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21, Vrindavan Ward, Bangali Kali Tiraha, Sagar-470001 (M.P)

www.saacademy.in

Ph: 07582-240141 +91 9165831777

Class: 11th CT-7 (YCCP)

Marks: 120

Subject: Physics

(Work, Power and Energy)

Date: 20/07/2015

Note: Assume suitable data wherever necessary

Time: 60 Min.

1.

A uniform chain of length L and mass M is lying on a smooth table and one third of its length is hanging vertically down over the edge of

the table. If g is acceleration due to gravity, the work required to pull the hanging part on to the table is

[IIT 1985; MNR 1990; AIEEE 2002; MP PMT 1994, 97, 2000; JIPMER 2000]

2.

(a) MgL

(b) MgL/3

(c) MgL/9

(d) MgL/18

If W1 ,W2 and W3 represent the work done in moving a particle from A to B along three different paths 1, 2 and 3 respectively (as shown)

in the gravitational field of a point mass m, find the correct relation between W1 ,W2 and W3

(a) W1 W2 W3

(b) W1 W2 W3

(c) W1 W2 W3

(d) W2 W1 W3

3.

A particle of mass m is moving in a horizontal circle of radius r under a centripetal force equal to K / r 2 , where K is a constant. The total

energy of the particle is

[IIT 1977]

K

K

K

K

(b)

(c)

(d)

2r

r

r

2r

If g is the acceleration due to gravity on the earth's surface, the gain in the potential energy of an object of mass m raised from the surface

of earth to a height equal to the radius of the earth R, is

[IIT 1983]

(a)

4.

1

1

(b) 2 mgR

(c) mgR

(d) mgR

mgR

4

2

The kinetic energy acquired by a mass m in travelling a certain distance d starting from rest under the action of a constant force is directly

proportional to

[CBSE PMT 1994]

(a)

5.

6.

m

(a)

(b) Independent of m

(c) 1 / m

(d) m

An open knife edge of mass 'm' is dropped from a height 'h' on a wooden floor. If the blade penetrates upto the depth 'd' into the wood, the

average resistance offered by the wood to the knife edge is

[BHU 2002]

(a)

7.

8.

(c) mg 1

d

(b) mg 1

d

mg

(d) mg 1

d

1. Linear momentum of a system of particles is zero

2. Kinetic energy of a system of particles is zero

Then:

[AIEEE 2003]

(a) 1 implies 2 and 2 implies 1

(b) 1 does not imply 2 and 2 does not imply 1

(c) 1 implies 2 but 2 does not imply 1

(d) 1 does not imply 2 but 2 implies 1

A body is moved along a straight line by a machine delivering constant power. The distance moved by the body in time t is proportional to

[IIT 1984; BHU 1984, 95; MP PET 1996; JIPMER 2000; AMU (Med.) 1999]

(a) t

(b) t

(c) t 3 / 2

(d) t 2

A batsman hits a sixer and the ball touches the ground outside the cricket ground. Which of the following graph describes the variation of

the cricket ball's vertical velocity v with time between the time t1 as it hits the bat and time t2 when it touches the ground

3/4

1/ 2

t1

t2

(c)

t1

t2

t2

t1

(d)

t

Velocity

(b)

t

Velocity

(a)

Velocity

Velocity

9.

t2

t1

A force-time graph for a linear motion is shown in figure where the segments are circular. The linear momentum gained between zero and

8 second is

[CPMT 1989]

Force (newtons)

10.

+2

2 newton second

(b)

(c)

4 newton second

Time

(second)

8

A 10kg mass moves along x-axis. Its acceleration as a function of its position is shown in the figure. What is the total work done on the mass by the

force as the mass moves from x 0 to x 8 cm

[AMU (Med.) 2000]

(a)

a (cm/sec2)

11.

(a)

8 10 2 joules

(b) 16 10 2 joules

(c)

20

15

10

5

4 10 4 joules

8 x (cm)

(d) 1 .6 10 3 joules

(c)

(d)

E

E

Height

13.

Height

E and

(a)

(b)

15.

(d)

1/p

1/p

1/p

A particle of mass m moving with a velocity u makes an elastic one dimensional collision with a stationary particle of mass m establishing

T

a contact with it for extremely small time T. Their force of contact increases from zero to F0 linearly in time

, remains constant for a

4

T

T

further time

and decreases linearly from F0 to zero in further time

as shown. The magnitude possessed by F0 is

4

2

F

(a)

mu

T

(b)

2mu

T

(c)

4 mu

3T

(d)

3 mu

4T

F0

O T/4

3T/4 T

A body moves from rest with a constant acceleration. Which one of the following graphs represents the variation of its kinetic energy K

with the distance travelled x ?

