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CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
Background of the study
The research study is on the effects of divorce on childrens education
in Akamkpa Local Government Area.
Owing to the nominative and descriptive nature of the research
problem, Webster (2001), views marriage as a formally or legally recognized
agreement between a man and a woman for the procreation of children and
their subsequent protection. In addition, Ogundele (2004) had his views on
marriage as a society acknowledged and approved union established
between a man woman, making them husband and wife.
Biblically, a wife is seen as a help mate or a companion to a man, in
order that a man should not be left alone. Ntui (2005) in his historical
research on the significance of marriage on socio-economic development of
Cross River State, viewed the procreation of children as blessing and
benefit of marriage the nature provided. Similarly Omini (2006) asserted
that the process of marriage differ from one society to another, but in

every society, parents of both people ,intending to marry needs to agree and
the intenders must have the instinct of marriage by affection.
In the Christendom, closing whom to marry is usually said to be very
relation in order to actualize their dreamed partner.
Nevertheless, marriage does not allow for divorce, because this was
not one of us objective, Ade (2002) from not one of its perception, described
divorce as way of breaking a marriage.
On the other hand, Ransome (2004) opined that divorce is an instance
of the legal ending or dissolution of a marriage by physical separation
which tends to reduce parents/children relationship and subsequently expose
children to some societal, environmental, psychological can emotional
problems and as a result make children to become way ward and nuisance in
the society. Ematex (2004) anticipated that in subsequent times, some
divorcee(divorce couple) tends to re-ignite their affection and re- established
a more substantial union. Especially if there were ordain and destined to be
together as couple. Agari (2001), added that, in some families and societies,
divorce involves the refund of the bride price paid to secure the wife. While

others allow frequent divorce when there is lack of understanding between


the two parties. While others from at its occurrence.
Ntui(2006) summarized that marital instability as well as divorce
constitute the major imiderance to childrens act of juvenile delinquency,
truancy, waywardness, poor performance in academic work and above all
bad companionship which they may established, due to lack of parental care
and attention.
Statement of problem
Been the most crucial introductory as part of the research which is
arrived at articulating the fundamental questions. It is viewed that the
research is problem- focused.
Hence, for Nigeria to excel educationally there is need for the
provision of adequate teaching aids to supplement the attitudes of the
neglected children, so that there can complete or equated with other children,
divorced couple should be encourage to reignite their affection, childrens
who have lost parental care should be encouraged by their teacher to study,
given to children rewards should be given to neglected children to boast reenforcement to positive studying habits. Parents of the will be couple or

intenders should give their young ones orientation on this note the research
was proposed to help solve these problems.
Objectives of the study
The broad objective of the study is to investigate into the effects of
divorce on the educational attainment of children in some selected Primary
Schools in Akamkpa Local Government Area.
Specifically, the study also seeks to
i.

Examine the influence of divorce on children academic performance

ii.

in Akamkpa Local Government Area.


Investigate into those factors that cause divorce and family crisis in

iii.

Akamkpa Local Government Area.


Help teachers in identifying the methods and approaches to be used to

iv.

accommodate neglected children in the classroom.


Identify factors that should be considered by young ones before

v.

getting married.
Make possible suggestions and recommendation on how the solve this
problem of instability in Akamkpa local Government Area.
Significance of the study
The findings of this research study, would not only be beneficial to the
researcher, but also to the following state holder.

The teachers, who are the surrogate parents of the children would gain
the idea of identifying children with special need, and in addition,
identify the root cause of their poor academic performance.
It would help the couple in re-adjusting their marital life and re-ignite
their affection toward subsequent divorce.
It would help the children from the alarming rate of social life
that could endanger their life and above all, help minimized juvenile
delinquency and finally, it would help government to identify children
with special needs and the subsequence provision of societies to meet
their needs.
Research questions
Sequel to the purpose/ objective of the study, and the
fundamental problems.

The researcher therefore formulates the

following research questions to give guide and direction to the study.

1. What factors contributes to marital instability in Akamkpa Local


Government Area?
2. To what extent has divorce affects the educational attainment of
children in Akamkpa Local Government Area?

