASl

Kq

ku^^ng^fat:,

fully fear the laws

tdn^ not afraid a bit

trembling with

'^-

'^
l^U

fear, to

K'U

or /tti'p'd'todread, afraid lest;


tcai'

The
on

Us'in Hi

(k'ii,

place or hold for storing


;
a dwelling, a

room

111

to class, to sort, to

as-

sign to its own place or rank :


a line of division, a boundary;
lA'u tt'it, trifling, petty ; used
to denote one's own things,

A reddish, sweet fruit ; 'cAt


^S^ kU} the Hovenia dulcis, used
to settle spirits or wines,

Kii

pony

hamlet, a small house or store-

tinklincr

sun ku^ a

or concftaling

or

stones are hung


bell-frame.

If*

fear.

bells

under two years' old


a small sized

colt

for sprightly lads.

chin^ kit'

upright posts of a frame

which

fine

swift horse, a term of praise

Jid ind ku^


;

colt

horse, a

to respect-

jbQ^

g^-

j'm

too fastidious.

ff'au,

stand in awe
apprehen.sive ; '^hung kii^

no

number

don't be so particustand for trifles ; Jcii


iUai patj tt'unff, obscure, unintelligible ; ck'u chapi kwo^

kind of black millet, of

To

',of

(.k'u 'Ai cto,

lar, dort't

which spirits used in libations


were anciently made.

IB^']

pat:,

'^shai ik'il,

hard.

%C^

tk'it

to the

limit as

t'% iron-

kvc"

(k'ii

as iron or steel, obdiigreat, chief; fierce, im-

placable

views

chuki to restrain, to keep in


order, as inferiors ; cA"' ii ihin,
j'm ik'u,
to drag along ;
intimate, perfectly free, no

Hard
rate

own

to seize, to arrest

iid,

wished. The last is sometimes


used in this sense.
>E0*

obstinate, self-will-

[k'ii ni^

ed in one's

kii' a'

thought it ?
was unexpected, un-

it

c.

or

who would have


i,

185

K'(i.

or opinions; 'Jcii pili to


properly discriminate
cA-'w

gift,

Shoes or sandals, formerly

made of coarse

cloth

tcliiin

si/j ki^
ku' to put on shoes
to steal a pair uf shoeii.
;

ichi ,sant,

my

trifling regard.

The
(213)

hide away ik'ii ak'ii


my private feelings,

its'ong, to

body, the entire person

yuki
body or substance
K'U
Jcu, the bodv Jcun Mu wai^
a

K'ii.

To

kwok, to ofl'cr one's self for


his country.

grasp with the hand, tn


^^^'"' to grapple with, to stop;
K'U
to re-strain, to moderate, to

4 "2

repress

ffjff

adhere to
obstinately attached to, bi"o.
ted

to hold, to

to lake,

to

receive

^^r*

^^

tu
I

To>. DicT.

'Jl

"i

;.

fleet

horse

to drive out beasts


to drive

them

h.'a to lash, to

to run fast

from gruin

in to a baitue;

switch up

to drive

186

K'U.

K'U.
to
on
to urge, to exhort
move, to order into their place;

A street, a broadway, a highway, a public road, from which

K'U

others diverge; d^ung JiU^a.


tlioroughfare
pb^ yapt /in
jjt'u, to go to the equator, i. e.

'.k'uchuki to drive out, toexpel;

vanguard hau^
ik'ii, the rearward
ich'i ik'ii
cpan 'L'tau, to whip up and
the

(Sin (k'ii,

gallop fast

what

K'Q

to expel

(k'ii its'^,

noxious; ik'ujiiu^k'u

is

him

hu' take

To

out.

dissipate or expel noxious


;

to

expel

ik'u

ak'u,

cfung,

(k'ii

windy
strong

humors;
;

ik'ii sdti^

j^ A
K'Q

a surname.

chtuh y6uKi ifu ik ,


;
splendid as th& lotus flower.
ik'ii

A drain, aqueduct, or gutter


a pool, pond, or cesspool, into
which a drain empties great,
gradual ; a disample, wide
trict of Shunking fii in Sz'chuen a personal pronoun,
he, she, it, for which the next
is now chiefly used
ik'ii ik'ii,
careful
luki maki ik'ii, a large
sewer passing through the new
city at Canto!!.

content-

ik'ii Jc'u,

ed, satisfied.

Labor, care, anxious solicitude ; jA;'m j/d, the toils and


K'U
troubles of parents, t.he pangs

K'Q

of childbirth.
A fearful glance of a bird
to look
timid, apprehensive
;

at

to

examine

Also read ku^

cumspect

Used for the last the third


person personal pronoun ; he,
;

K'U

care-

she,
^k'ii

it

fe
K'U

^k'ii

they,

kd' his; ^k'ii hai^

hai^ ^k'ii ke"

carefully, cir.

kii' kv?
; J,6uiig 5t''
a discreet, wellbred scholar ;
hu^ lin, alarmed.
Thin, emaciated, poor, like
a ghost iyingiyung sham' Jcii,
K'U
a lean, cadaverous Io6k.
;

a surname.

wildly,

fully, or hurriedly

kind of milky stone, resemused for cap


knobs by officers of the sixth
rank it is called cc/iV ik'ii.
The water lily, called iho ifu
bling argentine,

A kind of coarse bamboo


mat, used for floors it is likened to a shriveled, deformed,
man ^k'u Jiongf a tray for
silkworms.
A kind of wild wheat, called
a
j&'ii maki used in simples
mushroom

kuL

^ngdn, the grease


colored spots seen in argillite

K'Q

Tardus violaceus?);

ries (the
ik'ii

iiikstones.

cuff of the sleeve, a


wristband ; an ornamented
cuff; a sleeve.
sort of ring

i-le

to scatter.

The

species of thrush, or grackcalled ik'u kuki or pdtt


vfij Jco ; its plumage is black, with
K'U a white spot on the seconda-

ml

to avert

influences or malaria
evil

to see his Majesty.

To ward

it

them
him

it is

belongs to him.

off with the

to stop, to obstruct,

to

hand

with-

to oppose a plan, to
stand
stand out against ; k'ong^ ^k'u,
to resist ; liki ^k'ii, strenuous
;

opposition

'k'ii

po- to resist

Kt.
legal

authority

repel utterly
ito

^k'u

tsiUi

to'

ments on

to

stop one, to defend

19

Kvdi

a dew-claw,
to go to, to reach ;
a hallux
K'u
to stand
to oppose, to attack
over against, opposite to bor.
der on, conterminous the dis-

Crafty,

cunning, mischief,

making;

'^kdu ^kHi, deceitful,

Hashed meat or

salad

fa

,kai

^k'ii,

hashed and roasted.

A colloquial word tired,


weak, without strength, worn
out; kdm^ kau' kui^ so tired
and weak keuk) kui* weary
from walking.
;

f.tsh

'kHi cheki

(kau ^k'ii, a sort


cock's spur
of grappling-hook, used in
war, a lure iCh'iii ^k'u, to leap

to cut snmli

KwAi

tance between, distant from;


to skip or leap over; to stab
;

an ancient

Hondn.

fraudulent.

one's self.
A cock's spur

backiianded

le:

coffins

principality in

^k'u iSh^utig 'Ad

wounded many men

iyan,

^k'u chv}

KUK.

KlI.

Kuk.

(216)

over.

<Kt2.

cITm.

^T'

Ku.

(214>

To pout;
pout out the

To

,up

roll

rumple
hands
a ball
rumple

Hsui,

to

H'tn,

a channel
water between hills, the
an empty
bed of a rivulet
space the east wind to nou-

relating to valleys

for

in

to rub

ik'ii

'hi

lips.

A valley, a gulf, a ravine,


with or without a stream the
150th radical of characters

ball

to

between the
to roll up in
icKdu, don't

sustain

to

rish,

difficulty,

iShdn kuk> a
sy^ung kuk> and WJiit'
why is it so tangled? ik'ii
kith-, the place of sunrise and
improperly, troublesome.
sunset. Often used erroneously for the next.
(215)
Grain, cereals, corn ; real,
*n- 1
Kui.
^'^^ \ well off", substantial good, exOne who acts as a broker to spaA cellent, virtuous; a succession,
keep up or settle the price of Kuh connected, to continue; livKwdi
ing, alive ; income, salary t
goods iTiga '^kui, a midsman
"n^ kuk-, the common kinds of
in trade.
grain pdk-. kuk, all kinds of
To cut off, to amputate, to
Kl'J
vegetables; pat-, kuk, *>the not
decapitate to broak asunder,
Kw6J
'^kui Hsz' or
worthy," i. e. 1, your humble
to cut in two
servant ishau kuk:, to lay up
kui 'tsz' '^shau, a headsman.
provision
A durable kind of wood, a
kuk-, tan' a lucky
TIP sort of juniper or cedar, the
day kuk- Js'ung, a granary,
Kwei
timber of which is suitable
a bin kuk. c/*.Vu/2^, t lie beard
orua.
for coffins and ships
or awn pf grain,.
nioki ^k'tl

it

maU

<k'il

kdni' lun'

embarrasment
valley

KUK.

18ft

g&
Kuh'

KUK.

The nave or hub

Svngenesious flowers

of a whfel,

carriage

"*^'* *^h^^''

kuk,

j/u/j

hub of a wheel cch'ni kiik:, lo


push on the nave, to recommend one lim^ kuh cchi ha^
at or about court.
^t 'I'o inform with haste, an
Kuh urgent communication; tai'
Kuk; the emperor Kuh, b. c.
2435, or 720 years after the

Kiuh

China

aster ; kuk, ifd Hsan^


with petals of the aster
steeped in it ; 'sh^ung kuh to
enjoy the beauty of Asters.
A ball, a sort of chatt' football
an awl to bear, to bring
spirits

rule

Manacles,
tion

lianrlcuffs

life; full,

a neck-collar; chnU kuki


fetters, stocks
ham' c kuk^
imong, involved in sedition
and death. Read Koh; self-

/J-ft.

