You are on page 1of 77

Selected site solutions: Active Antenna Systems

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Nokia Solutions and Networks Academy


Legal notice
Intellectual Property Rights
All copyrights and intellectual property rights for Nokia Solutions and Networks training documentation, product
documentation and slide presentation material, all of which are forthwith known as Nokia Solutions and Networks
training material, are the exclusive property of Nokia Solutions and Networks. Nokia Solutions and Networks owns
the rights to copying, modification, translation, adaptation or derivatives including any improvements or
developments. Nokia Solutions and Networks has the sole right to copy, distribute, amend, modify, develop,
license, sublicense, sell, transfer and assign the Nokia Solutions and Networks training material. Individuals can
use the Nokia Solutions and Networks training material for their own personal self-development only, those same
individuals cannot subsequently pass on that same Intellectual Property to others without the prior written
agreement of Nokia Solutions and Networks. The Nokia Solutions and Networks training material cannot be used
outside of an agreed Nokia Solutions and Networks training session for development of groups without the prior
written agreement of Nokia Solutions and Networks.

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Introduction
Motivation and Feature Overview

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

NEI Complex Introduction


Active Antenna System

RAN 2597 AAS Active Antenna System 2100a/800-900p FAGP

Flexi Multiradio Antenna System allows to create two cells arranged vertically
within one sector

RAN2383 AAS Active Antenna System 2100/1800 FAGF


RAN2384 AAS Vertical Sectorization

Active Antenna is a stand-alone


fully operational multitransceiver-antenna module.

Cell 2

Cell 1

It includes full radio functionality


(transmitter, receiver, antenna
parts and related digital signal
processing)

Active antenna provides also


(passive) antenna support for an
external source (RRH/FRM)

Inner cell

Outer cell

Power Amplifier (PA) for each


radiator element inside the
antenna

Independent TX/RX tilting


TX

Intelligent beam-forming for

Independent carrier tilting

TX

capacity enhancement

Jumper cable losses eliminated


Less boxes

RX

f1

RAN2579 AAS RX/TX Tilting

RN30086EN40GLA1

f2

RX

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

RAN2569 AAS Tilting per Carrier

Introduction
Motivation and Benefits

Motivations

forecasts and the traffic evolution process

Natural evolution step towards simplified sites (less


elements, less visual impact, less weight, less wind load)

Ability to provide innovative features like separate RX/TX


tilting

Optimize coverage, capacity, site space and costs

Traffic voulume

WCDMA network capacity enhancements due to traffic


Data traffic

Voice traffic

Time

Benefits

Integrated package of active RF parts and passive antenna elements are capable to provide active
antenna features like:

Vertical sectorization, separate rx/tx tilting, beam shaping, tilting per carrier
Active Antenna Vertical sectorization gives up to 65% capacity gain in DL and up to 135% capacity
f1

gain in UL (upper bound achievable in case of high network load)


f1 or f2

Inner and Outer cell can operate on same frequency doubled resources

In-built redundancy multiple active elements inside active antenna


Compact site layout, improved power efficiency, no cable losses
Active Antenna enables advanced SON capabilities
6

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Introduction
Compact Site Evolution Steps

Natural evolution step towards simplified sites: less elements, less visual impact, less weight, less wind load
Very compact Flexi Multiradio BTS Site as the last link in the chain

2002

2006

2012+

2010

Active Antenna

Radio
RF Sharing

MHA

GSM

Dual Band
Antenna

WCDMA

System

GSM

WCDMA

(baseband)
GSM /WCDMA
Traditional site

Modular site

Dedicated HW per Technology

RN30086EN40GLA1

Modular site Single


RAN

System Module Sharing


Modular site w. active
antenna

Software Defined Radio

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Technical Details
Functionality and Implementation

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Technical Details
Why Active Antenna System is Called Active? What is Integrated Antenna System (IAS)?

Passive Antenna + RRH

Integrated Antenna System

Standard passive antenna

Integrated Antenna System

solution

(IAS)

Single Power Amplifier (PA) -

Single Power Amplifier (PA) -

external RRH

RRH integrated to the back of


passive antenna

No capacity gains, no beam-

No capacity gains, no beam-

forming

forming possibilities

Feeder and jumper losses

Has the same functionality as


with standard RRH connected
to antennas with
feeders/jumpers
RRH

RRH

Jumper cable losses eliminated


Less boxes
Improved site solution as no

Active Antenna System

TRX

Active Antenna is a stand-alone

TRX

fully operational multitransceiver-antenna module.

TRX

It includes full radio functionality

TRX
TRX
TRX
TRX
TRX

(transmitter, receiver, antenna


parts and related digital signal
processing)

Active antenna provides also


(passive) antenna support for an
external source (RRH/RFM)

From IAS perspective, AAS


solution is another step forward

Common

separate RRH visible

Power Amplifier (PA) for each


radiator element inside the
antenna

Intelligent beam-forming for


capacity enhancement

Jumper cable losses eliminated


Less boxes
9

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Technical details
HW Architecture

Active Antenna (AA)


Active Element (AE)

Common
(CM)
Power

AA Power
Supply

RF BB &
Active
Element
Control

RP3-01
RP3-01

External IF

AA
calibration

AA control

TX

PA

RX

LNA

Antenna (A)
Duplex
Filter

AA calibration & RF Loop


TX

PA

RX

LNA

Duplex
Filter

Active Element (AE)

RF BB &
Active
Element
Control

Active Antenna architecture consists of following sub-modules:


Common (CM) sub-module
Active Element (AE) sub-module (4 pcs)
Antenna (A) sub-module, dual band antenna

TX

PA

RX

LNA

Antenna sub-module
Duplex
Filter

AA calibration & RF Loop


TX

PA

RX

LNA

Duplex
Filter

Active Element sub-module

Active Element (AE)

RF BB &
Active
Element
Control

10

TX

PA

RX

LNA

Duplex
Filter
Comon sub-module

AA calibration & RF Loop


TX

PA

RX

LNA

RN30086EN40GLA1

Duplex
Filter

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Technical details
Active Antenna System datasheet

Operating bands:
Active 2100 MHz (40MHz bandwidth)
Passive: 1800 MHz (FAGF) and 800-900 MHz (FAGP)
Antenna Gain:
18 dBi (active part)
17,5 dBi (passive part FAGF)
16,5 dBi (passive part FAGP)
Beam:
Horizontal beam width: 65 (3dB loss)
Three horizontal sectors only
Maximum three horizontal sectors site layout at the
time being
Vertical beam width:
6...20 adjustable for active part (3dB loss)
7 passive part (3dB loss)

Dimmensions (FAGF):
Height: 1480mm
Width: 240mm
Depth: 210mm
Weight: < 36kg

Active Antenna
PA0
PA1

Other details:
Active cooling with long life fans
Operating temperature range:
-40 +55C (with solar shield)
Installation options:
Mast
Pole
RET port on Common
sub-module has been
Wall Mounting
removed according to
CN5213

PA2
PA3
PA4
PA5

PA6
PA7

Flexi System Module Rel.3

Details:
8 Power amplifiers (10W each) with total 80W power
10 passive elements
Fully Electrical Vertical Tilt: +7/ -7
+/-45 Polarization
MIMO Support (2Tx & 2Rx)
Dual Cell support
Power consumption < 400 W @ 48V (100% RF load)
RET interface for passive part (8P connectors at passive
part)

11

RN30086EN40GLA1

Common
Module

Optional integrated
DC power distributor

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Technical details

GSM
Common RF
WCDMA
System

GSM
GSM RF

Losses on the feeder cables


can be even higher than
3dB, depending on length,
connectors and type.