3. What strategies can sustain marriage among young couples in Akamkpa


Local Government Area?
4. What problems has divorce constituted to children poor performance in
school?
Scope of the study
Due to the wider nature of the study area and the resources available
at the researcher disposal, the researcher intends to limit her study to five (5)
selected communities with primary schools usually exposed to incidence of
marital instability and divorce.
It is also restricted to those factors that are mostly responsible for
divorce and their consequence on childrens education attainment.

CHAPTER 2
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
This chapter deals with the review of related literatures on the topic.
The review is done under specific headings so as the reflect the purpose of
which the study was designed for;
Concept of marriage and divorce

Webster (2,000), had its view on marriage as a formally and legally


recognized agreement between a man and a woman making them husband
and wife. Similarly Ogundele (2001), view marriage as a socially knowledge
and approve union between a man and woman for the procreation of children
and their subsequence protection. Orim (2001), added that, the meaning and
implication of marriage vary from society to society, region to regions and
nation to nations. He supported that, marriage is related to sexual
relationship shared only by couples and also the only means by which
children can have a legal status. Ikuazom (2002), described marriage as the
arrangements, including ceremonies, which the society approves for a man
and woman to come together and form a family. He further generalized this
aspect as an institution which bring a man and woman as husband and wife
to established a home.
Schell (2004) opined that, when a man and woman are united by
marriage the moved to stay together in a particular location. In Nigeria, he
added that, is generally the woman who moves to study with the man and his
house or family compound. Similarly, in some cases, the couple may made

away from their parents to live elsewhere on their own for mutual
relat5ionship.
In addition, Ade (2002), described divorce as a way of breaking a
marriage. He added that, in some families and societies divorce involves a
refund of the bride wealth paid to secure the wife. While others allows
frequents divorce, where there is no understanding among couple and others
frown bitterly at its occurrence, because of its subsequent implications.
On the other hand, Ogundele (2003) view divorce as an instance of the
legal ending of marriage by couples which result to physical separation.
He concluded that marriage and divorce move hand in hand due to
individual differences which are in build in the married couple. And for
marriage to stable, couple must ensure that love and understanding is their
watch word, which can as such create barried for divorce to occur.
Effect of divorce on children educational attainment
Ezegbe (2004), noted that the training of a child both at the informal
and fomal educational levels, demands the joint efforts of both parents. At
the informal level, the parents ensures formative orientations and teaching
on the norms, values and attributes of the family and the society at large. At

the formal educational level, the parents ensures adequate security, provide
for and financial aids to supplement their school requirements and above all
provide material and spiritual needs to help boast concentration and
reinforcement.
Muegrove (2004) opined that, children educational pursuit is
fundamentally stream line from their foundation which their home and
parents are the major determinants. He added that if the children are
deprived of material (s) possessions due to the effects and consequences of
divorce, they may tend to loose their concentration in their education and as
such may engage in juvenile delinquency. In the other hand. If the child is
deprived of spiritual needs, he/she may loose the thought of God existence
as his/her creator and may seek for mundane things and worthless
possessions which can affect his life in failure.
Consequences

of

family

crisis

on

children

educational

achievement
Renald (2004), agreed that, crisis are problems emanating from both
human and psychology factors. In the family such crisis are cause due to
individual differences and lack of understanding which as such may lead to

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frequent quarrel, fighting, divorce or death of family member. These crisis


are particularly observed in polygamous homes where a man married more
than one wife. Though in some countries, he added that polygamy is legally
prohibited due to its negative consequences. He proceeded b y adding that,
in some families where there is frequent quarrel among couples the
consequences include lack of love and unity which may as such affect the
children directly or indirectly, especially for children with special needs.
Similarly, where there is physical separation among couple (divorce) the
children are bound to suffer from negligence. And in a situation where one
of the couple is not more in physical existence (death), the other couple
could be over waded with family problems and as such may not be able to
provide the needed attention the children.
Maclean (2005) in his opinion agreed that, the impact of broken
homes is mostly felt in nuclear families. This is true because there is
intimacy in most of this family type. Therefore any physical separation of
the couple is considered as a threat to the family development. He further
added that, lack of support system confronted by divorced families imposed
additional burden to their members. Going by the above assertion of