A
kuk-,

i!:6

Huh

nourish, to rear

pen, for

stripling.

and horses it'ttng (ngaii


a pen for calves.
target, a bull's eye
an

cially, to

To

Kuh

investigate a case judi-

question a criminal,

to

case

an old man kuki,


chV high, comprehensive
;

views, great designs


alluding to the aerial flight of the
swan ; kuk^ lap, to stand on
the lookout like a swan kuk)

'^sham

kuh

into

and judge a

kuh man'

to strictly ex-

inquire

rable, like

kuh yuk> to
kuh Hsz' a

to get at the truth

^"^' ^ design ; a little bird


the swan, called ^fin ^ngo or
sky goose white, hoar, venetclii

to

being,

kick a football

straightfoward.

shed, stable, or

^ j^' cattle

train

restrained

to

a boy, a child

much to bend the


body to investigate to push
to an extreme kuh Ming, to
incline the head fap^ kuh to

sedi-

up, to nourish,

deluge.

TO

like

Chrysanthemum,

marygold, &c.; kuk, ifa, the

Kuh

Asler,

the

amine.

Often interchanged

with the

last.

Leaven, barm the slime or


mother which collects on li;

Kuh

quors
kuk. Hi spirit.cakes,
used for fermentation.
A square on a chessboard ;
an order, a
a game of chess
fdti gray haired.
Kiul
rank, a distinction contractA species of singing thrush,
called ik'i'i kuk:, or more comed, coiled, bent up ; narrow,
Yuh
monly Hiu (ko.
mean, low-lived ; the body
appearTo hold or grasp with both
confined or cooped
]
'j'/' 'i^hands
ance, look, aspect; an affair,
a handful, tlie hand
matter, undertaking; a comfilled ; the hollow of the hand
J
pany, a club, association ; a
Kiuh pali<ying y'tt-, kuk, not enough
place where work is carried
for a handfull ; siu' (yvng 'ho
on, which must be guarded
kuk; much pleased with ; kuk
or carefully looked to, as a
one of
iindi ^k'ii, to drain
mint, a powder-factory, or a
funds, to bring in custom to;
manufactory; a gaming-house;
kuki "^hi (p'du iSoi, to swell out
to delude, to put out a bait for
the cheeks in anger; kuk,
to bake, to heat under a cover.
ds'au, overworked, no rest;
;

^,

'

KUK.
<o

mnke

(C/ii kiiki

(ea

KDX.

curlv

^ni

OR To bow the head, to ^bend


^^'.^down, to humble one's self;
crooked, bent Jciin kuki bent.

.^m

you

(ChvTig fchi 'fu,

don't know what trouble will


attend it ; Ar/A-j (Chung, a tea-

cup with a cover

189

This character is often pronounced


ftuk. when meaning a song
but the
most correct sound is hxik, which see.

dong hiki
[gaming or venery]
kvki Jo, an
oven jjnd ashing kvki an un;

'ch^ iinai, besotted with


;

finished

game

or affair, a

Kun.

(217)

still-

born business
ip'ing kvk^ a
fair, even, bargain, no loss on
;

either side

[The

min' see what

is

meant bv

Lg

it,

'^P

learn the real object; 'ki. ,shi


-hu kukiwhen will the casting
be over, wiien will the matter

woman

ber, distant

eleganf,
pleasing,

(kiin (kiin

som-

Jiin ckirn, arched,

crescent ; ptji^ (kiin, dancing,


gesturing, pantomime,
Little red larvae found in
[fc^
puddles; the larvae of musKiuen
'
-,,
^
.
kefoes; a large caterpillar :

v^

%d yaU

kuki Jci, to play a game of


chess ; kuk^ t.suk, confined, too

crawling to

stir up, to disturb,

to agitate.

Used

la
K

narrow or too small


kuki
Uvng^ 'pin 'siu, a little mind;

ed, mean-spirited fellow

slender

pretty,

sprightly, i^hin (kiin, a lady-

or 'pat kiiki to do a game well,


to take one in nicely
kuk^
vgov' cchi ipan, a looker-on,
in;

Beautiful, comely,

like

be finished ? ^mi lyan kvki a


house of assignation; ch'iukvki

one not concerned

of these characters are

five

first

often pronounced VnJ]

H'ai mat, ^y^ ktikj

Angry,

for the last.

impetuous;
anxious; Ifati
angered
(kiin,
(kiin (kuut
careworn, tristful.
To reject, to throw awav, \o
irrigated,

distressed;

kdk,
physiognomy, symptoms, looks; y^uki 1-'=*
kuki a dispensary its'in kuki a
cast off; to disdain, to leave,
Kiuen
mint; chan^ tsaV kuk^ a rooti)'
to renounce ; to subscribe at
for dispensing food to the poor:
a call from government, to
kuki shaP the position of a
buy office or title ; to part, as
game, a situation, advantages!
at death
(kiln it'ai, to subof; Hd kuki a gaming-shop ;
scribe (kiin xjigan, to pay up
money (kiin chik, to buy a
kuki p'in^ to trick one
s/iau'
titip ; (kun (kiin, to buy an
kuki gulled j'm 'pi ynpi kuk,_
not let him join the company,
office ; (kiin ndpi to contribute
kuki appearance

of,

to

black-ball

one;

kvki great show,


sion, fine outside
-i

'fid

all
;

Ttgoi'\

preten-

kuki sIujVl

ixhing, the matter

is

all

government

he purchased the

(hoi (kun, to

vernment (kun hi' to risk, to


away, to die (kitn (pdn,

cast

ar-

ranged, the contract is made


kuki Hd ''kit, to pigeon or
tltece one.

to

op)pn a subscription to aid go-

colloquial

amine

office.

word

carefully,

to

to ex-

pry

to

;'i

:1'':

RUN.

190

RUN.

squeeze through
to make a hole in

to

guess

Itjckily, as in lottery tickets

tuk,

tkiin

t'ati^

to

Kmen

examine

roll

(Shdn (Ch'un, to seize


the country' or region ; tsik2
'kun ji /d, run off with the

whole; (fung 'kiln 'k, the wind


whirls the rain ; tun^ '^kUn, rolled wafers; -.shu and '/:ii, are

Looking askance, and with

ijS

displeasure at; reciprocal dis


...
_
like ; ikun (kun, to reprove
with a look.

to unroll and to roll up.


changed with the next.

brook, a runlet, a small


which swells as it
runs ; pure, clear ; to cleanse,
to purify ; to select ; to exchide a river in Shantung

Kiuen

'

<fe.

r^

^^'"^'''^

kaU

up; 'kun jdU curly hair

tsiki 'kiin

Kiuen

whirl about ;t09eize, to carry


off; '^kiin (mdi or '/:u 'Ai, to

thoroughly .kiln kwd* hu' to


squeeze through, to wriggle
in
..kun Jung, to get through
a hole ikuu ^t'oi Hai, to stoop
under the table.

.8B
.

To roll up in a scroll ; spiral,


crisped, curled, rolled up lo

=i^

stoop

to

Inter-

roll, a manuscript, a scroll,


a book; a section, a division,
a part of a book; ruled paper
for writing essays on ; a classifier of things rolled up, of
books, manuscripts, dec; to
roll up; ihoi '^kiin, to begin a

lucky time
(fcurt oki to exclude the bad.
^o A bridle the traces of a
^ch'o ihoi 'kiin, comlesson
V:nl
harness a scabbard
menced his studies 'shau 'kim
long.
o'
Kiuen
ample, as a fringe.
a scroll containing pictures ;
Bja
The cuckoo, or a species of
tnaki 'kiin,
inhii 'kiin, books
go'-^^sucker of the same haboriginal essays of the candiKiuen
it of laying its eggs in other
dates for kftjin ; lok} 'kiin, renests,- culled /d' ikun ; td^ ckwii
Read kiin\ a
jected essays.
t/d, the AzHlea
case at law; on' kiln' the patd- (kun /ai,
the cry of the cuckoo, conpers relating to a case.
tinued all night till blood -W&' Bound with silken cord 'Inn
comes into ita eyes as the. ^V* kiln' attached to each other
Kiuen
J
i
ikiiii

to select

;
'

'

9&,

Chinese believe.
A worm, produced

in friendship, united, insepar-

in rotten'

able.

appears to be
To look upon with affection,
a glowworm; bright, pure,
as parents do; kiin' kiin' pat,
Kiuen
shining to purify, to clean
kiin'
'sh^, unremitted care
to maintain purity
to illusjwdi, solicitous for, anxious.
trate, to manifest; to put aside,
Same as the next in these
to excuse, to remit governsenses.
m<?nt dues
haste, quickly
To love, to care for, to regard
(kiin chiung^ to excuse the
affectionately
those whom
Kiuen
pityment of taxes pat^ ikiin,
one loves, relatives, family,
impure, sordid (kiin hnin, to
kindred; related to gracioua;
remit dues to government.
'pd kiin' your wife; (Ad kiin'
vegetables

KUN.

