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Elderly Population in the Philippines

Population Size of the Philippines: 1903-2000
From 1903, when the first census that counted the population in the entire archipelago
was undertaken, to the latest census of May 2000, the population of the Philippines
increased ten-fold. There were 7.6 million persons counted in the 1903 census while
there were 76.5 million persons in the 2000 census. The 2000 figure is 7.9 million
persons more than the 1995 census count of 68.6 million.
The Philippine population grew at the rate of 2.36 percent annually between 1995 and
2000. This is slightly higher than the annual growth rate during the first half of the
nineties (2.32 percent). The annual population growth rate exhibited a generally
declining trend. The decline appears to have slowed down in the last two decades.
The average annual growth rate during the entire nineties was 2.34 percent, while it
was 2.35 percent in the eighties. More noticeable declines in the growth rate occurred
in the earlier inter-census periods. From 3.0 percent during the fifties and the sixties,
the annual growth rate dropped to 2.75 percent in the 1970-1980 period and further
down to 2.35 percent in the 1980-1990 period.
Table 1. Population and Average Annual Growth Rate, Philippines: 1903-2000

Year

1903
1918
1939
1948
1960
1970
1975
1980
1990
1995
2000

Population
(millions)

7.6
10.3
16.0
19.2
27.1
36.7
42.1
48.1
60.7
68.6
76.5

Average Annual Rate of
Increase Over Previous
Year
(percent)
1.9
2.22
1.91
3.06
3.01
2.78
2.71
2.35
2.32
2.36

Sources: National Statistics Office (NSO), 1903-2000 censuses

Age Structure: 1960-1995
The Philippine population is young. However, the proportion of the population under
15 years of age, which was recorded at 45.7 percent in the 1960 and 1970 censuses,
exhibited a downward trend, falling to 38.3 percent in 1995 possibly as a result of a
declining fertility. On the other hand, the proportion of the population 60 years old

1 36. Of this number.1 60.6 42. By comparison.6 45.3 39. Sex Composition of Population 60 Years and Over in Comparison with National Figures.3 45.5 5.9 Source: NSO.7 million persons were senior citizens or individuals aged 60 years and over.4 87.7 49.3 38.7 5.0 52. there was one male senior citizen for every 20 males in the national population.4 percent) were females.7 50.7 4.7 million (46. the males in the national population in 1995 comprised 50.2 5.4 percent or 3.2 5. Both Sexes % of Senior Citizens to National Population.6 55.7 48. of which 1. The proportion of the population 15 to 59 years increased from 50.increased from 4. 1995 The population size of the Philippines. based on the 1995 Census of Population. Six out of 10 senior citizens were below 70 years.6 males for every 100 females (Table 3). while only 4 out of 100 were 85 years or older (Appendix Table A).6 101. while there was one female senior citizen for approximately every 17 females. 1995 Census of Population and Housing Population 60 Years Old and Over by Region. Males % of Senior Citizens to National Population.4 49.6 million persons.3 56.0 percent to 56.4 percent. The predominance of females among senior citizens reflects the fact that women. Percent Distribution of Population by Broad Age Group. These figures translate into a sex ratio of 87 males age 60 years and over for every 100 females in the same age group. 1960-1995 censuses Male and Female Population 60 Years Old and Over.0 5. 5.3 percent in 1960 to 5. Table 3. Philippines: 1960-1995 Age Group Total (millions) 0-14 15-59 60 and over 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 27.6 - Senior Citizens 46.0 million (53.4 Sources: NSO. which implies a sex ratio of 101.2 percent. Females Philippines 50. Province. Philippines: 1995 Indicator Proportion of Males (percent) Proportion of Females (percent) Sex Ratio (males per 100 females) % of Senior Citizens to National Population.7 68.6 53. was 68. 1995 2 . Table 2.4 percent in 1995. Table 3 also shows that in 1995. live longer than men.1 5.0 4. in general.6 percent) were males and 2.

