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2016 Party and Coalition Electoral Politics

In Baguio City

A case study to be submitted in


partial fulfilment of the
requirements for the subject
Political Parties, Election and Interest Groups

Submitted By:
DIZON, KURT ZEUS L.
MA Political Science 1

Submitted To:
Ms. Flordeliza Ramos
Political Science 507

December 2015

I.

Introduction

In the incoming May 2016 election, we can see veterans and newbies
filing their Certificate of Candidacy to run for elective public service for the
City of Baguio. With some comparison with the previous election, especially
the last 2013 election, some remain to their old parties but significantly a lot
shifted to other parties. This is because of such situations or events that
drastically change Baguios political party events.
One unique feature of the party politics of Baguio City is the creation of
such local alliances or coalition between and among candidates. These local
coalition or city-based coalitions are compose of members with different or
the same political party which are national level base. Today, there are three
popular local coalitions in Baguio City. These are the Nacionalista Party
National Peoples Coalition (NP-NPC), the Timpuyog ti Baguio which is under
the supervision of United Nationalist Alliance (UNA), and the Liberal PartyBaguio Democratic Alliance (LP-BDA).
Regarding the local coalition or/and the political party and the
candidates, it seem that there are issues that these groups or individuals
faces. These issues may be seen in the election results, present and past
election line-up, party/coalition member composition and each candidates
party affiliation.
II.

2013 Baguio City Election results

During the May 2013 Baguio City elections, there is a voter turnout of
90,048 out of 146,230 Registered Voters. Below are the results of the 2013
Baguio City election. The bold ones are the winners while the highlighted
ones are the members of the three popular coalitions in Baguio.[1]
Representative for the Lone District of Baguio:
ALIPING, NICASIO JR.
GO, MARK
VERGARA, BERNARDO
ARVISU, MIKE
ZARATE, RICHARD
MANUEL, ROAM

IND
LP
UNA
IND
IND
IND

33,402
31,529
20,902
576
478
89

Nicasio Aliping Jr., an independent candidate but with a local coalition


created by his own, the Baguio Independent Democratic Alliance (BIDA) won
a tight race against LP bearer Mark Go with only a difference of 1873 votes.

Mayor
DOMOGAN, MAURICIO
MOLINTAS, JOSE
LABO, RAMON
HERNANDEZ, GUILLERMO
MINA, JUNIOR
PUZON, GAME-CHANGER

UNA
NPC
IND
IND
IND
IND

43,218
39,073
3,719
666
137
132

Incumbent Mayor Mauricio Domogan of Timpuyog ti Baguio/UNA remains his


position as Mayor for Baguio City against also a tight race to his arch
nemesis for the mayor position Jose Molintas from the NPC.
Vice Mayor
FARIAS, DANIEL
PADAWIL, FRANCIS
BELLO, IKE-KIMAT
PINIC, JEFFREY

NP
IND
IND
IND

67,883
5,638
3,068
533

The late Vice Mayor Daniel Farinas won a landslide victory during the 2013
election. The NP vice mayor bearer defeated all opposing candidates which
are independent.
Councilor
BILOG, EDISON
ORTEGA, BOBBY
TABANDA, BETTY LOURDES
COSALAN, ISABELO JR.
YANGOT, LEANDRO JR.
DATUIN, ELMER
CARIO, RICHARD
OLOWAN, FAUSTINO
ALANGSAB, JOEL
SEMBRANO, ELAINE
FIANZA, PETER
BAGBAGEN, FRED
MANDAPAT, FEDERICO JR.
YARANON, LILIA
BALISONG, ROCKY THOMAS
WEYGAN-ALLAN, PHILIAN
TENEFRANCIA, EDILBERTO
ALLAD-IW, ART
PEREZ, RONALD

LP
UNA
NUP
LP
LP
UNA
NP
LP
NP
NP
IND
NP
UNA
LP
NP
NP
IND
LP
NP

46,566
45,340
40,922
39,220
38,776
38,648
36,246
35,980
34,599
34,417
32,726
30,034
27,675
26,930
26,723
25,444
23,402
22,027
21,437

MASKAY, MABINI
BAUTISTA, DEREK
DUMAWING, GEORGE JR.
ITLIONG, PERFECTO JR.
DOMALSIN, FRISCO

UNA
NP
UNA
IND
LDP

17,778
17,215
16,946
16,362
13,878

Regarding the ranking, todays Vice Mayor Edison Bilog from LP won the
highest voters turnout. Next from the line is Bobby Ortega from UNA and
Betty Tabanda from NUP.
Basing from the party affiliation of the winning candidates, there is no oneparty vote happened in the City but rather the City officials were composed
of different party members. Aliping as independent, Domogan from UNA and
Farinas from NP but both are from the same coalition, and each councilor
from various political parties shows that the City of Baguio votes at different
party candidates.
III.

