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Designation: A240/A240M 15b

Standard Specification for

Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate,


Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General
Applications1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation A240/A240M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year
of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval.
A superscript epsilon () indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the U.S. Department of Defense.

1. Scope*
2

1.1 This specification covers chromium, chromium-nickel,


and chromium-manganese-nickel stainless steel plate, sheet,
and strip for pressure vessels and for general applications
including architectural, building, construction, and aesthetic
applications.
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units
are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in
each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each
system shall be used independently of the other. Combining
values from the two systems may result in non-conformance
with the standard.
1.3 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound and
SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable
M specification designation (SI units), the material shall be
furnished in inch-pound units.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the
safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the
responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents
2.1 ASTM Standards:3
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing
of Steel Products
A480/A480M Specification for General Requirements for

1
This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel,
Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee
A01.17 on Flat-Rolled and Wrought Stainless Steel.
Current edition approved Nov. 1, 2015. Published December 2015. Originally
approved in 1940. Last previous edition approved in 2015 as A240/A240M 15a.
DOI: 10.1520/A0240_A0240M-15B.
2
For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications see related Specification SA-240 in Section II of that Code.
3
For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, or
contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm.org. For Annual Book of ASTM
Standards volume information, refer to the standards Document Summary page on
the ASTM website.

Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate,


Sheet, and Strip
A923 Test Methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic
Phase in Duplex Austenitic/Ferritic Stainless Steels
E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the
Unified Numbering System (UNS)
2.2 SAE Standard:4
J 1086 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS)
3. General Requirements
3.1 The following requirements for orders for material
furnished under this specification shall conform to the applicable requirements of the current edition of Specification
A480/A480M.
3.1.1 Definitions;
3.1.2 General requirements for delivery;
3.1.3 Ordering information;
3.1.4 Process;
3.1.5 Special tests;
3.1.6 Heat treatment;
3.1.7 Dimensions and permissible variations;
3.1.8 Workmanship, finish and appearance;
3.1.9 Number of tests/test methods;
3.1.10 Specimen preparation;
3.1.11 Retreatment;
3.1.12 Inspection;
3.1.13 Rejection and rehearing;
3.1.14 Material test report;
3.1.15 Certification; and
3.1.16 Packaging, marking, and loading.
4. Chemical Composition
4.1 The steel shall conform to the requirements as to
chemical composition specified in Table 1 and shall conform to
applicable requirements specified in Specification A480/
A480M.
4
Available from Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), 400 Commonwealth
Dr., Warrendale, PA 15096-0001, http://www.sae.org.

*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard


Copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States

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0.030
0.04
0.10
0.050.10
0.060.10
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.15
0.03
0.03
0.15
0.15
0.030
0.12
0.08
0.08
0.06
0.12
0.08
0.03
0.08
0.10
0.04
0.08
0.15
0.03
0.03
0.15
0.07
0.030
0.040.10
0.040.06
0.08
0.08

...
...

800G

800HG

...

904LG
...
...
201
...
...
...
202
...
...
...
...
XM-19J

XM-31J
XM-17J
XM-18J
...
...
XM-11J
XM-29J
301
301LG
301LNG
302
304
304L
304H
...
...
...

304N
XM-21J
304LN
305
...
...
...
...
...
309S
309HG

N08367
N08700

N08800

N08810

N08811

N08904
N08925
N08926
S20100
S20103
S20153
S20161
S20200
S20400
S20431
S20432
S20433
S20910

S21400
S21600
S21603
S21640
S21800
S21904
S24000
S30100
S30103
S30153
S30200
S30400
S30403
S30409
S30415
S30435
S30441

S30451
S30452
S30453
S30500
S30530
S30600
S30601
S30615
S30815
S30908
S30909

Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved); Mon Mar 28 03:38:53 EDT 2016
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0.08
0.08
0.030
0.12
0.08
0.018
0.015
0.160.24
0.050.10
0.08
0.040.10

0.07

...

N08020

Carbon

Type

UNS
DesignationB

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
0.500.80
2.00
0.80
2.00
2.00

14.0016.00
7.509.00
7.509.00
3.506.50
7.009.00
8.0010.00
11.5014.50
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
0.80
2.00
2.00

2.00
1.00
2.00
5.507.50
5.507.50
6.407.50
4.006.00
7.5010.00
7.009.00
5.007.00
3.005.00
5.507.50
4.006.00

1.50

1.50

1.50

2.00
2.00

2.00

Manganese
Silicon

Chromium

Nickel

0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.020
0.030
0.030
0.040
0.045
0.045

0.045
0.045
0.045
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045

0.045
0.045
0.030
0.060
0.045
0.045
0.040
0.060
0.040
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.040

0.040

0.045

0.045

0.040
0.040

0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.020
0.013
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.035
0.030
0.010
0.030
0.030
0.015
0.040
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.015

0.015

0.015

0.030
0.030

0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.502.50
3.74.3
5.05.6
3.24.0
1.402.00
0.75
0.75

0.301.00
0.75
0.75
1.00
3.54.5
0.75
0.75
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
1.002.00
1.00
1.02.0

1.00
0.50
0.50
1.00
0.75
0.75
3.004.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.75

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00
1.00

18.020.0
18.020.0
18.020.0
17.019.0
17.020.5
17.018.5
17.018.0
17.019.5
20.022.0
22.024.0
22.024.0

17.018.5
17.522.0
17.522.0
17.519.5
16.018.0
19.021.5
17.019.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
17.019.0
17.519.5
17.519.5
18.020.0
18.019.0
16.018.0
17.519.5

19.023.0
19.021.0
19.021.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
16.017.5
15.018.0
17.019.0
15.017.0
17.018.0
17.018.0
17.018.0
20.523.5

19.023.0

19.023.0

19.023.0

20.022.0
19.023.0

8.010.5
8.010.5
8.012.0
10.513.0
8.511.5
14.015.5
17.018.0
13.516.0
10.012.0
12.015.0
12.015.0

1.00
5.07.0
5.07.0
4.06.5
8.09.0
5.57.5
2.33.7
6.08.0
6.08.0
6.08.0
8.010.0
8.010.5
8.012.0
8.010.5
9.010.0
7.09.0
8.010.5

23.028.0
24.026.0
24.026.0
3.55.5
3.55.5
4.05.0
4.06.0
4.06.0
1.503.00
2.04.0
4.06.0
3.55.5
11.513.5

30.035.0

30.035.0

30.035.0

23.525.5
24.026.0

Austenitic (Chromium-Nickel) (Chromium-Manganese-Nickel)


0.045
0.035
1.00
19.021.0
32.038.0

Sulfur

TABLE 1 Chemical Composition Requirements, %A


Phosphorus

...
...
...
...
0.751.50
0.20
0.20
...
...
...
...

