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DE LACY JOHNSTONE M. ALDINE HOUSE: LONDON J. SERVICE (retired) . M.A. .. OXOK.S. . BENGAL CIVIL SOMETIME BODEN' SANSKRIT SCHOLAR IN THE UNIVERSITV OF OXFORD ( l/A DENT AND CO.A. M./ THE RAGHUVANgA THE STORY OF RAGHU'S LINE BY KALIDASA TRANSLATED BY P.R. OF H. 1902 .M.

my HI Edinburgh : Printed by T. and A. Constable .

to adorn his valuable and scholarly translation of the Hindi Rdmdyana^ which Book death may be called the Sacred of North. Surrey. the late Mr. follow. The Index added. Growse.PREFATORY NOTE The Introduction tells the story of the poet and the poem. For the Illustrations which embellish my book I am indebted to the kind permission of Miss Growse. Haslemere. For the Mythological Notes which and which I the special hope will indulgence Pronunciation is help English readers. of the Bengal Civil Service.. CLE. Growse's early a loss to Indian scholarship that will not easily be repaired. is Mr. ished reproductions of works These are dimin- by native Indian artists. of Thursby Hall. is A ask I Note on intended only to supplement very shortly the Mythological Notes. of Scholars.Western Bengal. . prepared at great expense for her brother.

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: his is CANTO IV Father. . and her Choice of Aja ... Raghu succeeds stayed by . when grown to Manhood.CONTENTS PAGE INTRODUCTION xi CANTO How King DiLtPA I went to Vacishtha's Hermitage CANTO II Nandin! grants the King his Desire CANTO Raghu . and.. — and conquers CANTO Raghu's splendid Generosity : the World 19 28 V Aja is born.. 37 . 47 VI The Wooing of Indumat!.. starts to woo Indumati CANTO lo III born DilIpa's Horse-sacrifice Indra.. with whom Raghu fights is i .

RAGHUVANgA viii PAGE CANTO Aja's Wedding .. and his 99 XII the Carrying-away of SIta her Rescue. VIII Death of Indumat!. becomes incarnate as Rama.. and Hunting his Fatal 78 CANTO X invoked by the Gods... .. CANTO XI Rama's -Triumph and Marriage with Defeat of Para^u Rama CANTO The Banishment of Rama Sita. and his Lament 66 CANTO IX The Prosperous Reign of Da9aratha. CANTO 89 XIII Rama's Triumphant Return with Sita . 112 125 CANTO XIV The Restoration of Rama to Divorce of Sita his Kingdom. to destroy the Tyrant Ravana Vishnu. VII and how he smote Rivals on his treacherous Way Home 58 CANTO Aja's his early Happiness . and Ravana's Defeat and Death . . . and the 136 .

. 192 196 .stored. is rf. .. and at a sacrifice AND VANISHES : THE PASSING OF RaMA Sita : . I49 CANTO XVI The Reign of Kuca how he returned to Ayodhya.CONTENTS ix PAGB CANTO XV The slaying of Lavana : Rama vanquishes Death bears twin sons. . AND WEDDED KUMUDVATI : 161 CANTO XVII The wise Rule of King Atithi CANTO 174 XVIII The later Kings of Raghu's Race 184 CANTO XIX Agnivarma's voluptuous Reign and Death Index ..

... Title PAGE THE TRIAL OF THE BOW 104 RAMA'S MARRIAGE 106 DAgARATHA'S DISTRESS 113 BHARATA'S ARRIVAL AT CHITRAKOtA THE ENTHRONEMENT OF RAMA RAMA'S COURT . .. " SITA'S CITY " (Photogravure) To face . ^— ^ SITAPURA. 114 138 149 . .ILLUSTRATIONS .

and has had very great influence in modifying our thoughts in the political towards our Indian fellow-subjects. dramatist. as the translation in drama Qdkuntala by 1781 of William Jones gave the first impulse to the study of that wonderful literature of old India his Sir which has revolutionised philology. Dramas. and insight into both the manly and the tender moods of human emotion. and he must always is little a name. into but beyond this we His fame and the With the noble come era. as that of India's greatest greatest epic comparison know nothing poet of her classical days. of him perennial. and of his domain also pretty legend that polished Court of a Roman Augustus has but the charms of his tender noble Epics. But his work is with us. Ramdyana his work does not but in respect of true poetic feeling for the aspects of nature.INTRODUCTION Kalidasa more than There hangs over his personal history that mist of time and distance which seems to enwrap all things historical in the early life and thought of Ancient India. he stands very high among the great poets of all lands and ages. — have a special interest for us. is simplicity of the . That he . abide with us. Kalidasa lived probably about the middle of the sixth century of our personally. more of it probably than of any other great Sanskrit author. made him one of the " nine gems The " at the Vikramaditya reigning in the age of vanished before later research.

Kalidasa at least equally is renowned as an epic poet of the classical period. Griffiths has so well done for its companion. The the graceful Cloud-Messenger. the Story of Raghu's Line) of Kalidasa's among them and one that is well accredited would include a third. . which extends over several centuries.RAGHUVANgA xii fell in his epics occasionally into the snares laid for him by the technical perfection of classical Sanskrit. literary own countrymen. Ktratarjumya and Bhatta in his poem shows us what temptations Kalidasa resisted. and will make us more highly value the self-restraint he has shown in this matter of As I have indeed literature. and sambhava^ the Birth of the War-God Raghuvan^a. in the short roll of fame. we forget how much very should Nor should not blind us to his great and varied excellence. has done this than any other less he of the famous classical poets Bharavi in the of India. branches of such his activity. all. who seem people. Indian in apt for But the beauties of The Hero and the (^akuntala and the Ring and of Nymph have long been before the European and particularly Among the English public. me is It charm that cannot be has long been a wonder no one has hitherto done for it what Mr.^which nature considering the Dramas his said. supreme rich that in province. poem which I have here translated esteemed of them legend. while the varied language lend it in It is by far the most a storehouse of poetry and metres and exquisitely beautiful the original a transferred into another tongue. and I need not dilate on them. — . is are not of the artificiality. however. and played with words and sounds in a way seems frivolous that to us. the Birth of the Warto that . There are different lists of the Six Maha-Kavyas but all name two {Kumara"great poems" Kartikeya.

( INTRODUCTION^ God. with constant reference to the Sanskrit commentators. Preserver. Griffiths has made (but not published) what he calls. especially as it Xlll appears (from Stenzler's Preface.) already translated was given to him. and confirms the tradition. Civa. indeed. Stenzler's have always derived the greatest help from I Latin translation without : it. Destroyer). when great I . This supremacy Ravana Indra. we have its but it is original I have not seen them. ii. Vishnu. form consisted of twenty-five it come down Cantos. which Vishnu was pleased to become incarnate as Rama. But name and fame of the translator seem to have vanished. my own would probably not have been undertaken. chief among had won. by the power of his ascetic austerities. Its in who had his capital gods and men from his that he might destroy the giant Ravana. I must here add also. in his Notes to the translation of the whole Ramdyana. and might free tyranny. He adds that fragments of it have appeared The Poem tells as us that in in print. theme is the glories of the great Solar race of Ikshvaku. compel Fate. supplanting the Gods — inferior to the Three (Brahma. the Thunderer. which could. Creator. that Mr. that the greater part of the into English before the poem had been work of editing it p. in Ceylon (Lanka). certainly incomplete. a " rough " translation of the Raghuvanca. And here I must acknowledge my debt to the great scholar just named. When therefore his yoke had become too hard to bear. what only lately came to my knowledge. according to Brahmanical notions. of which only nineteen have the abrupt ending of the poem Tradition to us . While I have used for my work the best native of editions the poem. nor have I been able to find any further trace of them.

who heard their prayer and promised his help. against mere human trace the fortunes of poem Cantos In our foes. they sought the aid of Vishnu. the great Valmiki has trodden the path before him. magnitude. Cantos x to xv are occupied from Dilipa to Dagaratha. for when Ravana asked in the noble kingly line of Raghu to be made invulnerable. with the story of Rama through his noble himself. he goes with his from the off for Queen a season the cares of to seek counsel saintly Vacishtha in his hermitage. and help After a pleasant and smiling with the . pious King. line sprang Dilipa. youth — from his and manhood. and line of Kings. of his who grew In the old. victory over Ravana. triumphant his and happy reign. i to ix Rama's four immediate predecessors. till the time when he shook off the veil of humanity and returned to his original glory as the Unconditioned God and Cantos xvi to xix carry on the tale of the Kings who succeeded him to (as we have it) a sad eclipse in the luxurious marriage with Sita. but not blessed with a son to succeed him. wonderful birth. journey through lands prosperous So. This he would afford them by taking birth as a man. THE STORY BRIEFLY TOLD (i) The poet makes excuse IN PROSE for his rashness in attempting such an arduous task as that of celebrating the praises of this famous But he has been attracted by its very The race is dazzling in its virtue and might. Agnivarma. rich in the love Queen Sudakshina and the devotion of his happy subjects.RAGHUVANgA xiv Gods were banished or made to serve him. purifying himself and casting sovereignty. he had omitted to secure himself the .

and were dismissed in peace and gladness to their own city. that she might go unharmed. — heart. Then the magic scene rolled away the Cow praised his devotion and promised him the boon he sought. and while he gazed on the beauties of the scene. in fateful dismay saw her prostrate under the paw of a fierce He fitted an arrow to his bow. hopeful task. and the two returned to the hermitage. he was startled by her agonised cry. From early morning to dewy eve the noble. told him he was set by Civa to guard a favourite tree beloved by Uma.INTRODUCTION blessings of his rule. that the Cow had trespassed and had justly forfeited her life. The Queen and her husband drank the sacred milk. where all xv good omens attend them on the way. secure that her own sanctity would protect her from all harm. (2) And the days went by. and bade him leave her to her fate and himself return. might save his honour though he should lose his life. and up the pleasant. The King had neglected to pay due honour to the Holy Cow. The lion addressed him in human voice. and grant him the desire of his told. Surabhi. But one and lion. patient King assiduously tended the semi-divine Cow — and at herself took evening the Queen welcomed them back. saving his own valuable life. Their errand is and the saint points out the remedy for their sorrow. and found himself powerless to help. But He entreated that he the King would hear of no desertion. and must now (with his Queen) lead an ascetic life and pay all worship to her offspring the Saint's own Cow until she be propitiated. they reach the peaceful hermitage. : . but could not draw it. day the King had followed his charge up the green slopes of the Himalaya. and offered his own body a ransom for that of his charge.

and happily wedded to fair son. which is crowned by the great Offering of the Horse. and then boldly attacked him. stole away the destined victim and the Prince. moved by the courage and devotion of the young hero. he ruled . King of Heaven. by his firm but mild rule soon took even a higher place in his people's affections than his father kingdom. and the Fortune of the clung closely to him. pursued the aggressor. A terrible battle ensued each inflicted wounds on the other but at length the God. valiant. set himself to perform the long series of a hundred sacrifices. . He plied him first with vain entreaties. and had held like a loving bride. having devolved the cares : . relaxed his anger and granted that. Fully trained in all sacred and kingly lore. being seated on his father's throne.RAGHUVANCA xvi (3) Then in due time the Queen bore to her husband a and wearing from his birth the His nurture in holy things signs of worth and was intrusted to the wisest Brahmans in the land. ever on the the rank of Indra. and he richly rewarded their care. and he grew up noble and generous. the vehement in battle. delighting all hearts prosperity. though the crowning noble princesses. then. he was raised to association in his father's dignity. Raghu was he called. his people for a time in peace Just . So Dilipa gloriously in his stead. (4) Raghu. Dilipa. and raises the sacrificer to The God. And on his son and honour of the kingdom. watch to foil such enterprise. yet Dilipa should win mount to the throne of forsook Earth and Raghu reigned the prize of his sacred acts. and Heaven. whilst the King himself instructed him in the arts of war and the chase. to whose care it had been committed. the light of his father's eyes and the hope of his kingdom. sacrifice might not be accomplished.

he led his victorious army across great all foes. up everywhere to pillars of victory. lofty rejoiced. celebrated the gorgeous sacrifice which only a Universal Conqueror But the (5) all his may sacrifice offer ! he had made involved the bestowal of wealth in alms. meaning to set forth in down. through pathless mountains. being told his need. from Kuvera the Lord of Wealth. the almost boundless treasure wanted. NTRODUCT1 he set N with forth a xvii mighty and appointed host on a career of universal conquest. if necessary. Ayodhya. unconstrained. and at its Monarch was as his subjects. swelled by the infinite treasures tribute. into and unimagined. by force of arms. the fee required In gracious words the king and by first his to ask Preceptor inquired of the and then the purpose of his guest's coming. and graced by the presence of there with magnificent he had received in captive kings. as his guest. Brahman fee. Then. and restored the vanquished kings to their thrones as his vassals. was reluctant welfare of the Saint his dependants.I nobly ambitious. set forests. But while he the morning. seeing the King had stripped himself of all he possessed. he a little while and himself prepared to start forth to obtain. there from generosity his Varatantu. when calm skies and pleasant days and Earth and Heaven invited him. he set forth. at first refused to receive more than The his Teacher's but was at length persuaded by the generous King to b . The Brahman. the hero returned to his capital. when close the bare of earth's riches as the meanest of came before him an eminent Brahman. Kautsa. having the shores of ocean. all make an unreasonable request but. and pomp. Smiting down over rivers. slept. The King invited him to stay for to . pressed. the God poured his palace courtyard riches untold Then ensued a contest of generosity. well- In the mild autumn season.

having on the way secured a friend in the demi-god Priyamvada. fully perfect in wisdom and in arms. their robes. To the most famous and far and near hide their anxiety they to trifled woo with their garlands. Brahma the and brave and gentle as himself. of the lord of her love and Waiting her entry.RAGHUVANCA xviii take the whole . Aja. eloquently praising slowly passed along the line. a son. there sat round the hall on lofty her life. nobly attired. the And when the Prince was desire of aU eyes and hearts. whither King Bhoja had invited many a noble King and Chief. which form one of the gems of the noble Uncreated. (6) pany Then the Prince. their jewels. the Her hall. . welcomed by King Bhoja. whom he freed from enchantment and who gave him a magic spear whose virtues One night the Prince could strike whole armies with sleep. and the eyes of all guide. his father sent him to Vidarbha. borne in a Indumati into the were fixed on her. called after . or talked in whispers to another. led her past the each as the Princess But neither the valiant and in their order. that his fair sister Indumati might choose Aja marched with such her husband from among them. thrones an anxious assemblage of all noble Chiefs of the time. went to join the com- where Princess Indumati of suitor kings in the lofty hall was to make her Maiden's Choice. litter. then he blessed him with the promise of a glorious son to continue his race. Sunanda. >J So to Raghu was born and departed. slept before Vidarbha. hymning him in soft lyrical strains. and in the morning was roused from his slumbers by the sweet voices of minstrels. and was attendant army as befitted his royal rank. Then. came fair to Kings one the sweet sounds of music. come from peerless Maid. poem.

and next the Pandu King. and the happy union was welcomed with loud acclaim (7) Then did King Bhoja pass to the city. hallowed by the witness of Fire and hailed by all onlookers as fortunate. Then she passed on. and her choice was no more doubtful. nor of Anga. with his sister and her chosen lover. shadowed by the gloom of failure. each one. And as she passed. ally even of mighty Ravana but neither of those powerful Kings won the Maiden's choice. ! — — ceremonies were accomplished. where palm-trees wave and spice-laden breezes blow. silently . while the disappointed wooers followed in their train. found favour in her eyes. nor he of Avanti. felt the hue of glad hope fade from his face. the banded Kings barred the way. She heard his praises. before whom Ravana stooped and who braved fierce Paragu-Rama's axe nor devout Susheria. on their homeward journey had parted from Bhoja. lord of the southern realm. but with thoughts of revenge in their hearts." Onward she went to Prince Aja. she saw his noble beauty. and she cast over him the wreath that proclaimed her election. and her guide commended to her the King of Kalinga. while their ladies looked on eagerly from the lattices. and they too passed into darkness. . hastening though dishevelled or but halfNext the grave marriage attired to see the goodly sight. bordering on Ocean. friend of Indra. with lordly gifts dismissed to their who took own Then the King places the suitor-kings. their leave with pleasant words. to So when Aja and his bride . The glad procession was welcomed with loyal shouts of the citizens. " like wayside trees lit up but for a moment by a traveller's torch. nor the mighty King of AnQpa. — rejected.INTRODUCTION xix pious lord of Magadha. who in beauty and valour rivals the mighty Gods.

rejoicing in his son's glory and happiness. Now Indumati bore Aja a noble boy. and fierce battle was joined. while they saw his father live again in him but the other. carry off the bride.RAGHUVANCA XX But Aja. the noise of battle was stilled. waited for the call to heaven. Chariots with chariots. deeply mourned by . disembodied warriors saw their lifeless trunks still tottering on the plain. The fortune. and himself prepared for the life of austerity and meditation with which the pious Kings of the Sun-Race make themselves fit to exchange earthly But his son weeping besought him to for heavenly crowns. of battle wavered. the father passed to his rest. At once the foes were charmed into sleep. So the two stay in the city. Aja had more than once to rally his yielding battalions. King Raghu. the one by justice and wise counsel ruling his subjects. while Aja's life to . in Heaven was obscured by the dust. and were welcomed by King Raghu. elephant with elephant. and there to renew the strife. flowed with streams of blood. At that the length. as themselves mounted to heaven. fixing his thoughts on the Supreme. (8) Thereafter. and the loving King yielded. So. in safety. remained together. his son. horse with horse. and at his bidding blushing Indumati set her foot on the necks of his prostrate foes. gave the kingdom. the Prince used the magical weapon given him by his friend Priyamvada. weary of slaughter. placing Indumati boldly charged them. When thus some years had gone by. winning their love and fostering their well-being. subduing all desire. they returned to Ayodhya. happy and triumphant. to Aja. So swift came death deadly earth met and strife. the Prince wound his horn to rally his forces. and the clouds of softened regret were dispelled by a new delight.

whose O own? Never wittingly did I aught to displease thee.INTRODUCTION budded wondrous fulness towards his son Da^arath a. Thy fair body must lie on the rough funeralpyre. and even the deer and trees thou hadst tended ? All. Beloved. As one day pleasant their the gardens. and bore himself nobly though sorrowful. but joy was gone But thou thy dress. . Yet was Death kind to slay thee with heart was thine all ! flowers ! O Love. thou hast left me. (9) Thereafter did mighty Da^aratha rule in righteousness. committing the kingdom told — . who — him the true story of his lost Indumati a Nymph of Heaven condemned for former sin to a period of exile on earth and now recalled to her home fell on unheeding ears. my Beloved. and on recovering burst into a passionate lament for the cruel loss. Rama. The counsels of his Saintly Preceptor. touch at of The King swooned. Ah. Duty he performed. to his son. and what good is my life now to me ? Nought more can I do for thee. fallen from the harp of the Minstrel-Saint Narada. Queen of my heart and home. loving there pair on fell Indumati's breast from the sky a wreath of flowers. the breeze stirs thy hair and I scarce can rustles through gone from me for ever Counsellor. forth in fated father of the divine hero But sorrow follows through sauntered xxi joy. Friend. which she paled and fell dead. art ! ! from his life. " Why. For a few years he endured then. his he peacefully departed. how couldst thou have the heart to leave me. and our son. to be reunited for ever to beloved Indumati. all think thee dead : mourn for thee. yet without a word am I forsaken Let me too die with thee. and I must drag on my lonely life " Yet for his people's sake the King lived on. hast thou so suddenly left me.

Youths and maidens rejoiced in the spring-time of life and snatched the bloom of the fleeting hour. the King with his Queens went forth to enjoy the pleasures of that season of love. as the warmer Sun dispelled the chill numbness of winter. and raised his famous line to the Three noble princesses he pinnacle of glory and prosperity. In his eagerness he forgot the law forbidding a king to slay an elephant his arrow is shot horrified he hears . terrible as the War-God. beneficient as Indra. So the years rolled on. soft murmurs of love were heard throughout the land. sport of Kings. Earth put on her robes of fresh green. and Kekaya— with lived in whom he unclouded happiness.RAGHUVANCA xxii Yama. and great trees lent their shade. save that no son was born to him. Watched by the eager eye of forestgods. made the Sacrifice just as He Dominion. The sought manly delights of the Chase. . fresh from his fragrant woodland couch. fought often side by side with Indra against the Demons. and the forest trees budded and blossomed the air was filled with the glad hum of bees and the love-notes of birds of varied plumage. Lovers decked their mistresses with fresh flowers. having drunk of this cup of pleasure to the the more full. Through the forests went he with his great bow. when all the world rejoiced in new beauty. One fateful spring. and the sounds of laughter or the . keen for sport. he smote the fierce boars and lions but spared the gentle deer breezes fanned his cheek. rejoicing in his skill and might. King. Kogala. and feasted them with all that was choicest. he heard in the reeds of the sacred river Tamasa a gurgling sound as of an elephant drinking. also subdued all the Earth under him. : . for Universal wedded — of Magadha. careless of the morrow. But one morning.

and the King — was aged. promised that He himself. (lo) But when many years had rolled by. the mighty . the ten- headed King of Lanka. . Allembracing. led by Indra. his carrying with it Meekly the King received the doom. his water-jar borne by the sorrow- King to his aged parents. and listened well-pleased to their hymn of praise. They hailed him Omnipotent. sought in the fulness of time from the mighty Vishnu rest and refuge from the — terrible oppression of the Giant-Demon Ravana. sorrowful He yet in hope. the Gods. thanked the grieving father. yet All-pitiful for the sorrows and errors of Thy creatures " Then Almighty Vishnu. and returned. on which he was seated. and honoured with due funeral rites and the Hermit lays on the penitent King the heavy ing . in a voice that rose above the thunderous roar of Ocean. at the Sacrifice which Dacaratha was offering. the Substance from which all other entities proceed and into which all are reabsorbed. who had by his penitential austerities won from the Creator (Brahma) dominion over the Universe Them the and invulnerability from all superhuman foes. " Passionless art Thou and All-wise. Lord of Life and Death Thyself untouched by pain or sin. adopted son of a saintly Ascetic. to his home.INTRODUCTION a human and bursting through the reeds cry of pain. yet grantest to all their desires ChangeSource less. Supreme favourably received. yet Author of all the vicissitudes of existence of Duty and Law. is finds a The beside him. weird that his heart too shall in old age be broken by the loss of son. So. would slay the Oppressor and free Gods and men from his tyranny. becoming incarnate in! the heroline of Dacaratha. lad mortally xxiii wounded with boy. : ! . the promise of a son yet to be born.

On his invitation Dagaratha came with a gallant army to be present — at the marriage. and Rama achieved the adventure of ^iva's Bow by bending and even breaking it task which had baffled many famous warriors and so won for his bride lovely Sita. (ii) But. and enabled the Saint to perform his long-obstructed Sacrifice. And the Princes grew up. jackals howled at last appeared awful ParaguRama. the mysterious daughter of King Janaka. sworn foe of the Warrior-Race. heartily were they welcomed. sons —-Rama. the princes went with Kaugika to a great Sacrifice which the King of Mithila had made. trained to all royal virtues and knit together in brotherly love. when Rama's — brothers also were united to due festivities he went home with his sons and their newly-wedded wives. dear before divided his three wives. while they were boys. special to love. So the Princes went with him. the still claimed from the King the help of who were bound together in Brahman Kaugika Rama and Lakshman. The wind was adverse. On the way Rama Taraka. shot their leaders. and after : . guard his from assaults of the Demons. and sustained them by slew the Demon his magic powers. On the way favouring portents occurred. and ^atrughna.RAGHUVANgA xxiv God entered the milk of the oblation among who : this the pious King due time bore four noble Bharata. and at the Saint's hermitage he discomfited the Demon-hosts. with his dreaded axe. whom twenty-one times he had swept from the face of the fair brides. Thus having proved their valour. But on the way they were terrified by evil omens. the sun was darkened. Lakshman. welcomed and helped on their way by all nature. sacrifice The Sage lightened the road with legends of olden time. desired of all mankind. all in things to their father.

lightly grasped and bent it. to whom as Vishnu's bow it was familiar. the King. and offered him his own huge weapon to bend. and take up his birthright. and the aged King. sad term in the passed away. . whatsoever she should ask. departed. And now doom the Rama the himself long-since pronounced was to His wife Kaikeyi. after duly performing Rama. who had once saved but seek to when he was sore wounded. rejoicing over the and his sons went home. he purchase pardon at the expense of losing that heaven which his arduous austerities had won — and Conqueror. rites. Rama. She demanded the kingdom for her own son Bharata. the elder humbled before himself. after a short. He taunted and defied his namesake. whose name and fame were equally a reproach to him made light of his adventure with ^iva's bow. . cell. Bharata's mother. claimed fulfilment of a promise then made her of two boons. grieved. went into exile was seated on the throne . with his his life — : faithful wife and his brother Bharata. followed Bharata. earth deed savage the by slaying his mother. overtake the aged King. manifestation of the embraced the offer to God. the funeral- to return and But the Hero would not be persuaded. the later his foe paled before his.INTRODUCTION — beginning xxv own who belonged to it. amid the {12) blessing praising after Rdma on throne and the himself All the people rejoiced. against his own will. vainly besought him hermitage. But the glory of smiling the while. and the banishment for fourteen years of Rama. The promise was fulfilled Rama. having drunk life's pleasure-cup to prepared (according to the wont of his noble race) to establish hermit's plaudits of the heavenly host Rama. Lakshman. Then in joy and triumph Da^aratha and his Then full.

A terrible battle was fought before the walls. attacked him.RAGHUVANgA xxvi till the years of his exile should be complete. c--" prodigies of valour. Meghanada with his deadly lasso was'^~ and so was the terrible but slothful Kumbhakarna. when Rama advanced against him. The Hero then marched south with his allies. and to escape further importunity plunged into the great Southern forest. and brought back tidings to Rama. Rama King disconsolate whom made alliance with the great Monkey- and whose general. discovered and comforted Sita in Lanka. Hanuman. He slew Viradha. and arrows flew thick and fast between them. who attempted to carry Sita away and he dreadfully mutilated the terrible Surpanakha. and nearly slew Lakshman. and by it he crossed to storm Ravana's capital. and a great host came forth against the two mighty brothers. frenzied at rejection of her proffered love. when she furiously allies . Apes and Giants performed'^ Sugriva. and carried off Sita to his island his death-dealing arrows. Ravana himself then took the field . mounted on Indra's war-chariot. fortress. he restored to his throne . . By their aid he built a causeway over the strait to Lanka. he decoyed Rama away. Then began for Rama a series of battles with the Rakshasas. smote off his ten heads with unerring arrows. Son of the Wind. She fled for aid to Ravana. But at last Rama smashed the Giant's mighty club. slain. : : .'"^ Ravana himself came forth to the battle. and kinsfolk of the Demon-King of Lanka. The champions encountered Gods and Giants looked anxiously on while the stupendous duel raged each put forth his utmost valour against his foe for long the strife seemed doubtful. But Rama slew them with and only Silrpanakha escaped to tell the tale in Lanka.

fate ^^ . and entered Ayodhya in triumph. monsters. the set term of his exile having now expired. its foaming waves. Sita was recovered. and were specially tender to remorseful Kaikeyi. whose banks were studded with the pillars that marked each the completion of some great Sacrifice. which washes the walls of Ayodhya. The ceremonies of . and rejoiced at their meeting and grief in : Rama. Then was he xxvii hailed with shouts of joy by the Gods. and celestial flowers were rained on his head. (14) First of all the brothers and Sita visited the widowed Queens. And as they drew near the place of their exile. received back the kingdom from loyal. to comfort them in their bereavement. Vibhishan. telling the story (tender or terrible) of each. unselfish Bharata. and Fire attested her whom happy stainless had led to desert his brother Ravana. the while he called on her to admire the varied loveliness of sea and land over which they passed. with the Chiefs of his allies. They embraced one another. ^^JuT^ Then he magic car Pushtravelled with Sita in the (13) '^aka.INTRODUCTION and laid the Oppressor low. At length they reached the noble river Sarayii. which moved through the air obedient to his will. crowned with clouds the cool. dark woods through which he had sought his lost bride the peaceful hermitages of saintly ascetics all he lovingly pointed out fringed with . was crowned in the dead tyrant's stead and the joyful victor turned his face homewards. and how mute nature had shared his sorrow and helped his search. . J. There was he met by Bharata and his other brothers. honoured as divine by Raghu's race. Ocean with its purity . . waterspouts its . : — to her. he told her of the which he had sought her. the shore sombre betel and waving palm-forests the lofty mountains.

but on the way as she admired the pleasant scenes and sounds. Then graciously she forgave him his share in her sorrow. hitherto So he summoned his brothers to counsel. and the glad King redoubled his tenderness. and his heart swelled within him as he marked the splendour of his city. save for the matter of the Queen whom he had taken back after long — sojourn in Ravana's palace. and she prayed for her Lord's welfare. and asked what the people said of him. and leave her there. unfavourable omens roused her fears. and readily promised to indulge her wish to revisit the quiet hermitages by the Godavari. deemed it his duty to put away his the Rama innocent Queen. Living happily with her Lord. and Lakshman with heavy heart obeyed. and charged Lakshman to escort Sita to the hermitage of Valmiki. But when on their arrival at the hermitage. rather than the cloud of reproach should rest on his line. observed with un- amid Sita entered the city the glad acclaims of the whole people. Struck with horror at insinuated calumny. The loyal servant answered that in all things they praised him. Now on a day the King went up on his palace-roof. Sita innocently rejoiced at her Lord's kindness. — . and tender words of farewell to the King. at first she swooned away. the security and happiness of her citizens. and a reign of peace and prosperity began. He turned to a follower.RAGHUVANgA xxviii consecration and enthronement exampled splendour were Rama and . None dared to remonstrate. Lakshman told her the dreadful truth. sent loving greetings to all her relations. Sita soon gave signs that she was about to become a mother. the richness of her busy marts. The blame of her misery she stainless. told them his decision. after fierce struggle with himself.

but her own life until his child sin in a former bewailed life . of the Epic of their father. weeping for his son who had died untimely. who after a terrible fight slew the Giant and returned in triumph to But on his homeward way he stopped at Valmiki's hermitage. soothed her sorrows. and. and teaching them the sweet strains Ayodhya. blessed her and her future offspring. which he himself had made {Ramayana)r Then did Catrughna found the noble city of Mathura. Now there came to Rama's palace a Brahman. after which he returned to Rama's court. that existence they might be reunited for ever. all in : self solely to the duties of his rank. where he was lovingly received. it xxix as the punishment for she promised to endure her sad should be born. . performing for them all religious rites. came from Yamuna's banks hermits to seek help against the Rakshasa Lavana.INTRODUCTION laid not to his charge. and devoted himpeacocks to dance. Kuga and Lava. The king gave them as their champion his younger brother Catrughna. which the Saint had forbidden him to tell. who troubled their sacrifices. and Sita entered the hermitage. These the Poet-Saint brought up. in a future Then Lakshman The went back to Ayodhya. and where he told all his story. save the birth of Sita's sons. and that same night Sita gave birth to twin sons. Poet-Saint Vdlmiki welcomed her to the peace of his dwelling. joy his having passed from life. shed their blossoms. for her father's sake and her own. the deer ceased to feed and the trees The mute sympathy with her. and reproaching the King. Now there (15) Thus Rama all lonely ruled the world. and vowed that then she would devote herself to penance and prayer. blamed her husband. So the pure Queen lived on in hope and resignation but Rama in his palace mourned her.

set out on his compel Death to restore his prey. having established his brothers' sons in separate kingdoms. all-pitiful. Rama. Then Rama.RAGHUVANgA XXX Rama. but at length submitted to Fate's decree. The King slew him with his own hand. summoned by the Saint. and vanished. found the sinner passed to Heaven. The King was hardly restrained from a vain attempt to her bosom. who was seeking to win Heaven austerities. and solemnly prayed the sweet story of in the Poet's sons made known that Earth to would proclaim her stainless and receive her to A chasm opened. recover her. with celebrate gathering from the To regions it extraordinary came of all Earth the and and the Rakshasas. and the Divine Hero returned to the repose of that eternity which he had quitted . a thing by the practice of severe forbidden by the degraded order. and the Saint craved as were his a boon that he should take back his own true wife. ! Rama matchless verse. at guardians of the rites whose command Ku^a and Lava went singing before the King and the people. Death himself came with a summons from the Supreme. melting them to tears when they heard Heaven . Earth appeared in glorious form. promised him and relief. and received his grateful blessings. clasped her pure daughter to her breast. came forward. great Saints. celestial chariot to This he found to be a Ciidra. Sita. were now With the rest came Valmiki. Law the to his Brahman rejoicing over his son restored to hfe. now prepared for the end. But a warning voice told him as he started that first he must root out a grievous sin which was being committed in the land. and by that happy death the sin was wiped away and Then Rama returned. Rama now prepared to splendour the great Horse-sacrifice. formerly disturbers.

