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PhysicssTPMTerm

Actual Paper2014

Section A
ll5

marksf

Answer all questions in this section'

1 what is the dimension


speed?

of a fluid and v is its


of a derived quantity, tor',where p is the density

C ML2TI

B MLIT-2

A MLITI
z *tevariation of

acceleration a with time r

for a

car which is

}.,dI.2T,

initially at rest is shown in the

graph below.
al

ms-2

by the car is
The maximum velocity that can be reached

32.0 m

sr

35.0 m

sr

36.0 m sr

37.0 m s{

is
rear view mirror of a car whieh is accelerating
A decorative cD of mass mhangrng from the

shown in the diagram below'

of the car is a, which eqgation about the


tension in the string is 7 and the acceleration
motion of the CD is correct?

If the

A Icos O=rfla
B Tsin 0=ma
T =ftta

(-

cos 0

,T
stn 0=

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Physics STPMTeTm

Actuat Paper2014

of 30 m s-1' If the driver


of mass 50 kg is in a car which is moving with a velocity
is weaiing a seat belt is pushed forward at a
suddenry brakes the car, the passenger who
force of the seat belt and the time interval of the
distance of 0.5 m. what is the average pulling
force acted on the Passenger?
between the passenger and the seat of the car']
[Neglect the effect of friction

4 A passenger

A
B
C
D

Average force

Time interval

4.9x102N
4.9x102N
4.5x104N
4.5x104N

0.03 s
3.06 s
0.03 s
3.06 s

from the ground up onto


An inclined plank which is used to transfer a box

lorry is shown in

the diagram below.

true of the work done to transfer the same box?


the plank is shortened, which statement is
A Th" *otk done against friction decreases'
B The work done against friction increases'
C The work done against gravity decreases'
D The work done against gravity increases'

If

motion
6 A mass tied to one end of a string is whirled in a horizontal

with uniform speed' which

statement is true of the motion of the mass?


A An outward force acts on the mass'
B The net force acting on the mass is zero' outward force on the mass'
c The tension in the string is balanced by an to move in a circular path'
D The tension in the string enables the mass

the
g0 times the mass of the Moon. The distance of the Moon from
The mass of the Earth is
zefo
with resultant gravitational fleld strength
Earth is 3.g x 108 m. The distance of a satellite
from the Earth is
D 3.80 x'108 m
C 3.75 x 108 m
B 3.42 x 108 m
A 1.90 x 108 m

about the mass point


otmass 2m and m respectively which rotate
system is shown in the diagram below'

g rwo stars p and e

o"
What is the ratio of speed P to speed Q?

Ai 1

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c+

D+

of

Physics STPM Term

ActualPaper2ll4

acts on a solid disc which is free to rotate about an axis


through O. In which configuration should the disc be in static equilibrium?

9 A pair of forces F of equal magnitude

.O'O:
10 A

stress-strain curve

for

a material is shown

in the graph below.

The material was first stretched, and then allowed to contract. Which deduction is true of the
material?
A The material was stretched beyond the elastic limit.
B The material was permanently deformed after the process.
C Net work done in ttre pro."rJ is stored as strain energy in the material. \
D More work done is involved in stretching than in contracting the material.

11 Which statement about the law of equipartition of energy is true?


A The energy of a molecule is equally divided_ among all degrees of freedom where each
degree of freedom has an average energy of
lW.
B All gas molecules have the same number of degrees of freedom where each degree of
freedom has an average energy of

C All

1ru.

gas molecules have three degrees


molecule has an average energy of

ltf

of freedom for translational motion where


.

The energy of an ideal gas is equally divided among all the molecules where each molecule
.
has an average energy of

ikf

tL At a fixed temperature,

what is the value of the ratio


r.m.s. speed of oxygen gas molecule
r.m.s. speed of carbon dioxide gas molecule

[Relative atomic masses of carbon and oxygen are 12 and 16 respectively.]

A
B
c
D

each

0.85

L.I7
1.38
3.46

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Physics STPMTerm

Acruat Paper2014

The molar heat capacity of a monatomic ideal gas^at constant volume is

BR

A+

L4

cln

]a

An ideal gas undergoes the following thermodynamic processes:


P
Q: Adiabatic compression to half of its initial volume.
-+
R: Isothermal expansion back to its initial volume.
Q
--;
p: Cooling down at a constant volume back to its initial state.
R+
Which graph represents the above processes?

Pressure

\
Pressure

1H

1\

Pressure

Pressure

1H
A refrigerator door is 150.0 cm high, 80.0 cm wide and 6.0 cm thick. The temperatures of the
inner and outer surface of the door are 0 'C and 30 "C respectively. What is the heat flow
through the door in one minute?
[Th" thermal conductivity of the door is 0.2]- W m-1

A 1..26x102J B 7.56x103J

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t.27x104J

7.64

x 105 J

PhysicsSTPMTerm

Actuat Paper2014

Seclion
11,5

marks)

nswer all questions in this section.