Possible use of TMA


Traditional Site Solution:
GSM 1800 (20W)

12

RF Sharing applied
Separate System Modules
Separate Antenna Systems
per technology
Flexi Multiradio GSM1800 / WCDMA2100
Site Solution

RN30086EN40GLA1

GSM

GSM RF

WCDMA

Site evolution steps

GSM
Common RF
WCDMA

RF Sharing applied
Dual-band antenna system
1800/2100

Possible feeder-less solution


Flexi Multiradio GSM1800 / WCDMA2100
with Dual-band antenna Site Solution

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Dualband antenna
Active part for WCDMA
GSM works on passive part
Feeder less solution
Flexi Multiradio GSM1800passive /
WCDMA2100 active Site Solution

Technical details
Self Optimizing Network SON

Flexi Multiradio Antenna System will support the Self Optimizing Network approach
Active elements and Common module inside AAS enables advaced Active Antenna features such as vertical beam width, separate TX/RX tilting and tilting per carrier

Different time of the day brings different traffic distribution within one geographical area
Flexi Multiradio Antenna System may adopt to these states via:

Adjusting electrical tilts and vrtica beam width for both inner and outer cells
Setting separate RX/TX/carrier tilts
Enabling/disabling vertical sectorization
These actions brings several benefits like power saving, capacity and coverage improvements

Adjusting tilt settings in


response to change in
traffic distribution

Independent cell/carrier/TX&RX tilting

13

RN30086EN40GLA1

Disabling vertical
sectorization in the night

SON

Vertical Sectorization

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Configuration Management
Parameters and Configuration

14

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Configuration Management
Parameters - Overview

Flexi Multiradio Antenna System introduces the following set of parameters that can be used to achive desired configuration.
Parameters belong to three different Managed Object Classes (MOCs):
RMOD
Radio Module related parameters

Mechanical tilt angle


LCELW

Mechanical tilt
angle

Tilting per TX/RX in


use
Vertical TX tilt
angle

WCDMA BTS Local Cell


configuration related parameters

Vertical TX tilt angle

Tilting per carrier in


use

Vertical RX tilt angle


RX

Vertical sector beamwidth

TX
f1

BTSSCW

RX

TX
f1 or f2

WCDMA BTS radio specific


configuration related parameters

Vertical sector beam


width

Vertical sectorization in
use
Tilting per TX/RX in use
Tilting per carrier in use

15

RN30086EN40GLA1

Vertical RX tilt
angle

Vertical sectorization
in use

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Configuration Management
Parameters - Mechanical tilt angle

Mechanical tilt angle


Abbreviated name

tiltAngleMechanical

MOC

RMOD

Data type

Number
Description

Parameter group

Range and step

0...10 deg, step 0,5 deg

Default value

7 deg

This parameter is used to define mechanical


tilt angle. This information is for O&M
purposes only (changing the parameter value
does not change mechanical tilt angle value
of the antenna).

Horizon level

The Mechanical Tilt is given by

Mechanical tilt can be up to 10


degrees below the horizon level
(adjusted with 0.5 degree step)
Total downtilt = Mechanical
tilt + Electrical Tilt

16

RN30086EN40GLA1

physically tilting down the


antenna via antenna brackets

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Configuration Management
Parameters - Vertical TX tilt angle

Vertical TX tilt angle


Abbreviated name

txVerticalTiltAngle

MOC

LCELW

Data type

Number
Description

Parameter group

Range and step

-7...7 deg, step 0,5 deg

Default value

0 deg

This parameter is used to define TX electrical


tilt angle value.

With AAS it is possible to adjust the tilts separately for uplink and
downlink directions

TX

Simulations show that optimal tilts (giving the best network capacity
gains) are distinct for uplink and downlink directions

Thus, separate RX/TX tilting allows to achive highest gains


If RX/TX Tilting License Key is not present, Vertical RX tilt angle
RX

17

RN30086EN40GLA1

equals Vertical TX tilt angle regardless of the rxVerticalTiltAngle


parameter value
2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Configuration Management
Parameters - Vertical RX tilt angle

Vertical RX tilt angle


Abbreviated name

rxVerticalTiltAngle

MOC

LCELW

Data type

Number
Description

Parameter group

Range and step

-7...7 deg, step 0,5 deg

Default value

0 deg

This parameter is used to define RX


electrical tilt angle value.

With AAS it is possible to adjust the tilts separately for uplink and
downlink directions

Simulations show that optimal tilts (giving the best network capacity

TX

gains) are distinct for uplink and downlink directions

Thus, separate RX/TX tilting allows to achive highest gains


If RX/TX Tilting License Key is not present, Vertical RX tilt angle
RX

18

RN30086EN40GLA1

equals Vertical TX tilt angle regardless of the rxVerticalTiltAngle


parameter value

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Configuration Management
Parameters - Vertical sector beamwidth

Vertical sector beamwidth


Abbreviated name

sectorVerticalBeamWidth

MOC

LCELW

Data type

Number
Description

Parameter group

Range and step

6...20 deg, step 0,5 deg

Default value

7 deg

This parameter is used to define sector


vertical beam width (3dB loss at antenna
pattern).

This setting can be used to control the size of the


8 deg

14 deg

area that is covered by inner and outer cell.

It also helps to reduce to the inter-cell interference


It is also a Self Optimizing Network (SON) ready
functionality network load can be wisely and fully
automatically split between inner and outer cells
19

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Configuration Management
Parameters - Vertical sectorization in use

Vertical sectorization in use


Abbreviated name

verticalSectorizationInUse

MOC

BTSSCW

Data type

Boolean
Description

Parameter group

Range and step

True, False

Default value

False

The parameter is used to enable Vertical


Sectorization for Active Antenna System.

Two cells per one frequency created from one Flexi


Multiradio Antenna System.

f1

20

RN30086EN40GLA1

f1

When both parameters verticalSectorizationInUse


and tiltingPerCarrierInUse parameters are set to
True value, it is possible to define separate tilts for
these two cells and achieve vertically sectorizated
site layout.

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Configuration Management
Parameters - Tilting per TX/RX in use

Tilting per TX/RX in use


Abbreviated name

tiltingPerTxRxInUse

MOC

BTSSCW

Data type

Boolean
Description

Parameter group

Range and step

True, False

Default value

False

The parameter is used to enable Tilting per


TX/RX for Active Antenna System.

This parameter enables separate tilt setting for RX and TX directions


If tiltingPerTxRxInUse is set to True value, Active Antenna System will

TX

set separate electrical tilt values for uplink and downlink

If tiltingPerTxRxInUse is set to False value, Vertical RX tilt angle


RX

21

RN30086EN40GLA1

equals Vertical TX tilt angle regardless of the rxVerticalTiltAngle


parameter value

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Configuration Management
Parameters - Tilting per carrier in use

Tilting per carrier in use


Abbreviated name

tiltingPerCarrierInUse

MOC

BTSSCW

Data type

Boolean
Description

Parameter group

Range and step

True, False

Default value

False

The parameter is used to enable Tilting per


Carrier (local cell) for Active Antenna System.

Tilting per carrier replaces the RET needed with


passive antenna
tiltingPerCarrierInUse
TRUE

tiltingPerCarrierInUse
FALSE

It allows to set electrical tilt for one or more beams


coming from the Flexi Multiradio Antenna System

If the parameter tiltingPerCarrierInUse is set to False


value, the default value of electrical tilt (0 deg) is set
for all beams coming from the AAS mechanical tilt
applies then only
22

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Configuration Management
TX/RX resource allocation

4 cells (2 x Dual Cell) 10W


(1Tx+1Rx)

3 sector (horizontal) case


3 AAS needed

Window shows the exact cell/site


layout that can be achieved via the
particular RX/TX resource allocation

Dual Cell
MIMO
Dual Cell
MIMO

Inner cell

23

Next slides describe the TX and RX resource allocation at Flexi Multiradio Antenna System

Cell 1
Cell 2
Cell 3
Cell 3

Outer cell

Figure describing the TX/RX


resource allocation on each Active
Element belonging to Active Antenna
System. Maximum output power per
Active Element is 20W.