Then came when scarcely The King with all the grievous heats of summer. where jackals howled and spiders spread their webs . with its multitude of chariots and horses. in their temples. But one night. grass grew on the roofs. his brothers ruled their various realms in harmony. to see in who when all the palace was his chamber the guardian Ayodhya. He crossed Ganges. of the painted halls. its mountainous elephants. His host was like a moving city. . Saraytl. still. and established him- ancient capital of his race. Her houses were fallen into decay. desolation of her streets and palaces. floating and dancing. the ladies of the palace went forth to bathe in the cool water There they played. he woke from sleep. lurked. where goddess of his ancestral now fierce lions prey to apes . the bewailed his loss. its forest of flagstaffs. departed. and on a propitious day he set out. to deliver And when he Gods and men from Ravana's tyranny. where once fair women bathed and now wild buffaloes wallowed. fallen a of the river-banks. even the rich could escape from misery. (i6) xxxi The sons of bitterly Rama and and . of the pleasant gardens. clad as a mourning She bewailed the bride. and no fires burned So the King promised to return to her. he found he had lost a precious bracelet. delighting in the pleasant cold. dwelt in Ku^avati.INTRODUCTION for a time. He restored the buildings. adoring the sacred stream. and came to on the hearths. capital. there followed him in one mighty stream the dwellers in Ayodhya Rakshasas and Monkeys. splashing one another and the King. the chief rank being given to Ku^a. displaying all their charms. hard by his own worshipped the Gods self in the city. the of Sarayu. his ministers approved. his faithful allies. who besought him to return to her. But when the King left the water.

was he — and generous. They told the the Worlds. terrible in war. Truthful and temptation. careful and just in administration. commerce he protected. to consecrate King. . Fishermen searched the river. reserve of . throne his subjects adored. his palace a second Paradise. who when playing at ball had seized the glittering bracelet as it fell. generous. Armed with his bow the King repaired to the bank. father trained in all noble nurture ere Demon he fell whom his in battle with a Kumudvati followed him in death. watched both friends and guarded his own realm foes. Riches he gathered as power and fostered his army therewith . Fair in form. and had perhaps stolen it. modest all bowed before his served. Boldly he attacked. and Atithi Him did Brahmans and ministers unite reigned in his stead. The bracelet was restored. trampling on the allure- ments of sense. and the Gods favoured him. he daily held his council and Carefully dividing his time. but nor by over-confidence did he put himself in the power of any. and the appeased Kuga took Kumudvati to wife. stablishing him on an ivory throne in a When duly anointed he lavished gifts on new-built palace. when at once there appeared the Naga. with his fair sister Kumudvati. by his beauty and winning ways he made all hearts his own his . and religion using power or policy as best Mighty. the priests and set all his captives free. . he struck the roots of his Kingship deep in the hearts of his subjects. thus forming an alliance auspicious to gift of his father vain. but in monarch of a Serpent-King who dwelt below the water. tempering severity with mercy. well . — . resisting his all kingdom flourished. Pious to the Gods. To Kuga Kumudvati (17) bore a son Atithi.RAGHUVANCA xxxii Rama. royal state was as Vishnu's.

pleasant Kau^alya. his Nishadha's glorious rule was valiant after lofty-souled. skilled to discern the thoughts of ^ila fiery him mild. unblest with offspring. slain But when Dhruvasandhi died Him child. Hiranyanabha. untimely in the chase. Dhushita^va. Then Devanika came and after him magnanimous Ahinagas Nala reigned. entirely welfare. to learn. heeding no counsel sumed away before people's his time. For some few years Agnivarma endured the cares of but then. Agnivarma. eloquent of speech. fearing no foreign foes. mighty Putra. mighty heart. ^ankhana. Vi^vasaha. his father placed him on the throne. (So abruptly closes the Poem in its present state. and — ended and succeeded. and peaceful Dhruvasandhi — Polar Star among Kings.^ INTRODUCTION To him xxxiii Queen. bore a famous son. Next Vajranabha.) . Ku^a and Unnabha . Sudargana was but a prince of high promise and his son the council installed. honoured the widowed Queen as regent and performed the ceremonies of inauguration for her unborn son. who sat on the throne when Atithi passed to (i8) When heaven. and himself retired to the hermit's cell. hastily and secretly performing his obsequies. lavishing his strength in vicious indulgence. nor recked of his his life in ignoble pursuits. Nishada's princess. to sensual Wasting pleasure. whose dignity and grace delighted his people. Paushya. virtuous Pundarika. and earth rested in was he peace under the shadow of his boyish arm. Kings bowed before him. — he conBut his sage ministers. men. Nishiidha. soon mastering the and when he grew to man's estate Apt wisdom and war he wedded a lovely bride arts of who bore him a fair son. he gave himself up royalty . (19) Now when Prince Agnivarma was of age.

and made co-extensive The function of Brahma. or the world-age and be reabsorbed in through the Prajapatis. men. identified. But at determined periods — — — individual soul is to free itself from the chain of births within Brahma. adoration in the world. and ^iva. Vishnu. so losing In our poem Vishnu is individual being and responsibility. with Brahma. 430. is represented as granting the boons therefore no Vishnu. altars rise is and no God of Rama the the chief him incarnate as Nine times has he been incarnate in the current World-Age a period of stupendous length. nor anything that (to human apprehension) indicates soul. — Kalpas — Brahma becomes energetic in the forms of the three Supreme Gods of Hindu At the end of mythology Brahma. and all matter is reabsorbed in Brahma. divided into four — . In Him exists no will All that exists proceeds from Him. whatsoever exists creatures. who goes But the object of each to sleep again for an equal period. the Preserver.NOTES MYTHOLOGICAL AND EXPLANATORY In orthodox Hindu cosmogony Brahma is the Supreme Soul. Gods. is paid.000. "fathers of living souls. all living these world-periods. performed either directly. except that He won by To him worship asceticism.000 years for a Day of Brahma." ends with creation.000. and to whole poem looks.

of which each which preceded it. Ikshvaku being himself the son of Manu. This seventh Manu has the Sun for his father. boasts of two. in the second . of which the last Age . usually reckoned as Vagishtha. of whom Hindu mytho- chronology numbers fourteen. the seventh of the great succession of logical Manus. But of what happens during these minor periods poem. Until the individual soul by pious meditation and abstraction frees itself from the chain of individuality. before all shall be reabsorbed. of rest we know In each succeeding Age the Great nothing. apparently they live through the World. Vishnu's first place in the four incarnations or Descents (Avatars) took first. and also the shortest. as does Sages. which is thence called also a Manu-period or Manvantara. is preceded and succeeded by a " twilight " equal in length to one-tenth of the period to which it belongs. and the Dvine shall go to sleep again. and Iron Ages of Classic Mythology. come again into being and activity . is him- A Manu Kalpa or Great Yuga.MYTHOLOGICAL NOTES Ages. Silver. who is yet to come. corresponding in some sort to the Golden. and a tenth Descent in human form (Avatar) remains to come. the most perfect. and self the progenitor of the mighty Solar line of Kings. succeeded. Seven and sometimes identified with the stars of the Great Bear. and is born in successive states presides throughout the whole of a . long and more vicious than that less is xxxv gradually sinking from primeval goodness . in the third Age whilst the last and most evil.Age. the and eighth . the great spiritual Director (Guru) of Ikshvaku's line. Each of the four Ages. it remains subject to the laws of transmigration. the Buddha and Kalki. Copper. Krishna. the three that was the divine Hero of our most complete.

he was free to ivas When bound to : he had a son to carry on consult his own future happiness his line. according the body. by with- drawing himself from the world. Vaigyas. Slaves. poem the extraordinary supremacy of the Brahman is insisted on. in determining the course of Hfe in subsequent stitute Fate. In the — are : bound by common privileges . and Cudras orders of men The three former Priests. These previous births con- or lower. it common not attempt to be seen that whereas will a Brahman. Now. admitted to may a slave. himself for that union with Brahma which is But most awful consequences awaited the . Warriors. their lives are rule divided into four stages recluse. and heroes Brahmans to protect the is their sacrifices. the earlier and rites duties. tells and Ravana's of chief duty of Kings performance of in the guilt lies at least as much in his obstruction of their rites as in his oppression of the worlds. to It ascetic : in the — by Brahmanical those of student. and is a Kshatriya. householder. but the On Rama rise higher. Husbandmen. while men are on earth. human sphere the Creator placed on earth four Brahmans. Kshatriyas. Gods and Kings alike tremble before his curse. poem the last two seem to merge was the duty of a boy of the three upper classes spend the years between childhood and maturity in the when perfect therein marry and have a house- study of the Vedas and other sacred lore he was permitted and hold of his own. the second (and mightier) is more than one Throughout the Vai^ya. and the Mythology The alike seek his aid against calamity. who was both Saint and King.RAGHUVAN^A xxxvi of existence — higher to the deeds done happy or miserable. and last is the other hand. and into one. as existences. and by meditation on the Supreme fitting the final goal.

. forming a one who does the like (see C. w^ealth. and he has drunk the Nectar produced by the Churning of Ocean with Mount Mandara to which gave the gods strength for the churning-stick. whom he and whom to Such is is bound to venerate far he would seek on all beyond his natural father. and may be supplanted by any thundering god of the sky. According to one legend Vishnu is his younger brother. overcome He their foes. on Mount Meru . his son Jayanta.) Inferior to the three Great their may be — of Gods whom are many the chief less is mighty. Yama. and is lord of the thunder .) Indra too has been the champion of the Gods against the Demons. the who has won his place by perhundred sacrifices. Kuvera. fire . expedient of adoption in. his followers (and Vishnu's) Kailasa In the earthly life . 26. and he clipped the wings of the mountains when they threatened heaven in their His wife is Cachi. each individual in his student-stage chooses as preceptor in Sacred Lore a Brahman. how the matter is presented to us. is It elemental. one does not see how they could be affected by in succession failure of the line . both being sons of Agni Aditi.MYTHOLOGICAL NOTES man who had no son left succeed him to ancestors would be in misery xxxvii the ghosts of his : and he himself could never : escape from the dread round of transmigration. has a hundred eyes. lastly. his followers are the Maruts or wind-gods. his Guru. cf. drives seven bay horses. the rainbow is his bow. origin noticed too that the not contemplated. occasions of special need. of is god of flight. in. in Indra. and his special heaven Svarga. though if (This is the ancestors — — had attained as Raghu's line did to union with Brahma. Vacishtha to the whole Sun-descended Kingly line. of the waters. his home Varuna. of death and of justice being the Yakshas.

where they perform their sacrifices and lead holy. and wear robes of bark their enemies Rakshasas trouble their rites . and subject of comparison. the Fortune or Kingdom sometimes she . The bride (as of Sita). funerals. delighting in darkness. Royal protecting his State is represented as his bride. live in huts. The Rakshasas on raw feasting are flesh. or other . for also for the peculiar sweet-scented liquid that exudes from his temples in the season of love- passion (mada). slain by Lakshman. They have their wives and children about peaceful lives. Also. There is frequent allusion also to the phosphores- . he is When usually installed as Yuva- raja or associate-King. them. is Luck of the figured as jealous of his special insignia of royalty are the umbrella and the yak-tail whisks or fans (Chamari). his sister S<irpanakha. — solemnities —they gather to them. marriages. able to assume they trouble the holy rites of the pious. in groves by sacred rivers. live for the most part in little separate communities. chief place. varied shapes at will. Their King was Ravana. and are graced with rich gifts. — Among for its two plants the lotus or water-lily takes species. spirits of evil. Of terrible aspect.RAGHUVANCA xxxviii The Brahmans. A King is imaged as having wedded the Earth. his son Meghanada or Indrajit. as we find them in the poem. the heir comes to human manhood. and when Kings the have solemn festivals births. while the other expands to the sun and remains closed at night. whose brother was Kumbhakarna. The elephant is a favourite dignity and strength. distinguished the one opens up to the rays of the by the moon and fact that closes during the day. loving and realm as a bridegroom his bride.

The dead pyre. them. ministers at the sacrifice. whether as which in its present form was probably Preceptor (Guru). is the exalted position of the Brahman.] As three of Vishnu's incarnations are prominently brought before us in the poem. son of the Creator. The perfect King orders himself by Manu's precepts. — the Manu. Ascetic. abiding even in the sea (which. the cosmogony of the poem is his. it nature. it a Smriti or rests being That Code. which shine through the darkness as though the setting sun had left his cent plants. and his.MYTHOLOGICAL NOTES xxxix on Himalaya. and the duty of which such fervent desire. and the first Veda. the authority on which Cruti. position. or Counsellor. [These made a son the object of sacrifices to the spirits of the dead probably point to an earlier stage of belief than most which we find prevailing among Hindus. logue of them all. his Law-book too are derived the ceremonies which consecrate the royal children. light with File is specially flourishing thought specially pure and pervades haps. but perfect ascetics are buried : are and consumed on the Rama also buries the Rakshasas. it may be interesting to give a cata- . or Heard Revelation. revealed by Bhrigu. is a mine of information on the orthodox Brahmanical system. is its all . above all. The Law under which all are set is the Code — divine progenitor of the whole human of the is derivative sacred book.. This Code was race. per- phosphorescence).d. From and the studies that There also are found the fit them for their high rules that regulate the solemn ceremonies of the Qraddha^ those sacrifices to de- parted Ancestors that were so imperatively incumbent on every Hindu. composed in the third century a. Sacrificer.

with the much then rising first stride he covered earth. 3rd.. {cf. The Boar —when on solid earth 4th. 6th. — who saved the world from the tyranny of The Dwarf Approaching Bali. Demon he tore to pieces the who was oppressing the world. with the second heaven {cf. The Man-lion —when Hiranyakagipu. 5th. xvi. Bhdrgava). him at end of a great the he obtained as a boon the grant of as space as he could cover in three strides to his own Divine . with which they churned the Ocean to obtain the Nectar to strengthen them against the Demons The Tortoise that form in (Asuras). and . destruction 2nd. proportions. —when he allowed the gods to pivot on his back the Mountain Mandara. Rama with the Axe. death at Rama's hands by stealing his father's cow.RAGHUVANCA xl I St. sacrifice. Paragu-Rama. and with the third he crushed Bali down to Patala. a devout worshipper of Vishnu. 20). "Vishnu's second stride"). the region of semidivine snakes below the earth. The Fish —when he saved Manu and the seven Risbis and rescued theVedas from in the great Deluge. Demon who provoked his He Arjuna. in defence of his son Prahlada. descended from Bhrigu (hence came King from the to earth to deliver of the Haihayas. xiii. Arjuna's death was avenged by his sons on Jamadagni. his mighty tusk he raised up the above the waste of waters. son of Jamadagni.

the Descent of Vishnu as Kalki. whereas said to have Krishna in part. and for himself the highest renown as a warrior. as He was born of Ci^upala. for the destruction say) of Hercules — though this This manifestation to restore religion Vishnu and of the is the most widespread of to inclusion of the arch-heretic loth. while to Age and . incarnate for the destruction of Ravana.MYTHOLOGICAL NOTES xH then did Rama cession. The the Avatars of a masterpiece of Brahmanical craft. sweep away the generations of the Warrior in his fury. is He Hero of Ramayana. 8th. which come. all In him the whole earthly manifestations. came only of is is a and Cupid. twenty-one times in suc- In obedience to his father he had already Class. any in a Gautama the undisputed. delighted at slain his him whatever he should ask. by no means is said to have been pristine among purity. But when his father. Krishna — the most popular form come down. compound (one may 9th. the revocation of curses laid on his brothers. God India at the present day. his obedience. Rama is His worship is Buddha is last. he obtained her restoration to life and pristine purity. own mother Renuka. Rama Chandra — the Rama of our poem. when the earth still to evil and lawlessness — is to — is at length full of all be restored for a primeval innocence. and the god in made Vishnu's in the others the Divine is humble home. before the end of the the Great Dissolution (Maha-Pralaya). the Mahabharata. for having entertained impure thoughts. granted 7th.

his constant attendant he wears the jewel Kaustubha. It points to a freedom of choice by the women of now been India which has through the influence of Mount Himalaya curtailed or abolished. King of birds. Garuda. won from Ocean at and its Churn- marked by a sacred curl. mother of Kartikeya (so called "from Kritikas. the Crivatsa. austerities won now of Skanda daughter of the mountain. and on perform his arduous specially Parvati. the six nurses. From peaks did the god Civa his austerities. a —Khas-Khas. For this final sacrifice it was necessary that the horse chosen as the victim should have been free to range . and in the intervals of his activity he slumbers on the waters seated on a lotus. of thought. the love of Civa and Kuviarosambhava?[ of the She is armies of who by her became thereby the his the Pleiades in heaven). comes the sacred Ganga. and of Draupadi in the Mahabharata. the maiden's choice of her bridegroom. the in India. havis (ghi) fire . the among the reeds gods. probably Mohammedan modes has a divine character. were needed scented grass still much esteemed — the The greatest of all sacrifices was that of the Horse AQvamedha being the final one of a series of a hundred. For the ordinary daily butter-oblation.RAGHUVANgA xlii Vishnu's special weapon is the Quoit (Chakra) he rides on . the — clarified butter—laid on the holy grass. a great feature in both Sanskrit Epics — those is of Sita and Indumati in the story of Rama. — the accomplishing of which would raise the sacrificer to the rank of Indra. 2nd. born — leader his slopes His daughter was Uma. [See the invoked with ^iva at the begin- ning of the poem. foe of snakes. Kuca sacrifice — ist. ing. His wife is Lakshmi. his breast is The Svayamvara.

Mount 2nd. — though Hence Kama is to ashes with called one flash of (Ananga) Bodiless. Sati. his wife. and Civa with a flash from his terrible central eye smote off Daksha's head. His two most famous achievements are I St. skulls. and in the principal one three eyes. But Daksha both by not inviting them to a great slighted made. yielding to the prayers of Rati. five it. that he might beget a son to lead the hosts of heaven. Kama.). When to purify its fall the Ganges was to descend to earth from heaven from sin the ashes of the sons of Sagara. when Sagara tried to comof sacrifices. It thousand years among his matted locks before descent to earth. at last. he was offered up. bears on his brow the crescent moon his . Sati in wrath leaped into the altar-fire sacrifice he and destroyed the ceremony. god of love (sent by the Gods). with his head. While he was engaged in severe austerities on Himalaya. attempted to awake passion in his breast. heads. the third of the Great Gods. he rides clothed with a tiger-skin — on the bull Nandi. his breast hangs a life-stages his wife chaplet of human was one of the daughters of Daksha. in. but afterwards relented and replaced it with that of a ram. archer of the flowery bow. lest wandered its final : for a it he broke should overwhelm the earth.MYTHOLOGICAL NOTES where he would for a full year before attempted So off — and Raghu attacked the god. of the Gods. produced neck at is blue from the effect of drinking the poison and on In one of his Ocean's Churning . by Civa. With the Destroyer. and so also by Indra when Dilipa was the victim carried plete his series xliii is (C. He wields the Trident and a mighty bow. The story is and told . where- upon the angry God reduced him his terrible eye. ^iva gave him a body again. (j^iva.

and originally flowed only in heaven. and Civa broke the fall. enlarging the bounds of Ocean. Vishnu's bird. having been swallowed by Jahnu in his anger. and were reduced to ashes by the angry God when they found him in Patala. especially in com- bination with beautiful descriptions of Spring. hence called Sagara. and flows also through the gloomy realms of Patala.000. and again Her pure waters washed the ashes of Sagara's and they mounted to heaven. Garuda. Ganga was the daughter of Mount Himalaya. and his Sagara was one {cf. 38).RAGHUVANCA xliv at length by Kalidasa the War-God"). Creator allowed the descent. and by the other 60. or semi-divine — — snakes. daughter of the saintly King. But King Sagara having by austerities gained by one wife one son. the victim was stolen away by Civa in guise of a monstrous snake. home of the Nagas. It is metaphor throughout in Kumarasambhava ("Birth of the an unending source of allusion and Sanskrit poetry. of the earliest Kings of the Solar line was grandson of Ikshwaku. xiii. the gladsome season of love. On earth it bears the name of Bhagirathi.). The 60. whose severe asceticism won the grace of her descent but also by the name of " Jahnu's daughter. told him from that God that the ashes could be purified only by the waters of heavenly Ganges." . pre- — pared for the great When Horse-sacrifice. Kakutstha name — "rider on the . For four generations did Sagara and his descendants practise Then at last the severe austerities to bring the river down. x. Their half-brother renewed the quest. river proceed from Vishnu's foot {cf. all was ready. and found the ashes. The mighty river. One legend makes the released. descended in seven streams upon the earth.000 dug down through earth. sons. still however flowing also in heaven.

by drinking which the Gods became immortal. given in xiv. . Dhandeadly and last of all. . the precious Amrita. becoming immortal. He was born in a Jar. and with resistless might smote the Demons. The Dragon Rahu managed to steal some drops. Vishnu's had been and lost. thenceforward periodically swallowed the sun and moon. Nymphs the Varuni. led star in — command. Asuras. Ignorance. disturbing . the Saint prevailed on him to bow to let him pass southward and so remain till his return which never took place. Passion. the Holy Cow the Celestial Apsarases. . so causing eclipses. The Churning of Ocean was undertaken by the gods by heaven the Canopus. with Mount Mandara for the churning-stick. Halahala poison . Vishnu Then were produced goddess of Wine Parijata. glory of heaven Indra's of exquisite loveliness . Surabhi. tutelary Saint of the southern region. and.) three mental qualities so often alluded to are Truth or (But the true theory The is Virtue. independently Asceticism is in itself meritorious. When Mount Vindhya aspired to eclipse Himalaya in height. himself as the Tortoise for the pivot. Kaustubha Hindu ^sculapius .MYTHOLOGICAL NOTES hump" — was av xl derived from his riding in battle against the Asuras on Indra himself found that the form of a in the bull. the Serpent Va^uki for the rope. the the Lakshmi. dess of beauty vantari. Moon . strife Daityas. and be dead to all emotion. Agastya. 159. god- Vishnu's precious jewel. wishing-tree. to recover various precious things that obtain to the draught of immortality The churning was done (Amrita). the . . Rakshasas. will It be between the gods and their enemies. and in Rama's age a hermit's life. is never-ending. still-beginning. The perfect sage must have his senses completely subdued. Hence Vindhya's inferior height.

lately is still Wilson's translation of Professor Macdonnell. of Oxford. . and Brahma engaged in them before the work of Creation. ^iva's austerities have potent for good. it will be noted that. In connection with the supreme power and authority of the Brahmans. religion.Williams's Indian Wisdom. so their curses — of which they are not sparing —are the most awful engines of evil. His Indian Epic Poetry gives an excellent analysis of both Dowson's Dictionary of the^ Ramayana and Mahabharata. and one of Vishnu's titles is the been already referred Great Ascetic. in seeming contradiction of their passionless character. however. For a handy and accurate account of the mythology.RAGHUVAN^A xlvi of any purpose to be served by So the great Gods are it. has published a short but excellent History of Sanskrit Literature^ which should be consulted. and modes of thought and life in Ancient India. for English readers the Vishnu Purdi. to. as their blessings are most described as engaging in it. The great source. no book is better than Sir Monier. Hindu Mythology is also very useful.ia.

are to be pronounced as in Italian. without losing sight of scientific accuracy. (/z). speaking generally. except ch The . however. however." the official is known that which : as the "Modified system of the Government of India. Scholars are. following table will sufficiently explain any peculi: a is . so as to enable ordinary readers to pronounce them correctly. Vowels. un- happily not yet agreed upon a uniform system I adopt is almost exactly what Jonesian. consonants as in English preserves its arities the aspirate own sound when combined sonants. with other con- which are sounded as in English. and sh.NOTE ON PRONUNCIATION Sanskrit names have tried to I transliterate.

Dh. in hardly distinguishable from s/i. .. /larJ. and both are s/ie. Kb. Th. madhouse. Y is always a consonant. etc. blockhouse. etc. as in Bh.RAGHUVANCA xlviii Consonants (^ represents a modified pronounced as Ch G is is s/i pronounced as always s. are aspirated sounds as in cab-horse. in choose. log- hut. game. as in yoke. etc. Dots below consonants are significant to the scholar. hothouse. Gh. but the slight difference in sound between dotted and plain consonants the ordinary reader may neglect. get.

— pure from their line I sing. success worked on. A dwarf who stretches tiny arms to grasp Fruit hung well-nigh beyond a A follow thread : till may they go. dullard though I am.J CANTO How King Dillpa went The Lord Supreme and I to Vafishtha^s Hermitage. haply May I. they tended. : birth. dare to hymn Descended from the Sun. Than one who Some pathless How fraught. Parvati I praise. won Earth to the Sea The I where a diamond shows the way. and ruled their car-track reached to Heav'n. So Raghu's Who lo giant's reach. and risk men's jeers. The parents of all worlds. I seek a poet's fame. and pray for gift of speech With mighty meaning Weak-witted. ill-deeds with stripes . pass through hardest gem. else could the Kingly race —daring not less ventures on a raft to cross sea ? For. Yet Bards of old have entered. suppliants all fully satisfied. altar-fire Most — yea. close-joined in one As word with sense.

noble seed. as a bull Wide-shouldered. all-surpassing. has their fame That sounded through the worlds late moved to write May wise men hear for in their judgment Hes ! Or fame First 30 or shame. as Cal-tree. Like Meru's Was —the Earth. in for • war they sought. Dilipa purer sprang. As in the Milky Ocean Soma Broad-chested. — till At length they passed through pious thought to Me. fit for All-glorious. tall rose. but his folk Loved him and honoured. fame . Their children studied. as fire parts gold from dross. foolish. whom the Sun begot. to scatter Ne'er spake they falsely [canto — and wedded love sparing words. — as the Sea yields pearls ap . — nor were Wealth they amassed Not gain. while his equal with them Were twinned Him he bestrode self Matched with famous deeds. King was Manu. . gravely youth pursued decent pleasures. reverend. : and : Holy Lore valour and success still his Kingly virtues made to his foes a terror. 20 slothful in their rule. Word begins In that unspotted line — 'mong Kings a Moon. as the Holiest The : sacred Hymns.RAGHUVANCA 2 They punished. and in ripe old age Its Ascetic Uved they. long of arm. the Warrior-race He seemed embodied. poor of words and win the Bliss Supreme. His vigorous mind his beauty. Wise.

Kept righteous ways. nor grudged strictly followed. Sun derives so earth that moisture which a thousandfold soon gives back Was He no hair's-breadth strayed traced. 3 His armed host in rain. wedded for the Fathers' sake. generous secretly. Mankind Knew to fruit. duty's path He wealth he stored. for protection looked his folk to Their parents gave Repressed the Loved virtue. pleasure. 70 . life only. escort only for the King. To spend Mighty yet Opposed wise.THE HERMITAGE I. — that his age For nurture. So the King held the world upright. : virtues seemed By duty curbed he Brought no decay. deep purpose when his Not sooner : it came fathomless his mind and ways So here we reap the fruit of former lives : ! Fearless himself he guarded. As Indra doth drew from Earth her wealth And both him sinful. straining Brahma-wards. By sense unshackled. for Sacrifice. maintenance. in him twin-born. His royal pleasures 60 for corn. tax was taken From births. his insight keen In Holy Lore. alternate mildly ruled the Worlds. his words. that pure model. And and unenthralled enjoyed that wealth. Two arms who used alone in war. and bow well-strung.] Yet nurtures monstrous That Manu From No He held the path so the : his folk Save to guard the realm. He he spared patient.

loving all other. name alone. Him the Creator formed of choicest seed. lived in [canto to reach.RAGHUVANCA 4 His glory other Kings despaired For A theft. so that pair One chariot mounted. in whom chiefly. still like a single round home. deep-rumbling. bent on lost hope. Queen. — "lest the Hermits be disturbed. To rear for men rich crop of good alone He reigned o'er Earth. girdled 80 . sea-moated. Sudakshina his Proclaimed her As Daksha pure Delighted Before Were town. ungrasping. Scented with ^al-tree gums a pleasant breeze. shared his pious . Sought sage Va^ishtha. fast. whose lucky name virtues. worthy foe he honoured. By Ocean-ramparts. 100 . and was weary. whom a modest train Attended." Their glory like a host encircling them. and well-nigh So. The Kingdom's weight now casting off. lord of Saintly Lore. as one sick Loves healing bitters . Pure. after prayer and the King. her royal spouse her and Earth Yet the noble pair unblessed with offspring. and the King Longed. 90 Sacrifice to win a son. As in the rains one cloud Airavata And lightning mount. with his consort. friends unworthy proved Like hand snake-bitten did the King cast off.

I.]

THE HERMITAGE

That shook the

forest,

Of

flowers, followed

bearing fragrant dust

and a deep, sweet cry

:

Was raised by peacocks, as the car swept
Amazed the deer looked up, and left the
As on the

chariot rolled

Were on them

Anon
Flew

bent,

5

past.

path

their love-filled eyes

;

— that pair so like themselves.

they watched the cranes, that overhead
tuneful, arching o'er the gate df

Heav'n,

Unpillar'd, while the favouring breeze foretold

and

Success, and kept unsoiled both robes

Pale

lilies'

They

no

hair.

perfume, fragrant as their breath,

savoured, from 'the tanks which rippling waves

Cooled

ever.

Priests,

from wayside

villages

Themselves had founded, blessed the Royal

Rich from

their bounty,

where the

pair,

altars rose.

Butter of kine received they, herdsmen grey

With kindly greeting questioned, asking them

The names
Untold

of shady trees that lined the roads.

their glory,

As through
They sped

pure their hearts and robes.

the sky speed Chitra and the
delighted, while the smiling

This pointed out and

Was

He

that,

King

ending, ere they reached the Sage's grove.
his

Queen,

nobly courteous led her to their Host.

Now
And

120

— nor knew the way

checked the horses, handed forth

And

Moon

from the neighbouring woods, with grass and

store of fuel, Saintly

bands came home,

fruit

RAGHUVANQA

6

Met by

the Sacred Fire, unseen

Thronged round the
maidens

S\Yeet

filled

Unfearing drank

Where

rice

;

allotted rice

the trenches, where the birds

130

then couched the timid roes

and chewed the cud.

at eve,

Wind-shaken now the
fed,

the deer

and ate the

huts,

was heaped

With butter

;

[canto

rising altar-smoke.

made pure

the attentive guests

That noble

Around the Hermitage.

pair,

Alighting meekly, sought the Ascetic's home.

Then

hailed the Saintly tribe their pious Lord

With worthy honour, grave

When

Receiving him.

He

evening

saw the Sage supreme

Arundhati was seated

Shone

like the

:

in self-control.

:

rites

were

o'er,

close at his side

140

and the Saint

Sacred Fire, like Svaha she.

The Royal pair saluting clasped their feet,
And lovingly with blessings were received.
Then,

after rest

and food, the glorious Saint

Asked of the Ascetic King how

And how

himself.

The

fared his realm,

patient Conqueror

Returned grave answer, speaking

all his

mind

Before the Saint, high Lord of Sacred Spells

"All ways

Whom

prospers, holy Sage

men

thou protectest neither Gods nor

Can harm

The

my Kingdom

:

thy

Holy

spells defeat far off

foe malignant, while

Smite those

I see,

:

my

feebler shafts

superfluous

;

and the

Abundant cheers the drought-consumed

rain

corn,

!

150

THE HERMITAGE

I.]

Bred by thy Sacred

To

man's

lives

:

all this

Deep-rooted, flawless,

For thou
" Yet,

My

my

;

my

is

art ever watching,

O my

subjects live

nor fear nor pain disturbs

full age,

Their happy

rites

7

we owe

to thee.

prosp'rous state,

Brahma's child

Father, I myself,

and

i6o

!

this

Queen, thy daughter, bowed with sorrow, long,

And

vainly long, for offspring

;

and the Earth,

Sea-girdled, rich in gems, delights

The

Fathers of

my

whom

race,

Delight, foresee a failing of the

And mourn my

me

not.

funeral cakes
rite.

the while with tears they foul

fate,

Drink-offerings poured by me, their sonless son.

Thus pure by
For longing,
Half
"

sacrifice,

childless,

sunlit, half in

By

gifts,

and

May Heav'n be

my

eyes are

— as the mountain-peak

shade,

my

self-control,

glory

As

dimmed

and holy

!

life.

O my

Guide

childless state distress thy heart.

'twere a tree thou plantedst fruitless, bare

Three debts men owe

Torments me,

The

:

this last alone,

as a shackle binds

lordly elephant

:

Oh, help

teach

me how

One moment

at length to

?

unpaid.

and pains

me

then,

Father, Protector, Stay of Manu's line

And

170

won, but sons of noble line

Are blessings here and yonder,

Does not my

dim

pay

180

!

this

debt

!

only sank the Priest in thought.

RAGHUVANCA

8

[canto

Like lake that slumbers, having heard the King.

To pious thought the hindrance stood revealed,
And thus the mighty Saint made grave reply
" Of yore returning home from Indra's courts,
By Parijata passing, where the Cow
:

Surabhi rested in the grateful shade,

To

her by thee due reverence was not paid.

As

fearing to neglect thy loving

Then was
Till

Queen.

190

the curse of childlessness pronounced.

by submission thou shouldst purge thy

sin

!

But Ganga roared, where heavenly monsters plunged.

And

so her curse was

Hence

is

all

unheard by

thy sin thy scourge

thee.

as Sages teach,

;

Scorn of the worthy works the scorner woe.

Now

in Patala,

By mighty
For

where the gates are barred

snakes, she helps a royal rite

bless'd Prachetas.

Therefore,

With due observance tend her holy
Pure-living, with thy

Queen, that

She may bestow the

priceless

Even

as

O my

King,
200

Calf,

so, well-pleased,

boon ye seek

"
!

he spake, came Nandini, the Cow-

That gave the

oblation, faultless,

In tender, tawny

lustre, like

from the wood,

a leaf

All fresh, with arching eyebrow of white hair.

Like crescent on night's brows

Flowed now

Then

:

— the streaming milk

in holy flood to feed her calf.

said the Saint,

who knew

The King should prosper

:

— " See,

Fate's course,
this fruitful

and knew

Cow

210

THE HERMITAGE

I.]

Comes here unprompted
Surprise thee

;

hear

my

:

9

so shall thy success

loving counsel then

!

Attend her ever as she roams the woods,

As Study

follows

Walk thou

;

Knowledge

:

she standing, stand

She drinking, drink

:

at

dawn

Fasting, with close observance

Her

while she walks,

to the forest's edge,

must attend

So

fell

And

true,

For

whom

:

and chief

!

docile, with his

Night

220

"

Then
Bowed

eve

shalt stand,

Sire of Princely sons,

fathers

at

shall her grace

By constancy be won, and thou
Of Royal

sit

of day, thy Spouse,

and thence

Receive her coming home.

Proud Father,

she couching,

;

the grateful

King

Queen, and both

and Brahma's

retired.

son, the eloquent

dismissed to sleep the pious King,
success was dawning

;

well he could

Bestow the boon, but knew that grace divine
Is

hard to win, nor won save after

He

gave him but a rustic hut, and there

The Queen
While

toil.

reposed, where fragrant grass was spread,

saintly students passed all night in prayer.

230

glorious. The careful Monarch bade his spouse return. Then turned Their way For state they to the forest. . and Again secured II King the [canto his Desire. his guards away. renowned holy. drank he. his penance That royal Herdsman sent And walked alone.RAGHUVANgA 10 CANTO Nandini grants When morning broke. he also stood When she went. the King. 1 — Manu's race freshest grass smoothed her as hide. ao . loosed the Cow. on went he when she lay down. As though herded Nandini. — when her calf had drunk Next the gracious Queen it. 'twere Earth embodied. As pious Learning follows Holy Texts. And cheerful. He sat by patient when she drank. Rose. steps . Her udders : next. and the made and Queen. Cow pursued her steps. Their own right arm defends. When she stood. while the purity. . With wreaths and perfumes honoured Nandini. he fanned Nor checked her wayward Oceans four fulfil. He to lo : With her. well-guarded fed his charge . in glory rich. shadow close He followed.

rustling reeds. The His beauty with wide gaze. which bore Sweet blossoms from the From foaming and cooling spray trees. He His hair fierce within. Climbing vines. close guarding Nandini the Cow. He On heard. The wild beasts fled . More rich No bloomed fruit and longer vexed the weak. his bow in well-strung : woodland wreath so through the woods ranged. Whose face revealed a tender heart. : sacrifice to Gods.] A 11 very King he strode. — him the breeze refreshed. and stronger brutes At eventide homeward path : the copper And tawny Cow.THE BOON II. no sunshade near. wind-shaken. Wind-shaken. who sang his praise in and drank Forest-gods shady bowers. worshipful. They took the flower. for soft flutes. to Sires. whose passion undisplayed Burns Was bound. The woodland maze waterfalls. Nigh fainting Pure-hearted. whose glory shone. showered their scented blooms on him. each in its proper Had cleansed both Earth and Sky sphere. Soon as he entered forest-fires were quenched. from the heat. but birds in wayside trees Hymned him with cheerful praises. Unfearing watched the deer that Archer mild. and Sun then to complete 40 . Yama's peer. as city-dames Honour with parched rice a favourite Lord. Thus 30 splendid. Who strode along unguarded. The guests. Lord of the herd. like elephant. — Unhelped by outward show.

. While Nandini was sleeping.RAGHUVANCA 12 She turned By Works on Faith the Lord of men. lowly paid Due homage to the Saint For closing day he Now milked . following them . Thus the Cow All open-eyed as thirsting. glad. midway 'twixt Day and Night. : Nandini Like twilight glowed. she yet such as She. . and longing gazed. is sure " ! Dilipa next. and bent to that broad front Whereof the horns seemed door-posts. — "Though longing Stayed to receive our offering Once pleased. dawn she rose. So —-and they rose too. attended her. : for her calf. offered. He and she welcomed followed. Moved the pools and peacocks grassy glades received. tired deer flew Majestic paced the Cow. King and Queen were Who thought. righteous souls revered. well-known roosts. thrice seven days went Till with the by. then lay down. through whose valves Success might issue. —then success shows favour. King and Queen Set lamps and flowers about her. homeward from 50 the ground stately. King the mighty his Queen received At border of the wood. the sacrifice and the Cow — he followed home to where she 70 lay. The noble King. Whose udders swept whence the boars forests. Then 60 with a plate of grain Sudakshina Revered the Cow. And gazed on darkening Were Now To as : [canto trooping . All-Conqueror.

Like snake subdued by spells and drugs. as 'twere a Lodhra-ixtQ High on a red-chalk mountain table-land The astounded King. sprang and roughly seized the Cow. will my charge " ! re-echoing from the caves. — " No foe Her long-drawn cries. still holding down — lo ! 100 . would snatch Full-blossoming. a Lion bold.] Who saved his realm from harms. And thought. to see the lion with the tawny Cow Pressed 'neath his paw. to slay Deathworthy. In gait a lion. and recalled Where stood dare to harm his gaze. entered that famed grove Of Gauri's lord. day the Cow. But — amazing that great King. The Pride of Manu's line.THE BOON II. By noble souls beloved. furious raged the King. Aroused him. Pursued their hopeful task. slain his foes. And grass A lion is green and fresh. while he stood powerless. as he He seemed oft a statue . to Thereafter one fair still 13 Queen with his win a son. lighting with their gleam — The heron's wing. At once. himself bowman bold. While mused the King on Gauri's Father's might. to try Her follower's valour. Thus stayed from action. for his fingers clave Tight to the arrow. 'tis 80 told. To strike unable though the foe was nigh. had 90 the foe. An arrow from his belt. where Ganga falls in foam. In human voice.

that Hon spake :— " Cease. thou know. mighty King. — who wept when once its bark scarcely grieved she To see Ganega wounded by his foes. Know me Nikumbha's Who serve the Eight-shaped God. this tree. so the Moon's sweet sap 'Twill stay my hunger 120 : — a blood-stained feast The Dragon drains. To mount His holy To Kumbhodara. guard his snow-white bull. To fail Return for ! I claim. nor scorned himself." Then the King Took comfort from his words by Civa's might Restrained. Where Skanda's mother's milk A — who jars.RAGHUVANCA 14 [camo The Cow. prey on beasts that venture near these haunts. The Trident-bearer placed me here. which as a son he As poured from golden forest-elephant By rests That God has placed feet. No shame thine. had torn furious rubbing : — when he deigns on my me here And all no loves. friend. as a wind that fells ! A tree blows harmless round a mountain-peak. : Again he spake : — (now first his hand had To loose his shaft. he bowed to fate. when arms are vain can shame no warrior. to In lion-shape back more scare roaming elephants. From futile efiforts vain would be thy shaft. Now doomed to death by Civa comes this Cow. divine has flowed. as Indra's self stood At Civa's angry glance :) failed numbed — " O King of beasts ! 130 . Though it should strike me. a son's devotion is Hast shown.