...
2.003.00
2.003.00
0.502.00
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

4.005.00
6.007.00
6.007.00
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.503.00

...

...

...

6.07.0
4.35.0

2.003.00

Molybdenum

0.100.16
0.160.30
0.100.16
...
...
...
0.05
...
0.140.20
...
...

0.35 min
0.250.50
0.250.50
0.080.30
0.080.18
0.150.40
0.200.40
0.10
0.20
0.070.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
...
0.120.18
...
0.10

0.10
0.100.20
0.150.25
0.25
0.25
0.100.25
0.080.20
0.25
0.150.30
0.100.25
0.050.20
0.100.25
0.200.40

...

...

...

0.180.25
...

...

Nitrogen

...
...
...
...
0.753.50
0.50
0.35
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.503.00
1.52.5

1.002.00
0.801.50
0.501.50
...
...
1.00
...
...
...
1.503.50
2.003.00
1.503.50
...

0.75

0.75

0.75

0.75
0.50

3.004.00

Copper

Cb 8C min,
1.00 max
...
Cb 8C min
0.40 max
FeH 39.5 min
Al 0.150.60
Ti 0.150.60
FeH 39.5 min
Al 0.150.60
Ti 0.150.60
FeH 39.5 min
TiI 0.250.60
AlI 0.250.60
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
Cb 0.100.30
V 0.100.30
...
...
...
Cb 0.101.00
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
Ce 0.030.08
...
Cb 0.10.5
W 0.20.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
Al 0.801.50
Ce 0.030.08
...
...

Other
ElementsE, F

A240/A240M 15b

0.040.10
0.08
0.040.10
0.08
0.040.10
0.020
0.050.10

0.020
0.030
0.020
0.08
0.030
0.040.10
0.08
0.08

0.07
0.020
0.040.08

0.08

309HCbG

310S
310HG
310CbG

310HCbG

310 MoLNG
...

...
...
...
316
316L
316H
316TiG

316CbG

316N
316LN
...
317
317L
317LMG
317LMNG
...
...
317LNG
...
...
321

321H

...
...
...

334G

...

...

...
347

347H

S30941

S31008
S31009
S31040

S31041

S31050
S31060

S31254
S31266
S31277
S31600
S31603
S31609
S31635

S31640

S31651
S31653
S31655
S31700
S31703
S31725
S31726
S31727
S31730
S31753
S32050
S32053
S32100

S32109

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S32615
S32654
S33228

S33400

S33425

S33550

S34565
S34700

S34709

0.040.10

0.030
0.08

0.040.10

0.08

0.040.10

0.08
0.030
0.030
0.08
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.08

0.08

309CbG

S30940

Carbon

Type

UNS
DesignationB

2.00

5.007.00
2.00

1.50

1.50

1.00

2.00
2.004.00
1.00

2.00

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
2.00
1.50
1.00
2.00

2.00

1.00
2.004.00
3.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

2.00
1.00

2.00

2.00
2.00
2.00

2.00

2.00

Manganese

0.045

0.030
0.045

0.040

0.045

0.030

0.045
0.030
0.020

0.045

0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.030
0.040
0.045
0.035
0.030
0.045

0.045

0.030
0.035
0.030
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045

0.030
0.040

0.045

0.045
0.045
0.045

0.045

0.045

Phosphorus

0.030

0.010
0.030

0.030

0.020

0.015

0.030
0.005
0.015

0.030

0.030
0.030
0.015
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.010
0.030
0.020
0.010
0.030

0.030

0.010
0.020
0.010
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.010
0.030

0.030

0.030
0.030
0.030

0.030

0.030

Sulfur

0.75

1.00
0.75

1.00

1.00

1.00

4.806.00
0.50
0.30

0.75

0.75
0.75
1.00
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
1.00
1.00
0.75
1.00
1.00
0.75

0.75

0.80
1.00
0.50
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75

0.50
0.50

0.75

1.50
0.75
1.50

0.75

0.75

17.019.0

23.025.0
17.019.0

25.028.0

21.023.0

18.020.0

16.519.5
24.025.0
26.028.0

17.019.0

16.018.0
16.018.0
19.521.5
18.020.0
18.020.0
18.020.0
17.020.0
17.519.0
17.019.0
18.020.0
22.024.0
22.024.0
17.019.0

16.018.0

19.520.5
23.025.0
20.523.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
16.018.0

24.026.0
22.024.0

24.026.0

24.026.0
24.026.0
24.026.0

22.024.0

22.024.0

Chromium

Continued

Silicon

TABLE 1

9.013.0

16.018.0
9.013.0

16.520.0

20.023.0

19.021.0

19.022.0
21.023.0
31.033.0

9.012.0

10.014.0
10.014.0
8.09.5
11.015.0
11.015.0
13.517.5
13.517.5
14.516.5
15.016.5
11.015.0
20.023.0
24.026.0
9.012.0

10.014.0

17.518.5
21.024.0
26.028.0
10.014.0
10.014.0
10.014.0
10.014.0

20.523.5
10.012.5

19.022.0

19.022.0
19.022.0
19.022.0

12.016.0

12.016.0

Nickel

...

4.05.0
...

...

2.003.00

...

0.301.50
7.08.0
...

...

2.003.00
2.003.00
0.501.50
3.04.0
3.04.0
4.05.0
4.05.0
3.84.5
3.04.0
3.04.0
6.06.8
5.06.0
...

2.003.00

6.06.5
5.26.2
6.58.0
2.003.00
2.003.00
2.003.00
2.003.00

1.602.60
...

...

...
...
...

...

...

Molybdenum

...

0.400.60
...

0.180.25

...

...

...
0.450.55
...

...

0.100.16
0.100.16
0.140.25
0.10
0.10
0.20
0.100.20
0.150.21
0.045
0.100.22
0.210.32
0.170.22
0.10

0.10

0.180.25
0.350.60
0.300.40
0.10
0.10
...
0.10

0.090.15
0.180.25

...

...
...
...

...

...

Nitrogen

...

