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General Outline of The ship of 39 different railroads and the Association of American Railroads. These numbers increased as Military Railway Service the war progressed. During World War II ‘The Military Railway Service was commanded by a Major General, known as the Director General. by Larry Neal Through most of World War II this office was held by Major General Car! R. Gray, J.@ The United States Military Railway Service had its beginnings during the War Between the States, when the U. S. Military Railroad operated trains Bars 020 for troop movements and supplies. By the end of a ae cian ‘World War, though, the military knew changes were needed in the internal organization of the Railway Service, to adapt to the changing condi- “tions. ‘The proposed change had railroad companies sponsoring battalions consisting of four comp: nies: "A" for trackmen and bridge carpenters; "B' for maintenance of equipment; "C" for train crews, 1 and "D" for Headquarters and Service. By 1927, this style of Railway Operating Battalion was implemented, being based on the division organi- zation used by major railroads. Each battalion had 21 officers and 638 enlisted men distributed among the four companies and a Medical Depart- ment. By 1943, that number had been increased to 24 officers and 847 enlisted men. Ere To facilitate repairs to equipment, the Railway Shop Battalions were organized in 1929, to also be composed of four companies: "A" Company for Erecting and Machine Shop; "B" Company for Boiler and Blacksmith Shop; "C" Company for Car Repair, and "D" for Headquarters and Service. There were 21 officers and 638 enlisted men assigned to each of these battalions RAILWAY GRAND DIVISIONS Specialty shop battalions were formed during the Unit Sponsor Date of Activation 1940s so that diesel and steam locomotive repairs could be separated. These battalions had 34 70st New York Central Railroad 1/11/43 officers, 1 warrant officer, and 597 enlisted men, 702nd Union Pacific Railroad 10/15/42 703rd Atlantic Coast Line Railroad 8/ 1/42 The last major designation created was the Rail- 704th Great Northern Railway 11/30/42 way Grand Division, beginning in 1927. These 70Sth Southern Pacific Lines 5/19/43 divisions had 10 officers and 27 enlisted men and 706th Pennsylvania Railroad 10/ 6/43 were to oversee two or more Operating Battalions 707th Southern Railway 6/10/43 and a Shop Battalion. 708th Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 4/6/43 703th AAR 3/15/44 By the end of 1941, ten Railway Grand Divisions, 710th. Santa Fe Railway 12/14/43 43 Railway Operating Battalions and 10 Railway 774th None (formed in Italy) 1944 Shop Battalions were formed under the sponsor- TIES? 17 ie Photo Above: An engineer and a fireman of the 727th glve oil and water to their Iron Horses Photo Right: Trained to fight and to railroad, this soldier-engineer of the 749th (New Haven) knows. ‘that Victory is at the end of the line as he opens the throttle and pulls out of Hattiesburg with the 749th Railway Operating Batallion. Photo Below: In the caboose, a conductor and brakeman of the 749th do their “office work” enroute. TIES® 16 IUTHERN aia rae grim RAILROADS OPERATED Jenn GERMANY — Ue opted by the 727 The 727th then had the task of sorting through the railroad mess left by the Germans, including plenty of useless junk. A plan was also begun to reorganize the German railway workers to run the trains, a task accomplished in late June, 1945. The job of rehabilitating track and bridges continued, and supplies were brought into Berlin and its environs. With the coming of V-E Day on May 8, 1945, mem- bers of the 727th looked forward to returning to the States. Based on the "point system", any soldiers with more than 100 points were allowed to return. A majority of the 727th's original personnel were home by the end of September. General Order 112, issued at Mannheim, Germany, deacti- vated the unit on October 6, 1945. ‘The awards given the personnel of the 727th from 1942 to 1945 included seven Legions of Merit, seven Purple Hearts and fourteen Soldiet's Med- als. Battalion decorations included North African- TIES® 6 European Theater of Operations Ribbon with seven stars and Bronze Arrowhead; Occupation of Germany; National Defense Ribbon; Victory Ribbon and Good Conduct Ribbons. In addition, the Commanders of the Fifth and Seventh Armies gave several Commendations. After World War IT, the 727th R.O.B. continued in the Army Reserves, signing on July 2, 1947. Two units were sponsored: the 707th Railway Grand Division in Atlanta and the 727th Railway Operat- ing Battalion in Birmingham. Heavy railroad involvement by the Southern Railway continued, contributing the services of several senior officers. Instead of Camp Northeastern, however, training was held at Fort Eustis, Va., the home of the Trans- portation Corps. It appears that the 727th R.O.B. was deactivated permanently in the late 1950s or early 1960s. It left a record of distinguished service to the country that could be a tremendous source of pride to its men and officers and the Southern Railway.® - Sicily, and the Italian campaign, In Sicily, the 727th expected the railroads to be in the same condition as they were in Africa, and weren't disappointed. Repairs were commenced immediately; track, tunnels, rolling stock and communication lines all needed plenty of work. Lines were returned to service connecting Palermo, Licata and Callanisetta, and approxi- mately 180 locomotives were reworked. The 727th also furnished railway traffic officers in the ports, base dumps and railheads. The 727th was con- nected to General George S. Patton's Seventh Army, keeping supply lines open for the invasion of Italy. During the Sicilian Campaign, several enlisted men and officers were awarded Soldier's Medals. The most significant recognition, though, came from General "Blood and Guts" Patton himself in a letter to General Gray. Patton stated that from day 1 the 727th took control of the rail lines and moved troops and supplies. "The initia- tive and perseverance of the officers and enlisted men of the 727th Railway Operating Battalion, working on a strange railroad with strange equip- ment, without regard for personal safety, are a credit to the Military Railway Service and tradi- tions of the services as a whole.” As the Battalion moved north into Italy during October 1943, they were given control of the railroads around Naples. Other duties included replacing a 300-foot bridge over the Volturno River. With the movement north toward the French border, the 727th encountered German resistance and daily air raids. The new year brought a new army to supply - the Fifth under General Mark Clark, along with continuing service to Patton's Seventh. It also brought more awards for the men of the 727th - and a very tragic disaster. On March 5, 1944 a freight train which was also loaded with 500 local citizens fleeing Balvano left for southern, Italy. Soon after leaving the town, the train entered a tunnel and stalled. Apparently the smoke and gases from the locomotive suffocated almost everyone on the train - 508 in all. Fortunately for the 727th, no US soldiers were involved. By June, 1944, the tonnage hauled by rail for the prior six months totaled 2,725,165 tons. Opera- tions branched out to the cities of Anzio and Rome. Brigadier General Lawrence Keiser, Deputy Chief of Staff, gave the railroaders an interesting and surprising award. On April 14, 1944, acting for General Mark Clark, General Keiser presented a citation to the Allied Military Railway Service for exemplary service during the years of 1943 and 1944. This was the only time General Clark gave an. award to a unit outside the Fifth Army. With Italy well under control, the next stop for the Seventh Army and the 727th ROB was France. The unit's arrival in Marseille on September 29th was nearly coincident with their second anniversary overseas. During this move the distinctive insignia for the unit was created. It featured a shield em- blazoned with a semaphore in the green position and the slogan - "Semper In Tempore", loosely translated as "always on time" November 1944 provided challenges to the rail- roaders when the Rhone and Saone rivers flooded, causing the cessation of all rail operations. ‘The 727th directly operated lines from Marseille to Paris, especially from Valence through Lyon to Epinal. Their last operation occurred with a move- FRANCE So Soya TIES® 5 Conditions likely to bé found in the "theatre of operations" were duplicated as realistically as possible to simulate battle conditions. Cars and locomotives were derailed and rerailed and impro- vised working conditions were created; men were trained with seemingly unending work details. This well-planned training did not go unnoticed, for Brigadier General Carl R. Gray, Jr., head of the Military Railway Service, sent a letter to the com- manding officers of the 727th praising the unit, after he made a visit to the camp. By October, 1942 the men of the 727th were be- coming anxious to join the war overseas. Their hopes were rewarded on November 20th when trains departed from Hattiesburg (one of them, appropriately enough, behind Ks 2-8-0 727) for points of embarkation in New York. They arrived at Mers El Kebir in Algeria on December 26th. ‘The 727th's first railroad assignment came on January 19, 1943, when they began operating the meter-gauge lines in eastern Algeria and Tunisia. While in Africa, one of the highlights for the battal- ion was the evacuation by rail of the city of Gafsa, moving everything to safety, from ammunition to donkeys. The 727th also