Save that thou dwell'st on Earth. cause deserves fiery Saint Cow may Enjoy the goods of and youth.the boon it] My words move will thy laughter. Loud-echoing. not. for the all Fear not the Losing one By gift will destroy sacrifice." So spake the forest-King . That Lord therefore speak. ! bright life. 16 in the lion's paw only worthy bears : Cow looked on. ! her calf : his flashing teeth and thus he spake caves. while in mute appeal the Caught : the World with constant care. and sovereign sway Thy people all depend on Would only save one life. that supplies the Oh. — "The Warrior's name who saves from harm : . Whatever Look on or is moves I Longs for the Then my fair Lord of wealth Thou wouldst in haste Tis madness. he ! quickly be appeased Save thy precious fate. who pitiful rejoined. — life. heart. the slaughter of my body stand reverence sustains^ His treasure. And wooed 140 renounce. Master's Cow. since Restrained from action I Whose power has made. The He the King." ^iva's servant smiled King. food for thy Shone through the darksome "O my yet can I not . Protectest and mother. scarce passes thine. thee . urged that plea in flattering tones. and mountain-caves. 150 for Indra's state. of millions. take I yet thou know'st . it thy death while living thou though angry. and the night draws on.

RAGHUVANCA

16
'Tis proverb-lore

Would

The

forfeit

:

whoe'er betrays that trust

Royal state and earn foul scorn.

Saint might well despise

If this

were

other cows

all

the might of ^iva thou

My

Didst dare attack.
give as

i6o

Surabhi's child and peer,

lost,

Which only by

I

[canto

ransom

In her one meal

;

body

freely

now

scarcely wouldst thou find

the Master's sacred rites

;

Will not be hindered

Well thou know'st, who serve

!

Thyself a Master, and with anxious zeal
Protectest here this tree, that

if

one lose

His charge, himself unwounded, 'twere not well

To

My

Spare then

face his Lord.

body only precious

By

all

other.

intercourse

is

such as

;

nor think

I

Fame we prize
Friendship, so men say,

Scarce value fleeting

Beyond

my Fame,

170

but

life,

ripened

:

meeting thus

On forest-bounds, I claim thee friend, — and
To have my boon, O Qiva's follower "

claim

!

Then was

He

A

the

prey before the

Looked

lion,

be

it

!

Sweet sounded

well-pleased

When

"

180

the noble

from

lion's

King

paw,

on him, and a voice

in his ear

That voice revived him
lion,

who

up, expecting death

rain of flowers fell

No

free

threw his weapons down, and cast himself

Had said,—" So

A

charm reversed, the Monarch

;

:

— " Rise, O my son

straight he rose,

"
!

and saw

but the Cow, whose udders streamed

THE BOON

ii]

Amazed he heard

Like mother's breasts.
"

O

Hero-King, by magic

This scene to

try

17

thee

:

art I raised

Muni's power

for the

;

her say

Guards me so well that Yama, Lord of Death,

Must pass me

by,

—what other power could harm

Thy loyalty hath pleased me, and the care
Thou show'dst for me choose now, my Son,
:

My

udders yield not milk alone, but

Abundant where

190

Low

I love."

thy

Whose

had won him warlike fame,

boon

his

Born of Sudakshina

my

The

!

prayer was heard.

udder

nor stint the sacred

my

Then,

if

Thus

to a

At

Then

Master bid me,

King Earth

this yet

more did Nandini

to the grove returned she,

Dilipa, chief of monarchs,

(While like

How

full

moon

his face

he had prospered

Repeating what a

first

:

!

thy child

drink

Royal
rejoice

:

sixth."
:

he behind.

made known

beamed)

to the Saint

then he sought his Queen,

joy-lit face

had told

To her who loved him. Then, what time
Was satisfied, and evening-rites complete,
Va^ishtha bidding, drank the noble King,

B

200

rites.

/ will

yields the

Son," she said,

first let

!

satisfied,

fair

cup

in a leafy

" Nay, Mother " answered he, "

Be

hands

— a son of noble race,

And granted, — " Draw and drink,
" Milk from

!

knelt the King,

giver, clasping

And named

boon

gifts

Himself a generous
skill in fight

?

the calf

210

RAGHUVANCA

18

[canto

Blameless and virtuous, milk of Nandini,
Thirsting for

as ever for fair

it

And now his
Was duly held

;

The

Fame.

task was ended,

the

rites to

Saint performed

and a

feast

speed his guests

then to the Royal

;

home

Dismissed them, as they grateful took their leave,

With

To

fullest

Fire

More

and

honours paid to him,
Sacrifice, to

glorious

still

his wife,

Cow and

and purer

220

Calf,

for the rite.

Then with his Queen the much-enduring King
Went in swift chariot on their prosperous way.
With pleasant clangour,

Him

like the crescent

For noble

offspring,

They greeted now

like a fruitful

vow.

moon, through penance waned

whom

his folk

had mourned,

returning, nor could sate

He, great Indra's

Their eyes with gazing.

Hailed by glad subjects, to his
All decked with flags,

city

peer,

came

— whence with unwearied arm.

Strong as the Serpent-King, he ruled the World.

As from

great Atri's eye the sky receives

Its light, or

Ganga

^iva's potent seed.

The Queen conceived
the Sun-race to prolong,
The World's great Regents blessed her fruitful womb.
:

230

THE SACRIFICE

ni.J

CANTO
Raghu

is

born

:

Then

in her

III

Dilipas Horse-sacrifice
with

19

is

stayed by Indra,

whom Raghu fights.

handmaids' sight Sudakshina

Shone pregnant, whence Ikshvaku's stock should spring

More

vigorous, hke an early crescent

moon,

To crown her husband's life. Her, pale as night,
When dawn is near, when dimly shines the moon
And stars are few, or like a Lodhra-ixte,
The King embraced
Nor could be

;

sated, as

he knew earth's scent, and longed,
an elephant

Scarce slakes his thirst at forest ponds, though

By plenteous
'*

So

To
On

shall

my

rain.

"

As Indra Heaven," she

son rule Earth

Earth's remotest

bound

!

;

filled

said,

his car shall range

So mused the Queen,

"

earthly savours fixing her desires.

Her

loving Lord,

who

feared that bashful

mood

Might check her utterance, asked her serving-maids

Of all her

fancies, bent to ease her

So

months went on, whate'er she craved

as her

Was brought

unasked,

— since

The mighty King could

mind.

all in

for her

Earth or Heav'n

needs provide.

lo

RAGHUVANCA

20

And

[canto

so conception's pain was soothed for her,

Whose frame shone

stouter, as the

20

cHmbing-vines

Their old leaves shedding don the bright array

Of new-born Spring. The months rolled swiftly
Her bosom swelled, and on her lovely breasts
The nipples rose, to shame fresh lotus-buds

Where black bees

cluster

As Earth which Ocean

:

past.

— and her Lord was glad.

clothes,

where treasure

which nurses secret

Or

as that tree

Or

as Sarasvati in flood, she

lurks,

fire.

seemed

To him who constant-minded kept the feasts
Due for a Prince's birth, as love required
Owed to his Queen, with pomp that well might match
The wealth Earth yielded, and the joy he felt.
With eyes that swam with love the King at home
Watched

as she slowly rose

Her womb weighed down

from cushioned
with seed the

30

seat.

Gods had

sown,

Weak hands
But

that scarce could

skilled physicians

lift

the offerings.

watched the embryo birth

Until her time was near,

when

like the sky

At eventide she shrank from public gaze
Last, at

due season

she, fair (^achi's peer,

Brought forth a son, whose greatness

That high

As

in

stars foretold

heaven shone, not quenched by dawn.

threefold Virtue wins the Highest Bliss.

Calm was

the vault of Heaven, soft winds blew

Clear rose the altar-flame, with butter fed

40

Increased. for none lay bound himself alone he freed . Who From so the happy maid. warring swiftly smite his foes He named him The Raghu. debt he owed the Blessed Shades.11. and twinkling feet Of dancers echoed through the palace-halls. Then came a and grove. The joy-drums' cheerful sound. and day by day summer ! his strength Sun's still-growing power 70 . like lotus in three. still lake. — " May this child through Sacred Lore Pass quickly. free. with joy So great bounds. Queen at round the bed once the midnight-lamps. Nor less in courts of Heav'n. Three things alone the King withheld. Showed but as pictured lights. that so Dilipa's son As gem new-polished shone with 60 brightest gleam. brought the joyful news his son was born. as Ocean's tide At 21 burst it all fulness of the From Hermits' moon. as up beneath " Prince. Dimmed by the native glory of the child. but The moon-bright With steady parasol and royal eye. fans.THE SACRIFICE .] happy days All augured Brings good to Where lay the all such princes' birth : Now mankind. The King devoured his son's fair face. Priest perfectly performed All rites for birth. his Father's eye. " swiftly-moving child grew Lord of all wealth. The happy sire Could set no prisoner Where crime was not From coil of Then praying.

with eyes askance For perfect joy. while their mutual love Like love of rain-birds — burned the more intense That each one's love was centred on What word Held When He his nurse first taught their son. as the World Great Brahma sees established. The Prince's childish locks had now been cut As Law ordained. he saw his In this 80 fair ! line son established. and sages taught him.The Prince [canto made glad His parents. he walked her hand.RAGHUVANCA 22 Pervades the waxing moon. his mental strength 100 . That marked his up Next the sacred cord second birth the noble child Assumed. Oceans four Of knowledge soon he crossed. his childhood's comrades still Preserving their long hair Of : the principles learning he acquired. as streams suck Great Ocean's water. Jayanta. Or Indra and He his daily grew. him The body : thus his Father's joy — who took him to As though he bathed in nectar his breast. obedient bowed as so she bade perfected. (. following close the Law. his own self 9° In form derived. delight he scarce had hoped Thus. as Or famed Queen : — since Hke themselves grew the Reed-born God. when he clfisped of a son. he docile spake. with primal Virtue clothed. For learning's seed : fruitful soil on well-prepared fields What work men spend will prosper. great as Civa and Uma.

who long had been her choice. Or elephant when love-streams bathe So did the Son enhance Till then unmatched. and from his Sire The spell-ruled weapon's use Not only was Excelled A all sole he learned Emperor. who lovely shone As Daksha's daughters wedded With arms A like to the Moon. : the King in skill bull's estate steer attains. — as leaving parent flower For opening bloom. And training. to bear half the rule. loving aye the 120 best. So goddess Fortune. And sought the Heir. though Raghu seemed In strength above his Father. So Raghu passed from childhood up And to youth. Wind . His tonsure o'er. his brows. fanned by His charioteer. mighty neck. The deerskin next he donned. no bore a form of gracious majesty. conferred on him by nature meek heavy charge. Had left the King. As Fire grows.THE SACRIFICE III. who long Had borne the weight of The state of Sociate-King. or elephant's the calf. But the King. his Father's state. chest like portal wide. forthwith the careful King Procured him worthy brides. modestly He took rank lower. as the Sun's untiring bays (Than wind more swift) through the sky's four pass zones.] 23 Concentring. beams. but As archers bold. broad shoulders. or Sun when cloud-banks break.

'tis. all sacrifices pure. till at length Vagishtha's Cow. while his starts The driver checked the God he forthwith knew By eyes unwinking and his bright bay steeds. whose eyes are stars. great guides in Ne'er stoop to methods base. to keep the rite unflawed. that princely host Stood by perplexed. O highest Lord. Indra's peer.RAGHUVANCA 24 At With princes Was set as [canto length. unseen. Thyself shouldst spoil the offering. Well known to all : through her great power the Prince Received as from a mother grace to see Then looking East he saw Things veiled from sense. blessed their sight. that high Prince for his guard to keep the sacred horse. if then. The God who curbed Drive the hills. : And challenged with To win him from his Thee Sages : — " King of Gods who why then impede my : ! share Sire. Most needful for the Ah." Law In stark amaze 150 . smite our impious foes . great Indra's 140 self. worship's dues Would lie destroyed. confounded. comrades. performed Save one a hundred But Indra. Rite ! let the horse go free. unbidden. off the steed reluctant. 130 While King Dilipa. my Lord. seeks by sacrifice to win Heaven's bliss ? Thine To purpose praise as chief of those All sacred rites Who a voice that pierced the sky. in season due. Amazed the guards looked on . drove off the horse. Set free to roam.

since so Thou Or choosest war ! yield the horse. Laid his unerring shaft With demon-gore Of men. that God. before : that awful dart. greedily. it me father seeks to rob That — " Noble Prince. his string the Prince he seemed looking to the sky then he sped a golden shaft God Which pierced the Of mountains. Yet know. King of Gods.] 25 At those bold words the King of Gods restrained His chariot. making answer Thou fair ever 'gainst attack. that those who prize speakest well. that stout Prince 180 . brave as Kartikeya. losing patience. To off the win it Which sons Vain thy sacred Victim. to his . i6o renown which through the Worlds is mine. Alone does Vishnu reign Supreme. who clipped the wings Bow- That weapon dread which gathered clouds compose. Call Lord of Hundred Alone each keeps his the Saints Sacrificial Rites To Name. bow. o'er the Expectant Me fair. familiar. drank the blood untasted. Next. 170 : Take then thy weapon. back : save this toil seek not to tread the path of Sagara trode " ! — The Prince Undaunted keeper of the victim horse " now Kapila I drive thy Father's horse.THE SACRIFICE III. Their fame must guard Thy : my of name. as Drove : replied. self first lay low." His arrow Prone : thou must Then on and Civa's laid. Great Lord me Is ^iva's title only.

that 200 Deep-sounding as the Ocean when 'twas churned. fledged with peacock's plume. undaunted. Wherewith of old he clipped the mountains' wings. Sustaining fierce assault. The Prince's inborn His Nor could Indra quench courage. winged. torn the heavenly Lakshmi's hair. And Then the Hero fell to earth Sore-wounded. Admiring much the valour which so long. And marked Then He with pictures from ^achi's arms. which the Grasped in a hand God gleamed with sandalwood. and seized —that flaming in wrath Bolt. hurtling. All rough from hide of Heaven's elephants. when his comrades' tears fell hurled it. fair with another. Acclaimed on rising. With crescent-headed arrow Raghu cut Resplendent Indra's bowstring. rent the Lightning-flag As though he 'd Now : fierce raged the God. terrible as snakes To look on. But soon revived. joined they awful battle : quite apart Stood Siddhas and the Prince's host Strove for the mast'ry : 190 they twain : — down they shot and up Their arrows. Vritra's whom fast their shouts mighty foe. The God To laid down his slay his gallant foe Bow.RAGHUVANCA 26 [canto With name-marked arrow smote great Indra's hand. though he rained shafts in quick succession In vain would quench the : so the cloud fire itself has bred. defied his power For virtue aye is precious : called aloud : : 210 .

Then. set." King of Gods the Prince to the 27 replied. 230 . and himself Went with his Queen to Hermits' shady grove. face ! well-pleased I grant except the Victim horse. whose feathers shone above his head " If. fixed to win Heaven's bliss. my mighty Bolt. His soul from things of sense To his young son the Kingdom. full So near Grant oh perfection. The use of aged Kings of Manu's race.] "Thou only hast withstood Which mountains could not Whate'er thou Then wilt. then solemnly gave o'er out. The The mighty Lord.THE SACRIFICE III. this too. ending. the King received his and stroked with love-numbed hand lightning scarred. arduous In council With let ! wilt ! " Then God the he craved. the God. from thy envoy all Warned by that now King the by Civa's glory kept. He quite withdrew. ladder-like His ninety-nine great Offerings he stretched To ease the way. returning to his belt the shaft Half-drawn. and soared to Heaven. His honoured : life now Son his limbs. pious father win this joy. May know Gave Raghu 220 rites which he may not reach. By my nowise restore reward of those long. Sweet-voiced. Lord of Heaven. thou horse.

Manu onwards well had loved. who hated him from smouldering envy bred. with hearts and eyes Alike uplifted. as at eve Fire gains fresh splendour from the setting Sun at the news. and treasure-yielding Earth. him mounted on At once his elephant. lotus-parasol the Whom like Indra's flag. children rich. while Eloquence — loudly sang his praise . consecrate With on high raised Royal Lord . which neither burns nor chills. in fire Sire . hailed as In bards embodied With verse sincere Kings from Wooed him as he seized and foemen's realms. State. rejoiced To see For. Like Southern breeze. rank on rank. succeeds his Then Raghu took the Kingdom which his Had given. his Father's throne Him. though she ne'er had loved before.RAGHUVANCA 28 Raghu CANTO Father. While sternly smiting wrong he won men's hearts By virtues excellent with joy he chased • 20 . and shone more glorious. Sun-circled. lo to undivided rule. — [canto IV a?id conquers the World. in kings But Blazed wrathful His folk.

— What grief the people 29 IV. Autumn with sunshade . but his glory could not reach. in stars. And blessed by ruling. Gives and life .RAGHU'S CONQUESTS his Sire to lose. In rows of swans. but never ill him of counsel spread peculiar grace . his mighty bow Drew Raghu in his sphere each reigned supreme. When after rain light clouds prepared their way. And fan of waving grass his Royal state Affected. — that The Primal Virtues won. serene came Autumn Like Royal State redoubled. the it 30 was. That gave best On insight. Past Summer's heat. grateful Earth reposed. his The Moon refreshes. Unruffled. His wide-expanded eyes but Sacred Lore his face. virtue based : — the Firm he set his throne. lotus-decked Then in bright on. all By World her cool rays by his heat the Sun who appeared. True " King Lit up " he. only good . shining charmed his folk.] felt As when the fruit Men remembered. drank the folk with equal zest The radiance of their glory seemed dispersed. and his fair face. Dividing subtle points of right and wrong. The rainbow Indra drew. ^ : splendour cloudless Sun and he Together ruled the world. The Moon. Beneath sway seemed new. Is scarce Both good and He appears the mango's flower ill before chose. with clear cold rays. invincible. in lilied lakes 40 .

though his host Was not yet ready. In front flashed armour. and air till earth a well-trod plain. from childhood up. so matrons staid on Raghu. with wind-shook pennants threatening His foes with chastisement. when to the East his face turned. conquering he went. and stirred The King to war and conquest. that tore the banks Of rivers. rites for sacrifice bless his conquering arms 60 : with lambent flame His capital gave auspicious sign. While women watched the crops they sang As good his praise. followed noise of war. — while clouds of dust His chariots raised and elephants. As Milky Ocean churned with Mandara On Vishnu dashed Showered He rice its foam. Resplendent. by fragrant blooms Poured sevenfold ichor. Great jar-born Saint. Autumn now dried up The roads. while fearful of defeat The foes of Raghu quaked for furious bulls. His elephants. With solemn To It prepared. in seeming rivalry. struck Of Sapta-parna. made rivers fordable. shadowed forth his sportive strength. six-membered. with his host Complete. . The King safeguarded. and his Nor left his rear exposed then : frontier-posts. huge-humped. 50 as far-renowned.RAGHUVANCA 30 [canto Seated in the cane-brakes' shade. when Canopus Clear shone the waters rose. Seemed borne on high. Of mighty frame. 70 . Rose the altar-fire.

For. on Mahendra's A fought. re-settled. horses. cutting roads. with his hosts he crossed the Kapica living bridge (Utkalas showed the way). pillar fixed of crest conquest. Vainglorious of their ships On Ganga's isles And bowed Then who proudly . who bowed like reeds Chiefs : Before a mountain-torrent He sm. not hard to cross. strayed in the braided hair Of Passed the King. tribute brought. that rolled like 80 led Northern Sea. which sombre palm-trees shade. when heavenly Ganga. as Mahauts In head of restive elephants their goads.] Next dust. whose passing kings Civa. Then Fourfold-divided marched.I RAGHU'S CONQUESTS IV. He made men. — the host in his might the desert plains to laugh with streams. Trees show uprooted. as march of elephant Eastward swept the King (And one by one subdued To the Eastern realms) Ocean's shore. deposed. triumphal stones : he reared Subdued and then On but in wrath . O'erthrown. like rice before his lotus-feet. with pomp of war 100 . his stubborn foe. And cleared the forests.ote the Bangal hosts. Smote the Kalingas. by the Saint Brought down to earth. He His valiant Or as 31 host. strong in elephants. won his grace. or brought to vassalage. Marked by their fall. Made rivers fordable. then chariots. 90 — the Suhma power who opposed he spoiled Submitting.

seemed but the cleansing drops no then his warriors drank . . when he came To Their shower of darts the King clip their wings. free from Mahendra's king. Yet could the Pandyas not endure e'en there The beams of Sun-like Raghu. as with rocky rain Mountains met Indra's onslaught.RAGHUVANCA 32 [canto Kalingas met him. But not his country. And bound The Sun the elephants that . His soldiers plunged. the bloom cardamums to the foreheads of his elephants. then by the sea-coast way. peaceful passed. fruit birds. on he marched Trampled by Upflying from the Clung as 120 of his steeds. Pepper-groves On Mount Mahendra's skirts. In shady betel-bowers at once the milk Of cocoa-palms. like hooded snakes mocked at ropes. —who Sported on Malaya and Dardura. Of elephants. Sustained undaunted. himself glows dim on Southern shores. winning glorious While hurtling Of due shafts lustration fight. and The King — with lawful triumph— took his fame. and all fragrant with the juice stirred the jealous rage Of Ocean. fruit In Kaveri Since there Agastya ruled. spouse of rivers. lov'd home of His forces occupied. Where bowed with Arecas. And him set vict'ry o'er their foes. To conquest. his fill 130 . And challenged their rich scent The strong neck-chains embraced the sandal-trunks.

like twin breasts Invincible in might. The At Jamadagni's bidding ceased to flow. had graved — the record of pillar. Through On from Murala. the Sahya range He crossed. and their choicest pearl From Ocean won where Down Of and mountain met. 'Gainst the Persians next through the desert marched. 33 crown the shore. tied to trunks Of smooth date-bearing palms. Sea. spotless fame.] Which.RAGHU^S CONQUESTS IV. Unforced the yellow seed of Ketakas. Which women of Karela wore. forests sighed the wind : their harness clanked swiftly-moving steeds. that overpowered Areca-trees deep-rustling. with dust Raised by his army soon the King replaced. by Ocean Reft of their garment Of : left —as 'twere Earth's loins Jamadagni's son old disjoined them. as holy c men 160 . his fame his deeds. But through the Western King its To Raghu. Saptaparni flows — presented. further west. sandal-clad. while black bees 130 Dropped from Funndgas on the streaming brows Of elephants love-maddened. He Trikilta's Where furious elephants For to see. A all mighty He men tell. tribute gave mountain made. the sea to the Sea. Which Was river-breezes waft scented powder for his mail-clad host. but as Raghu's hosts Marched Low bowed the Sahyas. symbol 140 fair Fine-powdered sandalwood.

Refreshed on Sindhu's banks. That sought his love. resolved The Northern princes with his dreaded shafts. and spared their pride. — as Autumn-clouds must fade. Thence Northward marched the King. Bruised by the chains that bound his elephants. their shoulders shook. spread with costly furs. His mighty acts. which the mighty King Accepted graciously. as bees swarm thickly round The honeycomb And his warriors their place. when the Sun new-born bright above the lotus. claimed his mercy Submission His host Which will : appease. carousing in choice of war bowers vines surrounded. Scarcely could the King withstand Soft wiles of Yavan women. Where 170 saffron-tendrils clung. : the remnant bared their heads. In tribute offering. proclaimed. While twang of bows alone revealed The bearded heads Now had cut off strewed the plain. Wrought on their husbands. resting to quell lands. after toils of war. Fiercest war with the Westerns waged. Beams He lotus-faced. Before his prowess : fain to yield heaps of gold. Bent low : bowed too Kambojas. scars. The senses. As.RAGHUVANgA 34 [canto By Sacred Learning smite their inbred foes. when his beams have drained moist Southern The Sun too turns him North. — 180 . Recorded on their Huna dames cheeks in angry His horses. fine steeds. Untimely-risen. in horses strong. rage in hero-souls Their toils forgot. Akshota trees.

or rustled in the canes. — brave as he Gazed on him undisturbed. . Tribute there The tribes presented Raghu owned Of great Himalaya. With mountain his A — lamps not fed with oil. the towering Devadars march. Moist from the waves of Ganga. Tall phosphorescent plants that gleamed at night. where tribes darts. where the clouds of dust they raised From trampled rocks exalted more Couched in their caves. for Where he encamped Told hillmen of By halters torn. Their lustre doubled by the glancing chains Which bound Were lamps great elephants to Sardla trees. Paulastya raised of yore. as shook stones. and Pragyotish quaked. great lions the peaks. and was by him : Acknowledged peerless His glory's mound : there the secure. and taught the Kinnaras to sing New anthems for his conquests.RAGHU^S CONQUESTS IV. trees. the might Monarch and shamed the He fixed Hill traversed next Lauhitya. fragrant of musk-deer. That couched in shade of great Nameru 200 trees. On the rocks rested. Raghu. next 35 Himalaya 190 mounted. cherished him As on he swept His soldiers to conquest. with bruised bark grim and bloody fight he fought.] Famed He for his horses. and And arrows mingled hurtHng. striking fire. The Utsavasanketas from their feasts 210 He stopped. nor feared the noise His warriors made Through Bhurja while murmuring winds that coursed .

for Rule Supreme all his wealth a 230 King — as clouds store up the rain. Which and darkened veiled the sun Yet brought no rain The armed ? host all the sky. and flags. his ministers loved well. with heads unshaded now. in Low bowed Not boastingly And that royal band before his feet. and jasmine white. But when the solemn Great Raghu. with lines.RAGHUVANgA 36 [canto Black aloes where he bound his elephants. when Bestows To in alms . how then should he . Their long-forsaken queens. —laid on golden footstools — shone divine. home came the mighty Lord. stretched out. Received the dust raised by Then Sacrifice he made By conquest won. feed their bounty generous kings take tax. — dismissed Who graced his triumph. Scarce could he bear with Raghu's chariots' dust. Love-maddened. While humbly kings. thunderbolts adorned. Which from their diadems those kings let fall. those mighty beasts. With signal whom Sacrifice was o'er. sent away the kings —and who yearned to clasp peace. which he used to smite And gems Which he offered for flowers his foes at those feet. Him 220 withstarfd Kamarupa's king \ Served with his elephants. his chariot-wheels. honours healing first the wounds Defeat had branded. 240 . All realms subdued.

mighty. speech. keen of insight. and To know the right. is All-Conqueror. chief of Saints Who frame the Veda's hymns Thou tookst as from the Sun Oh. and Was V perfect. which with care Ye 've watered. triple toils Austere. for his gold was done. of limb. fostered. : He seated him. starts to Imperial Sacrifice the King.AJA ^] S7 CANTO Raghus splendid Generosity Manhood. and thus addressed Thy : taught — "How fares Master. the King — gave his gift In earthen vessel. splendid. Kautsa. whom when grown to woo Indumatt. rich in fame. had performed. in born. nurtured from the seed ! lo . say not that the Sage's ? from this ! thy Lore world gets life. observant of his due. Now when the : Aja lavished. thought Are now disturbed whom — which Indra Have storms fears laid waste the trees That shade and guard your dwellings. and. came all his wealth to seek his Teacher's fee mighty Varatantu taught Lore was Him Till he Met courteous. Low bowed the King then.

To dim that men must Is high in heav'n. Stripped as the wild-rice stalk. Saint. whence draws the world to pass. ? and whom Spoiled by the rabble. Then. for that grace ! Now. hopeless to obtain Thou spake his need all is prosper : : well with us while the ! Sun no darkness can prevail sight. for your guests. That now thou shouldst take " ? are those streams unsullied. Else thou art bare.RAGHUVANCA 38 And are the deer unharmed. the husks should feed That second Most life to serve : wife. Libations yielded both for Has Munis [canto : Unhelped must go untimely ! I have come. the Looked on the earthen Know. and guide thy home. thou me how I may All ? oh. thy riches well bestowed. though thou surpass In that thy Sires 30 " look for from thee As ? the great Saint dismissed thee perfect. the holy pillars Is the rice. which erst pure Self-springing food for you I 20 bear their young while clasped in Saintly arms Where stood Is tend. clad in glorious fame. For. earthly profit still my care. tell Best serve thee. Saint and knew the cause dish. yet has thy glorious race my need is such scarce thou canst supply. Revered the worthy Still . when savage hands 40 . or thy Teacher. which That couch on Kuca kept And And Gods and Shades. for sacred use. rulest. men's it. — know'st. dismayed. famous King.

I had won first I am. — ' The great. when poor called back the Saint.. was made the mighty Sacrifice asked the Sage. My wanes.AJA v. all. Thus seeming poor. he said. seek his guerdon from another Lord 70 . Lord of its fruit. Nor missing For Moon. nor thinking of I King — " Say how The the fee he asks. : He his. full plain I see thee.] Have spoiled Thou. : my sciences. pleaded : and pure — "Strange disfame a perfect Sage sought his Teacher's fee. asked What meed was ' O ! Thus answered him. not the wealth That earthen bowl proclaims Ask from thee then : lovely.' 60 state. '11 I 39 —so blessing as As he was Or what grieves fare thee well. clean of heart From base affections. should turn away. taught thee scarce can fourteen millions pay That bring The name me of ! ' Coming King is left here. all. Teacher's fee The King " it rain-bird craves not rain from emptied clouds. the boundless So spake the Sage It 50 ! perfect Sage In hasty wrath. pronounced his fee but. As Vishnu were to Raghu." whom I him turning. Who To if dare meed he : I claims ? " — but quick the King supreme. the cold-rayed my : show'st well. loyal love How : all lore. the lowly Lord of long-proved. How it. as still Which Gods drink up wins No further errand Elsewhere The mine seek. further urged.

which Va^ishtha's his Anointing gave. who asked his fee. store of arms. With unchecked o'er Then Like wind-borne cloud. as 'twere a crag By Hghtning split from Meru and the folk Praised both the Saint. whom he deemed But lo at dawn neighbour-king. spells 80 mountains and o'er seas. The whole bright heap Kuvera fearing sent. And praised the generous King.RAGHUVANCA 40 Be thou my guest. So great At his glory. pious Raghu slept. while the King. and parting blessed hands : " While such a King rules men. set forth to wrest the boon From famed Kuvera. whose plighted word None e'er knew fail. that while men slept there fell From Heav'n a rain of gold and filled his store. since Earth teemed with wealth. who pressed on him 90 . for whom e'en . and On Raghu laid his bending low. brave. What stayed his march. the well-pleased Saint. Keep pure my That I may O Sage hearth for ! like me [canto Holy Fire two days or three. in his car at eve. To A smite at ! Amazed his treasure-keepers told the King. may the Earth yet how conceive Heav'n pours forth such store 100 I . no more. Gratefully the Saint help thee. More than At last his asking. Now. dawn Kuvera. Which camels bore and mares." Consented. The King to Kautsa gave. well Yield wealth with which she teems Thy fame. took the golden store. no more. his car Would course through air. consenting.

as thee. King sent noble envoy. told. sent forth the Prince. Named the Saint thus blessed. His Father's joy was he : like him in might. her a peerless bride. lordly host well-guarded high Vidarbha.AJA v. Both deeming Aja come And 120 to well-pleased. light Teachers trained the boy In lofty learning. Now Of Krathakaigakas. Aja. from the Soul Supreme. praiseworthy Then sought his ! Master thy Sire Him " sunlight power of seeing At Brahma's hour. Beyond men's asking ? Save what now bestow I Rich as thyself Got receive a son : in virtue. As shines a To that it lamp with equal fresh-lit springs from. grew the Prince. radiant beamed his youth.] All things else thou hast. manly prime. on the way Ever on the march Pavilions fair received him. Tall as himself. Maiden Choice. while the folk . and the King ere long : Received the promised son. bidding Aja come To fair His Indumati's Swayamvara. as From 41 — whom his Sire no Unborn. 'tis living souls : for the Queen brought forth a prince. As Uma's child resplendent. yet seemed to wait (Like bashful virgin) till the King his Sire Should mate her with him. sister's With To The King. A to Raghu great Bhoja. as vigorous. And Fortune loved him well.

That much exciting savour when they knew. his cloven brows the ichor-stream. faced the bank. The camp headlong flight their bands. And reared their standards. Checked only by the wave. Where. and with 140 all-resistless strength Burst through the torrent. As acrid as the Saptachadas sap. breaking watery chains. — and active warrior-hands . dusty from the road. gently gifts his [canto favour sought. tangled nets Of A clinging weeds he drew. stirred and moistened by the breeze. and At once confusion seized Yoke-oxen broke : in fled.RAGHUVANgA 42 With and with blessings His journey o'er. Broad-chested as a mountain. the while in front threatening mass of waters rose. Unheeding sharpest goads. The river-bank. threw o'er the cars (Their axles smashed). The mighty 150 beasts of Aja's host broke bounds. 130 Waved Karang trees. Sudden a mighty Tusker reared Amid his front the waves. Showed by How on Up rose — while his blunted tusks the dark-blue streak (the ore washed off) Rikshavan's rocks he spent his rage. and nimbly waved His mighty trunk before him and behind. his weary host found rest. on Narmada's green banks. washing ichor sweet From his broad temples. And from —then climbed His captive peers he marked. where hovering swarms of bees Betrayed his presence. Roared loudly. he. returned in flood.