Active Element 1
(20W)

Active Element 2
(20W)

Active Element 3
(20W)

Active Element 4
(20W)

Tx1.1.1 Tx1.1.2 Tx1.1.3 Tx1.1.4

Tx2.1.1 Tx2.1.2 Tx2.1.3 Tx2.1.4

Tx3.1.1 Tx3.1.2 Tx3.1.3 Tx3.1.4

Tx4.1.1 Tx4.1.2 Tx4.1.3 Tx4.1.4

Tx polarization 1

Tx1.1.1 Tx1.1.2 Tx1.2.3 Tx1.2.4

Tx2.1.1 Tx2.1.2 Tx2.2.3 Tx2.2.4

Tx3.1.1 Tx3.1.2 Tx3.2.3 Tx3.2.4

Tx4.1.1 Tx4.1.2 Tx4.2.3 Tx4.2.4

Tx polarization 2

Rx1.1.1 Rx1.1.2 Rx1.1.3 Rx1.1.4

Rx2.1.1 Rx2.1.2 Rx2.1.3 Rx2.1.4

Rx3.1.1 Rx3.1.2 Rx3.1.3 Rx3.1.4

Rx4.1.1 Rx4.1.2 Rx4.1.3 Rx4.1.4

Rx polarization 1

Rx1.1.1 Rx1.1.2 Rx1.2.3 Rx1.2.4

Rx2.1.1 Rx2.1.2 Rx2.2.3 Rx2.2.4

Rx3.1.1 Rx3.1.2 Rx3.2.3 Rx3.2.4

Rx4.1.1 Rx4.1.2 Rx4.2.3 Rx4.2.4

Rx polarization 2

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Configuration Management
TX/RX resource allocation

3 sector (horizontal) case


3 AAS needed

1 cell 20W (1Tx+2Rx)

TX/RX resource allocation is done during the BTS Commisioning


Process

Each Active Element maximum total output power is 20W


(2x10W for example maximum per polarization is 10W).

The following format is used in the figure below:


Tx.[ActiElementNumber].[PolarizationNumber].[CellNumber]
Rx.[ActiElementNumber].[PolarizationNumber].[CellNumber]

Cell 1
2way RX div

Active Element 1
(5W)
Tx1.1.1

5W
Tx1.2.1

24

Active Element 2
(5W)
5W

Tx2.1.1
10W

Tx2.2.1

Active Element 3
(5W)
Tx3.1.1

10W

5W
Tx3.2.1

Active Element 4
(5W)
Tx4.1.1

10W

5W
Tx4.2.1

Tx polarization 1
10W

Rx1.1.1

Rx2.1.1

Rx3.1.1

Rx4.1.1

Rx polarization 1

Rx1.2.1

Rx2.2.1

Rx3.2.1

Rx4.2.1

Rx polarization 2

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Configuration Management
TX/RX resource allocation

3 sector (horizontal) case


3 AAS needed

1 cell 40W+ 40W MIMO


(2Tx+2Rx)

TX/RX resource allocation is done during the BTS Commisioning


Process

Each Active Element maximum total output power is 20W


(2x10W for example maximum per polarization is 10W).

The following format is used in the figure below:


Tx.[ActiElementNumber].[PolarizationNumber].[CellNumber]
Rx.[ActiElementNumber].[PolarizationNumber].[CellNumber]

Cell 1
MIMO

Active Element 1
(20W)

25

Active Element 2
(20W)

Active Element 3
(20W)

Active Element 4
(20W)

Tx1.1.1

10W

Tx2.1.1

10W

Tx3.1.1

10W

Tx4.1.1

10W

Tx polarization 1

Tx1.2.1

10W

Tx2.2.1

10W

Tx3.2.1

10W

Tx4.2.1

10W

Tx polarization 2

Rx1.1.1

Rx2.1.1

Rx3.1.1

Rx4.1.1

Rx polarization 1

Rx1.2.1

Rx2.2.1

Rx3.2.1

Rx4.2.1

Rx polarization 2

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Configuration Management
TX/RX resource allocation

3 sector (horizontal) case


3 AAS needed

2 cells 20W
(1Tx+2Rx)

TX/RX resource allocation is done during the BTS Commisioning


Process

Each Active Element maximum total output power is 20W


(2x10W for example maximum per polarization is 10W).

The following format is used in the figure below:


Cell 2

Tx.[ActiElementNumber].[PolarizationNumber].[CellNumber]
Rx.[ActiElementNumber].[PolarizationNumber].[CellNumber]

Cell 1

2way RX div
2way RX div

Inner cell

Outer cell

Active Element 1
(10W)

26

Active Element 2
(10W)

Active Element 3
(10W)

Active Element 4
(10W)

Tx1.1.1

5W

Tx2.1.1

5W

Tx3.1.1

5W

Tx4.1.1

5W

Tx polarization 1

Tx1.2.2

5W

Tx2.2.2

5W

Tx3.2.2

5W

Tx4.2.2

5W

Tx polarization 2

Rx1.1.1

Rx1.1.2

Rx2.1.1

Rx2.1.2

Rx3.1.1

Rx3.1.2

Rx4.1.1

Rx4.1.2

Rx polarization 1

Rx1.2.1

Rx1.2.2

Rx2.2.1

Rx2.2.2

Rx3.2.1

Rx3.2.2

Rx4.2.1

Rx4.2.2

Rx polarization 2

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Configuration Management
TX/RX resource allocation

4 cells (2 x Dual Cell) 10W


(1Tx+2Rx)

3 sector (horizontal) case


3 AAS needed

TX/RX resource allocation is done during the BTS Commisioning


Process

Each Active Element maximum total output power is 20W


(2x10W for example maximum per polarization is 10W).

The following format is used in the figure below:


Tx.[ActiElementNumber].[PolarizationNumber].[CellNumber]
Rx.[ActiElementNumber].[PolarizationNumber].[CellNumber]

Dual Cell
2way RX div

Dual Cell
2way RX div

Inner cell

Outer cell

Active Element 1
(10W)

27

Cell 1
Cell 2
Cell 3
Cell 3

Active Element 2
(10W)

Active Element 3
(10W)

Active Element 4
(10W)

Tx1.1.1 Tx1.1.2

5W

Tx2.1.1 Tx2.1.2 5W

Tx3.1.1 Tx3.1.2

5W

Tx4.1.1 Tx4.1.2

5W

Tx polarization 1

Tx1.2.3 Tx1.2.4

5W

Tx2.2.3 Tx2.2.4 5W

Tx3.2.3 Tx3.2.4

5W

Tx4.2.3 Tx4.2.4

5W

Tx polarization 2

Rx1.1.1 Rx1.1.2 Rx1.1.3 Rx1.1.4

Rx2.1.1 Rx2.1.2 Rx2.1.3 Rx2.1.4

Rx3.1.1 Rx3.1.2 Rx3.1.3 Rx3.1.4

Rx4.1.1 Rx4.1.2 Rx4.1.3 Rx4.1.4

Rx polarization 1

Rx1.2.1 Rx1.2.2 Rx1.2.3 Rx1.2.4

Rx2.2.1 Rx2.2.2 Rx2.2.3 Rx2.2.4

Rx3.2.1 Rx3.2.2 Rx3.2.3 Rx3.2.4

Rx4.2.1 Rx4.2.2 Rx4.2.3 Rx4.2.4

Rx polarization 2

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Configuration Management
TX/RX resource allocation

4 cells (2 x Dual Cell) 10W


(2Tx+2Rx)

3 sector (horizontal) case


3 AAS needed

TX/RX resource allocation is done during the BTS Commisioning


Process

Each Active Element maximum total output power is 20W


(2x10W for example maximum per polarization is 10W).

