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03/2007

medicalpicture /Frank Geisler

Allergy, Allergies

medicalpicture GmbH 2007

03/2007

Allergy, Allergies
An allergy is an abnormally sensitive (exuberant) reaction of the immune system to certain
foreign environmental substances. The reaction is called exuberant because the bodys
own immune system responds to foreign substances (e.g. pollen) that otherwise present
no health risk, unlike germs. Most allergies
involve animal proteins or plant matter, e.g.
from flower pollens, mites and molds.

Allergy image selection in the


medicalpicture ImageBank
Allergy test photos are available in the ImageBank. Microphotos and REM - photographs
of allergens, house-dust mites and other
agents. 3D images and illustrations of pollen
and mechanisms of action.

Diagnosis
An allergy can manifest itself in the form of
slight rashes, as well as in life-threatening
reactions (anaphylactic allergic reaction). If
a patient has shown a reaction to a certain
medication (agent or adjuvant), the medication as well as chemically related substances
should not be given in the future.

Fatigue and problems concentrating (hypotonia)

Insomnia (e.g. house-dust allergy)


The two stages of an allergy
In the first stage, an antigen enters the body
and is absorbed and changed by a phagocyte. The T helper cells stimulate the B lymphocytes to produce antibodies. The next time
contact is made with the antigen, it binds to
the antibodies formed in the first step that
are attached to mastocytes. The mastocytes
then release mediators, e.g. histamine, serotonin, prostaglandin). These lead to the allergic symptoms.

Weblinks
Article from medicalpicture about allergies

allergy.medical-picture.com
medicalpicture GmbH - medical and science
images for all media

www.medical-picture.com

Symptoms
Allergies can cause the following symptoms:
Respiratory illnesses (e.g. constant sniffling, nasal polyps, paranasal sinusitis, hay
fever, bronchial asthma)

Skin irritations (e.g. urticaria, contact eczema, neurodermatitis)

Eye problems (e.g. conjunctivitis)


Digestive tract problems (e.g. nausea,
cramps, diarrhea)

Fever (e.g. hay fever)

medicalpicture GmbH 2007

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03/2007

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House dust mite


medicalpicture /Institut Kage

Imagemap

Link

Dandelion pollen
medicalpicture /Institut Kage

Imagemap

Link

Barm pollen
medicalpicture /Institut Kage

medicalpicture GmbH 2007

Imagemap

Link

House dust mite


medicalpicture /Institut Kage

Imagemap

Link

Marguerite pollen
medicalpicture /Institut Kage

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Link

Asbestos fiber
medicalpicture /Institut Kage

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03/2007

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Contact eczema
medicalpicture /Isabel Christensen

Imagemap

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Vascular reaction
medicalpicture /Isabel Christensen

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Allergology
medicalpicture /gezett

medicalpicture GmbH 2007

Imagemap

Link

Contact eczema
medicalpicture/Isabel Christensen

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Mastocyte
medicalpicture /Isabel Christensen

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Link

Desensitization
medicalpicture /Dianino

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03/2007

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Urticaria
medicalpicture /Wolfgang Steche

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Contact allergy
medicalpicture /neuderm

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Link

Kangalfisch, surgeonfisch
medicalpicture /Kruska

medicalpicture GmbH 2007

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Angiodem
medicalpicture /Wolfgang Steche

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Link

Urticaria
medicalpicture /Wolfgang Steche

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Link

Neurodermatitis therapy
medicalpicture/Wolfgang Steche

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03/2007

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Atmadisk for treatment of Asthma


medicalpicture /KaPe Schmidt

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Pricktest, allergy test


medicalpicture /Steche

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Pricktest, allergy test


medicalpicture /Dianino

medicalpicture GmbH 2007

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Link

Shot
medicalpicture /Dianino

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Pricktest, allergy test


medicalpicture /Steche

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Pollen calendar
medicalpicture /Frank Geisler

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03/2007

medicalpicture /Frank Geisler

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Thomas Schmidt
Vogelsanger Str. 66
50823 Cologne - Germany

medicalpicture GmbH 2007

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