kept the city of Thelepte supplied and the Kasserine Pass open. Trains operated regularly moving supplies, and-almost every day locomotives were being overhauled and track and bridges were replaced. Every obstacle - German attacks, badly maintained equipment, the Kasserine Pass and sometimes the US Army - was not only overcome, but conditions greatly im- proved. By mid-June 1943, when the 713th ROB relieved the 727th, the railroads operated by this, unit were almost completely rebuilt or in the process of being re-opened. After a short break, the 727th then headed for its next assignment ae ‘i RAILROADS OPERATED AFRICA —— Lines operates by the 727! TIES? 4 Rasserine > elopte jl kb «Laid ii iin heb ‘bi ie itl i aia. History of the 727th Railway Operating Battalion By Larry Neal ‘The 727th Railway Operating Battalion was offi- cially organized on March 15, 1942, but the unit's history began in 1929. That year, thi heer Battalion, Railway Operating, with the help of Harry A. DeButts, Vice President of Operations, Southern Railway, Little effort was made during the 1930s, though, to commence widespread training. The main catalyst occured on December 7, 1941, when the US Navy was attacked at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Soon after, the newly named 727th was the first Railway Operating Battalion to be called into active duty. Work began on February 16, 1942, to construct a new camp for its use. By late March the first of 836 men were stationed near Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Training for the unit took place in Hattiesburg, along Southern's New Orleans and Northeastern Railroad. The new camp soon be- came "Fort Northeastern” located beside the Hattiesburg depot, and it was comprised of one office car and 21 camp cars. Thanks to the long-term leadership of the South- ern Railway, men who served in the 727th were experienced railroad workers, especially the dispatchers. M/Sgt. John Carlin and T/Sgt. James Ruggles were singled out as being two of the best dispatchers in the entire US Army. Even the offic- ers had plenty of experience - Capt. Miles G. Stevens was a Master Mechanic on the Western Lines with 31 years of railroad service. On May 15, 1942, the Headquarters, the Military Railway Service was instituted, moving control of all Railway Operating Battalions under one com- mand. Men of the 727th were also reassigned to help form the 761st Railway Transportation Com- pany, the 760th Diesel Shop Battalion, and the 753rd Railway Shop Battalion. In all, over 2,500 men moved through training at Fort Northeastern, leaving 847 to form the basis of the 727th. Training was carried on out on the line and in the offices alongside Southern Railway employees, as trainees learned such skills as locomotive engi- heer, track repair, bridge construction and train dispatching, to name a few. The main units trained at Hattiesburg were the 727th (Southern), 715th (Illinois Central), 724th (Pennsylvania), 749th (New York, New Haven and Hartford) and the Railway Replacement Training School Branch No. 2. Southern gave the military the use of the main line from Meridian, Mississippi to New Orleans, Louisiana, working training operations around the railroad’s scheduled trains TIES® 3 As the war progressed, the 727th moved into (Sicily), Italy, France, and Germany. That's where the men were on VE Day, 40 years ago this month. Langley returned to Oakdale. He worked for the Southern in a variety of stations until 1965, when he lost an eye in an off-duty accident. He left the rails after nearly 30 years of service and went to work for the state - first with Motor Vehicle Enforcement, later with Brushy Mountain Prison. He retired in 1981. "A little over two years ago, I read in a railroad magazine where anybody involved in the Gafsa mission was due a Bronze Star. So I sent all my papers to the Army. Danged if they didn't write back and say I couldn't get a Bronze Star ‘cause it wasn't in my record. I kept sendin’ copies of my merit citation for the mission and my discharge papers. They kept giving me the run-around. Finally, a buddy in Florida sent my papers to his service officer, and it was approved. The medal came on April 23, 1985 Langley is proud of the award. But he’s more than a little bit miffed at the government's attitude and tardiness. "A fellow risks his life for his country, and then he has to go to all this trouble to get what's coming to him. It's aggravating. It sure makes you understand what those boys who fought in Vietnam are going through." German troops were closing in on U.S. supplies at Gafsa, 80 miles away. The Gls’ mission was to beat a path to Gafsa, load the stuff on five trains powered by steam engines, and bring it all to friendly soil. "We got everything loaded just fine," Langley recalled. "We started back around 1:30 Monday morning. Got 70 miles to a bridge in Sidi Bou Baker. That's when the trouble started." U.S. Army engineers had laced the bridge with explosives. They knew American supplies would be crossing, with a pack of angry Germans right behind. They were to blow the bridge at just the right time. But you know what happens to best-laid plans. "One train got across, then they let’er rip. That stranded four trainloads of us in German territory. I found out later they reported us missing in action or captured. Such might have been the case without the cool head of Col. Fred Okie, a Southern executive from Birmingham who commanded the mission. He was one of those left behind. "Col. Okie decided to leave two trains right at the spot." Langley continued. "They were just carrying a bunch of horses and equipment. But the others were loaded with ammo - 50-caiber and 105s the Germans could use in their own guns. We had to do something with it "Some French railroad workers were there. It took awhile for us to understand each other, but they finally made it clear there was some phosphate mines nearby. Col. Okie ordered the two ammo trains moved inside so they couldn't be spotted by aircraft. We took the side rods off the engines so they wouldn't run. Then we jumped in two trucks and took off across the desert. It was a chapter right out of Crock and the Lost Patrol. None of the GIs had the foggiest, notion how to reach headquarters. But a Frenchmen did. He volunteered to be a guide. "I never seen so much sand in my life.” said Langley. "We had to keep the trucks in low gear all the time. I remember they were old GMCs. I just knew they'd break down, but they didn't. I've owned a GM vehicle ever since.” It still wasn't time to relax. You see, the two trucks were packed with extra fuel. Langley and his buddies literally were riding inside of bombs. As they approached a desert village, French troops opened fire. "They thought we were Germans," he said. "Thank goodness they missed. Otherwise, we would have been blown to bits. Col. Okie ran to the town post office and kicked down the door and got a French flag. He mounted it on the truck and carried it the rest of the way." The men spent the night in the desert, then plodded on. It was late the next night before they reached safety. "It's really sorta funny now." Langley grinned. "Our company had given us up for captured. Then right in the middle of the night, Col. Okie marches into the mess hall and orders a bunch of food. I've never been so happy in my life." End of story? Hardly. File m-m-e@comecast.net To. john.kraemer@nscorp.com, whrice1950@verizon.net, dickba@cox.net, tombarnett01@verizon.net, 08/07/2010 09:07 PM wor cohenp@amtrak.com, george.gounley@us.army.mil, ce bee Subject 727th ROB's Safsa Mission To Veterans an Frends of the MRS: The following KNOXVILLE NEWS - SENTINAL column dated May 8, 1985 by Sam Venable provides, for me at least, new and additional details of the 727th ROB's actions at Kasserine. The account is from "C" Company veteran SGT Lawrence Langley who was among the 29 men sent to Gafsa to evacuate U.S. supplies. Sadly, Mr. Langley has passed away. ‘The NEW - SENTINAL column was graciously provided by Mrs.Guy Stonecypher widow of °C Company veteran T/4 Guy Stonecypher. Mark Metz LTC - TC, USAR (Ret.) (717) 597-2636 METTLE FOR MEDAL, Only 42 years late ... who else but Uncle Sam! Ah, bureaucracy! Where else but deep inside the bowels of big government do the wheels of efficiency turn so slowly? Just ask 70-year-old Lawrence Langley of Wartburg. Better yet, get him to show you his Bronze Star, the one he earned in World War II. You will notice the metal is shiny, the ribbon crisp and wrinkle-free. That is because Langley received the award only two weeks ago, 42 years after the fact. ‘A medal was the farthest thing from Langley's mind for four days in February, 1943. When one is stranded behind enemy lines and bullets are zinging through the air, there were more important matters. This occurred in North Africa. Langley was a sergeant in Company C, 727th Railway Operations (sic) Battalion. "Just about everybody in the 727th had worked on railroads as civilians,” he explained. was a switchman with the Southern at Oakdale. In fact, our unit was sponsored by the Southern. It was our job to keep the front lines supplied with fuel, ammo, rations, whatever they needed. Soon as an area was taken and a railhead established, we'd move in.” On Sunday, Feb. 13, Langley was among 29 men chosen for a secret mission. Seems that T2Tth Railway Opersting Battalion, 10 is entitled to battle credite for participation in OEVTRAL EUROPE CAMPAIGN ~per ¥D ¥0 #126 dtd 11 Dec 45, Also see AG 200.6, OpGA, Hq USFET dtd 27 June W5, T2Tth Rativay Operating Battalion, $C 4s entitled to battle credite for participation in REINELAND CAMPAIGN -per WD 