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Formulae for Electrodynamics

Formulas compiled by Frank Sorensen 2003. Last changed 2003-01-26.


All page- or equation numbers refer to
Introduction to Electordynamics, third edition by David J. Griffiths
Prectice Hall Inc. 1999
Equations without numbers or references are from my own notes.

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Variables
Area
Vector potential
Magnetic field
Capacitance
Electric susceptibility
Magnetic susceptibility
Displacement field
Seperation vector
Electric field
Electromotive force (emf)
Permittivity of linear dielectrica
Relative permittivity
Force
Auxilliary field
Surface normal vector
Current
Free current
Volume current density
Bound volume current density
Free vulume current density
Surface current density
Bound surface current density
Bound surface current density
Length
Self inductance
Line charge
Magnetic dipole
Magnetization
Mass
Mutual inductance
permeability
Torque vector
Cyclotron frequency
Electric dipole
Momentum

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Polarization
Power
Pressure
Magnetic flux
Point charge
Total charge
Free enclosed charge
Enclosed charge
Position vector
Radius/Distance
Resistance
Volume charge density
Bound volume charge density
Free volume charge density
Conductivity
Total surface charge density
Bound surface charge density
Free surface charge density
Time
Energy
Electric potential
Speed
Work

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Formulas
Eq.
Additional
1
Eq.
Additional
2
Eq.
Additional
3
Eq.
Additional
4

Eq. p065
(2.10)

Total charge
Jobobiant in spherical coordinates, if
the only variable is r
Jobobiant in cylindrical coordinates, if
the only variable is s
Force on a current loop
Constraints:
Current
Constant running
Homogenous
current perpendicular B field
to dI / da
Electric field of single point charge

Eq. p068
(2.13)

Gauss law

Eq. p069
(2.14)

Gauss law in differential form

Eq. p077
(2.20)
Eq. p078
(2.22)
Eq. p078
(2.23)
Eq. p083
(2.24)

Curl of E

Eq. p084
(2.29)

Electric potential

Eq. p085
(2.8) a

Electric potential of volume charge

Eq. p085
(2.8) b

Electric potential of line charge

Eq. p085
(2.8) c

Electric potential of surface charge

Eq. p091
(2.39)
Eq. p102
(2.50)

Work if reference point is at infinity

Eq. p103
(2.52)

Electrostatic surface pressure

Electric potential
Electric field
Divergence of E

Foece exerted on the surface charge per


unit area

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Eq. p104
(2.53)

Capacitance

Eq. p106
(2.55)

Work to charge capacitor

Eq. p149

Dipole moment

Eq. p149
(3.99)

Dipole contribution to potential

Eq. p150
(3.101)
Eq. p155
(3.104)

Dipole from two equal and opposite


point charges
Electric field from a pure dipole

Eq. p164
(4.4)
Eq. p165
(4.5)
Eq. p165
(4.6)
Eq. p167
(4.11)
Eq. p168
(4.12)
Eq. p175
(4.21)
Eq. p175
(4.22)
Eq. p176
(4.23)
Eq. p178
(4.25)
Eq. p179
(4.30)

Torque on dipole

Eq. p180
(4.32)
Eq. p180
(4.33)
Eq. p180
(4.34)
Eq. p182
(4.35)
Eq. p182
a

Eq. p183

Force on electric dipole


Energy of a ideal dipole
Bound volume charge density
Bound volume charge density
Displacement field
Gauss law for D in differential form
Gauss law for D
Curl of D
Polarization in linear dielectric
Constraints:
Linear media
Displacement in linear dielectrica
Constraints:
Linear media
Permitivity in linear dielectrica
Constraints:
Linear media
Relative permittivity
Constraints:
Linear media
E field in liniar dielectrica
Constraints:
Linear media
D in terms of E if the dielectric wasn't
there
Constraints:
Linear media
Condensator beef up

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(4.37)
Eq. p191
(4.55)
Eq. p192
(4.58)
Eq. p195
(4.60)

Constraints:
Linear media
Energy in vacuum
Constraints:
Only in vacuum
Energy in linear dielectric
Constraints:
Linear media
Force

Eq. p204
(5.1)
Eq. p205
(5.3)a

The Lorentz force law

Eq. p205
(5.3)b
Eq. p205
(5.3)c
Eq. p206
(5.4)

Cyclotron particle momentum

Eq. p208
(5.14)
Eq. p209
(5.15)
Eq. p209
(5.15)
cloned

Current from line charge and charge


speed
Magnetic force on segment of currentcarrying wire
Magnetic force on segment of currentcarrying wire
Constraints:
Current running
Constant
perpendicular to dI /
current
da
Surface current density
Constraints:
Current running perpendicular to dI /
da
Surface current density

Eq. p211
(5.22)

Eq. p211
(5.23)
Eq. p211
(5.24)
Eq. p212
(5.25)

Eq. p212
(5.26)
Eq. p212
(5.27)
Eq. p213
a
Eq. p215
(5.32)

Cyclotron centripical force

Momentum
Cyclotron frequency

Magnetic force on surface current


Volume current density
Constraints:
Current running perpendicular to dI /
da
Volume current density
Magnetic force on volume current
Current (charge pr unit time) leaving a
volume
Magnetic field of a steady line current.
The Biot-Savart law

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Eq. p223
(5.48)
Eq. p225
(5.54)
Eq. p225
(5.55)
Eq. p234
(5.59)
Eq. p234
(5.61)
Eq. p235
(5.62)
Eq. p246
(5.87)

Divergence of B

Eq. p257
(6.1)
Eq. p264
(6.13)
Eq. p264
(6.14)
Eq. p264
(6.14)
Eq. p269
(6.17)
Eq. p269
(6.18)

Torque on magnetic dipole

Eq. p269
(6.19)
Eq. p269
(6.20)
Eq. p273
(6.23)
Eq. p273
(6.25)
Eq. p274
(6.31)

Ampre's law in terms of H in


differential form
Ampre's law for H in integral form

Eq. p275
(6.31)
Eq. p275
(6.32)
Eq. p277
(6.33)
Eq. p277
a
Eq. p277
b

Ampre's law in differential form


Magnetic field through closed
Amperian loop
The vector potential A
Divergence of vector potential
Ampre's law for A
Magnetic field from a magnetic dipole

Bound volume current density


Bound surface current
Bound surface current density
Total volume current densuty
The auxillary field H

Divergence of H
Boundary conditions for the component
of H that is parallel to the surface
Magnetization in linear media
Constraints:
Linear media
B and H in linear media
Constraints:
Linear media
Permeability om material
Bound volume current density
Bound surface current density
Volume current density

Eq. p277
c

Volume current density

Eq. p285
(7.3)

Volume current density from


conductivity

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Eq. p287
(7.4)
Eq. p287
a

Ohms law

Eq. p290
(7.7)

Power (work per unit time)

Eq. p294
(7.11)
Eq. p295
(7.12)
Eq. p302
(7.14)

Electromotive force (emf)

Eq. p302
(7.16)

Faradays law

Eq. p311
a

Mutual inductance

Eq. p313
(7.25)
Eq. p313
(7.26)

Self inductance

Eq. p317
(7.29)

Work

Eq. p318
(7.34)

Energy of magnetic field

Electrical resistance

Magnetic flux
Electromotive force Faraday's law

Electromotive force