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UDPG1673 Mathematics for Bioscience

Tutorial 3
Tutorial 3

1.

Let X denote the number of accidents that occur in a chemistry laboratory during a
week. The following table lists the probability distribution of X.
x
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
P(x)
0.22
0.24
0.19
0.12
0.09
0.08
0.06
a)
Draw a graph to illustrate this probability distribution.
b)
Determine the probability that the number of accidents that will occur during a
given week in this laboratory is
i)
exactly 4.
ii)
at least 3.
iii)
less than 3.
iv)
3 to 5.
c)
Calculate the mean and standard deviation for this probability distribution.

2.

Use the binomial probability formula to find the probability of getting exactly 3
correct answers when random guesses are made for 4 multiple choice questions.
(Assume there are 5 choices for each question)

3.

Suppose that the directory providers give out wrong telephone numbers 15% of the
time. Assume that you are testing such a provider by making 10 requests.
a)
Find the probability of getting
i)
one wrong number,
ii)
at least one wrong number,
iii)
at most one wrong number.
b)
Find the mean and variance of the number of wrong telephone numbers

4.

An average of 4.8 customers will come to ABC bank every half an hour.
a)
Find the probability that exactly 2 customers will come to this bank during a
given half an hour.
b)
Find also the probability that exactly 2 customers will come to this bank
during a given hour.

5.

In an IQ test, suppose the scores of all participants who took the test have a normal
distribution with a mean of 110 and a standard deviation of 12.
a)
Jim scored 107 on this test. What percentage of the participants scored higher
than him?
b)
Susan scored 122 on this test. What percentage of the participants scored
lower than her?
c)
What percentage of the participants scores are from 90 to 120?
d)
If only 10% of the participants will be awarded a distinction. What is the cutoff point for getting distinction?

6.

A radar unit is used to measure the speed of automobiles on a highway. The speeds of
individual automobiles are normally distributed with a mean of 88 km/h. If 10% of
the automobiles travel faster than 110 km/h,
a)
find the standard deviation of the speeds of automobiles on the highway.
b)
find the percentage of automobiles travel slower than 60km/h.
c)
find the 95th percentile of the speeds.

Tutorial 3 - 1

UDPG1673 Mathematics for Bioscience

Tutorial 3

7.

Among companies doing highway or bridge construction, 80% test employees for
substance abuse. A study involves the random selection of 10 such companies.
a)
Find the probability that 5 of the 10 companies test for substance abuse.
b)
Find the probability that at least half of the companies test for substance abuse.
c)
For such groups of 10 companies, find the mean and standard deviation for the
number (among 10) that test for substance abuse.

8.

Consumer Reports magazine stated that for condoms, the typical failure rate is about
12%, somewhat worse than birth- control pills (8%) The accompanying table is
based on an assumed 12% failure rate for condoms, where x is the number of failure
among 5 trials.

x
0
1
2
3
4
5

P(x )
0.528
0.360
0.098
0.013
0.001
0.000

Assuming that the table does describe a probability distribution, find its mean and
standard deviation.

Tutorial 3 - 2

UDPG1673 Mathematics for Bioscience

Tutorial 3

Tutorial 3 Answers
1.

b) i) 0.09
c) Mean = 2.1

ii) 0.35
iii) 0.65
Standard deviation = 1.81

2.

0.0256

3.

a) i) 0.3474
b) Mean = 1.5

ii) 0.8031
Variance = 1.275

4.

a) 0.0948

b) 0.0031

5.

a) 59.87%

b) 84.13%

c) 74.92%

6.

a) 17.17

b) 5.16%

c) 116.28

7.

a) 0.026

b) 0.992

c) = 8.0, = 1.3

8.

0.599, 0.725

iv) 0.28

iii) 0.5445

Tutorial 3 - 3

d) 126