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Maclean, it is therefore believe that, the children are at lost, once there is
physical separation of their parents.
The implication of divorce on childrens emotional and social
adjustment
In a study by Wilson (2003:4), shows that over twenty thousand
children (20,000) in post primary and primary schools in Kenya where
extensively interviewed.
Wilson categorized his subject into three groups. Those from broken
homes through divorce as group one, those from broken homes through
death as group two and those whose families are still intact by marriage as
group three.
His finding shows that, such difference existed between this groups
would not only affect the children emotionally or socially but also their
educational and occupationally achievements.
Wadsworth Maclean (2003:41) observed that even children whose
custodian parents subsequently remarried to reduce economic stress. From
observation both agreed that actually recovery has taken place, but the

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children did not reach the level of achievement of their peers from families
infact.
They concluded by postulating that:
i.

The generation of children of divorced parents currently in early


adulthood have experienced emotional, social, educational and

ii.

occupational under achievement.


The female headed families after divorce or death experienced
poverty, even when the woman found full time employment. Now the
question is where is the children success?
Good and Broophy, (2001) agreed that correct parental attitude does
enhances students academic achievement They demand that contact
with class teachers, interest in pupils progress reports etc are parameters
to children better study habits but lamented on the scanty knowledge of
parents on the development needs of their children.
Lessoning, Yagorin and Welson (2002), investigated and caome out

with the result that, fathers absent in a child early age bring about lower
performance intelligent quotient score as compare to those whose fathers
presents is highly felt.

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Lovel (2002), hold that, the standard of childs discipline, parental


attitude and interest generated home condition ultimately influence academic
performance in primary and post primary schools.
Ezegbe (2003), confirmed that, divorce causes lack of proper
socialization for children. He believed that children are likely t5o develop
anti-social tendencies as a result of lack of joint parental care which would
have existed in absent of divorce. He enumerated that the idea of anti-social
tendencies to included uncontrollable juvenile and truancy.
He concluded that most of the juvenile delinquency in school are
supplied by broken homes. This is not to say that a broken homes does not
have their own share of the lot. To this, he added that the degree of
involvement by broken and unbroken homes are different. He believed that
such tendencies constitute the societal menace.
Goldtab (2001) cited in blood support the findings of Maas study when
he said that separated children scores poorly in intelligent quotient test (IQT)
and relate poorly in school. The hardly establish close relationship in school
he headed.

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In a study by Kert (2001) cited in Richard, three hundred and seventy


eight (378) children suffering from non-accidental trauma or gross physical
neglect were placed under study. It was noted from the study that a greater
percentage of the children from broken homes studied demonstrated delay in
motor skill, delay in language development, low intelligent quotient (IQ)
below 90 which is below average or falling academic performance as
compared to twenty eight percent (28%) of the control group and most noted
to be unsatisfactory with regards to schools year relations.
When Kert retested the children, it was seen that a good percentage of
them still proved unsatisfactory delay in motor develop below average or
falling in academic performance and language development problem.
Similarly , Akang (2006) showed that, children brought up by both
parents shows normal psychological and academic development. She studied
336 pupils selected from eight (8) primary schools in Asaba town, Nigeria
and finds out that adolescent from one parent home developed a high degree
of general anxiety showed higher anxiety and lower self concepts than their
counterpart from normal homes. Single parent children have more material
and personal problems than those from normal homes she added.

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She proceeded by saying that, single parent childrens problems


generally poorer academically then their counterpart from normal homes.
From Akangs view point of material problems in single parent homes, I will
infer that such homes being in economic hardship may not be able to afford
the needed educational materials to its members.
Spit (2004) cited in Victor pick interest in emotional deprivation
which he believed may cause by a break in relation. Diame (2005:5), tagged
on the maltreatment of the school age child as obnoxious and seek for
general adjustment.
Summary of literature review
Marriage and divorce are two like phenomenons that move hand in
hand. The degree of affection, trust and understanding among married
couple determined its subsequent occurrence.
Therefore, this chapter has engaged on the review of the following
literature: the concept of marriage and divorce, effects of divorce on
childrens education, consequence of family crisis on childrens education,
and the influence of divorce on children emotional and social adjustment.