In heavenly beauty clad. 170 am named. loosed a The mighty who : 43 eyes shape i6o wondering army saw struck. glorious shape thou shalt regain see thee long I 've yearned Freed by thee from must requite Were useless. this magic shaft Sleep-compeller. yet Resumes ' When its — and thus decreed shaft shall cleave thy brow. In hateful tusker's shape up the gems and doomed my stay for I. Availed to stay the rout To lightly wound. then spoke in winning tones. . fair Prince. while his flashing teeth That clung about his neck Drew down Matanga's : lit — " Of old my pride curse. while in radiant guise. great Indra's son. A princely form appeared. Named : Aja.] The Scarce saved the timid dames. my — Take. His bowstring. mighty Prince. Won by his power from Heav'n. launched and then recalled 180 . the garment. A rain of flowers. With iron-pointed To as water appeased thee. curse. brute he smote. not Shed like a slightly drew. At once. sprung in high Ikshvaku's line. being Prince alone slay (so runs the Law). he grateful poured On Aja's The head . " Moved by my humble prayers. May raise to boiling. with worthy gift else O : ! my power restored friend. with light-rays crowned. the Saint Priyamvada More mild became. now.AJA v. and 'twixt the The bestial shaft. Thy proper I which the flame by nature's law grateful cold.

with observance sweet And lowly bearing. those foes unhurt. then faced the North. Before whose gates an altar stood. newly-built. ! Moon That of men. His glory waiving. foes. I pray. who who seeks her lord. By scorning this my gift.RAGHUVANCA 44 By spells diverse. Should join now once seeming gave. Moon-born stream. fast friendship : 190 magic dart Thus Fate decreed wayfaring met. gave thanks. received the \Vhich his high friend How these. Then as the God of Love. Then To Sleep. destined for his use. which to [canto master gives its Sure triumph o'er his foes." The courteous Prince. and Moon to the city brought. Takes on the pride of youth. and jars Brimful of water. as Ocean swells to greet the With heaving waves. Blush not for shame at only seeming harm ! Thy blow was kindness grieve me not. — till 200 the crowds might deem Their King was guest. whom courteously Before the city gates the joyful King Received. as loving wife Aja's eyes came late. the pure waters of the skilled in arms. and Aja was the King. sighed and longed . Touched And. — Chaitraratha's groves The one now sought. so Raghu's heir Possessed the lovely palace. well-ruled Vidarbha's realm The other welcomed soon. his boyhood past.

half Thyself. cleft half thy Sire bears darksome night lily's may gift increase. Him Whose aio ere 'twas day. From whose dark limbs the ointment had been wiped By silken bedding. sinks. The morning breeze. wise Prince And Brahma now Which " has ! for up and The waning Moon now Of beauty to thy face. a pearly band lustre. come to lead his armed host ? elephants have burst the bands of sleep. to woo whose Choice The rival kings had come in pomp and state. that all-accomplished Prince. with sweet songs his peers. that so by mutual Where past — whom Lakshmi wooed. . and yields the prize roll 220 for Sleep. or woos the lotus bright New opening to the Sun. shall thy Sire then crush the foe. Forsaken and despised by thee Their beauty and the is the weight of rule.] 45 To win the peerless Maid. " Unclose thine eyes. or pupils dark or black wild bees. Dispels night's clouds until the Sun Then Now " ceases thou Thy : art 230 fair Prince arise.AJA v. as thy gladsome smile Plays o'er the gleaming teeth. The dawn. "Awake. Tears from their stalks the flowers that loosely hang On blossoming trees. that vainly seeks to win From other source the scent of thy sweet breath. roused for the auspicious day. Now on the leaves Tinged ruddy With double rests the dew. Well-skilled to sing. shoulders bore the scars of ear-drops gemmed.

and And off. thy caged parrot. O " These steeds Vanayu-bred. and now the lamps lose the halo of their rays. Forsook By his couch. warbling cheerful notes. and quit [( their Their tusks hke fresh buds gleam when bathed Shed by the morning As anto couch in light sun. Bound mild-eyed Prince. The Prince. a glittering show. Prince. Mocks this our morning hymn ! So sang the bards. 250 . with long tent-ropes. to grace the Maiden's Choice. Commanded in Due devotions paid. prime.wreaths languish Burn dim. now. 240 stained with ochre from the mountain-sides. as Heav'n's great elephant cranes' clear song aroused an islet leaves Of holy Ganga.RAGHUVANCA 46 They drag their clanking chains. lick. shaking slumber Stain with hot breath the rock-salt left to " Thy flower. by skilful hands arrayed sought the lofty Where Kings were met hall. the Law for morning's The bright-browed In fitting vesture. fresh roused from sleep by tuneful praise.

refulgent. his stately mien. His beauty much enhanced A seat. Like lightning-flash o'er gloomy banks of cloud So by his flawless grace high Amid their : Raghu's son. In royal robes arrayed. Then fair as Gods who mount celestial cars. In simple vesture shone as 'mongst Heaven's trees 20 . and her Choice of AJa. gorgeous thrones and splendid robes. raised The noble on range of suitor-kings he saw.VI MAIDENS CHOICE TjHE j CANTO 47 VI The Wooing of Indumati. dazzling lustre which perplexed men's eyes. as a lion stalks he mounted to the throne lo O'er rocks to gain a mighty mountain-peak. at Rati's prayer restored To that bright form Nor longer hoped which ^iva's wrath burnt up. By carven stair The King assigned him. Then With sat he down on diamond-sparkling costliest cushions spread. These looked dismayed on Aja. and seated high On thrones. for he seemed second Love. A dais-steps. As Kartikeya mounts his favourite bird. that glorious Prince. to win Indumati.

balling so The golden pollen. drawn from Sun and Moon. goal of countless hearts. to choose herself a Lord. and through the city-groves The Glad peacocks madly danced. leaving To The Parijata shines. Auspicious music floated from the conchs In ambient air. That perfect woman. And down the eager rows of suitors passed. where the nails 40 .RAGHUVANgA 48 Famed Forsook eyes of other Kings to gaze on all men him : woodland blossoms. Remained behind. [canto As they streaming brows of elephants. sportive struck The clustering bees with petals. One toying twirled a lotus. sidelong glancing. Another turned his beaming face askant His flower-wove necklet On fall'n. decks in varied charms the forest-trees So showed those Kings by various : arts their love. Brahma's The work. a moment caught jewelled bracelet. drew all their souls Out through their eyes. round the banners curled . SmiHng playfully. Their royal lineage. wild bees swarm So. sat. on 30 Princess came. careless he replaced. It last best — the lumpish clay alone When Spring reviving comes. with Traced lines on golden his lotus-foot footstool. In wedding-vesture clad. borne litter With solemn pomp. Bards skilled in olden story praised fitly Rose from the smouldering aloes Which all-pervasive fragrant smoke. One.

One fixed his coronet with nervous hand. rules he Earth.] Like summer lightning gleamed. O give thy hand D — bride.THE MAIDEN'S CHOICE VI. pale beside his throne. while her curls hang limply down Undecked with Svarga's flowers. — though had not it 60 fall'n. The while his jewelled bracelets gleamed on hands Light-brown as lotus. — well-taught the name and fame of each 's arm to save ! up his stubborn foes. Give. that lately clasped his queen in love. blazing wrath burns Alone he So and strong are his thoughts. Spouse of Earth. led the royal Maid To where the mighty Sat gorgeous His worth. appears. Where Indra Soma still By constant rites devout. though thousand Kings Usurp the style 'Mid and stars his : rules. he pales the cheek Of Cachi. Magadha he Whose Lord of Magadha . 49 Another prince In seeming earnest talk his neighbour held. a mourning Her husband absent. deep voice proclaimed . that so His shoulder raised and back broke through Of Keiaka one fashioned Those hands An his wreath. with his hands. high-born dame Who ruled the palace. seamed with banner-lines. . earring blossom apt to win the heart Of that fair Princess. as rules the night 70 planets. One tossed dice in sport. his people's joy. " In Deep then with clear. Then eloquent Sunanda. Ablaze with diamonds. His left arm resting on so his chair.

Sun 100 . terrible to foes. loving eyes By festal entry to his noble town. Pearl-like tears were shed — a necklace all 90 unstrung. Trained by skilled masters. turning so eyes from Anga's Lord. Such youth and beauty his : his elephants. By his foes' brides. long-armed. a shade displaced. save only hers. passing onward with her fair / Princess. And praised him thus — " Behold great : Whom Anga's Lord. Fame and Eloquence thou wilt choose third. Fair speech and noble presence dwell apart.RAGHUVANgA 50 To him in wedlock : charm [canto bright. rippling wave on Manasa To second lotus brings a graceful swan. like the polished and refined. match Airavata He rules like Indra. broad-chested. if ! " said this the Maiden. her wreath of fragrant flowers With dnrva intertwined. though well she worthy of all mate. Then. Renowned for virtue. The Lady praised another noble King. heavenly brides themselves have vainly wooed. Whose dames expectant wait " She spake. Except in him Thou mayst be " Go forward Her Him with . Fair as new-risen moon " Avanti's Lord : — Behold. Then As to a second King she led the Maid. wind-stirred. thus silently ! : 80 Rejecting him. With doubled radiance By Vi^vakarma shining. thin of flank. and paused The Princess slightly bowed." knew love.

The gems that flash from rivals' crowns are dimmed By dust his steed casts up. languished. slender-waisted Maid. whose teeth Flashed white . scorching foes as So close at dawn those he charmed dries up a marsh flowers which love the : Moon. as evening clouds Obscure the Sun. wilt thou not yield. Sunanda next before AnOpa's Lord Led her fair Lady. humbled. Hard by that mighty God. In his line 130 .— his smote through Bow Who to all his Proud Lanka's Lord. with this great King ? " But not on him the peerless Maiden fixed Her tender love. whom souls. Whose brow the Moon adorns. he. even thought of sin. King And His Saint. Brahma's loveliest child. For virtues eminent.] When he in dauntless 51 might goes forth to war. And find thy bliss in That wave 'neath wandering through fair groves. So holy He till all in battle to tempted realm. sighing through his many mouths. this noble King Dwells in great Kala. He kept in bonds e'en Indra bowed. 120 like pearls then spake once more her winning words : " In days of old great Kartavirya. Till swayed triumph-pillars planted through the worlds. Sipra's breeze. though lily-like Sun Friends. so through He O all the months no with his queens takes joy in lightsome nights. he released him.THE MAIDEN'S CHOICE VI. that Appearing with alone he ruled. rivals And whose thousand arms crushed.

'twould seem That Ganga's yellow waters mingled there Ere Mathura was reached. And blazing smites his foes.RAGHUVANCA 52 [canto Pratapa rules. not fickle Fortune her. as timorous deer Seek Hermits' peaceful grove. — o'er whose blank roofs His lovely queens. where she clasps fair 140 The mighty loins of strong Mahishmati. as the silvery Moon. devout. light of both his high descents "This King devout To whom choirs is :— flower of Nipa's race." Nor he. lotus-leaf. whom heavenly Hymn ever. favour found In her pure fancy. fears the Blazing fire he wields mighty Axe which more than To Warriors fatal. Upon his chest. can win no grace From lotuses that woo the Sun. who frequent sport In waves of Yamuna. The Maid Next heard Sunanda praise Sushena's worth. so tinge the stream With fragrant sandal from their breasts. so shalt thou gaze Enraptured from the palace on Seductive of — as the world soft curves Reva. 150 strife Calmly brave ever guards his palace. Grass grows. Whom Defames Nor loves. was lost The gem he wears by Kaliya 160 . the Virtues sought. Rama bore. Be thou Hero's bride this ! in fight. moon-like bright. for all his beauty. and waive the That Nature He sets between them. firm friend of Saints. Of Surasena Lord. Dispersing Autumn's clouds.

rough with bowstring-scars. and walk by Ocean's shore. and almost shames Ah. Great Ocean's thunderous roar. Krishna's pride. as rivers pass Great mountains on their way to Ocean's breast. Of With long strong arms hill an elephant archers chief all is 180 he. where moist breezes fan . A fitting time-drum. peacocks of Govardhan. From foes fit tribute : — " See Mahendra's King. not less Than 53 fair Chaitraratha. whisper. choose Kaustubha. Fair : Maid. — and then Sunanda spake. With On In salt too pungent feast thine eyes. wakes him at day-dawn With voice o'erpowering Choose him thy Lord Where palm-trees ! all his martial strains. Lord too of Ocean.THE MAIDENS CHOICE VI. Reclining on smooth rocks with foam-drops wet. Then came Hemangada. mighty as the That seems to lead In pride of youth ! his host. dancing free Autumn Him rains too the among the hollow rocks Maiden passed with " 170 ! stately mien. Like streams of brackish tears from pain-dimmed eyes Of foemen's brides. Whose boisterous waves he from his palace marks. couched on soft flower-sprays. the Princess to Kalinga's King.] Who fled from Garuda. Designing him whose wrists were clasped with gems. Another's destined bride. Maiden. That noble Prince mate for ! then pass thy youth Rejoicing in Brindaban. While beamed like full fair moon the peerless Maid.

200 — he who bowed who wide Ocean drained. ! co-wife with the sunny Southern land. while the roaring torrents dash and foam. For Janasthana fearing when he led His serried hosts conquer Indra's world. Him The great Agastya greeted. and waft from distant isles The clove's rich scent " Vidarbha's sister turned.RAGHUVANCA 54 [canto The wearied brow. And of his v/elfare When the Great Rite was over. King his worth : see this generous King. where the dark-green betel-boughs Are intertwined. each enhance do cloud Unmoved the royal Maid . loved. The Lady "O Next to Nagpur's and thus proclaimed passed. ! wreaths from his shoulders hang. unloving. royal Fortune turns. Which Ocean And 210 rich in pearls clasps lovingly joyous ever sport where Malaya Slopes terraced. though If Fate be adverse. Lanka's King. bright-eyed Princess The Pandus' Lord skill. 190 ! Nor heeded As all her praise. as lightning-flash ! " trunks. to — Was fain to make him friend. for he had won The Bow of ^iva. asked. amid whose crests the rising Sun Glows. thou art fair By union And : let other's beauty. a mountain-lord seems. when he had bathed pride of Vindhya. Give to him thy hand In happy wedlock Be Steadfast as the world. : His arms sweet sandal He wooed with stains. where creepers clasp smooth Dark is he.

made the Demons' wives To spoil their cheeks of unguents. with his bracelet touching Indra's own. Whose rules And royal race still North Kocala. ascended high On Mount Mahendra. yielded Nor seeks beyond right and well-nigh snapped the cords his wrist faultless. 240 . Loosed by the rubbing of Airavata. each suitor-King. him her passed^as rests a Contented on the mango To know arm throbbing checked but him the bright Princess . 'Mong Kings a King. That King renowned. That bound Found Nor Aja's heart was stirred. for virtue eminent. full her heart the royal Moon. sank back Then In deepest gloom.THE MAIDEN'S CHOICE VI. Like wayside tower by passing lamp.] Passed on the lotus waits the rising Sun. weeping loud And. took up her tale : " In high Ikshvaku's line Kakutstha sprang. : the Moon's pale beams. — on him. 220 her dazzling eyes. In dignity possessed an equal seat With him. . further His I find grace. Maid had set. perceiving soon How all That fair. bears his famous name. " Shall fail like The ? " them rising doubt. Then Sunanda it. As Civa swift in fight. and stopped 230 skilled the rank of men. Nor heeds Now as the Maid went moment by Lit for a 55 by. but stays close shut. love. when even in most dazzling shape. Who Or questioned with himself. swarm of bees in full flower.

as a mighty bull-calf bears One He half the yoke. proclaiming blameless choice. 'Neath his calm. lineage. unconquered Raghu. To Heaven. further laboured. or sank Far dared rude men's hands. Nor one of its radiant lamp. immortal. all. with modesty the chief the pearl be set in finest gold When now Sunanda Dropped ! : ceased. has risen The portals of Patala. Of that high Now From Jayanta sprang fair this his kingly loins Prince bears half the weight charge his Sire erst bore alone. weighed. — calmed the fears of Svarga's Lord. his full tale of Rites. From he all Earth's four quarters Aught save an earthen 'd : who late bestowed gathered up and increased. and passed 260 —yea. Who — wanting One hundred.RAGHUVANCA 56 [canto More splendid shone the fame of that proud race. Won Empire 350 in words : high mountains. crossed wide seas. Unwearied. His renown Cannot be measured. youth. or told It scaled to rest. nor kept vessel. strong rule The very breeze disturbed not lovers' skirts As through the groves they strayed. When bright Dilipa rose. Bright with pure love. only is In virtues Ah. Prince Aja sprang. less His son. bright Maid thy peer in beauty. . 270 ! Maid by her favouring glance. let Choose him. the royal veil of coyness. Made sacrifice for His treasure wholly. Dilipa's throne fills. as From Indra.

when she marked The Maid's confusion " Gracious Lady. And they alone The dauntless Prince.] As 'twere with fateful wreath 57 but modesty : Restrained her tongue. though o'er her slender form The hair upstanding showed her ardent love. 290 . harsh to the The happy auspicious flowers Then now fitly joined the Bridegroom's friends bright for gladness : gloomy ranks of Kings. opposed a hostile So. when the Sun has risen. rival rejoiced Kings. indignant. now : Pass we to others " She from angry eye ! Flashed — Graceful as a swan. as though felt Here the cloudless Moon In shouts like these. Then smiling spake Sunanda. laid With golden sandal scented. Their hopes dashed down. — a present Love.THE MAIDEN'S CHOICE VI. else unmatched. his glorious front. Helped by her handmaid. fire. on the neck Of mighty Raghu's son. Clasped by that wreath. but seal Those other flowers that up open to the Moon. wide Ocean " people. Wins Ganga's ! self unites Loud ! who In perfect union. where all — were woven. delighted saw Their virtues. Beamed embrace mate. Raghu's child. such rapture Already he were clasped By clear effulgence With her fit in love's " that bright Princess. beams Expand the flowers that love him. 280 she then the wreath.

Bright maids at golden lattices looked out. and where ' Like Indra's bow flashed paintings on the gates. : all — one the house. and VII hoiv he smote his treacherous Rivals Way Home. Then with her Bridegroom went the royal Bride. Revealed Prevailed. but Cachi's power and none disturbed the marriage-rite. nor heeded other work. their angry Both mien and dfess mood . As morning-planets when the day Went to their camps the rival-Kings chagrined. in hot haste ran while her hand held up clustered locks.RAGHUVANCA 58 CANTO Ajas Wedding . begins. Where o'er their way fresh garlands stretched. from which the loosened wreath lo . To see the Prince. on his Vidarbha's King then led the joyous To wed [canto his sister to that train worthy Lord. Like Skanda mating with the Heavenly Host. While shading banners kept away the heat. But lit with glancing motions Thus shone they To reach the Her various lattice. Scorned by Indumati.

Deemed well her Choice had ended only so : Could she have found an equal mate. 4° . and limping ran Most brilliant 30 shone within by glancing eyes. least detail. The Prince. which Her form And and sped marking with red Yet so she went to gaze To gait. nor stayed to bind her Another changed her mincing To gaze. though their hearts And senses all were merged and lost in sight. . And one a third one held the brush. she had found soul that halved her own. half its gems were strung. Where . dripping liquid from that dainty foot Her handmaid Nor 59 scented with red wine. rejoiced To hear sweet strains which city-matrons sang. hair. her dress one maid down had left unclad — so hurried was her pace. with cramped toes kept up the belt. — And claimed her beauty. Those windows That swam with lit They swarmed. as found Fair Lakshmi hers. — the mighty Lord of Like Love they were and Springtime 'Mong myriad Kings the . like bees Their eyes. well-darkened and the other bare. her footsteps Still One brow Held stained 20 lac. joy. worthy of her suitor-Kings. all. as full on him alone. up. as keen to know the Drank and slipped by the bracelet's gleam. irradiate tied her zone. for the soul re-born Knows of its former fates. fixed in the Prince's charms.] Had well-nigh fall'n. The Princess.INDUMATi VII. see the wondrous sight.

pleasing pain meeting eyes. Stood 50 of the wedding. radiant lustre gained. Pure bridegroom with pure bride. where with welcoming wreath. command. her. and round her cheek Its tongue curled gently. at the Fire The princely pair Sate on their golden throne. and glad received 70 . ointment melted round her eyes diffused. There the His royal brother waited. Auspicious rose the flame. winning Such space lustre as the lotus in her ear That trembled. fried grain. Next at the Priest's With love-lorn partridge-eyes the Threw on While. clasps with answering sprout Anoka's tendril. Avith cassia-shoots. great Brahma's peer. and oil. And And for a — while her face grew rosy-red. Her hand forth fire though made her hands their joined between them . as the blazing fire 60 day and night Course round Mount Meru. As when a mango The Prince Aja clasped Glow On 'twas as : Shared passion's Shone his limbs the hair while tender love stiff for joy.RAGHUVANCA 60 [canto Passed to the palace. barley-ears hung on That sanctified the rite. having duly served The fire wjth butter clear. Priest Revered of Bhoja. where mutual love in their Stood self-revealed. and conjunctive beamed. and set As witness it and greater in his. They circled to the Then round left. the — fed fire her offering of modest Bride rice. joined that pair.

For To now combined in wrath Prince. Aja on his journey home. as they drove. 90 —as the Moon deserts the Sun. that world-famous Prince. threw on them. The rival. planned . to the Maid. And convoyed King Bhoja When left him. which they with Received . Bhoja's The haughty band As when Prahlada When Bali's Consigned Of one both Bride and Prince sister. boon was his Pearl given. as a lake Whose quiet face hides many a scaly foe. smite the Of women.Kings. mighty. requiting him with gifts Of treacherous import then departing. who won from them the tribute taken. the hostile ranks. lamp of (When now his high race marriage was complete). feigned joy 80 but hid deep anger. Recalling earlier grievance 'gainst his Sire. Three nights he camped with Then Rich dowry gave. That Monarch. A conjoint subtle scheme to seize the Bride.INDUMATl vii] What moist And rice-grains the King. They thanked their host. The mighty Prince Bride for safety to the care warrior tried and counsellor Then dashed impetuous on sage. go. 61 most noble host. 100 . Vishnu's steps opposed. fades her borrowed light. his sister's Sent to each suitor-King befitting gifts By honoured hands. Which to work out they close beset the road Whereby the Prince must As well beseemed. and matrons. householders. of Kings stayed.

those Now By — by pennon known. elephants. o'er a field obscured By dust-born darkness. blown sideways by the wind. as fish drink eagerly Fresh Autumn's pools though muddy. By weapons wounded. waking from their swoon Sore-wounded. 130 . the while rich pennons waved. Rebuked the drivers. rent by rushing wind. skilful archers' shafts. The Through thick clouds noise of wheels proclaimed a chariot. kept their mid flight onward course. And tempered heat . But famous names were known by hurtling That smote the foe By reluctant. shining as the Sun New-risen. In equal shock of battle Fought : Armies met foot to foot warriors. ruddy.RAGHUVANCA 62 As ^ona's waves smite Ganga. tribal war-cry rose. while friend and foe Were only known from shouted names of chiefs. dealt death To who gave them wounds. devoured the dust Raised by the hosts. sight. turned their cars. while the wood Lies in the hearth. and men. horse to horse. Which. horses stirred and chariots. angry at their steeds' retreat. split in darts opposing. strife. hemming in whose root the blood had As smoke from fire 120 men's cut. bells Betrayed huge elephants. No While clarions brayed. streamed up new-kindled. veiled the Sun no (Spread by the flapping ears of elephants). Now car-borne heroes. [canto and car to car. Blood streamed from horses. Dust of shafts. That dust.

Close-locked in fiercest At once they died plain. fruit.INDUMAT! VII. fall'n. if horseman spared his foe Like Death's banquet-hall that dread field. greedy jackal caught. that winds drive to and fro. For beakers off bruised by shock of horse. swayed the hosts Like Ocean's waves. While still his lifeless trunk danced on the In mutual slaughter other two had Drivers and fighters With clubs they . vultures seized. these were broke. when conquering. by mutual wounds — then. quenched with water-streams the sparks Struck from the flashing steel : —so raged the One broken arm. Showed heads — with dead men's skulls for fallen helmets. now defeated. By dust-clouds veiled. Last the Prince. and clasped his bride divine. which swooping A 140 fight. as through damp morning-mist The rising Sun shQws dimly. High-frenzied. . Where a foeman's sword Had cut the neck. whose drivers' By keen-edged quoits. suitors Nymph. And (Ev'n in the attack) And A lingering dropped. blood for wine. stayed his leisure.] Infixing deadly barbs Met 63 in battle-shock : — smit elephants. But wounded elephants. in the skies forthwith renewed the fight. leaping from their cars. and hurt his jaw On bracelet-buckle. 150 . first To one Now fair : engaged strife. whose mighty trunks Sharp swords of mailed warriors half cut through. straight to his Heavenly car The warrior rose. — kites snatched with eager claw.

RAGHUVANCA

64

God

Fair as the

Launched

Which

of Love, unwearied

still,

at his foes that sleep-compelling dart,

i6o

—heaven-derived — Priyamvada had given.

Then, struck to

:

no strength to draw the bow

in their hands, while

helmet-chains

That bore the

whole armed host

sleep, the Kings'

Stood motionless

Was
The

[canto

;

flags.

on

their shoulders

drooped

they leaned against the staves

Then

raised he to his lips.

Whose sweets his Bride had tasted, only she,
And blew the conch-shell, drinking (so it seemed)
Embodied glory, by his right hand won.
His warriors knew the note, faced round, and saw
Where

slept his foes

170

Moon

around him, as the

Shines o'er closed lotuses on quiet lakes.

Then on

their

banners with his blood-stained shafts

— " Your glory Raghu's son

Thus wrote the

Prince,

Has taken from

you, but your lives he spares

Of his mere mercy " Resting on
The garland breaking as he raised
!

His brow with sweat-drops moist,

He

then approached, and spoke

Behold our

Might

So

foes, I

seize their

fighting,

bid thee

:

me ?

bow,

his helm.

his trembling Bride

— " Vidarbha's Child

infant

weapons now.

win thee from

:

his

hands

Could such
"

Then her

180

as they,
face.

Recovering from alarm the foe had caused.

Shone
Is

brightly, as a mirror

wiped away.

when damp breath

Rejoicing, yet for

She praised him not

herself,

shame

but by the

lips

!

I

VII.]

Of handmaids,

When
Then

The

rain,

early sprinkled, by the peacocks' song.
set

off"

he his

left

foot

his

;

upon the crowns
this

done, that faultless Prince

blooming Bride, whose

190

ringlets bright

dust from hoofs and wheels had stirred and tinged,

While

like incarnate Victory

Now came

he home,

she shone

whom

And what had
Of Kingship

chanced.

to his son,

He

the news

then transferred the yoke

way of Peace

in the Solar line is ever

For Monarchs when

all

and eager turned

tread himself the quiet

'Such

!

with his lovely wife

King Raghu welcomed, knowing

To

G5

— as the fallow thanks the

Of those proud Kings
Bore

NDUMAT

:

use

their sons

E

have come to age.

200

nAG

66

HrVANC A

CANTO
Ajc^s early Happiness

:

\"

I

I I

DeafA of Indumati^

and his Lament.

.

Thus mighty Raghu

gave Prince Aja Earth,

A

fair

second bride with

\\'hile still

Not

By

Indumati,

he wore the sacred marriage-ring.

^^^lat others

He took

[cavto

seek by wrong to

make

their

own,

submissive from his father's hand.

lusting after power.

Then Earth

water hallowed and Vacishtha's

with him,

spells,

In wedlock joined, by exhalations dense

Showed

By

The King, anointed such

joy untold.

Saint deep-leamed in Atharva texts,

Foes could not hope to vanquish.

And

lo

Sacred Lore

warlike glory twinned resistless work,

Like Wind and Fire

Was Raghu's

the people

:

self restored to

For with the Royal State

He had

received.

Two

Shone doubly-bright

:

all

deemed

their

second youth
Kingly grace

things with other two

his father's

fame revived

By Aja, prudent age by vigorous youth.
The newly-subject Earth Uke virgin-bride

King

INDUMATI

viii.]

He

67

used with tender love, and curbed his strength,

His subjects

Lest she should be dismayed.

all

Thought each, — " 'Tis me the King loves best

He

!

" for

none

scorned, as Ocean, wived with countless streams,

Meets

Nor

He

20

all

Not

with equal love.

yet too lenient,

over-harsh,

the golden

still

mean

followed, causing neighbouring Kings to

bow

Without uprooting, as the tender grass

King Raghu

Inclines before the wind.

Who

saw the Kingdom stablished

As he himself had

Of

all

ruled

in his son,

ceased from care

it,

things earthly, nay, of

Such

still

Who

in their green old age

To

then,

Heavenly joys

30

:

the wont of great Dilipa's race,

make

o'er the realm

sons of equal virtue, while themselves.

Self-centred, tread the bark-clad Hermits' path.

But when the father sought

Among

to take his place

the pious band, his new-crowned son,

With head bowed low before him, prayed

Not so

to leave

him orphaned.

Vouchsafed the boon

But took not up again

for well

his

Then

he loved

former

And, freed from every

King

his son,

state.

As snakes resume not sloughs once
So Raghu entered on

the

his Sire

life's latest

cast away.
stage.

care, in safe retreat

Hard by the City dwelt, while daughter-like
The Royal State performed her duteous part.

Now

in that

Kingly house the reverend Sire

40

RAGHUVANCA

68

Had

chosen Peace

Bright as

And

is

moon

Were both supreme,

Which

in vigour ruled.

Heav'n when day's great orb mounts high

sinks the

And one

Son

the

;

[canto

of pious

:

,

and Son

so Sire alike

— one in the realm of war,

work

each wore the dress

:

best befitted either, in the quest

Of earthly glory or of Final Bliss.
Then Aja, who was moved to conquer realms
yet subdued, took counsel sage with

Not

Deep-versed in statecraft

:

men

Raghu companied

jyith holy hermits, seeking joys Supreme.

On

throne of justice Aja sat to watch

His people's weal

his Sire, with senses quelled,

;

60

Slept on pure Kuca, far from haunts of men,

And weaned

his thoughts

from

earth.

That smote the Kings around him,

On

sacred subjects fixed

Which

The

mortals

warlike might

— by thought

— smote down the

lusts

The younger King burnt up

feel.

fruits his foes

this

By

most longed

for,

while his Sire

With flame of Holy Lore consumed the deeds

Which

By

else

might bar Salvation.

Seeking

fruit

earthly wisdom, Aja truces made,

Used

other crafts of statesmen

:

— Ignorance,

Wrath, Virtue, Raghu stemmed to reach calm

And

gold he viewed as clods.

The

70
Bliss,

new-set King

Assiduous worked, nor ceased from worthy acts
Till

dawned success

;

while plunged in thought his Sire,

Detached from every earthly bond or wish.

then Offerings to the Shades from mere love presented.INDUMATI vm. 90 In Holy Learning perfect. ten-necked Ravan's So paid the King by study. — for known 'tis That Saints departed need no funeral cake. that triple debt which to the Saints. Nor claim it By from their sons. and his mortal bride one son. And Owe sacrifice. alone he ruled the World. each obtained his end. the Blessed Shades. years of 80 : Then.] 69 Sent forth his soul to join the Soul Supreme. and smiting down All rival Kings. Untouched by He pious hermits. the other Final And his foes calm repose father.) So Raghu passed. breaking from the gloomy chains of life. fatherhood. That loving : Kings. 100 . Him Earth had won and fond Indumati For spouse. Rishis schooled. bright as sunshine. When this was told to Aja. Then summoned Laid on the altar. the foe. sacred Fire fire and placed him : in earth. The Sire of after ages knew Rama. famous through the worlds As Dagaratha. the glorious Hero : many gems Earth gave him. the other worldly thoughts. men Gods. conquering bow. Whom. long he wept. Thus each watched to quell in his sphere The one proud Bliss. overmuch He grieved not for that father passed to But strung his Heaven . (One glory sought. Devotion joined him to the Changeless Soul.

haunts the groves That spread round Nandana. '\ Like a tear 120 those flowers shone as they fell ravished by the breeze. From painted eye By bees attended. passed through the northern climes.RAGHUVANCA 70 And like the From To Sun shone glorious when he 'scapes War's array he used misty halo. greedy of the South scent. lighted Down on the Queen's broad breasts. rushing wind bore off the flowery crown That decked the lute celestial. Lord of Maruts. who watched His people That And girt like a flock. and tottering swooned. falling takes the burning wick 130 . fatal day. Thus But unclouded happiness he in grief lay ambushed. To To praise Then Narada. As lamp-spark and his life followed hers. who sought Gokarna's Lord him with his lute. free the [canto oppressed from fear. With loved Indumati the King. his Sacred Lore Served but to honour Saints. One lived. Minstrel Divine. through pleasant groves the City strayed. his wealth alike He used and virtue for his people's good. As fails the moonlight when the Moon is hid She lifeless fell. The Lord —while. That Heavenly wreath. before whose potent scent Shrank shamed the blooming creepers. The King's Beloved paled. -Vwhich A moment soft when she felt only on her ample chest. as ^achi's lover. no sad.

scorning fraud. the creeper smitten Ah. fair Spouse. but alone Has now returned Bear I leave unasked) thou took'st thy My maimed the grief? . pursued thee. but lifeless lay The vital spark be left all Like lute untuned.] Fed with rich 71 Scared by the loud laments oil. Moon the Deep mourned May : she pale in death reclined. how much ! Chose Thus wailed ! when He shaft as tender : slay me launched kill. choked him. the lotus-haunting birds Screamed sympathetic they with fans revived . love. doubt'st my wherefore. soft flakes his 141 the stricken seeks to slay to take a tender Destroy the yielding lotus. is Spouse raised up shows weird and wan. why King life so. Their followers raised. he. : dawn help He All tendance useless. way to Heaven. The King. why can not Still : what dart Yet stands unharmed. while the tree wrong Dost thou unwarning shut those Who now have done no wrong O Lady smiling (My ! lips life all did from me. Queen the on thy I alone face. unless laid her in his lap. . and Fit resting-place As in grey his vain. tears nigh Was broken — even The rigid iron ah . Thou ? 150 falls. — who ? of snow Death perchance arrow oft forgavest .INDUMATi VIII. To mind more the " If Fate by touch of flowers can not be deadly his firm as heat intense will melt Grief melts men's hearts Or haply Death.

Bee-coloured. Fair Lady. as when mute The Cuckoo ! thy face. life : hum Night regains her Moon. Are cured by meeting Destroy parting's pangs —how canst thou. — Lord but in name. transient are the lives of is [canto fled men! i6o No thought had I to vex thee. Though Earth too calls me Lord. " Ah.RAGHUVANgA 72 Tired love has Alas. stately Lady. . — why hast thou Left me forlorn ? Thee only have I loved. O Love Soon bid my sorrow cease the Snowy Mount And bid : ! ! Has caves up by plants lit Light through them I grieve to see Disfigure. which locks dispersed lonely lotus slumbers. wave in air. me hope that yet thou wilt return Again to bless my life — wake soon. that sleep there. All bristling The As ? / See tones of love. stilled the Of bees my gloom — dulcet tones the To Swans if thou wake no more ! Cuckoos have assumed. O Love. now thy rippling curls. wreathed with flowers. by leaving me for aye ? slender limbs scarce rested as they lay couch of freshest leaves : — how wilt thou then. since thou is first 180 received liest still. 'twere a sorrowing friend that ev'n in death Attends a loved one. ! which mute. bear the roughness of the pyre. hath passed thy slow and languorous gait. this zone. Thy 17° — once eloquent. how but soul left its trace. A that nightly shed so return to melt : "Thy On my and finds his mate.

gauds are laid aside My couch henceforth is widowed. bereaves of all . Shows like a waxing Moon my constant love . And leave thy task undone ?! In joy. thee. Yet soothe they not my heart.] 73 Thy glance of love Gazelles now use.I INDUMATi VIII. Friend. which with Love 200 ! me half hast fashioned of these fragrant blooms. desolate. Is for thee only Thou leavest . in grief. thy noble Child. and fostered To deck thy ringlets The Acoka mourns To ? ! Lady of fair lovingly. of thee. Counsellor. | House-mistress. deserting me Shall these ? hands weave funeral wreaths Of that Acokd!s blossoms. thy tinkling For ever ? Queen gait. thy grace these all The Creepers waving in the wind Thou leftest me when soaring up to Heaven. In all Love's arts apt pupil Bereaving me ! cruel Death. . cheerful songs have ceased Spring charms no longer. of yet unfinished. limb That zone Thou O lost.]! Didst not thou betrothe Mango This scented How leave Untimely to his Creeper-bride them then unwed.l Endurance broken : ' pitiless. Beloved. Joy is sped. Fresh-scented as thy breath : how canst thou sleep. weighed down with woe : — 190 At thy departing. 210 \ . tearful miss thy graceful steps. —stern and unloving. all. is sweet-voiced ! shedding flowers. Thy maidens shared and this. made Qoy. which thyself Hast coaxed.

my widowed life other joys. sacrifice prepared. sad (As when Night yields to Morning pale and wan). but all on thee 220 So the King with grieving words for his Love. He entered his fair City. Now thou art gone. Now For to his Teacher in the Hermitage. though he cared no more To live his life.'' 230 withheld. Clad rich That men His royal heart thought scorn for Death. dear. virtues only charm. — and beheld The tears that ladies shed. and reverent On laid pyre of sandalwood with aloes mixed. A should say. sorrow's sway.' yet — fearing men's reproach He dared not mount the pyre that now consumed His Spouse.RAGHUVANCA 74 O Liquid-eyed Gave all my to thee ! their sweetness No more all troubled by Sires ? has prosperous course Which owned no Was loviig lips canst thou bear to drink . Wherewith we tempt the centred " ! Mourned [canto my tears. Then hardly from his lap his loyal men Removed the Queen. w-hom now her Since life was fled. The lukewarm draughts. but 'twas not love of life Ten days he spent. now dead. given o'er to Then in that grove for ever left his Wise King. widowed. like floods of tears. as 'twere the floods Of grief that overflowed his sorrowing heart. Dejected. " Sank overwhelmed " ! ' King by private grief So. while sympathetic trees Condoling shed their gums. the grief was known 240 .

all of peace 250 be in the fortunes of men's souls. Then bowed she trembling. In Bhoja's house The curse I spake shall end The Nymph was born her thou didst win for Bride. well he Not come. the God toils sent forth To check his arduous penance Harini. to teach thee patience.] Which numbed his senses 75 pitying he sent : Wise words of comfort (since himself was stayed) By well-taught pupil. The calm thou ownedst P^ell gravely thus in sacrifice the perfect Saint. The Nymph Celestial. and Me he sends to brace thy heart. And said — When thou shalt see Heaven's his grace. who spake world-whelming wave flowed like in wrath o'er his soul. 260 Else patient. cursed her wanton charms. till at length ! ' : — Those Heavenly flowers proclaimed the Curse's end 270 . when Trinabindu's is. lay to heart Unchecked : perforce must send. —bidding her be born 'mongst men. Then the Saint. — : ' flowers once more.INDUMATI VIII. grief. His words of comfort Or shall Bids Of He whose ! all that thee how. tell old sees restore ere this heavy blow O pious King. and speak thee words O much enduring Hero. made Indra fear. till the Saint forgave. Who long has made thee happy. humbly sought And pleaded the compulsion of her Lord On her a servant. That ! perfect sight that has been. displayed Delusive. " Absorbed Though knows thy on thee.

one breathe an His gain is As deadly highest tears of friends Know. ! . 290 : Grieve when the soul casts off those coils of sense Which bind Fall never. Death draws out and opens up for men The gate of Bliss.\\ Thou know'st the soul must Then leave the destined body shall the wise meet. Be man and quell it Scarce shouldst thou find her more for souls of men Shone in thy patience . « Brings grief for joy let : Earth have Fate's decree ! all thy love. bowed. but rocks stand firm when tempests rage " 'Tis well The ! " he said assenting. wisest King. Nor weep preparing. " ! . prepare the funeral cake. she could not choose but go mourn her then no longer " Oh. Though thou die with her.RAGHUVANCA 76 [canto Fate called her home. and blessed Saint departing Took on . — since the Disturb departed souls. as fools may fall Trees bend. Take 280 paths that vary with their deeds. earthly which Death instant. and life sets free depart. ! King. that . but the words of peace his sorrow-laden heart no hold. O E'er passed thy while perfect Sacred Lore lips. no vaunting words now that sorrow comes. fateful Quit then thy grief. Is bondage If then to the Soul. only fools regard : darts infixed the death of friends The constant-minded know Life's painful barb. in life ? Before unreasoning grief. regal Bride beloved of Kingly souls That ! In prosperous times.

pining sore to quit the frame diseased That fettered him. the pious Renouncing earthly food and Bliss Endless.INDUMATI VIII. hardly bore 300 Eight widowed years. or marble forms that mocked Her matchless Deep-rooted Deep beauty. drink. and regained More beauteous than on earth Of Nandana they love and live : his Spouse. as strikes a roots in palace-roofs To end his As one that set life. He resolved. in his soul. he trained his warrior-son folk to guard. : when he welcomed him First perfectly The Sorrow's dart had struck its Fig sickness came stern dint.] The King So to the Sage returned. — now for aye in the groves 310 . To rear his son to 77 bereaved. manhood. free to join his Love. to smite the stubborn foe : Then. which only dreams relieved When she appeared. Sarayfi's stream. to win Wherefore to that holy place went where Ganga meets There shed King his body.