Baguio City Elections Line-up

Below are some data comparisons regarding the line-up for each elective
position for the Local City Government of Baguio.
Congressman 2013

Congressman 2016

Aliping, Nicasio Jr. M.


(BIDA)

Independent

Go, Marquez O.

Liberal Party

Vergara, Bernardo M
Nationalist Alliance

United

Aliping, Nicasio Jr. M.


Go, Marquez O.

Liberal Party

Nacionalista Party

Vergara, Bernardo M.
People's Coalition

Nationalist

***All the candidates for the Congressman position shifted party affiliation.
***

Mayor 2013

Mayor 2016

Domogan, MauricioUNA

Domogan, Mauricio G.

Molintas, Jose
Baguio Coalition)

NPC (LP

Molintas, Jose M.
Coalition)

UNA

NPC (NP-NPC

***In terms of political party, the candidates for Mayor Position remain.
However Molintas shifted his relationship to the LP coalition to the NP-NPC
Coalition. ***

Vice Mayor 2013


Farinas, Daniel

NPC

Padawil, Francis

IND

Vice Mayor 2016


Bilog, Edison R.

NPC

Cosalan, Isabelo Jr. B.

LP

Tabanda, Betty F.

UNA

Bagbagen, Fred
alliance)

NP (No local

***Since Vice Mayor Farinas died, Vice Mayor Bilog took over position. The
incumbent also decided to continue his track but with a different party.
Councilor Tabanda also file her candidacy for the position but with another
party. Councilor Bagbagen from being a LP during the 2010 election, NP with
the support of Timpuyog ti Baguio now runs still under the NP but with no
local coalition. Councilor Cosalan remains at the LP . ***
Councilor 2013

Alangsab, Joel

NP

Bilog, Edison

LP

Sembrano, Elaine

NP

Ortega, Roberto

UNA

Fianze Peter

IND

Tabanda, Betty

NUP

Bagbagen, Fred

NP

Cosalan, Isabelo Jr. LP

Councilor 2016

Yangot, Leandro Jr. LP

Ortega, Roberto C. UNA

Datuin, Elmer

UNA

Yangot, Leandro Jr. B.

Carino, Richard

NP

Datuin, Elmer O.

Olowan, Faustino

LP

Olowan, Faustino A.

LP

UNA
NPC

Alangsab, Joel A.

LP

Sembrano, Elaine D.

UNA

Fianza, Peter C.

IND

***From the incumbent councilors, only Olowan, Alangsab, and Sembrano


shifted their party affiliations. ***

IV.

2016 Local Alliances/ Coalitions

One unique feature of electoral politics of Baguio is the formation of


local alliances or coalitions of candidates. The coalitions are supported by
and some are affiliated with political parties. But note that some coalitions
are composed by candidates with different national party affiliation. Below
are the 2016 local coalitions and their members with their party affiliations.
1. Liberal Party- Baguio Democratic Alliance (Presently all are LP
members)

Congressman: Nicasio M. Aliping Jr.


(Independent in 2013, LP after
2013 election)
Vice Mayor: Isabelo B. Cosalan Jr.
Councilors:
Joseph C. Cabato
Virgilio D. Orca
Rodolfo A. Paraan
Ronald L. Perez
(Timpuyog ti Baguio/NP in 2013)
Leandro B. Yangot Jr.
Maria Mylen Victoria G. Yaranon
Joel A. Alangsab
(Timpuyog ti Baguio/UNA in 2013)
Arthur L. Allad-iw
2. Timpuyog ti Baguio Alliance
Congressman: Vergara, Bernardo M NPC
Mayor: Domogan, Mauricio
UNA
Vice Mayor: Tabanda, Betty F.
UNA
Councilors:
Roberto Ortega
UNA
Datuin, Elmer
UNA
Sembrano, Elaine
NP
Federico Mandapat Jr
UNA
Erdolfo Balajadia
UNA
Villamor Bumanglag
UNA
Edgar Avila
UNA
Marlene De Castro
UNA
Cayabas, Vladimir D.
UNA
Reenan Reyes Orate
UNA
Benny Bomogao
UNA
3. NP-NPC Coalition
Congressman: Go, Marquez O.
Mayor: Molintas, Jose M.
Vice Mayor: Bilog, Edison R.
Councilors:
Olowan, Faustino A.
Pajarillaga, Arturo Jr. V.
Sugano, Gueliro M.

