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RESULT DISCUSSION

DAY 1 (3 MARCH 2016)


OUTCROP
Location 1
N 05O 42.78 51.3
E 1010 47.62 46.2
Elevation = 83m
Location 2

OBSERVATION
-black grey colour
-coarse grain
-contain quartz vein
-joint structure
-granite
-black colour
-coarse grain
-contain quartz vein
-granite

N 050 42 19.8
E 1070 4740.1
Elevation= 80m
Location 3
N 050 42 65
E 1070 47 08
Elevation= 155m
Location 4

-grey colour
-fine grain
-smooth
-mineral contain- feldspar, plagioclase
-granite
-grey black dot colour
-fine grain
-quartz vein
-basalt

N 050 42 71
E 1070 47 55
Elevation= 74m
Location 5

-grey colour
-medium level of weathering
-medium distribution level
-granite
-quartz vein

N 050 42 37
E 1070 46 71

Elevation= 87m
Location 6

-black colour
-highly weathered
-igneous intruse metamorph

N 050 42 16.6
E 1070 47 37
Elevation= 127m
Location 7

-boulder
-highly weathered

N 050 42 06
E 1070 46 56
Elevation= 110m
Location 8

-granite
-medium weathred
-joint
-quartz vein

N 050 41 93
E 1070 46 45
Elevation= 130m

Location 9

-medium weathering level


-small distribution
-granite

N 050 42 9
E 1070 45 13
Elevation= 143m

Location 10
N 050 42 93
E 1070 45 05
Elevation= 117m

-smooth and shiny


-medium weathering level
-marble

DAY 2 (4 MARCH 2016)


OUTCROP
Location 1 (RIVER)
N 05O 42.88 52.8
E 1010 44 42.9
Elevation = 115m

OBSERVATION
-white colour
-fine grain size
-dull texture
-marble

Location 2 (RIVER)
N 05O 42 51.9
E 1010 44 42.7
Elevation = 98m

-greenish dark
-fine grain
-igneous intruse metamorphism
-schist

Location 3 (GUNUNG RENG)


N 05O 42 55
E 1010 44 43
Elevation = 99m

-high weathering level


-react with HCL
-smooth whity
-limestone

Location 4 (GUNUNG RENG)


N 05O 42 57
E 1010 44 43
Elevation = 97m

-boulder
-phenocryst
-ground mass
-low level of distribution
-granite
-metasediment
-foliation and bedding
-dip direction= 3400
dip angle= 400

Location 5
N 05O 42 47.5
E 1010 44 37.2
Elevation = 96m
Location 6
N 05O 42 36.5
E 1010 44 25.4
Elevation = 95m

-black colour
-foliated
-joint

Location 7
N 05O 42 31.2
E 1010 44 12.6
Elevation = 100m

-metamorphic rock
-dip direction= 3100
-dip angle= 680

Location 8
N 05O 42 0.8
E 1010 43 52.5
Elevation = 105m

-pink black colour


-coarse grain
-igneous intruse metamorph

Location 9
N 05O 41 36.5
E 1010 43 37.2
Elevation = 110m

-dark grey colour


-igneous rock
-granite

Location 10
N 05O 41 06.3
E 1010 43 03.4
Elevation = 113m

-dark colour
-fine grain
-medium weathering level
-large distribution
-biotite

OBJECTIVES
1. To identify igneous and metamorphic rocks around Batu Melintang area.
2. To study the right way to conduct field measurements and techniques.
3. To differentiate rocks based on its types.

INTRODUCTION
Geological mapping is a special-purpose map made to show geological features. Rock units
or geologic strata are shown by color or symbols to indicate where they are exposed at the
surface. Bedding

planes and

structural

features

such

as faults, folds, foliations,

and lineations are shown with strike and dip or trend and plunge symbols which give these
features' three-dimensional orientations. Stratigraphic contour lines may be used to illustrate
the surface of a selected stratum illustrating the subsurface topographic trends of the strata.
Igneous is one of the three main rock types. Igneous rock is formed through the cooling and
solidification of magmaor lava. Igneous rock may form with or without crystallization, either
below the surface as intrusive (plutonic) rocks or on the surface as extrusive (volcanic) rocks.
This magma can be derived from partial melts of existing rocks in either a
planet's mantle or crust. Typically, the melting is caused by one or more of three processes
which are an increase in temperature, a decrease in pressure, or a change in composition
Metamorphic rocks arise from the transformation of existing rock types, in a process
called metamorphism, which means "change in form". The original rock (protolith) is
subjected to heat and pressure, causing profound physical and/or chemical change. The
protolith may be a sedimentary rock, an igneous rock or another older metamorphic rock.
Metamorphic rocks make up a large part of the Earth's crust and are classified by texture and
by chemical and mineral assemblage (metamorphic facies). They may be formed simply by
being deep beneath the Earth's surface, subjected to high temperatures and the great pressure
of the rock layers above it. They can form from tectonic processes such as continental
collisions, which cause horizontal pressure, friction and distortion. They are also formed
when rock is heated up by the intrusion of hot molten rock called magma from the Earth's
interior. The study of metamorphic rocks (now exposed at the Earth's surface following
erosion and uplift) provides information about the temperatures and pressures that occur at
great depths within the Earth's crust. Some examples
are gneiss, slate,marble, schist, and quartzite.

of metamorphic rocks

CONCLUSION
In the nutshell, for week 2 ( 4/3/2016 & 5/3/2016 ) we traversed to Batu Melintang and
Gunung Reng about 46 km for two days. For that week we have learned about Field
Measurement and Techniques for Igneous and Metamorphic Rock. After this field trip, we are
able practically identify both Igneous and Metamorphic Rock based on their uniquely
specified characteristics (physical appearance).