K'UN.

a family, one's household

^md

'

Jed kiiri' widowed ; kun' ku^ to


regard with aftection, to see
to carefully ; (yan kiin^ tai'

your relative by marriage


(t'in kiin' shaV tyan, Heaven's
;

(218)

jfc' sfc'w", careful, respectful,

on, &c.; a kind

attentive

a notice

are in-

silk,

>

imals

the

to entangle

or catch

To skip

XS"'

about, frisky, play-

K^

man

of probity, but

one who

lented,

not ta.
be

must

guided,

f^'

a horse-stable, or shed.
(hiin, as ^hiin
chi^ ^k'ii tsd^ give him this for
a stint.
kiin'

Otherwise read

^ni Jciin ji'au^

at

yaU Jciin
with

a blow

hii'

itno Jciin ts'dU '^chiung,

one's self; to stop.


limbs contracted or dou^'^^ "P '^'^'* ^*'^- stooping,
'

bent up.

head of hair

fine

hair

Jc'i <,yan

curly

'mi 'ch'e ik'un^

he is handsome and adorned


with fine hair.
The weight of the steelyard;
to weigh
to baa weight
;

lance,

influence

to equalize

to devise

pen for animals is com^monly called kiin\ as ^md


Muen

K'luen

j^/)ful; hasty, prompt, light.


^^ minded a moderate, modest
Kiuen

fist

The

J^

Kiiien

fist

fat)

,.

o/fe

'<d ik'Hn, to

itching to have a fight.


Careful
Jcxin ik'Hn, attentive, earnest about, applying

not or gin for taking an-

a net.

in

sung'

shake the
(Chung kico'

fist

to

'^

the

box; ikUn

to

to visitors,

cheap

thin

it'au,

hand, to grasp; ^k^On

in the

used for

women

nov' kiin^

of lustring
or taffeta, of which there are
many sorts a bird-net, once
made of lustring ted* kiin'
lustring for painting on; iS^ang
kiin' ipin, to bind the edge
kiin' pd' cotwith lustring
ton lustring or lutestring.

7-^

ap, the

fistjboxing, fisticuffs; strong,


vigorous, athletic ; to hold

linings or covers, for painting

side

The hand doubled

learn
pugilism;
ich'di Jciin, the game of morra; Jtung Jtun, empty-handed;

rice

^T*

K'iin.

i^

gracious regard for men ; kuii'


^mai, rice for family use, best

fg^

191

to plan,

power, authority,

influential

cir-

cumstances, position ; meanwhile, for the time, temporary;


contracted Jtiin 'cK^, under
Jcun ji,
the circumstances
temporarily obliged ^chd Ji'un
;

Tired,
to desist

fatigued, wearied ;
from labor ^p'i kUn'

fagged out

^md

ried, persevering

kiin^
;

kUn^ indefatigable ;
tired out
'Ad kau'
;

tired.

unwea.

pati (Chi im'


^^shan kiiti^

kiin'

very

ping' to wield power Jciin'^tsz'


^mb, to get interest on money ;
Jc'Un (heng chnng* weigh it
Ji'iin pin' to adapt one's self
;

to

circumstances

Jtiin

Jl,

in

the beginning
Jtun ishan, a
^k'Un
powerful
statesman ;
;

;
;

KUX.

192

kun:

iUang, power and ability, influential ; ipingjcun, military


power Jtun iinan, to plan at
the instant, saojacioiis ; tsuvg^

rank d' ^kun Hsai, a young


gentleman ; ya/jj (Awn, to confiscate ikun Id' a highway, a
public road
iyan, term
a wife calls her husband Hd
;

according

sfe'u/j,

stances; 'ya c&'m/j, powerful,


having the nutliority ; ik'ua
yam^ a substitute in office, left
in charge.

The

Jiun^sz' to carry a case before

the authorities cfeiirt wd^ the


court dialect, the language of
;

scholars

cAwn 'Cai, official


;
dignity or dress, stately, awestriking ; ikun c,ch'^ung iChung

cheek-bones
Heung
the cheek-bones H^ung
;

ikiin,

t.-

ifudd, [a wife]
with high cheek-bones is a

iyan,

hut>band-killin<; knife.

'fiin,

ik'unikd,

Mn

circum-

to

sftdl:,

the

belonging to

a person

government; ^kun
his star

is

soon be in office

Kun.

power
'kun,

"chi p'a'

s'm p'd' ikvn,

(219)

trusting to official

sfuii'

ising

he will
tsiki ikun

rising,

don't fear the officer, but the


it'iti ^kiin ts^^^fuki may
the ruler of heaven send you
down blessings ; ikCirt iCh'^ung
cchung, among the rulers
ikun ikun iS^ung wai^ officers
countenancing each other in

ruler;

<A
',r*.

An

of government
the magistrates, the authoria title ot adulaties, rulers
the governtion or respect
officer

ment

an office
government a

collectively

belonging

to

in office

an

cA;urt

officers,

'/m,

officer; iinan, 'md, hoki ^kun,

officers of the civil,

and

literary

military,

departments

ikun,

hai^ mali

what

'

called in

what rank

Amoy;

it is

'^ki'-pan <.kun,

he ? '^hitshan lAriin,
'<'ai
about to vacate office
,krin ^yau ^ngdn, he has eyes
for an officer, he fawns on
;

That which

tT

for this world, a coffin; the in-

ner one,

closes all affairs

when

there are two

to encoffin, to close
its^oi,

a coffin

^kun

up

(hln

its'oi tsoki

fin-chissel

Canton

is

carriage.

4|^

Mm,

the change to qua is derived


from (kw"d, the pronunciation

of 'Ma at

'

a reproachful epithet, you

or office? iTing
Ting, or Tingqua, as

commonly

'rti

The emperor's charioteer, or


'K one who has the care of his

it5f

your

is

name
Mr.

evil.

public court; official; business;


''ng (kun, the media of the
senses (eyes, ears, nose, mouth
and eyebrows); tsd\kun^ to be

wan\kun,

cof-

to take

a coffin home ; 'she ikiin, to


a religious act ;
give coffins
its'z' hi' ikiin its'oi, a crockery
coffin, met. a skinflint ; (kun
Js'oi {.shall ch'uU '/ia, a hand
comes out of the coffin, grasp,
tkun chdu' a
ing till death
pall
tkun ^ts'oi ham} one bick

unto death.

; ;;,

^
KUN.

KUN.

193

A little flute or flageolet


look at carefully, to see; 'f^,]
p*
and
see
reed, a tube, tubes to make
a
t
i
wide view of to 'g*] pencils of; a classifier of fifes,
'^Mj to take a
KwSn manifest; observed, manifest- K wan flutes, pipes, quills, and tubular things ; to rule, to govern,
ed, the appearance of; a 8pec
to control ; to have the manmany (kun mong^ to
tacle
agement or care of; to awny,
look at; tkun ^kwong, first ento influence primarily ; ^hin
trance to the literary exam(td, a butler, a mujor-domo ;
ikiin s^ung' to judge
ination
'/frt f.hd^ to rule
over ; pot,
physiognomies (Kiin ^yamifd
'/r?J, tube of a pencil
'A-r'm
aati the idol Kw^nyin, called
sz'^ ifong, a manager's room, a
the Goddess of Mercy ; iknn
pantry ; 'An'/n tim^ a coolie, a
(fung, to mark the manners and
shop assistant; '/flirt Vj, to mawonders of a place ^mi Jcun, a
nage, to rule ; '^kun kiii' to see
beautiful aspect, a fine action;
partially, as through a tube ;
tfin ^man, astrology;
<At/n
one's imperfect views, my opikun(yamcp'ing, a lady's man.
inion ; chati 'kUn before other
Read Kun^ a temple of the
verbs intimates compulsion
Rationalists ; a hermitage, a
or constraint, ciTti not be helpsecluded cell or retreat ; a gal^'Ng
as chnt:, 'kvn tsd' must lie
to make known
ed,
lery
done ; chat^, '^ktin ''kong, talk
(Sin kun^ the Five Genii moaway, let him talk; ''kvn s/id'
nastery in Canton.
a treasurer or money -keeper
fcTj*.
A conical cap or bonnet, a
'TO- covering for the head comb
'^tsung 'kun, a superior ruler,
Kwitn
to superintend ; shau^ ''kuii
of cocks, crest on the head of
hati governed by 'Anin ^k'ii j'/n,
birds rka ihin, to cap a young
must make the best of hira,
man ; ^tsing ishing Jtun, please
hard to manage '^kun i'm chu^
remove your caps ikai ^kun
unmanageable.
kd*
,fa, cockscomb flower ;
A tube of stone, made into
(kiin, wattles ; ^mtn ,.f{un, off '^t>^
gg'i

'*''-

To

to observe, to travel

1^

with your caps, said to officers


in the presence of their judge;
ikun '^min *s'' with parade,

-JP

to polish metals; a
,.,
,,
gem-iike pebble.
Impotent, weak, worn out
'fe
Read ift/n'; to cap a ^a. sick from "grief or disheart
showy.
Kwan
ened by disappointment.
young man, now done a'
to
equivalent
and
A hotel, an inn, a caravanmarriage,
serai, a lodging or stopping,
putting on the toga virilis; the 'It
place for travelers; iicouncilchief or head able, superior
^yung kuri' csdm (kwan, the Kwan room, an assembly-hall, an
;

bravest

'

capped"

one

ic/i'^uj/j,

in

three

who

excelling in the three

ninrtial tests.

Ton. Dict.

flutes;

'

'

has been
promoted for courage ; kun^

jirmies

Kwan

exchange or place

for public
consultations, a hall; an offic<
study, or counting-room, wh^n

they
BulooJi

*^5

are built separatelv; a


a room for any public
;

KLN.