00 #216, Ltd 12 Dec 45. T2Tth Railway Operating Battalion, TC participated in amph. asseult lending on SIOILY, 9 ~ 11 July 43, Gela, Idcata & Beoglittd -per WD GO #70 dtd 20 aug 45, Org. Records have been returned to Org Records Br, ,Records Adm Ctr.,St. Louis, Mo -per Report from Inactive Records Depot, Boropean Theater dtd 21 May 46, T2Tth Bailvay Operating Battalion, TC is affiliated vith the fouthera Railway Systen eff, 24 July 1947 -per Var Dept Affiliation Agreement between the War Dept and the Southern Railway System dtd 2 July 1947, AG 322 Org Res (7-2-h7), ‘PHOTOSEAT COPY FURNISHED ARMY & OQNG T2Tth Railvay Operating Battalion, "C ts retesignated 727th Transpor' Ratlvay Operating Battalion, affiliated vith the ‘Southern Railway Syeten., assigned to the Third Army and will be activated as a/Class "A" unit in the Organized Reserves at Birmingham, Ale, organized in accordance with 7/0 & # 55-225(10 Sep 45) with an auth. str. of 26 Off, 1 WO, 789°IM -per AGAO-I 322 Org Ros (6 Oct 47)GNGOTM dtd 20 Oct 47. Hg & Hq Co-y727th Trane Railway Operating Battalion activated effective + Nov 47 in Class "0" status at Birminghan, Ala, ~per 00 #86, Eqs Third Army dtd 3 Nov 47. £9 anendedby GO #91, Hos Third Amy, 25 Nov 47, Purther amended by GO #137, Has Third Army, 1 December 1948, to read 727th Transportation Railway Operating Battalion. ‘The Final Status of 727th Traisportétion Railway Operating Battelion ie changed fron Oless "A" to Class Tae now euthorized surength in eecordance vith 1/0 & B 55-225, 10 Sept 1945, (Cir 296, DA, lis, as amended) is 23 Off; 5 WO; - per AGAO-I 322 727th Transportation Railway Operating Bu (20 Sep'49) CSGOR-H, 26 January'1950. “Befeetive 1 March 1950 per GO #56, Kes, Third Army, 9 February 1950, ccortnce © 225, 10 Bep 45, on (D4 0a 4 hn 1/0 & Aso see GO 26, Third Amy, 25 February 1952. T2Tth Transportation Railway Operating Battalion (Diesel) will participate in (AR) sumer training at Fort Bustis, Virginia for the period 13 July to 27 July 1952 - per Letter Office, Chief of Aray Field Yorcés, APTNO-18 353/237(0R0)(16 Jan 52), 16 January 1952. Will be inactivated - AGAO-I (u) 322 Army Ros (16 Fob 53)G3, 25 Mar 1953. Effective 1 May 1953 - CO 70, Third Army, 13 Apr 5B. HISTORICAL DATA T2Tt Railway Operating Bn, TC is reorgankzed in accordance with 1/0 55-225: 29 very 1944 pursuant to authority conteined in AG $20.2 (S1 Jul 45)PE-A-M-C 20 August 1945 - per GO NY 6 Military Railway Service Office of Director General APO 400 6 February 1944 (5) JeTth Raflwey Operating Bn, 16 participated in the Tunisien Campaign during the period of 17 November 1942 to 13 May 1° = per Operations Renort, Hq, North african Theater of Operations AG 200,6/263 P-0 dated 23 December 1943 (3) x 12/th Railway Operating Bn, £C will be reorganized and augnented, at the earliest practicable date at station within the Command in accordance with 1/0 55-225, dated 2b Oct U3 Augnentation 8-500, dated 2b Jul 43 with changes 1,2, and 3 dated 19 sov 43, 9 Dec 43 and 25 Jan 44, Upon reorganization, unit remains assigned to tne North Africa. Theater of Operations - ~ per AG 322 (2 May 44)QH—1-SPMOU-M, 4 May 1944 (C). pi i : M0 All be reorganived at the earliest prectioable date, xt a station within the sorth African theater 1 3) with changes 1 2 dated 23 Wov 13, andl) Apr ll Nedical Detachment 3-500 (23 apr Ul) (Gotaan Li), upon reorganization, unit remains asctened to the North African Theater of Operations. Augachtations of the Bn authorized, your ratiogran Fugus, dated 23 May 19! ~ per AO 322 (20 Jun 44)OB-I-SEMOU-H, 2b June 19Mli (S). eT th Rwy Oper Bay, TC ts entitled to battle honors for participation in the Sicily Campaign during the 19'5 to 17 August 193 - "per Ltr., AC 200.6/263 P-O,, Ho.,, WATO,, dated Decender 23,, 1913 (S).,* J2Tth Rwy Oper Bn, TC was reorganized in accordance with 3/0 55-226 (28 Oct its) with changes 1 and 2 effective 1 August 1guh = per 1st Ind. from Hq NATOUSA, APO 534, 19 September 1944 on AG 322 (6 Sep UA)GB-T, 6 September 191l (0). "T21th Ray Oper Bn, %0 Le reported to move to France ~ per Station Liet, Allied Foree Hq G-3 Section, 15 October 1944 (5) 727th Ruy Opn Bn, is entitled to battle credits for participation in the ROVE-ARNO CAMPAIGN, 22 Jan 44 to (F to be announced later). * * See ltr, lig MTOUSA, AG 200.6, 10 Nov 44 6). 272 Bay Sper Ba. 20" (Lens Go A) departed Yorth African Menter of Onerations 27. Sept Wey arrived Baropean Theater of Operations 29 Sent Wh; Co, A departed 9 Seot Uk, arrived BIO 14 Sept Wh -por let Ind.,on AG 370.5 (21 Mer 45)OB-1 from qs Burope Theater of Operations dtd 6 Apr 45 (8) Ved Det, 727th Ruy Oper Bn., TC is reorganized effective 21 May 1945, in accordance with 1/0 & B 8-500 (18 Jan 45)(Col Ia)(s 2 Off. 8 AM), pursuant to authority in AG 320.231 Jul 43)P-E-A-M-C dated 20 Aug 43-per Radio OMMIN-25583 (27 May 45) from los Comm, Zone ETO, US Army Paris France dated 25 May 1945(S) Also ver Organ. Order #345, Has Comm Zone, ETO ata 21 May 45 (R) ‘727th Rwy Oper Bn., TC is reported in Germany-per Mail Distribution Schemef#22, Hgs ETO dated 16 May 1945(S) 727th Ruy Oper Bn, tm accordance witn 1/0 55-226 (26 Oct tod 9 July 2 date 721th By Opn Ba, TC vill be insetivated at the earliest practicable cate by the CO, US Tropean Theater, Heer, Pe palgege (Sep 45) 4G0 AG 322 (13 Sep 45)OB-I-B dtd 17 Sept 45. ‘ i a tee Go Opn Ba, TC is entitled to battle credits for participation in the SOUTHERN FRANGE.CAMPAIGN-per 1tr from MTOUSA AG Boab /O40 P-0 dtd 26 Uy A5- Aino ser VD G0 $87 dated 16 Oct Us. Z Tas Dey oon Say HG te enbit Led to butte cesite for participation ts te TOUSIA GAPAIDI-or 00 #59 foe WD 25 saby 45, Rwy Opn Ba, TC is inactivated effective 6 Oct 45-per radio OM-IN-3451 (7 Oot 45) from 09, USFET Rear, Paris, F 260.6. OLE AB Laon par Oremn, Onder Piles, Hour cTaeaten Serica Tenece, Moorea meats A eee, ree aes Hq & liq 100, Co B 4 C, 727th Ruy Operating Ba, 1 is avarded battle credits for participation in NORTH APP=NINES CAMPAIGN per WD GO #9h ata 27 Oct 45, ‘The 727th Railway Operating Bn is awarded battle credit for participation in the "Naphes-Foggia" Campaign - per GO 96, WD, dated 31 October 1945 727th Ratlvay Operating Battalion, TC ts entitled to battle credits for participation in SIOILY CAMPAIGN per ¥D GO #91, até 22 Oct 45, T2Tth Bailvey Operating Bn.,70 is entitled to battle credits for participation in ROME-ARNO CAMPAIGN ~per WD GO #99, 11-65 TIES? 15 . HISTORICAL DATA 594th RY Engr Bn, Com Zone Troops was constituted as an Org Res unit and allotted to the Fourth Corps Area by Table "B", Tables of Troops Pertaining to Appendix G-3, WDGMP, published in July, 1923; Organized July, 1924; Engr Ry Bn redesignated Engr Bn (Ry Operating) by AG 320.2 Engrs (6-20-33) Pub. Southern Railway Lines Address: U.S. Engr Office 29 Customhouse Charleston, S.C. AG 319.1 OR (4~1-40) 1/0 5-125 AG 381 (11-6-40) M (Ret) A dated November 20, 1940 594th Engr Bn is redesignated and withdrawn from Sixth Corps Area and allotted to the Fourth Corps Area — per AG 320.2 (2-8-41) M (Ret) M-C dated February 21, 1941 594th Engr Bn (RR) allotted to Southern Railway with Hq at Atlanta, Ga - per 320.2 Org Res dated August 1, 1923 In Process of organization by Southern Railway - per 2d Ind dated May 31, 1929 AG 381 (4-27-29) For history see: AG 314.73-594 Engr Ry Bn (4-9-34) Mise Ret 727th Engr Bn (Railway Operating) is withdrawn from allotment to the Organized Reserves, and allotte: to the Regular Army and will be activated effective March 15, 1942 - per AG 320.2 (2-4-42) MR-M-C dated February 16, 1942 Above letter is revoked and effective March 15, 1942 the 727th Engr Bn (Ry Operating) will be ordere: into active military service and organized in accordance with 1/0 5-125 - per AG 320.2 (2-4-42) MR-M-C dated February 20, 1942 A 727th Engr Bn (Ry Opn) is activated April 9, 1942 - per AG 320.2 (12-17-41) Hq Camp Shelby, Miss dated April 9, 1942 727th er = (Ry Opn) is assigned to the V Army Corps - per AG 320.2 (4-3-42) MR-H-GN dated April 7, 1942 (5. 724th Engr Bn (Ry Opn) is attached to the 34 Army for administration and supply - per C of Eng 320.2 (Ry Units) TR dated March 22, 1942 727th Engr Bn (Ry Opn) is relieved from present assignment and is assigned to the SOS, 4th Corps Are. - per AG 323.341 (7-15-42) MR-GNGCT-PS-M dated July 17, 1942 For history see: AG 421.7 - 727th Eng Bn (Ry Opn} (6-23-42) 2nd Ind dated July 22, 1942 Personnel of 727th Engr Bn is transferred to 761st Engr Ry Transp Co, Camp Shelby, Miss - per 320.2 Engineer (RS) W/Ind Hq, Camp Shelby, Miss dated July 27, 1942 (R) For history see: AG 421.7 -727th Eng Bn (7-9-42) 2nd Ind dated August 8, 1942 727th Engr- (Rwy Op) En w/att Med will transfer from Camp Shelby, Miss to NYPE for assignment to Shipment 6556-L - per WD 370.5 (11-4-42) OB-S-E-M dated November 6, 1942 as amended by WD 370.5 (11-9-42) OB-S-E-M dated November 10,1942 (S) Unit will be assigned to Task Force "A" upon boarding ship ‘727th Engr (Ry Opn) Bn departed Camp Shelby, Miss November 20, 1942 and arrived Ft Dix, N.J. November 22, 1942 - per MR card dated November 22, 1942 (S) Co. By 727th Engr Bn departed Key Field, Meridian, Miss November 20, 1942 and arrived Ft Dix, N.J. November 22, 1942 - per MR card dated November 22, 1942 (S) 727th Engineer Railway Operating Bn, effective as of November 16, 1942 is redesignated 727th Railway Operating Battalion, Transportation Corps - per AG 320.2 (11-25-42) OB-I-SP-M dated December 1, 1942 (R; 727th Ry Opn Bn TC departed Ft Dix, N.J. December 11, 1942 for NYPE on permanent change of station - per Hq Ft Dix, N.J. dated December 9, 1942 - per MR card from Ft Dix, N.J. dated December 11, 1942 (S) See: GO #60 dated November 5, 1942 for 1/0 55-225 For history see: AG 421.7 - 727th Railway Operating Battalion (2-25-45) 2d Ind. dated warch 6, 1943. 