K

(a)

x

(b)

O

16.

(c)

1/p

14.

U

Height

Height

1

is ( E =kinetic energy and p = momentum)

p

Energy

(b)

Energy

(a)

Energy

Which of the following graphs is correct between kinetic energy (E), potential energy (U) and height (h) from the ground of the particle

Energy

12.

(c)

O

(d)

x

The diagrams represent the potential energy U of a function of the inter-atomic distance r. Which diagram corresponds to stable molecules

found in nature.

U

(a)

(b)

r

(c)

(d)

r

17.

The relationship between the force F and position x of a body is as shown in figure. The work done in displacing the body from x = 1 m to

F(N)

x = 5 m will be

[KCET 2005]

10

18.

(a) 30 J

(b) 15 J

(c) 25 J

(d) 20 J

10

4 5

x(m)

A particle is placed at the origin and a force F kx is acting on it (where k is positive constant). If U(0) 0 , the graph of U(x ) versus

x will be (where U is the potential energy function)[IIT-JEE (Screening) 2004]

U(x)

U(x)

(a)

(b)

x

U(x)

U(x)

(c)

(d)

x

19.

A particle which is constrained to move along the x-axis, is subjected to a force in the same direction which varies with the distance x of the

particle from the origin as F(x ) kx ax . Here k and a are positive constants. For x 0 , the functional from of the potential energy

3

U(x)

U(x)

(a)

(b)

x

U(x)

U(x)

(c)

(d)

x

20.

The potential energy of a system is represented in the first figure. the force acting on the system will be represented by

U(x)

F(x)

(a)

F(x)

(b)

F(x)

(c)

F(x)

(d)

21.

A body of mass m accelerates uniformly from rest to v1 in time t1 . As a function of time t, the instantaneous power delivered to the body

is

[AIEEE 2004]

(a)

mv 1 t

t1

(b)

(c)

mv 1 t 2

t1

(d)

mv 12 t

t1

mv 12 t

t 12

22.

An engine pump is used to pump a liquid of density continuously through a pipe of cross-sectional area A. If the speed of flow of the

liquid in the pipe is v, then the rate at which kinetic energy is being imparted to the liquid is

1

1

1

(b)

(c)

(d) Av

Av 3

Av 2

Av

2

2

2

A mass of 100g strikes the wall with speed 5m/s at an angle as shown in figure and it rebounds with the same speed. If the contact time is

(a)

23.

(a)

250 3 N to right

60

(c)

24.

60

250 3 N to left

100 g

The block of mass M moving on the frictionless horizontal surface collides with the spring of spring constant K and compresses it by length

L. The maximum momentum of the block after collision is

[AIEEE 2005]

(a) Zero

(b)

ML 2

K

MK L

(c)

25.

KL

2M

A block of mass m initially at rest is dropped from a height h on to a spring of force constant k. the maximum

compression in the spring is x then

[BCECE 2005]

(a) mgh

(c) mgh

1 2

kx

2

(b) mg (h x )

1 2

kx

2

1

k (x h) 2

2

(d) mg (h x )

26.

(d)

1

k (x h) 2

2

A particle of mass m moving with velocity V0 strikes a simple pendulum of mass m and sticks to it. The maximum height attained by the

pendulum will be

(a)

V02

8g

[RPET 2002]

(b)

(c) 2

V0 g

V0

g

(d)

V02

4g

27.

Masses of two substances are 1 g and 9 g respectively. If their kinetic energies are same, then the ratio of their momentum will be

28.

(a) 1 : 9

(b) 9 : 1

(c) 3 : 1

(d) 1 : 3

A particle of mass m at rest is acted upon by a force F for a time t. Its Kinetic energy after an interval t is

[BHU 2004]

(a)

29.

30.

2 2

2 2

2 2

F t

m

(b)

F t

2m

(c)

Ft

(d)

2m

F t

3m

2 seconds

[BHU 1998]

(a) 2 J

(b) 3.8 J

(c) 5.2 J

distance between the atoms. The atom is in stable equilibrium when

(a)

x 6

11 a

5b

(b)

x 6

t3

(in m). Find the work done by the force in first

3

a

2b

(d) 24 J

a

b

; where a and b are positive constants and x is the

x 12 x 6

[CBSE PMT 1995]

(c) x 0

(d) x 6

2a

b

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