The following format is used in the figure below:


Tx.[ActiElementNumber].[PolarizationNumber].[CellNumber]
Rx.[ActiElementNumber].[PolarizationNumber].[CellNumber]

Dual Cell
MIMO

Dual Cell
MIMO

Inner cell

28

Cell 1
Cell 2
Cell 3
Cell 3

Outer cell

Active Element 1
(20W)

Active Element 2
(20W)

Active Element 3
(20W)

Active Element 4
(20W)

Tx1.1.1 Tx1.1.2 Tx1.1.3 Tx1.1.4

Tx2.1.1 Tx2.1.2 Tx2.1.3 Tx2.1.4

Tx3.1.1 Tx3.1.2 Tx3.1.3 Tx3.1.4

Tx4.1.1 Tx4.1.2 Tx4.1.3 Tx4.1.4

Tx polarization 1

Tx1.2.1 Tx1.2.2 Tx1.2.3 Tx1.2.4

Tx2.2.1 Tx2.2.2 Tx2.2.3 Tx2.2.4

Tx3.2.1 Tx3.2.2 Tx3.2.3 Tx3.2.4

Tx4.2.1 Tx4.2.2 Tx4.2.3 Tx4.2.4

Tx polarization 2

Rx1.1.1 Rx1.1.2 Rx1.1.3 Rx1.1.4

Rx2.1.1 Rx2.1.2 Rx2.1.3 Rx2.1.4

Rx3.1.1 Rx3.1.2 Rx3.1.3 Rx3.1.4

Rx4.1.1 Rx4.1.2 Rx4.1.3 Rx4.1.4

Rx polarization 1

Rx1.2.1 Rx1.2.2 Rx1.2.3 Rx1.2.4

Rx2.2.1 Rx2.2.2 Rx2.2.3 Rx2.2.4

Rx3.2.1 Rx3.2.2 Rx3.2.3 Rx3.2.4

Rx4.2.1 Rx4.2.2 Rx4.2.3 Rx4.2.4

Rx polarization 2

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Deployment Aspects
Licenses Keys, Activation Processes and Example Confugurations

29

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Deployment Aspects
Licenses Keys

Three Active Antenna System features are under BTS License Key control:
RAN2384 AAS Vertical Sectorization
RAN2569 AAS Tilting per Carrier
RAN2579 AAS RX/TX Tilting

License Name: AAS Vertical Sectorization

License Name: AAS Tilting per Carrier

License Name: AAS RX/TX Tilting

License Type:

ON/OFF

License Type:

ON/OFF

License Type:

ON/OFF

License Code:

0000003719

License Code:

0000003720

License Code:

0000003721

Description:

It is possible to split one


frequency to two vertical
sectors. One license is
required per AAS.

Description:

It is possible to configure
tilt angle for each cell
separately, but it is not
possible to adjust angle at
TX/RX level. One license is
required per AAS.

Description:

It is possible to adjust tilt


angle at TX/RX level. One
license is required per AAS.

BTSOM and BTS Site Manager allows commissioning of the AAS regardless of AAS licenses presence
BTSOM enforces AAS licenses during the BTS runtime. If there is no valid license then an alarm is raised.
Note that standard licenses related to RFs are needed as well (for example Power licenses and Multicarrier license in case of more than one carrier on site;
Branch activation does not require additional license)

30

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Deployment Aspects
Example configurations

This slide presents AAS License Key combinations with typical order to use them

No license keys

AAS Tilting per Carrier

AAS Vertical Sectorization


AAS Tilting per Carrier
AAS RX/TX Tilting

AAS Vertical Sectorization


AAS Tilting per Carrier

TX
RX
TX

f1

F1 or f2

RX

f1

TX
f1 or f2

RX

0-10 deg mechanical tilt


0 deg Electrical Tilt
One cell per frequency

0-10 deg mechanical tilt


+/-7 deg Electrical tilt (Rx Tilt is the
same as Tx Tilt). Tilting per carrier
replaces the RET needed with passive
antenna.

One cell per frequency

0-10 deg mechanical tilt


+/-7 deg Electrical tilt (Rx Tilt is the
same as Tx Tilt). Tilting per carrier
replaces the RET needed with passive
antenna.

Cell specific tilt values (in case more


than one cell configuration). This is
not possible with passive antenna
RET.

Two cells per frequency

31

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

0-10 deg mechanical tilt


+/-7 deg Electrical tilt (Rx Tilt and Tx
Tilt can be different). Tilting per carrier
replaces the RET needed with passive
antenna.

Cell specific tilt values (in case more


than one cell configuration). This is
not possible with passive antenna
RET

Two cells per frequency

Benefits and Gains


System-level simulations both in static and dynamic simulators

32

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Benefits and Gains


System-level simulations

Simulation assumptions

Simulations performed in static and dynamic (NSN product aligned)


system-level simulators

Environment: Live network scenario investigated area is the part of


the city that has more than one million citizens

Project area: North South 4870m; West East 5250m


Network: 55 sites,160 cells (320 cells in scenarios where Vertical
Sectorization has been applied)

Results gathered from 10 central sites (indicated in black)

Propagation models: Dominant Path Model and 2D Propagation


Model

33

Traffic Model: Full Buffer; FTP (dynamic simulator)


Link Level Curve: 256 11500 kbps
Simulated services: HSDPA and HSUPA (dynamic simulator)
Electrical tilt range <-5;+5>
Fixed vertical sector beamwidth (7 degrees)
User distribution: In static simulator users were distributed
according to some user distribution CDF. In dynamic simulator fixed
number of users were generated in each sector. During the simulation
time period users walk along the project area via randomly selected
routes.

RN30086EN40GLA1

Site within mask

Interferer site

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Benefits and Gains


System-level simulations

Simulation Methodology
On all sites, passive antennas have been replaced with AAS
Electrical and Mechanical Tilt optimization process has been
performed in 3x1 network layout

The performance of the 3x1 network has been recorded


On each site, an inner cell has been introduced
f1

The performance of the 3x2 network has been recorded

f1

f1

The AAS capacity gain has been calculated according to the


following formula:

AAS _ Gain =

3x2 _ Performance - 3x1 _ Performance


*100%
3x1 _ Performance

The reference point for tilt offsets in 3x2 scenarios is an optimized tilt in 3x1 scenario.
Scenarios

Network Layout

Tilt offset
[inner/outer]

Total TX
Power
(inner/outer)

CPICH Power
[inner/outer]

Control and Common


Channels

3x1 AAS Antennas

43 dBm

33 dBm

33 dBm

+10 +0

40 dBm / 43 dBm

30dBm / Optimized (30-35 dBm)

30dBm / Optimized (30-35 dBm)

+8 +0

40 dBm / 43 dBm

30dBm / Optimized (30-35 dBm)

30dBm / Optimized (30-35 dBm)

+6 +0

40 dBm / 43 dBm

30dBm / Optimized (30-35 dBm)

30dBm / Optimized (30-35 dBm)

+2 -2

40 dBm / 43 dBm

30dBm / Optimized (30-35 dBm)

30dBm / Optimized (30-35 dBm)

3x2 based on AAS Antennas (Pilot Power Optimized)

34

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Benefits and Gains


HSDPA System-level simulations

HSDPA Results:

The best performance (AAS Gain) is observed for +10 +0 tilt offsets
From sector and site point of view vertical sectorization brings clear benefit

Simulator

Network Layout

2D Pathloss

3x1 AAS Antennas


3x2 AAS Antennas +10 +0
Static

3x2 AAS Antennas +8 +0


3x2 AAS Antennas +6 +0

3x2 AAS Antennas +2 -2


3x1 AAS Antennas

3x2 AAS Antennas +10 +0


Dynamic

3x2 AAS Antennas +8 +0


3x2 AAS Antennas +6 +0
3x2 AAS Antennas +2 -2

Mean Cell
TP [kbps]

Gain

2062
1805
1778
1775
1609
3254
2566
2479
2257
2099

75%
72%
72%
56%
58%
52%
39%
29%

DPM=Dominant Path Model


35

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Benefits and Gains


HSDPA System-level simulations

AAS Vertical Sectorization solution brings benefits in current and future network load (static simulator analysis)
Without Vertical
Sectorization

Now
(650 UEs per mask)
Future
(1100 UEs per mask)

With Vertical
Sectorization

Sector
TP
[kbps]

UE TP
[kbps]

Sector
TP
[kbps]

UE TP
[kbps]

2487

128,6

4038

206,3

2481

73,3

4204

AAS VS improves Mean UE


throughput when constant number
of UEs is considered

AAS VS allows to keep Mean UE


throughput at the same level in the
future (with higher number of UEs)

123,0

36

Cell Throughput

1200.00
With AAS Vertical Sectorization
Without AAS Vertical Sectorization

1000.00

800.00
600.00
400.00
200.00
.00
80

160

480

640
800
# of UEs

RN30086EN40GLA1

1120

1600

3199

Mean UE Throughput [kbps]

Mean UE Throughput [kbps]

UE Throughput
6000

With AAS Vertical Sectorization


Without AAS Vertical Sectorization

5000

4000
3000
2000
1000
0
80

160

480

640
800
# of UEs

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

1120

1600

3199

Benefits and Gains


HSUPA System-level simulations

HSUPA Results:

DPM Pathloss

2D Pathloss

Simulator

37

Dynamic

Dynamic

Very good gain (up to 135%) in mean value of site throughput is observed
With AAS VS users are served by 2 cells in one sector it gives additional space for sum of received signal on BTS
Average UE throughput is significantly increased (even twice) after AAS Vertical Sectorization deployment
Even if one user is served by inner cell then other users have room (in terms of free noise rise level) for increasing UL Tx Power

Mean Cell
TP [kbps]

Gain

3x1 AAS Antennas

673.0

3x2 AAS Antennas +10 +0

742.0

121%

3x2 AAS Antennas +8 +0

757.0

125%

3x2 AAS Antennas +6 +0

745.0

121%

3x2 AAS Antennas +2 -2

722.0

115%

3x1 AAS Antennas

699.0

3x2 AAS Antennas +10 +0

792.0

127%

3x2 AAS Antennas +8 +0

809.0

131%

3x2 AAS Antennas +6 +0

823.0

135%

3x2 AAS Antennas +2 -2

822.0

135%

Network Layout

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Benefits and Gains


Drive test results

38

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Benefits and Gains


HSUPA System-level simulations

HSUPA Results:

DPM Pathloss

2D Pathloss

Simulator

39

Dynamic

Dynamic

Very good gain (up to 135%) in mean value of site throughput is observed
With AAS VS users are served by 2 cells in one sector it gives additional space for sum of received signal on BTS
Average UE throughput is significantly increased (even twice) after AAS Vertical Sectorization deployment
Even if one user is served by inner cell then other users have room (in terms of free noise rise level) for increasing UL Tx Power

Mean Cell
TP [kbps]

Gain

3x1 AAS Antennas

673.0

3x2 AAS Antennas +10 +0

742.0

121%

3x2 AAS Antennas +8 +0

757.0

125%

3x2 AAS Antennas +6 +0

745.0

121%

3x2 AAS Antennas +2 -2

722.0

115%

3x1 AAS Antennas

699.0

3x2 AAS Antennas +10 +0

792.0

127%

3x2 AAS Antennas +8 +0

809.0

131%

3x2 AAS Antennas +6 +0

823.0

135%

3x2 AAS Antennas +2 -2

822.0

135%

Network Layout

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Trial case: Improvement of office campus coverage and


capacity
Challenge: high traffic from campus, lack of
capacity at cell edge area
Target: Create high capacity with new AAS cell
and improved coverage at campus area
Case: Two cell
= vertical sectorization

1.8 km

Case: One cell

Route ~7 km to 12 km
40

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Site introduction

Mechanical
down tilt = 4

AAS site:
1*FSME
1*power

Seamless integration on existing


Flexi BTS site. Fully outdoor
Active antenna
Two sectors
vertical sectorization
Electrical tilting
8*10W
MIMO

6-sector site

41

RN30086EN40GLA1

Effortless and fast implementation,


without separate radios and
antenna line items

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Tilt and coverage area example


4 mechanical
down tilt (-4)

Cell 1 (outer) = 3 down tilt (-3)


AAS

Cell 2 (inner) = 8.5 down tilt (-8.5)

Cell 2
800 meters

Case example (-3/-8.5):


Cell 1: tilt -3
Cell 2: tilt -8.5
Inner and outer cell
tilt angle separation

Cell 1

5.5
Cell 2

Cell 1

Bringing doubled resources in old sector


area with using cell specific tilting
42

RN30086EN40GLA1

AAS tilt control is one key development items:


NetAct Manual control
Optimizer/SON semi or full automated
2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Dominance Driver for good performance, powered by


electrical tilting and SON
Case 4:
Cell 1: tilt -3
Cell 2: tilt -8.5

Case 1:
Cell 1: tilt -2
Cell 2: tilt -7

Trial experienced different setting to create


good serving cell dominance area.
AAS provides accurate and efficient dominance
control with integrated electrical tilting

43

RN30086EN40GLA1

Cell 1

Cell 1

5.5

Cell 2

Cell 2

RSCP = -86.44 dBm

RSCP = -83.48 dBm

HSDPA thr. = 2.28 Mbps

HSDPA thr. = 3.43 Mbps

Cell 2
Cell 1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Cell 2
Cell 1

Dominance and cell separation Important aspect to create


clear dominances but also overlap has high benefits in WCDMA

Overlap area with


less than 3 dB
separation

44

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Good dominance with good inner and outer cell signal strength
Average throughput (Mbps)
leads to high Throughput
per scrambling code
(510 inner, 511 outer)

4 Mbps
Case 1 (-2/-7) = 2.28 Mbps
Case 2 (-2/-9) = 2.52 Mbps
Case 3 (-1.5/-8.5) = 2.61 Mbps
Case 4 (-3/-8.5) = 3.43 Mbps
Case 4

Case 2
Case 1

Case 1

45

RN30086EN40GLA1

Case 2

Case 3

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Case 4

Case 3

Coverage gain AAS brings clear coverage increase in uplink


and downlink
Case 1: Vertical
sectorization (-3/-8.5)

Case 2: Single sector


(-3/not used)

Cell 1

Cell 1

5.5

n/a

Cell 2

n/a

Case 1: RSCP= -83.5 dBm


Case 2: RSCP= -87.5 dBm

HSDPA measurements result:


4 dB higher RSCP level for vertical sectorization
Case 1: UE TX power = -0.35 dBm
Case 2: UE TX power = 12.04 dBm

46

RN30086EN40GLA1

HSDPA measurements result:


~6-9 dB better UE TX power for Vertical sectorization*
2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Coverage gain AAS brings clear coverage increase in uplink


and downlink, cont.
In this measurement case there is no RX diversity used, also in single sector

47

case uplink doesnt have softer HO (thus -3dB from gain)


Additional gains for vertical sectorization are related on two main beams
instead of one (e.g. tolerance against shadowing)
Tilting and overlap has high impact on TX power
3dB can be taken off from vertical sectorization as single cell does not have
softer HO
Note: RX diversity is turned off for this test, but then we could also see
benefit from AAS so called semi-4way RX diversity

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Capacity gain Loading of inner cell releafs capacity for outer


cell users.
Full sector users experience

Mobile user experience


Cell 1: tilt -2
Cell 2: tilt -8.5
Cell 1

6.5
Cell 2

Average drive test DL throughput (Mbps):


Vertical Sectorization = 1.32 Mbps
Single cell
= 1.09 Mbps
Vertical gain for DT user = ~21%

Drive test user experiencing in


average +20% higher throughput
48

RN30086EN40GLA1

Average DL sector throughput (Mbps):


- Vertical sectorization = 3.77 Mbps
- Single cell
= 2.23 Mbps
Vertical gain for full sector = ~70%

Full sector throughput


increased by +70%

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Doubled resources Driving ultimate end-user experience also


at the cell edge.
Focus of Active Antenna is to double resources
Drive test user throughput
for users in thepeaks
existing
sector.
Creation of new
even
+200%
cell to serve campus and at the same time
enabling dedicated resources for cell edge users.
Case AAS, in the inner cell area, resources are
shared with three users but when car is located
at outer cell then sharing is between two users.
Case single cell three user sharing takes place
for whole area

Dual Cell
(vertical sectorization)

Single Cell

Lack of capacity in
Single cell case

Dedicated resouces at
cell edge with AAS

Average drive test user +30% higher


throughput for whole drive route
Outer cell bringing new resources to cell edge
49

RN30086EN40GLA1

Throughput >2.5 Mbps


2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Backup

50

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Introduction

Table of Contents

Main Menu

General Release Information

Release Information for:

Release Information for:


RAN2383 AAS Active Antenna System 2100act/1800pas, FAGF
RAN2597 AAS Active Antenna System 2100act/800-900pas, FAGP

RAN2384 AAS Vertical Sectorization


RAN2569 AAS Tilting per Carrier
RAN2579 AAS RX/TX Tilting

WCDMA Release

WCDMA Release

I-HSPA System

I-HSPA Rel.5

RU40

I-HSPA System

I-HSPA Rel.5

RNC Release

support not required

RNC Release

support not required

mcRNC Release

support not required

mcRNC Release

support not required

BTS (Flexi)

BTS HW
(one of the following HW
elements is required)