727th Ry Opn Bn, TC is located at Tob HW. A, and atchd to EBS - per Station List from North African Theater of Over, 30 June 1943 (s) for we Ry Opn Bn, TC deparéed Tebessa Algeria 20 June 1943 arrived Tabarke Tunisia 26 June 1943 - per MR Card 26 June J2Tth Rwy Opn Ba, TC is located in Salerno, Iteky - per NATO Station List dated 25 January igh: (3) Ege. 27th or | CaPoMEMT: AR Ss1GNME tetion Reilvey Operating Bettelion (D: i© AssioNa Hq, 727th Railway Operating Bn, Transportation Corps|_“se=_|_smen pits 727th Engineer Battalion Gey Operating) (Formerly nied Crva).. I : | 594th Engineer Battalion (Ry Operating) (Formerly) | ,898-feeled-naw Gevia) - I a ‘ores E (sely) : I ee Bi Coady? z ae = Saas leven or dsny (Bei}irions axp movesenrs suawacte Camp Shelby, Miss 4-9-42_11-20-42 (Staging) Ft Dix, N.J. 11-22-42 12-11-42 NYPE (Shipment 6556-L) 12-13-42 12-12-42 North Africa Ain Bede (a) | 12-25-42 ‘APO 3 Tedessa 6-20-43 Tebarka, Tunisia 6-26-43 Steily Italy 9-27-44 France g-29- Germany 10- 6-U5 Inactivated Birminghaa, Ala, (P) Li- WY] 7-13-52 Su Fort Eustis, Virginia () 7-13-52 7-27-52 _ TRAINING Birminghan, Ala. (P) 7-27-52 1 Mey 53 INACTIVATED ‘THE INSTITOTE OF HER. Bldg. 18, Cameron Station Alexandria, VA RABDE10159 e SPD 42h 727th ingineer Battalion Hoveuber 10, 1942. SUESCT: Coat of Arms, 727th sngineer Battalion (keilvey Operating). TO: Commanding Officer, 727th Engineer Battalion, 615 Conmerce Duileiag, St. Paul, Idanesota. * 1. By the authority delegated to The uarteraster oe ae gat ster Generel by aR rscnent, AG 421.7 Insignia (915-42)0G-1, the /.cjutant General's Office, October 8,.1942, the coat of armas described below is approved, under the provisions of paragraph 5, Ali 260-10, November 20, 1931, for the 727th bngineer Battalion (ailway Operating). BLAZOWY SWLLID: Per bend argent and gules, a railroad semaphore counterchanged. ‘That approved for the Organized ieserve: On a wreath of the colors (ergent and gules) the Lexington Minute Man proper. Semper in teapore (Always on tine). DLSGHIPTIO The 727th Engineer Battalion (Railway Operating) was originally organized as the 594th Enginoer Battalion (iailway Cpereting) (Communications Zone Troops) which wes constituted as en Orgen- ized Keserve unit, and allotted to the Fourth Corps Area, pur euant to letter from the Wer Department, AG 320.2 Ok (1-22-23), dated 29 Jamary, 1923. Pursuant to letter from the ‘ar Depart- nent, AG 320.2 OR (1-23), the battalion was allotted to the Southern Railway with Headquarters at Atlanta, Ga. The 59kth Engineer Battalion (Keilway Operating) was redesignated the 727th Encineer Battalion (xailway Operating) pursuent to letter from the War Department AG 320.2 (2-8-41), dated 21 February, 19415 ‘and wes made active at Camp Shelby, Kississippi, on 9 April, 1942, The 727th Lagineer Battalion (Railway Operating) has no Sother history and is not entitled to battle honors. Sane shicld is in the colors of the ngineer Corps, and the ratl- road senaphore alludes to the functions of the battelion. 9 20 AM 's2 MO, For The (uartermester General: CORY FOR: COMIANDING GENERAL, ARLY GROUND FOKGES yoo, Colonel, Us Assistant. fe ey 30 DECORATIONS & AWARDS BRANCH, 2 OFFICE OF THE ADJUTANT GENERAL. Pile 727% RAILWAY OPERATING BN. WORLD WAR II SHIELD; 0a « shield Styided per bend waite and red x cotneesonsazed sailvey signal in silver. Roteo ‘se res sea silver sorely nized ans Eeserre unit October 1929 Activates Sesp Speier, Mine. Farch 1582 Betarked. Syaren felead, Ne ¥. Deoeaber 1982 Deactivated Maaheiz, Gorsany’ October 1955 Jn the wonth of Cotober, 1929, the call went out to ongansse 2 Reserve dativay Settelion” he Fecult being coe birth of toe Soe oneineer Ralivay Bo., Beitvay Operating, This was the She patgee copsnteation, of wate vecaze Fhe jrRetiway Cperaving Bn. Transportation Gorge. tae sisieste of the 72a, with ita Bed ond viite shield, officiatiy Feflects its Serpe ot ngineers background. ‘ye woisten Bistory of the 7278 really beeine an Total” *3SpehStaey of Ehtegenes a an0al rong af giticecs ce doy aris wore peat gorthe teelnes? Ritsourl) for a sefsesher training course. 0k Tenth'Iates they tere eeue fo any Soeioy, Sere Pugiated to couetruct 1 as'welis =? Yeohniee] training for the Battalion bogan in April’ on the sxseeing roadbed of the lew Crlcans Ma Rortheasters Ealirond, Prox the nation’ Sei etwcek came firet class sem 5 sxperieace avereged. ou Something iixe S05 years per oan. thie exper . 20 goed use in che next onthe During ite ereining toe wen of she 727m were uscd to fore care fof the 7608 Pisce Shep Sey ‘ani. the 7598 fasivey Operating Be., sz edcitacn {oitroopa for the Tose Ralawey Shep ane Awe Personnel were tranaferred fron the 7278 to form Bue lst Railway francportation Conpany. on 7 Noverber 1942 the Var Depestaent announced mantis cask force bad landeg at-munerous pornen ot Es'noren aceican conets wo aye ister’ eho. 2278 wes ondered to proceed to the Port of Exberxation, Brooklyn, New York. (on 10 Decesber 19:2, the Battalion boarded ship andaetenil for wat tes. an usknovs destinetion. Ga christnas ive the ligtes of Ceute, spanish for Seco appeared in the distance, The’ day after, Skeietone the 727m dsesberked et fete #1 Kabir, Kigeria. ‘Phe Jo waa ready to start railron NORTE AFRICA Jenvary 1903, she Allies were sn cosplets contol of Hirth atsies fron Gennblanceeg'a Ling firtcetel of Sonetancine, “Sevezae, and goteas ant 35 thie aren the 27eRiai ay Battalion The article on the previous page first appeared in Jan-Mar 1969; this one was first published in Jan-Mar 1972 JANUARY-MARCH 2004 acy 1905. she 7278 Easley Opera rabed the reopoueibility far the. aper~ tion of he neter-guage railroad 11 ‘Paiizoad lines in east Yrom the middle of January 1943 thru 1ate Feb- quary, the Battalion soved sreope. and aupplic Frga/sig' base of operations tothe Rasasrize Yess Ege back. Rossel Army gave the talitoed pleat of scarso, but never actually cut or stopped rail”, operations. April and Hey enw the wind-up of the North At igen Conpaign, and on 21 une the. 7578 wee Telved of Ste duties by the Piet dali bo. sion In eid-daly the 7278 arrived 4m Sietly sn eup- port of the Seveutn Arey. On 12 Juiy, the day Biter the first sdvance party people Aérives 29 Eieeta: from Arica, reve of the unit were Gheck- ing end. repairing track between that point and seepoberie. grtving sntend under on Potton, "le, and. others, Eea'tatiantes the campaign would tats $5 daze due £0, poor. communication and treseyortation, “Brent uealy°tne°conquese of Sicsly cook only 38 days oy, 25 gunn the port of Falerns van opened and tnsediately the traing of the 7270 beganetranspor- Hing supplies eastward toward Gefalu,” Palerao Became the sain Tall center of the island and Resdquartere vere set up there by the 7278, tonnage and tro9p noveront over Sreragang better chen 31560 ished Control, over the delasd, plane ‘to tura the reilsoade back to the aat= stotiiane: reat scTsiptigdetaobeente of she 7276 to land ta Eke Gienel section fron “i and "S" Companten, ‘he big Job facing the unit ana vhole when 4¢ arsived Sonetice fate? van the repair of tracks Bridges, and tuinels. waich were Seatroyed by the Betreating Gersan eraiea. In January of 1948, the 7278 vas ateigned thee operations of the post of Maples, ite yards ana eiiifgetalietians plus igo stler’of intend Line {ina 150 sLlen cf const line trackage.” Cosl piere Were put into cperation and soos 160 car’ ‘ere Esing londed and moved outs After spending the sunser months operatiog out of Rous the 7278 agin waa gives orders to pack Bp and tore, On Of Septeaver the Battalion left Raples, said north, and anchored in the harbor of marbellies: ay yRasce / oxmanY Actor # brief end slaost uneventful stay in the" south"of France, the 7272 noved north tote Geroeny. “the first of the 7278 moved into Ludwigebaten, located on the Rhine Hives. ‘The nication of the Battalion was to operate guest Hepoheia’tncough fet bronn and o¥etegnrt. struction, wach of the rosd'was carted back Co ‘he'Geread people to cperste thenselve On § October 1945 tne 7278 Railway Br. dqactsvatea at Mannkein, Germany. However woot of the nesters of the uiit were flown hose. in Beptener due ‘to the shortage of rail workers ‘Babe da the Seat Coar oF ARMS FOR COLOR OF @ 727m RAILWAY. OPERATING BATTALION is iD FULL SIZE SPLAD 421 727th Lngineer Battelion Hovenber 10, 1942. SUBJECT: Distinctive Insignia, 727th Engincer Battalion (Railway Operat: Commanding officer, 727th Engineer Battalion, 615 Comserce Building, st. Paul, Vina. 1. By the authority delegated to The cuarterasster General by se 2nd Indorsenent, AG 421.7 Insignia (9-15-42)0B-I, The idjutant General's gu Office, October 8,/1942, the distinctive insignia described below is ap- proved under the provisions of paregraph 51, AK 600-40, August 28, 1941, for the 727th Engineer Battalion (Railway Operating). ‘The insignia consists of the shield and motto of the coat of amas of the 727th Engineer Battalion (Railwsy Operatin It will be manufactured in bright metel and enamel in one size as the organization may select, but not in excess of 1-1/1, inches in height. e@ TO BE WORN: Ae prescribed by current regulations. 2. It is requested that a manufacturer's drawing be subaitted to this office for check, prior to submitting manufacturer's sample in dup-" ¥" Licate for approval, and before supplying the organization with the . finished product. It is suggested that the distinctive insignia be made approximately 1-1/16 inches in height. . DISTINCTIVE IUSIGHEA Per bend argent and gules, 2 railroad ‘semaphore counterchanged. KOPTO: Semper in tempore. for The Guartermaster Generel: be H. Coulis, Colonel, U..C., Assistant. MHI Catalog - Full View of Record Page 1 of 1 MARL m USAHEC.ORG eects corn Full View of Record (Choose format: Record 2 out of (61,1020: IL, ports. 