NP (LP in 2013)
NPC
NPC (LP in 2013)
NPC (LP in 2013)
NPC
NPC

Ang, Stanford C.
NP
Awingan, Roberto A.
Bagalawis, Ricardo Jr. C.
Macadangdang, Benjamin A.

NPC
NP
NPC

V.
Issues regarding the 2016 Baguio City Elections
1. Party turncoatism
Party switching basing on the ruling party
o Independent Congressman Aliping after winning the 2013
elections joins the Liberal Party.
Switching party according to the executive
position/ruling party
Alipin was Timpuyog ti Baguio/LAKAS-CMD during
the time of President GMA; independent during
the May 2013 election and after winning joins the
LP.
Conflict inside the Liberal Party Baguio City; political quarrel
o Liberal Party breakup over the dispute on who among the
partys members should be appointed to occupy the vacant
slot in the city council. LP politicians in the city leave the
ruling party after President Benigno Aquino III snubbed Mark
Go to become the replacement of the late Daniel Farias in
the city council. Aquino instead heeded the recommendation
of LP Baguio chapter chair Rep. Nicasio Aliping to appoint
former councilor Lilia G. Yaranon, wife of former City Mayor
Braulio D. Yaranon, to the city council.
o Former liberal party members Mark Go, Vice Mayor Bilog and
Councilor Olowan leave LP and join and support the NP-NPC
coalition.
Local support for national election
o Switching support of the Timpuyog ti Baguio for
Mainstream/ruling political parties
Timpuyog ti Baguio supported LAKAS-CMD until 20042009, and after supported UNA since 2013
2. Local Coalition Composition
Members of local coalition/alliance are from different national
parties
Timpuyog ti Baguio
o Mixture of UNA, NPC and NP members

o Timpuyog ti Baguio supports the UNA leadership


NPC-NP Coaition
o Mixture of NPC and NP member
o NPC-NP coalition supports Independent Candidates Senator
Poe and Escudero
Weak support of national level political parties.
o Candidates support local coalition/alliance rather than
national level-party

3. Voting Behavior:
Baguio voters are more personality based rather than party basing
from May 2013 Election results.
No one-party voting pattern among preferences of Baguio voters
VI. Conclusion
1. Prevailing party turncoatism among candidates
a. Alipins switching to another party to the ruling party
i. Perks in joining the ruling party
Example: Lucrative committees:
a. Higher And Technical Education Vice
Chairperson
b. North Luzon Growth Quadrangle Vice
Chairperson
b. Conflict inside the Liberal Party
i. Disunity among the party members/ political quarrel
ii. Breakup of members (strong assets of the Liberal
Party-Baguio Chapter leave the party Go, Bilog and
Olowan) due to the decision of President Aquino and
Congressman Alipin
iii. Former Liberal Party members Mark Go and Edison Bilog
shifted their support for their national candidates to the
NPC. It may reduce the support of the Liberal Party
since subjectively Mark Go and Edison Bilog are a great
asset of the LP Baguio chapter
c. Local Support for National Election
i. Local candidates/coalition cooperates or allied
themselves with ruling party to gain advantages such as
parcel out power, perks and privileges.
2. Local coalition composition
a. Since local candidates are closer with each other, they rather
support their local coalitions rather than national parties.
Tendency the support to campaign for national election such

as the senatorial, vice president and president position is


weak.
3. Voter Behavior
a. Baguio voters are more personality based rather than party
basing from May 2013 Election results.
i. Subjectively, Baguio voters prefer a candidates based
on:
1. Performance 1st
2. Experience 2nd
3. Platform -3rd
4. Education 4th
b. No one-party voting pattern among preferences of Baguio
voters
c. Due to the party-turncoatism, switching alliances of
candidates, and instability of party position; voters more likely
to vote base on personality.

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