194

KUiNG.

a school-room lidic,
iknng 'Am, a
governmental hall, the lodging
of an oflicer ui' ^kurt, a merpur[ose

To

"kun, a tavern

often called

hall,

Canton, a consoo-houae
'kun, a college, a school
sh6^ lodgings to
hall

let,

'S6 "^chi 'kiin,

opium-orders

Jioi

'kiiii

office for

to

'kiin,

sfnii^

'^ffil

salary
fife

it

pend drums;

'i^J

^ti

'^kun, a hospital.

wind

or small

^^
ment like
Kwan
,

ci

cTung

to rule; a shuttle.

'^ki'in

tin',

the district

cast of the Pearl River, near

the Bogue. Read jn, a kind


of coarse grass (Coix lachrymal) used to weave mats; to
smile, to look pleased.

S"
^^,

1000 cash

string of

to

thread, to string upon, to run

thread through
to traverse

to connect,

linked, joined to;

to implicate,

involve;

to

penetrate, to go through
hill' ^ts'in,
kiin^

a string of cash
see through

(ming, to

tsiki jtwn'

to
yat:,

origin

and parentnge,

account of one's self required


knri'
at examinations
jji Jui
Hy like thunder piercing the
;

car; kun' ck'un^ to run or get


through, to bore through hin^
'kan ^k'it, fasten it tightly, as
bv runninu a string through.
;

kun^
kiin^

force

him

water

to

(fa,

made

tsuP

to

h,iir>

drimk.
Used for the next.
To pour out K libation ot^
^El'
the ground

Z!'^^

to spiri ts

kiin^

when

'tsau to offer a libation

calling upon the spirits.

jar, a gallipot,

mug

a vase, a

oil jar,

KwAn

instru-

a string to sus"=

;
'

plants;

A/i/f)

drink:

'^kun,

custom-houses 'kun fi^ a post


in a yamun as a writer, a literary man's occupation
'kun

to

to

kini^ ^k'ii 'yam,

a hired

open school pdn^ '^kiin, purveyor inayamun; iko Jau'^kun,

an eating room

throat

in

cshi),

into,

moisten to give
pour down one's
much bushy trees

to water, to

one drink,

cantile

run or flow together

J^. discharge or disembogue

a cruse,
a water or

round and having no

spout

ter.

The second form

icli'd ktin^

a tea-canisis

local.

A crane two species of it


are noticed, the pdk^ kun'
Kwan
entirely white
and the (
kiiri' of an ashy plumage and
;

a black

tail.

Kung.

(220)

The
^^mean

/\
'j^

" versal

of

opposite

common,

selfish

or

public, uni-

open, general

just,

male of animats a duke a lord, master


or head, a term of respect and
dignity added to names of

equitable, fair;
;

relationship

(kung tM, the


(kung 'chii, a

imperial family

princess

a busband's father also, my father


(kung iSz' a public company
in Canton, the East India
Company a mercantile firm
thing (Si' (in, E. 1. Co.'s woolens knng ''Siio, a public hall,
;

(kd (kung,
;

a town-house

,kung

qnng

or


;;

KING.

KUNG.
hung

fair, just

Id-

'm ^kung,

tea

kung ui*
ineun, dislionorable
a corporation, a puhlic comjianv; ;^i^ Hsai, images, play-

(Sam,

of work
'/d Jcitng, to work
ds'o Jiuug,
poor \\ ork p'un' Jiung, a piece
of work
ts6' fd^ <.kung, the
maker of all things; Jsing
.Aung, or hdu (kung, skillful

public-spirited

tsoki skill

ikung c' public and selfish,


the governnienl and |)rivate
purposes
.kung iy^, my lord
duke, my gruudfaiher
t'dt
ikuvg, a grandfather, an old
;

Wai' ,kuug, Mr. Wai


by equals jiai a' skiing

work ^yau ^kung Jn,


busy, occupied; .kung tsz"' yaU
ch'ut, j'au, the letter kuvg
or tine

hu-o' 'hoi,

when

crosses the river

the clay god


not

he can

secure his own safety -mau


ikujig, a certain gentleman
:

husband
ngoi^
ikuiig, a maternal grandfather;
(chii
ikuiig ikwig, a eunuch
(knng, you gentlemen
^kung
government office
.viitn, a
ikuns if ong, the room where
a

J(ung,

?k
,,

^ng

kung, the

commonly

called
feet,

.,7jan,

the 48th radical

laborers;

ailisans;

\mx -..kung

kung
Ji'i

^kung

(kung Iseung^
,fn, \\ox\i,

battle.
ri-t
V,

workman, an
jT^ artisan, a mechanic; lal)or,
""^
art
an ornament recraft
quiring skill; a work; an of.
fjcer

pdki tsuk, or hundred

applv

public duties.

laborer,

to

at,

to; to rouse, to re-

-|*

to put in order,

urgency of desire on the heart,


temptation sirciig, 'enduring
(kung 'td, to set on, to fight
(kung (Shu, to study hard ;
.kung fu, to seize robbers yat.
(Sam (kung ^chi ^ch^ chung^ a
crowd of desires attack the
heart
(kung yuk> to work
gems
(kdn (kung, to join

insect

work
;

An

to assault, to fight

to stimulate
prove for faults
the energies or vital powers;

ikung hong'
a coi.rt is held
public funds or articles; Jong
(kung md- for the government
use ihitng 'fsz' a gentleman's
son, an officer's son
'Unng
ikung ip'o, a married couple
ikung (ii ^chi hd' leisure from

centip'^de,

set to

diligently

ilj;\

To attack,

with, to beat
to

'jP*
^"^

has no head
a workman can
not become a boss.

'/()

usfrd

quality

man

kung

or

kung, -shau
ikung, to begin work, to stop
work ^liinikung or sdn\I,ung,
job-work
iCli^ung
^kung,
constant occupation td ikung
"^Isai, assistants, clerks
Jiung

Jiung Is^uk^
seung\
the rank of a duke
(kung, a gentleman, a master
ikutig

.ngan,

,kiing

its'in, wiig<;s; Jioi

things, statuettes

195

la-

rhd. Congou

'

Actions deserving praise,


honor, reward, or mtrit me.
;

ritorious;

virtuous,

worJhy

a good service, woik,<r atf lir


virtues of medicines; (kung Jd
merit,

that

wliich

deserve.^

reward (kung Uki merits verv


efficacious as medicine; tdi^
ikung, nine moitf hs' mxurning,
iiii
put on for uncles
kung.
;

KUXG.

196
five

RUNG.

months' njourning forcouA:j^ ikung, to record me-

shing^ ikufigt the


huk> tkungt
sacred person
the bended body.

emperor

sinrt;
rits

ithing

work

ikwg, a

Jc'iiig ji tsz'^

(kung, meritorious

undeserving

^kunn-, self-

Kung

(kmig,

ment

th labor; dstung
shuki tsui^ to expiate

regardless

tkung

To respect, to behold with


regard, to venerate by an outward serious, sedate, depori-

^yati

'md (kung,

pat^ kai'

finished

laudation, vain-glorioiis

rPspectful,complaisani,

ot"

by good deeds y^uh


tkung hdu^ the virtue of
the medicine is' great ^hing

faults

conduct as an adjective, often merely enforces the


next word tkung ^hi, respectfully wish you joy ; tkung king^
tkung
respectful, venerating
tkung ho'
shun^ submissive
congratulatory present!- tkung
in one's

liki

atJiiblo

courteous,

collected,

iTning, high rank; '^hai.-pincKu!

yung^ (knttg, where do you


study? ikuiig <d 'pd kwo' no
good acts can wipe out his
tkung jM Hai, very polite, accrimes tkung t'ung Isoi^ l^d\
tkung
cording to etiquette
your goodness has [as it were]
iPan, ladiea of officers of the
recreated mc.
4th rank.
A bow the 57th radical of
pi
' '
characters relating to bows;
/jj.
To place before, to offer or
'^ V present to, to lay out, to ararchery
crescent, curved
a cover of a carriage a mea- ^-\^} range to supply with to prosure of five or six ch'eki the Kung vide, to succor, to give
to
i

"1

length of a iiow
fifty made
a bowshot ; to n)easure tkung

confess, to give in evidence,

bows and arrows; tkung


women's shoes
Jiung

nish
tkung yJng\ to provide
superiors, to pay the dues of
office ,^hau -.kung. verbal evi-

tsin^

ihdi,

a stretch used in archery; tkung j/n, a bowstring; ,ldi


tkung, to pull a bow tkung,

tc/ia,

in pulling a

tto, 5/ieA'] trials

bow,

fencing, and in!iftingst<meB


at the military examinations.

"^
V

A medicinal plant, the root


* ^ of which rescuibles tornien.
" tilla
the best is from Sz';

rli'uen, called

the decoction

is

-xli'un

used

tkung;
to purify

the blood.

6^
'

One's

'

Kun<r

lA-

self;

h.od v
I

personally,
; <

ds'an
kuns
^

do a thing one s
cham\kung,0\ir3Q\^, the

'

to

tkung kap^

to fur-

dence; ^ngo tkung ^k'ij, I accuse


him tkung tch'ing, he confesses saying; iCk'un tkung sy<w>,
witnesses;
for
interpreters
tkung '^tong, to tell of one's
;

accomplices tkung tp'dn, to


accuse falsely tkung cluky to
assume an office tkung ui^ to
pay back to the club one's
;

proportion.

Read Knvg\

to

nourish, to support; offeringn


kitng^ yinng^ to sustain omc'.s
;

person,

one's self or

to declare

parents; kung^ jJw, to oifer in


worship r/i't/j kung^ to arranae the offerings.
;

KING.

KUNG.
Interchanged with the two

fi^

'J^

last

ii

8urnu(ne

to give

to shrink or
against attack
dry at the fire a district in
;

re-

Hondn

* specttul.