16 A ball

is thrown horizontally from the roof of a building of height 11 as shown in the diagram

below.

The initial speed of the ball is 16.0 m s-1. It hits the ground at an angle of 60.0" with the
horizontal.
(u) Assuming that air resistance is negligible, determine

(i)

the vertical component of the velocity of the ball when

(ii) the height H of. the building.

it hits the ground, l2 marks)

13

marksl

(b) If there is air resistance, what is the effect on the angle when the ball hits the ground? Give
a reason for your answer.
fZ marksl
Effect:
Reason:

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PhysicssTPMTerm

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Actuat Paper2014

The molar heat capacity of a certain ideal gas at constant volume is24.95 J K-1 mol-l.A cylinder
containingZ.O moi of tLe gas at320 K is heated at constant volume to 350 K. Determine
12 marksf
(a) the amount of heat required to heat the gas,

(b) the molar heat capacity of the gas at constant pressure,

fZ marksl

(c) the ratio of molar heat capacity at constant pressure to molar heatrcapacitY at constant
volume of the gas,

(d) the degree of freedom of the gas.

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12

marksl

12

marks)

NI
lMl

Physics STPM Term 1 Actual Paper 2014

Seclion C
130

marksl

Answer any two questions in this section.


18

(a) Explain why a particle moving in a circular path with constant

speed has acceleration.


12

marksl

(b) A particle moves from position A to position B in a circular path of radius r with constant
speed y in time Ar is shown in the diagram below.

(i)

Draw a vector diagram for the change in velocity

(ii)

Show that the angle between the velocity vectors at

Av.
A and n is #.

(iii) Derive the expression for the centripetal acceleration


(.) A large spinning swing revolving about

lL markl
t2 marksl

a in terms of v and r.

a vertical axis is shown

i, tfr" diagram O:?#.'^'

The swing with a cable length of 8.0 m and a boy with a mass of 70.0 kg, including the chair
he is sitting on, are swung from the edge of a rotating disc with a radius of 5.0 m. The boy is
moved in a horizontal circular path with the cable making an angle of inclination 50' with
the vertical axis. Neglect the air resistance and the mass of the cable.

(i)

Sketch the forces which act on the boy.

[2 marks)

(ii)

Calculate the tension in the cable.

12

marksl

14

marks)

(iii) Determine the speed of the

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L4

Physics STPM Term

lg

'l

Actual Paper 2014

(a) State the conditions for the equilibrium of a rigid body.


l2 marks)
(b) A spherical steel ball of mass 2.0 kg is supported by two cords fixed to a ceiling and wall is
shown in the diagram below.
Ceiling

The angle between the cord and the ceiling is 40.0" while the other cord is attached
horizontally to the steel ball.
(i) Sketch a triangle of forces representing the forces in equilibrium.
11 markl

(ii)

Determine the tensions in the two cords.

14

(iii) If the breaking tension of both cords is 45 N, calculate the maximum


ball which can be supported by the

mass

cords.

marksl

of the steel
tZ marks)

(c) A uniform ladder of weight L50 N is leaned against a


smooth wall, and is placed on a rough floor is shown in
the diagram below.

The coefflcient of friction between the floor and the


ladder is 0.38.

(i)

Smooth wall

Sketch a diagram showing all the forces acting on the

ll

ladder.

(ii) Determine

markl

to
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15

the angle 0 when the ladder is about

slide.

-,';"ii::l

*oush floor

(a) Describe the mechanism of heat conduction in a non-metallic solid.


(b) (i) Deflne the thermal conductivity of a material.

13

marksl

l2 marksl

(ii) In determining the thermal conductivity

of a weak heat conductor, the major problem


overcome.
it
be
is poor heat flow. Explain how can
[2 marks]

(c) The wall of a house is made of bricks with a thickness of 20.0 cm and has ?n area of 30.0 m2.
In the afternoon, the outside temperature of the house can reach 38.0 'C while the inside
temperature is maintained at 18.0 "C. In order to reduce heat loss, the contractor applied
plaster with a thickness of 15.0 mm on the inside surface of the wall of the house. Assuming
that the outside and inside temperatures of the house are constant, calculate

(i)

the rate of heat flow through the wall without plaster,

(ii) the rate of heat flow through the wall with plaster,

l2 marksl
l2 marks)

(iii) the interface temperature between the wall and the plaster,
12 marksl
(iv) the percentage of energy blocked by adding the plaster.
l2 marksl
[The conductivity for brick and plaster is 0.84 W m-1 Kr and 4.0 x 10-3 W m-1 K-l respectively.]

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