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Descriptive adjectives (regular and

irregular)
Overview
As the name may suggest, descriptive adjectives describe a quality of a noun. In Spanish, all parts of
a noun phrase must match in gender and number. Agreement is the defining feature of the Spanish
gender system. Adjectives must agree with the noun (or pronoun) they describe in gender and in
number to show which noun they are describing. This means that if the noun is feminine, the adjective
must be feminine, and if that same noun is also plural, the adjective will be feminine AND plural as
well.

las faldas - feminine, plural

las faldas bonitas - all parts feminine and plural

Descriptive Adjectives
You will find all adjectives listed in their masculine singular form in dictionaries, so it is important to
know how to change each singular masculine adjective to match the noun you already have. Most
adjectives end in -o, -e, - or a consonant in their singular masculine forms. Below you will find the
rules for matching these adjectives to their respective nouns in gender and number.

Adjectives that end in -o
These adjectives describe nouns in both gender and number, and have four endings, one each for
masculine, feminine, singular, and plural. These types of adjectives make up majority of the adjectives
in Spanish.
-o Adjective Endings

Masculine
Feminine

Singular
-o
-a

Plural
-os
-as

To change the masculine form of an adjective to match a feminine noun, replace the -o ending with -a.

Es un perro negro.

Es una camisa negra.

To make an -o adjective plural in the masculine or feminine form, add -s to the singular ending.

El hombre es alto.

Los hombres son altos.

Soy delgada.

 La gata feliz está en la sala. . Adjectives that end in -e or -ista Adjectives that end in -e or -ista do not change according to gender as they agree with both masculine and feminine in the basic form.  El coche es azul.  Allí están las niñas grandes. To make an adjective that ends in a consonant plural. but do change for number. add an -s to the singular ending.  Los enigmas son fáciles. . but do change for number. -e Adjective Endings Singular -e Plural -es -ista Adjective Endings Singular -ista  Tengo un abuelo interesante. .feminine Plural -istas To make an -e adjective plural.masculine  Mi abuela es interesante.  Los árboles son verdes. just like adjectives that end in -e. add .  A la mujer joven le gusta este café. .feminine  Mi profesor es muy idealista.  El enigma es fácil.masculine  Mi profesora es muy idealista.es to the singular ending. Somos delgadas. Adjectives that end in a consonant Most adjectives that end in a consonant do not change according to gender. .

change the -z to a -c before adding the plural ending. Exception: Adjectives that end in -z in the singular.  Mi hermana es trabajadora.  Pablo es cabezón.  Mis hermanas son trabajadoras. or -ín do have feminine forms.  Mi hermano es trabajador.  El gato es feliz. Simply add -a or -as to the masculine singular form and delete the orthographic accent if necessary.  Mis hermanos son trabajadores.  Los gatos son felices. Summary Masculine Singular -o -e -ista consonant -z -or -ón -ín Plural -os -es -istas consonant + es -ces -ores -ones -ines Feminine Singular -a -e -ista consonant -z -ora -ona -ina Plural -as -es -istas consonant + es -ces -oras -onas inas . A las mujeres jóvenes les gusta este café. -ón.  Paula es cabezona.  Está en el patio exterior del edificio  Está en la parte posterior del edificio. Exception: Adjectives that end in -or. Exception: Adjectives ending in -erior do not have a feminine form.