^> A
K

mansion, a building

now

confined to the imperial re^ sidence the palace a w-.iil


temple a district college
11
the tirst note in the octave
to surround
the
lo castrate
circuit of; ,kuiig tin- a palace;
thing %'a7n, the seraglio
imperial concu.
(kitiig
^fi,
bines ,kur>g iy'ng, " punish,
ment of the palace," castration (kung iVgo, maids of honor; hoki Mungi a college in
a district or prefecture ihang
ichai
ikung, a rural palace
loki Hang ikung, put her in
the "cold palace," said of a
wife or concubine who is
discarded it refers to the ha;

^' To offer tea liege,

,f^
fwung

nounce offers of service


and hence merit, worthy ac;

tions

lo encircle

bowing

iShiin, vessel

"^shau ikutig,

-'

-|y

^^

when bowing

an arch

'^kung

''teiig,

women

Generally,

bringing tribute.
altogether,

all,

in all, collectivelv
in slort, to

to

hold or take with both hands

tri-

vdpi kung' to
pay taxes pat, kung' a selected siutsai kung' iin* provincial examination. hull
kung*
tribute-bearer

the hands before the

breast as

tswi' kii7ig' to offer


;

Kung

bute or taxes kung^ 'pan, articles of tribute ; kung^ as'' the

To join

tri-

:
'

by inferiors or fiefs, as the


peltry, gems, &.c., of Tartar
tribes sent to Peking
to an-

bute, taxes, or presents given

used to be sent
a house lizard.

to present;

to offer tribute or taxes

rfjected

'kung

</iu

reem where

guarded

well

fire.

Honan

in

fii

^pi
'kung 'hi, the book-cover:)
warp 'kung ikun, to dry ul a
kii'

197

in

sum up;

fine,

with,

and, together with the same,


alike; to include in, to live
with; kung- 'tsung, the whole,
altogether
hdp2 kung^ in all,
all taken together; kung^ kai'
;

arched,
a don)e,

n cupola ''kung ''s/iau, to bow


with the hands even with the
head; '^hung pVi to bow and
part
'kung ip'ung, a kind of
;

the whole amount; kung^


/ling ^k'ii hii- all are gone
witli him; ^ngo hung^ '/ti, 1
and you
/ung tsaia kung*

dooi-porch

'kung

kul) ising

f/ijii'

may happy
kung

around you

cylindrical

tiles.

'i.4j-

^'^

K'lung

post, prop,

'foil,

shine
^ngd, semi-

ftars

'kung
top of a

orpilhr

the capital

of the same mind ; paU


kung' yoU shall can not live
in the same house
kung*
ishing 'ji 'kii, it will be a
good act to make up the sum
hma' 'kirni 'koig ^m^, have
you beei: 'ilking with a ghosi?
Read 'Kung, to superintend
woik; tciwardrt openly.

'sliui,

i;r

pillar
JEfl.

Kuns

To bind with thongs, to


bind securely
firm, strong,
well secured
wtll guarded
:

K'UNG.

198

KtiT.

3^ A
'.^

K'ung.

(221)

JI

ik

ing

^Jg

if 7

Wig hnun

locusts

y^, the fly-

the

fill

[)lains

ik'ung ik'ung, concerned for,


sad ; ik'ung jj/am, the locust'ij

Brouglit to the last degree


poor, abmdoned, exhausted,
;

impoverished, no means;
poverty
the end,
the poor
the fimil termination of; to
to
make helpless or poor

animal likn a
kind of locust

fabulous

griffon

chirp.

search thorouglily, to investigate to the bottom to exhaust;


ik'ung kw'an^ destitute, on
xesowvces Jcung kiki at the
end, nothing at all ^md Jiung,
inexhaustible, endless; 'shui
ik'ung (ihdn tsun^ no way to
go, no way open ; Jc'ung
kau^ to thoroughly examine
ik'ung iChui, to pursiie everywhere ik'ung it' by left on thp
road without means
ik'ung
holi'^ck^, a poor scholar sung'
Jivng, idolatrous ceres/iirt
monies at the year's end
ik'ung //i' iS^ung -ye., you will
get poor too
Jcung Jci liiii.
to search out a thing to the
bottom.
Lofty high and vast as the
eminent
spacious,
sky

(222)

Kiit.

.yjr

{-jT*

Name of a river; streams


flowing different ways ; to
flw,

yi>j

to

lead

streains

to

Kiueh spread abroad to decide, to


pass sentence, to settle to cut
off; decided upon, certainly,
;

positively

fixed,

kiit:, sin,

certainly

doubtless
so
'ch'u
;

is

sentence to death ktit,


renounce kiiti
it? must have it
kiit, yuki to
take out of prison.

kiiti

to

tsiiti

to utterly

ik'itog

sleight

crets

Jsong, the
the empy-

K'iunor

fu

name of a

river

infirm

iT'iuno-

^C
"

tit

for

'/"/'/

craft.

to

teach a
Interchanged with the
;

last.

making

men

bamboo.

The eye of aji

km, gibberish
:

|)oorly, sick,

w:ilkinir-sMcks for old


a kind of

',.'

Sz'ch'uen

pUi to take a lastintr


Jau kUti a dying

troublesome.

Biimboos
.5fi

in

undivulged se-

j)? kOf:,

ich'iung kiit,
eternal sepuation maL kiiti
the doctrine of the pulse 'hau

department near

Cliinirtn

kiiti

legacy or words

inferior

farewell

azure canopy,
rean to stop up, to prevent
entrance.

An

to

empty

^^^^ leave, to depart ; a farewell ; an art, a rule, a precept


a mystery or secret ;
abstruse doctrine; a trick, a

K'iunof

Parting or dying words

til
KiuJh

broken

or

used

lreaking ott

ax or hammer:

k'ung, the hole of an

-TJi

Jy^) formerly

.ix.

all

semicircle;

halved ring,
to

indicate

connection
an archers

ring; pr.-ioual oruuuients.

;;

KLT.
Kh

^^\

KLT.

A broken, dofectivo, clipped,


or cracked, vessel deficient,
wanting, short; defects; a
deficiency; to make a vacancy
duties of an ofin an office
ficial post, of wljicli there are
'kdn kuU an easy
three sorty

Ht

r^\

Kiueh

to/, yaU kiif, cut


a piece, cut about a half;
'^kam 7jnl) kiiti take off half, cut

vacancy
vacancy
office,

to

make

it

^pd A-^ to siipply a

'fid kitl-.fan^

Kiueh

Insolent;

iueh

or ""educe the principal.

Kiueh

impa.

tiently, to long for one's re-

un-

kiif,

disobedient,

according as applied to chiU


dren, robbers, or animals.

supial animal.

shut the door, to close

the office ; to stop, to rest


terminated, done; to prohibit;
end of a song -ffuki kilt:, to
^ko shb''
take nir mourning
A-/j several tunes or songs.

made

animal that carries an.


the vague description
of it may refer to some mar-

Kiueh

(Ch'<j7ing

ruly, ferocious,

^^\ other

want; deficient.

To

flour is

An

^^

turn; to make known; to


regard with dissatisfaction
to

and a
;

hope or expect

the stalks
food whea

for

from the root kiiti^fan, farina


The drawof the fern. root.
ing of the kiit) resembles an
Aspidium.

kulifdU wanting, not enough


(fang kiiti broken, defective ;
tai^ kidy hdm^ a grievous thing
or event
kuU '-piin, to aflfecl

To

edible fern

are cooked
tender,

a good

a profitable situation

in two.

An

off

^M^ medium post,


and
kill:, an important post
and the salaries are proporkul-.

used

drum. stick

post, tc/iwn^

Jioi

for

post, a stake, a pile

half of a thing a stick,


c
,
a lever, a piece ot wood a
post in the middle of a gateway ; the bit in a bridle ; a

tioned

199

To

Vj^
<

stumble, to

1^', down
Kiueh.

;
'

to fail in
.

fall,
;

to

slip

to leap, to

jump prostrate, to go quick.


Tongue of a buckle, a hasp ;

ffi^

^A
'

Kiuth

Jr"-

'.

catch, a mark by which to


to
remember a cliaracter
mark off; Jcau kid-, to mark
;

off criminals for

execution,
as is done by the emperor at
the autumnal assizes.

A
Kiueh

it

ts,

that, that one, the

his

stones

short

to

the ground

bow

to

project

the head to

car|>cntcr8.

to
Feigned, counterfeited
impose on; hypocritical, craf
to please or agree with
ty
one to gain an end.
;

pS'
1?'^'.

man;

kiit:, Haug^ they.


gouge, chissel, burin, or
^"', "raver, used bv carvers and

pronoun, he, she,

p<;rsonal
;

a ring on a carriage for fastening the reins to, called


ring with a
kiit^ ndfi ; a
tongue or hook for fastening
part of a lock.
to

a^
V

shrike, called pdk) Jd ; it


in the seventh month,

\ sings

is said to -eat its dam ;


(shdn pdki Jd, the wild
butcher-bird, an epithet for
disobedient children.

and

KWA.

Ktr.

'JOO

Kwa.

(224)

Kut.

(223)

tTT

yht

^H

name

General

for

gourdj,

'Jr\ melons, cucumber?, brinjais,


To unite all the parts, unitegg. plant, squash, &c.; the
tug
at
to
to
strength
ed
radical of characters
9*7 th
reach ; to collect or assemble
csai
pertaining to melons
kuty kuU tugging.