...
...

...

...

...

1.502.50
0.300.60
...

...

...
...
1.00
...
...
...
...
2.804.00
4.05.0
...
0.40
...
...

...

0.501.00
1.002.50
0.501.50
...
...
...
...

...
...

...

...
...
...

...

...

Copper
Cb 10C min,
1.10 max
Cb 10C min,
1.10 max
...
...
Cb 10C min,
1.10 max
Cb 10C min,
1.10 max
...
Ce + La
0.0250.070
B 0.0010.010
...
W 1.502.50
...
...
...
...
Ti 5 (C + N)
min, 0.70 max
Cb 10 C
min, 1.10 max
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
Ti 5 (C + N)
min, 0.70 max
Ti 4 (C + N)
min, 0.70 max
...
...
Ce 0.050.10
Cb 0.61.0
Al 0.025
Al 0.150.60
Ti 0.150.60
Al 0.150.60
Ti 0.150.60
Cb 0.050.15
La + Ce
0.0250.070
Cb 0.10
Cb 10 C min,
1.00 max
Cb 8 C min,
1.00 max

Other
ElementsE, F

A240/A240M 15b

Type

347LN

348

348H

...

...
...
...
...
...
XM-15J
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
2205G
2304G
...
...
255G
2507G,O
...
...
329
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...

403
405
409L
...

S34751

S34800

S34809

S35045

S35115
S35125
S35135
S35140
S35315
S38100
S38815

S31200
S31260
S31803
S32001
S32003
S32101
S32202
S32205
S32304
S32506
S32520
S32550
S32750
S32760K
S32808
S32900
S32906
S32950
S39274
S81921
S82011
S82012
S82013
S82031
S82121
S82122
S82441

S32803

S40300
S40500
S40900L
S40910

UNS
DesignationB

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1.00
1.00
1.00

0.030

0.50

2.00
1.00
2.00
4.006.00
2.00
4.006.00
2.00
2.00
2.50
1.00
1.50
1.50
1.20
1.00
1.10
1.00
0.801.50
2.00
1.00
2.004.00
2.003.00
2.004.00
2.503.50
2.50
1.002.50
2.04.0
2.504.00

1.00
1.001.50
1.00
1.003.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

1.50

2.00

2.00

2.00

Manganese

0.15
0.08

0.015

0.030
0.03
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.040
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.04
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.08
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.05
0.060
0.05
0.035
0.030
0.030

0.030
0.10
0.08
0.10
0.040.08
0.08
0.030

0.060.10

0.040.10

0.08

0.0050.020

Carbon

0.040

0.040
0.040

0.020

0.045
0.030
0.030
0.040
0.030
0.040
0.040
0.030
0.040
0.040
0.035
0.040
0.035
0.030
0.030
0.040
0.030
0.035
0.030
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.035

0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.040
0.030
0.040

0.045

0.045

0.045

0.045

Phosphorus

1.00

0.75

0.75

1.00

Silicon

25.029.0

17.019.0

17.019.0

17.019.0

Chromium

Continued

0.020

0.030
0.030

1.00

0.50
1.00

10.511.7

11.513.0
11.514.5

0.501.50
23.025.0
0.50
20.023.0
0.601.00
20.025.0
0.75
20.022.0
1.202.00
24.026.0
1.502.50
17.019.0
5.506.50
13.015.0
Duplex (Austenitic-Ferritic)
0.030
1.00
24.026.0
0.030
0.75
24.026.0
0.020
1.00
21.023.0
0.030
1.00
19.521.5
0.020
1.00
19.522.5
0.030
1.00
21.022.0
0.010
1.00
21.524.0
0.020
1.00
22.023.0
0.030
1.00
21.524.5
0.015
0.90
24.026.0
0.020
0.80
24.026.0
0.030
1.00
24.027.0
0.020
0.80
24.026.0
0.010
1.00
24.026.0
0.010
0.50
27.027.9
0.030
0.75
23.028.0
0.030
0.80
28.030.0
0.010
0.60
26.029.0
0.020
0.80
24.026.0
0.030
1.00
19.022.0
0.020
1.00
20.523.5
0.005
0.80
19.020.5
0.030
0.90
19.522.0
0.005
0.80
19.022.0
0.010
1.00
21.023.0
0.020
0.75
20.521.5
0.005
0.70
23.025.0
Ferritic or Martensitic (Chromium)
0.0035
0.55
28.029.0

0.015
0.015
0.015
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.020

0.015

0.030

0.030

0.030

Sulfur

TABLE 1

0.50

0.60
0.60

3.04.0

5.56.5
5.57.5
4.56.5
1.003.00
3.04.0
1.351.70
1.002.80
4.56.5
3.05.5
5.57.2
5.58.0
4.56.5
6.08.0
6.08.0
7.08.2
2.05.00
5.87.5
3.55.2
6.08.0
2.04.0
1.02.0
0.81.5
0.51.5
2.04.0
2.04.0
1.52.5
3.04.5

19.022.0
31.035.0
30.038.0
25.027.0
34.036.0
17.518.5
13.017.0

32.037.0

9.013.0

9.013.0

9.013.0

Nickel

...

...
...

1.802.50

1.202.00
2.53.5
2.53.5
0.60
1.502.00
0.100.80
0.45
3.03.5
0.050.60
3.03.5
3.04.0
2.93.9
3.05.0
3.04.0
0.801.2
1.002.00
1.502.60
1.002.50
2.53.5
1.002.00
0.101.00
0.100.60
...
0.601.40
0.301.30
0.60
1.002.00

1.502.50
2.003.00
4.04.8
1.002.00
...
...
0.751.50

...

...

...

...

Molybdenum

0.030

...
...

0.020
(C+N) 0.030

0.140.20
0.100.30
0.080.20
0.050.17
0.140.20
0.200.25
0.180.26
0.140.20
0.050.20
0.080.20
0.200.35
0.100.25
0.240.32
0.200.30
0.300.40
...
0.300.40
0.150.35
0.240.32
0.140.20
0.150.27
0.160.26
0.200.30
0.140.24
0.150.25
0.150.20
0.200.30

0.200.30
...
...
0.080.20
0.120.18
...
...

...

...

...

0.060.10

Nitrogen

...

...
...

...

