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There are many explanations of the meaning of nomina in semantic or it usually called a noun
derived from linguistics experts, one of them is Andrew Pyle. And he said that “The noun
phrase is a group of words that ends with a noun. It can contain determiners (the, a, this,
etc), adjectives, adverbs, and nouns. It can not begin with a preposition. Remember that both
subjects are complements are generally noun phrases “(1995: 44). From the statement above
we know that Nomina Phrase can be composed of three items are adjectives, adverbs, and
nouns. Nomina Phrase (NP) can be formed of three rules, namely:
1. A nomina phrase consisting of a determiner (Det) which is optional, Nomina or a
noun (N) which is obligatory, and a complement prepositional phrase or prepositional
phrase complement (Complement PP) is optional.
Example: the books about the war
2. A nomina phrase can consist of articles (Art) or determiner that is obligatory,
adjective phrase (AP) is optional, and noun that is obligatory.
Example: a large red ancient building
3. A nomina phrase can only consist of pronouns only (Pro) which are obligatory.
Example: They
it can be concluded that a nomina phrase may consist of a determiner (Det) and adjective
phrases which are both optional, noun (N) which is obligatory, and complement prepositional
phrase or prepositional phrase complement (Complement PP) are optional. In addition,
nomina phrase can also consist of only a pronomina or pronoun that is obligatory.
According to experts determiner is a unit attached to the nomina or a noun and have a
function as limit the meaning of nomina itself. O’Grady, et,al, (1996:711) said that
“Determiner (Det) is functional category that serves as the specifier of a anoun.” And the
same statement also expressed by Thomas Linda (1993:6), He said that “Determiners are a
small group of words and they act to limit or determine to some extent the possible range of
things which the noun can refer to.” Aik, et,al, alsa state that determiner divided into some
categorizes, as follow:
1. Article, example: a, an, the.
2. Demonstrative adjective, example: this, that, there, those, such.
3. Possessive adjective, example: my, his, her, your. Our, its, their.
4. Interrogative Adjective, example: whose, which, what.
5. Qualifier divided into three types: definite numerical quantities (tree, five,
twenty), Indefinite quantities (some, few, most), and Distributive reference
(Whose, which, what).
6. Relative adjective, example: whose, which, what.


books about
O’Grady (1996:188)










Rodman dan Fromkin (1983:208)

. (1992). Leonhard. An outline of English lexicology: lexical structure. and word-formation: 2nd-ed.Tübingen: Niemeyer. word semantics.Reference Lipka.