296m. 27408 May be atibuted tothe 727t Relay Operating Bataon? on ining papers. = xo http://aheewebopac.carlisle.army.mil:8991/F/JD8P7DJ1X867FUSBVJEIEY962HJ6DQ55... 3/26/2010 ‘The Souther Railway: Further Recollections: Arcadia Publishing butp:/iwww.arcadiapublishing.com/Merchant2/merchant.mve?Scree. FILE ‘The Southern Railway: Further Recollections Author(s): C. Pat Cates, Dick Hillman, Sallie Loy ISBN: 073851831X Price: $19.99 Hof Pages: 128, Publisher: Arcadia Publishing Publication Date: 09/14/2005 Book Description: Following on the heels of Images of Rail: The Southern Railway, this volume takes a more detailed look ata historic railroad that has served Quantity: ft the South for over 100 years and continues to serve as the Norfolk Southem eTTeET Railway. Included in these pages are stories of bravery in war and ingenuity in peace. From 1942 to 1945, the 727th Railway Operating Battalion—sponsored by Click om the state flag. the Southern Railway—served in North Africa and up the spine of Italy into below for ather books Germany. The courageous unit received a citation from Gen. George S. Patton for on "Georgi its involvement inthe Sicily Campaign. ‘Author Bio: C. Pat Cates, Dick Hillman, and Sallie Loy, of the Southern Museum of Civil War and Locomotive History, have documented these and other stories of the Southem Railway through the use of over 200 photographs, many of which have not been available to the public until now. The Southern Railway: Further Recollections is the second volume produced by the Southem Museum of Civil War and Locomotive History, in cooperation with the Southern Railway Historical Association, ea Joba Hook + From World War Il to Katrina ew 1o0e avacane kee, From Early Tune 14,2006 Lof 6/9/2006 10:50 AM < F iid e Units 753rd (steam) 754th (steam) 758th (steam) 756th (steam) 757th (steam) 758th (steam) 760th (diese!) 762nd (diesel) 763rd (steam) 764th (steam) 765th (steam) 766th (steam) Units 711th 712th 713th 714th 715th & 743rd 716th 717th, 724th & 730th 718th 719th & 734th 720th 721st & 737th 722nd 72rd, 725th 726th 727th 728th 729th & 749th 732nd 73rd 735th 740th T41st 744th 745th 746th 748th 750th 752nd 759th 770th 790th 76st TIES? 18 RAILWAY SHOP BATTALIONS Sponsor Date of Activation i Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis 4/15/42 Southern Pacific Lines 10/15/42 Norfolk and Western Railway 11/30/43 Pennsylvania Railroad 411/43 Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific 6/10/43 Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe 4/ 6/43 None 6/15/42 None 10/15/42 Delaware, Lackawanna and Western 7/27/43 Boston & Maine Railroad 10/25/43 Erie Railroad 5/1/44 Association of American Railroads TATA RAILWAY OPERATING BATTALIONS Sponsor Training Battalion Central Railroad of New Jersey 10/25/42 Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway 4/15/42 Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha 10/31/42 linois Central 10/81/42 & 1/12/44 Southern Pacific Lines 12/21/43 Pennsylvania 12/1/43, 12/28/43 & 5/15/42 Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis 12/14/43 Texas & New Orleans 9/ 1/43 & 2/28/44 Chicago & North Western 9/26/43 New York Central 4/14/43 & 9/30/44 Seaboard Air Line 12/14/43 Union Pacific 12/28/43 Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific 2/17/83 / Wabash 6/26/43 : Southern 3/15/42 Louisville & Nashville vias New York, New Haven & Hartford 4/11/43 & 2/23/44 Great Northern qn2iaa ; Central of Georgia 11/23/43 : Association of American Railroads 2/10/44 Chesapeake and Ohio 12/14/43 Gulf, Mobile and Ohio wi2/aa Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific 12/21/43 Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 5/19/43, Missouri-Kansas-Texas 5/4/44 Texas & Pacific 5/12/43 St. Louis - San Francisco 3/21/44 Boston & Maine 5/4/44 Missouri Pacific 9/1/42 None 8/9/42 None 7/8/43 Railway Transportation Company 7/22/82 office of The Adjutant Genoral Washington 25, D. C. Res (16 Fed 53)G3 2 tarcn Wo. AGaAI (ii) 322 Ax SUBJECT: ay TOs Comanding Generals Socond Ara Third any 1, References: Lotter, AGAO-I (i) 322 (21 Jan 53) G3, "Adiinistration and Training of Military Raily Rosorve." 1953, sudjec Units in th b, SR 140-320-1, 11 Decender 1952, c. Departaent of the aray message DA 392628, 29 January 1953, 3. In accordance with the provisions of rcference la above, it is desired that the Consanding General, Third arny, transfer the personn cords of currently assigned personnel togethor with the affiliation agree: for subject unit to the Comanding Goneral, Second muy. 4, Concurrent with the actions indicated in it is desired that the Consanding Gonore nd 3 above, © eforonenti on t and porsontel records, the Comanding Gencral, Second ary, will oxccute a now affiliation agreeuent between the Departient of the Arsy and the Southern allway Systen for tho sponsorship of this unit, in accordance with rofor- ences 1b and c, above, 5. Direct communication is authorized between the Commanding Gencral, Second army, and the Commanding General, Third army, for the accomplishment of the actions indicated in paragraphs 2, 3 and 4, above, BY ORDER OF tHE SUCHSTARY OF TEE ARY: Kaersvat AY Copies furnished: Adjutant Goneral t Chief of Staff, 03 2B: 2-20/1409) Chief of arm’ Field Forces Chiof of Transyartation To: Go:w:anding Generals Arsies, 21 1. Referone (6 dun 45) Gi of the Givilien Co:ponents,” 2. The followin waits arc redesicnat Orvanizud deserves, y Desi cnntion 490th Iner Haint Go 973th Inw Weint Co 251st Dner Combat 110.st Cr6 Det ilove CTd Det g93ta Transyortation Car Co 875th wi Suply & Seles Co th Qi Puniation & bath Co Hq @ Eq Jct, 268th qh Bn 2 Hq Dot, alith yh in 160th Amy Postel Unt 396d Ary Pootal Unit 7a Avny Postal Unit Tots Arsy Fostal Unit ct, 21st Or Tq # Eq Det, 216th Ord in 180th Ord Motor Vehicle Asso:bly Go 755th Ore Yotor ner Ponton Bridze Co En-r Panel Bride Trans, rT Go:vat in Vehicle 4. soxbly Co Bist Ord Doub Disposal Squed 905th Ord Loub Disposal Squad Bist Sic Service Go 888th Siv Radio Relay Co 27th Wilitary Police Co 420th Military Yolice Co Eg & Bq Go, 284 Repl Depot 4 Hq Go, 318th Repl Depot 9034 TC 6 90sth TC yortation Truck Co sportation Aryhibious Trk Co stien ailway Operating aeepaaee Grand mee: hn Deangportation Rail- ‘“Nogro personnel 1ssth, 189th, 190th, 195th, 197th typi, 200n, 2arse, 2024, 210th 2T7th, 305th, 306th, 308th, 340th, 345th, 354th, 355th, 406th, 407th, “08th, 139th, 440th, Aalst, 448th, 449th, 450th; 45st, 452d, 455th, 456th, 4STth, 46lst, 4624, 4634, dbuth, 5234,’526th and 537th Roplacement Cos 85th, #86th, #87th and *171st nical Soke Genersting Cos Hq_and Hig Det: #397th, #399th tind 507th x227th, ¥228th, #263d, *533d, #5424, 543d, #5ubth, "545th, #546th, *547th, 550th. and #551st Fort Cos 459th, 815th and 816th Amphibious Truck Cos #llegro enlisted personnel ae Port Ens (with atia .ched Medicals): 2 L ean Theater Radio, UARTAG 17 Sep 45, COUT 4096 RESTRIGTED UNITS TO PE ACTIVATED (conT'D) Antkorizod Str Unit history to which on- titled (with date of in- activation) / 9 [ i 3 tion ‘Agi ctiment 313th Repl First samy Panel Fridge Second t Co ty 4léth Ct udes_ atcha Ch) Mtr, Vehicle ( Go(rortable)( Bomb, Dispos~¢ is. (Batth rtation. ‘ ay o 4 spertation, ( us.Trk Co ( sporttion Third : Third Operating Ba. amy ga with South way System,” amy, Hla try Dot(Hosp) Fifth adit 2 > lany, Lary % Cloan olny tet » 705th Trans” Sixth sifiie. Co, 55%) 1) asFitth rad~ bray 2 Sly i Raplds, ifich dumy Detroit, Mich 1» Sen Frencise:, Calif 5 6 7 T/0GE Activated Final a b Location Status No Date _ Changes Toston,lass Po Wg Uy Oct 44 Second Cumberland, lid - C 56207. 268 Jun 45 VWehita, ‘Kans 14 dul 44 Pontdiady ‘Mich 17 May 44 Jackson, Mich 1 cet 44 BL sul 45. Detroit, Mich Tdmainghon, Ala - A 0 Sep 45 Lincoln, Nebr: A 39 Jen 45 Sin Francisco, fh 55-202 18 var 44 Calif :, Grand RePids* » £2 10-500 10 Jan 45 None ec Colm EL Pg 2 Incl 1 to ltr, AGI 322 Org Res (G Oct 47) GMBCT-H, 20 Oct 27, Hg &: Hq Co,.234 Repl Deat Mth Engr Uaint Co (20 Fob 46) Hguiig Det, 268th G" En (251 46) i 450th Ord Yotcr Vekiels assem bly Co (15 Apr 46) Sigb Ord Fonb Disposal’ Squad (6 Nov 45) 9038 TC Car Co-(24 Har 46) 3lath i Lary Dot (10 ‘Web’ 45) [ UNITS TO PE ACTIVATED (CONT'D) 1 2 3 4 5 6 G3 6 9 1/oee Anthorizal Str ‘Unit history to Item Aetdvated Final a b c 2b ic @ titled (with dat Ng esimation Assi by CG? Tocation __Status_No Date Changes. Off NUE AGG activation) 16. Hea Co, 313th Firet Fireb toston,llass B 42 14 Oct 44 1 32> 30” 70 Hq &. Bq Co, 23d Depot dumy * ; 17. 976th Engr Panel Fr: Seoond Conbortnid, Had C 5x27. 20 Jun 45 one 4 0 4 978th Engr Maint Transport Co deny : 12. Ha @ Hg Dot, 4i6th c: ( ( Achita, ‘Kens 14 Jul 44 Nono 4 2 14 29 Hawky Dot, 266th (includes. a 4 46) 19 ( Pontiacs Mich 17 vey 44 21 6 9 473.179 As0th ora ( bly Co (15 Apr 20 ( kson, Mich oct 44 2 1 0 6 397 — S5ish Ord Pomb Ds . 1 ( Fifth (6 Nov 45) 21. 903d Trangportation (amy © ( amy Detroit, Mich CG 10-57... 21 dul 45 1 5 3 0 55 9033 TC Car Go-( Truck Co ( C A 904th Trensyortation. ( ( Detroit, Mich: A 55497... :22 May 44..242,3, 7 9 173,160 904th TC(Car Co o ( ( 4 ‘2th RabImay ¢ 16 cet 45)” Ap den 45 None -2 9 13. 314th of tonne 24e Blyth Y-lary bot (Hosp) Pifth Fifth Lincoln, Nebr: A affiliated with amy amy me Clean Sixth Sixth Sin Francisco, A 55-202--18 © 56°62 tig & Ha Co, 705! dary my Calif -. Div TC (26 tor Fifth Grand Repidey' « 41 19-500 10 Jen 45 None’ 1 0 13. 