...
0.200.80
...
1.00
...
0.100.80
...
...
0.050.60
...
0.502.00
1.502.50
0.50
0.501.00
...
...
0.80
...
0.200.80
...
0.50
1.00
0.201.20
1.00
0.201.20
0.501.50
0.100.80

...
...
0.75
...
...
...
0.751.50

0.75

...

...

...

Copper

Ti 6(C+N) min,
0.50 max; Cb
0.17

Cb 12(C+N)
min,
0.150.50
...
Al 0.100.30

W 0.050.30
...
...
...
W 0.501.00
W 2.102.50
...
...
...
W 1.502.50
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
W 0.100.50
...
...
...
...
...
...

Cb 0.200.50,
15 C min
(Cb + Ta) 10C
min, 1.00 max
Ta 0.10
Co 0.20
(Cb + Ta) 8C
min, 1.00 max
Ta 0.10
Co 0.20
Al 0.150.60
Ti 0.150.60
...
Cb 0.250.60
Ti 0.401.00
Cb 0.250.75
Ce 0.030.10
...
Al 0.30

Other
ElementsE, F

A240/A240M 15b

0.04
0.05
0.15 min
0.08
0.200.25
0.12
0.12
0.030

...

...

...

...
410
...
410S
...

...
...
420
...
422

429G
430
439

...
431
434
436

...

...

...

442
...

444

...

...

...

S40930

S40945

S40975

S40977
S41000
S41003
S41008
S41045

S41050
S41500M
S42000
S42035
S42200

S42900
S43000
S43035

S43037
S43100
S43400
S43600

S43932

S43940

Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved); Mon Mar 28 03:38:53 EDT 2016
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S44100

S44200
S44330

S44400

S44500

S44535

S44536

0.015

0.030

0.020

0.025

0.20
0.025

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030
0.20
0.12
0.12

0.030
0.080.15
0.030
0.08
0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

...

S40920

CarbonD

TypeC

UNS
DesignationB

1.00

0.300.80

1.00

1.00

1.00
1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
0.501.00
1.00
1.00
0.501.00

1.50
1.00
1.50
1.00
1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

Manganese

0.040

0.050

0.040

0.040

0.040
0.040

0.040

0.040

0.040

0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040

0.040
0.040
0.040

0.045
0.030
0.040
0.045
0.025

0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040

0.040

0.040

0.040

0.040

Phosphorus

0.030

0.020

0.012

0.030

0.040
0.030

0.030

0.015

0.030

0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.030
0.030
0.030

0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.025

0.015
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.030

0.030

0.020

0.020

Sulfur

1.00

0.50

1.00

1.00

1.00
1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
0.60
1.00
1.00
0.50

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

20.023.0

20.024.0

19.021.0

17.519.5

18.023.0
20.023.0

17.519.5

17.518.5

17.019.0

16.019.0
15.017.0
16.018.0
16.018.0

14.016.0
16.018.0
17.019.0

10.512.5
11.514.0
12.0-14.0
13.515.5
11.012.5

10.512.5
11.513.5
10.512.5
11.513.5
12.013.0

10.511.7

10.511.7

10.511.7

10.511.7

Chromium

Continued

Silicon

TABLE 1

0.5

...

0.60

1.00

0.60
...

1.00

...

0.50

...
1.252.50
...
...

...
0.75
0.50

0.601.10
3.55.5
0.75
1.02.5
0.501.00

0.301.00
0.75
1.50
0.60
0.50

0.501.00

0.50

0.50

0.50

Nickel

...

...

...

1.752.50

...
...

...

...

...

...
...
0.751.25
0.751.25

...
...
...

...
0.501.00
0.50
0.21.2
0.901.25

...
...
...
...
...

...

...

...

...

Molybdenum

0.015

...

0.03

0.035

...
0.025

0.030

...

0.030

...
...
...
...

...
...
0.030

0.10
...
...
...
...

0.030
...
0.030
...
0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

Nitrogen

...

0.50

0.300.60

...

...
0.300.80

...

...

...

...
...
...
...

...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

...

...

...

...

Copper

Ti 8(C+N) min,
Ti 0.150.50; Cb
0.10
(Ti+Cb) [0.08+8
(C+N)] min,
0.75 max;
Ti 0.05 min
Cb 0.180.40
Ti 0.050.20
Ti 6(C+N) min,
0.75 max
...
...
...
...
Cb 9(C+N) min,
0.60 max
...
...
...
Ti 0.300.50
V 0.20-0.30,
W 0.90-1.25
...
...
Ti [0.20+4(C+N)]
min, 1.10 max; Al
0.15
Ti 0.101.00
...
...
Cb 5C min,
0.80 max
(Ti+Cb)
[0.20+4(C+N)]
min, 0.75 max;
Al 0.15
Ti 0.100.60 Cb
[0.30+(3C)] min
Ti 0.10.5
Cb [0.3 + (9 C)]
min,
0.90 max
...
(Ti+Cb)
8(C+N) min,
0.80 max
(Ti+Cb)[0.20+4(C+N)]
min, 0.80 max
Cb 10(C+N)
min, 0.80 max
La 0.040.20
Ti 0.030.20
Al 0.50
(Ti+Cb)
8X(C+N)0.8, Cb
min 0.05

Other
ElementsE, F

A240/A240M 15b

XM-27

...

446
...

...
...

...

...
...

S44627

S44635

S44600
S44660

S44700
S44725

S44735

S44800
S46800

0.010
0.030

0.030

0.010
0.015

0.20
0.030

0.025

0.010

0.30
1.00

1.00

0.30
0.40

1.50
1.00

1.00

0.40

0.75

0.8

Manganese

0.025
0.040

0.040

0.025
0.040

0.040
0.040

0.040

0.020

0.040

0.050

Phosphorus

0.020
0.030

0.030

0.020
0.020

0.030
0.030

0.030

0.020

0.020

0.006

Sulfur

0.20
1.00

1.00

0.20
0.040

1.00
1.00

0.75

0.40

0.75

0.10.6

28.030.0
18.020.0

28.030.0

28.030.0
25.028.5

23.027.0
25.028.0

24.526.0

25.027.5

25.027.0

20.024.0

Chromium

Continued

Silicon

TABLE 1

2.002.50
0.50

1.00

0.15
0.30

0.75
1.03.5

3.54.5

0.50

0.50

0.5

Nickel

3.54.2
...

3.64.2

3.54.2
1.52.5

...
3.04.0

3.54.5

0.751.50

0.751.50

...

