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EMERGENCY EQUIPMENTS

In case of emergency evacuation, the occupants can evacuate the cockpit by opening the sliding windows
and using the escape ropes located above the sliding windows.
Description
When the cabin is not pressurized, each sliding window can be opened using a continuous two-phase
control. The control is located at the rear section of the windshield panel. The windshield panels are
provided with an open-position locking system. The dimensions of the exit provided by the open windows
enable crew evacuation after a crash.
A 5.5m long knotted rope is located in stowage above the sliding windows on either side of the overhead
panel. The cover plate of each stowage is held closed by spring clips which enables quick opening. These
stowages are identified by red labels.

- EVACUATION SIGNALING EQUIPMENT


The evacuation signaling equipment is operated by the captain or purser in an emergency (on the ground or
on water) if the aircraft has to be evacuated. The system gives a signal to the cabin crew to start the
evacuation of the passengers and crew.

FIRST AID EQUIPMENT


The first aid equipment is installed in the aircraft at different locations/stowage compartments, near to an
exit (utility areas). It is easy to get access to the equipment, which is kept prepared for immediate use, if an
on-board emergency occurs.

Component Description
First Aid Kit
First aid kits are kept at various locations in the aircraft. The kits contain medication to give aid to
passengers or crew members who become ill, or suffer light injury. The contents of each kit is kept in a
hermetically-sealed waterproof container. An 'in service' life, usually of five years, is given to each first aid
kit. The 'life expired' date is printed on the front of the waterproof container. To avoid damage to the kit
equipment, remove the first aid kit from the parked aircraft if the cabin temperature is below -10 deg.C
(+14.00 deg.F) , or above 40 deg.C (104.00 deg.F) .
Keep the first aid kit in a place with a temperature between min. 1 deg.C (33.80 deg.F) and 40 deg.C
(104.00 deg.F) max.
Pillows, blankets and thermal blankets are kept in the aircraft to give to passengers who feel cold during low
cabin temperatures. An air-sickness bag is also kept in the seat pocket.
Doctors/Medical Kit
A doctors medical kit is kept in the aircraft for the use of a doctor, if on board. The kit contains medicines
and equipment to help passengers or crew members who are badly injured or taken dangerously ill. To
avoid damage to the kit equipment, remove the doctors kit from the parked aircraft if the cabin temperature
is below 1 deg.C (33.80 deg.F) , or above 40 deg.C (104.00 deg.F) .
Keep the doctors kit in a place with a temperature between these two temperatures.

Defibrillator
NOTE:The equipment can only be used with the authority of the Captain, and by trained and authorized
personnel. When you use the defibrillator (charge and discharge), it causes electromagnetic waves
which can cause interference to some aircraft equipment.
The defibrillator (referred to as unit) is an Automated External Defibrillator (AED), which is lightweight 3.2 kg
(7.05 lb) and portable. It is used to give controlled shock therapy to persons suffering from cardiac arrest.
The unit has automatic built-in test equipment (BITE), which makes sure that the unit is ready for use. The
temperature range of the unit operation is from 0.0 deg.C (32.00 deg.F) to