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CHAPTER 3
RESEARCH METHOD
This chapter deals precisely on the design of the study, area of the
study, sample and sampling techniques, instrument for data collection,
validation of the instrument, methods of data collection and method of
analysis
Research design
This research work is critically designed to investigate into the effect
of divorce on childrens education, with a case study of some selected
primary schools in Akamkpa Local Government Area of Cross River State.

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It adopted as a normative and cross sectional survey research design to


manipulate the experimental conditions with a conceptual frame work
through a structured survey instrument to aid in the collection of data needed
for the study.
Area of study
The research study was carried on Akamkpa Local Government Area
of Cross River State, with five selected primary schools as the contehement
areas for the study.
Nevertheless, Akamkpa Local Government Area is one out of the
eighteen Local Government Area in Cross River State. It is located at the
southern senatorial district of the state with Akamkpa town its headquarter.
It comprises of ten (10) wards which are headed by democratically
elected counselors. They are: Uyanga, Awi, Mbarakom, Iko and Akamkpa
urban wards in constituency one and Oban, Ikpai, Eku, Ojuk north, Ojuk
south in constituency two.
It is bounded by Biase Local Government Area to the north,
Cameroon Republic to the west, Odukpani Local Government to the south
and Akpabuyo Local Government Area to the east.

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Culturally, Akamkpa Local Government Area has numerous social


institution ranging from religious institution, with traditional and Christian
religious as their main study, political institution with families head, youth
councils, women parties as policy making bodies, health institution with
different herbal homes, clinics, health centres and hospitals to cather for
patients.
Financial institutions with peoples union, Ekondo and First banks to
facilitate financial aids. Legal institution with dispensary to serve as a
judicial council to ensure that justice prevail at all time through the aid of the
police and educational institution with over 30 nursery schools 24 primary
schools 27 post primary schools and a tertiary institution of learning
(College of Education Akamkpa).
Economically, Akamkpa Local Government Area is acknowledged as
one of the richest Local Government Area in Nigeria with abundant Human
and Natural resources ranging from both skilled and on skilled labor force,
vast underlying igneous/intrusive granites, the tropical forest timber
products, wide range of palm plantation and rich agricultural land scope
which favors seasonal farming as well as crop rotation. It is also a tourist

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centres with the National Park, Oban hills, Quaffable. Finally, most of its
people speak Ejagham as their dialect.
Population of the study
The population of the study comprises of the aggregate number of
pupils from the five selected primary schools chosen for the study.

S/

Schools

Communities Location L.G.A

N
1.
2.

Govt. Primary school


Oban
ST. JOHN S Primary Akamkpa

Rural
Urban

Akamkpa
Akamkpa

300
350

3.
4.

School
Comm.Primary School Ayaebam
St. Theresa Primary Mbarakom

Rural
Rural

Akamkpa
Akamkpa

200
300

Rural

Akamkpa

210
1,360

School
5.
Govt. Primary School Nsan
Total population
Table (i) list of selected schools for the study

Population

From the tabular illustration above, it therefore implies that the total
population for the study is 1.360 pupils.
Sample and sampling techniques

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The study have its sample from the five selected primary schools and
the sampling techniques adopted by the researcher id the systematic and
random sampling approaches to select 20 pupils each from the selected
schools with emphasis on pupils from broken homes causes by divorce and
those whose homes are still intact (unbroken).

S/n Schools
Communities
1.
Govt. Primary school
Oban
2.
ST. JOHN S Primary Akamkpa
3.

School
Comm.

4.