Molybdenum

0.020
0.030

0.045

0.020
0.018

0.25
0.040

0.035

0.015

0.04

0.04

Nitrogen

0.15
...

...

0.15
...

...
...

...

0.20

0.20

0.5

Copper

Al 0.1
W 1.03.0
Cb 0.21.0
Ti 0.020.20
La 0.040.20
Ti 0.201.00;
Ti 7(C+N) min
Cb 0.050.20
(Ni + Cu) 0.50
(Ti+Cb) [0.20+4
(C+N)] min, 0.80
max
...
(Ti+Cb) 0.20
1.00, Ti + Cb
6(C+N) min
(C+N) 0.025
(Ti+Cb)
$8(C+N)
(Ti+Cb)
0.201.00,
(Ti+Cb) 6 (C+N)
min
(C+N) 0.025
Ti 0.070.30
Cb 0.100.60
(Ti+Cb) [0.20+4
(C+N)] min, 0.80
max

Other
ElementsE, F

Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved); Mon Mar 28 03:38:53 EDT 2016
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Maximum, unless range or minimum is indicated. Where ellipses (. . .) appear in this table, there is no requirement and the element need not be determined or reported.
Designation established in accordance with Practice E527 and SAE J 1086.
Unless otherwise indicated, a grade designation originally assigned by the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI).
D
Carbon analysis shall be reported to nearest 0.01 % except for the low-carbon types, which shall be reported to nearest 0.001 %.
E
The terms Columbium (Cb) and Niobium (Nb) both relate to the same element.
F
When two minimums or two maximums are listed for a single type, as in the case of both a value from a formula and an absolute value, the higher minimum or lower maximum shall apply.
G
Common name, not a trademark, widely used, not associated with any one producer.
H
Iron shall be determined arithmetically by difference of 100 minus the sum of the other specified elements.
I
(Al + Ti) 0.851.20.
J
Naming system developed and applied by ASTM.
K
Cr + 3.3 Mo + 16 N = 40 min.
L
S40900 (Type 409) has been replaced by S40910, S40920, and S40930. Unless otherwise specified in the ordering information, an order specifying S40900 or Type 409 shall be satisfied by any one of S40910, S40920,
or S40930 at the option of the seller. Material meeting the requirements of S40910, S40920, or S40930, may at the option of the manufacturer be certified as S40900.
M
Plate version of CA-6NM.
N
Product (check or verification) analysis tolerance over the maximum limit for C and N in XM-27 shall be 0.002 %.
O
Cr + 3.3 Mo + 16 N = 41 min.

0.06

XM-33J

S44626
N

0.030

...

S44537

Carbon

Type

UNS
DesignationB

A240/A240M 15b

A240/A240M 15b

5.1 The material shall conform to the mechanical properties


specified in Table 2.

6.2 Supplementary Requirement S2 shall be invoked when


non-H grade austenitic stainless steels are ordered for ASME
Code applications for service above 1000F [540C].

5.2 When specified by the purchaser, Charpy impact tests


shall be performed in accordance with Supplementary Requirement S1.

6.3 Grade S31060, unless otherwise specified in the purchase order, shall conform to an average grain size of ASTM
No. 7 or coarser, as measured by Test Methods E112.

6. Materials for High-Temperature Service

7. Keywords

6.1 The austenitic H Types shall conform to an average


grain size of ASTM No. 7 or coarser as measured by Test
Methods E112.

7.1 architectural; building; chromium; chromium-nickel


stainless steel; chromium-manganese-nickel stainless steel;
construction; pressure vessels

5. Mechanical Properties

Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved); Mon Mar 28 03:38:53 EDT 2016
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8
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XM-19J

S20910
Sheet
Plate
S21600
Sheet
Plate
S21603
Sheet
Plate
S21640
S21800
S21904
Sheet
Plate
S24000
Sheet
Plate

S30100
S30103
S30153
S30200
S30400
S30403
S30409
S30415
S30435

201-1I
201-2I
201LF
201LNF
...
202
...
...
...
...

S20100
S20100
S20103
S20153
S20161
S20200
S20400
S20431
S20432
S20433

and Strip

and Strip

and Strip

and Strip

301
301LF
301LNF
302
304
304L
304H
...
...

XM-29J

...
...
XM-11J

XM-18J

XM-17J

75
95
95
95
125
90
95
90
75
80

...
800F
800HF
...
904LF
...
...

75
80
80
75
75
70
75
87
65

100
100

100
90

100
90
95
95

100
90

105
100

100
95
80
75
65
65
71
87
94

and Strip

80

...

N08020
N08367
Sheet and Strip
Plate
N08700
N08800
N08810
N08811
N08904
N08925
N08926

ksi

TypeA

UNS Designation
ksi

MPa

Yield Strength,B min

515
550
550
515
515
485
515
600
450

690
690

690
620

690
620
650
655

690
620

725
690

515
655
655
655
860
620
655
620
515
550

690
655
550
520
450
450
490
600
650

30
32
35
30
30
25
30
42
23

60
55

60
50

60
50
45
50

60
50

60
55

38
45
38
45
50
38
48
45
30
35

45
45
35
30G
25G
25
31
43
43

205
220
240
205
205
170
205
290
155

415
380

415
345

415
345
310
345

415
345

415
380

260
310
260
310
345
260
330
310
205
240

310
310
240
205G
170G
170
220
295
295

Austenitic (Chromium-Nickel) (Chromium-Manganese-Nickel)


550
35
240

MPa

Tensile Strength, min

TABLE 2 Mechanical Test Requirements

40
45
45
40
40
40
40
40
45

40
40

40
45

40
40
40
35

40
40

30
35

40
40
40
45
40
40
35
40
40
40

30
30
30
30H
30
30
35
40
35

30E

Elongation
in
2 in. or
50 mm,
min, %

217
241
241
201
201
201
201
217
187

241
241

241
241

241
241
...
241

241
241

241
241

217
241
217
241
255
241
241
241
201
217

...
241
192
...
...
...
...
...
...