Broad Earth's ten regions Raghu had subdued. 'mongst whose folk no illness set Earth brought forth her generous Its foot.RAGHUVANCA 78 CANTO [(!anto IX The Prosperous Reign of Dacaratha^ and his Fatal Hunting. So mighty Da^aratha to his Sire Succeeded. Great Sages Poured And tell that Indra and forth their bounties duly : this King Bali's foe he who sprang of Manu's royal line. fruit lo . its lustre. — Yama. Varuna. self-controlled Of royal Sages first. so him. that ruler sage. spreading wide his power. noble Kartikeya's peer In righteous glory. while For him. Who knew him : in Kogala. self-restrained For Glory's winning. neither women's love. Untiring. dispensing wealth. ill fairer : as the Sun before him. and Kuvera Dawn still. the pride of Aja. Drives men. peaceful King. Just. his son. Succeeding Aja made them And after Increased Chastising He him rivalled. he ruled his folk.

] Nor dice. canopy towards heaven. Bow down to glorious Indra. mighty archer. Earth's Kings received from Aja's son the fates That raised them or destroyed . bow swift. From his bright toe-nails. even jesting. One-hundred-pointed. as Kuvera. Indra with his bolt. Nor. quite subdued. As Alaka's resplendent. would he use . A lotus-faced. : Yet. Wives disconsolate Of foemen pitied he. clipped the mountains' wings He. nor youth's spring-time led astray. That decked their — Maruts so — while the pearls diadems fresh lustre won . By hundreds Kings did homage.THE FATAL HUNTING IX. : poured forth from sounding bow rain of arrows. with passion meet. nor nurse revenge. ruled the plain. To To for he was friend such as did his bidding. 30 Thus the World his triumph. huge and Did but proclaim Alone Rich he. Not even to No ao abject word. falsely speak Would he 79 nor foes . in He with strong one car sea-girdled Earth. fair Nor wine moon-mirroring. While elephants and horses. Lord Indra. while the thunderous sea Beat drums auspicious. though o'er Earth he Nor rival raised his power supreme had won. breaking hostile ranks. 40 . harsh and stern all who dared Went conquering defy. whose infant sons The counsellors taught to bow so turned he back From Ocean's shores to where Ayodhya's towers.

serve. By due ablutions cleansed. — and doffed to sacrifice the Horse. Oft side by side with Indra led Heaven's host. and spent All wealth late yielded by the conquered World- Such Civa's self might seem.R AGHUVANCA 80 He sank not back Like The fire. fear the hearts • his warlike fame. In front of Indra fighting. and Among the blessed Gods. Kekaya. whose arrows pierced his foemen's breasts. bowman skilled. laid with blood Of vanquished Demons dust that veiled the Sun. And him fit He to move Indra served. the mighty Lord. Vishnu. he made the river-banks With golden Sarayd's streams or Tamasa. crowned with matchless lustre. from who hymned Oft too that matchless Hero. 70 . for sacrifice. the poor man's Did lotus-handed Lakshmi She kept her vow. Of Kogala. staff With voice restrained. Magadha. His crown where flowed altar-posts to flash. But served none other. and horn and dight in hand. The King. pure. Highest Lord. whose glory blazed beamed or moon-like [fAXXo for : still he thought pinnacle of fame was not yet won. And by his archery freed Of maids Divine. But 60 stay. Incarnate. With Kuca girdled. 50 Clear-minded King. for so he. from Raghu sprung. in deerskin clad. in sloth. Espoused the virtuous daughters of three Kings. As rivers from the mountains wed the Sea.

lotus-clusters in the lakes F rule loo . Then sprouted And SI and frost. threefold wedded. and Sky. that gracious Lord. With wine deep-drunk and passion. His virtues doubled. left Sea. At Winter's ending smiled the glowing year The Kincuka took on her wealth of buds. with cuckoos' wooing note : hum of bees — through tree-clad glade In order due thus Spring revealed himself. By charm As winds. From southern Malaya Fresh buds of mango. skilled to smite the foe. swollen-lipped From biting. shaken by Learned arts enticinsf. with Virtues three world in peace I season Spring. lavish So to the warm waists fix Love's power. In might all-worshipful. and Wealth. while their zones slipped down from That shrank with cold. Not yet the Sun dispelled. — in ascetic breasts of waving twigs to suitors sought the King. his steeds.THE FATAL HUNTING IX.] So. but made less keen The frost by women hated. fresh green twigs. whose fortunate to the good. To deck the world with new-born flowers. the peer alike 80 Of Gods of Earth. on her spouse. to rule the Came in his he seemed. Like Indra's self Come down to earth. 90 Like red scars laid by fingers of a bride. The Sun and cleared the slopes First burst the buds. and Turned towards Kuvera's realms The morning-hours Of of well-loved Malaya.

fresh picture On hum Wine from beauteous In joyous concert. which fragrant blush Vakulas. The early Fresh-blossoming glades Cuckoo haunted with sweet notes. More fragrant than Love's ally. from Spring's hand dainty beauty. . That never By 120 lotus-flowers Shone bright Whose as and waterfowls' women's As waxed the Moon lover . Now the Moon's clear beams In cloudless lustre heal Love's sweet fatigue. the God who wields 130 . where long-drawn swarms of bees Greedy of sweetness clung. her face's lustre paled — as pales a maiden's cheek fails her. made glad soft notes. In garden-borders tuneful creepers sang With pleasing hum of bees. which stirred to wanton grace. "i^ow JhmtVs purple rich. while tender Seemed gleaming flowers and wind-shook buds were hands teeth. To beat the dance's time. faces hang tinkling zones Close-pressed by Spring Whose House-tanks.RAGHUVANgA 82 Fresh-blown by present Spring [caxto — swarmed bees and birds. Like short and broken words of loving brides. with smiles. Thin grew the Night. lit Love's gentle In honey Of fair in youthful wooers' hearts fires. Vaktila. Fair women quaffed The grateful wine. And As tender blossoms which their ear-drops. fosters strife. fertile flowers. lit loose. stirred the bees to Made brides wore no lips bursting blooms. AgokcCs spring-like flower was lamp of Love. And sharpen Kama's darts.

Where Of ointment charms of Or patch on woman's cheek. that their lovers' necks They might unblamed clasp. slim. Made Tila-irees. to keep her Now sought fair light 150 fair. and barley-heads Cuckoos' song. languishing though strong. — his whole array. full-blown flowers of Tila. clustered bees by contrast heightened charms flowers. ear-rings. his flag a crocodile. "Be bold!" "Ah. lovers gave. and yielding maids Their passion owned. as honey-sweet fresh red sprouts her lips. as The Shone Fond lovers 140 welcomed Love dawn.] The 83 flower-strung bow. The swings Spring brought them.THE FATAL HUNTING IX. by that doughty Lord Laid on the face of Spring. And brides twined in their locks. Stirred. hearts. With scented blossoms. cease " ! " Life's pleasure-time comes once. scarce touching ropes That bound strife their seats. clustering. limber-tendrilled. nor e'er returns So Kokils sang Love's mind. intertwined With Swift chased the honied tribes ladies' locks. Goddess of the wood. Soft-petalled. women. That bloom which glows Fit ear-drop for the like fire oblation-fed. Ensnared men's New-?nalltkd. Love's own which the zephyrs token. graceful. That fragrant pollen. shone (The pollen white contrasting with black swarms Of bees) not less than bright pearls. " ! from . tree's fair spouse. With garments red The fairy eyes.

so bore that King Well-strung. garb that Sunlike King. To know a hunter's joys. With quiver on broad neck. the King. the feast enjoyed Next.RAGHUVANCA 84 Then Of Vishnu. his passions quelled. So through deer-haunted glades he glanced. The Chace gives skill To cleave swift-moving marks. And watched him He 170 . high peer and Love. Were quenched And As marked righteous rule spread joy through Kogala. where suckling fawns Oft checked the fleeing does. [canto he. by outward signs To ken both fear and rage the hunter's will. Men sent before him. Them the well-horsed King 180 . with dogs and nets and fires the soil was firm with plenteous wells. and Gods Of woods. With Spring. Indra's Nabhanga bow with golden bowstring armed bears. who Black bees Whose veiled their forms in slender vines. His ear-rings trembling from the horses' speed. deer and birds and bisons swarmed around. while Kuca blades Hung from their muzzles. braces Wherefore his Dressed then Council all his frame much approved in hunter's the thought. obscured the sky With dust of horses' hoofs . well the bright-eyed King. Led by a his bow whose angry twang Broke a herd of deer. twelve-tined stag. 160 : Fatigue despising. wearing mail of green. robbers fled. their eyes. passing. Enraged the Hon. with woodland wreaths His locks he braided. he longed his fair wives to fulness.

while with death-fraught shafts (His chest slight-bending from his horse) he shot So dexterously they knew not they were pinned To trees 'gainst Which The One shaft fell beast. dashing through the flesh. their troubled glances light up all From sombre the wood. slay the lions crouching in their dens. and. Moved by the liquid orbs that rolled in fear. fearless its feathers clean of blood. When he would Up seemed : death 190 — he checked At other deer shoot. and from his quiver drew a shaft They To burst their ranks.] 85 O'ertook. as breezes fling lotus-leaves the Like Indra skilled balmy drops. Like blooming Asan-sprouts by tempest broke. to the ground. A path he followed. To he sped. and broad wet footprints clearly showed Where ran a herd of boars. Slew the Dropt which they leaned. King. If hind-protected stag he 'd passed the King marked for (His love-swayed soul with pity smit) The shaft he thought to loose. in bowcraft. as of itself unclasped. Rained deadly arrows down the yawning As from their caves to tear him throats. full drawn to the ear. his firm-clenched hand. Recalling loving looks of tender wives. 210 . where the half-chewed grass Had fallen. They charged him 200 boldly.THE FATAL HUNTING IX. in a charging bison's eyeball lodged. whose hand long use had trained. tigers sprang. escaped with speed From muddy pools they rolled in. Bristling high.

to his ear . . next pursued with arrows keen. wiping out All thought of graver duties. known Whose : the fiercest foes of elephants. his brows. tuneful bards 240 . The dewdrop-laden The new-born buds when — fit loving sport of sweat. 220 seized their white tails as prize. deep-toned drums His elephants loud-trumpeting.RAGHUVANCA 86 He roused them Harsh-sounding. and joyed To hear the birds' sweet warbling. Kakutstha's son shot down. his Queen's. Had its loosed Which bathed Heavy drops tangles. staunch in war. By service made more loving. which to burst. forehead-pearls they tear with crooked claw. That royal badge which oft from Kings he tore Then let them lie. first — for [canto with thunderous bowstring's twang. streams from huntsman's breeze absorbed. wooed skilful wiles 230 Coquetting thus. the Chace enthralled the King. With bright flowers intertwined. At times unguarded Alone gave light When sounded . night he passed on couch of flowers and twigs. he grudged the Royal name. — prize of valour—'mong the beasts they bore Which Them. and paid the debt He owed his The yaks he Drawn mighty servants. At peacock splendid-tailed. With toil. he aimed no shaft. since he cast The The weight of Kingship on his Council sage. So like it seemed to braided hair. Though next his horse it rose. at phosphorescent plants dawn he woke in his ear like refreshed.

Sore grieving did those parents from his breast Draw out The the shaft which murderous lad expired In floods of : 250 — when passion blinds. There on his ear From waterpot one filled fell gurgling sounds. 260 . foredone with heat). deep pain Dismounting then. with Pierced by an arrow his race. it Unmarked by Through all his train forest-paths. .] To sing his praises But thus his days sped past. hand had sped washing his old hands tears. the father cursed the King. — so Fate willed — one unlucky day. propped ill grief-struck. King the reeds. as desired. hand.THE FATAL HUNTING IX. (His horse all Whose banks he tracked a stag and reached the Tamasa foaming. its . As of an elephant that quenched his thirst The King his arrow loosed. paths. with faltering tongue — no Brahman. heart. Father ! in " : Sacred Lore. Yet he transgressed Though versed " Oh. The high-descended Hero asked When. he bore the wounded boy (The barb not drawn) Were waiting. the : found a Muni's son. though a Sage. spent. a Sage. which hurtling sped That act the Law forbids to virtuous Kings. rang a cry Pressed on to find And 87 next. to where his parents blind and rehearsed the dreadful hap Which he unwitting brought upon their son. Transfixed the King's will tread source among jar in like a dart own He named against his his sire jar. Then. grave Hermits haunt.

Then came the escort. Deep-graven on his heart. . root of woe.RAGHUVANCA 88 And said Thou : — " When age comes on thee." ill-deed son ! Corn-bearing land. — its With lotus-face has charmed Next said he to the Saint How may Pure fire done : so not ! : —" all in need ? " and kindling-wood . as Thus. as a snake provoked He vented fatal words . 280 . and in haste the Did bade him as they His courage damped by sin. whom no : [canto my life —The Saint required for with his wife Their son he fain would follow to the pyre. bears quenchless fire. fell : The curse he bore. wrath lovely son fire consumes sterile ash — So they spake. too shalt die of grief. Meek answered " Saintly Sage Thy curse has smit me. I well deserve that thou shouldst take I serve thy 270 the offending King Makes seed the more productive. As Ocean in its womb King then betook him home. yet from the For for thy now I die venom pours.

X invoked by the Gods. Then pious Priests. in fadeless splendour robed. to till ten thousand years Yet gained he not the wealth. and yearned for grace divine which swiftly chases sorrow's gloom. delayed to yield him issue. pay the debt he owed the Sires. began To Rama. By Rishya^ringa led. The Gods. foreboding By timeous welcome. to Long 89 old. Him the where around good success Gods beheld. That light Long stayed the King. — Ocean thus of To give As yet unchurned. the Rite lo win the King a son to heal his care. his limbs . " " Son named. by Ravan vexed. self-controlled.RAMANS HIRTII X. destroy the Tyrant RCivana.] CANTO Vis/uiu. Like Indra mighty — Were well-nigh sped. the Supreme seated. ascetic. its pearls. to Vishnu went As heat-worn wayfarers to shade resort. by Fate's supreme decree. becomes incarnate as ruled the King. At that same time. On Cesha wide Ocean. Soon Woke as they reached from his sleep.

unchanged 40 . With talons sheathed. Birds. His feet. in whose rays Shines out the wonder of His breast. . His branching arms. Praise-worthy "Threefold yet One. the glass Where Lakshmi's beauties play. and wrapped her zone and spread her hands There beamed his eyes. and As rain from Heaven first : — " Hail " they cried. clear as full-blown lotus Like new-born Sun his robes He 20 He rose. With gems of Heaven bedecked. jewel Kaustubha on his broad chest wore. He woke from fateful sleep. amid the waves Like Parijata seemed 30 while living darts. Held In in her lap silk. upraised There the King of Their song triumphant. Then falling prostrate. The Saints by Bhrigu led He greeted well Who first had greeted Him with lowly words. wilt at last destroy is ! ! one. Thus with shining eyes. while bright Lakshmi. Who smote the Demon-host. relaxing warlike rage Against the Snake. didst all things frame. yet forms diverse In various lands assumes. that pearl of Ocean. scarred by the lightning-stroke. as gracious on their sight The He like clinging vines. who Upholdest now. who speech and thought Mild-beaming as Transcends alike.RAGHUVANCA 90 The flashing gems set in its sparkling [canto hood Shed radiance. That paled the cheeks of Daityas' wives. Him the Gods extolled. so Thou. Attended watchful. lotus-throned. —calm autumn day seemed.

all of Bliss. from passion quick to sympathise. feeling none. Endurest harshest toil. 70 .RAMA\S BIRTH X. . all Thou conquerest veiled Thyself. Yet dwelling in their hearts Primal Ascetic . all 91 worlds. from Thy four mouths Proceed all For Thee By Oh. Of hearing and all else. 60 knowledge. at will Thou tak'st : —dost shield Thy worlds. subdued and seek from Thee The Good Supreme. yet Ancient Supreme. . Four orders hath mankind. lips breathe out Refuge of seven Worlds. yet manifold praised in the Seven : Thou seven by Age's hand .] In essence. Yet dwellest high apart. Unborn. Thou dost display The World of seeming. One. lead to Thee. unknown. Thou know'st no ruler "Thee free. Thou dost smite Thy . sole Four-branched is all . Ages four bound Time. Womb of all all On Oceans The seven adore Fires. Thou. Thou fillest all desires Unconquered. heart's resplendent goal ascetics yearn. 50 . sprung from . yet taking flesh Not seeking triumph. worlds. workest various Thou . Thyself unmeasured. ! Hymns. The ways Diversely shown and taught. sleep'st —Whose . foes — Thou sleep'st. none things. Thee men know far off. yet watchest ever who can tell Thy being's truth ? The binding chains of sense. Though Thee no pain can touch Untouched art All-Knowing . As Ganga's parted streams seek Ocean's breast. metest . their lusts painful exercise.

re-echoing sea-girt caverns : — so the Ageless Lord In hallowed tones replied.RAGHUVANCA 92 " Who fix their hearts All working. who told their anxious fear Lest Earth should sink o'erfiowed by Rakshas-wave. so Thy Transcends our halting praise ! greatness. Thy greatness none can grasp. And strove to paint His essence. Thou tak'st and Toil. as o'er his rays The Sun shines glorious. exhausted. if his thought on Thee Be purely fixed how fruitful then must be Yet as Ocean far Soul-union with Thee : 80 : ! Outshines the gems he hides. with thunderous voice stilled Through the Ocean-roar. To them That the Blessed spake. That through the Worlds Salvation may be wrought Here cease we from Thy praise. Nor want hast Thou. weak Thou art exhaustless. which Holy Writ alone And thought profound can reach ? The soul of man Thou purgest wholly. boundless spreads Thy might So hymned the Gods that Soul unthinkable. Lord. the while His words All-holy half-conferred the promised boon. 100 . not exalt. though in the worlds Thou clothe Thyself in matter who shall tell Thy worship forth. free from on Thee. and lust. Nor aught allures Thee Birth . —these That happy way which none need [canto trust to find in Thee Thee travel more. 90 ! The Almighty Lord propitious greeted well The radiant Gods.

once again And you. as Ignorance in man Annihilates both Truth and Passion's force. His insolence Long will to help. with foam. as a tree bears insulting serpents.RAMA'S BIRTH X. Ye shall enjoy ! no Yea. For of yore. springs from His foot. as Wind and Fire own Long since his fate overta'en him. a destined prey resistless Quoit. With biting arrow I his clustering heads Will cleave like lotus-clusters. is one. Pleased with his great sword. Giant's tenth Had my Great Indra's prayers 120 . so with Demon-might He I tortures the needed not tD rouse For our desire Are eager When The For Three Worlds. but for Brahma's I boon : suffered. head stood. who now. — " Incarnate then as Dacaratha's son. in ages past. And as a good man's heart unwitting sin Disturbs and tortures. Thereafter soon The holy offerings which pure priests present. so gleamed the mighty word Lit by His shining teeth " Well Your 93 know how I — as thus He spake : Rakshas has smit down the glorious might. sacrificed Upon the foughten field. By skulking ghosts untainted. from Brahma's hand The Demon won this boon.] As Ganga. to dread no foe Of Heavenly race he feared not arm of man. heavenly And gleams stream. nine were smitten with his my rites austere. ye Saints. allies.

! . erst churned excellent that King. Seek refuge At sight of The in 130 dark clouds. as Did Indra drink the From Ocean's heart. From whom the Soul Supreme now sought His birth The sacred draught. for there the Almighty That draught God-given drank the King. How lay. had fallen. sudden came From out the altar-fire a Form Divine. essential Nectar. High in His hands he bore A golden dish of mingled rice and milk. resume your calm ! captive brides of Heaven. Kaugalya high he prized. dismayed no more Pushpaka. by Ravan's rapes No more disturbed. 150 In virtue eminent. the Rites were ended. And awed the Priests. To his two Queens he parted. as the Sun His morning-beams divides 'twixt Sky and Earth. without a peer." fields Ravan scorched. And scarce could bear. Kaikeyi loved. where Vishnu's self lay hid. by But Indra and now unbind. whose mighty will Was bent to aid them. his peers in subtle shapes Went after the great God. their locks shall Then melted Vishnu's cloud.RAGHUVANgA 94 [canto In cars celestial riding through the sky. ev'n as blossoming trees Waft pollen on the path of favouring Now when Performed to 140 gales. whence blessed words Like rain of nectar on the parched Of hopes of Gods. which the King win him offspring.

In solemn chant extolled the Holiest Name. And. These dreams they told their Lord.RAMANS BIRTH X. and quoit . . All three conceived And in their wombs divided grew the God. and bow. : Each with Sumitra shared the holy Nor grudged to share Showed equal . Essence. fresh bathed in Ganga's flood. They saw themselves With conch. who spread The gauzy grain 170 in air glory of his golden wings. Their time w^ent on : with paly gold they beamed. The holy Seven. Transcended even great Prajapati's For One in their wombs the Soul who joyed thought his Supreme now Like moonbeams shimmering on a quiet lot dwelt. lake. self-divided. they rode club. 180 . And in swift flight drew in his wake the clouds. proud of promised off'spring. waving soft Her lotus-fan while all the Saints supreme. to hear. : As grows a lotus quickened by Sun-rays. seemed) on Garuda. wearing on her breast Kaustubha lent by Vishnu. and (It night in happy dreams girt round by sworded dwarfs. milk. manifold. as seeks a both i6o honey-bee Both fragrant streams that from the mighty brows Of elephants exude. As gleams the corn blade while the golden By Swells in the ear.] And As fain 95 would have Sumitra loved by both. for she alike to love. And Lakshmi served them. knew well they gracing their wise Lord. so.

Kaikeyi bore a son. To winsome beauty. Which paled With Rama Lightened now. Then shed Hot came down the Fortune of the Rakshasas tears. shone as shines Slim in the autumn — Ganga. Sun As phosphorescent fit plants receive at night The dying sunlight. with beauty dowered. before him. whose reflected loveliness Made her more fair. Lakshman and ^atrughna And Temperance Wisdom Now stainless : — Foresight so fully-followed bears. off. But the King. those regions breathed anew With purest gales. of peerless tgo beam Outshone the brightness of the chamber-Hghts. chief blessing He. from the crowns Through all high Heaven 200 . lily-banked. Fire rising clear And Sun in cloudless sky. Sumitra brought forth Twins. line. see his to banish gloom. showed Creation. shook sorrow Who late of smoke. rejoiced His son. Four-faced God. Great Bharat. as Fortune By virtuous Conduct. The enhanced is to Earth At Vishnu's birth. where erst fell Ravan's dread Had cowed the Gods. had groaned beneath the Giant's yoke.RAGHUVANC'A 96 [canto So when her time was come the chaste chief Queen Brought forth a son. and the Earth Displayed her virtues : Heaven In train of the Supreme. the Queen. cradled near her. lamp of Raghu's "Rama" named to a longing world. that fell as jewels Ten-headed Ravan wore.

Not envying each the other Great Raghu's blameless The four. by virtuous deeds G . while grew As 'twere their elder brother. All men's great love. Wealth. seasons four adorn the groves of Heaven. but closest To Rama Lakshman bound. The Tree of Paradise rained down its blooms On palace-roof. harmoniously — nobly graced as each in turn line. fed with fragrant unguents. as though to Earth Came Virtue. and Joy. Yet was not either pair dissevered from That other And Moon : Wind with Fire with Ocean True Princes of They bore them. still As. Self-restraint. is this breeds no strife. Inborn. on earth. ties while Catrushna With Bharat went. Cleansed as the Law required. splendidly yet not haughtily. their people. — as Days of dark cloud are at hot pleasant. 220 increased. So love fraternal ruled . and Final Their Father well they loved : Bliss. fit preface to the rites That Fortunes high demand. by modest actions their Father's joy. The royal trumpets hailed the Princes' birth.RAMA'S BIRTH X. — yet 230 closest joined. by love peculiar joined. with wreaths from Heaven. — and won summer's end Gloriously So shone the King's four sons. Fire's bright flame More They brilliant shows.] 97 The drums celestial preluded. with fostering care The Princes grew.

As kingcraft wins success by skilful wiles.RAGHUVANCA 98 They made him glad. sole Monarch of Four Continents. as the Four Seas with [canto pearls 240 Served him. As with his tusks Heaven's mighty elephant Breaks the sword-edges of the Daitya-host. As by His league-long arms Shines glorious. great Vishnu's self — so by these four sons Divine Shone the great Monarch o'er his world-wide realm ! .

came Kaugika To beg him from the King.SITA'S XI. those foes to curb Who marred his sacrifice in hero-souls Mere age is not regarded. for their passing out. bent low Before his Fell feet. Swift to obey their Father's will. deeming Rama with bowed forth to far-ofif toils. the great King lo . That mighty warrior-pair. that the Saint Lakshman his tears had only craved following.] WEDDING CANTO Ramals Triumph a?id 99 XI Marriage with SUA. with won him. And wore a boy's dark curls. not though he asked As boon the Monarch's Bade deck the highways Forthwith the King life. and as they on them passing Now. honouring Lakshman gave once at suppliant ere went back ungratified From Lord of Raghu's race. And rained down flowers. and his Defeat of Paracu Rama. Him the King. Forthwith the clouds wind-driven arched the sky. : : Though The No hardly he had perfect Sage. > Hear now my tale — While Rama still was young.

lakes that stretch restful trees. summer months paced they. — he showed Then like Love passing on the way 40 . in legend skilled. As suits their Smooth that course behind the Sun. Went with the Saint. Winds scented pollen waved. rain-clouds gather. ease. and cheered when with lifted their hearts. they walked untired at their mother's side. [canto archer-boys. Their mothers leaving. which the Saint Had As taught them on the road. kissed their royal Then Like feet. name. Civa scorched. 20 Their locks bedewed with tears their Father shed. bow entered. 30 spells. by his lovely shape But not by wanton act Whom and clouds spread shade more than of penance Rama and birds gay songs. Till now work and they only trode by the potent inlaid floors. unsteady With lissom arms when As streams. Time-olden tales. Hero-pair. So them and lifted carried. followed where the glorious Saint led on. Childlike. the people's anxious looks Half-shading all their The way. Bala. Atibala named. More than For them so passing. scarce they felt That now they walked The — nor missed a chariot's lakes sweet waters gave. The host. They beamed on The grove Sweet hermits' eyes. yet whirl. Bright with the lotus.RAGHUVANCA 100 His all-prevailing prayers But not an armed bestowed as guard. like crested fair to see. Told by their Father's friend. waves that dance.

But Rama. but Ravan's kingdom too shook — the Master of the worlds. to her waist — fell. as cranes On Rama She swooped. They bent their sport all in bows and strung them. once at to slay a let fly his shaft. well-pleased With Rama's prowess. (For so the Saint had taught them). cleft and shook the Earth . At the sound The Demon-maid appeared. life.] Which WEDDING 101 thrice-accursed Taraka laid waste. in her flinty 60 bosom made. As whirlwind issuing from a charnel-house. fell. Demon-slaying. That Death therethrough among the Demon-hosts First Her won an heart Not only Her she clanging . In ghostly grave-clothes clad. with gruesome screech.SiTA'S XI. Struck to the heart by lovely Rama's shaft Resistless. spite of all her horrid charms. when he marked her onslaught One arm lean Down Nor shamed His arrow men's entrails hanging low raised. 70 . Her sandal-wood and gore. Spell-wielded. — as the Sun Gives to the Sun-gem flaming fire to hold. Such a wound woman. 50 — That on her swarthy neck gleamed white Lined 'gainst a dense cloud-bank. so. and rushing shook the wayside then trees. gave the missile dread. falling For the arrow entrance. the Demon-queen Passed to the home where Death When Taraka was slain. reigns Lord of the Saint. black as dark night When wanes the moon her ear-drops polished skulls.

Unwitting of his former With eager longing. broad As Bandhujiva blossoms — at which sight They ceased their pious rites. saw from his quiver in air a He at the drew Demon-host With banners waving. Rama His arrow. and deer looked up There the Princely boys greet their coming. To where Of pupils The To life. The second 90 leader then. deigns not whose might to war On water-snakes. where his host sacrificed. Skilled archer. the Wind-god's child. two Chiefs only. Or withered leaf.floor defiled with blood-gouts. not the launched his shaft : rest. . Stood firm to guard the duly-cleansed Saint From all disturbing foes.RAGHUVANgA 102 [canto Thereafter Rama. fanned by Then vulture's wings. was natheless seized Thence the Sage passed on himself did penance. tree-tops lowly and as in prayer 80 bowed. Upgazing. coming to the grove Once hallowed by the Dwarf. swift shaft. And at Maricha loosed it like a stone. Mates Cesha. on his string He laid the keen. as Moon and Sun Alternate rising with their radiance save The world from A terror on the blinding darkness. so Vishnu's bird. as told the Saint. 100 . the ponderous Demon fell. and cast away The Instantly sacrificial ladles. for Sudden fell they beheld The altar. Subahu named. priests. Serpent-King.

Whose keen and with him Raghu's And at night they fair spouse Short space to Indra yielded. lao . and on them Pierced by the holy grass : laid his hand. took their rest the pleasant trees of Gautama. bowing reverently With waving locks. desire he spurred to see the Bov. shafts the gave him to the woodland birds a prey. solemnly Blessed both the Princes. Next art. But now the King of Mithila had made A mighty He sacrifice.WEDDING SIT A^S XI. Regained. Where wave and bade the Sage. pious Priests praised both the hero-boys. holy dust From Rama's blessed feet fell on her limbs. in due order Performed all the sacred rites for their great Chief. nor sooner her fair till. sin form after ages. Sainted Ascetic. Then. glad at heart. showing honour due To Virtue's The self. whose She turned sons. dwellers in Videha*. with Wealth and Pleasure joined. thither went. cunning Archer smote. no He. — deceived For that to stone.- World-famous. to silence vowed. purified and hallowed. with Raghu's sons attending. straight He went to meet them. Now. freed from The by magic 103 fear and unimpeded now. when King Janaka had heard the Saint Was come. — Age blessing Youth.] Who flitted to and With steel-shod And fro.

RAGHUVANgA 104 With longing looks devoured the Princes [canto twain. And were over. soon convinced Of Rama's As might. and Saint ! thou knowest — many kings. it Should vainly try a task Demands For. when the Sacrifice Who knew all fitting seasons — told the King How Rama longed to try the mighty Bow. 130 Like Punarvasu come once more to earth. He." The Monarch. Grieved he had set his daughter's hand a prize For thews and sinews : — " Nay." he " Great Saint. high-born Boy. braAvny-armed from bowstring's use. Skilled archers. Nor dared might miss to wink. lest haply they One moment's joy. O King. and wrung their hands. lovely." But the Sage Quick answered — " Know. how stiff it was to bend. 150 . Hero's might ! ' this : Transcends all words : thyself shalt see the proof Upon thy Bow— as shows a shattered rock The lightning's power. And crying — 'Fie departed. were not meet a noble which all 140 calf the strength of full-grown forest elephants. when he saw the And knew the Bow. Soon as Rama saw the Arm. Kaugika altar-rites Now. as Indra thousand-eyed Commands the ranged clouds to show his Bow Mild-beaming. Have failed to draw the Bow. Sire soon replied. though veiled in boyish mien Indra's beetle holds the power of flame Gave order that the attendant host should bring The Bow renowned.

THE TRIAL OF THE BOW .

.

Unyielding as a rock. On Rama wondering all the assembly gazed With fixed eyes.] ^esha sleeping. straight In presence of the Saint Sita. and saw him string the Bow. That mighty God whose standard bears a 160 bull. 170 such might transcendent. to bind their vows.WEDDING SiTA^S XI. head. the Hero's careless hand too to string that Bow. Not glad bestowed witness he. than sacred Fire. eagerly Fell as great He seized 105 it Bow 'twas the : that ^iva used. snapping thus hail Great Civa's Bow. Then noble Janaka — his household Priest — as envoy sent to Kogala. woman Like Lakshmi born on earth. This message bearing — " Grant me. When lo the Brahman came. To shoot the escaping Victim as it fled. to Rama His lovely daughter. proclaiming loud To wrathful Bhrigu's son the Warrior-race Again had raised To its The Monarch. noble King. not of gave less : — fit born. Revered iSo : That through my daughter's marriage Nimi's race Be made thy servants " ! Now the Father's heart Was set for Rama e'en on such a bride. of flowers. Fulfilling so his promise. His child the King. far. Snapped with harsh thunderous sound. and crowned ! his wish : . not using more Of strength His own (it soft Drawn by seemed) than Love puts forth bow Nay more.

the Ascetic-King. Earth's daughter took to wife Her younger sister. in such state suited with their splendour. Their mighty younger brethren. set The Sun [canto forth. complete. Harmonious matched. In closest union joined. Or bribing foes. skilled to mark Then son As Those two Kings. with close-investing host. So wedded With Rama to fair brides the Princes four. The The King of Kogala. when he heard. eclipsing with his army's dust. The Brahman's speech. Raghu's Fame and Urmila. . homeward passed. which the capital Endured. ! Great Indra's friend. King's daughters with King's Each in the other found their bliss sons. while the Twins. or sowing discord dire.- Successful Kingcraft shines by peace or war. 210 . with daughter wedded. mated them 200 With Kugadhvaja's slender-waisted maids. chief. words due prefaced. friendly pressure. Three marches by the King of Mithila Escorted on his journey. as words unite In ordered speech. in. Princes four thus wedded. shone — as in States glorious. well content.RAGHUVANgA 106 So speedily a good man's thoughts bear As doth the Wishing-Tree With lowly fruit. as brides their bridegrooms' close embrace Rejoice And Varuna like Indra meeting. he pressed the woods That A girt it 190 round. fit times. Surrounding Mithila. Bharat .