School
St. Theresa Primary Mbarakom

Primary Ayaebam

Location
Rural
Urban

L.G.A
Akamkpa
Akamkpa

Population
20
20

Rural

Akamkpa

20

Rural

Akamkpa

20

Akamkpa

20
100

School
5.
Govt. Primary School Nsan
Rural
Total population
Table (II) sample size or sample population

Instrument for data collection

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A sixteen item structural questionnaire was constructed by the


researcher under the guidance and supervision of the project supervisor,
which was used for the generation of primary data, used the study.
The questionnaire was divided into two sections, A and B. section A
deals with respondent demographic information while section B concern
with the likert representation of scale/ response key questions such
SA

Strongly Agree

Agree

Undecided

Disagree

SD

Strongly disagree

Validation of the instrument


In order to have a correct content as to measure what the survey
instrument was exactly designed for.
The survey items were written to conform to the purpose and
objective of the study, the research questions and its design with clear and
precise content for easy understanding, critical examination, connections,

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judgment and evaluation of the survey items was made by the supervisor and
other educators to ensure reliability.
Method (s) of data collection
Over 100 copies of questionnaires were printed and administered to
the respondents in the selected schools with assistance from two non
teaching staff.
Method of data analysis
To elicit facts from the research study the researcher uses the
descriptive analytical method.

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CHAPTER 4
RESULT
Prior to the design and objective of the study, this chapter therefore
focuses on the presentation of the results, interpretation of result and
discussion of results from the finding of the study.
Presentation of results
The result of the study is presented in four different tables with
respect to the research questions.
Research question one
What factor contributes to marital instability in Akamkpa Local
Government Area?

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Table (iii) percentage distribution of responses on factors that


contribute to marital instability in Akamkpa Local Government Area.

S/N
3
4
11
12
Total

Respondents frequency distribution and computed percentage


A
%
SA
%
U
%
D
%
SD
7
28
11
37
2
20
3
20
5
8
32
8
26
2
20
5
33
6
6
24
6
20
4
40
4
27
5
4
16
5
17
2
20
3
20
4
25
100
30
100
10
100
15
100
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Research question two


To what extent has divorce affected the educational attainment of
children in Akamkpa Local Government Area?
Table (iv) percentage distribution of responses on the effects of
divorce on the educational attainment of children in Akamkpa Local
Government Area.

%
25
30
25
20
100

25

S/N
1
2
7
8
Total

Respondents frequency distribution and computed percentage


A
%
SA
%
U
%
D
%
SD
2
13
4
20
6
24
2
20
2
4
27
3
15
4
16
4
40
6
7
47
6
30
4
16
3
30
6
2
13
7
35
11
44
1
10
11
15
100
20
100
25
100
10
100
25

%
8
24
24
44
100

Research question three


What strategies can sustain marriage among young couples in
Akamkpa Local Government Area?
Table (v) percentage distribution of responses on the strategies that
can sustain marriage among couples in Akamkpa Local Government Area

S/N
13
14

Respondents frequency distribution and computed percentage


A
%
SA
%
U
%
D
%
SD
10
25
5
25
2
20
5
25
2
8
20
5
25
2
20
4
20
2

%
20
20

26

15
16
Total

12
10
40

30
25
100

3
7
20

15
35
100

2
4
10

20
40
100

4
7
20

20
35
100

4
2
10

40
20
100

Research question four


What problems has divorce constituted to children poor performance
in schools?
S/N
5
6
9
10
Total

Respondents frequency distribution and computed percentage


A
%
SA
%
U
%
D
%
SD
5
25
2
20
10
25
4
40
7
4
20
4
40
12
30
2
20
4
7
35
2
20
10
25
2
20
5
4
20
2
20
8
20
2
20
4
20
100
10
100
40
100
10
100
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Interpretation of result
The results of the study in table (iii) above, shows that, for items 3, 4
11 and 12. The respondents gave 28%, 32%, 24% and 16% agreed response
37%, 26%, 20% and 17% respectively gave strongly agreed response. 20%,
20%, 40% and 20% respectively gave uncertain response. 20%, 33%, 27%
and 20% respectively gave disagreed response and 25% 20% 25% and 30%
gave strongly disagreed response.