NetAct
BSW/ASW
License control

51

RU40

WBTS 8.0
RAN2382 Flexi System Module FSMC
RAN1016 Flexi System Module FSMD
RAN1848 Flexi System Module FSME
RAN2262 Flexi Multiradio System Modules (FSMF)

support not required


BSW
-

RN30086EN40GLA1

BTS (Flexi)
BTS HW
(one of the following HW
elements is required)

WBTS 8.0
RAN2382 Flexi System Module FSMC
RAN1016 Flexi System Module FSMD
RAN1848 Flexi System Module FSME
RAN2262 Flexi Multiradio System Modules (FSMF)

NetAct
BSW/ASW
License Control

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

OSS5.4
ASW
BTS License Key

Introduction

Table of Contents

Main Menu

With and Without RAN2384 AAS Vertical Sectorization and RAN2569 AAS Tilting per Carrier

RAN2384

RAN2569

RAN2384

RAN2569

Not activated

Not activated

Activated

Activated

Without these features, it is not possible to create two separate


cells arranged vertically and using the same frequency

The operator cannot get capacity gain coming from vertical


sectorization

All users located at antenna azimuth are served by one cell


Cell resources are shared among all users
Only one cell on particular frequency can be created at antenna azimuth

f1

52

RN30086EN40GLA1

With these features, it is possible to form two separate beams from


one active antenna (one frequency is divided into two vertically
arranged cells)

Resources available for the users are doubled


Users located at antenna azimuth are served by inner or outer cell.
Cell resources are shared among lower number of users

Capacity gain up to 65% in DL and up to 135% in UL


Two cell on one frequency created by the Flexi Multiradio Antenna System

f1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

f1 or f2

Introduction

Table of Contents

Main Menu

With and without RAN2579 AAS RX/TX Tilting

RAN2579
Not activated

Without this feature, it is not possible to set separate tilts for uplink and downlink
transmission

TX

The Active Antenna System sets exactly the same electrical tilt value for RX and
TX directions

Coverage and capacity optimization possibilities are limited


RX

RAN2579
Activated

With RAN2579, it is possible to adjust the tilts separately for


uplink and downlink directions

Separate RX/TX Tilting deployed


together with Vertical Sectorization
and Tilting per Carrier

TX

Simulations show that optimal tilts (giving the best network


capacity gains) are distinct for uplink and downlink directions

Thus, separate RX/TX tilting allows to achive highest gains


Wide range of optimization possibilities
Togehter with Vertical Sectorization and Tilting per Carrier,
Separate RX/TX Tilting brings ultimate solution to WCDMA
networks based on AAS

53

RN30086EN40GLA1

TX

RX

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

TX

RX

RX

HW details

54

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Technical details

Table of Contents

HW Architecture Common Module

Main Menu

Active Antenna (AA)


Active Element (AE)

Common
(CM)
Power

AA Power
Supply

RF BB &
Active
Element
Control

RP3-01
RP3-01

External IF

TX

PA

RX

LNA

Antenna (A)
Duplex
Filter

AA calibration & RF Loop


TX

PA

RX

LNA

Duplex
Filter

Comon sub-module is an integrated part of Active Antenna and its purpose


is to interconnect Active Elements to BTS (System Module) or to another
Active Antenna/RRH in the same RP3-01 chain.

Common sub-module also manages and handles those functions that are
common to other blocks inside Active Antenna:

O&M of whole Active Antenna


SW storing and downloading to CM
and also to AEs

AA
calibration

AA control

Active Element (AE)

RF BB &
Active
Element
Control

TX

PA

RX

LNA

Duplex
Filter

AA calibration & RF Loop


TX

PA

RX

LNA

Duplex
Filter

Power supply and distribution to AEs


Clock and timing generation and
distribution to AEs

Calibration execution and control


Power measurements of radiation
pattern (beams)

External interfaces (optical RP3-01,


External Alarm & Control IF)

Four internal electrical RP3-01

Active Element (AE)

RF BB &
Active
Element
Control

55

TX

PA

RX

LNA

interfaces towards active elements.


Duplex
Filter

In-built fans controlling

AA calibration & RF Loop


TX

PA

RX

LNA

RN30086EN40GLA1

Duplex
Filter

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Technical details

Table of Contents

HW Architecture Active Elements

Active Antenna (AA)


Active Element (AE)

Common
(CM)
Power

AA Power
Supply

RF BB &
Active
Element
Control

RP3-01
RP3-01

External IF

AA
calibration

AA control

TX

PA

RX

LNA

Antenna (A)
Duplex
Filter

AA calibration & RF Loop


TX

PA

RX

LNA

Duplex
Filter

Active Element (AE)

RF BB &
Active
Element
Control

TX

PA

RX

LNA

Duplex
Filter

AA calibration & RF Loop

56

recovery)

RP3-01 processing
Synchronization
Multiplexing
Demultiplexing
Forwarding
Air interface timing, phase & amplitude control
RF-BB (Radio Front End BaseBand) processing
(filtering, up- & down conversions, linearization,
power measurements, gain control)

Analog-to-Digital and Digital-to-Analog


conversions

RF processing (Tx chain, Power amplification,


TX

PA

RX

LNA

Duplex
Filter

TX

PA

RX

LNA

Duplex filtering, Low noise amplification, Rx


chain)

RF interfaces for two cross polarized antennas


Each Power Amplifier (PA) is 10W

Active Element (AE)

RF BB &
Active
Element
Control

Active Element (AE) sub-module (4 pcs)


Active Element control (including supervision &

Duplex
Filter

AA calibration & RF Loop


TX

PA

RX

LNA

RN30086EN40GLA1

Duplex
Filter

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Main Menu

Technical details

Table of Contents

HW Architecture Antenna

Active Antenna (AA)


Active Element (AE)

Common
(CM)
Power

AA Power
Supply

RF BB &
Active
Element
Control

RP3-01
RP3-01

External IF

AA
calibration

AA control

TX

PA

RX

LNA

Antenna (A)
Duplex
Filter

AA calibration & RF Loop


TX

PA

RX

LNA

Duplex
Filter

RF BB &
Active
Element
Control

PA

RX

LNA

Antenna (A) sub-module:


Forms an interface between an AE radio transmission lines and freespace

It provides:
High efficient, cross- polarized, antenna radiator structure with
a desired horizontal and vertical pattern beam width

Feed-back signal for Active Antenna calibration function


Cross-polarized RF inputs for 1800MHz band passive antenna
array
Calibration

Active Element (AE)


TX

Main Menu

Duplex
Filter

AA calibration & RF Loop


TX

PA

RX

LNA

Duplex
Filter
+/-45polarization

Active Element (AE)

RF BB &
Active
Element
Control

57

TX

PA

RX

LNA

Duplex
Filter

AA calibration & RF Loop


TX

PA

RX

LNA

RN30086EN40GLA1

Duplex
Filter

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Interdependencies
Interdependencies with Other Features or Functions

58

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Interdependencies

Table of Contents

Main Menu

Feature Interdependancies

In order to enable RAN2384 AAS Vertical Sectorization and/or RAN2569 AAS Tilting per Carrier and/or RAN2579 AAS RX/TX Tilting it is necessary to have
one of the following HW items:

RAN2383 AAS Active Antenna System 2100act/1800pas FAGF


RAN2597 AAS Active Antenna System 2100a/800-900p FAGP
There are no interdependancies between the following features (they can work either all together or separately) :
RAN2384 Vertical Sectorization
RAN2569 AAS Tilting per Carrier
RAN2579 AAS RX/TX Tilting

RAN 2383

or

AAS Active Antenna


System 2100act/1800pas
FAGF

RAN 2597
AAS Active Antenna
System 2100a/800-900p
FAGP

and/or

RAN2384
AAS Vertical
Sectorization

59

RN30086EN40GLA1

RAN2569

RAN 2579

AAS Tilting per Carrier

AAS RX/TX Tilting

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Interdependencies

Table of Contents

Main Menu

Feature Interdependancies

RAN2383 AAS Active Antenna System 2100act/1800pas FAGF and RAN2597 AAS Active Antenna System 2100a/800-900p FAGP requires Flexi System
Module Release 2 or 3:

RAN2382 Flexi System Module FSMC


RAN1016 Flexi System Module FSMD
RAN1848 Flexi System Module FSME
RAN2262 Flexi Multiradio System Modules (FSMF)

RAN 2383

RAN 2597

AAS Active Antenna


System 2100act/1800pas
FAGF

AAS Active Antenna


System 2100a/800-900p
FAGP

or

60

RAN1016

RAN1848

RAN2262

RAN2382

Flexi System
Module FSMD

Flexi System
Module FSME

Flexi Multiradio System


Modules (FSMF)

Flexi System
Module FSMC

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Deployment Aspects

Table of Contents

Feature Activation

AAS related features can be activated via BTS


Site Manager during
Commissioning/Recommissioning process.