- MISCELLANEOUS EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT


General
The miscellaneous emergency equipment is installed in the aircraft at different locations/stowage
compartments, near to an exit (utility areas). It is easy to get access to the equipment, which is kept
prepared for immediate use, if an on-board emergency occurs.
Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT) System
The ELT system transmits on 3 frequencies, 121.5 MHz (Civil) and 243 MHz (Military) homing-signals and
406 MHz to the COSPAS-SARSAT satellite system. The battery-pack, installed in the ELT housing, supplies
the power to operate the system.
The satellite system transmits the 406 MHz distress signal to a Local User Terminal (LUT), when the LUT is
in range. The LUT receiving range is a radius of approximately 2.500 km (1367.00 NM). When the LUT is
not in receiving range, the satellite system stores the distress signal until transmission is possible. The LUT
automatically processes the distress signal to identify and show the position of the aircraft to a radius of
approximately 1.8 km (5900.00 ft.). The processed data is transmitted to a Mission Control Center (MCC).
The MCC sends the data to an applicable Rescue Coordination Center (RCC), where Search And Rescue
(SAR) operations are started. The 121.5 MHz and 243 MHz signals are used to find the aircraft in the final
stage of SAR operation.
Megaphone
The megaphone is held in position in a bracket with a strap/clamp. It is hand-operated, and used to amplify
voice communication in an emergency. The megaphone is powered by batteries, which are installed loosely
in the handle/housing, or in a cartridge. The polarity indication for the batteries is shown on the
housing/cartridge.
If available, installed on the handle/housing are:
- A volume control knob.
- A siren/fog horn function.
- A strap.
Flashlight
Hand-held flashlights are installed at different locations in the cabin, for easy use by crew members. You
use them if bad light occurs during an on-board emergency. The flashlights are battery operated and you
can easily replace the batteries.

Crash Axe
The crash axe is used to cut through light structures, panels and windows to get access or exit in an
emergency. The insulated handle is resistant to high voltages
Protective Gloves
Protective gloves are made of materials that are resistant to heat. They are supplied for use if a fire occurs
and to handle overheated equipment.
.
Safety On Board Card
A safety on board card is put in the rear pocket of each passenger seat.
The card shows the passenger, with the aid of illustrations:
- Take-off and landing procedures.
- Emergency exit and escape-slide locations.
- Emergency landing procedures.
- How to use an oxygen mask.
- Floor-level escape-path markings.
- How to use a life vest.

- FLOATATION AND SURVIVAL EQUIPMENT


General
The floatation and survival equipment is installed in the aircraft at different locations. It is easy to get access
to the equipment, which is kept prepared for immediate use, if an on-board emergency occurs.
Component Description
Slide Raft Installation
Slide rafts are installed at the FWD and AFT passenger/crew doors. The slide rafts give flotation aid for
passengers and crew members during extended over-water operation (Ref. 25-62-00). When you open a
passenger/crew door in the emergency mode, the slide raft inflates automatically. When the passengers
and crew have boarded a raft, you must cut the raft mooring line to release it from the aircraft girt bar.
Survival Kit
A survival kit is supplied for each escape-slide raft and is kept in a container. The containers are kept in
stowage compartments in the cabin, because there is not sufficient space on the FWD/AFT passenger/crew
doors. The location of the containers is shown with placards, which are bonded on the outside of the
stowage compartments.
The survival kit has:
- A container which includes a canopy.
- Canopy support masts.
- A hand pump.
- A basic module.
- An age-limited module.
- A maintenance release record.
- Glucose toffee tablets (if installed).
- A distress signal (if installed).

- An osmosis pump (if installed).


- Two paddles (if installed).
The canopy gives the passenger/crew members protection against different weather conditions. The canopy
is installed manually on the escape-slide raft after it is disengaged from the aircraft. The canopy has a hole
to collect rain water, and has a bright orange/yellow color that you can see easily.
The hand pump lets you add more pressure to the inflatable chambers on the escape-slide raft and through
the topping-off valves. The topping-off valves are attached to the aspirator assemblies.
The basic module has:
- Four band-aids (1x3).
- Six compress bandages.
- Three triangular bandages.
- A sponge.
- A bailing bucket.
- A whistle.
- A sea dye marker.
- A signaling mirror.
- Two water canteens, packaged.
- Two repair kits, packaged.
- A utility knife.
- Two flashlights with batteries.
- A survival manual.
The age-limited module has:
- Two day/night flares.
- Water purification tablet(s).
- Twelve ammonia inhalants.
- Four burn ointments.
- Twenty antiseptic swabs.