%
35
20
25
20
100

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In table (iv), the respondent gave 13%, 27% 47% and 13% response in
agreement to research item 1, 2, 7, and 8 respectively. 20%, 15%, 30% and
35% gave agreement to items 1, 2, 7 and 8 respectively. 24%, 16%, 16% and
44% gave uncertain opinion to the respective items. 20%, 40%, 30% and
10% gave disagreed opinion to the items and 8%, 24%, 24% and 44% gave a
strongly disagreed opinion to the respective items.
In table (v), for item 13, 14, 15 and 16, the respondents gave opinion
of 25%, 20%, 30% and 25% in agreement, 25%, 25%, 15% and 35% gave a
strong agreement to the respective items. 20%, 20%, 20% and 40% gave
uncertain opinion. 25%, 20%, 35% and 35% gave a disagreed opinion.
While 20%, 20%, 40% and 20% respectively gave a strong disagreed
opinion with respect to the research items.
In table (vi) for item 5, 6, 9 and 10 25%, 20%, 35% and 20% of the
respondent gave agreed opinion, 20%, 40%, 20% and 20% respectively gave
strongly agreed opinion, 25%, 30%, 25% and 20% respectively gave
uncertain opinion, 40%, 20%, 20% and 20% gave disagreed opinion. While
35%, 20%, 25% and 20% respectively gave strongly disagreed opinion with
respect to the research items.

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Discussion of result
The result of the study in table three reveals that certain factors can
help to sustain marriages among coup in Akamkpa Local Government Area
with 65% positive responses against 55% negative responses. Also that
divorce does not influenced children academic performance with 52%
negative opinion against 44% positive opinion. This goes to support a
research carried out by Emmanuel (2004) on the influence of marriage on
socio-economic development.
In table four, the study in deals that, divorce has significant effect on
children education with 33% positive opinion against 28% negative opinion.
In addition poor academic performance of pupils in primary schools is as a
result of negligence with 77% positive opinion against 54% negative
opinion. This facts is backed by the writes up of Mike (2001) on the cause of
children negligence and their and consequence in primary and post primary
schools.
In table five, the result disclosed that, children with special needs can
easily be identified if their parents are separated by marriage with 50%
positive opinion against 45% negative opinion. Similarly pre-marital

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orientation will not help to curb the problem of divorce between young ones,
with 60% negative opinion against 45% positive opinion.
In table six the result shows that, divorce has not constituted much
problem among the children with 75% negative opinion against 45%
positive opinion. And marital instability is cause by lack of understanding
among couple with 55% positive opinion against 45% negative opinion.

CHAPTER 5
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
Prior to data obtained and the analysis done in chapter four above, this
chapter therefore, devotes its interest in the summary of results, conclusion,
limitations, implication, recommendations and suggestion for further study.
Summary of result

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The study was on attempt to examine and investigates on the effects


of divorce of children education in Akamkpa Local Government Area of
Cross River State.
Four research questions were formulated and were further used to
construct 16 sets of attitudinal questions in a structured questionnaire which
was used for data collection.
This data were analyzed descriptively using simple percentage
computation. And were finally interpreted and discussed with respective
research items.
On the whole, it was perceived that divorce has a significant effect on
children academic performance in Akamkpa Local Government Area of
Cross River State.
Conclusion
The result of the study shows emphatically, that there is a significant
influence of divorce on children education. It also proved that home
environment constitute no index to children educational success.
Instances were taken from emotional and social adjustment of children
from both divorce home and those whose parents are still intact in marriage.

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The statistical treatment of the data provides easily way which aids the study
a positive conclusion verdict.
Recommendations
Based on the results of the study and the researcher desire to see how
these problems can be solves. The following recommendations are therefore
imperative.
1. Parents should always give their children pre-marital orientations.
2. Couples should be advice on the effects of divorce in our modern
society.
3. Children should be thought in school the consequences of early
marriage and divorce.
4. Moral education should be given a greater concern in all aspect of life.
5. Government should provide employment opportunities to most couple
to reduce the risk of divorce.
6. Seminars should be conducted to help evaluate couples on marriage
concept.
7. To ensure marriage stability and curb divorce problems, young ones
should get well prepared before going for marriage.
Implication of the study
The study will help young ones to examine the effect and consequence
divorce and how it can be curbed.