217

Brinell.
HBW

95 HRBW
100 HRBW
100 HRBW
92 HRBW
92 HRBW
92 HRBW
92 HRBW
95 HRBW
90 HRBW

100 HRBW
100 HRBW

100 HRBW
100 HRBW

100 HRBW
100 HRBW
...
100 HRBW

100 HRBW
100 HRBW

100 HRBW
100 HRBW

95 HRBW
100 HRBW
95 HRBW
100 HRBW
25 HRC
...
100 HRBW
100 HRBW
92 HRBW
95 HRBW

100 HRBW
...
90 HRBW
...
...
...
90 HRBW
...
...

95 HRBW

Rockwell

Hardness, maxC

...
...
required
required
required
...
required
required
required
required

required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required

required
required
required
required

not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not

required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
...

not required
not required

not required
not required

not
not
not
not

not required
not required

not required
not required

not
not
not
not

not
not
not

not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not

not required

Cold BendD

A240/A240M 15b

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...
...
316
316L
316H
316TiF
316CbF

316N
316LN
...
317
317L
317LMF
317LMNF
...
...
317LN
...

...
321
321H
...
...

S31651
S31653
S31655
S31700
S31703
S31725
S31726
S31727
S31730
S31753
S32050

S32053
S32100
S32109
S32615K
S32654

93
75
75
80
109

640
515
515
550
750

550
515
635
515
515
515
550
550
480
550
675

690
655
750
770
515
485
515
515
515

100
95
109
112
75
70
75
75
75
80
75
92
75
75
75
80
80
70
80
98

600

580
540

84
78
87

600
515
515
515
515
515
515
515
515

87
75
75
75
75
75
75
75
75

620
585
515
485
515
540
540
620

90
85
75
70
75
78
78
90

...

...
309S
309HF
309CbF
309HCbF
310S
310HF
310CbF
310HCbF
310 MoLNF
t # 0.25 in.
t > 0.25 in.

515
550

MPa

75
80

ksi

Tensile Strength, min

S31060
S31254
Sheet and Strip
Plate
S31266
S31277
S31600
S31603
S31609
S31635
S31640

S30815
S30908
S30909
S30940
S30941
S31008
S31009
S31040
S31041
S31050

...
304N
XM-21J

S30441
S30451
S30452
Sheet and Strip
Plate
S30453
S30500
S30530
S30600
S30601
S30615

304LN
305
...
...
...
...

Type

UNS Designation

Continued

43
30
30
32
62

35
30
45
30
30
30
35
36
25
35
48

45
45
61
52
30
25
30
30
30

41

39
37

45
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30

50
40
30
25
30
35
37
40

30
35

ksi

295
205
205
220
430

240
205
310
205
205
205
240
245
175
240
330

310
310
420
360
205
170
205
205
205

280

270
255

310
205
205
205
205
205
205
205
205

345
275
205
170
205
240
255
275

205
240

MPa

Yield Strength,B min

TABLE 2

40
40
40
25
40

35
40
35
35
40
40
40
35
35
40
40

35
35
35
40
40
40
40
40
30

40

25
25

40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

30
30
40
40
40
40
30
35

40
30

Elongation
in
2 in. or
50 mm,
min, %

217
217
217
...
250

217
217
241
217
217
217
223
217
...
217
250

223
223
...
...
217
217
217
217
217

217

217
217

217
217
217
217
217
217
217
217
217

241
241
217
183
201
...
...
217

201
217

Brinell.
HBW

HRBW
HRBW
HRBW
HRBW
HRBW
HRBW
HRBW
HRBW
HRBW

96 HRBW
95 HRBW
95 HRBW
...
...

95 HRBW
95 HRBW
100 HRBW
95 HRBW
95 HRBW
95 HRBW
96 HRBW
96 HRBW
90 HRBW
95 HRBW
...

96 HRBW
96 HRBW
...
...
95 HRBW
95 HRBW
95 HRBW
95 HRBW
95 HRBW

95 HRBW

95 HRBW
95 HRBW

95
95
95
95
95
95
95
95
95

100 HRBW
100 HRBW
95 HRBW
88 HRBW
92 HRBW
...
...
95 HRBW

92 HRBW
95 HRBW

Rockwell

Hardness, maxC

...
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required

not
not
not
not
not

not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not

not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not

required
required
required
required
required

required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required

required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required

not required

not required
not required

not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not

required
required
required
required
required
...
not required
not required

not
not
not
not
not

not required
not required

Cold BendD

A240/A240M 15b

...
2205F
2304F
...
...
255F
2507F
...
...
329
...
t < 0.4 in.
[10.0 mm]
t $ 0.4 in.
[10.0 mm]

S32202
S32205
S32304
S32506
S32520
S32550
S32750
S32760
S32808
S32900
S32906

S32101

...
t # 0.187 in.
[5.00 mm]
t > 0.187 in.
[5.00 mm]
...
t # 0.187 in.
[5.00 mm]
t > 0.187 in.
[5.00 mm]

S32003

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650
655
600
620
770
760
795
750
700
620
800

750

109

650

94

94
95
87
90
112
110
116
108
101
90
116

700

655

95

101

690

690
690
620
620

550
515
620
650
515
540

485
585
485

500
485
515
600
795
515
515
515
515
515

MPa

100

100
100
90
90

80
75
90
94
75
78

...
...
...
...
XM-15J
...

...
...
...
...

70
85
70

73
70
75
87
115
75
75
75
75
75

ksi

...
...
...

...
334F
...
...
...
347
347H
347LN
348
348H

TypeA

S31200
S31260
S31803
S32001

S35045
S35115
S35125
S35135
Sheet and Strip
Plate
S35140
S35315
S38100
S38815

S33228
S33400
S33425
S33550
S34565
S34700
S34709
S34751
S34800
S34809

UNS Designation

Tensile Strength, min

Continued

170
275
205

185
170
205
280
415
205
205
205
205
205

MPa

80

65
65
58
65
80
80
80
80
72
70
94

65

77

65

70

550

450
450
400
450
550
550
550
550
500
485
650

450

530

450

485

30
205
30
205
40
275
39
270
30
205
37
255
Duplex (Austenitic-Ferritic)
65
450
70
485
65
450
65
450

25
40
30

27
25
30
41
60
30
30
30
30
30

ksi

Yield Strength,B min

TABLE 2

25.0

30
25
25
18
25
15
15
25
15
15
25.0

30

30

25

25

25
20
25
25

30
30
30
40
40
30

35
40
35

30
30
40
35
35
40
40
40
40
40

Elongation
in
2 in. or
50 mm,
min, %

310

290
293
290
302
310
302
310
270
310
269
310

290

290

293

293

293
290
293
...

...
...
241
217
217
...

...
241
...