I RAMA'S MARRIAGE .

*^B R A /r or THE UNIVERSITY _ or .

: As river-torrents overflow their banks. jackal-troops to the west. And Then tear the fallow. he replied my King ! " Then suddenly dazzling splendour rose before the host. and hung with clouds Blood-dripping. clasped the Sun. Who. a stormy ring. His Brahman Proclaimed Moon From For he it was his Sire's fierce rage burst And bade him First The Hero bore a mighty bow together met he seemed. snake-girt sandal-tree.WEDDING SfTA^S XT. awed Grim the sight. the prudent King besought his Priest To read the portents " All will be well. this tempestuous wind. glorious Warrior-shape. his Like Sun and Or father's cord. 230 mother born of Warrior-blood. made the march a toil. fierce Bhrigu's father's aao Son.] 107 — The host swept on but fierce opposing winds Blew down the flagstaffs. triumphed o'er his heart. slay his mother. — as 'twere a Borne by a snake the King of Birds had Amid The expanse the lissom coils. and saw Aksha seeds a score and one. then o'er the world. gem slain of heaven. A soothing. Swept by grey vulture-wings. did the deed. Awestruck. as numbering 240 . his right ear a string of Hung down. when bounds of right. Portentous. long used ghost with Warrior-blood. Which soon with A : clearer sight they pierced. With hideous howling hied them To To rouse seemed) (it appease his At these ill omens.

Then awful chaplet. And he defenceless. my name. rolling baleful eyes. I deem. now Thy valour and renown have stirred my wrath. I hate — the King 260 . Though oft attempted exploit this. and thy thirst for fame : Must cast reproach on me. . The arrow on " Kshatriya race. winning rest . With equal hatred only two. sight of Bhrigu's Son. not bent before. As when a sleeping snake at blow of staff Starts up enraged. So snakes and chaplets bear one Yet. " Welcome. Yea. 'Tis rumoured thou hast broke The Bow of Mithila. as hot for strife hate the Warrior-brood I And and I bow : : they wronged destroyed them. while his firmly grasped. Thou also bearest. famous through the world. in (Stirred by King despaired the his father's fate) whom fell worked wrath to destroy The Warrior-seed for yet his sons were boys. Know then.RAGHUVANCA 108 The An At [canto times he had destroyed the Warrior-race. borne alike By his loved son and by the mighty foe. Joy and dread at once The name of Rama brought him. but me first. That blazed with wrath 'gainst all the To where young Rama stood. The He —and thus addressed Prince advancing fearless. Saint ! " common name. Which blunts my horn of glory. 'twixt his fingers laid the string. The name of Rama. he cried : the cruel foe 250 Disdained his greeting.

KM) thee. this the test The arrow shown is that ^iva's bow. !). : fair hues. Lays low a tree which. once Again he clasped. and And And than when so a soft-breathed gale : has undermined. and draw when my But. dread 280 But take my bow Will I confess thee Victor. only then. whose hand would snatch My That splits the Is stablished Which stubborn rock. then submit So spake with aspect For strung. : to grasp — that weapon." But Rama. Offending equally. my renown might of Fire blazing in the waves Dry Axe yet I bear an : on the smiting of thy Unconquered By me honour from 270 fitting fierce great Bhrigu's soft smile answer stretched offered bow : curved his his hand for joy In new-born beauty smile. Then. so clouds. string firmly laid : it.] Who stole away the sacred and Calf. and laughed Son high aloft 290 .WEDDING SITA'S XI. though that prayer be vain. and yet delights me for the . on the (Be left didst break. thou be less Know it. resting the great bow a moment's space Upon the ground to string it. thou blench if sue for mercy. had lost through Vishnu's power Its primal virtue The stream race. its his own. not tinder feeds Which thou if no river's brink. then. while a The avow flaming Axe-edge. but tenfold Shine when the Bow of Indra lends lips. Thy prowess mates my own.

I deemed Wherefore now. though By me were burnt 'Twas but a down whom And Rama answered : me loss of free Heaven pleasure least attracts. 310 " Or that beyond. though thyself I resolve to first 300 : choose thou then thy doom ! shaft destroy for thee this world. like Sun and Moon. Brahman-hero ! my — not less in might — and thus he spake : not without remorse the aggressor Shall this fatal shaft smite thee. leave haunt Earth's holy places Will scarce affect my thing to give away of land Sage Divine To my me. Lord. like dying lamp. When sets the Sun and rises the Full Moon.RAGHUVANgA 110 [canto The mighty Hero raised it but the foe Of all the Warrior-race. pray Thee. 320 . With mild-eyed pity Rama saw his foe and saw the Bereft of strength. : Lost Wondering gazed the host all his lustre. ! Lord. O " Can Wast the string he laid. The humbled Saint replied The Soul Supreme incarnate wherefore. Father's foes and I and ocean." : — " Have thy wish ! " and turned. Upon the twain. thy pious actions' meed ? " I know Thee now. while one in splendour grew And waned the other fast. Which on Than ^iva's peerless son. The World O little to ashes. : — ! Shouldst Thou be angry that I longed to see Great Vishnu's majesty in Thee come To earth ? Itself exalts My chastisement by Thee.

to gaze filled on the lattices Sita fair 340 . Spent on the march Came his tree. now : by Thy favour. barring so. Lord — unhindered be Thy course To work deliv'rance for the Blessed Gods The Brother-princes thus the Saint addressed. after certain nights in pleasant rustic as (^iva's bowers. in pride As snatched from Death Dispelled his transient Soon quench a The woodland's .And clasped his My Hero to Paradise. for To WEDDING StTA^S XI. and now new-born deHght fear. Spite of his merits. And vanished from men's sight. loss itself bears fruit . feet. Ayodhya. where the city-dames crowding With eager cooling showers around a The Monarch. and eyes.] I depart : at length win from I 330 strife. So. as forest-fire and fast. far-renowned Reached love. Then ! and pardon craved . pride. yea. Then Rama's Sire ! Embraced his Hero-son. peace Sire's blest state Matured and Now that Saint replied mother's sinful nature Is cast off wholly My time to come. self. : bear him humbly toward a conquered foe Fits well a " all Son the path Bhrigu's Then Rama To 111 shot his arrow Eastward. perfect.

heart's desire. Then rumour spread that Rama should be The people's Darling. dawn Age in grey hairs Rama given. having sense. In vain he sought To soothe her rage. Old Squat at his ear and hidden and Death. One promise now she used. who urged more veh'mently — Two promises erst made. Neared The known and entering on all life's final stage. the XII Carrying-away of Sita . Fearing Kaikeyi. for fourteen years lo . joys his eclipse. resolve. as flooded plains Drive hissing from their holes two monstrous snakes. as fades before the lamplight. as springs refresh Spread through a garden But when [cakto fell all was alike. ripe. her Rescue^ afid Ravaiias Defeat Now Of Dagaratha. and drew hot tears of grief From her Lord's aged eyes. the pomp.RAGHUVANCA 112 CANTO The Banishment of Rhna . gave to every man Urged that the His inmost Kingdom be for his all — every tree Anointing Kaikeyi interposed with Marred to King.

.

DACARATHA'S DISTRESS .

And. Aged eclipsed. The people marked his aspect all unchanged. And marked with many a tear where Hermits showed The trees 'neath which with Lakshman he had slept. Heard how Grew But when that noble Prince his Father died. but with Received the 113 cheerfulness all Sore amazed. Lakshman and Sita He took for his companions. And when the bark-dress. knew That Sire. Both when he wore the robes of royal state. Pounced on the realm. and possessed Both Dandaka's wide forest Of all who virtue loved From upon stain and the hearts so he discharged : his truth his Kingly 30 Sire. steps. — and his Kingly state mother With armed host he followed Rama's too. then with his mother's kin. her husband's For her own son the Royal throne. And dried their tears. took world-wide Realm. the hateful to him. sent to recall Prince Bharata. masterless. whose King was now And Rama The banished. (Though — with the next she claimed knew well she the cost. eager watched for wasting flaws. of exile.] To banish Rama. councillors people. How by rash act of yore he earned the curse heart-broken at his exile. that for ways to die. Forsook the throne and sought Then foes. deeming only Death could make him pure.TUIAL AND TRIUMPH XII. H 40 . 20 tears. At bidding of The his Father. Rama doom With life).

Beneath a forest-king. pure Bharata expiation for his mother's crime. His head awhile he laid in Sita's lap. — with Took up Now on sustained on forest-food. The Royal Then sandals. Scratched with his claws her breasts. gathering The fruits of Earth. ruled the Kingdom Not own as his Not grasping Made But but. — and gave. the Realm. great Indra's 'twere in scorn of Rama's bird. a day when. the Prince went back. whose spreading shade Was As fixed by power divine. 60 firm in his loyalty. he rather chose His sainted Father's doom to abide. as pledges of his right as King. His elder brother. while Rama still delayed. Persistent his return. Fortune's hand Rama But yielded not . love-contests. first He told their Father's passing next.RAGHUVANCA 114 When found in Chitrakfita's forest. Himself He deemeB a mere supplanter. Long-urged. wearied with the chase. he . Whose charms now withered unenjoyed. to wed urged [canto . encamped as a trust. at the crown. Yet entered not the city In Nandi. his the That bind with bright Sita lived content in younger brother- life — while in youth austere and rigid vows age Ikshvaku's mighty line. so to claim. She quickly roused 70 . And : . Rama A forest-life.

BHARATA'S ARRIVAL AT CHITRAKUTA .

^' or THE UNIVERSITY OF ."^B R A .

Rakshasa. his abode In wide Panchavati. Lest Bharat might return to urge his suit. The bounds of right observing.TRIAL AND TRIUMni XII. Then at Agastya's bidding Rama fixed. her. As drought licks up the rain in Autumn months.] 115 Her mighty Lord. But and bUnded one rash Rama deemed eye. who with a blade of grass The offender smote. The guardian Brothers he the Princess tore. following Videha's Princess shone. Black as cloud of night. as Rahu's bulk Then sudden from between Obstructs the moon. He passed Far to the South. as Vindhya high Stands stablished in his might. Viradha named. fain to His Royal virtues. And left the glades on Chitrakuta's slopes. stood up. as welcome guest received In Hermits' huts . 90 Opposing Rama's march. from his foul limbs — they quickly buried him. his refuge all too near. Whose deer lamented when he left. A 80 her limbs. But him the Heroes And. From Anasuya's ointment on She shed around From woo by Kaikeyi's wiles Forbid to wed him. Perfumes strangely sweet.— so in the The Sun Him for Autumn months southern quarters quits the North. fetid stench taint the world. — ere the Could slew. Bright as the Kingdom's Genius. To Rama 100 there . luring so the bees forest-blossoms. Kakutstha's sons.

! shrank Against her husband's breast. Heroic Lakshman too. Sita's laugh From momentary softness roused to rage. I Had " ! Rama to Rama. 120 . sought out Lakshman Again A — but he replied. dismayed to see The foe resume her hideous shape. crook-clawed Sita's Demon very presence nor shamed to told. She told her lineage too " Ah. and spread Her murderous claws. Maiden. his sword. ! seek the love — so the love-sick maid first. drew She With knew her first. and fear So spake the Demon threatening : Sita roe. Who heard a gentle. am wedded Of my young brother Bull-shouldered : with blow on blow that awful shape. As Ocean's waves that sleep 'neath windless skies Are swollen by the Moon. And hacked flying no She forsooth counselled.RAGHUVANgA 116 Came A Ravan's [canto with love. fingers crooked. as seeks sister. thick as knotted reeds. for transformed. Thou. true : love tell it is. swift burst into the hut. " This scorn thou Hast dared a 'It "Beware dearly rue tiger's fury ! ! " she cried. timid ! Look. and so returned as alternately Her stream sweeps either bank. faint snake oppressed with heat on Malaya The The In Her shameless forest's grateful shade. upward shook a threatening hand. That woman's high-strung love respects no bounds. dove-like cooing Then He wolfish bowlings.

His bright darts to fall together. Demon lusts And : Trigiras They seemed : foes found 140 Dushana he smote. Attacking Rama. who deemed That by his sister's maiming. beneath the rain that dread array lapt in endless slumber. — new By Rama on the Demon-host. Soon of that Demon-host. meet him. sore dismayed. and — unstained —drank their foul lives. then defeat 150 . Lakshman's guard. 130 heaped insult own.TRIAL AND TRIUMPH XII. to left his — him men and Khara first. In wrath and courted scarred. as pure-living Smite fleshly The only one. With arms His hope of victory laying on His Spouse he Were Yet A full foe to Rama a thousand. so swift he slew the three. whose their 117 lips and mouth foul defeat. Siirpanakha bore The news To of foul defeat at Rama's hands mighty Ravan. and They made her wrongs Were scored and wrongs told her To Khara and his peers. save headless trunks Nought on the He plain stood showered on them Lay all up . while foul wings Of filthy vultures hovered o'er their heads. On they boldly came. whom when Rama saw. Sent as their champion. By Rama's arrows quelled. Pierced through them. uplifted. The birds their blood. Alone escaping. each several in the fight bow. next.] Then flew to Janasthan.

his ten heads Lay trampled By magic by Rama's in the dust a art Demon at his heel. Kabandha's counsel following. mourned fell The a Father's loss. word Took form of deer. who by death Escaped from And lifelong curse. had news where And crossed the Ocean. Hanuman at length. like himself a bride The Hero quick discrowned and his friend restored —to his throne. soul 180 . The Wind-god's son. Sugriva. treaty firm strong aUiance with the Monkey-King. thoughts searched through the world. how Ravan In faltering words he told The Princess tore away His brave resistance Who late. who with failing breath Love's final debt to Dagaratha paid. The brothers seeking her the Vulture found With mangled pinions. twain. Rama Bold reared a lofty pyre. renewed as for a parent funeral rites. and though a while delayed i6o — By staunch Jatayti— Sita bore away. as Displaces one less fit. Usurping Sugriva Bali. and Raghu's sons deceived By futile chase. fitter word The Monkey-hosts At Rama's bidding sped And made to every clime. mourning Late torn away. 170 then.RAGHUVANgA 118 And [canto slaughter of his kinsmen. as a happy — Sita dwelt. had For him And : : his wounds declared then he died. like his owrt sad Sampati meeting.

sent. and the ring — showed. as 'twere the heart As Rama touched the gem. searching Princess. fight. to whom air Ocean's shore Vibhishan came. but —a 110 Lanka through. Last. laid a bridge. His brother's side deserting. Stout Aksha next he slew. Rama's token first. hied him back to His 190 circling his own : so keen his prisoned Love. Across the sea resembling That mighty Serpent which much for Vishnu's sleep 210 . and in thought Felt her heart beating on His longing was to meet That Ocean A His work so done. he gave. — wise in time. no more. The Demon-foes to quell. careering through the Not He less On than on the earth. then for brief space all in Sustained unequal He Sita's She fain He token had Rama. The ring. sage advice Rama offering. Lanka round appeared 200 narrow moat.TRIAL AND TRirMlMI XII.] The He stream of Death. which she with joyful tears — then with her husband's love-words cheered. ^ At once he marched. compassed round mimosa clasped fair By poisonous creepers. Set Lanka flames. To him did Rama give the Demon-realm In love to In recompense And : so ever counsel sage timely bears rich The Hero fruit. fixed his camp . — while Monkey-hosts Behind him swarmed. closed his eyes in rapture. and — high of heart Bedewed. found the fair By Demon-guards.

— whereat The heart of Rama. maces split on rocks. For Ravan or for Rama. And Heaven resounded with their battle-cries. and salved the wound.RAGHUVAN^A 120 Above the waters And Lanka That like [canto So he crossed. terrible than steel. At this healing word. Healing herbs The Monkey-monarch brought. Then Demons joined in deadly strife with Apes. — Autumn so 240 . And Lakshman swift reviving with keen shafts Again taught Lanka's wives to weep. The Demon-King Pierced Lakshman's breast with deadly spear. He suffered No more Meghanada's shout. Was cleft in twain by sorrow. Steel-bound clubs By trees were shattered. and swooned : 220 at sight but soon revived When good Trijata told that Rama lived. though himself unharmed. in splinters small. — " While thinking He was dead ! " I shame yet could live. Now in the fight Bold Meghanada's noose one moment bound The mighty Brethren. yet loving ruled her as she thought. close besieged with tawny Apes. swooping down It . but snapped His bow that rivalled Indra's. Her sorrow turned Still to joy . no more. the Bird of Heaven 230 so soon that peril passed. And wounds more claws gave While elephants dashed rocks Fair Sita watched the fight Of Rama's head struck off. And 'twas but glamour. a doubled golden rampart showed. seemed a dream. rises. whom Loosed.

his hosts withdrawn. show battle raged at last. 260 . alone. Appeared encircled by and arms. cool Of Heaven's own Helped by the — while its flag from the waters pure river. their matchless might. Soft as frail lotus-stems. fell sister. Waved He mounted. Wide-gaping Kumbhakarna Stout Dissolves a cloud. leaning on the arm Of Mathali. and heads. On he drove his fenced car To where the Hero stood. Him a rocky cave. Indra's mail he donned. Herce Between the mighty who found So meeting.TRIAL AND TRIUMPH XII. His palace leaving.] By Hanuman Like his next." The Brethren many a famous Rakshas more Smote with their arrows Was smothered till the battle-dust with their blood in copious streams. The Hero's arrows soon sent to sleep in death And Rama mused. V2\ like Rama's self assailed. At length came Ravan 250 forth again to fight. till Indra sent — His chariot and bay steeds to Rama's help. — that mail from which Repelled the Daityas' arrows fell to earth. well resolved that now The Worlds that day should either Rdma lose Or Ravan. to woeful straits reduced. — " Much lovedst thou : sleep. charioteer. his mother's kin. scope Fell But by to Ravan fought his many foes. in the breeze. necks. That car auspicious. my foe ! And wert untimely roused in evil hour.

Drove deep his Rama 270 his heads. cut the mace in twain or It reached the chariot. Glad tidings bearing to the Serpent-world. simple meet to heal the stinging pain 290 . Ravan. as foe. Which. Which. lodged in the ground. for sword. and taunt Swayed by as a rampart set raging elephants. The fight With sword Two . held fiercely wroth. of silkwood formed. told he should redeem His Then Rama loosed fair Princess. Full at his foe. Demons' soaring hopes. Then Ravan dashed an iron-studded mace. Curved-headed. arrow in that strong right arm. whose might [canto prevailed of yore Against the world's great Guardians. Thus shattering the Then did the matchless archer to his string Lay A that unerring arrow. Brahma named. worthy foeman. wildly-throbbing. speakers strive for mastery. piercing Ravan's a shaft breast.RAGHUVANQA 122 The Demon-foe. rival Two each hero matched his grew stern between The showers of shafts poured on other stayed the rained fall down by Gods and Demons. Fell as the club of Death. either Of flowers To mark when 280 their equal valour Victory Long wavered. who had won His boon from Brahma Who A — offering up poised aloft Kailasa. keen the rapid interchange of blows. — e'er like a slender twig. That for taunt. But Rama with keen shafts.

The Gods' high mandate well fulfilled . soon unbent his mighty Bow. winged with spells. the shaft — the wound But the Of Ravan. The Lord of Raghu's line Took back And his well-loved Bride from purging to his loyal friend Vibhishan gave fires.TRIAL AND TRIUMPH XII. for they feared those heads might join the trunk once more. Serpent-King's huge frame. Like morning sunbeams sparkling on a lake. Even then the Gods. as the body unfelt. which soon should wear 310 crown. resembling most parts. 320 . it hurtled through the 300 air. Poured by the joyful Gods. a rain of fragrant flowers. Shone. — while on them swarmed (Their wings with honey laden) bees that late Forsook the perfumed streams which from the brows Distilled of Elephants that Now Rama guard the Worlds. when baleful gleams The His awful hood. hundred 123 points. and now The Charioteer of Indra bade farewell. scarce rejoiced With (As full rejoicing erst befell) Then fell The Kingly . on Rama's head. Though all the heads had fallen. with fitful necks gleams. By wavelets broken. While waved aloft the flags which Ravan's shafts Pierced through and through. a moment.] That gnawed Split in a With flaming his Sita's heart. — the whole ten heads line of headless fell. And drove to Heaven his car with thousand bays. Then in Smote off.

by Lakshman. and by Hanuman. The crown he King o'er the tore from Ravan. and homeward sped. — the radiant Car Won by his valour from proud Ravana He mounted joyfully. [canto .RAGHUVANCA 124 Then by him Followed. Monkey-host.

crossed in His sound-pervaded realm. And viewless fire is Like Vishnu's Unmeasured. when in their quest They tore up Earth to reach the Victim-horse By Bali to Patala led. This bridge skies Way sea. Of yore my Sires made flow. the Milky Divides in twain. Vishnu's in virtue. and moonlight mild. riches swell. The sunbeams hence Derive engendering virtue. by Brahma's praise extolled (From whom the Lotus springs whereon he sleeps). as He gazed rich in pearls. self almighty. The Soul Supreme. its worth as in its it clasps. bright with stars. Spouse addressed — "See. . power. his In love's soft tones self.RAMA'S RETURN XIII. all ten spti^res Transcendent in " bred. as how my Autumn's Unruffled. subtle. multiform. to stop Their father's sacrifice. old stories tell. Fairest! Yon foamy mass now spans.] CANTO 125 XIII Rama's Triumphant Return with Sitd Incarnate now High Judge of Rama. On Ocean : Heavenly Car — and.

That shells. while on their cheeks the spray Like sparkling eardrops Which rushing clings. cleave the foam. their wings.RAGHUVANgA 126 Upon Of its working. hang on the points at length they fall Wide-backed Ocean now. he greets alike. Patala. of yore with mighty hosts Divine. The all that Ocean's arms to a when Indra clipped their pride King revered when whelmed by The neighbouring monarchs 20 is mountain-hosts dismayed in hundreds Shorn of As breast reclines. 30 sweet Those monsters see With yawning mouths they drink the fishy flood. Grazed by the waterspout that stooped Till by fierce As when By to drink storm-wind driven. Here piled-up lips. till Their strength exhausted. With wavy From lips receiving kisses eager river-mouths. foes Its waters clear Swelled at the Deluge. and spout Great streams of water through their fissured Sudden leap up the monster And crocodiles. fled. He when when ends the Age —absorbing To sinks again to rest. 40 . waters tear from coral-sprays That mock thy ruby Of skulls. Impartial in his love. and one moment's space Earth's cheeks made Upheaved her from lovely. Close with a snap their mighty jaws. stretches slender like a copper rim. till the Mighty God All his wives. [canto flee. milk-white gleams. Along the Mandara churned salt deep's shore. slender branchlets.

whose As Ocean vanishes see roe-like eyes delight how boon ! Earth. long forsaken. In this very glade vainly sought thee. O And form ample curves. skims the path of birds. Look down. well-pleased rebuild their homes. " Bride with dark almond-eyes the landward breeze ! With Ketak-Y>o\\en dusts thy cheek. hasty cloud. Too I is lattice stretched. riven from thy foot. thy curious Queen ! that morning's heat hand through with double gold is These bark-clad Eremites.RAMAS RETURN XIII. Clothed with green woods. Like streak of rust on polished metal's gleam.] Wave dark Tamalas mixed 127 with forest-palms. and mark our way of Queen. Struck dumb with sorrow. Where from cleft shells lie pure pearls richly heaped. found an anklet dropped. anon of clouds. A breeze from Heaven. so — a care By me omitted. Wipes from thy brows those drops Had Touched by My The raised. Cooled by the spray from triple Ganga's flood. Our swiftly-rolling car Now in a moment brings us to that shore. while I pine to taste Thy ruby lips. that now from hindrances Saintly works. who deem This Dandaka To free decked. Where betel-trees fruit-laden sweep the sands. 70 . by lightnings braceleted. seems sinking as we gaze Obedient to Cleaves Now my now will this ! 60 Car Divine the sphere of Gods. Sweet-laden by Airavat's fragrant brows.

and There. Nor peacocks' low. Neglecting. all in tears . bent their arms To show the path by which the Rakshasa Had borne thee. gazed with moveless brows And ! yet pitying. Beauteous. shut in 'mid circling brakes Of mighty On happy Chakravdkas. harshly struck my ear. 'dst gone. Who thought on thee. tormented. From caves resounding.RAGHUVANgA 128 That mocks the lotus' hue. Which tips Their fragrant food the roes their boughs. Scarce can the sight. — while half-oped Bright fungus-growths (earth yet in cloud-mist veiled) Were vainly emulous. These dumb creepers. of thee ! When river-bank a lithe Afoka-trunk. I salt tears the scents by clouds. loss of thee. Ah. Pampa's lake descry. yet clouded by the smoke that rose From marriage-fires. Far-darting downwards. Love reeds. was I fondly gazed in their love in gracious ministry giving to his I ! reft 100 mate fresh lotus-blooms. 90 eyes. teasing. exhaled lakes. my timorous Love who erst . sweet tones the thundering clouds. pleased me not. still. ! There thine Didst sportive hide thee. our front soars Malaya to Heaven. With storks at play. the clouds dropped rain. fresh-filled I loathed Kadamba flowers. half-opened. United Each While By There. timid Fair — " taught There Whereon For my in ignorance the way thou 80 full south. bending low the tender Of all [canto reft of thee.

bound him in the I 130 toils . — Five Nymphs named. Expectant of thee. didst nurse the — where the deer look up — now once more see I More gladly for long absence. white array. Queen held thee. here takes scented smoke from my 120 soul delight altar-fires Well-fed. — by spotless Saint Enkindled. And lightly meet the Car. that triple rise full in our path. vainly clasped. whose wrinkling brow Hurled Nahusha of old from Indra's realm. strict till moon men tell.] Bent by I its swelling clusters like fair breasts. and thought Lakshman forbade me. ! ' Embowered in distant ' Half-seen amid the clouds. while spray-cooled winds off my my face the sweat. Here while on earth Who famous Saint had dwelt. weary head rested on thy breast in reed-built hut. scared hy the golden bells That tinkle With all their Where thou round our Car. so welcoming thee This sacred grove. grass much dismayed penance. a second Indra. tender-framed.RAMA'S RETURN XIII. Here. By ! O'er Godavari's waves Now With 129 I recall toil of chase Godavari's streams. How on a day. mango. high Lady gleams the lake Of ^atakarni's pleasures. I soar the cranes. and Alone he At such ate. worn out by this Dried I no daily watering. old. Of Amid Darbha the deer he lived. woods. that cleared the streams of mud. " Free from To sniff the all lust.

Lady stately bull ! guests now. The cymbal's clang Harmonious and the music of the Still rising [canto voice. and coquettish That half-revealed their zones. And now the Car is past his constant gaze Again has sought the Sun. by Holy Texts From sin redeemed. from his palace closely-hid. Indra sought. And last his body gave. With arms uplifted now he waves the With holy beads wiles — that arm wherewith and gathers sacred strokes the hinds grass. graciously Requiting courtesy. only with his head Bowed slightly he returns my courteous words. he stands. Yon penance-grove — — Afforded Carabhanga's rites austere Pure shade. whose shade whose luscious fruit Chitrakuta's peak. his mouth a cave. lithe-limbed Like toil. right. 'mid four fierce Sun a Him fifth. those trees.RAGHUVANCA 130 Of five celestial Nymphs. Anxious. who long the fire 150 with fuel fed. Vowed to strict silence. Wake momentary echoes from the hood That shades our Car. " High merit The blazing Here mild Sutikshna storing up. to tempt through wanton Nymphs' bright eyes. The welcome of his His worthy sons. now enchants the eye . fires. encircled. dwells. With laughter beaming. . He 140 — but vainly sought. give Dispels long journeying's "'Veighs O down their branches.

the mountain-side. plucked. and twined I Bright earrings for thy cheeks. to earth. bowed with With rubies Thou fig-tree fruit. Before they Atri keep erst the in merit rich. 170 threefold Ganga. no harm. 'midst lily-crown. pearly Hard by — Mandakini. glows like an emerald-heap interspersed. Their leaves unstirred by wind. like smooth. seest of pearls. That love the Manas-lake. with rapids distance thread-like made. where sapphire-like that string of birds beheld. shines out at his base. as barley pale. Behold the dark-leaved Which. A necklet here which the emerald gleams. " Here in the wood doth pious His vows austere That fear The — nor need 'tis filled his trees to flower Here AnasClya brought fruit. highest peaks Cloud-capped Low By A horns lime-whitened from a wall. band on Earth's sweet neck That from a Tamala tall i6o ! 'Twas here fragrant blooms. Where Of with herds of beasts .RAMA'S RETTTRN XIII. 180 . That Holy men. mighty Seven golden blooms Hermits' very lotus gathered. Civa's crown. lotus glows : my Love ! thou didst choose. plunged in thought. themselves seemed wrapped In pious contemplation. While they within Amid might bathe their huts are trees.] 131 With cascade-roar loud-bellowing. where sw ans appear. the altar-precincts motionless. There a pure The Here.

when The crown and bound my Sumantra mourning cried I refused locks — : ' up Hermit-wise. picked out with band aloes dark. — where bathe. It fills my soul With reverence. — therethrough autumn-clouds rifted Here.RAGHUVANgA 132 White-winged : [canto there on the Earth a yellow Of sandalwoods. ! ' : Its banks well lined w^ith sacrificial stones. And sanctify its waves. might one Resplendent shows Heaven's blue. in the confluent waters of these twain. by Jamna say. 210 . that cast the Queen ! cleft. Kaikeyi 200 Sarayii here. my noble Father lost. " Sarayfi now. with black snake Is Civa's And smeared with' ashes Where Ganga Those souls. Where golden lilies charm fair Yakshis' hearts. Nishada dwells are sent to earth. Ah. Ikshvaku's sons. Unknowing even No more In yon girt. Rolls mighty so flows Mind from Soul Supreme. who find delight In her sand-islets and abundant stream. Thy wish is now fulfilled Whose source the wise have traced to Brahma's lake. peerless : her flood. Washed rolls men there see. of the Soul Supreme. 190 say. After Horse-Sacrifice. " See here the Moon's bright orb with sable shade Streaked sharply. common Mother of the Kings Of Northern Kogala. fair city : there. body dark. mortal coil. Past proud Ayodhya sweeps its flood.

but now. That Father's vow My penance all his hosts Father's realm. well-wrought ladder stepping. yea. yet Pure wedlock's joy his Sire bequeathed.] Indeed my Mother Though distant yet A cooHng seems. augur thence I : 133 That Bharata from Hanuman has heard News of my coming. our household And army's serried ranks in the van. and with My Prepares to welcome me. in flush of youth. in old-time councillors bear gifts in hand. Rama lighted down. Before us dust-clouds rise stir twilight grey. Thee Lakshman gave. to keep.RAMANS RETURN XIII. the Car. Of for all service One moment On his spake. 220 virtuous Prince restores o'er. crystal-runged. that The Royal State unblemished rescued so. From Wed Who love to not fair me the Prince. by wondering eyes Bharat's hosts observed. all these years : he tasted not !" As Rama That knew by sense divine Swift glided from the sky. his Close following : he Hermit-dress comes forth. 230 . I left . won back by slaughter grim Of Khara and his peers. Lakshmi. on the hand — of the Monkey-King leaning. whom sought herself his arms Abiding with her. Apt Priest Then. unspoke will. To meet me now : On foot Placed comes Bharata. and clasps me round — with wavy arms that As dusky breeze.

refused the Crown. With beards untrimmed. my stay Vibhishan know " ! By Rama praised. Sumitra's son. more close. And He to his bosom clasping. leal in his stead. With all his At his as to climb word the Rakshas-King. whose mighty brows Streamed ichor sweet. and Close-matted hair like Peepal-roots they with tuneful voices asked . in trouble : Monkey-hosts : next the stout 250 Then Bharat hailed the twain. by magic art Fair-fashioned. well-nigh bruised his breast on cruel scars Which Indrajit had At Rama's word left. and with him His Brothers. he greeted Priest of Ikshvaku's line. — close. upraising his bent head. — bathed in tears — embraced His brother Bharat. hosts ascended cars unmatched In splendour by their own. Once more Then the Chief of Raghu's line sat in his car. Then took the and gifts. rejoicing Great mountains. as the stars' high Lord. Spake the King Respectful of his welfare. The Moon.RAGHUVANCA 134- Held by Vibhishan. shines glorious climbing up a bank 260 . kissing that Which. "Behold my friend. reigning [canto head. 240 well. Courteous he welcomed old-time ministers. and the banner — sat at his will Moved or was steady. of Riksha's Great Chief. ere Lakshman he embraced. And mounted elephants. First the reverend Sage. At once the Monkey-chiefs took human shapes.

lightning-streaked. Then Bharat praised the beauteous From Ra van's grasp by Rama's might As from dark flood the 135 Maithili. where Catrughna With careful foresight had prepared the Camp. — checked its magic speed in the pleasure-forest dwelt well-pleased. Who faithful kept her vow and dashed the hopes Presumptuous Ravan nursed. Then glorious Escorted by his His Car Then head Rama folk. So her dazzling feet. That round Ayodhya stretched.] RAMANS RETURN Of dusky clouds at evening. 280 . With Jupiter attending and his Sire.XIII. Or when the rains are over clears the moon From cloudy masses. Celestial. while Pushpaka. half a kos advanced. 270 set free. Of him whose matted He set on tlie locks proclaimed the faith kept unswerving to his elder's claim Each : to the other greater lustre lent. Lord of worlds saved Earth.

Bent low before the Queens. twain. Mother of heroes. Demon's wounds Then Her Husband's mother The line of awful duty. nor transgressed while she said : lo . left The Heroes — Queens. as in her mother's But son. As Jamna's torrent rushing from the rocks Cleaves Ganga's heated wave. the much-prized name. little joy bending low. in the arms Heroes' eyes The soothing tear of joy cut sorrow short. the did the Princely Brothers seek the homes Where dwelt Of husband Forlorn and their mothers. whose happy eyes (By tears half-bhnded) scarce discerned their forms. greeted. Divorce of Sita." brought them Who felt its pains. They touched the scarce-healed scars the Left on their bodies " Condolingly : nay. like clinging-plants of strong protecting trunk.RAGHUVANCA 136 [canto CANTO XIV The Resioratton and Then oj Rama to his Kingdom. resplendent in their might. sorrow-stricken late bereaved. Though each was She clasped her blessed. Sita.

loyal to his Father's The roads. As 20 alone That brought thy Lord and Lakshman through Triumphant. Thus with Began the their joyful tears the a sainted river. The splendid robes of state To Him fresh lustre gave. Completed. Sita. As rain in torrents falls on Vindhya's peaks From Autumn-clouds. From many the Kingdom's Senators —of pure Raghu's Hero-son. sacring. Like Kingship's 30 with his hosts. Of Then over-gorgeousness. from : lattices High Lakshman arches spanned was poured in his while fan.] " Lo. 40 . whose The ascetic's dress scarce veiled. pouring it on Rama's head. His sage He advisers. fatal to is Not worthy your regard ! 137 " " Dear Daughter. waved his head. (So said they) " 'Twas thy spotless life rise Then They their toils with loving words and true praised her." " ! 'twere the long-bereaved City's hair. Apes. and rice The Hero The royal lovely limbs nor feared reproach Demons. powers to Earth come down Rose from the palaces wind-cloven smoke. poured from jars Of gold unmixed. here her Lord. and Bharat screened triple Car of State gently sat. worthy Wife of worthy Lord.DIVORCE OF StT A XIV. From seas and streams and lakes the loyal Chiefs Of Demons and of Monkeys brought great store Of water. home passed In welcoming showers. widowed Queens — which with hallowed stream.

That. gift. where dwelt his Sire. and the 60 thou didst won Heaven ! rest. though to have they needed but to wish. Anasuya's Had And used deftly . he soothed Kaikeyi's shame. the tale dream the days uncounted month was spent : 70 flew. with clasped hands From palace-windows She the gazing. doubly pure she beamed." he said. Deep mine of friendship. " To thee we owe it that our Sire held firm. Rama's Queen. Exhaustless unguent. With splendid courtesies he entertained. Their minds sank overpowered. Come down He told in sacred Of His high So like a Till half a Saints Divine. richly guerdoned by the Queen's own hand. Sita. left. in litter borne. . That King himself. and by that truth and Vibhishan. then with tears went in home. to his friends assigned Well-ordered dwellings To that revered His image only . numbers all His and foe subdued. And loving words. : they His might extolled. from Heaven to do him reverence. — the Saints were gone Then. ! Nor swerved from Sugriva. truth. paid due honour And To birth. shown by her Lord From cleansing fires come forth. 50 rare. Dressed by her husband's kin in glorious robes. Ayodhya's matrons hailed.RAGHUVANgA 138 Its braids Next [canto unloosing at the King's return. a halo round her shone . acts. With clasped hands. And hailed her " Mother " " WeW.