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Divorce being the physical separation of husband and wife, is seen in


this study as a turn in the flesh of the people of Akamkpa Local Government
Area. To the regard, the study further for remedial measures to solve this
problem, to avoid further implication.

Limitation of the study


The study was confronted with a number of limitations. Principally
among them was the greater number of infant children in the selected
schools, lack of effective questionnaire response by the children,
unwillingness or refusal to reveal important secret with the fear of invading
their privacy, inaccessibility to some remote areas of the study which
impaired access to raw data, transportation cost and financial problems, the
short period of time for the study and emotional and family responsibilities.
Having digest the research conditions and evaluate the research
outcome, the researcher therefore make the following suggestions for further
study.

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1. Further researcher should endeavor to carry out similar research but


on a large population and sample.
2. Greater attention should be given to marriage life and family
education.
3. Counselling personnel should be send to remote areas to help train the
couple on marriage concept.
4. Children with special needs should be given utmost attention.
5. Educational facilities should be provided to children in primary
schools to aid their lesson.

REFERENCE
Webster, H. A. (2007), Operationalization of the concept of marriage Zaria:
foremost Educational service Ltd

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Ogundele, I. T. (2004) Definition of marriage and its content rating/dynos


Nig. AKT venture
Ransome, U. U & Ade T. O. (2004) Perception of effects of divorce on
marriage stability. Ogun State Belpot Nig. Ltd.
Orime, I. V. (2001) Meaning and Implication of marriage Calabar. Ambi
venture.
Ikuazon, S. A. (2002) Description f marriage from the stand point of societal
department venpot Ltd.
Ogundele, I. T. (2003:1) Meaning of divorce. Lagos Nig. AKT venture.
Ezegbe, M. U. & Muegrove O. V (2004), Effects of divorce on children
educational attainment Ade Comp. venture Owerri
Renald, O. B. (2004), Consequences of family crises on children educational
development Asaba, Fundmi PLC
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Maclean. W.W. (2003) Effects of divorce on children upbringing Itopskin
divine venture.

35

Appendices
A questionnaire design on the investigation of the Effect of Divorce on
Children Education in Akamkpa Local Government Area

36

Department of social studies/


Christian religious studies
Cross River State College
Of Education Akamkpa
August, 8 2013
Dear Respondents,
This research questionnaire is fully on academic work aimed at
obtaining information for the study.
Furthermore, all the information provided here, would be treated as
confidential as possible.
Thanks.
Yours sincerely,
Ekpe, Irene Okon
Researcher
General construction: This questionnaire comprises of two sections, A and
B. section A request for respondent demographic information while section
B are attitudinal questions with options to tick from.
Section (A) (Respondents Demographic information)
Sex.
Class..

Age

37

School.
Section (B) (Attitudinal questions)
Response key
SA

Strongly Agree

Agree

Undecided

Disagree

SD

Strongly disagree

S/N
1.

RESEARCH ITEMS
SA
Divorce has significantly affected childrens

2.

education in Akamkpa Local Government Area


Divorce has not significantly affected childrens

3.

education in Akamkpa Local Government Area


Certain strategies can help to sustain marriage
among young couple in Akamkpa Local

4.

Government Area
Certain factors or strategies cannot help to
sustain marriage among young couple in

5.

Akamkpa Local Government Area


Divorce has constituted a lot of problems
among children in most primary schools in

6.

Akamkpa Local Government Area


Divorce have not constituted any problem to

A U D SD

38

children in primary schools in Akamkpa Local


7.

Government Area
Poor academic performance in most primary
schools is as a result of negligence

8.

Poor academic performance in most primary


schools is not as a result of negligence

9.

Marital

instability

is

cause

by

lack

of

understanding between married couples


10. Marital instability is not cause by lack of
understanding between married couples
11. Divorce

influence

children

academic

performance
12. Divorce does not influence children academic
performance
13. Children with special needs can be easily
identified if parents are physically separated in
marriage.
14. Children with special needs cannot be easily
identified even when parents are no more in
marriage.

39

15. Pre-marriage orientation would help to curb


problems of divorce by young couples
16. Pre-marriage orientation would not help to curb
problems of divorce by young couples