217
...
...
217
241
201
201
201
201
201

Brinell.
HBW

HRC
HRC
HRC
HRC
HRC
HRC
HRC
HRC
HRC
HRC
HRC

32 HRC

31
31
32
32
32
32
32
28
32
28
32

31 HRC

31 HRC

31 HRC

31 HRC

31 HRC
...
31 HRC
25 HRC

...
...
100 HRBW
95 HRBW
95 HRBW
...

...
100 HRBW
...

95 HRBW
92 HRBW
...
95 HRBW
100 HRBW
92 HRBW
92 HRBW
92 HRBW
92 HRBW
92 HRBW

Rockwell

Hardness, maxC

required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required

required
required
required
required
required
required

required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required

not required

not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not

not required

not required

not required

not required

not required
...
not required
not required

not
not
not
not
not
not

not required
not required
not required

not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not

Cold BendD

A240/A240M 15b

...
403
405
409M
...
...
...
...
...
...

410
...
410S
...
...
...
420
...
422
429F
430
439
...

S32803
S40300
S40500
S40900M
S40910
S40920
S40930
S40945
S40975
S40977

S41000
S41003
S41008
S41045
S41050
S41500
S42000
S42035
S42200
S42900
S43000
S43035
S43037

S82441

S82121
S82122

S82013
S82031

S82012

...
...
...
...
t # 0.187 in.
[5.00 mm]
t > 0.187 in.
[5.00 mm]
t >0.187 in.
[5.00 mm]
t #0.187 in.
[5.00 mm]
...
t>0.187 in.
[5.00 mm]
t#0.187 in.
[5.00 mm]
...
t<0.118 in.
[3.00 mm]
t$0.118 in.
[3.00 mm]
...
t < 0.4 in. [10.0
mm]
t $ 0.4 in. [10.0
mm]

TypeA

S32950L
S39274
S81921
S82011

UNS Designation

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450
455
415
380
415
795
690Q
550
...
450
450
415
360

380
380
380
380
415
450

55
55
55
55
60
65
65
66
60
55
60
115
100Q
80
...
65
65
60
50

600
485
415

680

99

87
70
60

740

600

87

107

650
700

700

102
94
101

620
650

700

102
90
94

650

655

95
94

690
800
620
700

MPa

100
116
90
101

ksi

Tensile Strength, min

Continued

480

540

400

450
500

500

450
400

500

400

450

485
550
450
515

MPa

30
40
30
30
30
90
...
55
...
30
30
30
30

25
25
25
30
40
41

205
275
205
205
205
620
...
380
...
205
205
205
205

170
170
170
205
275
280

Ferritic or Martensitic (Chromium)


72
500
30
205
25
170

70

78

58

65
72

73

65
58

73

58

65

70
80
65
75

ksi

Yield Strength,B min

TABLE 2

20
18
22N
22
22
15
15
16
...
22N
22N
22
22

20
20
20
22
20
18

16
25N
20

25

25

30

25
25

35

30
35

35

35

30

15
15
25
30

Elongation
in
2 in. or
50 mm,
min, %

217
223
183
...
183
302
217
180
248
183
183
183
183

179
179
179
...
197
180

241
217
179

290

290

290

286
290

293
290

290

293

293
310
293
293

Brinell.
HBW

HRC
HRC
HRC
HRC

required
required
required
required

HRBW
HRBW
HRBW
HRBW
HRBW
HRBW
96 HRBW
20 HRC
89 HRBW
80 HRBW
89 HRBW
32 HRC
96 HRBW
88 HRBW
24 HRC
89 HRBW
89 HRBW
89 HRBW
89

88
88
88
80
92
88

100 HRBW
96 HRBW
88 HRBW

31 HRC

31 HRC

32 HRC

30 HRC
32 HRC

180
not required
180
180
180
not required
not required
not required
not required
180
180
180
180

180
180
180
180
180
not required

not required
180
180

not required

not required

not required

not required
not required

not required

not required
not required

31J

31 HRC

not required

not required

not
not
not
not

Cold BendD

31 HRC

31 HRC

32
32
31
31

Rockwell

Hardness, maxC

A240/A240M 15b

431
434
436
...
...
...
...
442
...
...
...
...
...
446
XM-33J
XM-27J
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Type

...
65
65
60
62
56
60
65
60
62
58
60
65
65
68
65
90
85
80
65
80
80
60

ksi
...
450
450
415
430
390
414
515
415
427
400
410
450
515
470
450
620
585
550
450
550
550
415

MPa

Tensile Strength, min

...
35
35
30
36
30
35
40
40
30
36
35
46
40
45
40
75
65
60
40
60
60
30

ksi
...
240
240
205
250
205
241
275
275
205
250
245
320
275
310
275
515
450
415
275
415
415
205

MPa

Yield Strength,B min

Continued

...
22
22
22
18
22
20
20
20
22
25E
20
18P
20
20
22
20
18
20
20
18
20
22

Elongation
in
2 in. or
50 mm,
min, %
285
...
...
183
180
187
190
217
217
...
...
192
200
217
217
187
269
241
223
210
255
223
...

Brinell.
HBW
29 HRC
89 HRBW
89 HRBW
89 HRBW
88 HRBW
90 HRBW
90 HRBW
96 HRBW
96 HRBW
83 HRBW
90O HRBW
90 HRBW
93 HRBW
96 HRBW
96 HRBW
90 HRBW
28 HRC
100 HRBW
20 HRC
95 HRBW
25 HRC
20 HRC
90 HRBW

Rockwell

Hardness, maxC

not required
180
180
180
not required
not required
not required
180
180
180
not required
180
180
135
180
180
180
180
180
180
180
180
180