'

"'"

watermelon

iktrd, tlie

J^

To

embrace

or

inclose

to

(kwa, cucumber ; /s?^ (kwd, a


hairy squash (Oi (kwa, eggplant (fan (kwi'i, small yellow
squash ; (tiing (kwn, a large
coarse squash mnkukwa, the

^\

bundle-up, to tie up, to en.


velop ; to infold, to comprehend to examine into; to

arrive at

cpd

to bundle

kut-,

wrap up; to contain, to


have an understanding of;
^nong kuU sz" 'hoi, he bags
or

seas,"

four

up the

knows everything;
do up the hair

in

coil.

pome kind

To make

(i

inapt,

kut,

A:u^

Fleet, hasty

quick

to has-

one; a man's name;


kuty /nne, to understand
soon
Pdk,-kuti was one of
;

Wan
Aft'

^^'

Wang's

officers.

A garden slug, called

ts'o'C

(fan, a

i.

e.

it

(kita

numerous

pro-

many

descendants.
To distribute to several; few,
little seldom, unusual, rarely
alone deficient, what is short
a widow the regal We ,ku
'A-tcri, orphans and widows, left
alone desolate (to'^kwd, much
or few, how many ? 'hcd fu or
'kwa
'fcrm ^md jp'o, a widow

geny,

KwA

when melons

next year

frri^5<2

vulgarly pi^

the snivel

eggs

iCh'ung, or

t'ai^

worm

a frog's
the mole,

katt Jtauy

king
'kwd Hd, a widower, an old
bachelor '^kim pat, tiki chuv^'
alono I can't stand them all
'hrd {man, little experience.
1 ' Divining lines or diagrams
^^ invented by Fuhhf, to serve
Kwa
as an abacus by which to phifirst
loaophize
there were
iyan,

Ourself,

cricket.

^g

(kwa

tViiTnin jmin, a

ous.

ten

change

toi^

are ripe,

to din
ignorant ; (to jin ki'if,
in one's ears ; kuti ^iu, clamor-

^
JS'

(fan,

is

greengrocer's stall ; ts^urig^


(kira, a kind of pickle made of
the tender paki (kwa ; ^kwd ^k'i

by talking

tV ytvki (kwa

cut up (or apportioned) like the carpels <>f


a squash ; ^yau (kwa ^-o^ there
is a liaison or intercourse of

kufyfdt, to

the country

he

e.

i.

papaya

a great clamor, to
^^'' stun one,tom<ike a din im'^
portunate, bothering, distracting, noisy ; to injure an affiiir

W3t

(ivottg

An

o|)en valley

^^'t trate through


liberal,
tail

to

to pcneunderstand;
;

magnanimous

perspicacious

itnivg, fully

kut^

kuti

understand

it.

fin

I,

the

kWA.

Kvvi;
eight, then these

ed

sixty-four

to

were involvdivine

to

come

^y

think

kwa

ber;

^^

to lay

j^

aside
in suspense, anxious
kwd' Ad* to enter names in a
visiting-book, to make or keep

K.\vk

distinguish

to

^^

the legs,

the crotch ;
a horse

lo bestride

kwd'
kwd'

yuk^ to shame one by making


him go between one's legs
ifu,

one forced

to submit.
character also

trowsers.

Interchanged with the


to

pass

bestride

last

over, to straddle, to
;

to surpass, to excel

on a country ; the
crotch ; kwd' tso' a son who
excels his father ; kwd' /j to
excel pat^ kwd' Jci kwok, not
incroach on his territory kwa'
ihoi tui' ''shnu, to stretch or
throw out thti arms.
to border

imeng, to call by. in name


only; kwd' '^hi fan^ inoki voii
may hang up the griddle out
of business.
jacket worn over the robe,

iti.'

is

it

means
Cfe'

T^^'^

;>

j '//jd,

kwd'

kwd' rnong^ to hope for


kwd' (Sam or kwd' lu- to be
anxious for; kitd' ^sheung, to
hang up kiDd\kun, to secretkwd^ c/iu' ^k'ii,
ly leave office
to keep thinking of hca' niin}
to bear in mind
(d^ kwa' a
green parrot
kwa'
small
of

think he has

icuAj 'c/<^

The second

of articles or names
'c/'i, to make people talk

list

jfcifld^

fiai^ kwa' I
so; p'a' i'm hoki
tak, kwa" I'm afraid I can't
learn it
kdm' kwa' so ? are
you sure it is so?
The thighs, space between
ftfe,']
;

To

suspend, to hang up
to
to dwell on or prolong
divine by straws to remem-

kwa'

Jm'i Jiiu

right.

>~,

word, indicating a

final

?K.doubt, or orne's opinion of; ^k'u

ichim kwd' or puk^ kvca' to


divine ; ifigd 'cICi '/d kwd^
shivering from cold or terror ;
kwa' it'au 'chun, he guessed

4iM

201

Kvvd.

(225)

having short and wide sleeves;


'//id A-Jcd' a riding-jacket, a sort
of dress overcoat or sack tdi^ ^^ Prodigious to vaunt, to brajr;
Jttcd' a pelisse worn by ladies,
C*7 magniloquent; self.conceittd.
a short robe jp'd kwa' cereSame as the next,
monial dress, robes
ikwan
To talk big, to boast ; to
;

iki kioi.^

to hinder,

;nio a

to obstriict

wide, ample
^hau

to fall

snare; kwa' ngoi^ an

obstruction.

said of a dr^ss

(kw'd

boastful

^Ls^iins ^k'u,

to

f*t'*

ikw'd

adulate one

ikw^a, self-laudation.

To deceive, to cozen, Xr^"^ Jfj^ Vain, conceited good, pretimpose on ; to disturb


Arwd'ii^
ikw'd Isity regardful of
tc^i ty
lead ; kwd^ lun} ^t'in
us to mislead
one's appearance or conduct,
;

tv"

grandilo-

K^a^''^""*'
quence conceited, arrogant

very short sleeves.


S^^ An impediment, a hindrance;

^Zl

f^

bragg'ng,

a sort of vest, with

jj

ha^ to distract the emi>ire.

To>. DicT

:5

faijtiJioUb-, finical.


;;

KWAI.

KWAI.

204

:^]

(my

Kwai.

To return

"I

to the

same place

To

Kwei

vvhoui does it belong to?


(kwai kau' to lay the blame
on the right one ^kwai ckan,
to trace to the end Jtwaifuki
to return to obedience, to give

meda and

J
Kwei

tkwai fat) division


dHn ha}
(kwai (Sam, the country looks
to me ; (kwai 'pan tsiki to
;

bring a region under rule


(kwai (kwai yaU yat-, put everything in its place "-kau <.ktoai,
a table for reducing fractions.

/jc

'^^-

To

conform

instruction, to

to,

to

receive

comply with

ikwai (hfuki fat, to hearken


to instructions
as disciples do.

and conform

and auspi.

(kwai iwdn hii, send it


back to you ; (kwai ,mdi yaU
pirif to go or put aside
ikwai
'^ku or (kwai shai^ dead ; (kwai
iiiing, a bride's visit to her parents; (kwai (U 'f'd, to be bu;

homestead

Pisces,

up rebellion; jid 'sho (kwai,


no home, wandering said of

to return to one's

eviscerate,

to stab, to stick

vate from the public part of a


house the apartments of the
women ; unmarried females,
who have not yet left tiie
hareem ; women; female, lady
(kwai ^nii, a
like, feminine
virgin, a young lady ; (Sham
(kwai, the inner apartments;
(kjoai (mun, to stay at home,

ried; ctioaij/'in, to resign office,

to

cious to students.
The door separating the pri-

ghosts

The stride of a man ; the


15th of the 28 constellations,
Kwei
answering to parts of Andro-

mah

it/an,

open

a knife into.

tfdn /m'

butcher

to cut

promise; to unite, to assemble;


a terminus ad quern ; a home,
a country, a native place, a
refuge, a center ; to divide
(Jcwai

what can be

or

up in three fingers;
chap> (kwaiy to hold the baton.

to send a present, to give, to

numbers
go home ;

grains,

taken

fractional

made

noblemen

64

ikwai, to

to

,JjEj''nd princes as a sign of rank,


Kwei and used at levees ; a measure equal to a pinch or six
some say,
grains of millet

*ii **' state to go, or send back,


tl^j 'o restore, to revert to to
Kwei terminate, to end; to belonij
to to go home to marry out
;

sceptre or baton

'^^ofsfone, given

of a retiring disposition said


(kam (kwai tsiki a
of maids
;

rollster.

The

chief of
beings^ the 213th
radical of characters pcrtainKwei ing to the cheloniae; (kam
(kwai, a small species of Kmys,
whose carapace, divided into
28 plates on the edges, is used
in divination ; (kwai Ao/ca tor.
toise's shell ; ,kwai (kung, a

tortoise, the

mailed

cuckold (kwai 'chdu, a pimp


(kwai tdn^ or (kwai Hsai, a bastard (kwai piiV arched over,
a tortoise's back; tdi^
like
ngong^ (kwai, you stupid dolt.
;

KWAI.

KWAI.
Lots made of paper or wood
choose by lot inim ^kwai,

demons

Kiu

to

to

draw

lots.

of a dead person, a

spirit

Kwe manes,

that

which the

soul

or turns to at death

reverts

dish or platter

nine platters

kin^ ^kwai cm^, have you seen


what are you scared
a ghost

at

'/cteat

/au

'^kwai

^nd,

person; '^kwai ^shai ^ni m^,


did a sprite get you to do
this? cliong^ 'kwai, to meet a
foreigner '^kwai j'au fung, a
A-ioJt, a
wiiirlwind
t^ai' '^sz'
wretch taken instead of the
real criminal; tsd* lOtti' 'kwai
/au, done altogether wrong;
;

'^kwai [Tnai

are

'/li,

you po^-

sessed ^shang 'kwai kdtn' 'fan,


frisky as an*^tf 'kwai 'Id 'kwai,
a jnmt plan to swindle one
!

