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Contactless Biometrics – the most viable option Imagine yourself standing in a queue, waiting for your turn to put your finger or hand on the biometric sensor to verify yourself in a Govt. Aided Program or at the Airport. Suddenly, the person in front of you sneezes and simply wipes hand and uses the sensor. Would you like to touch it again ? "During the trial some users had problems registering their fingerprints. Some others were concerned over public hygiene when everyone has to put their fingers on the sensor, bearing in mind the lessons learnt from the SARS outbreak a couple of years ago. On a psychological level, some users also hesitated in using the fingerprint system or hand geometry system or face recognition ID methods as these reminded them to be associated with the police. Some also wondered whether their biometric IDs would be protected as personal data under the privacy ordinance." Recalls a senior person of an ITES company, when they initiated to implement the biometric system in their offices. Vascular Pattern Based Contactless Biometrics is an answer !
The above statement is a vivid example of the inhibitions attached to implementing Biometrics for public. Four issues are highlighted here – Enrolment problems, Public Hygiene, Psychological Resistance and Privacy Concerns. The technological innovations in biometrics have gone beneath your surface to introduce DNA verification, Retina Scan and Vascular Patterns. Of these, Vascular Patterns has proved to be the most cost effective and widely accepted biometric solutions answering to a wide variety of challenges faced by many of the current biometric technologies available today. Vascular suggest, pattern, as the name records the blood vein patterns from a designated area and assigns the unique
biometric ID to the individual. Currently, such IDs are provided using Palm Veins, Finger Veins and Back Hand Veins. Of these, the Palm Vein Technology from Fujitsu, called
PalmSecure™, is the most promising and scores very high on ease of use as it takes advantage of the natural position of hand and is purely contactless as it detects the structure of the pattern of veins on the palm of the human hand with the utmost precision at a distance of 4-6 cms.
Technology behind Vascular Pattern
Near Infrared rays are emitted from the sensor to obtain the vein pattern image using either the reflection technology (Fujitsu) or the permeation method (Hitachi). Fujitsu’s PalmSecure™ scanner makes use of a special characteristic of the reduced hemoglobin coursing through the palm veins — it absorbs near-infrared light. This makes it possible to take a snapshot of what's beneath the outer skin, something very hard to read or steal. This pattern is recorded by the sensor and is stored in encrypted form in a database, on a token or on a smart card. Every person has a unique structure and position of veins in the palm of the hand and this does not change throughout the person's life; even twins have a unique vein pattern. Indeed each hand has a unique pattern. The Near-Infrared rays have no effect on body and these sensors are certified Class 1 Laser products.
edge to facilitate 100% enrollment compared to other technologies like fingerprint or facial recognition, that uses surface scanning and fail to provide 100% enrollment. Moreover, the vein patterns inside an open palm are far more complex than those present in finger or back hand where bones occupy 30-50% area. Therefore, Fujitsu PalmSecure™ appears to be superior within the vascular pattern technologies. Public Hygiene: The Palm Vein Technology from Fujitsu, called PalmSecure™, is purely contactless as it detects the structure of the pattern of veins on the palm at a distance of 4-6 cms. This pure contactless nature of the Palm Vein technology addresses the issue to public hygiene and is widely accepted for public use. Psychological Resistance : Being a new technology, the users feel very comfortable and understand the unprecedented advantages of the technological sophistication available to them. Privacy Concerns : As the palm vein based biometric data is encrypted and can be made available on the smartcard, the users can have control over the uses of their personal information. Security Concerns : Since the biometric characteristics required to be authenticated resides inside the body, it is extremely difficult to duplicate or transfer. The palm vein pattern from PalmSecure™ is so unique that even the left hand vein pattern is different from that of right hand.
Superiority of Vein Pattern Biometrics
Enrollment Issues : Since the Vascular Pattern technology uses the complex blood vein pattern inside the palm to provide a unique biometric key, the presence of wrinkles, little dirt or grease on the surface becomes irrelevant. Therefore, vascular pattern technology has an
All these advantages are present in PalmSecure™ thus making it an ideal choice for mass deployment, yet maintaining high accuracy and cost effectiveness.
Key Application Areas of Contactless Biometrics Government : Biometric ID card, Passport, Ration Cards, etc and control its misuse; Land Records, Wages Distribution, Pension Distribution and other social benefits; thus ensuring protection against forgery of various Govt. Documents, etc. Banking : Secured ATM Transactions and customer verification for local transactions. Medical Environment : PalmSecure™ helps maintaining the Hygiene factor in these areas; allow access of patients’ personal data only to the authorized person; helps in verifying during Medical Insurance. Airport / Airline Check-in : Helps ensuring passenger identity during boarding from check-in
Fujitsu has recently introduced the latest biometric product, PalmSecure™ Contactless Biometric Authentication Technology in India, which has generated a lot of interest and enthusiasm in the market. Besides Banking Industry, Healthcare and e-Government projects, the product will also interest users looking for hygienic identity management and the most secure biometric device for their applications. PalmSecure™ is a step forward in Biometric devices, which goes
involve any contact meaning that PalmSecure meets the stringent hygienic requirements that are normally necessary for use in public environments. beyond the surface and authenticates users on the basis of blood vein pattern recognition rather than iris scans or fingerprint readers. The PalmSecure technology is designed in such a way that it can only detect the vein pattern of living people. As a prerequisite, PalmSecure™ requires active blood flow, thus ensuring that a cut-off hand or dead person cannot be authenticated. The scanning process is extremely fast and does not "Fingerprint scans and face recognition ID methods are associated with the police by some people on a psychological level," says Shigeru Sasaki, director of Fujitsu's Media Solutions Laboratory. "In public areas, others don't like the thought of touching what everyone else has touched for sanitary reasons. This is why we created a contactless palm vein scanner."
Fujitsu’s PalmSecure™ takes on the challenges faced by many of the current biometric technologies available today. The USP of being purely contactless makes PalmSecure™ an ideal choice for deployment in various public programs and services and addresses the concerns of public hygiene and convenience at a mass scale and providing lower cost of operations and maintenance cost.
Voice (Contactless) Fingerprint (Contact) Face (Contactless) IRIS (Contactless) Internal Organ of the Eye Palm Vein (Pure Contactless)
Affected by Noise, Health Conditions, etc. Affected by Dirt, Wet or Coated fingers especially workers in Tea Garden, Tobacco Plantations, Automotive Plants, Field workers, etc.; Concerns over public hygienic Sensitive to Lighting / Posture; Affected by Eyeglasses, Facial hair, Cosmetics; Chances of Unauthorized access to Twins Located behind a curved, wet, reflecting surface; Obscured by eyelashes, contact lenses, reflections; Deforms non-elastically as pupil changes size; Psychological resistance of offering the eye to the sensor Sensitive to Direct Sunlight / other direct fluorescent lightings
Ease of Use / Authentication / Cost
High / Low / Low High / High / Low
Medium / Low / Low High / Very High / High
Very High / Very High / Low