1% 312th Of Lary & amy Wich Colm EI Pe 2 Incl 1 to ltr, AGAMT 322 Org Res (6 Oct 47) GNGCT-M, 20 Oct 47, HISTORICAL DATA Medical Det, 727th Ry Opn Bn TC departed New York Port of Emb December 12, 1942 aboard the "Gen James Parker", shipment 6556-L - per MR card from Brooklyn, N.Y. dated December 12, 1942 Recapitulation sheet attached (S) Wedicel Det, 727th Fy Opn Ba, TC is located et Palerno, Stefly - ver North Afrtcen Stat‘on List dated 9-l-'3 (5) Med. Det., 727th Buy Operating Bn, TC ie reorganized 18 May 19U! in accordance with 1/0 €-500 (26 Jul 43) C-1, 2 & 3 (Column FA) in Naples, Italy pursuant to authority contained in AG 320.2 (31 Jul N3)PE-A-M-C, dated 20 August 1943 ~ per AG 322/570-0, Hq NATO, USA, APO 534, 6 June 191 (8), Ked Det.,727th Transportation Railway Operating Battalion ae te 3 a Mea, Det. 727th Railway Operating In., Transppetation Corps (rely) Medica! ee et eer Rattalion,(formerly) _ ~ 72th Lag neer Medical Eetaciments) South Engr Bn Gy Opn) = A SR Durr Puce Foe 0-82 | 11-20-he! li-2e-l2 12-11-42 2-11-he| 12-12-42 ent G556-L) "Gen James Parker" 121P-Y2 12-12Ne 12-25-43 North Africa Tedessa ‘Taberka, Tunisia 6-26-43 sateen Tae 9-27-bb, France gn2g—b Germany hoe 6-45 INACTIVATED 6-20-43 1 May 53 THACTIVATED Birmingham, Alebama 11-4~47 HISTORICAL DATA Co C, 727th Ry Opn TC departed NYPE December 12, 1942 - per MR card from Brooklyn, N.Y..dated December 12, 1942 (S) Recapitulation sheet attached (S) aboard Dorothy L. Dix, shipment 6556-L Co €, 727th Ry Opn Bn TC arrived North Africa December 25, 1942.- per Water ‘re tation Report dated January 7, 1943 (S) on Bn, #0 ie loceted et Caltanissetta - ner Ge G, 727th Transportation Railysy Operating Battalion Se, & ‘TeTth Retlvey Operating Battalion, Tr ansportation Corpel: th Engineer Hattalion, (Railway i rssaiatint Co C, 594th Engr Bn (Ry Opn) (Formerly) iby, ss. 49-42 11-20-he] | ” a anon Ft, Dix, N. J, 21-22-42 12-11-42 ment, 6556-L) 12-112 12-12-42 | "Dorothy L. Dix" 12-12-N2) 12-12-42 | | North Africa 12-25-11 | | Tebessa 6-20-43 ; ‘Tabarka, Tunisia 6-26-43 Stetly = | Salerno, Italy 9227-4 | 1 France 9-29-Uk | | Germany lo- 6-45) INACTIVATED Birmingham, Al (P) iiegg7 7-13-52" swauR Fort Eustis, Virginia (2) 7-13-52 7-27-52 ~ TRAMNING | Birmingham, Ala. (p) 1-21-52 1 May 53) muacrIvaTED | } from vette Taps TIES? 13 HISTORICAL DATA Co B, 727th Lngr Bn (Ry Opn) is attached to the Third Army but is now under the Control of Chief of Engrs., for training per fig Army Ground Forces 320,2/101 (C)-GNOPN (5-1-42), dated May 1, 1942. Co B, 727th Ener Bn (Ry Oon) is located at Key Field, Meridian, Mies. for trainidg ounposes -er 3rd Ind ngineer Ba, Camo Shelby, Miss., dated July 16, 1947. Co B, 727th Ry Opn’ Bn TC departed New York Port of Emb December 11, 1942 aboard "Eliz C. Stanton", shipment 6556-L - per MR card from Brooklyn, N.Y. dated December 12, 1942 Recapitulation sheet attached TeTth B Co B, 727th Ry Opn tn arrived North Africa December 25, 1942 - per Water ‘Transportation keport (S) dated January 7, 1943 (S) G0 3, 7ohtn By Gon Bats loested at Palermo, Sicily - vor Torth African Station dst dated gell-L3 (5 CoB, 727th Rwy Opn Bn was reorganized effective in accordance with 1/0 55-205 (Apr Wl) ~ per Radio from Casorte, Italy #F 88160, 26 angust 19)! CM-1N-2U715 (27 Aug Ub) (S), Effective 1 August 19WM — per Radiogran fran Italy FF 25179, 14 September 1944 CM-IN-13854 (15 Sep lit) Not Filed (8). ~ Co B, 727th Transportation Rails erating Battelis Ta) a Soe er orate Beene erection Jorps (Atay!a).-Tatra Arm. Toren angineer Sartolirny seine) (FoeReaiyl BS reat = Co B, 594th Engr Bn (Ry Opn; ns seen tg re mp Shelby, Mis 8. | | Key Field, Meridien, Miss. 11-20-he| 1 t | | (Staging) Fee Dixy MJ. dezake 12-11-, | | NYPE (Shipment 6556-L) 1e-11-ha/12-12. | | "Eliz C. Stanton" 12-12-02 | 12-12 | | orth Africa 12-25-42 | | 6-20-43 . | 626043 | | | | Salerno, Itely 9-27 | | France g-2g—he | | | | Germany 10- 6-45, Inactivated | | Birminghen, Ala. (p)\11-4-47 | 7-15-52 | SUDIR | Fort Bustis, Virginia (2) 7-23-52 | 7-27-52 FRADIING | Birminghen, Ala (P) 7-27-52 1 May 53) INACTIVATED | | | HISTORICAL DATA Parke? 42, 727th Ry Opn Bn TC departed New York Port of Lnb December 12, 1942 aboard the "Gen James eas shépment 6556-L - per MR card from Brooklyn, N.Y. dated December 12, 1942 Recapitulation sheet @ North Africa December 25, 1942 - ter Transportation Rep n En is loeeted at Crltaniesetta - ver North African Stetion Lict dated 9-U-b3 (3° CoA, 727th Rwy Opn Bn is entitled to dattl i a * pis dite for part ya the SOUTHES @ CAMP, frou WD dated 16 Uctoher 1945, aie ; ccceeeueea: ca) cmt acnecas @ per 90 #87 nye Co. p 1 797% Es Co A, 594th (Shipne: "Gen James Parker" North at ‘Tebesca Tabarka, Tunisia Sieily Selerno, Italy Frence Germany Birmingham, Ala, Zort Buptis, Virgini Siminghen, Alas Co A, 727th Transportation Rail erats Tateh fatloay Operating See Engr Bn (Ry Opn) Ft. Dix, HJ, Battalion ansportation Corps talton, (Rei lay Operat: ttali (Formerly) ge1bbh} | [oe 6-bs INACTIVATED | (P) 11-4-47 | 7-13-52 STMER (2) | 7aa3-5e | 7-27-5 | ‘RAINING | (p) 7-27-52 |1 May 53) INACTIVATED i | COMPUML: AK [_Diiaa or wine HISTORICAL DATA Hq & Serv Co, 727th Ry Opn Bn TC departed New York Port of Emb December 12, 1942 aboard the "Gen James Parker", shipment 6556-L - per MR card from Brooklyn, N.Y. dated December 12, 1942 Recapitulation r 25, 1942 - per Water Transportation sheet attached (Ss) Ho f Serv Co, 727th Ky Opn bn ‘ica Dece ted January 7, 1943 (S) @ Berv Co, 727th By. Onn Bn is loc arrived North Af Palermo, Sicily forth African Station lest aa gs Co.,727th Transportation Relay Opersting Battalion Fenowsrtordo., 727th Railway Operabing Battelton, Trane. Corp 27 oh kupineur Battal ion (Bo) ammnan Headquarters & Service Company» 594th Engr Bn (Ry Opt Gem Shelby, iiss. rn Tze} (steriay) Fe. Dix, We J 1i=2e-be| 12-11-42 : pment 6596-1) 1e11-he 12-12~, Gen James Parker" a2-12-N2| 12-12-42 North Afric: 12~25-4p Teddssa | 6-20-43 Tabarka, Tunisia 6-26-43 Selerno, Italy 9-27-lay France 0-29-4bl Germany. | 10. 6-U5 Inactivated Birmingham, Ala. (P) ie Moby] 7-13-52, sae Fort Eustis, Virginia (x) 1-13-52 | 7-27-52] manne Birmingham, Ala. (p) 17-2752 [2 May 53) nraorrvATED J2Tth Railway Operating Battalion, TC ts entitled to battle credite for participation in CENTRAL EUROPE CAMPAIGN per WO #0 #116 dta 11 Dec 45, Also AG 200.6, OpGA, Has USFET dtd 27 June 45, lee 1212, Bestway Operating Battalion, TC is entitled to battle credits for participation in RHINELAND CAMPAIGN ~per ¥D GO #128, té 12 Dec 45, : T2Tth Railway Operating Battalion, 10 participated in amph, asseult landing on SICILY, 9 - 11 July 43, Gela, Licata & Beoglitti -per WD G0 #70 dtd 20 Aug 45, \ Org. Records have been returned to Org Records Br,,Records Adm Ctr.,St. Louis, Mo ~ver Report from Inactive Records Depots Buropean Theater dtd 21 May 46, TeTth Railway Operating Battalion, 10 ts affiliated with the fouthern Ratlvay Systen eff. 24 July 1947 -per War Dept Ltriltetion Agreement between the War Dept and the Southern Railwy Systen dtd 2 July 1947, AG 322 Org Res (7-247). PHOTOSTAT COPY FURNISHED ARMY & OQNG T2Tth Ratlvay Operating Battalion, TC 1s redesignated 727th Transport Ratlvay Operating Battalion, affiliated with the Southern Railway Systen., assigned to the Third Arny and will be activated ae a/Class "A" unit in the Organized Reserves at Birmingham, Ala,, organized in accordance vith 1/0 & # 55-225(10 Sep 45) with an auth. str. of 26 Off, 1 WO, 789°EM ~per AGAO-I 322 Ore Ree (6 Oct W7)cNGoT-M dtd 20 Oct 47, Hq & Hq Co.,[27th Trans Railway Operating Battalion activated effective 4 Nov 47 in Class "0" status at Birmingham, Ala, ~per G0 #66, Eqs Third Arny dtd 3 Nov 47, As anended.by GO #91, Hos Third Amy,25 Nov 47 Further amended by GO #137, Has Third Army, 1 December 1948, to read 727th Transportation Railway Operating Battalion. The new The Final Status of 727th Tralisportation Railway Operating Battelion ie changed from Cless "A" to Class "oO" eutnorized strength ia accordance with 1/0 & E 55-225, 10 Sent 1945, (Cir 298, DA, 48, as amended) is 23 Off; 5 iw 322 727th Traasvortation Railway Operating Bu (20 Sep 49) OSGOT-H, 26 January 1950, Mffestive 1 March 1950 per GO Third Arny, 9 February 1950. ined in accorda:.ce » é 1-225 Bep 5, 19b1. Also see GO 26, Third Army, 25 February 1952. 727th Transportation Railway Operating Battalion (Diesel) will participate in (AR) summer training at Port Eustis, Virginia for the period 13 July to 27 July 1952 - per Letter Office, Chief of Arny Field Forcés, ATING-18 353/237(0RC)(16 Jan 52), 16 Jamuary 1952. Will be inactivated - AGAO-I (M) 322 Army Res (16 Feb 53)G3, 25 Mar 1953. Effective 1 May 1953 - 00 70, Third Army, 13 Aor 53. HISTORIOAL DATA 7eTth Railway Overeating Bn, TC is reorganized in accordance with 1/0 55-226: 28 October 1945 effective 15 February 1944 pursuant to authority contained in AG $20.2 ($1 Jul 45)PE-A-lI~C 20 August 1945 ~ per GO NY 6 Militery Railway Service Orrice of Director General APO 400 8 February 1944 (5) 727th Rajlwey Operating Bn, 76 participated in the Tunisian Campaign during the period of 17 November 192 to 13 May 10h? - per Operations Revort, Hq, North African Theater of Operations AG 200,6/263 P-O dated 23 December 19L3 (5) # (apt Rasa erating Bn, C will be reorganized and augnented, at the earliest practicable date at station within the Counana tn accordance vith 7/0 552225, dated 25 dct U3 Augmentation &-500, dated 2 Jul 43 with changes 1,2, ané 3 dated 19 nov 43, 9 Dec 43 and 25 Jan Wk, Upon reorganization, unit renaine assigned to tne Hortn Africas Theater of Operations ~ ~ per 322 (1 May 4u)QsnT-sPMouM, 4 May 1944 (C). 