'kwai snk, the 23d of the 29


constellations, stars y,

Cancer
spirits

kwai
sliui

tsluiu,

S,

i\,

6 in

the gods,

'kwai, ghosl of a

drowned man

cti

p'in^

a besotted opium-slave

'kwai,
;

din

unavenged spirit of n
murdered man; 'kwai ^ind, bad-

'kwai,

done, careless iini'ia 'kwai,


a I'.atch in a bolt ; yapi 'kww
.mi'tn /.m/J, enterod the door ol'
ly

tdi^

'kwai,

set oulj; 'kwai

basins

used for holding the grain

es,

worship of

in the equinoctial

Confucius.

An axle; a
'% a vestige
an

rut

orbit,

law, a rule

a trace,
a path a
;

treasonable plana
K wei against a country to imitate;
ffi/^

to

peep, to hide and seek; 'kwai


'shu, a suspicious, dishonest,

'kaa

muki 'kwai, wooden open dish-

vji

large dishes or

'un,

Mng kwai

of spirits

ship^

kdm' yiung^ he is like a ghosl,


afraid of the face of men.
A dish for holding grain at
sacrifices, once made round
wei
within and square without a
;

the 194th radical of characters


of demons, phantasms, &c.;
a gho^t, an apparition, a
spectre
a demon, a devil ; a
horrid looking object a misethe
rable person, a wretch
Cantonese stigmatize foreign,
ers as (kwai, and say their
resemble
the
voices
shrill
plaintive cry

dead;

203

pat:,

'kwai,

'kwai

to'

unconformable

to follow in the path,

a constant path.
box a casket for papers ;
l^f to put in a box to bind with

t^ A

cords.

JUS

^^^.

fall

ruinous wall, one ready to


ruinous, dilapidated ; to
destroy, to demolish.
'^^ To deceive, to cheat, to de.P^- fraud; to blame, to reprimand;
to

oppose what

vilify,

to

insult,

is

good
to
defame
;

to

bad, malicious, perverse

odd,

strange
'kwai kioat-, crafty,
fraudulent 'A: waj c/id' lying;
j/nd its'ung 'kwai iis'ui, do not
follow cunning tales; 'kwai
V extravagancies, wondorful
things, incredible ; 'kwai ^/nd
kinki shiki a bad fellow,
A gnomon^ a dial daytimp,
^^i
j^*. the day ; yati 'kwai, a sundial mat:, ^yt^ 'kwai luik, what
;

mark on the dial? ifan


(kd kai' 'kwai, to prolong ihe
is

the

dav by burninji candles.

'

KWAI.

KWAI.

204

j^'
jv^

noble, pxalted,

Honoriible,
iIlu!?trious

(p'i <yav,

pood ; your, thine, in direct


address; dear, hiiih-|)riced
precious, valuable to esteem,
to honor, to desire, to make
much of; kmai' sing^ your
name ; Icwai' lak^ Isai^ very
dear (tsun kwai^ ^yau taki to
honor the virtuou? ; kwai^
siting^ a
noble,
inirenuous
countenance ; 'yau mat, kwuP
koii' what jo your business?
/ai ikd kwai^ 'shan, please lift
up (or off) your hand, please
let me off; iking kmaP rare,
precious /cicai' saP delicate,
elegant, as manners ; ktraP hi'
precious things
applied to
darling children; kwaV thi^
fyan, your excellency ; kioai^
rhnng' 'yd, a rare article.
;

perjlorens).

The

f<i.^

L'ttle,

'^

ever

is

to calculate

menses

T^'

kwaV uf^

spring

of

youngest

the third

kwai^

child;

kwaP

the
shai'

the last generation or dynasty 'man kwaV the late or se.

kwai' the

perfect pearl,

lustrous

the red rose

rare,

precious,

admirable;
kind of jasper.

excellent,

kwai'

^*'

a.

fk'ing

Food, victuals, viands

month

Hsz*

it'in

puberty.

which is
by night, called jniwi
kwai"; hence jWiui kwai" (fa,

^^

the least or last of a series ; a


season, a quarter of the year;
half of the year, when speak,

tch'un

to

^^.
Kwei

ing of crops or paying rent;


maiti'\chung',kwai\n series of
three; *2" kwai^ the four sea.
8ons; (Ch'nn kwai' spring;

of the ten stem",

water the character i> supposed to represent water flowing to a center ; to consider,

tender, junior, wliat-

young and immature

last

which with iyam, belong

j^.

^fe'

^tsz'

kwai' ^fd^
to become a kiijin
the Olea frngrans ; kwai^fit
pd' figured calicoes; iilt hvui'
the monthly rose (Rosa sem-

cassia oil; kicaV

cassia buds ; '^sliau ipdn (tan


kwaP to pick a cassia twig,

dignified, worthy,

pre-

sents of food ; to prepare food ;


to attend to the kitchen, to

present food toone; kwai^yan,


a king's baker.

To
Kwei

t'

to,

to

gifts of food.

same

the

A
.

present

offer

give,

to

Nearly

as the last.

basket or

hamper of straw

or bamboo for carrying ; a


vegetable like the blite or
etrawberry.spinach, having a
red stem ; name of a hill.

case with doors, a press,


; exhausted,
3^' To perturb ; agitation of f^M wearied out tt) fail in (Shii
mind ; the end or fringe of n Kwei k'nai'n book-ease; kirni\wn\
Ki
a counter ; kwai^ ^^unff, a
belt or girdle.
druwer dfaki kwni^ a wari.
Cdfsia tree (Lauras cassia
jkt'
robe, a bureau ; aU hcai" a
and cinnamomea): met. lite,
;

cond

a chest, a locker

crop.

K^
r iry
Arircij'

reputation
ip'i,

and

cassia bark

honor
;

kuHiV

sum
*A-'i

put in deposit for


iiwai^ or

'chtung

rent

kieai^

;;

KWAI.

KVV'Ar.

in a shop ikam /ang


kwai^ state records, archives
of state.
To kneel, to bend the knee
^'^. to the ground; the legs; a
crab's leg; ktvai^ ha} to kneel

clerk

secret

inspection of; (kw'ai


wait for one. to see
what is going on ; (kun dw'ai,
" a tuhe.view," a partial examination of, a bird's-eye view.

'

kwip to bow and


kneel to
kwaP IW to kneel
on chains a mode of torture
"pdi^

Vwai^

t^'

^*

Quick, active, diligent


with

play

the

feet

have a slight view of;


sU,(kw'ai, to look at by stealth.
Interchanged with the last.

to

To peep from under or behind a door, or through a


crack to observe to glance

at, or

hiraV
up one

ItwaP its'vtig sz'* to stir


to attend to business, diligent.

(227)

knee-pads.

sat,

to

si'*

down

A helmet, a casque or defense for the head; a block


on which caps are ironed and
fashioned ; a basin or porringer ; /au (kw'ai, a casque

Kw'ei

Kw'ai.

made of

iron

ifl

pnir of compnpses; a law,

regulation, custom, usage

douceur

connivance

for

rate for taking a farm

men

draw

a line

ikw'ai ,fd, the

iwong

,$hau

ikw'aU

(kw'ai

moon

manilwt ; ,'i^iing' yati


sunflower
ikw'ai
shin^ leaf fans, made from
the
leaves of the
Raphis
ikw'ai, the

fee

'mwn

(kw'ai, fee

n year

is

up

ngdA-j (kw'ai, a fixed

china^ to regulate
; (kw'ai
others ^hong cktr'ai, bye-laws

fee

g^

K^

mallows.

due three times

of a guild,
To peep at, to look furtively
to
^*' "^ through a crevice
to look on sliiy ; ff)
spy
observe for one's own use
ttie lengtli of a stpp
(kw'ai
fdm' to spy, to go about look-

-1^1

l2

tkic'ai sUi' to

make

to carry
to take
up from the ground to leave
/ai ikw'ai, to lead by the
band, to carry, to recommend
one ikw'ai IdV to take along,
to sustain from falling Jcto'ai
^shav, to take by the band, to
take an arn)
ikw'ai ildm, to
carry a baskot on the arm,
;

inlo

lead by the band, as a^


blind man; logo with,"
take along, to join, to

ing

To

1'*'-''''^"'"

i1^ to
Hwui lock arms

fiohelliformis ; ikw'ai ip'twg,


awnings or thatch made of
leaves; ikw'ai ts'oi' an esculent

(he

tkir'ai,

time covered by the fee


tsit,

law;
full

receive the

uti ,ktc'ai, to

mon'hly

lai^

half

AUhea rosea;
the Hi.

ikw'ai,

s/iiiki

hisciis

the disk

nsagp, custom

(kw'ai kdp,

armor.
term formalvacpous plants
'Sei '';Semblingthe Malva, Geranium, Althea, Hibiscus, 6ic,

of the pun or moon; iktr'ai


vdki to draw lines ,kw'ai 'ku,
/} -pun-

^^ A

to

to calculate, to plan

to line or

to rule

according to usage

regulate

worn by

plates,

military officers

'^^

205

;;

306

KWAl.

KVVAi:
An

or horn
opening knots
worn on the girdle

ivory

^'''^'^'"

MVui

anciei'jtiy

a kind of tortoise
of a star,

stiletto

^^^

the

u^

Kvvi.

name
Perverse, obstinate, to turn
cross-purposes
extra; strange,

f*

containing 50 'www,
or about 8 English acres
a
plat of ground; a low wall
around a field ikw'ai ts^oV a.
kitchen.garden.

mj*.