Supplemental Life Raft/s


The overload capacity for escape slide rafts is 165 persons.
NOTE:This result accepts that 1 escape slide raft will not inflate because of damage.
For customers with a seat layout capacity of more than 165 persons supplemental life rafts are installed in
stowage compartments in the cabin.
Installation and location of the supplementary life rafts are in accordance with the customer's requirements.
Inflation and operating instructions are installed on the life raft cover
Life Vest
Each life vest has a buoyancy chamber with a waist belt harness. The harness has attach clips and
adjustable buckles.
Life vest components include:
- a CO2 gas inflation system,
- an oral inflation tube,
- a lamp for survivor location in poor visibility or night conditions,
- a water activated cell (battery) to bring the lamp on,
- a whistle to attract attention.
The life vests are kept below the passenger seats, in the cabin attendant's seats and on the rear of each
cockpit seat.

Life lines assist passengers evacuating the aircraft to remain on the wings after ditching. The life lines are
installed in the hat racks adjacent the emergency exits (FR 38) left and right. Life line installation points are
yellow in color for easy identification and located as follows:
- Inside each emergency exit hatch recess (top forward corner of the FWD exit; top rear corner of the AFT
exit) and accessible only after the exit hatch is removed.
- On the upper surface of each wing, approximately above the outer limit of the engine nacelle

OXYGEN GENERAL
General
The aircraft has three separate oxygen systems. These are a flight-crew oxygen system, a passenger
oxygen system and a portable oxygen system. Each system has its own controls and indicators.
System Description
Flight-Crew Oxygen System
The system supplies oxygen to the flight-crew, if there is a sudden decrease in cabin pressurization. It also
supplies oxygen, if there is smoke or dangerous gases in the cockpit. Each crew station has a quickdonning mask with a demand regulator installed. The oxygen is supplied from a high-pressure oxygen
cylinder to the masks (through a pressure regulator/transmitter assembly and a distribution circuit).
Passenger Oxygen System
The emergency oxygen for the passengers and the cabin attendants is supplied from emergency oxygen
containers. The emergency oxygen containers are installed:
- Above the passenger seats
- In the lavatories
- At the cabin attendant stations
- In the galley working areas.
Each container has a chemical oxygen generator and two or more continuous-flow oxygen masks, each
with a flexible supply hose.
MANNUAL RELEASE TOOL: Allows crew member to open the door in case the door didnt open.
Portable Oxygen System
The portable oxygen equipment is installed in the cabin and in the cockpit. It is used to supply oxygen to the
crew and passengers in an emergency and for first aid treatment.
The portable oxygen equipment for the flight crew has a smoke mask and a high-pressure oxygen cylinder.
Communication is continued between the crew members with a separate communication cable. The
communication cable is connected between the smoke mask and the communication system of the flightcrew fixed oxygen system.
The portable oxygen equipment for the cabin attendants has high-pressure oxygen cylinders and
continuous-flow oxygen masks. A Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) is also available for the cabin
attendants, if the cabin has smoke or dangerous gases in it

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT A.T.R


1. General
A. Flight Compartment
The emergency items of equipment in the flight compartment are :
- torches
- an axe
- fireproof gloves
- a rope
- a fuse and lamp box.
)

B. Passenger Compartment

The emergency items of equipment in the passenger compartment are :


- torches
- two first aid kits
- a megaphone.

FLOATATION AND SURVIVAL EQUIPMENT


1. General
A. Flight Compartment
The
are
- 1
- 1
- 1

floatation and survival items of equipment in the flight compartment


:
life vest under the Captain seat
life vest under the First Officer seat
life vest under the observer seat.

B. Passenger Compartment
The floatation and survival items of equipment in the passenger
compartment are :
- 1 life vest under the attendant seat.

Passenger Compartment
The floatation and survival items of equipment in the passenger
compartment are :
- 1 life vest under the attendant seat
- 1 life vest under each passenger seat.

FIRE PROTECTION
(b)Portable fire extinguishers

The flight compartment and cabin extinguishers are of small capacity,


manually controlled and enable crew intervention in the area in which
there has been a fire break out.

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