THE ENTHRONEMENT OF RAMA .

I .

The Queens. endured In Dandaka's dark shades. sent. it seemed weal. At fitting So fair first he sought. He held. and love's delight season he with Sita took the Queen. like a son He smoothed all griefs away. softly smiling. and Love unswerving course. which with wrested from His mighty foe. : that Lakshmi's self Had ta'en her form to know pure marriage-bliss. happy world he ruled. of hardship past. In equal honour too. Pushpaka. his throne.] The Kings And A of Apes and Demons home returned. enhanced delight. Wealth. that generous King. as duty claimed. the Car thought could swift He 130 recall. And ruled his Brothers with an equal love. back to Kailasa's Lord Then Rama Who first Long upon sat at last obeyed He .DIVORCE OF SIta XIV. Whose arm prevailing curbed ignoble fears As father he corrected. his Father's word. — no more Required. Then Sita. years in banishment his life 80 and spent — and now maintained 'Midst Virtue. He who leads the hosts of Heaven his His Foster-mothers A six loves equally. that Flower of Heaven. as — own dear mother and the rest. The people's 90 : Unwearied. now with face 100 . And as they tasted all the joys of love Whene'er they would The memory in gorgeous palaces.

stainless walls. 120 Most noble Conqueror. all mind : — " O my Lord thy people praise. most eloquent. where Saintly maids The noble King in close friendship dwell. with rejoicing crowds. King. the thronged highway. imputing foul disgrace ! . Put forth the signs of Her Lord new [canto all silently fruitfulness. and roaming cattle crop Unchecked the growing Bound rice. faithful squire the general sentence on his life. where she dwelt. with a squire He sought the palace-roof. Reluctantly." That slanderous word. He happiness. the busy mart. — that thou receivedst back Thy Queen from Ravan's palace. where Ku^a grass Luxuriant waves. Enraptured at the sight. keels. Blushingly she owned If aught she longed for. — spread round the Then. At length that squire made answer All that thou doest Save this one thing.RAGHUVANgA 140 Pale as the yellow reed. and gave longingly Pressed to his heart her slender form. Whose mighty frame He asked his And vied with the Serpent-King's. and marked How And her ripe breasts assumed a deeper tinge. which soared to heaven. Her On know joyfully in whispers craved to strong desire to seek the Hermits' huts no pure Godavari's banks. Then Consented to her prayer. ploughed by and where the parks. To feast his eyes He marked Saraytl Gay on fair Ayodhya's streets.

far beyond So. He 130 doubtfully he mused. troubled waves. his joy eclipsed. flawless in And famous virtue. blameless Spouse divorcing He wavered long. its Saints. is stainless. soiled. Such slander spreading wide among As spreads a drop of I could not bear. ending thus " Behold how dark a blot my act has brought : On So all the Sun-descended race. Therefore Though seeming careless of the seed she bears Now in her fertile womb. 'tis oil o'er my folk. — — stock of Kings till As zephyrs moist bedim now by me the polished steel. "Shall 141 called his Brethren 140 they with sorrow marked : The gloom that marred his features.DIVORCE OF s!tA xiv] To Sita. a swing. so pure. yet I dread — Earth's dark shadow cast . Fame above gloom Deep pondering he like Dismissing his pure Unresolved in helpless Swayed Queen resolved exalted souls : their lives. I sternly " My put from The Queen I me — as : my Father's word sea-girdled Earth. his mind ? " To end the slander in the only way. As falls On smote his heart with crushing Then I despise this slanderous talk? or yield. — far. must put away My well-loved Queen. My Prize force. All earthly pleasures. know people's blaming at I. as He told The stain upon his honour. the smashing weight of iron sledge anvil tough. 150 — so hates the elephant The post and chain that bind him.

His weighty purpose. : itself not unprovoked snake bites at the heel that purpose then i6o strikes. nor can be swayed — By aught your pitying hearts might urge.RAGHUVANCA U2 [caxto Across the spotless Moon. In slaying Giant Ravan. ^^'ho durst not hinder. saying My Spouse. this pretending. Fair Sita. drive with her In thy swift chariot to Valmiki's home. 180 . — silence held them bound. he received A : Monarch's mandates must be aye obeyed. nor could praise his will. triumph would Let loose^resh springs of hate A deadly My : is fixed. the car. though reluctant. famous through the he worlds. To all his will obedient. Her Now my Sitd. exposed to slanderous tongues When Against ! thus the King declared his stern resolve fair Sita. : — " Brother dear. He lifted to much rejoiced to have her wish. glorious deeds. would be vain Not only my so. wise and eloquent. by vulgar minds my So Is held to stain her. coyly has made known strong desire to seek the penance-groves : therefore. And leave her there That at his Sire's Had slain his ! " Devoted Lakshman knew command mother : dread Bhrigu's son Rama's high behests Unquestioning. by staunch steeds drawn. telUng him In secret conference. my life Would wither soon. Then called 170 Lakshman.

lotus-face to herself she Both her right eye throb. — told her Rama's With sudden To way supporting trunk. grew deadly pale. thought to leave chaste Sita. " My Does all to please Her Tree me Sal praised dearest Lord Knowing not " ! 143 Upas of Life to deadly the truth. 210 as falls creeper torn by rushing blast of wind From its cloud a rain of stones. He her as she face. then helped the Queen to alight. But when. a chill fulfilling his high King's command. Sita fell own dear Mother. terror smitten. her — like a fatal will. In fear and doubt. Yet faithful to his vow. 190 Yet as she journeyed. Ganga's 200 self — The Holy River raised protesting waves. turned. A its womb Lakshman Earth. And in a shallop crossed the mighty stream : No barrier stops a trusty envoy's Then scarce his voice controlling for the sobs That choked his utterance. though kind Lakshman hid The heavy grief appointed. and thought Within her loving heart. And stayed his course.DIV j'TE OF StTA XIV.] And driven by Sumantra. — banishment For ever from her husband's Ran through Dread omen At once her And of ill for felt fate. That looses from Portentous. and shed her gauds . murmured loving prayers her Lord and for his Brethren three. He checked the car. The pleasing prospects by the way. — fell.

care 220 Yet no reproachful word that noble Queen Breathed 'gainst her Lord. save for some dark stain. great Lakshman led her. bitterer far than death.( R A G H UV ik'N C A 1 44 But 'ooon Earth denied Like withered blossoms. sins of : : served Indra. fearing scandal's breath. her Hero-lord. live many happy years ! Greet well the Queens from me. pleading. Each in her order. — "O my Queen thee. And with it gnawing grief. The Glory of his race. which Thyself hast womb she bears. Sita's heart thou servest her dear Lord. Her Daughter [c axto refuge. and forgot her woes . Next to the King ' in her : Yet now forsakest. and say to them. 230 She raised him up. moment's space for a Swooned. That. I all foredoomed herself. had put away She His darling Queen. 240 . but his minister As Vishnu's to endless grief pure Wife. — Sita bids you pray For Rama's seed. : — " Brother. The wrong the guilt she laid With tender words lives. self Unquestioning then humbly sued 'Tis thy Lord's " With gracious answer . but sense returned. my message thus convey seen me purified by Fire. when Lakshman's To life recalled her. who so unjustly drove Her Upon For from him sinless ConsoUng To where former Valmiki dwelt do I ! Is glad that so forgive ! command. For pardon. nor believed it true. elder-born.

and by severest modes Of penance ordains) of virtuous Kings. who through thy favour still : : me now Myself was styled Protectress of While Thou must be so than Lakshmi's offered charms jealous fury triumphs o'er " It thou didst rather choose ! ousted her. most glorious King. my banishment I claim Thy care. live? I shall fix But. No less than Holy men with whom I dwell So forlorn stranger's hand. yon bright Sun. sins Drawn down from former For once. reignest glorious bear in bids 250 Thinkest ? maimed hast cast me Thou off. now husbands. K ' ! . weary eyes 260 Lord. it But forced upon beseem Thy noble race this 145 in So Lakshman promised to fulfil her best. once my And strive that in only be since all (For so the my Thy son is born. O by my fate inexorable.Pi c DIVORCE OF SIT A -. thy precious seed. abiding Her ? was no willing deed. Beloved me Exile with I lives ? Befits ' it in thy home When Demons plagued To seek protection at a That All I Did not I Unswerving On me my that this Thou me late sex.] Mere words Or does : shall I think A thee. would longer bear empty now Which their : ! me. some future life —my Lord for aye ranks and classes claim the care Law Thou life.

Trees shed their blossoms. restraining her lament. Thy glorious Husband. Is faithful to his word. Yet for his cruel dealing with thee. loyal wives hast chief place : — all this my heart constrains * 290 . all boasting hates. shalt reach Thy father's home. : Gave blessing for her offspring "By Holy My intuition well I : — then he spake : know. who marked her fruitful womb. 270 In sympathy gay peacocks ceased their dance. The Poet-Saint. thy father saves from tears . : by [canto grief o'erborne. well I know. Sita reverently grass Saluted him. by slander moved. has drawn The barb of sorrow from this Triple World.RAGHUVANCA 146 And left With her presence then. Came to her from his quest of fragrant And altar-fuel. 'midst true. that thy Lord. daughter. straining throat she wailed like stricken hind. not distant from these groves. 280 And driving back hot tears that dimmed her eyes To whom the Saint. —found heroic verse. deer the fragrant grass They scaTce had cropped : through all the forest passed A moan unending. I greatly blame him Claimed me All pious Hermits Thou . His renowned Sire ! as friend Queen. Put thee away though guiltless Fair Princess of Videha ! : Thou grieve not then. Guided by the sound. whose sympathetic grief When he beheld the bird so ruthlessly Slain by a huntsman.

With in ! gloom of ignorance. Bowed down Gave with sorrow^ he to the Saints' pure wives in strict trust. To 147 who for the altar gather grain land untilled. Smoke ever with the fragrant Thou day by day shall bathe. ere thine know own dear Son be a mother's joy His kindness she received : born. well-pleased that she was come So. when By Saints Divine. There the Queen. sacrifice. When : — and straight begins to wax. fostering the nurslings of the grove With slender Doubt not Thou 'It water-jars. she to the moon-plants yields Her the Moon's sweet essence has been drunk latest light. Soft-voiced. as suits thy strength. — will charm thy grief away. where savage beasts in the With us consorting milder moods assume Here when thou shall thy cleansing be. Whose waves Whose banks dispel the Here And. Sacred grove. night drew on. " ! Most Whose 310 gratefully the Poet-Sage.] To pity Here and Dwell secure to shield thee.DIVORCE OF SIT A XIV. Unblemished offspring. 300 Tamasa. 320 . till peace return Munis' daughters here. heart for pity melted. that. to crown his welcoming. offerings in their time of flowers or fruit. led her home To where around his hut-door tamed wild beasts And timid deer were clustered. whose isles bless thy spirit. From shalt bear with Hermits' huts are thronged.

Of slanderous But Fortune. who. nor sank beneath the weight grief for severance from her loyal Lord. And much Of still — freed from passion's sway — his people ruled. reigning Dread Ravan's now sole moved by Queen. to recall the was greatly comforted. endured. took no second spouse. when she knew her Sita. [canto and shone light with fragrant soft oil new-filled. By all And where was spread to dwell in. home.RAGHUVANgA 148 They gave a hut A From well-trimmed lamp. by holy chrism. fear tongues. set apart who came high-honoured. 350 . And hoped that when He heard her sad reproach Remorse might move him Then Rama fell a-weeping. mig]jty Lord. as the In winter showers He down snow thrust his Sita from his Alone she ruled And wisdom's lessons Gave And his heart. victor. till She bore her noble Husband clad in bark. The Kingdom's In Moon to guard the tribes of Not more enriched than But doom. 330 But Lakshman bore her message to the King. yet By strength of will restrained his grief. — worshipping her image — spent his days sacrifice. all his mind He . throve on rustic fare. — by slander stung. couch of hallowed skins . 340 Brighter shone others. There dwelt She. Sole mistress of the King. men. had banished his dear Wife. at full time offspring pure.

.or THE '^ I^N/VERSITY . or .

RAMA'S COURT JUlk .

and at a Sacrifice Death is restored. For that the Their And so refrained their hands. he scarce can be o'ercome on him then when 'tis not in his hand ! lo . save sea-girdled Earth. ''once he's armed dread spear.] 149 CANTO XV The slaying of Lavaiia Riuna : vanqtiishes twin Sons. sought from him. Those awful curses which to use destroys The meed of holy penance. So. his on earth below —virtue Hero how to be slain. On Rama they relied. For surely Vishnu's Had this They Was told the object. nor smote the foe With those tremendous weapons which they owned." said they. : SitCi and vanishes bears : the passing of Rihna. the World's Protector.THE PASSING OF KAMA XV. Demon Lavana destroyed Holy rites. With Fall one life this to uphold. who by Jamna dwelt. Demon-foe — "For. help. Sita banished. No more took delight with any. Sure reHef From every hindrance Rama vowed to send. Then came And Rama the Ascetics.

one night he stayed his journey was. whose deer looked up With special grace. gave birth to twins. Exceptions champion ^atrughna. Foes well could smite. perfect sons. rest. Served but as ornament. —as in the rules of Him Rama 20 speech blessed : The Prince undaunted mounted his swift car. Two great tarried. AVhich Rama's care sent with him as his aid. thence unwearied passed. and justify Each Prince of Raghu's stock bore. held the Which guiding Hermits showed . flower of mighty warriors.RAGHUVANCA 150 Then King sent the The name he foe. Where dwelt Valmiki At Now Sun's great majesty. way his outriders Proclaimed his glory. And drove adown the scented forest-glade That well-ordered That blazed with blossom. the Saint his car quickly re^dy. even that same night. then at First reverently saluting. where oppressed 40 . Made With pure delight of the happy birth first he dawn. Soon reached he Lavan's stronghold. his rites austere. 3° sage. Won by on the march. superfluous. as fruitful Earth two hosts Might bear for some great King. host. Rama's spouse. and bade his tired steeds While there he The Queen. The noble Prince heard Of Rama's sons . as That he might quell the [canto test a law. He. the noble Saint Received the Prince. ev'n as far-shot rays The So long rattling of his car.

very mountain crested with one tree. 151 their tribute paid. Not body solid block. his 60 Forthwith. — and the Rakshas came All sooty-black he strode. Catrughna Straightway attacked him. and ground to pieces small. cleft his heart : he fell And falling shook the earth. a great rock. a lofty tree. caught without his spear Who : take their foes unharnessed win the fight With boastful words the Demon "Sure the Creator saw my To-day was scanty Thee to complete : daily it. Less than sand-grains.] By Demon-power Great herds of To meet woods the cattle. detached and firmly clenched. besmeared with fetid oils. his foe. By Demon-hosts attended. The Giant cast that too. his foe. 70 . Then. raising The Demon hurled himself upon A his right hand." As 'twere a corn-stalk.THE PASSING OF RAMA XV. With hair aflame. When so the tree was shattered. Split the great trunk — which. with Indra's bolt The Hero smote. but by his fall Took fear and trembling from all Hermit-hearts. struck. he tore up In mid-flisrht Catrucrhna's shaft it. . Dashed to the plain But Krishna's arrow by awful whirlwind-blast. as a shower of dust. and keen swallow down advanced fell so in fear he sent To And 50 his foe. Like some great funeral-pyre that stalked the plain. Huge as Death's fist. fiercely hurled : meal Threatening thus.

higher birth and named the Kuga and Lava. and nobly ruled. and saw Well-pleased the course of Jamna. And hair of kine their First they the Next. were taught. twins mother had been cleansed. 100 . children And 90 Word still.RAGHUVANgA 152 Down on his carcase swooped the [canto vulture-hosts. — on pure Jamna's banks founded Mathura. who bore equal To Dagaratha and love. vouchsafed upon his head. But on the Victor's head rained flowers from Heaven. his palace-roof he looked. For happy free days to come in renowned. far-renowned Of for overthrow And. heightening so the worth Of it 80 valour with the grace of modesty. as the Hermits poured Indrajit. in lovely And from folk the There from from low desires. gleaming white With flocks of Chakravdkas. Now. kissing Earth's fair cheek. to Janaka. Of golden — like a braid tresses. sage Valmiki. and Sacred Lore they gathered from his lips sang the Hero-song himself had made. since with fragrant grass . clothed In form He all manhood. Himself with solemn rites gave Sita's sons The second. Their thanks for aid He bowed meekly. first with Heaven's best blessings dowered. Then. He now was worthy shown of brotherhood With Lakshman. O'er Lavan slain in this he most rejoiced.

And singing Her deep-set mourning o'er her banished state. sat. Sita's boys. to his To ^atrughdtin and Subahu famed Gave each a To city. faithful wives. Where deer unmoving stood Of To no one. whom Rama loved. Kalanemi's vanquisher.] They sang the Life of Rama. Now to the younger sons of Raghu's line Who blazed like steady fires — fair sons were born. fair he left the groves to hear the songs Thence. hers. Rama With Claimed only streets. his son . Mathura the bright Then. and to his brother Vidiga. charmed 153 their mother's grief away. who thought Himself to bring them when the time was One day a Brahman came. grand and sweet. from loving. by Earth victor bowed. and brought ripe. To each one two. 120 even as Indra hailed Great Vishnu. Then ^atrughna. He. There amid all his Now (since his Sita was divorced) senate round him. as the With joy received him : his court. his pious course.THE PASSING OF RAMA XV. self-subdued. gay with bannered Whose townsfolk bore him infinite regard For slaying Lavan. fearing further And check to disturb the Sage. He told him But of the all his story. he turned Ayodhya. birth of Sita's sons told not For so the Poet-Sage required. nought concealed.

"defiles Thy land. soon he came Its pennon motionless. slay the sinner. his sword 150 . root it out this done. But suddenly He scarce had started ! — words then bade him stay I will ! his realm. thus — " O wretched Earth Before the palace-gate : What from fate is thine. forth 140 — came a warning Voice From form unseen "Grave sin. he practised." Forbidding him to aspire To tree. with head hung down. . But — He grasped and cut off his head. soothed the father's Awhile And his guest : First with pitying grief.'"' it said. — " Cambuka. I Rama knew who transgressed the Law place in Heaven. " seek out Death. that Thou 'rt his Father's grasp Rama's hand. the King : ! ! — ! Flew through wide Heaven to take away the Which plagued his people : sin sped the flying Car. and grieved That now A fell Death remorseless smote thing which He shamed him. and whence he sprang. And straight the Pride of Raghu's line went To smite the Lord of life. fallen to ! — bad changed 130 for worse " ! His plaint heard Rama. — " For bring thy child again By thought he summoned. Thou shalt obtain thy wish " This heard. He saw one self-tormented on a Then Rama asked Who answered him Thus seek high 'Twas sin : till his name. red-eyed from smoke. Ctidra. O King Search. To where. learned the cause. The Magic Car seized his warlike bow.RAGHUVANCA 154 A [canto making moan child untimely dead.

of men. might covet. then took the homeward way the Brahman's son restored to life. thirsty fields. With four great gates for mouths. They camping through Around Ayodhya made her glorious. in Heaven or Earth. like frost-bit Of lotus from the stalk. so slain By Royal His washed away by death.THE PASSING OF RAMA XV. at his bidding. foul transgression the Saint Agastya. of Rakshasas. From dead?" loosed for Sacrifice As clouds pour water on the The Kings ev'n the before. Appeased the Saint blessed where he cursed "Who else. grace the Rite.] Whose beard fierce sparks had singed. all the mighty Saints every quarter came. since he took but lived in lonely state." Thereafter A perfect he cried. which to win his grace The Sea bestowed when he had drunk it up. The slave. self throne i8o . Sita's banishment his glory. on the road Rama Greeting great met by Autumn A God flower hands. Itself 170 then showered their choicest : Next. This on his arm he bound. her golden image ruled his house. wife. : the groves Brahma's The Monarch's nay. then rose to Perfect Bliss. which now no more Clasped Sita's And found neck. In right was fixed No enhanced second While still gifts. Rama Horse "can rescue To of Apes. like Fresh from Creation's work. Then came Is 155 : : i6o — so the placid Moon — gem of price he gave.

no more disturbed. all eyes. to hear their strain. own sweet tones With strange Like Heaven's minstrelsy. The Bard. And at his feet the Kingdom and Himself Laid freely down. with state More splendid far than Sacred Law requires. Amazed How they saw. loving gifts. his brothers following. Valmiki's matchless strains. places to the attentive throngs Valmiki's Song of They sang Rama to their depths . At bidding of In many their great Preceptor. like the minstrel-boys were to the King. stirred the souls of men with Rama's deeds. attent Dissolved in tears. the King's Chose as his boon that own sons. 21c . sweet song. loyal grown. Nor moved their skill such wonder in men's hearts As when they saw them carelessly put by The King's rich. only so. Rama marked and heard The assembled crowd. all-pitiful.RAGHUVANCA 156 The solemn [caxto Sacrifice began. 200 By age and dress distinguished. forest-glade In early morning stillness drips with dew. ^\^lereat the King Asked who had taught them ? Who had framed the song ? But when they named Valmiki. as when a 190 their forms their soft. delight. with fixed unwinking eyes. their Throned 'midst That charmed his brothers. She should be called home. Then Sita's sons. Presenting Sita's boys. Rama went To meet the Sage. For Demons. But guarded it from harm.

Receive her back. of consecrated verse hail the blessed Sun. which she drank. show Beyond all cavil To mark the here thy husband : trial the people thou art pure ! Then an " sits acolyte Brought her clear water. pure mother of Thus Rama pledged me sat. Father. With aspect grave The Saint assumed his seat. I. in thought. people. in deed have still ! . By As pious deeds Then on the Ayodhya's Fulfil his Sita call blessings : my sons citizens. but. clad in red. replied Thou knowest. Unruffled. Daughter. then spake These words sincere If I in : — "All-fostering Goddess Earth word. deep abashed. 230 And shunned her quiet gaze. Scarce raised their heads. : " By A Fire's ordeal proved herself to stainless wife. my Spouse. The Proclaimed her pure. Bid her soiled. promise : come. Convince them too so will . all and bade the Saint who led Sita up where the Monarch to Hymn As when with " ! forthwith the Saint morrow Rama summoned With her two sons Men his faith bade trusty messengers Sita then at thy word. like rice-blades bowed with grain. with eyes cast down. how thy Child. 220 from the Gods. and solemn spake : " Now.THE PASSING OF RAMA XV. wiled The people held by Demon-craft.] 157 The King. rejoicing yet perplexed. Her very mien.

nor strayed from duty's path hair's-breadth. She strongly drew girdled with the Sea. Spouse Earth vanished from men's eyes. who " Forbear. Enthroned high above a serpent's Who " ! from. So. Fair Sita to her breast. Taksha and Pushkala. Enraged with Earth. hand of Fate. " yet all in vain he prayed. restrained Then. forbear For with his Then Rama ! in still her eyes anguish cried. by sage advice Of Yudhajit. though The 240 then Earth was seen. The King with feasting and with noble gifts The high Saints honoured and his friends. as Kingly appanage He gave to Bharat all the Who vanquished in fierce Sindhu land fight Gandharva 260 hosts. With shining halo crowned And arms in thy loving So spake the unsullied Wife And [canto in all the furious Hero. and them restrained Henceforth to minstrel-craft . saw crest. rent. when all Went home well-pleased and to his Sita s sons : He — gave the perfect love that had been hers. Forbade them use of arms. the Rite being o'er. being blessed with heirs. — hide me . Were fixed on Rama. rose. to snatch his Sita back. 250 — until Va^ishtha sage. he crowned Each in a city named from him . his noble sons. as chiefs. the gulf rose as a thunderbolt. — the plain was . and straight .RAGHUVANCA 158 Held One to my Lord.

essence so being gone him. and said to Heaven Stood at the door. one foothold Then in lost. Their sons thus Lakshmana. staggered. who had lately passed To meet their Then Death Lord Heaven's unfading bowers. —great Angada Those three Kings.THE PASSING OF RAMA XV. With Bharata he mounted up to Then Heaven. In deep devotion on SarayA's banks He shed his earthy vesture. Sharp goad to To Lava he all his foes assigned. .— as on Earth Fair Virtue scarce can stand. in Muni's semblance came. Karapatha in Set up as Kings his sons. Kugavati he Ku^a placed. Chandraketu. — " By God's command : Now Lakshmana " — though he knew 'twas their secret talk . and thus in Addressed the King : — " Bid Our conference may be Death told I bid thee his He in mount upon ! secret name. — (^aravati whose tender words Could move men's hearts to tears. stately 270 Paid to their mothers.] Himself went back to Rama. 290 steadfast-souled . that so his Brother break his word. who feared Durvasa's curse. to atone Desired to see the King. For having made " withdraw. And famous 159 obsequies settled. At Rama's bidding. One quarter of his To Heaven before Rama now. and Broke all ! and 'twas done. for sin more urgently 280 Then.

when his scattered particles Gopratana. and slain their foe. formless State. that there might dwell for aye souls of men. though in Car Celestial To had passed highest Heaven. in mercy to his folk He made Sarayll's For them to Men 300 stream a watery way follow. who knew the King's desire. Thus by his incarnation having Deliv'rance for the Gods. To wrought and which on Earth. Her buildings only left. Came after on the path his people's tears. while behind (In fealty to her Lord) Ayodhya came. Framed Those a new Heaven. 310 . To its holy banks thronged thenceforward. at once immortal grown. Again were gathered in the Soul Supreme. as when herds of kine Crowd thirsting to cool streams. The Wind-god's son to rule the North Vibhishan ruled from Lanka's scented : the South isle. left spread His glory through the realms of men. The Monkey-hosts And Rakshasas. in All worlds at last are merged. — He Yet.RAGHUVANgA 160 The God [canto of Fire preceding. Big as Xada ml>a-h\ossoms. Ten-headed Ravana. — the God resumed That all-embracing. — and gave the name now famous through the Worlds. And Vishnu. had marked out.

and did the heroes seven of Raghu's line Raise Kuga.KUgAS GLORY XVI. like the — who showered on men their gifts Guardian Elephants. skilled to tame The mighty elephant. Ungrudging. unknown before. ever in their house All alike far-famed For commerce and bridge-building. for. they wisely ruled Nor sought to overstep their mutual bounds. lo Eight-fold divided. The God four-armed. while burned with steady The chamber-lamps. to the throne sovereign power Ruled love — . sprung from Vishnu's heart. L and robed flame . Sprung from the Sama-Veda's holy verse. As Ocean's waves encroach not on the So smoothly flowed the current of shore. : Now to Ayodhyd. One dark midnight. and all the palace slept Save only he.] 161 CANTO XVI — ho7v he returned The Reign of Kuca wedded Kunnidvatt. to Kuga there appeared A woman's form. their blood. eldest-born and most renowned Of all Of their race for virtue. fraternal.

are seen Like sunset-skies. since thy Father passed. mighty Prince. seeking prey. clasping suppliant hands. victor o'er his foes. ! lie 40 desolate. Prince of the high Sun-race thee neglected. the Prince. Fair com'st thou thus For Raghu's noble Abhors " I one my who 30 frost. self-disciplined. now questioned " How. thought of sin all am. more splendid once than Alaka For Royal By home halls all silent. its She hailed him. And So I. — where girls . thy Lord Speak ? freely ? to me yet beware. Like lotus-clusters withered by the Who Why art thou. half-starting up " ! From where he lay. Through bolted doors she passed. to his friends. took His subjects to the festival. " — then. Myriad empty homes. Lady. Now jackals fiery-mouthed the roads howling. But rather wearest garb of those that mourn. couldst thou to my chamber come — Through fast-barred doors ? no Hermit-dame thou thus seem'st.RAGHUVANgA 162 As one who mourns a husband far [canto away. : race. couches bare. ? : ! " She gravely spake : Lord. amazed to see How. that mourning City's Queen. not prizing Kingly state Beyond worth. like a shadow falling on a glass. deserted. With above. King Whereat. Blameless. when at the death of day Winds rend Haunt the clouds. now in thy days. So stood that shape before him. As Indra Dear 20 splendid.

nor do Upon its islets. Deserted fall webs : tender forms altars rise — nay. The fair Moon's beams. loss of paint. to wildness. And where It shrinks sore hUrt. mock the lute's deep tone Now. cold. silent They. with traces of late-slaughtered deer Stairways once painted by Bound 163 fair ladies' feet. get back no ray From tiles time-blackened of the palace-roof. Though pure as virgin-pearl.KUCA'S GLORY XVI. At night Unlighted now the windows. Blood-stained tigers couch. struck By dainty fingers.] With gleam of tuneful anklets Once did the water of my lately thronged. their mates lions tear the marble forms of sylphs. terrified. wounded by the buffalo's sharp horn. my King 70 . . The trees are broken. With crooked claws Grey through the . lakelets. Oh. Foul apes and savage tear the boughs. nor by day Shine they with fairy faces Defile the chambers. spiders' and the hearths are " All scentless flows Sarayll Bathe there no longer. And for the bath. That haunt the lotus-groves. 60 wear squalid robes Of slimy cobra-sloughs. pictured elephants. and by Are fed with tender blossoms. Now flecked with grass-tufts. the hermits' huts to ruin. With careful Where sweet women plucked hands the gardefi-creeper flowers. Have turned And mark : pet peacocks 50 homed the lute is scarce 'scaping forest-fires.

And filled fled in a cloud of dust the sky. As on he marched. [canto highly. 100 .RAGHUVANgA 164 Return. When a day was come Auspicious for his march. revive thy City's old renown Here is no home for thee : me in ! thy Sire His mortal form resigned. consented Departed. the King Soon as councillors In that strange nightly vision His They blessed him : had sought stately Capital ! then the gracious King. Well-pleased. — preparing for the march. Unfit to bear the chariots' crushing weight. Seemed like majestic Ocean urged to shore By lunar impulses. Where'er 'twas seen. 80 what passed when they knew his love. and soared to Heaven So prayed the City : Told Brahman to his : she with lightened heart morning dawned. host a moving city seemed. Its elephants like Like palaces its mounds 90 for pleasure formed. O'er whom alone Imperial ensigns waved. stately chariots. Complete that army showed. followed by his hosts. The solid earth. sent to clear the way To his ancestral home by that great King. The marching Its then with his Queens : banners waving groves that spread around. The mighty army. As showers of rain attend a cooling breeze. to holy Priests He He gave Kugavati sought Ayodhya.

That host of men. from clear Sarayti's all stain. And those pure waters cleansed them At length the King reached By 120 rapid marches. of continuous Sacrifice. And mud to dust again.] GLORY 165 Or moving stately on. Not lacking aught. bank marked by monuments Set up in hundreds by his mighty Sires. with their shouts no Like loudly-roaring Reva. taught the caves Through the Vindhya chain Resounding music. At its graciously he touched Ganga's sacred stream most holy place he bridged. which. The Now Triple River's waters he adored. Divided into bands. To thread its way through Vindhya's strait defiles. and crossed With mighty elephants : the conscious waves In awe flowed backward. on whose bright waves Of yore his Fathers passed to Heavenly When Kapila in fury burnt them up. As on the Monarch swept. seats. His trumpets mingled with the myriad shouts Of trampling hosts. So mighty was the trampling of Such plenteous ichor-streams Rained from their brows. In memory Now. his elephants — that dust was turned to mud. and The hillmen's offerings. . or when encamped.KUgA'S XVI. as with wearied hosts he neared his goal. while the snowy swans Swift gliding through the air were royal fans. thronged with stately ships. his steeds. The Monarch passed : crushed metal gilt his wheels.

! — and taught the jewel-studded robes. nor desired state of Swarga's To don whose every limb In his Father's home. as beseemed their To each a noble dwelling. 150 revived. His people's His foes trees.RAGHUVANCA 166 Forth came to welcome them reviving [canto 130 airs. Himself Thereafter occupied the palace-home Ancestral. Lord or Alaka's heat came on. And gave his followers. chief of all his race. Shone glorious as a bride With gems Its is The Sita's son. darling. humbled. By his command the craftsmen skilled to build First fasted. its market-places thronged. as a bridegroom claims his bride. great elephants in its courts. Camp all The mighty King. So the town. far-renowned As home of sacred images. 140 and paid Due honour to the City. Its stables filled Tied with steeds. all Now Summer's fine. Fresh from green groves round his ancestral home. then did sacrifice. olden splendour Pure rank. made the bannered hosts in his City's outskirts : — that fair town. long parched by summer heat. the King — dwelt happy. as with plenteous rain Clouds cheer the earth. swarms of workmen from the King Renewed in splendour. laden. So captured. while hung fair . With pollen laden of bright-blossoming Cooled by Sarayu's waves.

rich.KUgA'S GLORY XVI.] On So 167 radiant breasts their necklets. 170 halls. night like a Or both spouses showed. Love gathered strength. or twined flowers of Mallikd. and scented spray heat. As swoln by heat. lighting with a flutter on the blooms That opening flung — one bee their sweets abroad. with pollen grey. safe in dropped flowers. Arjun-txet's long shoot. whom angry words Pleasure-ponds. 180 . shunned Now their cheeks. shadow seemed. the North a shower of snow i6o Sent from Himalaya. it from the region which Canopus rules The Sun returned. numbered them. now long. — To every blossom. like a fair one's waist. through the groves of scented MalUkds Bees. while lotus-stems Waved on Now the surface. Relaxed when Spring went by. That after bathing hung (To charm the eye) with The down in ringlets hid limp. cooling streams were forced the damp with sweat. reclined darkened Thrown on them. over stufT thin When yielded to the softest sigh. like rain of tears Cool from a joyful The days were heart. From amorous maidens' ears Qirhha Yet slowly fell to earth adown Where The clung. Had like parted. Fresh-marked with scars of love and To which the petals On marble couches. ^Vhose waters daily shrinking left the steps With moss and lichen clothed. relenting.

like Vishnu in his might. where bathe my happy Tinged with the varied colours from Shows like a sunset-cloud with ! Queens. strong rice-wine. maiden. While arms had swept the skilful Of scaly Down monsters. To where by placid waters tents were pitched. as with yak-tail fan She gently cooled his brow : — " See. and scared With clanging of their armlets gliding swans. Bore gladsome swans and dropping creeper-blooms On So their clear breasts. their limbs. then with a handmaid skilled To ply the oar embarked in pleasure-skiff. satisfied with Now all smashed by [canto Civa's wrath. Their anklets tinkling as they moved. that lovers lacked the season gave. Sweet-scented mango-blossoms. rainbow streaked. Soma's beams delights That cooled men's throbbing limbs. 210 . And fresh Made two PatCila flowers. The King Looked on approving while they bathed and splashed In full delight . river clear Maidens tripped 200 in haste by the stairways to the bank. More grateful for the heat. — whose dancing waves : 190 high. in fit pomp and The King — to sport with his fair Queens. and their mild Prince — both now were Whose goodness soothed their hearts Then longed the King in pure Sarayli's stream.RAGHUVANCA 168 Seemed Not like Love's bowstring. burning up the God. splendour for the Bath set forth. see Sarayu's stream. The burning heat most precious. And thus addressed her.