On page Active Antenna System (AAS)


Settings, RAN2384 AAS Vertical Sectorization,
RAN2569 AAS Tilting per Carrier and RAN2579
AAS RX/TX Tilting can be activated via ticking
the appropriate checkbox

Cell specific settings like TX tilt angle, RX tilt


angle and beamwidth can be configured using
table AAS settings.

BTS Site Manager informs about the required


licenses with the given configuration

Depending on the license's that is missing or


invalid, the BTSOM:

Enforces tilt angle to default (0 degrees)


tilting angle*

Enforces RX tilt to same value as TX tilt*


* details can be found in the next slide

61

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Simulation backup

62

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Benefits and Gains

Table of Contents

Main Menu

System-level simulations

Clutter type map

User density CDF (static simulator)

Ground height map


1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0

63

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

20
40
60
# of users per 100 square meters

80

Benefits and Gains

Table of Contents

Main Menu

System-level simulations

Red points receive the signal in two ways:


Simple geometry (building height is not taken into account)
Prediction model with 3D property (signal received via

DPM predictions

diffracted ray)

The higher masking angle difference impact could appear in some


locations close to a transmitter.

The masking angle difference for receiver point close to the


transmitter is applicable to both outer (interferer) and inner (serving)
antennas. Thus, pathloss difference of inner and outer cells seems
to compensate each other for close locations.

64

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Simple geometrical approach

Benefits and Gains

Table of Contents

Main Menu

HSDPA System-level simulations

Sector-based AAS Gain (10 site mask) Dominant Path Model (static simulator)
6000

3x2 +10 +0 PilotOPT in reference to 3x1 AAS Antennas

Sector Throughput [kbps]

5000

93%

120%

111%

90%

110%

100%

91%

90%
83%

82%

79%

4000

74%

74%

73%

74%
70%

68%

65%

76% 80%

71% 73%
67%

58% 61%

3000
44%

60%

47%

2000

34% 32%

40%

25%
20%
1000

16%

13%

20%

13%

0%
Horizontal sectors

DPM 3x1
DPM 3x2
DPM Gain

65

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Benefits and Gains

Table of Contents

Main Menu

HSDPA System-level simulations

Sector-based AAS Gain (10 site mask) 2D Model


6000

140%

3x2 +10 +0 PilotOPT in reference to 3x1 AAS Antennas


122%
106%

Sector Throughput [kbps]

104%

99%

95%

93%
4000

111%
105%

111%

5000

84%

97% 99%

94%

100%
86%

84%

79%

78%

72%
3000

72%

80%

72%

66%

64%

60%

60%
60%
48%

2000

36%

32%

35%

26%

39%
40%

23%

1000

20%

0%
Horizontal sectors

3x1 2D
3x2 2D
2D Gain

66

120%

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Benefits and Gains

Table of Contents

Main Menu

HSDPA System-level simulations

User distribution in 3x2 case (static simulator)


70.00

3x2 +10 +0 PilotOPT (DPM)

60.00

57.201

Outer Cell
Inner Cell

# of served users

50.00
42.923

40.00

28.00
26.494

30.00

23.224

23.221

20.00

16.600

19.455
18.058

17.35717.731

20.488
16.278

13.341
12.26811.51911.751

16.625
10.680

10.00
4.409
1.285

4.053
.886

4.652
2.460

1.870

3.585
3.434
2.951 3.127
1.408
1.237
1.131
.7641.485
.622 .520 .928

16.326
9.89310.286

Sectors

RN30086EN40GLA1

16.304
10.032

11.849

13.336

7.975
5.072
4.862
4.590 4.283
3.732
3.208
3.074
3.041
2.748 2.754
2.460
1.390
1.180 1.816
.963

.00

67

21.570

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Benefits and Gains

Table of Contents

Main Menu

System-level simulations

3x2 DPM +10 +0 PilotOPT


Pathloss delta map of inner and outer cells (azimuth 280)

Red, orange and yellow


means inner cell dominance
area

Blue, dark blue and purple


means outer cell dominance
area

280

Inner and Outer cell


dominance area
investigation.

outer cell dominance

68

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

cells frontier

inner cell dominance

Benefits and Gains

Table of Contents

Main Menu

System-level simulations

3x2 DPM +8 +0 PilotOPT


Pathloss delta map of inner and outer cells (azimuth 280)

Red, orange and yellow


means inner cell dominance
area

Blue, dark blue and purple


means outer cell dominance
area

280
280

The bigger beam


separation angle is,
the greater inner cell
dominance area is.

outer cell dominance

69

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

cells frontier

inner cell dominance

Benefits and Gains

Table of Contents

Main Menu

System-level simulations

3x2 DPM +6 +0 PilotOPT


Pathloss delta map of inner and outer cells (azimuth 280)

Red, orange and yellow


means inner cell dominance
area

Blue, dark blue and purple


means outer cell dominance
area

280
280

The bigger beam


separation angle is,
the greater inner cell
dominance area is.

outer cell dominance

70

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

cells frontier

inner cell dominance

Benefits and Gains

Table of Contents

Main Menu

System-level simulations

3x2 DPM +2 -2 PilotOPT


Pathloss delta map of inner and outer cells (azimuth 280)

Red, orange and yellow


means inner cell dominance
area

Blue, dark blue and purple


means outer cell dominance
area

280
280
280

Beam separation is
a trade-off between
the cells dominance
clarity (lower
interference) and
size of the inner cell
outer cell dominance

71

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

cells frontier

inner cell dominance

Benefits and Gains

Table of Contents

Main Menu

HSDPA System-level simulations

2D Pathloss

Static

Dynamic

DPM Pathloss

Static

Dynamic

Mean Cell
TP [kbps]

Gain

3x1 AAS Antennas

2062

3x2 AAS Antennas +10 +0

1805

75%

3x2 AAS Antennas +8 +0

1778

72%

3x2 AAS Antennas +6 +0

1775

72%

3x2 AAS Antennas +2 -2

1609

56%

3x1 AAS Antennas

3254

3x2 AAS Antennas +10 +0

2566

58%

3x2 AAS Antennas +8 +0

2479

52%

3x2 AAS Antennas +6 +0

2257

39%

3x2 AAS Antennas +2 -2

2099

29%

3x1 AAS Antennas

2487

3x2 AAS Antennas +10 +0

2019

62%

3x2 AAS Antennas +8 +0

2027

63%

3x2 AAS Antennas +6 +0

1975

58%

3x2 AAS Antennas +2 -2

1857

49%

3x1 AAS Antennas

3799

3x2 AAS Antennas +10 +0

2790

47%

3x2 AAS Antennas +8 +0

2743

44%

Network Layout

3x2 AAS Antennas +6 +0

2595

37%

3x2 AAS Antennas +2 -2

2340

23%

HSDPA Results:

The best performance (AAS Gain) is observed for +10 +0 tilt offsets
From sector and site point of view vertical sectorization brings clear benefit
HSDPA CIR curve has better geometry in 3x1 scenario than 3x2 scenarios - higher intercell interferences while vertical sectorization is deployed

In all investigated AAS configurations CIR HSDPA level is lower than in reference case.