21th Ruy Oper En, 10 vill be reorganiued at the earliest practicable date, ut a station within the ilorth African theater tn accoraunce with 1/0 #-296 (26 Oct i3)'with changes 1 a 2 dated 23 Nov 3, ent Apr Wi Medical Detachnent 8-500 (23 apr l) (Golam 14), upon reareatination, unit remains asotgned to the Worth African Theater of Operations. Augaehtations of the Bn authorized, your rotiogran FU9MIB, dated 23 May 19! ~ por AD 322 (20 Jun ik)OB-T-SPMOU-K, 24 June 194l! (5). TeTth Rwy Oper Ba,, TO te entitled to battle honors for participation in the Stctly Campaign during the period 9 July 1943 to 17 Auguet 1943 -'per Ltr. AC 200.6/263 P-0, Ho.y, WATO,, dated December 23,, 1903 (3), * 727th Rwy Oper Bn, TC vas reorganized in accordance with 1/0 55-226 (28 Oct 43) with chenges 1 and 2 effective 1 August 194 ~ per 1st Ind. fron’Hq NATOUSA, APO 531, 19 September 19ll on AG 322 (6 Sep ¥K)OB-I, 6 September 19} (0). uh (8) 727th Ruy Oper Bn, 70 4s reported to move to France ~ per Station List, Allied Force Nq G-3 Section, 15 Vetober 1944 (S ‘7th Ruy Opn Bn, 4s entitled to battle credits fer participation in the ROE-ARNO CAIPAIGN, 22 Jan 44 to (Final dete to be announced later), * * See ltr, Hg NTOUSA, AG 200.6, 10 Nov 44 ©). TeTth Bvy Gner Bn,,20 (Less Go A) departed North Afrivan Theater of Operations 27 Sept Wi; arrived Buropenn Theater of Operations 29 Sent lb; Co. A departed 9 Sept Wh, arrived B10 1s Sept lil ~yer let Ind..oa AG 370.5 (21 Mar ¥5)OB-I from Has Burope Theater of Operations dtd 6 Aor 45 (8) fed Det, 727th Rwy Oper Bn., TC is reorganized effective 21 May 1945, in accordance with 1/0 & B 8-500 (18 Jan 45)(Col 1A) 2 Off. 8 EM), pursuant to authority in AG 320.2(31 Jul 143)P-E-A-MAC dated 20 Aug 43-per Radio CM-IN-25583 (27 May 45) from os Comm. Zone STO, US Army Paris France dated 25 May 1945(S) Also ver Organ, Order #345, Has Comm Zone, B10 dtd 21 May 45 (3) 727th Rwy Oper Bn.,TC is reported in Germany-per Mail Distribution Schemef22, Has ETO dated 16 May 1945(S) ‘727th Ruy » TC will be inactivated at the earliest practicable cate by the 0G, US Forces European Theater, liesr, Pari: France-per Cu-OUT-65509 (Sep 45) AGO AG 322 (13 Sep 45)OB-I-E dtd 17 Sept 45. a Co 4, 727th Rwy Opn Bn, TC is entitled to battle credits for participation in the SOUTHERN FRANCE CAMPAIGN=per ltr from MTOUSA AG Beib/O40 P-0 ded 26 lay 45s, ive ver WO 90 P87 dnved LG Oot Is, ‘7e7th Rwy Opn Ba, TC is entitled to battle credits for participation in the TUNISLA CAMPAIGN-per GO #59 from WD 23 July 45. ‘7e7th Rwy Opn Ba, TC 1s inactivated effective 6 Oct A5~per radio CM-IN=2451 (7 Oct 45) from OG, USFET Rear, Paris, Frence td 6 Oct 45. Also per Organ. Crder #112, Fas. , Theat ee Forces, Pe noe AD Sm | Hq & Hig Co, Co B&C, 727th Ruy Operating Ba, 10 4s avarded battle credits for participation in NORTH APPININES CAMPAIGN =per WD 0 #9h ata’ 27 Oct 45. The 727th Reilway Operating En is awarded battle credit for participation in the "Naghes-Foggia" Campaign - per GO 9%, ¥D, dated 51 October 1945 727th Ratlvay Operating Battalt: ata 22 Oct 45, : T2Tth Railvay Operating Bn.,70 is entitled to battle credits for participation in ROME-ARHO CAMPAIGN =per WD G0 #99, 11-65 TW ts entitled to battle credits for participation in SICILY CAMPAIGN ~per WD GO #91, er HISTORICAL DATA 594th RY Engr Bn, Com Zone Troops was constituted as an Org Res unit and allotted to the Fourth Gorps ren by Table tht, Tables of Troops Pertaining to Appendix G-3, WDGMP, published in July, 19235 by Organized July, 1924; Engr Ry Bn redesignated Engr Bn (Ry Operating) by AG 320.2 Engrs (6-20-33) Pub. Southern Railway Lines Address: U.S. Engr Office 29 Customhouse Charleston, S.C. AG 319.1 OR (4~1-40) 1/0 5-125 AG 381 (11-6-40) M (Ret) A dated November 20, 1940 594th Engr Bn is redesignated and withdrawn from Sixth Corps Area and allotted to the Fourth Corps Area - per AG 320.2 (2-8-41) M (Ret) M-C dated February 21, 1941 594th Engr Bn (RR) allotted to Southern Railway with Hq at Atlanta, Ga - per 320.2 Org Res dated August 1, 1923 In Process of organization by Southern Railway - per 2d Ind dated May 31, 1929 AG 381 (4-27-29) For history see: AG 314.73-594 Engr Ry Bn (4-9-34) Misc Ret 727th Engr Bn (Railway Operating) is withdrawn from allotment to the Organized Reserves, and allotte: to the Regular Army and will be activated effective March 15, 1942 - per AG 320.2 (2-4-42) MR-M-C dated February 16, 1942 Above letter is revoked and effective March 15, 1942 the 727th Engr Bn (Ry Operating) will be ordere: into active military service and organized in accordance with T/0 5-125 - per AG 320.2 (2-4-42) MR-M-C dated February 20, 1942 : ‘727th Engr Bn (Ry Opn) is activated April 9, 1942 - per AG 320.2 (12-17-41) Hq Camp Shelby, Miss dated April 9, 1942 727th Engr Bn (Ry Opn) is assigned to the V Army Corps - per AG 320.2 (4-3-42) MR-M-GN dated April 7, 1942 (Ss) ‘727th Engr Bn (Ry Opn) 4s attached to the 34 Army for administration and supply - per C of Eng 320.2 (Ry Units) TR dated March 22, 1942 727th Engr Bn (Ry Opn) is relieved from present assignment and is assigned to the SOS, 4th Corps Are. = per_AG 323.341 (7-15-42) MR-GNGCT-PS-M dated July 17, 1942 For history see: AG 421.7 - 727th Eng Bn (Ry Opn} (6-23-42) 2nd Ind dated July 22, 1942 Personnel of 727th Engr Bn is transferred to 761st Engr Ry Transp Co, Camp Shelby, Miss ~ per 320.2 Engineer (RS) W/Ind Hq, Camp Shelby, Miss dated July 27, 1942 (R) For history see: AG 421.7 - 727th Eng Bn (7-9-42) 2nd Ind dated August 8, 1942 ‘T27th Engr (Rwy Op) Bn w/att Med will transfer from Camp Shelby, Miss to NYPE for assignment to Shipment 6556-L - per WD 370.5 (11-4-42) OB-S-E-M dated November 6, 1942 as amended by WD 370.5 (11-9-42) OB-S-E-M dated November 10, 1942 (S) Unit will be assigned to Task Force "A" upon boarding ship ‘727th Engr (Ry Opn) Bn departed Camp Shelby, Miss November 20, 1942 and arrived Ft Dix, N.J. November 22, 1942 - per MR card dated November 22, 1942 (S) Co. B, 727th Engr Bn departed Key Field, Meridian, Miss November 20, 1942 and arrived Ft Dix, N.J. November 22, 1942 - per MR card dated November 22, 1942 (8) ‘YaTth Engineer Railway Operating Bn, effective as of November 16, 1942 is redesignated 727th Railway Operating Battalion, Transportation Corps - per AG 320.2 (11-25-42) OB-I-SP-M dated December 1, 1942 (R) ‘727th Ry Opn Bn TC departed Ft Dix, N.J. December 11, 1942 for NYPE on permanent change of station - per Hq Ft Dix, N.J. dated December 9, 1942 - per MR card from Ft Dix, N.J. dated December 11, 1942 (8) See: GO #60 dated November 5, 1942 for T/0 55-225 For history see: AG 421.7 ~ 727th Railway Operating Battalion (2-25-45) 2d Ind. dated march 6, 1943. 727bh Ry Opn Ba, TO ts located at Tebessa, N. A, and atchd to EBS - per Station List from North African Theater of Oper, 30 June 1943 (s) fe ca Ry Opn Bn, TC deperded Tebessa Algeria 20 June 1943 arrived Taberke Tunisia 26 June 1943 - per MR Cerd 26 June TeTth Rwy Opn Ba, TC is located in Salerno, Itay - per HATO Station List dated 25 January 19h (s) Ege. 727th Trans Hq, 727th Rail y ‘727th Engineer Battal. 594th Engineer Battalion Camp Shelby, Miss (Staging) Ft Dix, N.J. NYPE (Shipment 6556-L) 12-11-42 12-12-42 North Africa Ain Belde (4) 12-25-42 ‘APO 302 Tedessa 6-20-43 Tabarke, Tunisia 6-26-43 Sicily Italy 9-27-¥ France 9-29-44 Germany Birminghen, dla, Fort Eustis, Virginia Birminghan, Ala. Reilvey Operat: 5 rating Bn, Transportation Corps} ion ge Operating) (Porueziy} | 2h: g Bettelion ASSIGNMENT 5 ma) Breade or wine aird Ceyay —} I Ry Operating) (Formerly) |-yate POWE2-waW teva) ooo i PR Gat | kak Third Army (Relations anp wovexcents 4-9-42 11-20-42 . 11-22-42 12-11-42 10- 6-5 Inactivated (P) 11- WN7 7-13-52 Sut (2) 7-13-52 7-27-52 TRAIN (2) 7-27-52 1 Mey 53. muacrivareD a 8. o = = DEPARIMENT OF THS ARMY Office of The Adjutant General Washington 25, D. C. AGAO~I (id) 322 arny Res (16 Feb 53)G3 25 March 1955 SUBJECT: Change in Status of Military Railway Sorvice Units in the aray Rosorve 20: Coauanding Generals Second Aray Third aroy 1, References: a, Letter, AGAO-I (i) 322 (21 Jan 53) G3, this office, 4 February 1953, subject: "adainistration and Training of ililitary Railway Sorvice (i Units in the ary Reserve." b, SR 140-320-1, 11 Deceaber 1952, c. Departoent of the aray nessage DA 392628, 29 January 1953, 2, The Commanding General, Third iray, will inactivate the. portation Railway Operating Battalion at the earliest practicable date. een 3. In accordance with tho provisions of rcference 1a above, it is desired that the Cousanding Generel, Third aray, transfor the personnel re- cords of currently assigned personnel together with tho affiliation agree: for subject unit to the Conuanding General, Second army. 4, Concurrent with the actions indicated in paragraphs 2 and 3 above, it is desired that the Commanding Genoral, Second army, organize tho 2727th USAR Transportation Railway Operating Battalion (Reinforcenent Training) in Washington, D. C, Upon receipt of the aforezontionod affiliation agrociont and personnel records, tho Conmanding Gencral, Socond Ary, will execute a now affiliation agrecuont betweon the Departnont of the Army and the Southorn Railway Syetua for the sponsorship of this unit, in accordance with refor- ences 1b and c, abovo, 5. Direct communication is authorized botween the Commanding General, Second arny, and the Commanding Genoral, Third army, for the accomplishment of the actions indicated in paragraphs 2, 3 and 4, above, BY ORDER OF THE SBORSTARY OF THB ARMY: ODgemiatl oy, Copies furnished: Adjutant General Assistant Chief of Staff, 63 (BE: 2-20/1409) Chief of army Field Forces Chief of Transpnrtation DEPARTIRUT OF THT, MY The Adjutant Gencral!'s