Float on the current. whose luxuriant charms Impede their motions. Between them and drops of foam mock falling their silvery sheen. Like note of drum. The languorous beauties. as they swim 220 fall off. Tight cling their garments to their waists. Theii" brilliant ear-drops. tinkle now their gems through darksome night In joyous sport they splash each in turn shakes out 230 . Qirisha flowers. the belts Are limp and wet. nor But sparkle The still silent.] Now from fair ladies' By passage of our 169 eyes the wavelets. in play on their bosoms bright The pearly necklets rest. lure for silvery fish In quest of water-weeds. as stars shine. blending with their songs." GLORY KU^A'S XVI. And nimbly cleave the waves. ripples for their brows. have The healing unguents. And ruddy " Now geese show like their shapely breasts. Each one her fellow. soon again laid on As joyous blushes mantle in their cheeks. while peacocks on the banks Spread wide their tails and answer with soft notes. They the strike Absorbed while stream. spread their jewelled hands. yet in pure delight Forget their weakness. Here may we see whate'er the poet's Compares with women's beauties : mind eddying waves Like rounded navels. stirred washed away boat. on the ear a gladsome murmur Of tuneful strikes waters.

ruby shower. When their sport was done. he to Ku^a. ere yet he donned — — 260 . whose beauty excellent for this. disports the herd. The As [canto skin washed clear of paint. when he gave The Kingdom also. Disordered are their locks. And vermilion-stained. " tresses twine ! So spake the King Then leaped among them sporting in the tide His necklace shook around As when a noble elephant Among About his mighty throat. sign of lordship. Great Indra sporting with the In godlike Ganga. the pearl-nets in the waves they sport Those winsome fall'n. his charm the eye show doubly When matched with gleaming emeralds. and lotus-clusters cling When his shoulders. And sated with their merriment the King Had got him to his tent. brighter shone As pearls that Queens. as high With streamlets Now trickling Himalaya's slopes down while amid his lovely Queens the King Plunged in that Queen of rivers. the stately King Appeared among them. erst gem Agastya gave To Rama. — round men's hearts yet . 240 . — all rivalling Nymphs unmarked of Heaven there slipped sank beneath the waves that priceless Which. fair 250 Sportively With coloured water shot from golden tubes They splashed Shone more the King.RAGHUVANgA 170 From A her damp tresses drops with sandal red.

the Naga-Prince. In terror fled And its scaly monsters too. Who dwells beneath the waters. — how they sped : but thy rich gem. to slay The Serpent-Prince. Sore grieved was he lost. and down 280 fixed the shaft named from Garuda. arm was his bare. panic-struck. Who " : of his great Sire pledge of victory. the stream raised quivering waves As suppliant hands. Outstretched the The King gem held back. with hands restoring : his keen bolt — for good men quickly quench 290 . coveted And stole the jewel. much we fear That mighty Kumuda. On they came. wave. great : he held mere gauds." He Flashed his eyes with rage. strung his war-bow. We Sunk spared no in the toil.KUgA'S GLORY XVI. to seek the gem And dived untiring. and roared As from a pit a captured elephant. gift light as worthless flowers he ordered straight fishers. and smote the banks. Unerring. boatmen. from the waters swift the Serpent-Prince Rose. with his virgin Sister : — so of yore Sprang from the churned Ocean Indra's tree With fairest Lakshmi.] His royal robes. When. haunt the stream. not for sordid greed Then 171 King ! we found not : then : 270 all they toiled. he saw And knew the bracelet For much he prized And For it. but in vain : Their faces marred and troubled. But scarce the shaft was laid. strode in fury Straight to the river-bank. told.

art. Before thy my feet. which like a shield Protects the worlds Kumudvati. made answer Then with " : ! — " Joyfully all his train by solemn marriage-rite pride of High Chief offered all her kin. And saw and Thy 300 ! my this ! of success.RAGHUVANCA 172 [canto Kumuda. of Raghu's line . as meteor-like precious bracelet. The memory ! Disdain not now. scourge of Anointed Monarch And bowed . Bound with auspicious knot of purest wool. His other I self. 3*0 . sister. Bold Son of the Mightiest. Their fury when entreated. sister caught. who. to him. did obeisance to the King. know thou Lord thee. when he took The maiden's hand before the sacred Fire. Scarred by the bowstrong's use. warrior. He came to work for men Deliv'rance How should I oppose Begotten when The great Thy mighty 'Twas Her ball will. who rather seek thy grace who. in eager play. and potent arm. — "Well Great Vishnu's Son. back the gaud. who would O King ! serve 310 and from thy mind erase of her crime " ! The Naga-Prince Then ceasing To whom I hail humbly the King thee brother Kumuda joined His sister. haughty head. him thus addressed : his all his foes. Restore ? was seeking driven from her hand. to thy long it emblem it fell.

Rama. the Serpent-King Two Worlds rejoiced — since fear of Vishnu's Who ever rages for his father's death.] Heard through the GLORY 173 skiey realms Celestial songs With Heavenly music joined. mighty Lord Three Worlds. and over Earth. : The Nagas now dismissed No more . loved Kuga reigned. Bird. while wondrous clouds Poured down When now Whom Of all soft. with royal Kumuda. by Serpents vexed. Fifth son of Takshaka. 330 . alliance firm that Sita bore to King had made.KUgA'S XVI. copious rain of sweetest fiowers.

In happy wedlock joined Kumudvati Bore to her Lord a son. for splendour With bright beams Him cheered his Father's : purifies first his Sire. Heroic. — whom he too slew So died he . Kumudvati. of Sages chief. that in his Son. and his high descent.RAGHUVANCA 174 [canto CANTO XVII The wise Rule of King A tithi. that Lore Essential taught which graced through each descent The line of Raghu then sought fitting brides From royal houses. and was slain By Durjaya. — with whom he joined In war against the Daityas. as sleep most peaceful comes He Just at the dawn. self-controlled. so the radiant Sun both North and South. virtues. soothed their hearts. Not less high-born. and the fair in fight. Well he deemed. . His single self For Kuga's was nobly multiplied. high King. self-controlled. great Who Atithi. both parents and their kin. lo . heroic. Rich blessing Unmatched to soul. Great Indra called him friend.

waters plashed upon his head. endless reign. and brought In golden vessels from the holiest streams Pure waters Boomed . — The fig-tree's bark and lotus-buds. With lofty altar hallowed. as was taught by Elders of He sprinkled Z>//rj'a-grass and his house. At once the King. entrancing notes the drums forth. faithful As moonlight fails Loved by the lily. The royal House-Priests first. Whom heralds loudly praised. presaging prosperous. The famous Atithi. To crown him King By skilful hands a Royal residence. Tree of Boons. with solemn pomps And anthems The sacring Then riverlike high. his place. for rites Of solemn cleansing. Supporting it. showed like a cloud. flowed down. in ao Moon. To when 175 of Parijata. deep. soon followed him in death. Next the Brahmans came. Then. Held Was The fails the waning Ku^a high half great Indra's throne. as Ganga's streams Erst flowed through Civa's locks. 40 . as their Lord had bidden when he went smite the Daityas. pillars four — they ordered to be There on a throne of And — nobles of the state 30 he took Kingdom built. to crown that noble King. served. Heaven Kumudvati bosom-friend of ^achi. and enjoyed fruit Now. barley-stalks.xvii] ATITHIS WISE RULE His Spouse. his grave Senators Anointed to the Kingdom his wise son.

. In 70 state. So mighty waxed Whose Gave high command to those life Mercy next he showed. the King flashed forth 50 — as the lightning-flame Spreads wide when dashed with water. loosed every prisoner's chain. Amazed and joyful. When the rites Of Coronation were complete. Thus purified with water. Enthroned he sat. Which yet his great achievements cast in shade. His locks were Next first with fragrant unguents dressed. all caged birds From cruel milking : That pined for — freedom he released. With sandalwood they rubbed. gave the kine relief yea. where rows of pearls reposed diadem. blessings they called down. fullest Royal His limbs as sweet of scent they stained his velvet skin With comely Rochana. unyoked 60 The patient oxen. With largesse far beyond loading them their off'ered gifts. careful tiremen choicest jewels gave. he. which the Priests blessed. condemned to die. he gave Rich gifts to tribal patriarchs.RAGHUVANgA 176 [canto Majestic. a ruby rare Twined in the (Bathed in its flashing rays) they set. to Anon Where'er they would. where the ivory in stately hall it fly Throne stood. As purest musk . hailed by thirsting cuckoos' song. With Holy Texts had In brighter glory. with crown on head. Last on his head. curtained round. He mounted. to assume the Royal robes. Pure.

his Father's throne. 177 where swans were wrought. To Royal He the festal palace state And That when brighter lustre Has grown to fulness.] Clad in soft silken robe. And drew the eyes of all men.ATITHIS WISE RULE XVII. 'Mid loud acclaim of pursuivants. while his Like Wishing-trees. Reflected from the golden mirror's plane On 80 : Meru's slopes so shines the Wishing-tree Beneath the Sun's The first He beams. worthiest seen To woo and win the Genius of the realm. servants smiling. who bore The Royal Upon Glorious then he sat standards. well-canopied. In glory matching Indra rode the King. spoke to unadorned past. Before whose footstool Kings were wont to lay Their jewelled crowns. not Thus. Resplendent was the form that met his gaze. High on an elephant whose might could E'en with Airavata's To — and made his town rival Svarga. advanced. entered then audience-hall. his nonage rich ^rivatsa. Through all As when the famous jewel Kaustubha Gleams on By great Vishnu's breast. New lustre shed the King when he came. which rivalled Indra's own. so he seemed Persuasion's self. vie Now standards waved o'er his M head alone 100 . more splendid shone than e'en before With 90 all his in their eyes : still as shines the its Moon crescent shape Cheerful looks he wore.

patient heard The cause of each contestant. Revered in stately shrines. Ayodhya's Gods In chiselled shapes stood round about the King. no gift was Not a word untrue e'er sought back. maturely weighed the Then gave his sentence. cleaving fast to right. Wet with the Anointing Ere the waters.RAGHUVANCA 178 The [canto parasol of Royal state was raised. in his great Father's time. sage Vagishtha's resistless what could : Their power united Himself altar stones. The people who. he gather strength by no such law restrained Atithi. white. His burning fame had reached Keen Lent aid shafts far Ocean's shore. shone at once with Of gathered all no the might City-matrons gazed virtues. —as these with Autumn rains Reached Fortune's flood-mark. In nature smoke comes Mist But To veils the Sun's rays first till ere fire appears. Which. dried again. ? e'er spells withstand Daily in his court sat with his judges. unspotted. As in clear Autumn unwinking eyes night's Attend the Polar Star in steadfast groups. 130 . he wielded. with eyes of loyal love. straitly sought Where truth might lurk. purged from all men's hearts Their poignant sorrow for his Father's death. E'er passed his 120 lips. Had grown as rivers New-ruled by him proof. weakness. do with vernal showers. Where'er he passed. And richly blessed him.

Whate'er was done on Earth straightway he knew. held his council. — each alone breeds pride yet his great heart Day by day Swelled not with pride unduly. his ends . . And all in him were met. In vigorous youth no force could shake his throne. For he scattered round him.xvii] ATITHTS WISE RULE Nor word He e'er his recalled. Devotion 179 in his subjects stronger grew. — yet his purposes (Debated with closed doors) were ne'er betrayed. like a tree whose roots are firmly fixed. But foreign foes are Perpetual trouble 'Gainst He banded A will give 140 foes within. For needful Through rest he slept. as the Sun spies Unclouded darts his rays on every side. The Monarch sought Soon warps nor with unwearied care . — save only when pardoned and restored a humbled Youth. war. foe. waged unceasing Inconstant distant. Till. for so a streak of gold Harsh and mild by Cleaves to the touchstone. smiling aspect : Fair Fortune too. yet ever watched spies spread all abroad 'mongst friends and foes. harshness unrestrained Is in its issue savage cruelty. unmixed to weakness. him unchanging wore else. and beauty. for grace turns. power. unswerving The King He 150 Law and untired For daily with the pure fulfilled. All duties which by night or day the Prescribes for Kings. the passions six.

.RAGHUVANCA 180 Yet each from other Though his own When hid. 170 his folk Only was needed. He ever sought the foe the king of beasts. Yet turned he not aside to crooked ways. He held the balance even." He stored up treasure . well. [canto i6o fortresses defied attack. nor allowed That any should Nor crush prevail another. great power Or weakness Assailing boldly. powerful foes King Made war upon so forest-fires. well-stored 180 . — if well that friends hand that raised. prepared his paths. skulks not in caves. had ever reared its So wisely ruled he that among No stern reproof Of equal might head. when swoln resist the kept them in the mean. — else he abode attack. that valiant. Well knowing " power to help from riches comes. Who tears down elephants. Pleasure. By rushing winds. though urged. so the cloud. His foemen's strength well he pondered. For strength or wealth due. his fortunes rose. beyond Knowing Avail not in misfortune. : 'Mid Justice. : His plan he thought out Success securing Mature : rice-grains in the blade High in secret. Like Ocean which in highest floodtide shapes Its course up river-mouths. attack not running streams. but With too He — undismayed Profit. its and his own his the better part. he made war. If discontent Strong to repress.

through woods Safe as in royal parks. on mountain roads Secure as in their homes. Merchants unhindered plied On his peaceful realm their trade in boats 200 mighty streams as on calm lakes. used force or craft As either best might serve. each weak spot 190 but smote where they were weak. as magnet's hidden force Through Attracts the iron. which his Sire Had And apt to fight.ATITHrS WISE XVII. Well-versed in policy. like the jewelled crest a serpent foe could win it wears from him. : . Protecting well Ascetic works from hindrance. Of all he took the Absorbed the fruit gains. From every man as each with ease could pay. The Kingly power In phases four by just proportion used. He took the royal sixth throughout his realm. is still nought . In valour he was Kartikeya's peer. while he drew Their power from them. All treacherous wiles he knew. fortified. . call. warlike King. no favourite All crafty ways of war. wealth from thieves. the army. His own designs promoting. but never used But fought uprightly. so that Victory Fair Goddess 210 — who on Hero-souls attends. exercised in arms Fixed No to brought his foemen's counsels A 181 thanked by Chatakas.] With watery wealth. was ever at his The triple wisely fostered. Kingly power he firmly held. He He H F L F.

The praise. the mighty. [canto the Moon is full it field. less : fall. as smites his great An elephant And seldom in pride the rival bulls. quickly wanes. but waned not To 220 so. His actions No —beggars destitute. to complete the great Horse-sacrifice. all his World. By truth's bright essence And all men darkness he dispelled. might. held beneath his sovran sway. him. Like both the Monarch waxed. to Ocean^ all flattering yet won their glorious Alone the moonbeams lotus only hails His foes not ' meed tongue he favoured. yet his fame Now Spread through the world. To — on the road as Indra rose Heaven's high throne. As clouds And And got such guerdon that themselves grew rich. repaired. generous King. His very aspect scared away the wrong. so he on Earth became King o'er all Kings . on the lily pale the Sun's hot rays 230 his virtues' light illumined than his friends. 240 . Sun As rules the To crush his foes he put forth Yet was in strength this nether his purpose worthy. Thus in his valour struggling Prescribed by Holy Writ. and. Hating words of gave to others. was provoked to take the Now when And Ocean Wherefore to him. after floodtide quickly falls. for his excellence. — since he sought This only.RAGHUVANgA 182 Loved and clave By all his foes might he quickly smote.

And placed the scrolls above their diadems. Now with such He guerdoned all wealth at his Horse-sacrifice 250 the sacrificing priests. As though to shade them. Eighth mountain with the Seven. Sixth Element. As though themselves were suppliants for his aid. In reverence Kings received his high commands.ATITHIS WISE RULE XVII. That they his Were showered. still increased while the mighty Four guard the Worlds so highly honoured him. name extolled as equalling From Indra plenteous rains Kuvera's own. 260 . and Yama kept back deadly plagues The Lord To of Ocean and its monsters gave merchants prosperous voyage. The Monarch's Who : in ships Kuvera treasure . who crossed His mighty waters And Raghu's mindful of the past.] 183 Fifth Guardian of the World. — he was named. Were away torn : now their parasols — so Indra rules the Gods. threats.

Stretched wide. triumphant o'er his foes. Well won by stainless deeds on Earth below. who Had all in their fulness drained. Kumudvati's great son. Earth's joys content resigned The Royal State. hiding deep His purposes. as the eye delights to view waving cornfield. and mounted up to Heaven. Sire's delight to see the youth High-souled. Then Kuga's grandson ruled.RAGHUVANgA 184 CANTO The King On A Atithi. Sire. unmatched in might. save his Royal fans were waved lo o'er Kingly head. whose eyes were And languished like the lotus. whence with fostering rains Rich harvest shall His mighty be won. As Nishadha thence known Great was his to all mankind. and destined to his folk to bring Rich A blessing. Queen. son begat that matched the Serpent-King. his fair later [canto XVIII Kings of Raghu's Race. as stretch a And No whose arm city's girdling walls while he ruled the sea-girt Earth. bright . Princess of Nishadha.

40 . : dear for patient love. crushed his foes as elephants crush reeds So great And 185 yoke of Royal the merit of pure Sacrifice rule. Of Kshemadhanvan sprang Gave received the realm who passed Well-skilled to rule the people. Their mutual love beamed. the Father loved So brightly As Sire ne'er loved before. realm and himself his strength to rites austere. skilful ! mighty son realm he glad gave fair 'tis To Great Pundarika. pleasant to his folk North Kogala's From sung his glory that 'twas 90 his face. In full requited.] He died and Nala came. His shafts unerring : who likeness Heaven : — strong o'er the his bow. Sire. . — with savage beasts 'Midst Kings most kingly. — He gave To Kshemadhanvan. Renowned As clouds — as of in He made Autumn. shone like lotus To him a son was born. Lord of war. escaping once Devolving from his Lakshnii. age his that meet home. As Hermit gave 30 in the worlds. a godlike son. and ruled mankind. When in : as Nabhas. Vishnu's o'er. Fierce as red Who fire.RAGHUVANgA xviiT. Extolled in highest Heaven. fair earthly shackles. for all Nabhas King begat Lady of the Embraced him. Devanika. famous A Heaven as the sky. his son — which love that son That most virtuous Sire to his son the And by to lotus-face.

wasteful vice . then took the road and 60 in his stead Pariyatra. off. With fourfold Royal powers triumphed That leads Fair : men's secret thoughts Scarce less in might than Vishnu He went home turned in early youth from vile men's paths. when ruled the Earth. in love and then cut followed Kuga. Beset with cares. his Sire all surely knew. 70 . Unnabha — Age. — that takes first seize. Yet him. — Took to her arms. did envious No more delight. keeps pleasure far away. strong and broad of chest. his great son. in equipoise. ^ila followed him. who held his haughty head Above the mountains. for tender He That strong-armed Hero. That King of blameless soul devolved the realm. —and wisely ruled the Worlds.RAGHUVANCA 186 Passed to the home on Sacrificer's Then Devanika [canto high. Lakshmi . with beauty dowered nor sated yet With love. Who with flint-headed arrows smote his foes. persuasive words. on Ku^a. reigning next begat Ahinagas. — for a King's high place. Yet modest blushed to hear his actions praised. And shunned He foes words of love Enthral e'en timorous deer. While yet a youth. come to earth. by friends Of Beloved alike . And turned to pleasure . A noble nature. mighty-framed. Who and o'er his foes to Final Bliss. prudent Prince. Lord of himself and Lord 5° sweet.

long-armed and mighty. scorching thus his foes More fiercely as a forest-fire gains strength When winds attend The debt he owed And it. pride of the Sun-race. loved By all 80 deeds. when passed 100 . and Earth sea-girdled clave (^ankhana his son. longing for Eternal pleasures. Who thundered in the war. — fair As Dhushitagva. — who reigned. —and wedded Earth. Civa's grace he won And of his loins sprang Vigvasaha. — known far his steeds To Ocean's margin. Kaucalya named. round The 187 pivoted Came circle of Earth's kings. heir. he was gone. far-famed Lord of bay-steeds.RAGHUVANCA xviii] A whom very Vishnu. his Dhushitacva then. as the Agvins. Indra's peer. By mighty To all his Uprooted. after him His son. begat a son. a second Delighting all King men's eyes : Moon for grace. With diamond mines resplendent. Priestly Of Northern Ko^ala. high Vajranabha. sending as is the Sun. son indeed. holding fast 90 the right. Begat Hiranyanabha bearing part Of Vishnu's essence. who When Heaven he won : men. offering gems from A all foes her mines. and himself— In virtue perfect His — donned the dress of bark. Ancestors discharged. crowned His son. there mounted Raghu's throne King renowned. yet strong to shield The whole broad Earth . — who.

saintly Jaimini. a fawn. And To passed to Heaven. Putra his at the full of Pusha's More splendid than As 'neath new stars the topaz The noble King gave Himself he gave to Queen moon. His subjects long rejoiced. who reigned in perfect peace. To Brahma's [canto council. Bore Paushya. men When In boundless happiness. joy. yearning for the Bliss Supreme Of union Crown of his race. made great. crowned King as his son. bathed in Ganga's streams.RAGHUVANgA 188 His He. To maintain the line He left him firmly stablished. chief.— . then forsook All earthly objects. made like — nay. served by Garuda. Attained absorption in the Soul Supreme. all made peace. shrinking from by works austere re-birth. Ruled all wide Earth. fair rejoiced 120 age crept on. whose fame had spread Sire to Glory. made him head By duteous service of his Whose eyes were like the Sire Of happy fathers. under him. with the Highest. wept for — but Putra glad his heart. lotus. — whose grace men's sight as doth the waxing 130 Moon. no Vishnu. • Brahmishtha. Fair sons In form In his son. to his son the realm. a With whom consenting Him lion-like. all his foes wide-eyed as is his son Sudargana. And. upright Prince. : auspicious. While yet Charmed steadfast as the Pole. loyal. Then Dhruvasandhi.

their Kingless state. the people Would prove him 140 When on deemed the Throne his riper age equal to his mighty Sire Full oft they'd seen a cloud that seemed no more Than handbreadth wide. So stately was his mien. — whose chief was now a still Moon the child. the council with one voice With solemn enthroned rites Lord of Ayodhya. by East wind driven. to For mourned the people all Thus Raghu's Showed Or uphold the race line. To fill Though as yet too small his Father's throne. mighty When lion slew. Heaven so to That King had passed. He its lilies sat. like the night while like a forest son his only as a silent lake bloom. veil The whole broad sky. 150 .RAGHUVANgA XVIII. is young. where one Lion-cub Alone doth range. his glory So wide about him As clothed Kings seemed that he in lustrous gold laid their crowns — and in shone to swell filled homage the seat. tinged with red and hanging from the Throne A httle way. The people gazed on him with not less awe Than on his Father. or Before .] Was A 189 but a child. scarce touched the golden stool. when — scarce six years old In Royal robes he passed along the ways On noble elephant. yet childlike clung Fast to the driver. at his foot. Which. too eager in the chase.

too heavy Had And his brow. — Protected by his arm. His limbs gained strength and bulk That win a people's At first . letters all. 180 . boyish curls Still hanging down his cheeks. Earth dwelt safe. well : i6o " Mighty King !" Such potent words came from On [canto his infant Ups.RAGHUVANgA 190 Well named the sapphire is Most precious though That Royal child the 'tis title the "great blue stone. By converse But —he turned smiling faces of his foemen's wives. but seedlings. — their sound went forth Far to great Ocean's shores. grew to stately trees. nor died e'en there. and policy." small beseemed so. the Virtues too love. either side fan-guarded. all His yet in : to tears had Lakshmi — longing for his Embraced him only Though still him dwelt such force Ere yet he learned with the wise he fully grasped All lessons of right rule yet 170 on a writing-board. Nor yet he grasped the sword-hilt. won in his heart manhood place. Soft as (^irhha buds. unpractised in the archer's craft. — bashfully 'neath the umbrella's shade. he smiled Of tired his limbs dignity. Silk gold-embroidered twined Whereon impressed he bore With which The — though still around the Royal Mark. blest heritage. Nor marked as yet with scars from bowstring wound. traced Not gems he bore the unmeasured weight the careful World. As time rolled on.

his only brides. his heart . . women's Luxuriant shoot. who To see pure offspring more confirm the longed throne. sweet season of delight. he shone forth glorious Archer. length made perfect. arrow to the laid his The notch The flower A merely to recall therewithal he In arms at A he learnt threefold Science. bloom from passion's plant — or charm of loveliness all his limbs. That crowns Desire's Then did foot. swelling out the chest. the perfect fair tree. no more now paled far excelled. And shown by faithful councillors. 191 compared which those maids — by envoys brought. right to his ear. Poised lightly on the He charm for Spread over first To fill With Full soon he reached of youth. life 190 won his people's hearts.RAGHUVANQA xviii. And seemed And for . royal maidens' portraits.] No toil The it was to teach him What in in learning a former he well had known. In beauty and drew string. the Kingly State and Earth herself. boon nature's 200 gift. At love. with crest erect. suffice their charms. root of three-branched Lore.

Raghu placed upon of his throne His son. life's last stage passed to Naimisha's grove. Himself dealt justice foes were crushed — to eat the fruit. And careless of reward stored merit up. 1 . where mighty arm. There washed he from his soul all earthly thoughts : Instead of pleasure-halls sought Holy ponds. No toil he left his To whom he gave Beneath his Not labour Was lo son to guard his realm. This Prince's mind to produce. dwelt apart In lowly hut instead of Palace-home. Earth. Strewed on the ground a couch of sacred grass Instead of silken cushions. Then to his Elders turned the charge of And gave his own fresh youth to Love's rule. self-restrained. bright as And. In first Fire. great Agnivarma. RAGHUVANgA [canto CANTO XIX Agnivarma^s voluptuous Reign and Death. turned to pleasure all : wherefore for some years to the subject World. 'mid pious students. delights.192 . Now and after years of wise The Son glorious rule.

When once it has seduced him. faithful Councillors. 'twas but one Hung from the palace-window foot Resplendent with the beauty of its nails. to wise counsel. maddened though he seemed But. pleasure-seeking ways. — while N his speech. careless of his folk And He when. leaned His weight upon his servants. The King passed through Diversified. Pale he grew. Disease. to him. the lute's soft music rolled. A 20 was chased festival more splendid. plunged in sensual pleasure. Still he pursued Nor hearkened all consumed his life. recking not Of royal duty. 193 lotus touched with rays of morning-sun. . So. And fell consumption ravaged all his limbs He left his ornaments. And By each day's splendid feast Day and night he spent In love's soft raptures. goaded on by Love. but still the the seasons of each year same Yet was his valour dreaded . and walking. he showed.] Then through the Palace of the amorous King Fair women thronged. . They did obeisance. 30 —then went home content.AGNIVARMA^S SHAME XIX. to that foot. yielded to his loyal people's wish To show himself. though he saw — The fatal consequence no easy task Have they who would a man from Pleasure : 40 turn. as the curse of Daksha wastes the Moon. rival Kings Durst not attack him. by passion bred. much urged by .

revived by healing waters poured (Such was the To 60 lamp so dies a In secret laid the body on a pyre Nor life. she scalded Was soon in her womb. struck with heavy fears The King makes 50 is left His Ministers long hid the " Moon. snapped his thread of Ere yet he saw his Before the chilling Hard by And son : In darkling grove blast. in whose bright body shone The hope of Royal seed. seated on the Throne The rightful Queen. told the people. Next in haste they called The Chiefs to council. like the sky when wanes when only mud And fatal truth. And as he slowly wasted His race was Or as a lake in disease. 70 . Died miserably ere he paid the debt Due to his mighty Sires . dying lamp. but feigned Some hope of healing.RAGHUVANgA 194 [caxto Weak. !) from golden jars. or as a And the Sacrifice to therefore lives retired ! win a son. That unborn Child. The widowed Queen. marked the ruin wrought by Love. Untimely dead. tribal rite consecrate the Babe. Its waters dried. fell Defying treatment. and disease. Untrue " : their words For He. with a Priest well-skilled in funeral-rites : told the people what was done. the palace met the Senators. though Lord of many wives. unblest. Whom with hot tears of sorrow for her Spouse. hollow.

hides in her for her womb time to High on her golden the late-sown grain. come throne. : — meanwhile she sat and sagely ruled 80 (Advised by loyal Senators) the State.] Who 195 carried 'neath her breast the Royal seed.AGNIVARMA^S SHAME XIX. Which ripened As Earth Longed for the universal weal. \\Tiere all the people honoured her commands ! .

INDEX
(

Of Names and Words

not already explained, which

explanation: the numerals refer

to

may want

pages),

Afoka, 60, a flowering tree, bearing orange and scarlet blossoms.
Afvins, 187, Vedic sun-gods, "twin-sons of the dawn."

Agastya, 54, one of the great Rishis (see Introduction).
AkshastQdiS, 107, berries used as necklace-beads.
Akshota, 34, the walnut-tree.
Alakd, 79, the city of Kuvera, god of riches.
Aftas?1y(7, 115,

the wife of Atri, mother of Durvasa,

who gave

Sita an

unfailing cosmetic.

Arjun-tree, 167, a stately forest tree.

Arimdhati,

6,

the wife of Vagishtha,

"the morning-star," a model of

wifely virtues.

Atharva, 66, the fourth Veda, chiefly regarded as a storehouse of magical
incantations.

Atri, 18, one of the Seven Rishis.

Ayodhyd, 79, " Impregnable," the capital of North Kogala, Raghu's
Bali, 61, the

Demon

tyrant,

city.

overthrown by Vishnu as the Dwarf.

Bandhtijiva, 102, a tree bearing beautiful red blossoms, which open at

noon and fall off the following morning {Pentapetes phcenicea).
Bathing is a daily religious duty of high importance.

Bay

horses are special steeds of the Sun.

Bhrigu, 90, a great Rishi, son of Manu, to

whom was committed

the

sacred Law-book.

BhrigiCs

son,

105,

patronymic of Para9u-Rama,

grandson.
BhitrJa-txeQ, 35, a birch.

Brinddban, 53, the scene of Krishna's early
196

life.

who was

Bhrigu's

'

INDEX
(7(f/-tree, 2,

a lofty and stately forest tree

qarabhanga,\
Qltakarni,

)

^

^^^

^^j^^, •'

(

197

Vatica robusta).

^^^^^^

(^atrughna, 96, " queller of foes," a younger brother of

Rama.

Qesha, 89, the mythical Serpent on which Vishnu sleeps.
ChakravAka, 128, the ruddy-goose, emblem of conjugal love: the birds
are fabled to be

condemned

to constant separation at night.

Chaitraratha, 44, Kuvera's pleasure-garden.
ChAtaka, a kind of cuckoo, fabled to live only on rain-drops.
Chitrd,

5,

the star Spica Virginis.

Chitraktita, 114, the mountain, scene of
(^irtsha, 169,

Rama's

exile.

a graceful variety of flowering Acacia.

Daksha, 193, a Saint, whose twenty-seven daughters were wedded to
Chandra, the Moon and whose curse, the punishment of partiality
to one of his wives, is the fabled cause of the Moon's periodic
waning.
Darbha grass, 129, sacrificial grass, of which Ktica is a variety.
Durjaya, 174, a Demon, "hard to conquer."
D{irva grass, 50, a kind of millet (Panicum dactylon).
Durviisa, 159, son of Atri, and a specially choleric Saint.
Dilshana, 117, a Demon, slain by Rama.
;

Elephants

(Celestial),

161, are fabled to uphold the extremities of the

world.

Fig-tree, the Indian fig, Ficus religiosa

:

the Peepal.

Gandkarvas, Minstrels of heaven, inhabiting Indra's heaven Southey's
"Glendoveer."
Ganeca, 14, the elephant-headed God of wisdom, son of (^^iva and
:

Parvatl.
13, the "white" Goddess, a name of Parvatt.
Gokarna, 70, a favourite shrine of ^iva.
Govardhan, 53, a mountain in Brindaban.

Gauri,

Hanttmdn, 121, son of the Wind, general of Rama's monkey-allies.
Indra's beetle, 104, the cochineal-insect.

RAGHUVANgA

198
hidrajit, 134,
warrior,

surname of Meghanada, son of Ravana, a valiant Rakshas

who once overcame and bound

Indra himself.

Jaimini, 188, a famous Saint, founder of a school of philosophy (the

Purva-Mimdmsd).
Janaka, 103, -the reputed father of

Sita,

whom

he found in a plough-

furrow.

Janasthdna, 54, RS.vana's

capital.

Jatdyil, 118, the Vulture-ally of

Rama,

slain in defence of Sita.

Kadaviha, 160, a flowering tree, bearing orange-coloured blossoms.
Kdlanemi, 153, a Demon slain by Vishnu.
Kapila, 25, a Sage who, being falsely accused by Sagara's sons of stealing their father's horse for the Sacrifice, burnt them up by some
:

identified with (^iva.

Kdrtavtrya, 51, a famous warrior-king of the Haihayas,
Ravana himself in chains.

who once held

Kdrtikeya, 47, the leader of Heaven's armies, son of Civa and Parvatt,
the "nursling of the Pleiades {Krittikds) " also called Skanda, etc.
:

Ketaka, 13, a sweet-scented blossoming tree.
Kutfuka, 81, a flowering tree, bearing scentless red blossoms.

Kinnaras, 35, attendants on Kuvera.
Krishna, the " dark " God in our poem a surname of (^iva.
Kos, 135, a measure of distance, about a mile and a half.
Kumbhakania, 121, Ravana's brother, doomed lest he should devour
to sleep six consecutive months in each year.
the world
:

Lakshmi,

26,

the wife

of Vishnu

;

also,

Fortune,

esp.

the Glory of

Kingship.

Lauhitya, 35, the Brahmaputra river.
Lodhra-\.xtQ, 13, a forest tree bearing a yellow flower.

Mdnasa

lake, 131, a fabled source of Ganga.
Mdrlcha, 102, a Demon emissary of Ravana he tricked Rama, and was
by him slain.
Meru, Mt. 60, the Hindu Olympus. The Sun, circling round Meru, so
causes alternate day and night.
Mithild, 103, the capital of Vidarbha.
Muni, 147, a saintly recluse, especially one vowed to silence.
:

,

INDEX

199

Nabhanga, 84, Indra's armour-bearer.
Ndgas, 171, semi-divine Snakes, dwelling in Patala, beneath the earth.
Nuhusha, 129, a Demon who had supplanted Indra, and was dashed down
to earth by Agastya, whom he had insulted.
Naimisha, 192, a sacred grove.

Nandana,

Tj, the pleasure-garden of Indra.

Ndrada, 70, the Divine Minstrel, friend and counsellor of men.
Nimi, 105, founder of the dynasty of Milhila, a son of Ikshvaka.
[Om),

2,

the "mystic word," beginning the Veda, etc., symbolical of the

Hindu Triad

:

it is

equally sacred for Buddhists.

Omens, 55, 143, throbbing of the right side
is auspicious ; and vice versd.
Pdtdla,

8,

in

men, of the

left in

women,

the abode of the Nagas.

Pdtdla, 168, a flower.

Faulastya, 35, patronymic of Ravana, descended from Pulastya.
Peepal, 134, the sacred fig-tree {Ficus religiosa), distinguished by

its

twisted roots.
Prachetas, 8, one of the Prajapatis, q.v.

Prahldda, 61, the pious son of Hiranyakacipu, a Daitya tyrant of the
world.
Prajdpati, 95, a son of Brahma, progenitor of

mankind

:

they were ten

in number.
fifth and seventh lunar mansion.
Pushpaka, 94, Indra's Magic Car, wrested from him by Ravana, and won
back by Rama.

Punarvdsjc, 104, the

Rdku,

115, the

Dragon who devours the Moon, so causing

eclipses.

Rain-birds, 39, the Chatakas, q.v.
Rdkshasas, 115, the Demon-foes of the Gods.
Rati, 47, " Delight," the wife of
Reed-born God, 22, Kartikeya.

" Regents of the World,"

Kama, Love.

18, the eight

secondary Gods, Indra, Agni,

etc.

Sacred Cord, 22, the symbol of investiture for the three "twice-born"
classes,

Sdma

marking entrance into the "second

Veda, 161, the

Veda

life."

specially of ritual, arranged for chanting.

Sampdti, 118, the Vulture-King, brother of Jataya.

RAGHUVANgA

200
(Sdvitri), 157, the

Hymn to the Sun,

which must be recited every morning.

Seven, 91, a sacred number.
Siddhas, a class of specially pure celestial beings.

Skanda, 38, the God of War, Kartikeya.
Soma, 49, the Moon.
'^
Sound-pervaded lesXxa" 125, the atmosphere.
Sugriva, 118, King of Rama's monkey-allies.
Svdhd, 6, the prayer of the oblation (?=faustum
Tila, 83, the

sit !).

sesamum.

Trinabindu, 75, a famous

ascetic.

Vakula, 82, a fragrant flowering

tree,

fabled to be fertilised by wine

women.
three Vedas

sprinkled by

Vedas, 37, the
are the foundation of
ledge, and are held to be eternal.

all

wisdom and know-

Hindu Vulcan, fabled to have pared down on
when his heat became intolerable.

Vifvakartna, 50, the
lathe the Sun,

Yakshas are attendants on Kuvera.

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