HSDPA CIR (DPM;Static)


1
DPM 3x1 AAS Antennas
DPM 3x2 +10 +0 PilotOPT
DPM 3x2 +8 +0 PilotOPT
DPM 3x2 +6 +0 PilotOPT
DPM 3x2 +2 -2 PilotOPT

0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
CDF

Simulator

0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
-10

-8

-6

-4

-2

DPM=Dominant Path Model


72

RN30086EN40GLA1

HSDPA CIR [dB]

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

10

12

Benefits and Gains

Table of Contents

Main Menu

System-level simulations Summary

3x2 tilt offsets +6 +0

3x2 tilt offsets +10 +0

3x1 scenario

3x2 scenario

f1
f1

f1

f1

f1

f1

f1

HSUPA

HSDPA

Considering DL direction, the strongest source of inter-cell


interference for an inner cell is an outer cell (and vice versa)

The higher tilt offset between the inner and outer cell, the better
beam separation is (in terms of pathloss). Lower level of signal is
visible as interference in outer cell (and vice versa)

This is a reason why +10+0 tilt offsets combination gives better


results in downlink than +6+0

In simulations, a fixed vertical beamwidth has been used due to


availability limitations flexible vertical beamwidth gives an
opportunity to control the size of inner/outer cell dominance area

Considering UL direction, cells do not interfere each other


Users who are served by one cell in reference scenario, in 3x2
scenario are served by both inner and outer cells

That means more resources are available (in terms of noise rise) to
be used. Users can transmit with higher bitrates

More users are served by the inner cell if smaller inner/outer beam
separation is applied.

The capacity gain in uplink is higher when users are distributed


more equaly between the outer and inner cells

In simulations, a fixed vertical beamwidth has been used due to


availability limitations flexible vertical beamwidth gives an
opportunity to control the size of inner/outer cell dominance area

73

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

References, Abbreviations and Q&A

74

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

References and Abbreviations

Table of Contents

Active Antenna System NEI References

75

AAS System Feature Specification


FAGF Flexi Multiradio Antenna 2100/1800 HW Architecture Specification
NetEng AAS Vertical Sectorization Capacity Study
PDDB WBTS.WN8.0 1.0-1.0 parameter report
NSN Active Antenna System Executive Summary
Focal Point AAS Feature extract
NSN Flexi Multiradio Antenna System Customer Presentation
NSN Flexi Multiradio Antenna System Datasheet

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Main Menu

References and Abbreviations

Table of Contents

Main Menu

Active Antenna System NEI Abbreviations

2D

Two Dimension

f1

Frequency #1

3D

Three Dimension

f2

Frequency #2

AA

Active Antenna

Global System for Mobile Communications

AAS

Active Antenna System

HSDPA

High-Speed Downlink Packet Access

BTS

Base Transceiver Station

HSUPA

High-Speed Uplink Packet Access

Base Transceiver Station Operation and Maintenance

IAS

Integrated Antenna System

CDF

Cumulative Distribution Function

LNA

Low Noise Amplifier

CIR

Carrier-to-Interference ratio

MBB

Mobile Broadband

CM

Common Module

MIMO

Multiple Inputs Multiple Outputs

deg

Degree

MOC

Managed Object Class

div

Diversity

NEI

Network Engineering Info

DL

Downlink

NSN

Nokia Siemens Networks

Dominant Path Model

O&M

Operation and Maintenance

BTSOM

DPM

76

GSM

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Q&A

Question:
Question:
Question:
Question:

Question:

Question:
Question:

Question:
Question:
Question:
Question:

77

Main Menu

What is the power of the power amplifier in Active antenna?


Single power amplifier is 10W. There are eight power amplifiers inside Active Antenna (two for each Active Element).
What is the total weight of the passive and active part of the AAS?
For FAGF HW module, the total weight is less than 36 kilograms. Detailed data related to different HW modules can be found in the HW specification documents.
It is unclear how we can separate UL noise of outer cell from UL noise of inner cell.
Splitting one horizontal sector into to two vertically arranged cells gives more resources in terms of noise rise.
Can we switch between active & passive mode (eg change GSM to active & WCDMA to passive)? Will this be also supporting LTE.
Specific Active Antenna HW module is designed to work in a specific frequency configuration. WCDMA can operate on 2100 MHz (in case of FAGF and FAGP). Passive part can be used for
whatever operator wants: WCDMA/GSM/LTE. For active frequency band in LTE there are dedicated HW modules.
Isn't it true that beam forming is possible with one PA by placing phase-shifters between PA and antenna element?
The beamforming mechanism controls the phase and amplitude of the signal to create a pattern of constructive and destructive interference in the wavefront. In case of Active Antenna System
in RU40, there is no user specific beamforming only fixed beamforming is supported. That means the electrical tilts of each carriers and transmission direction (UL, DL) can be adjusted.
Additionally, it is possible to shape the beam make it wider or narrower in vertical plane (via setting Vertical Beam Width parameter).
The tilt parameters belong to WBTS configuration data - do we need to reboot WBTS when we change tilt values?
WBTS restart is not required after changing the tilt settings.
How to verify whether ASW features are properly activated? How to deactivate them?
There is no simple way to check whether ASW features work properly. The best way to check is to perform measurements in anechoic chamber. It may happen that the BTS site manager will set
the parameter values of ASW features but the Common Module inside the Active Antenna will not execute e.g. tilt setting because the license is missing.
Are the amplifiers in the dual band antenna?
Power amplifiers inside active antenna work only for active part of the antenna. To operate on passive part, additional RF module is required.
Regarding passive part: What TILT options do we have? (Electrical and Mechanical)?
Mechanical tilt is common for active and passive part of Active Antenna HW module. On passive part of the AAS there are 8P connectors to connect RET control for passive band.
Regarding active part: Do we have option of UPTILT? (in the case we apply MECHANICAL tilt on the PASSIVE), but don't want TILT on active?
Yes it is possible. Electrical tilt range for active part is: <-7;+7> degrees.
RP3-01 link, is it 6 Gbps or 3 Gbps?
Link speed signal for RP3-01 interface is: Low-state 3072 Mbps and high-state 6144 Mbps

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Q&A

Question:

Question:

Question:
Question:
Question:
Question:
Question:
Question:
Question:
Question:

Question:

Question:

78

Main Menu

If you can have only 3 sector of 65 with Inner and Outer, is it possible to use 4 carriers for an operator which have 20MHz band in 3G with One active antenna, "coupling " as it is done in
passive or is it necessary to have 2 antennas?
It is possible to use up to 8 WCDMA carriers with one AAS (40MHz bandwidth).
Question on the Operating bands can we have AAS on UMTS 900?
Currently, only two HW modules are going to be available in RU40 both of them operates on 2100 MHz active frequency band. There are plans to introduce HW modules with different active
frequency bands but no strong statements at the moment.
In this example (slide 42) can we have both TX on same polarization?
Yes, such an allocation is possible as well. This was just an example.
Typo on slide 45 second bullet point max power of AE is 10W not 20W.
There is no typo in this slide. Each Active Element is equipped with two power amplifiers. Each power amplifier is 10W.
Can we have also 4 way RX configuration with a single cell with AAS?
This configuration (4-way RX div) is not supported at the moment.
In slide 46 we have same polarization numbers with different polarizations!
Yes, you are right. My mistake slide is already corrected. Thank you!
Are all these 3 features are independent (Vertical sectorization, Tilting per carrier , RX/TX tilting?
There are no interdependencies between these features (they can work either all together or separately).
Did you compare 3x1 AAS to 3x1 Passive?
This comparison is done in the following document: https://sharenet-ims.inside.nokiasiemensnetworks.com/Overview/D462638923
Do you intent to do simulation with equal power for inner and outer?
This scenario has been simulated and results are available in the following document: https://sharenet-ims.inside.nokiasiemensnetworks.com/Overview/D462638923
In case +10 0 if we increase the beam width for the Inner, is it not going to increase the interferences in the outer cell ?
Most probably yes, but my feeling is that even with higher interference level, high capacity gains will be available. Increasing inner cell size will introduce high capacity gains even with low
network load.
Have you simulate the SHO performances Inner/Outer cells ? How do you think would be the strategy to define the neighbors in the Inner Cell? Should we just define neighbors
relationships to the outer cell and to the cells within the same site (the other sectors)?
Answer under verification
Do we have a comparison between 6 sectors vs. AAS vertical sectorization?
Yes we have, results can be found here: https://sharenet-ims.inside.nokiasiemensnetworks.com/Overview/D431631677

RN30086EN40GLA1

2013 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.