Cold BendD

Unless otherwise indicated, a grade designation originally assigned by the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI).
Yield strength shall be determined by the offset method at 0.2 % in accordance with Test Methods and Definitions A370. Unless otherwise specified (see Specification A480/A480M, paragraph 4.1.11, Ordering
Information), an alternative method of determining yield strength may be based on total extension under load of 0.5 %.
C
Either Brinell or denoted Rockwell Hardness scale is permissible. For thin materials, see Specification A480/A480M (17.2.1) and Test Methods A370 (18.1.2) on superficial testing.
D
Bend tests are not required for chromium steels (ferritic or martensitic) thicker than 1 in. [25 mm] or for any austenitic or duplex (austenitic-ferritic) stainless steels regardless of thickness.
E
Elongation for thickness, less than 0.015 in. [0.38 mm] shall be 20 % minimum, in 1 in. [25.4 mm].
F
Common name, not a trademark, widely used, not associated with any one producer.
G
Yield strength requirements shall not apply to material under 0.020 in [0.50 mm] in thickness.
H
Not applicable for thicknesses under 0.010 in. [0.25 mm].
I
Type 201 is generally produced with a chemical composition balanced for rich side (Type 201-1) or lean side (Type 201-2) austenite stability depending on the properties required for specific applications.
J
Naming system developed and applied by ASTM.
K
For S32615, the grain size as determined in accordance with the Test Methods E112, Comparison Method, Plate II, shall be No. 3 or finer.
L
Prior to Specification A240 89b, the tensile value for S32950 was 90 ksi.
M
S40900 (Type 409) has been replaced by S40910, S40920, and S40930. Unless otherwise specified in the ordering information, an order specifying S40900 or Type 409 shall be satisfied by any one of S40910, S40920,
or S40930 at the option of the seller. Material meeting the requirements of S40910, S40920, or S40930, may at the option of the manufacturer be certified as S40900.
N
Material 0.050 in [1.27 mm] and under in thickness shall have a minimum elongation of 20 %.
O
Hardness is required to be provided for information only, but is not required to meet a particular requirement.
P
The minimum elongation for plates thicker than 0.630 in. (16 mm) shall be 8 %.
Q
Maximum. Type 420 is usually used in the heat-treated condition (quenched and tempered to a specific range of hardness or tensile strength).

S43100
S43400
S43600
S43932
S43940
S44330
S44100
S44200
S44400
S44500
S44535
S44536
S44537
S44600
S44626
S44627
S44635
S44660
S44700
S44725
S44735
S44800
S46800

UNS Designation

TABLE 2

A240/A240M 15b

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A240/A240M 15b

SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS
A supplementary requirement shall apply only when specified in the purchase order.
S1. Charpy Impact Testing of Plate
S1.1 Charpy impact tests shall be conducted in accordance
with Test Methods and Definitions A370.
S1.2 Number of TestsOne impact test (three specimens)
shall be made from one plate per heat treatment lot in the final
heat treated condition.
S1.3 Orientation of Test SpecimensUnless specified as
transverse specimens (long axis of the specimen transverse to
the final rolling direction, root of the notch perpendicular to the
rolling face) on the purchase order, the orientation of the
specimens shall be longitudinal (long axis of the specimen
parallel to the final rolling direction, root of the notch perpendicular to the rolling face). The manufacturer is permitted to
test transverse specimens provided that such tests meet the
acceptance criteria applicable to longitudinal specimens. Unless otherwise specified on the purchase order, the specimens
shall be taken so as to include the mid-thickness of the product.
S1.4 Test TemperatureThe purchaser shall specify the
test temperature. The manufacturer is permitted to test specimens at a temperature lower than that specified by the
purchaser, provided that such tests shall meet the acceptance
criteria applicable to specimens tested at the specified temperature (see the note below).
NOTE S1.1Test Methods A923, Method B, applicable to some duplex
(austenitic-ferritic) stainless steels as listed in Test Methods A923, uses a
Charpy impact test for the purpose of determining the absence of
detrimental intermetallic phases. Method B specifies a test temperature
and acceptance criterion, expressed as impact energy, for each type of
steel covered. It may be economical for the Charpy impact tests performed

on duplex stainless steels covered in both Specification A240 and Test


Methods A923 to be performed at the lower of the temperatures specified
by this supplementary requirement and Test Methods A923 Method B,
with measurement of both lateral expansion and impact energy.

S1.5 Acceptance Limit Unless otherwise specified on the


purchase order, each of the three specimens tested shall show
a lateral expansion opposite the notch of not less than 0.015 in.
[0.38 mm].
S1.6 RecordsThe recorded results shall include the
specimen orientation, specimen size, test temperature, absorbed energy values (if required), and lateral expansion
opposite the notch.
S2. Materials for High-Temperature Service
S2.1 Unless an H grade has been ordered, this supplementary requirement shall be specified for ASME Code applications for service above 1000F [540C].
S2.2 The user is permitted to use an austenitic stainless
steel as the corresponding H grade when the material meets all
requirements of the H grade including chemistry, annealing
temperature, and grain size (see Section 6).
S2.3 The user is permitted to use an L grade austenitic
stainless steel for service above 1000F [540C], subject to the
applicable allowable stress table of the ASME Code, when the
material meets all requirements of this specification and the
grain size is ASTM No. 7 or coarser as determined in
accordance with Test Methods E112. The grain size shall be
reported on a Certified Test Report.

SUMMARY OF CHANGES
Committee A01 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issue
(A240/A240M 15a) that may impact the use of this standard. (Approved Nov. 1, 2015.)
(1) Added grade UNS S82013 to Tables 1 and 2.

(2) Added grade UNS S43037 to Tables 1 and 2.

Committee A01 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issue
(A240/A240M 15) that may impact the use of this standard. (Approved March 1, 2015.)
(1) Added including architectural and aesthetic applications
to Scope subsection 1.1.
(2) Added architectural, building, and construction to Keywords.

(3) Added grade UNS S31655 added to Tables 1 and 2.

Committee A01 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issue
(A240/A240M 14) that may impact the use of this standard. (Approved Jan. 1, 2015.)
(1) S31730 added to Tables 1 and 2.

(2) Footnote A of Table 1 revised to explain ellipses.

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A240/A240M 15b
(3) Altered Column head for Rockwell Hardness from Rockwell B to Rockwell in Table 2.
(4) Added the appropriate Rockwell Scale designation to all
applicable maximums in the Rockwell Column in Table 2.
(5) Eliminated footnote J of Table 2, which designated certain
hardness maximums as HRC, as it is no longer necessary.
(6) Modified footnote C of Table 2, to permit the denoted
Rockwell Hardness Scales and to permit the use of superficial
scales for thin materials.

(7) Added grades UNS S40300, S42000, S42200, S43100,


S44200, and S44600 from A176 to Tables 1 and 2.
(8) Added footnote Q to Table 2 (identical to footnote E from
A176, Table 2).

Committee A01 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issue
(A240/A240M 13c) that may impact the use of this standard. (Approved May 1, 2014.)
(1) Added Rockwell C maximums equivalent to the Brinell
Maximum listed to S31260, S32101, S32202, S32520, S32760,
and S82441 in Table 2.
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