5 1.838 3. while the NCR and Region III. 64. (Table 4).359.706 5.3 percent were widowed and 5.9 7.096 4.942.572 99.9 10. which have the second and third largest population size. Ratios ranging from 23 to 27 per 1000 were recorded in the provinces of ARMM (Appendix Table A). Region I ranked first with 77 senior citizens for every 1000 population.794.604. only 0. Region VIII (70 per 1000) ranked second.917 2.272 4.418 388.3 2.7 5. Philippines.033 263.254.307 5.4 391.5 5. ranked third and fourth.588 3.035 6.216 124.536. half of the female senior citizens were married.776.7 9. Region VI ranked second.1 percent were never married or single.3 3. Divorce is not legal in the Philippines nor is separation a common event.622 100.0 10.1 6.020. Table 4. respectively.2 percent.622 48. Distribution of Population 60 Years and Over by Region. 1995 Region Philippines NCR CAR Region I Region II Region III Region IV Region V Region VI Region VII Region VIII Region IX Region X Region XI Region XII ARMM Caraga Percent to Regional Population Population 60 Years and Over Percent to Total Population 60+ Regional Population 3.014.6 1.943.687 4.293 72. All regions in Mindanao had ratios lower than the national figure of 54 per 1000.6 percent were legally married.4 4.938 5.613.8 5. By comparison.7 million senior citizens.1 3.366.297 294. 28.Region IV topped the regions in terms of the number of senior citizens.883 96.0 68.8 percent of senior citizens were reported as divorced or separated.365 511.1 Source: NSO.2 7.570 9.483.325. These figures provide empirical support to the observation that women tend to outlive men.659 2. while Region VI and Region VII (68 per 1000 ) were third.890 2.040 1.903 1.6 5.962 125.4 5.454.0 4.932.808 2.1 6. The widowed among the male senior citizens comprised 14.424 234.8 6.158 2.0 4. 1995 Census of Population and Housing Marital Status Distribution Of the 3.8 7. 3 .097 202.7 7. This is to be expected since it is the biggest region in terms of population size.381 10.4 2.9 3.1 6.1 2. ARMM had the lowest ratio with 24 senior citizens for every 1000 population and CAR had the next lowest (32 per 1000). Thus.6 9.3 3. Among the provinces.4 5.467 395.736.4 13.803.564 147.028 341. In terms of the ratio of senior citizens to the population of the region. Eight out of ten male senior citizens were married. the ratio of senior citizens to the population of the province was highest in Siquijor (120 per 1000) and Batanes (106 per 1000). while about four out of ten were widowed.

6 3. Low vision was the most common type of disability of senior citizens.0 1.622 1.5 5.3 0.1 percent of female senior citizens.9 44.8 0.740.5 0.6 0. while partial blindness for 9. Partial deafness was reported for 13.8 6.2 Single Legally Married Widowed Separated/Divorced Common-Law/Live-in Unknown Source: NSO.0 1.7 0. Partial deafness and partial blindness were the next most common types of disability.9 3.7 1.0 percent for each group.6 0.2 0.996.1 12.3 14.8 12.7 1.5 13.6 0.6 percent of male senior citizens and 12.2 80.7 4.0 5.4 4.6 0.1 1.8 9.2 0.6 0.1 3.9 3. Population 60 Years and Over by Marital Status.2 5.8 0.1 0. 1995 Census of Population and Housing 4 . 345 thousand or 9.7 percent).8 0.8 40.054 5. with about four out of ten suffering from it.5 0.622 186.9 1.0 39.0 4.0 1.1 3.4 8.7 4. Philippines: 1995 Type of Disability Philippines Total Blindness Partial Blindness Low Vision Total Deafness Partial Deafness Poor Hearing Disability Muteness Speech Defect Loss of One or Both Arms/Hands Loss of One or Both Legs/Feet Paralysis of One or Both Arms Paralysis of One or Both Legs Paralysis of One Arm and One Leg Paralysis of All Four Limbs Mental Retardation Mentall Illness Others Both Sexes Male Female 345.7 1.Table 5.8 3.568 1.7 1.1 4.702 4.9 0.1 64.2 percent had some type of disability.5 1.1 6.9 47.4 Source: NSO.4 4.9 8.3 0.0 5.736.9 percent) than among male senior citizens (39. 1995 Census of Population and Housing Population 60 Years and Over With Disability Among the senior citizens.324 158.6 28.1 3. Table 6. Philippines: 1995 Marital Status Philippines Both Sexes Male Female 3.5 0. The percentage with low vision was higher among female senior citizens (47.1 0.8 50.8 1. Population 60 Years and Over With Disability by Type of Disability.8 0.9 0.1 2.

Table 7. 71. By comparison.8 12.6 2. 4.7 percent of elderly female heads. elderly women heading households of these sizes comprised 52.0 17.2 Male Female 1.142.9 9.7 7. 1995 Census of Population and Housing 5 .2 12. Close to one half (49.6 percent were males and 28.1 14.3 18.2 percent.7 21.4 2.92 0 18.533.1 6. 2.6 13. Of these household heads. while their male counterpart.8 7.4 9.4 17.4 percent were females.1 4. Household Heads 60 Years and Over by Sex and by Household Size Household Size Philippines 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 + Both Sexes 2. 1995 Out of 13.0 percent. Elderly women living alone comprised 18. Five out of 100 elderly males were heads of households with 10 or more members.6 percent) of elderly males were heads of households with 2 to 4 members.4 10.822 8.6 Source: NSO.9 4.0 15.9 8.2 17.902 4.9 percent were headed by elderly persons.1 5.1 2.4 1.9 17.6 percent.5 million households in 1995.Household Heads 60 Years and Over.8 608. The corresponding figure for their female counterparts was 2.8 3.14 million or 15.6 4.