Office Washington 25, AGAO-I 322 Org Res (6 Oct 47) user DG. 20 October 1947 SUBJECT: Activation of Units of tho Orcanized Reserves TO: Goranding Generals Armies, ZI 1. Refcronce: Letter, Headquarters, Army Ground Forces, 326/215 (6 dun'46) G'GCT-11, 6 June'1946, subjoct: "Training end Adninistration of the Civilien Coxponents," as auendod. to tho Orranized Reserves, Present Deeionation 480th Incr Kaint Co 973th Inge Kaint Co 2Blst In-r Conbat In 1101st CIC Det i1oza CIC Det 893th Transportation Car Co O7Sth yi Swply & Seles Co "055th Gi Funization 4 Bath Co Hig & Eq Det, 260th yy Bn 169th Arny Postel Unit 178d Ary Postal Unit 176th Aray Postel Unit a Hg Let, 251et Ord 2 Det, 216th Ord 180th Ora Hotor Vobiele Asso:bly Co Bist Ord Lond Disposal Squad WALet Sis Service Co 2o7th Wilitary Police Go Eg G Eq Go, 284 Rep] Depot 3. The followin: mits ere redesic Eresent Desimetion 9034 10 Ger Co 90ith 70 Car Co 7eTth Retlvay Operatin. Hg 4 Hq Co, 705th Railway Grand Div, 20 Ba, 10 “Necro personnel 2. The followin units arc redesimated es indicated, and allotted 480th Incr Ponton Bridce Co 976th Encr Panel ridge Trensport Co 4224 Ener Conbat dn e22¢ CIS Det 917th CI¢ Det 898th Transportetio: O76th qi Service Co *a55th qi Servico Co Hq @ Hq Det, 41cth gy Bn 398d Arry Postel Unit g94th Arny Postel Unit S8bth Aray Postal Unit Hg @ Hq Dot, 411th Ord Da Hg @ Eq iets 412th Ord bn ‘75th Ora Kotor Vehicle Assoxbly Co 905th Ord Lond Disposal Squad 80th Sic Radio 2ch 420th Military Foliee Co Hq @ Hq Go, 313th Repl Dopot ated as indicated: ew Dosimetion 9038 Trensyortation Truck Go 90sth Transportation Arphibious Trk Co y2tth Trangvortation Railway Operating 2a ———— Hg Oo, 705th Transportation Rail- way Grand tiv RESTRICTED “SUBJECT: Inactivation of Units. 1é8th, 169th, 190th,.195th, 197th) 199th, 200th, 20lst, 202d, 20th ) Nth, 305th, 306th, 308th, 340th, ) 345th, 354th, 355th, 406th, Zo7th, ) 408th, “39th, 440th, Adlst, 448th, ) 449ths 450th; 451st, 452d, 455th, ) 456th, 457th, Lélst, 462d, 463d, ) 4bith, 523d, 526th and 537th d Replacement: Cos » ¥82d, *85th, #86th, *87th and *L71st Chonienl Saoke Generating Cos ‘73th and 727th Railway Operating ms) Te ‘lst Railway Transportation Co, T.-C.) Hq and Hq Det, 3&2d Port Bn ISF, European Theater ) Hg and Hq’ Det: Port Bns (with atiached Medicals): 397th, *399th and 507th s2a7th, #228th, #263d, %593d, #5420, ) *5L3d, *5i4th, 545th, ¥546th, *547¢h, 550th, ond #551st Port Cos 459th, @15th and 816th Arphibious Truck Cos wWlegro enlisted personnel Radio, TARTAG 17 Sep 45, CE-OUT 4096 RESTRICTED RESTRICTED SUSPENSE Dare WAR DEPARTMENT The Adjutant General's Office Washington 25, D.C. AG 322 (16 Sep 45) 21 September 1945 OB-I-E- MEMORANDUK FOR ALL CONCERNED: Subject; Inactivation of thits, The tits listed below have bean dircoted to be inactivated at the earliest practicable date by War Department actions indicated: Sar tntts ‘Ree, agenated by WW qecLons and Tate Hq and Hq Sq, 5th Bomb Wing, He USaF in the Mediterranean Radio, WAHTAG, Theater 17 Sep 45 ; cour 4097 317th Signal Company, Wing Ha, 97th and 99th Bomb Groups, Heavy, 340th to 3424, inclusive, 414th, 416th and 346th to 348th inclusive Bomb Squadrons, Heavy Hq and Base Services Sqs, 528th and 531st Air Service Groups 954th and 957th Air Engineering Sqs ‘778th and 78ist Air Materiel Sqs Hq and Hq Co, 113d Engr Conbat op (with attached’ Medical) USth, 167th and 203d Engr Combat Bs 52th Engr Iiizht Ponton Co USF, European Theater Radio, WARTAG, 17 Sep 45 CH-OUT 4096 992d Engr Treadway Bridge Co 2906th and 2907th Engr Depot Platoons slogro enlisted personnel RESTRICTED SUBJECT: Outline History, 727th Railway Operating Battalion. AG 421.7 - 727th Rly Oor Ba (2-25-43) OB-1 lst Ind. SC5/1ja G0, arch 2, 1943 -To: Chief, Historical Section, For necessary action. Attention is invited to attached inclosure woiech is a brief history of the 727tn Railway Operating Battalion, Trans— portation Corps and may be withdrawn. LL wy order of the Secretary of art Uz tto Jobsxon Adjutant General. 1inel, (Brief History) 2d Ind. SSisve Historical Section, A. W. C., Hareh 6, 1913 To: WD, SOS, The Adjutant General. ‘The 727th Railway Operating Battalion, Transportation Corps, was originally constituted in the Organized Reserves as tha 59lith En- ginoer Battalion (Railway Operating), January 29, 1923. It was redesig- nated as the 727th Engineer Battalion (Railway Operating), February 21, gl; withdrawn fron the Organized Reserves, February 16, 191.2; and nade activo, April 9, 1942. The 727th Engineer Battalion (Railxay Operating) was redesignated as the 727th Railway Operating Battalion, Transportation Corps, December 1, 1942: This organization has no other history and is —~ not entitled to battle honors. oe oy bgpeilg Corry OLIVER L. SPAULDING, Brig. Gen., U.S.As, Rote, Incl. w/d Chief. BRILF HISTORY The 594th Reilway ingineer Battalion, Coanunications. Zone Troops was constftuted es an Orginized Keserve unit and allotted to the Fourth Service Conmand ty Table "i", Tables of Trooge Pertaining endix 6-5, NDGMP, published in July, 1923;organized July, 1924;_:ngineer Retlvey Battalion redesignated Engineer Battalion (hailnay’ Operating) oe KG"320.2 “Engineers (6-20-33) Pub. Southern Railvay Lines, U. S. Engineer Office 29 Custounouse, Charleston, South Carolina oer AG 319.1 OR (4-1-40) Table of Organization 5-125, AG 381 (11-6-40) Ml (het) A, dated November 20, 1940. i4th Engineer battalion wes redesignated tne 727th snginesr Batialion way Operating) per AG 320.2 (2-8-41) M (Ret) li-C dated February 21, 1941. ‘The "?27th-Lagineer Battalion (suilxay Opereting) authorized to be activated larch 15, 1942 per AL 220.2 (2-4-42) WR-H-C, dated February 16, 19425 activated April 9, 1942; redesignated 727th Heiluay Operating Battaliony. _Transportetion Corps per 4G 320.2 (11-25-42) OB-I-SP-M, dated December 1, 1942. mM. bball OB-1 2D 926 2a Ind, wert Arny War College, August 8, 1942 = To WD, SOS, The Adjutant Generel, 1, The 727th Engineer Battalion (failway Operating) was origine ally organized as the 59h Bngineer Battalion (Railway Operating) (Communications Zone Troops), which was constituted as an Organized Reserve Unit, and allotted to the Pourth Corps Area, pursuant to letter from the Wer Department, AG 320.2 OR (122025), dated 29 January, 1923. Pursusat to letter from the Wer Departnont, AG 320.2 OR (8a1-25), the Battalion was allotted to the Southern Railway with Headquarters at Atlante, Coorcia. The 59th Pugineer Battalion (Rat lay Ypereting) wan redewignatod the 727th Engineer Battalion (Railway operating), pursuant to letter from the Nar Department, AG 320.2 (28011), dated 21 February, 151, and was made active ‘et Camp Shelby, Wesissippi, on 9 April, 1912, 2, The 727th ugineer Pattelion( ailway Operating) has no other history and is not entitled to battle henors, Yor the Acting Conmendants @, 8S REDE, Lkout. Colonel, F. A. Inel, w/a, Exeoutive Officer. BRIEF RISTORY to the Railway with at Atlante, Georgia, It was organized in July, "132k, by the assign nent personnel. ‘The Battalion-(Railway Operating) was redesignated Battalion: (Railway Tperating)s wae Ag Ze Gea M-C dated February 21, 1941 and was military service on April 9, 1942 at Camp Sheliy, Hl Wissieetppt ra 48 320.2 (Sebnda) MRO Gated Fobruary 20, 1942+ CE fot MR~1805 TR. ( 7 Engineer Battalion, Communication Zone Troo: Organized Reserve unit and allotted to of Troops pertaining to Ap 6 th Cous by Table 2 t Artillery endix Gu3, WG, published in July 1923; organized in Jily 1924; redesignated 594th ttelion (Ry apa) by AG 320.2 maineers (6-20-33) Published; Pedeste (Railay operation) per AG 320.2 (2-38-41) jot) M-U, dated 2-21-41; —Gngineery-Battalion (Railway) (Operation) was ordered into ective military effective March 15, 1942 end organized in accordance witn 1/0 5-125 by aui of AG 320.2 (2-4-42) i assigned to V Army Corps and attached to 30 Army for administration and supply, dated February 20, activated April 9, 1947 Moh F Pr Telbeu2 UR ~ 1805 Macest AG 320.2 (2-4-42) MRC SUBJECT: Acta of 727th Battalion, it Operating’ TOr Chief of Engineers. i i rating) is 1, The 727th Engineer Battalion, (Railway Operating) withdramn from allotment.to the Organized Reserves, and allotted to the Regular Ary. 2. Effective March 15, 1942, the_727th Bi Battalion, (Railway Operating) will be activated and organized with” pres authorized strength in accordance with 1/0 5-125, including basics. 3, Tt is desired that you arrange and negotiate with the southern Railroad ‘for a contract for railroad facilities to train the 727th Engineer Battalion, (Railway Operating), and make imnediate reconmendation for the station of this unit, including the require nents for housing and facilities. .The use of portable CCC Type Camp-Buildings in storage is authorized. 4, Enlisted cadre will be furnished from the 71th Engineer Battalion, (Railway Operating). 5. Enlisted filler replacements will be furnished by requisition on this office. 6. Transfer of experienced railroad personnel from organizations within the Continental United States to the 727th Engineer Battalion, (Railway Operating), is authorized upon request-from you. Enlisted mon will be transferred'in grade to be absorbed by normal attrition. No enlisted men of the first three grades will be transferred unless _ Such transfer is approved by the organization conmander concerned, 7. Coanisetoned personnel will be provides fron off affiliated with the Southern Railroad, a Tes aay 8. Priority for distribution of conti mi ean controlled items of equip- 9. Obligate the procurement’ authorities cited below,to the extent necessary: °. a & = Practical Experience TIES® 10 Teatned and Exteatned TIES® 8