(828)

field

k'

^^^ ^^^^^^ o"


to contradict

k'

vagant; cunning, crafty; ikwdi


maU
wily, ingenious
'Atiti,

taki A-^m' ikwdi, so well train-

ed
said of children ; Jsing
tkwdi, clever, ingenious at
contriving iktodi p'ik^ mali-

The

jaw-bones, the sides of


a place where nine
kw'ei*^
or many roads meet, a tho.
roughfare
name of a mush,
room ichung Jkwai, a man of
the T'^iig dynasty, now deified as a protector against devils, and drawn clutching a
sword, and standing on one
Jig-

fwce

cious.

foot.

Different,

'J^

^^

different

ing

To

'Jri

"^hcdiHsz^ a kidnapper
p'ili'

yufi

'kau,

'4S

J^

'"j

,>'^'^

jjr,>certed; shamefaced, bashful ;


15g j ^o feel shanie when detected
K w'ei conscience-stricken, remorse;
;

houV ashamed

^niiOiJnd

my

its'oi, I

stupidity

trite.

feel

kip'nP

shnme

for

kw'ai' J'ttV con-

with
tdV
order

''kwdi

making
;

staff.

^^ grass, used for


sandals, withes, or

'^'"^^

mats

Ashamed, abashed, discon-

csau

'fl&l

long time sundered.


Irfj

lame ; 'kzodi iyan loki


tam^ to lead one into evil.
An old man's staff or crutch,
with a crooked top; ^hodi
ch^ung' a cane or

^kw'ai (wai

[we have been] a

to elope

"^kwdi

pled,

from, separated

tx'ip,

lyan ^han, to cajole in


to carry off; '^ktedi k^uk-, crip-

examine ; ^kw'ai toki to


estimate, to reason upon pak:,
^kw'ai^ a superintendent.
;

ipan

a man's concubine

to

Kw'ei

swindle, to

to

consider ; to calculate, to
guess to surmise the meaning, to weigh in the mind

in appo-

deceive,

'ktodi p'in' to gull, to swindle

To

distant from, absent

the

The sun and moon

certain

S"" to seduce, to kidnap, to


decoy one in order to carry
him off; to entrap persons

A-

A one-legged monster, drag.


on,'ox and man combined
Kw'ei
a statesman in the days of
Shun ; a certain plant.

sition

parted, divid-

absolute,

flow

or

pull

to

ways

54th of the 64 diagrams.

{^

^.

>

'(waivt, grass sandals,

chief mourners

used by

surname.
X*.'

Strange,

,},. ordinary
ral,

marvelous, extrabizarre, siipernatu-

portentous,

monstrous

to
wonderful, curious
to
bear a grudge
dislike,
rare,

against

to

deem

strange, sur.

KWAK.
prised at

surprising

kwdV strange,
kwdV mati a mon-

207
man, the

princely

ik'i

Hsz'

the

beau

ideal of virtue;

an apparition

ster,

KWAN.

s'ra

V/o

kW

good peo-

my

husband
(fu xkwah,
(in Jtwan, a deceased father
ple

k'wdi' don't be surprised, don't

angry '/dn kwdi^ 'ni, he


lays the blame on you wrong-

Hiung ikwan, your son

hodi^ chdk^^k'u, reprimand


iJidn kwdi' ^k'ii, can not
(or ought not to) blame him
kwdp Usoi, strange kwdi' ^m
taki not surprising ; r^chiu ktmi^
to bring blame on one's self;
kwdi^ tdn' 'chi sz'^ marvelous,

and t'di'
mother

feel

ly

(kwan, the emperor

liim

'yaw

7nat,

what wrong have

kwdV
1

an unkind

ihang (kwan, to move troops


kdm' /thV (kwan, servants who
attend the candidates within
the hall Aon' (kwan, Chinese

^fau,

done

iktoan
(kwan are father and
epitaphs
in
iWJn

husband sai^ (kwan, my wife.


An army, a force of 12,500
men; the head-quarters of a
troop an inclosure military,
warlike (kwan iping, a camp ;

^
'j^

ghost-like; ^kwaiktpdV horrid,

ugly

ktook)

fu

iktoan, a blue-beard,

Kwak.

(229)

Bannermen (kwan
;

itnan

'fti,

a sub- prefect Jcwan (ki tdi^


ishan, the General Council of
state /aw (kwan, to enlist
^yatt mat: (kwan 'md, what plan
has he, what will (or can) he
;

im

To

slap the face

T^' hnnd;

a clap.
A colloquial word a loop,
a bight of a rope ; to tie up
with a loop a stroll Hd yat->
ho' kiodki make a noose
ho^dki chii} ^k'u, catch him in
a lasso, noose him; itnng '/u
Aii' kw'dky ^hd, let us take a
"slap

^S

^^'

with the

kwdk-,yat:,(pd, a single

ktcdk:, iSheng,

do?
merit

(kwan (kung, military


man^ (kwan, banish*

ment

to the garrisons.

Together, alike or comparsame time evid-

able, at the

Ip**

turn.

tude

Kvvan.

with, then

cedence
(230)

an elder brother;
descendants; many, a multient, clearly

(kwan

to take pre.
tai^

or

(kwan

chung* brothers
hau} (kioan,
descendants
(kwan ^rlirmg,
;

^ A

chief,

head of society

j^ prince,

sovereign, or ruler
honorable, in high station,
exalted
superior, wise, ono
;

who can

influence others; a
term of respect given to
others, and used by all per'

sons

to

rule,

to

fulfill

dutas of a guvereign

the

-kwan

(kwan kwaV
how many brothers hive you?
The Kwanl'in or Koulkun
all

insects

'/ji '^kl

range of mnunfains, lying


about lat, 35 N., t)etween
the Desnrt of Gobi and Tibet

'j^*^jj

the Chinf^e retrfird if ns ihe


abode of everything myste.
rious and supernatural.

a;;

KWAN.

208

AS

The

KVVAiV.

spawn of fishes a

roe or

knave, a

whale (kwanfd'
,wai ip'ang, the whale turned

'J^j^jjIeviathan,a

into a roc.

0^ A

a heathcock or jun-

gle-fowl.

DE^tf'

inatrurnent for moulding


pottery ; equal, just, in simi.

Kiun

lar parts
flat

harmonize a musical instruikwan efan^ equally


divided ikwan ip'ing, impar;

tial,

equal

now

'^fu

king's brother-in-law or oeice.

ment

inhabited place, a princi-

kwan} a department; ^ni hai*


mati kwan^ what prefecture
are you from ? kwan' ^md, a

even, level, plane,

An

applied to a prefecture

to equalize, to adjiLst or

pestilent

pality, a small district

j?f'

An

Jjfci

of

tsnng^

sort offiallinaceous bird

^^jj perhaps

band

kwan' a pettifogger; kwan^ kom' ^kwong,


bare as a stick, poor kwan'
kivk) a dangerous fellow.
fellows;

^fu

portioned
ching^

all

Jiioan itiai tfong


regular and proper

haV let
don't change it.

fefe|
'

it

be so now,

quarter of a sheki or pea weight of 30 catties


a potters lathe; to equalize,
just; importo harmonize
cul

^kwnn or ihting cktoan,


the Great Framer, wheel of
events, heaven, nature ,kwan
tf your wishes or orders
tant; tdi'

Used

phrase.

polite

for the

last,

The green tough skin of the


^f^ bamboo, which contains silex.

Also read iWun.


^^B

Fire,

^^^
Kwan

fire

the flame of a

fiery,

ckwan

wan';

Read
yo wair wan'i ji

iv? blazing.

^r

name

sliiting^ iching,

XB'

^^

Kw'an.

(231)

iktoan cchi

'^7

iktcan

loki

and joy equally

(Chim, sorrow

the lambent

tsdpiHm kwan^ inhing, prac


tice makes a thing natural
Jcwong kwan^ a " bare-stick,"
a scoundrel jin min^ kwan^ a
pastry roller; Jcwan J'd, a

earth, q. d. inferior or

obsequious

heaven; hence

to

applied to the moon, statesmen, wives, and to whatever


has a correlative superior the
2d diagram; favorable, compliant, obedient
'tau shat)
;

cottage can
contain a great mind ; (kw'an
'kdn, a betrot bed's horoscope.
punishment of shaving the
M^
head, inflicted on the prince's
'j7^^
family for slight offense**;
bald a leafless tree.
JteThe plaited skirt of a lady's
dress, sometimes elegantly
y^,
efnbroidered ; rim of a turik'in Jrw'^an tdi' a

skell

tle's

flame curled upwards.


a round stick, a club; to
bind up sticks; a sharper;

The
iTT]

vol'

(Chinifr

^hoan, or

ikw'an, petticoats

iwai'

an apron, a bib iC/t'iii


ikw'an, an embroidered silk
apron worn by officers; Jtw'an
ikw'-an,

k^iiki

itnui,

waiting-njaids;

ikw'an ich'd, a gore in a skirt


ikw'an fdi^ ichi (ts'ajt, relatives
of a different surname 'hiung
ikw'an, a skirt with bells or
;

jingles.

KW'AN.

^^ A
'^^

KW'AN.
few as

flock of sheep, as

The mushroom

mold on
K^. bread or paste; fat, '^kw'an,

"^^fe

a herd ; a concourse,
a group, a multitude, a horde,
a company men of the same
three

moldy

friends, equals,

ions, feilow-officers

compan-

consummate a marriage.

'J^

.^

"kidan shati unafFectsimple-minded


iyung
;

ed,
ishan ts6^ 'kw'an, I can not
used
forget your kindness
at the end of letters.
To tie or put together ; to
plait
to make firm bv beat.
;